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Basic Korean Expressions

Greetings
English
Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening. Good-bye. (to person leaving) Good-bye. (to person staying) Good night. How do you do? (meeting for the first time) My name is _____. How are you? Hello? (on the phone) Do you speak English? ? ? (F) . . (F) . . (F) . (F) . (F) ___ . (F) ? (F) ? ?

Hangul

Pronunciation
Annyong haseyo? Annyong hashimnikka? (F) Annyonghi kasayo. Annyonghi kashipshiyo. (F) Annyonghi kyesayo. Annyonghi kyeshipshiyo. (F) Annyonghi jumushipsiyo. (F) Ch'oum poepgetsumnida. (F) Chonun ______ imnida. (F) Ottoshimnikka? (F) Yoboseyo? Yeongeorul malsum halsu isseoyo?

Basic Expressions
English
Yes. No. Thank you. I am sorry. . . . (F) . (F)

Hangul
Ne. Aniyo.

Pronunciation

Kamsahamnida. (F) Mianhamnida. (F)

Expressions for Eating Expressions for Eating


Greetings
English Please give me a menu. I'd like one order of ... Don't make it hot (spicey). Please bring me some water. Please bring me the check. Hangul . ... . . . . Pronunciation Maenu chom kattajuseyo. ... il-inbun put'k hamnida. Maepchi ahngae haechusaeyo. Mul chom chuseyo. Yogi kyesanso chom kachooseyo.

Please give me a receipt.

Yeoungsujeungeul chusaeyo.

Feelings
English
(I) (you) love like hate detest dearly love Thank you. Thank you. I am sorry. I am very sorry. I feel (am) angry sad happy merry excited depressed afraid nervous thankful sorry puzzeled confused pleased disappointed excited

Hangul
() () .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Pronunciation
(Naneun) (dangsineul) ..haeyo. Saranghaeyo. Joahaeyo. Miwohaeyo. Jeungohaeyo. Samohaeyo. Gomapseumnida. Gamsahamnida. Mianhamnida. Joesonghamnida. Naneun ..haeyo. Hwaganayo. Seulpeoyo. Gippeoyo. Jeulgeowoyo. Sinnayo. Uulhaeyo. Museowoyo. Bulanhaeyo. Gomawoyo. Mianhaeyo. Hwangdanghaeyo. Danghwangseureowoyo. Manjokseureowoyo. Silmangiyeyo. Heungbundoeyo.

surprised happy unhappy lonely lonely refreshed unpleasant comfortable falsely accused shameful ashamed stuffy (or difficulty in breathing) bored painful It is inconvenient hard difficult easy intresting mystic charming moving admirable stylish pretty beautiful cute complicated simple

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . () .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nolrawoyo. Haengbokaeyo. Bulhaenghaeyo. Godokaeyo. Oerowoyo. Sangkoaehaeyo. Bulkoaehaeyo. Pyeonhaeyo. Eogulhaeyo. Bukkeureowoyo. Changpihaeyo. dapdapaeyo. Jiruhaeyo. Apayo. (Geugeoseun) ..haeyo. Bulpyeonhaeyo. Himdeureoyo. Eoryeowoyo. Swiwoyo. Jaemiisseoyo. Sinbihaeyo. Maeryeokjeokiyeyo. Gamdongjeokiyeyo. Hullyunghaeyo. Meositsseoyo. Yeppeoyo. Areumdawoyo. Gwiyeowoyo. Bokjaphaeyo. Dansunhaeyo.

Food and Drink


Grilled Foods
English
barbecued beef broiled beef tripe and chitterlings broiled eel broiled short ribs grilled chicken grilled fish grilled side of pork grilled sirloin grilled tenderloin grilled toduk root broiled flatfish seasoned and grilled yellow dried pollack broiled Spanish mackerel

Hangul

Pronunciation
bulgogi yang gobchang-gui jangeo-gui galbi-gui dak-gui saengseon-gui samgyeopsal-gui deungshim-gui ansihm-gui deodeok-gui gajami-gui hwangtae-gui samchi-gui

Kimchi Types
English
chopped radish kimchi ponytail kimchi red water kimchi rolled kimchi summer green water kimchi white cabbage kimchi whole cabbage kimchi winter white water kimchi

Hangul
ggakdugi

Pronunciation

chonggak kimchi nabak kimchi bossam kimchi yeolmumul kimchi baek kimchi baechu kimchi dong chimi

Meat Dishess
English
barbecued beef

Hangul
bulgogi

Pronunciation

broiled short ribs ginseng chicken soup grilled side of pork grilled sirloin grilled tenderloin Korean sausage chicken beef boiled in soy pork hock variety vegetable wrap with rice and meat slices of boiled pork seasoned shredded beef

galbi-gui samgye-tang samgyeopsal-gui deungshim-gui ansihm-gui sundae tongdak jangjorim jokbal bossam pyeonyuk yukhoe

Noodle Dishes
English
buckwheat noodles with clear chicken soup buckwheat noodles with raw fish cold noodles in soup hot spicy noodles handmade noodles Japanese noodles mixed vegetables with noodles noodles in soy bean water ramyon spicy buckwheat noodles watery buckwheat noodles wheat flour noodles

