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Ay, rrTo saKpenfty B KoHrIe TecbMbr-MorrH uru olycKaeM H|4}rCeCTpOrrKr,rc[rr,rToro I4 paSyrrolrceHHoro ruBa. flpuwrerarb recbMy c BaMKoM (MoJlnrrffr raK, vto6lt

Prac.33

crn6 npranycra rra ilroB sallnero fioJrorHlarrla ro6rcra BflJrornyro fipraJrenaJrK MeraJrJrrrrtecnofi (nnactwracconofi) uacrn BaMKa, lr npocrporll{Tb rro BaAHeMyrroJror[roB rrrrrHrarrly ro6xz B HarrpaBJlenuftI ri"$vtraurfiTalrurra pznoft 0,2 cu. flpurueram crra6 rpurycra Ha rrroB rrepe,qrrerorroJrorHr4lrrlaro6rcn cMeroqHbrMll cTelrcKaMr qepeS rcpafi rar, vro6u oH Ha 0r1 cm nepexpbrBan cru6 sa4uero rroJroTHHrrla. Cuero.rnrrMr4 crerrcKaMlr npoJro,tcrilTbno recbMe fio nepe,4HeMynoJrorHr{SaMKa IIa ytracrKe SacrelrcKr,I u no arofi sauetxe Ha 0,8-1 cM or rpaa crz6a, rqy HacrporrrzTb Bacrelrcxy c Jrr4qeBoficroponbl orAeJrorrHbrM rxBoM, SaKaHqr{Baffero BHllSy nonepeK 3aMKa. HI{TKy cMerblBaur{s. Axxyparno yAaJII4Tb Ilpl,ryrrom?rrb roroByro sacre)rcxy.

"rX:*:ni nruBlr,.orcrrrr c q.LBrog*unt 14 nv\rH.rr'rr'' xexVeruc fi xesm g arrrHHa)rcorouced'rsxerrdeX4 '(g-f) 1 zYdd.r rarcon -rrz{.dxo 97, :orztrudo@ou ilragsrqruhcced utu rara[or,r ou woedngrss enerrudeu olonferrrren d.nprdum 'rlrc I rr nafurtuo q;rrg naucroY Ercdn Lrzn[adau nrar'radu 'lrraf -ow orr ruaeJgrorrJed ener,riduu o,ronfgr]rug nr4HrrII' 'rrc aI-II - rrw -dex s eVoxs Hr,rrY '(nrarel, vrutnrrt ousrarredeu) nic 8-^L H - enerrudeu oJoHqrJuoendo.r vrauraIf 'g + V:uVdd.r r.lconnc"{dxo Z/l enaed nenrdeu s eYoxs erl.utY'Bsm olosolrog HrrHrarrro wc p-g eH r,tto -e,renouced enerudex oloneadtrorr-oHHorr]rre vturrvtlt '(q-p) a p :2tr{d,r zlconncddxoZ/tensed ner,{dens ax{r.IH eVoxs errxnY 'Bcriorr BrirHesr4heJ,lrdresm urll.llavrTr r,ttc g-g alr NaeJrfouaed asm s souenrdux wvrr.uI3 'nxnaodr,corr gr{rr -fir arrgsogqrrorrcrr aonaul,trddJauou u aorsuredox -a[,rauxcd.uoV ur uener,rdunc ]rogor eranesodzraYo141 ')ro9or asl,Im -ou udu qresoeqroucn orrulr[oxgoaH ersdoJox rsgocouc niNd;,owcced aarraVdr,rol,eon' rsx eedgooneed erNscag a,r, soxerldex gollras xrrHsouco raxl,clgedgo rsgoco[C ' IIlrIBrIErrBrf ]r' unI)I -r.oJcrlrf 'rrr,rexdogo 'ur,nJ,sex 'r,rlren14ag c - auloged -go ra alrratr.lo s sorerudex aprhnr.Lo 'arrndd,rlrrp 'arsE -srrreso 'arqr,rrdu - lrdo$ xr.rreedgooneed xrqvtc .r,ol -BsrirgrsHewdeu arsHYerxeu H xr 'arsueedodn )rEJ{ 'xexYeruc r{ru xsm s arquHaH{orou -ced u arsrrllerxeH 'orqseadodu eH .rorztdratruQuccr]r rsHer^rdes raxl,ogud go wBgoaorrc lr ranIr xz{.d,lcuo}r oII s orr0w d0 rt Detrnogod g o

rrHYnrdvll
rrlr9ol

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O6urue cBeAerrrrfl

29

Itapnaruw 6ea nucmowerc u, rcnanflHoo


ff HecraqeHubrM 6oxonrre cpeabr, ocraBJrff Coe,qnnnwr BxoA B ftapMaH. K pranasoqnofi ctopoHe rrpr{nycxa rrepeAuero floJrornrarrla ro6rcn Ha ypoBue BxoAa B KapMarr np?rJrolnraM I,I npr,rMeraeM npoxJra4ny ttg 6s.sLTna 6oxosoro KoHTypa. Illupraua npo0,5 cu or nrurra.vLu paBrra ffruprrHe ruBa, AJrulHa- ,4Jrr,rHe BxoAa KJra,qKr{ B rcapMan rrJrroc3 cwr. ,{o;renaa HrITb npoHJIaAK}rnpoxoArrr no 6o.nrurefi cropone (puc. 34). Ororurevr apfifiyc]i Ha rrroB Br\{ecre c npoxJlaAroft na orAerasHaHorrr{J-rc cropoHy, a c Jrr4rlesoftnpo.noE(prM r{epeg (nepegnee noBce cJror{THaHr4 Jrorrnyrocrponrrcy Jrorrrrrule, [poKJraAKa, trprrnycfi rra [roB) ro"rr,xo na Ha r{rOJrKe BXOAa B KapMarr C rrOBOpO'rOM X 6OrOAJrr4Hy BoMy ruay. Illuplrua ruBa 0,5-0,7 cu.

3aAHsfl AeTanb

Puc. 34. O6pa6orxa KapMar{oBB rrrBe 6ea rzcro.rxrlt n KJra[aHa npOX;ra4HOft, a - 3aKpe[,TeHHe nepe,{Hero IIOJIOTHITIIIIa 6 - orAenoquas crporrxa, B - o6u1uft aug o6pa6otxa K -nlrqenofi c'ropone nprlnycr{oB na o6pa6orxy ro rl*rrrrr 6onoeoro cpeaa npruro*{prM nrtqerofi ctoporioft ,{T&;frI MerrrKoBrrH},I TaK, .rro6sr eepxnrafi cpeS MerrrKoBrrubr 6rur sbrrue HarraJra Jrvrtrrrv BXoAa B KapMarr Ha BxoAa B Kap1 cu, a nrx*rr,rft - Hr{}Ke Kouqa Jrr4:uvrra flpuvreraeM I4 [pl4TarraeM Ha cm. MaH 6-8 AeraJIr{ Merrr-

'gg 'crrd [o]rhorcr4r c nerudeX4

' rrrtr)r.ttura[ont nto,l, -ar'd c ewdo@ orr Iqurrritlfeed slrtg l,d.rolt I4]r]rorcrzll' 'r{c gI-gI - enngdrJ E 'rruc g-ZeH enenrdex eeadeed rqnnr[ am<Irrogntuusoumaw enarfl 'wc f --- ttieadc wr.rsouog orr rrsm en rarrueucduudu c u]rtro.Lcrr rrE sreJeY rrogr4Jc oc orr{x4oa[ wzodnrsg'watrueslt]re.r,a nrelnranl,ororr c rruaHrafaoc rsHodolc arraoxog - To]l -holacnlt qounadane ( <<4atnaouotufir> c uowdoy ) ' ur,{rs,Lrsdue e v[I vI vryrr qrlsg,r,rt.lor,ttrlrhorcnr rsuodo,rc alclsolrog -rs,Lrsdul,o trLorrhorttJna o rmout dry1 ( rnr'odlc r4onr'ore[lo anradrzm rru]rrrorr vwr 4o]rhodlc 4on orr - exzrV) <]rroJesJrrsD -,r,edgogoxgoaV znuadxee arsul'ederou waeraVc (o.ra alrnon s u orhBH a) enewdex rsuodo'Lc goaalur 3 'sm oJosonog oV dxl,ogedgo en zgc.r(uudu lJeszl'ed.r,cadellonnawadsottYo'tqllugox -may\rrsaedc waeh,rC 'eVadeu rsHla[adac.r{.nodol,c s xN resvhedoaou rt rseadc Besr,rgsdd 'rsrrl,rsolrmaruvr,L -a[ x]r sur.ordeso onsre.lrrdesVadu'auodolc r,tprncorO' n ,{.ntagoumafi 4oaalrrrr ou grrJa ro vitc Z'OEH r,,ueeadc rruurtod.rcudu ra BvHsuI.BJ,radu som r,{ugedursg 'lt.H qrrgraV -odolc rrHr,rsoumar I orztftxeu rruag,r or.r{.safiur H - sm enudum) rrueeadc -or,g '(r,ncl'0-g'0 H liinnsou

rrug(x

o8

O6qne cBeAerrufl

31

Ha rxaun c plrcynrconno6pa6orry rr{crorrKu Haqr.rHaeM c coBMerrleuns pr{cyrrxa. flonocrcy rxaHr{, BbIfipunycxaMr, npr4Jroxc]rM Ha Kpoenuyro c 6oarrrruu fio4enrue.nnqerofi croponoft, coBMerrlafl pLIcyHoK TftaIilVr,UrOTMeTT4M JrUr]F'Utn AJrrrHbI ftapMaHa C npUnyCXOrW 1 clr c raxcgofi cropoubr, ,qoJreBaflHrrrb rrapaJrJleJrbna 6o.nsureft cropoue. O6pa6oraeM Jrrrcronlcy [ponJraArofi ua 6sau, nrrHpoernoft Ha[oJroBr{Hy pacftpoeHnoft 4era.nu c 4o.neeofi Hlrrbro napaJrJreJrbno6o.nrrueMy cpeay. flocepe4nne Jrr{crorrrrr [poJro]rcr{M flporcra,qoquuft ruon, fieperrreM ee no HaMerreggofi .runrx rraHarrorrnoft croponofi Bxyrpb. C.rrerxa nppryrro*rprlr, $uxcupya crz6. flpnnoucuu [poKJraARy rc Jrrrnrrr{ cru6a Ha r{aHaHorrHyxl cropoHy nrarxrefi qacrr{ AeraJrtr, npnMeraeM r{ rrpraTaqaeMna 0,5-0,7 cM or ctn6a. V,4aanrvr rraMerry. Brrnepuewr rr{crorrxy Ha JrrrrleByrocropouy, npoMeTaeM Ha L cm or cru6a ruronxoft LtJrr{MyJrrrHe B oArro cJrorrceHrre,fiprlyTro${vtM., y4alrvrM HaMeTKy, oKoHrraTeJrbHo oTlapr{M, npeABapr{TeJrblro[poJroIcrrB Ha 0,5-0,7 eM or crv6a orAeJrorrHyo crporrxy. O6pa6oraeM paMxy KapMaHa. Ha ocnonnofi 4era.na HaMeT[M pacnoJror(eHr4eKapMaHa AByMs /4OJreBbrMr4 Ha paccrorrnuz 018-1 cM r.{ AByMff nolepequbrMr{ JrLtHIISIMI/I, O[pe.{eJlff JIEKAJIO. IOIIII{MIA AJII,IHy KapMaHa.

Paruxy y4o6nee Hauocvrrb Ha lrageJrr{e,lrenoJrbaya C raananoqnofi croponbr rrpoJroxcrrMro KoHTlp1r paM: rcr{ HapMaHa flporJra,qo.rnrrfi ruos. Vr.irrr B KoHrIax paMKr4 KapMaHa o6pa6oraeM BaftperrrcaMlr, BbrfipoenrrbrMrt r(o ocHoBuofi rrcanr unudasu pasMepoM3 x 3 crvr. [eraJrr4Baftperrox rrplrJro[ctrM c r{Buano.rHofi cropoHbr, BaftpbrBaff yrJrbr paMrclr KapMaHa. flprawretaeM r4 rrpr{TarraeM SaKpefrKrl no npoKJraAoqHoMy rrrBy, AeJraff rroBopoT Ha HroJrKy B yurax paMKrir.

'rirHuaoxmerN rseadc wa.ral [9o r r,taxcadVoll ']rahac -fen ornaodr( ou rmaesrsVernodu [xnod'13 'r{H}roJcfir rsIH -odol,c arqsouog n rnrold.'Iquusoumanr nedn ruoBh,LC 'r4rNuuhactrH arqHHeaoeedgo'ralrro;rt rruzaedursg '(mc Z'0 - sm enudram) wBHraoHmoI^I)r xr4 wzrrodJ,crdll ra eneltdex ranJ,ogedgolseadc ilIoBrarigo 'dnodolc mendaarsg .r{.nrasolrmarru es ordnr'onenefi 'xefinon s llx]'od.r,c rrruad -)ree 'Hrlden s eYoxg anzrY on oHr.or (ltc 9'0-7'0 eam enudnm) r,tur'odlcndr u r,tael,er,tud11 ' Belnar,{soc rseadc eHeI^IdeH 'rareroV goHaoHco anodol,c fiosafiur ]r l\Ir4]r{olrt4du ltod -oeYou lqurlsoumant sre,Lef orrtdo're orlt'nne'logedgo ' rsHodolc ersaalll4r nelnar,t -goc 'rqnl,Isolrmalrl sre,La[ en r,turtod;,cBHr{ wzrtordaso edoetsoueadc 4nnrrun'ItBH,l,or[ qIHBxr ItBHsoHcol{Ifcg '(nra g - enndram 'Iquraaoumoru aHrlrfVenaed eirnr[) raHBlrr gtoHsoHco a?I l/tllilHHaodnrss'r,todogVofi r\IaBroq -edgo rarel,a[ godo.la qrce]r oronrxdeg rlHl4aoumor,t 'rarl}recren oV prnrtacfeH ro qrca o.LtHntdell a eVoxs annrV ou onr-or (ltc A'0-7'6 - enrdnm) woam nraer.e.r,udu'wo.r,awvdn'ntercoxradll'IqHr4soHmaI^I sre,reY r,tzncorndu er4us litoHodol,c Eroaafiur dnno'r,czr e11 '(erana lruogz;c) nelNdex s e[oxs qafir:vrlr c rr]Ihorcr4rr orznrar nelnar,{goc' 4oaalrnr x 4onodo,rc nrurHEsprh.Lzd[ ganxdaa aa gusrstrBrurndu'l{.unol,cltr wee'r,ar,tzd11 ' lrHlrr 4iosoHor4alI vrrtu r4oHsoHco erarareoeY agf rNuodlrrqseHerNdexrlukrgoumalt rrfi 'rlplsaar Bg 'Irqrrolr Be oH xrit encdaV 'IIraHECoH LrrI -elrnorr wrqHHar.oree odrco walturoulqs LruhacvH 'nxr'od,tc 'aa rsr.Id alqHHarf oY oH reaededau g'I ou sa -uadnee s oHHorHBn dxnacfen r,taeraVc 14'trNc -edn o[ neeadoV ata'Lruutrrt 4oHHahaIlro ou lterradse4 'enemdeu finrred r{.nnYedacrnIW o,roxda 4o}rHl{JcIrrr r4olrHol nrllrawro uuttafltu rsHodoac 4oaatrulr 3 rrlr9ol

z8

O6urne cBeAerrrrs

33

Ec.nn rvr*vrfi KapMaHa coBMerrlenrr c 6oxoerrwru, 066oHoerrt[ rrrBoM.,{.nn 6o.rrlureft pa6orrcy rrpoktoBo,qlrNr nporrHocrlr 6orossre croponbl Jltrcrotlrclr c uananoqnoft cropoubr [pr,ITaqaeM AsofiHoft o6parnofi crpovxofi nnz (BtrrgaroM>. Orcou'rareJlbno ortrac nfiqesoft MeJrKrzM pnM, [oArcJraAbrBaff nnct 6ymar[ c ]rsHano'rnoft cropoHbr MelrcAyMeIrrKoBtIHoftu rxanrro. Itapnaruw c finanan+on Bepxnroro AeraJrb KJralana BbrxporrM lrg ocnosHofi TKaHrr (.qnnna 6o.nrrue AJrrrHbI paapeoa KapMaHa Ha uporc.nagxy ktB6sau no 1--I,4 cM, rrrfiplilna rro Mo,qeJrra), na 0,2 cu pacxpoenHoft neprofi AeraJrI4, rroArcJraArcy yrxe nepxueft 4erann no 6orcosrrM cpeaaM AJrflreperarta ocnosuofi TKaIra Ta, oAHy AeraJIb MerrrrcoBr4Hbl (Anrna ua 3-4 cm 6onlrue AJrtrHbrKapMaHa' a ray6uIra - 12-18 cm), etopyro raa6sar TaKyIo lrcerlo pasMepaM, KaK r4flepByro. Ha ocuosuoft Aeranra c rrsuauoltnofi cropoHbr orMeTr4MpaMKy KapMaHa rro JreftaJryr{JIII AByMff nofiepeqHa paccroflrruu L cM u AByMff AoJreBbrrrbrMrr Jrvrnvrfiv-ur KapMaHa. Mn, olpeAeJlfl rorqr{MvrF,JIvrIJy O6pa6oraeM paMxr4 KapMaHa, saxperlJr,E,fiyrJrbl >). (cnn. <,KapMaHc .rrracro-rxofi

Prac. 36. O6pa6orxa KapMaHa c KJIarIarroM


2 lo6ru

.BHBIIBIf}I

a rrunsoumaru r.readcura&orrgo 'rqsm wrlseduced 'rsx -lrsoumoru rarre&e[ enevtdeu eadeed eadar. rrraeedurrg '(umexr,ecYen zttrucerru ruc g'0 - sm urlrdum) rraer'el,rdrr r{ r raeJ,anrlrdu 'nrerouudll 'rseadc retnar,r -soc 'lrrrr\rd rnunar Eau]rcfirr enodol,c uosafiur ]r wr4]rc -orudu r,rrodoeVou1tnrasogmer,r ordnnayuo.,o.rtso11 'r,taurte.r,rrdu'egn.lc Jo rAIc I eH r raBratcndll ' r,tnrr or,r,zf .ud u'.[n o d o.r, c ord. n rronert -ell H r IaHJo.Lo fia,LBe'rqul,Igolmay[ qIJcBrr orornxdea eH doeVou rtfir'od,rceu qrco or 'nrodoeVorrwae,logedgo r,rn -x,r eLrrrHHsoumar,r r,rrelaV aedc gnnxdag $osasrrg '(eHeruden eeadeed anranVou enrldrrm) lroem r,raer'el,zdu r,rrlrael,anrrldll rrc g'0 . HUBIf }I A IqHI,ISOXIIIAilI

rseadc netuewsoc 'euus gonodol,c gioaafirar rarelrr grousouco elr rqHr,rsoumawqrrEJaVtrurrorndu neuern en d.xdasc 'lraroxradll 'zrruexhacVen ztVncewouhor rtc -qJJerrorrced enxcro[ BHBuBrf)rrrel,a[''rqsadc rrBelru -aedd 'Brrr,udu znrued ?rrceh {ranxdaa dnodol,c orztgalr -lrlf BH guns rlouodo,r,c goaafi[rf Herrrf]r r,nnncorrrdll ' rseodc r,{arcusodVoll .rruvdeu.lo .r,rrre.r,e[ nod ..{xlartH -o.r,cxad.r, c z{. xrrod,r, c orztnrtonaVl,o rru rartod,r,c.l,o runruY6' wuxcor.r-r{radu' (anurf.w lrrrprgouuo,lm ) go)nr4u nosm wrquhosoroJe y[c I'0 H lrrrs.Le[ uaH BrolrJrtr^r -xdas ar{ NoJe)radau c woerar rrqg 'd.nodor,c orl{gaIrr,rr eH ruandaarrg' rsr.r.{t anlnoruudl,crqs y[ax{ad3 . r,rxrrodl,c o[ .d.n.lawen Bsm eu lt xYernodu lrarxedrsg' r,,rrzxcorl,.dradu nrrarreV6 'nne,leV ganxdaa en .r{.xVBcou nnraVadnced on -dar,{onged 'tare.la[ rad.L acg 'rseadc reaurraed^d..rNo]rBJc 'vrtrg en .d.nferuodu rruurrorradu t,rrrenr goH r4 TNaBJar,tlC 'xefinox -souco srrBJoY Er,r e11 H rr anu[adacou ruaroxC 'sdrrtna prnferxVou n r,rHx,L rnr,'lexodo.r,c r,rnrrssafrrdlr .Herrurr)r rlrtEso,toJeg 4onsoHco er prrel,aV wlr$corC ulr9(x

?8

O6rque cBeAerrlrfi

35

Brruparzwr yroJrxr4, o6paeonanrbre HaAcerrxaMr.tt craqaeM 6oxoBsre cropoubl Merrr]toB]Ir{br'o,4noBpeMeHHOrrprrraqaeM yroJrrcu. C4enaeu Baxpenlcn B yroJrxax KapMaHa Bp] rnyro
LIJIfl MEJIKLI M ((3I T3ATOM'.

Onon.rate.nbgo orrlapfi M. Kaprvran c KJra[aHoM Mo]rcHo o6pa6orarb c KaHToM' TO eCTb BCTaBLrrb IIOJTOCKyI'fiaH]I Me]rCAy AeTaJIbro KJIa[aHa rr ocrroBrrofi .ractrro ro6nu. Paewrepsr noJrocKr: ,4JrnHa - rro AJrlrHe MerrrltoBrrHblr a [rup]IHa 3-3,5 cu. flovrocxy HaAo rreperrryrb rrorloJlaM JrI.IrIerofi croposoft n [pkrMerarb K SaroroBJIeHHoMy KJranany. TlTuprana nu4rauroft qacrr4 Karrra B roroBoM BLlAe vrcAeJrvIt{He ,qoJrrrcnarrpeBbrrrrarr 0,5 cnn.

0p eaflwe fi ap M&rr,w H arc noruruo-no orMerrrM JrI{Ha nrrrcpoftxe nepegur/tx IroJroBI4Hort rroJrrr6oxosororrrBa Ot npruura KapMarra. HlrrorroApesa
6oxosoro ilrea ravIurraJrvrfiorJlolrtr4M 3-4 cnn, Tro JruIr.vrv (no.noer,rHa orcpyEcrrocrr4 1.5-lV crvr raJrvru or JrLTHr.rrr rpyAll : 4 + 3 - 4 cnr). Coe4urunu orMrreunble rorlxlr. flpouyvrepyeM AeraJrI'1.OrwrerraM HarrpaBJleHr4e AoJIeee sofi Hr,rru. Orperxem 6onoryro ,qeraJrb.Ilplrnorxzu Ha ftyeorrer TKaHlr, crporo co6aro4aa HanpaBJleufieAonenofi lavrrvr,o6negeu KoHTyp. Ha tunuu orpeoa 6orosofi Aerarrr orMerI{M npr,Itrycx (4 cu) Ha noAsop. flpogBHI{B Ao [epecerreHns c nwrl.vtetrt nrau 6orcoryro JIT,IHI{rc loAaopa. Or nraxtrrero yrJla 6oxosofi AeraJIr4orJlolrtr4M orpeaa. r:r,us 4 cM rr rrpoBeAeMHa groM ypoBue JrlrlHrrro rz Orvretrawr npnnycKl.t Ha rrrBbr rro Jrvlr'vrfiTalwrut 6ortonoit nw:r.nu. flpocl.tlrcyeM Kouryp 6oroeofi AeraJIr{. BxoAa B KapMaH npoxJraAotrnbrM Oruernu JlrrHr4ro ruBOM. Ha nepe4nefi uononuHe fio,qpesa KapMaHa cAeJraeM rprnycx (1-cu) c.ycryrlaMl,IBBepxy LIBur{syAonesoft o6-

- 9 lrax,rogedgo zre.r,e[ - e ner,rrderrBrqHH,LogBdgo :enerrdux o.roneadVou-ossorr)rufl eulogudgg'/ g' clrd

'r,unduu.ro 'dnnaolrmarr H ao1n r,tvr'od.r,cenra r,rroxordasouru <(JBSJrle)r wosm edoefou eadc grrnlogoac rueul,ogedgo ourrra.ludestsadu .BeH 'aHlrsoumaw -rorru qHBHJ r{rcg }r Bg[rJc ro ruc I.0 rr rreene.lndu rr NaJanrudu 'wc g'0 H sdJ,d.Hs wen;o[ou udoeVo[ eadc grsntrogosc 'r]rlrol, qH]rr uncg .(raun -Lrr gofiolrog orr rsur,raoumoy{ u}rm}rrar,r) needc ersa -olrog r,r evnxdas nesfiHsed.,t 'nrarolrrzdn 'wodog[ofi c q re.laV ordao xog wurronr,rdr xdaa g qronodol,c r_ros a|rur rqnraoxmarrugoutndeaeed .d.nodo.lc or.{eefuan e11 'rruc 0I-g ronrse.Lcoc eHer^rdeu eeadVofi elrnon au{rru rr uxrieJ ,ro enurY e 'nrc 11-6 - rqurasoxmar r Xtouuolr{orfcaoaVs enudu111 .enenrde$ r(nraso)rmeru rtrtdoQ grontno,rd.owndu r,vzodnrsg 'eead,ro vruruvrv om<rrog r^rcp-g rr r4)rhurgo raosaro[ enudup .rr]rh,tr, enzrV 'ruc A-p nlr9oI 98

O6ulue cBe,qetrrfl

37

flepernewr AeraJrb MeruroBlrHbr no[oJIaM ra cpe)rceM BxoAa co cropourr Heo6pa6orannoro Kpafl no JrvlrevIv B KapMaIr, Koropafl ,rBJrflercfi nwsueit' orpeoa. cropony [epeAHero rloJrorHrrrrla JrltHa r.raHaHoqHyro qenofi croponofi rrpuJro]Kr{MH rrpr'rxoJreMpasBepnyryro BxOAaB KapMaH r{ cpe3 MerrrlroBrrHy, ypaBHr{Bafi lrprH-vr'd MerrrxoBr4nrr. Ha.Jrr,IqeByrocropoHy ocnoeuofi AeraJrLI [prrJrorrcrrM .rrraqesoficroponofi o6ravxy, fipr{MeraeM lr npr4TarraeMrra 1 cu. V4a"nnu HaMerHy' ruoB orrrapr/tM. Brrnpanuur c neOrorueu o6rauxy Ha MerrrKoBIaHy. percaToMrltB ocHoBHOftAeranz na 0r1 cM' [poMeTaeM oaroroBorlnbrM rrrBoM. flpryto)rcrrtM' cJrerxa $nxclrpya cru6rr, yAaJrraMHaMerKy. flpo.nomnwr orAeroqHyro crpoqxy Ha 0,5 cu or crr{6a' ornapuM. (SrrraaCpea o6taufiLr [prrcrpoql.rM K MerrrrcoBrane rISJrr{rrrKH roMr rrJrrr c floAornyrblM cpeSom. Cpexcen ycTyrroB. Cnonczwr MerrrxoBrruy B.qBoe' coBMelrlaa Jrzrlvrlr rr 3axpetrr4M rro or.4eJroquoft BxoAa B KapMaH. Crco.newr cTpoqKe BepxHI4e r{ Hr4}rtH}reKpaff KapMaHa' rrepecrpaquBas cru6 KapMaHa ABarrcAhrrro[eperc (ceepxy - :r.a2-B cM, cHmay- 3-4 cm). floApexem Merfir(oBrrny Htrfi(e no4sopa KapMaHa rra e 6oxoeofi ruoe. Hux(Hr4e 1,5 cwt,.rro6rr ona He rrorrura yrJrbr MerrrxoBrrubr MorrcuoSaxpyrJrrrrr. Cra'{aeNr MeruBbrBoporHbrM rrrBoM u.nrr o6rrtrnbrM cTaqHbrM r/t rcoBr.rHy o6pa6otaeM cpeobr <(SErBaroM'. Itapnat+w e <rp&NrcAD Ha ocnosnofi Aeralld HaMerll,:ll JrurnvrfiKapMaHa xapHa paccroflnmw L-L,4 cu (ec.rrrn AByMff AoJIeBIIMT{ JII{noilepequbrMlr pacfloJrolrceH 1r sAoar) MaH AByMs <, :F'kr frI/Iut, oflpeAeJrfilorrlrrMlt AJrrrHy KapMaHa. Pawrxy * RapMaHa Mo)rtHo pacrloJraraTb roprrsoHTaJrbHo'BepTllKAJIbIIO I4JIII IIAKJIOHHO.

.tnwed a ener^rdex exlogedgg

'gg 'cr{d

'nruucorr,^dlEdu ex.rar3 'auualrcorrc on[o a gou.Lr{}r 14HahB.rgo rqg 4olrJrthl I4WHX{aICr{NIqCO}Ir,rae,r,er,todu .som -r4Jc l\u4rcahlsoC' ranro.r.{ ff rEaeduaed nrr4sedursa 'r lre&on goHsoHco ztnodol,c or^r{.r*torrenerr eH H}rr1er -9o rarandaersg'enewdetr annrV orr - raxrracVenov rax -hocVBH J,o r rBlrraIAIBrr ou war..tlrdu u r,ree,rar,und11 'eneltdex nor,red wrrlrltlTrf orr rltIae,Lay\ren .drrad.r,csBgraw -eeadc raru.r,aV rrousouco anodol,c goaalrran x gonodolc goaalrrr r,rranconzdfi go rr ]rhr arrxHarrao.r,o;tro11 'neljg evr ^{nfernodu rrura ucorVou ]rahu.rgo sd,rdxs . nB]lror rrHBHr urcg 'r,tprucor,r,ziradu u 'mc l'0-g'0 H <r.Lca ol .euBnrdBx rannred rsuradL4m .AnzsoroueH orrho.r, eguJc ro yuaer -er,rradu 'xdags 4onodol,c raosafiLrr aos[s ]\trr4]rcorrc ]rah -Ergo eu ordVu{e}I '(r,rtcg BH rrerrdex eeadeed rsnr,rrtr omqrog ennrY e 'rra g-7 - enprdram)unex.l r4oHsouco avr-lvl.ergo arssaro[ ogf'nrc Z corrru enewdex enugdrl 'uonudram ,ntc g-Z en enurNdex 4onHaoaVd. {ionaed eeadeed rsHr,rr[ emclrog dnrasoumarru r,riraoduce4 '(<<golrl-or 'lrc) unerudun ^d.xnred -crrrf c Hurrude34r rnrraao,r.o.r[o11 ulr9ol 88

O6uue cBeAelurs

39

K Aera,nra MerrrKoBI/tEbI rroArpokrM rro,4oop rra ocuoB- Ha rrrprpkruy MerrrKoBI4HbI' AJrIInofi rranu (rrupuna na - 4-b crvr).CoeAzHraM fiogaop c MeruKonuuofi, rpI4KJra,4brBaff ero K BepxHeMy cpeSy HacTporrHbrM ruBoM' oTflaprdM. Hrarxunfi cpea MerrrnoBrrnbl coeAHHI{M c Hrl}rtuefi .aetaltrro o6ra-rxlr crarrublM rrrBoM, rroAKJlaAbrBaff MerrIKoBr/rHy [oA o6raury. fleperxem MerrrKoBI{Hy IIoIIonepxnefi JIaM' ypOBHffeM cpe3bl MeuIKOBI{HI'I co Cpe3annr"r cpeobr MeIrrKoBt4Hsrpr o6o6ravrclr, craqaeM. Otrprrtrre o6pa6orxy' raqeft o6pa6oraeM (Brrraarou>. Ornaprlr ylJroTHffrr rrrBbr. croponbr MeIrrKoO6pa6oraeM u craqaeilr 6orosrre ypoBHro HaAceqeK' IIo cTpoqKy BrrHbr, [poKJraAbrBafl rrpeABapureJrbHo pac[paBJrst{ yron$n. KapMaH onoHrlareJrbHo orrraplrM c Jr[qeIoroerrfi soft fi ugHanorrrroft croponrr, yAa;rrrB HaMerKy coeAlrHeglrfl o6ra.rerc.

