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IN THE SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEVADA
Z COUGHLIN
APPELLANT
V.
state bar of nevada,
respondent
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Spre!e Cort No" #$%%#
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN CONCE'NING THE C'I,INAL
T'ESPASS CONVICTION AN& ASSE'TIONS IN PLEA&INGS, S-O'N TESTI,ON)
AT T'IAL, T'ANSC'IPTS O( VI&EO 'ECO'&INGS, AN& POLICE 'EPO'TS
CONCE'NING -HETHE' COUGHLIN -AS SE'VE& AN& EVICTION NOTICE
P'OPE'L) AN& TI,EL), -HETHE' A STA) -AS IN E((ECT, AN& -HETHE'
COUGHLIN -AS ISSUE& A T'ESPASS -A'NING AN&, I( SO, -HETHE' HE
(AILE& TO O*E) IT, and spp.e!enta. to !ot/on to pro0eed /n for!a paper/s as to pet/t
for re1ear/n2 or so!e fn0t/ona. e3/va.ent to 01a..en2e t1e d/s!/ssa. of t1/s appea.
CO,ES NO-, ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN, ES4., and 1ereb5 s6ears nder
pena.t5 of pe7r5 t1at t1e fo..o6/n2 /s tre and based pon 1/s f/rst 1and 8no6.ed2e"
p.ease /n0orporate b5 referen0e 1ere/n t1e ar2!ents and at1or/t5 fond /n t1e atta01ed
1and6r/tten f/./n2s /n 0v99:;%;<9 and 0v99:;%#$=. Co21./n apo.o2/>es for t1e state /n
61/01 t1/s /s sb!/tted, bt 1e 1as to 2o 01e08 /n 6/t1 probat/on at t1e '?C /n a !/nte and
never 8no6s 61en t1e5 are 2o/n2 to arrest 1/! for so!et1/n2 or ot1er, 61erepon 1e 6o.d
a2a/n be at t1e !er05 of t1e 6as1oe 0ont5 7a/. and /ts depr/vat/on of t1e a00ess to 7st/0e or
!eans of f/./n2 an5t1/n2 t1at /d/2ents ./8e Co21./n fa0e t1ere/n"
#9%=% /s not !oot at a... Co21./n 0o.d st/.. re0e/ve tre!endos benef/t fro! /t, even
be5ond t1e 0ons/derat/on of t1e 0o..atera. 0onse3en0es /n #$%%@ and #9A;9 and t1e spe0tre
of t1e BC$+ attorne5 fee a6ard at /sse /n #9%=% D61ere s01 6as never a E0aseE ar/s/n2 t1e
- 9F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
Electronically Filed
Jul 08 2013 09:11 a.m.
Tracie K. Lindeman
Clerk of Supreme Court
Docket 62337 Document 2013-19745
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t1e 7st/0e 0ort, ne0essar/.5, as /t 6as pre!/sed pon an app./0at/on of nrs #A.;<;, 61/01
re.ates to att5 fee a6ards for appea.s of ?U&G,ENT b5 7st/0e 0orts, and /t 6o.d be
0ons/tt/ona..5 v/o.at/ve to sb7e0t 0o21./n to s01 6/t1 no r/21t to rev/e6 t1erof of an5 sort
D/e, s01 6as ne0essar/.5 not a de0/s/on b5 t1e 7st/0e 0ort, /e, t1e att5 fees for t1e 6or8 done
7st on appea., and t1erefore 0o.d not be sa/d to 1ave Ear/senE /n t1e 7st/0e 0ort.
1at.e5 $%9 se $d #%%, #%C:%<. /n re a8 #$= se $d @<%, @<<.
as to -a21 a..e2ed bar, see Za!arr/pa @C@ p.$d 9%=# nevada 0ase prov/des eG0ept/on
a..o6/n2 t1/s Cort to 0ons/der appea. /n t1/s !atter, and -a21Hs re./and on E!st not be
tr/ed ane6 and 0/t/oat/on to n70rp0 @$:@< /s d/st/n2/s1ed fro! Anv/Hs Ede novoE rev/e6$
standard per ,a08/e %$A p.$d CC=, as s01 '?C not an H/nfer/ro tr/ban.H as de novo rev/e6
pre0.des s01 an /nterpret/at/on and t1e %F%;F9$ and and =F$9F9$ =F$=F9$ orders /n 0v99:
;%#$= r.e on 0onst/tt/ona. and va./d/t5 of nrs C;.$<%D<):D#) and nrs C;.%=<.
frt1er,t1e '?C Epro0eed/n2E appea.ed /s not a E0aseE and 6as not one Ear/s/n2 /nE as t1e '?C
.a08 7r/sd/0/ton to even 1o.d t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E t1ere/n 2/ven t1e .a08 of a 0o!p.a/nt be/n2
f/.ed or $; da5s a00orded to f/.e an ans6e rper n70r0p r.e 9;A
p.as 6a21 /s 0a..ed /n to dobt b5 87b $7d0 9;% nev C@%
T1/s 0ortHs t1ree ?st/0e Pane.Hs <F$=F9% Order /nd/0ates Art/0.e # Se0 # /s an /sse, bt I
1ave so!e t1o21ts on t1at...or !a5be a ,anda!s Pet/t/on 6o.d be better rote to 2o.
7d2e f.an2anHs <F$AF9% order /n 0v99:;%#$= str08 Co21./nHs <F$;F9% e!er2en05 a!ended
not/0e of appea. and Co21./nHs arrest /n b5 t1e r70 ba/./ffHs of <F$%F9% prevented 1/s f/./2n t1e
!ot/onFnot/0eFsrrep.5 1e /ntended to t1at n/21t...
d/st 0t 1as no p6oer to str/8e not/0e of appea. ./.s C9C f.$d #9$ p.s pa. v ar!stron2 !a5
a..o6 for 0ert 9 nev =$ frt1er 6a21 re./es on a repea.ed statte /n nrs C;.C9;, a.so, 61ere
!er./ss d/d not 1/!se.f 1o.d t/t.e to t1e propert5, bt rat1er, 1/s ./v/n2 trst, art # se0 = !a5
ret.ate to t1e t/t.e /sses !a8/n2 t1e '?C /nappropr/ate for! t1s not Har/s/n2 /nE $A nev 9=9
a.so, Co21./nsH 9$F%;F99 !ot/on /n 0v99:;%#$= 61as A ,OTION (O' STA) PE' N'S
C;.%=<, -HICH +EEPS GETTING ,ISCHA'ACTE'IZE& AS ONL) A ,OTION (O'
T'O. AN& '?CHS 'E(SUAL TO 'ULE ON SUCH N'S C;.%=< ,OTION D+EPT SA)IGN
,UST AS+ &IST CT (O' STA) AN& CHANGES TO N'S C;.%=< CI'CA 9;F9F99, ,A)
O' ,A) NOT APPL), I( THE) &O N'AP = NECSSA'IL) I,PLIES SUCH A
,OTION NO HA'ISING IN H '?C AN& SHOU&L THE'E(O'E NOT (ACE AN A'T #
SEC # *A'.
SEE OEENL
- $F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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ro21 s8et01 as to 615 -a21 doesnHt app.5...see # 9; 9% f/./n2 /n CV99:;%#$= for /dea of
61at Pet/t/on for 'e1ear/n2 !a5 be fo0sed on...N'S C;.%=# /s not d/s0ret/onar5, I donHt
t1/n8...p.s -a21 6as an appea. of a p.enar5 U& a0t/on, not an appea. of a de novo rev/e6
b5 t1e &/st Ct of an ?st/0e Cort de0/s/on..
A.so, 61erre &/st Ct bas/s /ts de0/s/on on se0ond pron2 of N'CP <#D0) D/e, 2en/ne /sse of
fa0t part) 61erre N'S C;.$<% ./!/ts 7r/sd/0t/on to, essent/a., t1e Eno .e2a. defenseE se0ond
pron2 of N'CP <#D0) DAnv/ sa5s s!!ar5 ev/0t/on appea. are rev/e6 based on t1e standard
app./ed to rev/e6 of s!!ar5 7d2!ent, as Et1e5 are ana.o2osE, bt 0.ear.5, nder N'S
C;.$<%D#), t1e5 arenHt /dent/0a., as Eno .e2a. defenseE /s a.. t1at /s 0onta/ned t1ere/n, not1/n2
abot E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE, 61/01 /s 61at (.ana2an 1n2 1/s 1at on /n den5/n2
appea..
I t1/n8 eG0ept/on to nev 0onst art/0.e # se0 # bar /nvo.ves 61ere d/st 0ort eG0eeds 7r/sd/0t/on
or fa/.s to e!bra0e 7r/sd/0t/on Dt1e fa/.re b5 f.ana2an to 2rant a sta5 nder N'S C;.%=<
61ere s01 /s not d/s0ret/onar5 D/e, p.n8 do6n B$<;, 5o 2et 5or sta5, per/od) /s a fa/.re to
e!bra0e 1/s 7r/sd/0t/on, and bas/n2 t1e den/a. of !5 appea. on t1e E2en/ne /sseE pron2 of
nr0p <#D0) 61en Nrs C;.$<%D#) 0.ear.5 does not 0onta/n s01 a standard, eG0eeds 7r/sd/0t/on,
fr1ter, t1e #F$<F9$ a6ard of attorne5Hs fees based on nrs #A.;<; eG0eeds 7r/sd/0t/on /n t1at
s01 statte on.5 app./es to 7d2!ents, 61/01 ne0essar/.5 ste! fro! 0/v/. a0t/ons, /e, p.enar5
tr/a.s, not s!!ar5 ev/0t/ons...so, !ore eG0eed/n2 7r/sd/0t/on eG0ept/on to art/0.e # se0 # bar.
IV. To the extent Coughlin trying aeal !e"i#ion$ i# to the !i#tri"t "ourt%# thi# "ourt ha#
no &uri#!i"tion.
A rev/e6 of Co21./nHs open/n2 br/ef revea.s t1at 1e t1/n8s 1/s appea.Ds) so!e1o6
/n0.de a rev/e6 of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on on t1e !er/ts of 1/s appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e
Cort.
T1e Nevada Const/tt/on vests f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over decisions in the justice
courts /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. Nevada Const/tt/on Art. # I#. N'AP %ADb) sets fort1 61at orders
and a0ts b5 a d/str/0t 0ort are 6/t1/n t1e appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on of t1/s 0ort. Un.ess at1or/t5
/s prov/ded b5 a statte or a r.e, t1/s 0ort 1as no 7r/sd/0t/on. +o88osv. Tsa./8/s, A9 Nev. $C,
$<,<%; P.$d @<# D9A@<). Here, to t1e eGtent t1at e/t1er of Co21./nHs not/0es of appea. 0o.d
be 0onstred to /n0.de t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs order of ,ar01 %;, $;9$, den5/n2 Co21./nHs
appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e Cort, t1/s 0ort 1as no appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on.
<F$=F9% Order" ET1e d/str/0t 0ort 1as f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on in all cases arising in
justice courts. Nev. Const. art. #, I #J see a.so -a21 v. Casa>>a, =< Nev. <$;, <$9, C<= P.$d
%<A, %#; D9A#A). A.t1o21 N'AP %ADb)D%) at1or/>es an appea. fro! an order refs/n2 to
- %F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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2rant an /n7n0t/on, and N'AP %ADb)D=) at1or/>es an appea. fro! a post:7d2!ent order
a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees, see -/nston Prods. Co., In0. v. &e*oer, 9$$ Nev. <9@, <$<, 9%C P.%d
@$#, @%9 D$;;#) Dre0o2n/>/n2 t1at an order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees and 0osts /s sbstant/ve.5
appea.ab.e as a spe0/a. order after f/na. 7d2!ent), be0ase t1e orders 01a..en2ed /n t1/s 0ase
arose fro! t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs eGer0/se of appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over an appea. fro! a 7st/0e
0ort de0/s/on, t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs orders 6ere ostens/b.5 rendered f/na. and are not appea.ab.e
to t1/s 0ort.E
T1e ?st/0e Cort never 0ons/dered 61et1er N'S #A.;<; a..o6ed for an a6ard of
attorne5Hs fees. 'at1er, on.5 N'S #A.;%; 6as 0ons/dered t1ere/n Dde0/ded 6ron2.5, 2/ven
N'S #A on.5 app./es to E7d2!entsE /n p.enar5 !atters). T1e 8e5 d/st/n0t/on 1ere /s 61et1er
Nevada Const. art. # se0. # app./es to E0ases ar/s/n2 /n ?st/0e CortsE or, rat1er over
Ede0/s/ons /n ?st/0e CortsE, be0ase, 0.ear.5, t1e ?st/0e Cort 1ere, t1e '?C, !ade no
Ede0/s/onE as to 61et1er attorne5Hs fees on appea. of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6ere ava/.ab.e or /n
order 1ere. T1e sa!e 0o.d be sa/d 6/t1 respe0t to 61et1er an N'S C;.%=< sta5 6o.d be
2ranted, as ?d2e Sferra>>a repeated.5 /nd/0ated t1at 1e fe.t 1e 1ad been d/vested of
7r/sd/0t/on to r.e on t1at Dsee 1/s 9$F9F99 and 9$F=F99 Orders /n 9@;=).
T1e ?st/0e Cort never r.ed on 61et1er Co2.1/n 0o.d 2et a sta5 nder N'S C;.%=<,
or pon t1e post/n2 of a spersedeas bond prsant t1ereto of B$<;. As s01, f/na.. appe..ate
7r/sd/0t/on as to s01 61ere t1ere 6as no Ede0/s/on /nE t1e 7st/0e 0ort as to t1ose /sses,
does not ./e 6/t1 t1e &/str/0t Cort, bt, rat1er, /t 6as t1e Order /n &/str/0t Cort den5/n2
Co21./nHs 9$F%;F99 ,ot/on for Sta5 prsant to N'S C;.%=< t1at 6as t1e f/rst de0/s/on
t1ereon, and as s01 6as a Ede0/s/on /nE or !atter Ear/s/n2 /nE t1e &/str/0t Cort and
appea.ab.e to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort.
and 1/s o6n tre and 0orre0t trans0r/pt/on of t1e v/deo re0ord/n2s of 99F9%F99 b5 H/.. and
,er./ss as proponded to Co21./n fro! t1e 'eno C/t5 Attorne5Hs off/0e, Co21./nHs
re0ord/n2 of and /nterv/e6 /t1 rpd Sar2ent ,ar0/a Lope> on 9F9%F9$ at a t/!e 61en s1e 6as
a6are s01 re0ord/n2 6as be/n2 !ade, rpd Off/0er CarterHs 99F9<F9$ Po./0e 'eport D/n0.d/n2
t1e 6r/tten state!ent of '/01ard G. H/.., Es3.), and H/..Hs asso0/ate, Case5 &. *a8erHs f/./n2s
of 99F$;F99 /n t1e reno 7st/0e 0ort s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 /n rev99:9@;= and of
9F$9F9$ /n t1e appea. t1erefro! D61/01 bot1 /n0.de s6orn &e0.arat/ons b5 H/..), and t1e
- CF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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=F$%F9$ Co!p.a/nt b5 t1e S*N a2a/nst Co21./n /n NG9$:;$;C, and t1e <F%9F9$ SC' 99@D$)
Pet/t/on b5 NN&* C1a/r!an Ss/01 /n #;A@<, and a do0!ent t1at Co21./n 1as obta/ned
61/01 !a5 be t1e .etter H/.. sent to t1e S*N on 9F9$F9$ res.t/n2 /n NG9$:;$;C D+/n2 fa/.ed
to ad!/t an5 s01 .etter /nto ev/den0e, 0r/os.5, severe.5 6ea8en/n2 1/s 0ase 6/t1 respe0t to
t1e a..e2at/on t1at Co21./n fa/.ed to rep.5 or appropr/ate.5 respond or 0ooperate 6/t1
d/s0/p./nar5 at1or/t/es /n0/dent to t1e Ken0.osresL t1at +/n2 referen0ed Dbt, a2a/n, d/d not
/n0.ded) /n +/n2Hs $F9CF9$ .etter to Co21./n.
NRS'().())MMRule# o* ra"ti"e.MMT1e prov/s/ons of N'S, Nevada '.es of C/v/. Pro0edre
and Nevada '.es of Appe..ate Pro0edre re.at/ve to 0/v/. a0t/ons, appea.s and ne6 tr/a.s, so
far as t1e5 are not /n0ons/stent 6/t1 t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$$; toC;.C$;, /n0.s/ve, app.5
to t1e pro0eed/n2s !ent/oned /n t1ose se0t/ons.
N9A99 CPA I ##9J 'L I <#;%J NCL I A9<;O
G/ven t1at *a8er appeared for ,er./ss 61/.e e!p.o5ed b5 '/01ard G. H/.., Es3. /n '?C
'ev99:;;9@;= Dbe5ond 61at 6as !a/.ed to ,er./ss persona..5, and /n add/t/on to ,er./ss and
H/..Hs /nd/0at/ons as to 61o! Co21./n s1o.d serve 61at /n A2st $;99 and t1ereafter),
serv/0e of t1e 9;F9AF99 Not/0e of Appea. /n CV99:;%;<9, appea./n2 t1e 9;F9%F99 and
9;F9@F99 Orders /n 'ev99:;;9@;= sat/sf/es N'AP %Dd). -15 ne/t1er H/.. nor *a8er ever
f/.ed an5t1/n2 /n t1at 0ase /s n0.ear.
MROA ()+, *a8er 8eeps 1/s .5/n2 strea8 2o/n2 /n a &e0.arat/on of O0tober 9=t1,
$;99" EC. On Septe!ber $$, $;99, on be1a.f of &r. ,er./ss, I d/spat01ed 'and5 (/s1er, a H
.o0a. 1and5!an, and a representat/ve of A:I E.e0tr/0, to 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, Nevada, to
/nspe0t, and, /f poss/b.e, repa/r, t6o /sses /dent/f/ed to !5 off/0e b5 ,r. Co21./n as
E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses. C.9. T1e /sses to addressed at t1at /nspe0t/on 6ere one or !ore
a..e2ed.5 bro8en 6/ndo6s, and O&e or !ore ./21t f/Gtres t1at 6ere a..e2ed.5 Edan2./n2E 9;
fro! t1e 0e/./n2. 99 <. ,r. Co21./n 6as 2/ven !ore t1an C= 1ors not/0e for t1e referen0ed
/nspe0t/on. #. I a! /nfor!ed and be./eve t1at ,r. Co21./n 6as not present 61en ,r. (/s1er
and A:I E.e0tr/0 arr/ved at t1e propert5 at t1e s01ed.ed t/!e, and t1at, for t1at reason, t1e
/nspe0t/on d/d not ta8e p.a0e. 9# #.9. Atta01ed 1erE
A.so, /n t1e 'OA sent to t1e $?&C b5 t1e '?C on 9$F$9F99, Vo.!e 9 pa2e =# to A#
t1ere/n /s ,er./ssHs EG1/b/t *, and ne/t1er t1e =F$$F99 %; &a5 Not/0e nor t1e AF$@F99 < &a5
Not/0e 1ave a USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 /n0.ded t1ere6/t1, and neither 1ave an5
p1oto0op5, even, of so!e enve.ope NCS prported.5 aff/Ged posta2e to and !a/.ed to
Co21./n. -1/.e ,er./ssHs 9;F$@F99 ,e!orand! of Costs does 1ave one s01 3as/:
Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 D/t saves t1e! B9.$; on t1e USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2, bt fa/.s to
sat/sf5 N'S C;.$=; re3/re!ents, 61/01 are 7r/sd/0t/ona.).
,'OA <%%:%C Co21./nHs 9;F$<F99 ,ot/on for S!!ar5 ?d2!ent Pre Tr/a.
State!ent (rt1r, does C;.$=; re3/re .and.ord to f/.e a 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2 /n add/t/on to
61en a pro0ess server ver/f/es t1at t1e not/0e 6as taped to t1e door v/s a v/s N'S
- <F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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99=a.9A;D$)P If so, t1/s pro0eed/n2 !st be d/s!/ssd as t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on natre /s 1e.d
to str/0t ad1eren0e to pro0edra., not/0e, and serv/0e re3/re!ents.
T1e AOC Land.ord Tenant for!s on t1e NVSCtHs 6ebs/te /n0.ded t1e fo..o6/n2 /n
/nstr0t/ons to E(ro! QAE" EIf t1e serv/0e 6as !ade on so!eone e.se ot1er t1an t1e tenant at
t1e tenantRs res/den0e or bs/ness and a 0op5 6as !a/.ed to t1e tenant, !a8e sre t1at 5o
atta01 a Un/ted States Posta. Serv/0e Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 to t1e Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on of
Serv/0e to prove t1at a 0op5 6as !a/.ed to t1e tenant. I* #er-i"e .a# /a!e 0y o#ting a "oy
at the re#i!en"e an! /ailing a "oy to the tenant$ make sure that you attach a United
States Postal Service Certificate of Mailing to the A**i!a-it1De"laration o* Ser-i"e to
ro-e that a "oy .a# /aile! to the tenant. Failure to give lawful notice may result in the
dismissal of the eviction and require that a new notice process begin againE
,'OA @<@" E?d2e" -e.., I a00ept t1at 5o d/d and t1atHs 615 6eHre 1av/n2 t1e Tr/a.
toda5. &efendant" And t1atHs :: IH! 2.ad 5o br/n2 t1at p. )o sa/d Tr/a., )or Honor. )o
d/dnRt sa5 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, 5o d/dnRt sa5 s!!ar5 eGe0t/on. )o sa/d Tr/a., p.enar5::
?d2e" Tr/a. on a reta./ator5 natre of t1e ev/0t/on. I ass!ed 5o !ade a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase on
t1at as t1ereHs no Tr/a. on t1e /sse. It /s s!!ar5 as to 61et1er or not 5o 6ere 2/ven Not/0e
served, 61/01 t1e 0ort f/nds 5o 6ere, 6/t1 a Not/0e to ter!/nate 5or .ease. &efendant" If I
0an 7st 3/08.5 /nter7e0t for t1e re0ord, )or Honor:: ?d2e" Un.ess 5o 1ad :: n.ess 5o
1ave a .ease to s1o6 t1at 5oHre not t1ere at 6/.. at t1/s po/nt. &efendant" T1ere :: for t1e
re0ord, there was no certificate in my name! US Postal Service certificate mailing on file
with respect to a "otice. In t1e 0onteGt of summary eviction proceedings! courts are directed
to adhere very strictly to the notice requirements given the summary nature of it #hat$s one
safeguard that is insisted upon. A r/21t to a 7r5 Tr/a. /s 2ranted b5 t1e Un/ted States
Spre!e Cort fro! :: /n s!!ar5 :: /n ev/0t/on 0ases. ?r5 Tr/a. /s an abso.te r/21t for a..
0/t/>ens /n t1e Un/ted States. I sa/d /tHs a 9A@;s 0ase. I t1/n8 /t !/21t be 0a..ed Pearson. I
be./eve I 0/te to /t /n !5 0ase. I donHt 8no6 t1at a certificate of mailing is required 61ereas
,r. *a8er d/d. He 1ad apparent.5 a pro0ess server, post so!et1/n2 on t1e door and 0ontest to
t1at. I t1/n8 t1at !/21t be a NIN&ISCE'NI*LE 9$"C;O Spre!e Cort to 0.ar/f5 t1e statte at
so!e po/nt. I 8no6 I spent too !01 t/!e on t1at, )or Honor, bt 61en 5o sa5 Tr/a., /tHs ::
6e.., t1e !ost /!portant t1/n2, )or Honor, to 2et a0ross fro! !5 po/nt of v/e6, /s t1at
C;.$<%D#) sa5s t1at 61en t1e 0ort, as 5o 7st /nd/0ated 5o d/d /!p.5 t1at t1ere /s a !ater/a.
/sse of fa0t, /tHs a pase::E
MROA 234, 5De*en!ant, 6our Honor$ i* I "an &u#t 7ui"8ly inter&e"t an O0&e"tion
*or the re"or!$ I9/ trying :2,;<= 8no.ing .ith the O0&e"tion# 0ut. It i# in the #tatute$ it
.a# *airly #e"i*i" 0ut un"lear to /e .hether a USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 /s re3/red.
)o 8no6, pro0ess 1ere 6as /nvo.ved so !a5be /tRs not N@"C9O bt 61en I 6as rev/e6 f/.es
do6nsta/rs, /n !an5 0ases, t1e5 atta01ed t1at USPS 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2. ?d2e" T1atRs 61en
5o post t1e! t1at. P.a/nt/ff" -1/01 /s atta01ed 1ere, s/r. &efendant" ItRs part of t1e serv/0es
N@.<;O ?d2e" -e.., I donRt 8no6 /f S s/r, I 1avenRt even 6ant t1at /t, r/21t no6 a.. IR! do/n2 /s
1av/n2 t1e EG1/b/ts !ar8ed. P.a/nt/ff" )or Honor. ?d2e" If /t 6as served b5 post/n2 and
!a/./ng then it i# re7uire! that they 0e /aile! in thi# "erti*i"ate o* /ailing. I* it .ere
#er-e! in er#on then it9# !i**erent....De*en!ant, ?st, 7st N=.9;O )or Honor t1ere !/21t
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be ne2at/ve Nat1or/t5 to tr5 to so!e :: O be0ase /t see! ./8e !a5be /f t1e5 1ave a pro0ess
1o6 to do /t, 6e d/dnRt 1ave t1at N="9AO !a/./n2. *t I donRt 8no6 and 0erta/n.5T
>u!ge, '/21t.
De*en!ant, N=.$%O 5or 8no6.ed2e and eGpert/se are.
>u!ge, I 1avenRt t1o21t to t1at 5et, so 61at :::
Plainti**, )or Honor, t1/s EG1/b/t 9 and $ 2oes to t1e .and.ordRs aff/dav/t. (or so!e reason
/tRs ta08.ed 6/t1 t1ese I donRt t1/n8 6e d/d, I t1/n8 t1atRs a 0ortRs f/.e, t1e 0ortRs order and
t1/n2s.
>u!ge, -e.., ever5t1/n2 1as 2ot !/Ged p /n 1ere, so.
Plainti**, IRve 2ot fres1 0op5 6/t1 7st EG1/b/ts /f 5o 6ant to 1ave N=.<;O
>u!ge, It .oo8s ./8e t1/s /s t1e .ease.
Plainti**, )es, t1at 6as /ntrod0ed at t1e 1ear/n2. T1e on.5 t1/n2 t1at 2oes 6/t1 t1e
.and.ordRs aff/dav/t /s EG1/b/t 9 and $ 61/01 6ere t1e t6o Not/0es t1at 5o 1ave /n 5or 1and
t1ere. And 61at I 6/.. po/nt ot.
>u!ge, A.r/21t, 6a/t a se0ond. No need to po/nt /t ot. So, EG1/b/ts 9 and $ 2o 6/t1 :::
Plainti**, T1e .and.ordRs aff/dav/t.
>u!ge, -1/01 /s :::
Plainti**, It 6as r/21t 1ere.
>u!ge, HereP
Plainti**, )es, s/r.E
,'OA @A=" HP.a/nt/ff" T1ere are t6o of t1ose do0!ents. I 7st 6ant t1e 0ort to be
0.ear. On Septe!ber $@t1 at or 1ear/n2 I persona..5 1and de./vered one of t1ose to ,r.
Co21./n. I donRt 8no6 61/01 one 5o 1ave /n 5or 1and. ?d2e" -e.., t1/s one ::: P.a/nt/ff"
T1e N9%";;O serv/0e 6/.. sa5. ?d2e" ::: /s, I donRt 8no6 61o /tRs s/2ned b5, to see 5o 1ave to
0o!e p and .oo8 at /t. It sa5s N?. &ort!nd 9%.9#O P.a/nt/ff" O8a5, t1atRs, t1atRs N9%"9AO 61at
1appened, )or Honor, 6as on Septe!ber $@t1 I 1anded one of t1ese to ,r. Co21./n at t1e
1ear/n2. -1en I 2et ba08 to t1e off/0e I t1o21t per1aps t1atRs not appropr/ate 5o better 1ave
/t served as 6e... So, 6e 1ad /t served t1/s 6e... T1e 0ort 1as t1e 0orre0t one. ?d2e" A.r/21t.
-e.., t1/s one s1o6s serv/0e b5 ?. &ort!nd. P.a/nt/ff" )es. ?d2e" And /t /nd/0ates b5
post/n2 a 0op5. P.a/nt/ff" And !a/./n2, s/r. >u!ge, ?here i# the US "erti*i"ate o#tal #er-i"e
/ailing@ AMROA 23+,B(CB<) P.a/nt/ff" )or Honor, I 1ave t1e or/2/na. 1ere. IR! 2o/n2 to
see 61at t1ese. ?d2e" I do 1ave a 0op5 of t1e! N9C.C;O enve.ope. P.a/nt/ff" T1atRs 2enera..5
61at 6e 2et ba08 fro! t1e!, s/r. ?d2e" *t t1e 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2 /s a ./tt.e for!. P.a/nt/ff"
-e.., )or Honor, t1ese S t1e aff/dav/t de0.arat/on of serv/0e 61/01 /s pa2e C or <. And t1/s /s
US Spre!e Cort for!. T1/s /s 61at t1e5 f/..ed ot 61en t1e5 posted /n !a/.. Genera..5 t1e5
6/.. 2/ve s a p1oto0op5 of t1e enve.ope as 6e... *t I donRt see t1at on t1/s. ?d2e" So, t1e
enve.opeRs 1ere I 1ave. P.a/nt/ff" O8a5. ?d2e" *t not t1ere /s t1e Un/ted States Posta.
Serv/0e 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2. Ho6ever, t1e state!ent s/2ned b5 t1e tenant and t1e 6/tness
a08no6.ed2/n2 t1e tenant re0e/ved t1e Not/0e D,'OA @A=)...or *, a 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2
/ssed b5 t1e Un/ted States Posta. Serv/0e or C, t1e endorse!ent of a s1er/ff 0onstab.e or
ot1er pro0ess server stat/n2 t1e t/!e and !anner of serv/0e. So ::: P.a/nt/ff" T1atRs 61at 6e
1ave 1ere, s/r. ?d2e" And t1atRs 61at t1e defendant 6as ar2/n2 6/t1 a!b/2os bt I 1ave
r.ed prev/os.5 t1at /f /t /s a ./0ensed pro0ess server, t1e 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2 /s not re3/red
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/f t1e5 f/.. ot t1e aff/dav/t as t1e5 1ave done /n t1/s 0ase. And, so, to t1e eGtent t1at t1at /s
5or Ob7e0t/on I a! 2o/n2 to 1o.d t1at t1e EG1/b/t C !eets t1e stattor5 re3/re!ents. And
EG1/b/t C /s frt1er /n0orporated and EG1/b/t & does 0onta/n t1e S 61/01 /s EG1/b/t 9 atta01ed
to EG1/b/t & 1as t1e enve.ope s1o6/n2 t1e posta2e and !a/./n2 on A2st $$nd to Za01ar5
&efendant" so, and to6ards an5 dobt abot /t I do f/nd /t t1e proper 0ert/f/0ate 1as been
frn/s1ed to t1e 0ort. T1at !eans t1e re3/re!ents for t1e f/ve:da5 Not/0e and f/ve:da5
Not/0e 6as 2/ven. It appears !ore t1an %; da5s after t1e EG1/b/t * t1e A2st $$nd 61/01
6as t1e %;:da5 no 0ase. And t1en 6e 1ave Septe!ber $@t1 S a0ta..5 I t1/n8 I 6as to.d
abot t1e 6ron2 do0!ent arond 1ere. Septe!ber $@t1 6as t1e S 61en I ta.8 abot t1e
f/veda5 Not/0e prev/os.5 and t1e enve.ope I 6as a0ta..5 referr/n2 to t1e A2st $$nd %;:
da5 Not/0e. T1e f/ve:da5 Not/0e 6as served !ore t1an %; da5s after t1e %;:da5 Not/0e so,
t1at !eets t1e stattor5 re3/re!ents. T1en 6e 1ave IR! 2o/n2 to !ar8 as EG1/b/t S do 6e
1ave EG1/b/t E 61ere t1e S o8a5, EG1/b/t E /s 2o/n2 to be t1e .ease a2ree!ent. P.a/nt/ff" )or
Honor, !a5 I ::: ?d2e" -e.., 2o a1ead. P.a/nt/ff" I 1ave s01 po/nt ot s/r, t1e .and.ordRs
aff/dav/t EG1/b/t & /s on t1e for! prov/ded b5 t1/s 0ort. T1e US Spre!e Cort 1as, as 5o
8no6, 6e 1ave t1ese for!s, t1e ev/0t/on D,'OA @AA)...Not/0e for!s. Ho6ever, t1e5 donRt
1ave an aff/dav/t for! for N9A.$#O. So, 6e sb!/tted t1e Un.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/t EG1/b/t
& s/2ned b5 &r. ,er./ss. Ho6ever, 2o/n2 ba08 and 7st .oo8/n2 at t1e statre t1ereRs a !a8e
sre 6ere 0overed N'S C;.$<C, I, as t1e .and.ordRs a2ent f/.e a de0.arat/on on O0tober 9At1
61/01 addresses t1e /te!s /n N'S C;.$<C sb $. I 1ave 7st one po/nt to 1ave to t1e 0ort :::
?d2e" No, I donRt 1ave t1at I donRt be./eve. -1ere /s t1atP P.a/nt/ff" T1at 6as f/.ed on
O0tober 9At1, s/r. &efendant" N$;.;CO Ob7e0t/on as to not 1av/n2 t1e .and.ord !a8/n2 t1at
de0.arat/on and 1opef..5 t1at /f serv/0e needs to be effe0ted /n a ftre ./t/2at/on t1at 5o 6/..
be 1/s a2ent for prposes of serv/0e. N$;"9CO. ?d2e" -e.., IR! not r./n2 61et1er or not t1at
!eets t1e re3/re!ents but the affidavit can be filed at the hearing! D,'OA =;;"9C:9#) t1e
.and.ordHs aff/dav/t. DNOTE" Sferra>>aHs pos/t/on ev/n0es revers/b.e error 61ere N'S
C;.$<%D#) /nd/0ates t1at on.5 Epon t1e f/./n2E of s01 aff/dav/t Es1a..E t1e 7st/0e 0ort 1o.d a
1ear/n2 D/e, t1e statte does not a..o6 for t1e t1e .and.ord to f/.e s01 aff/dav/t a 0op.e 1ors
/nto t1e ETr/a.E on 9;F$<F99, 61ere a n/net5 !/nte Es!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2E pre0eded
/t on 9;F9%F99...1o6 r/d/0.os.5 devo/d of not/0e Dsa5, of t1e var/os spe0/f/0s N'S
C;.$<CD$)D or an5 reasonab.5 opportn/t5 to prepare to be heard 6o.d s01 an approa01 be to
a tenant s01 a Co21./n, /n a 1o.dover pro0eed/n2, espe0/a..5 61ere N'S C;.$<CD$) /s 3/te
0.ear /n re3/r/n2 t1e .and.ord Eor .and.ordHs a2entE Dnot/0e t1e statte does not eG0se a
./0ensed attorne5 fro! 'PC %.@, t1o21) to s6ear to a fe6 t1/n2s, and s01 t1/n2s 6ere rat1er
!ater/a. and d/spted 1ere, /n0.d/n2" 7st 61at 6as t1e Eter!E of t1e
T1e fo..o6/n2 ?C'CP r.es !a8e 0.ear t1at ?d2e Sferra>>aHs pos/t/on DE?d2e" ...but
the affidavit can be filed at the hearing! D,'OA =;;"9C:9#) t1e .and.ordHs aff/dav/t.E) /s
/n0orre0t, even be5ond t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona. DGasser v. ?et Craft) pred/0ate presented /n N'S
C;.$<%D#) Don.5 Epon t1e f/./n2E of s01 aff/dav/t, Es1a..E t1e 7st/0e 0ort 1o.d s01 a
1ear/n2), 61ere"
RUDE'B)B.''NOTICE REEUIREMENTS Not/0es re3/red for s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
nder N'S C;.$<% and N'S C;.$<C must be specific when alleging any ground for the
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e%istence of an unlawful detainer Dbot1 t1e =F$$F99 and AF$@F99 Not/0es 1ere are a!b/2os
on t1e/r fa0e, 6/t1 *a8er 01e08/n2 !.t/p.e boGes, /nvo8/n2 /n0ons/stent sbse0t/ons of N'S
C;.$<9 D/n one
RUDE'B);.''FIDINF OF SUMMAR6 EVICTION CASES, A s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0ase
shall be deemed filed with a justice court upon the timely filing of an affidavit by a tenant
and t1e pa5!ent of t1e re3/red f/./n2 fee b5 t1e tenant or pon t1e f/./n2 of an aff/dav/t b5
t1e .and.ord 6/t1 an app./0at/on for an order of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, to2et1er 6/t1 t1e pa5!ent
of t1e re3/red f/./n2 fee b5 t1e .and.ord.
'.e 9;$ 6o.d see! to /nterse0t 6/t1 t1e ana.5s/s attendant to N'S 99=A.<9;
Despe0/a..5 sbse0t/on De) /n ./21t of t1e .an2a2e t1ere/n re.ated to 61et1er Co21./n
E/nst/tted or defended a2a/nstE a E7d/0/a. pro0eed/n2E, to 61/01 t1e 3est/on ar/ses as to
61at 3a./f/es as E/nst/tt/n2 or defend/n2 a2a/nstE a E7d/0/a. pro0eed/n2E and /n /nvo.ved
61ere a .and.ord does Ebr/n2 or t1reaten to br/n2E Ean a0t/on for possess/onE D/nterest/n2.5,
*a8er and Co21./nHs rap/d vo..e5 san0t/ons !ot/ons and t1e oppos/t/ons t1ereto /n 9CA$ s1ed
so!e ./21t on t1/s, spe0/f/0a..5 6/t1 respe0t to 61et1er ,er./ssHs 1av/n2 t1e =F$$F99 and or
AF$@F99 not/0es prported.5 EservedE on Co21./n 0o.d be sb7e0t to N'CP 99 ) v/s a v/s
61et1er ,er./ss d/d, Ebr/n2 or t1reaten to br/n2E Dand /t !st be e/t1er to Ebr/n2 or t1reaten to
br/n2E, as tenantHs !st not be ./!/ted to t1e Et1reaten/n2 to br/n2E t1at serv/n2 not/0es 6o.d
apparent.5 a!ont to /n t1e ana.5s/s as to 61et1er ,er./ssHs prported.5 1av/n2 served on
=F$$F99 Dor even one of 1/s !/d:A2st $;99 e!a/.s to Co21./n) sff/0es as a te!pora.
rebtta. to an5 /nferen0e t1at ,er./ss d/d so Et1reaten to br/n2E s01 Ea0t/on for possess/onE
E/n reta./at/onE for Co21./nHs E/nst/tt/n2 or defend/n2E a2a/nst Ea 7d/0/a. pro0eed/n2E
D61/01 br/n2s to !/nd t1e 3est/on of 7st 61en a Epro0eed/n2E 0an be sa/d to be E/nst/ttded
or defended a2a/nstE and 61et1er t1at ana.5s/s /!p./0ates ?C'CP 9;$Hs /nd/0at/ons as to 61en
a Es!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0ase s1a.. be dee!ed f/.edE...bt, nonet1e.ess, Co21./n 0o.d st/.. !eet
t1e N'S C;.$<%D#) standard to s1o6 6/t1/n a 1ear/n2 Eto test t1e trt1f.ness and sff/0/en05
ofE t1e aff/dav/ts of bot1 .and.ord and tenant t1at Co21./n 1ad a E.e2a. defenseE to s01
s!!ar5 a0t/on for possess/on, b5 de!onstrat/n2 t1at ,er./ss d/d Ebr/n2E Das s01 61et1er
,er./ss d/d Et1reaten to br/n2E an Ea0t/on for possess/onE at so!e prev/os po/nt /n t/!e
s1o.d not operate to pre0.de Co21./n fro! s1o6/n2 t1at ,er./ss d/d Ebr/n2E and a0t/on for
possess/on sbse3ent t1ereto Dapparent.5, depend/n2 on t1ere deter!/nat/on of 7st 61en /t /s
one 0an be sa/d to Ebr/n2E an a0t/on:'.e 9;$ at .east /nd/0ates a E0ase s1a.. be dee!ed f/.edE
Das /n 9@;=, on 9;F#F99) Epon t1e t/!e.5 f/./n2 of an aff/dav/t b5 a tenant...E.../e, t1e !ere
fa0t t1at one !/21t v/e6 ,er./ss as 1av/n2 Et1reatened to br/n2E s01 an a0t/on pr/or to s01
t/!e Dsa5 /n !/d:A2st $;99) does note ne0essar/.5 pre0.de a f/nd/n2 t1at 1e sbse3eent
t1ereto d/d E Ebr/n2E s01 an a0t/onE /n reta./at/onE 61ere Co21./n E/nst/tted or defended
a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. pro0eedE an Ea0t/on for possess/onE or for an5 0ond0t b5 Co21./n
prote0ted b5 sbse0t/ons Da):D2).
S01 !atters ne0essar/.5 /nvo.ved a 0.ose /nspe0t/o of !atters re.ated to !ot/ve and
/ntent and Co2./n 0/ted to Go!e> /n t1e tr/a. 0ort for t1e pos/t/on to s01 0/r0!stan0es are
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/..:s/ted to d/spos/t/on b5 s!!ar5 7d2!ent Deven !ore so 61ere s!!ar5 ev/0t/ons
t5p/0a..5 /nvo.ve .ess of an opportn/t5 for d/s0over5, 61/01, ne0essar/.5, /s 3/te /!portant,
part/0.ar.5 /f, as *a8er ar2ed, Torreab.e /s to app.5 61o.esa.e to s!!ar5 ev/0t/ons).
Nonet1e.ess, a 0.ose ana.5s/s of t1e e!a/.s Co21./n atta01ed to 1/s AF@F99 TenantHs
Ans6er /n 9CA$ Dand Co21./n, n./8e ,er./ss, d/d E/n0orporate b5 referen0e a.. of 1/s f/./n2
/n 9CA$ /nto 9@;=, /n0.d/n2 1/s ar2!ent t1ere/n t1at t1e .ease 1ad not EeGp/redE, sff/0/ent
to !a8e an5 a..e2at/on t1at s01 operated to Eter!/nateE 1/s tenan05, /nva./d, and to v/t/ate t1e
a..e2ed va./d/t5 of t1e =F$$F99 Not/0e, part/0.ar.5 /n ./21t of t1e frad.ent !/sstate!ents
0onta/ned t1ere/n Ds01 frad.ent approa01 on.5 a2!ented b5 t1e &e0.arat/on of Case5 &.
*a8er, Es3. Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$), and ,er./ssHs o6n EUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tE,
ne/t1er of 61/01, fro! t1e 'OA, appeared to 1ave been Ef/.edE bt rat1er ad!/tted as EG1/b/t
*, and EG1/b/t G, respe0t/ve.5, abot one t1/rd of t1e 6a5 t1ro21 t1e 9<; pa2e trans0r/pt of
t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E Dbr/n2/n2 to !/nd t1e 3est/on of 61et1er s01 an /rre2.ar/t5, 61ere t1e
.and.ord 1ad t1e /n/t/a. brden of proof, 5et does not 2et arond to ad!/tt/n2 s01 eG1/b/ts or
offer/n2 test/!on5 t1ereto, nt/. a t1/rd of t1e 6a5 t1ro21 approG/!ate.5 s/G 1ors of ETr/a.E
on 9;F$<F99), and a2a/n /n 1/s 9;F99F99 ,ot/on for Cont/nan0e /n 9@;=, and a2a/n a t1/rd
t/!e as EG1/b/t = /n t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E.
Co21./nHs EG1/b/t = D,'OA #A$:@;=) and t1e p1oto2rap1s /n spport t1ereof /n
EG1/b/t $ D,'OA #@% to #=C) 2o a !01 .on2er 6a5 to6ards estab./s1/n2 a E.e2a. defenseE
Dto 61atever eGtent Nevada .a6 t1en p.a0es t1e brden of proof pon Co21./n to do so) t1an
d/d ,er./ss and *a8erHs atte!pts at a E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE and ,er./ssHs nbe./evab.5
0ontrad/0tor5 and /!p.as/b.e test/!on5, 61/01, b5 t1e 6a5, bot1 are patent.5 /n0ons/stent
6/t1 t1e .ease and not/0es, and proofs of serv/0e of s01 not/0es t1at 6ere atta01ed to s01
atte!pts to sat/sf5 t1e re3/re!ent for a E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE nder N'S C;.$<CD$).
Cons/der 61ere s01 e!a/.s read"
E-1at fo..o6s /s a rev/e6, 6/t1 so!e reda0t/ons for pr/va05 sa8e, of 6r/tten 0o!!n/0at/ons
bet6een ,er./ss and Co21./n"
,'OA #AC" K(ro!" Za01 Co21./n U>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!W
To" !a2ndaVao..0o!
Sent" (r/, ,a5 9C, $;9; $"%$ p!
-e tr/ed t1e key for the house /n t1e ba08 door a2a/n, and even sed so!e 2rap1/te dst, bt
/t st/.. appears to not be t1e r/21t 8e5 for t1e door. -e 0o.d take care of t1/s in e%change
for a discount off one months rent. I a! atta01/n2 so!e p/0tres of 61at 1as be0o!e,
rat1er sdden.5, quite a weed problem. D,'OA #@#:#@@ p/0tres)...Ho6 abot t1/s, 6e 0o.d
1and.e t1e 6eed prob.e! for a ... d/s0ont off one !ont1Hs rentP...Last.5, .hen .e /o-e! in$
there .a# a nu/0er o* in#ulation 0att# that ha! *allen *ro/ the "eiling in the 0a#e/ent$
an! re#te! on the !irt groun!...ortion# tou"hing the groun! 0e"a/e very infested with
mold! The groun! !i! not ha-e a -aor 0arrier$... 6e don$t feel comfortable having them
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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remain in the basement. ,'OA #AC, p/0tres at ,'OA #@<:#@A) T1ere also appears to be a
mold issue on the ceiling/underside of the floorboard in the part of the house that seems to be
near the wall separating the front bedroom from the bathroom. D,'OA #=C p/0tres /n EG1
$ fro! 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E) ...Please see the attached photos in these regards....-e 0o.d
replace and install ne6 r9A /ns.at/on ... Add/t/ona..5, 6e could spray some anti&mold
products on the effected ceiling parts for '... Of 0orse, 6e are on.5 offer/n2 6a5s to address
these matters. ...PS. t1e photos are attached ...
,'OA #A<" ETo !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!)
Sent" Te 99F$%F9; 9$"C@ P, H/ ,att, Coul! you ha-e Ale&an!ro or #o/eone ut 0a"8
u the in#ulation that ha! *allen !o.n at the ti/e .e /o-e! in. I #ent you i"ture#
a0out thi# #o/e ti/e ago. I 0elie-e #raying .ith 0lea"h or #o/ething /ay 0e goo! *or
the /ol! #ot#. So/e o* the in#ulation aeare! to ha-e /ol! gro.ing on it....I donHt
6ant to 0ra6. arond stap./n2 t1e! ba08 p a.on2 6/t1 t1e/r !o.d and p /nto !o.d5
f.oorboards... for free. E
,'OA #A#" EHe..o, t1eres a toilet issue...To !a2ndaVao..0o!
(ro!" D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" Te $F9<F99 9;";% P,
To" !a2ndaVao..0o! H/ ,att, ...I a! 6r/t/n2 be0ase there seems to be an issue with the
toilet.
DNOTE" ,er./ssHs test/!on5 of 9;F$<F99 be0a!e eGtre!e.5 s1a85 and 0ontrad/0tor5 61ere 1e
/nd/0ated t1at Co21./n 1ad E.ost a .ot of 0red/b/./t5E 6/t1 1/! pon send/n2 1/! EeGtre!e.5
0onfs/n2, /n0o1erent e!a/.sE abot t1e Eprob.e! 6/t1 t1e to/.etE 61/01 /n0.ded Ewa%ing
eloquent about urine crystalsE D,'OA =#;" ,er./ss" 61en 5o f/rst started to send !e e:
!a/.s t1e5 6ere ver5 n0.ear t1e .an2a2e 6as n0.ear I 0o.dnHt te.. /f 5o 6ere 0o!p.a/n/n2
or /f 5o 6anted 1e.p t1ere 6ere ver5 a!b/2os 5o .ater sent an e:!a/. abot t1e to/.et
abot r/ne t1at 6ent on for t1ree or for e:!a/.s t1at 6as 0o!p.ete.5 b/>arre I 0o.dnHt
nderstand /t and I even sent Anton/o t1ere 1e 0o.dnHt f/nd an5t1/n2 6ron2 6/t1 t1e to/.et...
with that e-mail you lost a lot of credibility you were waxing elegance about urine crystals
and t1/n2s ./8e t1at I 0o.dnHt rea..5 fo..o6 5o fro! t1ere are on...E
,'OA PPP" E&efendant" 5es 6/t1 respe0t to t1e broken wax ring on the toilet were in
the urine sludge was pulling behind the toilet for months on end (see pictures at
,'OA PPP)... P.a/nt/ff" I see /t on pa2e $9 )or Honor t1/s /s t1e e:!a/. to 61/01 &r. ,er./ss
/s referr/n2 to as 7st too confusing ... ...&efendant" and )or Honor /f 5oH.. 7st note t1at
appro%imately line () is one of the first mentions of this broken window in February
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AMROA @@@G...&efendant" d/d Anton/o ever 0o!e over to f/G t1e to/.etP ... ,er./ss" 5es
&efendant" d/d 1e f/G /tP ,er./ss" 1e 0a!e over and t1en 1e to.d !e t1at t1ere 6asnHt a
prob.e!...&efendant" are 5o a6are t1at 1e to.d !e t1ere 6as a prob.e! and t1at 1e 6o.d be
ba08 /n a 6ee8 and 1e never retrnedP ...d/d 1e /nd/0ate to 5o t1at 1e to.d ,e./ssa and
!5se.f t1at 1e 6o.d be ba08 /n a 6ee8 or so to f/G /t and t1at approG/!ate.5 a 0op.e 6ee8s
6ent b5 and 6e never 1eard fro! 1/!P ,er./ss" t1e on.5 0onversat/on I 1ad 6/t1 Anton/o /s I
as8ed 1/! 1o6 t1e to/.et 6as 61atHs t1e prob.e! ... 0o.dnHt nderstand t1e e:!a/. 1e sa/d t1at
t1ere 6asnHt a prob.e! it$s fi%ed t1ere /snHt a prob.e!E
Of 0orse Anton/on to.d ,er./ss E/ts f/GedE, be0ase pon !ore t1an 9C da5s pass/n2
fro! 61en Co21./n f/rst 6rote ,er./ss of t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 /sse re2ard/n2 t1e Ep.!b/n2E
nder N'S 99=A.$A;, and Anton/o 0o!/n2 ot to t1e 1o!e off/0e, .oo8/n2 at t1e /sse 6/t1
t1e .ea8/n2 6aG r/n2, and /nd/0at/n2 1e 6o.d retrn /n a 6ee8 to f/G /t, bt fa/./n2 to,
Co21./n f/Ged t1e 6aG r/n2 1/!se.f, 61erepon Co21./n t1en 0a..ed Anton/o and pset 1/!
b5 /nd/0at/n2 t1at t1e to/.et 6as Ef/GedE a.read5, anot1er of severa. Ef/G and ded0tE /nstan0es
nder N'S 99=A.%#; t1at ,er./ss reta./ate a2a/nst Co21./n /n ./21t of /n !/d:A2st 61en
1e be0a!e pset t1at Co21./n 6as assert/n2 1/s r/21t to s01 ded0t/ons.
,'OA PPP" E&efendant" o8a5 I as8 5o to 6e 2et ba08 to t1/s 5ear and e:!a/. IH!
read/n2 t1/s t1/s sonds ./8e a 0oa01 and des0r/pt/on to a to a .and.ord of a prob.e! bt t1e
to/.et 0an 5o spe0/f/0a..5 te.. !e 61at /s so srrea. or obtse abot t1/s e:!a/. to 5o &r.
,er./ss and *a8er )or Honor I a! 2o/n2 to /nterpose an ob7e0t/on at t1/s po/nt ,r.
Co21./n 1as /dent/f/ed 61at 1e sa/d 6ere 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses a2a/n t1e 0ort 1as no6 r.ed on
/t t6/0e t1at t1at 1/s 0ase /s 0onf/ned to t1ose /sses t1ese br/n2/n2 p ne6 stff on Co21./n
?n0t/on ?d2e" 6e.. t1e to/.et /s part of t1at bt I donHt be./eve /tHs 1ab/tab/./t5 /tHs not def/ned
p.!b/n2 /s &efendant" ot.ets p.!b/n2 ?d2e" so /f 5o estab./s1 serve t1e /t 6as .ea8/n2
bt t1e e:!a/. doesnHt estab./s1 t1at /s 7st estab./s1 /s 5o 0o!p.a/ned abot /t t1e s!e.. of
r/ne P.a/nt/ff" t1e e:!a/. doesnHt estab./s1 t1at t1ere /s r/ne s.d2e b/.d/n2 pP Ho6 ?d2e"
6e.. 5o 5orse.f sa/d /n t1e e:!a/. t1at 5o donHt 8no6 61at /t /s P.a/nt/ff" /n t1e /ntrod0tor5
t1ere severa. e:!a/.s t1e e:!a/. /s sa5/n2 .oo8 6eHve 2ot t1/s p../n2 d/s2st/n2 s!e.. of r/ne
s.d2e be1/nd t1e to/.et...
&efendant" 5es or &r. ,er./ss 0an 5o fo..o6 t1e 01a/n of e:!a/.s 6/t1 respe0t to t1e n/ne
/sse r/ne /sse and te.. !e t1at after t1e 0onfs/n2 e:!a/.s t1e ones t1at 5o des0r/be /s
0onfs/n2 t1ere 6as a fo..o6:p e:!a/. 6as t1ere on pa2e $$ ,er./ss" /tHs 1ard to nderstand
5or 3est/ons ,r. Co21./n ?d2e" 1e read t1ose t6o e:!a/.s S/r /s t1ere %; !ot1P ,r.
Co21./nP Co21./n P.a/nt/ff" t1ere /s an e:!a/. of $9< ?d2e" o8a5 on pa2e P.a/nt/ff" to 9#
?d2e" on pa2e $9 t1ere /s an e:!a/. dated to 9< 'A t1en t1ere /s a response on to 9# at @"<@
A, to 5o t1at sa5s a.. San Anton/o over neGt 6ee8 t1en on pa2e $$ on $9@ t1ere /s an e:!a/.
dated $F9#F99 P.a/nt/ff" 615 on %F9CF99 &r. ,er./ss to 5o sdden.5 send an e:!a/. ta.8/n2
abot to est/!ates /s t1at /n re.at/on to t1e to/.et and 1ad Anton/o not bet6een $F9#F99 %F9CF99
1ad 1e not f/G t1e to/.et and 615 d/d 5o send 1/! over /f 1e sa/d t1ere 6as no /sse P.a/nt/ff"
ob7e0t/on 0o!pond 3est/on ?d2e" o8a5 f/rst of a.. .etHs start I donHt 8no6 t1at t1e %F9CF99 /s
re.ated to t1at I 7st ass!e t1at /t /t 6as 5or t1e one 61o pt to2et1er t1/s 01a/n of e:!a/.s
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so I donHt 8no6 /f t1ereHs an5 e:!a/. bet6een $F9#F99 and %F9CF99 &efendant" !5 re0o..e0t/on"
/s t1at ,e./ssa Lee E..a 1ad to 0a.. &r. ,er./ss ?d2e" S/r 5oHre not test/f5/n2 t1e 3est/on /s
/s t1ere anot1er e:!a/. bet6een $F9#F99 and %F9CF99 P.a/nt/ff" t1atHs !5 3est/on for &r.
,er./ss ?d2e" 'A 6e.. a.. r/21t 6/.. a.. .et 1/! ,er./ss" on 61/01 pa2e p.ease P.a/nt/ff" on
pa2e $$ 6/t1 t1e $F9#F99 e:!a/. and t1e %F9CF99 e:!a/. ?d2e" $F9#F99 e:!a/. /s fro! t1e
defendant to 5o /tHs at t1e top of pa2e $$ ,er./ss" o8a5 to 9# and %F9CF99 ?d2e" %F9CF99
prports to be fro! 5o to 1/! ,er./ss" 6e.. I donHt see an5t1/n2 bet6een $F9#F99 and %F9CF99
on t1/s paper &efendant" do 5o 8no6 615 5o 6o.dHve 6r/tten !e on %F9CF99 ot of t1e
b.e to sa5 2et t6o est/!ates enter ded0t/on do 5o 8no6 61et1er /t 6as re.ated to t1e to/.et
been f/Ged ,er./ss" /f t1ere /s a !a/ntenan0e /sse of an5 8/nd ,r. Co21./n be0ase 7st to
!a8e /t eas5 for 5o an5 8/nd of a !a/ntenan0e /sse t1at 5o 1ave an5t1/n2 5o need to 2et
to est/!ates save the receipts ta8e t1at t1e ta8e t1e !ost re0ent &efendant" does it say save
the receipts Sir* +oes this case saved the receipts in your e&mailP ,er./ss" no.E
,'OA PPP" E?d2e"" 2o a1ead 5o 0an read /t ,er./ss" 6/.. be ot of t1e 0t I 6/.. be
ot of t1e 0ontr5 nt/. t1e end of ,ar01 /f t1ere /s a !a/ntenan0e /sse p.ease 2et to
est/!ates 01oose t1e !ost reasonab.e ta8e /t off t1e neGt renta. 01e08 I 6/.. be a va.ab.e b5
e:!a/. t1an8s....
&efendant" do 5o see approG/!ate.5 ./ne 9# 61ere /t sa5s 6rote 3ote 6rote 5o abot t1e
fa..en /ns.at/on do6nsta/rs /n t1e eGpose !o.d eGposed !o.d bot1 on t1e f.oorboard and
/ns.at/on 5o never responded p.ease do, and 3otat/ons do 5o see t1at partP ,er./ss" 5es.
&efendant" d/d 5o /s t1at 0orre0t 1ad 5o not responded to so!e 6r/tten not/0e of !o.d and
/ns.at/on ,er./ss" t1/s 0a!e after I as8ed 5o to pa5 t1e rent. I 6as 6e 6ere d/s0ss/n2 t1e
rent pa5!ent and a.. of t1e sdden none of t1/s 0a!e p before t1e P.a/nt/ff"" 5o 1ad never
been a.erted of t1e !o.d /sse pr/or to t1atP ,er./ss" no. &efendant" 'O+ o8a5 -/../s /s 2o
ba08 to pa2e 9A S/r 61ere t1ere /s ta.8 of I be./eve /tHs a0ta..5 a2e t1at 6e.. 61ere t1ereHs
ta.8s of bats be a TTS ear.5 are on ear./er on 5et pa2e on o8a5 on pa2e 9A so 5oHre sa5/n2
5oHd never 1eard of t1at before fro! t1at A2st e:!a/. to 1ear ba08 /n ,a5 6r/te abot
!/nd 9; &efendant" d/d 5o 7st /2nore /t 61en 5o 2ot /t read5 /n T1a/.and or 61at ,er./ss"
no &efendant" 8no6 61at ,er./ss" I 6asnHt sre eGa0t.5 61at 5o 6anted &efendant" d/d 5o
r/21t ba08 see8/n2 0.ar/f/0at/on ,er./ss" I donHt 8no6 /f I d/d or d/dnHt &efendant" 5o donHt
8no6P -1et1er 5o d/d or d/d not address a prob.e! 6/t1 potent/a..5 toG/0 !o.d and /n t1e
1o!e 61/01 so!ebod5 6as pa5/n2 5o !one5 for ,er./ss" 6e send so!ebod5 over t1ere and
1e 6o.dnHt .et t1e !en. P.a/nt/ff" 61en 6as t1at 6as t1at 0.ose /n t/!e to t1/s !a5 9Ct1 not/0e
,er./ss" t1/s 6as a fe6 6ee8s a2o 6e sent over Nas1 &efendant" so 6as at a 2ood 9C !ont1s
.ater ne6 ./ne ,er./ss 6e sent over Nas1 and ,r. (/s1er to 1ave a .oo8 &efendant" /s t1at
6/t1/n t1e 9C da5s to 9C da5s 0a..ed for to f/G /n t1/s state or d/d t1e stattes not app.5 to 5o
P.a/nt/ff" ob7e0t/on 0a..s for .e2a. 0on0.s/on ?d2e" 6a/t a se0ond !!!5 r.e on t1e
ob7e0t/ons p.ease a.so ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/on 2o a1ead 6/t1 5or neGt 3est/on &efendant" so
does t1/s estab./s1 5or ear./er test/!on5 t1at t1e f/rst t/!e t1/s /ns.at/on /sse 6as ever
bro21t p 6as r/21t after 5o !ent/oned 1e5 5o o6e !e rent 1e sa/d t1at abot < !/n. a2o
and t1at 6as fro! t1/s A2st 99 e:!a/. and t1en 5or test/!on5 /s see!/n2.5 0ontrad/0ted /s
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!eant b5 t1/s !a5 9Ct1 /sse !a5 9Ct1 e:!a/. 61ere/n t1e !o.d /sse /s 0.ear.5 set fort1 /n
6r/t/n2 to 5o or /s t1at not r/21tP &/d 5o 7st 0ontrad/0t 5orse.fP ?d2e" 6/.. 6a/t a se0ond
t1e 3est/on /s 0onfs/n2 !e no6 P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 I bro21t p t1e I 6ent to t1e dXnoe!ent
t1e nt5/n2 of t1e not t1e end of t1e p.a5 61ere /n A2st 61en t1/n2s started to 2et a ./tt.e
1eated bet6een s and I sa/d 61at 61at d/d 5o do A2st $;99 61en I 6rote 5o abot t1e
/ns.at/on A2st 99 and &r. ,er./ss sa/d 1e 5o on.5 bro21t t1at p 61en I as8ed abot t1e
ba08 rent and I sa/d a.. 1ad and I bro21t /t p ear./erP ?d2e" I re0a.. t1at bt t1e 3est/on /s
61at /s 5or 3est/on &efendant" 6e.. 5o sa/d t1at A2st 6as t1e f/rst t/!e t1at t1at 6as
bro21t p no6 6e see a !a5 e:!a/. d/d 5o 7st for2et abot t1at ear./er 6ere 5o not
re!e!ber/n2 /n 6ere 5o be/n2 ntrt1f.P ,er./ss" 61en 5o read t1/s e:!a/. ,r. Co21./n
ICU des0r/b/n2 so!et1/n2 5o are des0r/b/n2 no vapor barr/er = G #E !o.d /nfested bats 5o
1ave so!e dea. t1at s1e 6ants bt 5o 1avenHt rea..5 as8ed for an5t1/n2 5oHre sa5/n2 6e are
on.5 offer/n2 6a5s to address t1ese !atters I donHt rea..5 8no6 61at 5oHre as8/n2 for and
t1atHs 1o6 a .ot of t1ese e:!a/.s are ,r. &efendant" I donHt 8no6 eGa0t.5 61at 5o 6ant
&efendant" so /s /t 7st 8/nd of a 7st donHt rea..5 respond or do an5t1/n2 see /f t1e5 7st 2/ve
pP ,er./ss" no /tHs not t1at ,r. Co21./n D,'OA PPP)...E
,'OA PPP" ,er./ssHs test/!on5 be0o!es even !ore 0ontrad/0tor5 an nre./ab.e
61ere 1e 0ont/nes to po/nt to t1e ser/es of E/n0o1erentE to/.et s.d2e r/ne .ea8/n2 6aG r/n2
e!a/.s as a bas/s for not trst/n2 Co21./n, even as to f/G/n2 t1e !od.5 /ns.at/onFbase!ent
0e/./n2, off/0e f.oorboard /sses, desp/te t1e fa0t t1at t1e to/.et e!a/.s are fro! (ebrar5 :
,ar01 $;99 and t1e !o.d5 /ns.at/on, 0e/./n2 and f.oorboard e!a/.s are 0/r0a ,a5 $;9; and
Nove!ber $;9;. T/!e and t/!e a2a/n, 61en ,er./ss 2ets 0a21t /n a 0ontrad/0t/on, 1e s1/fts
2ears and fo0ses on 1o6 E0onfs/n2E 1e fond t1e e!a/.s be0ase t1e 6ere not E0.earE as to
61et1er Co21./n 6as E7st .oo8/n2 for !one5 to do a pro7e0tE or as8/n2 1/s .and.ord to f/G a
1ab/tab/./t5 /sse"
EP.a/nt/ff" so 5o 2et t1/s !a5 9Ct1 DNOTE" t1e e!a/. /s dated <F9CF$;9; ,'OA PPP) e:!a/.
and 5o read /t and 5o sa5 t1at I see 1eHs 3ot/n2 !e so!e f/2res 1eHs sa5/n2 6a5s to
address t1/s !atter 1eHs sa5/n2 so!et1/n2 abot !o.d and 1ea.t1 /sses and /nfested and no
vapor barr/er and fe.. fro! t1e 0e/./n2 I I 7st so I donHt rea..5 see an5 /!pets to do or
respond to t1/s /n an5 6a5 /s t1at 8/nd of 5or t1o21t pro0ess t1/s /s t1e 8/nd of 5or t1o21t
pro0ess t1ere and t1en to do so!et1/n2 ...,er./ss" ,r. Co21./n /f 5o 1ad sa/d to !e IHd ./8e
so!ebod5 to .oo8 at t1/s /sse I 6o.d send t1e! ot r/21t a6a5 I 6o.d send t1e! t1e neGt
da5 to .oo8 at /t P.a/nt/ff"" an! you !i!n%t ta8e that eC/ail a# a re7ue#t to ha-e the i##ue
a!!re##e!@ ,er./ss" after t1at urine e-mail DNOTE" t1e Er/ne e!a/.sE 6ere dated
D,'OA PPP) $F9<F99 to %F9@F99) I wasn't sure what to think about you Mr. oughlin
&efendant" *t, s/r, that urine e-mail ... came after the in#ulation eC/ail ,er./ss" these
other e&mails &efendant" so now it$s kind of not adding up what you$re saying ,er./ss"
these other e-mails! ,r. Co21./n. &efendant" ,hat other e&mails* ,er./ss" they are unclear
&efendant" what other e-mails this insulation the e-mail is from May "#$#% ,er./ss" I
te#ti*ie! I ha! ro0le/# un!er#tan!ing i* you%re "o/laining .hether you .ant
#o/ething or .hether you%re trying to get #o/e /oney #ee you "oul! !o a ro&e"t I "an%t
it%# har! *or /e to un!er#tan!E
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,'OA PPP" E,er./ss" I 7st eGp.a/ned /t I 0anHt te.. 61et1er 5oHre as8/n2 for
so!et1/n2 0o!p.a/n/n2 or /f 5o are tr5/n2 to 2et !e to pa5 so!e !one5 for so!et1/n2 5o
6ant to do t1e 6or8 /n !a8e !one5 I 0anHt te.. 61at 5o 6ant t1e5 1ave never been 0.ear t1e5
are not sb!/tted 0.ear.5 t1ere /s a.6a5s a tone of so!e sort of bar2a/n/n2 I donHt nderstand
61at 5o 6ant fro! !e...,er./ss" I donHt 8no6 I 6as to.d t1at 5o d/dnHt even do t1e 6eed/n2
&efendant" b5 61o!P ,er./ss" I 6as to.d t1at I pa/d 5o B%<; and t1en t1at 5o d/dnHt do
an5t1/n2 &efendant" b5 61oP ,er./ss" I b5 &ar.ene. &efendant" 61en ,er./ss" a fe6 !ont1s
a2o t1at /s 615 I 1ad to pa5 a fe6 t1osand do..ars for eGtra 6eed/n2 &efendant" for t1e
propert5 I rentP ,er./ss t1atHs r/21t &efendant" 5o pa/d a fe6 t1osand do..ars on top of t1e
B%<; 5o a2ree to to 1ave t1e propert5 I rent 6eeded ,er./ss t1atHs 0orre0t &efendant" o8a5 /f
6e 2o to ?ne 5o a2ree to a B%<; rent ded0t/on /f I 6o.d ta8e 0are of t1e 6eeds and 5o
sed t1ree eG0.a!at/on !ar8s to To sa5 a.r/21t ,er./ss" 2ood &efendant" so 1o6 .on2 after
5o 6r/t/n2 t1at e:!a/. 61ere 5o a2reed to t1at d/d /t ta8e for &ar.ene to sa5 1e d/dnHt do /t
and t1en for 5o to sa5 IH! 2ood to 2o pa5 so!ebod5 to 2rant to t6o 2rand ,er./ss" 61en t1e
.ands0apers 0a!e I as8ed 1o6 t1e 6eeds .oo8ed over at 5or 1ose sa/d I donHt even t1/n8 1e
d/d an5t1/n2 .etHs do t1e ot1er 1ose...?d2e" IH! 2ood at Erope r/21t no6 be0ase IHve
a.read5 r.ed t1at 6e debate as I read t1e statte /s not 1ab/tab/./t5 ./8e &efendant" /tHs a
noG/os 6eed or /ts 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot a noG/os 6eed or /ts ?d2e" 0o!p.a/ned to 61o 5o
are not ta.8/n2 abot 0o!p.a/n/n2 no6 P.a/nt/ff" I be./eve I 0a..ed t1e 0/t5 of 'eno 'eno d/re0t
abot /t ?d2e" of + &efendant" and I 8no6 I to.d &r. ,er./ss ?d2e" o8a5 IH! 2ood 6/t1
prepa/d frt1er 3est/on/n2 a.on2 t1ese ./nes at t1/s t/!e be0ase /tHs 0.ear to !e t1at 5o
0o!p.a/ned t1e .and.ord abot noG/os 6eeds I per7red test/!on5 t1at !a5be 5o
0o!p.a/ned t1e 0/t5 of 'eno P.a/nt/ff" IH! not as8/n2 abot 6eeds not IH! 2o/n2 to 0red/b/./t5
and &r. ,er./ss 0ont/na..5 sa5s one t1/n2 and t1en 2ets 0ornered so!e61ere and t1en 1as to
s6/t01 of t1e stor5 and /t donHt 0are abot t1e 6eeds r/21t no6 61at I 0are abot /s ?d2e" 6e..
I do be0ase I 1ave been 1ere for t1e better part of for or f/ve 1ors ./sten/n2 to t1/s
&efendant" 5es or ?d2e" and /s 0o!/n2 to ans6er P.a/nt/ff" /s )or Honor /t /f I 0an f/n/s1
t1/s .ast ./ne of /n3/r5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e /n0ons/sten0/es and &r. ,er./ss a state!ent t1en I
6/.. arrest ?d2e" o8a5 P.a/nt/ff" P.a/nt/ff" &r. ,er.e s /s /t fa/r to sa5 t1at 5o a2ree to or
B%<; rent ded0t/on for t1e 6eeds Co21./n ,er./ss" and offered t1at to &efendant" 5o
offered t1at of t1e b.e 6ere ,er./ss" I offered t1at /n response to &efendant" 5o offered /t to
!e /n response to !5 e:!a/. to 5o Za01 0orre0t ,er./ss" 5es &efendant" o8a5 and t1en 1ose
soon t1ereafter d/d 5o /n &ar.ene 1ave t1/s 0onversat/on abot I donHt t1/n8 1e d/d an5t1/n2P
,er./ss" I donHt re!e!ber &efendant" 6o.d se /t 6as a !ont1 .aterP ,er./ss" I donHt
re!e!ber. &efendant" o8a5 1o6 soon after 5o a2reed to t1e rent ded0t/on 61ere/n 5o
6rote 1/ Za01 t1e %<; see!s o8a5 p.ease ta8e /t off t1e rent t1an8 5o and t1en 5o pt t1ree
eG0.a!at/ons po/nts 1o6 soon after t1at d/d t1e 2reen a0t/on .a6 0re6, after an essent/a..5
atte!pt to do t1e sa!e 6eed/n2 on t1e sa!e propert5P ,er./ss" I donHt re!e!ber &efendant"
o8a5 6e.. I 0an see /n t1ese e:!a/.s 61ere /tHs 6/t1/n for da5s so t1at 6o.d /!p.5 t1at
&ar.ene are 5or sa!e &ar.ene sa/d 6e s1o.d spend a 0op.e 2rant send/n2 2reen a0t/on
ba08 over t1ere be0ase for da5s 1as passed s/n0e 5o a2reed to a B%<; dea. 6/t1 Za01P
?d2e" S/r 5oHre !a8/n2 a state!ent. -1at /s t1e 3est/on &efendant" )or Honor t1e
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3est/on /s 1o6 does t1at !a8e senseP ?d2e" 5o 0an ar2e t1at 5o 2ot t1e e:!a/. Steve 0an
ar2e t1at to !e &efendant" o8a5 !5 3est/on /s 5o on.5 .et for da5s 2o b5 fro! 61en 5o
pa/d one 25 B%<; to do a 7ob to 61ere 1e sa/d 1e d/dnHt do a 2ood eno21 I a! 2o/n2 to
spend t6o 2rand 1/r/n2 t1/s ot1er 0re6 25s to do t1e sa!e 7obP &oes t1at !a8e an5 senseP
,er./ss" I a! not sre 1o6 t1/s /s re.evant )or Honor 1e 2ot pa/d for t1e 6eeds and 1eHs
ob7e0t/n2 to !e 1/r/n2 so!ebod5 e.se to do t1e 6eeds I donHt nderstand t1at rate ?d2e"" 6e..
61et1er 5o nderstand /t or not t1e 3est/on /s 6as /t for da5sP ,er./ss" I donHt 8no6.
?d2e" a.. r/21t. &efendant" so /f 5o sent t1/s e:!a/. on Satrda5, ,a5 $9, $;9$ sa5/n2 2reat
sonds 2ood .etHs do /t t1ree B<%<; and t1en on !a5 $C $;9$ t1ree da5s .ater 5o 2et t1e e:
!a/. fro! !e 61ere/n I deta/. t1e 0onvers/on and .ar0en5 and propert5 destr0t/on to !5
propert5 t1atHs t1ree da5s so I 2ess 5o are sa5/n2 /n t1e span of t1ree da5s &ar.ene 0a..ed to
/n 0o!p.a/ned t1at I 1avenHt done t1e 6eed/n2 2ood eno21 and 5o sa5 5es .etHs 6rote B$;;;
t1at t1atP P.a/nt/ff"ob7e0t/on re.evan0e ,r. Co21./n 2ot 1/s B%<; 0red/t 61at /s t1e prob.e!
&efendant" /tHs nonsens/0a. /t 2oes to 1/s 0red/b/./t5. ?d2e" o8a5 6e.. IHve 1eard eno21 of t1e
so IH! 2o/n2 to ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/onE
,er./ss" I 7st eGp.a/ned /t I 0anHt te.. 61et1er 5oHre as8/n2 for so!et1/n2 0o!p.a/n/n2 or /f
5o are tr5/n2 to 2et !e to pa5 so!e !one5 for so!et1/n2 5o 6ant to do t1e 6or8 /n !a8e
!one5 I 0anHt te.. 61at 5o 6ant t1e5 1ave never been 0.ear t1e5 are not sb!/tted 0.ear.5
t1ere /s a.6a5s a tone of so!e sort of bar2a/n/n2 I donHt nderstand 61at 5o 6ant fro!
!e...,er./ss" I donHt 8no6 I 6as to.d t1at 5o d/dnHt even do t1e 6eed/n2 &efendant" b5
61o!P ,er./ss" I 6as to.d t1at I pa/d 5o B%<; and t1en t1at 5o d/dnHt do an5t1/n2
&efendant" b5 61oP ,er./ss" I b5 &ar.ene. &efendant" 61en ,er./ss" a fe6 !ont1s a2o t1at
/s 615 I 1ad to pa5 a fe6 t1osand do..ars for eGtra 6eed/n2 &efendant" for t1e propert5 I
rentP ,er./ss t1atHs r/21t &efendant" 5o pa/d a fe6 t1osand do..ars on top of t1e B%<; 5o
a2ree to to 1ave t1e propert5 I rent 6eeded ,er./ss t1atHs 0orre0t &efendant" o8a5 /f 6e 2o to
?ne 5o a2ree to a B%<; rent ded0t/on /f I 6o.d ta8e 0are of t1e 6eeds and 5o sed t1ree
eG0.a!at/on !ar8s to To sa5 a.r/21t ,er./ss" 2ood &efendant" so 1o6 .on2 after 5o 6r/t/n2
t1at e:!a/. 61ere 5o a2reed to t1at d/d /t ta8e for &ar.ene to sa5 1e d/dnHt do /t and t1en for
5o to sa5 IH! 2ood to 2o pa5 so!ebod5 to 2rant to t6o 2rand ,er./ss" 61en t1e .ands0apers
0a!e I as8ed 1o6 t1e 6eeds .oo8ed over at 5or 1ose sa/d I donHt even t1/n8 1e d/d an5t1/n2
.etHs do t1e ot1er 1ose...?d2e" IH! 2ood at Erope r/21t no6 be0ase IHve a.read5 r.ed t1at
6e debate as I read t1e statte /s not 1ab/tab/./t5 ./8e &efendant" /tHs a noG/os 6eed or /ts
0o!p.a/n/n2 abot a noG/os 6eed or /ts ?d2e" 0o!p.a/ned to 61o 5o are not ta.8/n2 abot
0o!p.a/n/n2 no6 P.a/nt/ff" I be./eve I 0a..ed t1e 0/t5 of 'eno 'eno d/re0t abot /t ?d2e" of +
&efendant" and I 8no6 I to.d &r. ,er./ss ?d2e" o8a5 IH! 2ood 6/t1 prepa/d frt1er
3est/on/n2 a.on2 t1ese ./nes at t1/s t/!e be0ase /tHs 0.ear to !e t1at 5o 0o!p.a/ned t1e
.and.ord abot noG/os 6eeds I per7red test/!on5 t1at !a5be 5o 0o!p.a/ned t1e 0/t5 of
'eno P.a/nt/ff" IH! not as8/n2 abot 6eeds not IH! 2o/n2 to 0red/b/./t5 and &r. ,er./ss
0ont/na..5 sa5s one t1/n2 and t1en 2ets 0ornered so!e61ere and t1en 1as to s6/t01 of t1e
stor5 and /t donHt 0are abot t1e 6eeds r/21t no6 61at I 0are abot /s ?d2e" 6e.. I do be0ase
I 1ave been 1ere for t1e better part of for or f/ve 1ors ./sten/n2 to t1/s &efendant" 5es or
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?d2e" and /s 0o!/n2 to ans6er P.a/nt/ff" /s )or Honor /t /f I 0an f/n/s1 t1/s .ast ./ne of
/n3/r5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e /n0ons/sten0/es and &r. ,er./ss a state!ent t1en I 6/.. arrest
?d2e" o8a5 P.a/nt/ff" P.a/nt/ff" &r. ,er.e s /s /t fa/r to sa5 t1at 5o a2ree to or B%<; rent
ded0t/on for t1e 6eeds Co21./n ,er./ss" and offered t1at to &efendant" 5o offered t1at of
t1e b.e 6ere ,er./ss" I offered t1at /n response to &efendant" 5o offered /t to !e /n
response to !5 e:!a/. to 5o Za01 0orre0t ,er./ss" 5es &efendant" o8a5 and t1en 1ose soon
t1ereafter d/d 5o /n &ar.ene 1ave t1/s 0onversat/on abot I donHt t1/n8 1e d/d an5t1/n2P
,er./ss" I donHt re!e!ber &efendant" 6o.d se /t 6as a !ont1 .aterP ,er./ss" I donHt
re!e!ber. &efendant" o8a5 1o6 soon after 5o a2reed to t1e rent ded0t/on 61ere/n 5o
6rote 1/ Za01 t1e %<; see!s o8a5 p.ease ta8e /t off t1e rent t1an8 5o and t1en 5o pt t1ree
eG0.a!at/ons po/nts 1o6 soon after t1at d/d t1e 2reen a0t/on .a6 0re6, after an essent/a..5
atte!pt to do t1e sa!e 6eed/n2 on t1e sa!e propert5P ,er./ss" I donHt re!e!ber &efendant"
o8a5 6e.. I 0an see /n t1ese e:!a/.s 61ere /tHs 6/t1/n for da5s so t1at 6o.d /!p.5 t1at
&ar.ene are 5or sa!e &ar.ene sa/d 6e s1o.d spend a 0op.e 2rant send/n2 2reen a0t/on
ba08 over t1ere be0ase for da5s 1as passed s/n0e 5o a2reed to a B%<; dea. 6/t1 Za01P
?d2e" S/r 5oHre !a8/n2 a state!ent. -1at /s t1e 3est/on &efendant" )or Honor t1e
3est/on /s 1o6 does t1at !a8e senseP ?d2e" 5o 0an ar2e t1at 5o 2ot t1e e:!a/. Steve 0an
ar2e t1at to !e &efendant" o8a5 !5 3est/on /s 5o on.5 .et for da5s 2o b5 fro! 61en 5o
pa/d one 25 B%<; to do a 7ob to 61ere 1e sa/d 1e d/dnHt do a 2ood eno21 I a! 2o/n2 to
spend t6o 2rand 1/r/n2 t1/s ot1er 0re6 25s to do t1e sa!e 7obP &oes t1at !a8e an5 senseP
,er./ss" I a! not sre 1o6 t1/s /s re.evant )or Honor 1e 2ot pa/d for t1e 6eeds and 1eHs
ob7e0t/n2 to !e 1/r/n2 so!ebod5 e.se to do t1e 6eeds I donHt nderstand t1at rate ?d2e"" 6e..
61et1er 5o nderstand /t or not t1e 3est/on /s 6as /t for da5sP ,er./ss" I donHt 8no6.
?d2e" a.. r/21t. &efendant" so /f 5o sent t1/s e:!a/. on Satrda5, ,a5 $9, $;9$ sa5/n2 2reat
sonds 2ood .etHs do /t t1ree B<%<; and t1en on !a5 $C $;9$ t1ree da5s .ater 5o 2et t1e e:
!a/. fro! !e 61ere/n I deta/. t1e 0onvers/on and .ar0en5 and propert5 destr0t/on to !5
propert5 t1atHs t1ree da5s so I 2ess 5o are sa5/n2 /n t1e span of t1ree da5s &ar.ene 0a..ed to
/n 0o!p.a/ned t1at I 1avenHt done t1e 6eed/n2 2ood eno21 and 5o sa5 5es .etHs 6rote B$;;;
t1at t1atP P.a/nt/ff"ob7e0t/on re.evan0e ,r. Co21./n 2ot 1/s B%<; 0red/t 61at /s t1e prob.e!
&efendant" /tHs nonsens/0a. /t 2oes to 1/s 0red/b/./t5. ?d2e" o8a5 6e.. IHve 1eard eno21 of t1e
so IH! 2o/n2 to ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/on...P.a/nt/ff" I 1ave so!e br/ef red/re0t or eG0se !e 0ross
)or Honor &r. ,er./ss IH! 1and/n2 5o one 1as been pre:!ar8ed for /dent/f/0at/on prposes
p.a/nt/ffHs eG1/b/t H do 5o re0o2n/>e t1/sP ,er./ss" 5es P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 /s t1/s an e:!a/. fro!
6e.. /t .oo8s ./8e an e:!a/. fro! &ar.een to 5o at t1e botto! /s t1at r/21tP ,er./ss" 5es
P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 I 6ant to fo0s on TUC 61ere /t sa5s 5or na!e !ap ,er./ss,
!a2ndaVao..0o! 6rote"P ,er./ss" 5es P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 be.o6 t1at /s t1at an e:!a/. to 5o
fro! Za01 /s t1at !ar8ed P.a/nt/ff" o1 ots/de 6/tnesses t1e or/2/na. ?d2e" o8a5 5ea1 61at a
n/0e s6/t01 /t ot and .et *a8er 6o.d 5o p.ease read 5or e:!a/. to Za01 Co21./n p.a5s
,er./ss" Za01 0an 5o 2/ve s a t/!e for t1e 1and5!an p.ease a.so at %%; to!orro6 Nas1Hs
pest 0ontro. 6/.. be 0o!/n2 to .oo8 at 5or a..e2ed !o.d /sses p.ease 2et ba08 to !e and to
&ar.ene 1er e:!a/. /s starsVsoft0o!.net P.a/nt/ff" and 61at 6as ,r. Co21./nHs responseP
Lope>" I donHt see /n 1ere P.a/nt/ff"" /tHs 7st above 61ere 5or na!e /s ,er./ss" o1" t6o da5s
no 2ood .oo8 of stattor5 not/0e N'S se0t/on .and.ord tenant. P.a/nt/ff" 0an 5o te.. t1e date
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of ,r. Co21./nHs responseP (or .ess /s 7st above 1/s !essa2e /t /s 7st above 1/s !essa2e
,er./ss" A2st 9<, $;99 P.a/nt/ff" 615 d/d 5o arran2e to 1ave Nas1Hs pest 0ontro. to .oo8 at
t1e a..e2ed !o.d /sseP ,er./ss" be0ase 1e 0o!p.a/ned abot ?d2e" o8a5 eG1/b/t H 6/.. be
ad!/tted &efendant" )or Honor ob7e0t/on do 6e 1ave a dt5 615 /s t1ere no date for 61en
t1e date b/as or no date for 61en ,r. ,er./ss sent t1e e:!a/. ?d2e" 61at 5o 0an 2et 5or
0op5 and s1o6 /t P.a/nt/ff" IH! not sre /f I 1ave a 0op5 )or Honor ?d2e" 6ant/n2 1ave a
0op5 s0enar/o 0op5 of ever5 ot1er e:!a/. S/r P.a/nt/ff" IH! not t1at 0onf/dent of t1at S/r
&efendant" bt /t does see! as t1o21 /tHs 8/nd t1e sa!e da5 not/0e t1at t1e app./ed for
/nspe0t/n2 .a6 off/0e /nspe0t/n2 t1e .a6 off/0e ?d2e" 6e.. /tHs a da5 before sper &efendant" I
donHt see t1at )or Honor ?d2e"" 6a.. on t1e !o.ds /t /s t1e ot1er part /s t1e 1and5!an 0an
0o!e over to .oo8 at t1e spposed fa..en /ns.at/on /sse t1/s afternoon bt t1e ot1er one /s for
t1e neGt da5 &efendant" o8a5 and t1e .ease 0a..s for C= 1ors. ?d2e" a.. r/21t 6/.. 5o sa/d /t
6as a !a7or prob.e! &efendant" e/21t !ont1s pr/or 5ea1 e/21t !ont1s pr/or /t 1ad been a
!a7or prob.e! ?d2e" I donHt 8no6 1o6 6as e/21t !ont1s P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 6e.. /t 6as t1e f/rst
/sse of !o.d 0o!/n2 p I be./eve 6as ?d2e" 5o sa/d /t 6as !ade bt P.a/nt/ff" ?d2e" s1e
sa/d /t 6as !a5 P.a/nt/ff" I be./eve /t !a5 1ave been pr/or bt a.. r/21t I 0o.d 2o 6/t1 !a5 a..
r/21t so t1ese !ont1s 2o b5 and a.. t1e sdden /tHs 6e need to 2et /n t1ere toda5 ?d2e" S/r 5o
1ave a 6/tness 5or nderstand /s been eGa!/ned b5 anot1er attorne5 and 5o are test/f/ed
./8e Co21./n I nderstand t1at sorr5 P.a/nt/ff" &r. ,er./ss 6as de to sta5 on eG1/b/t H for
one se0ond p.ease t1e date and t/!e of ,r. Co21./nHs response A2st 9<, $;99 9$"$A P, do
5o see t1at on H eG1/b/t H ,er./ss" pa2e 9;# P.a/nt/ff" eG0se !e pa2e 9;@ ,er./ss" 9$"$A
P, t1e date P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 I 6ant to 2o .oo8 /t p I eG1/b/t I do 5o re0o2n/>e t1/s do0!ent
,er./ss" o8a5 eG1/b/t I o8a5 P.a/nt/ff" 6o.d 5o a2ree 6/t1 !e S/r t1/s /s t1e sa!e do0!ent
6/t1 t1e eG0ept/on of a ne6 response fro! ,r. Co21./nP ,er./ss" 5es P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 61at /s
t1e date and t/!e of ,r. Co21./nHs response /n eG1/b/t I ,er./ss" 9$%% P.a/nt/ff" p.!. so C
!/n. .ater /s t1at 0orre0t ,er./ss" 5es P.a/nt/ff" and 61at does ,r. Co21./n sa5P Co21./n
,er./ss" e:!a/. /s not a re./ab.e !eans of 2ett/n2 a.. 1o.d of !e for t1e t/!e be/n2 best ta.8
prov/de not/0eF0orresponden0e v/a trad/t/ona. !eans. P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 d/d 5o /n fa0t 1ave ,r.
Nas1 fro! Nas1 pest 0ontro. 2o ot to t1e propert5 to /nspe0t t1e !o.d /sse ,er./ss" 5es 6e
d/d P.a/nt/ff" and 61at 1appenedP ,er./ss" 1e sa/d 1e 6as t1ere 1e sa6 !ove!ent t1ro21 t1e
6/ndo6 and /n 1e 8no08ed on t1e door tr/ed to 2et /n 8no08ed and 8no08ed and nobod5
6o.d .et a!end 6o.d .et 1/! /n. ?d2e" o8a5 eG1/b/t I /s ad!/tted as 6e.. P.a/nt/ff" t1an8
5o s/r P.a/nt/ff" )or Honor t1atHs a.. I 1ave on 0ross ?d2e" 0ross ./!/ted to t1/s /sse S/r
&efendant" 5es or )or Honor ne6 &r. ,er./ss are 5o a6are t1at /n t1e .ease a2ree!ent
/nspe0t/ons 0a.. 1er /nspe0t/ons or an5 entr5 /nto t1e propert5 re3/re a C= 1ors 6r/tten
not/0eP P.a/nt/ff" )or Honor S/r eG1/b/t or so!et1/n2 f/rst seat as8/n2 t1/s 3est/on
&efendant" 5es or )or Honor I be./eve EG1/b/t 9 .ease /s entered and I be./eve t1at
sbse0t/onHs on.5 t6o pa2es I be./eve /tHs $% or $= ?d2e" 6e.. I 6/.. 2/ve 1/! !5 0op5 and
eG1/b/t E 5o 6/.. 1an2 on S/r eG1/b/t E. -1ere /n eG1/b/t E do 5o 6ant 1/! to .oo8
&efendant"
s/G /s t/t.ed /nspe0t/on ,er./ss" one n!ber p.easeP &efendant" IH! sorr5 !aHa! trob.e
.o0at/n2 I be./eve !a5be 9%$% or $; ,er./ss" 9% /s t/./t/es $% 1/s da!a2es ?d2e" I 1ave 9% /s
t/./t/es 9C 1/s pets $% 1/s da!a2es /nspe0t/on $< res/dent a2rees to per!/t !ana2e!ent to
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ensre t1e pre!/ses at a.. reasonab.e t/!es and for a.. reasonab.e prposes /n0.d/n2 s1o6/n2
to prospe0t/ve res/dents b5ers, .oaners, b.a1, b.a1, b.a1 6/t1 .a6f. bs/ness and for .ease
one !a/ntenan0e /nspe0t/on ea01 !ont1 /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S re3/re!ents !ana2e!ent
a2rees to 2/ve res/dent t6/0e t1e $C 1or nap not/f/0at/on re3/re!ent for entr5. &efendant"
d/d 5o 8no6 61at t1at re3/re!ent !5 Inte. and 1e.d t6/0e a re3/re!ent !/21t enta/. and
1o6 t1at re.ated to 5or re3est for a sa!e:da5 /nspe0t/on P.a/nt/ff" IH! 2o/n2 to ob7e0t to a
0o!pond 3est/on and 1/! 0a..s for a .e2a. 0on0.s/on as 6e.. ?d2e"" a.r/21t 6e.. t1e t1/n2
/s /t does not pro1/b/t an5one fro! as8/n2 to /f to /nspe0t t1e pre!/ses even one 1or a1ead
S/r &efendant" fro! as8/n2P ?d2e" 5et fro! as8/n2 &efendant" o8a5 bt does /t pro1/b/t
2o/n2 /n 1/r/n2 an attorne5 t1e neGt da5 /f so!eone doesnHt .et 5oP And /n see8/n2 an
ev/0t/on ?d2e"" t1atHs t1e ar2!ents are &efendant" 6e.. /tHs t1/s /s A2st 9<, $;99 on
A2st 9#, $;99 I 2ot an e:!a/. fro! '/01ard H/.. '/01ard G H/.. Es3/re attorne5:at:.a6
?d2e" o8a5 s/r 5or test/f/ed an5t1/n2 e.se 5or test/f/ed an5t1/n2 e.se /n ter!s of 3est/ons
&efendant" 615 d/d 5o 2o /n 1/21er '/01ard H/.. see!/n2.5 6/t1/n 9; 1ors after t1/s or 1ad
5o a.read5 1/red 1/!P No IH! sorr5" 3est/on 0o!pond. -15 d/d 5o 1/re '/01ard H/..
see!/n2.5 /!!ed/ate.5 after t1/s e:!a/.sP ,er./ss" ,r. Co21./n 5or be1av/or /s an eGa!p.e
of t1at I d/d t1e r/21t t1/n2 &efendant" /s t1at respons/veP -15 d/d 5o do t1atP ,er./ss" /t /s
respons/ve. &efendant" o8a5 615P ?d2e" 1e sa/d 5or be1av/or S/r ,er./ss" be0ase of 5or
be1av/or ,r. Co21./n 5o are nreasonab.e &efendant" be0ase I asserted b5 r/21ts to
not/0e for an /nspe0t/on nder t1e .easeP ,er./ss" no /t 6as be0ase 5o a.ter t1e do0!ents
&efendant" 61at do0!ents d/d I a.ter S/rP ,er./ss" t1/s one. &efendant" 61atP ,er./ss" 5o
01an2e $C to C= 1ors. &efendant" 61enP ,er./ss" 5o a.so 01an2e t1e &efendant" 6e.. t1atHs
a ,er./ss" 5o a.so 01an2e B%.%; do..ars a da5 ?d2e"" 0an I see t1at ,er./ss" 5o a.so 01an2e
t1e pet 0ase ,r. Co21./n d/dnHt 5oP &efendant" 61at are 5o referr/n2 to ,er./ss" to t1e
.ease ,r. Co21./n. &efendant" 5oHre not as8/n2 3est/ons or ,er./ss" t1e de0ept/ve.5
a.tered t1e .ease ,r. Co21./n Co21./n ,er./ss" 5oHre as8/n2 615 &efendant" ob7e0t/on non
respons/ve ,er./ss" 5oHre as8/n2 615 1/red '/01ard H/.. &efendant" ob7e0t/on non
respons/ve ?d2e" ,er./ss" 1eHs p.a5/n2 &efendant" 1eHs p.a5/n2 .a65er on t1e 6/tness stand
?d2e"" I 1eard 1/! respond to 5or 3est/on bt 1e sa/d be0ase 5o a.tered t1e .ease.
&efendant" I a! 2o/n2 to !ove to str/8e 1/s defa!ator5 a00sat/ons n.ess 1e 1as so!e bases
for !a8/n2 s01 s6eep/n2 defa!ator5 or ./be.os state!ents abot a ./0ensed !e!ber of t1e
n!ber of t1e bar 61at 5o !ean b5 a.tered do 5o !ean 5o s/2n t1e .ease and t1en
so!ebod5 01an2ed /t after 5o s/2ned /tP Is t1at 61at 5o !ean S/rP ,er./ss" /n a de0ept/ve
6a5. &efendant" so 6a/t are 5o sa5/n2 so!ebod5 01an2ed t1e .ease after /t 6as s/2ned b5
bot1 part/esP ,er./ss" no &efendant" o8a5 so 61at are 5o sa5/n2 ,er./ss" I a! sa5/n2 t1at
5o d/d not not/f5 !e 1e d/d not br/n2 /t to !5 attent/on 0.ear.5 5o d/d not 6r/te 5o d/d not
atta01 a st/085 5o d/dnHt verba..5 /nfor! !e t1at s1e 6ere 2o/n2 to 01an2e t1e pet r.e t1at
5o are 2o/n2 to 01an2e B%; t1e da5 .ate fee to t1ree do..ars t1e da5 and t1at 5o 6ere 2o/n2
to 01an2e $C 1ors to C= 1ors /nspe0t/on not/0e &efendant" on 61at bas/s are 5o !a8/n2
t1ese a00/dent a00sat/ons 61at proof do 1ave ,er./ss" be0ase I sa6 t1e 1/! or t1e or/2/na.
bo/.erp.ate .ease &efendant" d/d 5o see /t before 5o s/2nedP ,er./ss" I s/2n t1/s .ease 6/t1
5or 01an2es I s/2ned /t be0ase I d/dnHt not/0e t1at 5o 1ad a.ternate a.tered /t &efendant" so
are 5o sa5/n2 5o 6ere 8/nd of /nattent/ve and not too deta/. or/ented !01 /s 5o 6ere as a
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.and.ord ,er./ss" t1atHs 61at IH! sa5/n2 P.a/nt/ff" ob7e0t/on ar2!entat/ve ?d2e" o8a5 6ere
done 6ere done 6ere done an5 ot1er 3est/ons S/rP &efendant" )or Honor I !ean if
somebody and asserts they have rights to notice for inspection and then somebody gets an
eviction notice an attorney litigation demand letter (- hours later ...
P.a/nt/ff" o8a5 t1an8 5o )or Honor 6/t1 respe0t to p.a/nt/ffHs brden t1e p.a/nt/ffs p.a/nt/ff
1as /ntrod0ed ev/den0e t1at t1e .ease ter!/nated b5 /ts ter!s at t1e end of (ebrar5 $;99
t1ereafter ,r. Co21./n 6as a !ont1:to:!ont1 tenant prsant to N'S C;.$<9 or Co21./n
6as proper.5 served 6/t1 a no 0ase ter!/nat/on not/0e to va0ate on A2st $$ as eG1/b/t *
eG1/b/t C /s t1e f/ve da5 not/0e of n.a6f. deta/ner based on ,r. Co21./nHs fa/.re to va0ate
t1e pre!/ses after 1/s tenan05 6as ter!/nated t1e aff/dav/ts and test/!on5 presented 1ere
toda5 and for! 0onfor!s 6/t1 t1e statte 0onfor!ed 6/t1 t1e for! pro!.2ated b5 t1e
Nevada Spre!e Cort and 6/t1 t1e for! prov/ded b5 t1/s 0ort p.a/nt/ff 1as !et /ts brden
to s1o6 t1at ,r. Co21./n 6as a !ont1 to !ont1 tenant /n A2st $;99 61en t1e ter!/nat/on
not/0e 6as proper.5 served t1e ev/0t/on not/0e 6as proper.5 served ,r. Co21./n no6 bears
t1e brden )or Honor /t s1/fts to 1/! to present and sbstant/ate a .e2a. defense no6 t1e
.e2a. standard for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /n Nevada 61/01 /s 61at 6ere do/n2 dea./n2 6/t1 1ere
/s t1at ,r. Co21./n !st a2a/n trans0end 1/s a..e2at/ons of 1/s p.ead/n2s and s1o6 b5
ad!/ss/b.e ev/den0e t1at t1ere /s a d/spted /sse of fa0t t1at 1e 1as a .e2a. defense as a !atter
of .a6 1e 1as not done t1at )or Honor 1e 1as /dent/f/ed on.5 a 0op.e of t1/n2s and desp/te
2reat .at/tde b5 t1e 0orts to to present ev/den0e and estab./s1es .e2a. defense 1e 1as fa/.ed to
do so N'S 99=A.<9; t1at /s t1e reta./ator5 ev/0t/on stattes no6 ,r. Co21./n 01ose to fo0s
on sbse0t/on 9* a 0o!p.a/nt t1at 1e 0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 to t1e .and.ord or .a6
enfor0e!ent a2en05 for a v/o.at/on of t1/s 01apter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a
0r/!/na. pena.t5...
,r. Co21./n /dent/f/ed one e:!a/. 61/01 1e ad!/tted on a 0ross eGa!/nat/on does not
/dent/f5 a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. pena.t5 and I t1/n8 6e need to be eGtre!e.5
0.ear. -/t1 t1/s statte t1e statte re3/res t1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/nt /n 2ood fa/t1 to t1e
.and.ord of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. ./ab/./t5 1e d/d not do t1at 1e d/d not
/dent/f5 a statte 1e a..e2ed so!et1/n2 abot so!e .ands0apers da!a2ed t1e 0arpet 1eHs read
on t1e .a6n t1at does not sat/sf5 t1e statte )or Honor !ov/n2 do6n t1e statte to sb EEE
t1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or defended a2a/nst 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or
arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant ra/sed an /sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s
01apter respe0t/n2 1ab/tab/./t5 of d6e../n2 /ts. T1at 0annot be. He not/0es t1e f/rst no 0ase
ter!/nat/on not/0e to va0ate eG1/b/t * 6as served on A2st $$, $;99 ,r. Co21./n d/d not
/nst/tte or defendant an5 pro0eed/n2 on an5 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses nt/. after t1ose not/0es 6ere
prov/ded &r. ,er./ss 0anHt reta./ate for so!et1/n2 t1at /s 2o/n2 to 1appen /n t1e ftre t1at
1as not 1appened 5et ,r. Co21./n 0annot pro0eed nder t1at statte to t1e eGtent ,r.
Co21./n /s 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot t1/s s!a.. bs/ness f/rst of a.. t1e !a5 e:!a/. /n EG1/b/t = does
not 3a./f5 /n or sat/sf/ed t1e stattes re2ard/n2 not/0e to a .and.ord abot a 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses
and &r. ,er./ss drove t1/s po/nt 1o!e 61en 1e test/f/ed t1at 1e d/dnHt nderstand 61at ,r.
Co21./n 6as as8/n2 for I !ean /f 5o .oo8 t1ro21 t1ese e:!a/.s 61at ,r. Co21./n does /s
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1e /dent/f/es so!et1/n2 1e 0.a/!s /s so!e sort of prob.e! and t1en 1e tr/es to bar2a/n so!e
!one5 off of t1e rent for 1e 1as not prod0ed to !ean 1e does not sa5 /n t1en t1e5 e:!a/. t1/s
/s !5 not/0e to 5o nder N'S 99= A .%<< I a! 2o/n2 to 6/t11o.d t1/s rent n.ess 5o f/G t1/s
1e 7st sa5s 6eHve 2ot t1/s /sse 1e /s .ater 0o!e for t1e 0ort and 1e 1as to.d /t t1at 1e f/Ged /t
to t1e tne of B<;; 6e.. 1e /s not prod0ed /n re0e/pt /s not prod0ed a b/t or /nvo/0e fro!
0ontra0tor 1e 1asnHt prod0ed an5t1/n2 frt1er!ore )or Honor nder N'S 99= A%<< so to
t1e tenant !a5 not pro0eed nder t1/s se0t/on /f t1e .and.ordHs /nab/./t5 to ade3ate.5 re!ed5
t1e fa/.re or se 1/s best efforts to re!ed5 t1e fa/.re 6/t1/n 9C da5s /s de to t1e tenantHs
refsa. to a..o6 .a6f. a00ess to d6e../n2 n/t as re3/red b5 t1e renta. a2ree!ent or t1/s
01apter &r. ,er./ss test/f/ed t1at 1e tr/ed to send Za01 Nas1 ot t1ere 1e tr/ed to send 'and5
(/s1er t1e 1and5!an ot t1ere t1e5 6erenHt a..o6ed /n n/ne )or Honor /f t1e 0ort /s I 1ave
t1/s 2ent.e!an read5 to test/f5 sooner to t1at effe0t nevert1e.ess ,r. Co21./n 1e 0annot
pro0eed nder t1e statte 1e 1as no defense /f 1e doesnHt .et t1e! /n to f/G. -1at /s !ore )or
Honor ,r. Co21./n 6ants to fo0s on t1/s C= 1or not/0e nder t1e .ease /f ,r. Co21./n /s
t1e one !a8/n2 a 0o!p.a/nt t1e 0o!p.a/nts abot t1ese a..e2ed /t d/s1es 0a!e a.. be/n2 one of
t1e! 61/01 6e 1ave no proof of t1at t1ere /s !ore t1an t1e 1ose bt .etHs 7st sa5 for
ar2!ents sa8e 1e !a8es t1e 0o!p.a/nt t1en 1e /s 6a/ved t1e r/21t to 1/de be1/nd t1e not/0e
prov/s/on of t1e .ease or at t1e ver5 .east s1o.d be a stop fro! assert/n2 /t /tHs 1/s re3est
t1atHs 61at 6ere rnn/n2 /nto and t1atHs 61at 6e see 1ere on eG1/b/ts a t1ro21 I )or Honor
1ere. He 1ere 1e /s ,r. Co21./n !a8es a 0o!p.a/nt abot !o.d and /ns.at/on and 1ere /s &r.
,er./ss /!!ed/ate.5 sa5/n2 1e5 IH.. 2et so!ebod5 ot t1ere 6/.. 2et t1/s f/Ged note .oo8p
stattor5 not/0e N'S /nspe0t/on .and.ord tenant. ,r. Co21./n s1o.d be a stop fro! t1e fro!
1/d/n2 be1/nd t1e not/0e prov/s/on /n t1e .ease 6/t1 respe0t to 'and5 (/s1er )or Honor I 6as
not ab.e to pt 1/! on t1e stand toda5 bt ,r. Co21./n 6as prov/ded 6/t1 sbstant/a. not/0e
!ore t1an C= 1ors for ,r. (/s1er to 2o /nspe0t t1e 6/ndo6 /sse t1ere 6as an e.e0tr/0a. ./ed
t1atHs ,r. Co21./n /dent/f/ed. ,r. Co21./n 0annot pro0eed nder t1e reta./ator5 nder t1e
1ab/t to eG0se !e nder t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 stattes /f 1e doesnHt a..o6 .a6f. a00ess to t1e
propert5 /n an5 event )or Honor not1/n2 t1at ,r. Co21./n as not even !ade an atte!pt
!01 .ess a s1o6/n2 to to 1ave an5 of t1e /sses t1at 1e /dent/f/ed as 1ab/tab/./t5 t5pe /sses
t1e -/ndo6s t1e sta/rs t1e 6eeds t1e !o.d 1e /s not !ade an5 atte!pt to 1ave t1ose f/t nder
t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 statte
>u!ge, 6e.. I tend to a2ree t1at nder sbse0t/on see or E, sorr5 of 99=A.<9; one 1e 1e 1as
to 1ave /nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 based on
1ab/tab/./t5 61/01 t1at /s d/fferent t1an 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot 1ab/tab/./t5 61/01 1e 0an /nterests
t1ro21 a separate .a6s/t
Plainti**, 5es
>u!ge, so I s/!p.5T S/!p.5 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses does not sat/sf5 t1e
reta./ator5 0ond0t prov/s/on
Plainti**, t1at /s eGa0t.5 r/21t )or Honor and /n an5 event ,r. Co21./n 1as not s1o6n as /s
1/s brden to do t1at an5 of 1/s 0o!p.a/nts 6ere /n 2ood fa/t1 nder t1at statte or t1at &r.
,er./ss a0ted /n a reta./ator5 fas1/on &r. ,er./ss sa/d I d/dnHt ev/0t 5o be0ase of t1ese
t1/n2s 5o d/dnHt pa5 5or rent 6e tr/ed to 1e.p 5o 5o 6o.d .et s t1atHs not reta./at/on
)or Honor 1eHs ,r. Co21./n /s atte!pt/n2 to !a8e .o2/0a. .eaps bet6een 1/! t1reaten/n2 to
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se for reta./at/on and &r. ,er.e /s 1/r/n2 or off/0e t1at t1at /s 5o 8no6 per se reta./ator5
6e.. 61at are 5o spposed to do 61en 5oHre tenant t1reatens to se 5o 5o 2otta 2et a
.a65er /tHs 7st s/!p.5 not re.evant /n t1e .o2/0a. .eave /s not t1e/r S/r. )or Honor t1e on.5
/sse before t1e 0ort toda5 1/s possess/on of t1e propert5 /n t1e 0ort not/0e t1/s and 6eHve
2one over t1/s ,r. Co21./n 1as 2one on and on and on abot potent/a. 0.a/!s...E
Conte!pt S &/sobed/en0e of Order S Vali!ity o* Or!er In re +.e/ns!/t1, $;;<:N,CA:9%#,
CC N,S** No. <9. Under t1e E0o..atera. bar r.e,E an order of a 0ort 1av/n2 persona. and
sb7e0t !atter 7r/sd/0t/on !st be obe5ed nt/. t1e order /s set as/de. A part5 61o d/sobe5s
an order !a5 not 0o..atera..5 atta08 /ts va./d/t5 /n an appea. fro! a 7d2!ent 1o.d/n2 t1e part5
/n 0onte!pt for v/o.at/n2 t1e order. T1e 0o..atera. bar r.e t1s app./ed /n attorne5Hs appea.
fro! 7d2!ent of 0onte!pt after refs/n2 to obe5 d/str/0t 0ortHs order appo/nt/n2 1/! to
represent 01/.d 0o!!/tted to !enta. 1ea.t1 fa0/./t5, 61ere t1e order 6as 6/t1/n t1e 0ortHs
7r/sd/0t/on nder t1e C1/.drenHs Code.
Conte!pt S Show Cause .rder / 0erification In re +.e/ns!/t1, $;;<:N,CA:9%#, CC
N,S** No. <9. Order to s1o6 0ase 615 attorne5 appo/nted b5 0ort to represent 01/.d
deta/ned /n !enta. 1ea.t1 fa0/./t5 s1o.d not be 1e.d /n 0onte!pt for fa/.re to 0o!p.5 6/t1
order of appo/nt!ent 6as not vo/d for want of verification 61ere t1e /nfor!at/on spport/n2
t1e order 6as 0onta/ned /n t1e re0ords of t1e d/str/0t 0ort.
',C ?d2e Ho6ardHs apparent, prported 0onv/0t/on of Co21./n /n ',C 99 C'
$$9@# res.t/n2 on Co21./nHs 0rrent te!porar5 sspens/on /n #;=%= and sed to spport t1e
re0o!!endat/on to d/sbar Co21./n no6 on appea. /n #$%%@ /s /tse.f vo/d for den5/n2
Co21./n t1e r/21t to 0onse. nder t1e S/Gt1 A!end!ent D!01 .ess t1e 0ont/nan0e
re3/red b5 'G H/.. 6/t11o.d/n2 n.a6f..5, /n v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.<$;, eG0.pator5
!ater/a.s, not to !ent/on t1e eG0.s/onar5 app./0at/on re3/red b5 an5 fr/ts of t1e po/sonos
tree pon t1e tr/ba. po./0e v/o.at/n2 N'S 9@9.9$<<, not to !ent/on N'S 9@9.9%#.)"S/n0e t1e
S/Gt1 A!end!ent 0onst/tt/ona..5 ent/t.es one 01ar2ed 6/t1 0r/!e to t1e ass/stan0e of
0onse., 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1/s 0onst/tt/ona. !andate /s an essent/a. 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/te
to a federa. 0ortHs at1or/t5 to depr/ve an a00sed of 1/s ./fe or ./bert5. -1en t1/s YC#= r/21t
/s proper.5 6a/ved, t1e ass/stan0e of 0onse. /s no .on2er a ne0essar5 e.e!ent of t1e 0ortHs
7r/sd/0t/on to pro0eed to 0onv/0t/on and senten0e. If t1e a00sed, 1o6ever, /s not represented
b5 0onse. and 1as not 0o!petent.5 and /nte../2ent.5 6a/ved 1/s 0onst/tt/ona. r/21t, t1e S/Gt1
A!end!ent stands as a 7r/sd/0t/ona. bar to a va./d 0onv/0t/on and senten0e depr/v/n2 1/! of
1/s ./fe or 1/s ./bert5. A 0ortHs 7r/sd/0t/on at t1e 1ear/n2 of tr/a. !a5 be .ost H/n t1e 0orse of
t1e pro0eed/n2sH de to fa/.re to 0o!p.ete t1e 0ort::as t1e S/Gt1 A!end!ent re3/res::b5
prov/d/n2 0onse. for an a00sed 61o /s nab.e to obta/n 0onse., 61o 1as not /nte../2ent.5
6a/ved t1/s 0onst/tt/ona. 2arant5, and 61ose ./fe or ./bert5 /s at sta8e. N(N$$O If t1/s
re3/re!ent of t1e S/Gt1 A!end!ent /s not 0o!p./ed 6/t1, t1e 0ort no .on2er 1as
7r/sd/0t/on YY9;$< to pro0eed. T1e 7d2!ent of 0onv/0t/on pronon0ed b5 a 0ort 6/t1ot
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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7r/sd/0t/on /s vo/d, and one /!pr/soned t1erender !a5 obta/n re.ease b5 1abeas 0orps.
?o1nson v. Zerbst <= S.Ct. 9;9A U.S. 9A%=.
