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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME PAGE

Sn Protection & Interlocks


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Sn Protection & Interlocks


21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

S Protection & n Interlocks


41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SEAL OIL INT & PROT TURBOVISORY LIMITS CASING TEMP. LIMITS

MFT Loss of Flame Trip Unit Purging


Loss of Reheater Protection

Water Wall Circuit Incorrect Light Oil Trip v/v Heavy Oil Trip v/v HONV & LONV Atomising Steam & Air Nozzle valves HORV & Scavg NV SADC PRDS HP BYPASS HPBP OIL UNIT LP BYPASS
LDO / HFO / ATOM AIR & STEAM PR. AND TEMP.

AC SCANNER FAN COAL MILL COAL FEEDER SECONDARY APH PRIMARY APH BCW
MILL RELATED PARAMETERS

DIFFERENT LEVELS
OTHERS TG ALARMS

COMPRESSOR
FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS

BCW CW BOOSTRPP MILL DAMPERS & GATES CW PUMP ACW PUMP ECW (SG) ECW (TG) ECW TANK CEP MD BFP TD BFP

PT CW

ID FAN

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

18 19 20

FD FAN PA FAN SEAL AIR FAN

38 39 40

TG PROTECTION
TG LUB OIL INT & PROT

HPCF INT & PROT

58 59 60

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME 1. MASTER FUEL TRIP PROTECTIONS: SL NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 PARAMTR Both ID Fans Both FD Fans Water wall Circulation UCP: EMG PB & Release Any OWS: EMG trip comd Furnace Pressure Furnace Pressure Drum Level Drum Level Total Air Flow Loss of Reheat Protn Unit 220V DC Unit 24V DC (FSSS internal) Less than FB & loss of AC in any elevn i/s Unit Flame Failure Trip Loss of All Fuel Trip
TRIP CONDN
ALA RM TRIP

OFF OFF Incorrect Pressed together Initiated & Confirmed V LO V HI V LO V HI V LO Acted Not Avlbl Not Avlbl Loss of 110V AC Activated Activated

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TIME DELAY --5 sec ----5 sec 10 sec

REMARKS 3 hardwired contacts for each ID fan (2/3) 3 hardwired contacts for each FD fan (2/3)

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< 30% --

10 sec 2 sec -2 sec ---

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2/3 Pressure Switches 2/3 Pressure Switches 2/3 EWLI 2/3 EWLI Flow Transmitters Arming: 220V DC for LOTV/ HOTV solenoids 24V for MFT Panel Hardwired trip
110V AC for nozzle valve solenoids

Arming: All feeders off Arming: Any feeder proven Arming: Any LO/HO nozzle valve

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

17

5 sec for indiv SAH 18 All BFP OFF 10 sec NOTE: All Trip Conditions are individually sensed by each MFT panel. Final 2/3 Logic for Master Fuel Trip is hardwired in Purge Panel. WATERWALL CIRCULATION INCORRECT
SN PARAMETER TRIP CONDN ALARM VAL

Both SAH

OFF

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not closed SAH OFF = Main mtr OFF & Air pr Low

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

1 2 3 4

All BCWP OFF & Boiler working All Three BCWP ON & Each DP < 10psi Any Two BCWP ON & Both DP < 10psi Any One BCWP ON & Its DP < 10psi

5 sec None 5 sec 5 sec HOME

LOSS OF REHEATER PROTECTION (Arming: )


SN PARAMETER TRIP CONDN ALARM VAL TRIP VAL REMARKS

1 2 3

Gen. CB Opened & HPBP or LPBP Closed Turbine HP v/v & HPBP Closed Turbine IP v/v & LPBP Closed

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LOSS OF ALL FUEL TRIP (Arming: Any Nozzle valve Not closed) Note: All conditions to be satisfied for trip

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

SN

PARAMETER TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

(1. All feeders Off AND 2. LOTV Not Open OR All AB all LONV Closed OR Elevation AB Backup Trip AND 3. HOTV Not Open OR all HO Elevation HONV Closed. ) OR ALL Elevation Backup Trip. * loss of all fuel Trip Arming is done when any elevation any nozzle valve not closed signal becomes true. UNIT FLAME FAILURE TRIP (Arming: Any Feeder proven)
SN PARAMETER TRIP CONDN ALARM VAL TRIP VAL REMARKS

Any Feeder proven & All Elevation A-K Voted no flame ** ** No flame VOTING LOGIC For Elevation A 1. Feeder A STOP For More Than 4 sec or 2. EL AA FB No flame & any of the conditions below 2.1 EL AB Start And Loss of AC Power OR 2.2 EL AB 2/4 Nozzle V/V Not Proven & Elevation AB FB 3 / 4 No flame.

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME LESS THAN FIREBALL OR LOSS OF AC IN ANY ELEV IN SERVICE


SN PARAMETER TRIP CONDN ALARM VAL TRIP VAL REMARKS

1. All Feeders Off & 2. Any Oil Feeders Start Memory Active & AC Power NA ( TD 2 sec)

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FSSS : PURGE PERMISSIVES:


S. No PARAMETER All PA Fans HOTV All Elevations All HONV LOTV AB Elevation All LONV All Feeders All Hot Air Gates All Elevations Discr Scanners All Elevations Fireball Scanners All Auxiliary Air Dampers Total Air Flow REQ. STATUS OFF Closed Closed Closed Closed OFF Closed No Flame No Flame Modulating > 30% < 40% SET VALUE ---------Taken from inlet pressure switches for each damper > Tph 100% = Total Air Flow at MCR = < Tph Tph REMARKS

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

No Boiler Trip: all 3 MFT ch-A,B,C (No MFT as given in 2)

True

MFT condition not present (but MFT Not reset)

NOTE: Purge Timer = 9 minutes, Post-Trip Purge Timer = 5 minutes.

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

LIGHT OIL TRIP V/V :


LIGHT OIL TRIP VALVE
OPENING PERMISSIVES: 1. Unit 24 V DC Power available 2. No close PB command 3. Open PB command Yes 4. LO Supply Pressure OK > 14.5 kg/cm2 5.El AB All LONV closed No Auto Closing Conditions Present. 7. NO MFT AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS: LO Hdr. Pr.V Low (<5 kg/CM2) & EL AB any LONV not closed ( TD 5 sec) Atomising Air Pr. V Low < 2.5 kg/cm2 ( TD 5 sec ) & EL AB any LONV not closed & No LO Start /stop in EL AB OR Master Fuel Trip Operated 2/3 Logic OR 4. Loss of power supply. unit +24V

LIGHT OIL ELEVATION


LO ELEVATION START PERMIT: 1. Any elevation nozzle V/V Proven. 2. Any feeder on OR 3. Burner Tilt Horizontal & Air Flow < 720 TPH 4. Above three conditions & Purge over & no MFT 5. Conditions 4 above & LOTV O pen & No MFT & 6. LFO line upto Nozzle valve through LO ELEVATION TRIP CONDITIONS: Master fuel Trip Operated OR LOTV Not Opened OR the following conditions at 3-4 LFO Isolation V/V Before FCV LO23 Not Open & LFO B/P V/V for FCV (LO22) Not Open OR LFO B/P inching V/V Not Open

HEAVY OIL TRIP V/V :


HEAVY OIL TRIP VALVE
OPENING PERMISSIVES: AUTO CLOSING

HEAVY OIL ELEVATION


HO ELEVATION START HO ELEVATION TRIP

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

CONDITIONS:

PERMIT: No MFT & HOTV Open & HO TEMP & PR adequate or No MFT & HOTV Open & all elev nozzle valve not closed Either of the Above conditions & conditions 4-6 & 7 below Burner Tilt Horizontal & Air flow <720 TPH Or Any Oil Elevation in Service. Or Any feeder On. Condition 3 & Any HFO Isolating valves open or HFO Bypass inching valve open.

CONDITIONS: Master Fuel Trip Operated or HOTV Not Open. Or HFO Isolation V/V Before FCV HO33 Not Open & HFO B/P V/V for FCV not open & HFO B/P inching V/V not open

1. HO Supply Pressure
Adequate > 16 kg/cm2 & 2. HO Supply Temperature Adequate > 120 C & 3.No MFT & 4.All Elevation HONV Closed & 5.No closing Command from APS or MMI & 6.No Auto Closing conditions 7.Above Conditions or condition below 8-9 & 24 V Power available 8. HO Recirculation Valve Open & 9. No Auto OR Manual close commands.

1. HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <105C OR 2. HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <3.75 kg/cm2 OR 3. Atom Stm Press V Low & any HONV not closed < 2.5kg/cm2 & No HO Start/Stop in any elevation or 4. MFT Operated or 5. Close command from APS logic or Manual Commands.

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME HEAVY & LIGHT OIL NOZZLE V/VS :


HEAVY OIL NOZZLE VALVE
OPENING PERMISSIVES: AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS:

LIGHT OIL NOZZLE VALVE


OPENING PERMISSIVES: AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS: 1. Scavenging Mode on or 2. LONV Not closed & No Flame Conditions for 10sec OR 3. MFT Operated OR AA Nozzle valves auto close conditions present

1. Atom steam valve open & 2. No scavenging & 1. Atom steam auto closing 3. (HONV not open or scanner conditions present or shows flame) 2. MFT operated or 4. 24 V DC power available & 3. Scavenging on or HONV not operated and 5. Atomising steam nozzle disc. Scanner show no flame valve auto close conditions not present.

Atomising Air Nozzle valve open & AA Nozzle Valve No Auto closing conditions & (LONV not open or Scanner shows flame ) & Scavenging not on & 24 V DC Power Supply Available HO not selected.

ATOMISING STEAM AND AIR CORNER V/VS :


ATOMISING STEAM NOZZLE VALVE
OPENING PERMISSIVES: 1.HEA Rod advanced & AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS:

ATOMISING AIR NOZZLE VALVE


OPENING PERMISSIVES: AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS:

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

2 Oil Gun Engaged & 3.Heavy Oil Corner Start. & conditions 4-7 4.HO Manual Isolating Valve Open & EL HO Selected & 5. Atom Steam Manual Isolating Valve Open 6. Scavenge Nozzle valve closed & 7. LGM switch in remote 8. Above conditions & No auto closing conditions or 9. HONV closed & 10. No auto closing conditions present & 11. LGM in Scavenge or corner stop time not elapsed 12. Above condition 11 & Scavenge incomplete.

1. LGM off or Oil Gun not Engaged or BU Trip or 2. Atom stream manual isolating valve not open or 3. Elevation AB LO selected or 4. HO manual isolating valve not open or conditions below 5. No scavenge and corner start time elapsed & 6. HO or Atom steam Nozzle valve not open or disc. Scanner show no flame

1. HEA Rod advanced & 2. Oil Gun Engaged. & 3. El AB LO Selected & light oil corner start & 4. Manual Isolation valve for LO & AA Open & 5. Scavenge Nozzle Valve Closed & 6. No auto Closing Conditions. Above conditions or 7. LONV closed & 8. EL AB LO selected & Scavenging ON & No Auto closing conditions present

1. AA Manual Isolating valve not open or 2. LO manual isolating valve not open or 3. EL AB HO selected or 4. EL AB back up trip or 5. LGM in off or 6. Oil Gun Not Engaged or 7. LO Corner Start time expired & conditions 8 below 8. EL AB LO Selected and scavenge not on & any of the conditions at 9-11 9. Scanner Show no flame or 10. LO Nozzle valve not open or 11. Atom Air Nozzle valve not open.

HOME

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HEAVY OIL RETURN VALVE AND SCAVENGE NOZZLE VALVE:


HEAVY OIL RETURN VALVE
OPENING PERMISSIVES: 1. All Elevation Nozzle Valve Closed & 2. No Master Fuel Trip Operated & 3. No auto Closing conditions AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS: 1. Any Elevation Nozzle Valve Not closed or 2. Master Fuel trip operated.