Harcna\ru.we rcaprlaruw Kapuan o6pa6oraeM, orMerI4M ero rro Korrrypy Ha ro6xe, nepe4nnfi Hpafi onycrllM BHTIBua 1 cu. 9ro o6ecne.rrar y4o6crao Bxo.qa pyxr{ B ftapMau I{ TeM caMbrM cAeJraerero 6oaee [porrHbrM. Paarvrep H (popruy KapMaHa nrr6upaeu rro MoAeJrr,r - 15x17 cu). (onrnua"nrurrfi paarvrep Bepxnuft npafi Hap*raua Molrcuo o6pa6otarb Ha rI3HAHOI{HYIO CTOPOIIY CBO}IM IIPI{IIYCKOM VIIIVT HA JIUIIE-

Byro noAxpoftnoft o6ra.rxoft. Ha paemeuensoft .qeraJrlr HbrM rrrBoM. M rcoHTyp IIpoK Jra.4orr rd ap MaHa rrpoJroEcLt rrprrAns o6pa6orrl,l Bepxuero Kpaff RapMaHa cBoI,rM nycnoM (3-4 cu) Ha rrBHaHKy rrprrnycfta rrprrJrolxraM Ha 0r5-0r7 cM or rrporJraArcy,npr4MetaeMI4 npl,ITatraeM crlzl6a. VAa.nramHaMerKy. Sateu nepxnufi cpea npr4rryccropoHy na 0,5 cM I,I npoKa ororneM Ha ?r3HanoqHyro flpvnycx na o6pa6orry crn6a. crporrprM na 0,2 cM or

rsllodolc Ltoghoggrrer4e enenrdex uxuedxee - V lmrudoQ {rou<rrrsoenerNdex exlogedgo - J :gouhergo 4on4odxVou ener,rldes redn o.ranxdee exlogudgo - s lr,ronadnudu nrrsggaodxonsra[ exenrdex nedn o,ranxdag - a enlogedgo - 9 :eugor eH urertdex nunuv en.r,anreed :euerrudexoJouVarxeu ex,logedgg .69 .ctrd

Fl o!e

l I

E!
}IIIBIIET4 I B)IUOC}IA

u
-,

M re
J -1 F I

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il

il.-ll ll
- .

I
en ^{xVernodu r,rraxcorudn,{xdeec .rqeadc arznxdag ItBa -znged^ 'enludux anodo,r.cpronhoHenen x 4onodo.r.c .zoxrrelgo 4oaahur r,rzxorradu sreraV ordnneodxVou 4ougrodxVou enuwden eadc 4znxdea rearr,regedgg 'ztxrrodoc ordnrrorr -aV.r,o negrqferuodu 'aHumerr en rrur,odlcvdu nrra ord.n -rrrtde dner,rrdex x wasmoVou n rsr.r.A r,rrraseduns .dnod -o.r,c or^{nr,onenerr en fxlogedgo waudasrss .rqr,rd auln 'ruraduu.r,o -oreud,rcrssrruanced3 rssm .(nrc g,I-I - Bam enwdum) ener,rdex nrenodo,ra rntrqsoxogou ruurrod,lcudu n .(nodo.r,corztsalrur H NaHJo&o ttonVerxodu c oJcarus r[lr9oI

ov

O6que cBeAerrus

41

6sgra no paoMepy o6tarrxr. flpnueraeM rr rlpfiTatlaeM noApe]fieM ruBa. Hnxcrrzft cpes npolcJra,4xrr Ha rrrurpr4Hy na 0,5 cu n o6orueM ero cpeaoM o6raqxu. Sarpennm noArz6xy o6ra-rxu sauerxofi na0,2 cM or crz6a. flpuTarraeMo6ravxy K AeraJrr{KapMaHa na 0r1 cM or cru6a. TTToB oT[apI4M. Mu A2n & rltu Jwu tt uctcrr,tt, It ap maru c n p a.JwbL Borcosrre 14HktlrcunecropoHbr o6pa6oraeM Ha yroJl' na 0,5 cu orxpbrrbre cpeabl - c rroArla6ou na ITBHaHKy rrJrr4 oBepJroltoM. OtueqenHbre rrpurrycxn Ha rloArurlBfty rreperneM Ha uauauorrnyro cropoHy uo rcocofi revlrv!, coBMeura.fl Ha JruIr.u:fictw6a roqxy rlepecerleHr4ff orMeqeHHbrx rrpwyc$oB, or Koropofi rc fiu:ta'uvr crz6a eocrlo r crarraeM craHoBLrM rreprleHAlrrtyJlflp. Cueraem Cpenceu yroJr' ocraBJlfl'E B rrrBe orMerreHHoit ttlanevtu. 0,7 cu. IIIon pacnpaBrrM rI fipr4yrlorrc?IM.Brrnepneu OTIrapr4MrcapHA JrfiqeByIO CTOpOHy,OKOHrraTeJrbHO
MAH.

Huxurlre croponbr KapMaHa osamuofi Soprvlu o6paJrur' 6oraervrno4xpofinoft o6ra-mofi Ha rllaHauorruyro urJrut qeByro cropoHy. Crorxrau JrnqeBbrMl{ cropoHaMlulAeraHa,4cerlKrr nn o6ra.ffirr c KapMaHoM, crallaeM, c,qeJraeM TTTos uo flpoloxrau ornaplrM. BarcpyrJleHrzg. Ha Jlr:rrvrv o6ra.rrte npor(Jra,4ottmft uron Ha rrrrprtny o6pa6orxr'r, rroAorHeM cpesbr Ha fiBrraHxy o6ravxz' [poMeraeM rra cropoHy, [p]rMeraeM Ha 0r1 cm ot crz6a fiSrraHorrHyro o6raqxn c rrepexaroM Ha 0,1 cu I{B AeraJIr4KapMaHa, cJrerKa IIpI/IyTrc]rcuM, yAaJIr4MHaMeTKy' OtCOHqaTeJIbHO ornapfiM. Eoxoerre 14 Hrilrr{HraecropoHbr KapMaHa Mo)rcuo oxagToBarr xocofi o6ta.rxofi r4BorAeJro'rnofi urn oc' sonnoft TKaHn. C trsuaHo.rHofi cropogbl npllJrolrcr{M' nprrrarraeM rro Bepxneft nrarrrz-uKapMaHa Kycorrxr! TKaHrr - saKperrKkr.

!gulc gunnad,lztna nsrqles -xee 'Jnorr rlugsLthe,r,rndu som s rsuodo,rc zoaalrur c 'mc s.Lel'e.lr4du]r qJE.Lawrrtdu 8'0 H s.ldndaa?ou (g lluosm y[rqlH]rosram[ourNrsrcodr s&um[ott u 'Br,rHBg -rar'erudu som lfBsmdue 'lnc ?'0 BH r.r,z(udaavou (e : ztr,{oneed-ou Bcnorr t4lch genned.rdna eadc grsn sre,rogedgo oHlrcovrr -Vogoa3 'mraxcorldradr r,rwae;alrutdu 'cnorr dnodolc s rseedc nrandaaoll' wtnror,r.l(odr ao1n' r{.nlaweu wzrretrd. 'nralfl 'lruc ,'0 Bam Hrourtdum waerte.lradu pr ruae,r,arruudu -rrHJorfou r,riznvadau c nlr)r{a'I,ceewoIIIIox c cnoll gredx z alnran,roron l{enlee rr lr}rxco,r,ceeruolrnox c r{.nnac -[en netnaruaoc 'ungor exdas anodo.rc 4roaahrr ]r gou -odo.r,c goealran r,rrr,rxcorzducrto[ rrrcB]r orornxdog 'ranrfrCOf.f,rf, -ndu' ntalawrqa t nrzsdllrsg t ztnodo,r,c orrtsallur eH crrou rruandaarsg 'wor,rd Vou ranr,od,r,c d.hnox x ux.r,ogedgo rsn -odolc oc dnnacfen nraeref3 'rrur,rrxorl,rtudu rsa111'rsr;d rruesmodu r{ a}rroJrl Ir anlnoreud,r,crsa rNoucadc'r,tc 7-g 'soeodc otsrrc g'0 BHnVoxo[ au 'rrc .rodosou rruaereVc 2'g sm gouudr,rm egwc ro Na?herr,rdu u nrael,amodg 'cnoll qJ,ch orr{.sar ordinoreurtJcrss wo.Logedgrg'eg -zJc rt ro;d. gulnoreu.rtJ,crsanrancedc'sogadc.Lo I^Ic L'OvIfr maer'e,r,ndu14r ra.Lonl,Idu'cl'ou rqlrnon rrae,r,ogedg6 'nrrratr goHsoHco x crcBr -raarx ra du BHo rI golr. t lto.rolr.d r,trE rrndo.r r,u,r rxorl,f.odn rt z{.xVerxodu rtuxcorudu ^{.nodol,c orltnr'onHeu BH
.YIUI}I

-araedueu ruoearo[ s rsuaodxrss qrrqg rsnucroV r,rre,L -aV acs eodnced nd11 'ennraevrQ en AnVerxodu nrra -odnrss Banofl nn,r,ogedgorr[' 'r,rrc 6-L - aoduced s rrV) wa V EH vrvrrral,ral,conrr.[d enudram '(err.rt.r,crsa -xo uxdenr omqrog srJrrg enrrnoV Bcrfou enurfl'

scl'ou ouHBsfiherndu
rrlr9(x

zv

O6rryre cBeAenr{s
cpe3aTb yrJrbl

43

H9.IICEIIIdA

Puc. 40. O6pa6otrca Bepxa ro6xra npvruI4BHI'rM rroficoM a - o6pa6o'rxa 6orontrx cropoH rroflca' 6 - su4 BaroroBJleHrrorotrofica' B - coe.quHenlrerrofica c ro6roft, r - o6pa6orxa cpe3oB floaca cpea oBepJlortoM vIlrv! <<SvrrlaroMt rl n) o6uerarb IIpIICTpOtII4Tb B ruOB IIpIITauIIBaIIIzITI nOg0a C .nZqeBOfi croponbr, BaxBarbrBafl BHyrpeHHI,Ie cpesbr (gle o6pa6orrcra rIJIorHbrx rxanefi ). Onon.rar:e.nbHo ornaptrM fioffc. Haryreraeu il cAeJIaeM rrerJrlo? Ha ApyI'oM Konqe nogca HaMgTr4M pacnoJrolrceHlre [yloBr"rrlbr H [pr4rrrbeM ee.

O6pa6orrca Brryrpeuurrx

yrJroB

B npoqecce o6pa6otrr4 qacro rrpfixo,4l,rrcfl pacceyrJlbr. Ho, npent4e tIeM aTo cAeJraTb' KaTb BHyTpeHHr.Ie
I4X HyIKHO 3ar{peilI'ITb. ,{na sanpefiJreHur.fl BHyrpenuelo yrJla Ha IlBHaHoltrrp'lJlolr{r4M rcycorlen TKaHrl o6pa6orxrr Hyro cropoxy (4x4vrtru 3xB crvr). flprnmeraeM fi rrprrarlaeM Ha 0,1 cu or rcoHTypa yrJla.

'y[oclfoII ,torBsrq.L -egudgo nnYerxfou rr r4]rgoreedc granxdes wal,ue e'rrs -urxeconprd[ aa uJarc 'ntc 2,'g woam a]rgor u rorarql 'ralrgor r,roeadc r,{Nnxdes c raxfferx -arrudu ztxferxVoll -Vou eadc {u.rnxdaa u rqsm aznVadc a}$}rur e '(axgor en krrlramr4rurraorrogc lrxYerxVou rqsm arsuonog) a]rgor rr prvritBxhBrrlsc fi xtrerutsou nxrrel.rqs q,Lrarcor,{soc ogx{dg rrol,e ud11 'ulrgor sd&r{.Hs l,oresrstrgrns fi duueueraH ,r,oresul'edosrss'rorBsraxcor,r,dodu .d.nvennvo11' rNcI - I' 0 - Bsm exudu111 'fngn,rVous wosm,loresrqlegedgo arr -xe.r,ranferutrou suH ',LorcsrqJ,awgo rrsm en soucdufidu rsead3 'olrgor H r{ }re}r 'axc HJ rorJBrforraed antrerx -[ou elr lrx]rrrqg 'rrr4uamor]rced aag ou'xxgor firreraf roreauedxrsa dnfennVoll orcrHsoxcov )r)r anc or.d.xe,r.

xDngot s nxeoarteou oulaogodgo


'alrrfoJrr r,r}{l'actrBn J,odoaou I'eraf eH d '(r,rxlogudgo rtxr'odl,c sarsduedau entrroV exr'od,r,c nen -sre.luHrlfeoc ) rrnodo,Lc groHhoH v[osm rlaen c NaBhB.Lc' nrrsgVoaedarr-oHqrrfiodruox amr'dr'rao.rd.dV c qrrel, -a[ orztrrne.logedgo nia,LaralC'dxr,er,rren ntwrreYrt'som nrr,rdeu,rg 'r,rnnodl,c otr un.Id itxr'ecVen ntaeraV3
enr.acveg - 9'euuadtl8 - :sor;d. xrznnadl,dna err,logudgo' I7'crad

rlr9oI

O6urqe cBeAenus

45

,{eQerctrr u rx ycrpauenrre
,{e$extrr rua4eJrvrvtMoryr BoBHrrKHyrbfiprz HenpaMepoK c $uryprt, 6ea yueta ee ococHffTr4llr BrrJrbHoM cMerxe pacxpoeHubrx Aeraneto.rgoft ffptr 6eusoctefi, .nefi, necosMerrrenrr r{ Kolrrpo,'IbH rrx .nranr'rfi( r a.nuu, 6e Aep rr nusa ro6xu). Ilcnpauan 4e$extn' Bbr rrocreneuuo npr'ro6petete orrbrr B IIpaKTfiKe rr reopwr fioruIllBa. Hailenue Aarco unu ruuporeo 6 rna,Jlutlunu e 6e0pax flpnvrana : He[paBrrJrbrro paccqnrau pacrBop BbrraqeK,

Vcrpanenue: eutrepas rraMeparb Jrrrurlro raJrvrvrl aapaccqr{Tarb BbrTarIKr{. HOBO npu6anxa no 6e4pau rrJII{Haoflpuuuna: yBeJlrrqeHa cHffTa rvrepnaC6. 6opor, ue npra6anJreua' HerrpaBrrJlbHo

Puc.42.llzgente

yBKo trJrr4 mr{poxo r 6e,qpax

BInr4H,Lorou o,ranVadau zrr.r oJaHtrBeanraVadecoue,ldHdaVeeElrgOI .gV .r.vtd

.sm oJosouog areos uftrrrel, vrvrH'vrlfou ranc^rtur.rdlls,ledgotrou e .I,uHaHaru -en irrfis,Lco sog ux:an,t.u.c nrra eEadau arra[adac x Drrrrr .uvrrel vurnurrr or asm -B,L ornurrr :,r,odogoen oulr{otr4tr wosoxog s ucdrrr4drrnnHoy[efi as .raxuttuc fitv efadeu anntradacou Hrralrr cerrus q.l&cdurss :orananedl,c6 ' rs[Ilr]rYo,rrvrrrvrJnailw gralnorerd.lc -tvs - rrdzt;ra@ n,LcoHHagocorsuaJlrf an :enrar,r,rd11 n(nnautott ou o za a g a d au nun o?aHgoe awng?dacou nutfiudages oxgotr 'sm oJosoxog crrg q,Lulcd.ursa filrfi rledgee lzruexsurdg orsrag x s,Lorouudrr r4]rgor lnran;,orol o,ran[ee ra eVadau rsx -uVadac urvruurlr onsrarradestradu .rsrrodolc lroaedu c ad.furQ eH som uosorrog srodorrced :aranonedlc6 rrlr90I 9V

O6rque cBe.{eurrfl

47

Ilonepewr,we aanoJwbL 6 rnclnuu A nonca aaArueeo unu nepeAH,eao nonorn ruuta flprEvrana: 1) 6o.rrrruofi pacreop BaAHrax r4Jrrur nepeAHr{x BbrTalreK,AJrfl ycTparreHrrfl KoToporo nocepeAr{rre BaArrero rroJrorHr4rrlaHy]rcHoaa6parr r{BJrrailrex TRaHTI B rrroB no JrvrrvrulaJrrari 2) ro6ra say?fieHa or raJrr{Ir Ao 6e,qep (e erou cryqae cJreAyer Bbrnycrnrb Barrac TKaHrur uo 6orcosoilt nl/"Id"uv oT JruIIJ.uw TalrurutAo Jlvr]dvr*r 6e,4ep).

Puc. 44. flonepeunrre BaJroMbrB TaJrrru y nofica BaAHero r4Jrr4 rrepeAHero noJroTHr{ula

Cna6una 6 Korrqe tbLrnavrcu 1. flprurarra: He cyrro'fierra cna1n:naB KorrrJ,e BbrTATIKTII.

Vcrpanenr,re: rryrrcno cyrrorxrrrb Bbr[yxJrocrb B Korrqe BbrTaqKlr. 2. flpuvvna: He nJraBHocBeAeHacrpor{Ka B Korqe


BbITAqKII.

ncr,rtroxced ungor deranou elrlrrm utn uxYettuC .gt .ctrd

euHraeed

' vrurrel, ornHr4rrslegoducHelregl u d.nnr.reed vrurrer wurHurr.r oIt qrBertse 'crto[ srlHc :altuanedlc4 'fivrlreJ, uruHurl orr cHBIrg nemr{.den :enzrrudll rJuBgoxcod nxgot fi.enu ou Dhnam nlrn nugourrJ

lrosoxog orr r4Helrr cerlg s,Lr4,Lc^d.urss :eunared.r,c6 'daYag ofl mnlre;-,r,o enarrztee )rgor :ennnrEdll .g
, .JAII II

d.Irnox ao ]r r{}r}rerrsa dx}rod.rc ilrcasc :er,rnenud.lc6


I4HrrB,r,rIaaIIHOII s BH}IpBTC '9?'cnd

rrlrg0I

8P

O6rque cBeAerrufl

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Merrlafl pucyuon no 6oxoeoMy rrrBy, Tro Jrurnutv6e,qep lepe,qEero r,rsaAHero rroJroTHzrrl. Pae6epenn ABa Bapr4arrrapacnJra,qxlrHa rnarrrl. 7-it aapuartm. Pacxtagxa nuxpofixu npamofi AByxruonnofi ro6mu co ur.nraqeft Ha rrcaHr4c oArrocropoHnr2rM Ha[paBJreHHeM prdcyHxa npn rrrupuue rrcarrrt 140 cru (puc. 51). Txasr cJroxcrrMBABoe no AoJreBoft lxurw rnauauorrnofi croponoft enyrps, paaJroilcnMHa croJre 6ea nponr,rcanavrfi. crtr6onn rc ce6e. Cpeasr AoJrlnubr HaxoAr[Tbcff rro.4 rrpflMbrMyrJroM H crn6y rxaufi. Crena or cpesoB BBepx no crra6y rr KpoMKaM orJro'rcHM rro 5 crvr(npranycrc rra [oArrrr4Bxy nusa ro6nz). 9epe3 oTMeareHHbre rorrRr{ npoBeAeMJr}rH}rro[apaJlJreJrbHo Jrvrl:utvcpeaoB, x neft npr4Jro)r(rrM nrrxpofixy nepeAHero rroJrorHr{rrla rax, .rro6rr Jrult'"vlfl, HI4Ba coBMecrr4Jracb c rrpoJroxreunofi.rrranraefi,a cepe4r,rHa Bbrxpoftnpr - c arnnraefi crpr6a rftaHra. flpnxo;reu 6y.nanxamra, o6ne4evr KoHTyp ronxofi flJracrr4Hnoft mrrla, orMerr4M.nranzro 6e-

Uefivlfrrt oc l,Ilr9or gonaomxdaV r-ronrrdu rax4odxrsa exndcud lteranereeduuu 'cl4d rrunnodorconVo a uHEuJ,eH HtrBrxcd 'I9
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-ac z(nodoJ,cs gr-rJcaa ilIasurredosou 'filueusrrtg TIas -r.rrrelredur'elrsg'z{.ddanon ou nxcduradu rruaegr.rtrou '(rrnodo.r,c ltosoxog c) uwret uruuvrrr otr INc 8-A hlonrr -surco 'werrcduudu ou r4]Igol alnnr.lorou reeedrsg
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-ou I'IIHaurte,LI,Idu drftrod'r,c s I,IrBuoII zrro tsgoJ,rt 'uIaf -,J' gOSOHO9 nr,rnertecedall a]Iho.f, I TAAil]JnII J VTWETVIr fen (Isn,&l,cd) uncz{.lradu orqusral,ruffou 4oxhrrls -oV silef ouqrfarsrgo on'xfn lr]rgor rune.rargo rr[' wc I-^&'0 - vtufirel' vlvtlJvtlf on'wc g' ZZ 'daf fiIlqsoxog orl :ritsm tr uxcdulldu fieeedc

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[nycnaM Ha rrrBbr rro JrvtnurvtraJwrv.qocru6a no 6orcosofi flpuuycxlr Ha rrrBbr no 6oxonoit ttrlaun MolnHo orMerrarb, rrpr{KJraAbrnas .nraneft xy aaxpofi rrIHKa (uruprHoft 2,5 crvr). flpu pacrc.uaAfie Ba.quero[oJrorrrnutra npexcAe Bcero orMerrrM rrpvrrycft or npoMor Ha ruJrr{qy (6-7 crvr), rrpoBeAeM JrrrHrurro, [apaJrJreJrbrryro KpoMrau. flpra.no,nr,rMBbrr(poftrcyBaAHero noJroruprula Ic rrcaHzr,coBMerrlaff Jrr,rHHro HrrSa c IIpuIIycHoM Ha noArurrBKy, a JI?II Hr4ro cepeAr{Hbl - c lpr4rrycxoM rra rrrJrrrqy, o6ee4eu
KOHTyp, OTMeTIZIM JII{HLIIO 6e4ep.

Yro6rr ruJrr{qa He pacxoAktJracb,ee r.ny6rny B roroyMeubrrrrdM BoM r{oAeJrfir{ Ha I civr,a BBepxy Ba cqer rtrr:.nur rarturn yBerrlrruM na 0r5 cu. flponeAeM Jrr4Ht4K) cru6a rxJrrr4br qepes Jrwnurro6e.qep (or 1 4o 0,5 cm). Ananoru.rno [epeAueMy fioJrorurrqy orMerr{M rrpuIIycKll Ha IIIBbI.

Paavrerr,rwr ,4eraJrb rroffca (mlrpnua B pacxpoe 68 cwr:.qJrlrHa OT n.uroc4 crvr). Pacxpofi r,raAeJrr4ff rrponaBoAnM rlocJre paBMerKrI Ha Tr"anuvr ncex (6o"'rr[rux rr MaJreubxrrx) geranefi c yqeTOMrrpr4rrycKoBHa rrrBbl. IIInuqy Hyrrcno o$opmnrr BaxpyrJrefir{eM, rrepexoAarrlrrM n cpe4xnft rrroB Ba,qnero noJrornrrrla. 2 -it a apu anm. P acxna,qra Bbrxpofi na npalrofi 4nyxruonnoft ro6xz co cKJraAKoficnepe4rr Ha rnaHr,r c ABypucyHrca IIpI{ IIrIIprrHe TKacTopoHHIrMHanpaBJrerrr4eM nr 1 uerp (prc. 52). Txanr cJIolrcHMr4aHaHorruoftcroponofi nnyrpr. flpz.noxtralr nuxpofixy u o6negeu rcouTyp aaAuero rroJrorHlrrr{a, ypaBrruBaff cru6rr c cepeAr{Hofi. SarenanpuJrolKnMnepeAHeerroJroTHr{rrle, oTcTyllrure oT crra6a rxarlro6u Hrr Ha rrrr4pr{HycKJraAKri6-8 cru. cKJraAKaHe

-rsHr'r,rred c rsd.{..rraQ en xaodxrqs rr,ilraod;tcoII l,Ixrsse}f, lrree,radgoradn'uxdar,vudnBrtttroItr<Ig ar4)rcohrarlredu Bnuagen 0sdaufndu ' rqruqcar I4oHJorf rr ^rtncorou or.r{.n -e.r{. nrae.r,ar,.uudn nuvet nulrauIlrou zteadc dr,tanxdaa y d.xsumVorr en ncduradu wee,r,ar,tnd11 '(nrc rsdd*ruQ gouror rrY) rnxrxa;,cee 8t-rI nr[ mc gI r{rrurrurrerolrcau wosar s rttlusBlco 'Iqgm orrsoxog 'Ad,r,xa!r x aoeadc .Lo vlrh.r,rqs woel,ar,trC
'8tIH UIuIIIVI'T LI{IrBJ VIUTH'UI'OAa y[aB.LAy[BA

'HtrBruc utu e\tuttm l,z[oxodn tnnn,rorou olanVee zrn olasVadau anraVadacou r{rrcg 'v[rrrirHrarr wrqrrHoc -S ra nredlt^r,nox wrqHsoHco orr kr]rrrr{c nrrarrorodll ' rIwlrlr{aJc rarrrsH}to[ernodu lnran,r,orou o,rog -Yeem o.ranfedau dnnYadac 'daVag ortrHr{r wrrra}\rl6 axdawndu x nxgu oxsoriloeeoll 'daVeg ?r raxhol arqHuaharru,ro eadar' rax on4urrrr -fennc egvrJc orurlautlr ruaVeaod11'INc g'0 Bn nrNr'firogd rarrc 88 dxdess B 'rATc uwfireJ,uIl?IIJvIv I H rlumsHarN,1i 'd.Irnrm lr )relr 'Aalrrrg dnuodrl oa 'qcrfrafoxced c r4Hetr,r eH 4o]I uxn:lcr,rdnrar4Earsed[eHilrr4HHodo.Lcdstr -fennc oc r4)rgor lronsomxdsVgonrdu euVerucd 'Zg'cwd
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MrI orxJrouenr{ffMrr or rropMbr. ,{na aroro neo6xo4zmo KoHTpoJrbHbreJrurEurr4 npaBl{JrbHo cMeraTb, coBMecTIaTb (ranram,6e4ep, nrasa)c )nreroM rrpurrycrcoBna rusbr. JIenyro 6oxoeyro cropoHy Hylrcno cMe'rbrBarbcHrray BBepx, npaByro - cBepxy BHr{a, a crarrfiBarr nao6opor. He6pe)fiHo cMerauHoe r{BAeJrLre BJreqer aa co6ofi 6o.nrurrEe 4e$errur, fipr4rrr4nbr Koropbrx rracro rpyAHo o6uapy'rcrrrb. Orue.rennbre nponJraAor{HbrM}I cre}fiftaMr{ JIrrHllru cepeAlrHbr nepeAa ur cnurnnur, Jrvtnvrvt 6e4ep Bnatrrr[pr,rMepfi r{. TeJrbHoo6;rer.raror npoBe.qeHr{e Ha nprauepxe yrorruffeM npaBr{Jrbuocrb rrocrpoeHr4s Bbrxpofircra,o6nerarrre r{BAeJrrreM Szryprr, pacnoro6Kn, orAeJrorlrrbrx Jro'fienlre @aconnrrx nrarluir Aera.nefi, o6napyxclrBaeM r,rycrpaHfl err 4e$exrrr. ua Surypy, paclpaBJrsem 6oxoHagenaeu vra4errra.e Bbre rrrBbr no o6e cropoHbr, cru6rr Bbrrarrer npra groM HanpaBJIeHbr K cepeArHe noJroTHr4IrL cKperrJrfleMHecMeTarruyro qacrb AJrs Bacrelrcxa 6ynanraMrr, olpeAeJrfleM
npI{MeTaHHyIO TeCbMy TOTIHO nO TaJIIitIl.

Bsrno"nngs npr{MepKy, neo6xo4r,rwro o6parnrb BrrnMaHfie Ha ro, rrro nporJra4ovnrrfi rnon, o6oanaqaK)rqnft cepe4rtHy rroJroruurrla, AoJrtrceH rrpoxoAr4Tb nocepeAlrue (puryprr (cnranrr u nepe4a). flpoeeplru 6ananc lraAeJrrrn(pnc. 53). .{.na eroro na rrplrMepxe neo6xo4ranao croffTb npffMo. Horv Ha rrrr4plrHe rrJrerr. Coe4lrnr.ru HraBneperqnero r{ BaAHero rroJrornnnl rc6xn, coBMerrla,flTorrHorrocepeArrne. Ec.nu 6a.nauc HapyrueH, To ecTb rrepeAHee r4 SaAHee noJloTHlrrrle He ypoBHsJrr{cb no H}r3y, rrcnpaBJreHrre[po]I3BoA]rM ToJrbKo Ba cqer JIkrHrruITaJrvrra. flo4ueprHeM Jlrrrrrro raJwrul ronxofi peaunxofi u c6a.naucr.TpyeM na (plrrype, orMeTIITM IIO JIVIIiVIUI TAJIUTU.