As to t1e #F9CF9$ < &a5 U& Not/0eHs ./st/n2 t1e 6ron2 for! to f/.e Co21./nHs
TenantHs Ans6er /n '?C 'ev9$:;;9;C=" EIV. (O', AN& 'E4UISITES O( SU,,ONS &.
Effe0t of &efe0t/ve S!!ons %. Part/0.ar &efe0ts Crab.e *5 A!end!ent Top/0 S!!ar5
Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es I A%. &efe0ts as to 0ort or p.a0e of 1ear/n2 -estHs +e5
N!ber &/2est -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. C/v/. Pro0edre 8<<9 to <<< -estHs +e5
N!ber &/2est, Pro0ess 89<$, 9#9, 9#$, 9#% Genera..5, an error or o!/ss/on re2ard/n2 t1e
0ort, t1e 7d2e, or t1e p.a0e of t1e 0ortHs 0onven/n2 /n a s!!ons or ot1er pro0ess !a8/n2
t1e 6r/t vo/d 0annot be a!ended, s/n0e, be/n2 vo/d, /t /s a n../t5 and t1ere /s not1/n2 to
a!endJN(N9O 1o6ever, 61ere s01 an error or o!/ss/on !a8es t1e 6r/t !ere.5 vo/dab.e and
not vo/d, t1e error or o!/ss/on !a5 be 0red b5 a!end!ent.N(N$O A s!!ons or ot1er
pro0ess 61/01 6as vo/dab.e be0ase of s01 an error or o!/ss/on !/21t be a!ended,
prov/ded t1e o!/ss/on or error 6as not s01 as 6o.d be apt to !/s.ead t1e person served or
as 6o.d fa/. to prov/de sff/0/ent /nfor!at/on to enab.e t1e defendant to 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e
pro0ess.N(N%O An error or o!/ss/on /n a s!!ons or ot1er pro0ess /n na!/n2 or des0r/b/n2
t1e 0ort, t1e 7d2e, or t1e p.a0e of t1e 0ortHs 0onven/n2 /s 0rab.e b5 a!end!ent, prov/ded a
0o!p.a/nt or pet/t/on served 6/t1 t1e pro0ess 0orre0t.5 states t1e fa0ts /n t1at re2ard.N(NCO
N(N9O Lo6re5 v. '/01!ond Z &. '. Co., =% Ga. <;C, 9; S.E. 9$% D9==A)J Land v.
C1r/stenson, 9;A Neb. 9;9, 9=A N.-. =%= D9A$$)J ?a08son v. U.S., 9%= (.'.&. =% DS.&. TeG.
9AA9)J (err/to v. &/08son, 9C= ,/s0. $d 9;9, <<A N.).S.$d #$@ DN.). C/t5 C/v. Ct. 9AA;)J
Uta1 Sand Z Grave. Prod0ts Corp. v. To.bert, 9# Uta1 $d C;@, C;$ P.$d @;% D9A#<). N(N$O
+ostrob v. '/.e5, 9;< N.?.L. %@, 9C% A. =#% DN.?. Sp. Ct. 9A$=)J ?a!es '/ver Nat. *an8 v.
Haas, @% N.&. %@C, 9< N.-.$d CC$, 9<C A.L.'. 9;;< D9ACC). &es/2nat/on of t1e /n0orre0t
0ont5 on a 0/v/. s!!ons /s not a 7r/sd/0t/ona. defe0t #$* A!. ?r. $d Pro0ess I A% 61/01
renders t1e s!!ons vo/d bt /s an /rre2.ar/t5 /n for! 0orre0tab.e b5 a!end/n2 t1e
s!!ons. Lea8 v. Ho..ar, %C; N.C. AA, C<< S.E.$d 9<@ D9AA<). N(N%O -. T. 'a6.e/21 Co. v.
-atts, #= Ga. App. @=#, $C S.E.$d $9% D9AC%)J +ostrob v. '/.e5, 9;< N.?.L. %@, 9C% A. =#%
DN.?. Sp. Ct. 9A$=)J ?a!es '/ver Nat. *an8 v. Haas, @% N.&. %@C, 9< N.-.$d CC$, 9<C
A.L.'. 9;;< D9ACC). N(NCO +ostrob v. '/.e5, 9;< N.?.L. %@, 9C% A. =#% DN.?. Sp. Ct. 9A$=)J
S/vas./an v. A8./an, 9## N.).S. <%< DSp 9A9@)J ?a!es '/ver Nat. *an8 v. Haas, @% N.&.
%@C, 9< N.-.$d CC$, 9<C A.L.'. 9;;< D9ACC). As to a/der b5 0o!p.a/nt served 6/t1 defe0t/ve
pro0ess, 2enera..5, see I =@. A,?U' P'OCESS I A%E
E-1at fo..o6s /s a rev/e6, 6/t1 so!e reda0t/ons for pr/va05 sa8e, of 6r/tten 0o!!n/0at/ons
bet6een ,er./ss and Co21./n"
,'OA #AC" K(ro!" Za01 Co21./n U>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!W
To" !a2ndaVao..0o!
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Sent" (r/, ,a5 9C, $;9; $"%$ p!
-e tr/ed t1e key for the house /n t1e ba08 door a2a/n, and even sed so!e 2rap1/te dst, bt
/t st/.. appears to not be t1e r/21t 8e5 for t1e door. -e 0o.d take care of t1/s in e%change
for a discount off one months rent. I a! atta01/n2 so!e p/0tres of 61at 1as be0o!e,
rat1er sdden.5, quite a weed problem. D,'OA #@#:#@@ p/0tres)...Ho6 abot t1/s, 6e 0o.d
1and.e t1e 6eed prob.e! for a ... d/s0ont off one !ont1Hs rentP...Last.5, .hen .e /o-e! in$
there .a# a nu/0er o* in#ulation 0att# that ha! *allen *ro/ the "eiling in the 0a#e/ent$
an! re#te! on the !irt groun!...ortion# tou"hing the groun! 0e"a/e very infested with
mold! The groun! !i! not ha-e a -aor 0arrier$... 6e don$t feel comfortable having them
remain in the basement. ,'OA #AC, p/0tres at ,'OA #@<:#@A) T1ere also appears to be a
mold issue on the ceiling/underside of the floorboard in the part of the house that seems to be
near the wall separating the front bedroom from the bathroom. D,'OA #=C p/0tres /n EG1
$ fro! 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E) ...Please see the attached photos in these regards....-e 0o.d
replace and install ne6 r9A /ns.at/on ... Add/t/ona..5, 6e could spray some anti&mold
products on the effected ceiling parts for '... Of 0orse, 6e are on.5 offer/n2 6a5s to address
these matters. ...PS. t1e photos are attached ...
,'OA #A<" ETo !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!)
Sent" Te 99F$%F9; 9$"C@ P, H/ ,att, Coul! you ha-e Ale&an!ro or #o/eone ut 0a"8
u the in#ulation that ha! *allen !o.n at the ti/e .e /o-e! in. I #ent you i"ture#
a0out thi# #o/e ti/e ago. I 0elie-e #raying .ith 0lea"h or #o/ething /ay 0e goo! *or
the /ol! #ot#. So/e o* the in#ulation aeare! to ha-e /ol! gro.ing on it....I donHt
6ant to 0ra6. arond stap./n2 t1e! ba08 p a.on2 6/t1 t1e/r !o.d and p /nto !o.d5
f.oorboards... for free. E
,'OA #A#" EHe..o, t1eres a toilet issue...To !a2ndaVao..0o!
(ro!" D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" Te $F9<F99 9;";% P,
To" !a2ndaVao..0o! H/ ,att, ...I a! 6r/t/n2 be0ase there seems to be an issue with the
toilet.
Cont/nat/on of e!a/. /n Co21./nHs 9;F$<F99 EG1/b/t =" . ,'OA PP" ...T1ere /s a stron2 r/ne
s!e.. near t1e toilet ...It see! t1at a b/t of water is consistently pooling behind the toilet! and
that it has a watered down urine color and smell to it. ... a need to replace a wa% ring at the
base of toilets... One ot1er t1/n2. T1e inside glass on one of the front windows in the front
bedroom developed a crack that spread for over one foot. T1e window is cracked all the
way through
#hank you for your attention to these issues.
E...$F9#F99 To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!" !a2ndaVao..0o! Sent" -ed
$F9#F99 @"<@ A, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! /H.. send anton/o over neGt 6ee8 >a01.
T1an8s.E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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ESb7e0t" 'e" He..o, t1eres a to/.et /sse %F9CF99 To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!"
!a2ndaVao..0o!
Sent" ,on %F9CF99 99"<% P, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
6/.. be ot of 0ontr5... if there is a maintenance issue please get 1 estimates! choose the
most reasonable and take it off the ne%t rental check... t1an8s, !attE
ESb7e0t" NoG/os 6eed ord/nan0eP To !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" Za01 Co21./n
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" (r/ <F$;F99 9"$C P, To" !a2ndaVao..0o! H/
,att, Hope a.. /s 6e.. 6/t1 5o. T1e weeds have returned with a vengeance. 2 can have the
weeds taken care of for this year for '34-! off rent or via a check or whichever. T1e 0re6 of
s/G or so 25s 6or8ed a.. da5 on t1e p/n8 1ose neGt door, and as/de fro! brea8/n2 do6n
so!e .eftover frn/tre, t1e too8 0are of t1e 6eeds. T1e5 d/d not ta8e 0are of or 6eeds.
P.ease .et !e 8no6 61et1er t1e B%<; b/ds /s sff/0/ent or /f and 61en a 0re6 6/.. 0o!e ta8e
0are of or 5ard. S/n0ere.5, Za01 Co21./n 0e.. @@< %%= =99= or e!a/. 6or8sE
E'e" NoG/os 6eed ord/nan0eP <F$9F99 To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!"
!a2ndaVao..0o! Sent" Sat <F$9F99 %"$# A, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! hi
5ach the 34- seems ok please take it off the rent check thank you666E
ESb7e0t" propert5 da!a2e b5 &ar.ene S1arpeHs 0re6 of .ands0apers <F$CF99 Za01
Co21./n To !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" Za01 Co21./n D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent"
Te <F$CF99 99";% A, To" !a2ndaVao..0o!
&ear ,r. ,er./ss, 2 am writing to let you know about what may be a dispute that has
arisen regarding the yard and work done at 9$9 '/ver 'o08 St. )or e!a/. be.o6 /nd/0ated
to !e 5or approva. of !5 !a8/n2 arran2e!ents of !5 01oos/n2 to 1ave t1e 6eeds ta8en 0are
of t1/s 5ear for B%<;. ... )esterda5 t1e sa!e .ands0ap/n2 0re6 t1at 6eeded bot1 t1e front and
ba08 of t1e ne/21bor/n2 p/n8 1ose arrived very early at my residence and made quite a
mess of my personal property. I /nfor!ed t1e! t1at I dobted an5one 6/t1 t1e re3/s/te
at1or/t5 1ad approved t1e/r 6or8/n2 on t1e 5ard in light of the agreement you and 2
recently came to T1e5 refused to return the personal property in the yard to its previous
state! in fact! they left some of the personal property they had taken from the yard out in the
street in front of the house. I /nfor!ed t1e! t1at t1/s !a5 be so!e61at criminal bt t1e5
st/.. refused to put my property back. T1e5 /nd/0ated t1e5 1ad approval from +arlene to
6or8 on !5 res/den0e. &arlene indicated that she had recei'ed appro'al ()*M +,-
./0*)-)1 to work on my residence, espe0/a..5 be0ase so!eone fro! !5 res/den0e 1ad,
.ast 6ee8 61/.e t1e p/n8 1ose 6as be/n2 6or8ed on, E/n3/red 61et1er t1e .aborers 6o.d be
6or8/n2 on 9$9 r/ver ro08 as 6e...E &ar.ene /nd/0ated t1at s1e 0ons/dered this to be
tantamount to an order for services on 9$9 '/ver 'o08. I !ent/oned to 1er t1at /t sonded
!01 !ore ./8e a 3est/on rat1er t1an an order for serv/0es. S1e sa/d 5.ell$ .hate-er$ .hat#
the !i**eren"e 0et.een 5are you guy# going to 0e .or8ing on thi# roerty an! .ill you
guy# er*or/ .or8 on thi# roerty.5 ... If not, is seems to me that a dispute will arise ...
(rt1er, there is the matter of property damage done by +arlene$s crew. It too8 /e a *air
a/ount o* ti/e an! /oney AH...G to return /y re#i!en"e to .here it .a# rior to
- $<F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Darlene%# "re. taking my personal property an! la"ing it in the #treet an! reeate!ly
re*u#ing to ut it 0a"8 in it# entirety... It /s !5 pos/t/on t1at thi# "re. #houl! not 0e
allo.e! to re/o-e /y er#onal roerty *ro/ the yar!$ la"e it out in the #treet$ an!
re*u#e to return it or !o the ne"e##ary la0or to return /y er#onal roerty to any.here
near the #tate i# .a# originally in...I intend to pursue compensation for my time and
damages to my personal property. At t1/s po/nt /t /s not entirely "lear .ho/ #houl! ay,
bt /ts see!s 0lear the "orre"t arty .ill 0e either Darlene$ Darlene%# "re.$ or you as the
owner of the real property... espe0/a..5 /n ./21t of t1e B%<; a2ree!ent and t1e B... of property
damage done2
ETo >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!, starsVsoft0o!.net (ro!",att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" Te <F$CF99 C"%A P, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! C0"
starsVsoft0o!.net sorry about the stress >a01.. / t1o21t t1at after 5o pa/d t1e %<; for
6eed re!ova. t1ere 6as st/.. so!e res/da so i appro'ed the work b5 dar.eneHs 0re6 . / 6/..
for6ard t1/s to 1er, !att E
5Su0&e"t, gar0age !i#o#al &a//e!@ #F;$F99 Za01 Co21./n To !a2ndaVao..0o!
(ro!" Za01 Co21./n D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" T1 #F;$F99 99"$9 P, To"
!a2ndaVao..0o! H/ ,att, T1e garbage disposal is jammed. It /s on.5 !a8/n2 a
1!!/n2 sond 6/n f./08ed on. I 0an 1ave t1/s f/Ged for B..., or /f 5o prefer, lea#e let /e
8no. ho. or it .ill 0e *ixe! a# I .i#h to 0e ho/e .hile any .or8 i# 0eing !one...A.so,
the front steps have crumbling cleaves! or holes in several places. I 1ave p1otos of t1ose too.
T1e5 7st 8eep 0r!b./n2 !ore and !ore. I 0an 1ave t1e 0r!b./n2 p.a0es pat01ed for B...,
otherwise! 2 would like it fi%ed a# it i# dangerous gi-en one "an tri on the #tair#. I thin8 it
.oul! 0e .i#e to make the repair soon #o /ore an! /ore "ru/0ling !oe# not "au#e
*urther ro0le/#.E
ESu0&e"t, Re, gar0age !i#o#al &a//e!@ To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!"
,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" Te #F;@F99 C"C; P, To"
>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
>a01 just get 1 estimates! choose the cheapest and take it off the rent. t1an8s. !attE

ESb7e0t" 'e" stats and rentP =F99F99 Za01 Co21./n To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" T1 =F99F99 #"C% P, To" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) ...no one has compensated me for the damage done to my property by
the landscaping crew #he damage and labor required to repaie it was at least '(!---. ,s.
S1arpe ad!/tted t1e 0re6. +ne6 of t1e eG/sten0e of an5 /sses re.ated to .t1e 6eed p../n.2
pr/or to sb!/tt/n2 a b/d, t1en t1e5 pt !5 0aref..5 /nsta..ed proprt5 /n t1e street and refsed
to pt /t ba08. I s22ested to 5o /n 6r/t/n2 t1at 5o not pa5 t1e! t/.. !5 da!a2es 6ere
adressed. Sa!e 6/t1 s1arpe, 61o 6as part/0.ar.5 b.ase and ne2./2ent /n !5 op/n/on. = 6rote
5o abot t1e fa..en /ns.at/on /n t1e do6nsta/rs and t1e eGposed !o.d bot1 /n t1e f.oor board
and t1e /ns.at/on. )o never responded. P.ease do.E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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E'e" stats and rentP =F99F99 Za01 Co21./n To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" T1 =F99F99 #"C% P, To" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) ... no one has compensated me for the damage done to my property by
the landscaping crew #he damage and labor required to repaie it was at least '(!---... t1e5
pt !5 0aref..5 /nsta..ed proprt5 /n t1e street and refsed to pt /t ba08. ... .rote you a0out
the *allen insulation in the !o.n#tair# an! the e%posed mold both in the floor board and
the insulation. 6ou ne-er re#on!e!. Plea#e !o.E
ErentP =F99F99 To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!, !e./ssa.....oaV2!a/..0o! (ro!"
,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" T1 =F99F99 9;";# P, To"
>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!.... paying your rent does not depend on the alleged
damage you sustained as this is an insurance issue and is not germane.P.ease 8eep open
0o!!n/0at/on 6/t1 !e and a..o6 6or8ers and dar.ene to enter t1e 1ose , /f 0o!!n/0at/on
fa..s apart, /f / donHt re0e/ve a 01e08 /n a t/!e.5 fas1/on or /f dar.ene or 6or8ers are not
a..o6ed to enter and 1e.p 5o, /H! afra/d / 6/.. 1ave no 01o/0e bt to prse .e2a. re0orse.E
E'E" rentP =F9$F99 Za01 Co21./n To !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" Za01 Co21./n
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" (r/ =F9$F99 9";% A, To" !a2ndaVao..0o! &ear
,att, No one, other than /e i# to enter the hou#e a0#ent the re7ui#ite #tatutory
noti*i"ation erio! an! e-en then$ only in /y re#en"e. I 0annot overstate t1at eno21.
)or re0ords do not ref.e0t a.. t1at !/ne do. T1ere 6ere a number of deductions taken for
repairs and work done. (or /nstan0e, 5o approved B%<; off of ,a5 for !5 arran2e!ent 6/t1
respe0t to t1e 6eeds. ... T1en those same workers came and damaged my property and cost
me money 2 provided you! +arlene! and the workers the statutory notification. I t1/n8 5o
6/.. f/nd t1at Ne-a!a%# lan!lor! tenant la. !oe# "oor!inate ay/ent o* rent .ith a
*ailure to "ure "ertain ro0le/# .ithin a B( !ay erio! .hen the lan!lor! i# in*or/e! in
.riting... Add/t/ona..5, please check your records of our communications as there are other
repairs that you approved that were done 7the disposal! crumbling concrete! problems with
steps! etc.). ... I do not 8no6 61at 5o are referr/n2 to 61en 5o !ent/oned /nsran0e.
-1ose /nsran0eP Has t1ere been so!e pa5!ent and to 61o! 6/t1 respe0t to /nsran0e and
t1e !a/age !one to /y roerty an! the ti/e an! la0our "o#t# in-ol-e! in utting it
0a"8 to the #tate in .hi"h it .a#. Plea#e re-ie. the lea#e$ -ery$ -ery "are*ully$ a# it
#ea8# to damages and your liability 8
E(ro!" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! To !a2ndaVao..0o! (ro!" Za01 Co21./n
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" (r/ =F9$F99 9"$C A, To" !a2ndaVao..0o! &ear
,att, ...I appre0/ate 5or 0ons/derat/on and efforts to ed0ate !e 6/t1 respe0t to t1e .a6s of
.and.ord tenant. I 1ave deve.oped so!e p15s/0a. rea0t/ons to t1e !o.d /sses t1at I a.erted 5o
of ear./er and re3est t1at 5o respond to my written requests and inquiries /n t1at re2ard.
S/n0ere.5, Ia"h Coughlin$ 9sq :ttorney at ;aw (1( <iver <ock St Reno$ NV =A<;A @@<:
%%=:=99= L/0ensed /n t1e State of Nevada (ro!" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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E'e" stats and rentP =F9CF99 To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" Sn =F9CF99 9;"$A A, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
>a01, i e/athiJe .ith your problems 0ut it has nothing to do with paying what you owe
for rent. !5 /ntent/ons 6ere to 1e.p 5o and 2et .ands0ap/n2 done. t1e /sses 5o 1ave are
6/t1 t1e .ands0ap/n2 0re6. / a! sorr5 bt if i don$t receive immediate payment for what you
owe me7i have detailed this in a prior email= i will have to send a notice and commence
eviction proceedings... ,attE
ETo ,att ,er./ss (ro!" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! Sent" Sn =F9CF99 9;"<% A, To"
,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) "rs says its does have soemthing to do with paying
rent. 3r liability stems from respondeat superior.... 1avent responded spe0/f/0a..5 re2ard/n2
61at /s o86ed, been re0e/ved, and the recent crumbling stairs! disposal! and other approved
deductions.E
E(ro!" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!)
Sent" Sn =F9CF99 9;"<# A, To" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!)
-e.. s/n0e !e./ssa and a.read5 6or8ed so!et1/n2 ot ab ot 1er 1a.f od 7ne BC<;, 615 not
sa5 BA;;:B%<; : t1e d/sposa., 0r!b./n2 sta/rs, inoperable sprinkler system repairs you
approved...E
ETo >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! (ro!" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" Sn
=F9CF99 ="$< P, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
>a01, ...there was no other formal request for lowering of the rent for any work you
allegedly did....you will receive a 4 day noticeE
E'e" rentP To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" Sn
=F9CF99 ="C# P, To" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) 4ou will be sued for retaliatory
e'iction....E
E'e" stats and rent To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" Sn =F9CF99 9;";C P, To" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) /nd i am ha'ing physical reactions to the mold issue / prev/os.5 6rote
5o abot, to which you never addressed! the lease speaks to your liability on these and
similar claims. ...0.a/!s / 0rrent.5 1o.d for t1e var/os torts D!o.d ne2./2en0e, t6o d/fferent
.ands0ap/n2 01ar2es of B%<; ea01, /e .ast seasons and t1/s seasons, tota../n2 B@;;, the lease
and no%ious weed ordinances places this burden upon you and i never received
compensation for last seasons despite repeated written notices! you agreed to this seasons!
the ' in various repairs recently see emails! disposal! stairs! the potentially vast damages
for the proeprty damage done by your landscaping crew and realtor! thin skulled plaintiff
lost wages missing client obligations due to emergency situation created by your crew.E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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E(ro!" ZC D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 @"<$ A, To" ,att
,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) #he sprinkler system isn$t working Please have it repaired .
#his is stautory rent withhold notice Trees are d5/n2. I p.anted B.... 6ort1 of ntr/ent tab.ets
and /t too8 $ 1ors.E
E,att ,er./ss To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!, starsVsoft0o!.net (ro!" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 99"CC A, To" >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!
C0" starsVsoft0o!.net
>a01 can you give us a time today for the handyman please* also at 33- pm
tomorrow nash$s pest control will be coming to look at your alleged mold issues. p.ease 2et
ba08 to !e and to dar.ene . 1er e!a/. /s starsVsoft0o!.net.E
ETo ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 9$"$A P,
To" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) #odays no good ;ook up statutory notice nrs
inspection landlord tenantE
ETo ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 C"C= P,
To" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) ...)or 61o.e Eget two estimates for fi%ing the
stairs or disposal or whatever choose the cheapest and deduct from rent...E 1o6 !01 do
5o t1/n8 /t 0osts to f/G t1e crumbling stairsP To 1ave a 25 0o!e ot and do 6or8P
Ser/os.5, B...P A! I supposed to arrange cheap black market labor for youP ...T1e
!a/.!an even /s p/ssed abot the steps #hey are crumbling.../ts a liability thing ...T1e area
a0o-e the #tair# i# in !i#reair. The green #tri# o* griing /aterial are "o/ing u. 2ts
a ha5ard an! annoying. I "oul! *ix it *or H... 6ou /ight *eel un"o/*orta0le ha-ing /e *ix
#tu** 0ut try *in!ing #o/e0o!y el#e to !o it *or that legally. Thi# i# youhr statutory notice
requesting a fi% o* the#e eeling green gri #tri#. Al#o$ the *ront .in!o. on the right
#i!e o* the hou#e i# 0ro8en$ one o* the ; layer# in the !ou0le aine.....I ha-e .ritten
a0out thi# .in!o. at lea#t K ti/e#. Thi# i# your #taturoty .ithhol! rent noti"e again.E
E(ro!" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 <"$A P, To"
>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! >a01, i am happy to see that you are receiving and
sending prolific emails. ...5or appo/nt!ent to s1o6 t1e pest man a.. 5or trob.es will take
place at 33- pm tomorrow... regarding my paying you to do any repair work there & i
refuse....E
E(ro!" ZC D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" ,on =F9<F99 @"$% P, To" ,att
,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) >ou need to provide appropriate statutory notice! in form!
content! and length of time! see "<S. I donHt 8no6 615 5o sa5 5o donHt 1ave to fo..o6
Nevada .a6, Ca./forn/an arro2an0e I 2ess. 2f someone comes over prior to that t1e5 6/.. be
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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trned a6a5 and 5or !one5 6/.. be 6asted. -1atHs t1e p.an 6/t1 t1e 6/ndo6 repa/r and t1e
2r/p str/ps on t1e sta/rsP -1atPE
E(ro!" ,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" Te =F9#F99 C"9= P, To"
>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! C0" r1/..Vr/01ard1/..a6.0o!
>a01, send all further communication to my attorney! r/01ard 1/... 1/s e!a/. /s
r1/..Vr/01ard1/...a6.0o!E
>a2
T1e Standard 'enta. A2ree!ent entered /nto bet6een .and.ord ,er./ss and 0o:tenants
Co21./n and U..oa read as fo..o6s"
ESTAN&A'& 'ENTAL AG'EE,ENTT1/s AG'EE,ENT entere! into on the ;)th !ay
o* Fe0ruary$ ;)B) b
Total rent *or the erio! o* Mar"h B$ ;)B) to Fe0ruary ;+$ ;)BB"..
$. TE',S" ,ana2e!ent does 1ereb5 rent to Tenants and Tenant 1ereb5 rents fro!
!ana2e!ent for res/dent/a. prposes on.5 t1ose 0erta/n pre!/ses des0r/bed at" 9$9 '/ver
'o08 St., 'eno, NV =A<;%, .o0ated at" 9$9 '/ver 'o08 St., 'eno, NV =A<;% *or a erio! o*
not le## than B; /onth# tenan"y$ "o//en"ing on the B#t !ay o* Mar"h$ ;)B)...
%. HOL&OVE'" Un!er Ne-a!a la. thi# Rental Agree/ent an! any "hange#
roerly agree! to .ill remain in effect on a monthly basis after the initial term . A K) !ay
.ritten notice to vacate /u#t 0e i##ue! by the <esident pr/or to va0at/n2 an5t/!e dr/n2 or
after t1e initial term of t1/s a2ree!ent. If /!proper not/0e or no not/0e to va0ate /s 2/ven by
<esident, 'es/dent /s ./ab.e for prorated rent ...
<. SECU'IT) &EPOSIT" THE SECU'IT) &EPOSIT HEL& *) THE O-NE',
-ILL 1-3)- +,- P-)(*)M/5- *5 +-5/5+'1 *0.I6/+I*51. O-NE' SHALL
APPL) ALL PO'TIONS O( SAI& &EPOSIT ON ACCOUNT O( TENANTHS
O*LIGATIONS. AN) *ALANCE 'E,AINING UPON TE',INATION -ILL *E
'ETU'NE& TO TENANT...
9;. ... Re#i!ent *urther /ay u#e the premises for any commercial enterprise, ...
99. OCCUPANC)" O00pan05 of t1e premises ... #hall 0e u#e! *or a re#i!en"e an!
for other purposes. ...
9%. UTILITIES" ...Utilitie# not payable by the <esident .ill 0e ai! 0y the
Manage/ent....
9A -AIVE' O( 'IGHTS O' O*LIGATIONS" Not1/n2 0onta/ned /n t1/s a2ree!ent
s1a.. be 0onstred as 6a/v/n2 an5 of t1e 'es/dentHs or !ana2e!entHs right or o0ligation#
under the laws of the State of "evada.
$; #9<M2":#2."" T1/s A2ree!ent and t1e tenan05 1ereb5 2ranted may be
terminated by either party within 7# days of the defined termination date Drefer to Paragraph
1), or an5 t/!e thereafter b5 2/v/n2 t1e ot1er part5 not .ess t1an t1/rt5 D%;)da5 pr/or not/0e /n
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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6r/t/n2 or as ot1er6/se a..o6ed b5 t1e .a6s of t1e State of Nevada D'efer to Para2rap1 9 and
A for !onetar5 ./ab/./t/es)... DNOTE" t1ere /s a!b/2/t5 as to t1e .an2a2e /n se0t/on $; as to
ter!/nat/on and t1at fond /n se0t/on % as to E1o.doverE 61ere se0t/on % 0an 0erta/n.5 be read
to prov/de on.5 t1e tenant 6/t1 a r/21t to ter!/nate t1e .ease, DE%. HOL&OVE'" Un!er
Ne-a!a la. thi# Rental Agree/ent an! any "hange# roerly agree! to .ill remain in
effect on a monthly basis after the initial term. A K) !ay .ritten notice to vacate /u#t 0e
i##ue! by the <esident pr/or to va0at/n2 an5t/!e dr/n2 or after t1e initial term of t1/s
a2ree!ent...E) espe0/a..5 61ere se0t/on $; refers to a Edef/ned ter!/nat/on dateE Dto be fond
/n Para2rap1 $, so !ent/ons Para2rap1 $;) t1at /s not ver5 def/ned at a.. pon a read/n2 of
Para2rap1 $). (rt1er, ,er./ss test/f/ed t1at 1e prov/ded t1e .ease, and even /f a tr/er of fa0t
ta8es ,er./ssHs test/!on5 to be tre 6/t1 respe0t to Co21./n a..e2ed.5 1av/n2 a.tered t1e Epet
r.eE E.ate feeE and Enot/0e re3/re!ent for /nspe0t/onE, s01 6o.d a!ont to a 0o..atera. bar
to an5 ar2!ent b5 ,er./ss t1at t1e ot1er Para2rap1s of !ater/a. re.evan0e 1ere s1o.d not be
/nterpreted str/0t.5 a2a/nst ,er./ss as t1e EdrafterE or part5 prov/ded t1e .ease a2ree!ent to
Co21./n. Obv/os.5 Co21./n 6as pre7d/0ed b5 t1e eGtent to 61/01 ,er./ss fa/.ed to
0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ent of N'S C;.$<CD$), as t1e bas/s for ,er./ssHs 0.a/! for a no:0ase
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 1/n2es 0.ose.5 on t1e ter!s of t1e .ease, as does 61et1er or not 1/s E0.a/!
for re./ef /s at1or/>ed b5 .a6E and ,er./ss 0o!p.ete.5 fa/.ed to prov/de an5 of t1e
Espport/n2 fa0tsE re3/red b5 N'S C;.$<CD$), and 61at asserts/on ,er./ss d/d !a8e pr/or to
t1e 9;F$<F99 1ear/n2 6ere patent.5 ntre, so!et1/n2 1e on.5 a2!ented 6/t1 1/s frad.ent
test/!on5 and 8no6/n2 assent to 1/s 0onse.Hs frad.ent 0ond0t.
N'S C;.$<CD$)" ET1e aff/dav/t of t1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent sb!/tted to t1e
7st/0e 0ort or t1e d/str/0t 0ort must contain" Da) T1e date 61en t1e tenan05 0o!!en0ed,
the term of the tenancy, and, /f an5, a 0op5 of t1e renta. a2ree!ent. Db) T1e date 61en t1e
tenan05 or renta. a2ree!ent a..e2ed.5 ter!/nated. D0) T1e date 61en t1e tenant be0a!e
sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$<9 to C;.$<9#, /n0.s/ve, to2et1er 6/t1 an5 spport/n2
fa0ts. Dd) T1e date 61en t1e 6r/tten not/0e 6as 2/ven, a 0op5 of t1e not/0e and a state!ent
t1at not/0e 6as served /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S C;.$=;. De) A state!ent t1at t1e 0.a/! for
re./ef 6as at1or/>ed b5 .a6...E, (rt1er 61ere N'S C;.$<C spe0/f/es t1at Et1e .and.ord /s
ent/t.ed to t1e s!!ar5 pro0edres prov/ded /n N'S C;.$<%...E and ,er./ss so t/./>ed t1ose
pro0edres, ,er./ss s1o.d be 1e.d to 0o!p.5/n2 6/t1 t1e re3/r!ents of N'S C;.$<%D<)Da),
61/01 re3/re"
EN'S C;.$<%D<)Da)" E...T1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent !a5 app.5 b5 aff/dav/t of
0o!p.a/nt for ev/0t/on to t1e 7st/0e 0ort of t1e to6ns1/p /n 61/01 t1e d6e../n2, apart!ent,
!ob/.e 1o!e or commercial premises are .o0ated or to t1e d/str/0t 0ort of t1e 0ont5 /n
61/01 t1e d6e../n2, apart!ent, !ob/.e 1o!e or commercial premises are .o0ated, whichever
has jurisdiction over t1e !atter. T1e 0ort !a5 t1erepon /sse an order d/re0t/n2 t1e s1er/ff
or 0onstab.e of t1e 0ont5 to re!ove t1e tenant 6/t1/n $C 1ors after re0e/pt of t1e order. T1e
affidavit must state or contain" D9) T1e date t1e tenan05 0o!!en0ed. D$) T1e a!ont of
per/od/0 rent reserved. D%) T1e a!onts of an5 0.ean/n2, se0r/t5 or rent depos/ts pa/d /n
advan0e, /n eG0ess of t1e f/rst !ont1Rs rent, b5 t1e tenant. DC) T1e date t1e renta. pa5!ents
be0a!e de./n3ent. D<) T1e .en2t1 of t/!e t1e tenant 1as re!a/ned /n possess/on 6/t1ot
pa5/n2 rent. D#) T1e a!ont of rent 0.a/!ed de and de./n3ent. D@) A state!ent t1at t1e
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6r/tten not/0e 6as served on t1e tenant /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S C;.$=;. D=) A 0op5 of t1e
6r/tten not/0e served on t1e tenant. DA) A 0op5 of t1e s/2ned 6r/tten renta. a2ree!ent, /f an5.E
A.so, 6/t1 respe0t to t1e fa/.re of t1e AF$@F99 Not/0e to 0onta/n t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona.
pred/0ate ena0ted b5 t1e .e2/s.atre /n $;;A DEN'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$)"MET1at if the court
determines that the tenant is guilty of an unlawful detainer, t1e 0ort !a5 /sse a s!!ar5
order for re!ova. of t1e tenant or an order prov/d/n2 for t1e nonad!/ttan0e of t1e tenant,
d/re0t/n2 t1e s1er/ff or 0onstab.e of t1e 0ont5 to re!ove t1e tenant 6/t1/n $C 1ors after
re0e/pt of t1e orderJ and), t1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COLOSE fa/.s to to 0onta/n s01 .an2a2e, and
61ere t1e .e2/s.atre re3/res .and.ordHs to p.a0e /t /n t1e < &a5 U& Not/0e, t1e fa/.re to
/n0.de /n t1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COLOSE an5 .an2a2e 61atsoever Ed/re0t/n2 t1e s1er/ff to
r!ove t1e tenant 6/t1/n $C 1ors after re0e/pt of t1e order...E !a8es s01 order vo/d as 6e...
*a8er and ,er./ss 6ere /n s01 a 2rand 1rr5 D/ron/0 2/ven one f..5 5ear passed before
,er./ss re:rented t1e pre!/ses) to 1ave a .o08ot done Dapparent.5 o6/n2 to t1e/r 1opes t1at a
!ot/on for sta5 6o.d be0o!e E!ootE after s01 o00rsP) t1at *a8er, /n 0raft/n2 t1e proposed
(O(COLOSE t1at ?d2e Sferra>>a s/2ned Dapparent.5 v/e6/n2 *a8erHs a..e2ed.5 prov/d/n2 /t
to Co21./n and t1e 0ort at noon on 9;F$@F99 as prov/d/n2 sff/0/ent t/!e for Co21./n to
Erev/e6E /t and ob7e0t to /ts 0ontents, 61/01 /s odd, 2/ven a (O(COL /s t5p/0a..5 fond /n a
p.enar5 sett/n2, and /n a p.enar5 sett/n2 Co21./n 6o.d 2et so!e < 7d/0/a. da5s to 0ond0t
s01 a rev/e6...7st anot1er eGa!p.e of t1e E6orst of bot1 6or.dsE Ds!!ar5 and p.enar5)
t1at bot1 t1e 7st/0e and d/str/0t 0ort sb7e0ted Co21./n to). &esp/te *a8erHs proposed
(O(COL be/n2 re!ar8ab.5 fa/t1f. to !ost ever5 ot1er verbat/! passa2e of N'S 01apters
99=A and C;, t1e ./tt.e b/t abot E$C 1orsE need/n2 to e.apse fro! t1e t/!e of t1e S1er/ffHs
post/n2 s01 order to Co21./nHs door Dat .east a00ord/n2 to t1e Order /n Anv/) *a8er
0aref..5 eG0/sed, 61/01 /s too bad for 1/!, 1/s f/r!, t1e S1er/ff Dt1o21t t1e S1er/ff, per t1e
,a5 de0/s/on, 0an se t1e .a6 f/r! no6), and t1e .and.ord, 2/ven 'sse.. v. +a./an and /ts
/.8a2e Dsee Co21./nHs 0orresponden0e 6/t1 t1e NN&* and S*NHs O*C spe0/f/0a..5 0/t/n2 to
s01 ./ne of 0ases v/s a v/s t1e fa0t t1at /t 6as a0ta..5 H/.. and ,er./ss, t1e -CSO, and 'P&
do/n2 t1e trespass/n2, not Co21./n. Proer noti"e to 7uit ha# al#o 0een !e#"ri0e! a# a
&uri#!i"tional ne"e##ity. HU&F-/..o6 Street Apart!ents v. Gon>a.e>, #= Conn. App. #%=,
@A$ A.$d 9#< D$;;$)J C/n0/nnat/ ,etro. Hos. At1. v. ,or2an, 9<< O1/o App. %d 9=A,
$;;%:O1/o:<#@9, =;; N.E.$d #C D9st &/st. Ha!/.ton Cont5 $;;%), appea. a..o6ed, 9;9 O1/o
St. %d 9C=@, $;;C:O1/o:9$A%, =;< N.E.$d <%= D$;;C) and 7d2!ent revHd on ot1er 2ronds,
9;C O1/o St. %d CC<, $;;C:O1/o:#<<C, =$; N.E.$d %9< D$;;C). ).
T1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COLOSE *a8er !ana2ed to 2et t1e 7st/0e 0ortHs Sferra>>a to s/2n
read" ET1at t1e sheriff be! and hereby is! directed to remove each and every person found
upon the rental unit at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, -as1oe Cont5, Nevada, by no earlier t1an
O0tober %9, $;99 at < p!.E No6, ?d2e Sferra>>a d/d /nt/neate Eno .ater t1anE /n p.a0e of Eno
ear./er t1anE, bt, t1e rea. prob.e! /s t1at N'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$) /s 61at /t /s. T1e .e2/s.atre
6or8s 1ard on t1/s stff, and !a8es t1ese .a6s for 2ood reason, and t1e5 are not to be
se.e0t/ve.5 app./ed and 2err5!andered to ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 1eartHs 0ontent, for 61atever
reason /t /s 1e so 01ose to 1ere. As 1e d/d 6/t1 respe0t to t1e EUSPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2E
re3/re!ent /n N'S C;.$=;D%)Db) Dat t1e ver5 .east s01 sbse0t/on re3/red t1e AF$@F99 to
Ebe servedE b5 !a/./n2 /t D61et1er N'S C;.$=;D%)D0)Hs re3/re!ent t1at Ebefore an order to
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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re!ove a tenant /s /ssedE...Et1e .and.ord s1a.. f/.e...a proof of serv/0eE of t1e AF$@F99 not/0e,
61/01 E!st 0ons/st ofE one of t1e t1ree opt/ons set fort1 /n sbs. Da):D0) t1ere/n !a5 be read
to re3/re t1at t1e Eot1er pro0ess serverE !st prov/de an Eendorse!entE Estat/n2 t1e t/!e and
manner of serviceE, 6/t1 s01 Eserv/0eE Das def/ned /n N'S C;.$=;D9)Da):D0)) 0arr5/n2 a
re3/re!ent t1at t1e E!a/./n2E D61/01 /s abso.te.5 re3/red per t1e re0ord on /ts fa0e /n t1e
/nstant !atter) be represented b5 a s/!p.e /nd/0at/on /n t1e Eproof of serv/0eE re3/red b5
N'S C;.$=;D%) t1at s01 6as !a/.ed, or 61et1er a USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 /s a.so
re3/red, even 61ere s01 post/n2 6as prported.5 done, as 1ere, b5 a E./0ensed pro0ess
serverE /s n0.ear. -1at /s ver5, ver5 0.ear /s t1at, at t1e ver5 .east, t1e .and.ord 6as re3/red
to !a/. a 0op5 of t1at AF$@F99 not/0e to Co21./n, and t1at Co21./n preserved 1/s ob7e0t/on to
t1e .and.ordHs fa/.re to do so, and t1at s01 /s not 6a/vab.e b5 Co21./n or t1e 7st/0e 0ort.
-1/.e a def/0/en05 /n a proof of serv/0e, per N'CP C !a5 not nor!a..5 render serv/0e t1at
a0ta. d/d 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents t1ere/n /nva./d, 61ere a stattor5 d/0ate /s /nvo.ved,
s01 as /n N'S C;.$=;D9)Da), 61/01 prov/des t1at an order Es1a.. not /sseE nt/. 0o!p./ant
proof of serv/0e /s f/.ed b5 t1e .and.ord, and sbse3ent assert/o t1at ,er./ss 6o.d no6 !a8e
t1at D/n 0ontrast to ,'OA #<<, 61ere NCSHs prepa/d posta2eFsta!ped P/tne5 *o6es
enve.ope addressed to Co21./n 6as atta01ed to t1at =F$$F99 Not/0e Dfond atta01ed as
EG1/b/t 9 /n EEG1/b/t &E, ,er./ssHs def/0/ent EUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tE), no s01 enve.ope
Dand 0erta/n.5 not and USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2) /s ev/den0e b5 t1e re0ord as to t1e
AF$@F99 < &a5 Not/0e fond at ,'OA ##$ DEG1. $ to EG1 &.), 61/01 0ons/sts of *a8erHs
ECert/f/0ate of Serv/0eE /nd/0at/n2 1e Epersona..5 1anded at t1e 1ear/n2 /n t1e above referen0e
!atterE s01 AF$@F99 not/0e, bt t1en 0o!p.ete.5 fa/.s to /nd/0ate an5 !a/./n2 t1ereof 6as
done. Even /f *a8erHs v/o.at/on of 0ort1ose san0tar5 r.eFatt5 defendant /!!n/t5 fro!
serv/0e 61/.e attend/n2 0ort 6as over.oo8ed, N'S C;.$=;D%)Da) /s st/.. 3/te 0.ear /n
re3/r/n2 t1e s/2natre of a 6/tness t1ereto D/n add/t/on to t1e attestat/on of t1e server) and t1e
tenant a08no6.ed/n2 s01 serv/0e) as s01 *a8erHs Cert/f/0ate of Serv/0e at ,'OS ##$ needs
!ore to 0o!p.5. -1/01 re3/res an ana.5s/s of t1e ECert/f/0ate of Serv/0eE at ,'OA #C; b5
t1e E./0ensed pro0ess server for NCS, and a deter!/nat/on as to 61et1er s01 sat/s/f/es N'S
C;.$=;D%)D0)Hs"MET1e endorse!ent of a s1er/ff, 0onstab.e or ot1er pro0ess server stat/n2 t1e
t/!e and !anner of serv/0e.E T1ere 6o.d see!/n2.5 be an ar2!ent t1at s01 /s 0o!p./ant,
61ere /t not for t1e fa0t t1at t1e 0ort /nd/0ated an Eenve.opeE D./8e t1at asso0/ated 6/t1 t1e
=F$$F99 Not/0e at ,'OA #<<)
,'OA #C; 0ons/sts of NCS pro0ess server &rdenHs &e0.arat/on of Serv/0e on E(or!
QCE D61/01 1as a Erev/sed Apr/. 9C, $;;#E footer, eGp.a/n/n2 t1e fa/.re of s01 to 0onta/n t1at
61/01 be0a!e re3/red /n $;;A, prsant to N'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$):D%)), 61/01 reads" E*e0ase
t1e p.a0e of res/den0e or bs/ness 0o.d not be as0erta/ned, or a person of s/tab.e a2e or
d/s0ret/on 0o.d not be fond t1ere, b5 post/n2 a 0op5 /n a 0onsp/0os p.a0e on t1e propert5,
de./ver/n2 a 0op5 to a person t1ere res/d/n2, /f t1e person 0o.d be fond, and !a/./n2 a 0op5
to t1e tenantD s) at t1e p.a0e 61ere t1e propert5 /s s/tated. D:ttach United States Postal
Service Certificate of Mailing).E
T1e fa0t t1at t1e E(or! QCE t/./>ed b5 &rden 0onta/ns not1/n2 to /nd/0ate &rden fe.t
t1e .an2a2e 0onta/ned /n t1e Eopt/on %E t1at 1e 01e08ed 6/t1 respe0t to t1e apparent d/re0t/ve
to EAtta01 Un/ted States posta. Serv/0e Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2E d/d not app.5 to 1/! as a
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Epro0ess serverE v/t/ates an5 s01 de0.arat/on 61ere not on.5 d/d &rdenHs &e0.arat/on fa/. to
atta01 t1e ver5 USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 t1at t1e 01e08/n2 of opt/on % t1ere/n 6o.d see!
to attest to Dt1ereb5 v/t/at/n2 t1e t./t5 of s01 &e0.arat/on), bt, to !a8e !atters 6orse, t1e
pra0t/0e of atta01/n2 a p1oto0op5 of t1e sta!ped, addressed enve.ope sed b5 t1e pro0ess
server as done 6/t1 t1e =F$$F99 Not/0e Da pra0t/0e to 61/01 ?d2e Sferra>>a !ade so!e
0o!!entar5 /nd/0at/n2 t1at 1/s approa01 1as been to avo/d an re3/re!ent for a USPS CO,
61ere s01 an enve.ope a00o!pan/es a s/!p.e de0.arat/on of serv/0e) was not followed D/e,
t1ere /s no s01 sta!ped addressed enve.ope after t1e &e0.arat/on at ,'OA #C;. T1at,
0o!b/ned 6/t1 t1e 7st/0e 0ort ?d2e Sferra>>aHs /nd/0at/ons t1at s01 /s re3/red, and t1e
eGtent to 61/01 t1e .an2a2e /n opt/on % of E(or! QCE t1at &rden adopted b5 01e08/n2 s01
/s ar2ab.5 on.5 operat/ve 61ere t1e ver5 USPS Cert/f/0ate of ,a/./n2 referen0ed t1ere/n
a0ta..5 a00o!pan/es s01 &e0.arat/on a!onts to a fa/.re to 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona.
pred/0ate for an5 s01 ev/0t/on order fond /n N'S C;.$=;D%).
T1e trans0r/pt reads"
P.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t ( at t1e 9;F$<F99 KtrialL, t1e 9;F9AF99 f/.e sta!ped "
K&ECLA'ATION O( CASE) &. *A+E'. ES4. PU'SUANT TO N'S C;L reads" KCASE)
&. *A+E', ES4., be/n2 f/rst d.5 s6orn, deposes and under penalty of perjury avers"
9.... T1/s !e"laration i# 0a#e! on /y er#onal 8no.le!ge$ e%cept those matters stated on
information and belief! an! a# to tho#e ite/# I 0elie-e the/ to 0e true. T1/s !e"laration i#
/a!e in /y "aa"ity a# the landlord's agent$ ur#uant to "<S ?-14?71=, and represents
my testimony if called on to present same in court...
C. Dr. Merli## submitted ANOTE, thi# !oe# nto #ay 5o**ere! into e-i!en"e5, or E1ad
ad!/ttedE or, even Ef/.ed /n open 0ortE) hi# lan!lor!%# a**i!a-it in thi# /atter at the time
of the hearing on .ctober (3! 1-((...
=. In t1at re2ard, an! without waiving the attorney&client privilege for an5
0o!!n/0at/ons bet6een !5 off/0e and &r. ,er//ss, I state t1e fo..o6/n2 on information and
belief"
=.9. T1e tenan05 at i##ue "o//en"e! on Mar"h B$ ;)B), and was for a term
of (1 months. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1e rental agreement /s atta01ed 1ereto as E[HI*IT
9. N'S C;.$<CD$)Da).
=.$. #he rental agreement terminated by its terms on February 1@! 1-((.
T1ereafter, ,r. Co21./n be0a!e a !ont1 to !ont1 tenant prsant to N'S 99=A.C@; and
paragraph 3 of the rental agreement. N'S C;.$<CD$)Db).
=.%. T1e tenant became subject to the provisions of N'S C;.$<9 to C;.$<9#,
/n0.s/ve, at t1e end of the stated term o* the rental agree/ent, whereupon 1e be0a!e a
!ont1:to:!ont1 tenant, as noted above. N'S C;.$<CD$)D0).
=.C. Cop/es of t1e 6r/tten not/0es prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$)Dd) are atta01ed to
+r Merliss$ affidavit! previously filed herein. In add/t/on to t1e <:da5 not/0e atta01ed to &r.
,er./ssH aff/dav/t, which was hand-deli'ered to Mr. oughlin by me at t1e 1ear/n2 on
Septe!ber $@, $;99, an additional <:da5 notice 6as served on ,r. Co21./n b5 Nevada
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Cort Serv/0es on t1at sa!e date. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1at not/0e, to2et1er 6/t1 t1e
0ert/f/0ate of serv/0e, 1as a.so been prov/ded to t1e 0ort. An add/t/ona. 0op5 /s atta01ed
1ereto as E[HI*IT $. N'S C;.$<CD$)Dd).
=.<. Co21./n 6as a month&to month tenant, whose tenancy had been properly
terminated prsant to N'S C;.$<9D9). T1erefore, the claim for relief o* o##e##ion o* the
re/i#e# was authori5ed by law. NRS ().;4(A;GA!G.
A. I de0.are un!er enalty o* er&ury t1at t1e fore2o/n2 /s tre and 0orre0t. &ATE&
t1/s 9At1 of O0tober, $;99 FsF CASE) &. *A+E', as t1e .and.ordHs a2ent prsant to 5)1
8#."98(":, and ur#uant to NRS B4.)B) 0e"au#e the "lient i# a0#ent *ro/ the "ounty in
.hi"h the attorney re#i!e#.L
T1e re0ord abso.te.5 revea.s t1at Co21./n 0ontested an5 assert/on t1at t1e .ease 1ad
EeGp/redE or ter!/natedE and t1at Co21./n f..5 d/spted t1e .and.ordHs a..e2ed r/21t to a no:
0ase ev/0t/on, espe0/a..5 61ere based pon so!e a..e2at/on t1at t1e .ease 1ad EeGp/red or
ter!/natedE.
,'OA 9@@" EA.. t1e !ater/a.s and ar2!ents 0onta/ned /n Co21./nHs or/2/na.
TenantHs Ans6er and ,ot/on for San0t/ons and ,ot/on for C.ar/f/0at/on /n t1e re0ent.5
d/s!/ssed 0ase bet6een ,er./ss and Co21./n are 1ereb5 /n0orporated b5 referen0e.E fro!
Co21./nHs 9;F#F99 TenantHs Ans6er /n 9@;=.
Add/t/ona..5, at ,'OA <;, Co21./n 0.ear.5 ra/sed t1e /sse t1at a 1o.dover
pro0eed/n2 6as not ava/./n2 to t1e .and.ord 2/ven t1at t1e .ease 1ad 5et EeGp/redE" EC. I
re0e/ved a not/0e d/re0t/n2 !e to va0ate !5 renta. pre!/ses bt d/d not ./st a reason 615 I a!
be/n2 as8ed to .eave. I d/sa2ree 6/t1 t1/s not/0e for t1e fo..o6/n2 reasons" My lea#e
agree/ent ha# not exire! an! .ill not exire until a later ti/e$ /ore !i#"o-ery i#
ne"e##ary to !eter/ine .E
,'OA $9;" E99. A.. t1e !ater/a.s and ar2!ents 0onta/ned /n Co21./nHs or/2/na.
tenantHs Ans6er and ,ot/on for San0t/ons and ,ot/on for C.ar/f/0at/on are 1ereb5
/n0orporated b5 referen0e and app.5 to an5 and a.. a0t/ons bro21t b5 ,er./ss or 1/s 0onse.,
61et1er S!!ar5 /n natre or not, 61et1er No Case /n natre or not, 61et1er Un.a6f.
&eta/ner t1e!ed or not.E Dfro! Co21./nHs 9;F99F99 ,ot/on for Cont/nan0e).
EAdd/t/ona..5, at ,'OA 9#C;:9#C$, Co21./nHs 9$F<F99 ,ot/on to Va0ate and or Set
As/de and or ,ot/on to Sta5 /n 9@;=, Co21./n !ade and preserved frt1er t1e ar2!ent t1at
a 1o.dover pro0eed/n2 6as not /n order de to t1e fa0t t1at t1e .ease 1ad not EeGp/redE and as
s01 t1e ter!/nat/on not/0e 6as def/0/ent, espe0/a..5 /n ./21t of 1/s be/n2 a 0o!!er0/a.
tenan05"
EE'e2ard.ess, /n Nevada, t1e .a6 prov/des t1at t1ere are s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0esses
for t1e fa/.re to pa5 rent and non!onetar5 tenant defa.t 61en 0o!!er0/a. .eases are at
/sse. A rev/e6 of t1e Lease A2ree!ent on f/.e 6/t1 t1e Cort /n t1/s !atter and !5
p.ead/n2s, 61ere/n a 0o!!er0/a. se of t1e pre!/ses /s 0.ear.5 a..e2ed and spported b5
ev/den0e, 61en 0o!b/ned 6/t1 t1e fa0t t1at a No Case Not/0e of Ev/0t/on /s t1e on.5 bas/s
for 'ev$;99:;;9@;=, and oppos/n2 0onse. /nd/0ated on n!eros o00as/ons t1at Eno ba08
rent /s a..e2ed de or so21tE, 0erta/n.5 6o.d see! to a2er to6ards va0at/n2 t1e S!!ar5
Ev/0t/on Order and, per1aps, so!e da!a2es o6ed to !e. (rt1er ET1/s senten0e states t1at
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5or .and.ord 1as rene6ed t1e .ease. If 5or .ease eGp/red, bt t1e .and.ord a00epted rent or
entered /nto a ne6 a2ree!ent after /t eGp/red, t1en 5or .ease !a5 1ave been rene6ed or
eGtended as a !atter of .a6. If 5o 01e08ed N!ber @, f/.. /n t1e date.E Certa/n.5, t1e Lease
A2ree!ent d/d not 0a.. for an 9= !ont1 .ease, as s01, I ar2e t1at t1e Lease 6as not
ter!/nated or eGp/red, and t1at t1e Land.ordHs 0ond0t, and per1aps, t1e .an2a2e /n t1e .ease,
rene6ed t1e .ease or a2ers to6ards a f/nd/n2 t1at t1e .ease 6as t/.. /n effe0t, /e, not
ter!/nated or eGp/red. If fa0t, /n t1e No Ca0se not/0e, ,r. *a8er or Nevada Le2a. Serv/0es,
or 61oever f/..ed ot t1e for!, see!s to 1ave s0rat01ed ot t1e 6ord EeGp/redE for! t1e
for!....H
(rt1er, t1e AF$@F99 E(/ve:&a5 Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner for (a/.re to Va0ate
'enta. Un/t N'S C;.$<9 DNo:Case Ter!/nat/on) and Not/0e of S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on N'S
C;.$<CE /s 0.ear.5 def/0/ent 61ere /t /s bot1 e3/vo0a. and /na00rate as to 61et1er t1e .ease /s
EeGp/redE Dsee ,'OA 9A@:9A=) as of E(ebrar5 $=t1, $;99E D61/01, a persa. of t1e .ease
a2ree!ent revea.s /s 0.ear.5 not t1e 0ase 2/ven s01 .ease prov/des /n se0t/ons $, %, and $;
t1at t1e .ease /s to be2/n on ,ar01 9, $;9; and 0ont/ne for a per/od of Enot .ess t1an 9$
!ont1sE 6/t1 se0t/on E$;. Ter!/nat/onE referen0/n2 a Edef/ned ter!/nat/on date Drefer to
Para2rap1 $)E t1at /s not present /n se0t/onFPara2rap1 $, ot1er t1an an /nd/0at/on t1ere/n t1at
t1e tenant /s rent/n2 t1e pre!/ses for Ea per/od of not .ess t1an 9$ !ont1s tenan05E. ,'OA
$<%, #$;:#%;.
Sb7e0t:!atter 7r/sd/0t/on !a5 be dependent on t1e serv/0e of a proper not/0e to 3/t,
61/01 /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5 pro0ess. Conn.\C/t5 of *r/sto. v. O0ean State
?ob Lot Stores of Conne0t/0t, In0., $=C Conn. 9, A%9 A.$d . =%@ D$;;@).
#. Land.ordHs Possessor5 'e!ed/es b. S!!ar5 Possessor5 A0t/ons D9) In Genera. Db)
Not/0e to 4/t and &e!and for Possess/on A!?r Land.ord and Tenant I =C=. 'e3/s/tesJ
sff/0/en05A not/0e t1at see8s rent /n eG0ess of t1e a!ont de /s /nva./d and 6/.. not spport
an n.a6f.:deta/ner a0t/on, Lev/t> (rn/tre Co. v. -/n2t/p Co!!n/0at/ons, In0., =# Ca..
App. Ct1 9;%<, 9;% Ca.. 'ptr. $d #<# D9st &/st. $;;9). *5 ana.o25, 61ere ,er./ssHs AF$@F99
No:Case Ter!/nat/on frad.ent.5 stated t1at t1e .ease 1ad EeGp/redE on (ebrar5 $=t1,
$;99, 61en /t /s patent.5 0.ear fro! a read/n2 of Para2rap1s $, %, and $; of t1e .ease t1at s01
/s not t1e 0ase, s01 Not/0e of AF$@F99 /s def/0/ent.
P.enar5 rev/e6 of sff/0/en05 of not/0e to 3/t
Conn.\*a5er v. S1o6!ot/on, In0., $A$ Conn. %=9, A@% A.$d 9$$A D$;;A).
T1e .and.ord !st 0o!p.5 6/t1 a.. 0ond/t/ons pre0edent to t1e !a/ntenan0e of
s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s for t1e re0over5 of possess/on of t1e pre!/ses fro! t1e tenant. In order
to br/n2 a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2, t1e .and.ord !st 0o!p.5 6/t1 a.. 0ond/t/ons pre0edent to t1e
!a/ntenan0e of a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 for t1e re0over5 of possess/on of t1e pre!/ses fro! t1e
tenant.N9O -1en re3/red b5 statteN$O or b5 a prov/s/on /n t1e .ease,N%O not/0e of an e.e0t/on
b5 t1e .and.ord to ter!/nate t1e tenan05 /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to /nst/tt/on of s!!ar5
pro0eed/n2s for possess/on of .eased propert5.NCO Ho6ever, a .and.ord ord/nar/.5 need not
ter!/nate t1e .ease as a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to br/n2/n2 an /..e2a. se ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2.N<O
A state!ent ter!/nat/n2 a .ease !a5 serve as t1e 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5 pro0ess
a0t/on on.5 /f /t sbstant/a..5 0o!p./es 6/t1 t1e for!at or sbstan0e of a stattor5 not/0e to
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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3/t.N#O . N(N9O N.,.\+58enda.. v. U./barr/, <# N.,. C%, $%A P.$d @%9 D9A<$). N.).\
Ha!pton v. S!/t1, % ,/s0. $d C#;, 9C= N.).S.$d #A@ D,n. Ct. 9A<<). S.&.\Gros> v.
Conser, @% S.&. <<%, C< N.-.$d @%C D9A<9). N(N$O N.).\,osapp v. 'edd5, 99A ,/s0. C%=,
9A@ N.).S. $$$ D,n. Ct. 9A$$). -r/tten de!and to srrender as prere3/s/te Ar/>.\A.ton v.
To6er Cap/ta. Co., In0., 9$% Ar/>. #;$, #;9 P.$d #;$ D9A@A). N(N%O N.).\+oss v. Un/ted
Stores 'ea.t5 Corp., 9C@ ,/s0. CC, $#% N.).S. C@C DApp. Ter! 9A%%). Opt/on to ter!/nate
-1ere a .ease 2/ves t1e .and.ord an opt/on to ter!/nate t1e tenan05, eGer0/se of t1e opt/on /s a
0ond/t/on . pre0edent to s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s bro21t before t1e eGp/rat/on of t1e ter! b5
.apse of t/!e. . La.\Cana. 'ea.t5 Z I!p. Co. v. Pa/.et, $9@ La. %@#, C# So. $d %;% D9A<;). .
N(NCO N.).\(.. v. &5do, =# N.).S.$d 9#; DApp. Ter! 9ACA). . Ter!/nat/on not/0e re3/red
b5 statte ,e.\Perrea.t v. Par8er, CA; A.$d $;% D,e. 9A=<). . Or.\Ost.nd v. Hendr/08s,
$=A Or. <C%, #9< P.$d %$@ D9A=;). . As to not/0e to perfor! 0ond/t/ons or 0ovenants, see I
9<C%. . N(N<O N.).\Hdsonv/e6 Co. v. ?en8/ns, 9#A ,/s0. $d %=A, #C< N.).S.$d @C9 DN.).
C/t5 C/v. Ct. 9AA#). . Not/0e re3/red on.5 for nonpa5!ent pro0eed/n2s ,ont.\'as!ssen
v. Lee, $@# ,ont. =C, A9# P.$d A= D9AA#). Not/0e to d/s0ont/ne ob7e0t/onab.e be1av/or not
re3/red N.).\EG0e. Asso0/ates v. ,ora.es, 99C ,/s0. $d $@A, C<9 N.).S.$d #$; DC/t5 Ct.
9A=$). N(N#O Conn.\-aterbr5 T6/n, LLC, v. 'ena. Treat!ent Centers:Nort1east, In0., $A$
Conn. C<A, A@C A.$d #$# D$;;A). As to 61en a not/0e to 3/t /s re3/red, I 9<CC.
a proper not/0e to 3/t /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/onN$O and, /f
defe0t/ve, depr/ves t1e 0ort of sb7e0t:!atter 7r/sd/0t/on.N% N(N$O Conn.\-aterbr5 T6/n,
LLC, v. 'ena. Treat!ent Centers:Nort1east, In0., $A$ Conn. C<A, A@C . A.$d #$# D$;;A). .
,ass.\*e01 v. Cevas, C;C ,ass. $CA, <%C N.E.$d 99#% D9A=A). N(N%O Conn.\C/t5 of
*r/sto. v. O0ean State ?ob Lot Stores of Conne0t/0t, In0., $=C Conn. 9, A%9 A.$d =%@
D$;;@).OA state!ent ter!/nat/n2 a .ease !a5 serve as t1e 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5
pro0ess a0t/on on.5 /f /t sbstant/a..5 0o!p./es 6/t1 t1e for!at or sbstan0e of a stattor5
not/0e to 3/t.Conn.\-aterbr5 T6/n, LLC, v. 'ena. Treat!ent Centers:Nort1east, In0., $A$
Conn. C<A, A@C . A.$d #$# D$;;A).
Serv/0e of Not/0e to 4/t Isse"
Co21./n preserved 1/s ar2!ent t1at serv/0e 6as not proper of t1e AF$@F99 < &a5
Not/0e /n t1at one, *a8er v/o.ated t1e r.e of 0ort1ose san0tar5 D61/01 1e essent/a..5
ad!/tted 6as /!proper to doJ ,'OA @A="%:A" EP.a/nt/ff" O8a5, t1atRs, t1atRs N9%"9AO 61at
1appened, )or Honor, 6as on Septe!ber $@t1 I 1anded one of t1ese to ,r. Co21./n at t1e
1ear/n2. -1en I 2et ba08 to t1e off/0e I t1o21t per1aps t1atRs not appropr/ate 5o better 1ave
/t served as 6e... So, 6e 1ad /t served t1/s 6e... T1e 0ort 1as t1e 0orre0t one.E ,'OA ##%)
b5 atte!pt/n2 to serve s01 to Co21./n /n 0ort /n t1e re.ated 9CA$ on AF$@F99, and t6o,
,er./ssHs pro0ess servers at Nevada Cort Serv/0esF*a8er fa/.ed to /n0.de a 0ert/f/0ate of
!a/./n2 or a 0op5 of t1e sta!ped enve.ope a..e2ed.5 t/./>ed to !a/. s01 < &a5 Not/0e of
AF$@F99 to Co21./n D61ere, not/0eab.5, s01 a p1oto0op5 of t1e sta!ped enve.ope NCS sed
for t1e =F$$F99 Not/0e 6as ad!/tted /nto ev/den0e at t1e 9;F$<F99 1ear/n2FETr/a.E). ,'OA
$;9, ,'OA @A=:@AA.
An essent/a. prere3/s/te for a s00essf. s!!ar5 pro0ess /s t1e proper de./ver5 of a
sff/0/ent not/0e as re3/red. An essent/a. prere3/s/te for s00essf. s!!ar5 pro0ess /s t1e
proper de./ver5 of a sff/0/ent not/0e to 3/t.N9O T1s, serv/0e of a not/0e to 3/t /n t1e
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pres0r/bed !anner /s, n.ess 6a/ved, a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a .and.ordHs s/t for possess/on.
N$O T1e 2overn/n2 statte !a5 prov/de spe0/f/0 pro0edres for t1e serv/0e of not/0e to 3/t,N%O
and a00ord/n2.5, serv/0e of a de!and for possess/on or not/0e to 3/t !st be !ade /n
a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e !et1od pres0r/bed b5 statte.NCO Under so!e stattes, t1e re3/re!ents
!st be str/0t.5 0o!p./ed 6/t1 /n order to enfor0e t1e ob./2at/ons /!posed b5 t1e statte.N<O
N(N9O Conn.\Z/to!er v. Pa.!er, %= Conn. Spp. %C9, CC# A.$d 9;=C DSper. Ct. Appe..ate
Sess. 9A=$). N(N$O &.C.\'sse.. v. &ept. of Hos/n2 and Urban &eve.op!ent, =%# A.$d
<@# D&.C. $;;%). N(N%O La.\Gra!!atas v. Peveto, 9$ So. $d 9C DLa. Ct. App. 9st C/r. 9AC%).
. Uta1\Os2t1orpe v. -o.f ,onta/n 'esorts, L.C., $;9; UT $A, $%$ P.%d AAA DUta1 $;9;).
. N(NCO I...\Nort1ern Trst Co. v. -atson, %9; I... App. $#%, %% N.E.$d =A@ D9st &/st. 9AC9).
. La.\Gra!!atas v. Peveto, 9$ So. $d 9C DLa. Ct. App. 9st C/r. 9AC%). . O1/o\*arr Hote.
Co. v. L.o5d ,a0+eo6n */08 Co., 9;C O1/o App. #A, C O1/o Op. $d 9<@, 9C# N.E.$d . =@A
D%d &/st. A..en Cont5 9A<@). . Serv/0e b5 !a/. -as1.\C1r/stensen v. E..s6ort1, 9#$ -as1.
$d %#<, 9@% P.%d $$= D$;;@). Serv/0e on pres/dent of 0orporat/on Ca..\(/ft1 Z *road6a5
Partners1/p v. +/!n5, In0., 9;$ Ca.. App. %d 9A<, 9#$ Ca.. 'ptr. $@9, @ A.L.'.Ct1 <=; D$d
&/st. 9A=;). Not/0e to tenantHs attorne5 sff/0/ent Ga.\Proff/tt v. Hos/n2 S5ste!s, In0., 9<C
Ga. App. 99C, $#@ S.E.$d #<; D9A=;). N(N<O Uta1\Os2t1orpe v. -o.f ,onta/n 'esorts,
L.C., $;9; UT $A, $%$ P.%d AAA DUta1 $;9;).
EA 0ontra0t /s a!b/2os 61en /t /s sb7e0t to !ore t1an one reasonab.e
/nterpretat/on.L Anv/, 9#% P.%d at C;@J see a.so S1e.ton v. S1e.ton, @= P.%d <;@, <9; DNev.
$;;%). KT1e best approa01 for /nterpret/n2 an a!b/2os 0ontra0t /s to de.ve be5ond /ts
eGpress ter!s and ]eGa!/ne t1e 0/r0!stan0es srrond/n2 t1e part/esR a2ree!ent /n order to
deter!/ne t1e tre !ta. /ntent/ons of t1e part/es.R T1/s eGa!/nat/on /n0.des not on.5 t1e
0/r0!stan0es srrond/n2 t1e 0ontra0tRs eGe0t/on, bt a.so sbse3ent a0ts and de0.arat/ons
of t1e part/es.L S1e.ton, @= P.%d at <9;.
C.ear.5, t1ere 6as at .east a!b/2/t5 as to t1e .ease a2ree!ent /nvo.ved 1ere/n,
part/0.ar.5 6/t1 respe0t to 61et1er t1e .ease 1ad EeGp/redE and to 61at de2ree, /f an5, t1e
.and.ord 1ad an5 r/21t 61atsoever to Eter!/nateE t1e .ease for an5t1/n2 ot1er t1an non:
pa5!ent of rent Da 0.ose rev/e6 of t1e re0ord, on /ts fa0e, part/0.ar.5 para2rap1s $, %, and $;
of t1e .ease /n 3est/on, at the 'ery least! /nd/0ate a 1/21 de2ree of a!b/2/t5 as to 61et1er
t1e .and.ord 1ad an5 s01 no:0ase r/21t to ter!/nate t1e .ease" D0ons/der t1e /!port of t1e
a!b/2/t5 /n1erent to t1e fo..o6/n2 para2rap1s, 0o..e0t/ve.5)" E...$. TE',S" ,ana2e!ent
does 1ereb5 rent ... for a per/od of not .ess t1an 9$ !ont1s tenan05...%. HOL&OVE'" Under
Nevada .a6 t1/s 'enta. A2ree!ent and an5 01an2es proper.5 a2reed to 6/.. re!a/n /n effe0t
on a !ont1.5 bas/s after t1e /n/t/a. ter!. A %; da5 6r/tten not/0e to va0ate !st be /ssed by
the <esident...DNOTE" t1ere /s no .an2a2e 6/t1/n Para2rap1 % to spport an5 v/e6 t1at t1e
.and.ord 1as an5 r/21t to ter!/nate t1e a2ree!ent for an5t1/n2 ot1er t1an non:pa5!ent)...$;.
TE',INATION" T1/s A2ree!ent and t1e tenan05 1ereb5 2ranted may be terminated by
either party .ithin K) !ay# o* the defined termination date Drefer to Para2rap1 $), or an5
t/!e t1ereafter...E DNOTE" t1ere /s no Edef/ned ter!/nat/on dateE to be fond /n Para2rap1 $,
t1erefore, 61/.e Para2rap1 % 0.ear.5 prov/des Et1e 'es/dentE 6/t1 a 0.ear r/21t to ter!/nate t1e
tenan05 /n t1e 1o.dover 0onteGtE, Para2rap1 $; does note 61ere /t essent/a.. /nd/0ates t1e
.and.ord 1as s01 a r/21t .ithin K) !ay# o* never 2ts the same thing as agreeing to pay
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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someone within 3- days of never Its a t1ree pa2e .ease, t1e .and.ord /s a nero.o2/st 61o
01ose to a..e2ed.5 pa5 H/.. and *a8er, B#;+ 7st to ./t/2ate t1ro21 t1e f/./n2 of t1e/r ,ot/on
for Attorne5 (ees on CF9AF9$. He /s far fro! .a08/n2 /n t1e /nte../2en0e or !eans to read a
t1ree pa2e .ease and vo/0e an5 ob7e0t/on to t1e 0ontents t1ereof. T1e 0ontents of t1e .ease
6ere a0ta..5 ./t/2ated, and t1e on.5 aspe0ts t1ere/n t1at ,er./ss a..e2ed Co21./n !ade a
0onter offer to 61/01 ,er./ss fa/.ed to not/0e 0on0erned Et1e pet r.eE, t1e E.ate feeE for
de./n3net rentE, and t1e n!ber of 1ors re3/red be 2/ven for Enot/0e of an /nspe0t/onE.)
DAdd/t/ona. a!b/2/t5 eG/sts /n t1e .ease, bt 9@;= 6as, 6ere 0onven/ent for so!e, at
.east, a !ere s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2, bt 61ere Co21./n a..e2ed reta./at/on, espe0/a..5
as to t1e n.a6f. s1toff of essent/a. serv/0es, t1e .ease be0a!e and /sses, espe0/a..5 61ere
t1e Enot pa5ab.e b5 t1e tenantE .an2a2e 0on0ern/n2 t1e t./t/es be0a!e at /sse 2/ven NV
Ener25Hs refsa. to a..o6 an5one to pa5 a b/.. n.ess t1e5 1ave persona..5 /dent/ab.e
/nfor!at/on for t1e a00ont 1o.der, 61/01, 2/ven t1e Estand/n2 orderE NV Ener25Hs Tsda,
test/f/ed to, revert/n2 t1e a00ont to ,er./ssHs na!e pon U..oa transferr/n2 serv/0e ot of 1er
na!e, s01 a00ont 6as Enot pa5ab.e b5E Co21./n, and t1erefore t1e .and.ord 6as re3/red
to !a/nta/n s01 serv/0e, and t1e /nterpt/on of s01 on t1e ver5 da5 Co21./nHs TenantHs
Ans6er 6as de or 0.ose t1ereto, spea8s vo.!es as to t1e reta./ator5 an/!s 1ere...frt1er,
t1e .ands0apers 61o! destro5ed Co21./nHs propert5 and da!a2ed 1/s bs/ness 6ere Ea2entsE
of ,er./ss and 61et1er, t1erefore, ,er./ss 6as respons/b.e for s01 da!a2es prsant to
se0t/ons $% and $= of t1e .ease Dnot to !ent/on ,er./ssHs 3/08.5 reta./at/n2 a2a/nst Co21./nHs
so po/nt/n2 t1at ot /n 1/s A2st $;99 e!a/. to ,er./ss).
,'OA <<A, <#9, Co21./n Etrans0ended 1/s p.ead/n2sE !ore t1an 6e.. eno21 to
!a8e d/spted Ea 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE Dand ?d2e Sferra>>a r.ed t1at t1e /ns.at/on
!o.d /sse 6as E0.ear.5E a E1ab/tab/./t5E /sseE)...EDno%ious weed ordinance! insulation
requiremeents! porch landing safety issues). Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code $;;# as adopted
b5 C/t5 of 'eno C1arterE!
,'OA <C@, Co21./n 0.ear.5 !ade 1/s N'S 99=A.<9;Db) ar2!ent 6/t1 respe0t to
0o!p.a/nt Eto t1e .and.ordE ,er./ss, abot a v/o.at/on of a E1os/n2 0ode, a 1ea.t1 0odeE DEA
.and.ord !a5 not ev/0t a tenant /n reta./at/on for t1e tenant !a8/n2 a 2ood fa/t1 0o!p.a/nt
abot t1e v/o.at/on of a 1os/n2 0ode, a 1ea.t1 0ode, a 0r/!/na. .a6, or t1e (a/r Hos/n2 A0t
to e/t1er a 2overn!enta. a2en05, t1e .and.ord or .a6 enfor0e!ent or 1as sed t1e .and.ord for
s01 v/o.at/on. N'S 99=a.<9;...E. (rt1er, N'S 99=A.<9; 0overs Ea v/o.at/on of t1/s
C1apterE, 61/01 6o.d /n0.ded N'S 99=A.%%<, 61/01 !a5 be read to 2o /n ./ne 6/t1
Co21./nHs d/s0r/!/nat/on 0o!p.a/nts. E'eno C/t5 C1arter referen0e\ At1or/t5 to adopt
n/for! 0odes, I $.99;. Se0. 9C.;C.9;;. : Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code....n/for! 0odes,
N'S $#=,;9$J 0/t5 b/.d/n2 0odes, N'S $#=.C9%, $@=.<=; DnoG/os 6eed ord/nan0e,
/ns.at/on re3/re!eents, por01 .and/n2 safet5 /sses). Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code $;;# as
adopted b5 C/t5 of 'eno C1arter 6/t1 $;99 6eed 1e/21t a!end!ent" K%;$.C -eeds. A..
pre!/ses and eGter/or propert5 s1a.. be !a/nta/ned free fro! 6eeds or p.ant 2ro6t1 /n eG0ess
ofL = /n01es /n 1e/21t. A.. noG/os 6eeds s1a.. be pro1/b/ted. -eeds s1a.. be def/ned as a..
2rasses, anna. p.ants, and ve2etat/on, ot1er t1an trees or s1rbs prov/ded,J 1o6ever, t1/s ter!
s1a.. not /n0.de 0.t/vated f.o6ers and 2ardens. Ins.at/on !o.d" a. T1e !/n/!! ':va.e
for 0e/./n2s /s frt1er based on a !/n/!! #:/n01 D9<9 !!) 1ee. 1e/21t to a..o6 t1e 0e/./n2
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/ns.at/on to eGtend over t1e top p.ate. b. T1e !/n/!! ':va.e for base!ent 6a.. to be
app./ed at t1e t/!e of f/n/s1/n2 t1e base!ent. 0. ':va.es are !/n/!!s. U:fa0tors and SHGC
are !aG/!!s. ':9A /ns.at/on s1a.. be per!/tted to be 0o!pressed /nto a $ ^ # 0av/t5. d. T1e
fenestrat/on U:fa0tor 0o.!n eG0.des s85./21ts. T1e so.ar 1eat 2a/n 0oeff/0/ent DSHGC)
0o.!nE D,'OA <C=).
C.ear.5, Co2.1/n !ade n!eros 0o!p.a/nts to t1e .and.ord nder N'S 99=A.<9;
t1at 0on0erned Ea v/o.at/on ofE N'S 99=A, /n0.d/n2 se0t/on 99=A.$A;. T1e 0o!p.a/nts 6/t1
respe0t to t1e to/.etHs bro8en 6aG r/n2 and poo./n2 r/ne s.de bet6een (ebrar5 $;99 to
,ar01 $;99 are 6/t1/n t1e # !ont1 t/!e fra!e t1at so!e states app.5 /n so!e !anner as
0reat/n2 a pres!pt/on of reta./at/on. Ho6ever, /t /s pon rev/e6/n2 t1e e!a/. of #"C% p! of
=F99F99 b5 Co21./n and t1e reta./ator5 0ond0t 7st a s0ant t1ree and 1a.f 1ors .ater b5
,er./ss t1at t1e te!pora. 0onne0t/on bet6een Co21./nHs en2a2/n2 /n prote0ted 0ond0t DN'S
99=A.<9;Db)) /s !et 6/t1 reta./ator5 0ond0t b5 ,er./ss. To 6/t"
,'OA PPE E'e" stats...=F99F99 Za01 Co21./n To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" T1 @A((A(( BC?3 PM To" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!)......no one ha# "o/en#ate! /e *or the !a/age !one to /y roerty
0y the lan!#"aing "re.. The damage and labor required to repaie it was at least '(!---.
,s. S1arpe ad!/tted t1e 0re6. +ne6 of t1e eG/sten0e of an5 /sses re.ated to .t1e weed
pulling pr/or to sb!/tt/n2 a b/d, t1en they ut /y "are*ully in#talle! rorty in the #treet
an! re*u#e! to ut it 0a"8. I #ugge#te! to you in .riting that you not ay the/ till /y
!a/age# .ere a!re##e!.....rote you a0out the *allen insulation in the !o.n#tair# an! the
eGposed !o.d bot1 /n t1e f.oor board and t1e /ns.at/on. 6ou ne-er re#on!e!. Plea#e !o.E
T1e above 0orresponden0e re/terates Co21./nHs N'S 99=A.$A; 1ab/tab/./t5
0o!p.a/nts as t1e5 re.ate to t1e 6eeds D61/01, 0ontrar5 to ?d2e Sferra>>aHs f/nd/n2,
abso.te.5 /nvo.ved N'S 99=A.$A; /n ./21t of N'S 99=A.;<;Hs def/n/t/on of s01 0odeHs, and
t1e C/t5 of 'enoHs adopt/on of t1e Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code, part/0.ar.5 61ere t1e
se0t/ons Co21./n !ade 0o!p.a/nts 6/t1 respe0t to 0on0ern" the health$ #a*ety$ #anitation or
fitness for habitation!2! bt, on top of t1at, a.so re.ate to t1e eGtent to 61/01 t1e Ed6e../n2
n/tE port/on of t1e pre!/ses Esbstant/a..5 .a08edE t1at 61/01 /s set ot nder NRS
BB+A.;3)AaGCAhG
///
" see ,'OA #@% to #=C Dp1oto2rap1s trans0end/n2 t1e p.ead/n2s) and #A%
to @;@ De!a/.s bet6een t1e tenant and .and.ord and .and.ordHs attorne5Hs 2o/n2 6a5 be5ond a
s0/nt/..a)"
Da)"0ra08ed front 6/ndo6, and /ns.at/on /ssesJ ,'OA %%, %A:C;, <C, <@, #@, 9@$, et0...
Db) P.!b/n2 fa0/./t/es" bro8en 6aG r/n2 on to/.et 0as/n2 poo./n2 r/ne s.de be1/nd to/.et,
,'OA $;A
D0) A 6ater spp.5 approved nder app./0ab.e .a6, 61/01 /s" D$) (rn/s1ed to appropr/ate
f/GtresJ and D%) Conne0ted to a se6a2e d/sposa. s5ste! approved nder app./0ab.e .a6 and
!a/nta/ned /n 2ood 6or8/n2 order...,'OA $;A, %@<,
Dd) Ade3ate 1eat/n2 fa0/./t/es...D/ns.at/on /sses)
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De) E.e0tr/0a. ./21t/n2, ot.ets, 6/r/n2 and e.e0tr/0a. e3/p!ent...dan2./n2Ffa../n2 ./21t
f/Gtre /n off/0e" ,'OA %@<
Df) ...T1e .and.ord s1a.. arran2e for t1e re!ova. of 2arba2e and rbb/s1 fro! t1e
pre!/ses...Dar2ab.5 t1e .ands0apers tear/n2 p Co21./nsH faG 2rass /nsta..at/on and .eav/n2
/t stre6n abot t1e propert5, s/de6a.8s, and srrond/n2 streets 3a./f/esJ ,'OA %A, <C, 9C%,
9@%, $;= 9$;9)
D2) */.d/n2, 2ronds, apprtenan0es and a.. ot1er areas nder t1e .and.ordRs 0ontro. at t1e
t/!e of t1e 0o!!en0e!ent of t1e tenan05 /n ever5 part 0.ean, san/tar5 and reasonab.5 free
fro! a.. a00!.at/ons of debr/s, f/.t1, rbb/s1, 2arba2e, rodents, /nse0ts and ver!/n.
Dar2ab.5 t1e .ands0apers tear/n2 p Co21./nsH faG 2rass /nsta..at/on and .eav/n2 /t stre6n
abot t1e propert5, s/de6a.8s, and srrond/n2 streets 3a./f/esJ ,'OA %A, <C, 9C%, 9@%, $;=
9$;9)
D1) (.oors, 6a..s, 0e/./n2s, sta/r6a5s and ra/./n2s !a/nta/ned /n 2ood repa/r." Co21./n
0o!p.a/nt to t1e .and.ord on n!eros o00as/ons re2ard/n2 t1e !o.d /n t1e 0e/./n2 and f.oor,
and t1e 0r!b./n2 steps /n t1e front and ba08 of t1e pre!/ses" ,'OA C;, <C, 9;$, 9C%, 9@$,
9@@, $;@, %;@, %99, %9$, %$$, <$@, <C#.
N'S 99=A.;<;" EKDuilding! housing and health codesL def/ned. K*/.d/n2, 1os/n2
and 1ea.t1 0odesL /n0.de an5 law! ordinance or go'ernmental regulation 0on0ern/n2"
9. Hea.t1, safet5, san/tat/on or fitness for habitationJ or
$. T1e 0onstr0t/on, !a/ntenan0e, operat/on, o00pan05, se or appearan0e, of any
premises or !.elling unit.E
N'S 99=A.$A; Eabitability of d6e../n2 n/t.
9. T1e .and.ord s1a.. at a.. t/!es dr/n2 t1e tenan05 !a/nta/n t1e d6e../n2 n/t /n a
1ab/tab.e 0ond/t/on. A !.elling unit i# not ha0ita0le i* it -iolate# ro-i#ion# o* hou#ing or
health "o!e# "on"erning the health$ #a*ety$ #anitation or fitness for habitation o* the
!.elling unit or /f /t #u0#tantially la"8#"
Df) ...T1e .and.ord s1a.. arran2e for t1e removal of garbage and rubbish from the
premises n.ess t1e part/es b5 6r/tten a2ree!ent prov/de ot1er6/se.
D2) */.d/n2, 2ronds, apprtenan0es and a.. ot1er areas nder t1e .and.ordRs 0ontro. at t1e
t/!e of t1e 0o!!en0e!ent of t1e tenan05 /n ever5 part 0.ean, san/tar5 and reasonab.5 free
fro! a.. a00!.at/ons of debr/s, f/.t1, rbb/s1, 2arba2e, rodents, /nse0ts and ver!/n.
D1) (.oors, 6a..s, 0e/./n2s, sta/r6a5s and ra/./n2s !a/nta/ned /n 2ood repa/r.E
,'OA 9$9;:9$9<"
EA.. I need do at Etr/a.E /n t1/s s!!ar5 pro0eed/2n 6as s1o6 a .e2a. defense nder a pr/!a
fa0/e s!!ar5 7d2!ent standard. T1at re3/res t1e ?d2e to ass!e a.. !5 assert/ons are
tre, and /f ass!ed tre, 61et1er t1e5 0o.d reasonab.5 prov/de a defense. C.ear.5 t1e5 do.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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So!e 8/nd of proof be5ond a reasonab.e dobt standard 6as /!per!/ss/b.5 app./ed to
ever5t1/n2 I asserted...N'S 99=A.$A; Hab/tab/./t5 of d6e../n2 n/t. 9. T1e .and.ord s1a.. at
a.. t/!es dr/n2 t1e tenan05 !a/nta/n t1e d6e../n2 n/t /n a 1ab/tab.e 0ond/t/on. A d6e../n2
n/t /s not 1ab/tab.e /f /t v/o.ates prov/s/ons of 1os/n2 or 1ea.t1 0odes 0on0ern/n2 t1e 1ea.t1,
safet5, san/tat/on or f/tness for 1ab/tat/on of t1e d6e../n2 n/t or /f /t sbstant/a..5 .a08s" Da)
Effe0t/ve 6aterproof/n2 and 6eat1er prote0t/on of t1e roof and eGter/or 6a..s, /n0.d/n2
6/ndo6s and doors. 5ep, 0o!p.a/ned abot and prov/ded H& p/0tres of 2nar.5 0ra08ed
eGposed 6/ndo6s pa/ne 0a.8ed /n 8n/ves of 2.ass st/08/n2 ot safet5 1a>ard, po/nted to 'eno
,n/0/pa. Code, 61/01 adopts t1e Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. 0ode, part/0.ar prov/s/ons 0/ted
to /n t1e re0ord. Add/t/ona..5, t1e !o.d5 /ns.at/on prob.e!s and ev/den0e app.5 to t1/s
se0t/on, as de t1e Db) P.!b/n2 fa0/./t/es 61/01 0onfor!ed to app./0ab.e .a6 61en /nsta..ed
and 61/01 are !a/nta/ned /n 2ood 6or8/n2 order. 5ep, r/ne s.d2e to/.et d/saster area ,er./ss
0o.dnHt be bot1ered 6/t1 app./es 1ere, 6r/tten ev/den0e 6as prov/ded at tr/a. and test/o!on5
on d/re0t and 0ross eGa!/nat/on pt /nto ev/den0e as 6e.. D0) A 6ater spp.5 approved nder
app./0ab.e .a6, 61/01 /s" D9) Under t1e 0ontro. of t1e tenant or .and.ord and /s 0apab.e of
prod0/n2 1ot and 0o.d rnn/n2 6aterJ D$) (rn/s1ed to appropr/ate f/GtresJ and D%)
Conne0ted to a se6a2e d/sposa. s5ste! approved nder app./0ab.e .a6 and !a/nta/ned /n
2ood 6or8/n2 order to t1e eGtent t1at t1e s5ste! 0an be 0ontro..ed b5 t1e .and.ord. Dd)
Ade3ate 1eat/n2 fa0/./t/es 61/01 0onfor!ed to app./0ab.e .a6 61en /nsta..ed and are
!a/nta/ned /n 2ood 6or8/n2 order. De) E.e0tr/0a. ./21t/n2, ot.ets, 6/r/n2 and e.e0tr/0a.
e3/p!ent 61/01 0onfor!ed to app./0ab.e .a6 61en /nsta..ed and are !a/nta/ned /n 2ood
6or8/n2 order. 5ep, prov/ded not/0e of t1e e.e0tr/0a. /sses, .a08 of ot.ets per 6a..s, fa..en
over1ead 0e/./n2 ./21t f/Gtre, p/0tres of, et0.test/!on5 on d/re0t and 0ross eGa!/nat/on at
Etr/a.E 6as /ntrod0ed /nto ev/den0e. Df) An ade3ate n!ber of appropr/ate re0epta0.es for
2arba2e and rbb/s1 /n 0.ean 0ond/t/on and 2ood repa/r at t1e 0o!!en0e!ent of t1e tenan05.
T1e .and.ord s1a.. arran2e for t1e re!ova. of 2arba2e and rbb/s1 fro! t1e pre!/ses n.ess
t1e part/es b5 6r/tten a2ree!ent prov/de ot1er6/se. Green A0t/on La6n Serv/0es a0t/ons /n
destro5/n2 propert5 and .eav/n2 /t stre6n abot br/n2 t1/s se0t/on /nto p.a5 /nto p.a5. ,ed/a
ev/den0e and test/!on5 and 6r/tten do0!ent/on /ntrod0ed /n ev/den0e at tr/a. /s 1ere/n
/n0orporated. D2) */.d/n2, 2ronds, apprtenan0es and a.. ot1er areas nder t1e .and.ordHs
0ontro. at t1e t/!e of t1e 0o!!en0e!ent of t1e tenan05 /n ever5 part 0.ean, san/tar5 and
reasonab.5 free fro! a.. a00!.at/ons of debr/s, f/.t1, rbb/s1, 2arba2e, rodents, /nse0ts and
ver!/n. 5ep 0onvers/on t1eft destr0t/on of 2reen 6oo.en 0arpet faG .a6n Green A0t/on
La6n Serv/0es a0t/ons /n destro5/n2 propert5 and .eav/n2 /t stre6n abot br/n2 t1/s se0t/on
/nto p.a5. ,ed/a ev/den0e and test/!on5 and 6r/tten do0!ent/on /ntrod0ed /n ev/den0e at
tr/a. /s 1ere/n /n0orporated. D1) (.oors, 6a..s, 0e/./n2s, sta/r6a5s and ra/./n2s !a/nta/ned /n
2ood repa/r. 5ep, 0o!p.a/ned of and prov/ded p/0tres of f.oor /n front of front door Drotted
de08, pee.ed 2r/p str/ps), and 0r!b./n2 sta/rs .ead/n2 to front door entran0e add/t/ona..5, t1e
!o.d5 /ns.at/on f/ts 6/t1/n t1/s se0t/on, 6r/tten not/0e ,a5 9C, $;99, H& p/0tres prov/ded
to ,er./ss D/) Vent/.at/n2, a/r:0ond/t/on/n2 and ot1er fa0/./t/es and app./an0es, /n0.d/n2
e.evators, !a/nta/ned /n 2ood repa/r /f spp./ed or re3/red to be spp./ed b5 t1e .and.ord.
!o.d5 /ns.at/on !a5 0o!e nder t1/s se0t/on, too, 0ons/der/n2 t1e resp/rator5 prob.e!s
/n0/dent to !o.d spores A.so 6r/tten 0o!p.a/nt of a ba08 door .o08 6as /ntrod0ed /nto
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ev/den0e at tr/a. and 6/t1/n p.ead/n2s on f/.e. $. T1e .and.ord and tenant !a5 a2ree t1at t1e
tenant /s to perfor! spe0/f/ed repa/rs, !a/ntenan0e tas8s and !/nor re!ode./n2 on.5 /f" Da)
T1e a2ree!ent of t1e part/es /s entered /nto /n 2ood fa/t1J and Db) T1e a2ree!ent does not
d/!/n/s1 t1e ob./2at/ons of t1e .and.ord to ot1er tenants /n t1e pre!/ses. )ep, .and.ord
6e.01ed on t1e a2ree!ents t1o21 t1en retroa0t/ve.5 tr/ed to app.5 a.. t1ese do0!entat/on
re3/re!ents and ot1er reta./ator5 atte!pts to 6ease. 1/s 6a5 ot of t1e dea.s p.ead/n2s on
f/.e test/on5 at tr/a. /ntrod0ed /nto ev/den0e /n0orporated 1erer/n. %. An a2ree!ent prsant
to sbse0t/on $ /s not entered /nto /n 2ood fa/t1 /f t1e .and.ord 1as a dt5 nder sbse0t/on 9
to perfor! t1e spe0/f/ed repa/rs, !a/ntenan0e tas8s or !/nor re!ode./n2 and t1e tenant enters
/nto t1e a2ree!ent be0ase t1e .and.ord or 1/s or 1er a2ent 1as refsed to perfor! t1e!. t1/s
!a5 be app./0ab.e too_ a.. ev/den0e /ntrod0ed /n p.ead/n2s or at tr/a. /n0orporated 1ere/n, t1/s
/n0.des p1otos, e!a/.s, and test/!on5 at tr/a. DAdded to N'S b5 9A@@, 9%%#J A 9AAA, 9$$AJ
$;;@, 9$=C) N'S 99=A.<9; 'eta./ator5 0ond0t b5 .and.ord a2a/nst tenant pro1/b/tedJ
re!ed/esJ eG0ept/ons. D,'OA 9$9%) 9. EG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n sbse0t/on %, t1e
.and.ord !a5 not, /n reta./at/on, ter!/nate a tenan05, refse to rene6 a tenan05, /n0rease rent
or de0rease essent/a. serv/0es re3/red b5 t1e renta. a2ree!ent or t1/s 01apter, or br/n2 or
t1reaten to br/n2 an a0t/on for possess/on /f" Da) T1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 of a
v/o.at/on of a b/.d/n2, 1os/n2 or 1ea.t1 0ode app./0ab.e to t1e pre!/ses and affe0t/n2 1ea.t1
or safet5 to a 2overn!enta. a2en05 01ar2ed 6/t1 t1e respons/b/./t5 for t1e enfor0e!ent of t1at
0odeJ 0o!p.a/ned of EnoG/os 6eed ord/nan0eE and /nd/0ated t1at tenants see!s to re!e!ber
0a../n2 'eno &/re0t abot /t....pr/!a fa0/e s1o6/n2, !st ass!e assert/ons to be tre, not
!a8e r./n2 on 61et1er or not t1e5 are....vo/d 7d2!ent, !a5 1ave 0onta0ted .e2a. a/d
attorne5 abot t1e !atter Db) T1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 to t1e .and.ord or a .a6
enfor0e!ent a2en05 of a v/o.at/on of t1/s 01apter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a
0r/!/na. pena.t5J 5ep, .ots of v/o.at/ons ev/n0ed /n e!a/. 0orresponden0es to .and.ord, to/.et,
6/ndo6, sta/rs, de08 f.oor, ba08 sta/rs, pat/o f.oor /n ba08, 0e/./n2 ./21t, d/sposa., !o.d5
/ns.at/on, bro8en s.at of 6ood on ba08 de08, tes/!on5 on d/re0t and 0ross at tr/a., p.ead/n2s
on f/.e /n0orporated b5 referen0e 1ere/n. D0) T1e tenant 1as or2an/>ed or be0o!e a !e!ber of
a tenantRs n/on or s/!/.ar or2an/>at/onJ ,'OA 9$9C). Dd) A 0/tat/on 1as been /ssed
res.t/n2 fro! a 0o!p.a/nt des0r/bed /n para2rap1 Da)J De) T1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or
defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant
ra/sed an /sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s 01apter respe0t/n2 t1e 1ab/tab/./t5
of d6e../n2 n/tsJ 6e.., t1/s 6/.. be /nterest/n2, no6, do 5o re0a.. 61et1er I f/.ed or ar2ed
at1or/t5 to spport t1e 0ontent/on t1at E/nst/ttedE and or Earb/tratedE f/t n/0e.5 6/t1 t1e fa0ts
/n t1e present 0aseP C1e08 5or re0ords. )or 25 bot1 bro21t and t1reatened to br/n2 an
a0t/on a2a/nst !e, I defended a2a/nst t1at t1reat and /nst/tted !5 o6n b5 send/n2 a ./t/2at/on
de!and .etter to 1/!... Df) T1e tenant 1as fa/.ed or refsed to 2/ve 6r/tten 0onsent to a
re2.at/on adopted b5 t1e .and.ord, after t1e tenant enters /nto t1e renta. a2ree!ent, 61/01
re3/res t1e .and.ord to 6a/t nt/. t1e appropr/ate t/!e 1as e.apsed before /t /s enfor0eab.e
a2a/nst t1e tenantJ or I refsed to 0onsent to a n/.atera. 01an2ed /n t1e C= 1ors 6r/tten
not/0e re3/re!ent pr/or to /nspe0t/on so21t b5 ,er./ss. D2) T1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/ned /n
2ood fa/t1 to t1e .and.ord, a 2overn!ent a2en05, an attorne5, a fa/r 1os/n2 a2en05 or an5
ot1er appropr/ate bod5 of a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=.;9; to 99=.9$;, /n0.s/ve, or t1e (a/r
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Hos/n2 A0t of 9A#=, C$ U.S.C. II %#;9 et se3., or 1as ot1er6/se eGer0/sed r/21ts 61/01 are
2aranteed or prote0ted nder t1ose .a6s. 5ep, I 0o!p.a/ned /n 6r/t/n2 to ,er./ss, t1e *ever.5
H/..s H/21 S01oo. Nerosr2eon .and.ord abot 1/s d/s0r/!/nat/n2 a2a/nst !e for be/n2
ent/t.ed and 1/s 0.ear pattern and pra0t/0e of preferr/n2 do0/.e H/span/0 tenants and 6or8ers.
do0!entar5 ev/den0e and test/o!on5 /ntrod0ed at tr/a. and /n t1e p.ead/n2s on f/.e /n t1/s
and t1e asso0/ated 'EV$;99:;;9CA$ are /n0orporated 1ere/n b5 referen0e. (rt1er, ?d2e
Sferra>>a 0.ear.5 !ade t1e /!per!/ss/b.e and /na00rate state!ent t1at t1e d/s0r/!/nat/on
.a6s, s01 as (a/r Hos/n2 v/o.at/ons, do not app.5 to !e be0ae I a! a E61/te !a.eE.
C.ear.5, t1e do, as t1e5 .a6s are re3/red to be app./ed /n a Efa0/a..5 netra.E !anner b5,
a!on2st ot1er at1or/t5, t1e E3a. Prote0t/on C.ase of t1e (orteent1 A!end!ent to t1e
Un/ted States Cons/tt/on. $. If t1e .and.ord v/o.ates an5 prov/s/on of sbse0t/on 9, t1e tenant
/s ent/t.ed to t1e re!ed/es prov/ded /n N'S 99=A.%A; and 1as a defense /n an5 reta./ator5
a0t/on b5 t1e .and.ord for possess/on....E D,'OA 9$9<).
,'OA 9$;A Co2./nHs ,Ot/on to Cont/ne /n Possess/on /!p./0at/n2 t1e d/sab/./t5
prov/s/on /n N'S C;.$<9DC).
A .and.ord !a5 not ev/0t a tenant /n reta./at/on for t1e tenant !a8/n2 a 2ood fa/t1 0o!p.a/nt
abot t1e v/o.at/on of a 1os/n2 0ode, a 1ea.t1 0ode, a 0r/!/na. .a6, or t1e (a/r Hos/n2 A0t
to e/t1er a 2overn!enta. a2en05, t1e .and.ord or .a6 enfor0e!ent or 1as sed t1e .and.ord for
s01 v/o.at/on. N'S 99=a.<9;" 'eta./ator5 Cond0t pro1/b/ted" Co!p.a/nts reta./ated a2a/nst
for" N'S 99=A.%%< Land.ord pro1/b/ted fro! e!p.o5/n2 0erta/n persons 6/t1ot 6or8 0ard
nder 0erta/n 0/r0!stan0esJ re3/re!ents 2overn/n2 /ssan0e and rene6a. of 6or8 0ardJ
eG0ept/ons. NoG/os 6eed ord/nan0e" 'eno C/t5 C1arter referen0e\ At1or/t5 to adopt
n/for! 0odes, I $.99;. Se0. 9C.;C.9;;. : Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code. T1e $;;#...D,'OA
<C@) Ed/t/on of t1e Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code /n0.d/n2 Append/G C1apters G and H
Cop5r/21t $;;# b5 t1e Internat/ona. Code Con0/. !ar8ed as EEG1/b/t CEJ to2et1er 6/t1 s01
01an2es to t1e 'es/dent/a. Code, as are ne0essar5 to !a8e t1e sa!e app./0ab.e to t1e
0ond/t/ons /n t1e 0/t5 61/01 are !ar8ed EEG1/b/t *EJ a.. of 61/01 /s adopted b5 referen0e and
/n0orporated 1ere/n and !ade a part 1ereof as /f set fort1 /n f... DOrd. No. #;A$, I %, $:99:;A)
D9;A) State La6 referen0e\ At1or/t5 to adopt n/for! 0odes, N'S $#=,;9$J 0/t5 b/.d/n2
0odes, N'S $#=.C9%, $@=.<=; DnoG/os 6eed ord/nan0e, /ns.at/on re3/re!eents, por01
.and/n2 safet5 /sses). Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code $;;# as adopted b5 C/t5 of 'eno
C1arter 6/t1 $;99 6eed 1e/21t a!end!ent" K%;$.C -eeds. A.. pre!/ses and eGter/or propert5
s1a.. be !a/nta/ned free fro! 6eeds or p.ant 2ro6t1 /n eG0ess ofL = /n01es /n 1e/21t. A..
noG/os 6eeds s1a.. be pro1/b/ted. -eeds s1a.. be def/ned as a.. 2rasses, anna. p.ants, and
ve2etat/on, ot1er t1an trees or s1rbs prov/ded,J 1o6ever, t1/s ter! s1a.. not /n0.de
0.t/vated f.o6ers and 2ardens. Ins.at/on !o.d" a. T1e !/n/!! ':va.e for 0e/./n2s /s
frt1er based on a !/n/!! #:/n01 D9<9 !!) 1ee. 1e/21t to a..o6 t1e 0e/./n2 /ns.at/on to
eGtend over t1e top p.ate. b. T1e !/n/!! ':va.e for base!ent 6a.. to be app./ed at t1e
t/!e of f/n/s1/n2 t1e base!ent. 0. ':va.es are !/n/!!s. U:fa0tors and SHGC are
!aG/!!s. ':9A /ns.at/on s1a.. be per!/tted to be 0o!pressed /nto a $ ^ # 0av/t5. d. T1e
fenestrat/on U:fa0tor 0o.!n eG0.des s85./21ts. T1e so.ar 1eat 2a/n 0oeff/0/ent DSHGC)
- CCF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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0o.!n D,'OA <C=)...app./es to a.. 2.a>ed fenestrat/on. e. ':< s1a.. be added to t1e re3/red
s.ab ed2e 'va.es for 1eated s.abs. (or SI" 9 *tF1r D1r:feet$`() a <.#= -F!eters$ +J one
D1rfoot$` ()F*t a ;.9@# !eters$ +F- EG0ept/on" 4a./f5/n2 b/.d/n2s 61/01 1ave /nsta..ed
t1ere/n e/t1er a 1/21:eff/0/en05 2as frna0e 1av/n2 a !/n/!! A; A(UE rat/n2, or 1/21:
eff/0/en05 1eat p!ps 1av/n2 a !/n/!! =.; HSP( and 9% SEE', s1a.. be per!/tted to app.5
t1e 1/21 eff/0/ent trade:off ./sted be.o6 for eGter/or above 2rade 6a..s, base!ent 6a..s, s.ab
per/!eter /ns.at/on, and 0ra6. spa0e 6a..s. A.. ot1er fa0tors re!a/n t1e sa!e" D,'OA <CA).
Co2./nHs 9;F$<F99 ,ot/on for S!!ar5 ?d2e!entFTr/a. Stat!ent !ade 0.ear t1e
eGtent to 61/01 bot1 t1e !o.d and /ns.at/on /sses /!p./0ated N'S 99=A.$A; 1ab/tab/./t5.
,'OA <<<" E$. 'eno C/t5 C1arter referen0eJ 'eno ,n/0/pa. Code D$; pa20s): At1or/t5 to
adopt n/fonn 0odes, I $.99;. Se0. 9C.;C.9;;. : Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code. T1e $;;#
Ed/t/on of t1e Internat/ona. 'es/dent/a. Code /n0.d/n2 Append/G C1apters G and H
Cop5r/21t $;;# b5 t1e Internat/ona. Code Con0/. !ar8ed as EEG1/b/t CEJ to2et1er 6/t1 s01
01an2es to t1e 'es/dent/a. Code, as are ne0essar5 to !a8e t1e sa!e app./0ab.e to t1e
0ond/t/ons /n t1e 0/t5 61/01 are !ar8ed EEG1/b/t *EJ a.. of 61/01 /s adopted b5 referen0e and
/n0orporated 1ere/n and !ade a part 1ereof as /f set fort1 /n f... DOrd. No. #;A$, I %, $:99:
;A)E
See, a.so, ,'OA <<A, 61ere Co21./n atta01ed t1e app./0ab.e prov/s/ons of t1e 'eno
,n/0/pa. Code
(rt1er, .eav/n2 t1e faG 2rass /nsta..at/on stre6n abot t1e propert5, s/de6a.8, and
street /!p./0ated t1e pro1/t/bat/on a2a/nst Edebr/sE /n .$A;.
(or so!e reason ?d2e Sferra>>a 0ont/na..5 see!ed rea..5, rea..5 na6are of N'S
99=A.<9;Db)Hs f/rst pron2" EDb) T1e tenant has complained in goo! *aith to the landlord or a
la. en*or"e/ent agen"y o* a violation of this chapter ...E, bt Co21./n 0.ear.5 p.ed s01 a
defense, and 1/s e!a/.s to ,er./ss, and t1e !ater/a.s 1e sb!/tted de!onstrat/n2 t1at t1ere are
/ndeed
(ro! t1e fa0e of t1e re0ord, /t 6as on.5 pon Co2./n send/n2 ,er./ss an e!a/. at #"C%
p! on =F99F99 !a8/n2 0o!p.a/nts t1at /n0.d/n2 t1ose 0over/n2 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses prsant to
N'S 99=A.$A;, and /nd/0at/n2 t1e rent ded0t/ons nder N'S 99=A.%#; prsant to
Co21./nHs 0orresponden0es 6/t1 ,er./ss Don top of t1at 61/01 /s not ne0essar/.5 a N'S
99=A.%#; rent ded0t/on s/tat/on, bt !ere.5 Co21./n approa01/n2 t1e reso.t/on of 1/s
1ab/tab/./t5 0o!p.a/ns v/a t1e !e01an/s!s ,er./ss a2reed to /n 6r/t/n2, /e E2et t6o est/!ates
and p/08 t1e 01eapest one, ded0t /t fro! t1e rentE...), ,er./ss t1en en2a2ed /n per se
reta./at/on per N'S 99=A.<9; b5 Et1reat/n2 to br/n2E an Ea0t/on for possess/onE /!!ed/ate.5
after Co21./n asserted 1/s r/21ts nder t1e var/os se0t/ons of N'S 99=A DN'S 99=A.$A;,
99=A.%#;, N'S 99=A.<9;Db),De),Df),D2) )
,'OA PPE E'e" stats...=F99F99 Za01 Co21./n To ,att ,er./ss (ro!" ZC
D>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!) Sent" T1 @A((A(( BC?3 PM To" ,att ,er./ss
D!a2ndaVao..0o!)......no one ha# "o/en#ate! /e *or the !a/age !one to /y roerty
0y the lan!#"aing "re.. The !a/age an! la0or re7uire! to reaie it .a# at lea#t HB$))).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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,s. S1arpe ad!/tted t1e 0re6. +ne6 of t1e eG/sten0e of an5 /sses re.ated to .t1e weed
pulling pr/or to sb!/tt/n2 a b/d, t1en they ut /y "are*ully in#talle! rorty in the #treet
an! re*u#e! to ut it 0a"8. I #ugge#te! to you in .riting that you not ay the/ till /y
!a/age# .ere a!re##e!.....rote you a0out the *allen insulation in the !o.n#tair# an! the
eGposed !o.d bot1 /n t1e f.oor board and t1e /ns.at/on. 6ou ne-er re#on!e!. Plea#e !o.E
Co.2
,'OA PP" E...To >a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o!, !e./ssa.....oaV2!a/..0o! (ro!"
,att ,er./ss D!a2ndaVao..0o!) Sent" T1 =F99F99 (-C-B PM To"
>a010o21./nV1ot!a/..0o! ...aying your rent !oe# not !een! on the allege!
!a/age you #u#taine! a# thi# i# an in#uran"e i##ue an! i# not ger/ane.P.ease 8eep open
0o!!n/0at/on 6/t1 !e an! allo. .or8er# an! !arlene to enter the hou#e , /f
0o!!n/0at/on fa..s apart, i* i !on%t re"ei-e a "he"8 in a ti/ely *a#hion or i* !arlene or
.or8er# are not allo.e! to enter.../H! afra/d / 6/.....pursue legal recourse...E
(rt1er a!b/2/t5 /n t1e .ease re.ates to Para2rap1 $$ t1ere/n, as to 61et1er Co21./n
or ,er./ss 6as to be respons/b.e for Eta8/n2 0are of t1e 6eedsE. -1ereas t1e .ease !ent/ons
on.5 t1e E.a6n and srrond 2rondsE, ,er./ss 1/!se.f apparent.5 fe.t s01 .an2a2e
sff/0/ent.5 a!b/2os as to t1e Ed/rt 5ardE as to assent to a B%<; rent ded0t/on on ,a5 9@t1,
$;99 /n eG01an2e for Co21./n Eta8/n2 0are of t1e 6eedsE. Ho6ever, on ,a5 $%rd, $;99,
,er./ss a.so arran2ed for t1e Green A0t/on .ands0apers to a.so address t1e 6eeds, and /n t1e
pro0ess, t1e5 da!a2ed Co21./nHs persona.t5 and bs/ness. It 6as on.5 pon Co21./n
0o!p.a/n/n2 of bot1 t1e C/t5 of 'eno 0ode v/o.at/on presented b5 t1e 6eeds D61/01 /s, t1s, a
per se 1ab/tab/./t5 /sse) and of t1e 0r/!/na. a0t/v/t5 attendant to Green A0t/on ta8/n2, and
0arr5/n2 a6a5 Co21./nsH propert5 and t1ereb5 destro5/n2 /t or !an/fest/n2 an /ntent to
per!anent.5 depr/ve Co21./n t1ereof Dt1e 2reen 6oo.en faG 0arpet/n2 t1at Co21./n 1ad
/nsta..ed over t1e Ed/rt 5ardE sff/0ent to Eta8e 0are of t1e 6eedsE v/a present/n2 an
/!ped/!ent to p1otos5nt1es/s 6as re!oved b5 t1e .ands0apers and t1ro6 on t1e street and
srrond/n2 s/de6a.8s, 6/t1 Green A0t/on refs/n2 to even ass/st /n retr/n2 s01 persona.t5
to Co21./nHs for!er 1o!e .a6 off/0e, !01 .ess /nsta../n2 s01 /n t1e 0aref..5 ordered and
not01ed !anner /n 61/01 Co21./n 1ad ta8en t1e pre0eed/n2 t1ree to for 0o!p.ete da5s
do/n2 1/!se.f.
See a.so, ,'OA $C@<:@#" E:$. -1et1er t1e tenan05 6as KeGp/redL or Kter!/natedL
s01 t1at N'S C;.%#;D%) 6o.d be /!p./0atedP T1e Lease A2ree!ent /s a0ta..5 stron2.5 /n
spport of a f/nd/n2 0ontrar5 to t1at !ade b5 ?d2e Sferra>>a, 61ere, at Sbse0t/on % /t reads"
K%. HOL&OVE'" Under Nevada .a6 t1/s 'enta. A2ree!ent and an5 01an2es proper.5 a2reed
to 6/.. re!a/n /n effe0t on a !ont1.5 bas/s after t1e /n/t/a. ter!. A %; da5 6r/tten not/0e to
va0ate !st be /ssed by the <esident prior to vacating DNOTE" /t does not sa5 Eb5 t1e
- C#F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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.and.ord pr/or toE for0/n2 a tenant, 61o! t1e .and.ord /s not a..e2/n2 fa/. to pa5 rent, and
61o! /s s/n2 a port/on of t1e Epre!/sesE as a E0o!!er0/a. pre!/sesE pre0.d/n2 t1e se of
N'S C;.$<C) an5t/!e dr/n2 or after t1e /n/t/a. ter! of t1/s a2ree!ent.