Hangul
makguksu

Pronunciation

hoe naengmyon naengmyeon jjolmyeon kalguksu udong japchae naengkongguksu ramyeon bibim naengmyon mul naengmyon guksu

noodle casserole buckwheat noodles

guksu jeongol memil guksu

Rice Dishes
English
five-grain rice fried rice kimchi fried rice mixed vegetables on rice rice wrapped in seaweed sizzling vegetables on rice stir-fried octopus rice ball broiled scorched rice boiled rice mixed with vegetables boiled rice with various nutritious ingredients

Hangul

Pronunciation
ogokbap bokgeumbap kimchi bokkeumbap bibimbap gimbap dolsot bibimbap nakji bokkeumbap jumukbap nurungji bap dolsotbap

yeongyang bap

Seafood Dishes
English
broiled eel grilled fish broiled Spanish mackerel seasoned and grilled yellow dried pollack broiled flatfish hot spicy fish soup octopus stew stir-fried octopus blue crab marinated in soy sauce

Hangul

Pronunciation
jangeo-gui saengseon-gui samchi-gui hwangtae-gui gajami-gui maeun-tang nakji-jeongol nakji bokkeum ganjang gejang

spicy bai top shells with mixed vegetables blue crab stew abalone porridge mixed raw skate and vegetables with seasoning boiled down hairtail

golbaengi muchim kkotge-tang jeonbok juk hongeohoemuchim galchi jorim

Herbs & Vegetables


English
bellflower root salad boiled and seasoned bean sprouts eggplant steamed or fried mung bean sprouts salad parboiled fern bracken salad scientific name: Ligularia fischeri summer squash pan fried or braised acorn jelly

Hangul

Pronunciation
doraji namul kong namul gaji namul sukju namul gosari namul chwi namul hobak namul dotorimuk

Soups
English
bean sprout soup chilled cucumber soup dried pollack soup dumpling soup ginseng chicken soup hot spicy fish soup potato soup seafood soup blue crab stew

Hangul
kongnamul-guk oinaeng-guk bukeoguk mandu-guk samgye-tang maeun-tang gamja-tang haemul-tang kkotge-tang

Pronunciation

hot spicy stew soup knuckle bone soup loach and bean paste soup ox bone and stew meat stock soup ox short rib soup ox tail soup spicy fish egg soup rice cake soup sea mustard in chilled vinegar water sea mustard soup stew meat and tripe soup sunrise soup boiled chicken stuffed with rice and ginseng

yukgaejang dogani-tang chueo-tang seolleong-tang galbi-tang ggori gom-tang altang ddeok-guk miyeoknaeng-guk miyeok-guk gom-tang haejang-guk dakbaeksuk

Stews
English
army base stew bean paste stew beef and vegetable stew fairy casserole fast fermented bean paste stew kimchi stew octopus stew raw bean curd stew seasoned entrails and vegetable stew beef rib and octopus casserole kimchi casserole

Hangul

Pronunciation
budae-jjiggae doenjang-jjigae sogogi-jeongol shinseollo cheonggukjang-jjiggae kimchi-jjiggae nakji-jeongol sundubu-jjigae gopchang-jeongol gallak jeongol kimchi jeongol

short rib stew

galbi-jjim

Stir-fried/Fried Foods & Pancakes


English
kimchi fried rice sauteed mushroom salad stir-fried octopus flat cake pancake with welsh onion potato pancake pan-fried meat pan-fried kimchi with flour green-bean (lentil) pancake

Hangul

Pronunciation
kimchi bokkeum beoseot bokkeum nakji bokkeum buchimgae pajeon gamjajeon gogijeon kimchi jeon bindaeduk

Snacks
English
dumplings Korean sausage rice wrapped in seaweed stir fried rice cake pancake stuffed with brown sugar, cinnamon, and nuts etc deep fried foods deep fried dough stuffed with vegetables and others deep fried sweet potato with syrup

Hangul

Pronunciation
mandu sundae gimbap tteokbokki hoduk tuigim goroke mattang

Western Dishes
English
pork cutlet chicken cutlet fish cutlet lobster

Hangul

Pronunciation
donkkaseu chikinkkaseu saengsunkkaseu badagajae

hamburger made with bulgogi meat beef cutlet rice with shrimp and mozzarella cheese curry and rice mushroom gratin

Bulgogi Burger beefggaseu saeu doria kareraiseu beoseotgeuratang

Chinese Dishes
English
stir-fried noodles with chinese bean sauce spicy seafood noodle soup sweet and sour pork stir-fried pimento with meat and vegetables fried meat dumplings fried chicken with garlic sauce stir-fried minced meat balls with mixed vegetables steamed chinese rolls fried shrimp with chili sauce stir-fried chicken with hot sauce stir-fried mixed seafood and vegetables stir-fried tofu with minced meat in hot sauce stir-fried rice with egg and vegetables stir-fried rice with seafood udon with seafood noodle soup with mixed seafood in hot sauce pried shrimp balls shark's fin cold vegetable dish omelet with rice stir-fried noodles with vegetables and rice stir-fried mixed seafood with rice