Vro.rnrryr EarrpaBJreH ne rr AJrytlay BbrrarleK. Brrra.rrra apnreJrbr{o pacilprpff Ior uJrvryMerrbrrraror Ourypy. Ec.nu Qrarypa xy4as, Bbrraqxlr pacnoJror(r,rM

-lr{x r rnucorC 'aom goso}rog ltadouce4 'nnnetrorouced v[I/IrarNJo tunaer^g oHHouarcorr IfrAI]rHc xr.r B.LCAfiI rnuagen oxeodoltco 'godx u.lcoltraVoxgoau ud11 wocoHs s nl4uauanleu '(zadgo eeg) ueran urrgltJVou otr Errou,to ararrrtorccd eosoxeuzEo'ordso;ddna lSolrgtorr g -utt xlsHuamaruced xelrgor v\Irrral\Iro SIIH v:attaVen ' t4rf rorr r,{u,r,er,{eed' uxca,lceI c or,rratre fi vrrr Jg 4to 'noaodnuedY'soeadVou'souentden :garela[ xtsHr'or -eVl,o vwtnvtrt ersnroceS wI4Hho,LA n alrHalrcorfouced 'orqrag rawHserz{gntaroxradu rsuil[adac n Inun.lorou Bcrre ar{ iIHtr,L r,tfl,r,cd.nrqs onsre.Lrldes[edu'sm lr gom Brosotrogntadouced - onancdee?IIfJaB 'ultle]tsr -d.g wrauedlrc rdlrmlrlreIa'oxodram alrraVeu vr.tcg'Prrrrrl -zr 4orrrdu ou q,rnVoxodu nelrroY som Bosoxog '(<<raxpol 4onaomxf.atr Ved anra elnnnr,oro n lnr,vrnvtlr 4onrrdn eznaod,rcoll a' r,nc) -ac )r aucr{rg - rtHlrolr rrrca '}rtrBsmr^Irrsouog }r oucrrrfg
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He rroJrorHr,ru{.flpu neo6xoAr{Mocrlr rzcfipa6a nocepe4r4 Buln JrvllavIw 6onosoro rrrBa, TaJrLr[, [epeHeceM, y/qJI]rHr{M IrJrlr yrcopornM Bbrrarrxy rr r. 4. Cuaraun flepeueceM na.nenyro. OrucrrpaBJrerrr,rff c flpaBofi cropourr vraqeJrws. MeTIIM HOBbre[pr{[ycKr{ Ha rIIBbr, cpe}rceMrrSJItIuIItI4. floc.rre racflpaBJrenran 4e$exroB [pr4cryflrrM K rrolr]rBy. floruua flpourznarb Ha,qeJrrde Jryrrrxe c HecMerannrruu 6oRoBbrMr(rrrBaMv, rrocxoJrbxy rax ygo6nee o6pa6orarr
BbITAqKIrt, CKJIaAICI{, IIIJIII{bI.

Cra.raenn Bbrratrnrr. Saxpenrau z o6penceu HrtrKrr B KoHrIe crporrrr4. Oruapuu Bbrrarrrcy rrepeo yBJrilrcueuHyro [poyrroxcr{y c rraHaHorruofi cropoHbr cuaqaJra Ha pe6po, BareM noBepHeMBbrrarrny B cropoHy cepeAr{Hbr rroJrorurrqa, [poMeraeM ee c nurlenoft cropoHbr HrzTlcofi - rurourofi r4Jn4MyJrraHeB o,qno cJro)fieur4e,pacrrpaBJrss uroB crarrrdBaHr4ff6ee nepepbrBa roqno rlo crpotrre. flpoyrronrlrM qepea yBJraltneHr{yrc [poyrro*crcy, cJrerxa Sr,rxcrapya cru6sr (ro.rrxo nsrrauxy), y4aJIilM HaMeTKy U OKOHTIaTeJIbHO OT[apI4M BbITarrKy, IIO,q-

rc ee cru6y cJrolrceunbrftn4noe Kycoqen TKaHr4. JroxczrB V6epervr cra6uny rxanra B KoHrtreBbrrarrxr.r, pacnpaBJrffJr 6ea narnnreHlrs noJrorHr4rrle na rna4ra.rrrnofi Hr{M u 4yroo6paa HbrMr{ ABr4 }r{eHfi ,fiMracyAocne, yBJIarrc rro*cr{M (puc. 54). IO6xy co crcJraAftoitwnra rnnlrqefi BacrporrltM u o6pa6oraewr. Oruaprwr cKJraAKy rrJrrdruJrr{qy cuaqaJra na pe6po, a BareM Bayrrox(r,rMB cropouy JreBoro6oxosoro ursa. Cra.raeu 6orcosrre urssr rc6nu, ocraBJrffff B JreBoM HecrarraHuurvrn 16 cM Arfl aacrelrcKu. O6pa6oraeM Bacrerrcxy, orrrapr4M. O6pa6oraeM Bepx ro6xH rroffcoM, orrrapuM.
3 looxu

'Draodyee filtrrrrqs 'Inrallr,orror o.ranfee rn o;anVadau an -NVadec onsrrarrden tlrnnglrqs edJnolr oV eenn fivllf'.r4rf ro (gg 'cud) urerxadeedlrxgu 4ouaomxdaV Erontrdutnran -rorrorr oJaHtrBera o;anfadou r{xgrodxrsg 'e}rgor rgeHsom -xdsV rerrurdn nclorrsB rlouuamornrced 4oaonc6 'nnexdtgo'znrmord'ltrruerudelr olrrusanrouoV 'era^rdd[ ra ur,nerrdogcoc 'unre]r[rxc oc ' rar,teeadVo[c : souocQ xu.roar,uorarregodNraVowBc.LuV -oserodu (gg 'crd) ?rlrgorgrolrHamarnced aaoHco e11 TOUrrdA agoHco oH nnaout ou rrahrrutmg xlq,utmdttoe utahc oe BoH&amauvcod'oxgol ' ad,fuu@ un rcladdu rudoQaV' lnmcor,u( orfcorr ,lteedc ao,r,aren 'auvoYtyl '.dnrumas H vrr'Ic go,to r,turxorl,rtl,oonslro,L]rHo evt ao J HO aso[lt' auu aY 'ritrher,tgg lrex' wndBul,o' (orztrr -r'rtds r,{asmo[orr r4 ]rH]rJ,goao$rram uoxaorou wadl -Helro eadc grslrsdxl,o - xrqnroril gra 'nogm r lnrHhog -z{.dVou ou}r{ov\I 'ltttsttBt,l,ou r{rl4 I rrqarrogumYou lNrsil. -codu - 4arr]rr xr{xuo,r, eu) Nxgor arru r^raqmotro11
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exgdcrad r,rleranarspduug wvnnodoaconVo c nuu,r gone.{ un rilrgor gonnemarxcecl rangodnrsaextrunucu4' Lg' crad gr{.rc

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'ct'LrHa oHll{ontr oxqroxcau o}r{oJ aa u.,rconr{Voxgcau nd11'rc.lrr'nrasd ruedlrog ou rznudiarn ef,ro.l oH 'wc g-g n erens lrHurr,r. 't\e ggr yre[as,ro rsnaVadec Jc ,l,o alrrr,ru,Lonol orranratr' -uI{ or u}rgor marxcud e.Lrtr.zroslt rortrosgou r{Hp}r.L BH -zdr,rm r{rJg 'xelnranl,orou uH xonrtcud nelrrarrsoc 'rln -gx,r,dqrd,rcx lnuntonou oJaHVBeu o.ranfedau ztrurfac{ -oc gesnl/enxudu 'axgor 11onaonrx.datr gowrdu orlr.r4,!, -orrer{ ruaurcaY nuexrr eu f.rrflerxoed '(lg 'cud'i urru,{a -rnd rualruonsedueir trriangodor,ronVoc rexed <rlreu6 ' ind.r,o Itrccl{slfor.ro a l-r rr iiri ru; ce.1 ^ e]r.{rt &rrsV}t{e 're;J.arrx r.rili{ BHJouof igsrr -nodoJ,crtats'nrnnodol,conllo) exndcrad aprnarsudueH ntrruexl .tlnudram s,Laa]'d onxcdn 'rtngor rridnro[otr41
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Txaxr B rroJrocxy rltJlrr KJIerxy (pnc. 58). IO6xy pacfipolrM co uJBaMr2t rlocepeAltHe llepeAHefo rr 3a.4Hero noJroTnr,tfitr c pr{cyHrcoM (B eJIoltKY> no BceM rrrtsaM. flepeg pacnJra,qmofinrrxpofircli nepeAuero r4BaAHero JIrIHrrtT,KoTopbre IIo noJloTrrrru{ HaHeceMKorrTpoJrbHbre paBHoM paccrosnrll,r Soroaorvry rrrry AoJIlKnrr 6rrrr Fra
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trr,re- g 'ratradauc [ne - e rz,Veec uvteeadsed zr,rrsnsatrad nr,{rsHHolf}rrr c . nerr'rnduBlrgOrI BetnoreJarndu' 'T sraYotr{ 'TL'cldd

Mogernporanue

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flo nuflognneraeM HrtBro6xu, cJIerKa rrpr4yrroxclavr. TeCbMy.flpranneprau, HWvrraJrvru [pLIMeraeM IJIOTHyTO yroqnr4M o6neranrae ro6xn, pacnoJroxenve @acoHHbrx nuuwit, ypoBeHb nrasa rcOnrn. . BHeceMI4BMerreuraff flpr neo6xo,qr4Mocrld Pacnopewr6oxoerre ruBr,r, 6ononnre AeraJrr{(nepnyro u rperrlo). Coe4unraM BTopyrc u qerBepryro AeraJrLl otnapvlrt. crarrnblM ruBoM. TTTon (na nepe4K ssnanxe rpranycxa uer:reproft AeraJIr,I HeM rroJrornrrqe) npr4Jroxcl,rM AoJIeBrrKuts 6s.au ra npl,rralraeM. Coe4unrau flepBylo rr Bropyrc AeraJIPr Ao ypoBHff SacTelrcKlt. Ha CAe"rraeilr HaAceqrcy Ao crporrlcl{ rro fipr{fiycxy Ha rrroB or HaAcerrxvr rrroB rrepBofi gera;rr,r. flpnnycr BHLts oTOrHeM B cropoHy rrerBeprofi gera.nra. o6pa60raeM orKpbrTbre cpesbr. Coe4ranvu rperbro .qeraJrb co cpeAnefi cta'rrbrM rrrBoM, cpesr,t o6pa6oraenr. o6pa6oraeM BaArree rloJlornr,rrqe. 3aAna"noru.ruo pa3peSa MolrcHo He ,qeJIaTb. cTe)rdrty Tlo JrvrIJwur Cmeraeu ra craqaeM 6orcosrre rrrBbr, ocraBJlffg B JreBoM HecraqenHbrMu 16 crvr AJr,fi sacrelrcftra. TITSlr or[apr4M. floAourueM H?rBro6xr.r. flo.nunrau Bacretrcftrr (ue*cAy neproft n rrerBeprofi 4etanavrz) o6pa6oraeM Hrrta' KaK B rrrJrlrqe (no 4naronaJrll or yr;ra). PasNrerzNr u npo6renr [erJlr{ Ha qe'rBeprofi 4eranra. O6pa6oraeM Bepx ro6rcr uosflyroBuqbr. flpraurreu coM, oTnap'IM. Vgaaum HaMerKy, [prryrrorrcl{M roroBoe lrsAeJrr,re.

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suasodd Zrrrulrcru lrranraVaoS .(nrc gI-91) raxferxc zt,rocrss yrrr{}r{orrJo eevrr vrnrrarr J,o xdaag .(nodo.r,c ,ulrr xd.atr c rrc 1 ou) deun ou rtnrzgd.r.raa niumqHaru.{. -aYeu wosoroJ s scerfi[oxced on exVerxc rsgorl]

'dd,r,nox wotraago .s,LnH ord.s n zxczturadu wra.r,ar,rr.r,o -aroV nelnarNsoc oHr.or 'tnux,loltou o,ranVedau frlf,L ,pt,day -aV olrtdo,r.swrlucouvdu taag err scrt.,{.dn.r,ger,rdo -ag orr4Hr4r runrtrod11 '(ruc AI-01) rzxVenrc dnugdr,r wr4)r{orfJo Bepru HxgumVotr ulvlavrrr og .ufnr,rn,Lorforr o.ranVadal .'(nuEodec'do?og orllHr4r firdray[J,o .dd.r,nou ruorasgo 'ptlrgor Ber{Hgaxxnr c r4usr4mYouorranNr res -nnsedd 'aom goaolrog H tuc g,Z norrodn r,o r,nrnud,r,c,lo 'qrBraf orr{sdau r,uurxorvdll .r{H}rr weeedc ou<rrrarf -reder rua g r4)rgoreeI4H dxsunr7orr sn xc.{rr,rd[ sar -ar rro onsra,rudeafadu 'nurreuelr rsgodolc oc LrHB)rr gcgamsBrco Eo.l6.ndaseed Br{ lr}rgor r2r.Lcerr Uianfadau rare,r,a? ruuxcorradu' alnuul,ororr aoHtrgereeadrsa all '\\c g'Z - ut rlJwr!rdosouogoII 'rNc oII :rqsm L,O - uwfirel, en exc.{.uudu u detrag orrrurrr Nr4Jarlrro .dd.rnou niaV .gL .cnd, deonco-^{ur3iodnrss BH$uu*rrr xrsnnoceQarauacaueH
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C nporunorroJrortcnoro KoHqa rrarrr.l or cpeaoB IIo Jrutnurr cru6a orMerrlM rrpr4rrycK Ha [oAIrrnBKy Hrroa ro6rra - 3 cIvr n [poBeAeM ropr{BouTaJrbrryrc Jrr4u}rro, napaJrJreJrbrryrc cpeSaM, rrprrJlo,Icr{M SaArree rroJloTHrrule rp,flMofi 4nyxnronnofi n6rcu, ypaBrrrrBaff ero cepeKoHTyp, orMerfiM Jn4Ar{Hy co crz6owr rnaHr4. O6seAeNI HrrIBa rro 6orcorouy urny JrnHr(Io nuio 6e4ep. PacurupuM sa 2 crvr. Onvreruu ttpnnycxr{ Ha rrrBbl: uo 6orcosof,i xullwra raJrulfi - 0,7 clr. 2r5 ctg, fio Jrutr.urw Otcrynvrvr or nplrfiycrca BaAHero rroJrorrrfirqa rro JIrr]JprvrH}ZSa erqe pas 2,5 cw, SareM 2 cu na pacKJrerneErre no 6oxonoMy cpeay rrepeAnel'o rloJrorHrrlqa. B coorBercrBr4rr c 4oaeoofi Hrrrbr) rrprlJrolnr{M Tperbro AeraJrb IrepeAnero rroJlorurlrqa. O6ne4eu xon6e4ep z 6e.qep. V4.nunuu JrrdHI,IK) Typ, orMerlrM Jrr,ruraro ga paapeaa rroJroBplny ray6unbr cKJraAHa TaJrutfi Jrvrlaurro 5-6 crr. Coe4nnnu orMeqennbre rorlrpr. lio ttu' Klr - 11-13 cu. Coe4upacKJlerueHr4e HrlrrtHr4I3a oTMeTIitM HrrM ero c lroJroBlruofi r"rrydranrr cxJra.qxrr no nuwvu 6e' ,qep. BupoBrrgeM rrpoBe4ennyro JrriHprropacKJrerrreHrr* rro cropoHe pagpeoa rpetreft AeraJILror raJrrilr{Ao Hr4aa. PaaMeruM AeraJrb rroffca (4.rruHa na 4 civr 6o.rrrrue CT, a ruuprrna - 6-8 cru). Ornnerr4M rrpr{fiycrr4 rra rroflca - 0,7 ctu. rrrBt'rK .4eTaJIrr Pacxpouu AeraJrr{[o orMerreHnbrMnpn[ycxaM. flo4rcpourr,r [poKJraAKy B flo,flc. c n1.u odp a 6orn rcu II p u mep rc a u noc n e0 oaa rLeJrbtr.o . c epeAlrrry. Ba,4rreno noJrorrrr{Irla lo6rcra Orrvrernrvr [poKJra,qoqHbrM lrrBoM. flpo.rroxcuu cutJtr"nuo $aconnblM JrrrnnffM rr KolrrypaM.

'or4rfatr -efi aoao.LoJr,urxcor.r,rtr,g'.r{ x,rawex mranev6 .r,{zdeu,Lo 'r.lxgor gt4H oHsrffaJhuolro ntatmoVoll .ntzd?n,lo .cll -oII rua]rB,r,udu'lrlrdell.r.o'd)r*{a.r,ce8 meur,ogedgg 'dxxcolrde .rqeadc -eda nra.Lee e 'odgad BH rrer.er{c'rqsm wrdeul,6 nraelogedgo 'r4)rxcarceenrY r{rcgI r{r rrqHHo}rEJcoH wos -ar s rtrrsurco 'rqgm arrsoxog 'IallrrE,lrqgfiaBhBrC 'odgad en rssm wraden,r,o .rseodc raaarl ogedgg' alnznl,orou wen Sodau ?H rrrrre,LaV lrree rre.r,3 'r4nielrtrrrlrcoc xrrrrratr BH gIrH waqmo[o11 .rsam eca wadoucgd 'glrn .rtnsumfou r,,uadot.roearefl'
'rfI4HAHar/[8I4 I taC

-aHs n&conivVoxgoau r4dn 'xoYernc dnndr,rm .fnrar[ oo 6 lI )rgor aranJarrgo mranrrol,d.' d rrdar,rradnr,raerafi3 'er{H IAIaBrarIEg ' dwsca.f, orz{.nl,orru ordnno.l uftfife r weu,lar,r ou ud11 'rtxog rroaar s rrc gI r.rr,rrrrHHBrarllcaH nrrrfsel,co.Iqgm orqsouog'elnranloron rruanVee H ra)rhelrqs waerantC

orornvercouVon redgo[ou 'ddd.r,Hon "" ;:;fffl::


ntu lz-oxFlf)rc r qJ,rdu{orreg on}r{oru rtxr.elrtg *rolrJrfr 'UWfiIeI OU XI{ r,trae,raWZdU II 'OA -arBH eseduc rsuodorc 4oaalrrar c rresrsVerxee .deVag oV nurre.L .r,o eeadeed urvruvrv ou r,rxYerxc waJar rC
. AI{II

yrloBrori\re0'rqgm en r,ruxc^rtuudu ltrsuttahal\i,to ou olqrf,L -aY gasrad.r. c ord.do.r,s 'nodoils oc or.{gdau ruoeror iC

rlr9oI

OII

Mogenulrcnasue ro6orc

111

MOAEJTb4
IO6xa acrMMerpr{rruoro rroxpo,fi, pacnJrer[eHnaff r{Hrrcy. Jlrarl.rza noApeoa AorroJrneuasacrexcxoft Ha rryroBlrrlax (pnc. 80). Han aacrexxofi - npopeanofi KapMaH B (paMxy>. Jlunrns rarurra o$oprvrneua rpr{TAIIIIbIM IIO'ICOM.

Trcanr - [repcrb, noJry[repcrb. Pacxo4 TKaHr4nplr mfiprrue 1O0 cM - ABe AJrr{Hbr ro6rr,r nJrroc 15 clr Ha o6pa6orrcy (pacrcnaAxa Ha rrcaHrr npu mfipune 140 cM HesrorroMHa r.ro-Ba6o.rrrurr,rx srrnagoe). H aruec euue nunuit. Qacona rua eampofncu-ocr{osA$uc. 81) Mo4errpoBaHlre ro6rn [porraBoAr{M rra paoBepnyroM nepeAueM noJrorHlrrqe. Or ro.rcra AeJreHr{ffrro Hrlgy Jr*runu 6e4ep or cepeAnrrrr 4o 6oxonof,t nnnuwa JrrrrrnroHrrga Ha rarxgofi [oJroBLrHepaa,qeJr]rM rrorroJraMrr cMecr]rM r 6oronoft ilvrrl'vrvt sa 2 cu. flpogaru Bbrrarrrr4 rro JrrrrawvrraJrvrv.4oJrlrHrrrd6e4ep. flpoeegeu fipaByrc SaconIryro Jrr4HHro,HarrfiHag c JreBoro pacTBopa BblTallrtr4 K TOTIKe 'JLI.qeneHl.rffno 6e4pau u [po.4oJI]ItaJI Ao Jlnldurld pa3pe3a, 34, SaTeM TaK 'rce JreByroJrlrHrrro HaqnHaff oT resofi uoge.nrnoft Jrvrnurfi" Pacruupzu 6oxosbre Jrvtlavtur na 2 cryr.Coe4unrannc :nulr^l,r.ef,r 6e4ep. Brrxpofixy saAneHr{Ba pacrulrpr4M Ha 2 ctvr aa ro rroJrorHriula rlo Jrvrleuru cqer Baftpbrrbrx Bbrraqex rro Jrvrnvrvt raJrvtn. flpoHyrvrepyeM ,qeraJrrr, orMerr4M rranpaBJreur{e AoJreBof,t r'nr:'a uapanJreJrbHo cepeAr{He rroJroTHlrrqa. Brrpenrewr nrucpofixy no RoHTypy, He BbrpegaffBbrTarrnrd.Orperxeu 6oxoesre,qeraJrrrro orMeqeunbrM Jrr4Hr{ffM Ha rrepe,4HeM [oJrorHuuqe. Brrraqrr,r BaKpoeM,To Ha urrrcpoftre, TaK KaK fiyrrurg,paopeaa ecrb BaJrorrcr4M r{epe3 [poxoArrT ee qeHrp.

deranx BBr{HomarHced'nodxor pIc B)rgo{ o.ronrrr.rd,r,ar,tltl '7.rratro1q'09 'cr{d

Mo4e;ruponanue ro6or
2

113

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'rrnB.LoV '(yrc *rodo.la df.r,nox watraag6 l-g) eavtla rrrrs 'augodn -ur oil ofirromarflrced eH xcduradu ntfi.Laruro -Iqs BH VrUrIJVrIr rzrH)I&EH 4OSArOtr rsOg,tC.LOA$OOC qJvH rtsarrof rtgol,rt 'HBr qrB,LoV orddo.ls r,tuxcorndll 'arrHamarrlrced r.rc .L-g rra.Lag 'wc g'I rarel,aY goa en -dau uruuurrr eerlu ou som eH excl{uudu.r,o nrr,ruzt.r,c.l,g 'I\rc g'I - rrrauamarnced fi ueadeed vurrrvrrt o[n 'wc g - Ir]rxcal,cee vrvrraurr ou 'rua L'O - uwfirer uwfi+. -rrrr orr 'vJc g'Z - vruruurrHrosoxogou :rqsm en raxcduadu ilIra.rorruro'daVeg rlonnvrr c rarunu[ooc u (r,uc2-g) ennam -anxced un xcrftrrad[ aru,rawro eeadeed uwruvrlr,LoBer.IH ,ulretaV u:rsumVou uwftrv$to11 'daVeg orlrurrrr yrrrrJ,or/rrJ.o d.,t.lnon nratreu96 'vrlurr uosaroV afinerseduen refraw -goc 'qrBra[ or^sdau r,tr,nrorradu 'gom H vJcg'Z t\rr{ucorf -,r,our{H}rrr raonrraMro[.to BsarC 'r{H}rr rtgu.rc ondnrz{x -r,rfnaudau r4]rgore-avrraftruwr natrasodu u(lr'tc7) dxsum -Von en xc,(uradu ruaucorfro xdass r,renr,todn ou soeadc l,g' xdaaa goxuHer{ rruandaseedirHexl rcor.rtmae,lcg ' wrtrrHrrIf r/[rlrHrrarraw.Lo ou aluun,lorou waxcadrrg 'wc - errH u uuHlrrf orr'vlc L'O - Er{rrBJuIuftrvfir ou'wc g'Z -vwfitlalf uosoxog ou :rqsm en xcdludu ra daVag orr4ul{rr .fnug -rorrou dd.rnon rrc4rr{mse,tcoyrrrzrrawlO'nvrnvrrrgosox -og ou datrag goulavrv c nrunrafaoc '(lrc 7 xczturzdu) ar,rn -adlrmced aosoxog rllr{Jaw,}o eevrr. vtxlavrmVou nurnurr o11 'dnuum[ou Bn encztur,rdu r1avrnurr c - Bet4Horlrtr -un e 'eIulru.Lorrorr gonraVadac c gvrJcnetuewaoc .o[rr4s -.LorrorreanVee qlruu,L H r/uulrcorudg 'uxgor ar.rHorktrr -nr r,{aVasodu lnrexl, fgulc ondrrdxrzVneudall .wc g eenn u(xarmVou en xcAuzdrr ruHu{orrro xdasg grrJc vrurnurr ou eeadc ro trlrgor atnrrn.rorcou wanf/ee e11 'lrrr)rJ, y\ra,Lee .r,odoseuds aantsadau e'anuladac -ou r,lloglrJc oc lrlrgor elunn,ronou aenVee r,llraucorreed ( gg 'and) olnnu nHotla nH oHgDTJtJod -laoltou oeaugadau nalnuag

nugol

?ll

Mogeurponanne

ro6orc

115

orMerrrM Jrrlrruro 6e4ep r4 cepe.qrdny. CoeAr,rnvrlr Jrvr;nvrn pacxJrerxeHr-rn rro Hr,tsyc.nrRueft 6e4ep. Oruerzu npranycnrr r{a rrrBbr:no Jrr4HLrr{ KJrer[a - 1,5 cM, rro JruIlavln paspeoa - 1r5 cm. aacre)fiKr{ - 3 clr, rro JrraHr4rr OrcrynNu or rrpr4nycrca Ha rrroB rro nrnlnvrut:nyrr,a 1,5 cvr, Ha $Jreur - 5-T cM, rrprrrJrolrcttM Tperbro AeTaJrb,fipoBepr,rM coorBercrBrze gonenofi ]rrarrn.O6ne4etr rcouT]4) rpetreft AeraJrra, orMerr{M Jrr{rruro 6e4ep ra cepeAlruy. Coe4Nnzm pacrJrerleurre no Hlrav c ttu:rtreit 6e4ep. Orlrerr,ru npnnycrcH Ha rrrBbr: no 6orcosoft nwraum- 2,5 ctt, rro JrL4r.vtfi Tanwyt - O,7 cM, rro nun:zvr pacxJlerlelrlt;r - 1,5 cnn. Bacrelrcxrit 3 cnn,fro Jrrrnr/rr4 PasMerulr Ha rperrefi AeraJrrapaMxy KapMaHa rrapaJrJreJrbHo Jrylnkrut Bacre)firtlr" ,{.nr,rua Eo rrultaurrz. BxoAa B KapMaH L2-L4 cM, rrrrrpuHapaMxrl - 1,4-1,8 cu. PaouerrawrAeraJrb rroflca (4"rruna - Ha 4 crvr 6onrrue CT, a [rr4purna 6-8 cu), npranycrcu Ha rrrBbrK AeraJrrrfloflca - 0rZ cu. PacHpor,rnn,qBe AeraJrr{ ,qJr,flo6pa6orxr,r KapMarra (4nrHa -- Ha 3 cm 6o"rrr[re Jrrrurrr{ BxoAa B KapMaH, - 4,5-5 crvr), pacrpouM rroAsopfia ocHosHofi a rrrrurprrHa paBMepy TKaHr.r IIo o6rauxra (o4na gerans). flo4nporau rrpofiJraAxy B rrose (Arr4na - rro /4Jrr{He nonca). Pacrporau AeraJrrr Mer[r(oBunbr AJrJr o6pa6orHn KapMaHa(mxpuua - Ha 3 cnr 6onrure Bxoga B KapMaH, a ,qJrr{Ha-- 19-20 cnn). II pumeprca u nocaedoaameJrbvocmuodpa1ornrcu Orrvrerrau cepeArurny aa nropoft n rperreft AeraJrffx n SaArreM rroJroTHr4rrle upoHJra,4orrHbIM rrrBoM. Ilponorxrnv crrJrnr{uo SacouubrM u KoHTypHbrMJrtrH}IffM.

Ha nepnofi r rperrefi AeraJrffx o6pa6oraeM BrryrpenHlre yrJrbr (cu. <O6pa6orxa Buyrpenur4x yrnon>), c,4eJIaeM rraAcerrKrr.