T1e 9;F$<F99 Trans0r/pt reads"
E)or Honor, for :: 61en .ast 5o sa6 !e on O0tober 9@t1, I ./stened to t1e 1ear/n2
and /t see!ed ./8e I 6asnRt 2ett/n2 to 61at 5o 6anted !e to 2et to, 61/01 6as t1e !ost
/!portant t1/n2, to estab./s1 !ater/a. /sse of *a"ts, to !a8e a ri/a *a"ie 0ase t1at I 1ave a
legal !e*en#e to t1e ::
>u!ge, -e.., I a00ept t1at 5o d/d and t1atHs 615 6eHre 1av/n2 t1e Tr/a. toda5.
De*en!ant, And t1atHs :: IH! 2.ad 5o br/n2 t1at p. )o sa/d Tr/a., )or Honor. )o d/dnRt
sa5 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, 5o d/dnRt sa5 s!!ar5 eGe0t/on. )o sa/d Tr/a., p.enar5::
>u!ge, Tr/a. on a retaliator5 natre of t1e ev/0t/on. I ass!ed 5o !ade a ri/a *a"ie 0ase
on t1at as t1ereHs no Tr/a. on t1e /sse. It /s s!!ar5 as to 61et1er or not 5o 6ere 2/ven
noti"e #er-ed, 61/01 t1e 0ort f/nds 5o 6ere, 6/t1 a noti"e to ter/inate 5or lea#e.
De*en!ant, If I 0an 7st 3/08.5 /nter7e0t for t1e re0ord, )or Honor::
>u!ge, Un.ess 5o 1ad :: n.ess 5o 1ave a lea#e to s1o6 t1at 5oHre not t1ere at 6/.. at t1/s
po/nt.
De*en!ant, T1ere :: for t1e re0ord, t1ere 6as no "erti*i"ate of !a/./n2, US o#tal #er-/0e
"erti*i"ate !a/./n2 on f/.e 6/t1 respe0t to a noti"e. In t1e 0onteGt of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
pro0eed/n2s, 0orts are d/re0ted to ad1ere ver5 #tri"tly to t1e notes re3/re!ents 2/ven t1e
s!!ar5 natre of /t. T1atHs one safe2ard t1at /s /ns/sted pon. A r/21t to a 7r5 Tr/a. /s
2ranted b5 t1e Un/ted States Spre!e Cort fro! :: /n s!!ar5 :: /n ev/0t/on 0ases. ?r5
Tr/a. /s an abso.te r/21t for a.. 0/t/>ens /n t1e Un/ted States. I sa/d /tHs a 9A@;s 0ase. I t1/n8 /t
!/21t be 0a..ed Pearson. I be./eve I 0/te to /t /n !5 0ase. I donHt 8no6 t1at a "erti*i"ate o*
/ailing /s re3/red 61ereas ,r. *a8er d/d. He 1ad apparent.5 a ro"e## #er-er, post
so!et1/n2 on t1e door and 0ontest to t1at. I t1/n8 t1at !/21t be a NIN&ISCE'NI*LE 9$"C;O
Spre!e Cort to 0.ar/f5 t1e #tatute at so!e po/nt.E
E>u!ge, T1e noti"e of ter!/nat/on, noC"au#e ter!/nat/on /s *J t1e f/ve:da5 noti"e n.a6f.
deta/ner for fa/.re to va0ate /s C.
Plainti**, O8a5. )or Honor, 6/t1 :::
>u!ge, *efore 6e 2et /nto t1at t1o21 IR! tr5/n2 to stra/21ten p t1/s f/.e. IR! 2o/n2 to pt
!5 orders on t1e .eft so I 0an *in! t1e!. O8a5. #er-/0e !st be prsant to C;.$<; and
C;.$=; sets t1e !et1od of #er-/0e. O8a5, so 5oRre on EG1/b/t C, EG1/b/t C /s t1e f/ve:da5
noti"e.
Plainti**, Go on.
>u!ge, )es.
Plainti**, T1ere are t6o of t1ose do0!ents. I 7st 6ant t1e 0ort to be 0.ear. On Septe!ber
$@t1 at or 1ear/n2 I persona..5 1and de./vered one of t1ose to ,r. Co21./n. I donRt 8no6
61/01 one 5o 1ave /n 5or 1and.
- C@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, -e.., t1/s one :::
Plainti**, T1e N9%";;O #er-/0e 6/.. sa5.
>u!ge, ::: /s, I donRt 8no6 61o /tRs s/2ned b5, to see 5o 1ave to 0o!e p and .oo8 at /t. It
sa5s N?. &rden 9%.9#O
Plainti**, O8a5, t1atRs, t1atRs N9%"9AO 61at 1appened, )or Honor, 6as on Septe!ber $@t1 I
1anded one of t1ese to ,r. Co21./n at t1e 1ear/n2. -1en I 2et ba08 to t1e off/0e I t1o21t
per1aps t1atRs not appropr/ate 5o better 1ave /t #er-ed as 6e... So, 6e 1ad /t #er-ed t1/s 6e...
T1e 0ort 1as t1e 0orre0t one.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. -e.., t1/s one s1o6s #er-/0e b5 ?. &rden.
Plainti**, )es.
>u!ge, And /t /nd/0ates b5 post/n2 a 0op5.
Plainti**, And !a/./n2, s/r.
>u!ge, -1ere /s t1e US "erti*i"ate o#tal #er-/0e !a/./n2P
Plainti**, )or Honor, I 1ave t1e or/2/na. 1ere. IR! 2o/n2 to see 61at t1ese.
>u!ge, I do 1ave a 0op5 of t1e! N9C.C;O en-eloe.
Plainti**, T1atRs 2enera..5 61at 6e 2et ba08 fro! t1e!, s/r.
>u!ge, *t t1e "erti*i"ate o* /ailing /s a ./tt.e for!.
Plainti**, -e.., )or Honor, t1ese S t1e a**i!a-it !e"laration of #er-/0e 61/01 /s pa2e C or
<. And t1/s /s US Spre!e Cort for!. T1/s /s 61at t1e5 f/..ed ot 61en t1e5 posted /n !a/..
Genera..5 t1e5 6/.. 2/ve s a p1oto0op5 of t1e en-eloe as 6e... *t I donRt see t1at on t1/s.
>u!ge, So, t1e en-eloeRs 1ere I 1ave.
Plainti**, O8a5.
>u!ge, *t not t1ere /s t1e Un/ted States o#tal #er-/0e "erti*i"ate o* /ailing. Ho6ever, t1e
state!ent s/2ned b5 t1e tenant and t1e 6/tness a08no6.ed2/n2 t1e tenant re0e/ved t1e noti"e
or *, a "erti*i"ate o* /ailing /ssed b5 t1e Un/ted States o#tal #er-/0e or C, t1e
endorse!ent of a s1er/ff 0onstab.e or ot1er ro"e## #er-er stat/n2 t1e t/!e and !anner of
#er-/0e. So :::
Plainti**, T1atRs 61at 6e 1ave 1ere, s/r.
>u!ge, And t1atRs 61at t1e defendant 6as ar2/n2 6/t1 a!b/2os bt I 1ave r.ed
prev/os.5 t1at /f /t /s a ./0ensed ro"e## #er-er, t1e "erti*i"ate o* /ailing /s not re3/red /f
t1e5 f/.. ot t1e a**i!a-it as t1e5 1ave done /n t1/s 0ase. And, so, to t1e eGtent t1at t1at /s 5or
Ob7e0t/on I a! 2o/n2 to 1o.d t1at t1e EG1/b/t C !eets t1e stattor5 re3/re!ents. And EG1/b/t
C /s frt1er /n0orporated and EG1/b/t & does 0onta/n t1e S 61/01 /s EG1/b/t 9 atta01ed to
EG1/b/t & 1as t1e en-eloe s1o6/n2 t1e posta2e and !a/./n2 on A2st $$nd to Za01ar5
De*en!ant, so, and to6ards an5 dobt abot /t I do *in! /t t1e proper "erti*i"ate 1as been
frn/s1ed to t1e 0ort. T1at !eans t1e re3/re!ents for t1e f/ve:da5 noti"e and f/ve:da5
noti"e 6as 2/ven. It appears !ore t1an %; da5s after t1e EG1/b/t * t1e A2st $$nd 61/01
6as t1e %;:da5 no "au#e. And t1en 6e 1ave Septe!ber $@t1 S a0ta..5 I t1/n8 I 6as to.d
abot t1e 6ron2 do0!ent arond 1ere. Septe!ber $@t1 6as t1e S 61en I ta.8 abot t1e f/ve:
da5 noti"e prev/os.5 and t1e en-eloe I 6as a0ta..5 referr/n2 to t1e A2st $$nd %;:da5
noti"e. T1e f/ve:da5 noti"e 6as #er-ed !ore t1an %; da5s after t1e %;:da5 noti"e so, t1at
!eets t1e stattor5 re3/re!ents. T1en 6e 1ave IR! 2o/n2 to !ar8 as EG1/b/t S do 6e 1ave
EG1/b/t E 61ere t1e S o8a5, EG1/b/t E /s 2o/n2 to be t1e lea#e a2ree!ent.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Plainti**, )or Honor, !a5 I :::
>u!ge, -e.., 2o a1ead.
Plainti**, I 1ave s01 po/nt ot s/r, t1e .and.ordRs a**i!a-it EG1/b/t & /s on t1e for! prov/ded
b5 t1/s 0ort. T1e US Spre!e Cort 1as, as 5o 8no6, 6e 1ave t1ese for!s, t1e ev/0t/on
noti"e for!s. Ho6ever, t1e5 donRt 1ave an a**i!a-it for! for N9A.$#O. So, 6e sb!/tted t1e
Un.a6f. &eta/ner a**i!a-it EG1/b/t & s/2ned b5 &r. ,er./ss. Ho6ever, 2o/n2 ba08 and 7st
.oo8/n2 at t1e statre t1ereRs a !a8e sre 6ere 0overed N'S C;.$<C, I, as t1e .and.ordRs a2ent
f/.e a !e"laration on O0tober 9At1 61/01 addresses t1e /te!s /n N'S C;.$<C sb $. I 1ave
7st one po/nt to 1ave to t1e 0ort :::
>u!ge, No, I donRt 1ave t1at I donRt be./eve. -1ere /s t1atP
Plainti**, T1at 6as f/.ed on O0tober 9At1, s/r.
De*en!ant, N$;.;CO Ob7e0t/on as to not 1av/n2 t1e .and.ord !a8/n2 t1at !e"laration and
1opef..5 /t #er-e as N$;"9CO.
>u!ge, -e.., IR! not r./n2 61et1er or not t1at !eets t1e re3/re!ents bt t1e a**i!a-it 0an
be f/.ed at t1e 1ear/n2. T1e .and.ordRs a**i!a-it so.
Plainti**, )es, 61/01 /t 6as t1e .ast t/!e.
>u!ge, H1P
Plainti**, -1/01 /t 6as t1e .ast t/!e. I 7st 6ant to be sre t1at 1/s 0ortRs for! t1at t1e
stattor5 re3/re!ents. So, 61en 6e .oo8 at N'S C;.$<C, /t at1or/>es an a**i!a-it t1e
.and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent, I s/2ned t1e a**i!a-its or t1e :::
>u!ge, *t I do not *in! /n t1at a**i!a-it t1atRs 61at IR! tr5/n2 to sa5. )o f/.ed t1at on 61at
dateP
Plainti**, O0tober 9At1 s/r, at %"C9P,.
>u!ge, O8a5, I 1ave a .etter fro! 5o.
Plainti**, A.. I 1ave /s !5 f/.e sta!p 0op5.
>u!ge, I 1ave t1e noti"e of appea. to d/str/0t 0ort 61/01 6as noti"e of entr5 of order dated
O0tober 9=t1. And I 1ave t1/s !e"laration /s t1at 61at 5oRre ta.8/n2P
Plainti**, )es, !e"laration of Case5 *a8er.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. IR.. 1ave t1at !ar8ed as EG1/b/t (. So, 6e 1ave S so, .et !e .oo8 at EG1/b/t (.
De*en!ant, And 7st I 3/08.5 state for t1e re0ord )or Honor, t1e at1or/t5 for #tri"tly
0onstr/n2 t1e proper noti"e re3/re!ents I 8no6 5o 6/.. N$$.%<O bt 7st pre#er-e /t N$$"C;O
>u!ge, -e.., IR! a6are of t1at bt 61at 5oRre f/nd/n2 6as not 0o!p./ant 6/t1 t1e, I !ean,
61at 5oRre ar2/n2 6as not 0o!p./ant 6/t1 #tri"t '.es.
De*en!ant, T1at N$$.<;O 6/t1 respe0t to /f a ./0ensed ro"e## #er-er NO 1e a.so 1ave to 2o and
spend !one5 to "erti*i"ate o* /ailing to !e /t 6as, /n a ./tt.e b/t.
>u!ge, T1e N$%.;;O ./0ensed ro"e## #er-er be0ase t1e5 are re3/red to !eet 0erta/n
standards N$%";AO 2et ./0ense.
De*en!ant, No.
>u!ge, )es, t1e pres!pt/on /s ./0ensed ro"e## #er-er /s .ess ./8e.5 N$%.9CO
De*en!ant, I 2ess 7st fro! !5 po/nt of v/e6 so!e of t1e t1/n2s I 1ad eGper/en0ed re0ent.5
6/t1T
>u!ge, -e.., sorr5 IR! overr./n2 5or Ob7e0t/on be0ase I do *in! t1at /t !eets t1e #tri"t
re3/re!ents of t1e stattor5.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, IRve 7st 1eard deta/.s of ro"e## #er-ers 2o/n2 to N$%.%;O
>u!ge, A.r/21t, s/r. *t t1atRs not ev/den0e /n t1/s 1ear/n2 e/t1er.
De*en!ant, And N$%.%=O state!ents abot N$%"C9O.
>u!ge, )o 1ave t1e opportn/t5 to sbpoena t1e ro"e## #er-er /n t1/s 0ase. O8a5, .etRs 7st
so S 5or a**i!a-it s/r, I do need so!eone to test/f5 s to 61atRs 0onta/ned t1ere and abot t1e
lea#e et0.
Plainti**, O8a5.
>u!ge, S/n0e 6e are do/n2 a 1ear/n2 1ere, I do 1ave EG1/b/t E and 5o are t1e 0onse. so I
6o.d prefer to 1ave 5or 0./ent do t1e a0ta. test/!on5 on t1eT
Plainti**, T1atRs f/ne, s/r. T1e a**i!a-it 6as sb!/tted prsant to #tatute as t1e .and.ordRs
a2ent andT
>u!ge, No, I 8no6 bt 5o are not 2o/n2 to be test/f5/n2 toda5, r/21tP
Plainti**, I donRt t1/n8 so n.ess 6e 2et to t1at.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. So, t1e /sse before !e /s 61atRs a..e2ed /n 5or a**i!a-it at .east t1at port/on
61/01 starts at t1e, I t1/n8 /tRs pa2e $, start/n2 at para2rap1 =, /f 6e 0an.
Plainti**, )ea1.
>u!ge, And 5o 0an re!a/n t1ere /f 5o 6/s1, &o0tor, /f 5o 6/.. plea#e ra/se 5or r/21t
1and. &o 5o s6ear nder pena.t5 of per7r5 to te.. t1e trt1, t1e 61o.e trt1 and not1/n2 bt
t1e trt1P &o0tor" I do.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. Plea#e be seated. -o.d 5o pro0eed t1en 6/t1 eGa!/nat/onsP
Plainti**, O8a5. )or Honor.
>u!ge, ,a5be 6e 0an refer to EG1/b/t E 61/01 /s or 61atever or 5o 6ant t1e .and.ordRs S
1ereRsT
De*en!ant, -e.., 61at I need /s.
>u!ge, T EG1/b/t & and E 61/01 1as a.. t1e do0!ents /f 5o need.
De*en!ant, )es, s/r. O8a5, one !o!ent, /t t1o21t 6e 1ad 0overed /t. T1e .ast 1ear/n2 so,
7st tr5/n2 to *in! !5 o6n 0op/es.
>u!ge, -o6, 615 donRt 5o se t1e 0ortRs 0op/es so 6e 0an eGped/te t1/s, IR! 7st tr5/n2 to
!a8e sre 6e 1ave a re0ord be0ase I do not re!e!ber pre0/se.5 61at 6as 0overed at t1e .ast
1ear/n2. I do not t1/n8 t1at 6e 1ad S 5or a**i!a-it 6asnRt even f/.ed N$#.9#O at t1e .ast
1ear/n2.
De*en!ant, T1atRs 0orre0t bt t1e .and.ordRs a**i!a-it 6as.
>u!ge, )ea1, I nderstand bt t1e .and.ordRs a**i!a-it d/dnRt 1ave ever5t1/n2 /n /t t1at 5o
a..e2e /n 5or a**i!a-it.
De*en!ant, I nderstand, s/r.
>u!ge, A.r/21t.
De*en!ant, &o0tor ,er./ss, 6/.. 5o plea#e state 5or na!e as spe.. 5or .ast na!e for t1e
re0ordP
Dr. Merli##, ,att1e6 ?oe. ,er./ss, ,:E:':L:I:S:S.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o. And 5o are t1e o6ner of 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, NevadaP Dr. Merli##,
)es.
Plainti**, O8a5. N$#.C#O 61atRs been !ar8ed for /dent/f/0at/on prposes as p.a/nt/ffRs EG1/b/t
E. &o 5o re0o2n/>e t1/s, do0torP
- <;F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, O8a5. -1at /s /tP
Dr. Merli##, ItRs t1e a.tered lea#e a2ree!ent.
De*en!ant, IR! sorr5, Ob7e0t/on d/d I 2et 0op5 of t1/s, N$@.9#O. -as I ab.e to se t1e 0ortRs
re0ords to S be0ase IR! N$@"$;O.
>u!ge, I d/d sa5 5o 0o.d se t1e 0ortRs re0ords. I sa/d, 5o 1ad to 0o!e 2et t1e do0!ents
fro! !e. I 0o.dnRt *in! t1e do0!ents t1e5 6ere /n 5or 0ort re0ord, s/r.
Plainti**, T1atRs 2ood.
>u!ge, T1atRs t1e d/fferen0e. I !ean, I 6o.d 1ave sed 5or 0op/es.
Plainti**, I 6as fro! t1e o.d 0ase, !5 !/sta8e, )or Honor.
>u!ge, O8a5. Pro0eed, s/r.
Plainti**, Is t1/s t1e lea#e a2ree!ent 6/t1 ,r. Co21./n and ,s. U..oa for 9$9 '/ver 'o08,
'eno, NevadaP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, N$@.<<O ad!/t p.a/nt/ffRs EG1/b/t E, )or HonorP
>u!ge, An5 Ob7e0t/ons, s/rP
De*en!ant, No, s/r, )or Honor.
>u!ge, E /s ad!/tted.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o, s/r. I 6ant 5o to ta8e a .oo8 at EG1/b/t E, plea#e. Can 5o te.. !e, s/r
fro! .oo8/n2 EG1/b/t E 61en t1e tenan05 0o!!en0edP
Dr. Merli##, (ebrar5 $;9;.
Plainti**, O8a5.
Dr. Merli##, (ebrar5 $;t1.
Plainti**, I 6ant 5o to ta8e a .oo8 at para2rap1 $, fort1 ./ne do6n. It sa5s,
eG0se !e.
De*en!ant, IR! sorr5, Ob7e0t/on. I 6as at1or/>/n2 t1e 0op5P
>u!ge, Of t1e lea#eP )o 1ave a 0op5 of t1e lea#e. *t /f 5o donRt 0o!e p 1ere, IR.. 2/ve
5o one.
De*en!ant, As .on2 as /t S )or Honor, 61en I sb!/t do0!ents I 0an sa5 6e.., 5o 2ot a
0op5 of t1at NO s!!ar5 7d2!ent NO no prob.e!s NO t1e r/21t one bt IR! NO referred Conse.
*a8er sa/dT
>u!ge, Here, plea#e 0o!e p, s/r. And t1/sT
Plainti**, I 1ave a 0op5, )or Honor. In t1e f/.eT
>u!ge, -e.., 6a/t a se0ond. T1/s 6as frn/s1ed to 5o /n .astT
Plainti**, Last 1ear/n2.
>u!ge, Tt1/s /s S I do 6ant 5o to 0o!e p, I do 6ant 5o to 0o!e p, s/r, and .oo8 at t1/s. If
5o do not 1ave t1/s t1en I 6/.. stop and 6eR.. !a8e 0op/es.
Plainti**, )es, s/r. I 1ave /t. ItRs 7st, 61en /t 0o!es t/!e for !e to 2/ve N$A.%;O I 6ant. NO I
!/21t need to sa5T
>u!ge, As .on2 as 1e 1as t1e! 6e 6/..T
Plainti**, O8a5.
>u!ge, -e 6/.. a00o!!odate 5o bt /f t1e 0ort doesnRt 1ave a 0op5 I 1ave d/re0t 0op5.
T1ese 6ere /n t1e 0ort f/.es. A.r/21tP O8a5.
- <9F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Plainti**, T1an8s.
>u!ge, Pro0eed, ,r. *a8er.
Plainti**, Let !e 7st rep1rase !5 3est/on. &r. ,er./ss, plea#e .oo8 at para2rap1 $ of t1e
lea#e EG1/b/t E.
Dr. Merli##, ter!sP
Plainti**, )es. &o 5o see on t1e fort1 ./ne 61ere t1e lea#e states 0o!!en0/n2 on t1e f/rst
da5 of ,ar01 $;9;, do 5o see t1atP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, O8a5. Is t1at 5or nderstand/n2 61en t1e lea#e be2anP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, And 61at 6as t1e ter/, 1o6 !an5 !ont1sP
Dr. Merli##, T1atRs for 9$ !ont1s.
Plainti**, O8a5. So, /f t1e ter!/na. lea#e 6as 9$ !ont1s and /t be2an on ,ar01 9, $;9; 61en
/t 6o.d 1ave endedP
Dr. Merli##, )es, ,ar01 9, $;99.
Plainti**, -e... One 5ear, r/21tP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
De*en!ant, Ob7e0t/on, N%;.<$O
Dr. Merli##, )es, 6o.d be one 5ear.
>u!ge, T1e Ob7e0t/on /s ssta/ned bt t1e ans6er /s one 5ear, so.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o.
Dr. Merli##, -o.d be one 5ear.
Plainti**, A.r/21t, t1an8 5o. So one 5ear 6o.d be (ebrar5 $=, $;99, /s t1at 0orre0tP Dr.
Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, -/.. 5o plea#e 2o to t1e neGt para2rap1, para2rap1 %, and t/t.ed 1o.d over, do 5o
see t1atP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, -/.. 5o read t1e f/rst f.. senten0e /n t1at para2rap1P Ho6 abot t1eT
Dr. Merli##, N%9.$;O a2ree!ent or an5 01an2es Nproper.5 a2reed O to 6/.. re!a/n /n t1e *a"t
on a !ont1.5 bas/s after t1e /n/t/a. ter/.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o. )or Honor, t1/s po/nt &r. ,er./ss 1as a.read5 at1ent/0ated t1e
#er-/0e of t1e ev/0t/on noti"es and I be./eve t1at 0overs ever5t1/n2 /n !5 a**i!a-it t1at 6as
d/fferent fro! 1/s.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. T1en I 6/.. ad!/t *, C, &, E, and (.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o, s/r.E
N'S C;.C;; !a8es N'CP CDe)D%) app./0ab.e" ED%) Stattor5 Serv/0e. ,henever a
statute provides for service, serv/0e !a5 be !ade nder t1e 0/r0!stan0es and /n t1e !anner
pres0r/bed b5 t1e statteE. T1ere /s not1/n2
- <$F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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(rt1er estab./s1/n2 t1e 6ron2f.ness of t1e 0r/!/na. trespass arrest and 0onv/0t/on
Ds01 01ar2e 6as a .e2a. /!poss/b/./t5 as t1ere st/.. 1as 5et to be Eentr5 of orderE den5/n2
Co21./nHs 99F%F99 Pet/t/on) and a.. t1e N'S 99=A.C#; !/s0ond0t t1ereafter Dand t1e
overabndan0e of reda0t/ons of b/../n2 entr/es /n t1e EA0t/v/t5 'eportsE b5 ,er./ssHs attorne5s
/s te../n2, t1o21 t1e5 d/d 1ave an entr5 !a8/n2 !ent/on of s01 a d/sab/./t5 sta5 !ot/on,
so...) $.MM.../f a tenant 6/t1 a per/od/0 tenan05...1as a physical or mental disability, t1e tenant
!a5 re3est to be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on ... b5 sb!/tt/n2 a 6r/tten re3est...and
prov/d/n2 proof of t1e tenantRs a2e or disability. ...
C.M... t1e tenant !a5 pet/t/on t1e 0ort for an order to 0ont/ne /n possess/on DCo21./nHs
99F%F99 ,ot/on for Sta5 d/d 7st t1at)...If t1e tenant submits proof to the court ...If t1e 0ort
den/es t1e pet/t/on, the tenant must be allowed to continue in possession for 4 calendar days
*ollo.ing the !ate o* entry of the order !enying the etition.E
So, t1e 2err5!ander/n2 a6a5 of Co21./nHs r/21ts, for t1ose 0ont/n2 at 1o!e, /n0.des
t1ose /n N'S C;.$<9DC), ',C =.9;.;9;, N'S C;.$<%, .$<C, .$=;, .%=<, N'S 99=A.%<<D$). .
%#;, N'AP 9;, 99, %;, %$, ?C'CP $, 9;=, 9;A, et0., et0.
,er./ssHs 0onse. never a0ta..5 2rasped t1e ./!/t/n2 /!port of t1e ./st/n2 /n N'S
C;.$<C of t1e Ecertain types of property8 to 61/01 a .and.ord 0o.d ava/. 1/!se.f of t1e
ESupplemental remedy of summary eviction an! ex"lu#ion o* tenant from certain types of
propertyE 61ere s01 se0t/on fa/.s to ./st a 8commercial premises5 a!on2st t1ose E0erta/n
t5pes of propert5E D/n 0ontrast to Ecommercial premisesE be/n2 spe0/f/0a..5 !ent/oned /n
N'S C;.$<%D<)Da)...) to 61/01 t1e t1e .and.ord !a5 Eava/. 1/!se.f of t1e spp.e!enta. re!ed5
of s!!ar5 ev/0t/onE fond /n N'S C;.$<%.
N'S C;.$<C E61en t1e tenant of a d6e../n2 n/t 61/01 /s sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of
01apter 99=A of N'S, part of a .o6:rent 1os/n2 pro2ra! operated b5 a pb./0 1os/n2
at1or/t5, a !ob/.e 1o!e or a re0reat/ona. ve1/0.e /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner, t1e
.and.ord /s ent/t.ed to t1e s!!ar5 pro0edres prov/ded /n N'S C;.$<%.
N'S C;.$<%D<)Da) app./es to t1e fo..o6/n2 Et5pes of propert5E" E...!a5 app.5 ... for
ev/0t/on .../n 61/01 t1e !.elling$ aart/ent$ /o0ile ho/e or commercial premises...E,
61erease, N'S C;.$<C app./es" E61en t1e tenant of a !.elling unit .hi"h i# #u0&e"t to the
ro-i#ion# o* "hater BB+A o* NRS, part of a .o6:rent 1os/n2 pro2ra! operated b5 a pb./0
1os/n2 at1or/t5, a !ob/.e 1o!e or a re0reat/ona. ve1/0.e /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner...E
P.a/n.5, a E0o!!er0/a. pre!/sesE /s not a!on2 t1e E0erta/n t5pes of propert5E to 61/01 t1e
Espp.e!enta. re!ed5 of s!!ar5 ev/0t/onE set ot /n N'S C;.$<% /s ava/.ab.e.
To d/s0ern t1e /!port of N'S C;.$<CHs E61en t1e tenant of a d6e../n2 n/t 61/01 /s
sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of C1apter 99=A of N'S...E one ne0essar/.5 !st 1ave a stron2 2rasp
of t1e def/n/t/ons of Ed6e../n2 n/tE, Epre!/sesE and t1e app./0ab/./t5 prov/s/on DEsb7e0t toE)
of N'S 99=A, t1en 0ons/der 61et1er or not a E1o!e .a6 off/0eE and E.a6 pra0t/0eE and
E!attress bs/nessE t1at Co21./n a.so t/./>ed as a Eres/den0e or s.eep/n2 p.a0eE 6o.d a..o6
,er./ss to se s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0edres a2a/nst t1e port/on of t1e Epre!/sesE DN'S
- <%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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99=A.9C;) t1at Co21./n t/./>ed as a E0o!!er0/a. pre!/sesE sff/0/ent to !a8e a
7r/sd/0t/ona. bar vo/d/n2 t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on order and res.t/n2 0r/!/na. trespass
0onv/0t/on Dsee #9A;9), and proposed d/sbar!ent D#$%%@) t1e eG0.s/on of a E0o!!er0/a.
pre!/sesE fro! t1e E0erta/n t5pes of propert5E to 61/01 a .and.ord pro0eed/n2 on a Eno:0aseE
bas/s /n a E1o.dover pro0eed/n2E /s ent/t.ed DEN'SMC;.$<%MMUn.a6f. deta/ner" Spp.e!enta.
re!ed5 of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on and eG0.s/on of tenant for default in payment of rentE)
N'S 99=A.;<; K*/.d/n2, 1os/n2 and 1ea.t1 0odesL def/ned.
N'S 99=A.;=; K&6e../n2L and Kd6e../n2 n/tL def/ned.
N'S 99=A.9C; KPre!/sesL def/ned. N'S 99=A.9<;
N'S 99=A.9@; KTenantL def/ned.
N'S 99=A.9=; App./0ab/./t5.
C.ear.5, ,er./ssHs 0o!pos/te aff/dav/t Dto 61atever eGtent 'PC %.@ does not v/t/ate t1e
ent/ret5 of *a8erHs frad.ent 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$)), even
a..o6/n2 1/s test/!on5 to Espp.e!entE 1/s aff/dav/t DN'S C;.$<C
$
$$ ,AINTENANCE, 'EPAI'S, O' ALTE'ATIONS" Tenant a08no6.ed2es t1at
t1e5 pre!/ses are /n 2ood order and repa/r, n.ess ot1er6/se /nd/0ated. Tenant 6/.. as 1/sF1er
o6n eGpense, !a/nta/n t1e pre!/ses /n a 0.ean san/tar5 !anner /n0.d/n2 a.. e3/p!ent,
app./an0es, s!o8e dete0tors, p.!b/n2, 1eat/n2 and a/r 0ond/t/on/n2 and 6/.. srrender t1e
sa!e at ter!/nat/on /n as 2ood 0ond/t/on as re0e/ved nor!a. 6ear and tear eG0epted. Tenant
6/.. not pa/nt paper or ot1er6/se rede0orate or !a8e a.terat/ons to t1e pre!/ses 6/t1ot t1e
pr/or 6r/tten 0onsent of t1e O6ner. A.. t1ree pron2 ot.ets s1a.. 0o!p.5 6/t1 a.. app./0ab.e
0odes 6/t1 respe0t to e.e0tr/0a. 2rond/n2. Tenant 6/.. /rr/2ate and !a/nta/n an5 srrond/n2
2ronds, /n0.d/n2 .a6s and s1rbber5, /f t1e5 are for t1e tenantHs eG0.s/ve se. Tenant 6/..
not per!/t an5 6aste pon t1e pre!/ses or an5 n/san0e or a0t 61/01 !a5 d/strb t1e 3/et
en7o5!ent of an5 tenant /n t1e b/.d/n2. O6ner 6/.. be respons/b.e for t1e 0ost of an5
retrof/tt/n2 re3/red b5 2overn!enta. a2en0/es.
$%. &A,AGES TO P'E,ISES" If t1e pre!/se are da!a2ed b5 t/!e or t1ro21 an5
ot1er 0ase 61/01 renders t1e pre!/ses ntenantab.e, e/t1er part5 6/.. 1ave t1e r/21t to
ter!/nated t1/s A2ree!ent as t1e date on 61/01 t1e da!a2e o00rs.
-r/tten not/0e of ter!/nat/on 6/.. be 2/ve to t1e ot1er part5 6/t1/n f/fteen D9<) da5s after
o00rren0e of s01 da!a2e. S1o.d s01 da!a2e or destr0t/on o00r as t1e res.t of
ne2./2en0e of Tenant, or 1/sF1er /nv/tee, t1en on.5 t1e O6ner 6/.. 1ave t1e r/21t to ter!/nate.
S1o.d t1/s r/21t be eGer0/sed b5 1er O6ner or Tenant, t1e rent /n t1e 0rrent !ont1 6/.. be
prorated bet6een t1e part/es as of t1e date t1e da!a2e o00rred. An5 prepa/d rent and nsed
se0r/t5 depos/t 6/.. be refnded to Tenant. If t1/s A2ree!ent /s not ter!/nated, t1en O6ner
6/.. pro!pt.5 repa/r t1e pre!/ses and t1ere 6/.. be a proport/onate red0t/on of rent nt/. t1e
pre!/ses are repa/red and read5 for TenantHs o00pan05. T1e proport/onate red0t/on 6/.. be
based on t1e eGtent 61/01 repa/rs /nterfere 6/t1 TenantHs reasonab.e of t1e pre!/ses.
$C. POLICIES" 'es/dent a2rees to ab/de b5 an5 and a.. r.es and po./0/es /n0.d/n2,
bt not ./!/ted to, r.es 6/t1 respe0t to no/se, odors, d/sposa. of refse, pets, par8/n2 and se
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of 0o!!on areas. (rt1er, 'es/dent does not a2ree to ab/de b5 a.. a!end!ents and add/t/ons
to t1ese r.es after de not/0e of an5 s01 a!end!ents or add/t/ons. 'es/dent at t1e t/!e of
eGe0t/on of t1/s A2ree!ent a08no6.ed2es t1at 1e 1as not/0e of a.. eG/st/n2 r.es and
re2.at/on perta/n/n2 to t1e Pre!/ses D'es/dent /n/t/a.s Dnote ,UFZC 1and6r/tten 1ere).
$<. INSPECTION" 'es/dent a2rees to 2rant !ana2e!ent t1e r/21t to enter t1e pre!/se
as a.. reasonab.e t/!es and for a.. reasonab.e prposes /n0.d/n2 s1o6/n2 to t1e perspe0t/ve
res/dents, b5ers, .oan off/0ers or /nsran0e a2ents or ot1ers 6/t1 .a6f. bs/ness t1ere/n and
for east one !a/ntenan0e /nspe0t/on ea01 !ont1. In a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S re3/re!ents,
,ana2e!ent a2rees to 2/ve 'es/dent t6/0e t1e t6ent5 D$C) 1or not/f/0at/on re3/re!ent for
entr5.
$#. A,ENITIES" Use of 6as1/n2 !a01/nes or ot1er e3/p!ent, /n an5, are frn/s1ed
b5 !ana2e!ent for t1e p.easre and 0onven/en0e of 'es/dent and are to be 0onstred /n a
!anner as as a part of t1e rent pa/d b5 t1e 'es/dent. T1e s6/!!/n2 poo., re0reat/ona. and
ot1er serv/0e fa0/./t/es, /f an5, /n t1e pre!/ses are for t1e se of t1e 'es/dent on.5, at t1e
d/s0ret/on of ,ana2e!ent. Not1/n2
PAGE $ O( %
NOTE" S/2ned at t1e botto! of t1e pa2e b5 ,er./ss on.5, dated $:9C:9;
A&&'ESS 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, NV =A<;%
1ere/n s1a.. be 0onstred to re3/re !ana2e!ent, dr/n2 t1e ter! of t1e A2ree!ent to 8eep
sa/d s6/!!/n2 poo. and ot1er fa0/./t/es /n a 0ond/t/on for se b5 'es/dent, and t1e t/!e of
!anner of se, or t1e 0.os/n2, te!porar/.5 or per!anent.5 of sa/d poo. and fa0/./t/es s1a.. be at
t1e so.e d/s0ret/on of !ana2e!ent and /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 r.es and re2.at/ons /ssed b5
!ana2e!ent. An5 brea01 of sa/d r.es and re2.at/ons s1a.. 0onst/tte a brea01 1ereto.
$@. VEHICLES" A.. ve1/0.es operated b5 res/dent !st be re2/stered 6/t1 t1e
!ana2e!ent. On.5 ve1/0.es !a/nta/ned and proper.5 ./0ense !a5 be par8ed /n approved
areas. Unat1or/>ed ve1/0.es !5 be to6ed b5 !ana2e!ent at o6ners epGense pon on a
6ee8Hs not/0e. 'es/dent !a5 par8 no !ore t1an % ve1/0.es on t1e pre!/se at an5 one t/!e.
T1ere /s one des/2nated par8/n2 spot. Ot1er 0ars 0an be par8ed 61ere a..o6ed.
$=. LIA*ILIT)" !ana2e!ent s1a.. not be ./ab.e for an5 da!a2e or /n7r5 to 'es/dent
or an5 ot1er person or to an5 propert5 o00rr/n2 on t1e pre!/ses or an5 part t1ereof, or /n
0o!!on areas t1ereof, n.ess s01 ./ab/./t5 /s based on t1e ne2./2ent a0ts or o!/ss/on of
!ana2e!ent, 1/s a2ent, or e!p.o5ee, bt 'es/dent 6/.. not a2ree to 1o.d !ana2e!ent
1ar!.ess fro! an5 0.a/!s for da!a2es /f 0ased b5 t1e ne2./2ent a0ts or o!/ss/ons of t1e
'es/dent or 1/s 2ests.
$A. INVENTO')" A 6r/tten /nventor5 of t1e pre!/se and /s 0ontents 6/.. be atta01ed
for 5or /nspe0t/on. P.ease rev/e6 /t 0aref..5 and s/2n bot1 5or 0op5 and t1e off/0es 0op5
6/t1/n t6o 6ee8s. )o 6/.. be respons/b.e for 0ond/t/ons of t1e pre!/ses 61en va0at/n2 /n
a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e atta01ed. D'es/dentHs /n/t/a.s" ,UFZC) a08no6.ed2e re0e/pt of /nventor5
b5 'es/dent.
%;. TENANC) TE',INATION". Upon ter!/nat/on of t1e tenan05, t1e 'es/dent s1a..
srrender and va0ate t1e pre!/ses, /n0.d/n2 t1e re!ova. of an and a.. of t1e 'es/dentHs
propert5. *efore &epartre, t1e 'es/dent s1a.. retrn 8e5s and persona. propert5 ./sted on t1e
/nventor5 to t1e o6ner /n 2ood 0.ean and san/tar5 0ond/t/on, nor!a. 6ear a00epted. 'es/dent
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s1a.. a..o6 ,ana2e!ent to /nspe0t t1e pre!/ses /n t1e 'es/dentHs presen0e to ver/f5 t1e
0ond/t/on of pre!/ses and 0ontents.
%9. TA[ES" In a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e Nevada 'ev/sed States, as a res/dent of renta.
propert5, 5o are ent/t.ed to 8no6 61at port/on of 5or rent 2oes for rea. estate taGes. T1e
fo..o6/n2 /s a brea8do6n for 5or /nfor!at/on"
TA[ ALLOCATIONS B9@C.=# OTHE' THAN TA[ES Bbbbbb TOTAL ,ONTHL)
'ENT Bbbbbb
%$. INSU'ANCE" It /s a2reed t1at TENANT !a5 obta/n 'ENTE'S INSU'ANCE
AS LAN&LO'&S or 1/s A2entHs /nsran0e spp.e!ents 0over of TENANTHS Propert5.
%%. CONT'ACT" T1e above a2ree!ent /s a00epted and a2reed to, 7o/nt.5 and
severa..5. T1e nders/2ned 1ave read t1e above 0ontra0t and nderstand and a2ree to a.. t1e
prov/s/ons t1ereof and frt1er a08no6.ed2e t1at t1e5 1ave re0e/ved a 0op5 of sa/d 0ontra0t.
%C NOTE" t1e above para2rap1 Head/n2s are for referen0e on.5 and do not add to or
d/!/n/s1 t1e /ntended !ean/n2 of an5 para2rap1.
%<. A&&ITIONAL TE',S Z CON&ITIONS
'es/dent S/2natres dated $F$9F9; ,e./ssa U..oa and Za01 Co21./n
O6ner s/2natre ,att ,er./ss $:$C:9;
PAGE % O( % A&&'ESS 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, NV =A<;% Inventor5, 9$9 '/ver 'o08
'eno, NV =A<;% 'es/dents ,e./ssa U..oa and Za01 Co21./n a08no6.ed2e t1at t1e fo..o6/n2
/te!s are apart of t1e /nventor5 at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'enoc NV =A<;%. T1e /te!s 6/.. not be
re!oved and sta5 6/.. sta5 t1e propert5 pon va0at/n2 Sta08 ab.e 6as1er and dr5er,
refr/2erator, 2as ran2e oven, 6ater:1eater, frna0e. b./nds D6/ndo6 0over/n2s) and a.. ot1er
/te!s t1at are atta01ed to
6a..s or f.oors or 0e/./n2s. 'es/dents" ,e./ssa U..oa and Za01 Co21./n a08no6.ed2e t1/s
/nventor5E ./st b5 /n/t/a./n2 pa2e % /te! $A S/2ned b5 ,er./ss $.$C.9;E De!p1as/s added).
In bot1 t1e .and.ordHs %; &a5 No Case Not/0e to Va0ate of =F$$F99 DEG1/b/t * at
9;F$<F99 tr/a. /n 9@;=) and /n t1e AF$@F99 < &a5 Not/0e of U& for (a/.re to Va0ate, C;.$<C, /t
/s a..e2ed t1at K5or renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99. N'S C;.$<9D9)Db)D9)
DII).L Ho6ever, t1at s/!p.5 /s not tre. *e5ond de!onstrat/n2 a .a08 of 0andor to t1e tr/bna.
and pa0/t5 of fa/rness to oppos/n2 0onse., /t be./es t1e fa0t t1at *a8er never prov/ded
sff/0/ent not/0e of ter!/nat/on of t1e .ease, as s01, t1e %; da5s re3/red pr/or to an5 s01
ter!/nat/on, b5 t1e .ease, 6as not sat/sf/ed. Add/t/ona..5, 61ere *a8er a..e2es t1at t1e Krenta.
a2ree!ent eGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99L 61en, /n fa0t t1ere /s no s01 Kdef/ned
ter!/nat/on dateL /n t1e .ease.
To t1at for! based AF$@F99 Not/0e *a8er atta01ed 1/s o6n KCert/f/0ate of Serv/0eL,
61/01 read" K Prsant to N'CP <Db), I 1ereb5 0ert/f5 t1at I a! an e!p.o5ee of 'ICHA'&
G. HILL, CHA'TE'E&, and t1at on t1e $@t1 da5 of Septe!ber, $;99, I persona..5 1anded at
t1e 1ear/n2 /n t1e above:referen0ed !atter, a tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1e fore2o/n2 (/ve &a5
Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner for (a/.re to Va0ate 'enta. Un/t : N'S C;.$<9 DNo:Case
Ter!/nat/on) and Not/0e of S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on :N'S C;.$<C to" Za01ar5 Co21./n" 9$9 '/ver
'o08 Street 'eno, Nevada =A<;%L.
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(rt1er, s01 Knot/0eL /s 0.ear.5 /nsff/0/ent nder N'S C;.$=;. Add/t/ona..5, even
1ad *a8erHs atta01/n2 1/s o6n KCert/f/0ate of Serv/0eL to an5 prported KUn.a6f. &eta/ner
Aff/dav/tL t1at ,er./ss s/2ned before a notar5 on 9;F99F99 been sff/0/ent to so!e1o6 sats/f5
t1e re3/re!ents /n N'S C;.$<CD$)...t1ere /s not /nd/0at/on or assert/on b5 *a8er t1at 1e
sb!/tted to t1e Cort, !01 .ess f/.ed, sa/d KCert/f/0ate of Serv/0eL, and ?d2e Sferra>>a
!ade 0.ear at t1e 1ear/n2s t1at no KUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tL b5 ,er./ss 1ad been f/.ed
pr/or to *a8er 1av/n2 s01 ad!/tted as KP.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t &L at t1e 9;F$<F99 Ktr/a.L, 61/01 /s
ent/re.5 too .ate to sat/sf5 t1e sb7e0t !atter 7r/sd/0t/on prere3/s/tes /n N'S C;.$<C.
(rt1er, *a8erHs pra0t/0e of 01e08/n2 off bot1 b.an8s K$L, and K<L /n 1/s se of K(or!
Q9L for t1e A2st $$nd, $;99 KNO:CAUSE TE',INATION NOTICE TO VACATE N'S
C;.$<9D9)L /s a patent v/o.at/on of t1e re3/re!ent t1at s01 not/0es be 0.ear and ne3/vo0a..
KN'SMC;.$<9MMUn.a6f. deta/ner" Possess/on of propert5 .eased for /ndef/n/te t/!e after
not/0e to 3/tJ o.der person or person 6/t1 a d/sab/./t5 ent/t.ed to eGtens/on of per/od of
possess/on pon re3est.
9.MMA tenant of rea. propert5, a re0reat/ona. ve1/0.e or a !ob/.e 1o!e for a ter! .ess t1an
./fe /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner 61en 1av/n2 .eased"
Da)M'ea. propert5, eG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n t1/s se0t/on, or a !ob/.e 1o!e for an
/ndef/n/te t/!e, 6/t1 !ont1.5 or ot1er per/od/0 rent reserved, t1e tenant 0ont/nes /n
possess/on t1ereof, /n person or b5 sbtenant, 6/t1ot t1e .and.ordRs 0onsent after t1e
eGp/rat/on of a not/0e of"...
D$)MEG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n sbse0t/on $, for a.. ot1er per/od/0 tenan0/es, at
.east %; da5sJ...
Db)MA d6e../n2 n/t sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of 01apter 99=A of N'S, t1e tenant
0ont/nes /n possess/on, /n person or b5 sbtenant, 6/t1ot t1e .and.ordRs 0onsent after
eGp/rat/on of"
D9)MT1e ter! of t1e renta. a2ree!ent or /ts ter!/nat/on and, eG0ept as ot1er6/se
prov/ded /n sbpara2rap1 D$), t1e eGp/rat/on of a not/0e of"...
DII)MEG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n sbse0t/on $, at .east %; da5s for a.. ot1er
per/od/0 tenan0/esJ orL
N'S C;.$<9D9)Da) /s /napp./0ab.e /n t1at Co21./n d/d not .ease K'ea. propert5L as
sed /n t1/s sbse0t/on, espe0/a..5 61en not/n2 t1e d/st/n0t ter!/no.o25 of a Kd6e../n2 n/tL
sed /n N'S C;.$<9D9)Da) !a8es /napp./0ab.e to Co21./nHs tenan05 N'S C;.$<9D9)Da) 61ere
s01 tenan05 6as per!/ss/b.5 sed as a 1o!e .a6 off/0eF!attress bs/ness.
and 1/s .ease 6as not Kfor an /ndef/n/te t/!eL 6/t1 !ont1.5 or ot1er per/od/0 rent reserved, t1e
tenant 0ont/nes /n possess/on t1ereof, /n person or b5 sbtenant, 6/t1ot t1e .and.ordRs
0onsent after t1e eGp/rat/on of a not/0eL
T1e prob.e! for *a8er /s t1at 1/s =F$$F99 and AF$@F99 Not/0es bot1 state t1at K5or
renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99L. Ho6ever, t1e KStandard Lease
A2ree!entL bet6een ,er./ss, U..oa, and Co21./n s/!p.5 does not state t1at /t 6/.. be
KeGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99L.
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(rt1er, /f Co21./nHs tenan05 or .ease 1ad KeGp/redL, t1en t1e .and.ord d/d not prov/de
t1e proper not/0e nder N'S C;.$<CD$), 61ere s01 s/tat/on 6o.d re3/re pro0eed/n2 nder
N'S C;.$<;, rat1er t1an t1e t6o 0onf./0t/n2 se0t/ons of N'S C;.$<9 t1at *a8er pro0eeded
nder"
K N'SMC;.$<;MMUn.a6f. deta/ner" Possess/on after eGp/rat/on of ter!.MMA tenant of rea.
propert5 or a !ob/.e 1o!e for a ter! .ess t1an ./fe /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner 61en t1e
tenant 0ont/nes /n possess/on, /n person or b5 sbtenant, of t1e propert5 or !ob/.e 1o!e or
an5 part t1ereof, after t1e eGp/rat/on of t1e ter! for 61/01 /t /s .et to t1e tenant. In a.. 0ases
61ere rea. propert5 /s .eased for a spe0/f/ed ter! or per/od, or b5 eGpress or /!p./ed 0ontra0t,
61et1er 6r/tten or paro., t1e tenan05 ter!/nates 6/t1ot not/0e at t1e eGp/rat/on of t1e
spe0/f/ed ter! or per/od.L
*a8erHs =F$$F99 KNo:Case Ter!/nat/on Not/0e to Va0ateL Dt/./>/n2 a pre:pr/nted N.
S. Ct. K(or! Q@L D6/t1 7st a 0op.e t1/n2s 01an2ed b5 6a5 of p.a0/n2 K[Ls over Kor
ter!/natedL /n a 0op.e areas) reads"
No:Case Ter!/nat/on Not/0e to Va0ate N'S C;.$<9D9) TO"....&ate of Serv/0e" A2st
$$nd, $;99
PLEASE TA+E NOTICE t1at 5o !st srrender and va0ate t1e renta. n/t .o0ated at"
9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street, 'eno, Nevada =A<;% )o are ent/t.ed to a per/od of"
b[b $. T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s after serv/0e of t1/s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t
Dbe0ase 5o 1ave a per/od/0 tenan05 61/01 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8). N'S C;.$<9D9)Da)D$). ...
b[b <. T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s after serv/0e of t1/s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t
Dbe0ase 5or tenan05 /s sb7e0t to C1apter 99=A of t1e Nevada 'ev/sed Stattes and 5or
renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99. N'S C;.$<9D9)Db)D9)D99). DApp./es to a..
ot1er per/od/0 tenan0/es.)...
ATTENTION_ If 5o fa.. to va0ate t1e renta. n/t b5 Septe!ber $%, $;99, 5o 6/.. be
2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner Dn.a6f. possess/on), and I 6/.. start ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s
a2a/nst 5o.
NOTE" If 5o are #; 5ears of a2e or o.der. or /f 5o 1ave a p15s/0a. or !enta.
d/sab/./t5, and 5or tenan05 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8, 5o !a5 !a8e a 6r/tten re3est to !e to be
a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s past t1e t/!e
./sted on t1/s not/0e. )o !st prov/de !e 6/t1 proof of 5or a2e or d/sab/./t5 6/t1 5or
6r/tten re3est. If I re7e0t 5or re3est, 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to pet/t/on t1e 0ort to 0ont/ne In
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s. If t1e 0ort den/es 5or pet/t/on, 5o
6/.. be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for f/ve D<) 0a.endar da5s
fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.
ATTENTION_ THIS NOTICE IS *EING GIVEN PU'SUANT TO NEVA&A
'EVISE& STATUTES. If 5o do not 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1/s not/0e 5o 6/.. be In n.a6f.
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t. and 5o 6/.. be sb7e0t to t1e ev/0t/on pro0edres 0onta/ned /n
N'S C;.$<C or N'S C;.$A; et se3.L
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Land.ord ,er./ssHs AF$@F99 < &a5 Not/0e of U& for (a/.re to Va0ate, Not/0e of
S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on C;.$<C prov/ded t1at" KPLEASE TA+E NOTICE t1at prsant to N'S
C;.$<9, 5o are /n n.a6f. deta/ner for fa/./n2 to va0ate and 0ont/n/n2 /n possess/on of t1e
renta. n/t .o0ated at" 9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street. 'eno. Nevada =A<;% after 1av/n2 been served
t1e fo..o6/n2 not/0e 61/01 1as no6 eGp/red"
:Db.an8 /s !ar8ed 6/t1 an K[L) T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta.
n/t Dbe0ase 5o 1ave a per/od/0 tenan05 61/01 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8). N'S C;.$<9D9 )Da)D$).
:Db.an8 /s !ar8ed 6/t1 an K[L) T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta.
n/t Dbe0ase 5or tenan05 /s sb7e0t to C1apter 99=A of t1e Nevada 'ev/sed Stattes and
5or renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red of (ebrar5 $=, $;99. N'S C;.$<9D9)Db)D9)DII). DApp./es to a..
ot1er per/od/0 tenan0/es.)
ATTENTION_ If 5o do not va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t 6/t1/n (IVE ?U&ICIAL
&A)S fro! t1e date of serv/0e of t1/s Not/0e, I 6/.. see8 an order of ev/0t/on fro! t1e ?st/0e
Cort. If 5o are ev/0ted, 5o !a5 .e2a..5 be .o08ed ot of t1e renta. n/t t1e sa!e da5.
ATTENTION_ To 0ontest t1/s not/0e, 5o !st f/.e a TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on
6/t1 t1e ?st/0e Cort of 'eno To6ns1/p b5 noon of t1e (I(TH ?U&ICIAL &A) fro! t1e
date of serv/0e of t1/s not/0eb T1ere /s a f/./n2 feeof B %%.;; . If 5o are nab.e to pa5 t1e
f/./n2 fee, 5o !a5 f/.e a 6r/tten !ot/on 6/t1 t1e 0ort re3est/n2 a fee6a/ver. If t1e 0ort
2rants 5or fee 6a/ver, 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on 6/.. be f/.ed at no 01ar2e. )o
!st a.so de./ver a f/.e:sta!ped 0op5 of 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on to !e. Upon t1e
f/./n2 and de./ver5 of 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on, 5o are ent/t.ed to a 0ort 1ear/n2.
NOTE" If 5o are #; 5ears of a2e or o.der, or /f 5o 1ave a p15s/0a. or !enta.
d/sab/./t5, and 5or tenan05 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8. 5o !a5 !a8e a 6r/tten re3est to !e to be
a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s. )o !st
prov/de !e 6/t1 proof of 5or a2e or d/sab/./t5 6/t1 5or 6r/tten re3est. If I re7e0t 5or
re3est, 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to pet/t/on t1e 0ort to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for
an add/t/ona. %; da5s. If t1e 0ort den/es 5or pet/t/on, 5o 6/.. be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for f/ve D<) 0a.endar da5s fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order
den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.LL
See N'S C;.$<9DC) and Co21./ns 99F%F99 f/./n2 of a ,ot/on for Sta5 0/t/n2 a
d/sab/./t5 as a bas/s for s01 re3est.
T1e Standard 'enta. A2ree!ent entered /nto bet6een .and.ord ,er./ss and 0o:tenants
Co21./n and U..oa read as fo..o6s, /n re.evant part"
$. TE',S" ,ana2e!ent does 1ereb5 rent ... for a per/od of not .ess t1an 9$ !ont1s
tenan05, 0o!!en0/n2 on t1e 9st da5 of ,ar01, $;9; for a tota. a!ont of B9;,=;;.;; at a
!ont1.5 rate of BA;; ...
%. HOL&OVE'" Under Nevada .a6 t1/s 'enta. A2ree!ent and an5 01an2es proper.5
a2reed to 6/.. re!a/n /n effe0t on a !ont1.5 bas/s after t1e /n/t/a. ter!...
$;. TE',INATION" T1/s A2ree!ent and t1e tenan05 1ereb5 2ranted !a5 be
ter!/nated b5 e/t1er part5 6/t1/n %; da5s of t1e def/ned ter!/nat/on date Drefer to Para2rap1
$), or an5 t/!e t1ereafter b5 2/v/n2 t1e ot1er part5 not .ess t1an t1/rt5 D%;) da5 pr/or not/0e /n
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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6r/t/n2 or as ot1er6/se a..o6ed b5 t1e .a6s of t1e State of Nevada D'efer to Para2rap1 9 and
A for !onetar5 ./ab/./t/es)...L
T1e prob.e! for *a8er and t1e .and.ord /s t1at t1e =F$$F99 No:Case Ter!/nat/on
Not/0e to Va0ate !ade an /n0orre0t assess!ent of t1e KStandard 'enta. A2ree!entL, and,
6/t1ot !ore, 6as /noperat/ve as to not/0/n2 Co21./n t1at t1e .and.ord 6as, sa5, /nvo8/n2
Para2rap1 K$;. TE',INATIONL of t1e KStandard 'enta. A2ree!entL bet6een Co21./n and
,er./ss. T1e t1/n2 /s, 61en H/.. and *a8er sb!/t t1ese K/te!/>ed and deta/.edL KA0t/v/t5
'eportsL prport/n2 to 7st/f5 t1e/r !ov/n2 for B9=,;;; /n attorne5Hs fees at t1e tr/a. 0ort
.eve. and for a 61o.e Hnot1er BC$,;#< 7st for t1e appea., t1e5, nder *rn>e.., !st be
re3/red to prov/de t1e sort of e.e2ant, deta/.ed, t1o21tf.., ta/.ored representat/on t1at s01
eGorb/nant fees 6o.d de!and. 'at1er, *a8er and H/.. pratt.e on abot 1o6 Kt1/s 6as
spposed to be a s/!p.e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0aseL and, 6/t1ot spe0/f5/n2 an5 a0ta. po/nts of
.a6 or address/n2 an5 of t1e ev/den0e Co21./n pt for6ard, !a8e va2e 2enera./>at/ons
abot 1o6 Knreasonab.eL Co21./n 6as, and D/nsert .an2a2e fro! CF9AF9$ ,ot/on for Att5
(ees).
T1e/r 0./ent s1o.d not be .eft to ar2e t1at t1e/r !/sstate!ent of t1e .ease v/s a v/s /ts
ter!, drat/on, or an5 Kdef/ned ter!/nat/on dateL D0.ear.5, t1ere /s not s01 date ./sted /n
Para2rap1 $ of t1e .ease, and per1aps, neGt t/!e, nero.o2/st .and.ord ,er./ss 6/.. p/08 1/s
.eases !ore 0aref..5, rev/e6 t1e! pr/or to s/2n/n2 t1e!, and !a8e sre 1e does, /n fa0t,
/n0.ded a Kdef/ned ter!/nat/on dateL /f 1e so 01ooses, rat1er t1an, a..e2ed.5, /n0rr/n2 so!e
B@;,;;; /n attorne5Hs fees a.one, for a 1ose t1at doesnHt ./st for BA;,;;;, t1ese da5s, 7st to
2et a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on ps1ed t1ro21 at brea8ne08 speed. Espe0/a..5 61ere ,er./ss t1en
fa/.ed to rent ot t1e 1ose nt/. (ebrar5 $;9% D/t sat dor!ant and e!pt5, 6/t1 a Kfor rentL
s/2n on /t bet6een Co21./nHs abbrev/ated opportn/t5 to re!ove 1/s be.on2/n2s eGp/r/n2 on
&e0e!ber $%rd, $;99, nt/. (ebrar5 $;9%. Ass!/n2 ,er./ss 0o.d 1ave 0ont/ned 2ett/n2
t1e sa!e BA;; !ont1.5 rent nder t1e Co21./n .ease dr/n2 t1at per/od, t1at 6o.d !ean 1e,
on top of pa5/n2 B@;,;;; to 2et t1e ev/0t/on done D/nstead of a00ept/n2 t1e sett.e!ent
Co21./n pt for6ard 61ere, ar2ab.5, ,er./ssHs K.ossesL 6o.d 1ave a!onted to .ess t1an
B9,;;;, and obv/ated 1/! of an5 frt1er ./ab/./t5 v/s a v/s t1e Green a0t/on La6n Serv/0e
torts), ,er./ss a.so .ost ot on Dfor 61atever reason) anot1er B99,@;; /n rent de to 1/s fa/.re
to f/nd anot1er tenant, for t1e .o0at/on t1at /t 6as s01 a 1rr5 to 2et Co21./n ot of. And
*a8er 01ara0ter/>es t1at res.t as a K0o!p.ete and tota. v/0tor5L sff/0/ent to 3a./f5 as a
Kpreva/./n2 part5L nder N'S #A.;<; for t1e prposes of an attorne5Hs fees a6ard ana.5s/s.
Per1aps *a8er and H/.. 6ere referr/n2 to t1e res.t t1e a01/eved for t1e!se.ves, rat1er t1an
t1e/r 0./ent. S01 /s 0o!p.ete.5 0ons/stent 6/t1 t1e assess!ent fort5 5ear !e!ber /n 2ood
stand/n2, .and.ord tenant .a6 eGpert T1o!as ?. Ha.., Es3., prov/ded to Co21./n of 1/s $;;C
.and.ord tenant ./t/2at/on 61ere/n H/.. 6as oppos/n2 0onse..d
P.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t & D9# pa2es) fro! t1e 9;F$<F99 Ktr/a.L /s a 0r/os do0!ent /ndeed.
One, t1e faG 1eader on t1e f/rst pa2e /nd/0ates t1at t1e '?C faGed to H/..Hs off/0e on 9;F#F99 a
f/.. /n t1e b.an8 .and.ordHs KUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tL
-1ere *a8erHs EG1/b/t ( .a08s a sff/0/ent &e0.arat/on, .a08/n2 t1e N'S <%.;C<,
*086a.ter, re3/s/te .an2a2e, /n t1at /t states on.5" K nder p per7r5L, t1e '?C .a08ed
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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sb7e0t !atter 7r/sd/0t/on sff/0/ent to even 1o.d t1e Ktr/a.L on 9;F$<F99. *e5ond t1at, t1e
Ks!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2L 6as 1e.d on 9;F9%F99, br/n2/n2 to ./21t t1e fa0t t1at no
Land.ordHs Aff/dav/t Dor &e0.arat/on), 6as f/.ed pr/or to t1e 9;F9%F99 pro0eed/n2.
KN'SMC;.%@;MMVer/f/0at/on of 0o!p.a/nt and ans6er.MMT1e 0o!p.a/nt and ans6er
!st be ver/f/ed.L
S01 /s a 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/te nder N'S C;.$<%D<), and D#), !a8/n2 t1e Order of
9;F9%F99 vo/d for .a08 of 7r/sd/0t/on DN'CP #;Db)DC) app./es nder N'S C;.C;;, and t1/s
,ot/on to Set As/de /s bro21t t/!e.5 61ere t1ere /s not a s/G !ont1 ./!/tat/ons per/od as to a
vo/dness bas/s. T1ere /s a pr/0e to pa5 for ,er./ss and *a8er atte!pt/n2 to 01ara0ter/>e t1e
.ease /n a 0.ear.5 /n0orre0t !anner D/e, assert/n2 t1at /s 1as ter!/nated on (ebrar5 $=t1, $;99
and t1at t1e ter! of t1e .ease 6as K9$ !ont1sL 61en, 0.ear.5, patent.5, t1at /s not t1e 0ase
pon a rev/e6 of t1e .ease. T1at pr/0e /s and 6as t1at t1e var/os Ev/0t/on Not/0es prported
served 6ere /nsff/0/ent for t1e prpose of effe0t/n2 a ter!/nat/on of t1e .ease. -1/01 6as
2o/n2 to 0ost ,er./ss !ore t/!e to 2et 1/s pre0/os s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, adn 61/01 6as 2o/n2 to
!a8e t1e fees *a8er and H/.. 6ere 01ar2/n2 ,er./ss to, p to t1at po/nt, !ost.5 7st se for!s
of t1e Spre!e CortHs 6ebs/te, for 61/01 t1e/r /s not 2arantee D/n add/t/on to *a8er fa/./n2
to Dper1aps on prpose) 2et ,er./ssHs 9;F99F99 notar/>ed KUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tL f/.ed
/n /n t1e 0ase, 9@;=, or even !ar8ed as an EG1/b/t. T1ere s/!p.5 /s not1/n2 to prove t1at
*a8er or ,er./ss f/.ed s01 an KUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tL /n a t/!e.5 !anner 1ere.
*a8erHs 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on /s 0.ear.5 frad.ent /n t1at respe0t, 61ere /t asserts t1at
,er./ssHs 9;F99F99 notar/>ed KUn.a6f. &eta/ner Aff/dav/tL 6as Kf/.ed prev/os.5L Dsee, a.so,
61ere *a8erHs /nd/0ates t1e sa!e 6as Ksb!/ttedL...6e.....61/01 /s /tP T1ereHs no f/.e sta!pe
on /t for an5 t/!e pr/or to /t be/n2 !ar8ed as an EG1/b/t !/d:6a5 t1ro21 t1e 9;F$<F99 Ktr/a.L.
*as01 v. Hooper, <;@ N.).S.$d #$; N. ).C/t5.C/v., 9A=# Ter!/nat/on not/0e /n
nonpr/!ar5 res/den0e s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 0on0erns sb7e0t:!atter 7r/sd/0t/on, so t1at
defe0ts /n not/0e 0annot be retroa0t/ve.5 0red. V/d/a8/, LLC v. ?st *rea8fast and T1/n2s___,
%% A.%d =C= eaW$%%LAN&LO'& AN& TENANT eaW$%%I['e:Entr5 and 'e0over5 of
Possess/on b5 Land.ord eaW$%%8 $A%S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s eaW$%%8"$A@&e!and or Not/0e
eaW$%%8$A@D I)8. Ne0ess/t5 of de!and, or not/0e to 3/t. Conn.App.,$; 9$ Pa2e I A not/0e to
3/t /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on and, /f defe0t/ve, depr/ves t1e 0ort
of sb7e0t!atter 7r/sd/0t/on over t1e a0t/on. po C/t5 of *r/sto. v. O0ean State ?ob Lot Stores
of Conne0t/0t, In0., A%9 A.$d =%@ Conn.,$;;@ A not/0e to 3/t /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a
s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on and, /f ,/.. Pond Propert/es, LLC v. ,oeHs T/re Z Ato Center,
LLC, CA Conn. L. 'ptr. ZC%-est +e5S!!ar5NIOConn.Sper.,$;IOCort .a08ed
sb7e0t!atter 7r/sd/0t/on over .and.ordHs s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on be0ase t1e .and.ord fa/.ed
to serve a va./d Enot/0e to 3/tE on t1e .essee. T1e .essee ar2ed t1at t1e 0ort .a08ed
7r/sd/0t/on be0ase t1e Enot/0e to 3/tE served b5 t1e p.a/nt/ff 6as pre!atre, and t1erefore
defe0t/ve, be0ase /t 6as not pre0eded b5 a preter!/nat/on not/0e as 6as re3/red b5 t1e .ease.
T1e .and.ord ar2ed t1at 1/s fa/.re to 2/ve not/0e of ter!/nat/on as t1e .ease re3/red 0o.d
serve as a defense to a s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on bt d/d not re!ove t1e 0ortHs 7r/sd/0t/on.
*e0ase t1ere 6as no preeG/st/n2 defa.t /n t1e .ease ter!s, t1e .and.ordHs fa/.re to 0o!p.5
6/t1 t1e ter!s of t1e .ease depr/ved t/.e 0ort of 7r/sd/0t/on. C.G.S.A. I C @a:$%. I
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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$%%8$A@D$)$;$9@@$A<@;;9;9$;$ I @@$A<@;;9 'osen v. -ade, C9= N.).S.$d $<= PP
$%%LAN&LO'& AN& TENANT Ca$%%I['e:Entr5 and 'e0over5 of Possess/on b5
Land.ord Ca$%%8 $A%S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s Ca$%%8$A@&e!and or Not/0e Ca$%%8$A@D%)8.
Serv/0e of not/0e. N.).C/t5.C/v.,9A@A Pa2e I Unt/!e./ness of 3/t not/0e /s not a !ere error
t1at 0an be 0red b5 a!end!ent to pet/t/on /n s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2J rat1er, /t /s a defed 61/01
depr/ves 0ort of sb7e0t!atter 7rHsd/0t/on and at1or/t5 to pro0eed a.to2et1er. 'ea. Propert5
La6 I $%$:a.
KN'SMC;.C;;MM'.es of pra0t/0e.HMM(or t1e otra2eos s!s so21t /n attorne5Hs
fees, /t /s a ./tt.e srpr/s/n2 t1at Case5 &. *a8er, Es3., ad!/tted dr/n2 1/s s6orn test/!on5 at
Co21./nHs 0r/!/na. trespass tr/a. on #F9=F9$ /n $#C;<, t1at 1e d/d not rea./>e t1at N'CP, and
N'AP app./ed to t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n 9@;= and appea. t1erefro!, /nd/0at/n2, rat1er, t1at
1e nderstood ?C'CP to app.5.
T1e not/0es *a8er 1ad served, a..e2ed.5, 6ere def/0/ent D7st be0ase t1e5 are for!s on
t1e Nevada Spre!e CortHs 6ebs/te does not !a8e t1e! sat/sf5 t1e stattor5 7r/sd/0t/ona.
prere3/s/tes...*a8er and H/.. s1o.d not se Kfor!sL and t1en 01ar2e ./8e t1e5 are a 6ar
roo! f.. of ,an1attan .a65ers do/n2 so!e !er2er for a !.t/nat/ona....). And, 61atHs rea..5
fnn5, /s t1at a.. t1ose for!s on t1e N. S. CtHs 6eb:s/te are fro! $;;#. He..o, *a8er and H/..,
1ave t1ere been an5 01an2es to t1e stattes s/n0e t1at t/!eP Have t1e for!s been pdatedP
-1atP )o d/dnHt 01e08P &oesnHt &r. ,er./ss deserve to 1ave 5o 01e08 t1at stff ot, 61at
6/t1 t1e B@;+ and a.. 5o 25s sa5 1e pa/d 5o...or 6as /t 7st K/n0rredLP -1at does N'S
#A.;<; re3/reP &oes N'S #A.;<; even app.5 to an appea. of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
pro0eed/n2, or rat1er 7st to appea.s of 0/v/. a0t/onsP C.ear.5, a rev/e6 of t1e ot1er se0t/ons of
N'S #A spports t1e v/e6 t1at K0ostsL are /dent/f/ed on.5 as be/n2 /n0rred /n t1e 0onteGt of a
K0/v/. a0t/onL DN?C'CP def/nes K.and.ord tenant !attersL as d/st/n0t fro! K0/v/. a0t/onsL
D61/01 6o.d /n0.ded p.enar5 n.a6f. deta/ner K0/v/. a0t/onsL and ne/t1er t1e 9;F9%F99
Ks!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2L or an5 Ktr/a.L Deven nder N?C'CP 9;= and 9;A) fa.. 6/t1/n
t1at prv/e6). ItHs /ron/0, 2/ven a.. of *a8er and H/..Hs b.ster /n t1e/r f/./n2s /n ;#%$= 61ere/n
t1e5 a..e2e Co21./n does not nderstand t1e d/fferen0e bet6een a 7d2e!ent and order, and
to 61/01 N'CP <$ and <A !a5 be /nvo8ed, as N'S #A.;C; spea8s on.5 to K7d2!entsL Dand
bot1 t1e 9;F$<F99 and 9;F$@F99 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on KOrdersL are, ne0essar/.5, not 7d2!ents,
6/t1 K7d2!entsL n/versa..5 be/n2 v/e6ed as d/spo/n2 of an ent/re K0aseL or Ka0t/onL
Dad!/tted.5, t1e .an2a2e def/n/n2 Ka0t/onsL /n N'S 99=A does ./tt.e to 0.ar/f5 t1at, and
see!/n2.5 ?d2e Sferra>>a, *a8er, and Co21./n 6ere a.. t1ro6n for a .oop b5 N?C'CP 9;A,
61/01 spea8s to Ktr/a.sL /n t1e 0onteGt of Ks!!ar5 ev/0t/onsL D6/t1 t1e 0on0epts of tr/a.s
be/n2 v/e6ed b5 a.. t1ree as !ta..5 eG0.s/ve fro! s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s...1o6ever, a
rev/e6 of K-estHs Ana.5s/s of A!er/0an La6L and t1e /ndeG of 1eadnotes t1ere/n revea.s t1at,
/n fa0t, t1ere eG/sts a 1ead note 6/t1/n t1e Ks!!ar5 pro0eed/n2sL se0t/on for possessor5
a0t/ons t1at /s t/t.ed Ktr/a.sL, .end/n2 spport for t1at 61/01 ?d2e Sferra>>a d/d /n sett/n2 a
tr/a. for 9;F$<F99, even /f ?d2e Sferra>>aHs sbse3ent 0o!!entar5 on 9;F$<F99, after
ad!/tt/n2 to Co21./n H5orHre r/21t. It /s /s a tr/a.L D61erepon ?d2e Sferra>>a t1en
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pro!pt.5 atte!pted to 0oer0e a03/es0en0e fro! Co21./n to 6a/v/n2 t1e de pro0ess
pro0edra. prote0t/ons 6/t1/n N?C'CP 9;= D/n no 0ase s1a.. s01 o00r .ess t1an 9; da5s
fro!....) and N?C'CP 9;A D61/01, 2/ven t1e .an2a2e /n N?C'CP $, and t1e se0t/on 1ead/n2
pr/or to '.e 9;9 t1ere/n, appears to a..o6 for Ktr/a.sL 6/t1/n a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on sett/n2,
t1o21 t1e K$; da5sL to respond to a Ks!!ons and 0o!p.a/ntL nor!a..5 attendant to a K0/v/.
a0t/onLFn.a6f. deta/ner a0t/on Dand t1/s /s 61ere t1e .an2a2e of N'S @.;=< be0o!es rat1er
prob.e!at/0 to t1e eGtent /t spea8s to K"i-il a"tion or proceeding, DNOTE" /t does not sa5
Es!!ar5 pro0eed/n2E) espe0/a..5 61en v/e6 a.on2 6/t1 N'S 99=A Ho6 are Ks!a.. 0.a/!sL
a0t/ons appea. fees ./!/ted to B9<.;;P
'e2ard.ess, ne/t1er t1e =F$$F99 nor t1e AF$@F99 Not/0es DEG1/b/tHs * and C at t1e
9;F$<F99 tr/a.) 0onta/n t1at 61/01 t1e5 are re3/red to nder N'S C;.$<%D$):D%), 61/01 /s
/ron/0, 0ons/der/n2 t1at bot1 of t1ose sbse0t/ons be0a!e eGtre!e.5 8e5 to t1/s ./t/2at/on D6/t1
respe0t to t1e per!/ss/b/./t5 of t1e 0orner 0tt/n2 ta8en b5 t1e -as1oe Cont5 S1er/ffHs Off/0e
D61/01 .ed to Co21./n be/n2 sb7e0t to a ./en and br2.ar/>ed on 9$F9$F99 and !ade to 6a/t
nt/. 9$F$;F99 to even 2et 1/s Hear/n2 to 0ontest t1e ./ent) /n fa/./n2 to do 61at ever5 ot1er
0ont5 /n Nevada does D/e, post t1e $C 1or .o08:ot Orders, t1en 6a/t $C 1ors to effe0tate
s01 .o08:ot) and t1e 9;FCF99:9;F<F99 n.a6f. /nterrpt/on of essent/a. serv/0es
De.e0tr/0/t5), /n fa0t, /s addressed b5 t1e t1e statte sbse0t/on % re3/res tenantHs be adv/sed of
6/t1/n s01 not/0es. &ef/0/ent not/0e, 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/tes not !et, .a08 of sb7e0t
!atter 7r/sd/0t/on, Orders are vo/d.
*a8erHs not/0es fa/.ed to Kadv/se t1e tenantL nder N'SMC;.$<%D%)Db)D$) t1at" K.../f t1e
0ort deter!/nes t1at t1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner, t1e 0ort !a5 /sse a
s!!ar5 order for re!ova. of t1e tenant or an order prov/d/n2 for t1e nonad!/ttan0e of t1e
tenant, d/re0t/n2 t1e s1er/ff or 0onstab.e of t1e 0ont5 to re!ove t1e tenant 6/t1/n $C 1ors
after re0e/pt of t1e order...L. 'at1er, *a8erHs not/0es !ere.5 /nd/0ated" K If 5o are ev/0ted,
5o !a5 .e2a..5 be .o08ed ot of t1e renta. n/t t1e sa!e da5L T1ose are not even 0.ose to t1e
sa!e t1/n2.
*a8erHs not/0es fa/.ed to Kadv/se t1e tenantL nder N'SMC;.$<%D%)Db)D%) t1at"
K...prsant to N'S 99=A.%A;, a tenant !a5 see8 re./ef /f a .and.ord n.a6f..5 re!oves t1e
tenant fro! t1e pre!/ses or eG0.des t1e tenant b5 b.o08/n2 or atte!pt/n2 to b.o08 t1e
tenantRs entr5 pon t1e pre!/ses or 6/..f..5 /nterrpts or 0ases or per!/ts t1e /nterrpt/on of
an essent/a. serv/0e re3/red b5 t1e renta. a2ree!ent or 01apter 99=A of N'S...
Unfortnate.5 for .and.ord ,er./ss, *a8er t1o21t s/n2 for!s 6o.d be 2ood eno21,
1o6ever, s01 K(or! QCL fa/.ed to sat/sf5 N'S C;.$<%D$):D%). *t, at .east K(or! QCL d/d
/n0.de so!e .an2a2e t1at !a8es t1e .o08ot of 99F9F99 even !ore /..e2a. 0ons/der/n2
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co2.1/n 6as ent/t.ed to re.5 pon /ts eGpress /nd/0at/on t1at K5o 1ave t1e r/21t to pet/t/on
t1e 0ort to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s. If t1e 0ort
den/es 5or pet/t/on, 5o 6/.. be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for f/ve
D<) 0a.endar da5s fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.L T1atHs t1e
t1/n2, t1o21. *5 t1at not/0eHs o6n .an2a2e, Co21./n 6as ent/t.ed to K0ont/ne /n
possess/onL ... Kfor f/ve D<) 0a.endar da5s fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 for f/ve D<) 0a.endar
da5s fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.L ?d2e Sferra>>a st/.. 1as
not den/ed Co21./nHs Pet/t/on. H/.. 1as d/a2nosed Co21./n 6/t1 so!e K1oarderL 0ond/t/on
Dar2ab.5 a d/sab/./t5), t1o21. "
*a8erHs AF$@F99 < &a5 Not/0e of U& for (a/.re to Va0ate, Not/0e of S!!ar5
Ev/0t/on C;.$<C prov/ded t1at" KPLEASE TA+E NOTICE t1at prsant to N'S C;.$<9, 5o
are /n n.a6f. deta/ner for fa/./n2 to va0ate and 0ont/n/n2 /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t
.o0ated at" 9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street. 'eno. Nevada =A<;% after 1av/n2 been served t1e
fo..o6/n2 not/0e 61/01 1as no6 eGp/red"
:Db.an8 /s !ar8ed 6/t1 an K[L) T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta.
n/t Dbe0ase 5o 1ave a per/od/0 tenan05 61/01 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8). N'S C;.$<9D9 )Da)D$).
:Db.an8 /s !ar8ed 6/t1 an K[L) T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta.
n/t Dbe0ase 5or tenan05 /s sb7e0t to C1apter 99=A of t1e Nevada 'ev/sed Stattes and
5or renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red of (ebrar5 $=, $;99. N'S C;.$<9D9)Db)D9)DII). DApp./es to a..
ot1er per/od/0 tenan0/es.)
ATTENTION_ If 5o do not va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t 6/t1/n (IVE ?U&ICIAL
&A)S fro! t1e date of serv/0e of t1/s Not/0e, I 6/.. see8 an order of ev/0t/on fro! t1e ?st/0e
Cort. If 5o are ev/0ted, 5o !a5 .e2a..5 be .o08ed ot of t1e renta. n/t t1e sa!e da5.
ATTENTION_ To 0ontest t1/s not/0e, 5o !st f/.e a TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on
6/t1 t1e ?st/0e Cort of 'eno To6ns1/p b5 noon of t1e (I(TH ?U&ICIAL &A) fro! t1e
date of serv/0e of t1/s not/0eb T1ere /s a f/./n2 feeof B %%.;; . If 5o are nab.e to pa5 t1e
f/./n2 fee, 5o !a5 f/.e a 6r/tten !ot/on 6/t1 t1e 0ort re3est/n2 a fee6a/ver. If t1e 0ort
2rants 5or fee6a/ver, 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on 6/.. be f/.ed at no 01ar2e. )o
!st a.so de./ver a f/.e:sta!ped 0op5 of 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on to !e. Upon t1e
f/./n2 and de./ver5 of 5or TenantHs Aff/dav/tF&e0.arat/on, 5o are ent/t.ed to a 0ort 1ear/n2.
NOTE" If 5o are #; 5ears of a2e or o.der, or /f 5o 1ave a p15s/0a. or !enta.
d/sab/./t5, and 5or tenan05 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8. 5o !a5 !a8e a 6r/tten re3est to !e to be
a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s. )o !st
prov/de !e 6/t1 proof of 5or a2e or d/sab/./t5 6/t1 5or 6r/tten re3est. If I re7e0t 5or
re3est, 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to pet/t/on t1e 0ort to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for
an add/t/ona. %; da5s. If t1e 0ort den/es 5or pet/t/on, 5o 6/.. be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for f/ve D<) 0a.endar da5s fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order
den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.LL
-1o!ever pt to2et1er t1ose for!s on t1e 6ebs/te probab.5 d/dnHt 2et pa/d B@;,;;;
for s/G 6ee8s of part t/!e 6or8, at !ost, to pt t1e! to2et1er, t1o21.

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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, 5es &r. ,er./ss d/d 5o f/nd !5 for!er 0o:tenant ,s. ,e./ssa Lee E..a to see!s
s/!/.ar.5 ent/t.ed
Merli##, not at t1e t/!e no
De*en!ant, to fee. t1at 6a5 abot 1er no6
Merli##, s1e 1asnHt pa/d 1er rent I donHt f/nd t1at s1eHs ent/t.ed bt s1e 1asnHt pa/d 1er rent
De*en!ant, d/d 5o !a8e an a2ree!ent 6/t1 1er /n t1at re2ard 6/t1 respe0t to 1er pa5/n2
rentP
Merli##, s1e sa/d t1at s1e 6as 2o/n2 to pa5 t1e rent
Plainti**, d/d 5o ever 6r/te ba08 to 1er t1at sonds 2ood or I eG0ept t1atP
Merli##, 5es
De*en!ant, 5o d/dP
Merli##, s1e 6as 2o/n2 to pa5 rent 6/t1/n t1e e:!a/.s
De*en!ant, and 5o sa/d o8a5 I eG0ept t1at a2ree!ent 6/t1 5oP
Merli##, /t 6asnHt an arra5 an a2ree!ent s1e pro!/sed to pa5 !e t1e rent
De*en!ant, and d/d 5o 6r/te 1er ba08 assent/n2 to t1at /n so!e !anner
Merli##, t1at /t 6as o8a5 t1at /f s1e pa/d !e t1e rent 5es I 6e.0o!e t1e rent
De*en!ant, do 5o 8no6 61et1er or not so do/n2 1as so!e .e2a. effe0t t6o for /nstan0e
eG0ept t1e .ate part/a. rent /n Nevada
Plainti**,, ob7e0t/on 0a..s for .e2a. 0on0.s/on
>u!ge, a.. ssta/ned t1e
Merli##, f/21t t1at I
>u!ge, S/r S/r -ade to ans6er 5or attorne5 posed an ob7e0t/on so 6a/t nt/. t1e 0ore r.es
on /t before 5o ans6er and I a! 2o/n2 to ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/on
De*en!ant, 5es 5or 1onor /s &ar.ene S1arpe or &/08son 'ea.t5 /n so!e 6a5 on t1e
!ort2a2e deed a.one for t1e t6o 1oses
Plainti**,, ob7e0t/on re.evan0e
>u!ge, a.. overr.ed t1e ob7e0t/on
Merli##, no6
Plainti**, o8a5 61at /s t1e arran2e!ent 6/t1 &ar.ene S1arpe
Plainti**,, ob7e0t/on
P.a/nt/ff" I a! ob7e0t/n2 re.evan0e t1e 0ort 1as a.read5 r.ed t1at 6e are not br/n2/n2 /n t1/rd
part5 sp1ere I donHt 8no6 61at re.evan05 t1/s 1as to an5t1/n2 61ere not br/n2/n2 /n da!a2e
0.a/!s e/t1er )or Honor
De*en!ant, ear./er toda5 /s seen to spe.. and ,r. *a8er /s 0onstant.5 do/n2 t1/s to !e /s
te../n2 !e 61at I sa/d 61en /t doesnHt 3/te sond ./8e so!et1/n2 /s set
>u!ge, I donHt 0are 61at t1e 3est/on /s 61et1er or not /tHs re.evant so 5o te.. !e 1o6 /tHs
re.evant
De*en!ant, 1eHs 1e t1en pro0eeded to state 61at 5or order 6as 6/t1 re2ard to 0onter0.a/!s
or ?ordan t1ere and ear./er toda5 /t see!s as t1o21 5o sa/d I d/dnHt te.. 5o 1e 0an br/n2
0onter t1e! send non:0onfsed
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, I sa/d 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to f/.e a 0onter0.a/! S/r bt t1e Spre!e Cort 1as ./!/ted
nor!a..5 0onvert t1e /f /t 2oes to a f..:b.o6n tr/a. 5o 0o.d do t1at and 5oHre not pre0.ded
fro! do/n2 /t after t1e fa0t /n t1/s 0ase /tHs 7st not 2er!ane to t1e /sse of 61et1er or not t1e
n.a6f. deta/ner s1o.d be 2ranted
De*en!ant, so /n t1/s s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 t1at 6e are 1av/n2 r/21t no6 a! I not ab.e to
./t/2ate 0onter0.a/!s a2a/nst t1/rd part/esP
>u!ge, 5o are not ab.e to ./t/2ate be0ase 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to ./t/2ate t1e! .ater nder t1e
statte
De*en!ant, so I a! not a..o6ed to /n t1/s pro0eed/n2 /tHs not per!/ss/ve
>u!ge, n/ne /n t1/s pro0eed/n2 toda5 no6 and I a! not ab.e /f IHd 2/ven /t t/!e.5 0re beat
de!and or re3est are t1ose a..o6ed /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2
>u!ge, o8a5 f/rst of a.. I r.ed t1at sre re3est for a 7r5 tr/a. 61et1er 5oHre s00essf. /n
5or ar2!ent t1at toda5 /s a tr/a. or as I /nd/0ated /t /s a 1ear/n2 bt e/t1er 6a5 t1e 7r5 tr/a.
de!and 6as not t/!e.5 f/.ed a.. r/21t /t 6as not t/!e.5 f/.ed.
De*en!ant, and I sppose /tHs an appropr/ate to as8 5o 61at /fs /f I 0an 2o .oo8 t1at p /n t1e
.a6 ./brar5
>u!ge, 5o 0an .oo8 /t p bt IH! te../n2 5o /t 6as not t/!e.5 f/.ed
De*en!ant, on not d/spt/n2 /t IH! 7st 6onder/n2 /f I 1ad f/.ed a t/!e.5 are t1ose even
poss/b.e s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s bt I nderstand 1er t/!e /s ./!/ted
>u!ge, no I donHt be./eve t1ere poss/b.e s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s no bt /f t1/s !atter 6ere to 2o
to tr/a. /f t1e 0ort f/nds IH! not 2o/n2 to ar2e 6/t1 5o an5!ore abot t1e .a6 5oHre as8/n2
3est/ons of &r. ,er./ss so 2o a1ead and do /t bt I ssta/ned t1e ob7e0t/on as to re.evan0e as
to 1o6 &ar.ene S1arpe /s /nvo.ved /n t1e propert5
De*en!ant, &r. ,er./ss 5o re0e/ve an5 po/nts for !e 61ere/n I deta/.ed 1/s .eve. 6ere 1ea.t1
or safet5 or 0r/!/na. a.. re.ated t1e /sses
Merli##, not an5 0.ear ones
De*en!ant, 0an 5o des0r/be 61at 5o !eant b5 t1at
Merli##, 61en 5o f/rst started to send !e e:!a/.s t1e5 6ere ver5 n0.ear t1e .an2a2e 6as
n0.ear I 0o.dnHt te.. /f 5o 6ere 0o!p.a/n/n2 or /f 5o 6anted 1e.p t1ere 6ere ver5
a!b/2os 5o .ater sent an e:!a/. abot t1e to/.et abot r/ne t1at 6ent on for t1ree or for
e:!a/.s t1at 6as 0o!p.ete.5 b/>arre I 0o.dnHt nderstand /t and I even sent Anton/o t1ere 1e
0o.dnHt f/nd an5 6/t1 t1at e:!a/. 5o .ost a .ot of 0red/b/./t5 5o 6ere 6aG/n2 e.e2an0e abot
r/ne 0r5sta.s and t1/n2s ./8e t1at I 0o.dnHt rea..5 fo..o6 5o fro! t1ere are on t1e natre of
t1e e:!a/.s deter/orated 6/t1 5or s5ntaG and 2ra!!ar and I 0o.dnHt rea..5 fo..o6 t1e! after
t1at t1e e:!a/.s see! to fo..o6 a 0erta/n pattern 61ere t1e f/rst part of t1e e:!a/. 6as
Plainti**, IH! sorr5
Merli##, IH! ans6er/n2 t1e 3est/on S/r
De*en!ant, 5ea1 5oHre 2o/n2 past 9S
Merli##, t1e f/rst part of t1e e:!a/. 6as 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot
>u!ge,, a.. r/21t a.so sta/ned t1e /n7e0t/on /s non respons/ve /sse /s t1e 0r/!/na. 0o!p.a/nts
and 5o sa/d t1e5 6ere 0.ear
Merli##, t1e e:!a/.s 6ere not 0.ear )or Honor
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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o8a5 and 0annot prov/de &r. ,er./ss 0an I 2/ve 1/! so!et1/n2 to refer to 61/.e I referen0e
t1ese e:!a/.s
>u!ge, 5o 0an refer to pa2e and t1e e:!a/. spe0/f/0a..5 t1at 5or are referr/n2 to /s EG1/b/t =
De*en!ant, 5es 5or 1onor
>u!ge, and 61ere /s t1e one abot t1e r/ne S/r
De*en!ant, 5es 6/t1 respe0t to t1e bro8en 6aG r/n2 on t1e to/.et 6ere /n t1e r/ne s.d2e 6as
p../n2 be1/nd t1e to/.et for !ont1s on end and I 6as eGtre!e.5 0ons0/ent/os and not
7!p/n2 to t1e 0on0.s/on t1at /t 6as a 6aG r/n2 6onder /f !a5be 5o for 6as sp/..over r/ne
I 8no6 /t 2ets d/s2st/n2 ta.8/n2 abot t1/s bt I t1/n8 to !e t1at events a .eve. of 0on0ern for
not 6ast/n2 &r. ,er./ss /s !one5 1e see!ed to
>u!ge, 6/.. 61/01 bt pa2es t1at on do 5o 1ave an /dea
>u!ge, to 5o 1ave an /dea &r. 61at !ont1 t1at 6as
Merli##,
Plainti**, I see /t on pa2e $9 )or Honor t1/s /s t1e e:!a/. to 61/01 &r. ,er./ss /s referr/n2 to
as 7st too 0onfs/n2 ... t1ere /s !ore t1an one e:!a/. I be./eve )or Honor
>u!ge, or a !a5be 5o 0an .oo8 at t1e! and /dent/f5
Plainti**,
De*en!ant, )or Honor I be./eve I re7e0ted so!e of t1e I t1/n8 to so!e Internet art/0.es on
1o6 to f/2re ot 61atHs 2o/n2 on 6/t1 t1e to/.et 6/t1 a prob.e! ./8e t1/s /nterest /n t1e
/nterests of brev/t5 of t1e atta01!ents I re7e0ted t1at ot /t 6as not1/n2 I 6rote /t 6as so!e
5a1oo.0o! art/0.e on f/2r/n2 ot /f 5o 1ave a 6aG r/n2 prob.e! 6/t1 5or to/.et
Plainti**, )or Honor /f ,r. Co21./nHs not 2o/n2 to present a 0o!p.ete do0!ent I 1ave to
ob7e0t to /ts ad!/ss/b/./t5
>u!ge,,
Plainti**, /f ,r. &o0 Co21./n /s /t t1at ,r. Co21./n /s not 2onna present a 0o!p.ete
do0!ent bt 7st p/08 and 01oose t1e senten0es 1e 6ants to present to t1e 0ort I
>u!ge, 6e.. t1e t1/n2 /s do 5o 1ave t1e 0o!p.ete ones
De*en!ant, 5es 5or 1onor bt 1as ,r. *a8er !ade t1e d/./2ent /n3/r5
>u!ge, I 7st 6ant to 2et t1e tenor of 61at 6as sa/d be0ase t1e do0tor test/f/ed t1at t1ese
6ere to so!e eGtent or not 0o1eren0e I 2ess
De*en!ant, and )or Honor /f 5oH.. 7st note t1at approG/!ate.5 ./ne 9@ /s one of t1e f/rst
!ent/ons of t1/s bro8en 6/ndo6 /n (ebrar5
>u!ge, 6/.. serve 5o are not test/f/ed so IH! 7st rev/e6/n2 t1e e:!a/. t1e 3est/on 5o as8ed
>u!ge, a.. r/21t IHve read t1e! so 2o a1ead 6/t1 5or neGt 3est/ons are
De*en!ant, &r. ,er./ss 0an 5o .oo8 at t1e e:!a/. and te.. !e 61atHs so 0onfs/n2 abot /t to
/t 2oes on fro! pa2e $9 to $$ and fro! !5 read/n2 /t a.. see!ed eGtre!e.5 0ons0/ent/os t1e
t1/n8 0aref..5 t1o21t ot /n0ons/derate
>u!ge,. T1at /s /f 5o 6ant to .oo8 at /t a2a/n
Merli##, I 0o.dnHt fo..o6 /t /t 6as ra!b./n2 and I sa/d
De*en!ant, 6/.. 7st 2o a1ead and te.. !e 61at spe0/f/0a..5 abot /t /s ra!b./n2 &r. ,er./ss
>u!ge, 6e.. I 2ess I a! 1av/n2 a ./tt.e trob.e abot t1e re.evan0e of t1/s r/21t no6
De*en!ant, to !e /t 2oes to t1e 61o.e re.at/ons1/p
>u!ge, 6e.. /t 6asnHt a 0r/!/na. offense to 1ave a .ea8/n2 to/.et so
- #@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, /t 0onst/ttes t1/s IH! a do0tor donHt bot1er !e 6/t1 5or stp/d to/.et 0on0erns
>u!ge, 6e.. I t1o21t 1e /s 7st addressed /t /!!ed/ate.5 b5 sa5/n2 1e 6o.d send Anton/o
over and
De*en!ant, d/d Anton/o ever 0o!e over
Merli##, d/d 1e f/G /t or 5es ,er./ss 5es
Plainti**, d/d 1e f/G /tP
Merli##, 1e 0a!e over and t1en 1e to.d !e t1at t1ere 6asnHt a prob.e!
Plainti**, 1o6 soon after d/d 1e 0o!e over
Merli##, a fe6 da5s I donHt 8no6
De*en!ant, are 5o a6are t1at 1e to.d !e t1ere 6as a prob.e! and t1at 1e 6o.d be ba08 /n a
6ee8 and 1e never retrned
Plainti**,
Merli##, I /n3/red spe0/f/0a..5 abot t1e to/.et and 1e sa/d t1at /t 6asnHt a prob.e!
De*en!ant, d/d 1e /nd/0ate to 5o t1at 1e to.d ,e./ssa and !5se.f t1at 1e 6o.d be ba08 /n a
6ee8 or so to f/G /t and t1at approG/!ate.5 a 0op.e 6ee8s 6ent b5 and 6e never 1eard fro!
1/!P
Merli##, t1e on.5 0onversat/on I 1ad 6/t1 Anton/o /s I as8ed 1/! 1o6 t1e to/.et 6as 61atHs
t1e prob.e! t1e 0o.dnHt nderstand t1e e:!a/. 1e sa/d t1at t1ere 6asnHt a prob.e! /tHs f/Ged
t1ere /snHt a prob.e!
De*en!ant, d/d Anton/o spea8s 5o /n En2./s1P
Merli##, 6e spea8 En2./s1 and Span/s1
Plainti**, 5o f.ent /n Span/s1
Merli##, I spea8 Span/s1 1e spea8s En2./s1 as 6e..
Plainti**, 1o6 6e.. 6o.d 5o sa5 1e spea8s /t
De*en!ant, 1e spea8s /t eno21 or not
Merli##, 1e spea8s of eno21 so t1at I 0an nderstand 1/!
De*en!ant, 61en 1eHs spea8/n2 7st En2./s1P
Merli##, 1e spea8s En2./s1 or Span/s1 and I nderstand
De*en!ant, /s 1e a ./0ensed 1and5!an
Merli##, I donHt 8no6
De*en!ant, d/d 5o !a8e an5 effort to as0erta/n t1at before 1/r/n2 1/!
Merli##, I 6at01ed 1/s s8/.. .eve. 61/01 6as stpendos
Plainti**, 6ere 1/s pr/0es rea..5 2ood to
Merli##, eGtre!e.5 s8/..ed
Plainti**, 6ere 1/s pr/0es rea..5 .ove
>u!ge, IH! been entered t1ro21ot t1ereHs no ob7e0t/on bt I donHt 2et t1e re.evan0e of t1/s
t1/s /sse for t1e t6o /sses and t1e on.5 /sses 1ave to do 6/t1 reta./ator5 ev/0t/on and /t 1as
to do 6/t1 e/t1er 1ab/tab/./t5
De*en!ant, d/s0r/!/nat/on fa/r 1os/n2
>u!ge, d/s0r/!/nat/on or t1e 0r/!/na. report/n2 a 0r/!e
De*en!ant, so!et/!es /t 7st sonds ./8e 61/te peop.e are too 1/21 !a/ntenan0e for &r.
,er./ss /n so!e respe0ts /t see!s ./8e 61/te peop.e spe0/f/0a..5 61/te !an pr01ased too 1/21
!a/ntenan0e for &r. ,er./ss to dea. 6/t1
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, 6e.. I t1e 3est/on /s 61et1er 5o 6ere too 1/21 !a/ntenan0e t1at IH..
Plainti**, /tHs /nterest/n2 615 5o 1/red Nas1 pest:0ontro. and t1/s ot1er 61at 6as t1e ot1er
na!e of t1e 61at 6as t1/s ot1er ent/t5 t1at 5o apparent.5 needed a00ess to t1e /nter/or of t1e
1ose and f/G t1e eGter/or spr/n8.er s5ste! and 5oHre tr5/n2 to assert so!e brea01 0.a/! or
so!et1/n2 61en 5o on.5 2ave ./8e $; 1ors not/0e t1e .ease 0a..s for C;t1
Plainti**, )or Honor Stern ar2!ent 1ere so!e61ere
De*en!ant, t1/s a sbpoena for to 1and5!an
Merli##, I donHt 8no6 61at 5oHre ta.8/n2 abot ,r. Co21./n
De*en!ant, -e.t5 5o or 5or attorne5 send ot to 1and5!an sbpoena t1e!
Merli##, 6e tr/ed to /nspe0t 5or 1ose and 5o 6o.d not .et t1e !en
De*en!ant, 61o
Merli##, Nas1 and (/s1er
De*en!ant, Nas1 and (/s1er
Merli##, 5o 6o.d not .et t1e! /n
De*en!ant, /t doesnHt sond ./8e Anton/o an5!ore
Plainti**, ob7e0t/on
>u!ge, t1e ob7e0t/on /s ssta/ned 5or test 3est/ons are
De*en!ant, o8a5 I as8 5o to 6e 2et ba08 to t1/s 5ear and e:!a/. IH! read/n2 t1/s t1/s sonds
./8e a 0oa01 and des0r/pt/on to a to a .and.ord of a prob.e! bt t1e to/.et 0an 5o spe0/f/0a..5
te.. !e 61at /s so srrea. or obtse abot t1/s e:!a/. to 5o &r. ,er./ss and *a8er )or
Honor I a! 2o/n2 to /nterpose an ob7e0t/on at t1/s po/nt ,r. Co21./n 1as /dent/f/ed 61at 1e
sa/d 6ere 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses a2a/n t1e 0ort 1as no6 r.ed on /t t6/0e t1at t1at 1/s 0ase /s
0onf/ned to t1ose /sses t1ese br/n2/n2 p ne6 stff on Co21./n ?n0t/on
>u!ge, 6e.. t1e to/.et /s part of t1at bt I donHt be./eve /tHs 1ab/tab/./t5 /tHs not def/ned
p.!b/n2 /s
De*en!ant, ot.ets p.!b/n2
>u!ge, so /f 5o estab./s1 serve t1e /t 6as .ea8/n2 bt t1e e:!a/. doesnHt estab./s1 t1at /s 7st
estab./s1 /s 5o 0o!p.a/ned abot /t t1e s!e.. of r/ne
Plainti**, t1e e:!a/. doesnHt estab./s1 t1at t1ere /s r/ne s.d2e b/.d/n2 pP Ho6
>u!ge, 6e.. 5o 5orse.f sa/d /n t1e e:!a/. t1at 5o donHt 8no6 61at /t /s
Plainti**, /n t1e /ntrod0tor5 t1ere severa. e:!a/.s t1e e:!a/. /s sa5/n2 .oo8 6eHve 2ot t1/s
p../n2 d/s2st/n2 s!e.. of r/ne s.d2e be1/nd t1e to/.et
>u!ge, 5o sa/d 5o !a5 be been over t1e r/! be0ase 5oHre ta.. 5oHre not sre /f /tHs t1at or
/f /tHs a .ea8 or /f /tHs t1e 6aG r/n2 or /f /tHs t1e r/n2 /ns/de t1e to/.et bo6. 61ere 0r5sta.s of
r/ne are be/n2 for!ed
Plainti**, t1ere /s a bad s!e.. and t1ereHs a poo./n2 s.d2e be1/nd /t so and /tHs r/21t neGt to t1e
s1o6er /tHs 1ard to te.. of 0ondensat/on
>u!ge, S/r t1e 3est/on /s t1o21 d/d t1e ev/0t/on 5o be0ase 5o 0o!p.a/ned abot t1e
to/.et and t1e ev/den0e 5o presented !e 1ere /s t1at 1e d/dnHt 2/ve /t to be0ase of t1at /n fa0t
see sa/d A.ston and Ton5 over neGt 6ee8 and t1en 1e 2oes frt1er to t1e neGt e:!a/. 1e sa5s
t1at 6/.. be ot of t1e 0ontr5 nt/. t1e ends of ,ar01 /f t1ereHs a !a/ntenan0e /sse p.ease 2et
to est/!ates 01oose t1e !ost reasonab.e and ta8e /t off t1e neGt renta. 01e08 I 6/.. be on t1e
va.ab.e or I 6/.. I 6/.. be a va.ab.e b5 e:!a/. t1an8s ,att
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, 1o6 6as t1e to/.et s/tat/on eventa..5 reso.ved &r. ,er./ss
Merli##, Anton/o sa/d t1e to/.et 6as f/ne
Plainti**, and t1at 0.ose t1e boo8 on /t
Merli##, for !e /t d/d
Plainti**, 5ea1 5o 1ad tenan05 6ere sa5/n2 t1ereHs a d/s2st/n2 r/ne s.d2e s!e.. poo./n2
be1/nd t1e to/.et and a 0.ose t1e boo8 for /t
Merli##, -e.., Za01, 5o sa/d t1at 5o !/21tHve 0ased t1e prob.e! 5orse.f I 0anHt 1e.p 5o
6/t1 t1at /f 5o 0ased t1at prob.e! t1atHs /t
De*en!ant, )or Honor IH! been ob7e0t to 0onse. *a8erHs 0onstant nprofess/ona. s!/r8/n2
/s 7st rde t/08et .ess IHve ./sten to t1e tape of t1/s t1/s 1ear/n2 and 1e s!/r8s and does t1/s
.a21 sa5/n2 ./8e C< t/!es 7st r/d/0.os
Plainti**, a.. tr5 to 0ontro. !5se.f )or Honor
>u!ge, a.. r/21t S/r 2o a1ead
Plainti**,Hs 5ot1 of t1e part 6ere /nsane I donHt 6ant to send ot t1/08er rope p.!ber 61o
01ar2e 5o on ./8e 9<; b08s to 0o!e ot stated 5o an /ns/21t /nto 0o!!and:and:0ontro.
b.a08:!ar8et .o6 pr/0e !a5be
>u!ge, S/r t1at /s ar2!entat/ve 5o are to as8 3est/ons not to ar2e abot 61at 1e d/d or
d/dnHt do
Plainti**, !5 3est/on /s d/d 5o ta8e t1e part of t1ese e:!a/.s 6ere 1e sa/d 5o 8no6 I 6ant
to be sre IH! not 6ast/n2 5or !one5 to send so!ebod5 ot 1ere 7st a/r/n2 5or and t1atHs
0o!b/n/n2 6/t1 0ondensat/on fro! t1e s1o6er and !a8/n2 t1/s poo. and t1/n2 bt I t1/n8 /t
!/21t be a 6aG r/n2 prob.e! 5o too8 t1at ,/8e 8/nd of a!b/2/t5 t1ere to 7st 8/nd of !ean
o1 /2nore /tP
Merli##, 5o are not as8/n2 5o a 3est/on ,r. Co21./n 5oHre !a8/n2 a state!ent b5 t1e
6ant !e to do p.ease
Plainti**, 1o6 d/d 5o ta8e t1at 8/nd of a!b/2/t5 5o refer to
Merli##, I spo8e 6/t1 Anton/o sent t1e! ot 1e .oo8ed at /t 1e sa/d t1ere 6asnHt a prob.e! do
5o 1ave a 3est/on
Plainti**, d/d 6e fo..o6 p 6/t1 t1e!
Merli##, 5o never !ent/oned /t a2a/n 6as t1ere anot1er e:!a/. abot t1at serve Co21./nP
>u!ge, S/r *01anan ar2e e/t1er /n t1e ,er./ss IH! sorr5 on
>u!ge, /s /nappropr/ate for 5o to be as8/n2 1/! 3est/ons and /tHs /nappropr/ate for 5o to be
!a8/n2 state!ents so as8/n2 3est/ons ,r. Co21./n
De*en!ant, 5es or &r. ,er./ss 0an 5o fo..o6 t1e 01a/n of e:!a/.s 6/t1 respe0t to t1e n/ne
/sse r/ne /sse and te.. !e t1at after t1e 0onfs/n2 e:!a/.s t1e ones t1at 5o des0r/be /s
0onfs/n2 t1ere 6as a fo..o6:p e:!a/. 6as t1ere on pa2e $$
Merli##, /tHs 1ard to nderstand 5or 3est/ons ,r. Co21./n
>u!ge, 1e read t1ose t6o e:!a/.s S/r /s t1ere %; !ot1P ,r. Co21./nP Co21./n
Plainti**, t1ere /s an e:!a/. of $9<
>u!ge, o8a5 on pa2e
Plainti**, to 9#
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, on pa2e $9 t1ere /s an e:!a/. dated to 9< 'A t1en t1ere /s a response on to 9# at @"<@
A, to 5o t1at sa5s a.. San Anton/o over neGt 6ee8 t1en on pa2e $$ on $9@ t1ere /s an e:!a/.
dated $F9#F99
Plainti**, 615 on %F9CF99 &r. ,er./ss to 5o sdden.5 send an e:!a/. ta.8/n2 abot to
est/!ates /s t1at /n re.at/on to t1e to/.et and 1ad Anton/o not bet6een $F9#F99 %F9CF99 1ad 1e
not f/G t1e to/.et and 615 d/d 5o send 1/! over /f 1e sa/d t1ere 6as no /sse
Plainti**, ob7e0t/on 0o!pond 3est/on
>u!ge, o8a5 f/rst of a.. .etHs start I donHt 8no6 t1at t1e %F9CF99 /s re.ated to t1at I 7st ass!e
t1at /t /t 6as 5or t1e one 61o pt to2et1er t1/s 01a/n of e:!a/.s so I donHt 8no6 /f t1ereHs an5
e:!a/. bet6een $F9#F99 and %F9CF99
De*en!ant, !5 re0o..e0t/on" /s t1at ,e./ssa Lee E..a 1ad to 0a.. &r. ,er./ss
>u!ge, S/r 5oHre not test/f5/n2 t1e 3est/on /s /s t1ere anot1er e:!a/. bet6een $F9#F99 and
%F9CF99
Plainti**, t1atHs !5 3est/on for &r. ,er./ss
>u!ge, 'A 6e.. a.. r/21t 6/.. a.. .et 1/!
Merli##, on 61/01 pa2e p.ease
Plainti**, on pa2e $$ 6/t1 t1e $F9#F99 e:!a/. and t1e %F9CF99 e:!a/.
>u!ge, $F9#F99 e:!a/. /s fro! t1e defendant to 5o /tHs at t1e top of pa2e $$
Merli##, o8a5 to 9# and %F9CF99
>u!ge, %F9CF99 prports to be fro! 5o to 1/!
Merli##, 6e.. I donHt see an5t1/n2 bet6een $F9#F99 and %F9CF99 on t1/s paper
De*en!ant, do 5o 8no6 615 5o 6o.dHve 6r/tten !e on %F9CF99 ot of t1e b.e to sa5 2et
t6o est/!ates enter ded0t/on do 5o 8no6 61et1er /t 6as re.ated to t1e to/.et been f/Ged
Merli##, /f t1ere /s a !a/ntenan0e /sse of an5 8/nd ,r. Co21./n be0ase 7st to !a8e /t eas5
for 5o an5 8/nd of a !a/ntenan0e /sse t1at 5o 1ave an5t1/n2 5o need to 2et to est/!ates
save t1e re0e/pts ta8e t1at t1e ta8e t1e !ost re0ent
De*en!ant, does /t sa5 save t1e re0e/pts S/rP &oes t1/s 0ase saved t1e re0e/pts /n 5or e:!a/.P
Merli##, no
De*en!ant, are 5o 7st 8/nd of add/n2 t1at 0onte!poraneos to 5or reread/n2 of t1e e:!a/.s
S/r
Merli##, r/21t at t1e be2/nn/n2 of t1/s .ease 6e ta.8ed abot 1o6 6e 6o.d do t1/n2s
ob7e0t/on
De*en!ant, ob7e0t/on 1earsa5
De*en!ant, to 5o see 61ere /t sa5s save t1e re0e/pts S/rP &/d 5o 7st add t1at 5oHre
read/n2P
>u!ge, ob7e0t/on 1earsa5P ItHs not 1earsa5 so t1at ob7e0t/on /s overr.ed bt 2o a1ead and /t
ans6er t1e 3est/on
Merli##, G 61at !e to read t1e e:!a/. to 5oP
De*en!ant, 6o6 5o 7st added t1at to t1e e:!a/.P
>u!ge, S/r I to.d 5o to not 0o!!ent on t1e test/!on5
De*en!ant, 5es or
>u!ge,, 2o a1ead 5o 0an read /t
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Merli##, 6/.. be ot of t1e 0t I 6/.. be ot of t1e 0ontr5 nt/. t1e end of ,ar01 /f t1ere /s a
!a/ntenan0e /sse p.ease 2et to est/!ates 01oose t1e !ost reasonab.e ta8e /t off t1e neGt
renta. 01e08 I 6/.. be a va.ab.e b5 e:!a/. t1an8s
De*en!ant, and t1en does /t sa5 one !ore t1/n2 t1ere ,att
Merli##, ,att
De*en!ant, be.o6 t1at t1o21
Merli##, noG/os 6eed ord/nan0e. I d/d not 6r/te t1at
De*en!ant, o1 I t1/n8 t1atHs part of t1e neGt e:!a/. never !/nd 6/t1dra6n
Merli##, I d/dnHt 6r/te t1at.
De*en!ant, I donHt t1/n8 1e d/d S/r. O8a5 and t1en 7st s8/p a1ead to 8/nd of t1e dXnoe!ent
of t1/s s/tat/on /n A2st 99, $;99 /f I 0an 7st 3/08.5 2et 5or
?d2e" -1at pa2eP
De*en!ant, pa2e $<
>u!ge, are I 6onHt 2/ve /t to 1/!
De*en!ant, do 5o see approG/!ate.5 ./ne 9# 61ere /t sa5s 6rote 3ote 6rote 5o abot t1e
fa..en /ns.at/on do6nsta/rs /n t1e eGpose !o.d eGposed !o.d bot1 on t1e f.oorboard and
/ns.at/on 5o never responded p.ease do, and 3otat/ons do 5o see t1at partP
Merli##, 5es.
De*en!ant, d/d 5o /s t1at 0orre0t 1ad 5o not responded to so!e 6r/tten not/0e of !o.d and
/ns.at/on
Merli##, t1/s 0a!e after I as8ed 5o to pa5 t1e rent. I 6as 6e 6ere d/s0ss/n2 t1e rent
pa5!ent and a.. of t1e sdden none of t1/s 0a!e p before t1e
Plainti**," 5o 1ad never been a.erted of t1e !o.d /sse pr/or to t1atP
Merli##, no.