SCAVENGE NOZZLE VALVE


OPENING PERMISSIVES: AUTO CLOSING CONDITIONS:

1. Scavenging not on or any Atomising steam valve open of the following & conditions Atomising steam auto close 2. LGM in off position or conditions not present & 3. Oil Gun not Engaged or No auto closing conditions 4. Back up Trip present & conditions at 46 HONV closed & Atomising steam auto closing conditions not present & Scavenge incomplete & (LGM in scavenge or corner Stop Time)

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME LDO / HFO / ATOMISING AIR & STEAM PRESSURE AND TEMP. S. PARAMETER N LDO : 1 LDO pump discharge Header pr. low 2 LDO pump S/B pump auto start 3 LDO header pressure OK permissive 4 LDO header pressure low alarm. 5 6 7 8 LDO header pressure low Trip Atomising Air hdr. Pr. Low alarm Atomising Air hdr. Pr. Low Trip REQ. STATUS Low Low Normal Low LoLo Low LoLo DP high Low High Low Low High Normal Low SET VALUE REMARKS

17.5 Ksc falling 17.0 Ksc falling 14.0 Ksc 3.5 Ksc falling 3.0 Ksc falling 4.0 Ksc falling 3.5 Ksc falling 0.35 Ksc - 1.85 falling - 0.75 rising 29.0 Ksc falling 28.5 Ksc falling 30.0 Ksc rising 23.0 Ksc 5.0 Ksc falling

Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house.

At firing floor At firing condition corners At firing condition corners At firing condition corners At firing condition corners At FOP/P house floor. of AB-4 of AB-4 of AB-4 of AB-4 & firing

LDO suction strainer chocked alarm 9 LDO tank level low alarm 10 LDO tank level High alarm HFO : 1 HFO pump discharge Header pr. low 2 HFO pump S/B pump auto start 3 HFO pump discharge Header pr. high 4 HFO header pressure OK permissive 5 HFO header pressure low alarm.

Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house.

At firing floor befor strainer At firing condition after Flow

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

HFO header pressure low Trip Atomising Steam hdr. Pr. Low alarm Atomising Steam hdr. Pr. Low Trip HFO header Temp. OK permissive HFO header Temp. Low alarm HFO header Temp. Low Trip HFO pump suct. strainer chocked alarm HFO pump dish. strainer chocked alarm HFO dish. strainer chocked alarm

Lo Lo Low LoLo Normal Low LoLo DP high DP high DP high

4.0 Ksc falling 4.0 Ksc falling 3.5 Ksc falling 120 oC 115 oC 105 oC 0.35 Ksc 0.70 Ksc 0.70 Ksc

CV. At firing condition after Flow CV. At firing condition after ASPRV At firing condition after ASPRV At firing floor befor strainer At firing condition after Flow CV. At firing condition after Flow CV. At FOP/P house pump suction. At HFO heater. At firing floor strainer

START / OPEN PERMISSIVES LIGHT OIL TRIP V/V ( LOTV ) 1 Unit 24 V DC Power Available 2 No close PB command

TRIP / CLOSE 1 2 LDO Hdr. Pr.V Low (< 3.0 Ksc) & EL AB any LONV not closed ( TD 5 sec) Atomising Air Pr. V Low < 3.5 kg/cm2 ( TD 5 sec ) & EL AB any LONV not closed & No LDO Start / stop in EL AB. Master Fuel Trip Operated 2/3 Logic

Open PB command Yes

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

4 LDO Supply Pressure OK > 14.0 kg/cm2 5 El AB All LONV closed 6 No Auto Closing Conditions Present. 7 NO MFT HEAVY OIL TRIP V/V ( HOTV) 1 HO Supply Pressure Adequate > 16 kg/cm2 2 3 4 5 HO Supply Temperature Adequate > 120 C No MFT All Elevation HONV Closed No closing Command from APS or MMI

Loss of unit +24V power supply

1 2 3 4 5 6

6 No Auto Closing conditions 7 HO Recirculation Valve Open 8 No Auto OR Manual close commands 9 Unit 24 V DC Power Available HEAVY OIL RETURN V?V ( HORV ) 1 All Elevation Nozzle Valve Closed 2 No Master Fuel Trip Operated 3 No auto Closing conditions

HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <105C HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <3.75 Ksc. Atom Stm Press V Low & any HONV not closed < 3.5Ksc & No HO Start/Stop in any elevation Master Fuel Trip Operated 2/3 Logic Close command from APS logic or Manual Commands. Loss of unit +24V power supply

1 2

Any Elevation Nozzle Valve Not closed Master Fuel trip operated 2/3 Logic

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME LDO / HFO / ATOMISING AIR & STEAM PRESSURE AND TEMP. S. PARAMETER N LDO : 1 LDO pump discharge Header pr. low 2 LDO pump S/B pump auto start 3 LDO header pressure OK permissive 4 LDO header pressure low alarm. 5 LDO header pressure low Trip 6 Atomising Air hdr. Pr. Low alarm 7 Atomising Air hdr. Pr. Low Trip 8 LDO suction strainer chocked alarm 9 LDO tank level low alarm 10 LDO tank level High alarm HFO : 1 HFO pump discharge Header pr. low 2 HFO pump S/B pump auto start 3 HFO pump discharge Header pr. high 4 HFO header pressure OK permissive 5 HFO header pressure low alarm. 6 HFO header pressure low Trip 7 Atomising Steam hdr. Pr. Low alarm 8 Atomising Steam hdr. Pr. Low REQ. STATUS Low Low Normal Low LoLo Low LoLo DP high Low High Low Low High Normal Low Lo Lo Low LoLo SET VALUE REMARKS

17.5 Ksc falling 17.0 Ksc falling 14.0 Ksc 3.5 3.0 4.0 3.5 Ksc falling Ksc falling Ksc falling Ksc falling 0.35 Ksc

Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house.

At firing floor At At At At At firing condition of AB-4 corners firing condition of AB-4 corners firing condition of AB-4 corners firing condition of AB-4 corners FOP/P house & firing floor.

- 1.85 falling - 0.75 rising 29.0 Ksc falling 28.5 Ksc falling 30.0 Ksc rising 23.0 Ksc 5.0 Ksc falling 4.0 Ksc falling 4.0 Ksc falling 3.5 Ksc falling
Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house. Discharge Hdr. At FOP/p house.

At firing floor befor strainer At firing condition after Flow CV. At firing condition after Flow CV. At firing condition after ASPRV At firing condition after ASPRV

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

9 10 11 12 13 14

Trip HFO header Temp. OK permissive HFO header Temp. Low alarm HFO header Temp. Low Trip HFO pump suct. strainer chocked alarm HFO pump dish. strainer chocked alarm HFO dish. strainer chocked alarm

Normal Low LoLo DP high DP high DP high

120 oC 115 oC 105 oC 0.35 Ksc 0.70 Ksc 0.70 Ksc

At firing floor befor strainer At firing condition after Flow CV. At firing condition after Flow CV. At FOP/P house pump suction. At HFO heater. At firing floor strainer

START / OPEN PERMISSIVES LIGHT OIL TRIP V/V ( LOTV ) 1 Unit 24 V DC Power Available 2 No close PB command

TRIP / CLOSE 1 2 LDO Hdr. Pr.V Low (< 3.0 Ksc) & EL AB any LONV not closed ( TD 5 sec) Atomising Air Pr. V Low < 3.5 kg/cm2 ( TD 5 sec ) & EL AB any LONV not closed & No LDO Start / stop in EL AB. Master Fuel Trip Operated 2/3 Logic Loss of unit +24V power supply

3 Open PB command Yes 4 LDO Supply Pressure OK > 14.0 kg/cm2 5 El AB All LONV closed 6 No Auto Closing Conditions Present. 7 NO MFT HEAVY OIL TRIP V/V ( HOTV) 1 HO Supply Pressure Adequate > 16 kg/cm2 2 3 HO Supply Temperature Adequate > 120 C No MFT

3 4

1 2 3

HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <105C HO Hdr. Temp. V Low & any HONV not closed <3.75 Ksc. Atom Stm Press V Low & any HONV not closed <

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

4 5

All Elevation HONV Closed No closing Command from APS or MMI

4 5 6

6 No Auto Closing conditions 7 HO Recirculation Valve Open 8 No Auto OR Manual close commands 9 Unit 24 V DC Power Available HEAVY OIL RETURN V?V ( HORV ) 1 All Elevation Nozzle Valve Closed 2 No Master Fuel Trip Operated 3 No auto Closing conditions

3.5Ksc & No HO Start/Stop in any elevation Master Fuel Trip Operated 2/3 Logic Close command from APS logic or Manual Commands. Loss of unit +24V power supply

1 2

Any Elevation Nozzle Valve Not closed Master Fuel trip operated 2/3 Logic

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

SECONDARY AIR DAMPER CONTROL:


AUX. AIR DAMPER OPEN CONDITION: (APPLICABLE TO AB,BC,CD,DE, EF,FG,GH,HJ,JK, KK)
1. * Open command from FSSS OR 2. Furnace to WB DP * Open Command From FSSS is issued if 1. MFT Operated Or 2. Either both ID for FD Fans are off

<240 mm WC 2/3 Volting

AUXIALIARY AIR DAMPERS CLOSING CONDITION (FOR EX:AB)


1. MILL A & B Off & 2. Purge Over and no MFT & 3. *Boiler Load index >30 % 4. EL AB back up trip 5. Close command for HEA Ignition Permit * Once the Boiler Load Reaches > 30% the aux air dampers close in a timed sequence starting from top with a time delay of 10 Sec provided all other conditions for closing are satisfied.

FUEL AIR DAMPERS (A-K) & OFA DAMPER OPENING CONDITIONS:


1. MFT Operated Or 2. Either both ID OR both FD Fans are off 2/3 Volting

*The opening command is removed once the post purge time has expired and all opening conditions are removed instantaneously for fuel air dampers F-K and for A-E with 30 sec time delay. The close command is extended with a time delay of 50 sec after the corresponding feeder is out of service.

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

PRDS
MS PRDS ISO VLV ASV 21 Open Permissive: ASV- 21 integral bypass valve LS open feedback Auto Open: 1. MS PRDS Pr. Control valve ASV-22 demand > 2 % AND 2. AS21 intergal bypass valve LS open feedback Auto Close: 1. MS PRDS control valve ASV- 22 open feedback >2% Protection Close HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C

MS PRDS ISO IBV ASV 21 IBV Auto Open: MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% Auto Close: MS PRDS Isolation valve ASV-21 Open Protection Close HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C MS PRDS PR CONTROL VLV ASV 22 Auto Close:

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C LT PRDS ISO VLV ASV 25 Auto Open: LT PRDS control valve Asv-25 demand > 2% Auto Close: LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 Open feedback <2% (5sec delay) Protection Close HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C LT PRDS Main Control VLV ASV 26 Auto Close: HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C
HOME

LT PRDS CBV BYP VLV ASV=28 Close permissive: CRH PRDS BP control valve ASV-29 Limit switch FB close with 1 min. delay Protection Close HT PRDS Temperature V High > 373 C OR LT PRDS Temperature V High > 280 C LT PRDS BP Spray Water ISO VLV FDV- 37 Auto Close: 1. Spray BP valve FDV- 38 LS FB close ( 1min delay) 2. Spray BP valve FDV- 39 LS FB close ( 1min delay)

AND

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HT PRDS Spray Water ISO VLV FDV- 29 Auto Open: MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% Auto Close: MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand AND position feedback <2% Spray Water ISO VLV FDV 43 Auto Open: ASV-22 OR ASV- 26 demand > 2% Auto Close: ASV- 22 AND ASV- 26 demand AND feedback <2%

HT PRDS main Temp control VLV FDV- 31 Auto Close MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% (5 sec delay) Forced Auto: MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% LT PRDS main Temp control VLV FDV- 35 Auto Close: i. LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 demand > 2% (5 sec delay) AND ii. LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 demand & position < 2% (5 min delay) Forced Auto: i. MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% OR ii. LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 demand & position > 2% OR iii. HT PRDS Pr. AND Temp demand adequate Pr. > 14.4 ksc Temp > 275 C HT PRDS Spray Water Pr. control VLV FDV- 31

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Auto Close: MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% (5 sec delay) & Forced Auto: MS PRDS control valve ASV- 22 demand > 2% LT PRDS Spray Water Pr. control VLV FD 34 Auto Close: i. MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% (5 sec delay) AND ii. LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 demand & position < 2% (5 sec delay) Forced Auto: i. MS PRDS control valve ASV-22 demand > 2% OR ii. LT PRDS control valve ASV-26 demand & position > 2% APRDS ALARMS 1. HT PRDS Header Pressure Low < 9Kg/cm2 2. HT PRDS Header Pressure Low < 9Kg/cm2 3. HT PRDS Header Temperature Low < 334 C 4. HT PRDS Header Temperature High > 336 C 5. HT PRDS Header Temperature V Low > 373 C 6. LT PRDS Header Temperature Low < 204 C 7. LT PRDS Header Temperature High > 230 C 8. LT PRDS Header Temperature V High > 280 C

OIL SUPPLY PUMP FOR HP BYPASS:


1. Pump off: >156Kg/cm2

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

2. Pump on: 3. Pressure too high 4. Pressure too low

<110Kg/cm2 >160 Kg/cm2 <100Kg/cm2

HP BYPASS SYSTEM:
BP VALVE FAST OPEN CONDITIONS: 1. Turbine trip on 2. Generator Breaker Open 3. Turbine LSR D12 On 4. Emergency Fast Open PB Pressed 5. Control deviation high 6. Any one of the above & No. Priority close BY PASS PRIORITY CLOSE CONDITIONS: 1. Condenser vacuum low 2. Selected Downstream temp signal V high BP VALVE AUTO BLOCKING CONDITIONS: 1. BP Valve Priority Closed Command 2. BP Valve Position Transmitter failed 3. OSU-1 & OSU-2 Oil Pressure Very Low 4. MSL PR TX Disturbed BD VALVE AUTO OPEN CONDTIONS: 1. BP Valve PI demand >2% or 2. BP-1 Or BP-2 Valve open >2% BD VALVE AUTO CLOSE CONDITIONS:

>8 Kg/cm2

<0.6Kg/cm2 > 480C

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

1. No auto open command 2. BD valve LS FB Open BPE VALVE AUTO BLOCKING CONDITIOS: 1. BPE both DS Temp Signal disturbed 2. BPE Valve Position TX failed 3. BP-1 Auto Command blocking yes 4. BPE-1 Temp TX Deviations high

LP BYPASS SYSTEM: LP Bypass Protections


1. 2. LP Bypass Reset Trip SOV Protection valve will act at condenser wall temp > 90 deg C CEP spray water pressure low

Bypass Alarms
1. Steam Temperature after LP Bypass valve High > 90C 2. Injection water valve open command will be issued at steam pressure before bypass valve 1 & 2 > 6.8 ksc

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME ID FAN :
ID FAN VFD CHANNEL-1 DRIVE START PERMISSIVES: Sl No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 REQUIRED SET VALUE REMARKS STATUS Ch-1 SRC Breaker Not Disturbed -Ch-1 SRC Breaker ON -Ch-1 SRC Breaker Available -VFD Ch-1 No Alarm -VFD Ch-1 Ready -VFD Ch-1 Start Permissive Available -Ch-1 No Fault -VFD System Aux Supply OK -Reg. Damper Pos Min & I/L Gates Closed & O/L Gates Closed (OR) ID Fan VFD Ch-2 ON Either LOP (A or B) ON -ID Fan Exciter Winding temp Not HI <100 deg C Lub oil pressure OK >0.8 ksc Fan/Mtr Brg temp. Not HI <85 deg C Mtr Wdg temp. Not HI <125 deg C Lub oil temp. at cooler O/L Not HI < 50 deg C Lub oil tank level Not LO Flue gas path available OR Other ID Fan ON PARAMETER

ID FAN VFD CHANNEL-2 DRIVE START PERMISSIVES: Sl PARAMETER No 1 Ch-2 SRC Breaker REQUIRED STATUS Not Distbd SET VALUE REMARKS

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PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Ch-2 SRC Breaker ON Ch-1 SRC Breaker Available -VFD Ch-2 No Alarm VFD Ch-2 Ready VFD Ch-2 Start Permissive Available Ch-2 No Fault VFD System Aux Supply OK -Reg Damper Pos Min & I/L Gates Closed & O/L Gates Closed (OR) ID Fan VFD Ch-1 ON Either LOP (A or B) ON ID Fan Exciter Winding temp Not HI <100 deg C Lub oil pressure OK >0.8 ksc Fan/Mtr Brg temp Not HI <85 deg C Mtr Wdg temp Not HI <125 deg C Lub oil temp at cooler O/L Not HI < 50 deg C Lub oil tank level Not LO Flue gas path available OR Other ID Fan ON HOME

VFD CHANNEL-1 TRIP PROTECTIONS: SL NO 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) PARAMTR VFD Ch-1 Ch-1 SRC Breaker Fan/Mtr Brg temp Mtr Wdg temp Fan/Mtr Brg Vibration Exciter Wdg temp IDF-A Post Purge
TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS /VFD

FAULT Elect Trip V HI V HI V HI V HI TRIP

> 90 deg C >130 deg C > 10 mm/s >105 deg C /FSSS

28

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

8) 9) 10)

Fan ON* for sec & Disch damper CLSD Fan ON* for sec & I/L gate CLSD Both ID and both FD ON & FD-A trip

2min 30 sec 2min 30 sec

*VFD Ch-1or 2 min speed achieved *VFD Ch-1or 2 min speed achieved FD to ID inter trip

VFD CHANNEL-2 TRIP PROTECTIONS: SL NO 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) PARAMTR


TRIP CONDN

ALARM SET VAL

TRIP SET VAL /VFD > 90 deg C >130 deg C > 10 mm/s >105 deg C 2min 30 sec 2min 30 sec

REM

VFD Ch-2 FAULT Ch-2 SRC Breaker Elect Trip Fan/Mtr Brg temp V HI Mtr Wdg temp V HI Fan/Mtr Brg V HI Vibration Exciter Wdg temp V HI IDF-A Post Purge TRIP Fan ON* for sec & Disch damper CLSD Fan ON* for sec & I/L gate CLSD Both ID and both FD ON & FD-A trip

/FSSS *VFD Ch-1or 2 min speed achieved *VFD Ch-1or 2 min speed achieved FD to ID intertrip

ID FAN LOP-A: Sl No PARAMETER REQUIRED STATUS SET VALUE REMARKS

29

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

START PERMISSIVES 1) Lub Oil Tank Lvl AUTO START


Other LOP ID Fan Group Control Select

NOT LO Tripped LOP-A Commd ON 30 min. delay

STOP RELEASE 1) ID Fan OFF 2) IDF-A LOP:B- ON & Lub Oil Pr OK ( > 0.8 ksc) AUTO STOP 1) ID Fan Group Control Select LOP-A Commd OFF ID FAN LOP-B: Sl PARAMETER No START PERMISSIVES 2) Lub Oil Tank Lvl AUTO START
Other LOP ID Fan Group Control Select

REQUIRED STATUS NOT LO Tripped LOP-B Commd ON

SET VALUE

REMARKS

STOP RELEASE 3) ID Fan OFF 4) IDF-A LOP:A- ON & Lub Oil Pr OK ( > 0.8 ksc) AUTO STOP 2) ID Fan Group Control Select LOP-B Commd

30 min. delay

30

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

OFF

31

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME FD FAN :
START PERMISSIVES: REQUIRED STATUS Motor winding temperature Not high Fan/ motor bearing temperature Not high Lub oil pressure OK Control oil pressure OK Lub oil cooler outlet temp Not high Any LOP ON Lub oil tank level Not low Impeller position Min & Manual Fan outlet damper Closed Switchgear Available Switchgear Not disturbed Both ID Fans Through* (or) Any ID Fan Through* and Other FD Fan OFF TRIP PROTECTIONS: SNO 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) PARAMTR FDF-A elect. protection FDF-A Post purge Trip FDF-A fan/ motor bearing temp. FDF-A motor winding temp. FDF-A fan/ motor vibration
TRIP CONDN

Sl No

PARAMETER

SET VALUE

REMARKS

> 0.8 ata > 8.0 ata

*Through = Both I/L gates open & Both O/L gates open & Fan ON

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REM

Acted V high V high V high

32

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

16) Both ID Fans OFF 17) Both FD Fans ON (and) IDF-A OFF 18) FDF-A ON (and) Outlet gate Closed FD FAN LOP-A: S PARAMETER NO START PERMISSIVES FD Fan Lub Oil Tank Level 3) AUTO START
Other LOP

T2 min SET VALUE

T1 min (>T2) REMARKS

REQ. STATUS Adequate Tripped

LOP was running &OFF status appeared without manual OFF command.

Other LOP ON & Cont Oil Pressure LO (time < 5 ata delay) STOP RELEASE FD Fan 5) OFF 6) Other LOP ON & Lub Oil Pr OK ( > 0.8 ksc) & Control Oil Pr OK ( > 8 ksc) AUTO STOP FD Fan Group Control Select 3) LOP A Commd OFF FD FAN LOP-B: Sl PARAMETER No START PERMISSIVES 4) FD Fan Lub Oil Tank Level AUTO START
Other LOP

REQ. STATUS

SET VALUE

REMARKS

Adequate Tripped LOP was running & OFF status appeared without manual OFF command

Other LOP ON &

33

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Cont Oil Pressure LO (time < 5 ata delay) STOP RELEASE 7) Other LOP ON & Lub Oil Pr OK ( > 0.8 ksc) &Control Oil Pr OK ( > 8 ksc) AUTO STOP 4) FD Fan Group Control Select LOP-B Commd OFF FAN DISCHARGE DAMPER: Sl PARAMETER REQUIRED No STATUS PROTECTION OPEN: 5) Both FD Fans OFF AUTO OPEN: FD Fan ON for (T sec) AUTO CLOSE: (Permissive: FD Fan OFF) 8) Other FD Fan ON & Other FD Fan Outlet Damper Open & FD Fan OFF SET VALUE REMARKS

15 min pulse

HOME

PA FAN
1 Start Permissive 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Fan Fan Fan Fan Fan Fan Fan Lube Oil Pressure Adequate >0.8kg/cm2 Motor Winding Temp not High <125C Motor Brg. Temp not High <85C Motor Brg. Temp not High <90C Control Pressure Adequate >0.8kg/cm2 Impeller Position Minimum & Manual Outlet Damper Closed

34

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

8. Both FD FAN On Or (Either FD FAN On & Other PA FAN Off) 9. Fan Switchgear Available 10. No Disturbance From Switchgear 11. Fan Lube Oil Cooler O/L Temp. not High <75C 12. Either LOP On 13. PA FAN Start Permissive Available from FSSS 14. Either of the PAH Available 2

Protections

i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii.

Fan On & Outlet Damper Closed (TD 10Min) Both FD Fans OFF Fan Motor Brg Temp. V High (TD 5 Sec) > 90C Fan Brg. Temp. Very High (TD 5 Sec) >110C Fan Motor Winding Temp V High (TD 5 Sec) >125C Fan/Motor Vibration V High (TD 5 Sec) > 9 mm/s MFT Operated

SEAL AIR FAN


1 2 Auto Start Conditions Protection Off Conditions Permissive Off Conditions Start Permissives Either PA Fan On & SA HDR/Cold PA Duct Low ( TD 10 Sec) <250 mm WC 1. Both fan Started TD 10 Sec Or 2. Fan Breaker Tripped On Overload Or 3. Both PA Fans Off ( TD 15 Sec) 1. 2. Both Fans Running & Scan-Furnace DP Not Low VPC/Push button Off Command Outlet Damper L.S Feedback Closed HOME

3 4

35

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

SECONDARY APH :
SAH ELECTRICAL MOTOR Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:
SAH GB oil temp SAH SB oil temp

REQUIRED STATUS Not V.HI Not V.HI Step#04

SET VALUE <70 oC <70 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
SAH SGC Startup Sequence

To be checked in SGC To be checked in SGC

AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)


SAH SGC Shutdown Seq

Step#55

--

SAH AIR MOTOR Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


SAH GB oil temp SAH SB oil temp SAH Elect Motor

REQUIRED STATUS Not HI Not HI OFF Tripped ON Step#55

SET VALUE <70 oC <70 oC -----

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
SAH Elect Motor

5 sec pulse

AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)


SAH Elect Motor SAH SGC Shutdown Seq

To be checked in SGC

36

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

SAH SUPPORT Brg. LOP Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


SB oil temp

REQUIRED STATUS Adequate Step#01

SET VALUE >35 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
SAH SGC Startup Sequence

Either SB LOP ON To be checked in SGC

SAH ON & Other SB LOP OFF (2 sec pulse) SAH ON & Other SB LOP ON for 30 sec & SB Oil flow Low SAH ON & Other SB LOP ON to OFF AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)
SAH SGC Shutdown Seq

--

--

Step#59 Not HI

-<30 oC

SAH SB Oil temp SAH GUIDE Brg. LOP Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


GB oil temp

To be checked in SGC 30 sec delay, 5 sec pulse

REQUIRED STATUS Adequate Step#02

SET VALUE >40 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
SAH SGC Startup Sequence

Either

GB

LOP

37

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

ON To be checked in SGC SAH ON & Other GB LOP OFF (2 sec pulse) SAH ON & Other GB LOP ON for 30 sec & GB Oil flow Low SAH ON & Other GB LOP ON to OFF AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)
SAH SGC Shutdown Seq

