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House Plant Botanical Glossary Acclimatization ~ The process of shedding leaves any plant goes through as it becomes accustomed

to it's new environment. Aerial Root ~ A root which originates above the soil line from the trunk or stem, growing downward or into the soil. This type of root is commonly found on Ficus trees and Scheffleras. Air Layering ~ A type of propagation used on woody plants. With a sharp knife, make a vertical slice about two 2" in length and a bit less than half the diameter of the branch. Place a small amount of rooting hormone in the cut along with a small object to keep the cut separated. Wrap the cut with moist sphagnum moss. Wrap the moss with tin foil. Tie both ends with twist ties. Open the "bandage' every two weeks to check the moisture content of the moss and to check for roots. Once the moss contains a large amount of roots, cut the branch below the original cut and pot the cutting in potting soil. Azalea pot ~ A container that is half as deep as it is wide. Bicolor ~ A plant which has two distinctly different colors within its leaf. Bush form ~ A plant that is grown as a small bush with foliage from the top of the pot to the top of the plant. Chlorophyll ~ A green cell pigment within the leaves of a plant which processes sunlight. Chloroplast ~ Chloroplast are like a container that contains chlorophyll. Chlorosis ~ An abnormal yellowing or veining of the leaves. Some times caused by nutrient deficiencies. Double Potting ~ The placement of a plant in it's original pot inside of a second container such as a decorative pot. Foliar feeding ~ The application of liquid fertilizer applied to the foliage of a plant. Footcandle ~ A scientific measurement of light. Honeydew ~ A sticky, sugary like substance deposited by insects feeding on plants. Black sooty mold can grow on this secretion. Leaching ~ The flushing of excess nutrients or salts from a container. Pebble Tray ~ A tray filled with sand or small pebbles that is saturated with water to help raise the humidity level near a plant. Photosynthesis ~ The process a plant uses to convert nutrients, water and carbon dioxide into sugars in the presence of light. Propagation ~ A method of multiplying plants. Pups ~ New plants produced by the mother plant as off shoots from the main plant or at the end of vines as in a "Spider plant".

Node ~ The point where a leaf is attached to the stem. Respiration ~ "Oxidation of food, with the release of energy. Provides energy for plant life and releases carbon dioxide and water." Plants take in carbon dioxide at night and release air during the day. Standard Pot ~ A container that is roughly twice as tall as it is wide. Suckers ~ Young plants that grow off of the stem of the main or mother plant. Tepid Water ~ Water that is 70 to 76 degrees. Transpiration ~ The process where a plant looses water through the pores of a leaf. Tree form ~ A plant that has a bare trunk with foliage on the upper part of the trunks. Braided and Standard Ficus would be considered a tree form. Wilting point ~ The point at which the leaves on a plant begin to droop due to lack of water.

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