De*en!ant, 'O+ o8a5 -/../s /s 2o ba08 to pa2e 9A S/r 61ere t1ere /s ta.8 of I be./eve /tHs
a0ta..5 a2e t1at 6e.. 61ere t1ereHs ta.8s of bats be a TTS ear.5 are on ear./er on 5et pa2e on
o8a5 on pa2e 9A so 5oHre sa5/n2 5oHd never 1eard of t1at before fro! t1at A2st e:!a/. to
1ear ba08 /n ,a5 6r/te abot !/nd 9;
De*en!ant, d/d 5o 7st /2nore /t 61en 5o 2ot /t read5 /n T1a/.and or 61at
Merli##, no
De*en!ant, 8no6 61at
Merli##, I 6asnHt sre eGa0t.5 61at 5o 6anted
De*en!ant, d/d 5o r/21t ba08 see8/n2 0.ar/f/0at/on
Merli##, I donHt 8no6 /f I d/d or d/dnHt
De*en!ant, 5o donHt 8no6P -1et1er 5o d/d or d/d not address a prob.e! 6/t1 potent/a..5
toG/0 !o.d and /n t1e 1o!e 61/01 so!ebod5 6as pa5/n2 5o !one5 for
Merli##, 6e send so!ebod5 over t1ere and 1e 6o.dnHt .et t1e !en.
Plainti**, 61en 6as t1at 6as t1at 0.ose /n t/!e to t1/s !a5 9Ct1 not/0e
Merli##, t1/s 6as a fe6 6ee8s a2o 6e sent over Nas1
De*en!ant, so 6as at a 2ood 9C !ont1s .ater ne6 ./ne ,er./ss 6e sent over Nas1 and ,r.
(/s1er to 1ave a .oo8
De*en!ant, /s t1at 6/t1/n t1e 9C da5s to 9C da5s 0a..ed for to f/G /n t1/s state or d/d t1e
stattes not app.5 to 5o
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Plainti**, ob7e0t/on 0a..s for .e2a. 0on0.s/on
>u!ge, 6a/t a se0ond !!!5 r.e on t1e ob7e0t/ons p.ease a.so ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/on 2o
a1ead 6/t1 5or neGt 3est/on
De*en!ant, so does t1/s estab./s1 5or ear./er test/!on5 t1at t1e f/rst t/!e t1/s /ns.at/on /sse
6as ever bro21t p 6as r/21t after 5o !ent/oned 1e5 5o o6e !e rent 1e sa/d t1at abot <
!/n. a2o and t1at 6as fro! t1/s A2st 99 e:!a/. and t1en 5or test/!on5 /s see!/n2.5
0ontrad/0ted /s !eant b5 t1/s !a5 9Ct1 /sse !a5 9Ct1 e:!a/. 61ere/n t1e !o.d /sse /s
0.ear.5 set fort1 /n 6r/t/n2 to 5o or /s t1at not r/21tP &/d 5o 7st 0ontrad/0t 5orse.fP
>u!ge, 6/.. 6a/t a se0ond t1e 3est/on /s 0onfs/n2 !e no6
Plainti**, o8a5 I bro21t p t1e I 6ent to t1e dXnoe!ent t1e nt5/n2 of t1e not t1e end of t1e
p.a5 61ere /n A2st 61en t1/n2s started to 2et a ./tt.e 1eated bet6een s and I sa/d 61at
61at d/d 5o do A2st $;99 61en I 6rote 5o abot t1e /ns.at/on A2st 99 and &r.
,er./ss sa/d 1e 5o on.5 bro21t t1at p 61en I as8ed abot t1e ba08 rent and I sa/d a.. 1ad
and I bro21t /t p ear./erP
>u!ge, I re0a.. t1at bt t1e 3est/on /s 61at /s 5or 3est/on
De*en!ant, 6e.. 5o sa/d t1at A2st 6as t1e f/rst t/!e t1at t1at 6as bro21t p no6 6e see
a !a5 e:!a/. d/d 5o 7st for2et abot t1at ear./er 6ere 5o not re!e!ber/n2 /n 6ere 5o
be/n2 ntrt1f.P
Merli##, 61en 5o read t1/s e:!a/. ,r. Co21./n ICU des0r/b/n2 so!et1/n2 5o are
des0r/b/n2 no vapor barr/er = G #E !o.d /nfested bats 5o 1ave so!e dea. t1at s1e 6ants bt
5o 1avenHt rea..5 as8ed for an5t1/n2 5oHre sa5/n2 6e are on.5 offer/n2 6a5s to address t1ese
!atters I donHt rea..5 8no6 61at 5oHre as8/n2 for and t1atHs 1o6 a .ot of t1ese e:!a/.s are ,r.
De*en!ant, I donHt 8no6 eGa0t.5 61at 5o 6ant
De*en!ant, so /s /t 7st 8/nd of a 7st donHt rea..5 respond or do an5t1/n2 see /f t1e5 7st 2/ve
pP
Merli##, no /tHs not t1at ,r. Co21./n
De*en!ant, /tHs not t1at 61at /s /t t1en S/rP
Merli##, ,r. Co21./n 5o 1ad ever5 opportn/t5 to 1ave a !a/ntenan0e !an at a pest !an /n
5or 1ose
Plainti**, -/n for! tea! !ont1s after t1/s e:!a/. S/r
Merli##, 5o refse to a..o6 a person /ns/de t1e 1ose
De*en!ant, 1o6 !01 not/0e 6as 2/ven for t1at
Merli##, 5o d/dnHt 6ant t1e! to see 5or 1ose ,r. Co21./n
Plainti**, 61at 5o !ean 5o 1ad ever5 opportn/t5 ,r. Co21./n bet6een ,a5 /n t1e
!/dd.e of A2st I 1ad ever5 opportn/t5 to ./ve 6/t1 toG/0 !o.d /n t1e /ns.at/on /s t1at 61at
5o !ean S/r
Merli##, ,r. Co21./n 6e donHt even 8no6 /f 5o 0ase t1at !o.ds 5orse.f 6e 1avenHt been
ab.e to see /t
De*en!ant, d/d 5o 2et t1e p/0tres I sent 5o 61ere t1e /ns.at/on t1at s1oe see!/n2.5 1n2
ps/de do6n be0ase 1e t1e f/re f/re .a5er /s spposed to be abtt/n2 t1e f.oorboard
>u!ge, S/r
Plainti**, d/d 5o 2et t1e p/0tres 61ere t1e5 fe.. /nto t1e vapor barr/er /s .ess 2rond
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, S/r 5o 8eep sa5/n2 toG/0 !o.d do 5o 1ave so!e res.ts Lab tests or an5t1/n2 t1at
s1o6 /t 6as toG/0 !o.d
De*en!ant, of 1ave to 01e08 !5 re0ords
>u!ge, a.r/21t IH.. 2o a1ead t1at
Plainti**, so 5o 2et t1/s !a5 9Ct1 e:!a/. and 5o read /t and 5o sa5 t1at I see 1eHs 3ot/n2
!e so!e f/2res 1eHs sa5/n2 6a5s to address t1/s !atter 1eHs sa5/n2 so!et1/n2 abot !o.d
and 1ea.t1 /sses and /nfested and no vapor barr/er and fe.. fro! t1e 0e/./n2 I I 7st so I donHt
rea..5 see an5 /!pets to do or respond to t1/s /n an5 6a5 /s t1at 8/nd of 5or t1o21t pro0ess
t1/s /s t1e 8/nd of 5or t1o21t pro0ess t1ere and t1en to do so!et1/n2
>u!ge, 6e/21t 6e/21t t1at t1e 3est/on
Plainti**, ob7e0t/on ar2!entat/ve !/sta8es pr/or test/!on5 and ass!es fa0ts not /n ev/den0e
>u!ge, a.. overr.ed t1e ob7e0t/on 2o a1ead &r.
Merli##, ,r. Co21./n /f 5o 1ad sa/d to !e IHd ./8e so!ebod5 to .oo8 at t1/s /sse I 6o.d
send t1e! ot r/21t a6a5 I 6o.d send t1e! t1e neGt da5 to .oo8 at /t
Plainti**," and 5o d/dnHt ta8e t1at e:!a/. as a re3est to 1ave t1e /sse addressed
Merli##, after t1at r/ne e:!a/. I 6asnHt sre 61at to t1/n8 abot 5o ,r. Co21./n
De*en!ant, bt s/r t1at r/ne e:!a/. I be./eve 0a!e after t1e /ns.at/on e:!a/.
Merli##, t1ese ot1er e:!a/.s
De*en!ant, so no6 /tHs 8/nd of not add/n2 p 61at 5oHre sa5/n2
Merli##, t1ese ot1er e:!a/.s ,r. Co21./n
Plainti**, 61at ot1er e:!a/.s are
Merli##, t1e5 are n0.ear
De*en!ant, 61at ot1er e:!a/.s t1/s /ns.at/on t1e e:!a/. /s fro! ,a5 $;9; so
Merli##, I test/f/ed I 1ad prob.e!s nderstand/n2 /f 5oHre 0o!p.a/n/n2 61et1er 5o 6ant
so!et1/n2 or 61et1er 5oHre tr5/n2 to 2et so!e !one5 see 5o 0o.d do a pro7e0t I 0anHt /tHs
1ard for !e to nderstand t1ose t1ree t1/n2s
De*en!ant, /s t1at be0ase 5o are bs5 6/t1 5or !ed/0a. pra0t/0e and donHt 1ave a .ot of
t/!e to rev/e6 t1ese rea. t1oro21.5 /n 5or !ed/0a. pra0t/0es rea..5 rea. /!portantP
Plainti**, ob7e0t/on ar2!entat/ve
>u!ge, ssta/ned
De*en!ant, I a! tr5/n2 to as0erta/n 615 t1ese e:!a/.s see! so 0onfond/n2 to 5o &r.
,er./ss 0an 5o 1e.p !e nderstand t1at /t /s /t be0ase 5o are bs5P
>u!ge, S/r 5o as8ed a 3est/on t1en .et 1/! ans6er
De*en!ant, 5es )or Honor
Merli##, I 7st eGp.a/ned /t I 0anHt te.. 61et1er 5oHre as8/n2 for so!et1/n2 0o!p.a/n/n2 or /f
5o are tr5/n2 to 2et !e to pa5 so!e !one5 for so!et1/n2 5o 6ant to do t1e 6or8 /n !a8e
!one5 I 0anHt te.. 61at 5o 6ant t1e5 1ave never been 0.ear t1e5 are not sb!/tted 0.ear.5
t1ere /s a.6a5s a tone of so!e sort of bar2a/n/n2 I donHt nderstand 61at 5o 6ant fro! !e
De*en!ant, and does t1at !a8e 5o fee. n0o!fortab.e t1e bar2a/n/n2 aspe0t of /t
Merli##, /t /t !a8es !e not nderstand 61at 5o 6ant /tHs 1ard for !e to 1e.p 5o /f I donHt
nderstand t1e ot1er t1/n2 /s t1at ,e./ssa t1e 5e..o6 sent !e !ont1./es !ont1.5 .etters t1at
ever5t1/n2 6as f/ne ba08 0o!p.ete.5 d/sa2rees 6/t1 61at 5or 0o!p.a/nts 1ere
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, do 5o 8no6 /f 6or8 6as be/n2 done arond t1e 1ose 61o 6as do/n2 /tP
,e./ssa or !eP
Merli##, I donHt 8no6 I 6as to.d t1at 5o d/dnHt even do t1e 6eed/n2
De*en!ant, b5 61o!P
Merli##, I 6as to.d t1at I pa/d 5o B%<; and t1en t1at 5o d/dnHt do an5t1/n2
De*en!ant, b5 61oP
Merli##, I b5 &ar.ene.
De*en!ant, 61en
Merli##, a fe6 !ont1s a2o t1at /s 615 I 1ad to pa5 a fe6 t1osand do..ars for eGtra 6eed/n2
De*en!ant, for t1e propert5 I rentP
,er./ss t1atHs r/21t
De*en!ant, 5o pa/d a fe6 t1osand do..ars on top of t1e B%<; 5o a2ree to to 1ave t1e
propert5 I rent 6eeded
,er./ss t1atHs 0orre0t
De*en!ant, o8a5 /f 6e 2o to ?ne 5o a2ree to a B%<; rent ded0t/on /f I 6o.d ta8e 0are of
t1e 6eeds and 5o sed t1ree eG0.a!at/on !ar8s to To sa5 a.r/21t
Merli##, 2ood
De*en!ant, so 1o6 .on2 after 5o 6r/t/n2 t1at e:!a/. 61ere 5o a2reed to t1at d/d /t ta8e for
&ar.ene to sa5 1e d/dnHt do /t and t1en for 5o to sa5 IH! 2ood to 2o pa5 so!ebod5 to 2rant to
t6o 2rand
Merli##, 61en t1e .ands0apers 0a!e I as8ed 1o6 t1e 6eeds .oo8ed over at 5or 1ose sa/d I
donHt even t1/n8 1e d/d an5t1/n2 .etHs do t1e ot1er 1ose
>u!ge, IH! 2ood at Erope r/21t no6 be0ase IHve a.read5 r.ed t1at 6e debate as I read t1e
statte /s not 1ab/tab/./t5 ./8e
De*en!ant, /tHs a noG/os 6eed or /ts 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot a noG/os 6eed or /ts
>u!ge, 0o!p.a/ned to 61o 5o are not ta.8/n2 abot 0o!p.a/n/n2 no6
Plainti**, I be./eve I 0a..ed t1e 0/t5 of 'eno 'eno d/re0t abot /t
>u!ge, of +
De*en!ant, and I 8no6 I to.d &r. ,er./ss
>u!ge, o8a5 IH! 2ood 6/t1 prepa/d frt1er 3est/on/n2 a.on2 t1ese ./nes at t1/s t/!e be0ase
/tHs 0.ear to !e t1at 5o 0o!p.a/ned t1e .and.ord abot noG/os 6eeds I per7red test/!on5
t1at !a5be 5o 0o!p.a/ned t1e 0/t5 of 'eno
Plainti**, IH! not as8/n2 abot 6eeds not IH! 2o/n2 to 0red/b/./t5 and &r. ,er./ss 0ont/na..5
sa5s one t1/n2 and t1en 2ets 0ornered so!e61ere and t1en 1as to s6/t01 of t1e stor5 and /t
donHt 0are abot t1e 6eeds r/21t no6 61at I 0are abot /s
>u!ge, 6e.. I do be0ase I 1ave been 1ere for t1e better part of for or f/ve 1ors ./sten/n2 to
t1/s
De*en!ant, 5es or
>u!ge, and /s 0o!/n2 to ans6er
Plainti**, /s )or Honor /t /f I 0an f/n/s1 t1/s .ast ./ne of /n3/r5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e
/n0ons/sten0/es and &r. ,er./ss a state!ent t1en I 6/.. arrest
>u!ge, o8a5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Plainti**, Plainti**, &r. ,er.e s /s /t fa/r to sa5 t1at 5o a2ree to or B%<; rent ded0t/on for
t1e 6eeds
Co21./n
Merli##, and offered t1at to
De*en!ant, 5o offered t1at of t1e b.e 6ere
Merli##, I offered t1at /n response to
De*en!ant, 5o offered /t to !e /n response to !5 e:!a/. to 5o Za01 0orre0t
Merli##, 5es
De*en!ant, o8a5 and t1en 1ose soon t1ereafter d/d 5o /n &ar.ene 1ave t1/s 0onversat/on
abot I donHt t1/n8 1e d/d an5t1/n2P
Merli##, I donHt re!e!ber
De*en!ant, 6o.d se /t 6as a !ont1 .aterP
Merli##, I donHt re!e!ber.
De*en!ant, o8a5 1o6 soon after 5o a2reed to t1e rent ded0t/on 61ere/n 5o 6rote 1/ Za01
t1e %<; see!s o8a5 p.ease ta8e /t off t1e rent t1an8 5o and t1en 5o pt t1ree eG0.a!at/ons
po/nts 1o6 soon after t1at d/d t1e 2reen a0t/on .a6 0re6, after an essent/a..5 atte!pt to do t1e
sa!e 6eed/n2 on t1e sa!e propert5P
Merli##, I donHt re!e!ber
De*en!ant, o8a5 6e.. I 0an see /n t1ese e:!a/.s 61ere /tHs 6/t1/n for da5s so t1at 6o.d
/!p.5 t1at &ar.ene are 5or sa!e &ar.ene sa/d 6e s1o.d spend a 0op.e 2rant send/n2 2reen
a0t/on ba08 over t1ere be0ase for da5s 1as passed s/n0e 5o a2reed to a B%<; dea. 6/t1
Za01P
>u!ge, S/r 5oHre !a8/n2 a state!ent.
-1at /s t1e 3est/on
De*en!ant, )or Honor t1e 3est/on /s 1o6 does t1at !a8e senseP
>u!ge, 5o 0an ar2e t1at 5o 2ot t1e e:!a/. Steve 0an ar2e t1at to !e
De*en!ant, o8a5 !5 3est/on /s 5o on.5 .et for da5s 2o b5 fro! 61en 5o pa/d one 25
B%<; to do a 7ob to 61ere 1e sa/d 1e d/dnHt do a 2ood eno21 I a! 2o/n2 to spend t6o 2rand
1/r/n2 t1/s ot1er 0re6 25s to do t1e sa!e 7obP &oes t1at !a8e an5 senseP
Merli##, I a! not sre 1o6 t1/s /s re.evant )or Honor 1e 2ot pa/d for t1e 6eeds and 1eHs
ob7e0t/n2 to !e 1/r/n2 so!ebod5 e.se to do t1e 6eeds I donHt nderstand t1at rate
>u!ge,, 6e.. 61et1er 5o nderstand /t or not t1e 3est/on /s 6as /t for da5sP
Merli##, I donHt 8no6.
>u!ge, a.. r/21t.
De*en!ant, so /f 5o sent t1/s e:!a/. on Satrda5, ,a5 $9, $;9$ sa5/n2 2reat sonds 2ood
.etHs do /t t1ree B<%<; and t1en on !a5 $C $;9$ t1ree da5s .ater 5o 2et t1e e:!a/. fro! !e
61ere/n I deta/. t1e 0onvers/on and .ar0en5 and propert5 destr0t/on to !5 propert5 t1atHs
t1ree da5s so I 2ess 5o are sa5/n2 /n t1e span of t1ree da5s &ar.ene 0a..ed to /n 0o!p.a/ned
t1at I 1avenHt done t1e 6eed/n2 2ood eno21 and 5o sa5 5es .etHs 6rote B$;;; t1at t1atP
Plainti**,ob7e0t/on re.evan0e ,r. Co21./n 2ot 1/s B%<; 0red/t 61at /s t1e prob.e!
De*en!ant, /tHs nonsens/0a. /t 2oes to 1/s 0red/b/./t5.
>u!ge, o8a5 6e.. IHve 1eard eno21 of t1e so IH! 2o/n2 to ssta/n t1e ob7e0t/on
Plainti**, IH.. 8eep !5 6ord )or Honor t1atHs a.. I 1aveE
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, a.r/21t 2 am prepared to ruleI'm sorry well certainly by *ctober $# when the
landlord$s affidavit was filed bt 0erta/n.5 toda5 6/t1ot 3est/on frt1er I 1ave
0ons/dered t1e tenantHs ar2!ents 6/t1 respe0t to /t reta./at/on spe0/f/0a..5 nder
BB+A.4B)... 6/t1 respe0t to t1e sbse0t/on EbE, although !e*en!ant did present evidence
today of destruction of carpet and alleged that it was a crime under "<S 1-B33-
1-41)- 1-B-?- there i# no ev/den0e t1at sa/d 0o!p.a/nt 0/ted a specific statute to t1e
.and.ord 0ut rather a general "o/laint a0out the #tru"ture o* thi# "aret an!
there*ore I *in! it that #u0#e"tion o* the #tatute .a# not sat/sf/ed as 6/.. 1/! and I
*urther *in! that e-en i* it .a# e-en i* the lan!lor! 8ne. .hat you%re trying to #ay
the lan!lor! !i! not retaliate again#t you *or that the lan!lor! e-i"tion .a# based on
nonpayment of rent not your "o/laining o* your !e#tru"tion o* "aret...>u!ge, and
t1en with respect to the no%ious weeds first of all 2 find that that is not a habitability
issue DNOTE" t1/s /s 0.ear error 61ere N'S 99=A.$A; spe0/f/0a..5 def/nes 1ab/tab/./t5 as
t1at 61/01 /s 0overed b5 a 0/t5 of reno ord/nan0e, 61ere Co21./n pt on on an eG1/b/t of
ev/den0e as to t1e C/t5 of 'eno ,n/0/pa. or Hos/n2 Code /dent/f5/n2 6eeds Eover =
/n01es ta..E as v/o.at/ve of s01, and 61ere Co21./n pt /nto ev/den0e p1oto2rap1s of
6eeds t1at 1ad 0.ear.5 2ro6n to no .ess t1an t1ree feet ta..) se0ond of a.. I f/nd t1at nder
t1e .ease 5o 6ere re3/red to !a/nta/n t1e .a6n and t1/rd t1/s /s nder sbse0t/on EaE,
you didn$t make a complaint the governmental agency and there is no e'idence that you
did with respect to the noxious weeds! as to the moldy insulation I !o *in! that that
"oul! 0e a ha0ita0ility i##ue "learly "oul! 0e. Ho.e-er$ again un!er BB+A.4B)
#u0#e"tion to make it retaliatory it has to be have been presented either in action suit
Dy you or defendant against you against by you and the judicial administrative
proceeding or arbitration in which the tenant raised the issue of compliance with the
requirements of habitability an! since you didn$t raise this issue until after the landlord
had in fact filed the complaint I *in! that that it !i! not -iolate the ha0ita0ility #tatute
!i! not -iolate the retaliatory e-i"tion #tatute *or all tho#e rea#on# I f/nd t1at t1e
defense of reta./at/on does not !eet t1e re3/re!ents of 01apter C; spe0/f/0a..5 one
se0ond 1ere spe0/f/0a..5 C;.$<% sbse0t/ons # +he ourt determines that there is not a
legal defense to the alleged unlawful detainer and therefore the court to this grant the
e'iction with respect to the money in escrow the court finds that that money is to the
landlord 1o6ever I am not going to order that today since the defendant is made
argument that the court does not ha'e enough fact a proper rule with respect to escrow
as similar to .as ;egas <ustice court rule 88 and therefore since the tenant still has the
ability to appeal /n t1/s !atter I .ill gi-e hi/ B) !ay# to *ile a roer aeal .hi"h i#
the #tatutory ti/e *rien! an! i* he !oe# #o that /oney .ill 0e u#e! to #ati#*y hi#
aeal 0on! in thi# /atter i* he !oe# not !o #o then at that ti/e a roer /otion "an
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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0e /a!e 0y lainti**%# "oun#el on thi# /atter t1e ev/0t/on 6/.. be effe0t/ve O0tober %9
at < P,.
De*en!ant, )or Honor /s t1e 2FP status bearing on the appeal or is that a whole new
2FP bond*
>u!ge, I den/ed 5or I(P on t1e appea. but I am not sure if I actually did it in writing S/r
De*en!ant, bt 5o 2ranted to t1e /nstant 0ase
>u!ge, I be./eve I donHt re0a..
Plainti**, bt 5o den/ed /t for t1e appea.P
>u!ge, well the thing is there is enough money deposited that you don't need an I(P 1ir
Plainti**, it's all the money I ha'e my name
>u!ge, while it may be but 2 am not releasing it to you but 2 am allowing you to use it
to satisfy the appeal bond in this case which would normally be three months rent are 2
De*en!ant, not dob.eP
>u!ge, o8a5 I will grant your 2FP for this appeal if you go forward but the appeal you
filed was not a proper appeal Sir
De*en!ant, o8a5 at that point 2 get the rent escrow backP
>u!ge, no 5o don't get rent that what happens is it's gonna satisfy the appeal bond
pending your appeal to the &istrict ourt
De*en!ant, so t1e t1e appea. bond to6ard t1e I(P doesnHt app.5 to /t
>u!ge, no. T1e of appea. bond a separate t1e I(PHs for t1e f/./n2 fee t1atHs a.. /tHs 2ood for
De*en!ant, so!et/!es /t 0overs depos/t/ons and
>u!ge, 6e.. /tHs not been a 0over /n t1/s 0ase are of Art/e to.d 5o
De*en!ant, and t1atHs 5or r./n2 orders t1at
>u!ge, d5/n2 e!bers be0ase /t 6o.d be /n &/str/0t CortP
>u!ge, 6e.. 5o 0an ar2e &/str/0t Cort but it will be my ruling that you have to post
appeal bond post an appeal bond and 2 will since there$s some question about the
money and the escrow 2 am going to order that it satisfied the appeal bond in this case
De*en!ant, on be./eve 2 filed an interlocutory appeal abot t1e es0ro6
>u!ge, 5ea1 I 8no6 5o d/d bt so far as 2$m concerned that was not a valid appeal
De*en!ant, o8a5
>u!ge, bt 5o 0an 2o for6ard 6/t1 t1at appea. t1atHs p to 5o are not 2o/n2 to adv/se
5o
De*en!ant, do 6e adress t1e !ot/on to sta5 1ere toda5 )or HonorP
>u!ge, t1e !ot/on to 61at 3est/on !ar8
De*en!ant, t1e motion to stay )or Honor
>u!ge, the motion to dismiss is denied writing get a stay from the &istrict ourt if you
want
De*en!ant, okay maybe I don't want to address the motion the state today if that's all the
in=uiry that's going to be too 'oted to it de'oted to it
?d2e" I 1ave read dr/n2 t1e re0ess 5or br/efs and stff bt IH! den5/n2 a !ot/on to sta5
'/01ard *r/sson stff IH! den5/n2 a !ot/on to sta5 so /tHs 0.ear
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Plainti**, )or Honor I 1ave t6o 3/08 po/nts 6/t1 respe0t to an appea. bond &r. ,er./ss
/s ent/t.ed to an a6ard of fees nder N'S C;.$<C sb t1ree nder N'S C;.$<C sb t1ree
>u!ge, 61at 5o 0an prepare proper !e!orand! of 0osts and fees
Plainti**, 5es or 6e 6/..
De*en!ant, a preva/./n2 part5 or /n so!e e2re2/os 0/r0!stan0es 5o 2et t1eseP
Plainti**, /tHs /n t1e statte
>u!ge, it%# in the #tatute un!er "hater () in *a"t they "an get three times the rent too
De*en!ant, for 61en t1e nerve be0ase so!ebod5 7st
>u!ge, t1e5 0o.d 5o need to read t1e statte
Plainti**, !5 po/nt /n br/n2/n2 t1at p )or Honor /s t1at 6e 6/.. be as8/n2 for t1at t1ose
fees be 0ons/dered part of t1e appea. bond /n add/t/on to t1e !one5 a.read5 6/t1 t1e 0ort
I !ean ,r. 5o seen t1e br/efs &r. ,er./ss 1as /n0rred sbstant/a. a!ont of fees
>u!ge, 6e.. I nderstand bt I donHt even 1ave 5or !e!orand! of 0osts and fees
Plainti**, 6e 6/.. !a8e t1e !ot/on
>u!ge, 5o !a8e t1e proper !ot/on and I 6/.. de0/de /t
Plainti**, t1an8 5o )or Honor
>u!ge, /t doesnHt 1ave to be de0/ded toda5
Plainti**, t1atHs tre )or Honor
>u!ge, and /n t1e !eant/!e t1e !one5Hs not 2o/n2 an561ere nor do I be./eve t1/s
defendant /s 2o/n2 to 0o!e p 6/t1 !ore !one5
Plainti**, )or Honor 6e 6o.d ./8e to as8 t1e 0ort for per!/ss/on to /nspe0t t1e
propert5 pr/or to O0tober %9 6eHve atte!pted to /nspe0t /n t1e past bt 6e are ver5
0on0erned abot t1e propert5 be/n2 da!a2ed bet6een no6 and t1en
>u!ge, I ha'e already told you t1at I 6o.d a..o6 /n order to /nspe0t t1e propert5
a..o6/n2 order to /nspe0t t1e propert5 and 61at /s 5or pos/t/on on t1at as to a t/!e 61en
/t 0o.d be a00o!!odated S/r ne6.5 0o21 and 5o sa/d !5 pos/t/on on t1e t/!e to
a00o!!odate t1at and .et
>u!ge, 5ea1
De*en!ant, t1/s e!er2en05 need to /nspe0t /t be0ase /tHs 2ood to be e!pt/ed /n s/G da5s
!5 pos/t/on /s t1at /t s1o08s t1e 0ons0/en0e
>u!ge, 6/.. o8a5 I 6/.. 2rant t1e order C= 1ors fro! toda5
Plainti**, C= 1ors fro! toda5 6e 0an and spe0s are
>u!ge, 5es
De*en!ant, and I 7st ./8e to preserve for t1e appea. a.. t1e e2re2/os 0ond0t b5 t1e
pro0ess server and a.. t1ese ot1ers ot1er !atters
>u!ge, what you can preserve everything you want Sir what you can preserve
everything you want Sir
Plainti**, s1a.. I present prepare an order 0ort
>u!ge, 5o 0an prepare t1e order
Plainti**, I !ean for t1e ent/re t1/n2
>u!ge, 5o 0an prepare findings of fact and conclusions of law and a judgment /f 5o
6/s1
De*en!ant, 0an I )or HonorP
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, 5es 5o 2et /f 5o 6ant to do /t and 1e 0an .oo8 at /t bt I 6o.d s22est t1at t1e
p.a/nt/ff prepared and sb!/tted to 5o for 0o!!ents
De*en!ant, 6e.. 1e /s t1e one 61o 2ot one 5ears rent to ./t/2ate t1/s 0ase so
>u!ge, one 5ears rentP
*a/t Co21./n
Plainti**, and nderstand e/t1er Srre5
De*en!ant, 5ea1 A;;G9$ !ont1s
Plainti**, a.. prepare t1e order and sb!/t /t Co21./n for 1/s rev/e6
>u!ge, o8a5 61at 5o need to 2et /t done 5o 0an bot1 prepare orders and a.. p/08ed t1e
one I 6ant to s/2n
Plainti**, 5oH.. 1ave b5 to!orro6 ans6er
>u!ge, 61en 6/.. 5ears be /n ,r. Co21./n 61en 6/.. 5ors be /n ,r. Co21./n
De*en!ant, 6e.. I 6/.. 1ave to .oo8 at 61at re0ords on t1e )or Honor re0ords on t1at
)or Honor
>u!ge, 6e.. /f /tHs IH! 2o/n2 to 2/ve 5o toda5 /s -ednesda5 /t 6/.. 1ave to be done b5
T1rsda5 0e"au#e I .ill 0e #igning an or!er on Thur#!ay no later than noon on
Thur#!ay
Plainti**, noon on T1rsda5 5es or
>u!ge, a.r/21t 5Ha.. 1ave a 2ood da5
Plainti**, t1an8 5o
De*en!ant, t1an8 5o s/r.E
9;.$. Coughlin failed to present any e'idence that he 5"o/laine! in goo! *aith to the
landlord or a la. en*or"e/ent agen"y o* a -iolation o* :NRS Chater BB+A= or o* a
#e"i*i" #tatute that i/o#e# a "ri/inal enalty5 a# re7uire! 0y NRS BB+A.4B)ABGA0G.
9;.%f Co21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e that prior to being served .ith the
re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction noti"e# $ Coughlin ha! 5instituted or defended against
a judicial or administrative proceeding or ar0itration in .hi"h :he= rai#e! an i##ue o*
"o/lian"e .ith the re7uire/ent# of NN'S C1apter 99=AO respe0t/n2 t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 of
d6e../n2 n/tsE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De). DNOTE" 1ere *a8er atte!pts to
!/s01ara0ter/>e t1e .an2a2e of t1e statte to 2et arond t1e fa0t t1at Co2./n, b5 defend/n2
a2a/nst t1e non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 fo..o6/n2 t1e < &a5 Non:Pa5!ent
Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner prported.5 served on Co2.1/n on =F$$F99, /n '?C 'ev99:9@;=,
and t1ere/n ar2/n2 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses, d/d, t1ereb5, /nvo8e t1e prote0t/ons of N'S
99=A.<9;D9)De), as, on.5 t1ereafter d/d ,er./ss Kbr/n2...an a0t/on for possess/onL /n 9@;=.
-1/.e *a8er atte!pts to ar2e t1at Co2./n need 1ave K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a
7d/0/a....pro0eed/n2L K prior to being served .ith the re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction
noti"e#L the #tatute #i/ly !oe# not #ay that. No6, *a8er 0an argue t1at 1/s 0./ent d/d not
t1ereafter K0ring an! a"tion *or o##e##ionL Dand, 2/ven t1e n/3e natre of NevadaHs
approa01, /t /s not ent/re.5 0.ear at 61/01 po/nt one 0an be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/onL.../s /t pon
serv/n2 a < &a5 Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/nerP &/d t1e .and.ord Kbr/n2 an a0t/onL pon 1/s
prported.5 Kter!/nat/n2L Co21./nHs K!ont1 to !ont1 tenan05L on =F$$F99P Hard to
/!a2/ne t1at 3a./f/es Dpart/0.ar.5 61ere s01 Not/0e of =F$$F99 /s def/0/ent /n t1at /s
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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/n0orre0t.5 asserts t1at Co21./nHs .ease 1ad KeGp/redL, 61ere, 0.ear.5, s01 /s not t1e 0ase
pon a 0.ose rev/e6 of Para2rap1s $, %, and $; of t1e $F$CF9; KStandard 'enta. A2ree!ent).
A 0.ose rev/e6 of t1e (O(COLOSE, part/0.ar.5 (/nd/n2s of (a0t 9:= revea.
so!et1/n2 0r/os....*a8erHs prov/ded to ?d2e Sferra>>a a proposed (O(COLOSE t1at does
not a0ta..5 !a8e an5 /nd/0at/on as to t1e 8e5 /n3/r5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e N'S 99=A.<9;De)
ana.5s/s v/s a v/s 7st 61en one 0an be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL or 1ave
K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. ... pro0eed/n2L. It /s ./8e.5 t1at Nevada .a6 6/..
v/e6 t1e .and.ord to be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL e/t1er pon t1e serv/0e of t1e
AF$@F99 < &a5 No Case Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner, or, pon Co2./nHs f/./n2 1/s TenantHs
Ans6er /n response t1ereto on 9;F#F99, and t1e .and.ord t1ereafter 0o!!n/0at/n2 so!e
/ntent/on to t1e Cort to fo..o6 t1ro21 6/t1 a 1ear/n2, and Dor, per1aps, pon not1/n2 !ore
t1an t1e Tenant f/./n2 a TenantHs Aff/dav/t...t1at /s, t1e .and.ord need not do an5t1/n2 frt1er
t1ereafter to be sa/d to 1ave Kbro21t Dbr/n2) and a0t/on for possess/on). Ho6ever, *a8erHs
atte!pt to 01ara0ter/>e t1e !ere serv/0e of so!e %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate as t1e Kbr/n2D/n2)L
of an Ka0t/on for possess/onL /s s/!p.5 nspportab.e, /n ./21t of t1e fa0t t1at t1ere /s no
.e2a..5 operat/ve effe0t to *a8erHs do/n2 so absent 1/s t1en serv/n2 a < &a5 Not/0e of
Un.a6f. &eta/ner, at 61/01 po/nt, s1o.d tenant Co21./n 1ave fa/.ed to f/.e a TenanHts
Ans6er 6/t1/n < da5s t1ereof, ,er./ss 6o.d be ab.e to obta/n a .o08ot Order fro! t1e 0ort.
T1e t1/n2 /s, Co2./n ar2ed t1at 1/s KL/t/2at/on &e!and LettersL to ,er./ss bet6een
,a5:Septe!ber of $;99 sff/0e to !eet t1e K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nstL re3/re!ent Dand
t1ere are /nstan0es of s01 .etters fro! Co21./n to t1e .and.ord t1at predate even a f/nd/n2
t1at t1e serv/0e of t1e %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate of =F$$F99). Indeed, 1o6 /s *a8erHs serv/0e
pon Co2./n of a %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate Kbr/n2D/n2) an a0t/on for possess/onL /f
Co21./nHs K./t/2at/on de!and .ettersL are not K/nst/tt/n2 or defend/n2 a2a/nst a 7d/0/a.
pro0eed/n2L 61ere 1ab/tab/./t5 an /sse Dand Co21./nHs L/t/2at/on &e!and Letters
spe0/f/0a..5 /nvo8e 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses and 6arn ,er./ss a2a/nst an5 ant/0/pated reta./ator5
0ond0t b5 t1e .and.ord.
(rt1er, t1e N'S 99=A.<9; /n3/r5 /s not ./!/ted to a 0o!par/son of t1e !ere te!pora.
re.at/on bet6een t1e .and.ordHs Kbr/n2D/n2)L or t1reaten/n2 to br/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL
and t1e tenantHs"
T1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COL 6as 01an2ed b5 ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 99F@F99 A!ended Order,
espe0/a..5 61ere t1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COL reads"
K9;.$. Coughlin *aile! to re#ent any e-i!en"e that he 5"o/laine! in goo! *aith
to the landlord or a la. en*or"e/ent agen"y o* a -iolation o* :NRS Chater BB+A=
or o* a #e"i*i" #tatute that i/o#e# a "ri/inal enalty5 a# re7uire! 0y NRS
BB+A.4B)ABGA0G.
9;.%f Co21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e that prior to being served .ith the
re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction noti"e# $ Coughlin ha! 5instituted or defended
against a judicial or administrative proceeding or ar0itration in .hi"h :he= rai#e!
an i##ue o* "o/lian"e .ith the re7uire/ent# of NN'S C1apter 99=AO respe0t/n2 t1e
1ab/tab/./t5 of d6e../n2 n/tsE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De).L
Land.ord ,er./ss v/o.ated N'S 99=A.<9; /n reta./at/n2 a2a/nst Co21./n.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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KNRS BB+A.4B) Retaliatory "on!u"t 0y lan!lor! again#t tenant rohi0ite!M re/e!ie#M
ex"etion#.
9. . the lan!lor! /ay not$ in retaliation$ terminate a tenancy $ re*u#e to renew a
tenan"y,... or bring or threaten to bring an a"tion *or o##e##ion /f"...
Db) T1e tenant ha# "o/laine! in goo! *aith to the lan!lor!...of a v/o.at/on of t1/s
01apter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. pena.t5...
D0) T1e tenant 1as or2an/>ed or be0o!e a !e!ber of a tenantRs n/on or s/!/.ar
or2an/>at/onJ
De) T1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or
arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant ra/sed an /sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s
01apter respe0t/n2 t1e habitability of d6e../n2 n/tsJ
Df) T1e tenant 1as fa/.ed or refsed to 2/ve 6r/tten 0onsent to a re2.at/on adopted b5 t1e
.and.ord, after t1e tenant enters /nto t1e renta. a2ree!ent, 61/01 re3/res t1e .and.ord to 6a/t
nt/. t1e appropr/ate t/!e 1as e.apsed before /t /s enfor0eab.e a2a/nst t1e tenantJ or
D2) T1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 to t1e .and.ord,... Dor) an attorne5 ... of a
v/o.at/on of N'S 99=.;9; to 99=.9$;, /n0.s/ve, or t1e (a/r Hos/n2 A0t of 9A#=, C$ U.S.C.
II %#;9 et se3.,...
$. If t1e .and.ord v/o.ates an5 prov/s/on of sbse0t/on 9, t1e tenant /s ent/t.ed to t1e
re!ed/es prov/ded /n N'S 99=A.%A; and has a defense in any retaliatory action by the
landlord for possession.
%. A .and.ord 61o a0ts nder t1e 0/r0!stan0es des0r/bed /n sbse0t/on 9 does not v/o.ate
t1at sbse0t/on if"
Db) The tenan"y i# ter/inate! .ith "au#eJ...L
Co21./n a.so ar2ed t1at ,er./ssHs retat./at/n2 b5 ter!/nat/n2 t1e .ease /!!ed/ate.5
after Co21./n so21t to assert 1/s r/21ts nder t1e .ease as to t1e da!a2e 0ased b5 Green
A"tion La6n Serv/0e, 6as a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Df). T1e pb./0 po./05 be1/nd t1/s
/s /!portant, for, ot1er6/se, .and.ordHs 6o.d s/!p.5 se ev/0t/on as a 0oer0/ve bar2a/n/n2
ta0t/0 to 2et tenantHs to 2/ve p t1e/r bar2a/ned for r/21ts...and, ar2ab.5, s01 /s tanta!ont to
t1e 0r/!/na. v/o.at/on of eGtort/on, and t1erefore, prote0ted nder N'S 99=A.<9;, 61ere
Co21./nHs so assert/n2 s01 r/21ts /s tanta!ont to a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Db)
DeGtort/on), and, ar2ab.5 61ere N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De) 61ere Co21./nHs report/n2 to t1e
.and.ord t1e v/o.at/ons of t1e 'eno ,n/0/pa. CodeHs KnoG/os 6eed ord/nan0eL /s 0overed b5
N'S 99=A.$A;D9)Db),De), and 61/.e ?d2e Sferra>>a r.ed t1at t1e 6eeds 6ere not a
1ab/tab/./t5 /sse, Co21./n d/d pt on ev/den0e t1at t1e 'eno ,n/0/pa. Code pro1/b/ts 6eed
2ro6t1 of over e/21t /n01es, Dsee p/0tres of 6eeds 6e.. over t1/rt5 /n01es ta..), and as s01,
nder N'S 99=A.$A;D9)Hs .an2a2e, s01 K-iolate# ro-i#ion# o* hou#ing or health "o!e#
"on"erning the health$ #a*ety$ #anitation or *itne## *or ha0itation o* the !.elling unitL.
It /s /nterest/n2 to note t1e d/fferen0es bet6een N'S 99=A.<9;Db) and De). -1ereas
Db) /s broad, 0over/n2 61ere t1e Ktenant ha# complained in good faith to the landlord...of a
'iolation of this chapter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. pena.t5L N'S
99=A.<9;De) /s !ore narro6, app.5/n2 on.5 61ere t1e Ktenant 1as instituted or defended
against a judicial or administrative proceeding or arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant ra/sed an
/sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s 01apter respe0t/n2 t1e habitability of
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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d6e../n2 n/tsL. A Kv/o.at/on of t1/s 01apterL as referen0ed /n N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Db) 0o.d
/n0.de a n!ber of t1/n2s be5ond t1e !ore narro6 re3/re!ent /n N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De) t1at
1ab/tab/./t5 be t1e v/o.at/on /nvo8ed 61ere Ktenant ra/sed an /sseL, and frt1er, t1e sett/n2 /n
61/01 t1e K0o!p.a/nD/n2)L to t1e .and.ord referen0ed /n Db) 6o.d see! to be !ore broad, as
6e.., 0o!pared to De)Hs re3/re!ents t1at Ktenant ra/sed and /sseL of 1ab/tab/./t5 nder
0/r0!stan0es /n 61/01 KKtenant 1as instituted or defended against a judicial or
administrative proceedingF0ut the s0ope of e/t1er of t1ose sbse0t/ons /s not rea..5 a.. t1at
0.ear or def/ned....ar2e.5 de to t1e se of t1e p1rase K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nstL,
espe0/a..5 0ons/der/n2 t1e approa01 ta8en nder Nevada .a6 6/t1 respe0t to s!!ar5
ev/0t/ons D/e, 61ere t1e tenant /s a0ta..5 t1e f/rst part5 to f/.e an5t1/n2 6/t1 t1e 0ort...61/01
ar2ab.5 s1o.d be 01ara0ter/>ed as t1e tenant K/nst/tt/n2L an a0t/on s01 as 9CA$ or 9@;=.
>ap
RUDE'B)K.''REEUIREMENT OF HEARINF, No 1ear/n2 /s re3/red 61en t1e .and.ord
f/.es an aff/dav/t and app./0at/on for an order of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /f t1e tenant 1as not f/.ed
an aff/dav/t. Not1/n2 /n t1/s r.e /s /ntended to prevent t1e 7st/0e fro! 0ond0t/n2 a 1ear/n2
on t1e 7st/0eRs o6n !ot/on. In an5 0ase /n 61/01 t1e 7st/0e deter!/nes t1at a not/0e to t1e
tenant 1as not or !a5 not 1ave been served as re3/red, a.t1o21 t1e 0ort !a5 not 1ave been
/nfor!ed of t1/s fa0t nt/. after t1e s/2n/n2 of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on order, t1e 0ort !a5 sta5 a..
pro0eed/n2s nt/. a 1ear/n2 1as been 1e.d.
RUDE'B)(.''NOTICE OF HEARINF, Pr/or to t1e 1o.d/n2 of a 1ear/n2 for s!!ar5
ev/0t/on, t1e 7st/0e s1a.. deter!/ne t1e !et1od of serv/0e of not/0e of t1e 1ear/n2 on bot1
part/es. T1e date of serv/0e of t1e not/0e s1a.. be 0a.0.ated to afford t1e part/es sff/0/ent
opportn/t5 to prepare t1e/r 0ases and be present at t1e 1ear/n2. A 7st/0e 0ort !a5 ena0t
r.es re3/r/n2 .and.ords to prov/de add/t/ona. /nfor!at/on to tenants on t1e not/0e of ev/0t/on,
and s01 r.es s1a.. not be sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of '.e =%.
RUDE'B)4.''HEARINFS TO NE INFORMAD, 5Hear/n2s re2ard/n2 app./0at/ons for
orders of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on s1a.. be /nfor!a.. No *or/al lea!ing other than the affidavits
and application ro-i!e! 0y the#e rule# /ay 0e re7uire!, s/n0e /t /s t1e intent of such
hearings to determine the truthfulness and sufficiency of any affidavit! notice or service of
any notice and to d/spense fair and speed5 justice.E
?d2e (.ana2an appears to !a8e t1e sa!e K!/sta8eL t1at ?d2e Sferra>>a d/d /n 9@;=.
T1at 0ons/sts of re.5/n2 pon t1e t6/sted, frad.ent !/state!ents of t1e .a6 t1at *a8er and
H/.. 0a.. .a65er/n2, and ,er./ssHs t1e sa!e as to fa0ts. ?d2e Sferra>>a and (.an2an 0o.d not
re.5 pon *a8er and ,er./ssHs de0.arat/on t1at t1e .ease 1ad KeGp/redL or Kter!/natedL 2/ven
t1e Kter!L /n t1e a2ree!ent, t1e a..e2ed, 6as for K9$ !ont1sL. DOf 0orse, t1e Kter!L /n t1e
.ease 6as for Knot .ess t1an 9$ !ont1sL, and t1ere 6as no Kdef/ned ter!/nat/on dateL to be
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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fond /n para2rap1 $ of t1e .ease 61ere para2rap1 $; /nd/0ated s01 a def/ned date 6o.d
affe0t t1e 1o.doverFter!/nat/on stats of t1e .ease. (rt1er, ?d2e Sferra>>a !a5 1ave re./ed
pon *a8erHs /nd/0at/n2 t1at 1e e./0/ted test/!on5 fro! ,er./ss t1at spo8e to a.. t1at 0onta/ned
/n *a8erHs 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on D61/01 *a8er prported to 0onta/n ever5t1/n2 re3/red b5
N'S C;.$<CD$)). Ho6ever, re./an0e pon *a8erHs prposef..5 !/s.ead/n2 approa01 t1ere D/n
v/o.at/on of 'PC %.%, %.C, et0.) 0ased ?d2e Sferra>>a to !/ss t1e part 61ere ,er./ss fa/.ed to
f/.e an5 .and.ordHs aff/dav/tFde0.arat/on Dor even test/f5) to t1e re3/re!ent t1at 1e s6ear t1at
1/s 0.a/! for re./ef 6as at1or/>ed b5 .a6, per N'S C;.$<CD$). As /t trns ot, ,er./ssHs 0.a/!
6as not at1or/>ed b5 .a6 /n t1at t1e .ease 6as never ter!/nated, as an5 atte!pt to not/0e
Co21./n on t1e ter!/nat/on of t1e .ease 6as def/0/ent, o6/n2 .ar2e.5 to a frad.ent atte!pt
b5 *a8er to avo/d 1av/n2 t1e .an2a2e of t1e .ease a2ree!ent t1at 6as so 0.ear.5 ne2at/ve to
1/s 0./entHs pos/t/ons respe0t/ve of 61et1er an5 reta./at/on o00rred Despe0/a..5 6/t1 respe0t to
1/s 0./entHs ./ab/./t5 for t1e a0t/ons of Green A0t/on La6n Serv/0e and &ar.ene S1arpe), 1/s
0./entHs ./ab/./t5 for t1e t/./t5 b/.. D2/ven t1e stand/n2 orders and NV Ener25Hs po./0/es), t1e
set:off re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.%A; /n0/dent to t1e n.a6f. /nterpt/on of essent/a. serv/0es,
et0.). (rt1er *a8er 6/s1ed to avo/d pro.on2/n2 frt1er t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on approa01 1e
/n/t/a..5 too8 /n 9CA$ Dfro! 61/01 *a8er frad.ent.5 sb!/tted a ,e!orand! of Costs for
/n anot1er 0ase, 9@;=), bt dropped, .ar2e.5 de to 1/s !/sta8es and /neGper/en0e 0as/n2
de.a5s and eG0ess/ve fees.
In 1/s >ea. to avo/d 1av/n2 t1e .ease a2ree!ent Krene6 on /ts ter!sL or 0ont/ne
/ndef/n/te.5 Dt1e .ease /s a!b/2os /n t1at re2ard, and *a8erHs /nvo8/n2 N'S C;.$<9 rat1er
t1an N'S C;.$<; Das ?d2e Sferra>>a /nd/0ated 6as re3/red or at /sse) /s te../n2. So, *a8er
and ,er./ss ./ed to ?d2e Sferra>>a abot 61et1er t1e .ease 6as eGp/red and as to t1e a0ta.
ter! of t1e .ease. ?d2e Sferra>>a pre7d/0ed Co21./n b5 essent/a..5 bootstrapp/n2 t1e
not/0e Co21./n 6as prov/ded /n t1e nonpa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n 9CA$ to t1e no 0ase
s!!ar5 ev/0t/no /n 9@;=. Ho6ever, t1ose are rat1er d/fferent t1eor/es of .a6 /nvo.ved. As
s01, t1ere 6as no rea. not/0e to be bootstrapped, and t1e nder.5/n2 rat/ona.e be1/nd s01
not/0e re3/re!ents D./8e t1ose /n N?C'CP 9;A, and 9;=) /s to afford part/es and t1e/r
attorne5s an opportn/t5 to b/.d t1e/r 0ases fro! a .e2a. and fa0ta. perspe0t/ve Dand !a5be
to !ove t1e/r be.on2/n2s ot 61/.e a.so so prepar/n2 for a 1ear/n2). G/ven ?d2e Sferra>>aHs
refsa. to a00ord Co21./n t1e re3/red t6ent5 da5s to respond to a proper.5 f/.ed and served
S!!ons and Co!p.a/nt nder N?C'CP 9;A Dan per N'S C;.$<%D#)), Co21./n 6as nab.e
to sff/0/ent.5 prepare for t1e 9;F$<F99 KTr/a.L. Add/t/ona..5, t1ere eG/sts no at1or/t5 for
?d2e Sferra>>aHs pos/t/on t1at 1e 0o.d 0onvert a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 to a KTr/a.L
Das 1e d/d /n 1/s 9;F9%F99 Order), and 0ont/ne to reta/n t1e N'S 99=A.%<<D<) es0ro6 depos/t
1e re3/red of Co21./n, p.s add on anot1er ne6 re3/re!ent t1at Co21./n depos/t, on
Nove!ber 9
st
, $;99, t1e rent for Nove!ber, as a 0ond/t/on of Co21./n be/n2 afforded t1e
pro0edra. prote0t/ons of N?C'CP 9;A and N'S C;.$<%D#). Ho6 abot, f/rst, 1av/n2 ,er./ss
s/2ned on t1e dotted ./ne of a Co!p.a/nt, and 2et a S!!ons /ssed, t1en served on Co21./n,
t1e afford Co21./n an opportn/t5 to f/.e an Ans6er, rat1er t1an de!and/n2 Co21./n sb!/t
to so!e sa sponte /nterro2at/on b5 ?d2e Sferra>>a as to 61et1er and 1o6 !01 rent 1e
o6es ,er./ss, even /n t1e fa0e of *a8er /ns/st/n2 a.. t1at 6as p for t1e 0ortHs /nspe0t/on 6as
possess/o of t1e pre!/ses. As Co21./n /nd/0ated on 9;F$<F99, reserv/n2 1/s ob7e0t/ons to
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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?d2e Sferra>>aHs essent/a..5 re3/r/n2 Co21./n to p.ed non:pa5!ent, and p.a0/n2 t1e brden
on Co21./n to t1en s1o6 t1e 1e d/d a0ta..5 fa/. to so pa5 1/s rent... Kt1ose are fata. /sses,
)or HonorL. Indeed, t1at /s ver5 tre 0ons/der/n2 t1e eGtent to 61/01 ,er./ss ad!/tted to a
novat/on of an5 .a/b/./t5 Co21./n 1ad as to Co21./nHs for!er 0o:tenant, ,e./ssa U..oa,
ta8/n2 Co21./nHs renta. 0ontr/bt/ons for ,a5 and ?ne $;99 and srrept/os.5 fa/./n2 to
for6ard t1e! to ,er./ss a.on2 6/t1 1er part of 1er o6n for ,a5 and a.. of 1er s1are for ?ne
$;99.
)
,'OA =;;"9# D9"<9p! ?AVS)" E?d2e" t1e .and.ordHs aff/dav/t, so...P.a/nt/ff" )es,
61/01 /t 6as t1e .ast t/!e. ?d2e" H1P P.a/nt/ff" -1/01 /t 6as t1e .ast t/!e. 2 just want to be
sure that this courtGs form met the statutory requirements. So, 61en 6e .oo8 at NRS ().;4($
it authoriJe# an a**i!a-it the lan!lor! or the lan!lor!9# agent, I s/2ned t1e aff/dav/ts or t1e
::: ?d2e" Dut 2$m not finding that affidavit thatGs what 2Gm trying to say. )o f/.ed t1at on
61at dateP P.a/nt/ff" O0tober 9At1 s/r, at %"C9 P,. ?d2e" O8a5, I 1ave a .etter fro! 5o.
P.a/nt/ff" A.. I 1ave /s !5 f/.e sta!p 0op5. D,'OA =;;) ?d2e" I 1ave t1e Not/0e of appea. to
d/str/0t 0ort 61/01 6as Not/0e of entr5 of order dated O0tober 9=t1. And I 1ave t1/s
de0.arat/on /s t1at 61at 5oRre ta.8/n2P
P.a/nt/ff" )es, de0.arat/on of Case5 *a8er.... D,'OA =;9"9:C) DNOTE" t1e t1/n2 /s, *a8er
f/.ed anot1er &e0.arat/on on O0tober 9=t1, $;99 D,'OA C;@:C9;) so /ts not 0.ear t1at ?d2e
Sferra>>a /s not referr/n2 to t1at, bt 61at /s 0.ear /s t1at t1e < vo.!e 'OA trans!/tted to t1e
$?&C b5 t1e '?C on 9$F$9F99 on.5 0onta/ns one /nstan0e of a E&e0.arat/on of Case5 &.
*a8er, Es3. Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$), and t1at appears as EEG1/b/t (E at t1e 9;F$<F99
ETr/a.E. 'e2ard.ess, even /f *a8er d/d a0ta..5 f/.e s01 &e0.arat/on on t1at date Dand, N'S
C.$C; !a5 prov/de so!e spport s01 0ontent/on, t1o21 t1e Ede novo rev/e6E of t1e 'OA
t1at t1e d/str/0t 0ort 6as re3/red to nderta8e prsant to Anv/ !a8es t1e fa/.re of t1e
'OA to 0onta/n /n t1e appropr/ate 01rono.o2/0a. p.a0e!ent an5 s01 9;F9AF99 E&e0.arat/on of
Case5 &. *a8er, Es3., Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$) s01 t1at t1e brden of proof ne0essar5 to
f/nd t1at N'S C;.$<CD$) 6as 0o!p./ed 6/t1 D/n0.d/n2 t1e N'S C;.$=; ana.5s/s) /s 1ard.5
!et Dre!e!ber t1at t1e brden of proof /s not t1e apparent Ebe5ond a reasonab.e dobtE
standard ?d2e Sferra>>a see!/n2.5 app./ed a2a/nst Co21./n to ever5t1/n2 Co21./n
d/spted, bt rat1er t1e N'CP <#:./te standard t1e .e2/s.atre red0ed t1e 6/.. of t1e peop.e to
/n N'S C;.$<%D#) D61/01 ne0essar/.5 0ons/dered t1e eGtent to 61/01 NevadaHs .a6 are t1e
!ost pro:.and.ord /n t1e Un/ted States a.read5 Dsee -LS ?o1n SasserHs test/!on5 as to A*$$#
%F9F99), and as s01, a stra/21t N'CP <# standard 6o.d be /nappropr/ate. In t1at re2ard, t1e
!od/f/ed vers/on t1ereof fodn /n N'S C;.$<%D#) a00onts for t1e pra0t/0a. prevent/on of an5
!ean/n2f. opportn/t5 to 0ond0t d/s0over5 /n t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on sett/n2, and eG0/sed t1e
E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE pron2 fro! N'CP <#D0), and, rat1er, pt /t t1e fo..o6/n2 6a5"
at &efendant" And 7st I 3/08.5 state for t1e re0ord )or Honor, t1e at1or/t5 for str/0t.5
0onstr/n2 t1e proper Not/0e re3/re!ents I 8no6 5o 6/.. N$$.%<O bt 7st preserve /t N$$"C;O
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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?d2e" -e.., IR! a6are of t1at bt 61at 5oRre f/nd/n2 6as not 0o!p./ant 6/t1 t1e, I !ean,
61at 5oRre ar2/n2 6as not 0o!p./ant 6/t1 str/0t '.es. &efendant" T1at N$$.<;O 6/t1
respe0t to /f a ./0ensed pro0ess server NO 1e a.so 1ave to 2o and spend !one5 to 0ert/f/0ate of
!a/./n2 to !e /t 6as, /n a ./tt.e b/t. ?d2e" T1e N$%.;;O ./0ensed pro0ess server be0ase t1e5
are re3/red to !eet 0erta/n standards N$%";AO 2et ./0ense. &efendant" No. ?d2e" )es, t1e
pres!pt/on /s ./0ensed pro0ess server /s .ess ./8e.5 N$%.9CO &efendant" I 2ess 7st fro! !5
po/nt of v/e6 so!e of t1e t1/n2s I 1ad eGper/en0ed re0ent.5 6/t1T ?d2e" -e.., sorr5 IR!
overr./n2 5or Ob7e0t/on be0ase I do f/nd t1at /t !eets t1e str/0t re3/re!ents of t1e
stattor5. &efendant" IRve 7st 1eard deta/.s of pro0ess servers 2o/n2 to N$%.%;O ?d2e" A.r/21t,
s/r. *t t1atRs not ev/den0e /n t1/s 1ear/n2 e/t1er. &efendant" And N$%.%=O state!ents abot
N$%"C9O. D,'OA =;9)
*a8erHs 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$) s1o.d be t1ro6n ot or
ot1er6/se r.ed as /nad!/ss/b.e or /noperat/ve. At t1at po/nt, ,er./ssHs En.a6f. deta/ner
aff/dav/tE ad!/tted at Tr/a. on 9;F$<F99 /s severe.5 .a08/n2 and def/0/ent Dand t1e
re3/re!ents of N'S C;.$<%D<) and N'S C;.$<CD$) 0an be re0on0/.ed to2et1er to app.5 0.a/!
pre0.s/on to an5 0on0o!/tant or ftre a..e2at/on t1at Co21./n o6ed an5 rent). (rt1er,
'PC %.@ prevents *a8er fro! atte!pt/n2 to 1ave 1/s &e0.arat/on Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$)
0o5.5 0.a/! Eattorne5 0./ent pr/v/.e2eE even nder t1e 2/se of be/n2 Esb!/tted prsant to
statte as t1e .and.ordHs a2entE Done of t1e do6ns/deHs of 1av/n2 a .a6 ./0ense, apparent.5, as
t1ose pes85 'PCHs ./8e %.@ prevent t1e 6/..5 n/..5 approa01 NCS parta8es /n).
ERule'K.2.''Da.yer a# ?itne##.
Da)MA .a65er s1a.. not a0t as advo0ate at a tr/a. /n 61/01 t1e .a65er /s ./8e.5 to be a
ne0essar5 6/tness n.ess"
D9)MT1e test/!on5 re.ates to an uncontested issueH
D$)MT1e test/!on5 re.ates to t1e natre and va.e of .e2a. serv/0es rendered /n t1e
0aseJ or
D%)M+isqualification of the lawyer would work substantial hardship on the client.
Db)MA .a65er !a5 a0t as advo0ate /n a tr/a. /n 61/01 anot1er .a65er /n t1e .a65erRs f/r! /s
./8e.5 to be 0a..ed as a 6/tness n.ess pre0.ded fro! do/n2 so b5 '.e 9.@ or '.e 9.A.E
T1e frad.ent atte!pt b5 *a8er and ,er./ss to avo/d !a8/n2 ,er./ss 0o!p.5 6/t1
N'S C;.$<CD$)Hs re3/re!ent, 61/.st a.so atte!pt/n2 to 0o5.5 .evera2e an /nvo0at/on of
Eattorne5:0./ent pr/v.e2eE a.. /n an atte!pt to a!e./orate t1e /..s of t1e def/0/ent not/0es and
serv/0es t1ereof as to t1e =F$$F99 and AF$@F99 Not/0es and t1e aspe0ts of t1e .ease D61/01 6as
abso.te.5 not EeGp/redE and 61/01 1ad not even been ter!/nated, and as, s01, st/.. 0onta/ned
ter!s t1at ,er./ss 7st p.a/n d/d not ./8e ver5 !01) 1ard.5 3a./f/es as a s0enar/o t1at E6o.d
6or8 sbstant/a. 1ards1/p on t1e 0./entE, nor one t1at Ere.ates to an n0ontested /sseE
Da0ta..5, /t re.ates to t1e ver5 !ost !ater/a. of 0ontested /sses /n s01 a pro0eed/n2, d1).
Its a0ta..5 fnn5 to 0ons/der *a8erHs &e0.arat/on of Case5 &. *a8er, Es3. Prsant to
N'S C;.$<CD$) Done doesnHt f/nd t1e attorne5Hs /n Anv/ and Venet/an v. T6o 'oads
sb!/tt/n2 s01 E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tsE /n t1ere ro.e as an attorne5, b5 s22est/n2 t1at N'S
C;.$<CD$)Hs Et1e aff/dav/t of t1e .and.ord or t1e landlord$s agentE so!e1o6 v/t/ates t1e /!port
of 'PC %.@. A.so, so!eone !st 1ave to.d Case5 &. *a8er, Es3. t1at t1ere /s so!et1/n2 /n
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N'S C; t1at /ns.ates 1/! fro! 'PC %.9, %.%, and %.C 2/ven 1/s a.. over t1e !ap state!ents
on t1e re0ord on 9;F$<F99 and /n 1/s N'S C;.$<CD$) E&e0.arat/onE as to 61et1er or not t1e
E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE 6as Ef/.edE Eat t1e .ast 1ear/n2E on E9;F9%F99E, be0ase *a8er a.terate.5
Ebe./evesE ,er./ssHs o6n En.a6f. deta/ner aff/dav/tE 6as Ef/.edE, or Esb!/ttedE, bt t1en,
ad!/ts 1e 7st /snHt EsreE /f /t 6as or not D?d2e Sferra>>a !a8es state!ent /nd/0at/n2 /t
6asnHt, and 0erta/n.5 N'S C.$C; 6o.d a..o6 for an5 s01 do08et entr5 or .a08 t1ereof to
serve as pr/!a fa0/e ev/den0e of fa0t t1at s01 6as or 6as not f/.ed, and, o1 .oo8, t1ere /s not
an5 s01 entr5 to be fond D,'OA $9).
'ose v S8/.es DTeG C/v App) $C< S- 9$@J and Haefe.., 9=# S- 99;< 6r/t of
res/t/tt/on spersedeas sta5 possessor5 N'S C;.%=< ato!at/0 non d/s0ret/onar5 /s s01 a
sta5., See a.so Coo!es C9C (. Spp. A@<, and Han/f %#A (. Spp <;$.J Sart/n v. *ar.o6 eG re/.
S!/t1, 9# So.$d %@$. D,/ss. 9ACC)
,'OA @<<, !ore on t1e /nsff/0/en05 of t1e serv/0e of t1e not/0es nder N'S C;.$=;
and N'S C;.$<%
P.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t ( at t1e 9;F$<F99 Ktr/a.L, t1e 9;F9AF99 f/.e sta!ped "
K&ECLA'ATION O( CASE) &. *A+E'. ES4. PU'SUANT TO N'S C;L reads"
KCASE) &. *A+E', ES4
., be/n2 f/rst d.5 s6orn, deposes and nder penalty of perjury avers"
9. I a! a res/dent of t1e C/t5 of 'eno, Cont5 of -as1oe, State of Nevada, and over 9= 5ears
of a2e. T1/s de0.arat/on /s based on !5 persona. 8no6.ed2e, eG0ept t1ose !atters stated on
/nfor!at/on and be./ef, and as to t1ose /te!s I be./eve t1e! to be tre. Thi# !e"laration i#
/a!e in /y "aa"ity a# the lan!lor!%# agent$ ur#uant to NRS ().;4(A;G$ an! rere#ent#
/y te#ti/ony i* "alle! on to re#ent #a/e in "ourt.
$. I a! an attorne5 d.5 ./0ensed as s01 b5 t1e State of Nevada to pra0t/0e before a..
0orts of t1/s State and !a/nta/n !5 off/0e at #<$ (orest Street, 'eno, Nevada. I a! a.so
./0ensed to pra0t/0e before t1e Un/ted States &/str/0t Cort for t1e &/str/0t of Nevada.
%. ,5 off/0e /s 0onse. for t1e .and.ord, ,att1e6 ,er./ss, /n t1/s !atter.
C. &r. ,er./ss sb!/tted 1/s .and.ordHs aff/dav/t /n t1/s !atter at t1e t/!e of t1e 1ear/n2
on O0tober 9%, $;99.
<. After d/./2ent.5 sear01/n2 for sa!e on t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort 6ebs/te, I a!
/nfor!ed and be./eve t1at t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort 1as not pro!.2ated a .and.ordHs
aff/dav/t for! for se /n a %;:da5 no:0ase ev/0t/on, s01 as t1/s 0ase.
#. A00ord/n2.5, 6/t1 t1e eG0ept/on of atta01/n2 t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on not/0es t1ereto,
&r. ,er./ssH aff/dav/t 6as on t1e for! prov/ded b5 t1/s 0ort.
@. T1e prpose of t1/s de0.arat/on /s to spp.e!ent &r. ,er//ssH aff/dav/t /n a00ordan0e
6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of N'S C;.$<CD$).
=. In t1at re2ard, and 6/t1ot 6a/v/n2 t1e attorne5:0./ent pr/v/.e2e for an5
0o!!n/0at/ons bet6een !5 off/0e and &r. ,er//ss, I state t1e fo..o6/n2 on /nfor!at/on and
be./ef"
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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=.9. T1e tenan05 at /sse 0o!!en0ed on ,ar01 9, $;9;, and 6as for a ter! of
9$ !ont1s. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1e renta. a2ree!ent /s atta01ed 1ereto as E[HI*IT 9.
N'S C;.$<CD$)Da).
=.$. T1e renta. a2ree!ent ter!/nated b5 /ts ter!s on (ebrar5 $=, $;99.
T1ereafter, ,r. Co21./n be0a!e a !ont1 to !ont1 tenant prsant to N'S 99=A.C@; and
para2rap1 % of t1e renta. a2ree!ent. N'S C;.$<CD$)Db).
=.%. T1e tenant be0a!e sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$<9 to C;.$<9#,
/n0.s/ve, at t1e end of t1e stated ter! of t1e renta. a2ree!ent, 61erepon 1e be0a!e a
!ont1:to:!ont1 tenant, as noted above. N'S C;.$<CD$)DC).
=.C. Cop/es of t1e 6r/tten not/0es prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$)Dd) are atta01ed to
&r. ,er./ssH aff/dav/t, prev/os.5 f/.ed 1ere/n. In add/t/on to t1e <:da5 not/0e atta01ed to &r.
,er./ssH aff/dav/t, 61/01 6as 1and:de./vered to ,r. Co21./n b5 !e at t1e 1ear/n2 on
Septe!ber $@, $;99, an add/t/ona. <:da5 not/0e 6as served on ,r. Co21./n b5 Nevada Cort
Serv/0es on t1at sa!e date. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1at not/0e, to2et1er 6/t1 t1e 0ert/f/0ate
of serv/0e, 1as a.so been prov/ded to t1e 0ort. An add/t/ona. 0op5 /s atta01ed 1ereto as
E[HI*IT $. N'S C;.$<CD$)Dd).
=.<. Co21./n 6as a !ont1:to !ont1 tenant, 61ose tenan05 1ad been proper.5
ter!/nated prsant to N'S C;.$<9D9). T1erefore, t1e 0.a/! for re./ef of possess/on of t1e
pre!/ses 6as at1or/>ed b5 .a6. N'S C;.$<CD$)Dd).
A. I de0.are nder pena.t5 of per7r5 t1at t1e fore2o/n2 /s tre and 0orre0t.
A((I',ATION Prsant to N'S $%A*.;%; T1e nders/2ned does 1ereb5 aff/r! t1at t1e
pre0ed/n2 do0!ent does not 0onta/n t1e so0/a. se0r/t5 n!ber of an5 person. &ATE& t1/s
9At1 of O0tober, $;99
FsF CASE) &. *A+E', as t1e .and.ordHs a2ent prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$), and prsant to
N'S 9<.;9; be0ase t1e 0./ent /s absent fro! t1e 0ont5 /n 61/01 t1e attorne5 res/des.L
As s01, t1e re3/re!ents of N'S C;.$<CD$) 6ere never !et Despe0/a..5 pr/or to t1e
start of t1e 9;F9%F99 1ear/n2, and t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.EF0ont/nat/on of 9;F9%F99 1ear/n2),
61/01 re3/res"
E$. T1e aff/dav/t of t1e landlord or the landlordGs agent sb!/tted to t1e 7st/0e 0ort or t1e
d/str/0t 0ort !st 0onta/n"
Da) T1e date 61en t1e tenan05 commenced, t1e term of t1e tenan05, and, /f an5, a 0op5 of t1e
renta. a2ree!ent.
Db) T1e date 61en t1e tenan05 or renta. a2ree!ent allegedly terminated.
D0) T1e date when the tenant became subject to the provisions of "<S ?-14( to ?-14(B!
inclusive! together with any supporting facts.
Dd) T1e !ate .hen the .ritten noti"e .a# gi-en, a 0op5 of t1e not/0e and a statement that
notice was served in accordance with "<S ?-1@-.
De) A statement that the claim for relief was authori5ed by lawE
So, .and.ord ,er./ssHs En.a6f. deta/ner aff/dav/tE 6as f/rst f/.ed or pt /nto ev/den0e
!/d6a5 t1ro21 t1e ETr/a.E on 9;F$<F99"
KUnlawful +etainer :ffidavit" T1e nders/2ned pet/t/oner. be/n2 f/rst d.5 s6orn.
deposes and sa5s"
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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9. T1at 5or aff/ant, /n 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 N'S 99=A. is the landlord of certain dwellings or
apartments 6/t1/n t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona. 0onf/nes of 'eno To6ns1/p, -as1oe Cont5. Nevada.
$. T1at 5or aff/ant rented a c ertain dwelling or apartment to ,e./ssa U..oa and Za01ar5
Co21./n .o0ated at 9$9 '/ver 'o08. 'eno. NV =A<;% on ,ar01 9, $;9;....: 6/t1 per/od/0
renta. pa5!ents reserved b5 t1e !ont1 or for a s1orter per/od of t/!e, and a 0.ean/n2 or renta.
depos/ts pa/d /n advan0e B@;;.;; /n eG0ess of t1e f/rst !ont1Hs rent.
%. T1at t1e per/od/0 renta. a2ree!ent 1as not been 6a/ved or a.tered b5 a 6r/tten a2ree!ent of
an5 8/nd.
C. T1at !ore t1an t1/rt5Fseven da5s 1ave e.apsed since the service of t1e not/0es atta01ed
1ereto bt t1e above:na!ed tenant 1as refsed, and st/.. refses, to va0ate and 3/t t1e above
na!ed pre!/ses.
-HE'E(O'E. 5or aff/ant pra5s for an order of t1/s 0ort, d/re0ted to t1e S1er/ff of -as1oe
Cont5, order/n2 t1e above na!ed tenant fro! t1e above !ent/oned pre!/ses, as prov/ded /n
N'S, C1apter C;. FsF D61at appears to be t1e s/2natre of ,att1e6 ,er./ss)E
So,
E >u!ge, )o 1ave t1e opportn/t5 to sbpoena t1e pro0ess server /n t1/s 0ase. O8a5, .etRs 7st
so S 5or aff/dav/t s/r, I do need someone to testify us to what>s contained there and about the
lease etc.
Plainti**, O8a5.
>u!ge, S/n0e 6e are do/n2 a 1ear/n2 1ere, I do 1ave EG1/b/t E an! you are the "oun#el #o I
.oul! prefer to ha-e your client !o the a"tual te#ti/ony on theT
Plainti**, T1atRs f/ne, s/r. #he affidavit was submitted pursuant to statute as the landlordGs
agent andT
>u!ge, No, 2 know but you are not going to be testifying today! rightP
Plainti**, I donRt t1/n8 so n.ess 6e 2et to t1at.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. So, the issue before me is whatGs alleged in your affidavit at least that
portion which starts at the! 2 think itGs page 1! starting at paragraph @, /f 6e 0an. ...
>u!ge, -o6, 615 donRt 5o se t1e 0ortRs 0op/es so 6e 0an eGped/te t1/s, IR! 7st tr5/n2 to
!a8e sre 6e 1ave a re0ord be0ase I do not re!e!ber pre0/se.5 61at 6as 0overed at t1e .ast
1ear/n2. I do not t1/n8 t1at 6e 1ad S 5or aff/dav/t 6asnRt even f/.ed N$#.9#O at t1e .ast
1ear/n2.
De*en!ant, T1atRs 0orre0t bt t1e .and.ordRs aff/dav/t 6as.
>u!ge, )ea1, I nderstand bt t1e .and.ordRs aff/dav/t d/dnRt 1ave ever5t1/n2 /n /t t1at 5o
a..e2e /n 5or aff/dav/t....
Plainti**, T1an8 5o. And 5o are t1e o6ner of 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, NevadaP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, O8a5. N$#.C#O 61atRs been !ar8ed for /dent/f/0at/on prposes as p.a/nt/ffRs EG1/b/t
E. &o 5o re0o2n/>e t1/s, do0torP... Dr. Merli##, ItRs t1e a.tered .ease a2ree!ent. ...
Plainti**, T1an8 5o, s/r. I 6ant 5o to ta8e a .oo8 at EG1/b/t E, p.ease. Can 5o te.. !e, s/r
fro! .oo8/n2 EG1/b/t E 61en t1e tenan05 0o!!en0edP
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Dr. Merli##, (ebrar5 $;9;.
Plainti**, O8a5.
Dr. Merli##, (ebrar5 $;t1...
Plainti**, Let !e 7st rep1rase !5 3est/on. &r. ,er./ss, p.ease .oo8 at para2rap1 $ of t1e
.ease EG1/b/t E.
Dr. Merli##, ter!sP
Plainti**, )es. &o 5o see on t1e fort1 ./ne 61ere t1e .ease states 0o!!en0/n2 on t1e f/rst
da5 of ,ar01 $;9;, do 5o see t1atP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, O8a5. Is t1at 5or nderstand/n2 61en t1e .ease be2anP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, :nd what was the term! how many monthsP
Dr. Merli##, +hat>s for $" months. D,'OA =;#"9;:9%)
Plainti**, O8a5. So, /f t1e ter! /n t1e .ease 6as 9$ !ont1s and /t be2an on ,ar01 9, $;9;
61en /t 6o.d 1ave endedP
Dr. Merli##, )es, ,ar01 9, $;99.
Plainti**, -e... One 5ear, r/21tP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
De*en!ant, Ob7e0t/on, N%;.<$O
Dr. Merli##, )es, 6o.d be one 5ear.
>u!ge, T1e Ob7e0t/on /s ssta/ned bt t1e ans6er /s one 5ear, so.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o.
Dr. Merli##, -o.d be one 5ear.
Plainti**, A.r/21t, t1an8 5o. So one 5ear 6o.d be (ebrar5 $=, $;99, /s t1at 0orre0tP Dr.
Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, -/.. 5o p.ease 2o to t1e neGt para2rap1, para2rap1 %, and t/t.ed 1o.d over, do 5o
see t1atP
Dr. Merli##, )es.
Plainti**, -/.. 5o read t1e f/rst f.. senten0e /n t1at para2rap1P Ho6 abot t1eT
Dr. Merli##, N%9.$;O a2ree!ent or an5 01an2es Nproper.5 a2reed O to 6/.. re!a/n /n t1e fa0t
on a !ont1.5 bas/s after t1e /n/t/a. ter!.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o. )or Honor, t1/s po/nt &r. ,er./ss 1as a.read5 at1ent/0ated t1e serv/0e
of t1e ev/0t/on Not/0es and I be./eve t1at 0overs ever5t1/n2 /n !5 aff/dav/t t1at 6as d/fferent
fro! 1/s.
>u!ge, A.r/21t. T1en I 6/.. ad!/t *, C, &, E, and (.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o, s/r.....E D,'OA =;@).
5De*en!ant, So, at t1/s po/nt I 6o.dnRt 1ave an5t1/n2 frt1er. -e 0o.dT
>u!ge, A.r/21t, t1atRs be/n2 t1e 0ase do 5o 1ave an5 ot1er 6/tnessesP
De*en!ant, )or Honor, I 6/.. 1ave N%@.%$O
>u!ge, -e...
De*en!ant, I be./eve t1at t1e .and.ord 1as !ade /ts /n/t/a. brden, to s1/ft t1e brden toT
>u!ge, A.r/21t.E D,'OA =9;).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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T1e prob.e! for ,er./ss /s t1at N'S 99=A def/nes Epre!/sesE d/fferent.5 t1an /t
def/nes Ed6e../n2 p.a0eE, and t1e /!port of t1at be0o!es 0.ear pon a 0.ose read/n2 of N'S
C;.$<C" H61en t1e tenant of a !.elling unit .hi"h i# #u0&e"t to the ro-i#ion# o* "hater
BB+A of N'SH. ,er./ss 0an on.5 ar2e t1at part of Co21./nHs .ease and se of t1e pre!/ses
6as for a Ed6e../n2 n/tE, and 1e /s defense.ess a2a/nst t1e fa0t t1at se0t/on 9% of t1e .ease
spe0/f/0a..5 at1or/>es a 0o!!er0/a. se of t1e propert5 /n add/t/on to t1e res/dent/a. se
prov/ded /n t1e .ease, and t1at Co21./nHs TenantHs Ans6er of 9;F#F99, and t1e fn0t/ona.
e3/va.ents of a!end!ents t1ereto D/n0.d/n2 t1ose of 9;F99F99, 9;F9%F99, 9;F9@F99, 9;F9@F99
Despe0/a..5 pa2e s/G of s01 ,ot/on for Sta5, 61/01 eGpress.5 sets ot t1e 0o!!er0/a. se of
t1e pre!/ses and t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona. pred/0ate, bar, prere3/s/te D/n 2/ant bo.d, nder./ned st5.e,
/t 6as_ ,'OA %@#) presented 61ere ,er./ss prsed a Eno:0aseE ev/0t/on nder N'S
C;.$<C D*a8erHs 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on eGpress.5 0/tes to s01 stattor5 se0t/on, and ?d2e
Sferra>>aHs 0o!!ents on t1e re0ord on 99F@F99 !a8e 0.ear t1at Et1/s 6as not an a0t/on for
non:pa5!ent of rent)
N'S 99=A.9A;D$)" E-r/tten not/0es to t1e tenant pres0r/bed b5 t1/s 01apter s1a.. be
served /n t1e !anner prov/ded b5 N'S C;.$=;.E
So, anot1er 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/te t1at /s !/ss/n2 fro! bot1 t1e AF$@F99 < &a5
Un.a6f. &eta/ner Not/0e prported.5 /ssed prsant to N'S C;.$<%D9)
Anot1er prob.e! 6/t1 s/n2 for!s off t1e /nternet, for .an.dord ,er./ss, /s t1at, 61en
t1e for!s are dated at t1e botto! of ever5 pa2e as fro! E$;;#E, bt t1e stattes, read/.5
ava/.ab.e on./ne, a.. 15per./n8ed p an ever5t1/n2, 6/t1 t1e rev/s/ons t1ereto and dat/n2
t1ereof ava/.ab.e at t1e botto! of ea01 se0t/on, t1ere rea..5 /s no eG0se for ,er./ssHs
attorne5Hs see8/n2, b5 s6orn de0.arat/on, so!e B9=,;;; /n attorne5Hs fees for t1e s!!ar5
ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 /n 9@;= a.one D/e, *a8erHs 9;F$@F99 ,e!orand! of Costs 6as not for
t1e non:pa5!ent 0ase /n 9CA$ Dt1o21 one 0o.d be for2/ven for t1/n8/n2 /t 6as 2/ven a.. t1e
entr/es /n t1e EA0t/v/t5 'eportsE t1ere/n t1at eGpress.5 referen0ed Enon:pa5!entE not/0es and
t1e E.e2a. 6or8E asso0/ate 6/t1 t1e preparat/on t1ereof D*a8er t/./>ed for!s 9 and C fro! t1e
AOC s/te, and bot1 for!s 1av/n2 dat/n2 at t1e botto! t1ereof /nd/0at/n2 a v/nta2e of $;;#,
bt N'S C;.$<% D1ttp"FF666..e2.state.nv.sFN'SFN'S:;C;.1t!. ) 0onta/ns d/re0t.5 after t1e
teGt of N'S C;.$<% 15per./n8s to t1e rev/s/ons t1ereto, dated b5 5ear" $;;A, 9A##J $;99,
$%<, 9C=A ...so....etHs see, /f E(ro!s Q9 and QCE are dated $;;#...t1en *a8er and H/.. !/21t
6ant to 01e08 ot t1ose rev/s/on pt /n p.a5 b5 t1e .e2/s.atre /n $;;A and $;99...sre.5
*a8er, 61o! repeated.5 sb!/tted &e0.arat/on attest/n2 to 1/s Es/G 5earsE of eGper/en0e /n
./t/2at/on, .ar2e.5 fo0s/n2 /n Ebs/nessE and E0o!!er0/a. ./t/2at/onE and Erea. estateE, 61o!
/nd/0ated an 1or.5 b/../n2 rate of B$<;.;; 6o.d a2ree t1at /ts a b/t 1ard to nderstand 1o6
B9=,;;; /n attorne5Hs fee 0o.d a0ta..5 be incurred 7st /n t1e 7st/0e 0ort, and t1en anot1er
BC$,;#< /n fees Dnder an assert/on of N'S #A.;<; as spport/n2 fees for t1e appea. of an
order! 61ere *a8er 6as for0ed to E7o/n /n t1e !ot/on to va0ateE t1e 99FAF99 a6ard b5 t1e
7st/0e 0ort of 61at !st 1ave been a ver5 d/sappo/nt/n2 !ere B9,<;; Dafter *a8erHs 9;F$@F99
,e!orand! of Costs so21t B9=,;;; /n attorne5s fees).
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,'OA @A#:A@ spea8s to t1e fa0t t1at t1e 9;F$<F99 1ear/n2 6as t1e f/rst po/nt at 61/01
,er./ssHs En.a6f. deta/ner aff/dav/tE 6as even !ar8ed or ad!/tted, !0 .ess f/.ed Dd/tto
*a8erHs 9;F9AF99 &e0.are Prsant to N'S C;.$<CD$)).
,er./ssHs AF$@F99 < &a5 Un.a6f. &eta/ner Not/0e .a08s t1e stattor/.5 re3/red
pred/0ates /dent/f/ed /n N'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$):D%) Despe0/a..5 /!portant 2/ven t1e n.a6f.
/nterrpt/on of essent/a. serv/0es t1e ensed on 9;FCF99:9;F<F99, espe0/a..5 61ere, /n ./21t of
t1e Estand/n2 orderE ,er./ss 1ad /n p.a0e pon U..oa ta8/n2 t1e NV Ener25 e.e0tr/0 b/.. ot of
1er na!e, as NV Ener25Hs Tsda test/f/ed, to reverted to ,er./ssHs na!e, and NV Ener25
refses to .et an5one 6/t1ot t1e re3/s/te persona. /nfor!at/on D,er./ssHs so0/a. se0r/t5
n!ber) pa5 s01 b/.., and 2/ven t1e .an2a2e /n t1e t1en st/.. ver5 !01 a0t/ve .ease, s01
6as Enot pa5ab.eE b5 Co21./n, and t1erefore, t1e .ease re3/red ,er./ss to pa5 /t, to 61/01
s01 n.a6f. /nterrpt/on 6as a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.%A;...re2ard.ess of t1e fa0t t1at
Co21./n eventa..5 so21t da!a2es for s01, and a set off t1ereto as to t1e N'S
99=A.%<<D<) Erent es0ro6 depos/tE ?d2e Sferra>>a, 0r/os.5, /ns/sted pon D61/01, of
0orse, ?d2e Sferra>>a refsed to 0ontenan0e), t1e fa0t t1at t1e AF$@F99 Not/0e .a08s s01
stattor/.5 re3/red .an2a2e barred t1e '?C fro! enter/n2 an5 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on order. One,
s01 /s not a defe0t Co21./n 0an E6a/veE. T6o, an ar2!ent t1at t1ere 6as s01 a 6a/ver /s
ndone b5 t1e fa/.re of ,er./ss to 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e serv/0e re3/re!ents for bot1 t1e =F$$F99
and AF$@F99 Not/0es.../t 6o.d be !an/fest.5 n7st to 1o.d Co21./n to 1ave 6a/ved t1/s or
t1at, or app.5 La to an5t1/n2 2/ven t1e s!!ar5 natre of s01 pro0eed/n2s to be2/n 6/t1
be/n2 eGtre!e.5 3/08, !ade a.. t1e !ore ntenab.e b5 t1e fa/.re to Estr/0t.5 ad1ereE t1e t1e
stattor5 re3/re!ents t1ereto Das re3/red b5 Pa. v. Ar!stron2, and A/8/ns).
-1at be0o!es 0.ear pon 0ons/der/n2 t1e re3/re!ents of N'S C;.$<%D<) Da.. t1ose
re3/re!ents to ./st t1e a!ont of de./n3ent rent, et0.)
///
and t1e GC -a..a0e de0/s/on of
9;F#F99 /s t1at t1ere /s a pr/0e to pa5 for t1e decision !ade b5 ,er./ssHs 0onse. to E6/t1dra6E
t1e non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on D'?C 'ev$;99:;;9CA$) t1e5 prsed /!!ed/ate.5 pr/or
to t1e no:0ase s!!ar5 ev/0t/on so21t /n t1e /nstant !atter Dand N'S 99=A.<9;Df)
obv/os.5 presents anot1er rea. /!ped/!ent t1ere...d1) as, one, 61et1er or not Co21./n
o6ed an5 rent 6as, for a.. pra0t/0a. prposes, Ea0ta..5 ./t/2atedE /n 9CA$, and -a..a0e !a8es
0.ear t1ere /s no6 a 0o..atera. bar to an assert/on t1at Co21./n o6ed an5 rent Dt1s, ?d2e
Sferra>>aHs app./0at/on of N'S 99=A.%<<D<) Deven 61ere Co21./n so eGpress.5 !ade 0.ear
1e 6as not assert/n2 an5 E6/t11o.d/n2H of rent, and 61ere Co21./n never on0e /nd/0ated t1at
1e Eo6edE ,er./ss an5 rent 61atsoever, and 61ere ,er./ssHs 0onse. a0ta..5 6ent ot of 1/s
6a5 to !a8e 0.ear to ?d2e Sferra>>a t1at ,er./ss 6as not see8/n2 an5 rent...f/na..5 dr/n2 t1e
99F@F99 1ear/n2 fo..o6/n2 t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E ?d2e Sferra>>a !ade even !ore 0.ear t1at
Et1/s 6as a no:0ase s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, /t 6as not for t1e non:pa5!ent of rentE).
*e5ond t1e 0.a/! pre0.s/on effe0t fro! 9CA$ res.t/n2 fro! -a..a0e, /s t1e fa0t t1at
t1e E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE serv/n2 as a 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/te to even 1o.d/n2 a 1ear/n2 Dsee
N'S C;.$<%D#)) re3/res 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 N'S C;.$<%D<), 61/01 re3/res" E D%) T1e a!onts
of an5 0.ean/n2, se0r/t5 or rent depos/ts pa/d /n advan0e, /n eG0ess of t1e f/rst !ont1Rs rent,
b5 t1e tenant.DC) T1e date the rental payments became delinquent., D<) T1e length of time
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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the tenant has remained in possession without paying rent. D#) T1e amount of rent claimed
due and delinquent.E
-1/.e N'S C;.$<CD$) spe0/f/es" E$. T1e aff/dav/t of t1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs
a2ent sb!/tted to t1e 7st/0e 0ort or t1e d/str/0t 0ort !st 0onta/n" Da) T1e date 61en
t1e tenan05 0o!!en0ed, t1e ter! of t1e tenan05, and, /f an5, a 0op5 of t1e renta. a2ree!ent.
Db) T1e date 61en t1e tenan05 or renta. a2ree!ent a..e2ed.5 ter!/nated. D0) T1e date
61en t1e tenant be0a!e sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$<9 to C;.$<9#, /n0.s/ve,
to2et1er 6/t1 an5 spport/n2 fa0ts. Dd) T1e date 61en t1e 6r/tten not/0e 6as 2/ven, a 0op5
of t1e not/0e and a state!ent t1at not/0e 6as served /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S C;.$=;. De) A
state!ent t1at t1e 0.a/! for re./ef 6as at1or/>ed b5 .a6.E N'S C;.$<C .evera2es s!!ar5
ev/0t/on pro0edres 61ere /t prov/des Et1e .and.ord /s ent/t.ed to t1e s!!ar5 pro0edres
prov/ded /n N'S C;.$<% E. T1at br/n2s to ./21t to d/fferen0es bet6een 61at /s re3/red of t1e
Eaff/dav/t of t1e .and.ordE /n N'S C;.$<CD$) and t1e E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE /n N'S C;.$<%D<):
D#).
T1/s Cort s1o.d ta8e t1/s opportn/t5 to !a8e 0.ear /ts pos/t/on as to /sses of
0o..atera. estoppe. or 0.a/! pre0.s/on /n /nstan0es 61ere a .and.ord prses a 1o.dover
pro0eed/n2 D/e, a no:0ase s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n t1e par.an0e !ore 0o!!on /n Nevada) 61ere
t1e .and.ord .ater see8s to !a8e a 0.a/! for rent, or, 61ere, as 1ere, t1e .and.ord tests t1e non:
pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6aters and f/nds t1e! not to 1/s ./8/n2, and f./ps t1e s0r/pt, 1op/n2
to do so!e rea. bro8en f/e.d rnn/n2 /n a s!!ar5 1o.dover pro0eed/n2.
A 0o..atera. estoppe. effe0t of an ev/0t/on 7d2!ent does not prevent t1e tenant fro!
ra/s/n2, /n anot1er a0t/on, an /sse t1at 0o.d 1ave been ra/sed /n t1e ev/0t/on a0t/on bt 6as
not ra/sed, or 6as ra/sed /n t1e ev/0t/on a0t/on bt .ater 6/t1dra6n,#C an /sse ra/sed /n t1e
ev/0t/on a0t/on on 61/01 t1e 0ort de0./ned to r.e,#< or /sses of t/t.e.## #C. Ste/nber2 v.
S/.ver!an, 9=# ,/nn. #C;, #C$SC%, $CC N.-. 9;<, 9;<S;# D9A%$). #<. Se/fred v. Zabe., %#A
N.-.$d <@9, <@C D,/nn. Ct. App. 9A=<). ##. Ps1or v. &a.e, $C$ ,/nn. <#C, <#=S#A, ##
N.-.$d 99, 9C D9A<C). See /nfra notes 9$#S%A and a00o!pan5/n2 teGt.
-1/.e t1e 0o..atera. estoppe. effe0t of ev/0t/on ./t/2at/on /s ./!/ted,$<# tenants s1o.d
!a8e a re0ord /n appropr/ate 0ases t1at t1e tenant /s not ./t/2at/n2 nor 6a/v/n2 a potent/a. tort
0.a/!.$<@ f Torts, %% -,.,ITCHELL L.'EV. C$@, C%=S%A D$;;#). $<#. See spra notes
#CS##. $<@. In ?d2e v. '/o Hot Propert/es, In0., t1e 0ort !ade no f/nd/n2s or 0on0.s/ons on
tenantRs potent/a. tort 0.a/!s as t1e5 d/d not ./t/2ate t1e! /n t1e s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2. Nos.
U&:9A=9$;$A;%, U&:9A=9;;<<9=, and U&: 9A=99;C<$$ D,/nn. &/st. Ct. &e0. 9=, 9AA=)
Dorders d/s!/ss/n2 n.a6f. deta/ner a0t/on).
&efendant:.and.ordRs not/0e of ter!/nat/on of tenan05 /s a pre:re3/s/te to f/./n2 an
n.a6f. deta/ner and t1s a pre./t/2at/on 0o!!n/0at/on. D$;;@) C9 Ca..Ct1 9$%$ */r8ner v.
La!
?d2e Sferra>>aHs 99FAF99 Order /n 9@;= reads" KO'&E' A-A'&ING COSTS AN&
ATTO'NE)HS (EES T1/s !atter 0a!e on re2.ar.5 for an ev/dent/ar5 1ear/n2 prsant to
N'S C;.$<C and N'S C;.$<%D #) on O0to ber 9%,$;99, and 0ont/ned on O0to ber $<,$;99,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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before t1e Honora b.e Peter ?. Sferra>>a, s/tt/n2 6/t1ot a 7r5. T1e p.a/nt/ffF.and.ord, ,att
,er./ss DE,er./ssE), 1av/n2 been t1e preva/./n2 part5, /s ent/t.ed to re0over 1/s 0osts and
attorne5Hs fees prsant to N'S #A.;%;. See a.so, Sand5 Va..e5 Asso0s v. S85 'an01 Estates,
99@ Nev. AC=, A<@, %< P.$d A #C D$oo9) DEAttorne5 fees !a5 a.so be a 6arded as da!a2es /n
t1ose 0ases /n 61/01 a part5 /n0rred t1e fees /n re0over/n2 rea. or persona. prope."fgH
a03/red t1ro21 t1e 6ron2f. 0ond0t of t1e defendant ... E). ,er./ss 1av/n2 t/!e.5 f/.ed and
served 1/s ,e!orand! of Costs and &/sbrse!entsJ defendant, Za01ar5 F99 t 'e0eded fro!
on ot1er 2ronds b5 Hor2an v. (e.ton, 9$% Nev. <@@, 9@; P.%d A=$ D$;;@)f *ar8er ECo21./n
1av/n2 fa/.ed to t/!e.5 f/.e and serve an5 !ot/on to retaG or oppos/t/on t1ereto 6/t1 t1e 0ort
/n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S #A.;C;DS)J t1e Cort be/n2 f..5 /nfor!ed /n t1e pre!/ses and 2ood
0ase appear/n2 t1ereforJ IT IS H E'E* ) O'&E'E&, A&?U&GE& AN& &EC'EE& , t1at
p.a/nt/ff7 .H h .and.ord s1a.. 1ave 7d2!ent a2a/nst and re0over of t1e defendant ZAC A')
*A'+E' E COUGH LIN 0osts /n t1e a!ont of BC$9.@= and attorne5Hs fees /n t1e a!ont of
B.,<;;.;;, 6/t1 s01 fees and 0osts to earn /nterest at t1e .e2a. rate fro! t1e date 1ereof nt/.
pa/d. .E &ATE& t1/s At1 da5 of Nove!ber, $;99. FsF Peter ?. Sferra>>a.L
One rea..5 !st be trob.ed b5 *a8erHs 99FAF99 ECorre0t/on of Inadvertent ,/sstat!ent
of La6 Prsant to N'PC %.%E D,'OA 9%##:#@) 61ere *a8erHs ta8es t1e rat1er ntenab.e
ta0t of ar2/n2 t1at, sre, 1e 0/ted to N'S C;.$<CD%) at t1e 0on0.s/on of t1e 9;F$<F99 Tr/a. /n
annon0/n2 1/s /ntent/on to see8 attorne5Hs fees, on.5 to t1en be fore0ed to f/.e s01
ECorre0t/onE...5et on.5 f/.ed /t after Co21./n annon0ed, /n open 0ort, dr/n2 t1e 99F@F99
Hear/n2, t1at *a8erHs 0/tat/on to s01 statte 6as 0o!p.ete.5 off base, 61ere s01 a..o6s for
t1e narro6est of app./0at/ons to 2arner attorne5Hs fee a6ards /n s!!ar5 ev/0t/ons prov/ded
t1e tenant /s v/o.at/n2 t1e Contro..ed Sbstan0es A0t /n so!e 6a5 D./8e.5 re3/r/n2
!anfa0tre of s01). S01 rea..5 be2s t1e 3est/on of 615 *a8er 6a/ted nt/. Co21./n
po/nted ot 1/s 0/tat/on to s01 obv/os.5 /napp./0ab.e bas/s for an attorne5 fee a6ard to f/.e
s01 0orre0t/on, part/0.ar5 61ere *a8er f/.ed on 9;F$@F99 a ,e!orand! of Costs see8/n2
so!e B9=,;;; /n attorne5s fees. *a8erHs f/./n2 of 99F@F99 reads"
ECO''ECTION O( INA&VE'TENT ,ISSTATE,ENT O( LA- PU'SUANT TO
N'PC Prsant to Nevada '.e of Profess/ona. Cond0t %.%Da), CASE) &. *A+E', ES4.,
attorne5 for .and.ord, ,ATT ,E'LISS, 0orre0ts an /nadvertent !/sstate!ent of t1e .a6
!ade b5 1/!, as fo..o6s" At or near t1e 0.ose of t1e O0tober $<, $;99 1ear/n2 /n t1/s !atter,
t1e nders/2ned adv/sed t1e 0ort t1at ,er./ss 6as ent/t.ed to, and 6o.d be see8/n2,
attorne5Hs fees prsant to N'S C;.$<CD%), and frt1er, t1at ,er./ss 6o.d as8 t1e 0ort to
/n0.de t1e a!ont of an5 fees a6arded /n an5 spersedeas bond re3/red of defendant.
:fter reviewing the statute more closely following the hearing! it became clear that
counsel$s statement of the law was not correct, /n t1at t1e referen0ed stattor5 prov/s/on does
not app.5 to t1ese pro0eed/n2s. Conse.Hs !/sstate!ent of t1e .a6 6as not E8no6/n2E nder
N'PC %.%Da), /n t1at t1e nders/2ned be./eved t1at stattor5 prov/s/on applied at the time, bt
s/!p.5 !/sread /t.
(rt1er, it was not 8material8 as re3/red b5 t1at r.e, /n t1at ,er./ss 6as not see8/n2
an a6ard of fees at t1at t/!e, bt, rat1er, s/!p.5 adv/s/n2 t1e 0ort t1at 1e 6o.d be /n t1e
ftre. ,oreover, ,er./ss d/d not 0/te or re.5 on t1at statte /n 1/s ,e!orand! of Costs and
&/sbrse!ents, f/.ed 1ere/n on O0tober $@, $;99.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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(/na..5, even t1o21 defendant Co21./n fa/.ed to f/.e an5 !ot/on to retaG or ot1er
oppos/t/on to t1e !e!orand! of 0osts, the court was apprised by him at the "ovember )!
1-(( hearing that the referenced statutory provision did not apply. In response, t1e 0ort
adv/sed defendant t1at 1e 0o.d EopposeE t1e !e!orand! of 0osts. As s01, t1e 0ort /s
a.read5 a6are t1at /t s1o.d not re.5 on N'S C;.$<CD%) /n a6ard/n2 an5 fees to ,er./ss.
Nevert1e.ess, t1e nders/2ned f/.es t1/s 0orre0t/on /n t1e /nterest of f.. 0andor to t1e
tr/bna.. FsF Case5 &. *a8er, Es3.E
It /s /nterest/n2 to noted t1at *a8erHs ECorre0t/onE /s f/.e:sta!ped 99FAF99 at 9$"$% p!,
and ?d2e Sferra>>aHs Order a6ard/n2 attorne5Hs fees and 0osts, of t1e sa!e date bares a t/!e:
sta!p/n2 of %"9$ p!. See!/n2.5, ?d2e Sferra>>a sed t1e /nter/! bet6een t1e t6o to do a
b/t of .e2a. resear01 on *a8erHs be1a.f and 0a!e p 6/t1 a 0/tat/on to N'S #A.;%; and Sand5
Va..e5, D7st 0.ass/0, r.e t1at t1e on.5 t1/n2 at /sse /s Epossess/onE t1en 0/te to Sand5 Va..e5
as 7st/f5/n2 an a6ard of attorne5Hs fees as Eda!a2esE, 61/.e no !ore t1an a senten0e a6a5
0/t/n2 to N'S #A.;%; as a..o6/n2 for an a6ard of attorne5Hs fees as E0ostsE 1o6ever, 0.ear.5
/napp./0ab.e, for p.a0e!ent /n 1/s 99FAF99 Order. DeG0/s/n2 t1e ter! E7d2!entE fro! s01
0/tat/on 7st as 0aref..5 as 1e 0aref..5 avo/d s/n2 3otat/on !ar8s arond t1e p1rase
ENevadaHs 0ortsE D61ere s01 0/tat/on a0ta..5 on.5 app./es to E&/str/0t 0ortsE) on.5 to se
t1e! .ater on /n t1e sa!e senten0e 61en eGp./0at/n2 t1e prported bas/s for 61at rea..5 6as
7st anot1er abse of t1e 0onte!pt po6er and s1/ft/n2 of t1e d/sorder 6ro21t b5 0.er8s and
ba/./ffs do/n2 as t1e5 p.ease, re2ard.ess of t1e .a6 onto t1e pb./0, rat1er t1an 01e08/n2 /n
61ere ne0essar5 and 61ere deserved Dt1at 9$F$;F9$ Ad!/n/strat/ve Order $;9$:;9 reads"
E-HE'EAS, NevadaHs 0orts are 0onst/tt/ona..5 at1or/>ed to /sse a.. 6r/ts Eproper and
ne0essar5 to t1e 0o!p.ete eGer0/se of t1e/r 7r/sd/0t/on.E Nev. Const. art. #, I #D9)...EJ 7st ./8e
t1e t1e 0aref. atte!pts to, dr/n2 t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E steer Co21./n a6a5 fro! t1e bas/s for
app.5/n2 N'S 99=A.<9;Db) 61ere t1e tenant !ade s01 0o!p.a/nts Eto t1e .and.ordE
re2ard/n2 Ev/o.at/ons ofE N'S 99=A, bt rat1er to s22est s01 sbse0t/on affords a bas/s
on.5 for report/n2 a Espe0/f/0 0r/!/na. statteE to .a6 enfor0e!ent)
Contrast *a8erHs ar2!ents t1at Co21./n fa/.ed to spe0/f/0a..5 0/te to N'S C;.%=< as a
bas/s for a ,ot/on for Sta5 Dat .east nt/. s01 f/rst appears /n t1e re0ord /n Co21./nHs
99F$%F99 f/./n2)...so, apparent.5, /ts Eo8a5E /f *a8erHs 9;F$@F99 ,e!orand! of Costs d/d not
0/te to an .e2a. at1or/t5 to spport s01 a fee a6ard, never !/nd t1e fa0t *a8er 6as see8/n2
an otra2eos B9=,;;; /n attorne5Hs fees for a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 Dand, a0ta..5,
!01 of t1e fees 1e so21t 6ere for 6or8 done b5 non:attorne5Hs as /dent/f/ed /n 1/s EA0t/v/t5
'eportsE, and 6ere for a different case, /e, t1e non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 1e abandoned
/n 9CA$).
ItHs rat1er odd to 0ons/der ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 99FAF99 Order D,'OA 9%#A) a6ard/n2
*a8er and 1/s .and.ord 0./ent so!e B9,<;; /n attorne5Hs fees 0ons/der/n2 t1at *a8erHs
K9;F$@F99 ,e!orand! of CostsL 0onta/ned abso.te.5 no 0/tat/on to spport 1/s ,ot/on for
so!e B9=,;;; /n attorne5Hs fees D!ost of 61/01 6ere patent.5 /n0rred /n t1e non:pa5!ent
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0ase /n 9CA$ t1at *a8er dropped !/d:6a5 t1ro21). *a8erHs 9;F$@F99
E,e!orand! of CostsE 0onta/ns not1/n2 /n t1e 6a5 of 0/tat/on to spport s01 a re3est for
B9=,;;; of attorne5Hs fees. An5 attorne5 61o 0.a/!s to deserve s01 fees 0annot poss/b.5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pretend to not 8no6 t1e EA!er/0an '.eE as to attorne5Hs fees D/e, t1at absent so!e
0ontra0ta. or stattor5 bas/s, part/es 0o!!on.5 !st bare t1e/r o6n attorne5Hs fees) D*a8erHs
&e0.arat/on /n spport of 1/s 9;F$@F99 see8/n2 of B9=,;;; attorne5 fee a6ard states E0onse.
1as pra0t/0ed /n t1/s area for over # 5earsJ t1e fees so21t are reasonab.e /n ter!s of rates and
t/!e 01ar2ed nder t1e 0/r0!stan0es of t1/s !atter. T1e fees for t1e nders/2ned 6ere a..
/n0rred at t1e standard 1or.5 rate of B$$<.;;, eG0ept 61en t1e 0./ent 6as 01ar2ed a f.at fee,
as noted. I a! /nfor!ed and be./eve t1at t1ese rates are 6e.. 6/t1/n t1e nor!a. ran2e for
attorne5s of s/!/.ar eGper/en0e and 3a./f/0at/on. I a! an attorne5 d.5 ./0ensed to pra0t/0e
before a.. 0orts of t1e State of Nevada. T1e fees /n0rred for '/01ard G. H/.., Es3. DE'GH"H)
6ere /n0rred at 1/s standard 1or.5 rate of B%<;.;;J 61/01 pon /n3/r5 and eGper/en0e /s
6/t1/n t1e ran2e 01ar2ed b5 ot1er s/!/.ar 3a./f/ed attorne5s /n t1e 0o!!n/t5. T1e res.t
obta/ned 6as 1/21.5 favorab.e to !5 0./ent. T1e 01ar2es /dent/f/ed as ESLHE 6ere entered b5
!5 se0retar5, S1err/ L. H/.., and ref.e0t t1e /dent/f/0at/on of 0osts on.5. T1e 01ar2es /dent/f/ed
as EG'E 6ere entered b5 !5 se0retar5, Gabr/e.a 'e00e..e, and ref.e0t t1e entr5 of 0osts on.5.E
,'OA 9;$# revea.s *a8erHs !/s0ond0t /n f/./n2 EVer/f/0at/onE at ,'OA 9;$9 0.a/!/n2"
Et1at t1e /te!s /n t1e above !e!orand! 0onta/ned are tre and 0orre0t, to t1e best of t1e
8no6.ed2e and be./ef of t1e nders/2nedJ and t1at the #ai! !i#0ur#e/ent# ha-e 0een
ne"e##arily in"urre! an! ai! in #ai! a"tion. As to t1e fees, 0onse. represents to t1e Cort
t1at t1e a!ont of fees re3ested 1as been actually! reasonably and necessarily /n0rred in
this case.E 'ea..5P -1ere Et1/s 0aseE and Esa/d a0t/onE 6as t1e Eno:0ase s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
pro0eed/n2E /n 9@;=, /t rea..5 /s not at a.. 0.ear 1o6 *a8erHs A0t/v/t5 'eports 0an r/21tf..5
/n0.de t1e fo..o6/n2 entr/es fro! t1e non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n 9CA$" =F9#F99 E<
da5 nonpa5!ent of rent not/0eE B9<;.;;...=F9AF99 EE!a/. to 0./ent. Prepare <:da5 pa5 or
va0ate not/0e....(.at fee of B9<;...=F9AF99 EE!a/.s to and fro! 0./ent. So!e .e2a. resear01 on
0onstr0t/on and /nterpretat/on of 7o/n ./ab/./t5 nder 0ontra0tE B9<@.<; DNOTE" 61ere Ea..
t1at /s at /sse /s possess/onE /n 9@;=, as *a8er /nd/0ated /n 0ort, /ts not 0.ear 1o6 s01 fees
6ere Ereasonab.5 and ne0essar/.5 /n0rredE /n 9@;=, as 61et1er S1arpe or Green A0t/on 1ad
an5 E7o/nt ./ab/./t5E 6o.d apparent.5 be an /sse for anot1er !atter, r/21tP)...AF9F99 ENevada
Cort Serv/0es::serve non:pa5!ent < da5 ev/0t/on not/0e B<<.;;E...AF#F99 ECo!p.ete
Land.ordHs &e0.arat/on for S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on for Non:Pa!ent Df.at fee of B9<; per
a2ree!ent) B9<;.;;E...EAF#F99 Prepare oppos/t/on to !ot/on for san0t/ons 9.$; 1rs B$@;.;;E
Dstran2e, t1ere 6ere no f/./n2s /n 9@;= nt/. 9;F#F99, so t1/s AF#F99 entr5 /s ne0essar/.5 fro!
referr/n2 to t1e san0t/ons !ot/on of t1at date /n $8?")...EAF#F99 'e0e/ve and rev/e6 ne6
!ot/on for san0t/ons fro! Co21./n ;.%; 1rs B#@.<;E ... EAF#F99 Le2a. resear01 re" repa/rs and
!ot/on for san0t/ons fro! Co21./n ;.<; B99$.<;E...EAF@F99 &raft oppos/t/on and !ot/on to
str/8e !ot/on for san0t/ons. 9.<; B%%@.<;E...EAFAF99 'ev/se and f/na./>e oppos/t/on to !ot/on
for san0t/ons, !ot/on to str/8e, 0onter:!ot/on for san0t/ons, and de0.arat/on of C&* /n
spport t1ereof
In0.des 0o!p/./n2 eG1/b/ts and so!e .e2a. resear01 $.;; 1rs BC<;.;;E Ds01 EOppos/t/onE
dea.t 6/t1 a ,ot/on for San0t/ons d/re0ted to !/sstate!ent as to t1e a..e2ed a!ont of rent
o6ed /n a non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n 9CA$, 61/01 1as no re.at/on to a no:0ase
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /n 9@;= 61ere rent 6as not 0.a/!ed) ...E'e0e/ve and rev/e6 faG fro! 0ort
DCo21./nHs ans6er). Cond0t so!e .e2a. resear01. ,.t/p.e e!a/.s fro! and to Co21./n.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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$.;; 1rs BC<;.;;E Ds01 entr5 refers to Co21./nHs AF9AF99 A!ended TenantHs Ans6er /n
$8?", t1e non:pa5!ent 0ase)...EPrepare rep.5 /n spport of !ot/on to str/8eF!ot/on for
san0t/ons $.;; 1rs BC<;.;;E Ds01 entr5 refers to t1e E'ep.5E *a8er f/.ed on AF$#F99 /n t1e
non:pa5!ent 0ase /n 9CA$)...EPrepare rep.5 /n spport of !ot/on to str/8e and for
san0t/ons. $.<; B<#$.<;E Dd/tto)...Eed/t 'ep.5 9.9; 1rs B$C@.<;E...EAF$%F99 Prepare &e0.arat/on
of C*& /n spport of 'ep.5 .#; 1rs B9%<.;;E...EAF$#F99 'ev/se 'ep.5 .C; 1rs
BA;.;;E...E=F$<F99 Prepare for 1ear/n2 9.;; 1rs B$$<.;;E...AF$#F99 Cont/ne to prepare for
1ear/n2 9.9; 1rs B$C@.<;E...EAF$#F99 0ont/ne to prepare for 1ear/n2 $.;; 1rs
BC<;.;;E...EAF$@F99 f/na. preparat/ons for 1ear/n2 9.<; 1rs B%%@.<;E Da.. of t1/s /s referr/n2 to
t1e AF$@F99 1ear/n2 /n 9CA$)...EAF$@F99 !eet 6/t1 0./ent. to and fro! 1ear/n2 $.$< 1rs
B<;#.$<E ...9;FCF99 rev/e6 statte re" essent/a. serv/0es .$; BC<.;;E D615 Co21./n s1o.d
pa5 for resear01 re.ated to t1e n.a6f. /nterrpt/on of 1/s essent/a. serv/0es /s n0.ear)).
