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abduction (ulnar dev)

flex. carpi ulnaris, ext. carpi ulnaris


flex. carpi radialis, ext. carpi radialis longus, ext. carpi radialis brevis

adduction (radial dev)

elbow extension

triceps brachii, anconeus


biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis, pronator teres, ext. carpi radialis longus, ext. carpi radialis brevis

elbow flexion

elbow movements

flexion, extension, hyperextension, pronation, supination

elbow pronation

pronator teres, pronator quadratus supinator, biceps brachii


ext. carpi radialis longus and brevis, ext. carpi ulnaris, abductor pollicis brevis, abductor digiti minimi, dorsi interosseous

elbow supination

hand abduction

hand adduction

ext. carpi ulnaris, palmar interosseous


ext. carpi radialis longus, ext. carpi radialis brevis, ext. carpi ulnaris

hand extension

hand flexion

flex. digiti minimi, flex. pollicis brevis, lumbricals


flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, opposition, circumduction, hyperextension, hypermobility, hypomobility

hand movements

hand opposition

opponens pollicis (opposes thumb to other digits), opponens digiti minimi (opposes little finger to other digits)
semispinalis capitis, rectus capitis posterior (maj &min.), obliquus capitis (inf. & sup.), splenius capitis, semispinalis cervicis, spinalis capitis & cervicis, ilicostalis cervicis rectus capitis anterior, longus capitis, longus colli, scalenus anterior, sternomastoid, scalenus medius, scalenus posterior, suprahyoids, infrahyoids, rectus capitis lateralis

head/neck extension

head/neck flexion

head/neck lateral flexion

sternomastoid
flexion, lateral flexion (abduction), extension, rotation, circumduction, hypermobility, hypomobility

head/neck movements

head/neck rotation

scalenes, longus colli, sternocleidomastoid


gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fascia latae, gluteus maximus
adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, pectineus, gracilis

hip abduction

hip adduction

hip extension

gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, adductor magnus, piriformis, gluteus medius
piriformis, obturator externus, gemellus superior, quadratus femoris, gemellus inferior, obturator internus, gluteus maximus( in hip ext)

hip external rotation

hip flexion

iliopsoas, rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fascia latae, pectineus sartorius,gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, gluteus maximus

hip horizontal abduction

hip horizontal adduction

adductor magnus, adductor longus, pectineus


gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fascia latae, adductor longus
flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction, horizontal adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, circumduction, hypomobility, hypermobility

hip internal rotation

hip movements

knee extension

vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, rectus femoris

knee flexion

semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris

knee movements

flexion, extension, hyperextension

scapular abduction

serratus anterior trapezius, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor trapezius (lower fibers) upper trapezius, levator scapulae, rhomboids
tilt (ant/post.), protraction, retraction, winging, depression, abduction, adduction, elevation

scapular adduction

scapular depression

scapular elevation

scapular movements

scapular protraction

pectoralis minor

scapular retraction

rhomboids, middle trapezius

scapular winging

serratus anterior, rhomboids deltoid (mid. fibers), supraspinatus upper trapezius, rotator cuff mm, deltoid

shoulder abduction (90)

shoulder elevation

shoulder extension

latissimus dorsi, teres major, deltoid (post. fibers), triceps brachii, teres minor

shoulder external rotation

infraspinatus, teres minor


deltoid, coracobrachialis, pectoralis major (clav. fibers), biceps brachii, trapezius (u & l fibers), serratus anterior

shoulder flexion (90) shoulder horizontal abduction shoulder horizontal adduction shoulder internal rotation

deltoid (post. fibers), infraspinatus, teres minor pectoralis major


subscapularis, teres major, pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, deltoid (ant. fibers) flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, elevation, int. rotation, ext. rotation, circumduction
erector spinae, iliocostalis, thoracis, lumborum, longissimus thoracis, spinalis thoracis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidus, interspinales, quadratus lumborum, latissimus dorsi

shoulder movements

trunk extension

trunk flexion

rectus abdominus, iliopsoas, rectus femoris, int. abdominal oblique, ext. abdominal oblique semispinalis, all abdominal mm (internal, external oblique), iliopsoas, ilicostalis, transverse abdominis

trunk lateral flexion

trunk movements

flexion, extension, lateral flexion (abduction), circumduction, rotation, hyper mobility, hypo mobility
ext. abdominal oblique, intern. abdominal oblique, rectus abdominus, semispinalis, thoracis, multifidus, rotatores, latissimus dorsi

trunk rotation

wrist circumduction

ext. carpi radialis brevis, ext. carpi radialis longus, ext. carpi ulnaris, flex. carpi radialis, flex carpi ulnaris

wrist extension

ext. carpi radialis longus, ext. carpi radialis brevis, ext. carpi ulnaris flex. carpi radialis, palmaris longus, flex. carpi ulnaris
flexion, extension, abduction (ulnar dev), adduction (radial dev), circumduction, hyperextension, hyperflexion

wrist flexion

wrist movements