-rr,r,Itls ltae,rogedgo !r wohB^r3' rs[nao.rutu r,rrarmudll 'wae.logedgo rsead3'r4HBxJ 4ousouco urrr Hrourr(erail.g -o,LE r.el,v drr r4 waeJaIN hlrorf x ducorou r,rrae l/tdu uare,retr Erodo,la u goadeu ,tnrxalcee en eucrturadu aunenen u 'qHH.LurBsr-rJBJc eH rslruso.rrtu ers.Lumudu rtgo.r,6 'odgad en r,tradeu.r,ofi rseedc waB,LogBdgg 'Erasrad.r c srB,Latr orz{do.ls eraus deYag vrunurrt orr ]\rahgJ,cr4 rIaB.LawC 't4)ru{a,Lc -?-8VrUrIdUrIJ OU IltrfrArr wasgodu r{ r\ruraruBrr 'guJc niuxc -or.ldodu'wal,alrrrzdu'd.xnBger,renxc.rtundu rruan,ro,ro 'lrurdu.Lo som 'uldsaroY nrrautonndu ulruHgr{ rtu -odol.c oc ll]rrrco.Lceavrvtrlvrvorr som eu dncduudu X,1 'odged BH firlrae,L -co graus datrag vrutravrv ro 'qruJotr orddo,rs en wzxcor,rlt -ee xdees deVag vruruvrvro rqam en r.rgcrtundll 'lnud -rrro 'o.lcarug wae,logudgo garratr nead3 '4rodo,lu oc sre&eV orrtsdau rlloh.rC 'rNc ,l-g orr grftrrrrrrxrqaox -o9 zt rrnaBrco 'VodaII xrrrf,Lofien eun r,rarmo[o11 '(d.xruudu nenrdey> 'mc) <dxwedr a ner,rdex ruae,logedgo r^rraf raes.r,edl,e11 'sre&a[ orql,ad.l' o.reuVaden .r,oelnran.lorou oenfee wadou,lg
.BITII

'Bertn suosod.d. -auay[err ruacaus u,lcorruVoxgoer udu 'erryudex alrga)r{orrouced'ruuamenxced rtnudram ' rnugor ar{HeJarrgo' uudarr rruranr'o.r,/i' nrudantradll 'odgad BH nrauomarnced ururnurrr ou r.lam wrancor.rdodrr)rJorfC 'ralrgor spru rliaerar/[eg '.,{.nr -sCe['Ior,{.H,Lorfu rrr{rfB,f,uturH'vrTr on l^raErailr.rdg 'dxodo.lc ord.salrur BH rruosm wrsul'otrrnodu rruacanedau ner,n 'rEnderruudu -den s eVoxe orurr.vrTf nrY ruc gI-gI rrl\rrqr -Huray[coH nnrse,Lco 'Inurr,r,orou aanVee v aan[adau nloeJar rC 'atfiftH,rorou rtanfee Brr u]r]rerrqs uraelawC 'r,res,Lad.r, xr4 r ro,Laruudn'ure.ra[ or.t{.d ]r -o,f,s u orz{.adauy\roB.r,ay[C alnran.r,orou r,ranfedarr H nlrg(x 9II

Mogenuponanne

ro6orc

l17

r"vrla,a BaArreM rroJrorn[tr{e. Ctreraem a craqaeM nepeAHee noJrorHt4rr{ec BarqrrrtM.IITgrr o6pa6oraeM, orrrapIaM, pa8y'rroEcrrM. flpr,rtavaeM rroflc, orrrapr{M. B no4rurzerceHr{BacAeJraeMHa,qcerrxr4 r4 paoyrroxcr{Nr rro Jrr{Hrrra 6e4ep na pe6po. flo4ourbeM Hr{a, orrrap}rM. Oxon'rarerbHo npoyrrltrcr{MroToBoe usAeJrrre.

goxrrerelr

'?rrrrn HouaroV ofi r rogr,rJc'qd,rztne r{rerrouorr virlt]rcorrc qHB]rJ eodxced nd11 (gg 'czd) nHoJtla nH olrgoltttJod

'eeadeed o,ronsroYo du unr^wt l{arradeed ou Ax[odxrqs ororHyEg 'egr4H oY nvtet yrvr}JvrlJ ro m,Lu esg uLr}JvrI/ raonsroVod[ ox yfoxcodeeddngodxrss wal,Bee 'r,uolread u.remztgrcrrrf r4rrrHqrf a,Lr{Hrf ouov eH r lewr4ncadau go,rrr 4oxeodxonsrah c nrceh 4reu[adau srelaV oiztudall 'urJ,vrLI gosar lraztdeml(nod11 -oY ar,ruorsd[H yir?llawH'lrrelaV -odonr{ ;.edfiarc uuhe.lrqg 'rqnr.r[adac ro wc 6 r,rond.l -crqs c mor.rd. [ou dl,eu ruflhro]rg 'raanxdas ordnsuar -nudeu orraHrrrr ruaVasoduuruc L.-g sfiHs nrr4rr{or.r,o eeed 'wc -eed vure[ vrurra'urrt,rO 6-8 - unnvrlr uanxdas ou rq,L -eu enurf' '"gg l,,ror,lzt Vou d,ruu or;f.naodxonsralr eead -eed r,rranur x r,rraod.r,coV efnun,lorou nianVadau e11
.III14H.LOIfOTI

'FIITJBU UIUIH'UII/ q.Lllt.t 4AHlrCr{H Otr

rsHrlVadac .r,owc 6-8 H goeedeed nurr'vrlr lrlacaueu fix -9or lnnnlorou o;anfiue n o,ranVedal ux4odni.ra e11 (79'cud) fteouco-ftu4odune ou ouocoQ AnHnn anliaJaHDH 'd.nlogedgo lr resm BH wc 0U corrru ]r]rgor rsurdr[ as[ - wc gfl enndum udr znenr troxcug 'dorraa tsrcdamArou's.Lcdom - <rnxr;, 'wocl'ou wrsHl'erudu enarwdo@o ?rlIIf,I, If IdI{IltII'' raOXr,Od.r,C rsIIahod,la,Lo 4OnrrOrra[,r,O Hrslerr n eeadVou uvrrrrlIt 'dsnr .d.wogoxog dl,rioaor orr (rrr{Hrofi) BH }I}rcoroeg '(e8 'clrd) ur,relen zr,rlrsHaod$ -oHsraII rgrragrfolroV nnrel, ululrayIrr ^rtersdolog 'ttead -eud l{rsusnoVodu ou .Aerans rreuuamarrtrced 'ungg,1

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Puc.83. Moaenr 5. IO6xa, pacrJreruenuafi Bnlray paspesaM uo rrpoAoJrbHbrM

l,g 'rrel,aY rzt rru)rr BHrr,LlruzosaroY nteranaraedrrex c urzrilcrogJ,ooc s yrrr4,roni,Lo'qlr;af ors&edil wr{H{orf -ud11 'nra L-g - manrced BH 'rlrc g'1 aom BH rllux{orro vlvIrun-r r{ounaharrro orr vgvrJc,rO 'r,rH]r,tfgutc ondrn -ztnuVsaudo[ ecrrg orr4Hr4rr,{eVeaoduz dxszmYorr BH v{c g'Z-Z yrir4}r{orroxdasa r{H}rJ dgralc ou eeadc .r,6 'elnr.rn,r,orou o.ranYeed$Yerxced rruaerafc BrE]rErrC
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Mogeuuponanue ro6orc

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or,tdo.r.smr,rncorndu gan )I'(wc AI) nnVerxc-oidao,rneg goadeu .r,odaVag rann enztnlrprsVeed nrurrorrro r4rr.latr -rrrr oII 'xonrodn d.nodol,c a daYeg orrluurr r,trantrod11 unrBlfBrxc fiilrrrso,Lugc [r]rgorr4ux.L n euferuced '16 'cr{d
gr,rJc

l-<o

z <__-__>.

1-------1

fz{'aonco-.{ngodxrss en enoceS t^4urta.ntr arlrrocarreH '06 'crrd <-> I

+ Z

a->
I|'IXX

z8r

Mdge.ruponanue

ro6orc

133

I,I ou.grr no nr,rur.ru 6e4ep oTMer?iM pagABlrlrcrcy Ha (16 crvr).flpu,romraM rperbro AeraJrb, o6ne4eu cKJra+TKy KorrTyp. Kaxc,qyrc ,qeraJrbrro irfiHltlr rroArur{Bxrr H}rBapacru}.rprrM Ha 1 cltvr aa cuer r"ny6unbr cKrAAfivI, coeqvrrraM orMeqeHrrbrerorrnra c nunueft 6e4ep. flepnyro r{ BTopyb AeraJru uo Jrr{rrEMaJrvrn co cTopoHbr paspesa yMeHbmxM Ha 0,5 cu. Srra orue.reHgbre rorrnr4 TaKrr(ecoeAlrnr{M c.rrannefi (0,5x3: 1,5 crvr) 6egep. Ocrarox Bbrraqxrt 1,5 crvr oa6epeM noA fiocre,4Hloro cKJIa,4Ky. Boronyro cropouy rro Jrnulrr{ Hrraa paclrupr,rM Ha 2 cttt vr coe,qraHrrM c nula:z.efrt 6egep. Oruernvr upurtyc$]r Ha IrrBbr: uo 6onosoir nmuuu - 0,7 cru. 2,5 clt, rro raJrr{rlr C4eraeu pacxJraAry BaAHero floJroruurqa c npor]rBorroJrorrcnofi croponbr rKanrr, pacur{p;rff uo 6oxonoii Jrvrg'vrfi na 2 cu. PasMeruru AeraJrb tro.Eca (A.nrana na 4 cu 6omrrre rrpufiycrcr{ Ha rrrBbr CT, a mupuna - 6-8 cu. Orrvreu.rM K AeraJrI{ rro,fica- 0,7 cu. Pacxpouu AeraJrr4 tro orMeqeur{LrM fipr{rrycrcaM rra
IIIBbI.

II puneprca u nocne1oeamenbHocrnuo6pa6omrcu Orruernivr cepeArany fioJroruurrqa Ha Ka]fiAoft geranvt rrporira.qoqHbrM rrrBoM. flpororxnM clrJrxLr no SaconHbrM r4 KOHTyprrbrM JrrzIHr{gM. S,avreraelrIIrrS Ha rrepe,qrreu floJrorH]rrqe, ocraBJrfls or 6oxosofi Jrvr:uvrvt HecMeTarrubrMrr uo 7 cu AJr,ficoe4fiHeuraff 6oxoeoro rusa. Saueraerr cKJraAKr4Ha trepeAHeM rroJrorHlrrqe uo BrremurrM crlr6am. Pacnpanuu cKJraAKuc uanauo.rnofi croporrbr rr trpr{MeraeM rro Brryrperrnr4u crra6au K nocepe.{rrHbr cKJraAKrr coBJlornr{rqy ran, qro6br rrvrnr,rfi. ila;ra c BHeruHrrMH crvt6auu.

xa qrxcageu rsgo,lr' 'nou r,rraheirudoQaY -raNH rirareVara [eur: u r,tlegurJc ou ranlurxc s'Lesodfic -nuQee onsra,Ludes[adu nc,ladVnar,toxed'ztngor orrix -e.r q,r,ra[erJ[o rrrfpr q&rarcrrhorr 'qledn;cou Isgorh ' reVera aogoroJ wrn:xor,rrtod11 ev 'uxVerxc nruncor.r,rtodn aed alng 'no[erxc oc rtxl,arr -Bn r,{Hre[A 'rr]rgor glIH ruaqm6Vou onsre,LurrHo]ro 'crfou r,reerre,r,rrdrr(<(prn.Hrotrtrr en Axx{arcBa }\roerogdgo 'wr,rxcor,r,.d.eed rread3 'rxx{arce nnV wc gI I4ru<IHHEh !r ralo.rogudgo -.LcaH IC ltltrsrco 'rqsm arssoxog ilIahErc r{ I IaB.LaI
.AIIPIH.LOIf

-on rzrrv ?I)r]rrlqg ruae,r,ogedgg rruanVee en uu[urrro 'go goHrrora[.r,o s,Lr{rr nr'odr.c -od,r,caedou)r{ow r,rxfercn3 '(ecdcuti. uxxcorJc g'I-I rl,r,raegof rgVos r4ouqrrqw rjrorrrral r g'0 un) adou,r,ced yuoucrtcrrd-oH<Irtrilr[ norrc s 4ioHHahonlc'I/l]rucol.r,.rtodrr esff eade]' rqnodol,c gosafilrr c uxVennc r,tudeul,6 'noYeruc vrvrnvrvorr fi]rgor elru ilraqmoVou onsralzdes .Vadu o.rart rrr[ 'tsgltla rrtdncxutQ txz rrlradeul,o ra uoi -Errlrc rqgr,rJcarannadl,,{ns vilaranlodl 'odgad en ntzd 'I.IuvErflrc IAIBqrrJc -rr,Lo r ruHmoHs oII r4trHHar4 c som 'prn[erxc sogrtJc xunnod'l.rfurs c slca ol 'r{.}t rAroehEJ,C -roruBrrorornxdes r,rureV6 's.om gosoxog wadotce4 'ntrHoHori8r{ wac -oHs prrcowuYoxgoax radu'raxgor t\rlvtttY')roYuIrlrc pruH -ur tu)tgot ar.IuBJorfgoptunrrol,rt'rruudar,tudg'.{r,{sca.L ord.rrlonu or.,trrrro.r,wee,lar,vndfi. vrvIrtal lrlrHt4lf oII
.fiUTTEL OII LI}IhBTFIS

r la.Lawc'$oferxclon alnran,rorou rtanVeEH Hlrcg ' r,rlarar/iiI nrauaVeu eIaH orrllrf a&Bhuolro 'u)ru{orce rrV r,tc g1 Ic aBJ,co' rqgm arlsouo g IAIoBror rgrrHrar/[caHrgrtlf Iltv[ urlgol--

v8l

Mogemrporarrre ro6orc

135

MOAEJTb 8
IO6xa fipffMafi c BeepubrMr,rcKJraAKaMrr rro Jt:nnulur BbrTaqeKHa [epeAHeM rroJrorHr,rule. Or4erounarr crporrxa (paccrpo.rnaa) no cKJraAKaM. flyronuqrr o6rnnyrrr orofi rxe rxaubro. JIlanausrafiurul o$opu.nena [prrrarrubrM noflcoM. Tranr - uepcrsxaff , rroJryruepcrffHaff , rrJrarr{eBafl , ra6ap4uu. Pacxog rraHr4 [pr{ rrrprprlne I-40 cM - ABe AJrr.rHbI ro6rcz rrJrroc15 cu na o6pa6orry. rlro6sr vg6excarr 6o.nrruono Bbrnaga rxarrrur,Molrcuo
Ha SaAHeM, KaK r{ Ha rleper4HeM, IIOJIOTHT{qe paCrrOJIO-

,rcr{TbraKoe ,r(e KoJrr4rrecreo cr.rragor). H arueceruue nuruuit Qacorua (prc. 93) ruaawrcpoitrcA-oct{ooA Ha urrxpoftxy uepeAuero noJroTHrlrr{a upauoft AByxruoBHoft ro6rlr HaHeceM Jrr4Hrrroneepuofi crJra"4K}I.

Jlunr,rro 6e.qepnepeAHero fioJrornrrrqa paBAeJrr4M rrorroJraM. IIa orlre.{ennoft Torrxrd AeJrerrLrfl [poBeAeM Jr]rHr.rrcnapaJrJreJrbHo cepeAraHe rroJroTHlrrqau AocTpotrM Bbrraqxy, He MeH.rfl ee pacrBopa n r.ny6ranrr. 3a4Hee [oJrorHt4rrle ocraBlrM 6ea nameneuug z;l.lvt TaKr{M}rce[ocTpoeHueM. AOrroJrHr{M flponyrvrepyeM AeraJrlr, orMerrrM HanpaBJrenrreAoresofi letrrvr na xar*4ofi raaHr/rx[apaJrJreJrbHo cepeAraHe rroJrorHrrrqa. Paapermeu ,qeraJrrr no orMeqennofi
JIUIHVIfi.

PacrcnaOrcaHa mrcaHu )emane{t nepe)rueeo nonomH.uu4a(pnc. I 4'S flpruepxa r{ nocJreAoBareJrbHocrro6pa6orftu anaJlorrrqrrbl flpeAT'rAyrrlefi uo4e.nra.

a[nzn.r,orrou r,tanVadau EH ]rerr -B.LISAVtvrH.trvotr r4l^Ialrurxc rar,{rsHdOasa rerundu B}r9OI '8 sretrotr '26'cvrd, I

Mo,4e.iruporanue ro6orc

i37

ne
pailpeoaTb
TIOJIOTH}IIUE

Prac. 93. Hanecenr.re nnnuk Qacona Ha nrrrcpofixy-ocnoBy

) I o,z

1
H

cru6 Puc. 94. Pacxna4xa Ha rKaHH Aera.nefi [epeAHero


IIOJIOTHT4 TUA

-ferxced r,raerefc BrrehrrC 'firr)rr weeadc onqranred -eu (ruc A) eeru dxsr4m[ou eH xcrtuzdu ]\rrdlar^r,L6 'xra rdducnlr@ 'rrgu.rc rruae.r,ar,rodu vlrfi nweuserr{g urenonzdll 'eInunl,orou o.ranYadeu vrre.LeVrz d.nr,r[adac - d.nro.r -r{df x B 'oJautrBe dnuYadac rrnlronndu rtgulc dl,nonfo x :Ar'adlcseH unrenruodx wul$orrc r4H)r.L aodnced ud11 (26 'cnd) otnnutaonou ozaugadau aam)uae nuoxla oH DHgDltjrJDd ' I,\IBIrEIrrr$lrqrruohalll.Loorr rre.laV r,rarradee4 'lrxnodHrsg ann[adac onsrarredu u.LuE 4oaeroY evnaraedueu xllu eu gotrxcex BH r rurar r,to 'urula[ ruaddawz{uod11 'rrlrtrBrflrc rlar4l{ -Irr c I'rrHar'acadeu oY otugur oil(nsrB,LHoerado.rlNatree -odu lr fic oIJ 0I-6 lrrzlrcorrro vrvrcvl,.ro lrog vrrrrl.vrrr 'rsgrr raedoslced oo nrrgaw arr 'dnrrglrqa lrtIaod,rcof '(ux4rodxrss rsur4Yedac ro wc uvrrvrlr go&e J{ ZI-0I) r.rnVenxc orvrlaurt wacaHgu r4)rgol 4onaomx.r{aY gon -ndn rssoHco el[NH,Lorou o.ranVedau r{.nglodursae11 (96 'cud) fieouco-fixtlodutqs nu ouocoQ Un'HnlranllalaHDH

unrr[

entso -

'dxlogedgo r.rrqsm Brr yirc 0t courfi T4]rgor e[c gpl anndum rdr raneul Voxce4
'I'BgOrr <IHB){JI

'd.gm rtrroaoxog d.rroaorrolr <,rrrurrow] H B]rxcarceg ' t\IocBou r,trsHrre,Ludu enerr,tdo+o rar.rru.L If I,IHr{II'

-ndu u z{ xr,od.r.c orrtn rronevro *rr* olr",ff r" :"# JfJ


-dex nrursueadlou

' noVennc .Lo ltIArHr/{I c 'sInorulanradu rey[rdu ]rgOI

6qrsvoru
rrlr9(x

88r

o - Il

Pnc. 95. Moaear 9.


IO6na rrp.fiMaff fipureraro; u{aa, c rroApeSHbrMr4 KapMaHaMLI OT CKJIa.AOfi

'(wa Ot) duueruc eH dxr&fiaVeed 4en n ltllr+ -awro ',ulrwodx oV ae r,.unrtrodu 'daVa9 orLtHI4r r^Irrraw.Lo 'unlaV dd,lnox waVeagg 'utluru goaaroV afis.icraaro -oc r,{radasodu '.d.nsllmtroll I{ ncduzdu v etulJ orr{Hrrrr negfiHaedd.'Blnurr,r,orou oJorrtrodeu sr.re[ or.r{sdeu rrratrorudu r4rBlr,r dgu;c rtr,ronxcorouoau.lodu 3,1 'rNc g'u - rrvr}Jurlf 4rosouog oII 'l rc t0 - utvfireJ'vturuvrl/ou :Iqsm err raucduudu r,,tra.r,aw ^L -.r,9 'dah'ag o{r4Hlrrr'dd.onolr rueVaagg 'arelaV u lrH]r,L orn.rru 4roaerotr c ?rrasrclos.Looc s ztnsramYou eH xcflr -udu r eer4n orrrurrr nBardusdd 'rnex.r. fgra.rc n gonra[ -adac rtugodnrgs rrurarrorudll 'efnvn,rorou o;enVue dx mr{H,Lorfou gare.latr rlrru)r,L eH rrtrBrxced '16 'cr,Id o.ranVadau
SlreCCBd

gnJC

,4N
o'z
auHocaHBH '96 'crrd .d.aonco-dx4odnrsg en exoce@ rtrla.uvrr!
N A

srseadeed <:--------------

elnuulorou aanf/adan

ru90I

O?I

Mogemrporanne

n6ox

t4l

flpr,raoxcru BTopyp AeraJrb rro JrlrHnE 6e4ep, trpoBepr{M coorBercrBrre 4o.nenofi Hrlrrr Ha rrcaHrr rr AeraJrll, o6ae4ervr ee KonrJ{p, orMeruM npnrrycnra Ha rrrBbr: no 6o- 2,5 cM, Iro Jrlr:a:'avr BxoAa B KapMaH roeoft Jrvrla'urfi qeJrbuoxpoenoro nogeopa). TIo nrz.ttvlr larasa 4 cm (4na yMeubrurzM r.ny6uny crcJraAxlrno 1 cu c AByx cropon. pacrcJragr{y Ha cso6oAuoM yr{acrxe rnaxrzr cAeJraeM rperseft ,qeraJrr4 c fipfirrycroM rra lleJrbHoxpoeHyronoMerrrxoBrlrHrr.,{eraar [prrJro)rcr4MB cooTBeTJIOBpTHy crBrrr{ c 4orenofi Hr{Tbro. Oruernm nprfiycft Ha ilrBbl: ralrvrul - 0,7 cM, rro Jrvrnvtur 6oxoeoro rrrBa * no Jrr4nrrra paopeaa 2 c:ln. 2,6 cvt, rro JrrrHrdra Pagrvreruvr AeraJrb rro.flca (A;rnna ra 4 crvr 6o.nrure - 6-8 crvr).Orrrnerrauflpfinycrr{ rra ruBbr CT, rurapraHa K AeraJrL4 rroflca - 0,7 cm. no orMeqenrrbrM npunycxaM. Pacxpouu AeraJrra PacHporu uB 6oproBoft rxanrn rponJrarqxy B rrosc (4araua - tro AJrr{HepacxpoeuHoft 4era.nr,rrroffca, rrrrpuHa - rroJroBrrnamupr4ubr rroffca n pacxpoe). Pacrcporawr AeraJrb, paBrryn noJroBlrrreMeruKoBlrHbI rcapMana ns 6safl. ug 6s.sur4na o6pa6orrcrr oacrelrcflorcpoNlr AoJreBr,rK Kr4 Ha MoJrnrrn (4.nuna - 16 cM, rrrupr{Ha - 2,5 cu) u AoJreBzK ,ryrs o6pa6orxu KapMana (4nnna uo Jrr{Hr4r{ Bxo,4aB KapMaH, ruupr4rra - 4 cm). If pu meprc a u no cn e0 oeanle Jlbt{oc mb o6pa.6 o mrcu Orryreruru cepe,4rruy noJrornlrul [ponJraAoqubru ruBOM. no QaconnbrM r! KoHTypHbrM Jrktflpo.noxcrau cralrr"vr
HI{SM.

KycorrroM rKaHfi O6pa6oraeM yroJr nepnofi AeraJrr.r r,rcAeJIaeM HaACerrKfi. e pISHaHKr4 Cueraeu BTopyrc.qeraJrbc rpetreft fio nrutwwr Bxo,qa
B KapMaH, CKJTaAHy OT TAJIITT4 BHlr3, trpeABapIITeJIbHO

' aut eYen oosoJo J r,rua ncortd.odfl oltltra,lg]rrrouo . 'Uahuso.rztil sJ,zHrouol/ outr{ow nelrde3,1 r,tzdeul,o 'nxgor enn ruasmotsoll
.CBOII

en z{.xxcal.cee }rroe.rogdg6 ruoenel,ndu'<nuurow> 'eed effie r,rudeu,r,ora.d,g -ncor;,deeds rqam wr4sduced nrareS e 'odgad H Brrerrerrc sranerS cxAnrrers eadar' odgad H rqsm wndeul,g 'rseadc weerogedgo 'r4)rx{arc rrrY rrucgI rtr\inuHrrrcan nros -er s rtBre.Lco 'rqgm alqsouog I IahB.LcI{ ilIaB,ta}\Ic 'amfirr -.Lorrou ltten?ee rr uuhe.Lrra wael,ogedgo r{ NaB}rrC ' adoa.lced r,noncdcnd-on tr{uYerrrrc r,r -qrf rrIWs ^xu{or,r^odu ne g r4 rrerarc raden.r,g ' rtxr'odl, c orlirrnoraVl,o euferxc o u w?rxcorodll

r orr vrarrolr fi oerarrc' kr'rr'' " u.,' rr"rfoTH"f,";flT


rsuodorc goHrroHHsr/r s utrVeruc grE.rcrauandasofi C 'wradeu.lo 'ralr[r]rc aHsodd aH uugor er4u sum[ou onsrarzdegVadu'dnr,rr[ orztnnere[adilo BH d.gu.rc rtrroanmans ou rtnYernc rlrohlc r,r ruae.LonC 'rrr,rdeu,r,o rseadc 'dxnod.lc ordnnoraYlo rare.laI l4odo,r,a on nesrsV -erufou'rrerudelr wae.r,ogedgg'rarel,aY rradonce6
' IjI{HOHOW0I{ VIACOHE Izt,LCO9{I

-ra[oxgoarr udn 'uugor rirrNrtr 'HotrBruc 'nenrden a eV o -oxs r4r{ Hfi rr t raxgor alruB JaIfgo r,rra uno.r.z{. nrvdar,rud11 'dmqce.Lorr{rrloru ordtrnor vufire$ ou weelarrurd11 ' rrlr9or 8r{H r^rororNrolf 'fi)rlr{oJca lfrtlfsB,r,co 'rqgm orqaoHog BrY wc 9I IIrAIrrHHBJarAIcoH $Ia,L8'ar[IuHJoroil nroHv8 BH II}IhBrrqs ruOBJartC 'rsnrag"rftr.r rahc Be d.eranoII ea rndr,rmced 'ztx[ernc r^raerorrg 'unYeruc eHsodd. Brr r4)rgor eran serowVorr rrr9(N

z7l

Mo4enrponarrue ro6ox

143

MOAEJTb 10
IO6xa c acr{MMerpr,IrrnbrMpacfioJro*ceHneM r{oxerHr.r!r cHJra,4oK r,r3-rro,4 Hee. JluH.|I.g, TaJrrr[ o$opurnena rrplrraqHbrM rrogcoM. Bacrercra Ha <(MoJIHrtu> rro JreBoMy 6oxononay rusy. flo Kparo KoKerKr{ orAeJroqIraff crpoqra (pnc. 98). Txanr - [repcrb, rroJryruepcrb. Pacxo4 TKaHrl nplr rurapvue 140 cM - ABe AJrr.rrrhl ro6ru rrJrroc 50 crvrHa rrrBbr u o6pa6orry. ceruuenunuit. Qacot+a H arue (prc. 99) ruaeampoitrcA-ocHolA Tax rcar MoAeJIbacr,rMMerprurrrnoro rroKpoff, To MopaSBepHyTbrx rlpor{8BoA}rM Ha rroJroTHII,4eJlnpoBaHr{e qacrrr rrlax Bbrxpoftxn nepe4uefi u aa4uefi to6xu,6oxosoft ffoa rrepeMecrraM rra cepeArlHy rrrr'rpunn nrrxpofiKrr ro 6e4pau (EBr). Ha nrrxpofixy nepe4ueft.racfir lraneceM JrrrHlrroKoKerrclr, coeArrnr,rB no.nttsefire ABerorrlcrr: oAHy na 7 cu Hr.rx{e TaJrvrfi no npanoft 6oroeofi Jrvrldyrur , Apyryro Ha 20 cu Bbrrrrenzaa ro6ru no.nesofi boxonoft.rrunrara.Coe,4lrur{MorMerreunbre orpeaxLr rro nnrreftrce. rlro6rr He cMecrktrb KoKerKy no 6oxoBoMy rrrBy, x nrrxpofiKe [epeAuero rroJrornr.rqa fip]rJro]rcuM BaaqHee, coBMerrlaff coorBercrByroqrae 6orcorrre cropoubr. flefeueceru HarraJror.rKoueq Korernrr rra Jrrrnrrro6oxoBoro rrrBa BaAHerofioJrorur4ula (KT). fIo nra:ararz Hrrsa rrepeAnero r{ Ba,qrrero [oJrorurrrq paaMerrrM runpr4uy cxJra,qorc: [epBa,fl 3 cm, a Ka]rc,qas rrocJreAyroulas coorBercrBerruo na 0,5 cM rrrupe [pe4rr4yqefi. Pasperxewr nrrxpoftxu no orMerreurrbrM Jrr{HrrffM, rlpeABapuTeJrbHoarepeSBce cKJraArcr4 rrpoBe,qffxoHTpoJrbnyrc Jrrrulrro (4"nn y4o6crBa coeArruexza 4erarefi).

aH trou-ar4xoverxc
H IIH,LAHOII r,{aUnOnCOUOUCed

nrrqshrzdrarJr/\irzc c UrrgOI '0I sravotr '86 'crld I

Mogeuuponarrue rodorc

145

"e {-} .e .e

{
O _ ? \

I
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; I

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I)ASne:3ATr,

I
E

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fc

Fi

S Y

Pnc. 99. Hanecexue nrzt;ufr. Sacoua na nrrxpofixy-ocr{oBy Pacrcna1rcaHa nlrcavu )emaneil. nepe)meeononomHuuta (puc. 100) flpu pacxpoe rnaub rroJrolrct4MBpasBopor, To ecrb texuraxoft Kpofl, B oAuH c.rofi. Te, Kro xopo[ro BJra.qeet V IIeMOryT CJrOlKr4Tb TKaHb rrorroJraM,TaK Kar{ 8a,4Hee peAHeerroJloTHr4ilIapaBHbI, a 3Harrr4T, KoKerKr{ 14 cKJraAKr4rzx rotrce paBHLr. Ho raHas pacxJra,qnarpe6yer arcxyparHocl'r{ r{ Torruocrn rrpu paaMerne 4erarefi Ha HrrfirHEM CJIOC TICAHIII.