--

--

Step#59 Not HI

-<35 oC

SAH GB Oil temp

To be checked in SGC 30 sec delay, 5 sec pulse HOME

PRIMARY APH :
PAH ELECTRICAL MOTOR Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:
PAH GB oil temp PAH SB oil temp

REQUIRED STATUS Not V.HI Not V.HI Step#04

SET VALUE <70 oC <70 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
PAH SGC Startup Sequence

To be checked in SGC To be checked in

AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)


PAH SGC Shutdown Seq

Step#55

--

38

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

SGC PAH AIR MOTOR Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


PAH GB oil temp PAH SB oil temp PAH Elect Motor

REQUIRED STATUS Not HI Not HI OFF Tripped ON Step#55

SET VALUE <70 oC <70 oC -----

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
PAH Elect Motor

5 sec pulse

AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)


PAH Elect Motor PAH SGC Shutdown Seq

To be checked in SGC

PAH SUPPORT Brg. LOP Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


SB oil temp

REQUIRED STATUS Adequate Step#01

SET VALUE >35 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
PAH SGC Startup Sequence

Either SB LOP ON To be checked in SGC

PAH ON & Other SB LOP OFF (2 sec pulse)

--

39

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

PAH ON & Other SB LOP ON for 30 sec & SB Oil flow Low PAH ON & Other SB LOP ON to OFF AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)
PAH SGC Shutdown Seq

--

Step#59 Not HI

-<30 oC

PAH SB Oil temp PAH GUIDE Brg. LOP Sl PARAMETER No ON RELEASE:


GB oil temp

To be checked in SGC 30 sec delay, 5 sec pulse

REQUIRED STATUS Adequate Step#02

SET VALUE >40 oC --

REMARKS

AUTO ON:
PAH SGC Startup Sequence

Either GB LOP ON To be checked in SGC

PAH ON & Other GB LOP OFF (2 sec pulse) PAH ON & Other GB LOP ON for 30 sec & GB Oil flow Low PAH ON & Other GB LOP ON to OFF AUTO OFF: (Rel always available)
PAH SGC Shutdown Seq

--

--

Step#59

--

To be checked in

40

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

PAH GB Oil temp

Not HI

<35 C

SGC 30 sec delay, 5 sec pulse

41

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

COAL MILL : Start Permissive


1 Mill Start Permit from PLOS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. Any Lub Oil Pump ON Sump/Lube Oil Temp. not High <80C LOP discharge pressure not low > 3.5kg/cm2 Lube Oil Filter DP Not high < 1.5 kg/cm2 Sump Oil Level Adequate (10mm below CL) Lube Oil Pressure not very Low >3 kg/cm2 No Pulv. Unsuccessful elevation start Bunker Outlet Gate open Feeder Inlet Gate open Mill Discharge valve open Mill start permit from PLOS (See Conditions as above) Mill outlet temp not high <94C Cold air Gate open Tramp Iron Hopper Valve open Mill/Oil elevation start permit No Mill trip Primary air permit yes All Burner Isolation Gates open MILL Ready conditions as above SA HDR/Pulv Bowl DP Adequate >350 mm WC MILL motor switchgear available MILL status off & ignition permit available

Mill Ready Conditions

Mill Start Permissive

MILL PROTECTIONS: 1 Mill Protections

Motor winding temp. V high (TD 5 sec)> 130C Motor Brg. Temp. V high (TD 5 sec) >90C

42

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Mill Brg. Temp very high ( TD 5 sec) >90C Mill vibration very high (TD 15 sec) >18mm/s Mill trip from PLOS Pulv H/W Trip from MCC Pulv. On & SA HDR/Bowl DP low (TD 1 min) <200 mm WC MFT Acted Pulv ignition support required & permit NA Pulv command on and failed to start TD 10 sec Pulv discharge valve not open Any burner isolating gates not open Loss of primary air (See Condition Below) PA trip (TD J0, H2, G4, F6, E8 Sec) Loss of elevation +24 power supply 2 Mill Trip from PLOS: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. MILL On and LO Temp high (TD 60 Min) >80C MILL On & Both Lube Oil Pumps off (TD 2 Sec) LO Pres V low & LOP in Service ( TD 10 Sec) <3 Ksc Lube oil level very low PLOS Supply off & Pressure very low < 3kg/cm2 PA HDR Pressure very low < 575mm W All PA or FD fans off and any Pulv on or PA HDR pressure low (TD 5 sec) <625 mm WC

Loss Of Primary Air Conditions: Description Of PA Trip:

(Applicable to Mills J.H.G.F.E Progressive time Delay of 2 sec starting from Mill J for which, trip is instantaneous) 50or more MILL on & any one of the following Any FD fan off Any PA fan off

43

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Loss of BFP- at least 2 BFPs off Loss of SAH at least 1 SAH off BCW pumping not O.K,-2P/P on & DP <18 psi. Start Permissives for MILL LOP 1 Start Permissives 1. Lub Oil level Adequate for LOP 2. No Lube Oil trip command 2 3 Start Permissives for LOP Standby LOP Auto Start Conditions 1. 2. 1. 2. MILL Off > 5 MIN Both Lube oil pumps on Lub Oil pump running & pressure low<3.5kg/cm2 Lub Oil pump fall to start (TD 5 sec)

RAW COAL FEEDER


1 Start Permissives Feeder Switch in remote & MFT not acted Mill outlet temp not low >55C & Mill status on & Auto/manual stop commands not present & Feeder seal air valve open & Mill current not low or Coal on belt) & Mill ready & Fdr. Speed Min & Auto/Man start Command & Feeder outlet Gate open & 10. Mill Ignition Permit Available or mill ignition support not required 1. 2. Feeder Switch not in remote MFT operated OR OR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Protections

44

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Mill outlet temp Low <55 C Mill Status off Auto/Manual Stop command Fdr. Seal Air valve not open Feeder on >5sec & no coal on belt & Mill motor current not low Pulv. Ignition Permit Not available and ignition Support required Feeder outlet gate not open

OR OR OR OR OR OR

HOME

Mills Related Operating Data


SN Description Operating Data Milling System Operating Data 1 Hot air Header Press. 803 mm WC Remarks Max. Press. -876 mm WC Press. Lo alarm -625 mm WC Very Low trip -500 mm WC Max. Temp. - 360 Deg. C Press. Lo. Alarm-635 mm WC

2 3 4 5 6 7

Hot Air Header Temp. Cold air Header Press. Cold Air Header Temp. Mixed Air Press. (Before Mill A-K) Mixed Air Temp. (Before Mill A-K) Mixed Air Flow (Before Mill A-K)

346 Deg. C 876 mm WC 35 Deg. C 728 mm WC 337 Deg. C Constant air flow of 90.9 T/Hr

Max. Temp.

344 mm WC

Max. Flow -102 T/Hr. Limitation- Motor current, Diff. Press, O/L temp, Mill Reject

45

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

8 9

Mill A-K O/L Press. Mill A-K O/L Temp.

324 mm WC 75-800 C

Max. Press. 366 mm WC Max. Temp- 90 Deg. C With lo volatile mater 75-800 C With hi volatile mater 65-750 C With high Sulpher less than750C

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Mill DP Mill Bearing Temp. Mill Motor Brg. Temp. (NDE) Mill Motor Brg. Temp. (DE) Mill Motor Winding Temp. Mill Motor Vib. Cooling water

200 mm WC 70 Deg. C T Deg. C

Trip= T + 5 to10 Deg C * Max. temp. during trial Trip= T + 5 to10 Deg C

17

Coal fineness

4.5 mm/ S I/L press-4.5 KSc/ Press drop across cooler 0.7 KSc Quantity 10m3/hr +50 - 1% -100 - 90.2% -200 - 70.4% 690 mm WC 1198 mm WC 1198-876 = 322 mm WC 250 mm WC

Trip=7.1 mm/ S

Seal Air System 1 Dynavane Filter Outlet Press. 2 Seal Air Discharge Press. 3 Seal Discharge to Cold PA Header 4 Seal AIR to Mill Diff.

Filter Changeover Press.-250 mm WC( Normal >200 mm WC

Low Trip- 200 mm WC

46

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Press.

MILL DAMPERS:
MILL HOT AIR DAMPER
AUTO CLOSE CONDITION 1. Auto air flow decrease command from APS 2. Hot Air Gate Close Command 3. MILL Status Off AUTO OPERATION ENABLED CONDITIONS: 1. HAG Open & MILL On & HAG No command persists & MILL air flow control auto permissive AUTO REGULATION COMMANDS DISABLED CONDITIONS: 1. Same conditions as Auto Close Conditions OR OR

MILL COLD AIR DAMPER


AUTO CLOSE CONDITIONS: 1. MILL Status Off & 2. MFT Not Operated & any PA Fan start Pulse conditions are present. In case auto-closing pulse is active then the minimum demand is set to 5% * Auto Close shall be disable if MFT Has operated > 5 min.

47

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

AUTO OPEN CONDITIONS: MFT Operated for more than 5 min MILL status on & ( Either HAG is closed or HAG Close command is persisting). * A command of 1 sec is generated in case auto open conditions are present. OPERATION ENABLED CONDITIONS: HAG Open & MILL On & HAG No close command persists & Mill Temp control auto permissive is present. AUTO REGULATION COMMANDS DIABLED CONDITIONS: 1. Auto close command persists OR Auto Open Command persists

MILL HOT AIR GATE


PROTECTION CLOSE# (Command 2) CONDITION: a. MILL Status Not On OR any of the conditions at 2-3 b. MILL Outlet Temp High > 94C OR c. Feeder Off OR Pulv. > Unsuccessful Start # Closed Command 2 is issued Instantaneously whereas the protection close command for conditions b-c is issued with Time delay of 30 Sec. The close command will persist till close feedback is received

CLOSE PERM # ( Command 1) CONDITIONS: 1. Mill HAG Manual Closed Command OR 2. Close command from SGC Logic # Closed command 1 is issued instantaneously whereas the Permissive for close will be issued after a time delay of 30 Sec. The close command will persist till close feedback is received. OPEN PERMISSIVES CONDITIONS:

48

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

MILL Status on & No HAG Close command 1 & 2.

MILL COLD AIR GATE


CLOSE PERMISSIVES CONDITIONS: MILL On & Outlet Temp Not Adequate < 55C

AC SCANNER AIR FAN


AUTO START CONDITIONS: 1. No MFT & Scanner dis. Pr - Furnace Pr. DP Low (TD 10 Sec) 2. Running fan trips (ON Order from VPC/Pushbuttons) < 150 mmWC

PERMISSIVE FOR OFF: 1.Either MFT Operated or Scan Duct to Furnace DP Not Low & 2. Both Scanner fans Running of (MFT & Either Scanner fans On)

HOME BCW PUMP :


START PERMISSIVES: S N PARAMETER REQ. STATUS SET VALUE REMARKS

49

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Pump prot criteria

Pump LP cooling water flow Pump casing to suct manifold DT Pump Motor Cavity temp Pump Disch Valve Stem-1 Pump Disch Valve Stem-2 Pump Switchgear Boiler drum vent valves Pump Switchgear CW supply to BCW pumps

Not present Not low Not high Not high Open Open Available Closed Not disturbed Normal

-> 75 LPM < 38oC < 57 oC --Remote & in service --Any booster p/p ON & Header press Not low & Emg CW tank lvl OK

TRIP PROTECTIONS: SN 1 2 3 PARAMETER Pump Motor Cavity temp Pump Disch Valve Stem-1 Pump Disch Valve Stem-2
TRIP CONDN

V HI Not Open Not Open

ALARM VAL 57 oC ---

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

60 oC ---

PUMP AUTO START (in standby selection): S N 1 2 3 REQ. STATUS Any other running BCWP Tripped BCWP-C ON for 30 sec & DP low (5 sec delay) BCWP-B ON for 30 sec & DP low for 10 sec & BCWP-C Not ON (2 sec delay) PARAMETER SET REMARKS VALUE -* (18 psi for >60% MCR, 12 psi for <60% MCR) * (18 psi for >60% MCR, 12 psi for <60% MCR)

50

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

BCW CW BOOSTER P/P


AUTO START CONDITIONS: Running Other Pumps Tripped Or Other P/P On & Discharge Pressure Low MCC Disturbance Not Present Local Intervention Not There OFF PERMISSIVES; Boiler Not Working Or Other Pump On & Discharge Pressure Not Low.