Hangul

Pronunciation
jajangmyeon jjambbong tangsuyuk gochu japchae gunmandu kkanpunggi nanjawanseu kkotppang kkanso saeu rajogi ryusanseul mapa dubu bokeumbap samseon bokeumbap samseon udong samseon jjamppong saeu wanja shark's fin yangjangpi omelet rice japchaebap japtangbap

rice with Chinese bean sauce sauteed mixed seafood

jjajangbap palbochae

Japanese Dishes
English
shabu shabu dried laver with vinegar rice sushi vinegar rice in a piece of fried bean curd boiled rice topped with eel sashimi sukiyaki rice topped with fish eggs boiled fish paste casserole and rice with side dishes

Hangul

Pronunciation
syabeusyabeu gimchobap saengseon chobap yubuchobap jangeo deopbap sasimi Seukkiyakki albap odeng jeongol

Drinks
English
beer Korean distilled liquor wine raw rice wine clear soda pop black tea green tea sweet drink made from fermented rice fruit punch made of honey ice coffee ice flakes with syrup

Hangul
maekju soju podoju

Pronunciation

makkoli Saida hongcha nokcha shikhye sujeonggwa naengcofi bingsu

General Words for Foods


English Hangul Pronunciatio

n
rice rice cake bread cookie soup soup stew stew kimchi herbs or wild greens fish meat beef pork chicken grilled pancake rice topped with other ingredients rice served in soup steamed dish stew hard-boiled food raw fish tea alcoholic drink dried laver brown seaweed kelp bap duk bbang gwaja juk guk tang jjige kimchi namul sengseon gogi so-gogi degigogi tak-gogi chon dob-bap kook-bap jjim jeongol jorim hoe cha sul kim miyeok dasima

Body Parts
English Hangul Pronunciation

body head hair face forehead eye eyebrow eyelid eyelashes ear cheek nose nostrils mouth lips tongue neck nape of the neck throat tooth gum chin shoulder arm wrist elbow hand wrist palm of the hand fist

mom meori meorikarak eolgul ima nun nunsseop nunkkeopul songnunsseop gwi bol ko kogumeong ip ipsul hyeo mok mokdeolmi mokgumeong i inmom teok eokkae pal palmok palkkumchi son sonmok sonbadak jumeok

finger thumb index finger ring finger fingernail breast breast armpit side back waist abdomen navel buttocks leg thigh knee foot ankle toenail heel skin muscles bone

songarak eomji geomji yakji sontop gaseum yubang gyeodeurangi yeopguri deung heori bae baekkop eongdeongi dari heobeokji mureup bal balmok baltop dwikkumchi salgat geunyuk ppyeo

Internal Organs
English Hangul
heart liver lungs stomach

Pronunciation
simjang gan pye wi

appendix kidney pancreas gall bowels womb brain anus

maengjang kongpat chwejang damnang jang jagung noe hangmun

Other
English Hangul
mustache dimple

Pronunciation
suyeom bojogae

Clothes
English
clothes underwear jacket trousers underwear short sleeve long sleeve sports wear working uniform uniform pajamas full dress suit Korean dress shirt

Hangul
ot

Pronunciation

sogot sangui haui naebok banpal ginpal undongbok jageopbok jebok jamot jeongjang yangbok hanbok syeocheu

dress shirt vest knitted clothes cardigan sweater blouse jumper jacket coat hooded winter jacket breeches blue jeans cotton pants skirt one-piece dress

nambang syeocheu jokki niteu gadigeon seuweteo beullauseu jamba jaket koteu paka baji cheongbaji myeonbaji chima wonpiseu

Underwear
English
panties bra girdle slip socks stockings

Hangul

Pronunciation
paenti beuraejieo geodeul seullip yangmal seutaking

Other
English
muffler scarf

Hangul

Pronunciation
meopeulleo mokdori

hat belt belt braces gloves

moja heoritti hyeokdae melppang janggap

Shapes
English
circle oval quadrangle (regular) square rectangle triangle equilateral triangle right-angled triangle inverted triangle pentagon hexagon heptagon octagon polygon line straight line spiral diagonal (line) square triangle lozenge fan

Hangul

Pronunciation
won tawon sagakhyeong jeongsagakhyeong jiksagakhyeong samgakhyeong jeongsamgakhyeon g jiksamgakhyeong yeoksamgakhyeong ogakhyeong yukgakhyeong chilgakhyeong palgakhyeong dagakhyeong seon jikseon naseon daegakseon nemo semo mareummo buchae

bag diamond gourd full moon half-moon crescent oval circular circular long pointed wide plain and smooth uneven flat convex swollen crease fat plump tall and thin thin squarely crush winkled somewhat thick thin (thing) smooth

jaru daiamondeu bagaji boreumttal bandal choseungttal dalgyal donggeuran dunggeun giljjukan ppyojokan neolpjjeokan mitmitan ultungbultunghan pyeongpyeonghan bollokan bullukan jureumjin ttungttunghan tongtonghan neulssinhan nalssinhan bandeutan jjigeureojin jjugeulhan dutumhan yalbeun maekkeunhan