'

flponepru JrrrHr{rocpeaa rKaHfi (ona 4o;rxcHa 6srrr [ep[eHArlnyJr;rpHa Hponnrcau),orJroxcnM 5 cwrna no4[rraBxy lnwla. flo4orneu nogrrr]rBxy Ha r{BHaHRyc rroAHraBoM. Orctynuwr or Kpaff Ha BeJrrrtrrzHy roroBJreHHbrM no npr4[nycra 6oxosoft nulauu 2,5 cw, paaMer]rM na r.ny6nny (n gna paaa cKJraAlcr{ c yrreroM paaABr4rrcKra 6o.nrrue unrpzHsr). Haqnewr pacnJraAbrBarb AeraJrr{ c yaEc.nu rraub no rrrr4przue calrofi 6o.nrurofi clcJraAnrz. Hafl, Molrcuo BaKoHrrzrb pa3MerKy noJroBrznoftr.ny6ra-

--4

<------->l

G
9'Z

WT

Moge.rnponanue

ro6orc

r47
TldaHII, Har{UHag paB-

rrbr cr(ira,qnur v ilpr{rrycnoM Ha rrroB. He4ocrarorqyro


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Hrrrrle or raJrrrrr rc 6orcosbrr( JrlrurrffM - Qurypuble HarcJra,quo-fioApecrrble KapMarrbr. SaAnee lroJrorHrltrIe ura,rlxoe c BbrraqraMr4 Ea raJrrlt. Sacrencxa Ha (MoJrHr4r{) . JIwla.ua raJrvrfi or.toprraena rrpurarlrblM noffcoM (pnc. 113). Txans - [repcrbl rro.rr]rrlgpcrl', BeJrrop. Pacxog rraupr nprr ilrrdplrse 140 cM *- oAHa AJrnHa ro6xra rrJrroc 20 cnr Ha rrrB:,r u o6pa6otry (CF ue 6onee 53 cu). Ha abncpoiueA' ocHo6y H an ecenue nunuit. Qac oru.a nepe4Hero rorrorHnrqa (pnc. 114) Ha nrrrpofiry npalrofi .qByxrrroBuofi ro6xn HaHeceM JIlrHtrIo o4uocroponneft cKJra4KH rrapaJrJreJrbno JrrrHI{[ cepeAurrbr (na 8-10 cu or nee). K orue.resnofi runurl AocrporM Bbrraqry, He MeHa,fi ee pacrBopa u r.rry6unrr. orJlo)*rrM 9-11 crvr,eoOr ra.nur no 6oftosofi nrawa.u eAr4HrrMc Bbrraqxofi na rarur{ BcfioMorarearnofi arnnrz'ef,t,a BareM oSopmr,ru rro Mo,qeJrr{. flponyrvrepyeM AeraJrr{, orMerrrM r{aflpaBJrexne,qona xax4oft r4BHrrx napaJrJre.lrbrro cepe,qr4rre .rresoft laurrur [oJroTH]rtrIa. Paaperxeu AeraJrrrrlo orMeqerrHbrMJI]rHrrFM. Pacrcnadrca Ha mrcctHuAernaneii. nepeOrueeo noJlomuut4o (puc. .l 1"5) uro6rr x o4KpoM}caMr.r, flpra pacxpoe rnar{b cJro}KrrM HoMy crr,r6y flpraJro]r,Lrrbcepe.qr{HyBa,4nero, a R ,qpyroMy - cepe/qlrHy uepeAHero noJroTHr4lrtra c lnrs'r'6M tatHa CKJraAKy. ABkl)rcr(r4

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'wosm rursH}'overxodu Inr.rn,r,orou fnvredac wu,Lawro nuuogodgo qutJoHqnauosogalr dou n oudawnd11 'ntencd.uradr r irqHHahar lro orr r,rreraY r,rzodnce4 'rNc z'0 - Bcno[ vrrBJatrx rqrsm BH ranc.{rzdu wr{Jar^rlo '(ruc g-g - uHradnm ,;,3 amqrog r^rcp H - enrar[) Bcnon sruraY wnrar^rsd 'vrel,e[ godo,la en ner,tdeu a eVoxa wurHurt un,r,ogedgo nrl r(xr'e,r,go lruuodn?o11 'vtc g'Z - ururuurrt .(doeVon) lrosouog ou INc - ner,rden s e[oxa r4u]fvrlf oII 'wc L,O - ururre& ? vrurHurr orr :rqam un zxcd.ulrdrr ruulelr.lg'dztrnon weVas ^gO '?rllrr: uogaroY attHarsedren rem.r{.deues ,rarel,aV garlod,l d.xtrerxcud wr4ray[lo uru)rl xeVerrsa e11 'deVag r^lavrrlvfir c rrunraYooc 14lrrc g'0 H lrnel,a[ 4roadau uurvel. 'daYag .lnc ol?rnr4nIir,rmsIHaIAIA Uatrrlutrrc nrunnVaoc 1 ou nodo.r,c x.{aV c laxVerxc dnugz{r,r ruumsHarrA '(edoe?ou ar4nsrahelraduen) wc 1.0 - newden s etroxs vruuurv orr 'rArcg'Z - rz.urn?rr-r ?Losouog or :Frsm 'r4rrof dl{J,nox niaVaago .rlrrrBr en uncr{.uradunrraJ,elr.ro -aV rr lrnexJ, l?r{ r4,L}tH raoaaroV ntgrluerseduetr c r4ws.J,c -,Lasrooc s sre.r,aVorfdoJ,s rruuncorrEdn daVag ururHwrr BH ra (ruc g1) uxl/umrc.,(nngdrJ r/rurrol'ro daYeg Hr4nllrr ou urel,aY 4oedeu ,rg 'nunrodx nnaod.d.oV datrag orr4Hr/rrr nrrarVodll' datrag orlrHlrrr r{rr,toyvlo'd.d.lnog nraVaagg 'r4]r9orBglrH ?rarrHrar c r{.xsr4mvofi Bn xc.{.uudu nelnemaoc 'ulrel"aV Lroadau elnnnl,orou z{snVadec urr}rJ ztgu;c fnronncorouoguJod[ ]r ruri]r{or -ndu :ulnrauJorrorr o"renYaden dntrerxcud nraeraV3 'I AIo - nuvel urvrHyrr.t ou. 'r[c g'Z l'0 - vrvruyrrr r4oaouog ort :rqsm ex ranc.{uradu wzlerl 'rr]rgor -,r,o'd.&lnox r,na[aag6 eraH raa]rHvrrr c - dnsum -You un nczdurzdue 'rqnzfadac rlavrlawrr c true]rr grrJc
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Tperrm AeraJrb [pr4MeraeM Ho nropofi Tro J\nHuur BXoAa B KapMaH, nepByro co eropofi rro BHerrrHr4Mcrr{6am cx-narxu. Cnneraem 6orcosrre ruBbr, ocraBJrff fl HecMeralrnbrMrut 16 cru AJrff Bacrelr{KuT. flplrvreraeM npvnycx Ha noArrrfiBxy Hlroa ro6nra. no JruII{VrLr raJrurfi. - ToHKyro nJIoTHyrc TecbMy. yroqr{nM flprvreplrwr, o6.neranpre ro6xra, Jrr4rrwvr cKJraAoK r,T KapMaHoB, npu neo6xogr,rvrocru BHeceM lroMEHEHTIS.

Pa-cnopewr 6oxossre rrrBbr, orfiopeM Tperr,ro ,qeraJrb. Ha,qceqxy Buyrperrnero yrJra O6pa6oraeM 14 crqeJraeM rro JIprH?Iu Bxo.qaB KapMaH. O6pa6oraenn HarJraAuo-no4peeHofi KapMaH (cru. <.HannaAno-rro,qpeauofi xapuau> ). Cpearr o6pa6oraewr, ornapnM. Cra.raeu cKJraAKy rro HaMerKe or Jrr{Hrru raJrvrvtAo Jrunvrtt6e4ep. Oruapuu cnJra,qxy na pe6po, rlrarccupya cru6, npeABapureJrbuo froArrrr4B HprB Ha ypoBHe cxraA: rr" SayrrolnrrM-cKJraAKyc rranaHrclrB cropoHy cepeAl4Hbr noJroTHHrrla. Cra.raem 6onosrre rrrBbr, ocraBJrfl.fiB JIeBoMHecrarrar{HbrMrr 16 crvrAJrfl Bacre}fiKrr. O6pa6oraeM cpeabr. Ornaprau rrrBbr Ha pe6po c AByx cropou trepea yBJraE{HeHHyro$;rane;rr. PasyrroxcuM rrrBbrr eqe pao orrraprrM c vrlrtannvr, rroArJraAbrnan 6yrvrary rroA rrrBbr, qro6rr ne ocraJrrTcbcJreAbr c.nuqenofi cropoubr. O6pa6oraeM Bacrelr(Ky Ha << MoJrr^urvr>, ornapl,rM. O6pa6otaeM Bepx rc6xu roffcoM, or[apr4M. flo4orureu orcouqareJrbHorrrra rc6rcu. flpor.na4urvr, $uxcnpyn crm6. flprmrerw [yroBrrqbr K KapMaHaM. : Oxon-rarenbgorrpoyrrolrcrrMroroBoelrgAeJrrre.

'Brrre eaV s rnrufoaer4odrr rrnuxr en roduon BTTBhBEC o.ronr'ud.lal^Ir^rkt cB elnrzn,rorou oJanYederl dntrernced (911 'cud) otnnuutotou oeaupadau r^taT0uaqnHotrTa DH nueDtxJod '(,r,aetrenns fi rrc,Laeeadrsa exhe.L -ttx.) uunwrr r{orrua}rarlrurr orr ,{xgodxrsa ruexedee6 'rIIuHror -ou enntradoc ouqrrarrrredeu r2rrrru gouarof eranarsedu -en goYxcelr H r/[Lrro]r;o {IrrrrBl.eV rrraddanrduodll 'dosrced urvrnvut uonnelag n dur,rgfnr aa nrruow aH 'ntrferxc -odu eH .,trr'u,r,rssruraod.lcofi''ehuu.Lorou anuVedaa on -srarrrederr evH o[ uure,L &o orururrrrrrroVasodu aarefif 'lrrc orutaonog a refrrarrucn rrerorrou I-g'0 en .d.nodo.r,c rsunVadac;o daVeg orlrHr/rrf rnreVeed 'ulrVerxc arrzluvrTt rracouBrr ulrgor gonaomxdaV gowrdu elfifirr,Lororr oJaE -tredau (211 'cud) ranuodxrss d.xusorou ordaar e11 freouco-fix4odxtqa nu nuocoQ qnltnlr anHacaHog 'r,rxgor as[ eH rlrH]r,L rsulrr[ ndl, sl,edg aodnced udr onrlr,rwoHolr 'dxrogedgo a rqsm rr lllc 0T corrru r4x -gor rvxr.rrV as[ - v[c 07I anradrnmudu finetr& Voxcd 's.Lcdamdrou'q.lcdam * <rHlt;. 'vrulfel, ou uv{IBx}rBJrIs c 'aoxtrErJ - atnnrr.r,orou aanveg 'dam .d.rroaouog ztluoaarr orr urrurow sH Buurarcg 'I,{OCrJOrr nrrqnr'e,Lradll unarcr,tdoQo raunel, 'JvrH.vrIl '(911 'cud) nwufiuuo.rr{u uruqnsrredoua[ ry( -rsHHarr'Iladnradu 'urr.f,Bu - ]rwl'rrBJatr I'r{dav e,rrsdx -radu eVoxs rrr.rrrurv'nerrdex narwdoSo znVerna aHzg -zfur,r g '4rox[enra raondaaa gougoaV r4oui{a${orronced onrtzd,r,arultltcBc'retnotu.rarr,rdu'rBrruIfdu uug64

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O:tanrnyroc.fl rracrb rriaHrr rroJto*crrMBpagBopor, orrlrerrrM or cpeaa rrpnuycr Ha noArrrnrry Hrr;a ro6r;ra5 cm. flplrJrolrcnM nepByro AcraJrb Ha rRaHL, orcrj/rrraM 2,5 cu Ha 6oxosofi moB rro rru;aurlrilo,{ilrrrreir,rr.O6de,qeM KOHTyp, ilpeABapuTeJrbrro [poBepr4M cooTtseTcTBr{e,qo.rrenoft Hrrrrr Ha rrar{rr rr AeraJrr{. Ornnetram .rrznraro6e,4ep, [poAJrr.rB ee Ha BcK) rur,rpuuy ocrasrueficrr rxanlr. Or.norxrau rro Jrr4Hrlr{6e4ep or norrr},'pa nepnori AeraJru 4eofinyro r.ny6uny neepuofi (ecrpeunofi) cxJra,qrra 32 cru. flpu.rrontrru ilo ilurryrv6e,qep Bropyro AeraJrbB coorBeTcTBrar4 c go;rerrofi Hr2rTbro TKaHlr prAeTa.nu.vparnaeM AeraJrb rro Hr{By c nprrfiycroM Ha rroArrrutsliy. O6seAeM KoHTyp. OrueruM rprflycxrr Ha rxBbr: no 6oxoerrM - O,7 cu. Bnyrperrnrft cropouaM - 2r5 cM, rro raJryrvr nprr[ycr ua ray6r,rnbr cKJraAK]rAo Jrvrnvtn6e4ep Bbrpe)rceM,ocraBLrBB rrrBerro 3 cu c.qByx cropoH. 3a c'rer BbrrraAarxaHrz rrpouaBeAeMpacrcJraAxyAeta.nefi rrar, oprreuTr{pyncb Ha rrx rrrrurpt'rny B roroBorvl nxge (3-4 cu). ,{;ruua 6o.nr,ureft - rro Jrunvrv BxoAa B rcapMau, rvrenrrueft - tro MoAeJr]r. PaaMer[Nr AeraJrb rrosca (4;rurra - Ha 4 cna6onrrue CT, urrapraua- 6-8 crvr),Oruerranr fiprafiycnpr Ha AeraJrr{rroflca - O,7 cM Bnpyr.oByro. Pac xpozrvr,qeraJl 14no orMerrerrHr,rM rrpfi [ycK aM. Pacxpouu ras 6opronoft rnanra fiporJralxy B fioflc (A.nnna - no AJrlrHerroJrcaB pacxpoe, [rtrpr4Ha - rroJroBrrHa rur{prrrrbr pacrpoeHHofi gera.rrra noaca).

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vryr*urn uoso'og oil .r'c L,o -

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86I

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Mogeuupouauue ro6orc

199

Pacnopeu 6oxosrre rrrBbr. Otnopeu fiffTylo AeraJrb, o6pa6oraeM KapMaH c Jlncrotrrofi (ctr. <,Kapuan c Jracrovxoft>). 6e4ep na 5 cu. floCra.raervr cKJIaAKr4Hrr)fie Jrvrnurfi paclpaBlrM lrx ypoBHe Ha cKJra,4oK, nus ro6xu AorubeM r{ orrraprrM. flponorraM orAeJroquyro crporrft y. Cmeraevr rrffTyro AeraJrb e oeuoBHofi. Cra.raewr. IIIsbr o6pa6oraeM rr orrrapltM. Crvreraelr 6orconrre rrrBbr, ocraBJlffff B JIeBoM HecMeTaurrbrMr416 cu,4Jrff Bacretrcxrr, cratraevr. Cpearr o6pa6oraeiu, orrraplrM ua pe6po Lr pasyrloxcnM. ffoAourseu uua to6rr, orrraplrM. O6pa6oraeM Bacrelrcfty rra <MoJrnvlvtr, flputavaeM rrosc, orrraprrM. V4aanrvr HaMerHy co cKJra,4oK. Orton.rarenbtto npoyrroxctrM roroBoe r,rgAeJrne.

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. WIf I{HI4Ir NIIIIHHAhO}|I

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Puc.127. Mo.uelr 20.


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Mo,4emrponanue ro6on

203

rrycrcno 6oxoeofi Jwtnvtv- 2,5 cu. K orMeqeHHbIMJIrrHraffMrrpt4JroxturM AeraJrb u o6ne4ewrKolrryp, orMerrilM rra Jrr{Hlrro 6egep u cepeArrHbr' c yrreroM paBABI'I}rcKr4 cKJraAoK. nooqepeAHo,4eTaJru frprrlcJra,4brBafl crcJraAKIl, yMenbrulrM rro Ht43y rro cKJIaAr(r4 xarx4oft I.rry6nny Otpeercr 1 cu c rcaxc4oft cropoHbr rrrlapl{Hbr crcJra,4xll. fipr4rrycr]r Ha coeArrHrrM c :nulnz.eit 6e,qep. Oruetuu - 5 ctu, no 6oxonrtu JrlrurtsM ravrga rrrBbr: Tro Jrvr:uuru KonerXrr - 1,5 cm. 2,5 ctttt,rro Jrvtla.utrz Cgenaewr pacrJra.qmy Koxerrrr B coorBercrBurul c EanpaBJrerrr4eM 4onenofi la.ulafilr rrpurrycrcIl Ha rrrBbl: tro Jrvrnvrfi Talrwla - Or7 cMr fio 6oxonrru JIr{HpIffMcrarrfiBaurilff c ocgoBHofi 4eranrro 2,5 cvt, rro JrvlHrlra 1-,5cnn. pacxJlanny Ha cno6oguoM yqacrxe rrcanu cAeJraeM narlaAnofi AeraJru co cru6ou rro BepxHeit nunuu, orHa ruBbr no 6orcosof,t nutttttt MerrirM flprnycrkt 2r5 cttt, rro ocraJrbublM - 0,7 cu. - Ha 4 cm 6o;rrure Paauervu AeraJrb noffca (,4;rprna 6-8 crvl). OrwrerprM npl{nycxr'I rra CT, a firuprHa - 0,7 cu. BsrrpouM AeraJrlr no nosca K rxBbr AeraJIr{
OTMEIICHHbIM IIPUIIYCKAM II BbIKPO}IM NPOKJIA,qKY B rro.flc. tr o c rna o6p a 6 o m rcu II p u mep rca u n o c n e 0 o a a'rn eJLb npoxJraAorrHbrM cepeArrHy nonornrrlq Ormeruu ruBoM. flponorrtrawr cvlnrnvr no $aconxbrM ri KoHTypHbIM JrLrH?rffM.Sauetaeu Hr.IBHa ypoBue cKJraAoR. Cwreraelr crcJlaArctr no BHeruHI{vr cru6arvr. flpuueraeM Konerfty. flpra.rroxctlM HaRJraAHyIo AeraJrb, saxpbrBAfl ruOB KOKETHII. Cvreraevr BbrrarrKr{ Ha BaAHeM rloJlorHplrqe, 6oroenle rTTBbI, ocraBJlflfl B JreBoM 6oxy necivlerauHblM 16 cm ,q.n,r rrprrMepxr4. Savreraewr uus ro6xIa, flprrMeraeM ToHKyro
TECbMV IIO TAJII{fi.

' refeu ar,r ooaoroJ ntuxcor.l.,todn onsrafiB]rno ]rO 'xofernc oa dx.r,ar,ruer rlarIHHC 'alrgor x srel.ats ordneadVou gefiruo;du nrnuaduradll crou wahu.rndg 'nudeu.r,o' <firaHrow > eH .(ux{al,cee wael,ogudgg 'rallrdeulo'uxgor ruarmoYo11 exn ' r,{r,r . rNa rror,r,Iee t od gad eH r,rrradellJo -e.r.ogedgo rsead3 'lrxx{a.Lcee rnV rrc gI RTrqrrHahB,LcoE rtnrsB,r,co 'pllrgor rqam arrsoxog rraBhrt fi lAraBrarrC elnlrn,r,orou anu [orloa x rear4u(or.Ld -g I4 alrnon a r4reu,t zftragurc negxx{or"LAc .xu waBr -ogedgg 'alnrau.lorou ruanVeeBH HxhJrqa firaEr.BJC "d.Inranloron qrr?raY orrtn noreYl,o w rau r{manYadafi ]r .Axl,anox BH r^ilr]rc -odxnd11 'r,ronr.od.r,c som rur4[adxeg 'rqgadc lrae,logedgo .rrI^I -orJ,rieg 'odgad en r,rrt'rdeuJ,o -B}tVlarxc oc oI<IrrB,LaV c.rtn,r,a)Io]rfiraB]rJ,c u waBJ,owC 'wudeul,o ')r<l3srxc aueod/i. H Ltlrgor eun no<rmoVo11 .datrag nuHur oI r^regr,rJc wrrnmar{a ou raxfer}rc rllaBhe.LC.r,vudeul,o .:tx -rar rH wahirduC 'd.xr'od,rc orrtnrroref,to ir,Lntlcorodn og -x(olli orr,rnerrallcoLI 'ilfi)rcorl;tprdn ,wuuadxee n r,rc tr.9 H r.tto,Luxadeua ztnodo.r,corztsalrar sreaaV nrasedu eH 'rqr.rd eralnoreult.r,c -rlg 'sm eu /tHtrrHodu r,rerradrqs -rqs niaxcad3 'goxVernodu ra)rHeHsrir c aa Bnrrrradnee 'qre,laV ordnlerxen ruae,r,ogedgg'r4rrBJaV nodouce4
.If14HAH

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vo&

Mo,qemrporarne ro6orc

205

MOAEJTb 21
IO6ra c acrrMMerpr4rrHbrMrr @urypnrrmu floApeaaMrr, [epexoAffrrlr4Mlr B oAHocTopoHrrr,recKJraAKrr. floApearr orcrpoqeubl orAeJrorlnofi crpourofi u 4onyloBr{qawrn. B o,4HoMr,rg[oApeBoB - KapEoJrHeHbr uan. BaAsee rroJrorrruule - rJraAxoe, c BbrrarrrcaMlr
trO TAJI}IIT.

raJrvru oQoprvurena npr,rraunbrM rroscoM. JIrara.rz.s pacnoJroxceua rro JreBoMy6oxonouy ruBy lra Bacrexcxa (MoJrHruD (puc. 130). Txanr - [repcrb, rroJrymepcrb. Pacxo4 TKaHlr rrplr rrr{pfine 140 cM - ABe AJIr{rrLI ro6xra trJrroc 15 cu Ha rrrBbr u o6pa6orry. Bonee axoHOMrrqEa pacKJraAKa - TpIr AJrr{rrbr rKarrrr rra ABe ro6rcu. Hanecenue nuruuit, Qacona Ha abltcpoiucy-ocnoay pasBepuy(puc. L3l"). Jlnnrro 6e.qep.rreaofitroJroBrrrrbr paBAeJIIIu nOnoaailvr. Or TOIO [epeAHero IIOJIOTHI4IIIa
TOIIK}I AEJICIII4IJ{ IIO JIITHIII 6E4CP OTJIOE(I'IM 5 CM S CTO-

pouy cepeAr,rubr Bbrxpofi Hra. raJrrru orJroxrrM Or cepe4uHbr Bbrxpofiru uo Jrrz.llyrv 5 cm. c rorlraMr{ CoeAnrrru orMeqeHHbrerorrKlt ld,aranrurpt yrJroM. rro Jrrrurru 6e4ep, oSopna.raa lrx flpo4.rrunr Jrr4nyrfiBHzB [apaJrJIeJIbHo cepeArrne rroJIOTHI,IIIIA.

r{eHTp JreBorr BbrTarrK}r Ha TaJrktrr AoBe,4eM Ao JrurlJnu rroApeaa, qro6sr [pI{ pacKJIaAKe Ha rKaHLt ee pacrBop Mo)rcuo 6rr"ro Baxpbrrb. orMerrrM rra[paBJreH]re AoflponynnepyeM,qeraJrrr, .nesofi ravIlvt Ha Ha,$4oM rra Hr,rx [apaJIJIeJIbHo cepeArrHE IIOJIOTHIailIA. gM. Paspe*ceu AeraJrrr tro orMer{eHH brM Jrraurr

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Plac.132. Pu"*rrua*u rra rxarrr 4erareft trepeArrero


TIOJIOTHI{IIIA

- unradram 'rruc gI - enznV) (r4rlrurrow) H rrlr$carc -Bg t4)r.logedgo rrV neug an Hrasaro[ r,rrzodxtro11 ' (ecrou rarel,eV raonnaodxced rsurdzm d.nusorou Brr - enr,rdr,rm e 'aodxced s Banofi anrarY ou - enzrV) crorr s ^[xtrerrrodrr EHB]rr goao.r,dog era lrr,rodrrce4 'wexcduradrr r,lIrrnuohawJoorr zre.raV nrzodxce6 'wc l,'0 - cnor nre,r,ev u rcrsm .(r,rc g-g - enradram .JC am en raxc^rtundu rrupr.rer,v,r,o -snog vncV eH - euwrY) Bcrrorr sre,LaY ruu.r,anree4.dal -a9 gavwwr c wrrutrtraoc ,r wc 1 ou nodo.r,cx^sv c errx urvruyrv orr raIrrmqHar,tdnntrerxc uo[xcen ztnngrtn; 'wc g'Z or - (tnc Z. en detreg uryrrnlr errr,rn) soeadYou urvrn?rrr ou .trc 2.g - vvtrvJ, uvruyrTt ou .wc g,Z - I\IIfLrHLtIf rirqsox -og ou :rqsm en rElrc.{ur,rdulru.r,alrro .rrrrt4u ?roaanoV rr,rnarsed[H ott s,tcJasrooc l{udasodu . dd,lnon nrol -osgo 'srelail orsred,f, daVag vrunurrt ou rrrarrorzdll '(rnrc Ot) r,rxfenxc fnzgztr.r daVag nur:uurr orr ffr{Jart -,r.o'd.{l,nox aa rualeago .sre,r,atr orddo.Lg lur,rrronndu lr (lnc 61) nxtrernc ztnvgztnJ r/rnxcorr,Lo deEag nunmr yrrr4.LaruJo og 'nonrodn oV ae wrrYodu z daVag orutrrur_( 'dd.r,nonwaVeago ,qre.LaVor{.sdau rarr,rrrorndn,ntc grZ - r yrrvrv r4osoHog ou xcfuzdu filllRorfJo t4HBlrr rqu -odo,r,c goaedn C .(fic g) eeux dngvmVor en xadtrndu wrrJaruro'.rodoseeds lrHBtrI )roJB.Lcoruandeaee4 'IArcg - eeulu vrurularroIt .wc g,?, _ nteeadc - urur:el ututunlr ou :tsam H I4'I wrrsolrog orr 'wc L,O -cdnzdu 'daIag yrrnrawJo .dd.r,nox raratreagg orr{guTrr 'BguH oturnurlrlrernsedd rr rarrelr.r dgra.rc n r,rorrraVedoc wr{}r{owrdn atnran,rorou aentreg 'o.ranYedan .elnzn,rorou r,rre.r,a[ ware e o.ranYee d'n4odxrru raHB]rJ H ]\rr4]rcorreed unerren3 (gg1 .cnd) olnnuutotou oeaapadau ?atouag nHDyla Drr Dilgotrood rlr9ol

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802

Mogelrporarrue

ro6orc

209

II pumeprca u nocne)oeamenbHoctlu odpaflomrcu Orryrerrm cepeAr,ruy rroJrorHr4rrl [poxJraAorrHbrM rrrBoM. flpoaoncrnu cvrJrnvr no QaconnbrM rr KoHTypHbrM
JIITHI4ffM.

Cnneraeu Bbrraqrcr Ha [epeAlreM rr BaArreM rroJlorHuIIIax.

O6pa6oraeM BuyrpeuHlre yfJrbr, pacceqeM r4x rra repe.queM rroJrorHr4rqe. CnneraeM KotrrrpoBaJrbno-nepeBOArrbrM rrrBoMrro JrlrHrurffM paspeSoB4era.rrerz: nepByro co aropofi, BTopyrc c rperreft, fiperqBapr,rreJrbHo rroAMeTaB Hr{3 Ha ypoBHe cftJraAoK. Cwreraevr6oxorrre rrrBbl, ocraBJlffff B JreBoMHecMeTaHrrbrMr416 crvlAJr.fiBacre)fiKrr. flo4ueraeM HilB, rrpr{MeraeM rro raJrlrrr rrJloruyro TOHKyroTeCbMy. flpunnepr,ru, yrotrHr{M o6.rreranlre ro6ru, pacrloJro,fienr{e peaubrx rra.nuit, npu neo6xoAtrMocrpr BrreceM
I43MEHEHIIff.

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.wrtlitE

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.TIII{IT'lOT

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Pxc. 133. Moter,r 22.


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IO6xa rrpflMaff, rrpuJrerarorrlafl, c aauii.xoryr, ApannpyloquMcff rro Jlr{rruyrranwrfi.B 6orosrrx rrrBax KapMarrrr. Jfrasus. Tafivrla o$opnrnena nprraqHhrM no,flcoM. Sacrexcxa - rro aau6xy. 3a4uee noJrorurrrqe - rJragKoe c Bl,rrarrxaMrr troralrurv. (pnc. 135). Traus - urepcrb, [oJryrlepcrb, BeJrrop. Pacxo4 TKaHr4npr,r rurpnne 140 cM - ,qBeAJrrrr{br ro6rn [Jrroc 40 crvrHa ruBbr lr o6pa6orxy. , Harteceruue nunuit Qacona HCLrbuepailrcy ocuoey (puc. 136) Ha paanepHyryro nrrrpofi rcy nepeAnero rroJrornr{rrla ro6xu HaHeceM lrvtld.uur san6.xa. Or nwvvturalrvrr4 rrepe3 qeHTp .rresoft Bbrraqxu rra raJwrr [poBeAeM Jrr4Hr{K), trapaJrJreJrbHyro cepeArrHe nepeAlle ro rroJrorHr{rttra, He AoBorra 6-8 cM, coeAr4HI4M rroHIr.qfi ee Ao rrkrrrwvnraaarc6rcr,r yrJroM noJro"Hr4rrla u npoAJrr4M 3y c npaBbrM Hr4)rcHr{M Jr?rHuro BBepx Ba Jrr{Hrrroranrvrfi Ha l-0-12 cu. Ornoxcnu rxr{puny Apariupyrcrqefics AeraJrrr (8-10 cm) r rpoBeAeM Jrr{H}rroK qentpy nparofi BblTarrnlr. flo nnnrar,rilrrrprarrbr Apanlrpyrorqefrca AeraJrr{ rrameTHM Jrr4Hlrr4nOApe3OB HA paSABrrErny Aparr?rpoBftr,I s 3-4 roqrcax ao 6orcosoft ilnnrzfi. Buperreu orMerreHHylo AeraJIb. [o;lenaa HfiTb Ha nefi 6y4er HanpaBJreuarrapaJrJleJrbno cepe.qrrHe [epe,qHero noJroTrrr,rqa. PacrcnaOrcaHa rnrcaHu ilernaneft nepe)aezo norlon'tHuula (puc. 137) SaAnee r4 repeAnee rroJrorHr{rqa ro6xN pacxJraAbrBaeM Ha rxaulr anaJrorr{qHo npauofi AByxrrroBnofi ro6ne. Orlrerrau nprrflycfir,r Ha rrrBblK AerarsM. BrrperxewrnoJroTHr.rqa no paSMetreHHbrM rrpHrrycKaM. Paerepneirn

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HylrdHo.

flpuueraeM rro ranrurfi ToHrtyro nJrorHyro recbMy, rrplrrrycrc ira o6pa6orry aan6.xa rroAorHeMHauBHaHKy. flprawreprzm, yrorrur{M o6neranr,re ro6nn, Jrvr:nvru Ban.ilxa. Brrcryuaroxlyrc AeraJrr co6epeu B rryqoft 14 BaJro)ICIIM IIOA [epeAHee
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Bapr4TeJrbuo o6pa6oraB ero. flpuravaeM rroffc. flpr,rnycr na aan6x [pnrrrbeM K noJrorHr4qy ean6xa. V4a.nznnHaMerKy. OHon.rare.nbno fiprayrro]rcldM roroBoe r4BAeJr?re.

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IO6ra rra me.nxosofi [oAKJra,qKe,nprrMafi , c ApanrapoBroft or acrrMMerpr{qHoro floApeaa rra nepe.queMrroJrorrrnule. SaAnee noJrornrarrle - rura,4noe, c Bbrraqxalru tro ra6ory Ha <(Morrrullr. tuu(prac.141). Sacrexrxa rro JreBorvry Jlulaus. TaJrrrfi o$opm;rena fipuraqrrbrM [offcoM. Trcans - Mflrxafi rrrepcrb, BeJrrop, 6apxar, ttnornsrfi urenx. Pacxo4 TKaHprtrpr4 urr{pune 140 cM - o,4rra AJrrrHa ro6rclr rJrroc 30 crvrrra lrrBbr lr o6pa6orxy (CB - ne 6oaee 53 cm). Harueceruue nunuL Qacorua Ha abltcpoil,rcy-ocruoay (puc. 142) flepe4nee rroJrornr(rqe acr{MMerpnquoro uoxpoff Ha paaBepHyrofi nurxpofi xe. MoAeJrr{pyeM CoeAranuu BctroMorarearnofi ;nusueir pacrBop rrpasoft srrra"rxra rro raJrwvtc qeHTpoM aenoft, lraMeprrM ee, paBAeJrlIM rrorroJraM rr rrepea cepeArrHy c nporra6ou (0,5 crvr)o$opMlrM lrvlu.urolo.qpeaa. O6osna'ruM Harrano noApeaa rro raJrr{n EonTpoJrrnofi ro.ncoft. VwreurIIII1TM OTMeTIeHIIyIO JII,IIII1IIO C AByx CTopOE UO 2-B CU,

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Mogenuporanue ro6ox

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Moge.nuponanue ro6on

227

floAwreraeM rrrrta. flpuivreraeM no ralrvrv roHKyIo Yro'lnnru o6leraspre fiJrorrryro recbMy. flpranneprarvr. xl6xz, Jrulnvrlut .qpanupoBxll. Boronyro JIr4HrIro nepeAnero floJloruplilIa cJIerKa no46epeu B [roB' .ffo6rr HarfiHyrb CKJIaAK]I Apalr4poB. BHeceMr{3MeHeHr4fl xu. flplr Heo6xo4ravrocrr4 Pacnopevr 6oxonofi ruos. Ha aaAneru rroJrorHlarqe craqaeM r'r o6pa6oraeM BbtrTaIIKIUI.

no.qpeaa' Ha nepe4ueM rroJrorur{rle crarraeM JrtrHr4ro pe6po, He Kacatrcb yrrocpee o6pa6oraeM, orrrapl,rM na Ha BepxHrolo roM cr(JraAoK AparlilpoBKlr' SayTroxcr4M crporrKVr oToT.4eJrorrHyro npoJlolrcr4Tb MolrtHo AeTaJrb, napuM rrroB. prcraqaeM 6oKosrre rrrBbr,ocraBJr;rJ{ HecraCwreraelvr rrauHbrMlr 16 clr ,qJra sacrelrcxrr. Cpesrr o6pa6oraelt, oruapraM na pe6po, paSyrroEcI,IM. O6pa6oraeM BacrerrcnyHa MoJIHlrrr' orrrapllM. floAorureu nua ro6rra' npoyrroxcrarvr, Quxclrpyff cru6. PacHpolrlr lr o6pa6oraeM rrpfl Myro,4ByxrxoBuyro rc6Ky r,rs[ogKra.4ounofi rxaura, ocraBJrflg B JIeBoM6orcoBoM rlBe 16 clt HecrallaHHbrMrr. c I{oHaO6pa6oraeM rr rlplrrarlaeM rroflc, fiprrJlo)rcrrtB no.{Hofi cropoHbr ro6xy pIB rroArcJraAo'rnofi TKaHIT' ornapfiM.

