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GENERAL GUIDELINES and INSTRUCTIONS for Group Project on Aircraft Performance and Stability

Learning Outcome: Predict the influence of different design parameters on performance and stability of an aircraft for given operation conditions. To enhance learning, the student teams (up to four students) are required to estimate the performance characteristics of actual airplanes. Each team is given an airplane. The team is required to obtain its geometric, mass, and thrust data, and predicts the performance characteristics characteristics. Students submit their final reports at the end of week 14.

Deadlines: Week 12: Forming the groups and assigning the aircraft Week 14: Submission of the final report (Softcopy and Hardcopy) with Turnitin Report (softcopy) by 5/July/2013, 7 p.m.

Project Format and Content Guideline

The guideline on the format of a complete report is described below: COVER PAGE ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (optional) TABLE OF CONTENTS Nomenclature - Symbols + Description + SI Units - Greek Symbols + Description + SI Units - Abbreviations 1. INTRODUCTION Project Scope Project Objectives 2. LITERATURE REVIEW - What has been done on the selected aircraft performance and stability - General statistics (preferably with graphs) about the aircraft - Other useful data or information Description OF THE AIRCRAFT - Introduction - Geometrical data - Aerodynamic data - Propulsion Data - Flight conditions PERFORMANCE and STABILTY CALCULATIONS



a) Below is just the minimum number of performance characteristics students should include in the report. The students are strongly encouraged to include more characteristics. This will differentiate your report from the others and may score high marks. - Produce table and graphs of the atmospheric data (h, p, T, , etc.) from sea level up to 20 km. This is to be placed in your report as an appendix. - Aerodynamic characteristics (CD, CL, CL / CD), etc. - Thrust required and thrust available, VMD - Power required and power available, Prmin, VMDV - Rate of climb (absolute and service ceiling) - Fuel consumption, endurance and range (optional and subject to availability of data) - Effect of wind (optional) - Power failure and gliding flight , sink rate, glide ratio - Steady coordinate turn, V-n diagram, VNE airspeed - Take-off characteristics, total ground roll, distance required to climb to obstacle clearance altitude, FAR takeoff distance. - Calculate and check the longitudinal static stability, static stability margin and trim b) You are required to show your results as graphs showing how these characteristics change as a function of airspeed (Mach number) and height. Some characteristics you dont need for graph, just to calculate one value, like (CL/CD)max, VMD, take of characteristics, etc. c) You may for example follow the main text (chapter 3), but not limited, and produce graph similar to those in the text book. d) The limits for the independent flight condition variables (airspeed (Mach number), altitude, etc.) you decide based on your understanding, the purpose and the specifications of the airplane). e) If you are in trouble you can consult with me. f) All the data of the selected airplane you need to search for from the internet. You need also to cross-checking the data before you decide use it. I attached one source for you to help you start. g) Sample of manual calculations for all the performance characteristics is a must. You dont need to put this in the main text; you can gather all your calculations in one Appendix. h) Thus, a computer program using Microsoft Excel, Mat lab, or any other software is required to carry out the numerical calculations and their presentation in form of graphs. The sample of the manual calculations will serve as a good tool to verify your computer program. i) You are not required to show your calculations in tables, if you want so please put them as an appendix. This I dont encourage you as this need more pages and consumes time. 5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION - Results - Comparison with available data (you must compare your calculation with the published data, this is a must and you can always find some data for comparison) - Discussion CONCLUSIONS



PAPER Size - A4 (21.0cm X 29.7cm) Color White 3.3 Font Size and Type Students MUST use Times New Roman. Other fonts are NOT ACCEPTABLE. Font Size: o For Headings and subheadings, use 12-point font. o For Table of Contents, use 11-point font. o For Text, use 11-point font. o For Tables and Figures, use 11-point. o For Footnotes, use 9-point font. Please type in bold for headings and subheadings. Headings should be typed in all upper case letters while sub-headings are to be typed in upper and lower case letters. Line spacing The project paper should be typed on one side of the page. Line spacing is 1.5 lines for the text, with single-spacing for exceptional circumstances only: o Footnotes o Long headings or subheadings o Long captions to tables, or figures o References o Appendices o Tables o Quotations Margins and Justification Set the justification to full and the margins to the following measurements: TOP : 1 BOTTOM : 1 LEFT : 1.5 RIGHT : 1 Pagination The following plan of page numbering has been standardized and must be observed. All page numbers should be right aligned at the bottom of the page(footer). a. Preliminary pages. Preliminary pages include all the sections that precede the text. They are arranged and numbered using small Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc.). b. Text pages. Use format <page number>. c. Supplementary pages. No pagination. Use of Footnotes

Footnotes MUST NOT be used for citing references. They should be used only for useful extensions and excursions of information in the body of the text. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively with superscript numerals. Footnotes should be in single spacing, using font size 9-point. Header and Footer Header : The chapter or topic should be right aligned at the top of page, using font size 9-point. Footer : The page numbers should be right aligned at the bottom of the page, using font size 9-point. The page number format : o Roman numerals for preliminary pages. o <page number> for text pages. Format Guideline The following format is recommended for the project:


(Body Text, Times New Roman, 1o pt, left justified) It is your responsibility to ensure that all information in your report that is taken from another source is substantiated with an in-text reference citation. Please also note that your references must strictly follow APA (American Psychological Association) style NOTE: The lecturer may return your report to you for correction if you do not properly format your references. Note that this will delay the submission of the report, and ultimately, your mark. References should relate only to the aircraft you actually cited within your report (this is not a bibliography), and they should be listed in alphabetical order. Please do not include any abbreviations. While some examples of references in APA style are included below, it is highly recommended that you reference an actual APA style manual (5th edition). If you do not own an APA style manual, you may either 1) consult your library or 2) visit APAs Web site to order your own copy: http://www.apastyle.org/pubmanual.html. It may also benefit you to consult the following pages of APAs Web site for frequently asked questions and other tips: http://www.apastyle.org/faqs.html & http://www.apastyle.org/previoustips.html. Book with one author: Author, A. A. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with two authors: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with more than two authors: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Journal article: Sawyer, S., & Tapia, A. (2005). The sociotechnical nature of mobile computing work: Evidence from a study of policing in the United States. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 1 (3), 1-14.

A publication in press: Junho, S. (in press). Roadmap for e-commerce standardization in Korea. International Journal of IT Standards and Standardization Research.

Edited book: Zhao, F. (Ed.). (2006). Maximize business profits through e-partnerships. Hershey, PA: IRM Press.

Chapter in an edited book: Jaques, P. A., & Viccari, R. M. (2006). Considering students emotions in computer -mediated learning environments. In Z. Ma (Ed.), Web-based intelligent e-learning systems: Technologies and applications (pp. 122138). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Report from a university: Broadhurst, R. G., & Maller, R. A. (1991). Sex offending and recidivism (Tech. Rep. No. 3). Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia, Crime Research Centre.

Published proceedings: Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation (pp. 237-288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation or masters thesis: Wilfley, D. (1989). Interpersonal analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia.

A presented paper:

Lanktree, C., & Briere, J. (1991, January). Early data on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSC-C). Paper presented at the meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, San Diego, CA.

Web site: VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved October 13, 2001, from http://jbr.org/articles.html