(ro! (.ana2anHs CF$;F9$ Order /n Carpent/er v. Aa!es, 4LS, and 'CS /n CV;=:
;9@;A" K(/na..5, t1/s Cort !a8es t1e fo..o6/n2 observat/ons. T1e ar2!ents ra/sed b5 t1e
part/es /n t1e/r p.ead/n2s 2enera..5 0/r0!s0r/be t1e ad7d/0ator5 bondar/es of t1/s Cort.
See ..,*re./ant v. Preferred E3/t/es Corp., 9;A Nev. =C$, =C@, =<= P.$d 9$<=, 9$#9 D9AA%
Dstat/n2 a d/str/0t 0ort 2enera..5 !a5 not 0ons/der !atters ots/de of t1e p.ead/n2s 61en
rev/e6/n2 a !ot/on to d/s!/ss).
NC?C '.e $.9< /!p./0ates t1e need to 0ons/der t1en C1/ef ?d2e Sferra>>aHs work /n
1/s 99F$=F9$ Order barr/n2 Co21./n fro! sb!/tt/n2 f/./n2s b5 faG Dabsent an5 not/0e or
opportn/t5 to be 1eard on s01 Order entered /n EALL CASESJ ALL &EPA'T,ENTSE,
even as to E.and.ord tenant !attersE and 0r/!/na. 0ase 61ere s01 Order 0/ted to ?C''T 9; as
prov/d/n2 at1or/t5 for s01 a !easre Da2a/nst an Eoff/0er of t1e 0ortE no .ess /n attorne5
Co21./n, ar2ab.5 re3/r/n2 a 1/21er .eve. of de pro0ess pr/or to s01 a depr/vat/on, C.ar8
v. Ca!pbe.., even 61ere ?C''T $ !a8es 0.ear s01 '.e 9; does not app.5 to 0r/!/na. and
or E.and.ord tenant !attersE) and 1/s 9$F$;F9$ EAd!/n/strat/ve Order $;9$:;9E D61/01 t1e
'?C 1as no6 2/ven a !a8eover t1at frt1er srps t1e eGe0t/ve bran01es 01ar2/n2 fn0t/on
/n atta01/n2, retroa0t/ve.5, a 0r/!/na. 0ase n!ber of 'C'$;9$:;@9C%@, bt, 1e5, at .east
*r0e L/ndsa5, Es3/re 6as ab.e to se s01 as an o00as/ons to tr/p.e d/p, /n0/dent to ?d2e
C./fton DE&aveE a00ord/n2 to L/ndsa5, so !01 for appearan0es) per1aps rnn/n2 afo. of
Canon $Hs d/0tates 6/t1 respe0t to EAd!/n/strat/ve Appo/nt!entsE of Eappo/nted 0onse.E
D$;;# L.A. T/!es art/0.e, ,a1an, appo/nt/n2 re0e/vers, *ob *e.. Grop apparent.5 re3/red
to !a8e s01 appo/nt!ents, not ?d2e C./fton d/re0t.5, or ?d2e Pearson, 61o! oversees t1e
nat1or/>ed pra0t/0e of .a6 /n 1/s CCP 0ort b5 &epart!ent of A.ternat/ve Senten0/n2
off/0ers 61o .a08 an5 sort of .e2a. tra/n/n2 or ./0ensre Dsort of ./8e -C&A Inspe0tor
Cov/n2ton pra0t/0/n2 .a6 61ere A&A He.>er /ns.ated &&A Za01ar5 Nor!an )on2, Es3.
and A!os Ste2e, Es3. fro! a.. t1ose brdenso!e et1/0a. 3a2!/res presented b5 even ta.8/n2
to Co21./n or read/n2 an5 of 1/s 0orresponden0e, or f/./n2, even, apparent.5). T1e fa0t t1at
C1/ef ?d2e Pearson 0ontenan0ed t1en C1/ef ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 9$F$;F9$ Ad!/n/strat/ve
Order D61/01 !/sstates t1/s StateHs o6n Const/tt/on /n re!/G/n2 Art. # Se0. # t1ereof to read
ENevada 0ortsE 61ere /t rea..5 spea8s to E&/str/0t 0ortsE D/e, 0orts of E2enera. 7r/sd/0t/onE
verss t1e E0orts of ./!/ted 7r/sd/0t/onE t1at bot1 ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 'eno ?st/0e Cort and
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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'eno ,n/0/pa. Cort Ad!/n/strat/ve ?d2e -/../a! GardnerHs ',C are 0.ass/f/ed as
DGardnerHs 9F9#F9% EAd!/n/strat/ve Order $;9%:;9E /s a verbat/! reprod0t/on of ?d2e
Sferra>>aHs 9$F$;F9$ EAd!/n/strat/ve OrderE frt1er nders0or/n2 t1e eGtent to 61/01 1av/n2
t1e -C&A, $?&C (a!/.5 Cort, ',C, and '?C a.. nder one roof 1as, at t/!es, res.ted /n a
sort of 0ontest to see 61o 0an otdo 61o /n ter!s of !ost eG0ess/ve overrea01/n2 past oneHs
7r/sd/0t/ona. ./!/ts, a.. /n a sort of 2rop:t1/n8 2an2:p on t1e pb./0 at .ar2e, so!e !/21t
sa5, to t1e po/nt 61ere a so!e 7d2es apparent.5 fee.s ent/t.ed to 0o!p.ete.5 /2nore t1e
.e2/s.atreHs 6or8 as to, sa5, tenantHs r/21ts. TenantHs, /n t1e '?C, apparent.5, on.5 1ave r/21ts
/f t1e 7d2es t1ere/n fee. ./8e re0o2n/>/n2 t1e!, and t1at 0an depend on an a6f. .ot of
var/ab.es Drat1er eas5 to rn afo. of t1e !oods of ba/./ffs and 0ort 0.er8s a./8e, a..,
apparent.5, e!bo.dened b5 a .a/sse> fa/r approa01 b5 t1e ',C and '?C ben01es as to s01
!atters Dsee t1e ',C 7st p.a/n not 2ett/n2 t1e #F$=F9$ faGed Not/0e of Appea. fro!
Co21./n appea./n2 t1e 0r/!/na. trespass 0onv/0t/on at /sse /n #$%%@ and #9A;9).
T1e eGtent to 61/01 ?d2e C./fton 1as 0arr/ed ot s01 .a/sse> fa/r approa01 to t1e do
not1/n2 representat/on of -CP& */ra5 &o2an and ?/! Les./e Dand Les./eHs representat/on
before ?d2e Sferra>>a /n 'C'$;99:;#%%C9 6ent /nto La65er +evor8/an terr/tor5), and t1e
/ns.t/n2 and frad.ent st5./n2s of *r0e L/ndsa5, Es3. Dapparent.5 -C&A &&A )on2 d/d
t1e o.H s6/t01eroo as to t1e E2.oba. reso.t/onE reso.v/n2 a.. of Co21./nHs 0r/!/na. !atters
D/n0.d/n2 t1e 0onv/0t/ons st/.. ar2ab.5 6/t1/n t1e '?CHs 7r/sd/0t/on t1o21 on appea. 2/ven
t1e to../n2 !ot/ons f/.ed t1ere/n), 6/t1 s01 dea. be/n2 /n p.a0e 7st .on2 eno21 to benef/t
&AS and t1e '?C dr/n2 t1e %F99F9% 1ear/n2 /n so !an5, !an5 0o!b/ned 0ases for 61/01
L/ndsa5 6as 3adrp.e b/../n2 DapproG.) 61/01 obv/ated an5 need for t1e '?C and /ts *a/./ffHs
to 0o!p.5 6/t1 N'S $$.;%;D$)Hs aff/dav/t re3/re!ent De01oes of ',C ?d2e Nas1 Ho.!es
and ,ars1a. Har.e5 /n (HE C and < Dsee #$%%@)), or for &AS Off/0ers -/08!an and 'a!os
to eGp.a/n t1e/r v/o.at/on of N'S 9@9.9%# 61ere order/n2 Co21./n to open t1e door to 1/s
res/den0e after @ p!, and rat1er t1an annon0e t1e5 6ere arrest/n2 1/! pr/or to t1at and pr/or
to p.a0/n2 0ffs on 1/!, t1e on.5 d/d so after, 0/t/n2 /n t1e probab.e 0ase s1eet to N'S
$99A.$9<, a 6arrant.ess probat/on v/o.at/on arrest statte D61ere s01 arrest ste!!ed fro! an
a..e2at/on t1at Co21./n fa/.ed to 01e08 /n on t1e ver5 da5 t1at '?C *a/./ffs, /n an obv/os
overeGtens/on of t1e .ar2esse so 3est/onab.5 afforded t1e! b5 t1e spe0/os 9$F$;F9$
Ad!/n/strat/ve Order, deta/ned Co21./n 7st .on2 eno21 at t1e se0r/t5 01e08 /n to a..o6
&AS to 0.ose /ts doors and prevent Co21./n fro! E01e08/n2 /nE).
N'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$):D%) presents stattor/.5 re3/red 7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/tes 61/01
!st be apparent fro! t1e re0ord, on /ts fa0e, t1at are 0.ear.5 .a08/n2 fro! ,er./ssHs AF$@F99 <
&a5 Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner. see ,'OA 9A@ D61/01 Co21./n does not be./eve 1e f/.ed
6/t1 1/s 9;F#F99 TenantHs Ans6er, as 1e 1ad ta8en /sse 6/t1 t1e '?CHs /ns/sten0e t1at
TenantHs !st atta01 a 0op5 of s01 < &a5 Un.a6f. &eta/ner Not/0e to t1e/r Ans6erHs, and
frt1er t1ere /s /n0ons/sten0/es present 61en 0o!par/n2 t1e 1o.d pn01/n2 of t1e t6o...
EP.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t *E at ,'OA #9A:#$% 0onta/ns t1e =F$$F99 No:Case Ter!/nat/on
Not/0e ot Va0ate N'S C;.$<9D9) fo..o6ed b5 EP.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t CE AF$@F99 E(/ve:&a5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner for (a/.re to Va0ate 'enta. Un/t: N'S C;.$<9 DNo:Case
Ter!/nat/on) and Not/0e of S!!ar5 E/v0t/on :N'S C;.$<CE Dat ,'OA #$C:#$#).
EP.a/nt/ffHs EG1/b/t CE fro! t1e 9;F$<F99 ETr/a.E s/!p.5 fa/.s to 0onta/n t1at stattor/.5
re3/red b5 N'S C;.$<%D%)Db)D$):D%)"
NRS'().;4KMMUnla.*ul !etainer, Sule/ental re/e!y o* #u//ary e-i"tion an!
ex"lu#ion o* tenant *or !e*ault in ay/ent o* rent.
9.MM...61en t1e tenant of an5 dwelling, apartment,... or commercial premises 6/t1
per/od/0 rent reserved b5 t1e !ont1... is in default in payment of the rent, t1e .and.ord...!a5
serve or 1ave served a not/0e /n 6r/t/n2, re3/r/n2 /n t1e a.ternat/ve t1e pa5!ent of t1e rent or
t1e srrender of t1e pre!/ses"
%.MMA not/0e served prsant to sbse0t/on 9 or $ !st"...Db)MAdv/se t1e tenant"...
D$)MT1at /f t1e 0ort deter!/nes t1at t1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner, t1e
0ort !a5 /sse a summary order for removal of the tenant or an order providing for the
nonadmittance of t1e tenant, directing the sheriff... of t1e 0ont5 to remove the tenant within
1? hours after receipt of the orderJ and
D%)MT1at, prsant to N'S 99=A.%A;, a tenant !a5 see8 re./ef /f a .and.ord
n.a6f..5 re!oves t1e tenant fro! t1e pre!/ses or eG0.des t1e tenant b5 b.o08/n2 or
atte!pt/n2 to b.o08 t1e tenantRs entr5 pon t1e pre!/ses or willfully interrupts or causes or
permits the interruption of an essential service required by the rental agreement or 01apter
99=A of N'S...
<.MMUpon non0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e not/0e"
Da)MT1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent !a5 app.5 b5 aff/dav/t of 0o!p.a/nt for ev/0t/on
to t1e 7st/0e 0ort of t1e to6ns1/p /n 61/01 t1e d6e../n2, apart!ent, !ob/.e 1o!e or
0o!!er0/a. pre!/ses are .o0ated or to t1e d/str/0t 0ort of t1e 0ont5 /n 61/01 t1e d6e../n2,
apart!ent, !ob/.e 1o!e or 0o!!er0/a. pre!/ses are .o0ated, 61/01ever 1as 7r/sd/0t/on over
t1e !atter. T1e 0ort !a5 t1erepon /sse an order d/re0t/n2 t1e s1er/ff or 0onstab.e of t1e
0ont5 to re!ove t1e tenant 6/t1/n $C 1ors after re0e/pt of t1e order. T1e aff/dav/t !st state
or 0onta/n"
D9)MT1e date t1e tenan05 0o!!en0ed.
D$)MT1e a!ont of per/od/0 rent reserved.
D%)MT1e a!onts of an5 0.ean/n2, se0r/t5 or rent depos/ts pa/d /n advan0e, /n eG0ess
of t1e f/rst !ont1Rs rent, b5 t1e tenant.
DC)MT1e date t1e renta. pa5!ents be0a!e de./n3ent.
D<)MT1e .en2t1 of t/!e t1e tenant 1as re!a/ned /n possess/on 6/t1ot pa5/n2 rent.
D#)MT1e a!ont of rent 0.a/!ed de and de./n3ent.
D@)MA state!ent t1at t1e 6r/tten not/0e 6as served on t1e tenant /n a00ordan0e
6/t1 N'S C;.$=;.
D=)MA 0op5 of t1e 6r/tten not/0e served on t1e tenant.
DA)MA 0op5 of t1e s/2ned 6r/tten renta. a2ree!ent, /f an5.
Db)MEG0ept 61en t1e tenant 1as t/!e.5 f/.ed t1e aff/dav/t des0r/bed /n sbse0t/on % and a
f/.e:sta!ped 0op5 of /t 1as been re0e/ved b5 t1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent, and eG0ept
61en t1e .and.ord /s pro1/b/ted prsant to N'S 99=A.C=;, t1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs
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a2ent !a5, /n a pea0eab.e !anner, prov/de for t1e nonad!/ttan0e of t1e tenant to t1e pre!/ses
b5 .o08/n2 or ot1er6/se.
#.MMUpon t1e f/./n2 b5 t1e tenant of t1e aff/dav/t per!/tted /n sbse0t/on %, re2ard.ess of
t1e /nfor!at/on 0onta/ned /n t1e aff/dav/t, and t1e f/./n2 b5 t1e .and.ord of t1e aff/dav/t
per!/tted b5 sbse0t/on <, t1e 7st/0e 0ort or t1e d/str/0t 0ort s1a.. 1o.d a 1ear/n2, after
serv/0e of not/0e of t1e 1ear/n2 pon t1e part/es, to deter!/ne t1e trt1f.ness and sff/0/en05
of an5 aff/dav/t or not/0e prov/ded for /n t1/s se0t/on. If t1e 0ort deter!/nes t1at t1ere /s no
.e2a. defense as to t1e a..e2ed n.a6f. deta/ner and t1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f.
deta/ner, t1e 0ort !a5 /sse a s!!ar5 order for re!ova. of t1e tenant or an order prov/d/n2
for t1e nonad!/ttan0e of t1e tenant. If t1e 0ort deter!/nes t1at t1ere /s a .e2a. defense as to
t1e a..e2ed n.a6f. deta/ner, t1e 0ort s1a.. refse to 2rant e/t1er part5 an5 re./ef, and, eG0ept
as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n t1/s sbse0t/on, s1a.. re3/re t1at an5 frt1er pro0eed/n2s be
0ond0ted prsant to N'S C;.$A; to C;.C$;, /n0.s/ve. T1e /ssan0e of a s!!ar5 order for
re!ova. of t1e tenant does not pre0.de an a0t/on b5 t1e tenant for an5 da!a2es or ot1er re./ef
to 61/01 t1e tenant !a5 be ent/t.ed. If t1e a..e2ed n.a6f. deta/ner 6as based pon
sbse0t/on < ofN'S C;.$<9C, t1e refsa. b5 t1e 0ort to 2rant re./ef does not pre0.de t1e
.and.ord t1ereafter fro! prs/n2 an a0t/on for n.a6f. deta/ner /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S
C;.$<9.
@.MMT1e tenant !a5, pon pa5!ent of t1e appropr/ate fees re.at/n2 to t1e f/./n2 and
serv/0e of a !ot/on, f/.e a !ot/on 6/t1 t1e 0ort, on a for! prov/ded b5 t1e 0.er8 of t1e 0ort,
to d/spte t1e a!ont of t1e 0osts, /f an5, 0.a/!ed b5 t1e .and.ord prsant to N'S
99=A.C#; or99=C.$%; for t1e /nventor5, !ov/n2 and stora2e of persona. propert5 .eft on t1e
pre!/ses. T1e !ot/on !st be f/.ed 6/t1/n $; da5s after t1e s!!ar5 order for re!ova. of t1e
tenant or t1e abandon!ent of t1e pre!/ses b5 t1e tenant, or 6/t1/n $; da5s after"
Da)MT1e tenant 1as va0ated or been re!oved fro! t1e pre!/sesJ and
Db)MA 0op5 of t1ose 01ar2es 1as been re3ested b5 or prov/ded to t1e tenant,
i 61/01ever /s .ater.
=.MMUpon t1e f/./n2 of a !ot/on prsant to sbse0t/on @, t1e 0ort s1a.. s01ed.e a
1ear/n2 on t1e !ot/on. T1e 1ear/n2 !st be 1e.d 6/t1/n 9; da5s after t1e f/./n2 of t1e !ot/on.
T1e 0ort s1a.. aff/G t1e date of t1e 1ear/n2 to t1e !ot/on and order a 0op5 served pon t1e
.and.ord b5 t1e s1er/ff, 0onstab.e or ot1er pro0ess server. At t1e 1ear/n2, t1e 0ort !a5"
Da)M&eter!/ne t1e 0osts, /f an5, 0.a/!ed b5 t1e .and.ord prsant toN'S
99=A.C#; or 99=C.$%; and an5 a00!.at/n2 da/.5 0ostsJ and
Db)MOrder t1e re.ease of t1e tenantRs propert5 pon t1e pa5!ent of t1e 01ar2es deter!/ned
to be de or /f no 01ar2es are deter!/ned to be de.
A.MMA .and.ord s1a.. not refse to a00ept rent fro! a tenant t1at /s sb!/tted after t1e
.and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent 1as served or 1ad served a not/0e prsant to sbse0t/on 9 /f
t1e refsa. /s based on t1e fa0t t1at t1e tenant 1as not pa/d 0o..e0t/on fees, attorne5Rs fees or
ot1er 0osts ot1er t1an rent, a reasonab.e 01ar2e for .ate pa5!ents of rent or d/s1onored
01e08s, or a se0r/t5. As sed /n t1/s sbse0t/on, Kse0r/t5L 1as t1e !ean/n2 as0r/bed to /t
/n N'S 99=A.$C;.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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DAdded to N'S b5 9A#@, 9A<J A 9A#A, $#%, <@<J 9A@%, 9;=<J 9A@<, 9$;$J 9A@@, C9=,
9%C#J 9A@A, 9%A=, 9=@AJ 9A=<, $$AJ 9A=@, 9$%AJ 9A=A, 9;=$, 9$%$J 9AA9, 99%J 9AA<,
9=<9J 9AA@, %<99J 9AAA, A=9J$;;A, 9A##J $;99, $%<, 9C=A)
NRS'().;4(MMUnla.*ul !etainer, Sule/ental re/e!y o* #u//ary e-i"tion an!
ex"lu#ion o* tenant *ro/ "ertain tye# o* roerty.MMEG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded b5
spe0/f/0 statte, /n add/t/on to t1e re!ed5 prov/ded /n N'S C;.$<9 and /n N'S
C;.$A; to C;.C$;, /n0.s/ve, 61en t1e tenant of a d6e../n2 n/t 61/01 /s sb7e0t to t1e
prov/s/ons of 01apter 99=A of N'S, part of a .o6:rent 1os/n2 pro2ra! operated b5 a pb./0
1os/n2 at1or/t5, a !ob/.e 1o!e or a re0reat/ona. ve1/0.e /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner,
t1e .and.ord /s ent/t.ed to t1e s!!ar5 pro0edres prov/ded /n N'S C;.$<% eG0ept t1at"
9.MM-r/tten not/0e to srrender t1e pre!/ses !st"
Da)M*e 2/ven to t1e tenant /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$=;J
Db)MAdv/se t1e tenant of t1e 0ort t1at 1as 7r/sd/0t/on over t1e !atterJ and
D0)MAdv/se t1e tenant of t1e tenantRs r/21t to 0ontest t1e not/0e b5 f/./n2 6/t1/n < da5s an
aff/dav/t 6/t1 t1e 0ort t1at 1as 7r/sd/0t/on over t1e !atter t1at t1e tenant /s not 2/.t5 of an
n.a6f. deta/ner.
$.MMT1e aff/dav/t of t1e .and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ent sb!/tted to t1e 7st/0e 0ort or
t1e d/str/0t 0ort !st 0onta/n"
Da)MT1e date 61en t1e tenan05 0o!!en0ed, t1e ter! of t1e tenan05, and, /f an5, a 0op5 of
t1e renta. a2ree!ent.
Db)MT1e date 61en t1e tenan05 or renta. a2ree!ent a..e2ed.5 ter!/nated.
D0)MT1e date 61en t1e tenant be0a!e sb7e0t to t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$<9 to C;.$<9#,
/n0.s/ve, to2et1er 6/t1 an5 spport/n2 fa0ts.
Dd)MT1e date 61en t1e 6r/tten not/0e 6as 2/ven, a 0op5 of t1e not/0e and a state!ent t1at
not/0e 6as served /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S C;.$=;.
De)MA state!ent t1at t1e 0.a/! for re./ef 6as at1or/>ed b5 .a6.E

MROA (4;, T1at 9;F9@F99 Order /n 9@;= Db5 ?d2e C./fton, f/../n2 /n for an absent
?d2e Sferra>>a) !ana2es to !a8e ver5 0.ear t1at t1e 9;F$<F99 date 6as a Etr/a. dateE, /n t6o
/nstan0es" EO'&E' T1/s !atter 1as 0o!e before t1e Cort pon &efendantHs E!er2en05
,ot/on to Sta5, Set As/de, Va0ate Ev/0t/on Hear/n2 Order f/.ed on toda5Hs date. An
Oppos/t/on b5 P.a/nt/ff 6as a.so f/.ed toda5. T1ese p.ead/n2s fo..o6 a S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on
1ear/n2 1e.d O0tober 9%, $;99J before ?d2e Sferra>>a.
T1e 0ortHs !/ntes /nd/0ate t1at &efendantHs ev/0t/on fro! t1e pre!/ses 6o.d on.5
o00r on toda5Hs date /f 1e fa/.ed to post t1e renta. a!ont of B$,$@<.;; b5 O0tober 9@, $;99
6/t1 t1e 0ort. A trial date 6as t1en set for O0tober $<, $;99.
&efendant 1as tendered B$,$@<.;; to t1e 0ort on toda5Hs date. T1erefore, t1e instant
motion is now moot and t1e trial date of O0tober $<, $;99 stands. Ns /t t1erefore HE'E*)
O'&E'E& t1at &efendantHs E!er2en05 ,ot/on to Sta5. Set As/de, Va0ate Ev/0t/on Hear/n2
Order /s &ENIE&. &ATE& t1/s 9@t1 da5 of O0tober, $;99. FsF ?st/0e of t1e Pea0e &av/d
C./ftonE.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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It /s nbe./evab.5 /rrespons/b.e for ?d2e C./fton to rev/e6 Co21./nHs 9;F9@F99 ,ot/on
to Sta5, 61/01 sets ot t1e eG/2en05 asso0/ate 6/t1 t1e '?C t1ro6/n2 a.. pro0edra.
prote0t/ons ot t1e 6/ndo6 61/.e 01ara0ter/>/n2 as p.enar5 t1at 61/01 6as pro0eed/n2 at
s!!ar5 speed/n2, and t1en 01ara0ter/>e s01 as E!ootE be0ase t1e '?C 6as ab.e to t6/st
Co21./nHs ar! /nto depos/t/n2 1/s .ast B$,$@<. T1at sort of re08.ess 7r/sprden0e 6ond p
0ost/n2 Co21./n a 2reat dea. so far, bt no6 /s t1e t/!e 61ere /t needs to start 0ost/n2
,er./ss, -as1oe Cont5, t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort, -as1oe Cont5 S1er/ff, and 'eno Po./0e
&epart!ent so!et1/n2, espe0/a..5 61ere t1e '?CHs sto08 /n trade /s re3/r/n2 ot1ers to be
respons/b.e for t1e/r a0t/ons.
NRAP Rule KA!G'Ser-ing the Noti"e o* Aeal.

ABG'In Feneral.MMT1e appe..ant s1a.. serve t1e not/0e of appea. on a.. part/es to t1e a0t/on
/n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. Serv/0e on a part5 represented b5 0onse. s1a.. be !ade on 0onse.. If a
part5 /s not represented b5 0onse., appe..ant s1a.. serve t1e not/0e of appea. on t1e part5 at
t1e part5Rs .ast 8no6n address. T1e appe..ant !st note, on ea01 0op5, t1e date 61en t1e
not/0e of appea. 6as f/.ed. T1e not/0e of appea. f/.ed 6/t1 t1e d/str/0t 0ort 0.er8 s1a.. 0onta/n
an a08no6.ed2e!ent of serv/0e or proof of serv/0e t1at 0onfor!s to t1e re3/re!ents of '.e
$<Dd).

A
A !ot/on to pro0eed /n for!a paper/s on appea., spported b5 re3/red do0!ents, !st be
!ade /n t1e f/rst /nstan0e to t1e d/str/0t 0ort, and on.5 /f t1at !ot/on /s den/ed /s t1ere
o00as/on to f/.e an /n for!a paper/s !ot/on 6/t1 t1e appe..ate 0ort. *o./n2:*e5 v. U.S.
Paro.e Co!Hn, <<A (.%d 99CA D9;t1 C/r. $;;A). In re Interest of +.&.*., $%% Neb. %@9, CC<
N.-.$d #$; D9A=A).
1ttp"FF666.006as1oe.0o!Fpb./0F08bpb./0b3r5bdo0t.0pbd8trptbfra!esP
ba08toaPZ0aseb/daCV99:;%;<9Zbe2/nbdateaZendbdatea
NE(' Rule'3.''Ele"troni" #er-i"e.
Da)M/pplicability.@@E.e0tron/0 serv/0e of do0!ents /s ./!/ted to t1ose do0!ents
per!/tted to be served b5 !a/., eGpress !a/., overn/21t de./ver5, or fa0s/!/.e trans!/ss/on. A
0o!p.a/nt, pet/t/on or ot1er do0!ent t1at !st be served 6/t1 a s!!ons, and a s!!ons or
a sbpoena 0annot be served e.e0tron/0a..5.
Db)M1er'ice on registered users.MM-1en a do0!ent /s e.e0tron/0a..5 f/.ed, t1e 0ort or
at1or/>ed e.e0tron/0 f/./n2 serv/0e prov/der !st prov/de not/0e to a.. re2/stered sers on t1e
0ase t1at a do0!ent 1as been f/.ed and /s ava/.ab.e on t1e e.e0tron/0 serv/0e s5ste!
do0!ent repos/tor5. T1e not/0e !st be sent b5 e:!a/. to t1e addresses frn/s1ed b5 t1e
re2/stered sers nder '.e 9%D0). T1/s not/0e s1a.. be 0ons/dered as va./d and effe0t/ve
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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serv/0e of t1e do0!ent on t1e re2/stered sers and s1a.. 1ave t1e sa!e .e2a. effe0t as serv/0e
of a paper do0!ent. A 0ort /s not re3/red to !a8e a do0!ent ava/.ab.e nt/. after t1e
0.er8 1as rev/e6ed and endorsed t1e do0!ent.
D0)Monsent to electronic ser'ice.MMOt1er t1an serv/0e of a s!!ons or sbpoena, sers
61o re2/ster 6/t1 t1e e.e0tron/0 f/./n2 s5ste! are dee!ed to 0onsent to re0e/ve serv/0e
e.e0tron/0a..5. A part5 !a5 a.so a2ree to a00ept e.e0tron/0 serv/0e b5 f/./n2 and serv/n2 a
not/0e. T1e not/0e !st /n0.de t1e e.e0tron/0 not/f/0at/on addressDes) at 61/01 t1e part5
a2rees to a00ept serv/0e.
Dd)M1er'ice on nonregistered recipients.MMT1e part5 f/./n2 a do0!ent !st serve
nonre2/stered re0/p/ents b5 trad/t/ona. !eans s01 as !a/., eGpress !a/., overn/21t de./ver5,
or fa0s/!/.e trans!/ss/on and prov/de proof of s01 serv/0e to t1e 0ort.
De)M1er'ice list.@@The artie# /u#t ro-i!e the "ler8 .ith a #er-i"e li#t in!i"ating the
artie# to 0e #er-e!. The "ler8 #hall /aintain the #er-i"e li#t$ in!i"ating .hi"h artie#
are to 0e #er-e! ele"troni"ally an! .hi"h artie# are to 0e #er-e! in the tra!itional
/anner.
Df)M+ime of ser'iceA time to respond.MME.e0tron/0 serv/0e /s 0o!p.ete at t1e t/!e of
trans!/ss/on of t1e not/0e re3/red b5 sbse0t/on Db) of t1/s r.e. (or t1e prpose of
0o!pt/n2 t/!e to respond to do0!ents re0e/ved v/a e.e0tron/0 serv/0e, an5 do0!ent served
on a da5 or at a t/!e 61en t1e 0ort /s not open for bs/ness s1a.. be dee!ed served at t1e
t/!e of t1e neGt open/n2 of t1e 0ort for bs/ness.
Co21./n 1as and 1ereb5 a2a/n prov/des t1e $?&C 6/t1 a serv/0e ./st for CV99:;%;<9 to
/nd/0ate t1at '/01ard G. HI.., Es3. 1as /nd/0ated, as 1as 1/s 0./ent D0orre0t !e /f 5o fee.
ot1er6/se, p.ease) t1at H/.. and 1/s off/0e are appear/n2 on ,er./ssHs be1a.f /n CV99:;%;<9.
P.ease add re2/stered ef/.er H/.. and Case5 &. *a8er, Es3., to t1e serv/0e ./st t1ere/n, and at
.east send 1/! 0ortes5 not/f/0at/on e!a/.s 61en t1ere /s a f/./n2. (rt1er, p.ease prov/de
Co21./n a 6a/ver of t1e e.e0tron/0 f/./n2 fees D61/01 ne0essar/.5 /n0.des t1e 5ear.5 e(.eG
sbs0r/pt/on of B%;; Dor at .east so!e pro:rated or per 0ase fee for a00ess and ab/./t5 to ef/.e
/n CV99:;%;<9 0ons/der/n2 t1at, at .east /!p./0/t.5, Co21./nHs I(P App./0at/on t1ereon 6as
2ranted, at .east to t1e B$9#.;; $?&C f/./n2 fee, ot1er6/se, t1at 9$F=F99 B$9#.;; 01e08 fro!
Co21./n /n t1e '?C do08et of 9$F=F99 Dsee N'S C.C$;, &/str/0t Cort do08et entr/es are
pr/!a fa0/e ev/den0e of fa0t) !st 1ave app./ed to CV99:;%;<9 0ons/der/n2 ?d2e *err5
entered an Order 9$F=F99 as to Co21./nHs 99F=F99 N'S C;.%=< ,ot/on for Sta5 DCortHs donHt
2enera..5 enters Order on ,ot/ons /n 0ases 61ere a f/./n2 fee 1as not been pa/d 61ere an /n
for!a paper/s app./0at/on 1as been den/ed /n f.....)...bt t1at !eans t1at CV99:;%#$= never
!et 6/t1 a B$9#.;; $?&C f/./n2 fee fro! Co21./n.../ts one or t1e ot1er, bt not bot1. Sort of
./8e t1e s/tat/on Co21./n spe..ed ot /n 1/s 9$F$$F99 Not/0e of Post/n2 Spersedeas *ond,
-1ere /s !5 Sta5 and t1e 9$F$$F99 e!a/. to H/.., *a8er, and '?C ?d2e Sferra>>a v/s a v/s
t1e N'S C;.$<C bar a2a/nst t/./>/n2 N'S C;.$<%Hs s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0edres a2a/nst a
0o!!er0/a. tenant for a no 0ase ev/0t/on
N'S 99=A.9A;
- 9;%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Add/t/ona..5, t1e 0.a/! pre0.s/on effe0ts e.0/dated /n CG -a..a0e ./8e.5 app.5 to a.. t1e
var/os prported 0.a/!s for rent, da!a2es, et0. ,er./ss !a5 6/s1 to !a8e, bt d/dnHt, /n t1e
ETr/a.E t1at 'ev99:;;9@;= 6as 0onverted to b5 t1e 9;F9%F99 Order.

Rule'B).''Pay/ent o* *iling *ee#.
Da)M(iling fees.@@T1e 0ort 0.er8 /s not re3/red to a00ept e.e0tron/0 do0!ents t1at
re3/re a fee. If t1e 0.er8 does a00ept e.e0tron/0 do0!ents t1at re3/re a fee, t1e 0ort !a5
per!/t t1e se of 0red/t 0ards, deb/t 0ards, e.e0tron/0 fnd transfers, or deb/t a00onts for t1e
pa5!ent of f/./n2 fees asso0/ated 6/t1 e.e0tron/0 f/./n2. A 0ort !a5 a.so at1or/>e ot1er
!et1ods of pa5!ent 0ons/stent 6/t1 an5 AOC 2/de./nes t1at !a5 be adopted.
Db)MBai'er of fees.@@ An5one ent/t.ed to 6a/ver of none.e0tron/0 f/./n2 fees 6/.. not be
01ar2ed e.e0tron/0 f/./n2 fees. T1e 0ort or 0.er8 s1a.. estab./s1 an app./0at/on and 6a/ver
pro0ess 0ons/stent 6/t1 t1e app./0at/on and 6a/ver pro0ess sed 6/t1 respe0t to none.e0tron/0
f/./n2 and f/./n2 fees.
T1atHs 6e/rd, t1e do08et atta01ed 1ereto .a08s and entr5 for t1e 99F=F99 ,ot/on for Sta5 b5
Co21./n /n CV99:;%;<9, bt /t a.so .a08s and entr5 str/8/n2 s01 a ,ot/on, and 0.ear.5,
Co21./n 1as a f/.e sta!ped 0op5 t1ereof, and add/t/ona..5, t1e 9$F=F99 Order t1ere/n
0erta/n.5 spea8s to s01 a f/./n2....
$#. %%%# : Ord &en5
/n (or!a Paper/s
;=:Nov:$;99EGtra TeGt" Transa0t/on $<@#==A : Approved *5"
NO'EVIE- " 99:;=:$;99"9;"$$"%A
$@. NE( : Proof of
E.e0tron/0 Serv/0e
;=:Nov:$;99EGtra TeGt" Transa0t/on $<@#A$C : Approved *5"
NO'EVIE- " 99:;=:$;99"9;"$@"CC
$=. $CA; : ,ot/on ... ;9:Nov:$;99EGtra TeGt" A,EN&E& ,OTION AN& A((I&AVIT
IN SUPPO'T O( ,OTION TO P'OCEE& ON
APPEAL IN (O',A PAUPE'IS
$A. %=#; : 'e3est
for Sb!/ss/on
;9:Nov:$;99EGtra TeGt" &OCU,ENT TITLE" A,EN&E&
,OTION AN& A((I&AVIT IN SUPPO'T O(
,OTION TO P'OCEE& ON APPEAL IN (O',A
PAUPE'IS DNO PAPE' O'&E') PA'T)
SU*,ITTING" ZACH COUGHLIN &ATE
SU*,ITTE&" 99F;9F99 SU*,ITTE&
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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%;. %=#; : 'e3est
for Sb!/ss/on
9A:O0t:$;99 EGtra TeGt" &OCU,ENT TITLE" ,OTION TO
P'OCEE& IN (O',A PAUPE'IS D&E(EN&ANT)
DPAPE' O'&E' P'OVI&E&) PA'T)
SU*,ITTING" ZACH COUGHLIN &ATE
SU*,ITTE&" 9;F9AF$;99 SU*,ITTE& *)" V.
ALLEN &ATE 'ECEIVE& ?U&GE O((ICE"
%9. 9;@< : Aff/dav/t ... 9A:O0t:$;99 EGtra TeGt" A((I&AVIT O( POVE'T)
D&E(EN&ANT) : NOTICE O( APPEAL ('O,
'ENO ?USTICE COU'T
%$. $%=< : ,tn
Pro0eed (or!a
Paper/s
9A:O0t:$;99 EGtra TeGt" NOTICE O( APPEAL ('O, 'ENO
?USTICE COU'T

Co21./n 0erta/n.5 does not fee. t1at 1/s appea. /n #9%=% /s E!ootE, as an Order b5 t1e
Nevada Spre!e Cort ndo/n2 t1at ordered /n CV99:;%#$= of Despe0/a..5 61ere s01 a
refsa. to eG0er0/se /ts 7r/sd/0t/on to entere t1e non:d/s0ret/onar5, ato!at/0 sta5 re3/red
nder N'S C;.%=< prsant to Co21./nHs 9$F%;F9$ ,ot/on for Sta5 Dsee pa2es 9$:9%, and 9=
t1ere/n, as /ts so !01 !ore t1an a ,ot/on for T'O, t1o21 N'CP #$ does prov/de for an
ato!at/0 9; da5 sta5 as to Orders s01 as t1at of , 61/01 be2s t1e 3est/on as to 1o6 /t 6as
appropr/ate for H/.. to /ns/st on t1ro6/n2 a6a5 t1e persona.t5 1e 1ad re!oved fro! t1e
for!er 1o!e .a6 off/0e Dt1e 9$F%;F9$ ,ot/on /n CV99:;%#$= 6as not d/re0ted so.e.5 to
en7o/n/n2 t1e 9$F$9F99 Order /n 'ev99:;;9@;=, a 0.oser read/n2 t1an t1at done b5 H/.. or
*a8er 6/.. revea. t1e N'S C;.%=< ,ot/on for Sta5 t1ere/n), %F%;F9$ Despe0/a..5 61ere s01 an
order eG0eeded t1e $?&CHs 7r/sd/0t/on
Cons/der, spea8/n2 of t1e /dea t1at #9%=% /s E!ootE, t1e 0o..atera. 0onse3en0es to
Co21./n of t1e var/os Orders appea. fro! /n CV99:;%#$= re!a/n/n2 /n p.a0e Dbe5ond t1e
fa0t t1at H/.. and or ,er./ss no6 1as a E7d2!entE for BC$,;#< /n attorne5Hs fees a2a/nst
Co21./n for t1e appea. of a summary ev/0t/on, 6/t1 part/0.ar.5 e!p1as/s on t1e sa./en0e of
t1e 0onv/0t/on /n #9A;9 and asso0/ated test/!on5 b5 H/.. v/s a v/s t1at 0r/!/na. trespass
0onv/0t/on and Co21./nHs a..e2ed .a08 of 0o!peten05, and or E0ond0tE or E0andorE D61et1er
to t1e tr/bna., for 61/01 t1ere /s an 'PC, %.%, t1at re3/res s01, or, apparent.5 to so!e non:
eG/sten0t 'PC t1at t1e O*CHs +/n2 be./eves re3/re 0andor to oppos/n2 0onse. Da0ta..5, /ts
'PC %.C, re3/r/n2 Efa/rnessE, rat1er t1an E0andorE) /n #$%%@"
T1e 9$F9CF9$ (/nd/n2s of (a0tJ Con0.s/ons of La6 no6 on appea. /n #$%%@ Ddesp/te
t1e fa0t t1at t1at t1e t/t.e of t1at 9$F9CF9$ (O(COL fa/.s to 0ate2or/>e or /dent/f5 s01 as a
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Ede0/s/onE sff/0/ent to /nvo8ed SC' 9;<D%)Hs do08et/n2 of s01 or /!p.e!entat/on of a
br/ef/n2 s01ed.e or trans!/ss/on of an5 'OA D/ron/0 2/ven H/.. and E01everr/aHs 0r/t/0/s!
t1at t1e t/t.e of Co21./nsH f/.e bare ./tt.e re.at/on to t1at addressed t1ere/n).T1at 9$F9CF9$
(O(COL /n0.des t1e fo..o6/n2"
E9A. State *ar Conse. 0a..ed attorne5 '/01ard H/.. to test/f5 at t1e 1ear/n2 of t1/s !atter"
,r. H/.. 1as been a !e!ber /n 2ood stand/n2 6/t1 t1e State *ar of Nevada for %% 5ears. See
Trans0r/pt of Pro0eed/n2s of -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P %#, L $$ P %@ L C. Mr Eill
was retained by +r Merliss to assist +r Merliss in a landlord tenant dispute with his
tenant Coughlin. See Trans0r/pt of Pro0eed/n2s of -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P %@,
L9C :$;. DHEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2e %@"9C to %@"$;) 4 And 1o6 d/d 5o f/rst 0o!e /nto
0onta0t 6/t1 ,r. Co21./nP A -e.., I 6as 1/red b5 a &r. ,att1e6 ,er./ss. My office 6as to
re!ove a tenant fro! a 1o!e at 9$9 '/ver 'o08 /n 'eno. &r. ,er./ss 1ad 2o/n2 ba08 and
fort1 6/t1 ,r. Co21./n for severa. !ont1s. ,r. Co21./n 1ad not pa/d an5 rent for, at t1at
po/nt I be./eve /t 6as ::)
DNOTE" a0ta..5, /t 6as H/..Hs asso0/ate Case5 &. *a8er, Es3. 61o 6or8ed t1e 0ase, so 615
/t /s t1at H/.. 6as an appropr/ate 6/tness to test/f5 to a.. sorts of !atters /n a 0ase t1at 1e 1ad
not appeared /n De/t1er 9@;= or ;%#$= p nt/. approG/!ate.5 A2st $;9$ D61ere t1at appea.
6as do08eted /n t1e $?&C on 9$F$9F99, and b5 H/..Hs appear/n2 /n *a8erHs p.a0e pon *a8er
abs0ond/n2 to +ent085 at a t/!e, A2st $;99 61en AAj of t1e 6or8 /n 9@;= and ;%#$=
1ad a.read5 been done b5 *a8er, br/ef/n2 6as over, t1e appea. 6as den/ed and oppos/t/ons to
post:7d2!ent !ot/ons 1ad been f/.ed b5 *a8er) /s not 0.ear"
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2e %="$; to %="$%) E4 And did you end p represent/n2 &r.
,er./ss /nan ev/0t/on a0t/onP A My office did 2 assigned the case to my associate at
the time! Casey Daker.E)
T1e (O(COL 0ont/nes on !/srepresent/n2 H/..Hs a0ta. part/0/pat/on /n 9@;= and
;%#$=" EMr. Hill rere#ente! Dr. Merli## in Reno >u#ti"e Court an! ?a#hoe County
Di#tri"t Court and t6o appea.s to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort /n t1e !atters /nvo.v/n2 &r.
,er./ss and Co21./n. See Trans0r/pt of Hear/n2 -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P %A, L 9%
:$C. ,r. H/.. 1as a.so rev/e6ed f/./n2s /n of a 0ase /n 61/01 Co21./n /s /nvo.ved 6/t1
-as1oe Le2a. Serv/0es. See Trans0r/pt of Pro0eed/n2s -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P
%A, L $< P C;, L %. DHEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es %A"9% to C;"%) 4 ECo.d 5o des0r/be to t1e
pane. /n a 01rono.o2/0a. !anner so!e of t1e events t1at 5o 1ave persona. 8no6.ed2e of t1at
eG1/b/ted t1/s be1av/or t1at for!ed 5or op/n/onP ,'. COUGHLIN" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan05.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" Overr.ed. THE -ITNESS DH/..)" IHve read DNOTE" H/..Hs
&e0.arat/on /n spport of t1e ,ot/on for Attorne5Hs (ees t1at *a8er !ade f/rst /n 1/s $F$CF9$
Ans6er/n2 *r/ef Dv/o.at/n2 &C' 9% 61ere *a8er !ade s01 a !ot/on for fees a2a/n on
CF9AF9$) attests on.5 to read/n2 ever5t1/n2 *a8er f/.ed, bt re2ard.ess, t1ere /s a d/fferen0e
bet6een H/.. as a 6/tness assert/n2 t1at 1e 1ad persona. 8no6.ed2e of 61et1er or not
Co21./n d/sp.a5ed 0andor to t1e tr/bna. or an5one e.se, or fa/rness to oppos/n2 0onse. or
overa.. 0o!peten05 1ad H/.. a0ta..5 appeared /n or 6or8ed t1e 0ases dr/n2 t1e t/!e fra!es
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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of t1e a..e2ed events or !/s0ond0t to 61/01 1e test/f/es to Dassert/n2 f/rst 1and 8no6.ed2e
t1ereof as to s01 events or 0ond0t) and H/.. !ere.5 pers/n2 t1e f/.e after t1e fa0t) v/rta..5
ever5t1/n2 t1at ,r. Co21./n 1as f/.ed, not on.5 /n t1e &epart!ent @ ev/0t/on 0ase, and before
t1at t1e 'eno ?st/0e CortHs ev/0t/on 0ase. HeHs no6 2ot :: 1ad t6o appea.s to t1e Nevada
Spre!e Cort /n t1at 0ase, and IHve read v/rta..5 ever5t1/n2 t1at 1eHs done. IHve a.so
fo..o6ed t1e f/./n2s t1at 1eHs 1ad /n 1/s dea./n2s 6/t1 -as1oe Le2a. Serv/0es. And IHve
fo..o6ed t1e f/./n2s t1at 1e 1ad /n t1e spre!e 0ort d/s0/p./ne !atters.E
$;. In t1e ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 bet6een &r. ,er./ss and Co21./n, ,r. H/..Hs f/r!
obta/ned an ev/0t/on order a..o6/n2 Co21./n one 6ee8 to va0ate t1e pre!/ses. DNOTE" 1ere
t1e (O(COL !/s01ara0ter/>es 61at t1at 9;F$@F99 Order /n 9@;= a0ta..5 sa/d, 61ere /t reads"
EET1at t1e s1er/ffF0onstab.e of 'eno To6ns1/p, or one of t1e/r d.5 at1or/>ed a2ents be, and
1ereb5 /s, d/re0ted to re!ove ea01 and ever5 person fond pon and 6/t1/n t1e renta. n/ tE
...t1e d/fferen0e /s 0.ear and order Ea..o6/n2 Co2./n one 6ee8 to va0ateE sonds !ore ./8e a
trespass 6arn/n2 t1an one t1at /nd/0ates t1e -CSO /s Ed/re0ted to re!ove ea01 and ever5
person fond pon and 6/t1/n t1e renta. n/tE) U.t/!ate.5, Co21./n fa/.ed to 0o!p.5 6/t1
t1e ev/0t/on order and 6as 0onv/0ted of 0r/!/na. trespass. See Trans0r/pt of Hear/n2
-ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P C9, L 9= :P CC, L 9$.
$9. On be1a.f of 1/s 0./ent &r. ,er./ss, ,r. H/.. so21t and obta/ned an order /n
favor of &r. ,er./ss and a2a/nst Co21./n a6ard/n2 &r. ,er./ss attorne5Hs fees /n t1e a!ont
of BC$,;#<.<;. -as1oe &/str/0t Cort ?d2e Patr/08 (.ana2an entered t1e order on ?ne $<,
$;9$. See Trans0r/pt of Pro0eed/n2s of -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P C@, L %:@. :See
Hear/n2 EG1/b/t $, P %, L 9;:99. T1e !ot/on see8/n2 attorne5Hs fees 6as based on Co21./nHs
0ond0t /n t1e defense of t1e ev/0t/on !atter, 61/01 0ond0t 6as 01ara0ter/>ed as fr/vo.os
and veGat/os and pres!ab.5 so fond b5 ?d2e (.ana2an. See Hear/n2 EG1/b/t P $, L =:9%J
P %, L C:99.
$$. *ased on ,r. H/..Hs eGper/en0e and ba082rond, 1/s rev/e6 of t1e p.ead/n2s /n
t1e ./t/2at/on bet6een &r. ,er./ss and Co21./n and 1/s rev/e6 of t1e p.ead/n2s /n Co21./nHs
./t/2at/on 6/t1 -as1oe Le2a. Serv/0es, ,r. H/.. /s of t1e op/n/on t1at Co21./n /s not
0o!petent to pra0t/0e .a6. See Trans0r/pt of Hear/n2 -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P %A,
L 9 :9$.
$%. *ased on ,r. H/..Hs eGper/en0e /n ./t/2at/n2 6/t1 Co21./n, Co21./n 6as not
trt1f. 6/t1 e/t1er 0onse. or t1e 0ort. See Trans0r/pt of Hear/n2 -ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C,
$;9$, P <%, L # :9#. ,r. H/.. fe.t t1at Co21./nHs f/./n2s 6ere abs/ve, at one po/nt 0a../n2 ,r.
H/..Hs asso0/ate a ./01en. Co21./n 1as a00sed ,r. H/.. of br/b/n2 t1e 'eno Po./0e
&epart!ent to 1ave Co21./n arrested. ,r. H/..Hs staff /s terror/>ed b5 Co21./n. See
-ednesda5, Nove!ber 9C, $;9$, P <C, L C :9<.E
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es C;"99 to C9"C) H/.." EIn t1e appea. :: 6e 1ad re0overed a BC$,;;;
attorne5Hs fee a6ard a2a/nst ,r. Co21./n for 1and./n2 7st 1/s appea. of t1e ev/0t/on. He
.oul! *ile the#e !o"u/ent# that .oul! ha-e a "ation on it that .oul! in!i"ate that it
.a# a /otion un!er Rule 43$ *or exa/le. DNOTE" 0o!pare to 9$F9CF9$ (O(COL not
/n0.d/n2 01ara0ter/>/n2 /n t/t.e /dent/f5/n2 s01 as a Ede0/s/onE sff/0/ent to /!p./0ate SC'
9;<D%)) And 5o 6o.d 2et /nto /t, and t1ere 6o.d be no !ent/on /n t1e bod5 of '.e <A,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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t1ere 6o.d be no ana.5s/s of '.e <A, bt 6e 6o.d 1ave to rn do6n a.. of t1e ./tt.e /sses
t1at 1e 6o.d ra/se on t1e off 01an0e t1at /f 5o donHt respond to one, t1e d/str/0t 0ort 7d2e
/s 2o/n2 to f/nd so!et1/n2 t1at 1e t1/n8s /s /!portant, and t1e 0./ent ends p 1av/n2 an
adverse res.t. BC$,;;; on a no:0ase %;:da5 ev/0t/on, and t1atHs 7st for t1e appea. of /t, /s
abso.te.5 astrono!/0a.. *t t1at s1o.d te.. 5o :: I ha-e ro-i!e! Mr. Oing .ith a "oy o*
>u!ge Flanagan%# or!er# in which he sets forth the reasons for such an extraordinary
award! being Mr. oughlin's beha'ior! and the =uality of the work that he was filing.E
H/.. de!onstrates 1/s o6n 'PC %.9, %.%, and %.C v/o.at/ons 61ere 1e fa.se.5 01ara0ter/>es t1e
EreasonsE ?d2e (.ana2an prov/des for enter/n2 t1e attorne5 fee a6ard of #F$<F9$ /n CV99:
;%#$= D(HE $)" EHEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es C;"$< to C9"C) I ha-e ro-i!e! Mr. Oing .ith
a "oy o* ?d2e (.ana2anHs orders /n 61/01 1e sets fort1 t1e reasons for s01 an eGtraord/nar5
a6ard, be/n2 ,r. Co21./nHs be1av/or, and t1e 3a./t5 of t1e 6or8 t1at 1e 6as f/./n2.E
A0ta..5, as H/.. and +/n2 Dsee +/n2Hs /n0.s/on of s01 =F$=F9$ Order /n 1/s =F%;F9$
e!a/. to Co21./n) 6e.. 8no6, ?d2e (.ana2anHs =F$9F9$ and =F$=F9$ Orders /n ;%#$= 0.ear.5
0ontrad/0t H/..Hs assess!ent t1at ?d2e (.ana2anHs #F$<F9$ Order /n ;%#$= E#et# *or the the
rea#on# *or a#u"h an! extraor!inary a.ar!$ 0eing Mr. Coughlin%# 0eha-ior$ an! the
7ualiity o* the .or8 that he .a# *iling...E. 'at1er, ?d2e (.ana2anHs =F$=F9$ Order /n ;%#$=
!a8es 0.ear"
E...Co21./nHs ,ot/ons 1ere atte!pts to re:./t/2ate sbstant/ve /sses t1/s Cort 1as a.read5
de0/ded, or frivolous claims this Court has previously ignored...A00ord/n2.5, Co21./nHs
Motion to /lter or /mend *rder! or Pled in /lternatid CsicD Motion to 1et /side /ttorney (ee
/ward and Motion for *rder 1hortening +ime and 5otice of /ppeal of /tly CsicD (ee /ward
of E/"9/$" and 5)P E#(b:(8: Motion to 1et /side /ttorney's (ees are DENIED.5
T/!e to add so!e !ore '/01ard G. H/.., Es3. 01estnts to t1e ./e p/.e, espe0/a..5 0ons/der/n2
H/..Hs test/!on5 nder oat1 at Co21./nHs 99F9CF9$ &/s0/p./nar5 Hear/n2 and t1e fo..o6 s6orn
test/!on5 b5 H/.. fro! t1e #F9=F9$ Tr/a., v/e6ed /n 0on7n0t/on 6/t1 t1e state!ents H/.. !ade
to t1e 'P& Off/0er C1r/s Carter and Sar2ent ,ar0/a Lope> 7st pr/or to and at t1e t/!e of t1e
99F9%F99 0stod/a. arrest of Co21./n at 1/s for!er 1o!e .a6 off/0e for trespass/n2"
THE COU'T" -1en ,r. H/.. /s 1ere to as8 so!e 3est/ons t1at I t1/n8 5oHve eGp.ored t1e
poss/b/./t/es, and I donHt 8no6 61at e.se 5o 0an offer t1e Cort /n ter!s of t1/s 0ase v/a
0ross:eGa!/nat/on. ,'. COUGHLIN" )es, s/r, )or Honor. IH.. 6rap t1/s p 3/08.5. *)
,'. COUGHLIN" 4 ,r. H/.., at an5 t/!e on t1at da5, Nove!ber 9%t1, d/d t1e o6ner of t1e
pre!/ses 6arn t1e arrestee to .eave t1e propert5P A I t1/n8 t1e !essa2e 6as 0o!!n/0ated. 4
V/a 61at !ed/!P A T1e fa0t t1at 5o 6ere 1and0ffed and arrested. &/dnHt 5o 2et t1e
p/0treP 4 O8a5, pr/or to t1e 1and0ff/n2 and t1e arrest/n2, d/d an5bod5 sa5, E)o need to
.eave t1e pre!/sesPE A I d/dnHt 1ear t1at. 4 Nobod5 sa/d t1atP A I d/d not 1ear t1at, s/r. 4 &/d
5o sa5 /tP A No. 4 &/d &r. ,er./ssP A Not t1at I 1eard. 4 &/d t1e po./0eP A No, not t1at I
1eard. 4 So, nobod5 t1at 5o 1eard of 6arned t1e person arrested for trespass/n2P Pa2e :99;
Dsee trans0r/pt of #F9=F9$ 0r/!/na. trespass tr/a. /n ',C 99 C' $#C;<.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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No6, 0o!pare H/..Hs s6orn test/!on5 of #F9=F9$ /n ',C 99 C' $#C;< 6/t1 1/s s6orn
test/!on5 at Co21./nHs for!a. d/s0/p./nar5 1ear/n2, and /t be0o!es 0.ear t1at H/.. f/na..5
f/2re ot t1at an essent/a. e.e!ent of a 0r/!/na. trespass 0onv/0t/on nder ',C =.9;.;9; /s a
fa/.re to .eave b5 one after be/n2 6arned to do so...so, !a2/0a..5, at t1e 99F9CF9$ for!a.
d/s0/p./nar5 1ear/n2 /n NG9$:;$;C Dsee #9A;9 and #$%%@) H/.. !ana2ed to Ere!e!berE s01
a 6arn/n2...6e.., sort of...not /n/t/a..5, t1en 1e 0o.dnHt 8eep stra/21t 61et1er t1e Po./0e
/dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves or not, 61et1er t1ree !/ntes /ntervened before so!e s01 EorderE to
E0o!e ot, Za01E, or 61et1er t1ere 6as 7st so!e va2e E0oaG/n2E.
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es C%"9 to CC"C)
'/01ard G. H/.., Es3." ET6o 6ee8s after t1e ev/0t/on on a Snda5
&r. ,er./ss 0o!es to to6n and sa5s, I 6ant to see t1e
1ose. I !eet 1/! abot 9;"%;, 99";; oH0.o08 on a Snda5
!orn/n2 at t1e 1ose. -e 2o /n. *a08 door /s open.
T1ereHs food 6rappers on t1e 0onter t1atHve been t1ere
t1at 6erenHt t1ere t1e .ast t/!e I 6as /n. -/ndo6s are
open a2a/n, and /tHs a ver5 eGa0erbat/n2 s/tat/on.
And 1e sa5s, I 6ant to 01e08 t1e base!ent. I
d/dnHt 8no6 t1ere 6as a base!ent /n t1e 1ose. T1ereHs
t1/n2s p/.ed /n t1e sta/r6e.. to 2et do6n /nto t1e
base!ent, too. 8/ts, and 1eav5 stff.
-e 2et /t ot of t1e 6a5. -e 2et do6n t1ere.
And I 0an see 61en 1e ps1es on t1e door, and 1e trns to
!e, and 1e sa5s, EItHs barr/0aded,E fro! t1e /ns/de. It
6asnHt .o08ed, /t 6as barr/0aded.
-e 8no6 61atHs 2o/n2 on. So 6e 0a.. t1e
po./0e. T1e po./0e 0o!e over. T1e5 tr5 to 2et Za01 ot
of t1e base!ent, 61oever 6as /n t1ere at t1at po/nt. T1e
po./0e ban2 on t1e door, ECo!e on ot, Za01. Po./0e. )o
1ave to 2o.E No response. T1e5 trned to s and sa5,
6eHre 2o/n2 to .eave. -a/t a !/nte. IH! t1e o6ner. )o
1ave t1e at1or/t5 to brea8 t1e door do6n. E-e donHt do
t1at.E
So &r. ,er./ss 2oes do6n to t1e botto! of t1e
sta/rs. &r. ,er./ss 8/08s t1e door open, and t1e po./0e
off/0er st/08s 1/s 1ead arond t1e 0orner and p..s 1/s
2n ot, and 1ereHs ,r. Co21./n do6n t1ere. ,r. Co21./n
vo.ntar/.5 0a!e psta/rs 6/t1 1/s do2 and 6as p.a0ed
nder arrest.E
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es <<"9 to #$"C)
C'OSS:E[A,INATION
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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E 4 ,r. H/.., !i! the Reno oli"e i!enti*y
the/#el-e# a# la. en*or"e/ent rior to your "lient 8i"8ing
the !oor !o.n on No-e/0er BKthP
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" Overr.ed.
THE -ITNESS" I believe t1e5 d/d, s/r.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 Is that .hat you te#ti*ie! on >une B+th in
your #.orn te#ti/ony in the "ri/inal tre#a## trialP
A I believe /t /s.
4 &/d 5o test/f5 to t1at todayP
A I believe I 7st d/d.
4 ?st no6, bt not ear./er 61en 5o 6ere
prov/d/n2 an ans6er to ,r. +/n2, and 5o 6ent t1ro21 61at
1appenedP
A ,r. Co21./n, .et !e !a8e /t eas5 for 5o. I
donHt re0a.. 61at I test/f/ed to on d/re0t fro! ,r. +/n2.
It /s !5 clear recollection t1at before &r. ,er./ss 8/08ed
t1e door do6n /n t1e base!ent, the police had identified
themselves loudly and clearly.
4 Can 5o des0r/be t1at /n as !01 deta/. as
poss/b.eP
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" T1e re.evan0e, ,r. Co21./n,
as to 5or 0o!peten05 or 0andor, 61/01 are t1e t6o /sses
ra/sedP
,'. COUGHLIN" It 2oes to 61et1er or not t1ere
6as a 0r/!/na. trespass, 61/01 I be./eve ::
,'. ECHEVE''IA" )o 6ere 0onv/0ted of
0r/!/na. trespass, treP
,'. COUGHLIN" I 6as.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" Ssta/ned.
,'. COUGHLIN" *t a 0onv/0t/on nder
C.a/borne /s not so!et1/n2 5oHre ent/t.ed to 7st sa5,
a.. r/21t, 0onv/0t/on, and be done 6/t1 /t.
(rt1er, IH! not offer/n2 /t to prove 61et1er
or not t1ere 6as 0onv/0t/on. IH! offer/n2 /t to /!pea01
,r. H/..Hs 0red/b/./t5, 61/01 /s severe.5 /!pea01ed b5
t1/s /n t1at 1e ./ed, and 1/s 0./ent ./ed to 2et an arrest
!ade.
,'. +ING" ,r. C1a/r!an, /f I 0an respondP
,'. COUGHLIN" T1atHs been proven /n !5
- 99;F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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f/./n2s.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG0se !e, ,r. Co21./n.
,r. +/n2P
,'. +ING" T1/s /s tota..5 be5ond t1e s0ope of
t1e d/re0t eGa!/nat/on. If 1e 6ants to 0a.. 1/! ba08 or
!a8e /t 1/s 0ase, bt /f t1e 0onv/0t/ons of t1e 0r/!/na.
trespass and of t1e t1eft at -a.!art, 61/01 6/.. be 0o!/n2
/n, t1e appea.s are eG1asted. T1ose are f/na. de0/s/ons
as t1e spre!e 0ort 1as ::
,'. COUGHLIN" -15 d/d 6e 1ave test/!on5 on
/tP
,'. ECHEVE''IA" ,r. Co21./n, 5o are 2o/n2
to 0ease /nterrpt/n2.
,'. COUGHLIN" )es, s/r.
,'. +ING" To t1e eGtent t1at ,r. Co21./n
6ants to refute the answers that Mr Eill gave regarding
his demeanor or conduct, 61atever. To t1e eGtent 1e 6ants
to atte!pt to s22est t1at t1e arrest 6asnHt va./d or t1at
1e 6asnHt 0onv/0ted, I 6o.d sa5 /t s1o.d be eG0.ded.
Ot1er6/se, 6eH.. be retr5/n2 t1ose 0ases 1ere toda5, and
t1atHs not t1e prpose of t1/s 1ear/n2.
,'. COUGHLIN" S/r, IH! not tr5/n2 to retr5
/t. IH! tr5/n2 to impeach ,r. H/..Hs 0red/b/./t5.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" To t1at eGtent IH.. a..o6
t1at 3est/on.
,'. COUGHLIN" T1an8 5o, s/r.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" *t 5o better 1ave so!e
ev/den0e t1at :: /f 5o are 2o/n2 to as8 3est/ons, t1e5
better be based on fa0t.
,'. COUGHLIN" T1e5 are. T1e5Hre based on
v/deo.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a :: propose a
6/tness t1at 6/.. test/f5 t1at t1e po./0e d/d not /dent/f5
t1e!se.vesP
,'. COUGHLIN" I 1ave a v/deo of t1e
ser2eant ::
,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a 6/tnessP
,'. COUGHLIN" :: ad!/tt/n2 to t1at.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a 6/tnessP
,'. COUGHLIN" So 5oHre te../n2 !e /t 1as to
0o!e /n t1e for! of a 6/tness as ev/den0eP
,'. ECHEVE''IA" If 5o are /ntend/n2 to
/!pea01 1/! on so!e fa0ts, t1en I 6o.d re3/re t1at 5o
- 999F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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!a8e an offer of proof as to 61at 6/tness 6/.. /!pea01
,r. H/...
,'. COUGHLIN" I 6o.d ./8e to s1o6 ,r. H/.. a
v/deo of ,ars1a Lope>, t1e ser2eant 6/t1 1/! t1at da5,
ad!/tt/n2 t1at ,r. H/..Hs a00ont /s 6ron2.
,'. +ING" IH! 2o/n2 to ob7e0t to an5 v/deo or
d/sp.a5 of v/deos. And t1e reason I 6/.. ob7e0t /s,
n!ber one, t1e5 are /rre.evant. N!ber t6o, t1e5Hre a..
ed/ts. And n!ber t1ree, 1eHs tr5/n2 to s1o6 t1at
so!et1/n2 d/dnHt o00r b5 s1o6/n2 an eG0erpt of a v/deo.
It 6o.d be tota..5 /rre.evant and /!!ater/a..
,'. ECHEVE''IA" IH.. address t1e
ad!/ss/b/./t5 of t1e v/deo 61en t1at appears.
'/21t no6 ,r. Co21./n 1as as8ed ,r. H/..
61et1er t1e po./0e /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f. ,r. H/.. sa/d t1at
t1e5 1ave. I t1/n8 5oHve .a/d t1e 2rond6or8. If 5o
1ave /!pea01!ent test/!on5 t1atHs ad!/ss/b.e, 61en 5o
offer /t ::
,'. COUGHLIN" IH.. as8 a !ore 0.ar/f5/n2
3est/on.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" P.ease pro0eed to anot1er
sb7e0t.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 So 61en t1e5 /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves, 1o6 .on2
bet6een /dent/f5/n2 t1e!se.ves and 8/08/n2 t1e door do6nP
A T1ree !/ntes. T6o or t1ree !/ntes.
4 -1/01 one of t1e! /dent/f/ed t1e!se.fP
A I be./eve t1ere 6as a .ad5 ser2eant, and t1ere
6as a !a.e off/0er. And I be./eve 1eHs t1e one 61o ban2ed
on t1e door 6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08 and /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as
be/n2 6/t1 t1e po./0e. And I be./eve 1/s 6ords 6ere, 0o!e
on ot, Za01.
4 -as t1at /t, 0o!e ot Za01P &oes t1at
/dent/f5 /t as be/n2 t1e po./0eP
A He /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as be/n2 6/t1 t1e 'eno
Po./0e &epart!ent.
4 In 61at 6ordsP
A I be./eve t1ose 6ere t1e 6ords 1e sed, s/r.
4 -1at 6ordsP
A T1/s /s t1e po./0e, p.ease 0o!e ot Za01.
4 *e0ase prev/os.5 a.. 5o sa/d 6as, 0o!e on
ot Za01.
A I be./eve 5oHre !/sta8en, s/r.
- 99$F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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4 So 5oHre sa5/n2 t1at off/0er C1r/s Carter,
?n/or, t1ree !/ntes before t1e door 6as 8/08ed /n b5
5or 0./ent, ban2ed on t1e door 6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08, and
sa/d, t1/s /s t1e po./0e. Co!e on ot, Za01P
A ,r. Co21./n, t1ree !/ntes /s probab.5 a .on2
est/!ate. T1e pro0ess 6as 6e 1ad 0.eared t1e sta/r6e.. ::
4 &/d 1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. Ar2!entat/ve.
THE -ITNESS" I be./eve 1e d/d, s/r.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG0se !e. Let !e :: IH!
2o/n2 to 2o a1ead and overr.e. Go a1ead.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 &/d 1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP
A I be./eve 1e d/d, s/r.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" )oHve as8ed t1at t1ree t/!es
no6.
THE -ITNESS" At .east.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 &/d Ser2eant Lope>, t1e fe!a.e ser2eantP
A S1e !a5 1ave, bt I donHt re0a...
4 &/d 5o 1ave a v/deo 0a!era 6/t1 5oP
A -e 1ad &r. ,er./ssHs p1one.
4 &/d 5o ta8e 9C v/deos t1at 5o proponded to
t1e 'eno 0/t5 attorne5 t1at da5P
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e.
THE -ITNESS" -e 2ave t1e! 61at 6e 1ad. T1e
n!ber I donHt re0a...
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 -as t1ere so!e reason :: 5o see! to 1ave
v/deo of ever5 !o!ent of t1at da5, eG0ept for t1/s
annon0/n2 t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent. Is t1at 61at
5oHre test/f5/n2 to r/21t no6P
A ,r. Co21./n ::
,'. ECHEVE''IA" ,r. Co21./n, t1e /sse 1ere
/s 61et1er or not 5oHre 0o!petent to be an attorne5 and
s1o.d 0ont/ne /n t1e pra0t/0e of .a6. )oHre fo0s/n2
on a rat1er !/nor deta/., and I 6o.d ./8e 5o to fo0s on
t1e broader /sses.
,'. COUGHLIN" ItHs not 7st 0o!peten05, /tHs
0andor.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" )oHve /nd/0ated 5o 6ant to
/!pea01 1/!. T1e /sse /s ,r. H/.. 1as test/f/ed t1at t1e
po./0e /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves. )o sa5 so!et1/n2
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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d/fferent. IHve as8ed 5o for an offer of proof. )oHve
.a/d t1e fondat/on. LetHs pro0eed.
,'. COUGHLIN" It a.so 2oes to ::
,'. ECHEVE''IA" P.ease pro0eed, ,r. Co21./n.
)o 6o.d do 5orse.f so!e 2ood /f 5o 6/.. fo0s on t1e
/sses, /f 5o 6/...E
So to 0o!pare /n 0.oser deta/."
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2e <<"9 to <<"$$)
C'OSS:E[A,INATION
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
E4 ,r. H/.., d/d t1e 'eno po./0e /dent/f5
t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent pr/or to 5or 0./ent 8/08/n2
t1e door do6n on Nove!ber 9%t1P
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" Overr.ed.
THE -ITNESS" I be./eve t1e5 d/d, s/r.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 Is t1at 61at 5o test/f/ed on ?ne 9=t1 /n
5or s6orn test/!on5 /n t1e 0r/!/na. trespass tr/a.P
A I be./eve /t /s.
4 &/d 5o test/f5 to t1at toda5P
A I be./eve I 7st d/d.
4 ?st no6, bt not ear./er 61en 5o 6ere
prov/d/n2 an ans6er to ,r. +/n2, and 5o 6ent t1ro21 61at
1appenedP
A ,r. Co21./n, .et !e !a8e /t eas5 for 5o. I
donHt re0a.. 61at I test/f/ed to on d/re0t fro! ,r. +/n2.
It /s /y "lear re"olle"tion that 0e*ore Dr. Merli## 8i"8e!
the !oor !o.n in the 0a#e/ent$ the oli"e ha! i!enti*ie!
the/#el-e# lou!ly an! "learly.E
No6, 0ons/der/n2 H/..Hs test/!on5 nder oat1 at Co21./nHs 99F9CF9$ &/s0/p./nar5
Hear/n2 and t1e fo..o6 s6orn test/!on5 b5 H/.. fro! t1e #F9=F9$ Tr/a., v/e6ed /n 0on7n0t/on
6/t1 t1e state!ents H/.. !ade to t1e 'P& Off/0er C1r/s Carter and Sar2ent ,ar0/a Lope> 7st
pr/or to and at t1e t/!e of t1e 99F9%F99 0stod/a. arrest of Co21./n at 1/s for!er 1o!e .a6
off/0e for trespass/n2"
*) ,'. COUGHLIN" E4 ,r. H/.., at an5 t/!e on t1at da5, Nove!ber 9%t1, !i! the o.ner
o* the re/i#e# .arn the arre#tee to lea-e the roertyP A I think the message was
communicated. 4 V/a 61at !ed/!P A The *a"t that you .ere han!"u**e! an! arre#te!.
&idn't you get the pictureP 4 O8a5, prior to t1e 1and0ff/n2 and t1e arrest/n2, did anybody
- 99CF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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say! 8>ou need to leave the premises*8 : 2 didn$t hear that I "obody said that* : 2 did
not hear that! sir I +id you say it* : "o I +id +r Merliss* : "ot that 2 heard I +id the
police* : "o! not that 2 heard. 4 So, nobod5 t1at 5o 1eard of 6arned t1e person arrested
for trespass/n2P Pa2e :99; Dsee trans0r/pt of #F9=F9$ 0r/!/na. trespass tr/a. /n ',C 99 C'
$#C;<.
Ho6ever, t1at /s not 3/te 1o6 H/.. pt /t at t1e 99F9CF9$ for!a. d/s0/p./nar5 1ear/n2
no6 on appea. /n #$%%@"
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2e C%"= to C%"$%) H/.." EAnd 1e sa5s, I 6ant to 01e08 t1e base!ent. I
d/dnHt 8no6 t1ere 6as a base!ent /n t1e 1ose. T1ereHs t1/n2s p/.ed /n t1e sta/r6e.. to 2et
do6n /nto t1e base!ent, too. 8/ts, and 1eav5 stff. -e 2et /t ot of t1e 6a5. -e 2et do6n
t1ere. And I 0an see 61en 1e ps1es on t1e door, and 1e trns to !e, and 1e sa5s, EItHs
barr/0aded,E fro/ the in#i!e. It .a#n%t lo"8e!$ it .a# 0arri"a!e!. ?e 8no. .hat%# going
on. So .e "all the oli"e. The oli"e "o/e o-er. They try to get Ia"h out o* the 0a#e/ent$
.hoe-er .a# in there at that oint. The oli"e 0ang on the !oor$ 5Co/e on out$ Ia"h.
Poli"e. 6ou ha-e to go.5 No re#on#e. They turne! to u# an! #ay$ .e%re going to lea-e.
-a/t a !/nte. IH! t1e o6ner. )o 1ave t1e at1or/t5 to brea8 t1e door do6n. E-e donHt do
t1at.EE
A.so"
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es <A"9; to #;"9A)
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
E 4 So 61en t1e5 /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves, 1o6 .on2
bet6een /dent/f5/n2 t1e!se.ves and 8/08/n2 t1e door do6nP
A T1ree !/ntes. T6o or t1ree !/ntes.
4 -1/01 one of t1e! /dent/f/ed t1e!se.fP
A I be./eve t1ere 6as a .ad5 ser2eant, and t1ere
6as a !a.e off/0er. And I be./eve 1eHs t1e one 61o ban2ed
on t1e door 6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08 and /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as
be/n2 6/t1 t1e po./0e. An! I 0elie-e hi# .or!# .ere$ "o/e
on out$ Ia"h.
4 -as t1at /t, 0o!e ot Za01P +oes that
identify it as being the policeP
A He /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as be/n2 6/t1 t1e 'eno
Po./0e &epart!ent.
4 In 61at 6ordsP
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A I be./eve t1ose 6ere t1e 6ords 1e sed, s/r.
4 -1at 6ordsP
A T1/s /s t1e po./0e, please 0o!e ot Za01.
4 *e0ase prev/os.5 a.. 5o sa/d 6as, 0o!e on
ot Za01.
A I be./eve 5oHre !/sta8en, s/r.
4 So 5oHre sa5/n2 t1at off/0er C1r/s Carter,
?n/or, t1ree !/ntes before t1e door 6as 8/08ed /n b5
5or 0./ent, ban2ed on t1e door 6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08, and
sa/d, t1/s /s t1e po./0e. Co!e on ot, Za01P
A ,r. Co21./n, three minutes is probably a long
estimate. T1e pro0ess 6as 6e 1ad 0.eared t1e sta/r6e.. ::
4 &/d 1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. Ar2!entat/ve.
THE -ITNESS" I be./eve 1e d/d, s/r.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG0se !e. Let !e :: IH!
2o/n2 to 2o a1ead and overr.e. Go a1ead.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 &/d 1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP
A I be./eve 1e d/d, s/r.E
T1e !ost 2.ar/n2 error /n t1e Pane.Hs approa01 to t1e 99F9CF9$ for!a. d/s0/p./nar5
1ear/n2, t1e 2r/evan0es, and t1e (O(COL /s t1at t1e Pane. app./ed to /nstr0t/on or
7r/sd/0t/ona. !andate /n SC' 999D=) and t1e #F@F9$ Order /n #;=%= D61/01 spo8e on.5 to t1e
Enatre and de2ree of pn/s1!entE for t1e one 0onv/0t/on at /sse /n #;=%=) to a 61o.e ran2e
of !ere a..e2at/ons 61/01 1ave 5et to be proven or even sb7e0t to t1e f.0r! of de pro0ess.
S/!p.5 pt, t1e Pane. s8/pped past t1e re3/re!ent to prov/de de pro0ess Dnot/0e and
opportn/t5 to be 1eard) as to a ras1 of !ere a..e2at/ons, and 6ent d/re0t.5 to deter!/n/n2 t1e
natre and de2ree of pn/s1!ent t1at s1o.d /sse, do/n2 so /n 61at 0an on.5 be seen a a
frad.ent atte!pt to app.5 t1e Order /n #;=%= to a..e2at/ons !ere a..e2at/ons /n no 6a5
0onne0ted to t1e 0onv/0t/on at /sse and not/0ed /n t1at #;=%= SC' 999D#) Pet/t/on . S01
a..e2at/ons of 0onte!ptos 0ond0t /n NG9$:;C%< spported on.5 b5 a s/n0e overr/dden Db5
v/rte of t1e #F9AF;A (/na. &e0ree) CF9%F;A Order After Tr/a. t1at spo8e on.5 to veGat/osness
v/s a v/s N'S @.;=< D61/01 s/!p.5 /s not 0onte!ptos 0ond0t or an5t1/n2 re.ated to
E0andorE).
- 99#F<#9 -
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T1e s!o8/n2 2ns to spport s01 a f/nd/n2 t1at t1/s 6as t1e Pane.Hs approa01"
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2e @9"9; to @9"9<)
,'. ECHEVE''IA" E I 0elie-e the i##ue that thi#
anel ha# to !eter/ine i# .hat the !egree$ i* any$ o*
uni#h/ent #houl! 0e *or the "on!u"t that you ha-e allege!
to ha-e 0een in-ol-e! .ith$ in ter/# o* "an!or to the
"ourt$ "an!or to "oun#el$ "an!or to .itne##e#$ "o/eten"y
to ra"ti"e la..E
(rt1er, t1e O*CHs +/n2 and H/.. 0.ear.5 atte!pt to !/s.ead t1e NN&* Pane. /n
01ara0ter/>/n2 t1e #F$<F9$ BC$+ att5 fee a6ard /n ;%#$= as a Esan0t/onE. Its fnn5, at one
trn +/n2 /s
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es @$"$ to @<"<)
,'. COUGHLIN" )es, s/r.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 ,r. H/.., /s /t so!e61at /n0on2ros for 5o to
assert to t1/s pane. t1at I 0o!p.ete.5 .a08 0o!peten05,
and 5et 5o ran p, 0ont/n2 t1e tr/a. 0ort B$;,;;; 5o
as8ed for, and t1e BC$,;;; 5o 6ere .t/!ate.5 a6arded /n
t1at appe..ate 0ortP
,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. Ar2!entat/ve and
/rre.evant.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" Ssta/ned.
,'. COUGHLIN" I t1/n8 /t 2oes to 1/s
0red/b/./t5.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" IH! sorr5P
,'. COUGHLIN" )or Honor, I t1/n8 /t 2oes to
1/s 0red/b/./t5 to t1e eGtent t1at 1eHs sa5/n2, 6e..,
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,r. Co21./n /s so base.ess and veGat/os, 5et I 6as ab.e
to b/.. #; 2rand for /t.
To !e /tHs ./8e, 6e.., at so!e po/nt /f
so!ebod5Hs ar2!ents are so 6ort1.ess and so nspported,
s1o.dnHt 5o be ab.e to br/n2 /t 1o!e for .ess t1an #;
2rand for a s!!ar5 ev/0t/onP
,'. +ING" ,r. C1a/r!an, /f I 0o.d respond b5
po/nt/n2 ot t1e fa0t t1at t1e order fro! ?d2e (.ana2an,
61/01 1as been ad!/tted, suggests t1at t1at 6as :: t1at
t1ose fees 6ere 2enerated be0ase of ,r. Co21./nHs
veGat/os 0ond0t. And t1at t1e fees 6ere reasonab.e and
6ere a6arded a2a/nst ,r. Co21./n, not one 0ent of 61/01
1as been pa/d.
So 2 think any suggestion to the contrary is
irrelevant! because Judge Flanagan$s order is to be
accepted by the panel. DNOTE" 0.ass/0 'PC %.9 v/o.at/on b5 +/n2, /e, 1e /nd/0ates (.ana2anHs
Order !ere.5 suggests t1e fees 6ere t1e res.t of a san0t/on, and /ts not nt/. t1e neGt
senten0e t1at +/n2 /s a.read t1en ar2/n2 t1at s01 a !ere suggestion !st be, essent/a..5,
2/ven t1e o.H SC' 999D<), Ea 0onv/0t/on /s 0on0.s/ve proof of 2/.tEFSC' 999D=) E6e are on.5
1er toda5 to deter!/ne t1e natre and eGtent of 5or pn/s1!ent for t1e suggestion! er,
1...0onv/0t/onFsan0t/on 6e are ass!/n2 5o 6ere 2/.t5 of /n or s8/pp/n2 past t1e 61o.e
tr/a. on t1e !er/ts part of de pro0ess.../e, a s22est/on of 2/.t /s 2ood eno21 for t1e NN&*
Pane. to treat /t as a 0onv/0t/onFsan0t/on t1at 0on0.s/ve.5 estab./s1ed 2/.t sff/0/ent to a..o6
t1e Pane. to 7st s8/p stra/21t to t1e senten0/n2 p1ase....
,'. COUGHLIN" )or Honor, /f I 0an 3/08.5
0onter t1at. I donHt 8no6 t1atHs a0ta..5 p.ed /n 5or
0o!p.a/nt, ,r. +/n2, or /n0.ded a!on2st one of t1e t1ree
2r/evan0es. T1e eGtent to 61/01 :: a! I 1ere toda5
be0ase t1/s ./8e ?d2e GardnerHs san0t/ons 0o!/n2 p t6o
5ears .aterP A! I 1ere toda5 on ?d2e (.ana2anHs
san0t/onP Is 1e a 2r/evant and a00orded a 0ase n!ber
tooP
,'. +ING" ,r. C1a/r!an, I 6as respond/n2 to
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1/s 3est/on.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" I be./eve 5oHre 1ere toda5
to !easre a.. of 5or 0ond0t as a pra0t/0/n2 .a65er. So
IHd ./8e to !ove on. If 5o 1ave frt1er 3est/ons of
,r. H/.., p.ease as8 t1e!. IHve no6 afforded 5o /n
eG0ess of $; !/ntes. IH.. 2/ve 5o anot1er f/ve.
,'. COUGHLIN" So we$re not here today based
on what$s been noticed*
,'. ECHEVE''IA" -eHre not 1ere today to
relitigate orders that have been filed DNOTE"no, rat1er t1e Pane. 6as t1ere to ass!e
so!et1/n2 Es22estedE b5 an Order prov/des 0on0.s/ve proof of 2/.tFsan0t/onab.e 0ond0t,
even 61ere +/n2 and H/.. 8no6 f.. 6e.. t1e =F$=F9$ Order /n CV99:;%#$= !a8es eGp./0/.t5
0.ear t1at t1e #F$<F9$ Order 6as not a Esan0t/onE, +/n2Hs nonsens/0a. a..s/ons to a conclusi'e
suggestion or whate'er! not6/t1stand/n2) t1at 5o 1ave appea.ed, and t1at 5o 1ave .ost.
,'. COUGHLIN" IH! not as8/n2 :: IH! as8/n2
.hat i# it li/ite! to@ Ne"au#e it #oun!# li8e *ro/ .hat
you &u#t #ai! it%# not li/ite!.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" I donHt /ntend to /!pose an5
./!/ts on 5o /n ter!s of 61at 5o atte!pt to proffer as
ev/den0e. I 6/.. r.e on 61at 5o proffer as ev/den0e.
,'. COUGHLIN" IH! sa5/n2 61at he$s ./!/ted
to, 5or Honor.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" T1e /sse 1ere, s/r, as I
nderstand t1e spre!e 0ortHs order 6/t1 respe0t to 5or
0onv/0t/on of t1eft, an! the i##ue# here .ith re#e"t to
the other grie-an"e# that ha-e 0een *ile! again#t you are
to the extent a# to .hat$ i* any$ #houl! 0e the uni#h/ent
that you #houl! #u#tain a# a re#ult o* your "on!u"t.
,'. COUGHLIN" )et t1/s /s entered /nto
ev/den0e.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" T1/s /s 61atP
,'. COUGHLIN" T1/s order 1as been entered
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/nto ev/den0e.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG1/b/t $ 1as.
,'. COUGHLIN" Dut it$s not pled in any
complaint Judge Flanagan$s not a grievant 2 wasn$t
noticed that that was the purpose of this hearing to some
e%tent today
,'. ECHEVE''IA" )o 6ere not/0ed t1at t1e
/sse of 5or 0onv/0t/on of trespass 6as an /sse, that
your han!ling o* that "a#e .a# an i##ue, and /tHs re.evant
as to t1atE
To t1e eGtent E01everr/aHs /nd/0at/n2 Et1at 5or 1and./n2 of t1at 0ase 6as an /sseE
refers to Co21./nHs 1and./n2 of e/t1er 'ev99:9@;= Dt1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on fro! for!er 1o!e
.a6 off/0e t1at H/..Hs asso0/ate, not H/.. D0ontrar5 to t1e (O(COLHs assess!ent t1at H/..
appeared /n t1e tr/a. 0ort...61/01 H/.. atte!pts to /!p.5 61en /ts 0onven/ent, on.5 to ba08 off
s01 01ara0ter/>at/on 61en /ts not D./8e 1e 2ets 0a21t /n .5/n2 t1at Co21./n Ed/dnHt ra/se t1e
/sse /n t1e tr/a. 0ortE Dv/s a v/s Co21./nHs ar2!ent t1at N'S C;.$<C forb/d t/./>/n2
s!!ar5 pro0edres /n N'S C;.$<% a2a/nst a 0o!!er0/a. tenant /n a no 0ase
ev/0t/on...so!et1/n2 Co21./n 0.ear.5 d/d ra/se /n t1e tr/a. 0ort at pa2e # of 1/s 9;F9@F99
f/./n2 t1ere/n), s01 a 0ontent/on /s 0.ear.5 at odds 6/t1 t1e teGt of +/n2Hs =F$%F9$ Co!p.a/nt
/n t1e t1ree 2r/evan0es on appea. /n #$%%@, as not1/n2 t1ere/n not/0es Co21./n t1at 1/s
E1and./n2 of t1at 0aseE De/t1er t1e tr/a. 0ort /n rev99:9@;= or t1e appea. t1ereof /n CV99:
;%#$=) 6o.d be at /sse D/n0.d/n2 t1e #F$<F9$ Order /n 0v99:;%#$= t1at be0a!e for!a.
1ear/n2 eG1/b/t $) or 1ad ot1er6/se been not/0ed per SC' 9;<D$) or 9;<D$)D0). T1en
E01everr/a 0ont/na..5 a..o6s +/n2 and HI.. to test/f5 as to !atters per/p1era. to t1e trespass
0onv/0t/on, prported.5 to spport so!e a..e2at/on of !/s0ond0t v/s a v/s E0andorE to e/t1er
t1e tr/bna. or oppos/n2 0onse., or so!e .a08 of 0o!peten05, or, per1aps, Efa/rness to
oppos/n2 0onse.E D61/01 E01everr/a see!s to 0ont/na..5 des0r/be as E0andorE to oppos/n2
0onse.) bt 61en Co21./n see8s to as8 3est/on re.ated t1ereto, E01everr/a sa sponte
ob7e0ts b5 assert/n2 t1at Co21./n /s not to Ere./t/2ateE 1/s trespass 0onv/0t/on, and ot1er6/se
pre0.des Co2.1/n fro! even /!pea01/n2 HI..Hs test/!on5 or s1o6/n2 b/as, part/0.ar.5 as to
a.. t1e test/on5 re.ated to t1e /sses H/.. test/f/ed to D0andor to tr/bna. and oppos/n2 0onse.,
61et1er Co21./n 6as abs/ve to oppos/n2 0onse. or /f H/..Hs staff D1earsa5) 6as Eterror/>edE
b5 Co21./n, 61et1er Co21./n .a08ed 0o!peten05, et0.
T1e Land.ordHs CF$#F9% ,ot/on to &/s!/ss a..e2es" EIV. To the extent Coughlin
trying aeal !e"i#ion$ i# to the !i#tri"t "ourt%# thi# "ourt ha# no &uri#!i"tion.
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A rev/e6 of Co21./nHs open/n2 br/ef revea.s t1at 1e t1/n8s 1/s appea.Ds) so!e1o6
/n0.de a rev/e6 of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on on t1e !er/ts of 1/s appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e
Cort.
T1e Nevada Const/tt/on vests f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over decisions in the justice
courts /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. Nevada Const/tt/on Art. # I#. N'AP %ADb) sets fort1 61at orders
and a0ts b5 a d/str/0t 0ort are 6/t1/n t1e appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on of t1/s 0ort. Un.ess at1or/t5
/s prov/ded b5 a statte or a r.e, t1/s 0ort 1as no 7r/sd/0t/on. +o88osv. Tsa./8/s, A9 Nev. $C,
$<,<%; P.$d @<# D9A@<). Here, to t1e eGtent t1at e/t1er of Co21./nHs not/0es of appea. 0o.d
be 0onstred to /n0.de t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs order of ,ar01 %;, $;9$, den5/n2 Co21./nHs
appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e Cort, t1/s 0ort 1as no appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on. E
<F$=F9% Order" ET1e d/str/0t 0ort 1as f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on in all cases arising in
justice courts. Nev. Const. art. #, I #J see a.so -a21 v. Casa>>a, =< Nev. <$;, <$9, C<= P.$d
%<A, %#; D9A#A). A.t1o21 N'AP %ADb)D%) at1or/>es an appea. fro! an order refs/n2 to
2rant an /n7n0t/on, and N'AP %ADb)D=) at1or/>es an appea. fro! a post:7d2!ent order
a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees, see -/nston Prods. Co., In0. v. &e*oer, 9$$ Nev. <9@, <$<, 9%C P.%d
@$#, @%9 D$;;#) Dre0o2n/>/n2 t1at an order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees and 0osts /s sbstant/ve.5
appea.ab.e as a spe0/a. order after f/na. 7d2!ent), be0ase t1e orders 01a..en2ed /n t1/s 0ase
arose fro! t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs eGer0/se of appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over an appea. fro! a 7st/0e
0ort de0/s/on, t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs orders 6ere ostensibly rendered f/na. and are not appea.ab.e
to t1/s 0ort.E
One rea..5 does not 1ear t1e 6ord Eostens/b.5E !01 fro! 7d2es. Espe0/a..5 as to
!atters re.ated to 61et1er t1e5 1ave 7r/sd/0t/on or not to rev/e6 so!et1/n2. Even .ess so
fro! Spre! Cort ?st/0es. )on2, $;= P.$d $A@, Nevada 9ACA estab./s1es t1at
re2ard.ess of 6/t1 a 01an2e of 0/r0!stan0es prevents !01 pra0t/0a. effe0t fro! /ss/n2 pon
t1/s 0ort overtrn/n2 t1e &/str/0t CortHs r./n2 t1at 61ere v/ta. 0o..atera. 0onse3en0es Da.so
'sse.. v. +a./an, C9C A. $d C#$ and -o.f:L/../e C (. Spp 9 estab./s1 t1at 61ere t1e .and.ord
and t1e S1er/ff atte!pt to effe0t a .o08ot pr/or to t1e eGp/rat/on of t1e t6ent5 for 1ors
re3/red, b5 statte, nder N'S C;.$<% fro! 61en t1e S1er/ff posts t1e t6ent5 for 1or
.o08ot order, t1at /t 6as t1e S1er/ff, H/.., and ,er./ss 61o! 6ere trespass/n2 on 99F9%F99
61en t1e5 a.. ./ed abot 61et1er t1e5 po./0e 1ad /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent
pr/or to t1e .and.ord 8/08/n2 t1e door do6n, and 61et1er an5one at a.. 1ad /ssed a E6arn/n2E
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per ',C =.9;.;9; or N'S $;@.$;; sff/0/ent to spport a 0r/!/na. trespass arrest, !01 .ess
t1e 0onv/0t/on pon 61/01 an SC' 999DC) Pet/t/on 6as f/.ed a2a/nst Co21./n /n #9A;9 Dand
1o6 bar 0onse. fa/./n2 to 0.ass/f5 s01 E0onv/0t/onE as an SC' 999D#) Eser/os offenseE does
not pre0.de treat/n2 s01 as a bas/s for per!anent.5 d/sbarr/n2 Co21./n /n #$%%@ /s rea..5
not at a.. 0.ear) 6o.d be fa0ed b5 one of t1e part/es t1e !atter /s not !te s01 /s t1e 0ase
1ere 61ere/n #$%%@, #9A;9 and #;=%= Co21./n 1as fa0ed and 0ont/nes to fa0e 7st s01
devastat/n2 0o..atera. 0onse3en0es v/s:k:v/s a.. t1e var/os orders be/n2 bot1 appea.ed and
for 61/01 a 6r/t of 0ert/orar/ /s or 6/.. be so21t be5ond t1e BC$,;;; attorne5 of t1e a6ard
prsant to N'S #A.;<; D61/01 b5 t1e 6a5 /s a !atter to 61/01 or/2/na. 7r/sd/0t/on /s vested
/n t1e &/str/0t Cort and as s01 prsant to +.e/n, # Nev. 9<A, t1e Spre!e Cort 1as
appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on /n a.. /nstan0es 61ere or/2/na. 7r/sd/0t/on ./es 6/t1 t1e &/str/0t Cort
61ere on.5 t1e &/str/0t Cort 1ad or/2/na. 7r/sd/0t/on to r.e on a #A.;<; !ot/on for attorne5s
fees Nevada Spre!e Cort ne0essar/.5 1as 7r/sd/0t/on for Co21./nHs appea. as to t1at s/G
$<9$ order frt1er and t1at s/!/.ar ./ne of pre0edents t1e !ot/on for sta5 prsant to N'S
C;.%=< to Co21./n f/.ed on &e0e!ber %;, $;99 6/t1 t1e &/str/0t Cort a.so /nvo.ved a !atter
61ere and t1e &/str/0t Cort 1ad or/2/na. 7r/sd/0t/on 61ere Co21./n a 0o!!er0/a. tenant
6as re3/red b5 N'S C;.%=< to !ove for a sta5 prsant to N'A P= 61/01 re3/res Co21./n
to f/rst !ove for a sta5 /n t1e &/str/0t Cort to 61atever eGtent t1/s appea. !a5 not be v/e6ed
as a fn0t/ona. e3/va.ent of a 6r/t of 0ert/orar/ se..ers !a8es 0.ear t1at 61ere 7d2e (.ana2an
eG0eeded 1/s 7r/sd/0t/on nder #A.;<; /n ./21t of t1e fa0t t1at a.. of 01apter #A app./es on.5 to
7d2!ents and t1e s!!ar5 order appea.ed to t1e &/str/0t Cort ne0essar/.5 /s not a 7d2!ent
as s01 t1e a6ard of BC$,;;; of attorne5Hs fees, 61/01 7d2e (.ana2an !ade 0.ear /n 1/s
A2st $9 and $= $;9$ orders 6as not a san0t/on bt rat1er an app./0at/on, desp/te t1e
oppos/t/on Co21./n f/.ed on 9F9CF9$ /n advan0e Dprospe0t/ve.5, /n ant/0/pat/on) of t1e Apr/.
9A, $;9$ !ot/on for attorne5s fees.
T1e ?st/0e Cort never 0ons/dered 61et1er N'S #A.;<; a..o6ed for an a6ard of
attorne5Hs fees. 'at1er, on.5 N'S #A.;%; 6as 0ons/dered t1ere/n Dde0/ded 6ron2.5, 2/ven
N'S #A on.5 app./es to E7d2!entsE /n p.enar5 !atters). T1e 8e5 d/st/n0t/on 1ere /s 61et1er
Nevada Const. art. # se0. # app./es to E0ases ar/s/n2 /n ?st/0e CortsE or, rat1er over
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Ede0/s/ons /n ?st/0e CortsE, be0ase, 0.ear.5, t1e ?st/0e Cort 1ere, t1e '?C, !ade no
Ede0/s/onE as to 61et1er attorne5Hs fees on appea. of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6ere ava/.ab.e or /n
order 1ere. T1e sa!e 0o.d be sa/d 6/t1 respe0t to 61et1er an N'S C;.%=< sta5 6o.d be
2ranted, as ?d2e Sferra>>a repeated.5 /nd/0ated t1at 1e fe.t 1e 1ad been d/vested of
7r/sd/0t/on to r.e on t1at Dsee 1/s 9$F9F99 and 9$F=F99 Orders /n 9@;=).
T1e ?st/0e Cort never r.ed on 61et1er Co2.1/n 0o.d 2et a sta5 nder N'S C;.%=<,
or pon t1e post/n2 of a spersedeas bond prsant t1ereto of B$<;. As s01, f/na..appe..ate
7r/sd/0t/on as to s01 61ere t1ere 6as no Ede0/s/on /nE t1e 7st/0e 0ort as to t1ose /sses,
does not ./e 6/t1 t1e &/str/0t Cort, bt, rat1er, /t 6as t1e Order /n &/str/0t Cort den5/n2
Co21./nHs 9$F%;F99 ,ot/on for Sta5 prsant to N'S C;.%=< t1at 6as t1e f/rst de0/s/on
t1ereon, and as s01 6as a Ede0/s/on /nE or !atter Ear/s/n2 /nE t1e &/str/0t Cort and
appea.ab.e to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort.
Appea.ab/./t5 and appe..ate rev/e6 of /n7n0t/ons, see A!. ?r. $d, In7n0t/ons II %$C
to %%# Issan0e of eGtraord/nar5 6r/ts b5 appe..ate 0orts, see A!. ?r. $d, Cert/orar/ II 9 et
se3.J A!. ?r. $d, Habeas Corps and Post0onv/0t/on 'e!ed/es II 9 et se3.J A!. ?r. $d,
,anda!s II 9 et se3.J A!. ?r. $d, Pro1/b/t/on II 9 et se3.J A!. ?r. $d, 4o -arranto II
9 et se3. Or2an/>at/on of state 0orts, see A!. ?r. $d, Corts II 9 et se3. Tr/a., 2enera..5, see
A!. ?r. $d, Tr/a. II 9 et se3. I. ?r/sd/0t/on of Appe..ate Corts C. Appe..ate ?r/sd/0t/on of
State Corts Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es I @<. Genera..5 -estHs +e5
N!ber &/2est -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 89@ to $<, %; to %$ A.L.'.
L/brar5 Va./d/t5, 0onstr0t/on, and app./0at/on of 0on0rrent:senten0e:do0tr/ne\state 0ases,
<# A.L.'.<t1 %=< An appe..ate 0ort 1as t1e respons/b/./t5 to deter!/ne 61et1er /t 1as
7r/sd/0t/on to rev/e6 a 0ase.N(N9O T1e part/es !a5 not 0onfer 7r/sd/0t/on on an appe..ate
0ort b5 6a/ver, a03/es0en0e, or 0onsent.N(N$O -1en a .o6er 0ort does not 1ave
7r/sd/0t/on over t1e 0ase before /t, an appe..ate 0ort a.so .a08s 7r/sd/0t/on to rev/e6 t1e
!er/ts of t1e 0.a/!.N(N%O CU,ULATIVE SUPPLE,ENT Cases" T1e /sse of appe..ate
7r/sd/0t/on /s one of .a6 over 61/01 Spre!e Cort 1as n./!/ted rev/e6. State v. S0ov/..e,
$=# +an. =;;, 9== P.%d A<A D$;;=). Part/es 0annot 0onfer 7r/sd/0t/on on t1e Spre!e Cort
of Appea.s d/re0t.5 or /nd/re0t.5 61ere /t /s ot1er6/se .a08/n2. ,en Z -o!en A2a/nst
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&/s0r/!/nat/on v. (a!/.5 Prote0t/on Serv/0es *d., @$< S.E.$d @<# D-. Va. $;99). NEN& O(
SUPPLE,ENTO N(N9O -/../a!son v. ,/se!er, %9# Ar8. 9A$, =@9 S.-.$d %A# D9AAC)J In re
,arr/a2e of &reno, =<C P.$d 9%<$ DCo.o. Ct. App. 9AA$)J EG parte Le6/s, ##% S.-.$d 9<%
DTeG. App. A!ar/..o 9A=%). N(N$O *r01e.. v. *r01e.., #=C S.-.$d $A# D+5. Ct. App. 9A=C)J
Potter v. *et1esda (/re &ept., In0., %;$ ,d. $=9, C=@ A.$d $== D9A=<)J In re Estate of L.o5d,
#@# S.-.$d ==A D,o. Ct. App. S.&. 9A=C). N(N%O Ar!or v. L.H., $<A Neb. 9%=, #;= N.-.$d
<AA D$;;;). A,?U' APPELLATE I @< C. Appe..ate ?r/sd/0t/on of State Corts Top/0
S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es I @#. Const/tt/ona. and stattor5 prov/s/ons -estHs
+e5 N!ber &/2est -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 89@ to $<, %; to %$ A.L.'.
L/brar5 Va./d/t5, 0onstr0t/on, and app./0at/on of 0on0rrent:senten0e:do0tr/ne\state 0ases,
<# A.L.'.<t1 %=< T1e 7r/sd/0t/on of an appe..ate 0ort /s often estab./s1ed b5 var/os
0onst/tt/ona. and stattor5 prov/s/ons, and !a5 not be n./!/ted or abso.te.N(N9O Appe..ate
7r/sd/0t/on /s der/ved fro! t1e 0onst/tt/ona. or stattor5 prov/s/ons, and 0an be a03/red and
eGer0/sed on.5 /n t1e !anner pres0r/bed.N(N$O T1e te01n/0a. re3/re!ents /n so!e stattes,
s01 as t1e t/!e to br/n2 a stattor5 appea., are 7r/sd/0t/ona., and t1e !atter of a03/r/n2
7r/sd/0t/on b5 an appe..ate 0ort /s a te01n/0a. !atter over 61/01 /t 1as no d/s0ret/on.N(N%O
Ho6ever, so!e state r.es of appe..ate pro0edre are not 7r/sd/0t/ona..N(NCO Un.ess t1ere are
0onst/tt/ona. ./!/tat/ons,N(N<O a .e2/s.atre 1as t1e r/21t to abr/d2e or eGtend t1e r/21t to
appea..N(N#O In t1e absen0e of eGpress stattor5 .an2a2e pro1/b/t/n2 7d/0/a. rev/e6, a
.e2/s.at/ve /ntent to pro1/b/t 7d/0/a. rev/e6 !st be estab./s1ed b5 spe0/f/0 .e2/s.at/ve 1/stor5
or ot1er re./ab.e ev/den0e of /ntent.N(N@O CU,ULATIVE SUPPLE,ENT Cases" An
appe..ate 0ort a03/res no 7r/sd/0t/on n.ess t1e appe..ant 1as sat/sf/ed t1e stattor5
re3/re!ents for appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on. -r/21t v. O!a1a Pb./0 S01oo. &/st., $=; Neb. AC9,
@A9 N.-.$d @#; D$;9;). A0t/n2 /n /ts appe..ate 0apa0/t5, t1e sper/or 0ort 1as ./!/ted
stattor5 7r/sd/0t/on, and a.. stattor5 re3/re!ents !st be !et before /t proper.5 /nvo8es
t1/s 7r/sd/0t/on. Sp/0e v. P/er0e Cont5, 9CA -as1. App. C#9, $;C P.%d $<C D&/v. $ $;;A).
NEN& O( SUPPLE,ENTO N(N9O EG parte Le6/s, ##% S.-.$d 9<% DTeG. App. A!ar/..o
9A=%). N(N$O In re Nne>, 9#< Conn. C%<, %%C A.$d =A= D9A@%)J S!/t1 v. Sa!pson, 99C N.H.
#%=, %$< A.$d @A# D9A@C). N(N%O In re Cova.t (ree1o.der Pet/t/on, $9= Neb. @#%, %<A
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N.-.$d %CA, $$ Ed. La6 'ep. %C# D9A=C). N(NCO V/n0ent v. State, Co!!er0/a. (/s1er/es
Entr5 Co!Hn, @9@ P.$d %A9 DA.as8a 9A=#). N(N<O Peop.e v. Po..en>, #@ N.).$d $#C, <;$
N.).S.$d C9@, CA% N.E.$d <C9 D9A=#). N(N#O Gerad v. S01rader, <%9 P.$d =@$ D-5o. 9A@<).
N(N@O TeGas &ept. of Prote0t/ve and 'e2.ator5 Serv/0es v. ,e2a C1/.d Care, In0., 9C<
S.-.%d 9@; DTeG. $;;C). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA.
No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I @#
T1e de0/s/on 61et1er to 2rant an /nter.o0tor5 appea. fro! a d/str/0t 0ort order ./es
6/t1/n t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs d/s0ret/on. $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A$Db). ,/..s v. Everest 'e/nsran0e Co.,
@@9
(. Spp. $d $@; DS.&. N.). $;;A).
H/..Hs CF$#F9% ,ot/on to &/s!/ss and Sta5 *r/ef/n2 S01ed.e /n #9%=% reads"
E,OTION TO &IS,ISS APPEAL AN& STA) *'IE(ING 'espondent, ,ATTHE-
,E'LISS, b5 and t1ro21 1/s 0onse., 'ICHA'& G. HILL, LT&., and 'ICHA'& G. HILL,
ES4., !oves t1/s 0ort to d/s!/ss t1/s 0ase and to sta5 t1e br/ef/n2 s01ed.e /n t1e /nter/!.
T1e f/rst not/0e of appea. t1at ,r. Co21./n f/.ed 6as (ebrar5 9<, $;9$. It 6as nt/!e.5, /s
no6 !oot, and !st be d/s!/ssed. T1e se0ond not/0e of appea., f/.ed ?.5 %;, $;9$, 6as not
t/!e.5 and !st be d/s!/ssed for .a08 of 7r/sd/0t/on. Appe..ant 1as not f/.ed a bond, or ot1er
se0r/t5 for 0osts, as re3/red b5 N'AP @, prov/d/n2 5et anot1er reason 615 t1/s 0ase !st be
d/s!/ssed. (/na..5, ,r. Co21./n !/sta8en.5 t1/n8s 1e /s appea./n2 t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on
den5/n2 1/s appea. fro! an ev/0t/on order /n 'eno ?st/0e Cort.
(ACTS
T1e fa0ts perta/n/n2 to t1/s !ot/on are"
T1/s ev/0t/on 0ase be2an /n 'eno ?st/0e Cort. N'S C.%@;D2). See E[HI*IT 9,
tenantHs ans6er, et0. Note" T1e EAppend/GE t1at Co21./n 1as f/.ed /n t1/s 0ase /s tota..5
nseab.e and t1e sb7e0t of a !ot/on to str/8e. A.. eG1/b/ts to at1ent/0ated b5 t1e aff/dav/t
of 0onse., E[HI*IT 9A 1ereto.
On O0tober $@, $;99, 'eno ?st/0e Cort /ssed an ev/0t/on order. E[HI*IT $.
On Nove!ber %, $;99, Co21./n f/.ed a not/0e of appea. to t1e Se0ond ?d/0/a. &/str/0t
Cort. See E[HI*IT %.
On &e0e!ber %;, $;99, Co21./n f/.ed a !ot/on /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort see8/n2 a
te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order a2a/nst ,er./ss. See E[HI*IT C. d/str/0t 0ort de0./ned to /sse
t1e pre./!/nar5 /n7n0t/on re3ested b5 Co21./n to restra/n ,er./ss fro! re!ov/n2
abandoned persona. propert5 fro! Co21./nHs for!er res/den0e. See E[HI*IT <. Not/0e of
entr5 6as f/.ed t1at da5, and e.e0tron/0a..5 served on Co21./n on t1e sa!e da5, ?anar5 99,
$;9$. See E[HI*ITS 9@ and 9=.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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On (ebrar5 9<, $;9$, Co21./n f/.ed a not/0e of appea. /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. It 6as f/ve
da5s .ate. See E[HI*IT #. Co21./n prports to be appea./n2 E ... a.. t1e var/os orders
d/s!/ss/n2 t1/s 0ase, /n0.d/n2 bt not ./!/ted to t1ose entered ?anar5 9%, $;9$.E T1e on.5
orders entered as of t1at date 6ere" a) An order f/.ed ?anar5 #, $;9$, sett/n2 t1e appe..ate
br/ef/n2 s01ed.e /n t1e d/str/0t 0ortJ b) t1e order refs/n2 to /sse t1e te!porar5 restra/n/n2
order I pre./!/nar5 /n7n0t/on f/.ed b5 Co21./n, referred to /n n!ber C, aboveJ and 0) an
order /ssed (ebrar5 =, $;9$ t1at Co21./n s1o6 0ase 615 1e s1o.d not be 1e.d /n
0onte!pt of 0ort, 61/01 6as set for a 1ear/n2 on ,ar01 $%, $;9$.
E[HI*IT 9# 1ereto /s a tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs do08et for t1e 0ase
be.o6. T1ere /s no /nd/0at/on t1at Co21./n posted se0r/t5 for 0osts 6/t1 1/s not/0e of appea.
On ,ar01 %;, $;9$, t1e d/str/0t 0ort den/ed Co21./nHs appea. fro! t1e ev/0t/on order
/ssed b5 'eno ?st/0e Cort. See E[HI*IT @. Not/0e of entr5 6as f/.ed and e.e0tron/0a..5
served on Co21./n t1at sa!e da5. See E[HI*ITS = and A.
On ?ne $<, $;9$, t1e d/str/0t 0ort 2ranted ,er./ssH !ot/on for fees a2a/nst Co21./n. See
E[HI*IT 9;.
On t1e sa!e da5, ?ne $<, $;9$, not/0e of entr5 of t1at order 6as f/.ed and served on
Co21./n. See E[HI*IT 99. T1at not/0e 6as e.e0tron/0a..5 served on Co21./n on ?ne $<,
$;9$. T1erefore, Co21./nHs not/0e of appea. 6as de no .ater t1an ?.5 $#, $;9$,
On ?.5 %;, $;9$, Co21./n f/.ed a 1and6r/tten not/0e of appea. /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort as
to t1e fees a6arded to ,er./ss. See E[HI*IT 9$. H/s f/./n2 6as for da5s .ate.
On Apr/. $C, $;9%, t1/s 0ort 0onso./dated Co21./nHs t6o pend/n2 appea.s. At t1at
t/!e, t1e 0.er8 of t1e 0ort f/.ed, and ,er./ss 6as served 6/t1, Co21./nHs open/n2 br/ef. See
f/./n2 9%:99A=% /n t1/s 0ase /n t1/s 0ort.
&o0!ent No. $;9%:9$;$9 /n t1/s 0ase prports to be Co21./nHs not/0e of post/n2
bond on appea., bt t1ere /s no re0ord of an5 bond or se0r/t5 1av/n2 been f/.ed /n t1e d/str/0t
0ort or t1/s 0ort. See E[HI*IT 9#, t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs do08et.
Co21./nHs Eopen/n2 br/ef,E do0!ent n!ber $;9%:9$;$;, /s a.!ost eG0.s/ve.5
addressed to see8/n2 rev/e6 of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on den5/n2 1/s appea. fro! 'eno
?st/0e Cort. It /s apparent t1at 1e t1/n8s 1e /s appea./n2 t1e r./n2 on t1e !er/ts of t1e
ev/0t/on.
ANAL)SIS
I. The *ailure to /an!ate# !i#/i##al.
N'AP @ re3/res an appe..ant to post B<;;.;; se0r/t5 for 0osts on appea.. T1at 1as
not been done /n t1/s 0ase, desp/te t1e atte!pt b5 Co21./n to !a8e /t appear t1at 1e 1as done
so. See f/./n2 9%:9$;$9. It 1as .on2 been t1e .a6 /n Nevada t1at t1e fa/.re to post t1e re3/red
se0r/t5 prevents t1/s 0ortHs rev/e6 of t1e appea. and !andates d/s!/ssa.. S1te v. */2
,eado6 Inv. Co., C9 Nev. %#9, %#$, 9@; Pa0. 9;CA D9A9=).
II. The on the o* *ee# the !i#tri"t "ourt .a# not ti/ely ta8en.
T1e not/0e of entr5 of t1e a6ard of fees /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort 6as e.e0tron/0a..5
served on Co21./n, 61o 6as, at t1at t/!e, an e:f/.er 6/t1 t1at 0ort. 'eferen0e /s !ade to
E[HI*IT A, t1e proof of serv/0e /ssed b5 t1e d/str/0t 0ort. T1at do0!ent s1o6s t1e
e.e0tron/0 serv/0e of t1e not/0e of entr5 on Co21./n 6as 0o!p.eted on ?ne $<, $;9$.