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Korcerny. Moucro npoJroficrrrb or,4eroquyp crporlxy, orfrapr,rTbrrroB. Cueraervr rr crarraeM 6oxosrre rrrBbl Ao ypoBHff paapeO6pa6oraeu Ba, ecJrr{ oH npeAycMorpeH rro MoAeJrr,r. cpesLr, orrapr,rM na pe6po. Pacnpanuu rrrBbr Bpaayrro)Kxy rr eu{e pao orfiapuu. Ot Jrurvrfi Talrulrano JreBoMy 6orconouy rrrBy ocraBr{M HecrarIaHHbIMLI16 cu AJrfl SaCTe)rCfirr. O6pa6oraeM paapea (crvI. <O6pa6otrca paspeaon>), BacrelrcKy Ha (MoJrHurrD, Bepx ro6rr,r c rroffcoM BMecre 46). Ornapau. c rro,4xJraAxoft(crvr.Mo,qeJrb flo4ourrewr ruta Io6xu, ornaplrM. Onon.rare.nbxo rrpoyrrolrltM roroBoe vg Ae rrve.

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Ocrarox rKaHI,r cJroxcr{MrrorroJraMr.rauaHxoft Bnyrpb, eoBMeulaffKpoMK?r.Orueruvr nplrnycx Ha rroArrrlrBxy Hnaa (5 cu) napaJrJreJrbuo cpeaaM.Or xpouox orMerraM rrprznycx (1 cnn)na [roB, BareM - noJroBrrnyr.ny6raHrrcKJraATperbro AeraJrbB xu. K orMeqenuoMy orpearcy [pr4Jrorrtr4M coorBercrBlrI,r c AoJreBofinzrrro rxarrv, o6negervr KoHT)4). fIo nuwuu Hr{Ba orJroxuu rury6r4Hy cxJra,4nr,r,paBuyro 4eofinoft [rupr{He, rr ilpuMepfiM r{erBepryro AeraJrb. Ana-norr,r.rno pagJroxcr.rM nJrryro 14rrrecrylo,qeraJllr, paapeaa orMerrrM paBABr{}nKy ua uy6uHy fio rrvrlavrvr cKJraAKrr, npoBepffff coorBercrBlre AoJreBofi nurrn. K urecrofi AelraJrra orMerLrM npranycxr{ no 6oxonoft nupaape3a - 1 ,5 cM, rrpeABarluvr - 2,5 crt, a rro JrurHulrz pr4TeJrbHo saJroxcrrM cKJraAKLr 14Ha[paBr,rMr{x B cTopony 6oronrrx nuuttit. pacxJra,qxy neo6xo4nHa nrrnagax rxarlr cAeJraeM Mbrx AeraJreft 4.rrno6pa6omcr,r KapMaHa. PaaMerulr AeraJrb rroffca (4nuna - rra 4 cru 6o,rruue CT, a rrrktpr4Ha- 6-8 crvr). OrvrerrrM rrp[nycrrr Ha rrrBbrK AeraJrflM rrofica - 0,7 cu. PacrporannAeraJrb rro orMerreurrbrMrrplrnycnaM. Pacrpounn raa 6opronofi rranra flponJra?qxyB rro.fic (4.nzua - ilo ,4JrlrHe rroflca Bpac]cpoe, ruupr{Ha Ha nopacnpoenHofi 4era.iru norca). JroBHHyrrrr,rp]rnbr flo4nponM AoJreBr[K AJrao6pa6ornra Bacre]rcxr{. Pacrcpoum npoKJragKy B Jrr{crorrKy r4JrLrAeraJrr{ paMolc. II puneprca u nocneOoaarleJrbrdoetna odpa6omrcu Orrvrerram cepeAr,rHy noJrorHrrrq ilpoxJraAorlrrbrM ruBoM. flpo.norrtrawrcvrrreu no SacouHbrM r4KoHTypHbrM JrrrnrrsM. Cueraewr .4eraJruco cHJraAHaMra, [peABapr{TEJIbHO IIO,IIMETAB HId3.

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I06ra [pflMaff, [p]rJreranrqa.fi , c Apanrpyro[Ir4MrircJr AeraJrffMHor 6orcosrrx ruBoB, crcpenJreunbrlvlunocepe.qurre uo.nocroft TKaHU c r,rMr,rrr,rpynqrrM oan6xou-xoxr4Jrbe (plrc. 153). Saxpenxy Apaur{pyroqr4xcfi 4eralefi r cpeabr gafi6xa Mornuo orcauToBarb no.rrocrofi orAeJrotruoft rxanu. Jlr,rnrasrraJrvrvro@oprvurenanpr{TarrHbrM rroJrcoM. SacrexcKa Ha MoJrurlrrrro JreBorvy 6oxonouy rrrBy rrJlrrrroJrorHurqa. Txanr BeJrrop,ruepcrb. Pacxo4 TKaHr{ rrprr rrrr4pkrne 140 cM - 4Be AJr}rrrbr ro6xra rrJrroc15 crvr Ha rrrBbru o6pa6orrcy. Moge;rs paccqrarana Ha Bbrcolcyrocrpofiuyro Surypy. -oct{o6A H arteceruuenunu{t Q ac o ru a ru a eancp oit rcA Ha paaseprryryro nrrnpofi xy nepeAHero rroJrornrrrqa ro6nu HaHeceM lruruurn Apa[]rpyurluxc,E 4era.nefi, orJroxcuM or rairrrr4 no 6oxosoit nuuuu 22-24 cM, a rro cepeAr.rHbr JrkrH'uvr 5-6 clc, a saTeM 4-5 cru. Coegunnm orpesxr4, KaK rroxaoarroHa prrcyHre (puc.154) . Pas,4erun orMeqeuubre ypoBHrr Apanr4poBarrHbrx r.tx, noryrlr,rM rrvrraltrvl 4erarerl xa 4'tacrn lr coe.4[THLIM paSABr4XCRr{ HA,4parrr{poBKy. ,4Jr,fl Ha npaeofi rroJroBr{He noJroru?rrqaor Bepxuero ypoBHsaApaluponannofi orAeJrxrt orMerr{M Jrvrnuryr rrMtrrupyloqero sanaxa, orJroxclrBrro JrrrHrrr{ 6e4ep 2-3 civt,w ypoBuJr rrporlrBofioxoxcnoft Aparrvponp cBeAeMJrvrrararo nannofi Aerenrur, He AoBoAfiee,qo Jrrrnprunr{Ba na 15 cwr, coe,qr.rHr,rM c oTpeSKoM(5 cu) fio rruttrrv rrr{3a. ,{era,rra flpoHyMepyelr: 1 - ocrroBna.s.uera:rs, 2 cs,4eraJrb, 3 - Aeran},. }rM}rrrlpyrcqalr ,qparrrapyroil{afl sanax. Ha ueprofi ra rperrefi AeraJrffx orMerrrM KoHTpo.nrnofi ro.*iofi (KT) nuxcnzfi ypoeeub r4paflrdpoBrtr. Bropyro (c .nunraauu Ha paaABnxrcy) rr rperbio AeraJIU rrepecul4MeMHa AonoJruzre.nurrrfi nrcr 6yu.ar-u.

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Moge.nuporarrne ro6orc

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pacrcJrarqKy Ha ocrasruefics rranu cAeJraeM rperrefi Aerarrz, [pr{KJraAbrBaa ee 6oxosofi croponofi x npanoft KpoMKe, orMetrafl rrprfiycr na 6oxosofi uron (2,5 cru) u HHTb,qeraJrlrrr rxaHz. flplrxoneu coBMerrlafl ,4oJreByro AeraJrb uo 6oxonof,i nrawuu. Kpaftnnro rroJrocxy AeraJrr4 orBeAeM Ha'rceJraeMyp BeJrlrrrrrHy,npr4rcorelr. Ocrasrrrr4ecn ABe rroJrocfin pac[peAeJr[rM rarc, uro6br paopaBHoH}rM}r pacnpeAeJrr4Jracb Ka BHyTpr{ Merrc,4y ABr4rrc MepHo. O6ne4em KoHTyp, orMervM 6oxonrre nnunu 6e,4ep, flpuflycrcrr Ha lrrBbr: 6orosbre - 2,5 cM, rro Jrr{- O,7 cM, Iro lrr,ray u Hparo AeraJIr{ npnravLurraJrvrv nycrrl aaBr{cffT or o6pa6orru - ecJrr{ ,qeraJrbor{auToBaHa no.rrocxofi TfiaHrt, To rrpunycxr{ He orMer{aeM, ecJrrr o6pa6arrrBaeM rroArr6ou cpeaa, orMerr,IM 1 , , 5c u . pacrJra,qxy ApanuHa ocrarnreficn rranrl cAeJraeM pyrcqfixcff 4era.neft c paaABr{Ecxoftpaapesa Ha c6opxy rrJrlrcKJraAKra ecApaflupoBrclr.,{panuponxa Kpacr,rBee, paBAJrH AeraJrb pasMecrr,rrb rro,q yrJroM 45' x Jrurnprvt BrarrcKur, To ecrb uo xocofi Hritrrl. Pae4nrEn*cy paccqrrrbrBaeM TaK: Ha Apa[EpoBKy AJruHanplrc6apr,rnaeuofi AeraJrlr n 2-2,5 paaa 6o.rrrrue (r.nyrro orHorrreurrro K [epBoHaqanrnofi; Ha crcJra,qxn 6una aasrcr.rr or nllorxocrll rranu) ouruualrnrrfi pacrBop - 6-8 crvr. Oruersru flpurrycrcrr Ha rrrBbr: no 6oxosofi Jrvrfrwur no BepxueMy 1rHrr)rcxeMyKparo 2,5 ctur, 1,5 cu (n eaBr{clrMocrrr or cuoco6oB o6pa6orxz), no Jrurlaurfi coeAn- 1,5 cu. HeHrirff.qeraleft Ha cepeAr4rre rroJroTHrrrq Ha nrrua4ax rxaHr{ pacxporrM AeraJrb Baxperrrrt (gnana - 10-12 cM, a rrupurna - 9-1L cn). Pacnpoum AeraJrb rroaca (4lr,rna - Ha 4 cu 6oarrue MeprcrrCT, a ruupraua - 6-8 cwr), oruerrrM fipurrycxrr Ha rrrBbr- 0,7 cM BxpyloByro.

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orr r4rlrelrherrqs c aorrndu - alrlranl.onou eanVeg .dam ztwouoxog d.r,{ogarorr <(llrrxrfowr H )rtlcorceg .y[octlou .(gg1 .czd) un lursl{l'e,L}Idu enarr,rdo@o lrr,rrce.r, sr.lHrrrlI. -efrreQ c'oJoH Vou-era orsrereV n alnrnl,onon rran[ad .$snrdu Brr9OI -ou BH rroeadtrou c 'nul[oreJerudu

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Puc. 156. Moge.rr 30. IO6xa upflMafl , [puJreraroqafl , c uo.qpesoM Ha [epe.qHeM rroJrorulrrqe, c @aa4aulr

o[rr'trrcg - erlu wutrl.vrrr orr :rqsm en zxcduradu anlnorea -coYan ilruJarrJO '(urre;,eYraoVnceu rrV wc A'I ox) sosm nriY nrc g ex eeadeed. uvttutt or xr re.rraaYed 'xnr -el,aY u HHBITJ Blr rrrr4u Lroaero[ waranarsedrrrl c uftrs;,c -,Laaiooc a elrruHlorou o,ranVadau ure,raV _. rdrr.Bll,L afeursg BH - rfBt.BHc:ranvodxrqg rarre.r,eV arqgqffrco rNn.r,car,need uI url{errJ" nocdx I'cuumsrco r,tarrdaueu4 'rqsm eH rueucduudr ou alnran.lororr aenVee r,rauCadrsg'davag orr.rHrrrf wr,rrawro 'rNc /'0 - urrrf.L urvr]{I.{tJJ oII 'rrc g'Z - wvrltvrlf Hrogoxog olr 'INc g - Ber4rr uuuurr! ou :rqsm un rawenc.{uradu c llugor aiunn,r,oron eenfBe qcorn,f,cawsed ranen.l ancutx r roHualr{orrcaosVg BH rlgo,Lh 't4uulrl guJc rllul,caratadan :I[Ian.Lororr oJalr -[ee ,txgodxrlg HHB]{I eH r/[rrx{oreed erer'HC .rrre esV s wr,rlosevodn xaodxrss ueru.le[ .r{.xVerxce4 (gg1 'cud) olnnuruotou oeaupadau Ta1f0'Ma0nlroHla DH Dxg0tucod 'r\rc g'0-Z'g rnaodd o.rexxdas o[ reeadof aH .qr,L -atr or.{nr'orratrl,o ruarx adVot r,tlrr{Hr4 If rllrqrrHa hawro oU 'fiurreJ en ,{nr,e,r,rssor^sar lreodnug 'godo,la &o qrr -aY ordsdau ruuraY.lo 'dx4rodxrsa ororx[adeu wenced zrrel,aY rnon eed r: o raVlo rl r,r nesrarte.ludu 14 r4urlr oLI . .f,vrd daonco-fngodnrcaen enoce$ luvrnyrv ar4HacoHBH LgT

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Mo4euuponauue ro6orc

255

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Pnc. 158, 158a. Pacx.raAxaHa rxaHrr Aerarefi ilepeAnero IIoJrorHrru{a

- 2,5 cM, rro Jruuurnranrvrfi - 0,7 cnn. 6oxosofi Jrvrr'vrvr Orvrerram Jrvrleurur 6e4ep u pacrBop nparor? Bbrraqmr{ Ha
TAJIVIII.

pacxJra,4ry or.4eJrorrHa ocraerueftcs rxanra cAeJraeM noft 4eraru, pa3ABnraff no Jrr.rHraflM [oApeBoB Tax, rrro6rr xpaftnrae cropoHbr coMtrryJrrrcb rro Jrvrnurfrtll nputrycKOB Ha rrrBbl, KOTOpbre COOTBeTCTByTOT rrpLIrIyCKaMne-

'qre&atr or^r{nnoreYro ararr,LoBH rrnrs?J,co y[osar e 'raxgor er4n rllaerawVoll 'I4]r]r{alce rrV r,rrc A1
II}|ITTIIIIB.LOI|ICAH ItrtrsJCO'rrgm ArqsOXOg I IAB,LaWC

'datrag ornnra:l r rnrcowsoc 'tt xgor elnnnlor -on rarre,r,a[ eeadeed urvruvrlr o,ranEadau on nrunratreo3 'dxrracVeH r,riaera[c u urele[ goadau eH rolrt grnnad,rztus r^rauJogedgo 'Bsm oJosoxog rz-nrrrzrt ou raeeadeed uur:utr on r ra.r -aruc lrrrr4 r rarrolrc utel"afij 'xurlx eurgo[ncex en eeadeed orraHrrrf d.nodor,c ord.salrnr H r[osm nrrqnrroYerrrodu rcaxadau orrsra.Ludesfedu'rsHodoJ,c ersgalrnr reln -awsoc ngodo.l,e sre&a[ ord,nr'oreY.r,o ruzncorudll on '4rolrtrcou rrrflr uxdogc lrogr'fu nrsrc/tl Brrouenrue <rrng raxcoyr alnrn -Jorforr wanladeu BH Blrhe.lrlg 'u)rheJrls rraurarrC
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rrr9(x

99?

Mogenuponanue ro6orc

257

Talrwrl roHKyK), rrJrorHylo flpraueraeM rro JTuIrewYI TecbMy. yrorrurrM o6.neranue rodxra na Qnrype, flprawrepr,rvr, pacloJroxcerrrde r{ AJrr,rHyor4eJrotluoit getann, [pr4 rreo6xo4rawrocrr{BHeceMrrBMeHeHIla.Pacnopewr6oxosbre rrrBbr r4 AeraJrvr[epeAHero noJloTHtrrqa. Cravaewr, o6pa6otaeM BbITaqKrr, rro Hra*crreMy cpe3y - OTAeJIOrrHyro AeTaJrb,ornapfiM. Tperbro AeraJrb co rtopoft, navretxofi Coe.uuuralr flepe'4Hero IIocoBMelrlas Jrr{rleBbrecroporrbl' AeTaJrra pa3pesa' cTarlaeM nx' ypaBHraBa,r JroTHr4rrlafio Jru'd-urut cpeabr. Cpeau o6pa6oraewr. OrnapnM rrrBbr na pe6po, cpeABepxHue - K rrullJ,vrlglTalrvlvr, a SareM SayTroEcr,lM: npoMorxHo rrpaBoro 6oxoeoro runa. K Jlr/tHlrr4 HUe cl'porrKy no nepnofi AeTaJIH. oTAeJIOtrHyro JIOlrCrutTb coBMerrlaa JrrrCvreraevr r4 craqaeM 6orosbre rTTBbr' HeCTaqaHHbrMriI 6OTCOSOM nrau 6e4ep, ocraBJrflg B JIeBOM 16 crvr AJIff BacrerrcKr[. Cpearr o6pa6oraervr. Otnapuu rrrBbr Ha pe6po c AByx cropon llepes yBJralrcHeHHyK) Snanelr. PaayrroxcrnM rrrBbl r{ eqe paa orrraprrM c r{SHaHorInofi croponsr. Jlesuft 6oxonoft uroB Mo)rcno sayrroIOJIOTHIIqe. Ha 3a.AHee )ttIuITb orrrapr'rM. O6pa6oraeM Bacrelr{Ky Ha ( MoJIEvrurD, flpnrauaeru rroffc' orrraprrM. flo.uorreu nng ro6ru, ocraBr4Bor.nernofi orAeJrovHyro AeraJrs. OtnapnM noArxlaBry. Oron.rare.nbrro flpoyrloxcr(M roroBoe ]rgAeJrrre.

aanxdos oY wc g'0-A.0 ou resadoV as .uorarl,lc orranarf -eggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg oIr wrfr4Hr4r NnrHHohar{,Lo ou nttetov auH}r{r/tH wancedVoll'xlrulr{uu,r,o ure&aV aunxdan rruamad,r,g 'raxuodursa enratradaconsrarred[ gofx{Btr y{rr{Jaru.ro.Btnun,Lor H r4Jtrn gtoaaroV aznarsedtBlr -ou o,ragVadau c nEHLtrrBH,nre.laV nraddar,rldnodll 'r4H?)rJ, eH zarre,r,al/finrr{r,rs[eed nrll (xdaaa eean .ro) aoeedYofi affHarseduen wrrhrreogo zwexnad.r.3 'llnraodx -rss agr4Vadac onsrarreder nyrnurlr ullr,o,L rrolltrpn ea gnnarel watrasod[ 'urokrnkrlr goudd.lnQ c u]r]roJ lrinrr.rV praJcBhxrsuaud -ooc Ir,r BH wuraVeud rlerz.H. urvtn:'z.lt 0I 'lrunu [aoc zxeed,lo arslt -Hahar/[ro acg .unrt?]rhol t{wrqHsrod.ruou rsr.rz{ urrdhalr -eogo Bsr4mo[ accafiodu a rax,r,ogedgo ual,cgoV,,t rrf 'vnc 92,-AZ u nrttg(g-g exead,lo esf - xdass eewrvtvrrawr.r,o rsufiVedec raprnnr ou .wo gp_gg - ,tsm ,trruoaoxog dlalosedu orr ear{H .Lo e .nrc 0g_gz I\rr{}r{orrJ,o dsm dnlosonog .twoaerf orr Barrrr trr{H}ru rO '(0gI .cwd) uvruur ersud^r -nQ wacanur lrlrgor 4oneomx.{c[ {ronrrdu fnvn,r,orou oJaHfBe r,r o.renledau r,rxgodurqs ars,LdHdeaeed e11 fruqodxno ou ouoane LlnHnlranHacaHog .niJ 0g ccxrfrr r{}rg0r BHurtr enYo - r\Tc0?I anlrdrzm radr rarrnl, Voxce6 's.r,cdam -frorr rarr s.lcdam tr]ruoJ .B]rJIfrI ._ <rHBH& . <I4r4rrrow>H )rx{arcBg '(6qf 'cud) niocrrorr y\rrquhe,rradu enarlrdoeo rllrrruJ $ vruwIt' urouero s rarrsrrr-ud.reru rnlr4 Ce C renrrdu Bx gol

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Mogeauponarrue

ro6or

261

Pacrcna}rc& H& mrcaHu (puc. 161) Pacrcra4xy Io6xu acrlMMerpnrlnoro Qacoir:r AeJraeM CHa.ra.napaaJrolrtl{MBepxHr{e Ha paaBepnytofi TKaHrzt. coBMelrlaff AoJreByIoHrrrb rrcaHu r 4era.nefi. AeraJrr{, 6eAep r{ gepeAr{H5r, Jrpruldro orMerr4M O6seAeruKorrryp, Ta]luwt - 0,7 ct.t, no 60npr,rfiycxr4 Ha rrrBbr: rro Jrurla'vIfi rosofi Jrwnvr:,z' 2,5 cM, rro rvllauIw orpesa -- l rb cu. Oruetnru KoHTypHEIerorrnlr Ha rxau:r. Sareu cAeJraeMpacxJraAr(y r,.Pllxrtux 4eralefi, paaABlIras paBHOMepHO nO JIUHLII{ trOApesOB' [apaJIJIeJIb-

no pasuerlrwr 6oxonrre croporrbr c yrreroM r4Byx npfirrycKoB na 6orosbre ruBbr no 1,5 cM KatrcAbrfi.,{olenyro pac[oJlo]+clrMrro 6orosbrilI JII4HI4flM. otrvreHr{TbTKaHr.r rorrKa r{ [pl4rrycKrl Ha rrrBbr:no Jrr{HriITr4MKOHTypHbre ffM Hr{Ba Aera.nefi - 0,5 cu (4na o6pa6otxn rrrBoM (avraac 4nofiarrM rro.qrrrrrBoMcpeaa LrJIU MeJIKT/rM 1,5 cu. rou>), rro BepxneMy cpeoy IO6ry Motrcro ,4exoprilpoBarb orauTonxoft uB or,4e.no.rnoft ronrcoft ure.nxosofi Txar{u. EcnN oranroBxa He flpe,4ycMorpena, Ha cBo6oAlrbrx] racrxax rraHv paaMecTr,rM rroAxpofinsre o6ra.mr,r (ruraprauaB pacxpoe - 5 cnn). PagMerzlr4era;rb fioflca (4.rruna - Ha 4 ctr 6o.nrrue CT, a [rup]rne - 6-8 cu), npranycrr[ Ha lrrBbr K AeraJrr{noffca - 0r7 cw. Pacxpouu Aera.[n rro orMerrelrublM rlpufiycrcaM. flo4rpor,ru trporJraAxy AJrd rofl ca. II puneprca u nocne0oeameJlbHocmao6pa6ornrcu 6e4ep Bepxullx AeraOrryrerrwr cepeAI,IHy Lr Jrlanvrvt aefi upornaAorlnblM ruBoM. - rro 6orcosrrM Cueraeu BbITarIKlI, Bgpxnrre AeraJrr4 Hr{}rcIrrBaM, ocraBJrsg B JreBoM16 cm AJrs Bacrelrcxr.tr ttrre,[eraJrrl - rro 6o:coerrM [rBaM. Cmeraevr Bepxnioro rr Hlrx(trroro AeraJru ro6rcn, conToqKIr. Merrlaff rcoHTpoJrbHbIe

' aut aYxu aoaoroJ ntraxcorl,d -odr onsra;Bhnolro 'rsHodorc groaalrrara Varc Bcrerco aH rqgorh '.d.renztgz{nr'el,go fi rqsm Vou nesrqVerxYou 'rtn.rogedgo ruradeu,r,g'r4ltrelrsrcarcHrrrqHrreaou dn -h,rgo rrasmo[o11 'nr{Hesr,rhelradn esm &o y[c L,O-g,O en rtxr.odlc or"{nr'oraV,lo r,rra rrorodll' gvrJl rddzcxx$ 'nrulxor,Ldodu 'wael,awodu 'e.llrada[ en;ar3 eag r{r -e;,aYmanxdas u rqsm NaHJo.Lo lro]rhergo c a,Lcarus ruar -eg 'odgad en rrrradeul,o'rqsm woeherc r4 rlraerarrC .r4rr -eleV rad,r, eas )rahor xrsHsrod.lnon ansod [, ew w wesm wrirsolrog orr illaro]rC ',[eadc f.ltanncun ou orf.nueloged -9o'dxr.elgo ordrr4odgYou r,vrarrorradu goulrclrrt r,rre,raY drrodol,c orrf.nrtonenelr BH'uwerrodo,lc rar,{rsgahur xu suucorc 'gaHlr{pru c sru.reY orornxdaa nrunntrao3 'xeeadc xrrcotr eH oa nBsr4JB,Lcd an on'rrlr.l,olrud'dx.logedgo lrradeul,g 'ausxmtroll a H]rhac -YeH neratr 'oxordaao H rrae,lat[go wu woeadc r,{rsJ, -rsduee ^ugaJVorrs hrosm rr]rgor c eau fioerogudgo 'odgad en r,rrzdeu.ro 'rqeodc rua -e,lo9ed96 'urel,oV galr)r{r4H rqrsmarqso}rogr rauherC ' r,{radeu.Lo' cIfoII nraer'e.rradg "r,{adell,Lo'<I,Ir4Hrow> en ztnrroJce rnrae,logedgg 'rsnodo.Lc r{ogrror{rrgraa wuden.lo eed atna r,rdnnror.r.zt. -eeds rrsm wrrseduced 'd.nrror.r,rtodu orAnxene eadarl nodo.r,cxztsV c odgad en wudeu.lo 'rqeadc nraelogedgg '|4)rlr{oJcB8 rfrftr y[c gI 4arr -xdas s rrnrselco 'grarel,aY xranxdaa rqsm orqsoxog rla -Ehrc r.rniaErorrc'Ilxr.B,Lrqs ruae,r,ogedgo rr ruoBhJc

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ro6ox

xi3

MOAEJTb 32
r<r6nae nepxHeft rracru npaMafi' [pI{JIeIC.nraHr,enas farorqaJr, s HnlKHefi - pacrcJleurennas (pnc. 162\. Bepxnsa tracrb w6xu rra Kolcerxe, ,4orroJrHeuuofi 4panraponannort AeraJIbIo. Sa,qnee rroJlorHlrrqe arraJronnqHct TIHrIMrlon o{ropu.ltena ilpl4Ta nepeAneMy. Jlnsus'i- aJrn rilse. <<MoJrH}rI{} B 6crtoBoNr JIeBoM .ficoM.Sacrexcra I{tr ToHKafl, Mffrxa.fi rxepcrb, rloJlyilrepcrb, TxaHr usrNraft- ureJrx. Pacxo.4 TKaHlr irprz rrrl4pr4ne140 cM -- o,4na AJrrrEa ro6rcn uJrloc 130 cnt. -acHo6g II anec eruuenut+uit,Qacoma n.a aatrcpuitrcA FIa paanepuytoft arncpofirce fiepeAnero rroJrorn;rrqa orrterrrM JrrrgrrK)KoKerHI{. flo 6onosott nunnu orJrocepeAl{Ht'tl'4-15 cNI' ccexclrrvr15-1fi enn, afro Jlvr*vrpr rroJrvr{enrrbleroqrr. KaxcAufi rrg orpeanoB o'r I\ulanlz,v. cepe.4urHr'r 4o 6oxosoil tnnl/.I1. pasAeJrl'rMrrorloJlaM' oT Torrex AeJrenufl orJroxcrrMBBepx no 1 cu, [poBeAeM JIprHrrro Kolcerxr. OrtopruM rlelirp Bbrrarlex (pzc. 163). or4erotlrroft, geranw, orJlo}rct{ts or O'rueruu Jlvrr.ul.Lr Hrr;a Koxerl4r,rBBepx no 6orcy 9-10 crvr,a rro JIlrJrvrrvrv. ilbln}Ktoflt xuuue-it, HHrr cepeAnuw 4-5 cM, rloe,IIT{HrrhI Cepe.qlltilbrAo Hr4)KHeroypoBHff ee 3a JIr'rHI4rO rrpoAJrr4M KoKernlr. F,cnu no MoAeJrtIorAeJJorrHatr .4eraJrbeanpanocepeAr{He nunuu, 6ox,oBoit no irrTpoBaHa AeraJrlr HafloApesa . HeceM JrvIH'uIro Otmerrau I{oHTpoJIbHbIMfi Totl}tar{a rroJlot*ceHfieo1'Ha Korcerxe, Ae.rro.*roft ,{e'raJrr4 JrI{HIrtIo 6e4ep fiepeAPagme.:aR Kirlrnb.fl?paBAeJIprM r{epea Tcf\II{n qacTlt" HCIO [oJrOTHr.rIqaHa Tp.'4paBlr]'le npoBeAeM iJl'uIJuvl,[apaJrJleJrbHbre cepeArlHc ,4eJreHr4rr rroJrorHulrua.Kax4rrfi xnuu Blrr4sy o$opwrnu yrJIaMr{. I{nn o'roro rro Jrrruuu cepeAl4nbror itl{sa rc6nra DTJro}r(rlM

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Mogeauponaxue

ro6on

265

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(paconana rrrxpofixy-ocuoBy Puc. 163. Hanecenue tu:arailr - 25-3O cnnz 10-12 cu vepee Koropble ABa orpesrca roprrSorlTaJrbrrble Jlnllurul, npoBe.qeMBcrroMoraTeJlbHbre Hrr*nroro JrvruvnoBnyrpr,r Kalrcgoro KJrr{Ha paaAeHuaa KJrIdHbeB'Kar Jrr4MrrorroJrarvr.O$opuvIM Jrvrnvrro yrJroB [poBeAeM prrcyHxe. Hr4,rcHktx ILs noxaaauo Ha BeprrrxaJrbrrbre JrrlHr4r,I ,4o Hr4Baro6ru. 3a4nee rroJrorHr{qe [ocrpor,IM TaK ,rce' KaK rr rtepeAHee. flpoHyruepyeM AeraJrrr. Oruerzvr HarrpaBJreHne,qoJregoft Hrarlr. flepecruueM orAeJrotrHyroAeraJrb Korerrcr,r. Paapenceu ocuoBlrbre AeraJlrr uo orMeqeHrrblM JrlltHfi8M.

