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Code No: V3118/R07

Set No: 1

3. a) How a unidirectional pattern is obtained in an end fire array. Explain? b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of binomial array?

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2. a) State the Reciprocity Theorem for antennas? Prove that the Self Impedance of an antenna in transmitting and receiving mode is same. b) Define directivity, obtain the directivity of an isotropic antenna, short dipole and Half-wave Dipole. [8+8]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Define the terms Radiation intensity, Gain, Resolution and Beam efficiency b) The field pattern of an antenna is given by En = (Sin/ )/ i) Plot the normalized power pattern. ii) Estimate the main beam efficiency of the antenna. [8+8]

[8+8]

4. a) Explain in detail the constructional features of helical antenna? b) Compare the requirements and radiation characteristics of resonant and non resonant radiators [8+8] 5. a) Derive an expression for the gain of a 900 corner reflector. b) Explain the principle and working of Yagi Antenna. 6. a) What is Zoning? What are its advantages? b) Discuss the applications of Horn Antenna. Sketch the sectoral horns. 7. a) Explain the following: i) Ground Wave ii) Space Wave iii) Surface Wave b) Discuss the characteristics of ionospheric layer

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[8+8]

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[8+8]

[10+6]

8. A communication link is to be established between two stations using half wave-length antenna for maximum directive gain. Transmitter power is 1 KW, frequency of operation is 100 MHz and distance between transmitter and receiver is 100 Km. what is the maximum power received by receiver? Explain and derive the formulas used. [16] *****

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Code No: V3118/R07

Set No: 2

4. a) Sketch and explain the constructional features of Helical Antenna. b) Sketch and explain the basic set up for V-antenna and plot the pattern.

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3. a) Derive an expression for the far field pattern of an array with n identical isotropic point sources arranged in a line and spaced a distance d apart. b) Explain the principle of pattern multiplication. [10+6]

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2. a) Give the expression for electric field due to current element. Find the distance from a radiating element such that Radiation and Induction fields are equal with necessary assumptions. b) What is short magnetic Di-pole? How is it realized? [10+6]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) As related to antennas, define and explain the following terms: i ) Radiation Resistance ii) Effective Area iii) Effective Length iv) Efficiency b) Find the effective aperture of an isotropic antenna operating at a wavelength of 10-2 m, deriving its directivity. [8+8]

[8+8]

7. a) Write short notes on Ground wave propagation and effective of earth b) In case of ionosphere, explain D, E&F layers. 8. a) Discuss Duct Propagation dwell on causes and effects. b) Explain the bending of signals due to earths curvature. How is it useful for propagation? *****

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5. a) Design Yagi Uda antenna of six elements to provide a gain of 12dB if the operating frequency is 200MHz b) Explain with suitable sketches perpendicular mode of radiation in helical antenna. [8+8] 6. Describe the methods for measuring the below parameters for an antenna a) Gain b) Directivity with a neat block diagram [8+8]

[8+8]

[8+8]

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Code No: V3118/R07

Set No: 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Explain the following : i) Normalize field pattern ii) Beam solid Angel iii) Beam Efficiency iv) Directivity b) An antenna has a field pattern given by E ( )=(Coscos2) for 00 < = < + 900 Find the following: i) HPBW ii) Beam Width between first nulls (FNBW) [8+8] 2. a) Define the terms electrostatic field, induction field, and radiation field of an antenna and bring out their significance. b) sketch and compare radiation patterns of horizontal half wave dipole with those of vertical half wave dipole c) What are short antennas. [6+6+4] 3. a) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of linear arrays. b) What is Broadside Array? Compare it with End-Fire Array c) Write short notes on principle of pattern multiplication.

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5. a) With a neat sketch explain the image formation for the case of 450 corner reflector. b) Write short notes on diffraction effects in plane sheet reflectors. [8+8] 6. a) Distinguish between sectoral, pyramidal and conical horns, with neat sketches. List out their utility and applications. b) With neat set up, explain the absolute method of measuring the gain of an antenna. [8+8] 7. a) Write short notes on i) Ionosphere abnormalities ii) Optimum working frequency and LUHF b) Describe the fading of short wave broadcast signals. [8+8] 8. a) What is LOS propagation? Under what conditions it can exist? b) Explain the formation of inversion layer in the troposphere in the phenomenon of duct propagation. [8+8] *****

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4. a) Explain the need and the configuration of a Folded Dipole Antenna. Sketch its radiation pattern and compare its characteristics with those of simple /2 diploe. b) List out the design relations associated with a Rhombic Antenna. What are its applications? [8+8]

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[5+5+6]

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Code No: V3118/R07

Set No: 4

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3. a) Derive the expression for width of principle beam for i) Broad side array ii) End fire array of n isotropic elements of spacing distanced between successive elements. b) Describe Binomial array and state its merits and demerits.

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2. a) Explain how loop aerial is used for direction finding? Derive the relevant expression for electric field intensity for loop aerial. b) Derive an expression for radiation resistance of half wave length slot aerial using babinets principle. Sketch the field pattern. [8+8]

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III B.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Define and explain the following terms. i) Gain ii) Directivity iii) Radiation Resistance iv) Band width b) A source has bidirectional power pattern with a radiation intensity of U=4 Sin. Find its directivity and HPBW sketching the pattern. [8+8]

[10+6]

4. a) List out the relations associated with a rhombic antenna. What are its applications? b) Discuss the merits and demerits of travelling wave antenna. [10+6]

7. a) Explain the effects of D-layer in sky wave propagation. b) Distinguish between the terms MUF, LUHF and Optimum frequency.

6. a) What is the principle of equality of path length? How is it applicable to horn antenna? Obtain an expression for the directivity of pyramidal horn in terms of its aperture dimensions. b) Briefly explain the impedance measurement of a horn antenna by using slotted line method. [8+8]

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5. a) With a neat diagram describe the principle of working of pre three element Yagi Uda antenna. b) Write short note on diffraction effects in plane sheet reflectors. [8+8]

[8+8]

8. a) Establish the relations for the received field strength of LOS propagated wave at i) Small distance ii) Large distance b) Describe the salient features of multi hop propagation. [8+8] *****

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