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E[HI*IT 9; /s Co21./nHs 1and6r/tten not/0e of appea.. It bears a f/.e sta!p t1at /t 6as not
f/.ed /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort nt/. ?.5 %;, $;9$.
NE(C' ADt) states"
Ele"troni" #er-i"e i# at the ti/e o* tran#/i##ion o* the
noti"e #u0#e"tion o* thi# rule. (or t1e prpose of
0o!pt/n2 t/!e to respond to do0!ents re0e/ved v/a e.e0tron/0
serv/0e, an5 do0!ent served on a da5 or at a t/!e 61en t1e 0ort
/s not open for bs/ness s1a.. be dee!ed served at t1e t/!e of t1e
neGt open/n2 of t1e 0ort for bs/ness.
DE!p1as/s added.)
T1erefore, serv/0e of t1e not/0e of entr5 on Co21./n 6as .e2a..5 0o!p.eted on
?ne $<, $;9$, at 61/01 po/nt, t1e t/!e for 1/! to appea. t1e a6ard of fees be2an to rn.
N'AP CDa)D9) prov/des t1at a not/0e of appea. !st be f/.edE ... not later than K) !ay# after
t1e date t1at 6r/tten not/0e of entr5 of t1e 7d2!ent or order appea.ed fro! /s served.E
DE!p1as/s added.) Co21./n f/.ed 1/s not/0e of appea. after not/0e of entr5. T1e t/!e ./!/t /n
N'AP CDa) /s !andator5 and an appea. f/.ed .ate !st be d/s!/ssed. ,a2ee v. -1/ta0re, #;
Nev. $;$,$;C,A# P.$d $;9, $;$ D9A%A), abro2ated on ot1er 2ronds /n Lee v. GNLV Corp.,
99# Nev. C$C, AA# P.$d C9# D$;;;). T1s, t1e not/0e of appea. f/.ed ?.5 %;, $;9$, 6as
defe0t/ve and fa/.ed to vet 7r/sd/0t/on /n t1/s 0ort.
III. The aeal o* the !enial o* an in&un"tion .a# unti/ely$ i# no. /oot$ an!
/u#t 0e !i#/i##e!.
aG The aeal .a# unti/ely.
On (ebrar5 9<, $;9$ DE[HI*IT #), Co21./n /n/t/ated an /nter.o0tor5 appea. of t1e
order entered ?anar5 99, $;9$ DE[HI*IT <), /n 61/01 t1e 0ort den/ed Co21./nHs re3est
for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order and a pre./!/nar5 /n7n0t/on. Co21./nHs appea. of t1at
order 6as not t/!e.5 e/t1er. T1e not/0e of appea. 6as de (ebrar5 9;, $;9$, bt 6as not f/.ed
nt/. (ebrar5 9<, $;9%, f/ve da5s .ate. Co!pare E[HI*ITS 9@ and 9= Dnot/0e of entr5 f/.ed
and served ?anar5 99, $;9$) 6/t1 E[HI*IT # Dnot/0e of appea. f/.ed (ebrar5 9<,$;9$).
As /s Co21./nHs /nvar/ab.e pra0t/0e, after t1e d/str/0t 0ort de0./ned to 2rant t1e re3ested
/n7n0t/on, Co21./n f/.ed a !ot/on to a.ter or a!end t1e 0ortHs order, re.5/n2 on N'CP <$Db)
and N'CP <A. See E[HI*IT 9C. Co21./n !/sta8en.5 be./eves t1at ta0t/0 en.ar2es 1/s t/!e to
appea.. ,er./ss sb!/ts t1at t1e !ot/on to a.ter or a!end 6as not t/!e.5, and d/d not /nvo8e
t1e to../n2 prov/s/on of N'AP CDa)DC)D*) or DC), be0ase N'CP <$Db) and N'CP <A do not
app.5 to an order den5/n2 an /n7n0t/on. T1erefore, Co21./nHs atte!pt to appea. t1e den/a. of
1/s re3ested /n7n0t/on 6as a.so .ate, and /t !st be d/s!/ssed for .a08 of 7r/sd/0t/on.
0G The aeal o* the !enial o* in&un"ti-e relie* i# /oot.
T1e appea. of t1e den/a. of an /n7n0t/on /s no6 !oot be0ase of sbse3ent events.
T1erefore, t1e appea. /n t1/s 0ort s1o.d be d/s!/ssed. Independen0e Part5 of '/01!ond
Cont5 v. Gra1a!, C9% (.%d $<$, $<# D$nd C/r. $;;<).
,ootness /s a 3est/on of 7st/0/ab/./t5. T1/s 0ort does not render adv/sor5 op/n/ons.
T1ere !st be an a0ta. ./ve 0ontrovers5 t1ro21ot t1e 0ase, /n0.d/n2 on an5 appea..
Sbse3ent events !a5 render a 0ase !oot. Person1ood Nevada v. *r/sto., 9$# Nev.
DAdv.Op/n. <#) $C< P.%d <@$,<@C D$;9;).
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Co21./n 1ad been ev/0ted fro! a 1o!e 1e rented fro! ,er./ss. E[HI*IT $. Severa.
6ee8s .ater, Co21./n 6as fond ./v/n2 /n t1e base!ent of t1e propert5 and 6as arrested. See
E[HI*IT 9<, a !ot/on f/.ed /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort, 61/01 sets fort1 a 01rono.o25 of events.
Co21./n appea.ed t1e de0/s/on of t1e 7st/0e 0ort to t1e d/str/0t 0ort. E[HI*IT %. Co21./n
6anted t1e d/str/0t 0ort to prevent ,er./ss fro! re!ov/n2 1/s DCo21./nHs) possess/ons fro!
t1e 1o!e /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 N'S 99=A.C#;. E[HI*IT C. T1e d/str/0t 0ort den/ed
Co21./nHs !ot/on. E[HI*IT <. ,er./ss t1en d/sposed of t1e EtroveE t1at Co21./n 1ad .eft /n
t1e 1o!e.. fn 9 T1/s 6r/ter persona..5 0onted 9% ato!ob/.e seats /n t1e base!ent of t1e
1o!e.) See, de0.arat/on of '/01ard G.H/.., Es3. Later, on ,ar01 %;, $;9$, t1e d/str/0t 0ort
den/ed Co21./nHs appea. on t1e !er/ts. E[HI*IT @.
As of toda5, Co21./nHs appea. /n t1/s 0ort, of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs refsa. to en7o/n
,er./ssH d/spos/t/on of t1e propert5 .eft /n t1e 1o!e, /s !oot. (/rst, Co21./n .ost on t1e !er/ts
of 1/s appea. /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. E[HI*IT @. T1at appea. /s no6 f/na. and b/nd/n2.
T1erefore, Co21./n 0o.d ne-er !a8e t1e s1o6/n2 t1at 1e 1as a ./8e./1ood of s00ess on t1e
!er/ts of 1/s 0.a/!s as /s re3/red for t1e /ssan0e of an5 /n7n0t/ve re./ef. C.ar8 Cont5
S01oo. &/str/0t v. *01anan, 99$ Nev. 99C#, 99<;, A$C Nev. @9# @9A D9AA#), 0/t/n2
C1r/stensen v. C1ro!a..o5 A!er. Corp., AA Nev. %C, %#, #<# P.$d =CC,=C# D9A=%).
Se0ond, be0ase 1e 6as not restra/ned b5 t1e d/str/0t 0ort, ,er./ss proper.5 pro0eeded
to d/spose of t1e /te!s of persona. propert5 .eft at t1e 1o!e b5 Co21./n. A00ord, N'S
99=A.C#;. T1s, even /f t1/s 0ort 6ere to deter!/ne t1at Co21./n 0o.d s1o6 t1e e.e!ents
ne0essar5 for t1e /ssan0e of /n7n0t/ve re./ef, and even /f t1/s 0ort so!e1o6 0on0.ded t1at
t1e d/str/0t 0ort absed /ts d/s0ret/on /n t1e !atter, t1/s 0ortHs order 6o.d, nonet1e.ess, be
an eGer0/se /n ft/./t5. If t1/s 0ort 6ere to reverse t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on, /t 6o.d not
prov/de Co21./n 6/t1 an5 re./ef. T1e propert5 Co21./n abandoned on ,er./ssH propert5 /s
2one and 0annot be restored b5 an order of t1/s 0ort. T1/s 0ort 6o.d be /ss/n2 not1/n2
!ore t1an an adv/sor5 op/n/on. C7, Person1ood.
IV. To the extent Coughlin trying aeal !e"i#ion$ i# to the !i#tri"t "ourt%# thi#
"ourt ha# no &uri#!i"tion.
A rev/e6 of Co21./nHs open/n2 br/ef revea.s t1at 1e t1/n8s 1/s appea.Ds) so!e1o6
/n0.de a rev/e6 of t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on on t1e !er/ts of 1/s appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e
Cort.
T1e Nevada Const/tt/on vests f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over decisions in the justice
courts /n t1e d/str/0t 0ort. Nevada Const/tt/on Art. # I#. N'AP %ADb) sets fort1 61at orders
and a0ts b5 a d/str/0t 0ort are 6/t1/n t1e appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on of t1/s 0ort. Un.ess at1or/t5
/s prov/ded b5 a statte or a r.e, t1/s 0ort 1as no 7r/sd/0t/on. +o88osv. Tsa./8/s, A9 Nev. $C,
$<,<%; P.$d @<# D9A@<). Here, to t1e eGtent t1at e/t1er of Co21./nHs not/0es of appea. 0o.d
be 0onstred to /n0.de t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs order of ,ar01 %;, $;9$, den5/n2 Co21./nHs
appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e Cort, t1/s 0ort 1as no appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on.
REDIEF REEUESTED
Under t1e 0/r0!stan0es, t1e 0ort s1o.d /!!ed/ate.5 sta5 t1e br/ef/n2 s01ed.e. T1e
0ort s1o.d d/s!/ss t1/s ent/re 0onso./dated appea.. Co21./n 1as not posted t1e !andator5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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bond for 0osts on t1/s appea.. T1e f/rst not/0e of appea. 6as not t/!e.5, and t1e 3est/on
presented /s no6 !oot. T1e se0ond not/0e of appea. 6as not t/!e.5 and !st a.so be
d/s!/ssed. Contrar5 to t1e fo0s and 0ontrar5 of Co21./nHs open/n2 br/ef, t1/s 0ort does not
1ave appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on to rev/e6 t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs de0/s/on on t1e !er/ts of Co21./nHs
appea. to t1at 0ort fro! 'eno ?st/0e Cort.
T1e br/ef/n2 s01ed.e /n t1/s 0ase !st be sspended nt/. t1/s !ot/on and t1e !ot/on
to str/8e Co21./nHs append/G 1ave been de0/ded. Ot1er6/se, ,er./ss 6/.. /n0r need.ess fees
and 0osts.
-HE'E(O'E, respondent pra5s t1at t1/s 0ort sta5 t1e br/ef/n2 s01ed.eJ d/s!/ss t1/s
ent/re 0aseJ t1at appe..ant, Za01ar5 Co21./n, be san0t/onedJ t1at respondent be a6arded
attorne5Hs fees and 0osts prsant to N'AP %=J and for s01 ot1er, frt1er and add/t/ona.
re./ef as see!s 7st to t1e Cort /n t1e pre!/ses.
&ATE& t1/s of $#t1 of Apr/., $;9%. FsF '/01ard G. H/.., Es3.E
E[HI*IT IN&E[
E[HI*IT NO. &ESC'IPTION
9 TenantHs Ans6erFAff/dav/t to %; &a5 No Case Ev/0t/onJ ,ot/on for San0t/ons and
Attorne5Hs feesJ Conter0.a/! for &a!a2es
$ (/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of La6 and Order for S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on
% Not/0e of Appea. to &/str/0t Cort
C E!er2en05 ,ot/on for Te!porar5 'estra/n/n2 Order or In7n0t/on Prevent/n2 ,er1ss fro!
E&/spos/n2E of Tenants Propert5J or, /n t1e A.ternat/ve, ,ot/on for Sta5
< Order D9:99:9$)
# Not/0e of Appea. D$:9<:9$)
@ Order D%:%;:9$)
= Not/0e of Entr5 of Order D%:%;:9$)
A Proof of Serv/0e
9; Order D#:$<:9$)
99 Not/0e of Entr5 of Order D#:$<:9$)
9$ Proof of Serv/0e
9% Not/0e of Appea. D@:%;:9$)
9C ,ot/on nder N'CP <$Db) to a!end or !a8e add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of fa0tJ or, p.ed /n t1e
a.ternat/ve, ,ot/on nder N'CP <A to a.ter or a!end t1e Order &en5/n2 ,ot/on to Prevent
&/sposa. of Persona. Propert5
9< Se0ond ,ot/on for Order to S1o6 Case
9# &/str/0t Cort do08et
9@ Not/0e of Entr5 of Order D9:99:9$)
9= Proof of Serv/0e
9A &e0.arat/on of '/01ard G. H/.., Es3. $
H/..Hs <F$;F9% 'ep.5 /n #9%=% reads"
5 REPD6 TO OPPOSITION TO MOTION TO AND MOTION TO STA6 NRIEFINF
SCHEDUDE
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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'espondent, ,ATTHE- ,E'LISS, b5 and t1ro21 1/s 0onse., 'ICHA'& G.
HILL, LT&., and 'ICHA'& G. HILL, ES4., rep./es to t1e oppos/t/on Ns/0O b5 appe..ant,
ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN, to appe..antHs !ot/on to d/s!/ss and to sta5 br/ef/n2
s01ed.e.
9. After ,r. Co21./n 6as 2ranted a te.ep1on/0 eGtens/on b5 t1e C.er8 of t1e Cort 6/t1/n
61/01 to f/.e 1/s response, /t 6as, nonet1e.ess, f/.ed a da5 .ate. T1e oppos/t/on does not
0onfor! to of t1e for!at re3/re!ents of N'AP $@Dd). It /s s/n2.e spa0ed and /s 9< pa2es
.on2. T1/s !eans /t /s a.!ost t6/0e as .on2 as a..o6ed b5 t1e r.es.
T1e oppos/t/on /s !ost.5 n/nte../2/b.e. T1e eG1/b/ts are tota..5 nseab.e, and 1o6
t1e5 re.ate to, or spport, t1e oppos/t/on /s a !5ster5.ff T1e ent/re f/./n2 t5p/f/es Co21./nHs
/nab/./t5 to fo0s on d/s0rete .e2a. /sses or fo..o6 t1e r.es of t1e Cort. It /s an nfa/r ta0t/0
for Co21./n to tr5 to for0e 1/s opponent Dand 0ort staff) to 6ade t1ro21 $ !onta/ns of
7!b.ed 2/bber/s1 tr5/n2 to 2.ean an5 !ean/n2f. 0ontent/ons. T1e Cort s1o.d not 6aste /ts
t/!e 6/t1 Co21./nHs perpeta..5 /n0o1erent f/./n2s.
9.On Apr/. $C, $;9%, respondent, ,er./ss, !oved to str/8e t1e append/G f/.ed b5 Co21./n
D&o0. Q9%:9$;$9). Co21./nHs Eappend/GE does not 0o!p.5 6/t1 an5 of t1e CortHs 0ontent or
for!att/n2 re3/re!ents /n N'AP %;D0) or Dd), and /t 6as not served as re3/red b5 N'AP
%;De). Co21./n 1as 0o!p.ete.5 /2nored t1at !ot/on. T1e Cort s1o.d a00ept t1at fa/.re as
an ad!/ss/on t1at t1e !ot/on to str/8e s1o.d be 2ranted.
$.Appe..ant proved t1at Co21./n never posted t1e re3/red B<;;.;; appea. 0ost bond as to
e/t1er of 1/s not/0es of appea.. In 1/s oppos/t/on, Co21./n 0.a/!s to 1ave pa/d t1e bond, bt
0/tes to no ev/den0e D/e. a re0e/pt). *5 0ontrast, appe..antHs !ot/on to d/s!/ss /n0.ded t1e
d/str/0t 0ort do08et, 61/01 s1o6s no s01 depos/t b5 Co21./n as to e/t1er of 1/s not/0es of
appea.. See, EG1/b/t 9# to t1e !ot/on to d/s!/ss. Co21./nHs 0onso./dated appea. !st,
t1erefore, be d/s!/ssed. S1te v. */2 ,eado6 In0. Co., C9 Nev. %#9,%#$,9@; Pa0. 9;CA, 9;<;
D9A9=).
(. Noti"e o* Aeal CDenial o* In&un"ti-e Relie*.
Co21./nHs f/rst not/0e of appea. 6as not f/.edE ... no .ater t1an %; da5s after t1e date t1at
6r/tten not/0e of entr5 ... N6asO served.E Cf .. , N'AP CDa)D9). Co21./nHs referen0e to a to../n2
!ot/on /s npersas/ve, be0ase ne/t1er N'CP <$ nor N'CP <A app.5 to t1e 0ortHs de0/s/on
to den5 Co21./n /n7n0t/ve re./ef. -1/.e t1at de0/s/on 6as an appea.ab.e order, t1e den/a. of
/n7n0t/ve re./ef /s not a 7d2!ent after tr/a. to 61/01 e/t1er of t1ose r.es app.5.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co21./nHs appea. of t1e den/a. of t1e /n7n0t/ve re./ef /s no6 n3est/onab.5 !oot. T1/s /s so
be0ase no order t1at t1/s Cort 0o.d poss/b.5 /sse 6/.. prov/de Co21./n 6/t1 an5
!ean/n2f. re./ef. Person1ood Nevada v. *r/sto., 9$# Nev. bb DAdv. Op/n. <#), $C< P .%d
<@$,<@C D$;9;). -1/.e Co21./nHs oppos/t/on re0o2n/>es t1at t1ere are eG0ept/ons to t1e
!ootness do0tr/ne, 1e offered ne/t1er fa0ts nor .a6 to spport an5 poss/b.e eG0ept/on. s1a..
4. Noti"e o* AealCAttorney%# Fee#.
Appe..ant proved t1at Co12./nHs se0ond not/0e of appea. 6as de no .ater t1an ?.5
$#, $;9$, %; da5s after Co21./n 6as e.e0tron/0a..5 served 6/t1 not/0e of entr5 of t1e d/str/0t
0ortHs a6ard of attorne5Hs fees a2a/nst 1/!. *5 s/.en0e, Co21./n 0on0edes t1at 1/s ?.5 %;,
$;9$ not/0e of appea., EG1/b/t 9% to ,ot/on to &/s!/ss, 6as nt/!e.5.
Co21./nHs response /s t1at 1e f/.ed a not/0e of appea. on ?.5 $C, $;9$. A 0op5 of t1at paper
/s atta01ed as E[HI*IT 9 to t1/s rep.5. T1e d/str/0t 0ort do08et 1as t1at f/./n2 .od2ed as a
!ot/on. See, EG1/b/t 9# to !ot/on to d/s!/ss at pa2e % of 9C. T1at do08et a.so s1o6s no f/./n2
fees or se0r/t5 for 0osts f/.ed 6/t1 e/t1er t1e ?.5 $C, $;9$ or ?.5 %;, $;9$ not/0e of appea..
rd. Co21./nHs re3est to pro0eed /n for!a paper/s 6as den/ed. See f/./n2 n!ber 9%:99A= /n
t1/s Cort.
Co21./n re./es on t1e ?.5 $C, $;9$ paper as bot1 a Eto../n2 !ot/onE and as a not/0e of
appea.. He 0annot 1ave /t bot1 6a5s. He 0annot s/!.taneos.5 d/vest t1e d/str/0t 0ort of
7r/sd/0t/on b5 appea./n2, 5et a.so as8 t1at 0ort to 2rant 1/! re./ef. If Co21./n, a sspended
attorne5, rea..5 be./eved t1at 1e 1ad f/.ed a not/0e of appea. on ?.5 $C, $;9$, t1en 1e !st
eGp.a/n 615 1e re:f/.ed 1/s not/0e of appea. on ?.5 %;, $;9$. T1at f/./n2 be./es 1/s assert/ons
/n oppos/t/on to t1e !ot/on to d/s!/ss. T1/s /s t5p/0a. of t1e pro0edra. nonsense 61/01 1as
been t1e 1a..!ar8 of Co21./nHs be1av/or /n t1/s 0ase. T1e Cort need not rea01 t1e
0onndr! Co21./n 0reated, be0ase as 6/t1 1/s (ebrar5 $<, $;9$ not/0e of appea., t1ere /s
no proof t1at 1/s ?.5 $C, $;9$ f/./n2 DEG1/b/t 9) 6as ever served on ,er./ssH 0onse.. T1at
do0!ent 6as paper:f/.ed and does not /n0.de a 0ert/f/0ate of serv/0e. Cf., N'CP < and
N'AP %Dd)D9). T1s, Co21./nHs ?.5 $C, $;9$ f/./n2 /s not a va./d !ot/on /nvo8/n2 e/t1er
N'CP <$ or N'CP <A, be0ase of 1/s v/o.at/on of N'CP < Dever5 p.ead/n2 or paper f/.ed /n a
0aseE ... be served pon ea01 of t1e part/es.E E!p1as/s added.). He a.so v/o.ated &C' 9%D9)
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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and D$). T1e effe0t of 1/s fa/.re to !a8e serv/0e !eans t1e to../n2 effe0t of '.es <$ and <A
6as never /nvo8ed. '/vera v. ,IT (ossar/na, =C; (.$d 9<$, 9<C D9st C/r. 9A==) Ddea./n2 6/t1
('CP <Da), ('CP <$, and ('CP <A Nt1e t/!e./ness of a !ot/on to a.ter or a!end a 7d2!ent
/s deter!/ned b5 t1e date of serv/0e, not t1e date of f/./n2O.) As 6/t1 1/s (ebrar5 $<, $;9$
not/0e of appea. as to t1e den/a. of /n7n0t/ve re./ef, d/s0ssed above, 1/s add/t/ona. fa/.re to
t/!e.5 serve t1e not/0e of appea. as to t1e a6ard of attorne5Hs fees /s a fata. f.a6. N'AP %Dd).
T1e ?.5 $C, $;9$ not/0e of appea. 6as not served, and t1e ?.5 %;, $;9$ not/0e 6as not
t/!e.5. T1at appea. !st a.so be d/s!/ssed. In 'e" Po6e..Hs Estate, #% Nev. 9A, $9, 9<= P.$d
<C< D9AC<).
CONCLUSIONS SOUGHT AN& 'ELIE(
9. T1e present br/ef/n2 s01ed.e !st be sta5ed, or, at a bare !/n/!!, re/nst/tted on0e t1e
Cort reso.ves t1e !ot/on to d/s!/ss.
$. T1e nopposed !ot/on to str/8e Co21./nHs append/G D&o0. Q9%:9$;$9) s1o.d be 2ranted.
%. Co21./n 1as fa/.ed to post t1e re3/red bond for 0osts as to e/t1er appea.. &/s!/ssa. /s
re3/red.
C. T1e appea. re2ard/n2 t1e den/a. of /n7n0t/ve re./ef /s !oot and 6as not t/!e.5 f/.ed or
served. &/s!/ssa. /s re3/red.
<. Co21./n ad!/ts t1at t1e not/0e of appea. re2ard/n2 t1e a6ard of attorne5Hs fees b5 t1e
d/str/0t 0ort 6as not t/!e.5. H/s atte!pt to re.5 on a pr/or f/./n2 /s nsond be0ase t1at
paper /s /nterna..5 /n0ons/stent and 6as not proper.5 served.
#.Co21./n, a patent.5 veGat/os ./t/2ator, s1o.d be ordered to pa5 ,er./ss a !.t/p.e of
,er./ssH fees /n0rred on t1/s fr/vo.os appea..
-HE'E(O'E, respondent pra5s t1at t1/s Cort str/8e Co21./nHs prported append/G
D&o0. Q9%:9$;$9), and d/s!/ss t1/s 0onso./dated appea.J and for s01 ot1er, frt1er and
add/t/ona. re./ef as see!s 7st to t1e Cort /n t1e pre!/ses.
&ATE& t1/s of ,a5, $;9%f FsF '/01ard G. H/.., Es3.E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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A t1ree ?st/0e pane. of t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort, /n a <F$=F9% Order /n
#9%=% r.ed" EOrder &/s!/ss/n2 Appea."
T1/s /s an appea. fro! d/str/0t 0ort orders den5/n2 an e!er2en05 !ot/on
for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order or /n7n0t/on and a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees /n a
.and.ord:tenant !atter. Se0ond ?d/0/a. &/str/0t Cort, -as1oe Cont5J Patr/08
(.ana2an, ?d2e.
Appe..ant !oved t1e d/str/0t 0ort for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order or
/n7n0t/on /n an appea. fro! a 7st/0e 0ort order /n a .and.ord tenant d/spte.
(o..o6/n2 t1e den/a. of t1at !ot/on, appe..ant appea.ed to t1/s 0ort.
Sbse3ent.5, t1e d/str/0t 0ort entered an order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees to
respondent and appe..ant a.so appea.ed fro! t1at order.
T1e d/str/0t 0ort 1as f/na. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on /n a.. 0ases ar/s/n2 /n
7st/0e 0orts. Nev. Const. art. #, I #J see a.so -a21 v. Casa>>a, =< Nev. <$;,
<$9, C<= P.$d %<A, %#; D9A#A). A.t1o21 N'AP %ADb)D%) at1or/>es an appea.
fro! an order refs/n2 to 2rant an /n7n0t/on, and N'AP %ADb)D=) at1or/>es an
appea. fro! a post:7d2!ent order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees, see -/nston Prods.
Co., In0. v. &e*oer, 9$$ Nev. <9@, <$<, 9%C P.%d @$#, @%9 D$;;#) Dre0o2n/>/n2
t1at an order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees and 0osts /s sbstant/ve.5 appea.ab.e as a
spe0/a. order after f/na. 7d2!ent), be0ase t1e orders 01a..en2ed /n t1/s 0ase
arose fro! t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs eGer0/se of appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on over an appea.
fro! a 7st/0e 0ort de0/s/on, t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs orders 6ere ostens/b.5 rendered
f/na. and are not appea.ab.e to t1/s 0ort. (or t1e sa!e reasons, to t1e eGtent t1at
appe..ant see8s to appea. fro! an5 ot1er order or deter!/nat/on ar/s/n2 fro! t1e
d/str/0t 0ortHs appe..ate rev/e6 of t1e 7st/0e 0ort !atter, t1/s 0ort ./8e6/se
.a08s 7r/sd/0t/on to 0ons/der an5 s01 appea.s. A00ord/n2.5, as 6e .a08
7r/sd/0t/on over t1/s appea., 6e O'&E' t1/s appea. &IS,ISSE&.fn9 Dfn9"
'espondentHs Apr/. $#, $;9%, !ot/on see8/n2 to d/s!/ss t1/s appea. for .a08 of
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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7r/sd/0t/on on ot1er 2ronds and 1/s Apr/. $#, $;9%, !ot/on to str/8e are den/ed
as !oot. To t1e eGtent t1at respondent see8s attorne5 fees based on t1e !ot/on to
d/s!/ss t1/s appea., t1at re3est /s den/ed. -e frt1er den5 as !oot an5 ot1er
re3ests for re./ef pend/n2 /n t1/s !atter.) FsF ?st/0es G/bbons, &o2.as, and
Sa/tta.
<$* C.?.S. Land.ord Z Tenant I 9<@#" K[II. 'eentr5 and 'e0over5 of Possess/on b5
Land.ord C. Statutory +ispossession ProceedingsH Summary Proceedings ) :ppellate
<eview I 9<@#. Standard of review -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Land.ord and Tenant
$%%8$A9D9=), %9<D9), %9<D%). Under so!e stattes, 1o6ever, d/spossess/on pro0eed/n2s are
tr/ab.e de novo on appea9. A.a.:H5de v. Isbe.., $<C A.a. %@%,C= So. $d C#< D9A<;). ,o.:
Con.e5 v. &ee, $C# S.-.$d %=< D,o. Ct. App. 9A<$). -1ere t1ere /s a tr/a. de novo, t1e
appe..ate 0ort s1o.d 0ons/der t1e fa0ts of t1e 0ase . Ar/>.:O.ds *ros. L!ber Co. v.
's1/n2, #C Ar/>. 9AA,9#@ P.$d %AC D9AC#).O and render a proper &u!g/ent. Ar/>.:O.ds *ros.
L!ber Co. v. 's1/n2, #C Ar/>. 9AA, 9#@ P.$d %AC D9AC#). ,o.:Con.e5 v. &ee, $C# S.-.$d
%=< D,o. C_. App. 9A<$). -1et1er t1e n.a6f. deta/ner not/0e re3/re!ent /s 0a.0.ated /n
a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e t/!/n2 prov/s/ons of t1e 0/v/. r.es /s a !atter of stattor5 /nterpretat/on
to be rev/e6ed de novo. -as1.:C1r/stensen v. E..s6ort1, 9#$ -as1. $d %#<, 9@% P.%d $$=
D$;;@). An order 2rant/n2 a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder a .ease prov/d/n2 *or erio!i" rent
re#er-e! 0y the /onth$ or any #horter erio!$ #houl! 0e re-ie.e! on aeal 0a#e! uon
the #tan!ar! o* re-ie. *or an or!er granting #u//ary &u!g/ent$ .hi"h i# !e no-o
re-ie.$ 0e"au#e #u"h ro"ee!ing# are analogou#. An-ui$ DDC -. F.D. Dragon$ DDC$ B;K
Ne-. ;B;$ B<K P.K! ()4 A;))2G.
N(N. O N.).:,etropo./tan L/fe Ins. Co. v. Carro.., C% ,/s0. $d #%A, $<9 N.).S.$d #A%
DApp. Ter! 9A#C). N(N$O CaL:-1/pp.e v. Haber.e, $$% Ca.. App. $d C@@, %# Ca.. 'ptr. A
D<t1 &/s_. 9A#%). 'ev/e6/n2 de0/s/on re2ard/n2 /ssan0e of a prote0t/ve order &.C.:Gra1a! v.
Lan/er Asso0/ates, 9A A.%d %#9 D&.C. $;99). P.enar5 rev/e6 of sff/0/en05 of not/0e to 3/t
Conn.:*a5er v. S1o6!ot/on, In0., $A$ Conn. %=9,A@% A.$d 9$$A D$;;A). N(N%O A.a.:H5de v.
Isbe.., $<C A.a. %@%,C= So. $d C#< D9A<;). I.L:-oodson v. *enson, %%; I/I. App. $C=, @;
N.E.$d @C$ D9st &/s_. 9AC@). N(NCOI.I.:,/t01e.. v. T5.er, %%$ III. App. <@@, @# N.E.$d $%@
D9st &/s_. 9AC@). ,ass.:Stap.es v. Co../ns, %$9 ,ass. CCA, @% N.E.$d @$A D9AC@). N(N<O
N(N#) N(N@O . N(N=O . N(NAO Nev.:L N(NAO Nev.\Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$%
Nev. $9$, 9#% P.%d C;< D$;;@). C?S LAN&LO'& I 9<@#
A rev/e6 of ?d2e (.ana2anHs %F%;F9$ Order and *a8ers $F$CF9$ Ans6er/n2 *r/ef
revea. t1e eGtent to 61/01 ?d2e (.ana2an, 6/../n2 or not, 6as .ed do6n a 0.ear.5 erroneos
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pat1 b5 *a8er and 1/s prposef..5 !/sstate!ents of t1e .a6, espe0/a..5 as to t1e KStandard
of <eviewL app./0ab.e to an appea. of a Ks!!ar5 ev/0t/onL. (.ana2an 6r/tes"
K Standard of 'ev/e6
On 0/v/. appea.s fro! 7st/0e 0orts to d/str/0t 0orts, a 0ase Emust not be tried anew.H
N?C'CP @$D0). -1et1er on appea. at t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort fro! a d/str/0t 0ort, or
appea. at a d/str/0t 0ort fro! a 7st/0e 0ort, a .o6er 0ortHs f/nd/n2s E6/.. not be d/strbed on
appea. n.ess t1e5 are 0.ear.5 erroneos and are not based on sbstant/a. ev/den0e.E G/be../n/
v +./ndt, 99; Nev. 9$;9, 9$;C,==< P.$d <C;, <C$ D9AAC).
ENAOn order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S C;.$<%D#) s1o.d be rev/e6ed on
appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 &u!g/ent nder
N'C <# be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are ana.o2os.E Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$%
Nev. $9$ $9<, 9#% P.%d C;<, C;@ D$;;@). S!!ar5 &u!g/ent /s proper on.5 /f no 2en/ne
/sse of !ater/a. fa0t eG/sts and t1e !ov/n2 part5 /s ent/t.ed to &u!g/ent as a !atter of .a6.
NEV. '. CIV P. <#D0)J see -ood v. Safe6a5, In0., 9$9 Nev. @$C, @$A, 9$9 P.%d 9;$#, 9;$A
D$;;<). T1e !ov/n2 part5 bears t1e /n/t/a. brden of prov/n2 t1ere /s no 2en/ne /sse of
!ater/a. fa0t. ,a/n v. Ste6art, 9;A Nev. @$9, @$#:$@, =<@ P.$d @<<, @<= D9AA%).
On0e t1e !ov/n2 part5 sat/sf/es t1/s brden, 1o6ever, t1e brden s1/fts to t1e
non!ov/n2 part5 to s1o6 t1e eG/sten0e of a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t. Id. at @$@. -1/.e
t1e p.ead/n2 and t1e re0ord !st be 0onstred /n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to t1e non!ov/n2
part5, t1e part5 !st do !ore t1an s/!p.5 s1o6 t1ere /s so!e !etap15s/0a. dobt as to t1e
operat/ve fa0ts -ood, 9$9 Nev. at @$A. To avo/d 1av/n2 s!!ar5 &u!g/ent entered a2a/nst
/t, t1e part5 !st Dpa2e <) b5 aff/dav/t or ot1er6/se, set fort1 spe0/f/0 fa0ts de!onstrat/n2 t1e
eG/sten0e of a 2en/ne /sse for trial. Id.
Degal Analy#i#
T1/s Cort 1as rev/e6ed a.. of t1e part/esH p.ead/n2s and t1e eG1/b/ts atta01ed t1ereto
T1/s Cort a.so 1as 0ons/dered a.. of t1e part/esH re.evant ar2!ents. After t1/s rev/e6 and
0ons/derat/on, t1/s Cort 6/.. not d/strb ?d2e Sferra>>aHs O0tober $@, $;99 Order 2rant/n2
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. T1/s Cort f/nds t1at Order 6as based on substantial evidence and it was
no clearly erroneous. T1s, t1/s Cort 0on0.des Merliss has met his initial burden of
pro'ing there is no genuine issue of material fact regarding whether oughlin was summarily
e'icted properly. Conse3ent.5, t1e brden s1/fts to Co21./n to s1o6 t1e eG/sten0e of a
2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t.
A.t1o21 Co21./n ra/ses severa. 0.a/!s and !a8es n!eros a..e2at/ons /n 1/s *r/ef
Co21./n *ail# to present additional facts related to his defenses raised in <JC that
undermine or legitimately call into question the substantial evidence uon .hi"h >u!ge
S*erraJJa relie! .hen he grante! #u//ary e-i"tion. T1/s Cort gi-e# substantial
deference to the lo.er "ourt%# *a"tual *in!ing# /n t1/s re2ard, particularly in light of the
numerous hearings held before Fudge 1ferraGGa and oughlin's related opportunities to
present e'idence supporting his 'arious defenses. T1erefore, t1/s Cort *in!# no genuine
i##ue o* /aterial *a"t exi#t# regar!ing .hether Coughlin .a# #u//arily e-i"te!
roerly in the lo.er "ourt. As a res.t, Co21./nHs appea. /s DENIED.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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It /s ent/re.5 n0.ear 615 ?d2e (.ana2anHs Order /nd/0ates"
KPStan!ar! o* Re-ie. On 0/v/. appea.s fro! 7st/0e 0orts to d/str/0t 0orts, a 0ase E/u#t
not 0e trie! ane..H N?C'CP @$D0)...L 61en a rev/e6 of ?NC'CP @$D0) revea.s no s01
at1or/t5. 'at1er N?C'CP @$D0) reads" KD0)MContent of t1e Not/0e of Appea..MT1e not/0e of
appea. s1a.. spe0/f5 t1e part5 or part/es ta8/n2 t1e appea.J s1a.. des/2nate t1e &u!g/ent, order
or part t1ereof appea.ed fro!J and s1a.. na!e t1e 0ort to 61/01 t1e appea. /s ta8en.L
Per1aps ?d2e (.ana2an /ntended to 0/te to N?C'CP 'ULEM
@#A.MMLPO-E'S O( &IST'ICT COU'T ON APPEAL. A case appea.ed
!st not be tr/ed ane6. Upon an appea. heard upon the record or a state!ent
of t1e 0ase, t1e d/str/0t 0ort !a5 rev/e6 a.. orders affe0t/n2 the judgment
appealed from and !a5 set as/de, or 0onf/r!, or !od/f5, an5 or a.. of t1e
pro0eed/n2s sbse3ent to and dependent pon s01 &u!g/ent, and !a5, /f
ne0essar5 or proper, order a ne6 tr/a..L Ho6ever, /t 6as not a K&u!g/entL t1at
Co21./n appea. Dpart/0.ar5 61ere ?d2e Sferra>>a r.ed t1at t1e 9;F$<F99 date
6as not a KTr/a.L bt, rat1er, a K0ont/nat/on of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2L
D1e !ade n!eros 0ontrad/0tor5 r./n2s /n t1at re2ard, bt t1e t1e 9;F$<F99
KEv/0t/on &e0/s/on and OrderL 1as one t/t.e, and t1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COL and
Order of S!!ar5 Ev/0t/onL 0erta/n.5 /nd/0ates N?C'CP 9;A d/d not a0ta..5
0o!e /nto p.a5. 'e2ard.ess, *a8er, Co21./n, and ?d2e (.ana2an a.. 0/te to
Anv/ /n t1e Order and t1e/r *r/efs...and Anv/ !a8es eGtre!e.5 0.ear t1at
appea.s of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on are rev/e6ed Kde novoL, 61/01 !eans Ktr/ed
ane6L, so ?d2e (.ana2anHs /nvo0at/on of so!e r.e 1o.d/n2 t1at 0/v/. appea.s
fro! 7st/0e 0orts to d/str/0t 0orts, a 0ase E/u#t not 0e trie! ane.L /s 0.ear.5
erroneos.
In 1/s $F$CF9$ Ans6er/n2 *r/ef, *a8er 6r/tes" KRESPONDENT%S ANS?ERINF
NRIEF
'espondent, ,ATT ,E'LISS DE,E'LISSE), b5 and t1ro21 1/s 0onse., 'ICHA'&
G. HILL, LT&. and CASE) &. *A+E', ES4., sb!/ts 1/s Ans6er/n2 *r/ef.
I. STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES, T1e on.5 /sse /n t1/s appea. /s 61et1er t1e
'eno ?st/0e Cort erred /n 2rant/n2 a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on of appe..ant, ZACHA')
COUGHLIN DECOUGHLINE) b5 /ts (/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of La6, and Order for
S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on DE((CLZOE) dated &e0e!ber $@, $;9$. See 'e0ord on Appea. DE'OAE)
at Vo.. II, pp. @<:=;. E[HI*IT 9 1ereto.
II. STATEMENT OF THE CASE, A.t1o21 Co21./n 1as !dd/ed t1e re0ord to a
spe0ta0.ar de2ree 6/t1 1/s abs/ve f/./n2s, at /ts 0ore, t1/s /s a s/!p.e no:0ase res/dent/a.
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0ase. T1e pert/nent fa0ts are as fo..o6s"
T1e nder.5/n2 fa0ts of t1e ev/0t/on are set fort1 /n t1e ((CLZO. T1e stattor5 not/0es
and ot1er do0!entar5 ev/den0e t1e 0ort re./ed on /n !a8/n2 /ts f/nd/n2s of fa0t 0an be
fond at 'OA, Vo.. V, pp. =<:=AJ A;:ACJ A<:9;AJ 99%:9$=. E[HI*ITS $, %, C and < 1ereto.
T1e Standard 'enta. A2ree!ent DELEASEE) for t1e 1o!e at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, Nevada
Dt1e EP'OPE'T)E) 0an be fond at 'OA, Vo.. V, pp 9$A:9%$. E[HI*IT # 1ereto. T1ose
fa0ts 6ere estab./s1ed dr/n2 t6o ev/dent/ar5 1ear/n2s, /n 61/01 Co21./n f..5 part/0/pated.
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T1e f/rst 1ear/n2 6as on O0tober 9%, $;99, and .asted A; !/ntes. A 0ont/nat/on of t1at
1ear/n2 o00rred on O0tober $<, $;99, and .asted severa. 1ors. . See ((CLZO at 9. The
uro#e o* tho#e hearing# .a# to 5!eter/ine the truth*ulne## an! #u**i"ien"y o* the
tenant%# an! the lan!lor!%# a**i!a-it#$5 to !eter/ine .hether there i# any 5legal !e*en#e
a# to the allege! unla.*ul !etainer$5 and 61et1er Et1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f.
deta/nerE.$ N'S C;.$<%D#). ((CLZO at C, Para. %. T1ose 1ear/n2s 6ere Co21./nHs
opportn/t5 to sbstant/ate, b5 0o!petent ev/den0e, an5 .e2a. defense 1e !a5 1ave 1ad to t1e
ev/0t/on.
T1e on.5 defenses ra/sed b5 Co21./n be.o6 6ere based on 61at 1e 0.a/!ed 6as
Ereta./ator5E 0ond0t b5 ,er./ss, and E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses at t1e propert5. *ot1 defenses 6ere
based on prov/s/ons of N'S C1apter 99=A.% See ((CLZO at %, Para. A et se3. See, a.so,
'OA, Vo.. I, pp. $%=:$##J 'OA, Vo.. V, pp. 9AC:9A=. At t1e f/rst 1ear/n2, Co21./n a..e2ed
1/s defenses, bt d/d not offer an5 ev/den0e to spport t1e!. ?d2e Sferra>>a 0o.d 1ave
2ranted an ev/0t/on after t1at 1ear/n2, bt 01ose /nstead to allo. Coughlin another
oortunity to #u0#tantiate hi# allegation#.C N'S C;.$<%D#). S/n0e Co21./nHs defenses
6ere based on a..e2ed E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses, t1e 0ort re3/red 1/! to depos/t, prsant to
N'S C;.%<<D<), t1e a/ount o* rent Coughlin "lai/e! he ha! .ithhel! for t1ose reasons,
before 1e 6o.d be allo.e! to #u0#tantiate the/ .ith e-i!en"e.< 'OA, Vo..., p. 9<%.
Co21./n .t/!ate.5 failed to raise any material factual dispute, and t1e 0ort proper.5
2ranted t1e ev/0t/on. T1e .o08ot 6as perfor!ed on Nove!ber 9, $;99. Co21./n f/.ed 1/s
f/rst not/0e of appea. on Nove!ber %, $;99.# 'OA Vo.. III, pp. $$A:$%%. On Nove!ber
9%,$;99, Co21./n 6as fond ./v/n2 /n t1e base!ent of t1e propert5, and 6as arrested.@ 'OA,
Vo.. III, pp. 9=:%%. Co21./n 0ont/nes to f/.e add/t/ona. papers /n bot1 0orts, .herein he
atte/t# to rai#e ne. argu/ent# he ne-er rai#e! 0elo..
III. STANDARD OF REVIE?, ENAOn order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S
C;.$<%D#) s1o.d be rev/e6ed on appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order
2rant/n2 s!!ar5 &u!g/ent nder NRCP 4< be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are analogous.,,=
Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$% Nev. $9$, $9<,9#% P.%d C;< D$;;@). ETo #u""e##*ully
!e*en! again#t a #u//ary &u!g/ent /otion$ the non/o-ing arty /u#t tran#"en! the
lea!ing# an!$ 0y a**i!a-it or other a!/i##i0le e-i!en"e$ intro!u"e #e"i*i" *a"t# that
#ho. a genuine issue of material fact . A Torrea.ba v. +es!/t/s, 9$C Nev. A<, 9@= P.%d @9#
D$;;=).
HEA 0ase appea.ed !st not be tr/ed a ne6.E9; N?C'CP @#A. (rt1er, Ea N.o6er
0ortHsO f/nd/n2s 6/.. not be d/strbed on appea. n.ess t1e5 are 0.ear.5 erroneos and are not
based on sbstant/a. ev/den0e.E99 G/be../n/ v. +./ndt, 99; Nev. 9$;9, 9$;C, ==< P.$d <C;
D9AAC) De!p1as/s added). ET1e not/0e of appea. s1a.. spe0/f5 t1e part5 or part/es ta8/n2 t1e
appea.J s1a.. des/2nate t1e &u!g/ent, order or part t1ereof appea.ed fro! ...,,9$ N?C'CP
@$D0). EOn.5 t1ose parts of t1e &u!g/ent 61/01 are /n0.ded /n t1e not/0e of appea. 6/.. be
0ons/dered b5 t1e appe..ate Cort.,,9% 'eno Ne6spapers, In0. v. */bb, @# Nev. %%$, %%<, %<%
P.$d C<= D9A#;).
IV. ARFUMENT, &esp/te 1av/n2 f/.ed !ore t1an <; pa2es /n t6o br/efs, Co21./n
fa/.s to art/0.ate or 0o1erent.5 ana.5>e 61at 1e 0.a/!s to be errors b5 t1e 7st/0e 0ort. 9C
P.ease see ,er./ssH 0onter:!ot/on to str/8e eG0ess pa2es, f/.ed 1ere/n on (ebrar5 A, $;9$. If
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t1e 0ort /s 2o/n2 to 0ons/der an5t1/n2 be5ond t1e f/rst f/ve pa2es f/.ed b5 Co21./n, ,er./ss
spe0/f/0a..5 re3ests .eave to f/.e a spp.e!enta. br/ef to !eet t1ose ar2!ents. He does not
!a8e so !01 as a s/n2.e 0/tat/on to t1e 'OA, and 1/s fa/.re /n t1/s re2ard /s san0t/onab.e.9<
See N'AP $=Da)D=) and De). See a.so, -edde.. v. Ste6art, 9$@ Nev. Adv. Op. <=,$#9 P.%d
9;=;, 9;=C DSept. $A,$;99) DE .../t /s /!perat/ve t1at t1e part/es fo..o6 t1e app./0ab.e
pro0edra. r.es and t1at t1e5 0o!p.5 /n a t/!e.5 fas1/on 6/t1 Nt1e 0ortHsO d/re0t/ves.E)J and
S!/t1 v. E!er5, 9;A Nev. @%@, @C%, =<# P.$d 9%=# D9AA%). T1e Cort and ,er./ss are
nfa/r.5 .eft to spe0.ate as to t1e bases for 1/s appea.. 9# Cf., S0108 v. S/2natre (./21t
Spport ofNevada, In0., 9$# Nev. b DAdv.Op. C$),$C< P.%d <C$,<CC:<C< DNov. C, $;9;) Dt1e
0ort /s Enot ob./2ated to 6ade t1ro21 and sear01 t1e ent/re re0ord for so!e spe0/f/0 fa0ts
61/01 !/21t spport t1e non!ov/n2 part5Hs 0.a/!.E) Cf., N?C'CP @CDb). T1e /n0o1eren05 of
Co21./nHs br/efs !a8es t1at tas8 near.5 /!poss/b.e. T1/s d/ff/0.t5 /s 0o!ponded b5
Co21./nHs refsa. to pa5 for a trans0r/pt of t1e pro0eed/n2s be.o6. 9@Cf., N?C'CP @CDb). On
or abot (ebrar5 =, $;9$, Co21./n atte!pted to spp.e!ent 1/s open/n2 br/ef 6/t1 a C&
t1at spposed.5 0onta/ned t1e ad/o re0ord/n2s of t1e 1ear/n2s be.o6. Not on.5 6as t1/s an
/!proper atte!pt b5 Co21./n to 0/r0!vent t1e re0ord on appea., t1e C& de./vered to t1e
nders/2nedHs off/0e 6as so bad.5 da!a2ed, t1at /t 6o.d not be opened, even b5 0onse.Hs IT
profess/ona.. *e0ase of Co21./nHs trans2ress/ons, ,er./ss 1as been depr/ved of t1e ab/./t5 to
a00rate.5 0/te to t1e 1ear/n2 be.o6. As best ,er./ss 0an te.., Co21./n a..e2es t1e fo..o6/n2
errors"
B. >u!ge S*erraJJa /i#ta8enly "alle! the O"to0er ;4$ ;)B; hearing a 5trial5 an!
re7uire! Coughlin to !eo#it the .ithhel! rent .ith the "ourt
S!!ar5 ev/0t/on 1ear/n2s are 0ond0ted prsant to N'S C;.$<%D#). E(or!a.E
ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s are 0ond0ted prsant to N'S C;.$A; t1ro21 N'S C;.C$;. E(or!a.E
ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s 0onte!p.ate t1e f/./n2 of a 0o!p.a/nt, an ans6er, 0ond0t/n2 d/s0over5,
and a for!a. Etr/a..,,9= Id. T1e5 0an /n0.de 0.a/!s for da!a2es b5 bot1 s/des. E(or!a.E
ev/0t/ons 0an e/t1er be /n/t/ated b5 t1e .and.ord /n t1e f/rst /nstan0e, or, 61ere a s!!ar5
ev/0t/on 1as been 0o!!en0ed, and t1e tenant estab./s1es a .e2a. defense at t1e 1ear/n2, t1e
0ort !st t1en order t1e part/es to pro0eed nder t1ose stattes.9A See N'S C;.$<%D#).
-1en ?d2e Sferra>>a 0ont/ned t1e O0tober 9%, $;99 1ear/n2, 1e !/sspo8e and 0a..ed
t1e se0ond 1ear/n2 a Etr/a..E T1at sa!e 6ord, Etr/a.,E 6as entered /nto t1e 0ortHs order.$;
'OA, Vo.. I, p. 9<%. Co21./n 1as se/>ed pon t1e 6ord Etr/a.E to ar2e t1at 1e s1o.d 1ave
been afforded so!e frt1er pro0edra. prote0t/ons of t1e Efor!a.E ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s
D!a/n.5, de.a5). T1/s ar2!ent /s nonsense.$9 See, N?C'CP 9;C DEPr/or to t1e 1o.d/n2 of a
1ear/n2 for s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, t1e 7st/0e s1a.. deter!/ne t1e !et1od of serv/0e of not/0e of
t1e 1ear/n2 on bot1 part/es.E). T1e on.5 6a5 t1e 0ort 0o.d 1ave ordered t1e part/es to
pro0eed 6/t1 a Efor!a.E ev/0t/on /s /f /t fond t1at Co21./n 1ad ra/sed a .e2a. defense to t1e
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on.$$ N'S C;.$<%D#). Here, /t fond t1e oppos/te.
In r./n2 fro! t1e ben01, t1e 0ort eGp.a/ned !ore t1an on0e t1at t1e prpose of t1e
O0tober $<, $;99 pro0eed/n2 6as to a..o6 Co21./n anot1er opportn/t5 to sbstant/ate t1e
defenses 1e 1ad a..e2ed at t1e f/rst 1ear/n2, be0ase 1e 1ad not 5et done so.$% Co21./nHs
neGp.a/ned and neG0sed refsa. to pa5 for a trans0r/pt !a8es /t /!poss/b.e to 0/te ?d2e
Sferra>>aHs state!ents 6/t1 pre0/s/on. T1e 0ortHs order ref.e0ts t1/s, /n t1at /t re3/red
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co21./n to depos/t t1e 6/t11e.d rent /f 1e DCo21./n) 6/s1ed to 1ave anot1er opportn/t5 to
prove p 1/s 1ab/tab/./t5 defenses. If 1e fa/.ed to post t1e rent, t1e ev/0t/on 6o.d be 2ranted,
be0ase 1e 1ad not estab./s1ed a .e2a. defense as re3/red b5 N'S C;.$<%D#). T1e 0ortHs
/nadvertent se of t1e 6ord Etr/a.E d/d not so!e1o6 ta8e t1e 0ase ot of t1e s!!ar5
pro0eed/n2s, nor 0o.d /t 1ave, and an5 ar2!ent t1at /t d/d eGa.ts for! over sbstan0e and
/2nores t1e 0.ear prpose of t1e order. $C A00ord, Lee v. GNLV Corp., 99# Nev. C$C, C$@,
AA# P.$d C9# D$;;;) Dt1e /!portant /n3/r5 /s on E61at t1e order or 7d2!ent a0ta..5 does,
not on 61at /t /s 0a..ed.E)De!p1as/s /n or/2/na.). Co21./n 8ne6 t1e O0tober $<, $;99 1ear/n2
6as !ere.5 a 0ont/nat/on of t1e f/rst 1ear/n2. He 8ne6 t1at t1ere 1ad not been an5 for!a.
0o!p.a/nt f/.ed. T1ere /s not one /n t1e re0ord. He re0o2n/>ed, and ar2ed repeated.5, t1at a..
1e 1ad to do to defeat t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6as estab./s1 a !ater/a. fa0ta. d/spte for tr/a..
In fa0t, 1e ar2es as !01 /n t1e Estate!ent of fa0ts and .a6E 1e prports to /n0orporate /n 1/s
f/rst not/0e of appea..$< 'OA, Vo.. III, pp. $%;:$%%. Co21./n d/d not eGp.a/n 1o6 1e 0o.d
1ave poss/b.5 been pre7d/0ed b5 t1e 0ortHs !/sstate!ent, so /t /s of no 0onse3en0e.
As to t1e rent depos/t, N'S 99=A.%<< spe0/f/0a..5 prov/des t1at ENaO tenant does not
1ave a defense to an ev/0t/on nder para2rap1 Dd) of sbse0t/on 9 n.ess t1e tenant 1as
depos/ted t1e 6/t11e.d rent /nto an es0ro6 a00ont prsant to t1/s sbse0t/on.E Co21./n 6as
atte!pt/n2 to set p a defense based on E1ab/tab/./t5E.$# N'S 99=A.%<<D.)Dd). 'OA, Vo.. I,
pp. $%=:$##. He 1ad 6/t11e.d rent /n t1e pro0ess, 61/.e prport/n2 to /nvo8e t1at statte.$@
Id. Even t1o21 t1e ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 6as for Eno:0ase,E and not eGpress.5 based on
Co21./nHs fa/.re to pa5 rent, t1e 0ort 6as 0orre0t to re3/re 1/! to depos/t 61at 1e 0.a/!ed
1e 1ad 6/t11e.d, /n order to pro0eed 6/t1 1/s defense. T1e statte /s p.a/n on /ts fa0e, and
!a8es .o2/0a. sense, as 6e... If Co21./n d/d not 1ave t1e rent, and fa/.ed to prove 1/s 0ase,
t1e 0ort 1as, /n effe0t, /!proper.5 en7o/ned t1e .and.ordHs se of 1/s propert5. In an5 event,
t1e O0tober 9%, $;99 order 6as not an appea.ab.e order nder N?C'CP @$A. (or t1at reason,
/t /s not proper.5 at /sse 1ere. It /s a.so !oot, s/n0e t1e 0ort eventa..5 retrned Co21./nHs
depos/t to 1/!, as d/s0ssed frt1er, be.o6.
;. Not *in!ing any a/0iguity in the lea#e regar!ing 5.ee!#5
One E1ab/tab/./t5E /te! a..e2ed b5 Co21./n 6as t1at 6eeds 6ere 2ro6/n2 /n t1e 5ard.
T1e 0ort fond t1at !a/ntenan0e of t1e srrond/n2 2ronds, /n0.d/n2 an5 6eeds, 6ere
Co21./nHs respons/b/./t5 nder para2rap1 $$ of t1e Lease. $= See ((LCZO at Para.99:99.9.
T1at para2rap1 prov/des /n part t1at ETenant 6/.. /rr/2ate and !a/nta/n an5 srrond/n2
2ronds, /n0.d/n2 .a6ns and s1rbber5, /f t1e5 are for t1e TenantHs eG0.s/ve se.E $A
E[HI*IT # at $, Para $$. It /s nd/spted t1at t1e 5ard at t1e propert5 6as for Co21./nHs
eG0.s/ve se. T1e Lease /s na!b/2os, and t1e 0ortHs f/nd/n2 6as 0orre0t. ,oreover,
E6eedsE do not 0onst/tte a E1ab/tab/./t5E /sse nder N'S 99=A.$A;, /n an5 event, and
Co21./n never presented an5 ev/den0e t1at t1e5 d/d, or t1at 1e 0o!p./ed 6/t1 t1e stattor5
proto0o. for 6/t11o.d/n2, or 1ad an5 r/21t to 6/t11o.d, an5 rent for t1at, or an5 ot1er a..e2ed
E1ab/tab/./t5E /sse.%; ((CLZO at Para.9$:9$...
K. Franting a noC"au#e #u//ary e-i"tion again#t a 5"o//er"ial5 tenant
Co21./n no6 ar2es t1at 1e 6as a E0o!!er0/a.E tenant, and t1erefore not sb7e0t to
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. He f/rst ra/sed t1/s ar2!ent /n 1/s Eoppos/t/on to !ot/on for order to s1o6
0ase,E 61/01 1e f/.ed on &e0e!ber <, $;99, s/G 6ee8s after t1e ev/0t/on 6as 2ranted.%9
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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'OA, Vo.. IV, pp. $<%:$#9. ,er./ss addressed /t /n 1/s rep.5 f/.ed t1e fo..o6/n2 da5. %$ See,
ESpp.e!enta. ?st/0e Cort Appea. Pro0eed/n2s,E at $, f/.ed 1ere/n on ?anar5 C, $;9$.
,er./ssH rep.5 /s /dent/f/ed as /te! n!ber C. (or reasons n8no6n, 0op/es of t1ose
do0!ents 6ere not !ade ava/.ab.e to ,er./ss t1ro21 t1e 0ortHs e.e0tron/0 f/./n2 s5ste!.
(/rst, Co21./n 1as t1e .a6 6ron2. S!!ar5 ev/0t/ons are ava/.ab.e a2a/nst a tenant of an5
propert5 t1at /s sb7e0t to N'S C1apter 99=A, 61/01 ,er./ssH propert5 n3est/onab.5 6as.
%% N'S C;.$<C. Se0ond, Co21./n aff/r!at/ve.5 6a/ved an5 ar2!ent t1at N'S C1apter
.9=A does not app.5 b5 bas/n2 1/s ent/re defense Dreta./at/onF1ab/tab/./t5) on 61at 1e a..e2ed
6ere v/o.at/ons of t1at 01apter. %C See ((CLZO be2/nn/n2 at ,A. See, a.so, 'OA, Vo.. I, pp.
$%=:$##. ,oreover, be0ase t1e 0ort adopted Co21./nHs pos/t/on and r.ed on t1at bas/s, 1e
/s 7d/0/a..5 estopped fro! 01an2/n2 1/s t1eor5 no6. %< ,ar0se v. &e. -ebb Co!!n/t/es,
9$%Nev. $@=, 9#% P.%d C#$ D$;;@). Add/t/ona..5, s/n0e Co21./n never t/!e.5 ra/sed t1e
ar2!ent be.o6, /t 0annot for! t1e bas/s for an5 re./ef on appea..%# S0108. T1e .o6er 0ort
re0o2n/>ed as !01 at t1e &e0e!ber $;,$;99 1ear/n2 on Co21./nHs !ot/on to 0ontest
persona. propert5 ./en. (or t1at 1ear/n2, ,er./ss 1ad sbpoenaed &ar.ene S1arpe, t1e rea.
estate a2ent 61o 1ad fa0/./tated t1e renta. of t1e propert5 to Co21./n, to test/f5 /n t1e event
t1e 0ort 6as 2o/n2 to a..o6 Co21./n to be.ated.5 ar2e t1/s /sse. 'OA, Vo.. VI, p.9=%. At
t1at 1ear/n2, ?d2e Sferra>>a appropr/ate.5 re0o2n/>ed t1at Co21./n 6as /!proper.5
atte!pt/n2 to re./t/2ate t1e ev/0t/on based on prev/os.5 nra/sed ar2!ents, and d/d not .et
t1e part/es address or present an5 ev/den0e on t1e !atter. ,s. S1arpe 6as prepared to test/f5
t1at D9) Co21./n never !ent/oned t1at 1e 6as an attorne5, or t1at 1e 1ad e/t1er a E.a6
pra0t/0eE or a E!attress bs/ness,E D$) t1at Co21./n 1ad represented 1/!se.f on 1/s renta.
app./0at/on as a Ese.f:e!p.o5ed resear01er,E and D%) t1at Co21./n 1ad srrept/t/os.5 a.tered
t1e .ease to a..o6 for E0o!!er0/a.E se of t1e propert5. See, 'ep.5 /n Spport of ,ot/on for
Order to S1o6 Case, /dent/f/ed as /te! n!ber C /n t1e Spp.e!enta. ?st/0e Cort Appea.
Pro0eed/n2s, f/.ed 1ere/n on ?anar5 C, $;9$. In an5 event, Co21./n 1as not 0/ted to
an561ere /n t1e 'OA t1at 6o.d spport t1/s ne6 ar2!ent, and ne/t1er t1/s Cort nor t1e
0ort be.o6 are or 6ere ob./2ated to s/ft t1ro21 t1e re0ord /n sear01 of so!e fa0t 61/01
!/21t spport 1/s 0.a/!.%@ S0108. (/na..5, even /f Co21./n 6ere rnn/n2 one or !ore
n./0ensed bs/nesses ot oft 1e propert5, 1e does not eGp.a/n 1o6 t1at 6o.d ta8e t1/s !atter
ot of N'S C1apter .9=A.
(. Not hol!ing a hearing on Coughlin%# /otion to "onte#t er#onal roerty lien
.ithin B) !ay#
T1e ((CLZO 6as entered on O0tober $@, $;99. Co21./nHs f/rst not/0e of appea. 6as
f/.ed on Nove!ber %,$;99. Co21./n f/.ed 1/s f/rst !ot/on to 0ontest personaO propert5 ./en on
Nove!ber 9#,$;99.%= 'OA, Vo.. III, pp. 9<%:9#;. N'S C;.$<%D=) prov/des t1at a 1ear/n2 on
t1at !ot/on !st be set 6/t1/n 9; da5s after t1e !ot/on /s f/.ed. Ho6ever, Co21./n refsed to
0ooperate 6/t1 0ort staff to set t1e 1ear/n2 1e re3ested, so /t d/d not ta8e p.a0e 6/t1/n 9;
da5s.%A 'OA, Vo.. IV, pp.$, $$:$%. T1en, on Nove!ber $%, $;99, Co21./n /neGp./0ab.5
f/.ed anot1er not/0e of appea..C; 'OA, Vo.. III, p. <. -1at /s /!portant for t1/s 0ortHs
prposes /s t1at ne/t1er not/0e of appea. /dent/f/es an5 per0e/ved error re2ard/n2 t1e 0ortHs
pro0edre /n sett/n2 a 1ear/n2 on t1at 0o..atera. !atter. Nor /s s01 an E/sseE appea.ab.e
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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nder N?C'CP @$A. As s01, t1/s E/sseE /s /nappropr/ate for t1e 0ortHs 0ons/derat/on
1ere.C9 'eno Ne6spapers, In0.
4. Not granting Coughlin a #tay
Co21./n 6as 2ranted /n for!a paper/s DEI(PE) stats b5 t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort on
O0tober #, $;99.C$ 'OA, Vo.. I, pp. $@C:$@<. I(P stats on.5 app./es to t1e tr/a. .eve. of
./t/2at/on, not to appea.s. C% N'S 9$";9<. Casper v. Hber, =< Nev. C@C, C<# P.$d C%#
D9A#A). A00ord/n2.5, /f 1e 6/s1ed to sta5 t1e enfor0e!ent of t1e ((CLZO and stop t1e
.o08ot, 1e 6as re3/red to post a spersedeas bond, and obta/n an order 2rant/n2 a sta5,
before t1e .o08ot o00rred.
As to t1e bond re3/re!ent, s/n0e t1/s 0ase 6as not a Efor!a.E ev/0t/on, N?C'CP
@%ADa)D9)DC) do not app.5. Instead, t1/s 0ase fa..s nder t1e E0at01a..E prov/s/on at t1e end of
sbse0t/on Da) of t1at '.e, 61/01 prov/des /n pert/nent part EIn 0ases not prov/ded for /n D9),
D$), D%) or DC) above, t1e 2/v/n2 of an appea. bond, nder t1e prov/s/ons of '.e @%, s1a.. sta5
pro0eed/n2s /n t1e 0ort be.o6 pon t1e &u!g/ent or order appea.ed fro! ... eG0ept 61ere
t1e appe..ate 0ort !a5 ot1er6/se d/re0t pon s01 ter!s as /t !a5 /n /ts d/s0ret/on
/!pose.,,CC N?C'CP @%ADa). N?C'CP @% prov/des t1at ET1e bond or e3/va.ent se0r/t5
s1a.. be /n t1e s! or va.e of B$<; n.ess t1e 7st/0e 0ort f/Ges a d/fferent a!ont.E
DE!p1as/s added). N'S C;.%=<D9) prov/des t1at a sta5 !a5 be obta/ned b5 post/n2 a bond /n
t1e a!ont of B$<;.;; 6/t1 t1e tr/a. 0ort.
Co21./n depos/ted B$,$@< 6/t1 t1e 0ort prsant to N'S 99=A.%<< and t1e 0ortHs
order of O0tober 9%,$;99. He ora..5 !oved t1e 0ort for a sta5 of t1e ev/0t/on at t1e end of
t1e O0tober $<, $;99 1ear/n2, bt d/d not 0/te an5 at1or/t5 for 1/s re3est. A00ord/n2.5, t1at
!ot/on 6as den/ed.C< 'OA, Vo.. II, pp. =<,$. T1s, a.t1o21 t1e 0ort ordered t1at
Co21./nHs depos/t 6o.d serve as 1/s appea. bond, /t den/ed a sta5 be0ase Co21./n d/d not
prov/de t1e 0ort 6/t1 an5 bas/s to 2rant one, as 6as 1/s .e2a. respons/b/./t5. T1en, at
Co21./nHs spe0/f/0 re3est, t1e 0ort 1e.d an e!er2en05 1ear/n2 on Nove!ber @, $;99, 61ere
/t a!ended t1e ((CLZO and retrned a.. s!s on depos/t to Co21./n, as 1e 6as 0.a!or/n2.
T1e 0ort t1en set t1e spersedeas bond at B$,@;;.;;, as /t 6as ent/t.ed to do.C# 'OA, Vo. III,
pp. $9=:$9AJ Vo.. II, pp. C,$@. Co21./n no6 ar2es t1at 1e s1o.d 1ave been 2ranted a sta5
of t1e ev/0t/on be0ase 1e 1ad fnds on depos/t 6/t1 t1e 0ort at t1e t/!e of t1e .o08ot. Even
/f 1e 6o.d 1ave been ent/t.ed to t1at re./ef, t1at pos/t/on /s /n0ons/stent 6/t1 1/s pr/or
de!ands t1at a.. of 1/s depos/t be retrned to 1/!, and 1e /s 7d/0/a..5 estopped fro! ar2/n2
/t no6.C@,ar0se. If Co21./n 6anted to app.5 t1ose fnds to a sper:sedeas bond nder
?C'CP @%A or N'S C;.%=<, 1e s1o.d 1ave e/t1er !ade t1at re3est at t1e O0tober $<, $;99
1ear/n2 61en t1e ev/0t/on 6as annon0ed, or so!et/!e bet6een t1at 1ear/n2 and t1e .o08ot
a 6ee8 .ater. He never d/d so. In fa0t, 1e d/d 7st t1e oppos/te. -1en Co21./n f/.ed 1/s
E!ot/on for sta5H C= D'OA, Vo.. II, p. %.) on O0tober %9,$;99, /n 61/01 1e de!anded 1/s
depos/t ba08 CA D'OA, Vo.. II, pp. C, $@), t1e .o08ot 1ad not even o00rred. T1at 0onf/r!s
t1at Co21./n 1ad no /ntent/on of post/n2 a bond. or app.5/n2 t1ose fnds /n order to obta/n a
sta5. He 0annot be 1eard to ar2e ot1er6/se no6. T1en, after 1e re0e/ved 1/s depos/t ba08, 1e
d/d not depos/t an5 add/t/ona. fnds 6/t1 t1e 0ort nt/. on or abot &e0e!ber =, $;99 61en
1e f/na..5 pa/d t1e f/./n2 fee to perfe0t 1/s appea.. T1ereafter, on &e0e!ber 9C, $;99, 1e
posted B$<;.;; for 1/s appea. bond, and B9.;; for 1/s Espersedeas bondE D61/01 s!s 1e 1as
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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sbse3ent.5 !oved to 1ave retrned to 1/!).<; 'OA, Vo.. IV, pp. $9;:$99.*5 t1en, 1/s
re3est for a sta5 1ad been !oot for approG/!ate.5 s/G 6ee8s.
<. Sheri**%# re/o-al o*tenant 5.ithin ;( hour# o* re"eit o* the Or!er.5
Co21./n tr/es to /!p.5 so!e sort of 6ron2do/n2 /n re.at/on to t1e .o08ot /n t1/s 0ase
on pa2e 9 of 1/s se0ond open/n2 br/ef. *t 1e does not /nfor! t1e 0ort to 61/01 EorderE 1e /s
referr/n2 t1at prov/ded for a .o08ot E6/t1/n $C 1ors,E or 61at, eGa0t.5, 1/s ar2!ent /s. <9
Cf., S0108. In t1/s 0ase, t1e 0ort annon0ed t1e ev/0t/on at t1e 1ear/n2 on O0tober $<,
$;99.<$ 'OA, Vo.. II, p. =<. T1at ev/0t/on 6as not effe0t/ve nt/. after <";; p.!. on O0tober
%9, $;99, s/G da5s .ater. T1/s 6as 0onf/r!ed /n t1e ((CLZO s/2ned b5 t1e 0ort on O0tober
$@, $;99. Co21./n 6as .o08ed ot on Nove!ber 9, $;99. T1/s Ear2!entE /s fr/vo.os,
nspported, nonsens/0a. and 0annot for! t1e bas/s for an5 re./ef 1ere.
2. The trial Court%# Ali"ation o* NRS BB+A.(3)
Co21./n 0o!p.a/ns t1at /t 6as revers/b.e error for t1e Etr/a. 0ortE to app.5 N'S 99=A.CA;.
He does not 0/te to an561ere /n t1e 'OA to spport 1/s a..e2at/on t1at t1at statte 6as ever
app./ed b5 t1e 0ort.<% Cf., S0108. In fa0t, /t never 6as. T1e 7st/0e 0ort app./ed N'S
99=A.%<<D<). T1/s Ear2!entE /s of no !o!ent.
+. The Se"urity Deo#it.
Co21./n a..e2es t1at ,er./ss 1as not retrned or a00onted for t1e se0r/t5 depos/t nder t1e
Lease. He 1as not 0/ted to an561ere /n t1e 'OA to sbstant/ate t1at a..e2at/on. <C Cf.,
S0108. He does not eGp.a/n 1o6 t1e se0r/t5 depos/t 1as an5t1/n2 to do 6/t1 t1e nder.5/n2
no:0ase ev/0t/on, or 1o6 t1e .o6er 0ort erred /n re.at/on to /t.<< Cf., G/be../n/. Co21./n
6ants to d/s0ss 61at 1e t1/n8s /s a 0.a/! for da!a2es, bt ne/t1er t1/s Cort nor t1e 0ort
be.o6 1ave or 1ad 7r/sd/0t/on to even 0ons/der t1e !atter. <# N?C'CP @#A, 'eno
Ne6spaper, In0.J N'S
V. CONCDUSION" &esp/te t6o opportn/t/es to do so, Co21./n fa/.ed to !eet 1/s
brden be.o6 to /ntrod0e, b5 aff/dav/t or ot1er ad!/ss/b.e ev/den0e, spe0/f/0 fa0ts t1at s1o6
a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t. As s01, t1e 7st/0e 0ort proper.5 2ranted t1e s!!ar5
ev/0t/on based on t1e ev/den0e before /tJ na!e.5, t1e Lease, t1e stattor5 not/0es served b5
,er./ss, and t1e test/!on5 add0ed at t1e 1ear/n2s. Co21./n 1as not !et 1/s brden 1ere to
s1o6 t1at an5 of t1e 0ortHs f/nd/n2s 6ere 0.ear.5 erroneos and not based on sbstant/a.
ev/den0e. T1e Ear2!entsE 1e presents /n 1/s br/efs are nonsens/0a., and,. for t1e !ost part,
nt/!e.5, not proper.5 preserved or before t1/s 0ort, and der/ved fro! nappea.ab.e a0t/v/t5
be.o6. None of Co21./nHs ar2!ents are spported b5 an5 0/tat/on to t1e re0ord. As s01, 1e
1as not 2/ven t1/s 0ort an5 ev/dent/ar5 or .e2a. bas/s to overtrn an5 r./n2 b5 t1e .o6er
0ort. -1at Co21./n rea..5 6ants to do /s re./t/2ate t1e 0ase 1ere, 61/01 /s not per!/tted.
Co21./n /s not ent/t.ed to an5 re./ef, and 1/s appea. !st be d/s!/ssed.
-HE'E(O'E, ,er./ss pra5s t1at Co21./n ta8e not1/n2 b5 6a5 of 1/s appea.J t1at
sa!e be d/s!/ssed /n /ts ent/ret5J and t1at t1e &u!g/ent of t1e .o6er 0ort, /n0.d/n2 /ts order
of &e0e!ber $@, $;99, be aff/r!edJ that Merliss be awarded his fees and costs of this appeal
in accordance with "<S BK-4-J t1at Co21./n be 1e.d /n 0onte!pt of 0ort as pra5ed for /n
,er./ssH !ot/on for order to s1o6 0ase, f/.ed 1ere/n on ?anar5 $;, $;9$J and for s01 ot1er,
frt1er and add/t/ona. re./ef as see!s 7st to t1e 0ort /n t1e pre!/ses. FsF Case5 &. *a8er
$F$CF9$L
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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?d2e (.ana2anHs %F%;F9$ Order den5/n2 Co21./nHs appea., a!on2st ot1er t1/n2s, /n ;%#$=
reads"
KO'&E'
T1/s 0ase /s an appea. fro! 'eno ?st/0e Cort DE'?CE) and /nvo.ves t1e s!!ar5
ev/0t/on of a tenant, P.a/nt/ff ZACHA') COUGHLIN DECo21./nE), nder N'S C1apter C;.
Crrent.5 before t1/s Cort are t1ree !atters, a.. of 61/01 1ave been f..5 br/efed and
sb!/tted for de0/s/on.
T1e f/rst !atter before t1/s Cort /s Co21./nHs ,ot/on nder N'CP <$Db) and N'CP
<A to A.ter or A!end t1e Order &en5/n2 ,ot/on to Prevent &/sposa. of Persona. Propert5.
T1e se0ond !atter /s &efendant ,ATTHE- ,E'LISSHs DE,er./ssE) ,ot/on for Leave to
(/.e Ans6er/n2 *r/ef /n EG0ess of (/ve Pa2es. T1e t1/rd and f/na. !atter /s t1e part/esH
Appe..ate *r/efs, /n0.d/n2 Co21./nHs Open/n2 *r/ef and ,er./ssHs Ans6er/n2 *r/ef. T1/s
Cort 6/.. address ea01 of t1ese !atters /n trn. (n9 Dfn9" T1e part/es are fa!/./ar 6/t1 t1e
fa0ts and pro0edra. 1/stor5 of t1/s 0ase. T1s, t1/s Cort 6/.. re0/te ne/t1er t1e fa0ts nor
pro0edra. 1/stor5 n.ess do/n2 so /s ne0essar5 to t1/s CortHs deter!/nat/on.) Dpa2e 9)
N'CP <$Db) and N'CP <A
T1e ob7e0t of Co21./nHs ,ot/on f/.ed on ?anar5 %;, $;9$ appears to be t1/s CortH
Order dated ?anar5 99, $;9$. In t1at Order, t1/s Cort den/ed Co21./nHs e!er2en05 re3est
for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order. Co21./n !ade t1e re3est after ?d2e Sferra>>a of '?
entered an Order on &e0e!ber $9, $;99, /n 61/01 1e ordered" D9) Co21./n to pa5 BC=;.;; to
,er./ss for stora2e of 1/s persona. propert5 bet6een Nove!ber 9,$;99 and Nove!ber
9#,$;99J and D$) Co21./n s1a.. 1ave a00ess to t1e pre!/ses fro! A";; a.!. to <";; p.!.
&e0e!ber $$, $;99 and &e0e!ber $%, $;99 to re!ove 1/s persona. propert5. Co21./n
0.a/!s t1/s CortHs ?anar5 99, $;9$ Order E/s 0.ear.5 /na00rate to t1e eGtent /t prports to
f/nd t1at t1e nders/2ned !ade an5 a2ree!ent to 6a/ve 1/s se0r/t5 depos/t /n eG01an2e for
add/t/ona. a00ess to t1e propert5.E DPI. ,ot. at p. 9$.) In add/t/on, Co21./n aver 0onse. for
,er./ss !/s.ed t1/s Cort b5 0.a/!/n2 Co21./n 6as per!/tted to re!ove persona propert5
after <";; p.!. Co21./n frt1er a..e2es 0onse. for ,er./ss Eboarded pE t1e pre!/ses
E/nsta..NedO a 01a/n and pad.o08 on t1e ba08 2ate,E and .ater atte!pted to f/.e s/t for t1e
d/sposa. 0osts of re!ov/n2 t1e propert5, a.. of 61/01 prevented Co21./n fro! re!ov/n2 t1e
/te!s /n t1e f/rst p.a0e. DP.. ,ot. at p. 9C.) Conse3ent.5, Co21./n 0ontends t1/s CortHs
Order s1o.d be a!ended or a.tered nder N'CP <$ or <A to /n0.de t1ese a..e2at/ons as
add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of fa0t.
Converse.5, /n 1/s Oppos/t/on f/.ed on (ebrar5 %, $;9$ ,er./ss avers Co21./n fa/.s to
art/0.ate 61/01 f/nd/n2s 1e 6ants a!ended nder N'CP <$. Even /f Co21./n d/d art/0.ate
s01 f/nd/n2s, 1o6ever, ,er./ss 0ontends re./ef nder N'CP <$Db) /s nonet1e.ess nava/.ab.e
to Co21./n be0ase t1/s CortHs Order d/d not 0onta/n a f/na. 7d2!ent, as t1at r.e re3/res.
S/!/.ar.5, ,er./ss 0ontends Co21./n /s not ent/t.ed to re./ef nder N'CP <ADe) be0ase En
7d2!ent 1as ever been entered b5 t1/s 0ort /n t1/s 0ase, so t1ere /s no 7d2!ent for t1/s
0ort t a.ter or a!end.E D&ef. OppHn at p. $.) In s1ort, ,er./ss 0ontends Co21./nHs ,ot/on
.a08s an ev/dent/ar5 bas/s, /s Enonsense ... f/.ed on.5 to de.a5 t1/s !atter and dr/ve p fees,E
and / E0o!p.ete.5 devo/d of an5 !er/t 61atsoever,E to t1e eGtent E/t /s even de0/p1erab.e.E
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Dpa2e $) D&ef N'CP <$Db) and N'CP <A T1e ob7e0t of Co21./nHs ,ot/on f/.ed on ?anar5
%;, $;9$ appears to be t1/s CortH Order dated ?anar5 99, $;9$. In t1at Order, t1/s Cort
den/ed Co21./nHs e!er2en05 re3est for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order. Co21./n !ade t1e
re3est after ?d2e Sferra>>a of '?C entered an Order on &e0e!ber $9, $;99, /n 61/01 1e
ordered" D9) Co21./n to pa5 BC=;.;; t of 1/s 9, $;99 9#, $;99J and D$) Co21./n s1a.. 1ave
a00ess to t1e pre!/ses fro! A";; a.!. to <";; p.!. &e0e!ber $$, $;99 and &e0e!ber $%,
$;99 to re!ove 1/s persona. propert5. Co21./n 0.a/!s t1/s CortHs ?anar5 99, $;9$ E/s
0.ear.5 /na00rate to t1e eGtent /t prports to f/nd t1at t1e nders/2ned !ade an5 a2ree!ent to
6a/ve 1/s se0r/t5 depos/t /n eG01an2e for add/t/ona. a00ess to t1e propert5. E DPI. ,ot. at p.
9$.) In add/t/on, Co21./n aver 0onse. for ,er./ss !/s.ed t1/s Cort b5 0.a/!/n2 Co21./n
6as per!/tted to re!ove persona. propert5 after <";; p.!. Co21./n frt1er a..e2es 0onse.
for ,er./ss Eboarded p E t1e pre!/ses 2ate, E f/rst p.a0e. DPI. ,ot. at p. 9C.)
Conse3ent.5, Co21./n 0ontends t1/s CortHs Order s1o.d be a!ended or a.tered
nder N'CP <$ or <A to /n0.de t1ese a..e2at/ons as add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of fa0t. s01 f/nd/n2s,
1o6ever, ,er./ss 0ontends re./ef nder N'CP <$Db) /s nonet1e.ess nava/.ab.e to Co21./n
be0ase t1/s CortHs Order d/d not 0onta/n a f/na. 7d2!ent, as t1at r.e re3/res. S/!/.ar.5,
,er./ss 0ontends Co21./n /s not ent/t.ed to re./ef nder N'CP <ADe) be0ase Eno 7d2!ent
1as ever been entered b5 t1/s 0ort /n t1/s 0ase, so t1ere /s no 7d2!ent for t1/s 0ort to a.ter
or a!end. E D&ef. OppHn at p. $.) In s1ort, ,er./ss 0ontends Co21./nHs ,ot/on .a08s an
ev/dent/ar5 bas/s, /s Enonsense ... f/.ed on.5 to de.a5 t1/s !atter and dr/ve p fees, E and /s
E0o!p.ete.5 devo/d of an5 !er/t 61atsoever, Eto t1e eGtent E/t /s even de0/p1erab.e .E D&ef
OppHn at p. 9, $.) In fa0t, ,er./ss 0.a/!s Co21./n s1o.d be sb7e0t to EveGat/os ./t/2at/on
ta0t/0s.E D&ef. OppHn at p. 9,$.)
After rev/e6/n2 t1e part/esH p.ead/n2s and t1e eG1/b/ts rev/e6/n2 t1/s CortHs ?anar5
99,$;9$ Order, t1/s Cort 1as 2.eaned fro! Co21./nHs ,ot/on 0erta/n add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of
fa0t t1at Co21./n 0ontends s1o.d be /n0.ded : b5 a!end!ent ; a.terat/on : /n t1/s CortHs
Order. U.t/!ate.5, 1o6ever, t1/s CortHs Or!er i# una/en!a0le or unaltera0le un!er the
Rule# Coughlin "ite# 0e"au#e #ai! Or!er !oe# not "ontain a *inal aeala0le &u!g/ent$
or a !i#o#ition that re#ol-e# all o* the artie#% "lai/# S/!!ons Se.f:Stora2e Partners, LLC
v. DeGp.a/n/n2 7r/sd/0t/on to 0ons/der an appea. fro! t1e d/str/0t 0ort depends on 61et1er
t1e d/str/0t 0ort 1as entered a f/na. 7d2!ent)J Lee v. GNLV Corp., 99# Nev. C$C, C$#, AA#
P.$ C9#, C9@ D$;;;) Ddef/n/n2 Ef/na. 7d2!entE as presented /n t1e 0ase, and .eaves not1/n2
for t1e ftre 0ons/derat/on of t1e 0ort, eG0ept for post:7d2!ent /sses s01 attorne5Hs fees
and 0osts.E). re./ef nder N'CP <$ or <A /s nava/.ab.e to Co21./n. A.t1o21 S/!!ons and
GNL V /nvo.ve appea.s to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort fro! t1 d/str/0t 0ort, t1/s Cort f/nds
t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona. pr/n0/p.es annon0ed /n t1ose 0ases a.so app.5 t t1e d/str/0t 0ort 61en t1e
d/str/0t 0ort 0ons/ders appea.s fro! t1e 7st/0e 0orts, as 6e.. a 61en t1e d/str/0t 0ort
0ons/ders !ot/ons nder N'CP <$ or <A, as 6e T1erefore, t1/s Cort 0on0.des Co21./nHs
,ot/on Under N'CP <$Db) to A!end or Add/t/ona. (/nd/n2s of (a0tJ or, P.ed /n t1e
A.ternat/ve, ,ot/on Under N'CP <A to A.ter a A!end t1e Order &en5/n2 ,ot/on to Prevent
&/sposa. of Persona. Propert5 /s &ENIE&. Leave to (/.e Ans6er/n2 *r/ef /n EG0ess of (/ve
Pa2es In ./21t of t1e vo.!/nos re0ord /n t1/s 0ase D61/01 eG0eeds $,;;; pa2es), /n0.d/n2
.en2t15 br/efs f/.ed b5 Co21./n,$ t1/s Cort f/nds 2ood 0ase eG/sts to 2rant ,er./ss .eave to
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f/.e $ T1/s Cort a08no6.ed2es ,er./ssHs 0o!p.a/nt t1at Co21./n 1as v/o.ated t1e pa2e ./!/ts
0onta/ned /n Orders fro t1/s Cort, as 6e.. as t1e .o0a. r.es. Ho6ever, prsant to t1/s CortHs
.on2stand/n2 po./05 of 0ons/der/n2 0ases on t1e !er/ts, as opposed to d/s!/ss/n2 t1e! for
pro0edra. reasons, t1/s Cort 6/.. over.oo8 s01 v/o.at/ons /n t1/s part/0.ar 0ase. After
rev/e6/n2 t1e part/esH p.ead/n2s and t1e eG1/b/ts atta01ed t1ereto, and after rev/e6/n2 t1/s
CortHs ?anar5 99, 99, $;9$ Order, t1/s Cort 1as 2.eaned fro! Co21./nHs ,af/a 0erta/n
add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of fa0t t1at Co21./n 0ontends s1o.d be /n0.ded : b5 a!end!ent ;
a.terat/on : /n t1/s CortHs Order. U.t/!ate.5, 1o6ever, t1/s CortHs Order /s na!endab.e or
na.terab.e nder t1e '.es Co21./n 0/tes be0ase sa/d Order does not 0onta/n a f/na.
appea.ab.e 7d2!ent, or a d/spos/t/on t1at reso.ves a.. of t1e part/esH 0.a/!s. See S/!!ons
Se.f:Stora2e LLC v. '/b 'oof, In0., $C@ P.%d 99;@, 99;= DNev. $;99) DeGp.a/n/n2 7r/sd/0t/on
to 0ons/der an appea. fro! t1e d/str/0t 0ort depends on 61et1er t1 d/str/0t 0ort 1as entered a
f/na. 7d2!ent)J Lee v. GNLV Corp., 99# Nev. C$C, C$#, AA# P.$ C9#, C9@ D$;;;) Ddef/n/n2
Ef/na. 7d2!entE as presented /n t1e 0ase, and .eaves not1/n2 for t1e ftre 0ons/derat/on of
t1e 0ort, eG0ept for post:7d2!ent /sses s01 as attorne5Hs fees and 0osts.E). As a
0onse3en0e, t1/s Cort f/nds t1e re./ef nder N'CP <$ or <A /s nava/.ab.e to Co21./n.
A.t1o21 S/!!ons and GNLV /nvo.ve appea.s to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort d/str/0t
0ort, t1/s Cort f/nds t1e 7r/sd/0t/ona. pr/n0/p.es annon0ed /n t1ose 0ases a.so app.5 to t1e
d/str/0t 0ort 61en t1e d/str/0t 0ort 0ons/ders appea.s fro! t1e 7st/0e 0orts as 6e.. as 61en
t1e d/str/0t 0ort 0ons/ders !ot/ons nder N'CP <$ or <A, as 6e 1ave /n t1/s 0ase. T1erefore,
t1/s Cort 0on0.des Co21./nHs ,ot/on Under N'CP <$Db) to A!end or ,a8e Add/t/ona.
(/nd/n2s of (a0tJ or, P.ed /n t1e A.ternat/ve, ,ot/on Under N'CP <A to A.ter or A!end t1e
Order &en5/n2 ,ot/on to Prevent &/sposa. of Persona. Propert5 /s &ENIE&.
Leave to (/.e Ans6er/n2 *r/ef /n EG0ess of (/ve Pa2es
In ./21t of t1e vo.!/nos re0ord /n t1/s 0ase D61/01 eG0eeds $,;;; pa2es), /n0.d/n2
.en2t15 br/efs f/.ed b5 Co21./n,$ t1/s Cort f/nds 2ood 0ase eG/sts to 2rant ,er./ss .eave to
f/.e Dfn$)Dfn$"T1/s Cort a08no6.ed2es ,er./ssHs 0o!p.a/nt t1at Co21./n 1as v/o.ated t1e
pa2e ./!/ts 0onta/ned /n Orders fro! t1/s Cort, as 6e.. as t1e .o0a. r.es. Ho6ever, prsant
to t1/s CortHs .on2stand/n2 po./05 of 0ons/der/n2 0ases on t1e !er/ts, as opposed to
d/s!/ss/n2 t1e! for pro0edra. reasons, t1/s Cort 6/.. over.oo8 s01 v/o.at/ons /n t1/s
part/0.ar 0ase)... Dpa2e C) an ans6er/n2 br/ef /n eG0ess of f/ve pa2es. In add/t/on, t1/s Cort
den/es ,er./ssHs !ot/on t str/8e t1e eG0ess !ater/a. f/.ed b5 Co21./n and a.so den/es
,er./ssHs re3est for .eave to f/.e spp.e!enta. br/ef to !eet t1e ar2!ents 0onta/ned /n t1at
eG0ess !ater/a.. fn% Dfn % See note $, spra. ,er./ss !ade t1/s re3est /n footnote 9C of 1/s
Ans6er/n2 *r/ef d/s0ssed /nfra)
Appe..ate *r/efs
As !ent/oned prev/os.5, t1/s 0ase /nvo.ves t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on of Co21./n fro!
9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street, 'eno, NV =A<;9 DEt1e Propert5E). After t6o 1ear/n2s /n '?C /n 61/01
Co21./n a..e2ed defenses of 1ab/tab/./t5, reta./at/on, and d/s0r/!/nat/on, ?d2e Sferra>>a
ad7d2ed Co21./n s!!ar/.5 ev/0ted fro! t1e Propert5 prsant to N'S C;.$<%D#) b5 Order
dated O0tober $@, $;99. Spe0/f/0a..5, ?d2e Sferra>>a fond ,er./ss proper.5 ter!/nated
Co21./nHs tenan05 and t1ereafter proper.5 served Co21./n 6/t1 a not/0e of n.a6f.
deta/ner. ?d2e Sferra>>a frt1er fond ECo21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e t1at ,er./ss
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a0ted /n an pro1/b/ted, d/s0r/!/nator5, or reta./ator5 fas1/on as a..e2ed b5 Co21./n, or
ot1er6/se.H DSferra>>a, ?., Order, Case No. 'EV$;99:;;9@;=, O0t. $@, $;99.)
As a res.t, Co21./n 6as ordered to va0ate t1e pre!/ses b5 O0tober %9, $;99 at <";;
p.!. Co21./n fa/.ed to do so. He a.so fa/.ed to re!ove 1/s persona. be.on2/n2s. Conse3ent.5
,er./ss so21t a persona. propert5 ./en for stora2e of Co21./nHs persona. be.on2/n2s /n t1e
Propert5 fro! t1e per/od of Nove!ber 9, $;99 to Nove!ber 9#, $;99. Co21./n f/.ed a
!ot/on to 0ontest t1e ./en. On &e0e!ber $9, $;99, ?d2e Sferra>>a ordered Co21./n to pa5
to ,er./ss BC=;.;; as Efa/r and reasonab.e 0o!pensat/onE for ,er./ssHs stora2e of 1/s persona.
be.on2/n2s. DSferra>>a, ?., Order, Case No. 'EV$;99:;;9@;=, &e0. $9, $;99.) ?d2e
Sferra>>a a.so 2ranted Co21./n a00ess to t1e Propert5 to re!ove 1/s persona. be.on2/n2s b5
&e0e!ber $%, $;99 <";; p.!. Co21./n fa/.ed to do so. As a res.t, ,er./ss 1/red a 0ontra0tor
to d/spose of Co21./nHs persona. be.on2/n2s. Co21./n appea.ed.
Co21./n f/.ed 1/s Open/n2 *r/ef DE*r/efH) on (ebrar5 #, $;9$. fnC Dfn C T1/s p.ead/n2
rep.a0ed an Open/n2 *r/ef Co21./n prev/os.5 f/.ed t6o da5s ear./er. Conse3ent.5, t1/s
Cort 6/.. treat t1/s br/ef as t1e operat/ve p.ead/n2. In add/t/on, on (ebrar5 @, $;9$ Co21./n
f/.ed a Spp.e!ent to Appe..antHs Open/n2 *r/ef to 61/01 1e atta01ed an eG1/b/t 0onta/n/n2 a
C& of ad/o re0ord/n2s) ,er./ss f/.ed 1/s Ans6er/n2 *r/ef DE'esponseE) on (ebrar5 $C,
$;9$. T1/s Cort too8 t1e !atter nder sb!/ss/on on (ebrar5 $@, $;9$. T1/s Order no6
fo..o6s. As a pre./!/nar5 !atter, 1o6ever t1/s Cort notes /t /s t1e /sse of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
and t1e ?d2e Sferra>>aHs O0tober $@, $;99 Order t1at present.5 0on0erns t1/s Cort. (n< Dfn<
On appea., Co21./nHs *r/ef spans fort5:seven pa2es and 0onta/ns severa. a..e2at/ons and
0.a/!s. ,an5 of t1ese 0.a/!s to01 pon 0o..atera. /sses ./8e, for eGa!p.e, a..e2ed
re.at/ons1/ps bet6een ,er./ssHs 0onse. and .a6 enfor0e!ent, a..e2ed n0onst/tt/ona. a0ts of
0/t5 e!p.o5ees nder ,one.. v. &epHt ofH So0. Servs., C%# U.S. #< D9A@=), and ,er./ssH s
a..e2ed d/s/nterest /n 0o!p.a/nts fro! peop.e ./8e Co21./n and ot1ers asso0/ated 6/t
Co21./n. As s01, t1/s Cort 6/.. not address t1ese /sses. In add/t/on, be0ase Co21./n
fa/.ed to t/!e.5 f/.e 1/s not/0e of appea. re2ard/n2 t1e persona. propert5 ./en, see N'S
C;.$<%D=), and be0ase Co21./nHs not/0e of appea. fa/.s to /dent/f5 an error re2ard/n2 t1e
0ortHs pro0edre /n sett/n2 a 1ear/n2 on t1/s /sse, t1/s Cort 6/.. no 0ons/der t1/s /sse.)
Standard of 'ev/e6
On 0/v/. appea.s fro! 7st/0e 0orts to d/str/0t 0orts, a 0ase E!st not be tr/ed ane6.H
N?C'CP @$D0). -1et1er on appea. at t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort fro! a d/str/0t 0ort, or ;
appea. at a d/str/0t 0ort fro! a 7st/0e 0ort, a .o6er 0ortHs f/nd/n2s E6/.. not be d/strbed on
appea. n.ess t1e5 are 0.ear.5 erroneos and are not based on sbstant/a. ev/den0e.E G/be../n/
v +./ndt, 99; Nev. 9$;9, 9$;C,==< P.$d <C;, <C$ D9AAC).
ENAOn order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S C;.$<%D#) s1o.d be rev/e6ed on
appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent nder
N'C <# be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are ana.o2os.E Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$%
Nev. $9$ $9<, 9#% P.%d C;<, C;@ D$;;@). S!!ar5 7d2!ent /s proper on.5 /f no 2en/ne
/sse of !ater/a. fa0t eG/sts and t1e !ov/n2 part5 /s ent/t.ed to 7d2!ent as a !atter of .a6.
NEV. '. CIV P. <#D0)J see -ood v. Safe6a5, In0., 9$9 Nev. @$C, @$A, 9$9 P.%d 9;$#, 9;$A
D$;;<). T1e !ov/n2 part5 bears t1e /n/t/a. brden of prov/n2 t1ere /s no 2en/ne /sse of
!ater/a. fa0t. ,a/n v. Ste6art, 9;A Nev. @$9, @$#:$@, =<@ P.$d @<<, @<= D9AA%).
- 9C#F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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On0e t1e !ov/n2 part5 sat/sf/es t1/s brden, 1o6ever, t1e brden s1/fts to t1e
non!ov/n2 part5 to s1o6 t1e eG/sten0e of a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t. Id. at @$@. -1/.e
t1e p.ead/n2 and t1e re0ord !st be 0onstred /n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to t1e non!ov/n2
part5, t1e part5 !st do !ore t1an s/!p.5 s1o6 t1ere /s so!e !etap15s/0a. dobt as to t1e
operat/ve fa0ts -ood, 9$9 Nev. at @$A. To avo/d 1av/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent entered a2a/nst
/t, t1e part5 !st Dpa2e <) b5 aff/dav/t or ot1er6/se, set fort1 spe0/f/0 fa0ts de!onstrat/n2 t1e
eG/sten0e of a 2en/ne /sse for tr/a.. Id.
Le2a. Ana.5s/s
T1/s Cort 1as rev/e6ed a.. of t1e part/esH p.ead/n2s and t1e eG1/b/ts atta01ed t1ereto
T1/s Cort a.so 1as 0ons/dered a.. of t1e part/esH re.evant ar2!ents. After t1/s rev/e6 and
0ons/derat/on, t1/s Cort 6/.. not d/strb ?d2e Sferra>>aHs O0tober $@, $;99 Order 2rant/n2
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. T1/s Cort f/nds t1at Order 6as based on sbstant/a. ev/den0e and /t 6as
no 0.ear.5 erroneos. T1s, t1/s Cort 0on0.des ,er./ss 1as !et 1/s /n/t/a. brden of prov/n2
t1ee /s no 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t re2ard/n2 61et1er Co21./n 6as s!!ar/.5 ev/0ted
proper.5. Conse3ent.5, t1e brden s1/fts to Co21./n to s1o6 t1e eG/sten0e of a 2en/ne
/sse of !ater/a. fa0t.
A.t1o21 Co21./n ra/ses severa. 0.a/!s and !a8es n!eros a..e2at/ons /n 1/s *r/ef
Co21./n fa/.s to present add/t/ona. fa0ts re.ated to 1/s defenses ra/sed /n '?C t1at nder!/ne
or .e2/t/!ate.5 0a.. /nto 3est/on t1e sbstant/a. ev/den0e pon 61/01 ?d2e Sferra>>a re./ed
61en 1e 2ranted s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. T1/s Cort 2/ves sbstant/a. deferen0e to t1e .o6er 0ortHs
fa0ta. f/nd/n2s /n t1/s re2ard, part/0.ar.5 /n ./21t of t1e n!eros 1ear/n2s 1e.d before ?d2e
Sferra>>a and Co21./nHs re.ated opportn/t/es to present ev/den0e spport/n2 1/s var/os
defenses. T1erefore, t1/s Cort f/nds no 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t eG/sts re2ard/n2
61et1er Co21./n 6as s!!ar/.5 ev/0ted proper.5 /n t1e .o6er 0ort. As a res.t, Co21./nHs
appea. /s &ENIE&.
CONCLUSION A00ord/n2.5, /n s!!ar5, t1/s Cort orders" 9) Co21./nHs ,ot/on
Under N'CP <$Db) to A!end or ,a8e Add/t/ona. (/nd/n2s of (a0tJ or, P.ed /n t1e
A.ternat/ve, ,ot/on Under N'CP <A to A.ter or A!end t1e Order &en5/n2 ,ot/on to Prevent
&/sposa. of Persona. Propert5 /s &ENIE&J $) ,er./ssHs re3est for .eave to f/.e Ans6er/n2
*r/ef /n eG0ess of f/ve pa2es /s G'ANTE&J and Dpa2e #) %) Co21./nHs appea. re2ard/n2
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on fro! t1e Propert5 /s &ENIE&. IT IS SO O'&E'E&. Dpa2e @)L
T1e t1/n2 /s" N'SMC;.C;;MM'.es of pra0t/0e.MMT1e prov/s/ons of N'S, Nevada
'.es of C/v/. Pro0edre and Nevada '.es of Appe..ate Pro0edre re.at/ve to 0/v/. a0t/ons,
appea.s and ne6 tr/a.s, so far as t1e5 are not /n0ons/stent 6/t1 t1e prov/s/ons of N'S C;.$$;
to C;.C$;, /n0.s/ve, app.5 to t1e pro0eed/n2s !ent/oned /n t1ose se0t/ons.L
As s01, no K.o0a. r.eL respe0t/n2 Kpa2e ./!/tsL /s app./0ab.e /n an appea. to t1e
?st/0e Cort of a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. -1/.e Co2./n 1as respe0t for ?d2e (.ana2anHs Order,
Co21./nHs *r/ef /n eG0ess t1ereof so!e61at so21t per!/ss/on to eG0eed s01 orders, and to
61atever eGtent /t d/d not, /t !a5 be 01ara0ter/>ed as an Kopen refsa.L a..o6ab.e nder 'PC
%.%
Iveson v. Se0ond ?d/0/a. &/str/0t Cort of t1e State of Nevada, ## Nev. 9C<, 9<$,$;#
P.$d @<< D9ACA)J Abe..er/a v &/str/0t Cort, 9@ Ca9.$.d $=;, $A<, 9;A P.$d AC$ D9AC9).
- 9C@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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EEG0ess of 7r/sd/0t/onE for 61/01 0ert/orar/ 6/.. /sse eG/sts 61ere t1e a0t /s 6/t1/n t1e
7d2eHs 2enera. po6er bt /s not at1or/>ed be0ase t1e 0ond/t/ons for t1e eGer0/se of s01
po6er D/.e., for eGa!p.e, .a08 of not/0e) are 6ant/n2. Iveson at 9<9. *ot1 ?d2e Sferra>>a and
?d2e (.ana2an eG0eeded t1e/r 7r/sd/0t/on /n a n!ber of 6a5s. ?d2e Sferra>>a 6as no
.on2er ab.e to r.e t1at Co21./nHs ,ot/on for ?r5 tr/a. 6as nt/!e.5 pon 1/s a!end/n2 1/s
9;F9%F99 Order on 9;F$<F99 to re01ara0ter/>e t1e sett/n2 of t1e 9;F$<F99 date as a
K0ont/nat/on of t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2L rat1er t1an t1e Ktr/a.L DKt1e se of t1e
ter! Ktr/a.L 6as nfortnate, )or HonorL sa/d H/..Hs asso0/ate *a8er. ?d2e Sferra>>a
frt1er eG0eeded 1/s 7r/d/0t/on /n order/n2 a 99=A.%<<D<) rent es0ro6 depos/t 61ere t1e '?C
1as 5et to pro!.2ate and 1ave approved a 0oro..ar5 to ?C'LV CC.
It 6as revers/b.e error to r.e t1at Co21./nHs de!and for a 7r5 tr/a. 6as too .ate,
part/0.ar.5 61ere"
KP.a/nt/ff" )or Honor, /f I !a5 as 6e.., t1ere 6as so!et1/n2 s1oved t1ro21 !5 !a/. s.ot
.ast n/21t as 6e.. fro! ,r. Co21./n bear/n2 a f/.e sta!p of 5esterda5, E!er2en05 &e!and
for ?r5 tr/a. and A!ended TenantHs Aff/dav/t Ans6er Conter:C.a/!. A2a/n, I 1avenRt 1ad a
01an0e to .oo8 at t1/s. I 8no6 /tHs not appropr/ate to 1ave a 7r5 tr/a. 1ere and t1e 0ort 1as
a.read5 r.ed t1at t1ereHs not been enterta/n/n2 a t1/rd part5 0.a/!s, t1/s /s a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on.
*t, a2a/n, I 1avenRt 1ad a 01an0e to even .oo8 at t1/s be0ase /tHs NIN&ISCE'NI*LE %"C<O
5esterda5. ?d2e" A.. r/21t. -e.., 5o 1ave 9; da5s to respond to t1at as 6e... So 6eH.. pt
t1ose as/de for t1e !o!ent and S no6.L
T1e &o08et /n 9@;= s1o6s t1at Co21./n !ade an appropr/ate 7r5 tr/a. de!and /n
9@;= on 9;F99F9$ and depos/ted t1e re3/red s!s prsant to N'CP %= and ?C'CP %=.
KN'SMC;.%9;MMIsse of fa0t to be tr/ed b5 7r5 /f proper de!and !ade.MM-1enever an /sse
of fa0t /s presented b5 t1e p.ead/n2s, /t s1a.. be tr/ed b5 a 7r5, /f proper de!and /s !ade
prsant to t1e Nevada '.es of C/v/. Pro0edre or t1e ?st/0e Cort '.es of C/v/.
Pro0edreL
KN'SMC;.%9;MMIsse of fa0t to be tr/ed b5 7r5 /f proper de!and !ade.MM-1enever an /sse
of fa0t /s presented b5 t1e p.ead/n2s, /t s1a.. be tr/ed b5 a 7r5, /f proper de!and /s !ade
prsant to t1e Nevada '.es of C/v/. Pro0edre or t1e ?st/0e Cort '.es of C/v/.
Pro0edreL
,'OA @<@"9<:%;" K&efendant" T1ere :: for t1e re0ord, t1ere 6as no 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2,
US Posta. Serv/0e 0ert/f/0ate of !a/./n2 on f/.e 6/t1 respe0t to a not/0e. In the context of
summary e'iction proceedings! courts are directed to adhere 'ery strictly to the notice
re=uirements gi'en the summary nature of it. T1atHs one safe2ard t1at /s /ns/sted pon. A
r/21t to a 7r5 tr/a. /s 2ranted b5 t1e Un/ted States Spre!e Cort fro! :: /n s!!ar5 :: /n
ev/0t/on 0ases. ?r5 tr/a. /s an abso.te r/21t for a.. 0/t/>ens /n t1e Un/ted States. I sa/d /tHs a
9A@;s 0ase. I t1/n8 /t !/21t be 0a..ed Pearson. I be./eve I 0/te to /t /n !5...L DPa2e %%). Perne..
v. Sot1a.. 'ea.t5, C9# U.S. %#% D9A@C).
?d2e Sferra>>a 0o!!/tted revers/b.e error 61ere, t1ro21ot t1e ent/ret5 of t1e
9;F9%F99 date and t1e ent/re !orn/n2 of t1e 9;F$<F99 date, 1e pt t1e /n/t/a. brden on
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co21./n, for0/n2 1/! to Ktest/f5L, refs/n2 to a..o6 Co21./n to fn0t/on /n 1/s da. ro.e as a
se.f represent/n2 ./t/2ant, and to address /sses pr/or to t1e .and.ord !eet/n2 t1e /n/t/a. brden
pon 1/! to prove 1/s 0ase as to an n.a6f. deta/ner a0t/on, and ./!/t/n2 t1e /sses and
presentat/on s01 t1at Co21./n 6as not per!/tted to br/n2 0onter0.a/!s, or 0onter set:offs,
as ent/t.ed to nder N'S 99=A.CA;.
K?d2e" ...t1e brden /s on t1e .and.ord f/rst to estab./s1 a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase for t1e n.a6f.
deta/ner a0t/on. And so IR! 2o/n2 to 1ave t1e .and.ord present /ts ev/den0e 6/t1 respe0t to t1e
.ease and t1e no:0ase ev/0t/on. T1en t1e defendant 6/.. 1ave t1e opportn/t5 be0ase I t1/n8
t1e on.5 /sse t1en /s 61et1er or not t1/s n.a6f. deta/ner a0t/on no:0ase ev/0t/on /s a
reta./ator5 ev/0t/on and 5o 6/.., t1e defendant 6/.. need to !eet t1e re3/re!ents for a
reta./ator5 ev/0t/on as set p /n t1e statte. And IR! 2o/n2 to ./!/t 5o to 5or presentat/on
6/t1 respe0t to t1ose /sses. I 8no6 5o bro21t p a .ot of ot1er t1/n2s, one of t1e! be/n2 a
de!and for a 7r5 tr/a. 61/01 t1e 0ort f/nds /s not t/!e.5 and t1at re3est /s den/ed.L DPa2e
#=).
Co21./nHs 9;F99F9$ f/.ed and served de!and for a 7r5 tr/a. 6as t/!e.5 as to t1e 9;F$<F99
Ktr/a.L, 61et1er, depend/n2 pon N'S C;.C;;, on app./es N?C'CP %= or N'CP %="
K N'CP %=Db)M&e!and.MMAn5 part5 !a5 de!and a tr/a. b5 7r5 of an5 /sse tr/ab.e of r/21t
b5 a 7r5 b5 serv/n2 as re3/red b5 '.e <Db) pon t1e ot1er part/es a de!and t1erefor /n
6r/t/n2 at an5 t/!e after t1e 0o!!en0e!ent of t1e a0t/on and not .ater t1an t1e t/!e of t1e
entr5 of t1e order f/rst sett/n2 t1e 0ase for tr/a..L or"
N?C'CP %=Db)" Kb)M&e!and.MMAn5 part5 !a5 de!and a tr/a. b5 7r5 of an5 /sse tr/ab.e of
r/21t b5 a 7r5 b5 f/./n2 and serv/n2 pon t1e ot1er part/es a de!and t1erefor /n 6r/t/n2 at t1e
t/!e t1at t1e part5 re3ests t1e !atter be set for tr/a. or before t1e entr5 of t1e order f/rst
sett/n2 t1e 0ase for tr/a., 61/01ever 0o!es f/rst.L
T1e tr/a. of 9;F$<F99 6as not set, and t1e entr5 of t1e order of t1e 9;F9%F99 Order so
sett/n2 t1e !atter for tr/a. for 9;F$<F99, nt/. after Co21./n 1ad a.read5 f/.ed 1/s 9;F99F9$
&e!and (or ?r5 tr/a..
Odd.5, 61/.e ?d2e Sferra>>a refsed to a..o6 Co21./n to address or br/n2
0onter0.a/!s, 1e d/d a..o6 *a8er t1e benef/ts of a p.enar5 tr/a. 61ere *a8er 6as per!/tted to
nderta8e d/s0over5 prsant to
KOCT # ,ot/on to Pro0eed /n (onna Paper/s f/.ed and sb!/tted. G'ANTE& per ?d2e
Sferra>>a.dss TenantH s Ans6erFAff/dav/t to %; &a5 No Case Ev/0t/on Z Un.a6f. &eta/nerJ
,ot/on for San0t/ons and Attorne5Hs (eesJ Conter0.a/! for &a!a2es f/.ed. Hear/n2 set for
OCTO*E' 9%,$;99 at ="%; A,. *ot1 part/es not/f/ed b5 !a/.. Left !essa2e for tenant.
Spo8e to Land.ords attorne5. &ss
- 9CAF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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OCT 99 ,ot/on to Cont/ne f/.ed b5 Tenant SU*,ITTE&. 8s OCT 9$ Land.ordHs
Oppos/t/on to TenantHs Ans6erFAff/dav/t to %; &a5 No Case Ev/0t/onJ ,ot/on for San0t/ons
and Attorne5Hs (eesJ and Conter0.a/! for &a!a2es f/.ed. 0v
OCT 9% P.a/nt/ff, represented b5 CASE) *A+E', ES4. &efendant, ZACHA')
COUGHLIN appeared for a S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on 1ear/n2 before ?d2e S(E''AZZA. Hear/n2
1e.d. TenantHs ,ot/on to Cont/ne &en/ed. If tenant posts rent of S$,$@<.;; b5 A";; a!,
,onda5 O0tober 9@, $;99 a trial 6/.. be set for OCTO*E' $<, $;99 AT 9;";; a!. If tenant
does not post t1e !on/es, ev/0t/on G'ANTE& at A";; a!. O0tober 9@, $;99. ?7J E!er2en05
EG Parte ,ot/on f/.ed. 0v
OCT 9@ Oppos/t/on to E!er2en05 EG Parte ,ot/on f/.ed. 0v
OCT 9@ E!er2en05 ,ot/on To Sta5, Set As/de, Va0ate Ev/0t/on Hear/n2 Order f/.ed.b0
OCT 9@ E!er2en05 EG Parte ,ot/on f/.ed. 0v
B$,$@<.;; CASH posted b5 ZACHA') COUGHLIN, 9$9 '/ver 'o08 St., 'eno, NV. =A<;9L
,'OA $A#"
E>u!ge, -1at does t1at 1ave to do 6/t1 t1e rent t1o21, s/rP *e0ase 61at 6e are 1ere toda5
on /s t1e fa/.re to pa5 rent.