Pacrcna|rca Ha rnrcaHu )emaneft a (puc. 16 4) eo norrom Huu4 nep e0 rue Haqneu pacnJla,4rcyc Aerafira RoKerKLt, [peABapI{TeJrbHo BaKpbrB THaIru. O6se,qeNrKoHTyp. Orivretlru Hrlt3a- 1,5 clt, uo 6orconpunycKn Ha rrrBbl: fio rrvI]E^uln raJlrrr{ - 0,7 cu. 2,5 cw, fio Jrn:guvr r,ofr nw*:ay.ra C4enaervr pacxJra4ny Bepxunx HJrlIHbes Io6rE: cpeAnzft KJn4H cJlolrcr{M norroJraM fio rrulrrvrvtcepe/qu-

'rrc 9'I * rrlrJa)r -olr BuuBsur,,lndu uvIllnv ou .nlc g,Z - uturr^vr:rErosox -og ou 'nrc g'I - Brrfirlr etttf,utwwr orr :rqsm en lrxc^dlr .dd;,Hox rruevaago ,enr vyt -radu 'deVog orvrlavtt wlr,LawJo src,LaY ors,Ladr eeadeed vryrlaulrt )r r,tllr${orudu ,r,rre.r,a)/ Erol,daaaar' rr som BH r rc g encztrradu ,r,o erandl,clg 'rNcg'I - rrrr
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noJro}fiI,IMBTopym orAeJrorrHa,q Aeta.nsMr{ KJrr4HbeB paspesaB no oulte'rennoft rrpe,4BapnTeJrbHo Hyro AeTaJrb, no.qpeaa I{ paBABI{HyBHacroJrbro, qro6br p\Jrvrlaa Jrurr:.vlu n 1r5 paaa. OrAeraJrr4no 6oxosoft JrulnrrvtyBeJrrrtrr{Jlacr nunura no 6orconofi Ha lrrBbr: fipr4fiycxrr MerlrM 2,5 cw, no HrrlxrreMy cpeay - 1,5 cM, rro BepxrreMycpeor o6pa6orru. 3y - B saBr4cr/rMocrr4 pacrJraAry,4eraJlefi SaAHero Ananorz.rgo c,qeJraeM rloJrorrrrqa. Brrpe*ceivr Aerulv no orMerrerrubrM npunycxau. Occru6 - nocerasumficg Kycoft TKaHr[cJlo]rcrlMrrorroJraMr pe,qr{HerillrplrHbr rxaur. Ha nepxnzx ylJroB npoBeAeM no rcocofi Hrtrrz no4 yrJroM 45" x nusur{ KpoMorc. Jrlznvrro K yrJry AeraJrI,Ior Jrurunrznurno.r{pe}rceM Hraxcnze KJrvTrrbfl ga ro6n[ ]I nprrJlo?rcr{M llx ft orMeqeHuof,r nttuwu, pa3.4BI4rafl rro JrvrnuInno,qpeaa na 90". It ognofi Jrv:r*nv npr'rJro,rclrMrrepeAnzft xrltn, rcontopoft - aaguufi, a Bur{ay noA mocofi :avtruI- 6oxosofi. HrdMr{c freroM HarlpaBJrenraft flpu erovr 6oitonym AeraJrb oSopunlr lI3 [oJIoBlIHbr rrepe4neri rrrHporhcu rdrroJloBtrurr aagueft, tITo rroMo]rcety6pam 6oxoeoft ruos. Bcero AoJIIKHo6rrtr 6 xlraHlen. OtMeTUMrrplallycKrr Ha rrlBbr: Ha BepxHeMypoBHe KJIr{HakI no 6orconofi lxnnuwr- 1,5 cM, rro rvlnkrvlHlraa - 0,7 ctu. Pacxporart no4xpofiuyro o6rauxy AJrrr o6pa6orxn fro HlrlKHeMy cpe3y. KOKeTKkt PasNretilM AeraJrb [offca (g;rr,rnaHa - 4 cwr6o.nrrue CT, rnupnHa - 6-8 cu). Oruerum [punycrld Ha ruBbr K AeraJrlr rloflca - 0r7 cu. Pac rcpor,ru .4eraJrrrrro orMerIeHHbrM rrpurrycx aM. II p u neprca u nocne 0 oaatnenb Hocmu o6pa6omrcu cepe,qr{Hbr Ilponra4orrubrM rrrBoM orMerI{M Jrlztrtrdro rroJroTHI4rq. no {taconnbrM Il rtonTypubrM Jrr{eIlIJIKrlt flpo.noxcranrr
HLI.flM.

'.AxNcorldeeda niudefi&o n warogedgo rseadJ .]rrr -e,r,etr raor+r.ora[.lo som r{osoxog grr<aedu waBheJC . r,vzrror,r,.{cedaom goa -olrog gr*aed11'wradeu,lo'ruael,ogedgo r{}rra}rou rqrsm arqaoxog 'E)r.Lolrou aom r,rosoxog 4rsaedu nrah,lC '4roxr'od,r.c gou -r'orau.r,o xr,r rruulledxBg .satrEr.rrg xznxdee d.Hodo,ras .tr{ae,logedgo rssm rNrancor.r,d.ee u odgad en r,rrradeu.Lo 'prnrrdrrucltH c rtqttvrflr allgxdas ltlahJc rr r,tla.LawC 'odgad en rurdeu -,to truaerogedgc 'goqur,Irx xI{H}rcIaHIqsm ilraBhB.LC 'oHqrov,Lo aHkrrrlr r^lotru{BxH raugor ezr nrasmoVoll 'nrraxcorl/ee4 'odgad en ruradeu .nsrHarx eznxdas ruarrBJC -Jo 'Nluaerogedgo r*eed3 ' rtqgr4ru olIHlI{raH r,rdn.laxox ruadonl,g' If r,rrraxol^lara ruocaus ral,colruYoxgoan ud11 'rare,Latrgouhoratr&o lI Hlrralrotr
aI{HA}ICOIfOU '8IttH OI}rHr{If

' . edzt.ua$ Brr r{}r9or go arIHBJorf ruunr.o,r.rt r,uadanrw d11 .dnrscoJ, ordrlr,orru orz{rrnol. ywrrl?,r, rruurrrf on l,uau.r,altrdg 'rsgodo,Lcatssoxog u rqnufadac relnanisoc .lr]r -gq txgJcah rraHlr{r4Hc d.g.lexox ruourar rc wnxcolrC a 'rtqurrrf)r araulrcuH r er,rnxdes illot3,ralIO 'I4)IrOJ arSHSrrOd -.LHox nefflawgoc 'ax&ouox x une.La[ lraetaniadll 'orz(eBdu - nusar rrxr4rrc oc B .ord.sanereandxue (rsnn[adac vrvrrurv on) srel,aV renrrorets.ro resedu eVadau ur,rn -r{rr ou rrgoJh 'trr rdulanon itxodorc ordealrrrc Brr srerafi otltgt oraVro afi Hs r{o}rHr{I?t r,rirarxorud11 ' r,rudogcndu ouqrarndes[adu rre,raf aonr'onev,ro tqnodo.r,c arrso}Iog .uttuJ"av 4onrroravr,o rr r{}rra}ro}r acm nosouog grraedu hrou.toruC.xrtn}r{ur rr sfiHr4rx xanxdag r,rrce,r,a[ &rogocd[rranr rataeJ,aw3

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Bepxnue cpeabr AeraJrlr o6pa6oraeM cBor,IMrrpurrycKOM, OTrIapr4M.

Borcosbrecroponbl AeraJrlr npnc6opzru. flpz.norxraM orAeJlotruyro AeraJrb praHanoqnofi eropor:oft rra Jrr4rieeyro Korerxrr, coBMerrlaaKouTpoJrbHbre crelrcraMu noAorrrrem nepxnrafi floraftxrruu Toarrcr4. Kpa:'r orAe.no.nroft AeraJlra Ha yqacrre 6or:osrrx rrrBoi;i. flpll uovrorqu o6ra'rxv coe4urvrM Koxerliy c HIrrKnefi .racruro rc6ru. Ha .rrrqenyro cropogy nrtrxnefi .raccroponcfi KoKerKy c orrra ro6xz npr.rJrox(rrM.nr,rqenofi rrBHaHKy ulrlrneft ilacrrr ro5i;ri Ha Ae.noquofrAeraJrbro, rzqesofi ctoponofi no4xpoftnyro o6tavrcy, nplrJroxc?rM o6pa6oranuyro ro BepxHeMy cpeay. flptrwretaeM, coBI4 cpecbr, rlpPrraMerrlas 6oxosrre cropoHbr, cepeAr,rHy qaer{. TIToeotnaplutM, BbIrIpaBfiM Aetaru rro ruBy npl46ee nepexara, cJIerKa flpoyrroxtl,IM, yAaTaqEBaHzrJr Jrr4MHaMerxy. OrourlareJrbno ornapuM. flpo;roxuu crporlKy. oTAeJrorrHyro Sacren*cy B JreBoM 6cnosolf urne o6pa6oraeM Ea
<MOJIHIII4 )>, OT[apI4M.

flpnnycxn Ha IrrBbrorAeJlotrnofi.qeta.ru ororrieM rra lt3rr aHKy rr rroAorubeIvrnoraft nrrMl4 cre)r(rcaMrr. flpnrauaeM rrofrc, ornaprrM. rrpoyrroxcr4MroroBoe r{BAeJIrde. Orcon.rare.nbHo

'daYag orr4rrr{rfr rvrav\I -.r,o'd.{.,rnon nratraag6'ure,reV orqHqrrerco wraxcorzdu 'vtc goeadVo[ g-V en wrr{Hr4rr orr }rrrB.LeV re.rusVeed 'orqralgoYancou'u d.xcoron or.r{.sdau r,trarrorrzd11 'r\rc g-? en z{.euH ou aa n[oglo onnerruadsonVoa rrre]rr dgz,rc n rsuraYadac orrrgr{rr ruarsYerxradu'Inrznrorrorr o.ranVegra o;asVed -orr xose,rca 4are.r,aY nx[Bnxced nar:ratrc BrrBheHC
'IzIJHII yWIfOIIoil BIOCOII OII WI{}ICOIfC qH}Ifr.

(2,g1'cnd) otnnuuorou oeaugadai


qatDuag nHD)t7il 011o}rgDtJtcod

'(wc I-g'0 uuseJca ,uuae.LcuqrBJ ehHox neeadotr oV au) lseedVou nraera[c -aV'urux 4oaaroV aranarseduuH y\rr{,towJ,o unrenrad,r,3 'rtunrafaoc rrarrara[ rrt]r]rotr, 'fio,tch xrsHsed q,Lru H rla<rgoeed uxsurcs cr,ru orrrultrr u rsnfi[adoc vtvrE -r{rr Jo rznar.r{.drree ansodf. H orr{Hr{rf orornxdag '(gg1'crd) nrurrddnc ro,rlt'rrrho.i arlrrgohoy[Jo rrwnr4gltr r,ryr rsndrrdxnVgaudau rrrll/tgtr wunuVeo3'rrc ZI-0I - Bsvtn uuruut oilvrurnvrvLtosox -o9 ro B 'y[c g-g ]lu4]norJ.o rsur4Yadac urr;auv orr r4r4rf?r vrvruvrrr .LO 'r{trss,tctr yruruurrt ruurudo$o exraodxrsa e11 fioou co-fiu4odttq.a ou ouo co Q ?nHnlr anHacaltnH .rrc 0u _gT corrfrr rrlrgor rsunr[ asl - wc 0?I anradnm radu nnex.r, foxce4 'rennoxdcotruoJ negorr'Hum -atruadx'qrarrelm'slcdamdrorr's,f,cdam - qHuJ 'd.sm .{r rosonog druoaarr orr lrltHrroy[ H B]rtra,rcg 'ruocroll ltrsur.e.Lkldu enanr,rdo@o uzrel III{HIaII. '(gg1 'cnd) xuhrnnl,ororr wanYec n ruanVadeu BH lrr,tlxsercs unrrqxHemarnced c ]rgo{

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BCTaBKaMT{Ha rrepeAEeM Lr SaAHeM IOJTOTITI{r.qaX

'vJc g'Z- ruBrrrrlarf .!tc yru]g rlrqgo}Iog orr L,O _ utulrr?,L tntc -I4If - eeur vrrznvrllt orr g'I ou :rirsm eH raucdIIn du u detra9 orr4ur4 rr r^rurorrJO . raanel,aVxrrsolrog dxyerrrrced rruaenelc' krllanr uosaroY aznarrsedlun retnar,ruao3 'urelaV lrarradng .r,rlc g,I _ eeadc uruttl.trrt ou 6wc g'f - eeurr urnnyrr or :rssm un zxcz{.urld11 etnlrn,r,orou o.rauVadau rAavar,aY nHBlrJ, lr BHVerxcBd .ggl .ckrd

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II punteprca u nocneloaamenbHocmo odpa6ontrcu flpo.rroxrau cvrJrnvr no SaconnbrM ra KoHTypHbrM Jrr{HI/t'fiM.

Cueraewr 6orcosrre AeraJrrl rro cpeAnr,rM JrlrHHsM. Bwretaeu AeraJrut BcraBoK, cKoJroB JrvtHvrv6e4ep u coBMecTrrB cepeAr,rHy. Crvreraem6orosrre ruBbr, ocraBJrffs HecMeraHrrLlMrr 16 cu B JreBoM6orcy g"na Bacrerrcrcrr. Saryreraewr rrr,rarc6nu. flpuueraeM rro ilurlavtut raJrvtu rouxyro fiJrornyro TecbMy. flprarueparvr,yrorrulrM o6.rreranue ro6rcr no @urype, AJrvIrly,npr neo6xoAr4Mocrtr BHeceMvaMeHeHlrfi. Pacnopewr6orcosrre rrrBbr. Cra.raeu 6oxosrre AeraJrrr no cpeAHprmumau. Cpearr o6pa6oraeM, orfiapr,rM na pe6po u paoyrro]nr4M. Cueraewr r4 craqaeM 6oxoerre rrrBhr, ocraBJrflfl B JresoM boxoroM rlecraqaHgbrMrr 16 crvr AJr,fiBacrerxxr{. Cpeerr o6pa6oraeM, ornaprau na pe6po r{ pasyrro}rcrdM. O6pa6oraeM Bacrerrcxy Ha <MoJrnurfi>ur nepx ro6rlr
IIOflCOM, OTnapI{M.

flogourseu nua ro6xu na 6oroebrx rqeraJr.axlr rra AeTaJrffx BcraBoK. Ornapurvr. Bra.raervrAeraJrr4BcraBrcrr. O6pa6oraeM cpeobr, orIIapr.rM na pe6po, He pacTffIlrBaff Ha KOCbTX CpeSaX. C4enaeu noAcerrrrr B ypoBHe Jrvr:uurv 6e4ep. Sayrro*clru rrrBbrHa AeraJrbBcraBKr4r nepxnefi vacTlr pr ocraBurMrrrBbrna pe6po or Ha4cetrnlI BHrrB. Oxon.rare.nbHo [poyrrorrcrrM roroBoe uaAeJrr,re.

'(611 'cnd) ue -ul* vlvfirvrJr orr rJlrgarfar/ ulueuno.r. c rrenrdun s eVoxa r4EH -rrr orr yunaraV vlrho,L r.r(luc 61) uoead,lo wasulao3 'go,tcer. xrsHgud qrrfn BH - I,rlrgoraI,IHolurrr4r 'r{,Lcuh. arsuaed adrs&al' eH lltzrotseed u ea r,tradanren"\4avrur4v raoHsril (wc ra 7) aoneadl.o rqIrnon r,tllnr,rfaoc 'wc ? 0I -- slrrra uftrrrP.J, ururl{rru J,o urvr}Julv4tosovog ou 'Frc 0I r\rprxcorr,Lo efiHs ouqrrexu.r,das eneadl,o fruorr ara oJah aaref rrV '(uxgor [x.r,anox) ga51tra,laV rrura.r,ar,teed 'rruc g-g - rsHfiYadacLo wvtur uulr -I4n O[II:ener,udeg 4rarre.r,av l4]r9or goH rrn'r,ar,need vturldvrrt -Hamorrlrcd efnnn,r,orou orar[edau angodnrsa e11 ' r,rraVorugamurr gosouco .r,prncd.rc -ort rl s[ada]'o orosc s redol,ox 'zxgot gonnamarrrced fl,raxc s,rr4odlcou ulrgor gorrurdn gol,codu atronoo H fioouco-fru4odutqs ou ouocoQ nnHnlr anHaJaHoH 'rrrrorolrr.rhn otr edllag rtnrVadac ro 'crtus r4r -csdeos,Lo urcofirlclrse a 'q,resodrsdea og$contnraraf -er drnrfl' 'annlnnonc Horsourou u gtoxoJrrsou I4 trr 'goaetnotr.[x u goxocrlrs xH,r,atrgoVouHgor nB]rB[ 'r{rc 08 corrrr r,T}r9or rsur,rr[ zd.r, -- rrur enNdum radr ranexl Voxce4 0?I ' qHBlrJ scnefnorz{.drauedV o}rJarf rrgorr' wosorc rniunVo-_ mr^rsnHuosrccdncu rexnol '(dnVerxllou en slftVucou .r,ad.Varcdxlerron aer'tnc ntore u) ou,r.olf -orr gulrJorr'ql,adam nBxHoJ aoulrce.r,oxnd,r,'nntrdege,r 'qlcdam-uadu'qrauelm')raafrreril'xram - qttBlr5 'v[ocBofi wrsH -r'e.r,radu vvrH.vtlf '(691 "cnd) rarruex enorwdosa vrurTrel, -h,Llqs rafirsrrsdxue c aorrVer.r aInpur.Loroil aaaVeg 'rar,rieHur,{de}r rrr\rrqHsadvou u xefiusourtfi eH r,rradarrc gto]r)r(a;cs c rJBHrromorrnced unggq onu[adacofl

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rlafirlvrlr c Bgr{H ulvruvrrrort rqlrott co]rt Brt ncduradu wnrr -nYaop 'a)rcolrorr rJoVrreu en datrag orr4Hrrrr r^rr4,rowro 'dfurox t,tiatrosgo eeed g'1 a gcBIIrIhI{IfOa.[ HeI,{deH a sYOxa raXdOgC }trlrHr,rrf rrgorh ')re,l goeod[ou rrnran]4rf ou dnxcraa[eed i{oere[C
.OIq,LI4H

4oaarof c ur{s&crasJ,ooc s ^(xsumVor en:uoxcrtrradu c eezrra orr4rrlrrr nesuHqedd'raonraVadac efnux.Lorou o.ranYadaur{.xgodnrsa nrraxcorradua:rr1o,L 4augedu Xi 'wc GT - rrr 'nrc -ort co]rc eH u]r]ffal,cee Voxee BH {rlic l-g - r{}r A pH -Hcalce An;ogedgo :rlrrur)rcorrl,o xor,uodn ,r,or;odo.lon ou torttnlrr or.{rrsl.a,LeJor rorrcs watsasodu '(ruc g) eerar dnazrrrlou ux ucdrrNdrr nirrJatirro soeadc .r.g 'rxr,rod:r gesuHsed.{. 'trl,vrra gronrredauott oIr r\Irul]riorc rrr:puJ Elrah -HC 'rre,re asY e rrrafcaeuoCu 4rane,raV dxtrenxce6 (111 ';rzd) otnnuutorcu oeargadau qalroluag nHeula DH DxgDTH?Dd ')rrou corrfrr 4rare,r,e[qrcam ncs.Llrr'drou cnucro? oJacg xr{R grr Lrotrrxen BH rrrru zosaroY ahnor."sedu -Brr ;rra,Loy\r,r,o'wed.danrrtnoCu raxqrodxrra iare;e[' daonco-,tn4odxrss un unoce$ gyrrar4Tr ar{HacanuH'01 I 'cr{d

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Pnc. 171. Pacxaa4rca rra rxarrr 4era.rreft fiepeAnero ( 1 rapraanr) rroJrornrirrqa 6egep r{ rrpoAJrHM Bnepx Ao fiepeceqenr{fi c tunuefi'ranvru, nog6rapaa 0,5 cM, KaK B cxJra,qfie. flapa.n.ne.nbuo rrpoBe4ennofi JrurnvrvorMerr{M rrpurrycnlr Ha BaxoA sacrerrcrrr n ee o6pa6orlcy. Jlnnuro Bxo.qa B KapMaH orMeruM cu.rrorunofi Jrnnvrefi, oruetzM rrpranycrcLl tta rrrBbr: no Jrr{uurl Hr{aa - 2,5 cM, rro Jrurnvryr 3 cu, no 6oxosofi Jrur:avr:u BxoAa B KapMaH O,7 cM, rro Jruruuupaspega - 1r5 cM, rro Jrrrlavrfi'rarvwr- 0,7 elr. Brrpexceu no orMeqenHbrM npl{nycxaM,qeraJrr.r ttepe,quero [oJrorurrrqa ro6xn. Ha ocrasileftcs c.norxennofi BABoerxan?r rro AoJrenoit uwtn paaJrolnrrM mrxpoiixy BarqHerofioJrorurrrrrtra, coBMeqag JrI4Hr4a cru6a rxaHtr racepeArrHyusrxpoftxr.

-e.re[ godo,la ner,rldexa e?oxs dnzr[ en scru(dzlnando 'r,tudogaradr'nur'l,go ardusrhe,Ludrr en .{xcduradu ou prnnodrc arqHur4mer,t eran[ad egY r,turxorodll 'ner,rdex g eVoxs uturnvrrt d xnre;,a[ xnnYadeu eH sor -.rd xrannedJl{lrs znr'acVeu r,ueeraVc r nrael,ogedgg 'I^IOSmrurCrHhOIr -ernodr ehrznl,orou o.rarrfee dsuVadec r,tli4rawJo 'nUr,{deXg eV -oxa.vrvrll'urf olr oHqroJ, xou{ttsYeed airsod.{ eu 'rrnrrt -Lrrf l\rrqHHoceQ z wrsHd.{t,LHo}r orr Lr]mxc mnrorodll nxuogndgo qlil?oHqlrauDsoealtlou n oxdawndll 'cBorr s dutrBruodu rruodx[o11 'wexcr{.urrdfi wrflHHarrarrro oII I']/eJ"aYr,rarredr.rg .(rNc 97 -enrdprm) rare.la[ Eoadan newdeu s eVoxs vrvrlaurrr vrtt -.logedgo nn[ .dnr'e;,gorrri&arlged nneul efeursa e11 '.d.Husorou orz(do.r,a aa wl4rawaed o,r,'Bsl'e,lo Buusouilow ldlfcg 'ric z'0 - crfou urelaV H rqsm Bn zxc^{nr,rdu '(rrucg-g - enradrarn.;3 am<rrog rrc 7 - en enurY) Bcno[ sreraV wr4rarred 'rruc g'I - eeedeud uvll:vl:r o[tl 'ruc L'O - nvIrrr-J,lrvtuuIv ott 'rNc g,?, - vrrv -ur:'vrrr nrlsoxog ou :rtgm en uxcdur,rdu lrul.ar,t.r,g '(dnl,ogedgo orcs BH rrc 0g nlffi rsl'.urs.olrmat[ ,{.nnsorou EH yrrc xer,rden a ets. 91) -oxs ur,rHfir gofiHou eu 'BgBlnden zftrIzgoHmarru eH uc^{.u ytral,arul,o'dd;,gotr r,neYaag6 -ndu 4rsHoodnonsralr 'oIq,LuHr4osorotr c ur{sJc.LosJooc s e|nrznrorrorr o.ran[adau urcel-aYgrodoaa fuVerxced maerafc r{H}rr axlcend wonVogoac e11 'vlc g'Z - vrurrl'urr ltosouog ou 6ntrcL'O - utr4rral, uvrravlrr orr :rsam en uxcz{.nudr r,rul,arrul,o'dl{.r,nou r,teVaagg rrlrgol 8LZ
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lVlo4e.nuponasne ro6orc

279

ara. OrorneM rrprarlycxrl tro Jt rnurfi BxoAa R KapMaH, [poMeTaeM. Orornevr Ha r{BnaHoqnyrc cropouy rrpr{nycx na o6pa6orxy Bacre)rcnr{ ? npcMeraeM. ffpunneraeM rrepByrc AeraJrb ro rropofi rrrr.rnrr jlxo.qaB KapMaH. Cnneraeu 6orosrre rrrBbr. Bawreraelr nzs rc6xn. Ilpranre'raeM no Jrprrurr Talruwr rouryrc, rrJrorl{yro TecbMy. ffpumeprau, yror{Haivr o5;reranrre ro6xr na eurype, no JIuHlrr{ TaJrurul, nSruHeo6xoArrrrrocrzr BIreceMr4BMeHenns. PacnopeM AeraJrrr. O6pa6oraevr rcapMaubr rra nepeAneM noJlorur4rrle. H iaauaHne rleJrbuoltpoeHoro no.qoopa nepeoft AeraJrr.{ ilpl4MeraeM a [pr4TaqaeM Ao.rreBrrn r4B6,HBn,cpea icoToporo [poxo/{r,rT TOrrHono JrIrHuIl BXOAaB Hap.
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npfffla ;rr,rqenyK!eropoHy [orqaopa nepnofi ,4eraJrrr Jro;{tr{Malrqei:ofi. croporor? MerrrxoB?rHy us 6:au, npuMeTaeM 1IIBOM <<r3lrpe,{ I4TOJIKyD r npr{TarlaeM Ha pae-

croarrr4lr0r7 cnnor cpesoB. Cnrauem naMerxy. ruoB orfiapr{M. (rtorneu Melrrlronr{Hy Lrnprrcl'pot{rlM ee r! cpeaaMrra 0,3 cu or rrrBa rrpurarrfiBanra. flTgs orfrapyrM, rro HreJranrllro,c .nzr1,enofi cropogbr, JrranuroBxoArr B KapMrt'I orcrpor{r,rM o.1',qeJrorruofi crpourcofi . lfpunoarr{M R rloJroTrrurqy TpeTf,ro r4eTafib, coBMeqaff nIIIJyfia BXOAaB KapMaH ra. JrlrrleBbre cToporrbr. JIw:uuu BxoAa B KapMarr HaMeraeM, cJrerra rrpr{rroca)r(r{BaflnepByro,r{eTaJrb. paopeaa r{ MerrrrcoBr{Hhr. Cnreraenrrro Jrrrur{ra Ctaqaem rpe'rbrl AeraJrb co nropoft 14MerlrlroBr4lry, Orxprrrrre cpeal,r o6pa6oraeM oBepJronoMraJrrr Ha pyKAX IETCJIbIIATbIM IUBOM.

'Bsm oJoHHrU -adac eag 'or.{.nsrefr s,wrodrrrss emr'.ttn fiuroxotr srrr -a[' 'axl,axo]r BH ro[ou rdrrHuomarnaed - .Vadau a o,lrt 'auuodxrcrs o}Ic go,t oII drrnvuc aera[c .ra]rgot lrol, uoceS sresodrlrra$raYolr oH]rcow nraxererr rad11 'rs[rusolfu rruasmud11 'auraVeu aosoroJ r,trncor.rdodu oHqrrarhHouO ' ntrndeu,r,o' crorr r,taertel,rzd11 'wradeu,r,ou r rrgor enn ruasmo[o11 'rruprxcor,ldeed ra odgad en rruradut.lo.ilrau.L -ogedgo rsaad3 'rssm ar.rsouog rioehB,r,cH rrarar^r3 rrlrg(x

08z

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281

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IO6ra c acuMMerpr,rrrHbrMt4tror4peaaMfi, pacnJrerueuHbrMlr BHrrBy(pnc.172). 3a4nee noJrorHnn{e rJraAftoe, pacrcJrerrrenuoe. Jlurlirzg, TaJruru o$opm.neua rroffcou. SacretrcKa Ha <MoJrHrarrt). TrcaHr - ruepcrb, rroJrylrepcrb, ToHKoe cyrcHo, nJrarqeBKa. Pacxo4 TKaHrr rrpu runprrHe 140 cM - ABe AJrnHbr (CE - ne 6o.rree ro6rra rrJrrcc15 crvr 52 cm). Harueceruuenuruutt Qacorua rua eampoitrcA-ocr{osA Mo4e.nrapyeM Ha paaBepuyroft nampofi rcerrepeArrero rloJrorHrrrqa pacxJrelrennofi ro6rr. Cnpana or JrurHurvt rarrvru BHrirBorMeruv 2-2,5 cm. Sareu ABarrcAbr uo 6-8 cM, rro Hr{By or cepeArrubrBnpaBo - ABarrcAbr no 7-9 clr, a or Jl4rrvtr raJrvrv no rvrnuryr cepeArrHbrrrepeAa Bnrra - 8-10 cu. Coegznzu orpesKrr, Karc rroxaaauo Ha pncyHxe (pzc. 173), co6.nroAaff IIapaJrJreJrbHocTb. flponynnepyeM Karr{.qyroAeraJrb, orMerrdM Ha[paBJrerrr4eAoJreBoilt urarra napaJrJreJrbHo cepeArrne nrrxpofi Hra. Paeperxennnrrrcpofixy rro HaMeqeHrrbrMJr]rHrdffM. Pacrcna1rca Ha,mrcaHu )emaaeit. nepe0rueao noJlomHuuta (pnc. L74l Ha rrcann BpaoBopor c rrcnaxoqnofi eroponbr pasJro)rcrrMAeTaJrr4 [epeAHero noJroTrr[trI&, oTJro*c]rBoT cpesa 3-4 cM Ha rro,qruHBxy Hruroa. Cnpana or KpoMorc ilo lnpoBeAerruoit nnla"uu orJro)nr{M npr{nycx uo 6orconofi - 2,5 cm. flpu.nollcuM qerBepryro rrvrlavrra .qeraJrb,coBMerrla.sAoneByro Hr{Tb, rrptrxoJreM.Pacc.ruraeM rur{puHy pagABnfirnlr rro Hrrsy AeraJru. [rna groro or ruraprrubr
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Mogennponarrr.re ro6orc

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Jrr4Hr{ro 6e4ep, coeArrnlrM c npnrrycxoM Ha paaABr,rrrcxy. Ornnerrau rrpfifiycxrr Ha rrrBbr: Tro Jrurnurv rarriln paa0,7 clr, no 6oxonoit nuu.uvt - 2r5 cM, rro Jrr4urrffM peaa r4paaABr{rnxu 1,5 cwr. Brrpencervr Aer aJrvtrro orMerreirHbrM nprrfiyc HaM. Octaerrzfic.a Kycon THaHrr c,'roxcrrM rrorloJlaM rI ft ero crn5y nprrJro)$lrM cepeAlrny oagnefi errxpoftxr,r, pacxremeirnoft Ba crrer aanpsrroft Bbrraqnr{ Ha raJrr4rr. Paavrerrau rqeraJrbrrosca (gnuwa - He-4 civr6o;rrure CT, rurrpzHa - 6-8 crr). Orryretram rrpl{flycxpr Ha rxBbr K AeraJra rroirca - 0,7 cM BrpyroByro. Pacxponnn AeraJru rro orMeqenubrM rtpnflycrcaM. Brrxpozm raa6opronofi r:ranrr nponJraAny B rrofic (nnuHa rro,4JII,IHe fiOffCa B paCKpOe, ruI4pr,IHa TIOJIOBII-

pacrcpoennofi AeraJrvrnoaca). Ha rrrr4pr,rHbr flo4xpor,ru AoJreBr,rH na 6fi.au 4"na o6pa6ornrr Bacrelrcx?r rra (MoJrHr4n> (4;rr,rna - 16 cM, rrrfiplrua 2,b cw.). Ilpuneprca u nocne)oaamenbHocrnu odpa6omrcu flpo.rrorxzu cr4Jr n r4 rro BaA rreMy noJrorn r4 rrl y. Orvrerr,rnn cepeAHHy4eranefi [poxra.4orrHbrt{ rrrBoM. Saxpenr-ru rr c,qeJraeM HaAcerrxu Ha BuyrpeuHrrx yrJrax [epe.qHero noJIoTHIIIqa. Cnneraeryr AeraJrrt nepeArrero noJrorHarrla B nocJreAoBaTeJrbHocTa pacr(JraAKr.r Ha TKaHI{, coBMerrlaff JTUI}II1IE

rrr4oa,6egep. Cryreraelr6oxontre rrrBbr, B JreBoMocraBJrEfl HecMeraHHhrMI{16 cnn,IIJrff Bacre)fiKr{. llpnueraeM rro raJrr4r4 Tourcyro, n;rorHyro recbMy. llpnmepurvr, yroarnr4rvr odrelanue rc6rcra ua $rrrype, flpu nouorqu "rruHefiKrayrorr:rul[ $aconnrre Jwrrrra.l"l. Jrlruraro Hr4Ba or no.na (6ee o6ysa). flpz neo6xo.4lrrlrocrlr BHeceD( rraMeuenrzff. Paenomuivr rra croJre ro6xy, BbrpoBHfleMrr4nuro uilaa (cwr. <,OcnopoBxa rrar4err{,fi>).Ormerralyr[pr4nycx Ha rro,qrur{Bry.