<3.5kg/cm2

HOME

CW PUMPs :
START PERMISSIVES: Sl No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PARAMETER Sump Level
Motor Thrust Bearing Temp

Motor Upper Guide Bearing Temp (NDE) Motor Lower Guide Bearing Temp (DE) Motor Winding Temperature Pump Reverse Rotation Switchgear Switchgear

REQ. STATUS NOT LOW NOT HI NOT HI NOT HI NOT HI NOT Acted Available NOT

SET VALUE
(-) 2.2 m (273.2 m)

REMARKS Datum level 276 m

< 95 C < 95oC


o

< 95oC < 130oC ----

51

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

BFV Operation Selection BFV Oil System Any other Not-running CWP Disch BFV status Protection NOT Acted Any other pump Startup Sequence NOT ON Pump Discharge Pressure NOT HI EPB NOT Pressed Any Other Pump started & 60 sec over CW path for U# 3 Available OR CW path for U# 4 Available

Disturbed Remote NO Trouble Closed

BFVP Remote & LCP Remote BFV Oil Disch Pr OK & Oil-tank Level Not Low & BFV Hyd Motor No Over-current trip From Sequence Protection Logic < 2.8 ksc

Cond # 3: Left I/L & O/L Open (or) Right I/L & O/L Open Cond#4 (do) & CWV-1 Open & CWV-2 Open. TRIP VAL REM

TRIP PROTECTIONS: S N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 PARAMTR


EPB Disch BFV Fast Close command Motor Thrust Brg Temp Motor Winding Temp Upper Guide brg temp(nde) Lower Guide Brg temp(de) Vibration Sump Level Motor Elect. Protection Discharge Pressure TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

Operated PB/OWS initiated V HI > 95oC V HI > 130oC V HI > 95oC V HI > 95oC V HI > 150 m V LO < (-) 2.2m Operated V HI -> 2.8 ksc

> 100 oC > 135oC > 100oC > 100oC > 200 m < (-) 2.4m -> 3.0 ksc

52

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

11 12

Disch BFV Not Open >90% within 90 sec of Pump ON (CB closing) Pump ON for 150 sec & BFV closes < 90% open

10 sec delay

PUMP AUTO START: S N. 1) 2) PARAMETER Pump Selection Standby REQ. STATUS REMARKS

& Any other pump Tripped ON To be checked in SGC

Pump SGC Startup Sequence Step#04

HOME

ACW PUMP :
START PERMISSIVES: S N 1 2 3 4 5 6 PARAMETER Pump Suct. Hdr .Pr.
Pump

REQ. STATUS

REMARKS 2/3 logic(LVM) Electrical MCC Electrical MCC

Adequate OFF Pump Suct. Valve OPEN Pump Selected Stdby & Its Disch. Valve Open (OR) Its Disch. Valve Closed Pump Trip Criteria Not Present MCC Not Distbd

Software Signal Electrical MCC

TRIP PROTECTIONS: S N 1 PARAMTR


TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

Pump ON for 10.sec & Its disch. Pr. Low

53

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

2 3 4 5

Pump ON for 60.sec & Its Disch. Valve Not Open Pump Suction Valve Not Open Pump ON & Common Disch. Hdr. Pr. Very High for 10 sec Pump Suct. Hdr Pr. Lo Lo

> 4.3 Ksc < 0.2 Ksc

PUMP AUTO START: SN 1) 2) 3) PARAMETER REQ. STATUS REMARKS Pump-3A Selected Standby & 3C Tripped (No delay) OR 3B Tripped (Delay 2 sec) Pump-3A Selected Standby & Any other pump (3B/3C) ON & Disch. Hdr. Pr. Low. (< 5.4 ksc) 2/3 logic LVM Pump-3A SGC Startup Sequence Step # 03 ON To be checked in SGC

HOME

ECW PUMP (BOILER):


START PERMISSIVES: SN 1 2 3 4 5 PARAMETER ECW PUMP ECWP Suction Valve ECWP Suct.Hdr.Pr ECWP O/H Tank Level ECWP SWGR REQ. STATUS OFF OPEN Adequate NORMAL Available SET VALUE REMARKS

> 2.5 Ksc

2 / 3 Logic(LVM) Remote service & in

54

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

6 7 8 9 10

ECWP SWGR

Not Disturbed ECWP Not Tripped ECWP MTR. WDG.Temp. NOT HI ECWP MTR. BRG Temp. NOT HI ECWP Selected Stdby & Its Discharge Valve Open OR Its Disch.Valve Close

< 125 oC < 85 oC

TRIP PROTECTIONS: SN O 1 PARAMTR


ECWP-D ON for 10sec & Its Disch. Pr. Low & TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

ECWP-E ON & Its Disch. Pr Not Low 2 ECWP ON for 60sec & Its Disch. Valve Not Open ECWP Suction Valve 3 Not Open 4 ECWP Disch. Hdr. Pr. V.HI 5 ECWP Suct. Hdr. Pr. V.LOW 6 ECWP MTR.WDG.Temp. V.HI. 7 ECWP MTR.BRG.Temp V.HI PUMP-D or E AUTO START:

< 2.5 Ksc > 125 oC > 85 oC

>8.1 Ksc <0.2 Ksc > 130 oC > 90 oC

2/3 logic(LVM) 2/3 logic(LVM)

SL PARAMETER REQ. REMARKS NO. STATUS 1) Pump-D Selected Standby & Other Running pump (E) Tripped 2) Pump-D Selection Standby & Other pump (E) ON For 30.sec & Its Disch. (60.sec Delay) Pr. Low. 3) Pump-D Selection Standby &Other pump (E) ON For 30.sec & Disch. Hdr. Pr. Low. 4) SGC Start Up Seq Step-03 ON To be checked in SGC

55

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

ECW PUMP (TURBINE) :


START PERMISSIVES: SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 PARAMETER ECWP SWGR
ECWP SWGR

REQ. STATUS Available Not Distbd NOT HI NOT HI Not Tripped OFF OPEN Adequate NOT LOW

SET VALUE

REMARKS

Remote & in service


< 125 oC

ECWP MTR. WDG.Temp. ECWP MTR. BRG.Temp. ECWP ECWP ECWP Suction Valve ECWP Suct.Hdr.Pr ECWPs O/H TNK LVL

< 85 oC

> 2.5 KSC

2/3 logic

TRIP PROTECTIONS: SN 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 PARAMTR


TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

ECWP ON for 10sec & Its Disch. Pr. Low ECWP ON for 60sec & Its Disch. Valve Not Open ECWP Suction Valve Not Open
ECWP-A ON & ECWP-B OFF & ECWP-C OFF &
> 8.1 KSC

Disch. Hdr. Pr. Very High


ECWP Suct.Hdr.Pr. ECWP MTR. WDG Temp ECWP MTR. BRG Temp.

Low Low V.HI. V.HI

< 2.5 Ksc > 125 oC > 85 oC

< 0.2 KSC > 130 oC

2/3 logic

> 90 oC

56

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

PUMP A or B or C =AUTO START: SN 1 2 3 PARAMETER REQ. STATUS REMARKS

Pump-A Selection Standby & Any other pump (B/C) Tripped Pump-A Selection Standby & Any other pump ON (B/C) & Disch. Hdr. Pr. Low. SGC Start Up Sequence Step-03 ON

To be checked in SGC

ECW O/H TANK LEVEL :


S PARAMETER N ECW O/H TANK EMG MU VALVE AUTO OPEN 1 ECWs O/H Tank Level ECW O/H TANK EMG MU VALVE AUTO CLOSE 2 ECWs O/H Tank Level ECW O/H TANK NORMAL MU VALVE AUTO OPEN 3 ECWs O/H Tank Level ECW O/H TANK NORMAL MU VALVE AUTO CLOSE 4 ECWs O/H Tank Level REQ. STATUS REMARKS

V.LOW HIGH LOW HIGH

57

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

CEP :
START PERMISSIVES: S No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 PARAMETER CEP Suct.Valve
Hotwell Level

REQ. STATUS

SET VALUE >-250. mm <100 oC <85oC <125 oC

REMARKS 2/3 Logic (Remote & in Service)

OPEN Not Low CEP Swgr. Available CEP Swgr Not Disturbed CEP Thrust Brg.Temp Not HI. CEP Mtr.Brg.Temp. Not HI. CEP Mtr.Wdg.Temp. Not HI. CEP Recir. Valve 40% OPEN CEP Vent valve OPEN CEP Standby Selected & Its Disch.Valve Open OR CEP Disch.Valve Closed PARAMETER
Hotwell Level

Two Tx. for each Phase

CEP TRIP PROTECTIONS: S NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


TRIP CONDN V.Low

ALARM VAL
-250.mm

TRIP VAL

REMARKS 2/3 Logic

CEP Disch.Pr.Low & CEP ON CEP ON & Flow Thru. CEP <300.T/Hr. CEP Thrust Brg.Temp. V.HI CEP Mtr. Brg.Temp. V.HI CEP Mtr. Wdg.Temp. V.HI CEP Suct.Valve Not Open

20.ksc >100 C >85oC >125oC


o

<18.ksc (15.sec Delay) >105 C >90oC >130oC


o

*Two Tx for each Phase.

58

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

PUMP AUTO START: (*Release: Drive Start Permissive Available) SNO. PARAMETER REQ. STATUS 1) Pump Selection Standby & Other Running pump Tripped 2) Pump Selection Standby & Other Pump ON For 30.sec & Disch. Pr. Inadequate (Delay) 3) Pump Selection Standby & Any other Pump ON For 30.sec & Disch. Hdr. Pr. Low. REMARKS

S PARAMETER REQ. STATUS REMARKS NO DISCHARGE VALVE AUTO OPEN: (*Release: Discharge Valve I.B.V Open) Pump ON & Disch.Pr.Not Low (2.sec Delay) CEP Disch.Pr.Not low &CEP-B or CEP-C ON & CEP-A SGC Start Permissive Available & CEP-A Standby Selected (5.sec Delay) DISCHARGE VALVE AUTO CLOSE: (*Release: CEP OFF) CEP Standby Selected & Disch.Hdr.Pr. Low (120.sec Delay) CEP OFF *1.5sec Pulse DISCHARGE VALVE I.B.V. AUTO OPEN: 1) CEP ON & Disch.Pr.Not Low (2.sec delay) 2) CEP Disch.Pr.Not low & CEP-B or CEP-C ON & CEP-A SGC Start *1.5 sec Pulse Permissive Available & CEP-A Standby Selected (5.sec Delay) DISCHARGE VALVE I.B.V. AUTO CLOSE: 1) Disch.Valve OPENED VENT VALVE AUTO OPEN: (*Release: CEP OFF)

59

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

CEP Disch.Pr.Not low & CEP-B or CEP-C ON & CEP-A SGC Start Permissive Available & CEP-A Standby Selected (5.sec Delay) & CEP OFF. VENT VALVE AUTO CLOSE: 1) CEP ON (120.sec Delay)

1)

HOME

MD BFP :
START PERMISSIVES: SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 PARAMETER MDBFP AOP ON & Lub Oil Pr. OK
MDBFP Suct. Valve

REQ. STATUS OPEN Not Low Not HI Not HI Not HI Not HI Not HI Not HI Not HI

SET VALUE >2.0 ksc > +20 mm < 110 oC < 55 oC < 22 oC < 90 oC < 100 oC < 90 oC < 85 oC

REMARKS (2 sec Delay) 2/3 logic 2/3 logic 2/3 logic

D/A Level Working oil Temp. upstream CLRS LUB Oil down stream CLRS Temp. BFP Casing TOP/BOT Diff.Temp. BFP JOURN. BRG. Temp. BFP THRUST BRG. Temp. HYD.COUPL.BRG.Temp BFP MTR. JOURN. BRG. Temp

60

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

11 12 13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

BFP MTR.WDG.Temp Not HI SWGR. Available SWGR. Not Disturbed BFP Recir.Valve OPEN BFP CW Valve CLOSE BFP Disch. Valve & its IBV CLOSED OR Selected BFP Rapid Start Up Solenoid SOV92 & SOV93 ON & Scoop Position Min. (0%) OR HYD.COUP. MIN/CLS Booster Pump JOUR. BRG. Not HI. Temp. Booster Pump Thrust BRG. Not HI. Temp BFP FW Disch/ Suct. Not HI. Diff.Temp. BFP CW Hdr.Pr. Adequate BFP HC Tank Level Not Low BFP HC Tank Level Not HI MD BFP not in standby OR Reverse Rotation Not acted Working Oil down stream CLRS Not HI Temp