De*en!ant, )or Honor, t1e statte to !e /s 0o!p./0ated and 0onfs/n2 bt !5
nderstand/n2 of /t /s t1at ,r. ,er./ssR or &r. ,er./ssR fa/.re to assert t1at 1e 6as o6ed rent
for a 2ood, /t see!s ./8e t1ree !ont1s, ta8es t1/s 0ase ot of t1e prv/e6 of t1e se0t/ons
re3/r/n2 a depos/t/n2 of a rent es0ro6 a!ont and 1/s fa/.re to 0re t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses
6/t1/n C; da5sT
>u!ge, O8a5. 'e2ard.ess of t1at 1ave 5o pa/d t1e rent or not, f/rst of a..P
Plainti**, )or Honor, !a5T
>u!ge, IH! sorr5P
De*en!ant, )or Honor, t1atRs a factual determination . I t1/n8 t1at 6o.d need to be !ade
pon v/e6/n2 ev/den0e.
Plainti**, )or Honor, !a5 I p.ease. -e are not 1ere on a non:pa5!ent of rent. )or Honor,
I 6ant to be ver5 0.earT
>u!ge, *t 5o sa/d a f/ve:da5 Not/0eT
Plainti**, -eRre 1ere on a no:0ase ter!/nat/on to va0ate. ,r. Co21./n 6as a !ont1:
to!ont1
tenant s/n0e ,ar01 $;99. -e served a %;:da5 no 0ase ter!/nat/on Not/0e to va0ate.
>u!ge, IR.. 1ave t6o f/.es.
Plainti**, )es, s/r. T1at 6as fro! t1e prev/os t1e non:pa5!ent of rent 6e 1ad a 1ear/n2 a
0op.e of 6ee8s a2o. T1ose 6ere d/s!/ssed. Gone, t1e5Rre 2one.
>u!ge, So, 61/01 0ase n!ber /s st/.. pend/n2P
Plainti**, T1/s, )or Honor, t1/s 0ase /s S ends /n 9@;=.
>u!ge, '/21t. So, 9CA$.
Plainti**, &/s!/ssed a 0op.e of 6ee8s a2o.
>u!ge, (/ne. T1at 6as d/s!/ssed b5 t1e .and.ords...E
- 9<;F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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,'OA %;%"
EPlainti**, )or Honor '.e 9;A spea8s to a $; da5 per/od Not/0e pr/or to a 1ear/n2 61/01 I
be./eve /s app./0ab.e /n t1/s 0ase and 1as not been prov/ded.
De*en!ant, IR! sorr5 I d/dnRt 0at01 an5 of t1at.
>u!ge, He sa/d.
Plainti**, '.e 9;A )or Honor, sett/n2 of Tr/a. and a0t/ons.E
,'OA %;C"
EDe*en!ant, To t1at I f/.ed a tenan05 ans6er, a t1/rd part5 0onter0.a/! br/n2/n2 /n t1/rd
part/es.
>u!ge, -e.. f/rst of a.. as to t1e t1/rd part5 0o!p.a/nt IR! 2o/n2 to r.e as I /nd/0ated ear./er
t1at t1ere /s a spe0/f/0 stattor5 pro0edre /n t1/s 0ase 61/01 /s app./0ab.e nder C1apter C; of
t1e N'S. T1erefore 5o are 2overned b5 t1at stattor5 pro0edre 61/01 does not a..o6 for
0onter0.a/!s to be 1eard. At t1e sa!e t/!e 5o 0an f/.e a separate /ndependent a0t/on as
/nd/0ated b5 0onse. for t1eT
De*en!ant, N'S C; 5o sa5 )or Honor does not a..o6 for t1/rdP
>u!ge, C1apter C; /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 s01 as t1/s does not a..o6 for 0onter0.a/!s to
be f/.ed /n t1e sa!e a0t/on, /f t1e5 are f/.ed as separate a0t/on. T1atRs nder '.e =9 of t1e
7st/0e 0ort '.es of 0/v/. pro0edre.E
,'OA %;<"
E>u!ge, I 6/.. a..o6 5o to test/f5 as to 61at 1appened and 615 5o be./eve t1e s!!ar5
ev/0t/on s1o.d not be app./0ab.e /n t1/s 0ase. I* you e#ta0li#h a "a#e to /y #ati#*a"tion then
I .ill #et it o-er to Trial, r/21tP
>u!ge, )oRve 0o!e /n to ar2e a !ot/on to d/s!/ss based on fa/.re to 0o!p.5 6/t1 Not/0e
and ot1er /sses 61/01 I den/ed at t1/s po/nt. So 5o 0an s/t do6n and /f 5o 6ant to test t1e
f/re as to 615 t1/s s1o.d not be a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on I 6/.. per!/t 5o to do so.
De*en!ant, Even 6ere t1/s to 2o for6ard as a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on )or Honor I 6o.d 7st
./8e to state for t1e re0ord I a! !ov/n2 for a 0ont/nan0e based pon t1e nd.5 pre7d/0/a.
natre of t1e s1tt/n2 off t1e e.e0tr/0/t5 /n t1e !/dd.e of t1e f/ve da5s t1at 5o 6ere 1ere.
>u!ge, -e.. 5o 6ere 1ere 3/te so!e t/!e a2o and 8ne6 a.. abot t1/s, so t1atRs den/ed.
)o f/rst 0a!e /n 1ere to 0ort and ba08 /n t1/s 0ort d/s!/ssed t1e pr/or 0ase /n 0ase n!ber
9CA$ tr5/n2 to f/nd t1e date at 61/01T
De*en!ant, I be./eve /t 6as t1e $#t1 )or Honor of Septe!ber t1e 1ear/n2 approG/!ate.5.
Plainti**, T1at 6as t1e $@t1 )or Honor, I re!e!ber be0ase t1at 6as !5 b/rt1da5.
>u!ge, A.r/21t /n an5 event t1atRs been !ore t1an $; da5s and I 8no6 on t1at date 5o 6ere
f..5 a6are of 61at 6as 1appen/n2 be0ase t1e p.a/nt/ff tr/ed to pro0eed at t1at t/!e 61/01 I
den/ed. T1e5 atte!pted to pro0eed on t1/s 0ase as 6e... A.r/21tP )o probab.5 do not
re!e!ber t1at, s/r.
De*en!ant, I re!e!ber t1e 1ear/n2 )or Honor and I 7st, I 6o.d t1/n8 t1ere /s so!et1/n2
t1at 61en a tenant a..e2es a reta./ator5 ev/0t/on t1at t1e s!!ar5 and eGtre!e.5 3/08 natre
of t1/s pro0ess /s s.o6ed so!e61at.
- 9<9F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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9$F%9 T'ANSC'IPT O( 9;F9%F99 SU,,A') EVICTION P'OCEE&ING AN& 9;F$<F99
CONTINUATION
THE'EO( O' T'IAL PU'SUANT TO N?C'CP 'ULE 9;A
)))K)4
>u!ge, On.5 /f t1e 0ort f/nds t1at t1ere /s a !er/tor/os defense, 61/01 I 1avenRt done so, I
1avenRt even been presented an5 ev/den0e to persade !e t1at 5o 1ave an5 !er/tor/os
defense 61atsoever.
De*en!ant, Are 5o sre )or HonorP.
>u!ge, And I a! 2/v/n2 5o t1at opportn/t5 to pro0eed. So do 5o 6ant to pro0eed or notP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor I 1ave abndan0e of ev/den0e /n spport.
>u!ge, Co!e p 1ere and ta8e t1e stand, s/r.
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor !a5 I br/n2 !5 .aptop 6/t1 !e be0ase /t 1as p/0tres t1at I
/ntend to offer and a v/deotape as 6e..P
>u!ge, -a/t a se0ond s/r, no 5o !a5 not 61at a! as8/n2 5o for /s to estab./s1 a pr/!a fa0/e
0ase of reta./ator5 ev/0t/on t1ro21 5or test/!on5 and t1en /f I deter!/ne and estab./s1 t1e
pr/!a fa0/e 0ase t1en 6eR.. set /t over for Tr/a..
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor.
>u!ge, So /f 5o 6ant to 0o!e p 1ere. Go a1ead s/r.
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor. I be./eve a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase 1as been estab./s1ed 6/t1
respe0t to t1e 0.a/!s of reta./ator5 ev/0t/on. And been spported b5 t1e var/os EG1/b/ts t1at
1ad been atta01ed to bot1 !5 or/2/na. tenantRs ans6er and sbse3ent tenantRs ans6er. ?st
!ost re0ent !ot/on for 0ont/nan0e and spe0/f/0a..5T
>u!ge, I 1ave t1at.
De*en!ant, Spe0/f/0a..5 )or Honor 61atRs 0onven/ent 1ere /s t1/s 1as a.. prett5 !01 been
deta/.ed /n e!a/.s to and fro! t1e .and.ord and !5se.f. (rt1er I too8 v/deotapes of an
/n0/dent 61ere a 2ood dea. or propert5 da!a2e 6as done to !5 1o!e .a6 off/0e.E ,'OA
%;#.
,'OA %;@"
E>u!ge, &one b5 61o!P
De*en!ant, T1e .and.ords, a2ents and /f 5o referen0ed t1e .ease I be./eve /ts sbse0t/on $=,
t1e .ease spe0/f/0a..5 prov/des t1at an5 da!a2e done to t1e tenant or 1/s propert5 b5 t1e
.and.ord or t1e .and.ordRs a2ents /s to beT6o.d res.t /n t1e .and.ord be/n2 1e.d v/ab.e for
s01 da!a2e. I 0an test/f5 as to t1e da!a2e done, I 1ave a v/deotape s1o6/n2 t1e .ands0ap/n2
0re6 do/n2 t1e da!a2e. T1e t1/rd part5 defendants 6ere /nvo.ved /n t1at to so!e eGtent. T1e
.and.ord ad!/tted /n 6r/t/n2 t1at 1e at1or/>ed to t1/rd part5 defendant Green A0t/on La6n
Serv/0es 0ond0t /n t1at re2ard. As/de fro! t1e propert5 da!a2e 6/t1 respe0t to t1e
.ands0ap/n2 /n0/dent a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase 0an be estab./s1ed.
>u!ge, So 1o6 6as t1at reta./ator5, 61at 6ere t1e5 reta./at/n2 forP
De*en!ant, I be./eve 1e /s ev/0t/n2 !e )or Honor based /n part on a n!ber of fa0tors
t1atRs one be0ase I 0o!p.a/ned abot /t. T6o /s T
- 9<$F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, *e0ase 5o 0o!p.a/ned abot t1e .a6n serv/0eP
De*en!ant, T1e 0ond0t of Green A0t/on La6n Serv/0e, 5es. T1e5 0ased 61at I be./eve /s
at .east B9,;;; da!a2e. In add/t/on t1e .and.ord fa/.ed to ensre a n!ber of 1ab/tab/./t5
/sses t1at 6ere bro21t to ./21t /n 6r/t/n2 and 1e 6as 2/ven 9C da5s. T1e statte a..o6s a
ded0t/on fro! t1e .and.ord. T1e .and.ord a2reed /n 6r/t/n2 to t1ese ded0t/ons.
>u!ge, -e.. 5o 1ave ded0ted t1ree !ont1Rs rent.
De*en!ant, T1atRs a fa0ta. !atter )or Honor t1at I be./eve /s /n d/spte.
>u!ge, So 5o are sa5/n2 5o 1ave pa/d t1e rentP &o 5o 1ave t1e ev/den0e of pa5!ent of
t1e rent toda5 s/rPE
,'OA %;=:%;A
EDe*en!ant, Pa5!ent /n t1e sense t1at rent ded0t/ons a2reed to /n 6r/t/n2 and 6or8ed on
/n0/dent t1ereto a!onts to a pa5!ent of t1e rent /n add/t/on toT
>u!ge, O8a5 6e.. do 5o 1ave ev/den0e of t1atP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor. T1e sta/rs ,r. ,er./ss, t1e sta/rs to t1e .a6 off/0e 6ere
0r!b./n2, t1e5 6ere present/n2 a 1a>ard and an aest1et/0a..5 d/sp.eas/n2 appearan0e. ,r.
,er./ss a2reed to a rent ded0t/on and t1e sta/rs 6ere repa/red, 1e 6as sb!/tted a state!ent
/n t1at re2ard. He sbse3ent.5 f/..ed N/nad/b.e ;"9@"9$O Not/0es t1at /2nored t1at rent
ded0t/on. I2nored t1e rent ded0t/on 1e a2reed to /n 6r/t/n2 and t1e atta01ed a2ree!ent.
>u!ge, O8a5, s/r I need to 8no6 pre0/se.5 f/rst of a.. 1o6 !01 /s 5or rent per !ont1P
De*en!ant, BA;; a !ont1.
>u!ge, Ho6 !01 6as t1e b/.. for t1e sta/rsP
De*en!ant, B9,$<;.
>u!ge, An5t1/n2 e.se, offsets t1at 5o are 0.a/!/n2 toda5P
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor, t1e .and.ord a2reed to a B%<; offsets for ta8/n2 0are of t1e
6eeds at t1e 1ose I offered toT
>u!ge, So 1o6 !01 6as t1at %;;P
De*en!ant, He a2reed B%<; for t1at season and 1e fa/.ed to respond to a re3est for t1e pr/or
season. So I be./eve I 0an ar2e B@;;...
De*en!ant, -e.. )or Honor 1e never responded to a prev/os seasons re3est /n t1at re2ard
after 9C da5s Not/0e and I be./eve N'S 99=A a..o6s 1er rent ded0t/on I be./eve t1eT
>u!ge, *t 1ab/tab/./t5, 61at does t1e 6eeds a 5ear a2o 1ave to do 6/t1 1ab/tab/./t5P
De*en!ant, T1e 6eeds 6ere eGtre!e )or Honor, t1e5 0reated a noG/os 6eed ord/nan0e
1a>ard, t1e5T
>u!ge, O8a5 6a/t a se0ond, 61ose respons/b/./t5 /s nder t1e .ease to !a/nta/n t1e
NC'OSSTAL+OP
De*en!ant, T1at person /s t1e .and.ord )or Honor, /n add/t/on.
>u!ge, &o 5o 1ave 0/tat/on to t1e .easeP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor and I 6/.. s/21t to t1at bt even absent t1at 1/s sbse3ent
0ond0t rat/f/es an /nterpretat/on t1at 6o.d dee! t1e .and.ord respons/b.e for. I be./eve t1e
noG/os 6eed ord/nan0e affe0t /n 'eno spe0/f/es t1at /tRs t1e propert5 o6nerRs respons/b/./t5.
*t t1e .ease does spea8 to t1at )or Honor. ,5 atta01!ents, t1ere /s a 2ood dea. of
p1oto2rap1/0 ev/den0e atta01ed as EG1/b/t 61ere t1ere /s t1ree to t1e !ot/on for 0ont/nan0e
/nstead of a t6o.
- 9<%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, *r/n2s p t1e /sse of t1e !o.d and t1e /ns.at/on.
De*en!ant, A.. t1ese /sses are /n 6r/t/n2 atta01ed to t1e or/2/na. Septe!ber tenantRs ans6er
61ere /n approG/!ate.5 %; pa2es of e!a/.s bet6een !5se.f t1e tenant and t1e .and.ord
,er./ss proved t1at 1e 6as prov/ded 9C da5s 6r/tten Not/0e of var/os 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses
/n0.d/n2 !o.d 2ro6/n2 on /ns.at/on t1at 1ad fa..en fro! t1e 0e/./n2 and 1/t a d/rt 2rond
t1at .a08ed vapor .a5er. T1ereRs p/0tres I 8no6 t1e pr/ntots t1ere are not t1at 0.ear, I do
1ave 1/21 3a./t5 0o.ored p1oto2rap1s on !5 .aptop. ?st anot1er s!a.. !atter )or Honor,
t1ere 6as a !atter of B9$< ded0t/on t1at 6as a2reed to for t1e d/sposa.. A.. t1ese ded0t/ons
t1e .and.ord ,er./ss 1as sbse3ent.5 see! to 1ave for2otten.
>u!ge, O8a5 6a/t a se0ond, 6e 1ave 6eeds t1e tota. 5o 6ere 0.a/!/n2 /s @;; and no6 5o
sa5 /t /s B9$< for 61atP
De*en!ant, A bro8en 8/t01en 2arba2e d/sposa..
>u!ge, -1/01 5o repa/redP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor.
>u!ge, )o 1ave re0e/pts for a.. t1/sP
De*en!ant, I 1ave sb!/tted state!ents to oppos/n2 0onse..
>u!ge, A.r/21t so, /f I nderstand t1/s 0orre0t.5 5o o6ed B$,@;; /n rent.
De*en!ant, )or Honor oppos/n2 0onse. sa/d rent /s not an /sse 1ere.
>u!ge, No 5o are !a8/n2 /t an /sse. I !ean 5o are t1e one 61o sa/d t1at IR! spposed to
.oo8 at t1/s be0ase t1/s /s /n reta./at/on for 5or 0o!p.a/nts r/21tP
De*en!ant, To t1e eGtent t1at an ev/0t/on /s be/n2 sort, 5es )or Honor. *t t1e /sse of
61et1er or not I o6n /t 5o !a5 not be./eve t1/s bt /tRs 0on0e/ted at t1/s po/nt.
>u!ge, Con0e/ted 1o6P
De*en!ant, Or not even a..e2ed b5 oppos/n2 0onse..
>u!ge, -1at t1e5 d/d /s t1e5 d/s!/ssed t1e a0t/on fro! nonpa5!ent of rent. So t1e5 are not
ev/0t/n2 5o based on nonpa5!ent of rent. T1at doesnRt !ean and 5o 6ere ta.8/n2 abot a
0onter0.a/! toda5 61/01 5o 6anted !e to address for reta./ator5 ev/0t/on. And IR! tr5/n2
to f/nd ot 61at t1e reta./at/on 6as for. )o are sa5/n2 /t 1as not1/n2 to do 6/t1 rent t1en
t1atRs f/ne. -1at /s t1e reta./at/on abotP D,'OA %9;)
,'OA %99"
EDe*en!ant, Sb7e0t to N'S 99=A.<9; t1e reta./at/on app./es be0ase /t o00rred after
6r/tten
Not/0e b5 t1e tenant to t1e .and.ord of bot1 /te!s. *ot1 !atters /n stattes s01 as noG/os
6eed ord/nates as 6e.. as 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses andT
>u!ge, reta./at/on /s for 0o!p.a/n/n2 abot noG/os 6eedsP
De*en!ant, NoG/os 6eeds, propert5 da!a2e done b5 t1e .ands0ap/n2 0re6 and fa/.re to
0re 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses and t1e .and.ordRs parts after 9C da5s 6r/tten Not/0e /n pass.
>u!ge, O8a5 so 5o 1ave noG/os 6eeds, .ands0aper da!a2es and 61at 6as t1e t1/rdP
De*en!ant, A.. t1ese var/os, p.ease f/G /t .and.ord t5pes of 6r/tten Not/0es.
>u!ge, T1atRs not 1ab/tab/./t5J 1ab/tab/./t5 /s spe0/f/0a..5 def/ned b5 stattes. So spe0/f/0a..5
61at 6as t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 /sse, .a08 of 1eat orP
De*en!ant, )or Honor I be./eve t1e /ns.at/on !atter 6/t1 /ts attended, !o.d prob.e!s /t
0o!es 6/t1/n t1e essent/a. serv/0es. I 1ave seen so!e at1or/t5 t1at see!s to s22est
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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/ns.at/on /s an essent/a. serv/0e. T1ere /s safet5 /sses 6/t1 re2ard to T
>u!ge, Ins.at/on /s an essent/a. serv/0e.
De*en!ant, Or at .east I be./eve so /n so!e s/tat/ons or at .east /t spea8s to 1ab/tab/./t5,
/ns.at/on does. T1ere /s a 6/ndo6 t1atRs re!a/ned bro8en 6/t1 eGposed s1ards of 2.ass 1e.d
/n b5 t1e N/nad/b.e ;"$C"%;O /n t1e 6/ndo6, t1at presents a 1a>ard. T1e sta/rs, t1e 0r!b./n2
sta/r r/ses !5 !a/.!an 1as 0o!p.a/ned abot t1at to t1e eGtent /t .oo8s bad, /tRs not t1at safe.
T1e 6ood de08 to t1e front entr5 6a5 see!s rotted ot.E
,'OA %9$ D/!portant be0ase /t estab./s1 t1at Co21./n p.ead and or ar2ed t1at t1e
Ef/rst ev/0t/onE /n 9CA$ prov/ded a bas/s nder N'S 99=.<9; for ar2/n2 reta./at/on /n0/dent to
Co21./n defended based pon 1ab/tab/.t5 /n t1at pr/or a0t/on, res.t/n2 /n a reta./ator5
possessor5 a0t/on /n 9@;="
E>u!ge, So 61at 5o are sa5/n2 /s be0ase 5o 0o!p.a/ned abot t1ese for t1/n2s t1e
.and.ord !/21t 1ave 1ad to ev/0t 5oP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor.
>u!ge, It 1ad not1/n2 to do 6/t1 t1e nonpa5!ent of rentP
De*en!ant, I be./eve /t 1ad to do 6/t1 /nvo8/n2 t1e stattor5 r/21t to ded0t rent.
>u!ge, So. O8a5 so pr/or to 5or eGer0/s/n2 5or stattor5 r/21t to ded0t rent and 5o
deter!/ned t1at t1e f/rst ev/0t/on 6as N/nad/b.e ;"$#"%@O be0ase I t1/n8 5o 0.a/!
reta./ator5 ev/0t/on based on t1e f/rst ev/0t/on d/d 5o notP
De*en!ant, )es.
>u!ge, So 5or reta./ator5 ev/0t/on 6as based on t1ese t1/n2s and not 5or fa/.re to pa5
rentP
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor /n0.d/n2 t1at 5o 0o!p.a/ned of t1e propert5 da!a2e b5 t1e
t1/rd part5 a2en05 of t1e .and.ord and 1/s e!p.o5ees or a2en05.E
,'OA %9$:%9% Dso !01 for t1e 9;F9%F99 1ear/n2 be/n2 1e.d for t1e prpose of
Eestab./s1./n2 t1e trt1f.ness and sff/0/en05 of t1e .and.ord and tenantHs aff/dav/ts Dt1e
.and.ord 1ad 5et to f/.e an aff/dav/t, and, at t1at po/nt, *a8er 1ad not even f/.ed 1/s atte!pt to
sat/sf5 t1at re3/re!ent v/a 1/s pr/v/.e2e assert/n2 9;F9AF99 &e0.arat/on of Case5 &. *a8er
D61/01 2oes to t1e frad /sses respe0t/n2 t1e fa0t t1at *a8er and ,er./ss ./ed abot 61et1er
t1e .ease 1ad eGp/red or been ter!/nated, 61/01 2oes to t1e effe0t/veness of t1e =F$$F99
not/0e) and ,er./ss d/d not even s1o6 p to t1e 9;F9%F99 1ear/n2, so /nstead of r./n2 t1at,
per se, t1e .and.ord d/d not !eet t1e re3/re!ent pon s01 a Etest/n2 t1e trt1f.ness and
sff/0/en05 of t1e .and.ordHs aff/dav/tE, ?d2e Sferra>>a s/!p.5 p.a0ed t1at brden so.e.5 on
Co21./n, t1en a..o6ed *a8er to s8/p ptt/n2 an5t1/n2 /nto ev/den0e or ptt/n2 on an5
test/!on5, and rat1er, 7st pro0eed to E!a8/n2 ar2!entE)"
EDe*en!ant, )or Honor IR! 1app5 to 0ross:eGa!/ne or I a! 1app5 to s/!p.5 present an
ar2!ent.
>u!ge, An5t1/n2 e.se s/r.
De*en!ant, No s/r )or Honor.
>u!ge, O8a5 5o 0an step do6n. O8a5 6/t1 t1e .and.ord 5o 0an !a8e an5 ar2!ent.
Plainti**, T1an8 5o )or Honor .ets 7st start 6/t1 t1e stattes )or Honor. If I nderstood
,r. Co21./nRs test/!on5, 1/s 0ontent/on /s t1at t1e no:0ase ev/0t/on /s /n reta./at/on for 1/s
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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0o!p.a/nts to t1e .and.ord abot 1ab/tab/./t5. I t1/n8 t1atRs 61at 1e test/f/ed to and 1e na!ed
a 0op.e of t1/n2s, 6eeds, .ands0aper da!a2e, /nsta..at/on, 6/ndo6s. N'S 99=A.$A;
prov/des 61at 1ab/tab/./t5 /s. ,r. Co21./n, 1e !st s1o6 a!on2 ot1er t1/n2s )or Honor
t1at t1e propert5 sbstant/a..5 .a08s one of t1ese en!erated /te!s. Effe0t/ve 6aterproof/n2,
p.!b/n2 fa0/./t/es, 6ater spp.5, e.e0tr/0a. ./21t/n2 ot.ets et 0etera.
Plainti**, )or Honor 7st !ov/n2 for6ard 6/t1 t1e ot1er /te!s /dent/f/ed b5 ,r. Co21./n.
Ins.at/on 6/ndo6s, 2arba2e d/sposa.s.
>u!ge, -e.. t1e ot1er 3est/on I 1eard abot t1e 6eeds, 1e sa5s 1e 1ad t1e! done for %<;
and t1ere 6as so!e a2ree!ent 1e 6o.d 2et a 0red/t, 5o /nd/0ated t1at t1e .and.ord a0ta..5
1ad t1e 6eedsT
Plainti**, )or Honor t1eT
>u!ge, Ta8en do6n.
Plainti**, )es. ,5 nderstand/n2 /s t1e on.5 rent ded0t/on ever a2reed to b5 t1e .and.ord
6as B%<;J I be./eve /t 6as for ?ne /t 0o.d 1ave been for ,a5, for ,r. Co21./n to dea. 6/t1
t1e 6eeds. T1at 6as not d/spted and /n fa0t )or Honor /f 6e 2o ba08 to t1e .ast 0ase, t1e
3ant/f/0at/on of t1e rent /n or f/ve da5 no pa5 Not/0e 2/ves 0red/t for t1at. T1e 0ort 2ave
0red/t for /t /n /ts !/nte order. &r ,er./ss a.so pa/d .ands0apers toT &r ,er./ss a.so o6ns a
propert5 neGt door. T1e .ands0apers 6ere do/n2 t1e 6eeds neGt doorJ t1ere 6ere st/.. 6eeds /n
,r. Co21./nRs propert5 as I nderstand /t 1e d/dnRt 0are of t1e 6eeds. So .ands0apers a.so
p..ed t1e 6eeds over t1ere. T1atRs !5 nderstand/n2 /t 1as not1/n2 to do 6/t1 t1/s
pro0eed/n2. ,r. Co21./nRs t1/rd part5 0.a/!s as 1e 0a..s t1e! 1ave so!et1/n2 to do 6/t1 t1e
.ands0apers p../n2 t1e 0arpet ot of 1/s front 5ard or so!et1/n2.
>u!ge, -e.. t1ere 6ere no t1/rd part5 N/nad/b.e ;"%%"%#O f/.es, so t1ere are not even an /sse
1ere.
Plainti**, I nderstand s/r IR! tr5/n2 to s1ed a ./tt.e ./21t on t1e 6eed s/tat/on. T1ere 6as a
0red/t, t1at /s t1e on.5 0red/t ,r. Co21./n 1as not s1o6n an5 ot1er a2reed pon 0red/t and
61atRs /nterest/n2 1ere )or Honor /s t1at on one 1and ,r. Co21./n /s ar2/n2 t1at t1e
.and.ord a2reed to a.. t1ese rent ded0t/ons and t1en on t1e ot1er 1and 1e /s sa5/n2 t1at
be0ase IR! 0.a/!/n2 rent ded0t/ons 1e /s ev/0t/n2 !e to reta./at/on. It doesnRt !a8e an5
sense )or Honor, 61/01 /s /t and 1e 1as not presented an5 presented an5 proof e/t1er. Under
N'S 99=A.<9; 5or o6ner ,r. Co21./n 1as t1e brden to prove t1at t1e ev/0t/on 6as /n
reta./at/on for one of t1ese en!erated t1/n2s. He /s 1an2/n2 1/s 1at on 1ab/tab/./t5, bt t1e
.ease pts t1e dt5 on ,r. Co21./n to !a/nta/n t1e propert5, ever5 t/!e 1e 1as 2ot bro8en
b./nds or a bro8en 6/ndo6 t1at 1o6 d/d t1e /ns/de pane 2et bro8enP -e donRt 8no6 ,r.
Co21./n 6onRt .et s /nspe0t, 1e /s 0.a/!/n2 t1atRs a 1ab/tab/./t5 /sse.
>u!ge, -e.. I do 1ave a 3est/on t1o21J t1e 0ort prev/os.5 r.ed t1at 1e needed to depos/t
t1e rent 61/01 1e d/spted. *t 61atRs 5or pos/t/on /n respe0t to t1e re3/re!ent to depos/t
rent on t1e a..e2ed 1ab/tab/./t5.
Plainti**, )or Honor I t1/n8 t1e 0ort 2ot /t eGa0t.5 r/21t .ast t/!e re3/r/n2 ,r. Co21./n to
depos/t t1e rent /nto an es0ro6 a00ont, t1atRs 61at t1e '.es and t1e stattes I be./eve
prov/de. In t1/s 0ase t1o21 )or Honor t1e on.5 /sse /s possess/on based on a no a 0ase
ter!/nat/on of t1e .ease. ,r. Co21./n o6es rent bt 6e are not 1ere to see8 rent toda5. If
t1ere /s 2o/n2 to be 0.a/!s for rent t1atRs a separate 0/v/. a0t/on /t /s not a s!!ar5
- 9<#F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pro0edreT
De*en!ant, Ob7e0t/on )or Honor /tRs nd.5 pre7d/0/a. for ,r. N&av/dO to be ab.e to
/nter7e0t a.. t1ese a00sat/ons and t1en rn and 0r5 6o.f 61en /t 0o!es t/!e to spport t1e!
as 1e 1as done /n 1/s p.ead/n2s as 5o sa5, oppos/n2 part/es 0on0edes t1/s po/nt 61en not1/n2
of t1e sort 6as done. He sa5s ,r. Co21./n otr/21t ./es /n 1/s p.ead/n2s 1e /s !a8/n2 t1/sE
D?d2e Sferra>>a 0ont/na..5 a..o6ed t1e .a65er, *a8er, to test/f5, essent/a..5, /n ./21t
of t1e fa0t t1at t1e 0./ent, .and.ord ,er./ss, d/dnHt s1o6 p on 9;F9%F99. 'PC %.@ re3/res a
.a65er to 6/t1dra6 /f a sbstant/a. ./8e./1ood eG/sts t1at 1e 6/.. be0o!e a 6/tness. (rt1er,
*a8er d/d not 1ave f/rst 1and 8no6.ed2e pon 61/01 1e 0o.d offer 1/s test/!on5, rat1er, 1/s
Etest/!on5E 0ons/sted ent/re.5 of 1earsa5.
,'OA %9@:%9="
EPlainti**, )es s/r )or Honor, /f I !a5 at t1/s t/!e prov/de so!e frt1er spport s01 as I
referen0ed !5 attent/on to ear./er 6/t1 re2ard to s1o6/n2 1/21 3a./t5 p1oto2rap1s, e./0/t/n2
so!e of t1ese 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses 6/t1 re2ard to 0erta/n.5 1av/n2, so!e of t1ese p/0tres of
!o.d are 8/nd of d/strb/n2. I donRt t1/n8 an5bod5 /n t1/s 0ortroo! 6o.d 6ant to ./ve /n
t1at s/tat/onJ t1ere /s not 7st 6eed ord/nan0e....
Plainti**, )or Honor I 6o.dnRt 6ant to ./ve t1ere 6/t1 t1at !o.d sta/n 61ere /t 6as. I
sb!/tted Not/0e /n 6r/t/n2 not on.5 9C da5s passed bt a 2ood t/!e of t/!e passed B<;; 6as
spent /n erad/0at/n2 t1e !o.d /sse. -/t1 respe0t to t1e 1ab/tab/./t5.
>u!ge, -1o spent B<;;P
De*en!ant, IR! sorr5 )or HonorP
>u!ge, -1o spent B<;;P
De*en!ant, I d/d )or HonorJ I sb!/tted a state!ent to ,r. *a8er. )or Honor t1e bro8en
6/ndo6 0o!es 6/t1/n t1e prv/e6 of Se0t/on ;.$A; of N'S 99=A /n add/t/on to t1e noG/os
6eed ord/nan0e t1at t1e C/t5 of 'eno 1as. Co!es 6/t1/n .an2a2e /n Se0t/on $A; spea8/n2 to
a v/o.at/on of t1e 1os/n2 0ode or 0o!p.a/nt t1ereof.
>u!ge, -e.. so 1o6 do 5o 2et arond t1e .ease, t1e .ease re3/res 5o to !a/nta/n t1e .a6P
De*en!ant, T1atRs ,r. *a8erRs /nterpretat/on of t1e .ease )or Honor, t1e .ease does not sa5
6eeds. It does not sa5 6eeds, /t sa5s .a6n. T1ere /s no .a6n /ts d/rt. In t1at re2ard I 1ave t1at
1/21 3a./t5, 1/21 dens/t5 2reen 6oo.en 0arpet to !a8e t1e appearan0e of a sort of N/nad/b.e
;"%A"$CO 2rass /nsta..at/on. A 2ood dea. of !one5 and t/!e 6e spent so t1at I 0o.d 1ave a
.a6 off/0e t1at d/dnRt 1ave a d/rt .a6n. ,r. ,er./ss a nero.o2/st 61o 1as 01osen to spent
p6ards of apparent.5 f/ve 2rand to ./t/2ate t1/s rat1er t1an f/G a 6/ndo6 and stand be1/nd t1e
rent ded0t/ons. -1o d/dnRt s1o6 p toda5, 61o d/dnRt stand p /n 0ort, 61en 5o 5orse.f
,'OA %9A:%$;"
E)or Honor to.d 1/! to ra/se 1/s r/21t 1and and stand to be s6ornP He 1as 0.ear.5 /nd/0ated a
.a08 of respe0t for t1/s pro0ess. He 1as /nd/0ated a 1ab/t of 8/nd of s1/ft/n2 tas8s 61/01 1e
see!s to f/nd !/nor and ted/os on t1e peop.e 61ose respons/b/./t5 /t /snRt to do t1ose tas8s.
He /s essent/a..5 tr5/n2 to !/!/0 t1/s pro:bono propert5 !ana2er. He sa5s 2o 2et t6o
est/!ates for t1at ./tt.e prob.e! 5o a.erted !e to and t1en ded0ted t1e!. IR! not at t1e
0ontr5 r/21t no6 IR! /n T1a/.and or so!e61ere. -e.. t1atRs 61at .and.ords do, IR! an
attorne5 t1atRs 2o/n2 to ta8e !e an 1or or t6o 0an I ba/. 5o B$$< for t1at &r. ,er./ssP No I
0anRt I a! 7st do/n2 for free for 5o. )o see! to e!p.o5 t/!e 1onored .and.ord ta0t/0 of
- 9<@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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/2nor/n2 tenants for an5 0o!p.a/nts and 1op/n2 to 6/n b5 N/nad/b.e ;"C;"<;O or 7st !a8e
t1e! fee. ./8e t1e5 are be/n2 ted/os or 5o 8no6 1/21 !a/ntenan0e. -1en a 0.ear rev/e6 of
t1e %; so!e61at pa2es s1o6 t1at I 1ave been eGtre!e.5 0ons0/ent/os t1ro21ot t1e 5ear
and a 1a.f t1at I rented fro! &r. ,er./ss. To t1e eGtent t1at I 1ave endred d/s2st/n2
0ond/t/ons /n t1/s p.a0e /n efforts to save &r. ,er./ss !one5. ?st to T
>u!ge, A.r/21t so 1ere /s t1e dea. I t1/n8 I 1ave 1eard eno21. I a!T
De*en!ant, )or Honor 0an I s1o6 t1e p/0tres ofTP
>u!ge, I 1ave .oo8ed at t1e!, I see t1e !o.d.
De*en!ant, )o 0anRt see t1e !o.d /n t1ose reprod0t/ons.
>u!ge, A.r/21t br/n2 p an5 ot1er p/0tres 5oRve 2ot, bt 61at 5o sa/d /s 5oRve 0orre0ted
t1atJ 5o spent B<;; to do t1at.
De*en!ant, )es s/r 5o 1onor, !a5 I approa01.
>u!ge, )o !a5.
De*en!ant, Conse. 6as prov/ded N/nad/b.e ;"C9"CCO t1ese p/0tres /n add/t/on to
p1oto2rap1 reprod0t/ons.
>u!ge, )o are 2o/n2 to 1ave to 1and /t to !e be0ase I 0anRt see /t /n t1e ./21t/n2.
De*en!ant, I 6/.. do a s./de s1o6 )or Honor /f t1at 6/.. be a.r/21t. And t1ere /s a s1ort
v/deo 61ere t1e /sses of t1e propert5 da!a2e are essent/a..5 ad!/tted b5 t1e Green A0t/on
La6n Serv/0e.
Plainti**, No, IR! 2o/n2 to Ob7e0t to an5 v/deo of an5t1/n2T/t 1as no re.evan0e to
possess/on of propert5 toda5 and I 1ave never seen /t.
De*en!ant, )o 6ere prov/ded a 0op5 of /t 0onse..
>u!ge, -e.. I a! 2o/n2 to .oo8 at 5or p/0tres not t1e v/deo so.
De*en!ant, O8a5, )or Honor.
>u!ge, I do 1ave a 3est/on ,r. *a8er t1e rent 6as .ast pa/d 61enP
De*en!ant, )or Honor I 6o.d 1ave to 01e08, !5 re0o..e0t/on /s !a5be bt I donRt 8no6,
a2a/n 6e are not see8/n2 rent toda5.
>u!ge, No, IR! nderstand/n2 t1at bt I be./eve /t /s /nte2ra. to t1e defense 5o 1ave
N/nad/b.e
;"C%"$9O 1o6 !01 rent /s o6ed.
De*en!ant, IR! not sre N/nad/b.e ;"C%"$AO s/r bt.
>u!ge, -e.. be0ase I be./eve 1e needs to depos/t t1e rent .ess an5 a!ont t1at 1e /s ent/t.ed
to 0red/t for.
De*en!ant, )es, )or Honor I a2ree 6/t1 5o.
,'OA %$9"
EPlainti**, )o 0an 2o to t1e neGt p/0tre /n t1at order N/nad/b.e ;"C%"CCO. NO(( ,IC
CONVE'SATIONO
Plainti**, ?ne 9 t1e rent 6as de s/r.
>u!ge, T1ere 6as f/ve !ont1s.
Plainti**, ?ne, ?.5, A2st, Septe!ber, O0tober and I be./eve t1ere /s a, t1ere s1o.d be a
0red/t for %<;.
De*en!ant, (or t1e a!onts !5 0o:tenant pa/dP
>u!ge, No, for 61at 1e /s sa5/n2 /s nd/spted /s t1e 6eeds.
- 9<=F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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De*en!ant, I be./eve 1e /s referr/n2 to N/nad/b.e ;"CC"%AO 61o 5o a.. pa/d to t1e .and.ord
for ?ne )or Honor.
Plainti**, -e 0an !a8e /t f/ve f.. !ont1s )or Honor.
De*en!ant, T1/s 2oes to t1e '.e 99 /sses I a! spea8/n2 off )or Honor. Co!p.a/nants and
attorne5s b./nd.5 f/.es !ot/ons a2a/nst N/nad/b.e ;"CC"<$O 6/t1ot do/n2 reasonab.e
/nvest/2at/ons as to 61et1er or not t1e/r p.ans are based on fa0t or .a6. Can t1e5 7st 01rn
and brn .and.ordFtenant 0.a/!s t1ro21 t1e 0orts, 0o..e0t !one5 for t1e! 6/t1ot 8no6/n2
61et1er or not /tRs profess/ona. to do so.
Plainti**, I a! 1app5 to address to t1e 7o/nt ob./2at/on /n ,r. Co21./n and ,r. N/nad/b.e
;"C<"$CO nder t1e .ease )or Honor.
De*en!ant, )or Honor t1e p/0tres of t1e 0arpet be/n2 .eft /n t1e street and on t1e s/de6a.8,
t1atRs 1o6 ,r. ,er./ssR e!p.o5ees .eft t1e 0arpet. It 6as /nsta..ed /n a !an/0red !anner.
T1e5 0a!e on and for so!e reason 1e de0/ded to pa5 bot1 !e and 1/s 0re6 of .ands0apers to
do t1e sa!e 7ob. One 6onders /f 1e /s so 6e.. off as a nero.o2/st t1at 1e 0an afford to 1aveE
D,'OA %$$") E>u!ge, A.r/21t so I 6/.. 2/ve 5o one .ast 01an0e to add an5t1/n2 e.se.
De*en!ant, )es s/r )or Honor I be./eve t1e reta./at/on ar2!ent a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase 1as been
!ade spe0/f/0a..5 6/t1 re2ard to 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses, t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 /n0.des safet5. T1e
0r!b./n2 sta/r r/ses 0.ear.5 presented a s/tat/on 61ere t1at 6as an /sse. Hab/tab/./t5
/n0.des 6/ndo6s be/n2 bro8en t1at 6as 0.ear.5 spported /n 6r/t/n2 b5 t1e atta01ed e!a/.s.
>u!ge, A.r/21t, s/r. I a! 2o/n2 to r.e no6 be0ase f/rst of a.. I f/nd nder t1e N'S /f 5o
6ant to !a8e a 1ab/tab/./t5 0.a/! 5o 1ave to depos/t t1e rent and /f /t 6asnRt 0.ear /n !5
order prev/os.5 I a! 2o/n2 to !a8e /t ver5 0.ear toda5.
De*en!ant, )or Honor.
>u!ge, *t no6 s/r I a! 2o/n2 to 2/ve 5o 0red/t for 5or a..e2ed 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses. T1e rent
t1at /s de as of toda5 6/.. be C,<;;. IR! 2o/n2 to 2/ve 5o 0red/t for t1e sta/rs of 9$<;, 6eeds
of %<; 6eeds of %<; t6/0e. T1e 2arba2e d/sposa. 9$< and t1e 6/ndo6 9<; 61/01 0o!es ot
to $$$<. In add/t/on IR! 2o/n2 to 2/ve 5o <;; 0red/t for t1e !o.d abate!ent, 61/01 /s $@$<.
So t1e C<;; !/ns $$$< /s $$@<. I 6/.. 0ont/ne t1/s t/.. to!orro6 at A";; A, for 5o to
depos/t t1e $;. It 6onRt be to!orro6 /t 6/.. be ,onda5.
De*en!ant, )or Honor N/nad/b.e ;"C="$<O B9,;;; 0.a/! for da!a2e to t1e .ands0ap/n2
/nsta..at/on /f 5o 6o.dnRt !/nd.E Ds01 a 0onter0.a/!Hs neGs of fa0ts /s so 0.ose.5 t/ed 1ere
to t1e possessor5 a0t/on as to !a8e /t revers/b.e error for ?d2e Sferra>>a or (.ana2an to
refse to per!/t Co21./n to br/n2 s01 a 0.a/! or at t1e ver5 .east assert a set:off Dnever!/nd
t1e fa0t t1at t1ere 6as no test/!on5 b5 ,er./ss as to 1o6 !01 rent 6as o6ed D!01 .ess a
ver/f/ed aff/dav/t s6ear/n2 to s01 or t1at 1/s 0.a/! /s Eat1or/>ed b5 .a6E as re3/red b5 N'S
C;.$<C...)
>u!ge, I a! not 2o/n2 to do an5t1/n2 for t1at, bt /t 1as not1/n2 to do 6/t1 t1e .and.ord so far
as I a! 0on0erned at t1/s po/nt t1at /s a t1/rd part5 0.a/! 61/01 5o 0an pro0eed a2a/nst t1e
t1/rd part5.
De*en!ant, )or Honor t1e .ease /s T
>u!ge, T1at /s not 1ab/tab/./t5 s/r, t1at 1as not1/n2 to do T
De*en!ant, *t t1e .ease sa5s 1e /s ./ab.e for da!a2e done on !5 .a6n.
- 9<AF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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>u!ge, -1o sa/dP
De*en!ant, T1e .ease sa5s t1at sbse0t/on $=.
>u!ge, -e..T
De*en!ant, C.ear.5.
>u!ge, Not b5 t1/rd part/es.
De*en!ant, It does )or Honor, /t sa5s b5 1/s a2ents or e!p.o5ees 1e /s respons/b.e.
>u!ge, )ea1 and N/nad/b.e ;"C="<=O t1at t1e5 are 1/s a2ents I f/nd t1e5 are /n /ndependent
0ontra0tor and so /f 5o depos/t t1e rent b5 ,onda5 at A";; oR0.o08 6/t1 t1e 0ort /n t1e
a!ont of $$@< I 6/.. 0ont/ne t1/s for Tr/a. on t1e !er/ts to deter!/ne 61et1er or not t1ere
rea..5 /s a 1ab/tab/./t5 /sse. If t1e rent /s not depos/ted t1en t1ere 6/.. be no 0ont/nan0e t1e
ev/0t/on 6/.. be 2ranted fort16/t1 on ,onda5 !orn/n2 at A";; oR0.o08. And frt1er!ore t1e
0ort /s no6 !a8/n2 an5 f/nd/n2 ot1er t1an t1at 5o 1ave !ade an ar2!ent abot
1ab/tab/./t5 and t1at 5o are ent/t.ed to Tr/a. on t1at /sse /f 5o depos/t t1e rent. A.r/21t bt
5o are not ent/t.ed to Tr/a. /f 5o donRt depos/t t1e rent. And I 1ave 2/ven 5o 0red/t based
on 5or a..e2at/on 61/01 /s, 61/01 I do not f/nd 6as sbstant/ated toda5J I s/!p.5 f/nd t1at
5o !ade t1at a..e2at/on, t1at t1/s /s 61at 5o 6ere o6ed. And so /f 5o depos/t t1e rent t1en
6e 6/.. set t1/s for Tr/a. and /t 6/.. be t1e fo..o6/n2 6ee8 after t1at on t1e sa!e 0ort da5.
T1e sa!e da5 of t1e 6ee8.
De*en!ant, Tesda5s and T1rsda5. So on t1e Tesda5 /t 6/.. be at 9;";; A,.
>u!ge, -1at da5 /s t1atP
De*en!ant, -e.. 5o are .oo8/n2 at, o8a5 1e 1as 1ad nt/. 9@t1 to post t1e $$@< and 5o are
sa5/n2 1ave t1e 1ear/n2 t1e fo..o6/n2 6ee8 t1at 6/.. be $<t1 O0tober.
>u!ge, O8a5 $<t1 O0tober 61at t/!eP
De*en!ant, T1at 6o.d be at 9;";; oR0.o08.
>u!ge, A.r/21t, so t1atRs t1e 0ortRs order and I 6/.. see 5o ba08 t1en 1ave a 2ood da5.
N;"<9"C$O
%9FE
It /s /nte..e0ta..5 d/s1onest and /na00rate for *a8er to s22est so!et1/n2 ./8e 1o6
!01 rent 1/s 0./ent fe.t 6as de 6as Ea0ta..5 ./t/2atedE or Enot d/sptedE /n 9CA$ Despe0/a..5
61ere ?d2e Sferra>>a a..e2es t1e .and.ord d/s!/ssed t1at 0ase Da0ta..5, /t 6o.d see! on.5
7d2es are a..o6ed to Ed/s!/ssE 0ases...) 61ere *a8er and ,er./ss trned ta/. and ran fro!
t1at 0ase. 'e2ard.ess, *a8er fa/.ed to /n0orporate b5 refern0e or ot1er6/se 1ave ad!/tted /nto
ev/den0e Dd/ff/0.t to 1ave an5 s01 /te!/>ed non:pa5 not/0e fro! 9CA$ at1ent/0ated 61en
.and.ord ,er./ss fa/.s to s1o6 p...61en Co21./n a..e2ed.5 fa/.ed to s1o6 p on %F9<F9$ Dor
6as a..e2ed.5 a 0op.e !/ntes .ate) /n 'ev9$:%@<, Co21./nHs f/./n2 of %F=F9$, apparent.5,
d/d not sff/0e to spea8 for
1/!, t1o21 /t 6as C; pa2es and ver/f/ed...
MROA KB4, 5Plainti**, )es. My un!er#tan!ing i# the only rent !e!u"tion e-er
agree! to 0y the lan!lor!
.a# HK4)M I 0elie-e it .a# *or >une it "oul! ha-e 0een *or May$ *or Mr. Coughlin to !eal
.ith
the .ee!#. That .a# not !i#ute! an! in *a"t 6our Honor i* .e go 0a"8 to the la#t "a#e$
the
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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7uanti*i"ation o* the rent in our *i-e !ay no ay Noti"e gi-e# "re!it *or that. The "ourt
ga-e
"re!it *or it in it# /inute or!er. &r ,er./ss a.so pa/d .ands0apers toE
At ,'OA %;$"@:9$, *a8er 1/!se.f ad!/ts t1at N'CP <#D0)Hs f/rst pron2 DE2en/ne
/sse of !ater/a. fa0tE) /s not a part of t1e N'S C;.$<%D#) ana.5s/s, bt rat1er, /ts t1e se0ond
?,OL pron2 t1at t1e Le2/s.atre 01ose to p.a0e a.one /n t1at statte"
EDe*en!ant, )es )or Honor I t1/n8 t1at 1/ts t1e na/. r/21t on t1e 1ead. T1/s /s a s!!ar5
pro0eed/n2 prov/ded b5 statte N'S C;.$<C and N'S C;.$<%D#). T1e on.5 /sse 1ere toda5 /s
possess/on of t1e propert5J t1e "ourt9# in7uiry i# -ery *o"u#e! an! ha# only a#8e! you
.hether there i# a legal !e*en#e to t1e a..e2ed n.a6f. deta/ner.E
Its fnn5, 61ere Co21./nHs 0o!p.a/nt t1at .and.ord ,er./ss 6as atte!pt/n2 to trn 1/!
/nto a pro:bono 1and5!an or propert5 !ana2er are e01oed /n ,er./ss fa/./n2 to s1o6 p to
t1e 9;F9%F99 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2. *e/n2 a .and.ord /s a 7ob...t1ere /s !ore to /t t1an
0as1/n2 a rent 01e08 and pa5/n2 off t1e !ort2a2e ea01 !ont1, 5et ,er./ss d/d not even attend
t1e Eev/dent/ar5 1ear/n2E of 9;F9%F99, nor, obv/os.5, Epart/0/pateE Dsee *a8erHs $F$CF9$
Ans6er/n2 *r/ef /n ;%#$=)
II. STATEMENT OF THE CASE, A.t1o21 Co21./n 1as !dd/ed t1e re0ord to a
spe0ta0.ar de2ree 6/t1 1/s abs/ve f/./n2s, at /ts 0ore, t1/s /s a s/!p.e no:0ase res/dent/a.
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 0ase. T1e pert/nent fa0ts are as fo..o6s"
T1e nder.5/n2 fa0ts of t1e ev/0t/on are set fort1 /n t1e ((CLZO. T1e stattor5 not/0es
and ot1er do0!entar5 ev/den0e t1e 0ort re./ed on /n !a8/n2 /ts f/nd/n2s of fa0t 0an be
fond at 'OA, Vo.. V, pp. =<:=AJ A;:ACJ A<:9;AJ 99%:9$=. E[HI*ITS $, %, C and < 1ereto.
T1e Standard 'enta. A2ree!ent DELEASEE) for t1e 1o!e at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, Nevada
Dt1e EP'OPE'T)E) 0an be fond at 'OA, Vo.. V, pp 9$A:9%$. E[HI*IT # 1ereto. T1ose
fa0ts 6ere estab./s1ed dr/n2 t6o ev/dent/ar5 1ear/n2s, /n 61/01 Co21./n f..5 part/0/pated.
T1e f/rst 1ear/n2 6as on O0tober 9%, $;99, and .asted A; !/ntes. A 0ont/nat/on of t1at
1ear/n2 o00rred on O0tober $<, $;99, and .asted severa. 1ors. . See ((CLZO at 9. The
uro#e o* tho#e hearing# .a# to 5!eter/ine the truth*ulne## an! #u**i"ien"y o* the
tenant%# an! the lan!lor!%# a**i!a-it#$5 to !eter/ine .hether there i# any 5legal !e*en#e
a# to the allege! unla.*ul !etainer$5 and 61et1er Et1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f.
deta/nerE.$ N'S C;.$<%D#). ((CLZO at C, Para. %. T1ose 1ear/n2s 6ere Co21./nHs
opportn/t5 to sbstant/ate, b5 0o!petent ev/den0e, an5 .e2a. defense 1e !a5 1ave 1ad to t1e
ev/0t/on.
T1e on.5 defenses ra/sed b5 Co21./n be.o6 6ere based on 61at 1e 0.a/!ed 6as
Ereta./ator5E 0ond0t b5 ,er./ss, and E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses at t1e propert5. *ot1 defenses 6ere
based on prov/s/ons of N'S C1apter 99=A.% See ((CLZO at %, Para. A et se3. See, a.so,
'OA, Vo.. I, pp. $%=:$##J 'OA, Vo.. V, pp. 9AC:9A=. At t1e f/rst 1ear/n2, Co21./n a..e2ed
1/s defenses, bt d/d not offer an5 ev/den0e to spport t1e!. ?d2e Sferra>>a 0o.d 1ave
2ranted an ev/0t/on after t1at 1ear/n2, bt 01ose /nstead to allo. Coughlin another
oortunity to #u0#tantiate hi# allegation#.C N'S C;.$<%D#). S/n0e Co21./nHs defenses
6ere based on a..e2ed E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses, t1e 0ort re3/red 1/! to depos/t, prsant to
N'S C;.%<<D<), t1e a/ount o* rent Coughlin "lai/e! he ha! .ithhel! for t1ose reasons,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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before 1e 6o.d be allo.e! to #u0#tantiate the/ .ith e-i!en"e.< 'OA, Vo..., p. 9<%.
Co21./n .t/!ate.5 failed to raise any material factual dispute, and t1e 0ort proper.5
2ranted t1e ev/0t/on. T1e .o08ot 6as perfor!ed on Nove!ber 9, $;99. Co21./n f/.ed 1/s
f/rst not/0e of appea. on Nove!ber %, $;99.# 'OA Vo.. III, pp. $$A:$%%. On Nove!ber
9%,$;99, Co21./n 6as fond ./v/n2 /n t1e base!ent of t1e propert5, and 6as arrested.@ 'OA,
Vo.. III, pp. 9=:%%. Co21./n 0ont/nes to f/.e add/t/ona. papers /n bot1 0orts, .herein he
atte/t# to rai#e ne. argu/ent# he ne-er rai#e! 0elo..
III. STANDARD OF REVIE?, ENAOn order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S
C;.$<%D#) s1o.d be rev/e6ed on appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order
2rant/n2 s!!ar5 &u!g/ent nder NRCP 4< be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are analogous.,,=
Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$% Nev. $9$, $9<,9#% P.%d C;< D$;;@). ETo #u""e##*ully
!e*en! again#t a #u//ary &u!g/ent /otion$ the non/o-ing arty /u#t tran#"en! the
lea!ing# an!$ 0y a**i!a-it or other a!/i##i0le e-i!en"e$ intro!u"e #e"i*i" *a"t# that
#ho. a genuine issue of material fact . A Torrea.ba v. +es!/t/s, 9$C Nev. A<, 9@= P.%d @9#
D$;;=).
DUn.a6f. deta/ner pro0eed/n2s are des/2ned to afford t1e o6ner or .and.ord a speed5 re!ed5
to re0over possess/on
of 1/s or 1er .and after eGp/rat/on of t1e ter! of t1e tenan05 or r/21t of possess/on of t1e
tenant.N=O.. Its rat1er te../n2 t1at ,er./ss and *a8er 0ont/na..5 a..e2ed t1at Co21./nHs
tenan05 or .ease 1ad EeGp/redE on ,ar01 9, $;99...5et, no ev/0t/on 6as so21t nt/. A2st
$$nd $;99...5et t1e5 eGpe0t one to be./eve s01 6as not so21t /n reta./at/on, even 61ere t1e
events of ,a5 $%, $;99, and t1e 6r/tten 0orresponden0e bet6een Co21./n and ,er./ss,
espe0/a..5 t1ose bet6een ,ar01 $;99 and A2st $;99 D6/t1 a spe0/a. e!p1as/s on ,a5 $;99
and A2st 99t1 : 9#t1, $;99) de!onstrate a 0.ear reta./ator5 an/!s and 0onne0t/on) Pri/a
*a"ie right to o##e##ion /u#t 0e #ho.n "learly
"ev\Farno. -. Deart/ent B o* Eighth >u!i"ial Di#t. Court in an! *or Clar8 County$
<( Ne-. B)3$ B2+
P.$d %@9 D9AC@).
N(NCO I...\*ea01 v. *oett01er, %$% I... App. @A, << N.E.$d 9;C D9st &/st. 9ACC).
Pri/a *a"ie !e*en#e
N.).\Core ,ana2e!ent Corp. v. Loeb, 99= N.).S.$d #<@ DApp. Ter! 9A<$).
C. Stattor5 &/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s <. P.ead/n2s I 9<<C. Ans6er,
0onteraff/dav/t, and sbse3ent p.ead/n2s , Land.ord and Tenant $A9DA), %;<, %;<.9, %;@ A
defendant /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 for possess/on of .ease propert5 2enera..5 /s re3/red to
f/.e an ans6er or ot1er appropr/ate p.ead/n2. A defendant /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 for
possess/on of .ease propert5 2enera..5 /s re3/red to f/.e an ans6er or ot1er appropr/ate
p.ead/n2.N9O T1e ans6er or ot1er p.ead/n2 !a5 e/t1er den5 t1e a..e2at/ons of p.a/nt/ffHs
p.ead/n2N$O or set p ne6 !atter 0onst/tt/n2 a defense.N%O An ans6er or ot1er p.ead/n2 of t1e
defendant /s sff/0/ent 61ere /t sets p /n proper for! an5 defense t1at, /f estab./s1ed, 6/..
prevent a re0over5 of 7d2!ent b5 t1e p.a/nt/ff.NCO N(NCO I...\*ea01 v. *oett01er, %$% I...
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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App. @A, << N.E.$d 9;C D9st &/st. 9ACC). Pr/!a fa0/e defense N.).\Core ,ana2e!ent Corp.
v. Loeb, 99= N.).S.$d #<@ DApp. Ter! 9A<$). C. Stattor5 &/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ
S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s #. Ev/den0e, Tr/a., and &/spos/t/on b. Cond0t of Pro0eed/n2sJ Tr/a. I
9<#%. &/s!/ssa. or nons/tJ d/re0ted verd/0t , Land.ord and Tenant $A9D9#), %;A A s!!ar5
d/spossess/on pro0eed/n2 !a5 be d/s!/ssed, or a nons/t !a5 be 2ranted, 61ere t1e p.a/nt/ff
fa/.s to prove a 0ond/t/on pre0edent. A s!!ar5 d/spossess/on pro0eed/n2 !a5 be d/s!/ssed,
or a nons/t !a5 be 2ranted, 61ere t1e p.a/nt/ff fa/.s to prove a 0ond/t/on pre0edent.N9O T1e
a0t/on a.so !a5 be d/s!/ssed 61ere t1e p.a/nt/ff fa/.s to prove a !ater/a. a..e2at/on !ade b5
1/! or 1er and den/ed b5 t1e defendant.N$O A d/s!/ssa. or nons/t !a5 and s1o.d be refsed,
1o6ever, 61ere t1e p.a/nt/ff 1as !ade ot a pr/!a fa0/e 0ase.N%O N(N9O N.C.\-arren v.
*reed.ove, $9A N.C. %=%, 9C S.E.$d C% D9AC9). . As to 0ond/t/ons pre0edent to s!!ar5
d/spossess/on pro0eed/n2s, 2enera..5, see I 9<C9. . N(N$O N.C.\S50a!ore ,/..s v. Herve5
Veneer Co., $$= N.C. 99<, CC S.E.$d <%9 D9AC@). . O1/o\Parr/s1 v. Strana1an, =# O1/o App.
9@=, C9 O1/o Op. $@, <C O1/o L. Abs. <=#, == N.E.$d $#% D$d . &/st. (ran8./n Cont5 9ACA). .
N(N%O Neb.\Hoer2er v. C/t5 State *an8, 9<9 Neb. %$9, %@ N.-.$d %A% D9ACA). . N.).\
Sosn/a8 v. ,ar0s, 9A9 ,/s0. A$@, =$ N.).S.$d #9A DApp. Ter! 9AC=). . -as1.\Ar01er v.
Ar01er *.o6er Z P/pe Co., %$ -as1. $d $C#, $;9 P.$d 9A9 D9AC=). .
#. Land.ordHs Possessor5 'e!ed/es b. S!!ar5 Possessor5 A0t/ons DC) &efenses, Setoff, and
Conter0.a/!s D0) Land.ordHs 'eta./ator5 Cond0t A!?r LLT I =@%. Genera.. T1e .and.ord:
and:tenant stattes of !an5 states a..o6 defenses /n n.a6f.:deta/ner or s!!ar5:ev/0t/on
a0t/ons based on a stattor5 pro1/b/t/on a2a/nst n.a6f. reta./at/on.N(N9O Su"h a #tatute
/ay ro-i!e that .here a tenant /a8e# the re7uire! thre#hol! #ho.ing:FN;= or ri/a
*a"ie "a#e o* retaliatory "on!u"t$N(N%O t1e tr/er of fa0t s1a.. pres!e t1at reta./ator5 a0t/on
6as ta8enN(NCO n.ess t1e .and.ord proves ot1er6/se b5 0.ear and 0onv/n0/n2 ev/den0eN (N<O
or sat/sf/es t1e stattor5 2ronds for rebtta. of t1e pres!pt/ons.N(N#O In anot1er
7r/sd/0t/on, reta./ator5 0ond0t /s not pres!ed, so t1e tenant reta/ns t1e brden of prov/n2
t1e aff/r!at/ve defense of reta./ator5 0ond0t re2ard/n2 an ev/0t/on or .ease nonrene6a..N(N@O
N(N9O Van *ren Apart!ents v. Ada!s, 9C< Ar/>. %$<, @;9 P.$d <=% DCt. App. &/v. $ 9A=C)J
&roet v. Sper/or Cort, %9 Ca.. Ct1 <=%, % Ca.. 'ptr. %d $;<, @% P.%d 99=< D$;;%)J Correa
v. -ard, A9 Conn. App. 9C$, ==9 A.$d %A% D$;;<)J ,/..er v. &/str/0t of Co.!b/a 'enta.
Hos/n2 Co!Hn, =@; A.$d <<# D&.C. $;;<)J ?ab.ons8/ v. Case5, #C ,ass. App. Ct. @CC, =%<
N.E.$d #9< D$;;<) D1o.d/n2 t1at a 0.a/! for n.a6f. reta./at/on d/d not ./e)J Hoff!an v.
&avenport:,et0a.f, =<9 A.$d 9;=% D'.I. $;;C) Df/nd/n2 no n.a6f. reta./at/on o00rred)J
Cr/ss v. Sa.vat/on Ar!5 'es/den0es, 9@% -. Va. #%C, %9A S.E.$d C;% D9A=C). N(N$O *or2er
,ana2e!ent, In0. v. S/ndra!, ==# A.$d <$ D&.C. $;;<). N(N%O Correa v. -ard, A9 Conn.
App. 9C$, ==9 A.$d %A% D$;;<). N(NCO Correa v. -ard, A9 Conn. App. 9C$, ==9 A.$d %A%
D$;;<)J *or2er ,ana2e!ent, In0. v. S/ndra!, ==# A.$d <$ D&.C. $;;<)J Z/!bovs85 v. To8ar,
$;;< ,ass. App. &/v. 9;;, $;;< -L $$9A#=% D$;;<). As to t1e pres!pt/on of reta./at/on
ar/s/n2 nder t1e Un/for! 'es/dent/a. Land.ord and Tenant A0t, see I =@C. N(N<O *or2er
,ana2e!ent, In0. v. S/ndra!, ==# A.$d <$ D&.C. $;;<). N(N#O Correa v. -ard, A9 Conn.
App. 9C$, ==9 A.$d %A% D$;;<). T1e stattor5 pres!pt/on t1at a tenantHs ev/0t/on 6as
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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reta./ator5 based on 1er report of 0ode v/o.at/ons to t1e Hea.t1 &epart!ent d/d not app.5
61ere t1e tenant 6as ev/0ted for nonpa5!ent of rent. Z/!bovs85 v. To8ar, $;;< ,ass. App.
&/v. 9;;, $;;< -L $$9A#=% D$;;<). N(N@O Ho.e v. 4ennev/..e, 9@% Vt. =;, @=@ A.$d 9$<=
D$;;9).
C?S Stattor5 &/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s %. &efenses I 9<C#.
L/!/tat/on on ava/.ab.e defenses 2enera..5 , Land.ord and Tenant $A;D%), $A;DC), $A=D9) On.5
0.a/!s bear/n2 d/re0t.5 on t1e r/21t of /!!ed/ate possess/on ord/nar/.5 are 0o2n/>ab.e.N%O As
s01, aff/r!at/ve defenses are per!/ss/b.e on.5 /nsofar as t1e5 6o.d, /f s00essf., pre0.de
re!ova. of t1e tenant fro! t1e pre!/ses.NCO T1s, t1e tenant /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 !a5
/nterpose .e2a. defensesN< N(N<O N.).\?an8s v. Centra. C/t5 'oof/n2 Co., $@9 A.&. <C<, #@
N.).S.$d %<< DCt1 &epHt 9AC@). .O t1at s1o6 t1at 1/s or 1er o00pan05 /s r/21tf..N#O
Add/t/ona..5, e3/tab.e defenses and 0onter0.a/!s /!p./0at/n2 t1e r/21t to possess/on are a.so
ava/.ab.e /n a s!!ar5 pro0ess pro0eed/n2.N@O N(N%O Ida1o\Carter v. Zo../n2er, 9C# Ida1o
=C$, $;% P.%d 9$C9 D$;;A). . N.&.\VN&, LLC v. Leevers (oods, In0., $;;% N& 9A=, #@$
N.-.$d CC< DN.&. $;;%). . N(NCO Ca..\Ve..a v. Hd2/ns, $; Ca.. %d $<9, 9C$ Ca.. 'ptr. C9C,
<@$ P.$d $= D9A@@). . As to t1e s0ope of re!ed5 ava/.ab.e /n s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s for
possess/on, 2enera..5, see I 9<%9. . N(N<O N.).\?an8s v. Centra. C/t5 'oof/n2 Co., $@9 A.&.
<C<, #@ N.).S.$d %<< DCt1 &epHt 9AC@). . N(N#O N.).\Zra/08 v. 'e5es, $;C ,/s0. 9@C, 9$%
N.).S.$d @@< D,n. Ct. 9A<%). . O1/o\&av/s v. *o5a7/an, In0., 99 O1/o ,/s0. A@, C; O1/o
Op. $d %CC, $$A N.E.$d 99# DC.P. 9A#@). . TeG.\)on2 -o!enHs C1r/st/an AssHn of Ast/n
v. Ha/r, 9#< S.-.$d $%= DTeG. C/v. App. Ast/n 9AC$), . 6r/t refsed 6.o.!., DNov. $<, 9AC$).
. N(N@O Conn.\9A Perr5 Street, LLC v. Un/onv/..e -ater Co., $AC Conn. #99, A=@ A.$d 9;;A
D$;9;). . 'eta./ator5 ev/0t/on. A .and.ordHs reta./at/on a2a/nst a tenant for t1e tenantHs assert/on
or eGer0/se of r/21ts !a5 be a defense to ev/0t/on.N 9<O Ho6ever, 61ere t1e .and.ord rebts a
pres!pt/on of reta./at/on b5 estab./s1/n2 a nonreta./ator5 !ot/ve for an ev/0t/on, t1ere /s no
bar to /ssan0e of a 6r/t of possess/on.N9#O T1e reta./at/on defense to an ev/0t/on /s not ./!/ted
to s/tat/ons 61ere t1e .and.ord a0ts /..e2a..5 s/n0e a reta./ator5 !ot/ve !a5 ta/nt an a0t/on to
ev/0t tenants t1at 6o.d ot1er6/se be .a6f..N9@O N(N9<O Ca..\(/s1er v. C/t5 of *er8e.e5,
%@ Ca.. %d #CC, $;A Ca.. 'ptr. #=$, #A% P.$d $#9 D9A=C), 7d2!ent affHd, C@< U.S. $#;, 9;# S.
Ct. 9;C<, =A L. Ed. $d $;# D9A=#). . Ida1o\-r/21t v. *rad5, 9$# Ida1o #@9, ==A P.$d 9;<
DCt. App. 9AA<). . Assert/on b5 !ont1:to:!ont1 tenants A.as8a\V/nson v. Ha!/.ton, =<C
P.$d @%% DA.as8a 9AA%). 'eport of 1os/n2 0ode v/o.at/on -/s.\&/081t v. Norton, C< -/s.
$d %=A, 9@% N.-.$d $A@, C; A.L.'.%d @C; D9A@;). . N(N9#O ,e.\Perrea.t v. Par8er, CA;
A.$d $;% D,e. 9A=<). . Not app./0ab.e pon ter!/nat/on of f/Ged:ter! .ease ,/01.\
(ren01to6n V/..a v. ,eadors, 99@ ,/01. App. #=%, %$C N.-.$d 9%% D9A=$). N(N9@O &.C.\
Go!e> v. Independen0e ,ana2e!ent of &e.a6are, In0., A#@ A.$d 9$@# D&.C. $;;A).
;9L:; +9F9"S9 "
T1s, t1e tenant /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 !a5 /nterpose .e2a. defensesN< N(N<O N.).\?an8s
v. Centra. C/t5 'oof/n2 Co., $@9 A.&. <C<, #@ N.).S.$d %<< DCt1 &epHt 9AC@). .O t1at s1o6
t1at 1/s or 1er o00pan05 /s r/21tf..
- 9#CF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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C. Stattor5 &/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s %. &efenses I 9<C@. Pa5!ent
of rent , Land.ord and Tenant $A;D%), $A;DC), $A=D9) Pa5!ent of rent, or a .a6f. eG0se for
nonpa5!ent, !a5 be asserted as a defense /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 based on a fa/.re to pa5
rent. E3/tab.e as 6e.. as .e2a. defenses assert/n2 pa5!ent of rent, or abso.t/on fro!
pa5!ent /n 61o.e or /n part, are ava/.ab.e to t1e tenant /n a d/spossess a0t/on and !st be
0ons/dered b5 t1e 0ort.N9O In s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s based on a nonpa5!ent of rent, a 2ood
defense !a5 be ra/sed b5 s1o6/n2 a pa5!ent, sett.e!ent, re.ease, or d/s01ar2e of t1e ./ab/./t5
for rent,N$O so t1at t1ere /s no rent de,N%O or t1ere /s a .a6f. and sff/0/ent eG0se for /ts
nonpa5!ent.N CO Ho6ever, nder t1e part/0.ar statte prov/d/n2 for t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess, a
fa/.re on t1e part of t1e .and.ord !a5 be /rre.evant /n assess/n2 t1e propr/et5 of possessor5
re./ef s/n0e a tenant /s not ent/t.ed to 6/t11o.d rent based on an5 ot1er asserted brea01 of
0ontra0t.N<O Tender of rent 61en de ord/nar/.5 /s t1e e3/va.ent of pa5!ent and 0onst/ttes a
2ood defense.N#O Ho6ever, a tender of rent after t1e de date !a5 not 0onst/tte a defenseN@O
n.ess str/0t perfor!an0e of t1e ter!s of t1e .ease 1as been 6a/ved.N=O A tender or offer to
pa5 does not 0onst/tte a defense 61en !ade after t1e ter!/nat/on of t1e tenan05NAO /f t1e
pro0eed/n2 /s bro21t on t1e 2rond of 1o.d/n2 over rat1er t1an for nonpa5!ent of rentN9;O
nor /s t1e fa0t t1at t1e rent 0.a/!ed /s not de a defense to t1e pro0eed/n2s based on a
ter!/nat/on of t1e ter! of t1e .ease a.t1o21 t1at fa0t !a5 be re.evant to t1e .and.ordHs r/21t to
ter!/nate t1e .ease.N99O N(N9O N.?.\,ar/n/ v. Ire.and, <# N.?. 9%;, $#< A.$d <$#, C;
A.L.'.%d 9%<# D9A@;). As to r/21t of a0t/on based on nonpa5!ent of rent, see I 9<C;. As to
r/21ts and ./ab/./t5 for rents, 2enera..5, see II 9;@@ to 9$%<. . N(N$O N.).\Ga..00/o v.
,os0at/e..o, @C N.).S.$d =A@ DApp. Ter! 9AC@). . O1/o\Hoover v. Israe., %C O1/o Op. $<%,
C< O1/o L. Abs. CA;, #= N.E.$d A; D,n. Ct. 9AC#). . A00eptan0e of rent I...\Gas8/ns v.
'/st/01, %%A I... App. CA%, A; N.E.$d $%$ DCt1 &/st. 9A<;). N.).\Ho6ard v. ,a7or A/r0oa01
S5ste!s, In0., 99= N.).S.$d #;@ DApp. Ter! 9A<$). &/s!/ssa. pon pa5!ent of rent and
0osts N.?.\Co!!n/t5 'ea.t5 ,ana2e!ent, In0. for -r/21tsto6n Ar!s Apart!ents v.
Harr/s, 9<< N.?. $9$, . @9C A.$d $=$ D9AA=). . N(N%O N.).\&e V/ta v. P/an/san/, 9$@ ,/s0.
#99, $9@ N.).S. C%= DApp. Ter! 9A$#). . N(NCO Neb.\(ar!er v. P/tts, 9;= Neb. A, 9=@ N.-.
A<, $C A.L.'. @9A D9A$$). . EG0se /nsff/0/ent -as1.\)on2 v. '/.e5, <A -as1. $d <;, %#<
P.$d @#A D9A#9). -/t11o.d/n2 of rent for repa/rs La.\Le22/o v. ,an/on, 9@$ So. $d @C= DLa.
Ct. App. Ct1 C/r. 9A#<). Unreasonab.e 01an2e /n rene6a. .ease N.?.\CC@ Asso0/ates v.
,/randa, 99< N.?. <$$, <<A A.$d 9%#$ D9A=A). . N(N<O &.C.\P/n>on v. A Z G Propert/es,
=@C A.$d %C@ D&.C. $;;<). .N(N=O Ga.\Arno.d v. Se.!an, =% Ga. App. 9C<, #$ S.E.$d A9<
D9A<9). (a/.re to present 01e08 Ga.\)ates v. (ar!er, 9;$ Ga. App. <@;, 99@ S.E.$d $99
D9A#;). . N(NAO A.a.\A..en v. Sot1ern Coa. Z Co8e Co., $;< A.a. %#%, =@ So. <#$ D9A$9). .
N.).\(/n8e.ste/n v. (ab5/8, 9;@ N.).S. #@ DApp. Ter! 9A;@). . N(N9;O Ga.\S1/f.ett v.
An01or 'o!e ,/..s, @= Ga. App. C$=, <; S.E.$d =<% D9AC=). . N.C.\Se./2son v. +.5!an,
$$@ N.C. %C@, C$ S.E.$d $$; D9AC@). . Vt.\Canf/e.d v. Ha.., 9$9 Vt. C@A, 9#; A.$d @#=
D9A#;). . As to 1o.d/n2 over as 2ronds for a s!!ar5 d/spossess/on pro0eed/n2, see II 9<%@
to 9<C;. . N(N99O Conn.\-ebb v. A!b.er, 9$< Conn. <C%, @ A.$d $$= D9A%A). . C?S
LAN&LO'& I 9<C@ [II. 'eentr5 and 'e0over5 of Possess/on b5 Land.ord C. Stattor5
&/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s $. '/21t of A0t/on and Gronds a.
Gronds I 9<%=. Ho.d/n2 over , Land.ord and Tenant $A;D$), $A#D9), %=A T1e stattes
- 9#<F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pres0r/b/n2 s!!ar5 pro0ess for possess/on 2enera..5 at1or/>e s01 pro0eed/n2s to ost
tenants 1o.d/n2 over after t1e eGp/rat/on or ter!/nat/on of t1e/r ter!s. T1e stattes pres0r/b/n2
s!!ar5 pro0ess for possess/on 2enera..5 at1or/>e s01 pro0eed/n2s to ost tenants 1o.d/n2
over after t1e eGp/rat/on or ter!/nat/on of t1e/r ter!s.N9O In t1e absen0e of a 0ontra0ta. r/21t
to ter!/nate t1e tenan05 before /ts natra. eGp/rat/on date,N$O a tenant !a5 not be s!!ar/.5
re!oved nder s01 a statte nt/. t1e eGp/rat/on or ter!/nat/on of t1e ter! 6/t1/n t1e
!ean/n2 of t1e statte.N%O N(N9O U.S.\-estern Un/on Te.e2rap1 Co. v. Hansen Z 'o6.and
Corp., 9## (.$d $<= DC.C.A. At1 C/r. 9AC=). N.).\'e!ed0o Corp. v. *r5n ,a6r Hote.
Corp., C< ,/s0. $d <=#, $<@ N.).S.$d <$< DN.). C/t5 C/v. Ct. 9A#<). Vt.\Canf/e.d v. Ha..,
9$9 Vt. C@A, 9#; A.$d @#= D9A#;). A.ternat/ve re!ed/es Co!!er0/a. .and.ords possess t1ree
separate, 5et so!e61at over.app/n2, re!ed/es for re!ov/n2 a tenant 61o 1o.ds over after t1e
eGp/rat/on of a .ease, /n0.d/n2 t1e 1/stor/0 0o!!on:.a6 re!ed5 of e7e0t!ent, an n.a6f.:
deta/ner a0t/on, and a tenant:re!ova. a0t/on. (.a.\Pro:Art &enta. Lab, In0. v. V:Strate2/0
Grop, LLC, A=# So. $d 9$CC D(.a. $;;=). N(N$O N.).\*a!e/ster v. Cas/er/, %$ ,/s0. $d
#<C, $$= N.).S.$d %%A DApp. Ter! 9A#9). N(N%O Conn.\(ene08 v. No6a8o6s8/, 9C# Conn.
C%C, 9<9 A.$d =A9 D9A<A). N.).\*a!e/ster v. Cas/er/, %$ ,/s0. $d #<C, $$= N.).S.$d %%A
DApp. Ter! 9A#9). Vt.\Canf/e.d v. Ha.., 9$9 Vt. C@A, 9#; A.$d @#= D9A#;). C?S
LAN&LO'& I 9<%=
A.. t1e a!b/2/t5 /n t1e .ease a2ree!ent as to t1e .a08 of a def/ned ter!/nat/on date
ar2ab.5 !eans t1at ,er./ss 1ad not r/21t to ter!/nate t1e .ease for no 0ase, ever, and
frt1er, t1at t1e .ease never eGp/red Dter! /s ./sted /n Para2rap1 $ of t1e .ease as Eno .ess t1an
9$ !ont1sE, 61/01 /s far d/fferent t1an E9$ !ont1sE)"
A!b/2os prov/s/on re3/res nons!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s
Nev.\Anv/, LLC v. G.L. &ra2on, LLC, 9$% Nev. $9$, 9#% P.%d C;< D$;;@).
bot1 .e2a. and e3/tab.e defenses ava/.ab.e" -1ere t1e .essees do not ra/se /sses of
t/t.e t1ro21 t1e/r aff/r!at/ve defenses /n a for0/b.e entr5 and n.a6f.
deta/ner a0t/on bro21t b5 t1e .essor, and t1e /sses t1e5 ra/se /nstead /nvo.ve t1e 3est/on of
61et1er t1ere 1as been
an n.a6f. deta/ner, bot1 e3/tab.e and .e2a. defenses !a5 be ./t/2ated to reso.ve s01
/sses.N9%N(N9%O N.,.\-a.:Go Asso0/ates v. Leon, A< N.,. <#<, #$C P.$d <;@ D9A=9).

C. Stattor5 &/spossess/on Pro0eed/n2sJ S!!ar5 Pro0eed/n2s %. &efenses I 9<C@. Pa5!ent


of rent , Land.ord and Tenant $A;D%), $A;DC), $A=D9) Pa5!ent of rent, or a .a6f. eG0se for
nonpa5!ent, !a5 be asserted as a defense /n a s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2 based on a fa/.re to pa5
rent. E3/tab.e as 6e.. as .e2a. defenses assert/n2 pa5!ent of rent, or abso.t/on fro!
pa5!ent /n 61o.e or /n part, are ava/.ab.e to t1e tenant /n a d/spossess a0t/on and !st be
0ons/dered b5 t1e 0ort.N9O I N(N9O N.?.\,ar/n/ v. Ire.and, <# N.?. 9%;, $#< A.$d <$#, C;
A.L.'.%d 9%<# D9A@;).
- 9##F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
A. In Genera.J (/na./t5
$. (a0tors Cons/dered /n &eter!/n/n2 (/na./t5
a. In Genera.
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q +(. E**e"t o* o#tCtrial /otion
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8##, @#D%), @=D#)
S/n0e an appea. 6/.. on.5 ./e fro! a f/na. de0/s/on, t1e f/./n2 of a post7d2!ent !ot/on
ord/nar/.5 sspends t1e appea.ab/./t5 of t1e 7d2!ent nt/. a de0/s/on /s !ade on t1e !ot/on.
N(N9O T1e (edera. '.es of Appe..ate Pro0edre prov/de t1at /f a part5 t/!e.5 f/.es /n t1e
d/str/0t 0ort an5 of t1e fo..o6/n2 !ot/ons, as at1or/>ed t1e var/os prov/s/ons of t1e (edera.
'.es of C/v/. Pro0edre, t1e t/!e to f/.e an appea. rns for a.. part/es fro! t1e entr5 of t1e
order d/spos/n2 of t1e .ast s01 re!a/n/n2 !ot/on"N(N$O
D9) ,ot/on for 7d2!ent nder '.e <;Db)J
D$) ,ot/on to a!end or !a8e add/t/ona. fa0ta. f/nd/n2s nder '.e <$Db), 61et1er or not
2rant/n2 t1e !ot/on 6o.d a.ter t1e 7d2!entJ
D%) ,ot/on for attorne5Hs fees nder '.e <C, /f t1e d/str/0t 0ort eGtends t1e t/!e to appea.
nder '.e <=J
DC) ,ot/on to a.ter or a!end t1e 7d2!ent nder '.e <AJ
D<) ,ot/on for a ne6 tr/a. nder '.e <AJ or
D#) ,ot/on for re./ef nder '.e #;, /f t1e !ot/on /s f/.ed no .ater t1an 9; da5s after t1e
7d2!ent /s entered.
If a part5 f/.es a not/0e of appea. after t1e 0ort annon0es or enters a 7d2!ent, bt before
/t d/sposes of an5 of t1e fore2o/n2 !ot/ons, t1e not/0e be0o!es effe0t/ve to appea. a 7d2!ent
or order, /n 61o.e or /n part, 61en t1e order d/spos/n2 of t1e .ast s01 re!a/n/n2 !ot/on /s
entered.N(N%O
Under s/!/.ar state r.es, 61en a post:tr/a. !ot/on /s pend/n2 before an appea. /s ta8en, t1e
7d2!ent or de0/s/on to 61/01 t1e !ot/on /s addressed /s /nter.o0tor5 nt/. t1e tr/a. 0ort
r.es on t1e !ot/on, and /f t1e non!ov/n2 part5 appea.s 61/.e t1e !ot/on /s pend/n2, t1e ap
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pea. /s pre!atre be0ase t1e appea. 6as not ta8en fro! a f/na. 7d2!ent.N(NCO T1s,
f/na./t5 does not atta01 to an5 7d2!ent /n a 0/v/. pro0eed/n2, so as to /nvo8e t1e 7r/sd/0t/on
of t1e state spre!e 0ort over an appea., 61/.e a t/!e.5 f/.ed !ot/on for rear2!ent /s
pend/n2 /n t1e .o6er 0ort.N(N<O L/8e6/se, a 0/v/. defendantHs !ot/ons for a ne6 tr/a. and for
7d2!ent not6/t1stand/n2 t1e verd/0t 6/.. render t1e 7d2!ent nonappea.ab.e nt/. t1e tr/a.
0ort enters an order d/spos/n2 of t1e !ot/ons, or t1e !ot/ons are dee!ed den/ed.N(N#O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
A rene6ed !ot/on for 7d2!ent as a !atter of .a6 fo..o6/n2 verd/0t /s not a..o6ed n.ess
t1e !ovant so21t re./ef on s/!/.ar 2ronds before t1e 0ase 6as sb!/tted to t1e 7r5. EGGon
S1/pp/n2 Co. v. *a8er, 9$= S. Ct. $#;<, 9@9 L. Ed. $d <@; D$;;=).
Penden05 of t6o !ot/ons /n d/str/0t 0ort t1at so21t per!/ss/on to 0as1 01e08 t1at 1ad
a.read5 been depos/ted /n attorne5Hs trst a00ont and for 61/01 part/a. sat/sfa0t/on of
7d2!ent 1ad been f/.ed d/d not affe0t f/na./t5 of ot1er post7d2!ent orders for prposes of
/!!ed/ate appea.. T6eed.e v. State (ar! (/re Z Cas. Co., <$@ (.%d ##C D=t1 C/r. $;;=).
Case /n 61/01 t/!e.5 !ot/on to a.ter or a!end 7d2!ent 1as been f/.ed .a08s f/na./t5 for
appea. be0ase t1e !ot/on to..s t1e t/!e ./!/tat/on for appea. /n order to prov/de t1e tr/a.
0ort 6/t1 7r/sd/0t/on to reso.ve t1e !ot/on. T6eed.e v. State (ar! (/re Z Cas. Co., <$@ (.%d
##C D=t1 C/r. $;;=).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O Centr5 La!/nat/n2, Ltd. v. ,ont2o!er5, <A< (.$d <#%, $@ (ed. '. Serv. $d
$#C D9;t1 C/r. 9A@A).
N(N$O (ed. '. App. P. CDa)DC)DA).
N(N%O (ed. '. App. P. CDa)DC)D*)D/).
N(NCO I*P, In0. v. A.:G1ar/b, #;C N.-.$d #$9 DIo6a $;;;).
N(N<O *o6en v. E.I. dPont de Ne!ors and Co., In0., =@A A.$d A$; D&e.. $;;<).
N(N#O T1o!pson v. TLAT, In0., $;< Or. App. <9=, 9%C P.%d 9;AA D$;;#). l $;9$
T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt.
-or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I =C
Tenants 6a/ved on appea. t1e/r ar2!ent t1at tr/a. 7d2e 6as re3/red to f/nd at .east
0.ear and 0onv/n0/n2 proof of tenantsH brea01 of a .ease a2ree!ent, 61ere t1e5 d/d not ra/se
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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t1e /sse /n t1e tr/a. 0ort /n ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s. +oon v. (ares, %@A S.C. 9<;, ### S.E.$d
$%; D$;;=).
Tenant fa/.ed to preserve on appea. ar2!ent t1at 7d2eHs a..e2ed eG parte
0o!!n/0at/ons 6/t1 .and.ord 6arranted re0sa., 61ere tenant fa/.ed to ra/se /sse /n t1e tr/a.
0ort. +oon v. (ares, %@A S.C. 9<;, ### S.E.$d $%; D$;;=).
T1e ?st/0e Cort never r.ed on 61et1er Co2.1/n 0o.d 2et a sta5 nder N'S
C;.%=<, or pon t1e post/n2 of a spersedeas bond prsant t1ereto of B$<;. As s01, f/na..
appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on as to s01 61ere t1ere 6as no Ede0/s/on /nE t1e 7st/0e 0ort as to t1ose
/sses, does not ./e 6/t1 t1e &/str/0t Cort, bt, rat1er, /t 6as t1e Order /n &/str/0t Cort
den5/n2 Co21./nHs 9$F%;F99 ,ot/on for Sta5 prsant to N'S C;.%=< t1at 6as t1e f/rst
de0/s/on t1ereon, and as s01 6as a Ede0/s/on /nE or !atter Ear/s/n2 /nE t1e &/str/0t Cort and
appea.ab.e to t1e Nevada Spre!e Cort.
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9. Pre./!/nar5 ,atters
b. ,ode of Tr/a.
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q BK+. Stay o* ro"ee!ing#
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@;D#), =@;D$) -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est,
(edera. Corts 8<@$.9, <@C, <@#.9, <=<.9
A.D.R. Di0rary
Sta5 of 0/v/. pro0eed/n2s pend/n2 deter!/nat/on of a0t/on /n federa. 0ort /n sa!e state, <#
A.L.'.$d %%<
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Appea.ab/./t5 of order 2rant/n2 or refs/n2 sta5 or 0ont/nan0e nder federa. 0/v/. re./ef
a0t be0ase of ./t/2antHs !/./tar5 serv/0e, %C A.L.'.$d 99CA
Sta5 of 0/v/. pro0eed/n2s pend/n2 deter!/nat/on of a0t/on /n anot1er state or 0ontr5, 9A
A.L.'.$d %;9
S/n0e t1e 2enera. po./05 of t1e .a6 /s to per!/t an appea. on.5 fro! f/na. 7d2!ents or
de0/s/ons /n t1e absen0e of a statte or r.e spe0/f/0a..5 prov/d/n2 ot1er6/se, an order or
de0ree sta5/n2, or refs/n2 to sta5, a state 0/v/. a0t/on be0ase anot1er 0/v/. a0t/on /s pend/n2
/n state 0ort 2enera..5 /s not rev/e6ab.e b5 appea..N(N9O Ho6ever, an appea. of a sta5 !a5
be a..o6ed on t1e 2rond t1at t1e Ksta5L /s, /n effe0t, an /n7n0t/on and t1s /!!ed/ate.5
appea.ab.e nder a stattor5 prov/s/on at1or/>/n2 rev/e6 of t1e entr5 of an /n7n0t/on.N(N$O
An order 2rant/n2N(N%O or den5/n2N(NCO a sta5 /n federa. 0/v/. 0ases ./8e6/se ord/nar/.5 /s
not a f/na., appea.ab.e order. On t1e ot1er 1and, an order 2rant/n2 a sta5 /n federa. 0ort
pend/n2 reso.t/on of a state s/t /s f/na. and appea.ab.e 61en t1e res 7d/0ata effe0t of t1e
7d2!ent /n state 0ort 6o.d pre0.de frt1er ./t/2at/on /n federa. 0ort,N(N<O t1e
postpone!ent of 61/01 renders t1e federa. p.a/nt/ff effe0t/ve.5 ot of 0ort,N(N#O and /s
tanta!ont to a d/s!/ssa. of t1e nder.5/n2 s/t,N(N@O even 61ere t1e .an2a2e s22ests t1e
order /s sb7e0t
to rev/s/onN(N=O or pro2ress reports.N(NAO
In add/t/on, a nontentat/ve, f/na. de0/s/on to sta5 federa. ./t/2at/on nder t1e abstent/on
do0tr/ne /s /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e, nder t1e 2enera. federa. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on stat:te,
N(N9;O 61ere t1e ob7e0t/ve of t1e sta5 /s to re3/re a.. or an essent/a. part of t1e federa. s/t to
be ./t/2ated /n a state for!.N(N99O Ho6ever, t1e federa./s! 0on0erns posed b5 t1e abstent/on
prob.e! are not /!p./0ated b5 a !ot/on to sta5 /n favor of an a0t/on /n anot1er federa. d/str/0t.
N(N9$O
A sta5 order /s a.so appea.ab.e nder $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9 61ere\
9./t effe0t/ve.5 depr/ves t1e p.a/nt/ff of 1/s or 1er da5 /n 0ort, as 61ere a pr/sonerHs s/t /s
sta5ed nt/. 1/s or 1er re.ease fro! /n0ar0erat/on.N(N9%O
$./t ./!/ts t1e sta5 to 61/01 a re0e/ver /s ent/t.ed nder federa. .a6.N(N9CO
%.a de.a5 res.ts /n a den/a. of 7st/0e, s01 as /n a s01oo. dese2re2at/on 0ase.N(N9<O
C.a 0/v/. a0t/on a..e2/n2 t1at a 0r/!/na. prose0t/on 6o.d v/o.ate t1e p.a/nt/ffsH 0onst/tt/ona.
r/21ts /s sta5ed pend/n2 tr/a. of t1e 0r/!/na. a0t/on.N(N9#O
A d/str/0t 0ortHs sta5 order /n a s/t 01a..en2/n2 t1e enfor0e!ent of a prov/s/on of a ./3or
0ode pro1/b/t/n2 K.e6d, /!!ora., or /!proper enterta/n!entL /n a fa0/./t5 1o.d/n2 a ./3or
./0ense, and /!p.e!ent/n2 a re2.at/on, d/d not f/na..5 reso.ve a d/spted 3est/on or ra/se an
/!portant /sse d/st/n0t fro! t1e !er/ts, bt rat1er, /t !ere.5 0ased a de.a5, and, t1s, 6as
not appea.ab.e.N(N9@O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Ca#e#,
A.t1o21 d/str/0t 0ortHs f/rst order 2ranted Ind/an tr/be part/a. s!!ar5 7d2!ent on IS:
&EAA 0.a/! for se.f:deter!/nat/on 0ontra0t for reservat/on 1ea.t1 serv/0es, and d/re0ted tr/be
and &epart!ent of Hea.t1 and H!an Serv/0e DHHS) to draft for! of /n7n0t/ve re./ef, 0ortHs
se0ond order /n favor of HHSHs approa01 as to 0ontra0t start date and pa5!ent of 0ontra0t
spport 0osts d/d not eGpress.5 2rant /n7n0t/ve re./ef, as 6o.d a..o6 rev/e6 of se0ond order,
s/n0e se0ond order 6as !ere.5 step /n ./t/2at/on pro0ess stat/n2 t1at tr/be 6as ent/t.ed to re./ef,
bt d/d not enter 7d2!ent on !er/ts spe0/f5/n2 t1at re./ef. Sot1ern Ute Ind/an Tr/be v.
Leav/tt, <#C (.%d 99A= D9;t1 C/r. $;;A).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O A.!on v. '. H. ,a05 Z Co., 9;% Ga. App. %@$, 99A S.E.$d 9C; D9A#9)J '/01ardHs
*/08, In0. v. Sease, 99# Ga. App. $%$, 9<# S.E.$d %#< D9A#@), 7d2!ent affHd, $$% Ga. @<C,
9<= S.E.$d C;$ D9A#@)J H/21f/e.d -ater Co. v. -as1/n2ton Cont5 San/tar5 &/st., $A< ,d.
C9;, C<# A.$d %@9 D9A=%).
N(N$O -as1/n2ton Sbrban San/tar5 Co!Hn v. C.I. ,/t01e.. and *est Co., %;% ,d. <CC, CA<
A.$d %; D9A=<).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N%O *os1e. v. Toro Co., A=< (.$d C;# D=t1 C/r. 9AA%)J 'o.o v. Genera. &eve.op!ent
Corp., ACA (.$d #A< D%d C/r. 9AA9). N(NCO 'e/se v. *oard of 'e2ents of Un/vers/t5 of
-/s0ons/n S5ste!, A<@ (.$d $A%, @% Ed. La6 'ep. %C=, $9 (ed. '. Serv. %d A$@ D@t1 C/r.
9AA$)J U.S. v. Geor2/a Pa0. Corp., <#$ (.$d $AC DCt1 C/r. 9A@@)J Anderson v. U.S., <$; (.$d
9;$@ D<t1 C/r. 9A@<). N(N<O *rns v. -at.er, A%9 (.$d 9C; D9st C/r. 9AA9)J Trave.ers Inde!.
Co. v. ,adonna, A9C (.$d 9%#C DAt1 C/r. 9AA;). N(N#O 'o7as:Hernande> v. Perto '/0o E.e0.
Po6er At1or/t5, A$< (.$d CA$ D9st C/r. 9AA9). N(N@O *os1e. v. Toro Co., A=< (.$d C;# D=t1
C/r. 9AA%)J C1e5ne5 State Co..e2e (a0.t5 v. Hfsted.er, @;% (.$d @%$, 9; Ed. La6 'ep. ##
D%d C/r. 9A=%). N(N=O Genera. 'e/nsran0e Corp. v. C/ba:Ge/25 Corp., =<% (.$d @= D$d C/r.
9A==). N(NAO *rns v. -at.er, A%9 (.$d 9C; D9st C/r. 9AA9). N(N9;O $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9,
d/s0ssed 2enera..5 /n I @A. N(N99O S01a.. v. ?o50e, ==< (.$d 9;9 D%d C/r. 9A=A). N(N9$O
Har!on +ardon, In0. v. As1.e5 H/:(/, #;$ (.$d $9 D9st C/r. 9A@A). N(N9%O ,0+n/21t v.
*.an01ard, ##@ (.$d C@@, %% (ed. '. Serv. $d AAA D<t1 C/r. 9A=$). N(N9CO PraG/s Propert/es,
In0. v. Co.on/a. Sav. *an8, S.L.A., AC@ (.$d CA D%d C/r. 9AA9), as a!ended on den/a. of re1H2,
DNov. 9%, 9AA9). N(N9<O +e..e5 v. ,etropo./tan Cont5 *d. of Ed. of Nas1v/..e and &av/dson
Cont5, Tenn., C%# (.$d =<# D#t1 C/r. 9A@;). N(N9#O ,0Sre.5 v. ,0C.e..an, C$# (.$d ##C,
9% (ed. '. Serv. $d =;= D&.C. C/r. 9A@;). N(N9@O Con01atta, In0. v. Evan8o, =% (ed. AppG.
C%@ D%d C/r. $;;%). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No
C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9%=
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9. Pre./!/nar5 ,atters
0. ?r/sd/0t/on and Pro0essJ Vene
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
I 9C$. ?r/sd/0t/on
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@;D.<), =@;D$) -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est,
(edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
A de0/s/on /n t1e 0orse of a tr/a., overr./n2 an ob7e0t/on to t1e 0ortHs 7r/sd/0t/on, /s sa..5
not d/re0t.5 appea.ab.e, an5 error /n t1e de0/s/on t1ereon be/n2 rev/e6ed on.5 on appea. fro!
t1e f/na. 7d2!ent.N(N9O Ho6ever, a tr/a. 0ortHs de0./nat/on to tr5 a 0ase on t1e 2rond t1at /t
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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.a08s 7r/sd/0t/on /s not !ere.5 an /nter.o0tor5 de0/s/on, bt a f/na. and t1erefore appea.ab.e
de0/s/on.N(N$O
A state 0ort 7d2!ent aff/r!/n2 t1e den/a. of a defendantHs !ot/on to d/s!/ss a 0o!p.a/nt for
6ant of persona. 7r/sd/0t/on, 01a..en2/n2 t1e 0onst/tt/ona./t5 of a .on2:ar! statte, !a5
0onst/tte a f/na. 7d2!ent for t1e prpose of rev/e6 /n t1e Un/ted States Spre!e Cort.
N(N%O S/!/.ar.5, a de0/s/on b5 a 1/21est state 0ort t1at t1e 0orts of t1at state 1ave
7r/sd/0t/on to ad7d/0ate an a0t/on based pon se3estrat/on of t1e defendantHs propert5 /n t1e
state /s a f/na. 7d2!ent rev/e6ab.e b5 t1e Spre!e Cort prsant to statte,N(NCO 61ere, /f
an /!!ed/ate appea. /s not per!/tted, t1e appe..ants 6o.d 1ave t1e 01o/0e of sffer/n2 t1e
entr5 of a defa.t 7d2!ent or of enter/n2 a 2enera. appearan0e and defend/n2 on t1e !er:/ts.
N(N<O
A federa. d/str/0t 0ortHs order /n a 0/v/. r/21ts 0ase de0./n/n2 to reta/n spp.e!enta.
7r/sd/0t/on over t1e p.a/nt/ffHs state .a6 0.a/!s /s an nappea.ab.e /nter.o0tor5 order, rat1er
t1an an /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e f/na. order, 61ere t1e order .eaves /nta0t t1e p.a/nt/ffHs federa.
.a6 0.a/!s.N(N#O
N(N9O Tea015 v. Cob.e &a/r/es, In0., %;# N.C. %$C, $A% S.E.$d 9=$ D9A=$).
N(N$O (/rst A!er/0an Nat. *an8 of I8a v. A.0orn, In0., %#9 So. $d C=9, $C U.C.C. 'ep. Serv.
9$C; D,/ss. 9A@=)J Sot1ern Sp/nd.e and (.5er Co., In0. v. ,/../8en Z Co., <% N.C. App.
@=<, $=9 S.E.$d @%C D9A=9)J Speer v. Stover, #=< S.-.$d $$ DTeG. 9A=<). N(N%O Ca.der v.
?ones, C#< U.S. @=%, 9;C S. Ct. 9C=$, @A L. Ed. $d =;C D9A=C)J -or.d:-/de Vo.8s6a2en
Corp. v. -oodson, CCC U.S. $=#, 9;; S. Ct. <<A, #$ LE& $d CA; D9A=;). N(NCO $= U.S.C.A.
I 9$<@. N(N<O S1affer v. He/tner, C%% U.S. 9=#, A@ S. Ct. $<#A, <% L. Ed. $d #=% D9A@@).
N(N#O ,ontano v. C/t5 of C1/0a2o, %@< (.%d <A% D@t1 C/r. $;;C). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters.
%%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts
reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9C$
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
<. Part/0.ar T5pes of ?d2!ents
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
- 9@%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Q B<B. Su//ary &u!g/ent
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@=D9) -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera.
Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9, <A<
An order 2rant/n2 a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent 2enera..5 /s appea.ab.e, s/n0e /t /s a
f/na. de0/s/on,N(N9O at .east 61en t1e !ot/on /s 2ranted on t1e 61o.e 0ase.N(N$O An order
2rant/n2 part/a. s!!ar5 7d2!ent fro! 61/01 no /!!ed/ate appea. ./es /s !er2ed /nto t1e
f/na. 7d2!ent and rev/e6ab.e on appea. fro! t1at f/na. 7d2!ent.N(N%O An order 2rant/n2
part/a. s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not appea.ab.e, desp/te a vo.ntar5 d/s!/ssa. of t1e re!a/n/n2
0.a/!s 6/t1ot pre7d/0e, even t1o21 t1e d/s!/ssa. order appears to be f/na. on /ts fa0e,
61ere t1e part/es 1ave a2reed to a..o6 t1e p.a/nt/ff to ref/.e t1e d/s!/ssed 0.a/!s at a .ater
po/nt /n t/!e.N(NCO S/!/.ar.5, s!!ar5 7d2!ent 2ranted to fe6er t1an a.. of t1e defendants
/n an a0t/on /s not f/na. as to a.. part/es and t1erefore not /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e, 61ere t1e
re!a/n/n2 defendant or defendants d/d not 7o/n /n t1e !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent and t1e
d/str/0t 0ort does not 0ert/f5 t1e order as appea.ab.e.N(N<O
Ord/nar/.5, a 0ort of appea.s 1as no 7r/sd/0t/on to 1ear an /!!ed/ate appea. fro! a
d/str/0t 0ort order den5/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent, be0ase /t /s not a f/na. de0/s/on.N(N#O T1e
den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent 2enera..5 /s an /nter.o0tor5 de0/s/on on.5, and
t1erefore not d/re0t.5 appea.ab.e, s/n0e s01 a den/a. /s not an ad7d/0at/on on t1e !er/ts
a2a/nst t1e !ovant and 1e or s1e /s not t1ereb5 fore0.osed fro! t1e poss/b/./t5 of preva/./n2 /n
t1e 0ase 61en t1e fa0ts are deve.oped.N(N@O If t1e on.5 order /n t1e tr/a. 0ort /s one
overr./n2 a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent, t1at order 2enera..5 /s /nter.o0tor5 and no
appea. 6/.. ./e.N(N=O T1e tr/a. 0ortHs den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent as to one 0.a/! estab./s1es
t1at fa0t /sses st/.. re!a/n for reso.t/on at tr/a., and t1/s den/a., /n trn, renders t1e ent/re
order /nter.o0tor5, t1ereb5 pre0.d/n2 appe..ate rev/e6.N(NAO
O0#er-ation,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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-1en an appea. fro! den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ra/sed /n tande! 6/t1 appea. of an order
2rant/n2 a 0ross:!ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent, a Un/ted States Cort of Appea.s 1as
7r/sd/0t/on to rev/e6 t1e propr/et5 of t1e den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent b5 a d/str/0t 0ort.
N(N9;O
Pra"ti"e Ti,
T1e prov/s/on of t1e (edera. '.es of C/v/. Pro0edre a..o6/n2 0ert/f/0at/on of an appea. fro!
an order /nvo.v/n2 fe6er t1an a.. 0.a/!s or part/esN(N99O /s t1e proper ve1/0.e for a !ot/on to
re0ons/der a den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent, be0ase t1/s t5pe of order /s /nter.o0tor5 /n natre.
N(N9$O
Ho6ever, for prposes of t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne and t1e re3/re!ent, nder t1e
2enera. federa. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on statte,N(N9%O of a f/na. de0/s/on for /!!ed/ate
appea.ab/./t5 fro! a federa. d/str/0t 0ort to a federa. 0ort of appea.s, not ever5 den/a. of
s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s nonappea.ab.e.N(N9CO A federa. appe..ate 0ort 1as 7r/sd/0t/on of an
appea. fro! t1e den/a. of a s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on on t1e 2ronds of 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5
61ere /t /nvo.ves a pre.5 .e2a. 3est/on,N(N9<O and t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs !ere assert/on t1at
d/spted fa0ta. /sses eG/st /s not eno21 to pre0.de an /!!ed/ate appea. of an order
den5/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 2ronds.N(N9#O
An order den5/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent ord/nar/.5 /s /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e 61ere t1e
!ot/on /s !ade on t1e bas/s of t1e 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 of a pb./0 off/0er or e!p.o5ee.N(N9@O
L/8e6/se, den/a. of a s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on based on abso.te /!!n/t5 /s /!!ed/ate.5
appea.ab.e s/n0e /t /s an /sse of .a6, separab.e fro! t1e !er/ts of t1e 0ase, 61/01 on0e den/ed
0annot be effe0t/ve.5 preserved for .ater rev/e6.N(N9=O On t1e ot1er 1and, den/a. of a po./0e
off/0erHs !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 2ronds /n a 0/v/. r/21ts a0t/on
for fa.se arrest and !a./0/os prose0t/on /s not /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e 61ere t1e d/str/0t
0ort 1as r.ed t1at a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t eG/sted as to 61et1er /t 6as reasonab.e for
t1e off/0er to be./eve t1at probab.e 0ase eG/sted for t1e arrest.N(N9AO In a 0ase /n 61/01 an
/nd/v/da., assert/n2 t1at po./0e off/0ers 1ave sed eG0ess/ve for0e b5 beat/n2 t1e /nd/v/da.,
br/n2s a 0/v/. r/21ts a0t/on a2a/nst t1e off/0ers, and t1e off/0ers, 61o as 2overn!ent off/0/a.s
are ent/t.ed to assert a 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 defense to t1e a0t/on, !ove for s!!ar5 7d2!ent
as to t1e eG0ess/ve for0e 3est/on on t1e bas/s of t1e ar2!ent t1at t1e re0ord .a08s sff/0/ent
ev/den0e t1at t1e off/0ers beat t1e /nd/v/da. or 6ere present 61en ot1ers d/d so, t1e port/on
of a federa. d/str/0t 0ortHs order den5/n2 t1e s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on as to t1e ev/den0e
sff/0/en05 3est/on, based on t1e d/str/0t 0ortHs deter!/nat/on t1at t1e re0ord ra/ses a
2en/ne /sse of fa0t 0on0ern/n2 t1e off/0ersH /nvo.ve!ent /n t1e a..e2ed beat/n2, /s not a f/na.
de0/s/on t1at /s /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e b5 t1e off/0ers as a 0o..atera. order.N(N$;O
A d/str/0t 0ortHs den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent based on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5,
/n an arresteeHs 0/v/. r/21ts a0t/on, /s an /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e Kf/na. de0/s/onL 6/t1/n t1e
!ean/n2 of t1e statte prov/d/n2 for appea.s fro! f/na. de0/s/ons of d/str/0t 0orts, even
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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t1o21 t1e d/str/0t 0ort 1as fond 2en/ne /sses of !ater/a. fa0t t1at pre0.ded s!!ar5
7d2!ent, 61ere t1e defendant 0.a/!s /n 1/s or 1er br/ef to t1e 0ort of appea.s t1at 1e or s1e
/s ent/t.ed to 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 even nder t1e arresteeHs vers/on of t1e fa0ts.N(N$9O T1s,
for eGa!p.e, a 0ort of appea.s 1as 7r/sd/0t/on to 1ear an /nter.o0tor5 appea. fro! a den/a.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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of s!!ar5 7d2!ent based on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5, 61ere t1e appe..ant 0on0edes t1e
p.a/nt/ff:appe..eeHs vers/on of t1e fa0ts for prposes of appea. and 0ontends t1at 1e or s1e /s
ent/t.ed to 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 as a !atter of .a6 on t1ose fa0ts.N(N$$O
S!!ar5 7d2!ent /sses t1at are /neGtr/0ab.5 /ntert6/ned 6/t1 t1e /sse of t1e propr/et5
of t1e den/a. of a pre./!/nar5 /n7n0t/on, over 61/01 a Un/ted States Cort of Appea.s 1as
/nter.o0tor5 appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on, 0an be addressed /n an appea. fro! t1e den/a. of
pre./!/nar5 /n7n0t/ve re./ef.N(N$%O
Caution,
T1e statte 61/01 2rants t1e 0orts of appea.s 7r/sd/0t/on of appea.s fro! 0erta/n
/nter.o0tor5 orders, /n0.d/n2 t1ose 2rant/n2, 0ont/n/n2, !od/f5/n2, refs/n2, or d/sso.v/n2
/n7n0t/ons, or refs/n2 to d/sso.ve or !od/f5 /n7n0t/ons, does not at1or/>e an appea. fro!
orders den5/n2 !ot/ons for s!!ar5 7d2!ent be0ase of nreso.ved /sses of fa0t.N(N$CO
-1et1er pb./0 off/0/a.s 1ave 6a/ved t1e defense of 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5 b5 fa/./n2 to ra/se
/t nt/. t1e5 sb!/tted a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s an /sse of .a6 over 61/01 a 0ort
of appea.s 1as 7r/sd/0t/on, nder t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne, pon t1e off/0/a.sH appea. of t1e
den/a. of t1e/r !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent.N(N$<O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
&efendant !a5 not appea. order den5/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5
2ronds after f.. tr/a. on !er/tsJ abro2at/n2 6off '. 0ise!9@% (.%d 9;#=. Ort/> v. ?ordan, 9%9
S. Ct. ==C D$;99).
Cort of Appea.s .a08ed 7r/sd/0t/on to rev/e6 d/str/0t 0ortHs den/a. of !ot/on to va0ate
den/a. of defendantsH non:3a./f/ed:/!!n/t5:based s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on, /n I 9A=%
po./t/0a. d/s0r/!/nat/on a0t/onJ defendantsH appea. 6as not fro! f/na. 7d2!ent. G/..e!ard:
G/nor/o v. Contreras:Go!e>, CA; (.%d %9 D9st C/r. $;;@).
Genera..5, t1e den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not a f/na. order sb7e0t to appea.J 1o6ever,
/t be0o!es so 61en a00o!pan/ed b5 an order 2rant/n2 a 0ross:!ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent.
L/21t1ose Inst/tte for Evan2e./s!, In0. v. C/t5 of Lon2 *ran01, <9; (.%d $<% D%d C/r.
$;;@), 0ert. den/ed, 9$= S. Ct. $<;% DU.S. $;;=).
In I 9A=% a0t/on b5 for!er 0ont5 7a/. 2ards a2a/nst ot1er 2ards, a..e2/n2 (/rst
A!end!ent reta./at/on, defendants 0o.d appea. fro! order 0on0.s/ve.5 den5/n2 !ot/on for
s!!ar5 7d2!ent based on 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5, 61et1er or not t1e 2ards appea.ed fro! a
pr/or order den5/n2 a !ot/on to d/s!/ss t1e 0o!p.a/nt and 61et1er or not t1e !ot/on for
s!!ar5 7d2!ent rested on ne6 .e2a. or fa0ta. ar2!ents. (a/r.e5 v. (er!a/nt, C=$ (.%d
=A@ D@t1 C/r. $;;@).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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T1e 0ort of appea.s !a5 not rev/e6 a d/str/0t 0ortHs den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent on t1e
bas/s of 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5, /nsofar as t1at order deter!/nes 61et1er or not t1e pretr/a. re0ord
sets fort1 a 2en/ne /sse of fa0t for tr/a.. A.ston v. 'ead, ##% (.%d 9;AC DAt1 C/r. $;99).
Ord/nar/.5 a den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not a f/na. appea.ab.e order. $=
U.S.C.A. I 9$A9. ,0Co!/s1 v. *ennett, #99 (.%d <9; DAt1 C/r. $;9;), pet/t/on for 0ert. f/.ed
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DU.S. A2. 9@, $;9;) and pet/t/on for 0ert. f/.ed DU.S. A2. 9@, $;9;). Ord/nar/.5 a den/a. of a
!ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not a f/na. appea.ab.e order. $=
U.S.C.A. I 9$A9. ,0Co!/s1 v. *ennett, #;< (.%d @$; DAt1 C/r. $;9;). T1e .a6 of t1e 0ase
do0tr/ne does not app.5 to a den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent. A50o08 En2/neer/n2, In0. v.