'elrro[ea ooso,LoJr,rinxcor.rdodu onqrrarBhuouO 'nrradeur.o'cBou nraehe.Ludrr 6<<HlrHrfow]en r{nxcalce v\loe.Logdgo 'r,turrorl.,teed u odgad en r,{r,rdeu.Lo'waerog -udgo rsead3'rrlrx{a.Lcue nrV tuc gI ItwrIHHBhrcoH rtrtlr -sglco ruosar g 'rqsm orqsouog v[aheJ,clI woraINC '4OUr'Od,r,C 4OnnOref,ro rqsm eranxdes rNuu -adnee orlrHrfalrc o11 'trrel,aV ololulrcrrH H xr{ r,trrxcor'r,rt -ge Lrra?h raanxdas a e 'odgad BH rtc.torerco lqlsm elrrs uunacilun &O 'xBlrro.rzi s urtr deYag ausod.[ eH l{}rhac -fen rraeraV3 'odged en ltraden'r,o 'dam ou rseadc Dla -e;ogedgo'Inuu,lorou o.ren[adau rare.r,eV waeherC 'r,tudeu16 'onsreV.Lo rrre,r,aV BH ltugol eran lrrasmololl {roVrrex 'rtsm eca ltadouceg rrlr9(x

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Ildoge;rup on arne ro6 ox

247

MOAEJTb36
IO6xa pacxJrerrenrrafl c Surypnurvu4 Jrr{Hr{ffMr4 rroApeooB (puc. 175). Jlnrlras raJrurvtoSopnnnena rprrrarrHbrMrrogcovr. Sacrerxxa Ha <(MoJrHr4lr>. Tganr -- Iuepcrb, fioJry[repcrb, l'onxocyKounaff . Pacxo4 TrcaHrdflplr rufipr,rue 140 cM _- ABe .qJrr,rubr ro6rn rrJrroc2O crvr. Harueceaue nunuft Qacorua na autpoilrcA-ocHosq Ha nrrxpofixe nepe4uero floJrorrruilIa pacxJrerrrennofi ro6xra orMerlrM rruruvrurroApeaoB no 6oxosoft nnrruyr -- 4 u 6 cw, or rrytnvrucepeArrHLrnrrxpofircra rro JruHLrulrrrsa rpr,r orpeona no 6-7 cu. Coe4nnfiM BcrroMonareJrbrbrMr4 Jrr4HrrffMla KaxcAyru napy qn(pp Ao rrepeceqelaua. JIuswu, npoBeAeHubrerra rrwrcnrrx rorrex, AoJrlrclrbr 6rrrr uapa.rureJrbnbr cepe.4vue nrrrpofixra, a rae6ononrrx Toqex - rrapaJrJreJrbnbr rarrvwr. Vr.nrr B Tor{Kax nepeceqeHufl cnpylJrr,rtr rrJr aBHbrM rrepexoAoM. Ornnerrawr r{oHTpoJrbHbrMrr rorrxaMrr nepexoA BaxpyrJreul;.oft nwr,utt BIIpffMyIo. flponyrvrepyeM AeTaJrrr,o'fiueTr{M ua xanc4ofi HarrpaBJrenrze 4o.nesoft lrlrrlr. Paspexeu nrrxpofircy uo orMeqeunbrM JrrrurrffM(puc. 176). Pqcrcnalrca H.anlrcavu 0emaneit nepe}neeo noronxrduula(pnc. l77\ Tranr [pr{ pa-cxpoe cJro}rcr4M notroJraM no 4onenofi HurI4. Or cpeaa orMertrM npnrrycft Ha rro,4rur{Bxyr{r4oa n6xn (3 cm), rpoBeAeM trepea orMerreHHyrororrny ropHSOHTaiIbHyro JrrrHtf Io.

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KOBOM IIIBE.

Trcanr - mepcrb, rroJrymepcrb, [JrarrleBaff. Pacxog rKaHrzIrlpu ruupune 140 cM - ABe AJlrlrrbr ro6rr rrJrroc15 cu. a ru a a amp oit rc H ar+ ec eruueauruuil Q a co ru A'oc Ho6A Ha nrrxpofiHe pacrclerueunofi ro6rr Ba crrer SaKpbIrofi na ranrurfi Bbrrarlxr{ Ha[oJIoB]rHy pacrBopa Harreno4peaHofi AeTaJru, orJro*trrM no xlu]i^Iau6e' ceM JrLrHErlr nepeAa 6-7 crt, sareM - 9-11 cm u Aep or cepe,qrrHbr napaJrJreJrbuo cepeAane. Or rvftruIvI rrpoBeAeM Jrvt:e.vril TaJrurutrro [epBofi nponegennofi Jrvrnnvr orJIoECrrM [JraBuof,t nrz.5-6 crvr,uo ntopoft - 8-9 cM lr coe4r4HI4M nraefi orMerreHghrerorrxrr (prc. 185). flponyrrepyeM,4eraJlrr, orMerrrtM Ha[paBJreuue Ao' reeoft r'vrrvr. Pacrcna0rca Ha tnrcaHu 1em.aneit. nepe)neao norrornHuuta(puc. 186) tluTranr cJrolrcldMno[oJraM, crn6arvrrnrlo AoJreBof,t ru. OrroxcrrM or cpeaa 3 crvr.flprnoxrau [epByro AeTaJIb, ypaBnrrBag cepeAnuy c ttunweir ctlz6a rxanr{' a Ha rroArrrr4BKy. JrlrHrrro nnaa ro6xfi - c rrp[[ycroM flpzronevr AeraJIb, o6re4ennKoHTyp, orMerkrM JII{HIIK) 6egep, fipanycr]r Ha [rBbr: Tro rrvtrruluHrroa - 3 cm, uo - 0,7 cu. 6oxonofi Jrvrntrvt- 2,5 cM, rro JrvtIJ'uIvranruIfi C qemro axorroMrilrt rxaurr BHyrpIr rcouTypa BblpeaaHHofi AeraJrrt fipoBeAeM Jrrrutrlo cepeArrubr, HalKAaa rroJroBrrra 6y4er coorBercrBoBarb [oJroBr{He r.ny6unrr

zr,{en[erxc ranrunnodorc -onVo'unr)rselcs t4rrrsuead -VoII c 'nBHHamarxaed ex96,1 '68 srfarotr '7gI 'clrd I

Mo,qenuponanue ro6orc
<-----+ I 2

305

PaBPeBarb pa.pe'arb

{:_____}

Puc. 185. Hanecenue :lunutrr Qaconana rurpoft ry-ocuoBy

1 <---> crra6 Puc. 186. Pacx.naAxa Ha rrcaHrr Aera;reft repeAnero rr{a IIoJroTHkt cKJraAKr[. .{;ra o6pa6otrcra orMeruM BBepxy Jrvrluulw I{a/4cerren K yrJIaM BcTaBK}r, oTJroEcrrMrro [poBeAennoft nvtw:ana 2rb cwt u coe4vrnvrM ee c yKaBaHHbrBuyrpeuneit
MI4 TOtIKAMIiT.

fi '

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flpz.noxraM K TRaHr4 BTopyrc AeraJrb B coorBercrr.r4vrc HanpaBJreHr4eM 4oreeoft Htrrrr. O6ne4eu xon6e4ep. Pacnrrpuu AeraJrbc AByx ryp, orMerrrM Jrrdnuro To ecrb cropoH rro rroJroBlrHerrrlrprrHrr carvrofi AeraJrr4t, no 4,5-5,5 cnr. Oruerr,rM rrpulycnr4 Ha rrrBbr:tro Jrvrnutur nuaa -3 cM, rro Bepxy.4eraJIlI- 1,5 cur.

-Ven oV a nxr.acYen ,lo) dxdass ra r rugr,r.rc r,{rannedrdns orr rusgrcg rlre.LoV rseadc ruael,ogedgo u woBhErC .rrsm arseoxog nrad -oucd'rtrrHauallrgr,r wacaus ralcor,rtrVoxgoan ltd11 ' drrurr[' vturrprr"t artnnoceS ' adz{,ruQ r4}rgor ou our{aJorrgo rnnr'o,r.d. . r,rndawudll ' rllrgor .{.xsllmfou r,rae.r,arrulrd11 ' 'r{}rhrrqa nesr,rucgcoulrdu '.Al{qco,L ordrr.r,orru' ot.d.}r rro,l, fiurra J, ou ntae.r,anrlrdll 'ruc wosar s rlfrgBJco .rqgm 9T r{ytIrITTHEJaI/|IDaH arrsolrog 'weguJc yrruHmaus orr Hxtrrxc urauraruC 'xoferxc angod.d BH rrxgor euu r raerar,n[o11 ' z{rrse,Lcgrnree,rawr,rdll. <rrrB,L -atr orztdore eeadeed vlvtuvrrron r,uueadcx rrael,ar,ur,rd11
'WBI{HIzIIf WISHHOhOIAIH OII SOr.Id

dnr'actruH waenefc rn rsHr,rfedal ururnwr ou r,rarradeed 'nre.r,aV 4oadau Bn rsrld aunnad,lz{na nruuadneg 'wosm wrsuholernodu Inranl,onou dnratradac ilu4,Law.Lo
.WIfIIE

-ran wrsHddJ,rrolr r4 r,rrrsnnoceQorr rr]rrrr{c wuncorudll nxuogodgo qluaoltqltalaDgoealtcou n oudawnd y '(ruc 'mc gI - enrrY) <rrrirurroy[) H r{x A'A - enradum -x{a.Lcuaan.rogedgo rrf raerg 8r{ Ht4soro[ wnodutso11 -oron - enudlrm 'cgorr ravel"aVr,ronnaodncud enranV ou - enuvY) crrou a rtxVeirxodu - rruelrr goao.r,dog ett'lttettcdundu yiIrqHHor.aIN,Lo orr arre,r,aV rruuodnce4 'orrtao.rrtdns ,(nrc g-g - nradram ,;,C rNc^l'0 - rqsm err r,rxcd.ur4du omqrog rirc ? rr - unzrV) Bcrrou srereV wprrarued 'prxczturnduwr{rawro .rrHB}r.L ztgtt,rcx ux' -godnrra dnuVedac lruxcorvdu .prrrgorelnran,rorou aau -fBe r,rr.r.r,ar,rteed rarrex.r, BIrHotr oJorruaorouoa nl,odu 3 rrlr9ol 908
'oa HIIS

Mogenuponarure ro6orc

307

ceurclr), ornaplrM. flponoxcuu orAerorrnyro crporrxy, oT[apHM. flo4oursewr nua ro6xz Ha ypoBne cKJraAoK, ornapLrM. Cueraeu r crarraeM 6oxosrre rrrBbr, B JreBoMocraBJrflfl HecrarragHbrMlt 16 cnr AJrtrBacrelr(rrn. Cpearr o6paSoraeirn,orrrapuM na pe6po rr paoyrrc)rcllM. vr [pr4TarraeM o6pa6oraeM SacrelrcKy Ha <,Mor]i.vrvr>> rroffc. Ornaprau. Irlgnuruex no raJrurlrBa ctrer pacrBopa BbITarreH 6rrrr npunocalrcen. AoJrlKeH Hr{B ro6xu, orrrapr{M. on-rare.lrbH o rroAorrrr,eM Orc flpuumenn [yroBrrrlbr. OHon.rarerr,Ho rrpoyrro*(rrM roroBoe lrBAeJrHe.

-ou o,renVadeu rtu god]rns wnxcorr.rdll .]r)r9or z{xsrmVou en ncduradfl nerrar rJo .ruc g eeadc ,r,orruraud.lcJo .uJr4H 4oaarotr ou rirerrorro[ y[E]rcorrc oodnced vdt rnex;, (691 .cud) ntnnutaonou oeaugadau LlaTDUaqnHotrla nH D%gDlfetcod ' vrl,nt goaarco? eltnarsedreH sr,rJat[ -Jo 14sgodarrudnodu 'mtgt4]d'wr turilllHol.oyttro ou unere[ werxadrrg 'rarre,ruoglrdo.r rnrolrnolr r{ worrhen c lrznraf -ooc (l,llc7 -g xdaaa y[rur]r{orJo nznaraV wrhol, err u mBrf .rrr{Harrac -ouou wraratreed noead.lo HrqHqr.reJHoezdotr -adau oY uuttutt arsHdrr.{.uraYnandeu oHWfiBesesV rue[ -esodr ruedVagou '(wc II-0I) exeedl,o ulrnox r{ ra}r}ror 'r{c vr?TIJurI/ .ro &roHllrarJor^rollcs oII 4O.r eI{ 0I vrvrrrBJ, er4ua sr4u{or,lo 'l,rxgl,cs qrceh orornxdas wul,tdo$g 'daVag .(z{.eran ou z{xae.Lcarrrd "avrnrzrtc niranr,rfaoc -umced) rrucg'I orr wr4rarrJo rtrularrt xrrusrroJJorroucs ,Lo osars u ogedus eevrlr.vryrnvrrroII .(gg1 .cud) etrad -au anuVadac onqrarrredeu ormIJ'urIJ or^rtnsraJ,e.roarollcs wc r{rrunorccBd en daVag vruurrv .Lo aau ,Lo IT-0I 'rua g-g r,rr4unoJ,cced en 'eYadau anraVadacor.rtnsrarred -elr' orprutttt or.r{.Hs rele Jor ron cs nra?eaodll .rl x se.Lc fi I,urH -rrrr'\raaaHen elnrzn.r,orforr oJorrtsederrdxgodrrrsa e11 fieouco-fix4odxtqa ou ouocoQ enHnxt anttaJaHDH 'I^IC corrll I']rgor 0g rsur,rrV astr - nic 0?I anr,rdnm ndu aseul, troxce4 'rreseffieru's,rcdamdrou .s.Lcdam - qnux; '(291 'cud) .'rar'rsrort> H Blrxca.Ir -ceg 'wocrorr ]\rrqnhe,r,raduenanrudoSo nurter, lrvrnuTt 'aoxVenl elnan.lorou aenYeg .(4rondaau ra raruznnod -olconVo) urNeuVerxc firursuruarr,ndoQo .olnus.lorou nranVadeu BH urretrse,Lcs oc .rtenHamorxced un96r1

07qrsvofi
n5rg0I

808

Puc. t87. Moaenr 40. IO6xa pacx,'IerueHHaff ,


co BcTaBKaMuHa [epeAlreM floJrorurrrqe, o$opu.nerurbrMrr
CKJIA.IIKAMU

ou r{.nragitrJ nmqrHal^Irt,sHexr H l^roJoHadauprHgu.Las ar4Halrfon'oll 'wc g - grru vrrluvrr.ton .rNc g,?, _ vrurnurlf 'rNc oII :rqsm en raxcz{.u Xrosoxog orr L'O - mlrrfe.l urldlJu:rf ..Atl.{;,rroxon walaago .r,nar -ndu 'deVag orrrnr,rr y[h.Lararro -oxmd11 'z{.xalrrnVouun r,uoncduzdn c r4}rgoreuu s .ux -godxrsa raorrraVadac c pru)rJ gz.rc relnaruaoc .BlrruHlor efrruH.r.orou o.rantsadau garela[ nHexr en enVeruced .6gI .cr.rd

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Jrvtuuttrrr{Bac AByx cropon no 1 cu. Coe4unr.rM[oryqenHbre rorrxpr c .nrtnaeit 6e4ep. flporegelr Jrrutnrrro cepeArrHbI BcraBxra, fioropyro paspe*ceM rrocJre uepnofi npraMepKrI. C uporuoofioJro]Knoro Konqa rr(aur{ paoJrourtrM Bbrxpofiry BaAHefo noJrorHlrrqa, fiprrJro*cr,rBcepe,qr{gy x crra6y r,rJrlrKpoMKau (n BaBr{cprMocrr{or pacrroJroxceHrrs Bacrelrcxra). Otnner rM K AeraJrlr rrpurryc]cn Ha rrrnbr: - 4,7 cM, rro 6oxoebriu - 2,5 cM, IIo IIO Jrlrr{ruttr TaJrvt1,tr rrurnuur rrkraa- 3 cu, nocepe4rrue - 2-2,5 cu (eclra sagHee [oJrorur,rqe co rrrBoMnocepe4raHe). Bnrpexcem,qeraJrr,r no orMerreHrrbrM rrplr[ycxaM. II puneprca u nocne)oaameJlbHoctna odpa1ornrcu Oruernu [poxJrarqorrubrM ruBoM cepeA]rny noJrotH?rnI. Cueraeu 6oroarre runrr (npu Harrurr{rdr.r rrrBa Ha BaAHeM rroJrornraule),ocraBJraa EecMerauuruun l-6 cM Ana SacTetr(KlI. flprueraeM rloArrrrrBrcy, uo raJrurn - ronxyro rrJrorHyro TecbMy. flpruepr,ru, yrorrulrM o6neranrae ro6xn aa $wrype, AJrrrHy, Jrvrr.vrra 4era"neft BcraBKr4, npra ueo6xoAuMocrrl BHeceMrraMeHeHr{a.Pacnopelr 6oxosbre rrrBbr. Yroqnun Ha rrprrMepKe noJlor*eHr{e BcraBrcr{, rroARponM Ha BbrnaAe TKaHr.rHeAocTaroque AeTaJru.Paspet{ceM AeTaJrb Iro JrrlrHr{H cepeAr4Hbl. Pas4nraneu na TKaHpr rro Jruruvrvpaapega na rny6une eeepnofi cKJraAxu (2O cM) u pacrrr{puM ee c AByx cropoH Ha noJroBtruy rny6nnrr orquocroponneft cHnagrz (5-6 cm). l.ny6zny crcJraAoKyMeHF,rur.rM no Hr,r3y no 1 cu co cTopoHbl Buerrrulrx cru6os u coeAlrur{M c JrrrHuefi 6elep. Ecarr Ha BbrnaAe TKaAeTaJrbfioJrrrocTbroHe yKJraAbrBaeTcff
HLI, TO ee MOII('HO BbIHpOI{Tb CO IIIBCM IIO BHyrpeHHeMy

cru6y neepnofi cKJraAKr{ c yrreroM npra[ycxoB Ha rrrBbr.

' o}.lvaYavr ao so.LoJ r,rn ncor,r,z{.o d u o HqrrarB}rHo }rO

'f'tifAdeU

.notrernc exaodd. eH eelrx ^H -,r,o'nugor er4Hr ra<rmoVo11 -rar[ nrnn rro.r,.<t' r,rr,rd anrzd11 ..[rrura mVou ruae.r,awzd11 .nrradeu.lo.ruocrou w,rgor xdae la <LTtrurrorir en dutra,r,ce rrau,rogedgo 'niu$cor,lfeed n odged 'nralogedgo rseed3 .r4urrarcee rrll nrc en ruradeu,r,o A1 IltIAirrHI{B}rB JCAH ltrrrseJ,co . ( rar,r IruTIeII udu ) granvee rauntradc v utrgor rirsm arqso)rog r ra"hrc r4 r^raeJar^rC 'LrrlrBxtrBrHcoc aJ,cowagr.rg r,tradeu.rg'xoYerxc anaodf. BH Lrlrgtx ernnwasmoyoll ' r4)r9orallr4 H.Lorou eH r^rrax{otl.d.ee arssor.rd 'odgad en rrurzdet,ro.r^rae,Logedgo rseed3 .eln 'nienodo.lc nrrssorlf. orr goxsercs oc uxgor elnranlorou rraBJorrC 'r^rgr4Jc wI,IHmaHs oII n}IyerHc rraB.LawBg ' xoVern a ansodd BH r,r gol )r l{.ysramYou rliael,awrad11 'rExVerxc raannodo,r,con[oztgz.rc^dr,rannad,ldns on orsreJaV uousouco c z{.ngercagoxrar rH lrr,rnr,rveo3 'lrxnod;,c oY gor.r.d. xznnad.rdns ralr -hocVerr nraeraVc 'rsura[adac laurlawron rr]rgor alnranlor -ou eanVadeu r,uorradtrol .zttuuHrorrorr drnianvadau ou uxsrcs ax.rcertt{. en rsr,r.{t azrrnad,r,r{.nantr,ruadneg 'r4usJca rureroY orr ratrrrr{cwr,rncorodll '(ecrou raneraV anranYou - unranf (vrelaV raonnaodnced rsgzdzm BHkrsorou - enr,rd -nm) urenr, qroaoldog er4 cnou s /tuVeruodu ruzodxvo11 'r{c .(mc g-g - enzdzm .93 /'0 - rqam en uncduradu am<rrog rlrc 7 H - enrarY) Bcrrorrsrel,aY hrr4ror reed 'rNc 9'I asm s IttlrsBlco't4tfJoV LroHrrBrafiIc z xex[eruc xrqrggoxfor -ee ndu rnrancadc xamrrrrell 'uuse.rcs latte;,,ay sor.r.d.xwu -xdes Jo fic g'I - ururnurlr &rowrdu on ure,re[ Axdas orr trruc - PeyrrlwvruuIrou :rqsm en n ncduradu r,tral,er,t,r,g e
-LIH,LOIfOII 14 I4XSJCS IfUHBSIq'lOr,riC erraod^d BH IAIaI.B.IC

uugol

zr8

Mogemrponarre

ro6orc

313

MOAEJTb41
IO6xa c KJrraubffMrrroAe. Jl:rrrr:r's, Tanrutflo$opunena nperrarrr{brMrroffcoM (prc. 190). Sacrexcxa Ha MoJrntrr{. Tranr - .nro6ag Mgrxaff, He orreHb rrJrorHa.fi,xoporuo Aparrupyrcqaffcff. Pacxo4 Tlcaurir onpeAeJrffercff rrpeABapr,rre.nsnofi pacKJraAKoit n sar:acr4Tor KoJrr4arecrBa KJrrlHbeB, r/tx
lInpI,IHbI no JrvrIIuIfi IJuBa, I[LlpIIHbr VJLU BOpCa fi pasMepa TKaHI{, HarIpaBJIeHr4fl pHCyHI{a lrsAeJrr{fl.

Cyrqecrnyer MHorrcecrBo Bapr{aHToB nocrpoeHratr KJrrrHaro4e. Kar*4rrft or"nrauaercff paaMepoM pacxJrerrra r4 pacfioJro]rceH lrreMcur MMerprrrrH brx nlalnufi.. Pac.rer oAHoro KJrraHa BaBucfiT or o6rqero KoJrrrqecrBa KJrkr Hsen ro6rcra. Onpe4enraM rrrnplruy KJrlrHano raJrr4r{:rroJruaff oKpylrcHocrb ranurcr + 0,5 KoJrr4rrecrBa KJrLrHbeB ro6rcu. Onpe4enuM rrrr4plrHy nJrrurnano 6e4pau: (nonnaa oxpylrcHocrs 6e4ep * 1): Ho.nuqecrBo rcJrr4nbeB ro6xu. Onpe4e;ruM JrrrHrrr{ 6e4ep no cnsrofi rvrepxe,{16. IfocnnpoeruuecuMnempuvruoao rcnuHa (prac 191 a) Ha .rrracre 6yrvraru [poBeAeM Jrurrl:urro AJrr{Hbrro6nlr, BBepxy - JrrrHrlK),fiepneHAunyJrffpHyro efi. Touxy nepecerreur4rr o6oaHa.rvM 6yrnoft A. Bupano r/rBJreBo or rorrKr,l A or.rroxuM no rroJroBuHepacctlvrannofi urr{pr4HbrKJrrrHa [noraJrvrv. ]Ig ro.rxfi A orJroxrlrM BHrrB BeJrltqr4Hy Mepxu ,{16 - Torrxa B, rperraft - Ha AJrnHy ro6rcz - roqra H. 9epea xouerl orpesra 0,5 cu rrJraBnorpoBeAeM JrrannroraJrurvt KJrrrHa.flporra6 rro raJrvrl neo6xo4rann 4.na paBHoMepuoro pacrpeAeJrenrrfl Safig rro Hr{By. Ha yponHe rorrxr4 B or.nor*ulr BrrpaBorur BJreBo rro noJroBlIHerlrrprrHbr rcJrr{Ha no 6e4pau. Coe4unru Me}rcAy co6ofi TorrKLr, orrpeAeJrsroqrae rrrr4prany KJrr4Harro JrrrHr{flM 6egep ur raJrvrfi.

atroJ r4nrrlrHurflr c Bxgol 'I? sravotr\I'06I 'cr4d

Moge;rnponanue

ro6orc

315

o Puc. 191. a 6[ocrpoeur{e crrMMerpr{qnoro KJrtrHa, nocrpoeHr{e aclrMMerplrquoro KJr}rHa

Hraxnroro qacrb KJIr4Ha o$opwr"naeM rro MoAeJrIlr, Ho 6oxonrre Jrvrnurutor nvr:r^urv 6e4ep Ao Jrvtnvtr IrIdBa .qoJrlrcnrr 6rrrs paBHbr cpe4nefi rvrlal,rurKJrrrHa Ha aroM ypoBue. Cv wrwretprE.rrrsrfi rcJrrag Jryrl rrre Br,MeprplTs H a Jrracre 6yuarra cJrolrceHHofi o4noe, rro trrulawur ctla6a noropofi AOJrlrcHarrpoxoAr{Tb ero Jrr4Hr.rflcepeAHHbr. Bsrpeaanurrfi x.nzn o6ecne.rrar r,rAeaJrbHyrocrlMMerplln. Pacxpofi ro6xt4 oKoHoMHee npor4aBoArrrb lra rKar{}r c ABycTopoHHr{M HanpaBJreHLreM pr{cyHKa urJrurBopca. PacxragrrBIfl AeraJrl, KJrr{Ha Ha rKaHH, Hy}rtHo crporlo cJreAr{Tb Ba HarrpaBJreHkTeMgonenofi Hr4Tvr, Koropafi
AOJI}fi HA NPOXOAIITb IIOCEPCAIIHE KJII4 HA, IITO I,ICKJIIOqAET

nepexoc rbanA, HaJrlrrrrre4e$eron rro rrrBy coeAlrHeHrrff. flpzuycxu Ha rrrBbr: tro JrutnyrfiTaJrvrfi- 0,7 cM, rro crarrraBaHr{ff KJrr4Hbrrrrravlr lgfiBa - 1,5 cu, no Jr?rnpr?r 1,5 cnn.O6pa6orxa rr norur{B aHaJrorr4rrrrro6sr.ren HbrMKJrr{HoBbrM ro6nawr. Ecnt,r KJrrrHacvMMerpr{rreu, To fiocrpoeur4e ero AeJraeMHa oAHy cTopoHy or BeprrlKaJrr{, a pacHJraAKyHa TKaHI{ B},InOJIHffeM TaIC,.rrO6rr Sa;r4rr paKJIeIXaB rO(puc. 191 6). rosofi ro6rceBarra4aJrr{ cnpaBa rraJreBo

06"""""" 88"""""" 18"""""" 62"""""" 6L"""""" 82"""""" 2L""""""

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89"'.

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'urrulr,L ""--T_?:^iurnaruarnced

r4xr4odxrsrs B}{trBrf )rcBd gorundu asoxco elavlarrar, ou Herre,f,rqa 99"""""""""' xts,Lrsdrree.Lerrc Ec nHHamarxced ,eu96E sumoll 99............ rnrafeu uueodoncg V9"""""":""""""" .ruraVer,r undoruradg 29"""""" 'endarrudu )r r4)rgor Busorortroll 29"""""" ..... ?rlrgor 69""""".. 4oxaomxd.eV gowrdu ux4rodxrse uHBlrJ gH Bxtrruced 89''''' uxgor gonaomxdaV lror,{sdu encarder. eranaod.r.co11 . . . . . . . x o d a r aa ru.Lsrro 09"""""" ' . . . . . . e n o c e Qd o g r s g 6?"""""" "".. orruaudr,cdxr..r a rrlxa@afl 9t"""""" xelrgor g r,rxVeruVou ex.logedgg W"""""" " sor.rd xunned,rdna eutogedgg 91"""""" BCBOIT eaReArar'e.r,rzd1 2r"""""" rsnerrduXl 9A............ xe)rgor a garrela[ xu]rrranI lr sored exl,o9edg6 V2""""' ,r,oged xrsHnasm rlr.rorconvruda;, 22"""""" """rlsm aTIIIHITIIIIey\I n arsnnd4 0I"""""" " " " " " " " " "' xnr{rrorrgocouazdu u xulner,rdd,rcun gO 1 BuHovoEc aulrrgo.I qrc"Ii 2"""""""" .auHatrasg g'.............

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