< 125 oC

Two Tx for each phase

BFP Standby

< 90 oC < 100oC < 10oC >3.0 ksc Difference of MVN

< 75 oC

MDBFP TRIP PROTECTIONS: SN PARAMTR


TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REM

61

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

MD BFP ON & MDBFP Corrected speed is. more than the Suct. Flow for 15 sec MD BFP Suct. Flow Low Lub Oil Pr.in Hdr. V.LOW Working Oil Temp. V.HI MD BFP Suct. Flow Low Lub Oil Pr.in Hdr. V.LOW MD BFP Suct. & Disch. Diff. Temp. Lub Oil Temp. D/S L.O CLR V.HI MD BFP Jour. BRG.Temp V.HI MD BFP Thrust BRG. Temp. V.HI MD BFP MTR. WDG Temp. V.HI D/A Level V.LOW MD BFP MTR. Jour.BRG.Temp. Hyd.Coup.BRG.Temp. Booster Pump Thrust brg temp Booster Pump Jour. BRG.Temp V.HI V.HI V.HI V.HI

> 50 T/Hr < 200 T/Hr. < 0.8 ksc > 130o C < 200 T/Hr. < 0.8 ksc > 15 o C > 60 o C > 95 o C > 105 o C > 130 o C < 1610mm > 90 o C > 95 o C > 105 o C > 95 o C

2/3 Logic 2/3 Logic 2/3 Logic 2/3 Logic

Two Tx for each phase 2/3 Logic

62

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

TD BFP :
START PERMISSIVES: SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 PARAMETER P/P Suction valve open Deaerator level not low P/P recirculation valve open Discharge valve closed Discharge Hdr pr. Not low Pump casing top/bottom DT Condenser pressure Lub oil header pressure Lub oil Temp. after cooler Governing oil pressure Dear box brg. Temp Brg. temp BP Brg. Temp. BP Thrust brg. Temp. Journal Brg. Temp. Thrust Brg. Temp. LOP A or B on BFP not working Speed Aux. Steam Block valve opened Aux. Steam Pressure REQ. STATUS Open Not low Open Closed Not low Not high Not low Not High Not low Not High Not High Not High Not High Not High Not High SET VALUE > +20 mm GC REMARKS

> 1.5 ksc < 20 C < 0.5 Ksc

> 30 rpm > 12 Ksc.

63

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

22 23

Aux. Steam Temp. Aux. Steam SH

> 250 oC > 50 oC

N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

CONDN & Re circulation valve closed and TDBFP Speed >1000rpm De aerator level lo lo Lube oil Hdr.. Pr. lo-lo P/P Suction valve not open TDBFP Exhaust stm temp very high Live steam pressure very high Exhaust steam pr.very high Gland Steam pressure DP across Gland steam strainer

REMARKS VAL

INTERLOCK AND<PROTECTION TDBFP working AND suction PLANT flow 200 TPH Low
Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

64 G VALUE

Lo Lo Lo Lo Not open HI HI HI HI HI HI
< 1.5 Ksc > 85 C > 10.9 Ksc > - 0.6 Ksc

< - 1610 mmWC

< 1.0 Ksc > 120 C > 12.5 Ksc > - 0.4 Ksc

< 0.6 ksc- EOP starts > 85 C hood spray on < 4.5 Ksc low alarm

< 50.0 > 0.0 mmWC 2.5 Ksc - 0.87 Ksc/ 44 C 10.3 Ksc/ 320 C - 0.87 Ksc 0.02 Ksc/ 330 C 13 Ksc/ 330 C Atm / 100 C 7.5 Ksc/ 45 C 5.0 Ksc/ 45 C 6.0 Ksc/ 45 C 4.5 Ksc/ 45 C 5.0 Ksc/ 45 C

>700 mmWC- high alarm <100 mmWC- high alarm > 150 mmWC high alarm < 130 C low alarm < 6.5 Ksc low alarm > 4.5 Ksc ESV interlock. > 5.5 Ksc Interlock < 1.4 Ksc ESV interlock > 1.4 Ksc To ETH

10 Turbine Drain 11 Gov. ( Control ) oil Pr. Very low 12 Trip oil pr. very low 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Start up oil pr. Secondary oil pr. LP Secondary oil pr. Turbine Axial shift high 0.7 mm Turbine eccentricity v high >80 mic Turbine Differential Expansion Casing Expansion Turbine FJB & RJB Vibration High

Lo Lo Lo Lo

< 4.5 Ksc < 2.0 Ksc

HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI

+/- 0.5 mm > 137micron > 1.95 mm > 5.0 mm > 77 micron

+/- 0.7 mm 92 micron > 2.60 mm > 70 micron 77 micron

21 Trip PB operated 22 Remote trip command 23 Turbine speed V high ( Overspeed) 24 25 26 27


Gear Box O/P & I/P vibration high Turbine bearing Temp V high Gear Box brg Temp V high Main pp & Booster P/P brg Temp V high

HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI HI
> 105 C > 90 C > 90 C > 95 C

6300 rpm >70 micron > 120 C > 95 C > 95 C > 105C > 15 C

60 to 80 C 60 to 80 C 60 to 80 C 60 to 80 C 7 to 10 C

28 Main pp & Booster pp thrust brg 29


Temp V high Feed Water Suc/Disc DT high for

65

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

TDBFP TRIP PROTECTIONS:

HOME
TDBFP OIL SYSTEM INTERLOCKS & PROTECTIONS: SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 PARAMTR
Lub oil pump discharge pressure Lub oil pump discharge header pr. Lube oil Hdr.. Pr. lo-lo Turbine brg. Oil Drain pr. Lub oil tank level low Lub oil DP across Filter high Lub oil DP across EOP Filter high Gov. oil DP across gov. oil Filter high Lub oil Temp. after Cooler high Lub oil Tank Temp. High Jacking oil Header pressure low Remote Engagement TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL
< 7.0 Ksc > 12.0 Ksc < 1.5 Ksc > 100 Ksc < 1150 mm > 1.0 Ksc > 1.5 Ksc > 1.0 Ksc > 45 oC > 65 oC < 100 Ksc > 5.0 Ksc

TRIP VAL

REMARKS
S/B pump start, 2 sec delay

OPERATING VALUE
11.6 Ksc./45 oC 11.6 Ksc./45 oC

Low High Lo Lo High Low High High High High High Low

< 1.0 Ksc

< 0.6 ksc- EOP starts <1150 mm-low alarm >1250 mm high alarm

2.5 Ksc./ 45 oC Atm. pr./ 70 oC Atm. pr./ 60 oC 0.5 Ksc./ 45 oC 0.5 Ksc./ 45 oC 0.5 Ksc./ 45 oC 10.0 Ksc./ 45 oC Atm. pr./ 60 oC 100 Ksc./ 45 oC 4.5 Ksc./ 45 oC

LUB OIL PUMP: SL NO. PARAMETER

LUB OIL PUMP AUTO START: 1 LO p/p OFF & ON COMMAND FROM START-UP SEQUENCE-02

66

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Other LOP/p TRIPPED (2.Sec Pulse) ON COMMMAND (10 Sec. Delay) GIVEN BUT PUMP NOT ON (2 Sec Pulse) {TDBFP WORKING OR LO P/p ON (90 Sec Delay)} & {LOP- DISCH PR.LOW (< 7.KSC) OR LOP HDR PR <1.5 KSC} ( 2 Sec. Pulse) LUB OIL PUMP STOP RELEASE: 1 LO P/p PR NOT LOW & LO P/p 0N OR TDBFP NOT WORKING OR TDBFP ZERO SPEED & TDBFP SPEED <10 RPM LUB OIL PUMP AUTO STOP : 1 SGC Shut-down Sequence (Step-57) EMERGENCY OIL PUMP: SL NO. PARAMETER

2 3 4

EOP AUTO START: 1 EOP AUTO SELECTED & LUB OIL HDR PR V. LOW EOP STOP RELEASE: 1 {LOP-A ON OR LOP-B ON OR TDBFP-A ZERO SPEED} & EOP NOT SELECTED IN AUTO OR LUB OIL PR NOT V.LOW ( > 1. 0 KSC) EOP AUTO STOP : 1 SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE-57 JACKING OIL P/p: SL NO. JOP AUTO START: 1 OIL START-UP SEQUNCE-07 2 OIL SHUT DOWN SEQUNCE-53 PARAMETER

67

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

3 TDBFP SPEED <510 RPM ( 10 Sec Pulse) JOP STOP RELEASE: 1 TDBFP ZERO SPEED & TDBFP SPEED < 10 RPM OR TDBFP SPEED >540 RPM JOP AUTO STOP : 1 START UP SEQUENCE -07 2 SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE -56 3 TDBFP SPEED >540 RPM TURNING GEAR VALVE: SL NO. PARAMETER

TURNING GEAR VALVE AUTO OPEN : 1 {TG VALVE CLOSE OR TDBFP SPEED <120 RPM} & {TDBFP SPEED <510 RPM OR OPEN COMMAND FROM SGC STEP-06 OR 52} TURNING GEAR VALVE RELEASE TO CLOSE: 1 TDBFP 100% CASING TEMP <85 DEG C OR TDBFP SPEED > 540 RPM OR TDBFP SPEED >200 RPM & TG VALVE OPEN FEEDBACK AVAILABLE TURNING GEAR VALVE AUTO CLOSE : 1 START UP SEQUENCE-09 2 SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE-55 3 TDBFP SPEED >540 RPM 4 TDBFP SPEED >200 RPM & TG VALVE OPEN FEEDBACK AVAILABLE

68

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

TURBINE PROTECTION :
S N
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Description of Permissive/ Protection


OVERSPEED TRIP-1 OVERSPEED TRIP-2 AXIAL SHIFT LOW VACUUM TRIP DEV MANUAL TRIP DEVICE EMERG TRIP SWITCH 1 DESK EMERG TRIP SWITCH 2 DESK HP EXHAUST TEMP. HIGH LP OUTER CASING TEMP. HIGH COND. PRESS. TRIP (VSP) COND. PRESS. TRIP (FSP) AND Turbine speed > 540 rpm. FIRE PROT SWITCH OIL TANK LEVEL VERY LOW LUB OIL PRSS. VERY LOW EMERG TRIP SWITCH 1 BKUP PANEL EMERG TRIP SWITCH 2 BKUP PANEL TRIP COMMD FROM ATRS GEN. ELCTRICAL PROTECTION GEN PROT ( MECH) CLASS B MASTER FUEL TRIP RELAY HP CASING TOP-BOT DT HIGH IP FRONT TOP-BOT DT (ABS) IP REAR TOP-BOT DT ( ABS)

ALARM VAL

TRIP VAL

REMARKS
HYDRAULIC 2/3 LOGIC HYDRAULIC HYDRAULIC

OPERATING VALUE

> 8 to 9 % OF RATED SPEED > 8 to 9 % OF RATED SPEED

+/- 0. 5 mm ----> 485C > 90C >0

+/- 1.0 mm

> 500C > 110C - 0.7 bar

2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3

2 OUT OF 3

< 4.5 ksc (s/b pp auto start)

< 1.2 Ksc

2 OUT OF 3 CONNCETED IN ANDED LOGIC 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3

> +90 & < -90 > +30 & < -30 > +30 & < -30

o o

> +100 & < -100


o

2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3

510

C o C

> +45 & < -45 C > +45 & < -45 o C

69

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

LIQUID IN GEN MAIN LEADS TOP-TRIP COLD GAS TEM AFT CLR A/B COLD GAS TEM AFT CLR C/D SEAL OIL TEM HIGH AFT CLR AIR SIDE HOT AIR MAIN EXCITER TEMP HIGH PRIMARY WATER TEMP AFT CLR HIGH STATOR WIND FLOW LO LO STATOR MAIN BUSHING R FLOW LO LO STATOR MAIN BUSHING S FLOW LO LO STATOR MAIN BUSHING T FLOW LO LO

LVL> max. 60 o C 60 o C > 55 o C > 80 o C > 71 o C 48 M3/hr 1.33 M3/hr 1.33 M3/hr 1.33 M3/hr
2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3 2 OUT OF 3

70

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

TURBINE LUB OIL SYSTEM:INTERLOCKS & PROTECTIONS:


1. Oil Tank level High > 700 mm 2. AOP 1 / 2 Tripped 1. AOP 1 Tripped OR 2. AOP 2 Tripped 1. Oil Tank level High > 700 mm 2. AOP 1 / 2 Tripped 3. AOP 1 Tripped OR 4. AOP 2 Tripped 3. Jacking Oil Pressure Low 1. Turbine Speed < 510 rpm & 2. Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & 3. Jacking Oil Pressure < 100 Kg/cm2 4. Reserve Oil Pump ON Emergency Oil Pump On OR JOP 2 On OR JOP 3 On 5. Switch off oil pumps AOP 1 OR AOP 2 ON & Turbine speed > 2850 rpm & Pr. Oil Pressure > 7 Kg/cm2 6. Lube Oil Pressure low I) Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & II) Lube oil pressure < 4.5 Kg/cm2 7. Lube Oil Pressure L Low III) Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & IV) Lube oil pressure < 1.1 Kg/cm2 8. Gate valve gearing not closed. 1. Turning gear limit switch not close status. 9. DP across Lube oil filter High > 0.9 Kg/cm2 10. Leak oil tank level Hi 2. Level > 50 % 3. Power supply of Lvl switch not failed. 1. J O Filter chocked > 4.2 kg/cm2 2. Oil temp after cooler High > 50 C 3. SLC Turning system not ON OR SLC JOPs not On JOP Discharge header pressure TG AOP Auto Start

SGC oil supply step 2 command i.e, SGC oil supply ON OR


SLC AOP 1 On AND ( AOP 2 tripped OR

Oil Pressure < 4.8 Kg/cm2)


TG AOP Auto Stop: Through SGC Oil Supply Turbine Speed > 2850 rpm & Oil Pressure > 7 Kg/cm2 OR Through SGC Oil Shutdown

Lube Oil temp control manual mode & SLC Jack oil pumps OFF &
SLC Jack oil pump -3 OFF & Jack oil pump 1 Off & Jack oil pump 2 Off & Jack oil pump 3 Off Protection Stop Oil tank level V Low OR Fire protection 2 Pushed DC EOP Protection on: SLC EOP On & Lube oil Pressure < 1.1 Kg/cm2 Temperature HP Casing Top > 120 C Temperature HP Casing Top > 120 C L.O.Pr < 1.1 Kg/m2 ( Direct from Pr. Switch) JOP 1 Auto Start SLC JOPs ON & JOP-2 OFF & Turbine Speed < 510 rpm JOP 1 Auto Stop: SLC JOPs ON & Turbine Speed < 510 rpm JOP 2 ON Command through SLC. ] OR [i.Turbine Speed < 510 rpm & ii. Jacking oil pressure < 100 Kg/cm2 &

OR OR

71

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

iii. SLC JOP 3 ON (7 Sec Delay)] Protection Stop Oil tank level V Low OR Fire protection 2 Pushed DC JOP 3 Permissive: Both JOP 1 AND JOP 2 in OFF Condition DC JOP Auto Start 1. Turbine Speed < 510 rpm & Jacking oil pressure < 100 Kg/cm2 & SLC JOP 3 ON (7 Sec Delay) OR 2. Turbine Speed < 2800 rpm & JOP 1 Voltage failed & JOP 2 Voltage failed & SLC JOP 3 ON OR JOP 2 Tripped AND SLC JOP 3 ON OR Protection Stop Oil tank level V Low OR Fire protection 2 Pushed Turning Gear Permissive : 1. Turbine speed > 15 rpm OR 2. [ i. DP S/O Air H2 side TE > 1.2 Kg/cm2 & ii. DP S/O Air H2 side EE > 1.2 Kg/cm2 & iii. Seal Oil Pr. H2 side > 7.0 Kg/cm2 Auto Open SLC Turning gear ON AND Turbine Speed < 210 rpm Auto Close 1. [i. SLC Turning gear ON & ii. Turbine Speed > 240 rpm ] OR 2. Through SGC Oil Supply step 51 i.e SGC Oil Shut down On & HP Outer Casing Top AND bottom Temp < 100 C Protection Close : Lube Oil Pressure < 1.2 kg/cm2 Oil Vapour Extractor -1 Auto Start i. Other Vapour Extractor ON & ii. Oil Vapour Extr heater Pr. > Max ( 2 min delay ) OR Other Vapour extractor tripped OR Other SGC Supply STEP 2 ( As soon as SGC oil Supply made ON) For Extractor 1 only.).

72

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Leakage Oil Pump: Auto Start: Leakage oil tank level > 50% Auto Stop: Leakage oil tank level < Minimum

73

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

CONTOL FLUID SYSTEM: INTERLOCKS & PROTECTIONS:


1. Leakage Level High Speed change over device leakage detected OR Hydraulic pr. water injection valves leakage detected OR Over speed governor leakage detected 2. Hydraulic control fluid pressure low. HPCF Pressure after P/P 1 < 26 Kg/cm2 AND HPCF Pressure after P/P 2 < 26 Kg/cm2 AND Turbine speed > 15 rpm 3. HPCF Filter DP high Filter Supply Units DP OR CF filter DP OR LP Bypass filter DP >0.6Kg/cm2 4. Water CF Tank High CF Conductivity High 5. HPCF Temperature Low/Fault < 50 C 6. HPCF Temperature High/Fault > 62.C 7. HPCF Pumps Fault SLC HPCFs on with 10 sec delay & Any HPCF auto on command 8. HPCF Tank Temp. Low < 20 C 9. HPCF Tank level High > 59 % 10. HPCF Tank level Low < 53 %

HP Control Fluid pump - 1 Auto Start


SLC HPCF Pumps On & HPCF pump 2 Disch. Pr. <32 Ksc. SLC HPCF Pumps On AND HPCF P/P 2 Tripped OR

HP Control Fluid pump - 1 Auto Stop:


Through SGC HPCF Off Command 71 Releases for issuing command 71 are as follows; MFT & LP Bypass Control Valve-1 Closed & Seal Steam Pr. control manual & Condenser pressure > 40 % & Gland steam control valve closed Protection Off: Fire Protection-1 OR Fire Protection-2 Pressed.

HPCF VAP EXTR-1 Auto Start


HP Control Fluid Press > 30 Kg/cm2 HPCF Vapour Extractor 2 tripped OR

HPCF Circulation Pump-1 Start Permissive: HPCF Circulation P/P-2 OFF Auto Start SGC HPCF on & HPCF Pr. > 30 Kg/cm2 & HPCF Vap Extr on Auto Stop Through SGC HPCF OFF Command 71 Protection Off HP Protection suction vessel level < Min OR HP Protection 1 Or Fire Protection 2 Pressed.

74

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

11. HPCF Tank level V Low < 50 %

75

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

SEAL OIL SYSTEM: INTERLOCKS & PROTECTIONS:


Oil level in Pre chamber (TE/EE) High SO level pre chamber (TE) > max SO level pre chamber (EE) > max Liquid at main leads top High Liquid at main leads top, high sensed by any two of the three level switches. Level in SOST low SO storage tank level low sensed by any one of the two level switches. 1. Pressure after AC SOP 1/2 (AS) low i.e., < 7.5 Kg/cm2 2. Pressure after DC SOP 3 (AS) low i.e., < 7.5 Kg/cm2 3.. Pressure after AC SOP 4 (H2S) low (i.e., < 7.5 Kg/cm2 4. DP across SO filter AS/H2S High ( > 0.9 Kg/cm2) 5. SO Pr. (TE/EE) Air side Low ( < 4.9 Kg/cm2) 6. SO temp after cooler (AS) High (> 50 C) 7. SO temp after cooler (H2S) High (> 50 C) 8. SO temp after cooler V High (> 55 C) 9. SO/H2 Diff Pr (TE AND EE ) High (>1.7Kg/cm2) 10.SO/H2 Diff Pr (TE AND EE ) low (> 0.9Kg/cm2) 12.H2 Pressure in Manifold low ( < 15 Kg/cm2) 13.H2 Pressure in Gen Casing low ( < 3.3Kg/cm2) 14.H2 Pressure in Gen Casing High ( > 3.8Kg/cm2) 15.H2 Pressure in Gen Casing low ( < 95 %) 16.PW Pr. after Pump low 17.DP Pr. Winding High 18.PW temp after cooler V High 19. Stator Wdg Flow low 20. Stator Wdg Flow V low 21. Flow through R bush V low 22. Flow through S bush V low 23. Flow through T bush V low ( 5 Kg/cm2) ( > 1.5 Kg/cm2) ( > Kg/cm2) ( < 54 m3/hr) ( < 48 m3/hr) ( < 1.33 m3/hr) ( < 1.33 m3/hr) ( < 1.33 m3/hr)
Seal Oil P/p (air side) Auto Start: SLC SO Pump 1 / 2 (AS) on & SO storage tank level not low & Other SO pump (AS) off. & SO pr after SOP/p (AS) < 7.5Kg/cm2.(2 Sec delay SO SGC Step-1 command ( SO SGC start up ON). DC SOP Auto Start: DC SOP local PB On command OR SLC DC SOP 3 On & SO/H2 DP ( TE/EE) < 0.9 Kg/cm2 ( 2 sec delay) Seal Oil P/p ( H2 side) Auto Start:: Through SGC SO Step 3 Command i.e., SLC SO pumps 1/2 (AS) on & SLC BC EXH fan 1/2 on & SLC DC SOP on Protection Stop: SO tank low OR SOP Pressure air side < 4.5 kgcm2 (3 sec delay) Other BC Exhaust Fan Auto start SLC BC EXH fan On & Other BC Exhaust Fan on & Pr at respective BC Exh fan > -5 mbar ( 2 s delay) SLC BC EXH fan On & Other BC Exhaust Fan off SO SGC step-1 command (i.e., SO SGC start up ON) Primary water Pump Auto Start: SLC PW Pumps on & PW Tank level > 41.49 % & Other PW Pump 2 Off ] SLC PW Pumps on & PW Tank level > 41.49 % & Stand by PW Pump on & Pressure after Stand by PW Pump < 5Kg/cm2 ]

OR

OR OR

OR

Gas drier heater Start permissive: Gas drier blower ON for 10 min SLC gas drier ON AND Air temp at drier out let < 60 C( 10 Sec delay)

76

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

24. PW Pr. at stator Wdg I/L High 25. Hot Gas temp. Coolers A AND B High 26. Hot Gas temp. Coolers C AND D High 27. Cold Gas temp. Coolers A AND B High 28. Cold Gas temp. Coolers C AND D High 29 Cold Gas temp. Coolers V High 30. Temperature Hot Air Main Exciter High

( > 3.8 Kg/cm2) ( > 80 C) ( > 80 C) ( > 55 C) ( > 55 C) ( > 60C) ( > 75 C)

Auto off: Air temp. at Gas exhaust > 80 deg c Protection off: Gas drier blower off OR Gas drier heater temp > 150 C. Gas drier blower Start permissive: Gas drier blower LS-1 open OR Gas drier blower LS-2 open Auto on : SLC gas drier ON Off Permissive: Gas drier heater off Auto off: SLC gas drier ON AND Air temp. at drier Out let <60 C AND Heater not On Protection Off: Nil CO2 Flash evaporator Auto on: SLC CO2 Flash Evaporator On & CO2 Flash Evaporator temp. < 145 C Auto Off; CO2 Flash Evaporator temp. < 150 C Exciter Air Drier Permissive: Turbine speed < 210 rpmAuto On: SLC Air Drier on AND Turbine speed < 210 rpm Off Permissive: Exciter Shut down Heater Off. Auto Off: Turbine speed > 240 rpm & Exciter Shut down Heater Off & SLC Air Drier On.

31. Temperature Hot Air Main Exciter V High ( > 75 C) 32. PW Pr. Stator I/L Low 33. SO Pr. AS (TR/EE) Liw 34 PW temp at O/L High 35.Conductivity after Winding High 36. Conductivity after main filter High 37. Conductivity after Ion exchanger Low ( > 3Kg/cm2) ( <4.9Kg/cm2) ( > 70 C) > 3 micro S/cm ( > 3 micro S/cm < 1 micro S/cm

TURBINE TURBOVISORY
Alarm Trip

Axial Shift Differential Expansions (i) HPT (ii) IPT Overall Expansion of IP + LP Rotor

0.5 mm

1 mm

-5.0 to +3.5 mm -1.0 to +5.5 mm -3 to + 30 mm

77

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Vibration
Absolute Brg. Housing Vibn Standard Alarm setting Maximum Alarm setting Limit Value for Tripping 42m (85-MMI) 53m (106-MMI)
Alarm

Absolute Shaft Vibn.


25m above normal level 100m (200 MMI) 160m (320-MMI)
Trip

Bearing Temperatures Fixed Points


For HP casing For IP casing For LP casing For Turbine Rotor

90 to 115oC (depending on operating temp. of bearing) Turbine bearing pedestal - 2 Turbine bearing pedestal - 2 Turbine bearing pedestal - 3 Thrust bearing.

130oC

All HP, IP & LP Turbine Bearing Pedestals are Fixed.

CASING TEMPERATURE LIMITING VALUES


Alarm M/C must be shut down at

HP turbine casing exhaust Outer casing of LP cylinder (Spray water to L.P. turbine must be switched on at

485oC 90oC

500oC 110oC

78

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

90oC).
Temperature difference

Between upper & lower casing of HPT. (Middle) IPT Top / Bottom Diff. temp. (Front) IPT Top / Bottom Diff. temp. (Rear) Permissible temperature difference between parallel steam supply lines No time limitation Short time period (15 min)

90oC 30oC 30oC 17 oC 28 oC

100oC 45oC 45oC

DIFFERENT LEVELS
DRUM LEVEL ( FROM HYFRASTEP ) S No PARAMETER
1 2 3 4 5 NORMAL LEVEL HIGH LEVEL ALARM HI HI LEVEL TRIP LOW LEVEL ALARM LO LO LEVEL TRIP

VALUE
0 50 mm + 125 mm +250 mm - 175 mm - 375 mm

REMARKS
6th PORT FROM TOP 2nd PORT FROM TOP 6th PORT FROM BOTTOM 2nd PORT FROM BOTTOM

DEAERATOR LEVEL S No
1 2 3 4 5 6

PARAMETER
NORMAL LEVEL HIGH LEVEL ALARM HI HI LEVEL TRIP LOW LEVEL ALARM LO LO LEVEL TRIP VERY LOW LEVEL BFP TRIP

VALUE
0 50 mm + 300 mm +500 mm - 680 mm - 1350 mm

REMARKS

FROM LEVEL SWITCH 2/3

79

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOTWELL LEVEL S No
1 2 3 4 5

PARAMETER
NORMAL LEVEL HIGH LEVEL ALARM HI HI LEVEL TRIP LOW LEVEL ALARM LO LO LEVEL TRIP

VALUE
0 50 mm + 100 mm +150 mm - 250 mm - 1955 mm

REMARKS

MOT LEVEL S No
1 2 3 4

PARAMETER
NORMAL LEVEL HIGH LEVEL ALARM LOW LEVEL ALARM LO LO LEVEL ALARM

VALUE ( From TOP )


750 mm 900 mm 1050 mm 1350 mm

REMARKS
Range 0 to 1600 mm

HCF LEVEL S No
1 2 3 4

PARAMETER
NORMAL LEVEL HIGH LEVEL ALARM LOW LEVEL ALARM LO LO LEVEL ALARM

VALUE ( From TOP )


700 mm 650 mm 750 mm 800 mm

REMARKS
Range 0 to 1600 mm

BFPs OIL LEVEL S No


1 2

PARAMETER
NORMAL LEVEL LOW LEVEL ALARM

VALUE ( From BOTTOM )


----1150 mm

REMARKS
Range 0 to 1400 mm

80

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HEATERS LEVEL S No 1 2 3 4 HEATERS LPH 1 LPH 2 LPH 3 HPH 5A/5B & 6A/6B RANGE -275 to +275 -800 to 0 -750 to + 50 -275 to +525 NORMAL - 25 - 525 - 460 0 LOW - 225 - 610 - 545 - 195 HIGH 0 - 440 - 375 + 135 HIGH HIGH + 50 - 140 - 140 + 415

ALL VALUE IN MM

CBD TANK LEVEL S No 1 2 3 PARAMETER NORMAL LEVEL LOW LEVEL ALARM HIGH LEVEL ALARM VALUE ( From BOTTOM ) + 300 to + 350 MM + 130 mm + 530 mm REMARKS Control V/V sets

OTHERS TG ALARMS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
DESCRIPTION HPT EXHAUST STEAM PRESSURE VERY HIGH LEAK STEAM HPT U-RING LUB OIL FILTER CHOCKED OIL TEMP. AFTER OIL COOLERS HIGH CONTROL OIL PR. LOW JACKING OIL PR. LOW JACKING OIL FILTER CHOCKED ALARM VALUE > 50 Ksc > 350 deg C > 0.9 Ksc > 50 deg C < 4.5 Ksc < 150 Ksc > 4.2 Ksc

81

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

HP CONTROL FLUID TANK TEMP LOW CONTIN FLOW HEATER TEMP. HIGH HP CONTROL FLUID PIPE TEMP. FAULT HPCF PRESSURE LOW HPCF FILTER DP HIGH WASTE FLUID TANK LEVEL HIGH VACUUM PUMP S/B START VACUUM PUMP S/B OFF TURBINE TRIPPED ( LOW TRIP OIL PRESSURE) GLAND STEAM PRESSURE ABNORMAL SEAL STEAM VALVE INTERLOCK OPERATED(CLOSE) OIL FLTR. FOR GL. SEAL STEAM VALVE CHOCKED SEPARATOR WATER (VAC. PP) TANK MAKEUP V/V SEAL WATER (VAC.PP) PUMP FLOW LOW VACUUM PUMP SEAL WATER TEMP. HIGH

< 20 deg C > 75 deg C > 60 deg C & < 50 deg C < 26.0 Ksc > 0.6 Ksc > 50% > 0.15 KSc < 0.15 Ksc < 2.0 Ksc > 450 MMWC & < 200 MMWC < 210 deg C > 5.0 Ksc Open < 330 mm; Close > 360 mm with 5 sec Time Delay. < 20 M3/hr > 40 deg C

82

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

COMPRESSOR :
START PERMISSIVES: S No 1 2 3 PARAMETER Cooling Water flow
Supply Voltage. 24 V (+/-) 10% AC

REQ. STATUS OK OK Not present

SET VALUE

REMARKS

Any Trip. ( Safety interlocks) PARAMETER


Emergency Push Button Trip

TRIP PROTECTIONS: S NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
TRIP CONDN Operated

ALARM VAL 1.33 Ksc 70 oC 225 oC 65 oC 225 oC 140 oC 85 oC 85 oC

TRIP VAL

REMARKS 20 sec delay 50 sec delay 1 sec delay 1 sec delay 1 sec delay Tripping from PLC Tripping from PLC Tripping from PLC Tripping from PLC

8 9 10

Lub Oil pressure low Lub Oil Temp. High. LP Outlet Air Temp. High HP Inlet Air Temp. High HP Outlet Air Temp. High Motor Winding Temp. High . (R, Y, B ) phase Motor DE Brg. Temp. High Motor NDE Brg. Temp. High Cooling Water Flow low

Low High High High High High

1.20 Ksc 80 oC 235 oC 70 oC 235 oC 150 oC 90 oC 90 oC

main

High High Low

main main main

83

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

HOME

FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM :


FIRE HYDRANT PUMPs: S NO PARAMETER SET VAL REMARKS FAIL TO START
After pp NRV Ksc Before pp NRV Ksc

Hydrant p/p normal dis. Pr.= 11 to 12 Ksc. 1


Main Hydrant P/p 1 (H-M-01) auto start < 8.5 Ksc.

Pr. Switch: PS-6001/PT1

< 8.5
(PS-6003)

< 4.5
(PS-6006)

Pr. Switch: PS-6005/PT1 or P/p-1 fails to start. Main Hydrant P/p 3 (H-M-03) auto start < 7.5 Ksc. 3 Pr. Switch: PS-6009/PT1 or P/p-2 fails to start. Diesel Hydrant P/p (H-D-01) auto start < 7.0 Ksc. 4 Pr. Switch: PS-6013/PT1 or P/p-3 fails to start. Note: PT-1 is the common pressure transmitter provided on the discharge header. FIRE SPRAY WATER PUMPs: S NO PARAMETER SET VAL REMARKS

Main Hydrant P/p 2 (H-M-02) auto start

< 8.0 Ksc.

< 8.0
(PS-6007)

< 4.5
(PS-6008)

< 7.5
(PS-6011)

< 4.5
(PS-6012)

< 7.0
(PS-6015)

< 4.5
(PS-6016)

FAIL TO START
After pp NRV Ksc Before pp NRV Ksc

Spray line normal dis. Pr.= 11 to 12 Ksc.

84

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Electric Spray water P/p (WS-M-01) auto start Diesel Spray water t P/p (WS-D-01) auto start

< 9.5 Ksc.

Pr. Switch: PS-6021/PT1

< 9.5
(PS-6023)

< 4.5
(PS-6024)

Pr. Switch: PS-6017/PT1 Note: PT-1 is the common pressure transmitter provided on the discharge header. FIRE HYDRANT BOOSTER PUMPs: PARAMETER S SET VAL NO Spray line normal Suction Pr.= 11 to 12 Ksc. 1 2
Electric Booster P/p (BP-M-01) auto start Diesel Booster P/p (BP-D-01) auto start 11.5 Ksc. 11.0 Ksc.

< 9.0 Ksc.

< 9.0
(PS-6019)

< 4.5
(PS-6020)

REMARKS

FAIL TO START

Pr. Switch: PS-6042 Pr. Switch: PS-6038

4.5 Ksc (PS-6045) 4.5 Ksc (PS-6041)

JOCKEY PUMP / HYDRO-PNEUMATIC TANK / AIR COMPRESSOR: S NO 1 PARAMETER


Jockey Pump (JP-M-01) auto start

SET VAL
below 3593 mm below 3515 mm

REMARKS Lvl. Switch: LS-8003 from Hydro-pneumatic Tank. Lvl. Switch: LS-8003 from Hydro-pneumatic Tank.

FAIL TO START < 4.5


(PS-6026)

Jockey Pump (JP-M-02) auto start

< 4.5
(PS-6027)

85

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

Running Jockey pumps auto stop

above 3665 mm 10.3 Ksc falling 10.7 Ksc rising 9.8 Ksc falling 10.7 Ksc rising 10.9 Ksc 4.5 Ksc 11.0 Ksc 10.7 Ksc

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Air Compressor 1 ( AC-01 ) auto start Air Compressor 1 ( AC-01 ) auto stopt Air Compressor 2 ( AC-02 ) auto start Air Compressor 2 ( AC-02 ) auto stopt HP Tank Air pressure High HP Tank Air pressure Low HP Tank Solenoid valve open HP Tank Solenoid valve close

Lvl. Switch: LS-8003 from Hydro-pneumatic Tank. Pr. Switch: AC-1001A Pr. Switch: AC-1001A Pr. Switch: AC-1001B Pr. Switch: AC-1001B Pr. Switch: PS-6031 Pr. Switch: PS-6032 Pr. Switch: PS-6029 Pr. Switch: PS-6030

HOME

PT CW SYSTEM :
START PERMISSIVES: S No PARAMETER REQ. STATUS SET VALUE REMARKS

RAW WATER PUMP 1 2 3 4 5


RW Pump MCC

RW sump level Lubrication water pressure RW Pump discharge MOV Cascade aerator inlet CV>25% open or Bypass v/v open.

Not distrubed Not low Not low closed

2.35 mtr. rising 2.0 Ksc. falling

86

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

CLAEIFIED WATER PUMP 1 2


CLW Pump MCC

Inlet valves on both compartments 3 CLW storage tank level Not low 4 CLW Pump discharge MOV closed LUBRICATING WATER PUMP ( For RW Pump) 1 2
Lub Pump MCC

Not distrubed Not closed 1.35 mtr.

Overhead Storage tank level

Not distrubed Not low

> 1.7 mtr.

TRIP PROTECTIONS: PARAMETER S NO RAW WATER PUMP 1 RW sump level 2 3 4 RW Pump disch. header pressure
Lubrication water pressure RW Pump on & disch. MOV not open TRIP CONDN

ALARM VAL 2.35 mtr. falling

TRIP VAL

REMARKS

Low High High Not open Low

2.25 mtr. falling 2.0 Ksc rising 2. 5 Ksc falling

10 sec delay

60 sec delay 1.35 mtr. falling 1.25 mtr. falling

CLAEIFIED WATER PUMP 1 CLW storage tank level

87

PLANT INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


Stage II ( 2 x 500 MW )

2 3

CLW Pump disch. header pr.


CLW Pump on & disch. MOV not open

High Not open < 1.7 mtr. < 1.8 mtr. 60 sec delay

LUBRICATING WATER PUMP ( For RW Pump) 1 Overhead Storage tank level Low

Sludge Pump: Sludge tank lvl high : > 2.3 m ( pump auto start ) Sludge tank lvl high : < 0.4 m ( pump trips )