A/rf./te, In0., <#; (.%d 9%<; D(ed. C/r. $;;A).
As a 2enera. r.e, t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ne/t1er rev/e6ab.e nor
appea.ab.e, bt t1at 2enera. r.e does not app.5 61ere t1e refsa. to 2rant a s!!ar5
7d2!ent !ot/on 1as t1e effe0t of deter!/n/n2 t1at t1e appe..ant /s not ent/t.ed to /!!n/t5
fro! s/t, as t1e r/21t of /!!n/t5 fro! s/t /s effe0t/ve.5 .ost /f a 0ase /s per!/tted to 2o to
tr/a.. C/t5 of (a5ettev/..e v. 'o!/ne, %@% Ar8. %9=, $=C S.-.%d 9; D$;;=).
As a 2enera. r.e, t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ne/t1er rev/e6ab.e nor
appea.ab.e, bt t1at 2enera. r.e does not app.5 61ere t1e refsa. to 2rant a s!!ar5
7d2!ent !ot/on 1as t1e effe0t of deter!/n/n2 t1at t1e appe..ant /s not ent/t.ed to /!!n/t5
fro! s/t, as t1e r/21t of /!!n/t5 fro! s/t /s effe0t/ve.5 .ost /f a 0ase /s per!/tted to 2o to
tr/a... C/t5 of (a5ettev/..e v. 'o!/ne, %@% Ar8. %9=, $=C S.-.%d 9; D$;;=).
T1e 2enera. r.e t1at t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ne/t1er rev/e6ab.e
nor appea.ab.e does not app.5 61ere t1e refsa. to 2rant a s!!ar5:7d2!ent !ot/on 1as t1e
effe0t of deter!/n/n2 t1at t1e appe..ant /s not ent/t.ed to /!!n/t5 fro! s/t, as t1e r/21t of
/!!n/t5 fro! s/t /s effe0t/ve.5 .ost /f a 0ase /s per!/tted to 2o to tr/a.. Ar8ansas '/ver
Ed0at/ona. Serv/0es v. ,oda0re, %@9 Ar8. C##, $#@ S.-.%d <A<, $%= Ed. La6 'ep. A9=
D$;;@).
As a 2enera. r.e, t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ne/t1er rev/e6ab.e nor
appea.ab.e. Ar8ansas '/ver Ed0at/ona. Serv/0es v. ,oda0re, %@9 Ar8. C##, $#@ S.-.%d
<A<, $%= Ed. La6 'ep. A9= D$;;@).
A den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not sb7e0t to rev/e6 on appea., even after
a tr/a. on t1e !er/ts. Get '/d Of It Ar8ansas, In0. v. H21es, %#= Ar8. <%<, $C@ S.-.%d =%=
D$;;@).
T1e den/a. of a s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not an appea.ab.e order and /s not sb7e0t to rev/e6
on appea., even after a tr/a. on t1e !er/ts. (.a2star *an8 v. G/bb/ns, %#@ Ar8. $$<, $%=
S.-.%d A9$ D$;;#).
In deter!/n/n2 61et1er t1e part/esH respe0t/ve brdens 6ere !et on a defendantHs !ot/on
for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /n an e!p.o5!ent d/s0r/!/nat/on a0t/on, rev/e6/n2 0ort !st v/e6
t1e ev/den0e /n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to p.a/nt/ff, as t1e non!ov/n2 part5, ./bera..5
0onstr/n2 1er ev/den0e 61/.e str/0t.5 s0rt/n/>/n2 defendantHs. S0ot01 v. Art Inst/tte of
Ca./forn/a:Oran2e Cont5, In0., 9@% Ca.. App. Ct1 A=#, A% Ca.. 'ptr. %d %%=, $CC Ed. La6
'ep. $99 DCt1 &/st. $;;A).
Statte re3/r/n2 ./bera. 0onstr0t/on of p.ead/n2s /s /rre.evant /n t1e Cort of Appea.Hs
rev/e6 of t1e 2rant/n2 of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent based on p.a/nt/ffsH fa/.re to !eet
t1e/r brden to estab./s1 a tr/ab.e /sse of !ater/a. fa0t. Go!e> v. L/n0are, In0., 9@% Ca.. App.
Ct1 <;=, A% Ca.. 'ptr. %d %== DCt1 &/st. $;;A), as !od/f/ed, DApr. $=, $;;A) and rev/e6
den/ed, D?.5 $$, $;;A).
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Tr/a. 0ortHs order den5/n2 e!p.o5erHs !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent and 2rant/n2 /ts
!ot/on for s!!ar5 ad7d/0at/on on.5 as to e!p.o5eeHs 0.a/!s for prov/d/n2 pa5stbs
0onta/n/n2 !/sstate!ents and for fa/./n2 to prov/de !ea. and rest per/ods 6as an appea.ab.e
order, even t1o21 /t d/d not d/spose of t1ree of e!p.o5eeHs 0ases of a0t/on, 61ere tr/a. 0ort
1ad 0ert/f/ed sb0.asses on t1e pa5stb and !ea. t/!e 0.a/!sJ t1e order ter!/nated a.. 0.a/!s
on be1a.f
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of t1e pa5stb and !ea. t/!e sb0.asses. *r/n8.e5 v. Pb./0 Stora2e, In0., =C Ca.. 'ptr. %d
=@% DCa.. App. $d &/st. $;;=), as !od/f/ed, DNov. <, $;;=) and rev/e6 2ranted and op/n/on
sperseded, =@ Ca.. 'ptr. %d #@C, 9A= P.%d 9;=@ DCa.. $;;A).
T1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s ord/nar/.5 not an appea.ab.e f/na.
7d2!entJ 1o6ever, /f part/es f/.e 0ross !ot/ons for s!!ar5 7d2!ent and t1e 0ort 2rants
one and den/es t1e ot1er, t1e appe..ate 0ort 1as 7r/sd/0t/on to 0ons/der bot1 r./n2s on
appea.. Hannaford v. ,ann, 9%C Conn. App. $#<, %= A.%d 9$%A D$;9$).
&en/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not ord/nar/.5 appea.ab.e be0ase /t /s not a
f/na. 7d2!ent, bt 61ere t1e 0ase 1as not 2one to tr/a., s!!ar5 7d2!ents are appea.ab.e
be0ase t1e rat/ona.e t1at a de0/s/on based on !ore ev/den0e s1o.d pre0.de a de0/s/on based
on .ess ev/den0e /s not app./0ab.e /n t1at s/tat/on. Papap/etro v. (ar!/n2ton Po./0e &ept., 9$A
Conn. App. #A<, $$ A.%d #%C D$;99).
A.t1o21 t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent ord/nar/.5 /s not appea.ab.e
be0ase /t /s not a f/na. 7d2!ent, t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent on t1e bas/s
of a 0.a/! of res 7d/0ata /s a f/na. 7d2!ent for prposes of appea. be0ase /t /nvo8es t1e
r/21t not to 2o to tr/a. on t1e !er/ts. Sotavento Corp. v. Coasta. Pa..et Corp., 9;$ Conn. App.
=$=, A$@ A.$d %<9 D$;;@).
T1e 2rant of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /n a !.t/:part5 0ase 6/.. not, stand/n2
a.one, ne0essar/.5 at1or/>e t1e /n/t/at/on of a d/re0t appea. t1erefro! b5 an5 part5 to t1e
nder.5/n2 0aseJ rat1er, an appea. !st be f/.ed b5 one 61o 1as stand/n2 to prse /t. &av/s v.
&ets01e *an8 Nat. Trst Co., $=< Ga. $$, #@% S.E.$d $$9 D$;;A).
An order den5/n2 a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not an appea.ab.e order /tse.f, nor /s
/t rev/e6ab.e on appea. fro! a f/na. 7d2!ent. Grover v. -ads6ort1, 9C@ Ida1o #;, $;< P.%d
99A# D$;;A).
Spre!e Cort does not rev/e6 t1e den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent 61en t1ere 1as been a
tr/a. on t1e !er/ts. *5bee v. Isaa0, 9C< Ida1o $<9, 9@= P.%d #9# D$;;=).
'ev/e6/n2 a s!!ar5 7d2!ent d/spos/t/on, Spre!e Cort 0onstres a.. ev/den0e str/0t.5
a2a/nst t1e !ovant and ./bera..5 /n favor of t1e non!ov/n2 part5. *en> v. (ront./ne Transp.
Co., $$@ I... $d %;$, %9@ I... &e0. #C<, ==$ N.E.$d <$< D$;;=).
A r./n2 den5/n2 a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent !er2es /nto t1e 7d2!ent after tr/a., and
t1e r./n2 /s not rev/e6ab.e on appea.. 'ob/nson v. Te..abs, In0., %A9 I... App. %d #;, %$A I...
&e0. A9;, A;@ N.E.$d <;9 D9st &/st. $;;A), appea. den/ed, $%% I... $d #;;, %%< I... &e0. #C#,
A9A N.E.$d %#< D$;;A).
In a rev/e6 of s!!ar5 7d2!ent, a.. fa0ts estab./s1ed b5 t1e des/2nated ev/den0e, and a..
reasonab.e /nferen0es fro! t1e!, are to be 0onstred /n favor of t1e non!ov/n2 part5. DPer
*oe1!, ?., 6/t1 one 7d2e 0on0rr/n2 and one 7d2e 0on0rr/n2 /n t1e res.t). Overton v.
Gr/..o, =A# N.E.$d CAA DInd. $;;=).
On appea. fro! a 2rant of s!!ar5 7d2!ent, an appe..ate 0ort !st 0onstre a.. fa0ts
and reasonab.e /nferen0es /n favor of t1e non:!ov/n2 part5. *arnett v. C.ar8, ==A N.E.$d $=9
DInd. $;;=).
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Appe..ate 0ort 6/.. aff/r! s!!ar5 7d2!ent n.ess t1ere /s a 2en/ne /sse as to a
!ater/a. fa0t or t1e !ov/n2 part5 /s not ent/t.ed to a 7d2!ent as a !atter of .a6. +op0>5ns8/
v. *ar2er, ==@ N.E.$d A$= DInd. $;;=).
T1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s no .on2er appea.ab.e on0e t1e !atter
pro0eeds to a tr/a. on t1e !er/ts. L/ndsa5 v. Cott/n21a! Z *t.er Ins. Serv/0es, In0., @#%
N.-.$d
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<#= DIo6a $;;A).
On appea. fro! s!!ar5 7d2!ent, t1e appe..ate 0ort app./es t1e sa!e r.es as t1e tr/a.
0ort. Potts v. *oard of Cont5 Co!Hrs of Leaven6ort1 Cont5, %A +an. App. $d @9, 9@#
P.%d A== D$;;=).
Genera..5, a den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s, f/rst, not appea.ab.e be0ase of
/ts /nter.o0tor5 natre and, se0ond, /s not rev/e6ab.e on appea. fro! a f/na. 7d2!ent 61ere
t1e 3est/on /s 61et1er t1ere eG/sts a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tJ t1ere /s, 1o6ever, an
eG0ept/on to t1/s r.e t1at app./es 61ere" D9) t1e fa0ts are not /n d/spte, D$) t1e on.5 bas/s of
t1e r./n2 /s a !atter of .a6, D%) t1ere /s a den/a. of t1e !ot/on, and DC) t1ere /s an entr5 of a
f/na. 7d2!ent 6/t1 an appea. t1erefro!. Ha>ard Coa. Corp. v. +n/21t, %$< S.-.%d $A; D+5.
$;9;).
In rev/e6/n2 a s!!ar5 7d2!ent, an appe..ate 0ort !st deter!/ne 61et1er t1e tr/a.
0ort 0orre0t.5 fond t1at t1ere 6ere no 2en/ne /sses as to an5 !ater/a. fa0t, and t1at t1e
!ov/n2 part5 6as ent/t.ed to 7d2!ent as a !atter of .a6. ?ones v. *oard of Ed0. of Lare.
Cont5, $;;= -L C@<<%$@ D+5. Ct. App. $;;=).
T1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not rev/e6ab.e on appea. fro! a f/na.
7d2!ent 61ere t1e 3est/on /s 61et1er t1ere eG/sts a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tJ 1o6ever
an eG0ept/on to t1/s r.e /s 61ere" D9) t1e fa0ts are not /n d/spte, D$) t1e on.5 bas/s of t1e
r./n2 /s a !atter of .a6, D%) t1ere /s a den/a. of t1e !ot/on, and DC) t1ere /s an entr5 of a f/na.
7d2!ent 6/t1 an appea. t1erefro!. Gers1 v. *o6!an, $%A S.-.%d <#@ D+5. Ct. App. $;;@).
A den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent, /n 61o.e or /n part, /s an /nter.o0tor5
7d2!ent t1at /s not appea.ab.e and 0annot be 0ert/f/ed as s01J t1e sa!e reason/n2 app./es to
t1e den/a. of eG0ept/ons. DPer ,0C.endon, ?., 6/t1 one 7d2e 0on0rr/n2 and one 7d2e
0on0rr/n2 /n t1e res.t). As0ens/on S01oo. E!p.o5ees Cred/t Un/on v. Provost Sa.ter Harper
Z A.ford, L.L.C., A#; So. $d A%A DLa. Ct. App. 9st C/r. $;;@).
*e0ase den/a.s of !ot/ons for s!!ar5 7d2!ent are /nter.o0tor5, 2enera..5 t1e5 are
not /!!ed/ate.5 rev/e6ab.eJ 61en a den/ed !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent addressed /sses
of pr/v/.e2e, /!!n/t5, or bot1 fro! s/t, 1o6ever, t1e Spre!e ?d/0/a. Cort 6/.. rev/e6
s01 de0/s/ons based on 7d/0/a..5 0reated eG0ept/ons to t1e f/na.:7d2!ent r.e. ,or2an v.
+oo/stra, $;;= ,E $#, AC9 A.$d CC@ D,e. $;;=).
Cort of Appea.s on.5 .oo8s to t1e ev/den0e sb!/tted /n oppos/t/on and spport of t1e
!ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /n rev/e6/n2 t1e tr/a. 0ortHs de0/s/on to 2rant t1e !ot/on. La
*e..e Epo3e, LLC v. O.d Erope Ant/de ,anor, LLC, C;# ,d. 9AC, A<= A.$d $#A D$;;=).
On appea. fro! s!!ar5 7d2!ent, /f no !ater/a. fa0ts are p.a0ed /n 2en/ne d/spte, t1e
appe..ate 0ort !st deter!/ne 61et1er t1e tr/a. 0ort 0orre0t.5 entered s!!ar5 7d2!ent as
a !atter of .a6. Anderson v. Con0/. of Un/t O6ners of Gab.es on T08er!an Condo!/n/!,
C;C ,d. <#;, AC= A.$d 99 D$;;=).
In 0ons/der/n2 a tr/a. 0ortHs 2rant of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent, t1e appe..ate 0ort
rev/e6s t1e re0ord /n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to t1e non:!ov/n2 part5. Anderson v. Con0/.
of Un/t O6ners of Gab.es on T08er!an Condo!/n/!, C;C ,d. <#;, AC= A.$d 99 D$;;=).
- 9=%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Part/a. s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s per!/ss/b.e, t/./>/n2 t1e sa!e 0r/ter/a for a 2rant or den/a. of
a s!!ar5 7d2!ent and t1e sa!e standard of rev/e6 on appea.. -a22oner v. -/../a!son, =
So. %d 9C@ D,/ss. $;;A).
T1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not sb7e0t to appe..ate rev/e6, even
61en an appea. /s ta8en fro! a f/na. 7d2!ent and not fro! t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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!ar5 7d2!ent. *ro6n v. S/!!ons, %%< S.-.%d C=9 D,o. Ct. App. S.&. $;9;), transfer
den/ed, D&e0. %, $;9;) and re1H2 andFor transfer den/ed, D&e0. %, $;9;).
On appea. fro! 2rant of s!!ar5 7d2!ent to defendant, Spre!e Cort v/e6s t1e fa0ts
/n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to p.a/nt/ff. L/vse5 v. ,er0r5 Ins. Grop, 9A@ N.?. <$$, A#C A.$d
%9$ D$;;A).
(a0ts as stated on appea. fro! s!!ar5 7d2!ent 6o.d be der/ved fro! ev/den0e
sb!/tted b5 t1e part/es /n spport of and /n oppos/t/on to defendantHs s!!ar5 7d2!ent
!ot/on, v/e6ed /n a ./21t !ost favorab.e to p.a/nt/ff. Lebron v. San01e>, C;@ N.?. Sper. $;C,
A@; A.$d %AA, $CC Ed. La6 'ep. 9A9 DApp. &/v. $;;A).
(or prposes of an appea. fro! a tr/a. 0ortHs entr5 of s!!ar5 7d2!ent for t1e
preva/./n2 part5, t1e appea./n2 part5 /s not re3/red to !a8e ass/2n!ents of error, for t1e
reason t1at on appea., rev/e6 /s ne0essar/.5 ./!/ted to 61et1er t1e tr/a. 0ortHs 0on0.s/ons as
to 61et1er t1ere /s a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t and 61et1er t1e !ov/n2 part5 /s ent/t.ed to
7d2!ent, bot1 3est/ons of .a6, 6ere 0orre0t. S01en8e. Z S1.t>, In0. v. Her!on (. (oG Z
Asso0/ates, P.C., %#$ N.C. $#A, #<= S.E.$d A9= D$;;=).
Orders 61/01 den5 s!!ar5 7d2!ent are ord/nar/.5 /nter.o0tor5 and not appea.ab.e.
Harb/n )/n1a/ Te01no.o25 &eve.op!ent Co., Ltd. v. Greentree (/nan0/a. Grop, In0., #@@
S.E.$d =<C DN.C. Ct. App. $;;A).
An order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not appea.ab.e. (ar!ers Un/on O/. Co. of
Garr/son v. S!etana, $;;A N& @C, @#C N.-.$d ##< DN.&. $;;A).
&en/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s 2enera..5 not a f/na. appea.ab.e order. S/nnott
v. A3a:C1e!, In0., 99# O1/o St. %d 9<=, $;;@:O1/o:<<=C, =@# N.E.$d 9$9@ D$;;@).
On appea. fro! an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent, t1e appe..ate 0ort 6/.. rev/e6 a..
a!b/2/t/es, 0on0.s/ons, and /nferen0es ar/s/n2 /n and fro! t1e ev/den0e /n a ./21t !ost
favorab.e to t1e non:!ov/n2 part5 be.o6. USAA Propert5 and Cas. Ins. Co. v. C.e22, %@@
S.C. #C%, ##9 S.E.$d @A9 D$;;=).
Appe..ate 0ort rev/e6s t1e 2rant of a s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on nder t1e sa!e standard
as t1e tr/a. 0ort" s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s proper 61en t1ere /s no 2en/ne /sse as to an5
!ater/a. fa0t and t1e !ov/n2 part5 /s ent/t.ed to 7d2!ent as a !atter of .a6. Ast/n v.
*eafort Cont5 S1er/ffHs Off/0e, %@@ S.C. %9, #<A S.E.$d 9$$ D$;;=).
On appea. fro! s!!ar5 7d2!ent, t1e appe..ate 0ort /s re3/red to rev/e6 t1e ev/den0e
/n t1e ./21t !ost favorab.e to t1e non!ov/n2 part5 and to dra6 a.. reasonab.e /nferen0es
favor/n2 t1e non!ov/n2 part5. ,art/n v. Norfo.8 Sot1ern '5. Co., $@9 S.-.%d @# DTenn.
$;;=).
A.t1o21 t1e den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s nor!a..5 not appea.ab.e, t1e Spre!e Cort
!a5 rev/e6 s01 a den/a. 61en bot1 part/es !oved for s!!ar5 7d2!ent and t1e tr/a. 0ort
2ranted one and den/ed t1e ot1er. TeGas ,n. Po6er A2en05 v. Pb./0 Ut/./t5 Co!Hn of
TeGas, $<% S.-.%d 9=C DTeG. $;;@).
T1ere /s no pres!pt/on of f/na./t5 for s!!ar5 7d2!ent orders, for prposes of appea..
(ord v. EGGon ,ob/. C1e!/0a. Co., $%< S.-.%d #9< DTeG. $;;@).
- 9=<F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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A person 0an appea. not on.5 t1e den/a. of s!!ar5 7d2!ent !ot/on, bt a.so t1e den/a.
of a !ot/on to d/s!/ss, /f s01 a !ot/on /s based on an assert/on of /!!n/t5 b5 an /nd/v/da.
61o /s an off/0er or e!p.o5ee of t1e state or a po./t/0a. sbd/v/s/on of t1e state. V.T.C.A.,
C/v/. Pra0t/0e Z 'e!ed/es Code II <9.;9CDa), 9;9.9;#De). Un/vers/t5 of TeGas Hea.t1
S0/en0e Center at Hoston v. Cro6der, %CA S.-.%d #C;, $@$ Ed. La6 'ep. 9;%% DTeG. App.
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Hoston 9Ct1 &/st. $;99), re1H2 overr.ed, DA2. 9;, $;99).
A non:!ovant needs no ans6er or response to a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent to 0ontend
on appea. t1at t1e 2ronds eGpress.5 presented to t1e tr/a. 0ort b5 t1e !ovantHs !ot/on are
/nsff/0/ent as a !atter of .a6 to spport s!!ar5 7d2!ent, be0ase t1e tr/a. 0ort !a5 not
2rant a s!!ar5 7d2!ent b5 defa.t for .a08 of an ans6er or response. Gar5 E. Patterson Z
Asso0/ates, P.C. v. Ho.b, $#C S.-.%d 9=; DTeG. App. Hoston 9st &/st. $;;=), rev/e6
den/ed, DA2. $A, $;;=).
Genera..5, a den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not a f/na. deter!/nat/on on t1e
!er/ts and, t1erefore, /s not an appea.ab.e /nter.o0tor5 order. Nor!andea v. Hanson
E3/p!ent, In0., $;;@ UT App %=$, 9@C P.%d 9 DUta1 Ct. App. $;;@), 0ert. 2ranted DUta1
,ar. @, $;;=).
Appe..ate 0ort !a5 eGer0/se /ts d/s0ret/on and r.e on a den/ed !ot/on for s!!ar5
7d2!ent to serve t1e /nterest of 7d/0/a. e0ono!5 61ere t1ere are no 2en/ne /sses of
!ater/a. fa0t. -a.ters v. A.A.A. -aterproof/n2, In0., 9<9 -as1. App. %9#, $99 P.%d C<C
D&/v. 9 $;;A).
An eGpertHs 3a./f/0at/ons and op/n/ons are part and par0e. of a s!!ar5 7d2!ent, and
t1erefore t1e Cort of Appea.s does not defer to t1e tr/a. 7d2eHs r./n2s on ev/den0e 61en
pass/n2 on t1e propr/et5 of a s!!ar5 d/s!/ssa., bt rat1er de0/des 61et1er ev/den0e /s
sff/0/ent or s1o.d 1ave been 0ons/dered and to 61at eGtent. H/.. v. Sa0red Heart ,ed/0a.
Center, 9C% -as1. App. C%=, 9@@ P.%d 99<$ D&/v. % $;;=).
-1ere an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent to a part5 0o!p.ete.5 d/sposes of an5 /sses
of ./ab/./t5 as to t1at part5, t1e absen0e of .an2a2e pres0r/bed b5 '.es of C/v/. Pro0edre
/nd/0at/n2 t1at Eno 7st reason for de.a5E eG/sts and Ed/re0t/Nn2O entr5 of 7d2!entE 6/.. not
render t1e order /nter.o0tor5 and bar appea. prov/ded t1at t1e appe..ate 0ort 0an deter!/ne
fro! t1e order t1at t1e tr/a. 0ortHs r./n2 approG/!ates a f/na. order /n /ts natre and effe0t.
Trner eG re.. Trner v. Trner, $$% -. Va. 9;#, #@$ S.E.$d $C$ D$;;=).
Spre!e Cort, 61en rev/e6/n2 a r./n2 on a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent, deter!/nes
61et1er t1e 0o!p.a/nt states an a0t/onab.e 0.a/!. A00-eb, In0. v. (o.e5 Z Lardner, $;;=
-I $C, %;= -/s. $d $<=, @C# N.-.$d CC@ D$;;=).
Genera..5, t1e den/a. of a !ot/on for s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s not an appea.ab.e f/na. orderJ
1o6ever, an eG0ept/on to t1e 2enera. r.e ar/ses 61en a d/str/0t 0ort refses to d/s!/ss a 0ase
on t1e bas/s of 3a./f/ed /!!n/t5. State, &ept. of Corre0t/ons v. -atts, $;;= -) 9A, 9@@
P.%d @A% D-5o. $;;=).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O In2a..s v. Ne/d./n2er, @; Ar/>. C;, $9# P.$d %=@ D9A<;)J S./21 v. -atson, #A Ar/>. %@%,
$9C P.$d 9$% D9A<;) Doverr.ed /n part on ot1er 2ronds b5, &/a!ond v. C1/ate, =9 Ar/>. =#,
%;; P.$d <=% D9A<#))J Aten v. Aten, %;= N.). 9<<, 9$C N.E.$d AA, <; A.L.'.$d $C#
D9A<C)J -r/21t v. -r/21t, 9<C TeG. 9%=, $@C S.-.$d #@; D9A<<).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N$O */n21a! v. +/!bre.., $<= S.-.$d %#% DTeG. C/v. App. Ast/n 9A<%)J -are v. -r/21t,
$<$ S.-.$d 9;;% DTeG. C/v. App. &a..as 9A<$).
N(N%O L/nd v. Un/ted Par0e. Serv/0e, In0., $<C (.%d 9$=9, <9 (ed. '. Serv. %d #9C
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D99t1 C/r. $;;9). N(NCO Adon/0an v. C/t5 of Los An2e.es, $A@ (.%d 99;# DAt1 C/r. $;;$).
N(N<O Ht01/nson v. Pfe/., 9;< (.%d <## D9;t1 C/r. 9AA@). N(N#O &e!oret v. Ze2are../, C<9
(.%d 9C; D$d C/r. $;;#). N(N@O -1/te1ead v. *aran0o Co.or Labs, In0., %<% So. $d @A% DA.a.
9A@@)J ,adr5 v.
Sore., CC; (.$d 9%$A D<t1 C/r. 9A@9)J U.S. v. One 'o086e.. Intern. Co!!ander #A;
CF=C;, Ser/a. N!ber 99#$@, <AC (. Spp. 9%% D&.N.&. 9A=C), 7d2!ent revHd on ot1
er 2ronds, @<C (.$d $=C D=t1 C/r. 9A=<).
N(N=O Tob/n v. Gar0/a, 9<A TeG. <=, %9# S.-.$d %A# D9A<=).
N(NAO A0ton v. C/t5 of Co.!b/a, ,o., C%# (.%d A#A D=t1 C/r. $;;#).
N(N9;O Anto. v. Perr5, =$ (.%d 9$A9, 9# A.&.&. #<% D%d C/r. 9AA#).
N(N99O (ed. '. C/v. P. <CDb), d/s0ssed /n I 99%.
N(N9$O )on2 v. ,rp15, 9#9 (.'.&. #9 DN.&. I... 9AA<).
N(N9%O $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9, d/s0ssed 2enera..5 /n I @A.
As to t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne, 2enera..5, see I 9;<.
N(N9CO *e1rens v. Pe..et/er, <9# U.S. $AA, 99# S. Ct. =%C, 9%% L. Ed. $d @@%, %C (ed.
'. Serv. %d 9 D9AA#). N(N9<O ?e!!ott v. Co21./n, =< (.%d #9 D$d C/r. 9AA#). N(N9#O
'o1!an v. Ne6 )or8 C/t5 Trans/t At1or/t5 DN)CTA), $9< (.%d $;= D$d C/r.
$;;;). N(N9@O ,oore v. G6/nnett Cont5, A#@ (.$d 9CA< D99t1 C/r. 9AA$)J ,0Govern v. C/t5
of ,/nneapo./s, C@< N.-.$d @9 D,/nn. 9AA9)J C/t5 of Hoston v. +/.brn, =%= S.-.$d
%CC DTeG. App. Hoston 9Ct1 &/st. 9AA$), 6r/t den/ed 6/t1 per 0r/a! op/n/on, =CA S.-.$d
=9; DTeG. 9AA%). As to t1e appea.ab/./t5 of orders den5/n2 0.a/!s of E.event1 A!end!ent
/!!n/t5 or
3a./f/ed /!!n/t5, see I =;. N(N9=O Carver v. (oerster, 9;$ (.%d A# D%d C/r. 9AA#). N(N9AO
,ars1a.. v. S../van, 9;< (.%d C@ D$d C/r. 9AA#). N(N$;O ?o1nson v. ?ones, <9< U.S. %;C, 99<
S. Ct. $9<9, 9%$ L. Ed. $d $%=, %$ (ed. '.
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Serv. %d 9 D9AA<).
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N(N$9O *.te!a v. *en>/e Cont5, 9C# (ed. AppG. $=, $;;< (E& App. ;@9<N D#t1
C/r. $;;<).
N(N$$O Sa!p.e v. *a/.e5, C;A (.%d #=A, $;;< (E& App. ;$;AP D#t1 C/r. $;;<).
N(N$%O La!ar Advert/s/n2 of Penn, LLC v. To6n of Or01ard Par8, Ne6 )or8, %<#
(.%d %#< D$d C/r. $;;C).
As to /nter.o0tor5 appea.s fro! orders den5/n2, 2rant/n2, or !od/f5/n2 /n7n0t/ons,
see I 99;, d/s0ss/n2 $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A$Da)D9). N(N$CO S6/t>er.and C1eese AssHn, In0.
v. E. HorneHs ,ar8et, In0., %=< U.S. $%, =@ S. Ct. 9A%, 9@ L. Ed. $d $%, 9; (ed. '.
Serv. $d 9%A9 D9A##) Dreferr/n2 to $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A$Da)).
N(N$<O Edd5 v. V/r2/n Is.ands -ater and Po6er At1., $<# (.%d $;C, <; (ed. '. Serv.
%d 99@% D%d C/r. $;;9). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF
'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved.
A,?U' APPELLATE I 9#9
EN& O( &OCU,ENT
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
<. Part/0.ar T5pes of ?d2!ents
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B<4. Con#ent &u!g/ent
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@=D9)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
A K0onsent 7d2!entL /s not ord/nar/.5 rev/e6ab.e,N(N9O be0ase s01 a 7d2!ent /s not
t1e 7d2!ent of t1e 0ort, bt of t1e part/es, and /s /n t1e natre of a 0ontra0t.N(N$O Ho6ever,
a 0onsent 7d2!ent !a5 be rev/e6ab.e on appea. 61ere t1e pb./0 /nterest /s affe0ted b5 t1e
7d2!entN(N%O or 61ere t1ere /s a 0.a/! of .a08 of a0ta. 0onsentN(NCO or .a08 of sb7e0t:
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!atter 7r/sd/0t/on.N(N<O (rt1er!ore, a d/str/0t 0ortHs /!p.e!entat/on of a sett.e!ent
a2ree!ent v/a a 0onsent 7d2!ent /s a f/na. and appea.ab.e de0/s/on.N(N#O
A.t1o21 a part5 ord/nar/.5 !a5 not appea. a 0onsent 7d2!ent, /f t1e part5 2ave 0onsent
!ere.5 to fa0/./tate an appea. fo..o6/n2 an adverse deter!/nat/on of a 0r/t/0a. /sse, t1e part5
6/.. not .ose 1/s or 1er r/21t to be 1eard on appea..N(N@O
N(N9O &on2 v. *oard of Trstees, 9A9 Ca.. App. %d 9<@$, $%# Ca.. 'ptr. A9$, %A Ed. La6
'ep. $;A D#t1 &/st. 9A=@)J Greenb.att v. +ap.anHs 'estarant, 9@9 Ca.. App. %d AA9, $9@ Ca..
'ptr. @C# DCt1 &/st. 9A=<)J Urban0>58 v. Urban0>58, #%C S.-.$d %C DTeG. App. T5.er 9A=$).
N(N$O ,asse.. v. &a.e5, C;C I... C@A, =A N.E.$d %#9, 9% A.L.'.$d 9%<# D9ACA)J State
v. Hebner, $%; Ind. C#9, 9;C N.E.$d %=< D9A<$)J Saer v. '1oades, %%= ,/01. #@A, #$
N.-.$d #%C D9A<C).
N(N%O ,asse.. v. &a.e5, C;C I... C@A, =A N.E.$d %#9, 9% A.L.'.$d 9%<# D9ACA).
N(NCO U.S. v. *e01te. Corp., #C= (.$d ##; DAt1 C/r. 9A=9)J 'e/!er v. &av/s, $$C +an.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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$$<, <=; P.$d =9 D9A@=).
N(N<O U.S. v. *e01te. Corp., #C= (.$d ##; DAt1 C/r. 9A=9). N(N#O S/!s v. EGA
Prod0ts, In0., C@< (.%d =#< D@t1 C/r. $;;@). N(N@O &on2 v. *oard of Trstees, 9A9
Ca.. App. %d 9<@$, $%# Ca.. 'ptr. A9$, %A Ed.
La6 'ep. $;A D#t1 &/st. 9A=@)J G/..! v. 'epb./0 Hea.t1 Corp., @@= S.-.$d <<=
DTeG. App. &a..as 9A=A). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF
'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9#<
EN& O( &OCU,ENT
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
@. (ees and Costs of A0t/on
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B24. De"i#ion# a##ing ex"lu#i-ely on *ee# an! "o#t#
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@=D@), =$DC), =@D9;)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9, <A@
-1ere t1e fees and 0osts a6ard /n an a0t/on /s re.ated to t1e !er/ts of t1e nder.5/n2 order
61/01 2ave r/se to t1e fees and 0osts a6ard, /t /s appropr/ate to 6/t11o.d /ndependent rev/e6
of t1at a6ard nt/. f/na. reso.t/on of t1e nder.5/n2 sbstant/ve order.N(N9O Ho6ever, t1/s
2enera. r.e /s sb7e0t to eG0ept/ons, s01 as 61ere t1e po6er or r/21t of t1e 0ort to assess
0erta/n /te!s of 0ost /s /n d/spte, or t1ere /s a 0.a/! t1at t1e tr/a. 0ort absed /ts d/s0ret/on.
N(N$O
An order 61/01 def/n/t/ve.5 reso.ves 0.a/!s for attorne5Hs fees and eGpenses pa5ab.e ot
of a 0o!!on fnd /s severab.e fro! t1e de0/s/ons on t1e !er/ts and sff/0/ent.5 f/na. to be
separate.5 appea.ab.e.N(N%O Separate 0osts 7d2!ents ./8e6/se are re2.ar.5 appea.ab.e as
f/na. 7d2!ents.N(NCO
- 9A%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Caution,
A separate order assess/n2 0osts /s not a f/na. de0/s/on /f t1e eGa0t a!ont 1as not been f/Ged
b5 t1e 0ort.N(N<O If a separate 0.a/! /s bro21t for ad!/n/strat/ve enfor0e!ent 0osts, t1e
7d2!ent /s a.so not f/na. nt/. a f/na. deter!/nat/on /s !ade on t1e separate 0.a/!.N(N#O
An order d/re0t/n2 pa5!ent of 6/tness fees and b/..s for ps501/atr/0 eGa!/nat/ons /s
appea.ab.e nder t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne.N(N@O Orders den5/n2 app./0at/ons for 0osts,
eGpenses, and attorne5Hs fees a.so !a5 be appea.ab.e nder t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne.N(N=O
A defendantHs !ot/on for 0osts /s not a 0.a/! for re./ef presented /n an a0t/on, s01 as
re3/red b5 t1e r.e 2overn/n2 an appea. of fe6er t1an a.. 0.a/!s of fe6er t1an a.. part/es,
N(NAO and, stand/n2 a.one, /s not sb7e0t to appea. 61ere t1e nder.5/n2 a0t/on /s st/..
- 9ACF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pend/n2.N(N9;O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
A tr/a. 0ort order taG/n2 0osts on appea. /s appea.ab.e as an order after 7d2!ent, after a
prev/os 7d2!ent 1as been reversed on appea. bt before a ne6 7d2!ent 1as been entered
on re!and, s/n0e t1e re.evant f/na. 7d2!ent /s t1e 7d2!ent of t1e Cort of Appea.. -estHs
Ann.Ca..C.C.P. I A;C.9Da)D$). +r/8or/an Pre!/ere T1eatres, LLC v. -est!/nster Centra.,
LLC DT6o Cases), 9A% Ca.. App. Ct1 9;@<, $;99 -L 9;<9@C% DCt1 &/st. $;99), op/n/on
!od/f/ed, $;99 -L 9%CC@$# DCa.. App. Ct1 &/st. $;99).
An order a6ard/n2 attorne5 fees /s d/st/n0t and separate.5 appea.ab.e fro! t1e 7d2!ent
on t1e !er/ts. C/t5 of Co.orado Spr/n2s v. Andersen ,a1on Enterpr/ses, LLP, $<9 P.%d <%#
DCo.o. App. $;9;), 0ert. den/ed, $;99 -L <%$99$ DCo.o. $;99).
An appea. fro! an attorne5 fee de0/s/on does not br/n2 p for rev/e6 a separate 7d2!ent
on t1e !er/ts n.ess a t/!e.5 not/0e of appea. /s f/.ed fro! t1at 7d2!ent. *s1on2 v.
-/.sba01, 9<9 -as1. App. %@%, $9% P.%d C$ D&/v. 9 $;;A).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O Gross v. G.&. Sear.e Z Co., @%= (.$d #;;, %A (ed. '. Serv. $d <9; D%d C/r.
9A=C)J (ord v. Ho.den, $ Ha6. App. <CA, #%C P.$d 9;<9 D9A=9). N(N$O ?an/0e8 v. H/nnen, %C
Co.o. App. #=, <$$ P.$d 99% D9A@C)J -a.ton v. -a.tonHs Gard/ans1/p, 9$; Ind. App. #<#, A<
N.E.$d %;9 D9A<;)J +asper v. State, $;# Tenn. C%C, %%% S.-.$d A%C, A$ A.L.'.$d 9;=9
D9A#;).
N(N%O State, &ept. of C/trs v. Gr/ff/n, %%$ So. $d <C D(.a. &/st. Ct. App. $d &/st. 9A@#)J
At6ood v. Ho.!es, $$A ,/nn. %@, %= N.-.$d #$, 99 A.L.'.$d %99 D9ACA).
N(NCO ,asse5 v. &av/d, A<% So. $d <AA D(.a. &/st. Ct. App. 9st &/st. $;;@). N(N<O ,e8de0/
*5 and T1ro21 ,e8de0/ v. ,erre.. Nat. Laborator/es, a &/v. of '/01ardson:,erre.., In0.,
@99 (.$d 9<9;, %@ (ed. '. Serv. $d <$9 D99t1 C/r. 9A=%).
N(N#O &n.op v. LedetHs (ood./ner of Larose, In0., <;A (.$d 9%=@ D<t1 C/r. 9A@<). N(N@O U.S.
v. 'o2a.s85, <@< (.$d C<@ D%d C/r. 9A@=). As to t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne, 2enera..5, see I
9;<. N(N=O U. S. Stee. Corp. v. Un/ted ,/ne -or8ers of A!er/0a, C<# (.$d C=% D%d C/r.
9A@$). N(NAO (ed. '. C/v. P. <CDb), d/s0ssed /n I 99%.
- 9A<F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N9;O Nor!an v. Nor!an, %C$ Ar8. CA%, %; S.-.%d =% D$;;;).
l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S.
Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9@< EN& O( &OCU,ENT
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
@. (ees and Costs of A0t/on
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B2<. Attorney%# *ee#
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@=D@), =$DC), =@D9;)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
Even t1o21 a 0o..atera. !atter, s01 as attorne5Hs fees, /s reserved /n a 7d2!ent, t1e
7d2!ent /s f/na. and appea.ab.e as far as t1e !er/ts of t1e 0ase are 0on0erned.N(N9O
Attorne5Hs fees /sses are sb7e0t to t1e ord/nar5 pr/n0/p.es of f/na./t5.N(N$O T1s, t1e
den/a. of a re3est for attorne5Hs fees /s not a f/na. 7d2!ent /f t1e 3est/on of da!a2es st/..
re!a/ns.N(N%O
An a6ard of attorne5Hs fees 61/01 does not f/G t1e a!ont of t1e a6ardN(NCO or spe0/f5 a
for!.a a..o6/n2 t1e a!ont to be 0o!pted /s not a f/na. de0/s/on.N(N<O A 7d2!ent /s
f/na., for prposes of appea., /nsofar as /t prov/des for /nde!n/f/0at/on for sett.e!ent 0osts
and attorne5Hs fees /n0rred /n t1e nder.5/n2 ant/trst ./t/2at/on, 61ere s01 s!s 1ave been
3ant/f/ed, bt are not f/na. to t1e eGtent t1at t1e5 re.ate to n3ant/f/ed attorne5Hs fees
a6arded to re/!brse t1e /nde!n/tees for 0osts /n0rred /n defend/n2 t1e 0orporate
/nde!n/torHs de0.arator5 7d2!ent a0t/on re2ard/n2 t1e/r r/21t to /nde!n/f/0at/on nder t1e
/nde!n/torHs b5.a6s.N(N#O
On t1e ot1er 1and, an order a6ard/n2 fees /n an a!ont not 5et deter!/ned 0an be
0onso./dated on appea. 6/t1 a f/na. 7d2!ent on t1e !er/ts.N(N@O In t1e appropr/ate
0/r0!stan0es, s01 orders a..o6/n2 fees bt fa/./n2 to 0a.0.ate t1e a!ont !a5 0onst/tte
- 9A#F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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f/na., appea.ab.e 7d2!ents, s01 as 61ere t1e deter!/nat/on 1as trned pon t1e natre of
t1e p.a/nt/ffHs 0ase of a0t/on and t1e sor0e of t1e ent/t.e!ent to attorne5Hs fees.N(N=O
A de0/s/on a6ard/n2 or den5/n2 attorne5Hs fees and eGpenses fro! a 0o!!on fnd, as
opposed to fro! an adverse part5, /s severab.e fro! t1e de0/s/on on t1e !er/ts and separate.5
appea.ab.e.N(NAO Ho6ever, orders a6ard/n2 /nter/! attorne5Hs fees after a 0.ass a0t/on sett.e
- 9A@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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!ent are not appea.ab.e as f/na. orders, even /f one of t1ree fnds estab./s1ed b5 t1e
sett.e!ent for pa5!ent of attorne5Hs fees 1as been eG1asted b5 t1e /nter/! fee orders, 61ere
t1e tota. fee a6ard 1as not been estab./s1ed b5 t1e d/str/0t 0ort be0ase t1e va.e of t1e
sett.e!ent and benef/ts 0onferred on 0.ass !e!bers re!a/ns nsett.ed, and d/str/bt/ons fro!
t1e ot1er fnds are ne/t1er f/n/te nor f/na..N(N9;O
A post7d2!ent order a6ard/n2 attorne5Hs fees andFor 0osts !a5 be appea.ed as a spe0/a.
order !ade after f/na. 7d2!ent.N(N99O
N(N9O *d/n/01 v. *e0ton &/08/nson and Co., C=# U.S. 9A#, 9;= S. Ct. 9@9@, 9;; L.
Ed. $d 9@=, 99 (ed. '. Serv. %d 9 D9A==).
'eservat/on of 0o..atera. !atters /s d/s0ssed /n I =%. N(N$O Appon/ v. Sns1/ne
*/s0/ts, In0., =;A (.$d 9$9;, $$ (ed. '. Ev/d. Serv. <#9, @ (ed. '. Serv. %d <#< D#t1
C/r. 9A=@).
N(N%O Ha/n Pre (ood Co., In0. v. Sona (ood Prod0ts Co., #9= (.$d <$9 DAt1 C/r.
9A=;). N(NCO Confer v. Csto! En2/neer/n2 Co., A<$ (.$d C9 D%d C/r. 9AA9)J E01o.s v.
Par8er, A;A (.$d @A<, 9@ (ed. '. Serv. %d A;9 D<t1 C/r. 9AA;)J Ha5 v. C/t5 of Irv/n2,
TeG., =A% (.$d @A# D<t1 C/r. 9AA;).
N(N<O P1e.ps v. -as1brn Un/vers/t5 of Tope8a, =;@ (.$d 9<%, %# Ed. La6 'ep. <##
D9;t1 C/r. 9A=#). N(N#O A!er/0an So0/et5 for Test/n2 Z ,ater/a.s v. Corrpro
Co!pan/es, In0., C@= (.%d <<@ D%d C/r. $;;@).
N(N@O Sot1ern Trave. C.b, In0. v. Carn/va. A/r L/nes, In0., A=# (.$d 9$<, $< (ed. '.
Serv. %d %%< D<t1 C/r. 9AA%)J ?o1n v. *arron, =A@ (.$d 9%=@, 9# (ed. '. Serv. %d 9%<
D@t1 C/r. 9AA;).
N(N=O 'odr/2e> v. Hand5, =;$ (.$d =9@ D<t1 C/r. 9A=#).
N(NAO Overseas &eve.op!ent &/s0 Corp. v. San2a!o Const. Co., In0., =C; (.$d 9%9A
D@t1 C/r. 9A==). N(N9;O In re &/et &r2s
DP1enter!/neF(enf.ra!/neF&eGfenf.ra!!/ne) Prod0ts L/
ab/./t5 L/t/2at/on, C;9 (.%d 9C%, #9 (ed. '. Serv. %d @A D%d C/r. $;;<). N(N99O Lee v.
GNLV Corp., 99# Nev. C$C, AA# P.$d C9# D$;;;). As to appea.ab/./t5 of orders of
spe0/a. pro0eed/n2s, see I 99#.
l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S.
- 9A=F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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- 9AAF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9@#
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9%. Arb/trat/on
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B34. Frant or !enial o* #tay o* &u!i"ial ro"ee!ing# !ue to ar0itration agree/ent
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@#D9), @=D9)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
A.D.R. Di0rary
Appea.ab/./t5 of order sta5/n2, or refs/n2 to sta5, pro0eed/n2 /n federa. d/str/0t 0ort
pend/n2 arb/trat/on pro0edre, 99; A.L.'. (ed. 9C=
An order sta5/n2 tr/a. and d/re0t/n2 arb/trat/on !a5 be dee!ed appea.ab.e as one t1at
f/na..5 deter!/nes a spe0/a. pro0eed/n2 61/01 /s 0ons/dered d/st/n0t and separate fro! t1e
arb/trat/on pro0eed/n2s t1at fo..o6.N(N9O A00ord/n2 to so!e at1or/t5, 1o6ever, an order
2rant/n2 a sta5 of a pend/n2 7d/0/a. pro0eed/n2 6/t1 d/re0t/on for arb/trat/on /s /nter.o0tor5,
not f/na., and so not appea.ab.e nt/. f/na. 7d2!ent /n t1e 0ase, s/n0e s01 orders ne/t1er
deter!/ne t1e respe0t/ve a0t/ons nor prevent 7d2!ents fro! eventa..5 be/n2 entered.N(N$O
An order den5/n2 an app./0at/on to sta5 arb/trat/on /s not appea.ab.e 61ere t1e app./0ab.e
statte prov/des t1at appea.s !a5 be ta8en fro! orders den5/n2 app./0at/ons to 0o!pe.
arb/trat/on and orders 2rant/n2 app./0at/ons to sta5 arb/trat/on, bt does not 2rant t1e r/21t to
appea. fro! an order den5/n2 an app./0at/on to sta5 arb/trat/on.N(N%O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
- $;;F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Sta5 of d/s0over5 6as 6arranted pend/n2 reso.t/on of defendantHs /nter.o0tor5 appea. of
order den5/n2 /ts !ot/on to 0o!pe. arb/trat/on. Co!b/ned Ener2/es v. CCI, In0., CA< (. Spp.
$d 9C$ D&. ,e. $;;@).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
- $;9F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N9O Ant1on5 v. +a.oa 'an01, In0., #A Ha6. 99$, @%# P.$d << D9A=@)J S5ste!s
Const., In0. v. -ort1/n2ton (orest, Ltd., C# O1/o App. $d A<, @< O1/o Op. $d @A, %C<
N.E.$d C$= D9;t1 &/st. (ran8./n Cont5 9A@<)J &o0te. O./vett/ Corp. v. &/08 *rad5
S5ste!s, In0., @%9 P.$d C@< DUta1 9A=#).
As to t1e appea.ab/./t5 of orders ter!/nat/n2 spe0/a. pro0eed/n2s, 2enera..5, see I 99#.
N(N$O L/!ba01 Co. v. Gev5n Const. Corp., <CC (.$d 99;C D9st C/r. 9A@#)J *e..a/re
C/t5 S01oo.s *d. of Ed. v. PaGton, <A O1/o St. $d #<, 9% O1/o Op. %d <=, %A9 N.E.$d
9;$9, # A.L.'.Ct1 #C< D9A@A).
N(N%O Hodes v. Co!pre1ens/ve Hea.t1 Asso0/ates, P.A., A +an. App. $d %#, #@; P.$d
@# D9A=%).
l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S.
Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved.
A,?U' APPELLATE I 9A<
EN& O( &OCU,ENT
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9C. Conte!pt
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B32. Fenerally
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@#D9), @=D9)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
A.D.R. Di0rary
Appea.ab/./t5 of 0onte!pt ad7d/0at/on or 0onv/0t/on, %% A.L.'.%d CC=
Appea.ab/./t5 of a03/tta. fro! or d/s!/ssa. of 01ar2e of 0onte!pt of 0ort, $C A.L.'.%d
#<;
- $;$F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Appea.s fro! 7d2!ents /n 0onte!pt pro0eed/n2s 2enera..5 are per!/ss/b.e.N(N9O An
appea. !a5 ./e to rev/e6 an order den5/n2 a 01ar2e of 0onte!pt, /f t1e order affe0ts a
sbstant/a. r/21t 0.a/!ed b5 t1e appe..ant.N(N$O A00ord/n2 to so!e at1or/t5, 1o6ever, t1e
r/21t of appea. of a 0onte!pt de0/s/on app./es on.5 to t1ose ad7d2ed /n 0onte!pt, and does
not app.5 to t1ose 61o 1ave ns00essf..5 so21t to 1ave anot1er 1e.d to be 0onte!ptos.
N(N%O
A 7d2!ent for 0onte!pt !a5 be appea.ab.e nder stattes eGpress.5 at1or/>/n2 an
appea. fro! 7d2!ents /n 0onte!pt pro0eed/n2s.N(NCO
Caution,
An appea. fro! a 0onte!pt order 61/01 /s 7r/sd/0t/ona..5 va./d does not enta/. rev/e6 of a
pr/or order for t1e v/o.at/on for 61/01 t1e 0onte!pt order 6as /ssed.N(N<O
Under federa. .a6, 0r/!/na. 0onte!pts are appea.ab.e, 61et1er t1e5 ar/se as a part of ot1er
./t/2at/on or as /ndependent pro0eed/n2s.N(N#O C/v/. 0onte!pts not ar/s/n2 dr/n2 t1e tr/a. of
re.ated ./t/2at/on ./8e6/se are appea.ab.e,N(N@O and 0/v/. 0onte!pts ar/s/n2 dr/n2 t1e tr/a. of
re.ated ./t/2at/on are appea.ab.e /f ad7d2ed a2a/nst one 61o /s not a part5 to t1e re.ated
./t/2at/on.N(N=O C/v/. 0onte!pts ar/s/n2 dr/n2 t1e tr/a. of re.ated ./t/2at/on are not
/!!ed/ate.5 ap
- $;%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pea.ab.e /f ad7d2ed a2a/nst a part5 ./t/2ant,N(NAO bt s01 0onte!pts are rev/e6ab.e on
appea. fro! t1e f/na. 7d2!ent /n t1e re.ated ./t/2at/on.N(N9;O
In add/t/on, 61/.e 0/v/. 0onte!pts are not ord/nar/.5 appea.ab.e /f ad7d2ed a2a/nst a part5
./t/2ant dr/n2 t1e 0orse of re.ated ./t/2at/on, one 61o /s a part5 !a5 appea. fro! a 0/v/.
0onte!pt order /n 0onne0t/on 6/t1 so!e ot1er appea.ab.e order, s01 as a pre./!/nar5 /n7n0:
t/on.N(N99O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
&/str/0t 0ortHs 0onte!pt order /s /tse.f /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e be0ase /t /s a f/na.
7d2!ent /!pos/n2 pena.t/es on t1e 6/..f..5 d/sobed/ent 6/tness /n 61at /s effe0t/ve.5 a
separate pro0eed/n2. $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9. In re Grand ?r5, #=; (.%d %$= D%d C/r. $;9$).
Cr/!/na. 0onte!pt san0t/ons are 0ons/dered f/na. and appea.ab.e /n pend/n2 a0t/ons b5
part/es and non:part/es. East End TaG/ Serv/0es, In0. v. V/r2/n Is.ands TaG/ AssHn, In0., C99
(ed. AppG. CA< D%d C/r. $;99).
Order 1o.d/n2 a part5 /n 0/v/. 0onte!pt /s not a Ef/na. de0/s/on,E for prposes of appea.. In
re Te8ne8, LLC, <9$ (.%d %C$ D@t1 C/r. $;;@).
&en/a. of !ot/on for order to s1o6 0ase 615 part5 s1o.d not be 1e.d /n 0onte!pt /s
f/na., appea.ab.e order. T1o!as v. *.e Cross and *.e S1/e.d AssHn, <AC (.%d =9C D99t1 C/r.
$;9;).
A.t1o21 p.enar5 rev/e6 of 0/v/. 0onte!pt orders eGtends to so!e /sses t1at are not tr.5
7r/sd/0t/ona., /ts e!p1as/s on fnda!enta. r/21ts nders0ores t1e propos/t/on t1at t1e 2ronds
for an5 appea. fro! a 0onte!pt order are !ore restr/0ted t1an 6o.d be t1e 0ase /n an
ord/nar5 p.enar5 appea. fro! a 0/v/. 7d2!ent. In re Lea1 S., $=C Conn. #=<, A%< A.$d 9;$9
D$;;@).
On rev/e6 of a 0/v/. 0onte!pt order, /f t1e appe..ate 0ort 0on0.des t1at t1e nder.5/n2
0ort order 6as sff/0/ent.5 0.ear and na!b/2os, t1e appe..ate 0ort t1en deter!/nes
61et1er t1e tr/a. 0ort absed /ts d/s0ret/on /n /ss/n2, or refs/n2 to /sse, a 7d2!ent of
0onte!pt, 61/01 /n0.des a rev/e6 of t1e tr/a. 0ortHs deter!/nat/on of 61et1er t1e v/o.at/on
6as 6/.f. or eG0sed b5 a 2ood fa/t1 d/spte or !/snderstand/n2. In re Lea1 S., $=C Conn.
#=<, A%< A.$d 9;$9 D$;;@).
No appea. ./es fro! a 0onsent de0ree. Ster v. St08e5, C;$ ,d. $99, A%< A.$d @%9
D$;;@).
As 2enera. r.e, no appea. ./es fro! a 0onsent order. *arnes v. *arnes, 9=9 ,d. App. %A;,
A<# A.$d @@; D$;;=).
Cr/!/na. 0onte!pt /s a 0r/!e and, t1erefore, an order f/nd/n2 a part5 /n 0r/!/na. 0onte!pt
of 0ort and san0t/on/n2 t1e part5 /s a f/na. order fro! 61/01 t1e 0onte!nor !a5 appea. as of
r/21tJ 1o6ever, an order f/nd/n2 a part5 /n 0/v/. 0onte!pt of 0ort /s not a f/na. order for
prposes of appe..ate rev/e6. ,.C.L.A. II @.$;$D#)Da, b), @.$;%DA), #;;.%;=D9, $). In re
- $;CF<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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,oron, $A< ,/01. App. %9$, =9C N.-.$d %9A D$;9$), appea. den/ed, sta5 den/ed, CA9 ,/01.
=<<, =;A N.-.$d 9C= D$;9$).
If /n0ar0erat/on o00rs, t1e 0onte!nor 0.ear.5 8no6s t1at t1e 7d2!ent 1as been enfor0ed
and a sta5ed 0onte!pt order /s f/na. and appea.ab.e. Carot1ers v. Carot1ers, %%@ S.-.%d $9
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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D,o. $;99).
Appea. fro! 0onte!pt order t1at /s 7r/sd/0t/ona..5 va./d does not br/n2 p for rev/e6 t1e
pr/or order. Nort1 Tona6anda (/rst eG re.. +ern v. C/t5 of Nort1 Tona6anda, AC A.&.%d
9<%@, AC% N.).S.$d %<@ DCt1 &epHt $;9$).
Conte!pt order /s /!!ed/ate.5 appea.ab.e. 'oss v. 'oss, @9< S.E.$d =<A DN.C. Ct. App.
$;99).
T1e Cort of Appea.s .a08s 7r/sd/0t/on over a d/re0t appea. fro! a 0onte!pt order, even /f
t1e 0onte!pt order /s appea.ed a.on2 6/t1 a 7d2!ent t1at /s appea.ab.e. *ee.er v. (3a, %<9
S.-.%d C$= DTeG. App. E. Paso $;99), re1H2 overr.ed, DNov. $, $;99).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O Harr/s v. U.S., %=$ U.S. 9#$, =# S. Ct. %<$, 9< L. Ed. $d $C; D9A#<)J C.eve.and
v. C.eve.and, <@ Ha6. <9A, <<A P.$d @CC D9A@@)J In re Ca.1on, C@ O1/o St. $d 9<, 9 O1/o
Op. %d 9;, %<; N.E.$d ##< D9A@#).
N(N$O P/ed!ont E3/p!ent Co., In0. v. -eant, %; N.C. App. 9A9, $$# S.E.$d #== D9A@#).
As to t1e appea.ab/./t5 of orders affe0t/n2 sbstant/a. r/21ts, 2enera..5, see I 99<.
N(N%O T5.er v. *a.t/!ore Cont5, $<# ,d. #C, $<A A.$d %;@ D9A#A)J Gon>a.es v. Gon>a.es,
<%% S.-.$d C=; DTeG. C/v. App. E. Paso 9A@#).
A federa. d/str/0t 0ortHs order den5/n2 a !ot/on for 0onte!pt f/.ed b5 a 0.ass of /nd/2ent
!/nors d/a2nosed 6/t1 severe e!ot/ona. and !enta. d/sab/./t/es, /n 61/01 t1e 0ort /nterpreted
a d/spted prov/s/on of a 0onsent de0ree bet6een state off/0/a.s and t1e !/nors, 6as not a
f/na., appea.ab.e order. ?eff &. v. +e!pt1orne, %#< (.%d =CC DAt1 C/r. $;;C).
N(NCO ,/..er v. C/t5 of A.b3er3e, == N.,. %$C, <C; P.$d $<C DCt. App. 9A@<)J -e..!an
En2/neer/n2 Co. v. Ca.deron Ato!at/on, In0., $ O1/o App. $d %=<, %9 O1/o Op. $d <A9, $;A
N.E.$d 9@$ D=t1 &/st. C5a1o2a Cont5 9A#<).
N(N<O St. 'e2/s ,o1a68 &eve.op!ent Corp. v. Coo8, 9=9 A.&.$d A#C, <=9 N.).S.$d =@@
D%d &epHt 9AA$).
N(N#O Ne6 )or8 T/!es Co. v. ?as0a.ev/01, C%A U.S. 9%9@, AA S. Ct. #, <= L. Ed. $d $<
D9A@=)J U.S. v. ,/..er, <== (.$d 9$<# DAt1 C/r. 9A@=)J Pabst *re6/n2 Co. v. *re6er5 -or8ers
Lo0a. Un/on No. @@, A(L:CIO, <<< (.$d 9C# D@t1 C/r. 9A@@).
N(N@O U.S. Cat1o./0 Conferen0e v. Abort/on '/21ts ,ob/./>at/on, In0., C=@ U.S. @$, 9;= S.
Ct. $$#=, 9;9 L. Ed. $d #A, 99 (ed. '. Serv. %d C#% D9A==).
- $;#F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N=O U.S. Cat1o./0 Conferen0e v. Abort/on '/21ts ,ob/./>at/on, In0., C=@ U.S. @$, 9;= S.
Ct. $$#=, 9;9 L. Ed. $d #A, 99 (ed. '. Serv. %d C#% D9A==)J Ne6 )or8 T/!es
- $;@F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co. v. ?as0a.ev/01, C%A U.S. 9%9@, AA S. Ct. #, <= L. Ed. $d $< D9A@=). N(NAO U.S.
Cat1o./0 Conferen0e v. Abort/on '/21ts ,ob/./>at/on, In0., C=@ U.S. @$, 9;= S. Ct.
$$#=, 9;9 L. Ed. $d #A, 99 (ed. '. Serv. %d C#% D9A==)J ,ars1a.. v. -1/t
ta8er Corp., *er6/08 (or2e Z (abr/0at/n2 Co., #9; (.$d 99C9 D%d C/r. 9A@A)J Latrobe
Stee. Co. v. Un/ted Stee.6or8ers of A!er/0a, A(L:CIO, <C< (.$d 9%%# D%d C/r. 9A@#).
N(N9;O U.S. v. Spe0tro (oods Corp., <CC (.$d 99@< D%d C/r. 9A@#). N(N99O Latrobe
Stee. Co. v. Un/ted Stee.6or8ers of A!er/0a, A(L:CIO, <C< (.$d
9%%# D%d C/r. 9A@#)J U.S. v. Spe0tro (oods Corp., <CC (.$d 99@< D%d C/r. 9A@#). As to
t1e appea.ab/./t5 of orders 2rant/n2, den5/n2, or !od/f5/n2 /n7n0t/ons, see I 99;,
d/s0ss/n2 $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9Da)D9).
l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S.
Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved. A,?U' APPELLATE I 9A@ EN& O( &OCU,ENT
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9<. Attorne5 &/s0/p./ne
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q B33. Fenerally
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Appea. and Error 8@#D9), @=D9)
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, (edera. Corts 8<@#.9, <=<.9
T1e appea.ab/./t5 or rev/e6ab/./t5 of a 7d2!ent or order of a tr/a. 0ort d/s0/p./n/n2 an
attorne5 2enera..5 /s deter!/ned a00ord/n2 to t1e 2enera. prov/s/ons 2overn/n2 appea.s /n
0/v/. 0ases.N(N9O S/n0e 01ar2es !st be f/.ed and a 1ear/n2 1ad before an attorne5 !a5 be
d/sbarred, an order str/8/n2 an attorne5Hs na!e fro! t1e ro.. of attorne5s /s appea.ab.e.N(N$O
Ho6ever, a00ord/n2 to so!e at1or/t5, t1ere 0an be no appea. /n a 7r/sd/0t/on 61ere t1e
d/s0/p./nar5 pro0eed/n2 a2a/nst an attorne5 at .a6 /s b5 6a5 of an or/2/na. a0t/on /n t1e
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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1/21est 0ort of t1e state, or 61ere t1at 0ort a.one 1as t1e po6er to d/s0/p./ne attorne5s at
.a6.N(N%O
-1en profess/ona. !/s0ond0t of an attorne5 at .a6 /s treated as 0onte!pt of 0ort, t1e
r.es deter!/n/n2 appea.ab/./t5 or rev/e6ab/./t5 /n 0onte!pt:of:0ort 0ases are app./0ab.e.
N(NCO
N(N9O Len/1an v. Co!!on6ea.t1, 9#< +5. A%, 9@# S.-. AC= D9A9<)J Hot01ens v.
,er0er, 99A TeG. C%9, $A S.-.$d 9;%9, #A A.L.'. 99;% DCo!!Hn App. 9A%;). As to attorne5
d/s0/p./nar5 pro0eed/n2s, 2enera..5, see A!. ?r. $d, Attorne5s at La6 II %; et se3.
N(N$O Ho6ard v. -/.br, 9## (.$d ==C DC.C.A. #t1 C/r. 9AC=).
N(N%O State eG re.. Nebras8a State *ar AssHn v. N/8.as, 9CA Neb. =<A, %% N.-.$d 9C<
D9AC=). N(NCO Ha22ard v. Sper/or Cort, In and (or ,ar/0opa Cont5, $# Ar/>. App. 9#$,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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<C@ P.$d 9C D&/v. 9 9A@#)J State v. -/nt1rop, 9C= -as1. <$#, $#A P. @A%, <A A.L.'.
9$#< D9A$=).
As to t1e appea.ab/./t5 of 0onte!pt orders, 2enera..5, see I 9A@. l $;9$ T1o!son
'eters. %%:%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A..
r/21ts reserved.
A,?U' APPELLATE I 9AA
EN& O( &OCU,ENT
II. Appea.ab.e ,atters
*. Appea.ab/./t5 or 'ev/e6ab/./t5 of Part/0.ar T5pes of &e0/s/ons, Pro0eed/n2s, or Isses
9#. Cr/!/na. Pro0eed/n2s
b. Part/0.ar ,atters
Top/0 S!!ar5 Corre.at/on Tab.e 'eferen0es
Q ;)4. Plea# an! lea 0argain#
?e#t%# Oey Nu/0er Dige#t
-estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est, Cr/!/na. La6 89;$%D%)
A00ord/n2 to so!e at1or/t5, a tr/a. 0ort order den5/n2 a 0r/!/na. defendantHs !ot/on to
6/t1dra6 a p.ea of 2/.t5 /s rev/e6ab.e on appea..N(N9O A00ord/n2 to ot1er at1or/t5,
1o6ever, no appea. ./es fro! an order den5/n2 a defendant per!/ss/on to 6/t1dra6 1/s or 1er
2/.t5 p.ea.N(N$O Un.ess a defendant /s senten0ed, t1ere /s no f/na. 7d2!ent to spport an
appea. of a den/a. of a !ot/on to 6/t1dra6 a p.ea.N(N%O
A federa. d/str/0t 0ort order den5/n2 a 0r/!/na. defendantHs !ot/on to 6/t1dra6 a 0r/!/na.
p.ea of 2/.t5 /s a nonappea.ab.e /nter.o0tor5 order 61ere t1e defendant 1as not 5et been
senten0ed at t1e t/!e t1e appea. /s f/.ed.N(NCO A Un/ted States Cort of Appea.s 1as no
7r/sd/0t/on, nder t1e 2enera. federa. appe..ate 7r/sd/0t/on statte,N(N<O to rev/e6 a d/str/0t
0ortHs order 61/01 den/es a re3ested 1ear/n2 on a !ot/on to 6/t1dra6 a 2/.t5 p.ea bt does
not r.e on t1e !er/ts of t1e !ot/on.N(N#O A 0ort of appea.s a.so .a08s 7r/sd/0t/on over
/nter.o0tor5 appea.s /nvo.v/n2 p.ea bar2a/n pro!/ses or 2rants of /!!n/t5, or a..e2ed
v/o.at/ons of 2rants of /!!n/t5 fro! prose0t/on, s/n0e t1e 2arant5 afforded b5 /!!n/t5
0an be ade3ate.5 prote0ted b5 appea. after 0onv/0t/on.N(N@O
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A d/str/0t 0ortHs pretr/a. order re7e0t/n2 a proposed p.ea bar2a/n a2ree!ent nder a
prov/s/on of t1e (edera. '.es of Cr/!/na. Pro0edreN(N=O /s not a f/na. de0/s/on, nor does /t
f/t 6/t1/n t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/neJ t1e defendant !st 6a/t to appea. t1e /sse nt/. after
0onv/0t/on and senten0/n2.N(NAO Ne/t1er a defendant nor t1e 2overn!ent !a5 appea. a
pre0onv/0t/on order of t1e d/str/0t 0ort den5/n2 a proposed p.ea bar2a/n a2ree!ent.N(N9;O
-1ere t1e defendant and t1e 2overn!ent 1ave a p.ea a2ree!ent 6/t1 61/01 t1e
2overn!ent 0o!p.a/ns t1e defendant 1as not f..5 0o!p./ed, den/a. of t1e 2overn!entHs
!ot/on for spe0/f/0 perfor!an0e of t1e p.ea a2ree!ent /s f/na. and appea.ab.e.N(N99O -1ere
t1e port/on
- $99F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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of t1e p.ea a2ree!ent 61/01 t1e 2overn!ent 0.a/!s t1e defendant 1as not 0o!p./ed 6/t1
0on0erns t1e d/s0.osre of assets and t1e 0onse3ent forfe/tre t1ereof, nder s01
0/r0!stan0es, t1e 2overn!ent 0an never /nst/tte an a0t/on for forfe/tre based pon t1e
0r/!es for 61/01 t1e defendant 6as 0onv/0ted de to 1/s or 1er 2/.t5 p.ea nder t1e p.ea
a2ree!ent, and t1e on.5 avene for /ts 0.a/! to t1e d/spted assets /s a !ot/on for spe0/f/0
perfor!an0e of t1e p.ea a2ree!ent.N(N9$O
An order den5/n2 a 0o.orab.e 0.a/! to d/s!/ss an /nd/0t!ent for v/o.at/on of a pr/or p.ea
a2ree!ent /s an appea.ab.e /nter.o0tor5 order.N(N9%O
CUMUDATIVE SUPPDEMENT
Ca#e#,
&efendant d/d not forfe/t dob.e 7eopard5 0.a/! re.at/n2 to 6/t1dra6n 2/.t5 p.ea and
senten0/n2 0red/t, b5 fa/./n2 to ra/se 0.a/! /n 1/s open/n2 appe..ate br/ef, 61ere defendant
presented 0.a/! /n rep.5 to StateHs assert/on t1at defendant 6o.d not be ent/t.ed to an5 0red/t
for t1e t/!e 1e spent on probat/on to6ards 1/s pr/son senten0e nder an5 0/r0!stan0esJ /t
6o.d 1ave been nfa/r for to re3/re defendant, 61en 6r/t/n2 1/s open/n2 br/ef, to ant/0/pate
ever5 ar2!ent t1at State !/21t 1ave ra/sed. Peop.e v. -1/tf/e.d, $$= I... $d <;$, %$9 I...
&e0. $%%, === N.E.$d 99## D$;;@), as !od/f/ed on den/a. of re1H2, DApr. $%, $;;=).
In 2enera., a defendant !a5 not 01a..en2e a 2/.t5 p.ea t1ro21 d/re0t appea.J rat1er, t1e
pat1 to 01a..en2/n2 t1e p.ea and 0onv/0t/on rns b5 6a5 of a pet/t/on for post:0onv/0t/on
re./ef. St. C.a/r v. State, A;9 N.E.$d CA; DInd. $;;A).
:END OF SUPPDEMENT=
N(N9O ?r2enson v. State, 9## Neb. 999, == N.-.$d 9$A D9A<=).
As to 2/.t5 p.eas /n 0r/!/na. 0ases, 2enera..5, see A!. ?r. $d, Cr/!/na. La6 II #C< et se3.
N(N$O Peop.e v. ,0&ono21, 9A= Ca.. App. $d =C, 9@ Ca.. 'ptr. #C% D<t1 &/st. 9A#9)J
Stevens v. State, $;= S.-.%d =A% D,o. $;;#). N(N%O Stevens v.
State, $;= S.-.%d =A% D,o. $;;#). N(NCO U.S. v. Gott./eb, =9@
(.$d C@< D=t1 C/r. 9A=@). N(N<O $= U.S.C.A. I 9$A9, d/s0ssed
2enera..5 /n I @A. N(N#O U.S. v. ,endo>a, <<C (.$d @<= D<t1
C/r. 9A@@). N(N@O U.S. v. &eder/01, =$< (.$d 9%9@ DAt1 C/r.
9A=@).
- $9$F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N=O (ed. '. Cr/! P. 99.
N(NAO U.S. v. Carr/2an, @@= (.$d 9C<C D9;t1 C/r. 9A=<). As to t1e 0o..atera. order do0tr/ne,
2enera..5, see I 9;<. N(N9;O U.S. v. Carr/2an, @@= (.$d 9C<C D9;t1 C/r. 9A=<). N(N99O U.S. v.
A.eGander, =#A (.$d A9 D$d C/r. 9A=A). N(N9$O U.S. v. A.eGander, =#A (.$d A9 D$d C/r.
9A=A). N(N9%O U.S. v. &/Napo./, =9@ (.$d A@= D$d C/r. 9A=@). l $;9$ T1o!son 'eters. %%:
%C* l $;9$ T1o!son 'etersF'IA. No C.a/! to Or/2. U.S. Govt. -or8s. A.. r/21ts reserved.
A,?U' APPELLATE I $;<
/n #$%%@ t1e 9$F9CF9$ (O(COL /s not appea.ab.e"
Q B)). Fin!ing# o* *a"t or "on"lu#ion# o* la. Appea. and Error 89$%
As a 2enera. r.e, no appea. ./es fro! a 0ortHs f/nd/n2s of fa0tN(N9O and 0on0.s/ons of
.a6,N(N$O or !ere Kr./n2s.LN(N%O 'at1er, f/nd/n2s of fa0t and 0on0.s/ons of .a6 !st be
red0ed to a 7d2!ent /n 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 app./0ab.e r.es of appe..ate pro0edre.N(NCO
S/!/.ar.5, a refsa. b5 t1e tr/a. 0ort to !a8e separate f/nd/n2s of fa0t and 0on0.s/ons of
.a6 /s not an appea.ab.e order.N(N<O ,oreover, an appea. 6/.. not ./e fro! an order den5/n2 a
!ot/on for a!ended f/nd/n2s,N(N#O nor fro! an e3/va.ent order den5/n2 a !ot/on for
add/t/ona. f/nd/n2s of fa0t and 0on0.s/ons of .a6.N(N@O
Ho6ever, a 7d2!ent 0onta/ned /n a do0!ent ent/t.ed K(/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of
La6 and ?d2!entL !a5 be re2arded as a f/na., appea.ab.e 7d2!ent, 61ere t1e stattor5
re3/re!ent t1at t1e 7d2!ent be set fort1 /n a separate do0!ent /s not 7r/sd/0t/ona..N(N=O
One does not appea. fro! a f/nd/n2J one appea.s fro! a 7d2!ent or fro! an order t1at t1e
Le2/s.atre 1as des/2nated as appea.ab.e. In re S.*., C# Ca.. Ct1 <$A, AC Ca.. 'ptr. %d $C, $;@
P.%d <$< D$;;A).
- $9%F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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N(N9O Le22 v. Los An2e.es Cont5, &ept. of C1ar/t/es, 9@< Ca.. App. $d #%@, %C#
P.$d C@$ D$d &/st. 9A<A)J Corbett v. &er!an S1oe Co., %%= ,ass. C;<, 9<< N.E.$d
C$%, =; A.L.'.$d A@C D9A<A)J Peop.e eG re.. Coo8e v. Cota, < A.&.$d 9;;;, 9@%
N.).S.$d C#; D$d &epHt 9A<=).
N(N$O In re (r/08e5Hs Estate, $=; A.&. ==;, 99C N.).S.$d $@; DCt1 &epHt 9A<$)J ?aster
v. ,/..er, $#A -/s. $$%, #A N.-.$d $#< D9A<<) Doverr.ed /n part on ot1er 2ronds b5,
Ge.1aar v. State, C9 -/s. $d $%;, 9#% N.-.$d #;A D9A#A)).
N(N%O S01nare v. Evans, %;9 ,ass. %C%, 9@ N.E.$d 9A$ D9A%=)J C/t5 of St. Lo/s v.
Pope, #= S.-.$d =;< D,o. 9A%C)J ,0Va5 v. *oard of Ed. of C/t5 of Ne6 )or8, 9;
A.&.$d @;<, 9A@ N.).S.$d @A@ D9st &epHt 9A#;).
N(NCO Carter v. Aaa0on Ato Transport, In0., $=# Pa. Sper. <C@, C$A A.$d #<=
D9A=9).
N(N<O S1ore v. C1ester, C; O1/o App. $d C9$, #A O1/o Op. $d %#=, %$9 N.E.$d #9C
D9;t1 &/st. (ran8./n Cont5 9A@C).
N(N#O To!p8/ns v. Sandeen, $C% ,/nn. $<#, #@ N.-.$d C;<, CA A.L.'.$d 99#$
D9A<C)J 'a5!ond v. ,0+en>/e, $$; ,/nn. $%C, 9A N.-.$d C$% D9AC<).
N(N@O Anderson v. To!/, $%; ,/nn. CA;, C$ N.-.$d $;C, 9@ A.L.'.$d @CC D9A<;)J
'a5!ond v. ,0+en>/e, $$; ,/nn. $%C, 9A N.-.$d C$% D9AC<).
N(N=O G/bson v. *en7. (ran8./n (edera. Sav. and Loan, $AC Or. @;$, ##$ P.$d @;%
D9A=%).
A,?U' APPELLATE I 9;;
Su0&e"tC/atter &uri#!i"tion /ay 0e !een!ent on the #er-i"e o* a roer noti"e to
7uit$ 61/01 /s a 0ond/t/on pre0edent to a s!!ar5 pro0ess.Conn.\C/t5 of *r/sto. v. O0ean
State ?ob Lot Stores of Conne0t/0t, In0., $=C Conn. 9, A%9 A.$d =%@ D$;;@).
As a prere3/s/te to a nonpa5!ent s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2, a de!and for rent !st fa/r.5
afford t1e tenant a0ta. not/0e of t1e a!ont de and t1e per/od for 61/01 t1e 0.a/! /s !ade.
N(N9O A not/0e t1at see8s rent /n eG0ess of t1e a!ont de /s /nva./d and 6/.. not spport an
n.a6f.:deta/ner a0t/on,N(N$O N(N9O S016art> v. -e/ss:Ne6e.., =@ ,/s0. $d <<=, %=#
N.).S.$d 9A9 DN.). C/t5 C/v. Ct. 9A@#). T1e .essorHs 0.a/!ed not/0e, /n t1e for! of a .etter to
t1e .essee fro! t1e ban8 a0t/n2 as renta. a2ent for t1e .essor, d/d not str/0t.5 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e
stattor5 re3/re!ents 0on0ern/n2 not/0e to pa5 rent or 3/t. La!e5 v. ,as0/otra, $@% Ca..
App. $d @;A, @= Ca.. 'ptr. %CC D$d &/st. 9A#A). N(N$O Lev/t> (rn/tre Co. v. -/n2t/p
Co!!n/0at/ons, In0., =# Ca.. App. Ct1 9;%<, 9;% Ca.. 'ptr. $d #<# D9st &/st. $;;9)
*ar2a/n ,art, In0. v. L/p8/s, $9$ Conn. 9$; D9A=A) <#9 A.$d 9%#< Land.ord and
Tenant Sff/0/en05 of not/0e Not/0e to 3/t 6/.. not ter!/nate .ease /f not/0e /tse.f /s /nva./d.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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CO T1e defendantsR ar2!ent erroneos.5 e3ates an ne3/vo0a. not/0e of /ntent to ter!/nate
a .ease 6/t1 a ter!/nat/on of t1e .ease. As t1e Appe..ate Cort 0orre0t.5 observed /n
*r/d2eport v. *arborS&an/e. E.e0tron/0s, In0., 9# Conn.App. <@C, <=$S=C, <C= A.$d @CC
D9A==), 1o6ever, a not/0e to 3/t 6/.. not ter!/nate a .ease /f YY9%@$ t1e not/0e /tse.f /s
/nva./d. Indeed, /t /s se.f:ev/dent t1at /f t1e not/0e /s /nva./d, t1en t1e .e2a. 0onse3en0e of
Kter!/nat/onL ar/s/n2 fro! t1e serv/0e of a va./d not/0e does not res.t. In t1e present 0ase, t1e
,a..e5 1e/rs served -e.01 6/t1 not/0e of defa.t on ?anar5 $@, 9A=%, and sbse3ent not/0es
to 3/t on (ebrar5 9<, 9A=%, and ,ar01 9, 9A=%, 0.a/!/n2 t1at 1e 1ad fa/.ed to pa5 rent and
taGes and 1ad fa/.ed to !a/nta/n /nsran0e as re3/red b5 t1e .ease. On ,ar01 9C, 9A=%, t1e
1e/rs /nst/tted a s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on a2a/nst -e.01, see8/n2 /!!ed/ate possess/on.
-e.01 den/ed t1e a..e2at/ons /n t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on, and asserted severa. spe0/a.
defenses, /n0.d/n2 t1e defense t1at t1e 1e/rs 1ad fa/.ed to serve pon 1/! proper not/0e to
/n/t/ate t1e a0t/on. T1e part/es eventa..5 sett.ed t1e d/spte b5 a st/p.ated 7d2!ent. T1e
tr/a. 0ort /n t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on never rea01ed -e.01Rs spe0/a. defense t1at t1e
not/0es to 3/t 6ere /nva./d. Y9%< A st/p.ated K7d2!ent /s not a 7d/0/a. deter!/nat/on of
an5 ./t/2ated r/21t.... T1e essen0e of t1e 7d2!ent /s t1at t1e part/es to t1e ./t/2at/on 1ave
vo.ntar/.5 entered /nto an a2ree!ent sett/n2 t1e/r d/spte or d/sptes at rest and t1at, pon
t1/s a2ree!ent, t1e 0ort 1as entered 7d2!ent 0onfor!/n2 to t1e ter!s of t1e a2ree!ent.L
*r5an v. 'e5no.ds, 9C% Conn. C<#, C#;, 9$% A.$d 9A$ D9A<#). S01 a 7d2!ent represents Ka
sett.e!ent of t1e 0ontrovers5 b5 t1e part/es t1ereto Nt1s 0reat/n2 t1e pres!pt/onO t1at t1e
part/es /ntended to sett.e a.. aspe0ts of t1e 0ontrovers5, /n0.d/n2 a.. /sses ra/sed b5 t1e
papers 0o!pr/s/n2 t1e re0ord.L Ga2ne v. Norton, 9=A Conn. $A, %C, C<% A.$d 99#$ D9A=%)J
see a.so G/..e v. G/..e, 9A# Conn. $#;, $#<, CA$ A.$d 9@< D9A=<). *e0ase t1e tr/a. 0ort /n
t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on d/d not deter!/ne 61et1er t1e not/0es to 3/t 6ere va./d, 6e 1ave
no bas/s for 0on0.d/n2 t1at t1ose not/0es ter!/nated t1e -e.01 Lease. -e are not persaded
b5 t1e defendantsR assert/on t1at t1e tr/a. 0ortRs 0on0.s/on !eans t1at a .ease !a5 be
0ons/dered Kter!/natedL on.5 /f t1e .essor 6/ns /n t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on. T1e tr/a.
0ortRs 0on0.s/on d/d not !a8e ter!/nat/on dependent on re0over5 of possess/on. T1e tr/a.
0ortRs ana.5s/s, 0ons/stent 6/t1 or o6n, on.5 re0o2n/>es t1at an /nva./d not/0e to 3/t does
not ter!/nate t1e .ease. *r/d2eport v. *arborS&an/e. E.e0tron/0s, In0., spra. S/!/.ar.5, t1e
Appe..ate CortRs ana.5s/s re.at/n2 to t1e Krev/va.L of a ter!/nated .ease /n Hos/n2 At1or/t5
v. H/rd, spra, /s /rre.evant to t1e present 0ase. In H/rd, t1e .and.ord served t1e tenant 6/t1 a
not/0e to 3/t 0.a/!/n2 t1at t1e tenant 1ad v/o.ated t1e .ease b5 !a/nta/n/n2 t1e pre!/ses /n an
nsan/tar5 0ond/t/on and 8eep/n2 pets. Id., 9% Conn.App. at 9<%, <%< A.$d %@@. T1e tenant
preva/.ed /n t1e sbse3ent s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on. T1e Appe..ate Cort 1e.d t1at a K.ease /s
ne/t1er vo/ded nor res0/nded nt/. t1e .and.ord perfor!s Nan ne3/vo0a. a0t not/f5/n2 t1e
tenant Y9%# of ter!/nat/onO and, pon serv/0e of a not/0e to 3/t possess/on, a tenan05 at 6/..
/s 0onverted to a tenan05 at sfferan0e. ,a5ronRs *a8e S1ops, In0. v. Arro6 Stores, In0.,
Nspra, 9CA Conn. at 9<#, 9@# A.$d <@COJ C1ape.SH/21 Corporat/on v. Cava..aro, Nspra, 9C9
Conn. at C99, 9;# A.$d @$;O....L Id., 9% Conn.App. at 9<<, <%< A.$d %@@. T1e Appe..ate Cort
0on0.ded, 1o6ever, t1at be0ase t1e tenant eventa..5 preva/.ed at t1e s!!ar5 pro0ess
a0t/on, t1at 7d2!ent Krev/vedL t1e or/2/na. .ease a2ree!ent. Id. T1e defendants ar2e t1at,
nder H/rd, t1ere 6o.d be no reason for a 7d2!ent /n favor of t1e tenant /n a s!!ar5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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pro0ess a0t/on to Krev/veL t1e .ease /f t1e .ease 1ad not been ter!/nated b5 t1e not/0e to 3/t.
-e 1ave no reason, 1o6ever, to rev/e6 t1/s propos/t/on /n t1e present 0ase. In t1e s!!ar5
pro0ess a0t/on b5 t1e ,a..e5 1e/rs a2a/nst -e.01, t1e va./d/t5 of t1e not/0es to 3/t 6as /n
d/spte, and t1e tr/a. 0ort !ade no f/nd/n2s or 0on0.s/ons on t1at /sse. T1ere 6as no
d/spte abot t1e va./d/t5 of an5 not/0es to 3/t /n H/rd, or /n or 0ases pon 61/01 t1e
Appe..ate Cort re./ed. Hos/n2 At1or/t5 v. H/rd, spra, 9% Conn.App. at 9<%, <%< A.$d
%@@J YY9%@% ,a5ronRs *a8e S1ops, In0. v. Arro6 Stores, In0., spra, 9CA Conn. at 9<%, 9<#,
9@# A.$d <@CJ C1ape.SH/21 Corporat/on v. Cava..aro, spra. T1s, t1e .o2/0a. pred/0ate to
t1e H/rd 0ortRs Krev/va.L ana.5s/s\t1e eG/sten0e of a va./d not/0e to 3/t or, 61ere t1e
va./d/t5 of t1e not/0e /s /n d/spte, a f/nd/n2 of va./d/t5\6as absent /n t1e ,a..e5 1e/rs:
-e.01 s!!ar5 pro0ess a0t/on.
I ==%. L/ab/./t5 of .and.ord for 6ron2f. ev/0t/on -estHs +e5 N!ber &/2est -estHs
+e5 N!ber &/2est, Land.ord and Tenant 8$A$, %9= A.L.'. L/brar5 TenantHs re0over5 of
da!a2es for e!ot/ona. d/stress nder Un/for! 'es/dent/a. Land.ord and Tenant A0t, #
A.L.'.Ct1 <$= '/21t of .and.ord .e2a..5 ent/t.ed to possess/on to d/spossess tenant 6/t1ot
.e2a. pro0ess, # A.L.'.%d 9@@ 'e0over5 b5 tenant of da!a2es for p15s/0a. /n7r5 or !enta.
an2/s1 o00as/oned b5 6ron2f. ev/0t/on, 9@ A.L.'.$d A%# (or!s A!. ?r. P.ead/n2 and
Pra0t/0e (or!s, Co!p.a/nt, pet/t/on, or de0.arat/on\Ev/0t/on fro! apart!ent .eased nder
ora. a2ree!ent\(or da!a2es, Land.ord and Tenant I $A= Stattes 0o!!on.5 prov/de for an
a6ard of da!a2es for 6ron2f. ev/0t/on b5 a .and.ord.N(N9O Observat/on" A statte !a5
a..o6 a0ta. da!a2es 61en an /..e2a. ev/0t/on o00rs.N(N$O In t1/s 0onteGt, Ea0ta. da!a2esE
!a5 /n0.de .ost prof/ts, .ost 2oods, eGpenses /n0rred /n renovat/n2 t1e pre!/ses, and t1e
benef/ts of .ost serv/0es.N(N%O Ho6ever, t1e for!er tenant 1as t1e brden of estab./s1/n2 1/s
or 1er a0ta. da!a2es.N(NCO In so!e 7r/sd/0t/ons, an ev/0ted tenant !a5 br/n2 an a0t/on /n
tort for persona. /n7r5, !enta. an2/s1, and da!a2e to persona. propert5 0ased b5 t1e
ev/0t/on.N(N<O Ho6ever, 6ron2f. ev/0t/on /s a brea01 of 0ontra0t t1at 2/ves r/se to a 0.a/!
for !enta. an2/s1 on.5 61en a00o!pan/ed b5 eGtre!e.5 otra2eos 0ond0t.N(N#O
'e2ard.ess of t1e va./d/t5 of a .and.ordHs reta8/n2 possess/on 6/t1ot pro0ess,N(N@O a tenant
!a5 2enera..5 re0over for da!a2es to persona. propert5.N(N=O &a!a2es !/21t /n0.de\ \
t1e va.e of .ost, destro5ed, or da!a2ed e3/p!ent.N(NAO \ t1e va.e of spo/.ed per/s1ab.e
2oods.N(N9;O \ 0o!pensator5 as 6e.. as eGe!p.ar5 da!a2es for t1e .and.ordHs 0onvers/on
of persona. propert5 and fa/.re to retrn propert5 pon de!and or to f/.e a fore0.osre a0t/on
of 1/s or 1er asserted ./en.N(N99O (rt1er!ore, a tenant /n .a6f. possess/on 61o /s
/!proper.5 e7e0ted and 1as sffered .ost prof/ts /s ent/t.ed to t1e prof/tsH re0over5.N(N9$O
Observat/on" Under so!e for0/b.e:deta/ner stattes, rest/tt/on of t1e pre!/ses /s a per!/ss/ve
re!ed5.N(N9%O T1s, a tenantHs 0.a/! for da!a2es, 6/t1ot an add/t/ona. 0.a/! for rest/tt/on
of t1e pre!/ses, does not /nva./date t1e tenantHs 0.a/! nder t1e for0/b.e:deta/ner stattes.
N(N9CO CU,ULATIVE SUPPLE,ENT Cases" Lost prof/ts, .ost 2oods, s01 as food, and t1e
benef/ts of .ost serv/0es, s01 as advert/s/n2, are eGa!p.es of .osses t1at !a5 0onst/tte
Ea0ta. da!a2esE for /..e2a. ev/0t/on. 9C ,.'.S.A. I #;9CD$)DA). &e2en1ardt v. E6e Ltd.
Partners1/p, $;99 ,E $%, 9% A.%d @A; D,e. $;99). NEN& O( SUPPLE,ENTO N(N9O
(ree!an v. A.a!o ,ana2e!ent Co., $$9 Conn. #@C, #;@ A.$d %@; D9AA$)J */e.e8 v. &rs.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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*/e.e8, */re.5 and Sa.erno, P. A., %## So. $d CC D(.a. &/st. Ct. App. Ct1 &/st. 9A@=)J S6/ft
Loan Z (/nan0e Co., In0. v. &n0an, 9A< Ga. App. <<#, %AC S.E.$d %<# D9AA;)J +a/a!a v.
A2/.ar, #@ Ha6. <CA, #A# P.$d =%A D9A=<)J Ge/2er v. -a..a0e, $%% +an. #<#, ##C P.$d =C#
D9A=%)J &eros1/a v. Un/on Ter!/na. P/ers, 9<9 ,/01. App. @9<, %A9 N.-.$d C<= D9A=#)J
'o08e v. 9;C9 *s16/08 Ave. Asso0., In0., 9#A A.&.$d <$<, <#C N.).S.$d %@A D9st &epHt
9AA9). *ot1 a .and.ord and /ts 0onse. 6ere ./ab.e for 6ron2f. ev/0t/on on an /nva./d 6arrant,
61et1er t1e ev/0t/on 6as de./berate or /nadvertent. ,a5es v. UVI Ho.d/n2s, In0., $=; A.&.$d
9<%, @$% N.).S.$d 9<9 D9st &epHt $;;9). As to a .and.ordHs ./ab/./t5 for 6ron2f. se of
ev/0t/on b5 se.f:1e.p, 2enera..5, see I =%@. N(N$O 'eardon v. Love.5 &eve.op!ent, In0., $;;C
,E @C, =<$ A.$d ## D,e. $;;C). N(N%O 'eardon v. Love.5 &eve.op!ent, In0., $;;C ,E @C,
=<$ A.$d ## D,e. $;;C). N(NCO 'eardon v. Love.5 &eve.op!ent, In0., $;;C ,E @C, =<$ A.$d
## D,e. $;;C). N(N<O In re *erber/an, %C *.'. <=; D*an8r. &. '.I. 9A=%) Dda!a2es for
e!ot/ona. d/stress)J ?ordan v. Ta.bot, << Ca.. $d <A@, 9$ Ca.. 'ptr. C==, %#9 P.$d $;, #
A.L.'.%d 9#9 D9A#9) Ddepr/vat/on of persona. propert5)J +er./n v. Lane Co., 9#< Ga. App.
#$$, %;$ S.E.$d %#A D9A=%)J (./08/n2er v. ,ar8 IV Apart!ents, AssHn, %9< N.-.$d @AC
DIo6a 9A=$) D0onvers/on of persona. propert5)J +n/21t v. ,.H. S/e2fr/ed 'ea. Estate, In0.,
#C@ S.-.$d =99 D,o. Ct. App. -.&. 9A=$) D0onvers/on of persona. propert5). N(N#O Contr5
Es0ro6 Serv/0e v. ?anes, 9$9 Ar/>. <99, <A9 P.$d AAA DCt. App. &/v. $ 9A@A). A tenant
ev/0ted b5 t1e .and.ord !a5 not re0over da!a2es for 1!/./at/on or !enta. sffer/n2 endred
b5 t1e tenantHs 01/.dren as a res.t of t1e ev/0t/on. &r/n8ard v. Anderton, $=; S.-. 9;@# DTeG.
C/v. App. -a0o 9A$#), 6r/t d/s!/ssed 6.o.7., D,ar. %9, 9A$#). N(N@O As to d/spossess/on
6/t1ot .e2a. pro0ess, 2enera..5, see I =$A. N(N=O ?ordan v. Ta.bot, << Ca.. $d <A@, 9$ Ca..
'ptr. C==, %#9 P.$d $;, # A.L.'.%d 9#9 D9A#9)J Pe.av/n v. ,/sner, $C9 ,/01. $;A, $9@ N.-.
%#, #; A.L.'. $@# D9A$=), affHd, $C% ,/01. <9#, $$; N.-. ##< D9A$=)J N/01o.s v. Est/s, 9C#
A.&. C@<, 9%9 N.).S. $#< D$d &epHt 9A99)J Pr/0e v. Osborne, $C Tenn. App. <$<, 9C@ S.-.$d
C9$ D9AC;). A 1o.dover tenantHs da!a2es are ./!/ted to t1ose da!a2es sffered as a d/re0t
res.t of t1e .and.ordHs se of t1e /!proper pro0edre. &eros1/a v. Un/on Ter!/na. P/ers, 9<9
,/01. App. @9<, %A9 N.-.$d C<= D9A=#). N(NAO &eros1/a v. Un/on Ter!/na. P/ers, 9<9 ,/01.
App. @9<, %A9 N.-.$d C<= D9A=#). N(N9;O &eros1/a v. Un/on Ter!/na. P/ers, 9<9 ,/01.
App. @9<, %A9 N.-.$d C<= D9A=#). N(N99O C.ar8 v. ,orr/s, @9; P.$d 99%; DCo.o. Ct. App.
9A=<). N(N9$O &eros1/a v. Un/on Ter!/na. P/ers, 9<9 ,/01. App. @9<, %A9 N.-.$d C<=
D9A=#). N(N9%O Ar/s V/s/on Inst/tte, In0. v. -asat01 Propert5 ,ana2e!ent, In0., $;;< UT
App %$#, 9$9 P.%d $C DUta1 Ct. App. $;;<), 0ert. 2ranted, 9$< P.%d 9;$ DUta1 $;;<) and
de0/s/on affHd, $;;# UT %=, $;;# -L $;%<ACA DUta1 $;;#). N(N9CO Ar/s V/s/on Inst/tte, In0.
v. -asat01 Propert5 ,ana2e!ent, In0., $;;< UT App %$#, 9$9 P.%d $C DUta1 Ct. App. $;;<),
0ert. 2ranted, 9$< P.%d 9;$ DUta1 $;;<) and de0/s/on affHd, $;;# UT %=, $;;# -L $;%<ACA
DUta1 $;;#).
In pr/sonerHs 0/v/. r/21ts s/t a..e2/n2 nreasonab.e se of for0e b5 2ards, pr/sonerHs
d/s0/p./nar5 re0ords s1o.d not 1ave been ad!/tted /nto ev/den0e s/n0e 8e5 d/spted /sse 6as
61o /n/t/ated p15s/0a. a.ter0at/ons nder.5/n2 s/t, and ev/den0e 6as offered to s1o6
pr/sonerHs a22ress/ve 01ara0ter and t1s t1at /t 6as !ore ./8e.5 t1at 1e 6as a22ressor. H5nes v
Coughlin D9AA#, CA$ N)) @A (%d $=<.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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?d2e Sferra>>aHs (/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of La6, and Order for S!!ar5
Ev/0t/on of 9;F$@F99, reads"
E(IN&INGS O( (ACT, CONCLUSIONS O( LA-,
AN& O'&E' (O' SU,,A') EVICTION
T1/s !atter 1av/n2 0o!e on re2.ar.5 for an ev/dent/ar5 1ear/n2 prsant to N'S
C;.$<C and N'S C;.$<%D#) on O0tober 9%, $;99, and 0ont/ned on O0tober $<, $;99, before
t1e Honorab.e Peter ?. Sferra>>a, s/tt/n2 6/t1ot a 7r5J t1e p.a/nt/ffF.and.ord, ,att ,er./sJ
DE,er./ssE), 1av/n2 been present, and represented b5 0onse., '/01ard G. H/.., C1artered and
Case5 &. *a8er, Es3., and defendantFtenant, Za01ar5 *ar8er Co21./n, Es3. DECo21./nE),
1av/n2 been present and 1av/n2 pro0eeded /n proper personJ t1e part/es 1av/n2 offered
ev/den0e, 0a..ed 6/tnesses and 1av/n2 offered ar2!entJ t1e !atter 1av/n2 been sb!/tted to
t1e Cort for a de0/s/onJ t1e Cort be/n2 f..5 /nfor!ed /n t1e pre!/ses and 2ood 0ase
appear/n2 t1ereforJ t1e Cort 1ere6/t1 enters /ts f/nd/n2s of fa0t, 0on0.s/ons of .a6 and order
for s!!ar5 ev/0t/on"
(IN&INGS O( (ACT
T1e Cort f/nds t1e fo..o6/n2 fa0ts"
9. ,er./ss /s t1e o6ner of t1e rea. propert5 .o0ated at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, Nevada Dt1e
EPropert5E).
$. T1e tenan05 at /sse 0o!!en0ed on ,ar01 9, $;9;, and was for a term of (1 months.
%. T1e rental agreement terminated by its terms on February 1@! 1-(9. T1ereafter, Co21./n
be0a!e a !ont1 to !ont1 tenant prsant to N'S 99=A.C@; and paragraph 3 of t1e part/esH
renta. a2ree!ent.
C. Co21./n be"a/e #u0&e"t to the ro-i#ion# o* NRS ().;4B to ().;4B<$ /n0.s/ve, at the
en! o* the stated term o* the rental agree/ent , 61erepon 1e be0a!e a !ont1fto:!ont1
tenant, as noted above.
<. On A2st $$, $;99, ,er./ss properly and lawfully terminated Coughlin$s month&to&
month tenancy pursuant to "<S ?-14($ 0y #er-ing the #tatutory NoCCau#e Ter/ination
Noti"e to Va"ate NRS ().;4BABG uon hi/$ .hi"h noti"e .a# a!/itte! into e-i!en"e at
the hearing. T1e 0ort spe0/f/0a..5 f/nds t1at service of that notice was proper prsant to,
and for a.. prposes 0onte!p.ated nder, N'S C;.$=;.
#. Co21./n fa/.ed to va0ate t1e Propert5 6/t1/n %; 0a.endar da5s of be/n2 served 6/t1 t1e
not/0e to va0ate, and 6as t1erefore /n n.a6f. deta/ner of t1e Propert5 as of Septe!ber $@,
$;99, at t1e .atest.
@. On Septe!ber $@,$;99, ,er./ss proper.5 served Co21./n 6/t1 a (/ve:&a5 Not/0e of
Un.a6f. &eta/ner (or (a/.re to Va0ate 'enta. Un/t :N'S C;.$<9 DNo:Case Ter!/nat/on)
and Not/0e of S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on :N'S C;.$<C, 61/01 not/0e 6as ad!/tted /nto ev/den0e at
t1e 1ear/n2. T1e 0ort spe0/f/0a..5 f/nds t1at service of that notice was proper prsant to,
and for a.. prposes 0onte!p.ated nder, N'S C;.$=;. DNOTE" t1e EG1/b/t ad!/tted at t1e
1ear/n2 fa/.s to /n0.de t1e enve.ope fro! NCS, 61ere s01 6as /n0.ded for t1e =F$$F99
Not/0e b5 NCS).
=. ,er./ssH "lai/ *or relie* o* o##e##ion o* the re/i#e# .a# authori5ed by law.
A. Co21./n a..e2ed, as a legal defense to t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, reta./ator5 0ond0t b5
,er./ss nder var/os sbse0t/ons of N'S 99=A.<9;. Co21./nHs a..e2ed defense 6as frt1er
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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based! in part, on 61at 1e /dent/f/ed as E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses, and 1/s a..e2ed 0o!p.a/nts
re2ard/n2 sa!e. Co21./n frt1er a..e2ed t1at ,er./ss acted in a discriminatory manner
to6ard 1/! based on Co21./nHs ra0e, nat/ona. or/2/n, and seG.
9;. T1e 0ort f/nds t1at Co21./n failed to present any evidence t1at ,er./ss a"te! in any
rohi0ite!$ !i#"ri/inatory$ or retaliatory *a#hion as a..e2ed b5 Co21./n, or ot1er6/se.
Spe0/f/0a..5, t1e 0ort f/nds"
9;.9. Co21./n failed to present any evidence t1at 1e E0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 of a
v/o.at/on of a b/.d/n2, 1os/n2 or 1ea.t1 0ode app./0ab.e to t1e pre!/ses and affe0t/n2 1ea.t1
or safet5 to a 2overn!enta. a2en05 01ar2ed 6/t1 t1e respons/b/./t5 for t1e enfor0e!ent of t1at
0odeE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Da).
9;.$. Coughlin failed to present any e'idence that he 5"o/laine! in goo! *aith to
the landlord or a la. en*or"e/ent agen"y o* a -iolation o* :NRS Chater BB+A= or o* a
#e"i*i" #tatute that i/o#e# a "ri/inal enalty5 a# re7uire! 0y NRS BB+A.4B)ABGA0G.
9;.%f Co21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e that prior to being served .ith the
re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction noti"e# $ Coughlin ha! 5instituted or defended against
a judicial or administrative proceeding or ar0itration in .hi"h :he= rai#e! an i##ue o*
"o/lian"e .ith the re7uire/ent# of NN'S C1apter 99=AO respe0t/n2 t1e 1ab/tab/./t5 of
d6e../n2 n/tsE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De). DNOTE" 1ere *a8er atte!pts to
!/s01ara0ter/>e t1e .an2a2e of t1e statte to 2et arond t1e fa0t t1at Co2./n, b5 defend/n2
a2a/nst t1e non:pa5!ent s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 fo..o6/n2 t1e < &a5 Non:Pa5!ent
Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner prported.5 served on Co2.1/n on =F$$F99, /n '?C 'ev99:9@;=,
and t1ere/n ar2/n2 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses, d/d, t1ereb5, /nvo8e t1e prote0t/ons of N'S
99=A.<9;D9)De), as, on.5 t1ereafter d/d ,er./ss Kbr/n2...an a0t/on for possess/onL /n 9@;=.
-1/.e *a8er atte!pts to ar2e t1at Co2./n need 1ave K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a
7d/0/a....pro0eed/n2L K prior to being served .ith the re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction
noti"e#L the #tatute #i/ly !oe# not #ay that. No6, *a8er 0an argue t1at 1/s 0./ent d/d not
t1ereafter K0ring an! a"tion *or o##e##ion L Dand, 2/ven t1e n/3e natre of NevadaHs
approa01, /t /s not ent/re.5 0.ear at 61/01 po/nt one 0an be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/onL.../s /t pon
serv/n2 a < &a5 Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/nerP &/d t1e .and.ord Kbr/n2 an a0t/onL pon 1/s
prported.5 Kter!/nat/n2L Co21./nHs K!ont1 to !ont1 tenan05L on =F$$F99P Hard to
/!a2/ne t1at 3a./f/es Dpart/0.ar.5 61ere s01 Not/0e of =F$$F99 /s def/0/ent /n t1at /s
/n0orre0t.5 asserts t1at Co21./nHs .ease 1ad KeGp/redL, 61ere, 0.ear.5, s01 /s not t1e 0ase
pon a 0.ose rev/e6 of Para2rap1s $, %, and $; of t1e $F$CF9; KStandard 'enta. A2ree!ent).
A 0.ose rev/e6 of t1e (O(COLOSE, part/0.ar.5 (/nd/n2s of (a0t 9:= revea.
so!et1/n2 0r/os....*a8erHs prov/ded to ?d2e Sferra>>a a proposed (O(COLOSE t1at does
not a0ta..5 !a8e an5 /nd/0at/on as to t1e 8e5 /n3/r5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e N'S 99=A.<9;De)
ana.5s/s v/s a v/s 7st 61en one 0an be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL or 1ave
K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. ... pro0eed/n2L. It /s ./8e.5 t1at Nevada .a6 6/..
v/e6 t1e .and.ord to be sa/d to Kbr/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL e/t1er pon t1e serv/0e of t1e
AF$@F99 < &a5 No Case Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner, or, pon Co2./nHs f/./n2 1/s TenantHs
Ans6er /n response t1ereto on 9;F#F99, and t1e .and.ord t1ereafter 0o!!n/0at/n2 so!e
/ntent/on to t1e Cort to fo..o6 t1ro21 6/t1 a 1ear/n2, and Dor, per1aps, pon not1/n2 !ore
t1an t1e Tenant f/./n2 a TenantHs Aff/dav/t...t1at /s, t1e .and.ord need not do an5t1/n2 frt1er
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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t1ereafter to be sa/d to 1ave Kbro21t Dbr/n2) and a0t/on for possess/on). Ho6ever, *a8erHs
atte!pt to 01ara0ter/>e t1e !ere serv/0e of so!e %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate as t1e Kbr/n2D/n2)L
of an Ka0t/on for possess/onL /s s/!p.5 nspportab.e, /n ./21t of t1e fa0t t1at t1ere /s no
.e2a..5 operat/ve effe0t to *a8erHs do/n2 so absent 1/s t1en serv/n2 a < &a5 Not/0e of
Un.a6f. &eta/ner, at 61/01 po/nt, s1o.d tenant Co21./n 1ave fa/.ed to f/.e a TenanHts
Ans6er 6/t1/n < da5s t1ereof, ,er./ss 6o.d be ab.e to obta/n a .o08ot Order fro! t1e 0ort.
T1e t1/n2 /s, Co2./n ar2ed t1at 1/s KL/t/2at/on &e!and LettersL to ,er./ss bet6een
,a5:Septe!ber of $;99 sff/0e to !eet t1e K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nstL re3/re!ent Dand
t1ere are /nstan0es of s01 .etters fro! Co21./n to t1e .and.ord t1at predate even a f/nd/n2
t1at t1e serv/0e of t1e %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate of =F$$F99). Indeed, 1o6 /s *a8erHs serv/0e
pon Co2./n of a %; &a5 Not/0e to Va0ate Kbr/n2D/n2) an a0t/on for possess/onL /f
Co21./nHs K./t/2at/on de!and .ettersL are not K/nst/tt/n2 or defend/n2 a2a/nst a 7d/0/a.
pro0eed/n2L 61ere 1ab/tab/./t5 an /sse Dand Co21./nHs L/t/2at/on &e!and Letters
spe0/f/0a..5 /nvo8e 1ab/tab/./t5 /sses and 6arn ,er./ss a2a/nst an5 ant/0/pated reta./ator5
0ond0t b5 t1e .and.ord.
(rt1er, t1e N'S 99=A.<9; /n3/r5 /s not ./!/ted to a 0o!par/son of t1e !ere te!pora.
re.at/on bet6een t1e .and.ordHs Kbr/n2D/n2)L or t1reaten/n2 to br/n2 an a0t/on for possess/onL
and t1e tenantHs"
T1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COL 6as 01an2ed b5 ?d2e Sferra>>aHs 99F@F99 A!ended Order,
espe0/a..5 61ere t1e 9;F$@F99 (O(COL reads"
K9;.$. Coughlin *aile! to re#ent any e-i!en"e that he 5"o/laine! in goo! *aith
to the landlord or a la. en*or"e/ent agen"y o* a -iolation o* :NRS Chater BB+A=
or o* a #e"i*i" #tatute that i/o#e# a "ri/inal enalty5 a# re7uire! 0y NRS
BB+A.4B)ABGA0G.
9;.%f Co21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e that prior to being served .ith the
re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction noti"e# $ Coughlin ha! 5instituted or defended
against a judicial or administrative proceeding or ar0itration in .hi"h :he= rai#e!
an i##ue o* "o/lian"e .ith the re7uire/ent# of NN'S C1apter 99=AO respe0t/n2 t1e
1ab/tab/./t5 of d6e../n2 n/tsE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De).L
Land.ord ,er./ss v/o.ated N'S 99=A.<9; /n reta./at/n2 a2a/nst Co21./n.
KNRS BB+A.4B) Retaliatory "on!u"t 0y lan!lor! again#t tenant rohi0ite!M re/e!ie#M
ex"etion#.
9. EG0ept as ot1er6/se prov/ded /n sbse0t/on %, the lan!lor! /ay not$ in retaliation$
terminate a tenancy $ re*u#e to rene. a tenan"y ,... or 0ring or threaten to 0ring an a"tion
*or o##e##ion /f"...
Db) T1e tenant ha# "o/laine! in goo! *aith to the lan!lor!...of a v/o.at/on of t1/s
01apter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. pena.t5...
D0) T1e tenant 1as or2an/>ed or be0o!e a !e!ber of a tenantRs n/on or s/!/.ar
or2an/>at/onJ
De) T1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or defended a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or
arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant ra/sed an /sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s
01apter respe0t/n2 t1e habitability of d6e../n2 n/tsJ
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Df) T1e tenant 1as fa/.ed or refsed to 2/ve 6r/tten 0onsent to a re2.at/on adopted b5 t1e
.and.ord, after t1e tenant enters /nto t1e renta. a2ree!ent, 61/01 re3/res t1e .and.ord to 6a/t
nt/. t1e appropr/ate t/!e 1as e.apsed before /t /s enfor0eab.e a2a/nst t1e tenantJ or
D2) T1e tenant 1as 0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 to t1e .and.ord,... Dor) an attorne5 ... of a
v/o.at/on of N'S 99=.;9; to 99=.9$;, /n0.s/ve, or t1e (a/r Hos/n2 A0t of 9A#=, C$ U.S.C.
II %#;9 et se3.,...
$. If t1e .and.ord v/o.ates an5 prov/s/on of sbse0t/on 9, t1e tenant /s ent/t.ed to t1e
re!ed/es prov/ded /n N'S 99=A.%A; and has a defense in any retaliatory action by the
landlord for possession.
%. A .and.ord 61o a0ts nder t1e 0/r0!stan0es des0r/bed /n sbse0t/on 9 does not v/o.ate
t1at sbse0t/on if"
Db) The tenan"y i# ter/inate! .ith "au#eJ...L
Co21./n a.so ar2ed t1at ,er./ssHs retat./at/n2 b5 ter!/nat/n2 t1e .ease /!!ed/ate.5
after Co21./n so21t to assert 1/s r/21ts nder t1e .ease as to t1e da!a2e 0ased b5 Green
A"tion La6n Serv/0e, 6as a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Df). T1e pb./0 po./05 be1/nd t1/s
/s /!portant, for, ot1er6/se, .and.ordHs 6o.d s/!p.5 se ev/0t/on as a 0oer0/ve bar2a/n/n2
ta0t/0 to 2et tenantHs to 2/ve p t1e/r bar2a/ned for r/21ts...and, ar2ab.5, s01 /s tanta!ont to
t1e 0r/!/na. v/o.at/on of eGtort/on, and t1erefore, prote0ted nder N'S 99=A.<9;, 61ere
Co21./nHs so assert/n2 s01 r/21ts /s tanta!ont to a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Db)
DeGtort/on), and, ar2ab.5 61ere N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De) 61ere Co21./nHs report/n2 to t1e
.and.ord t1e v/o.at/ons of t1e 'eno ,n/0/pa. CodeHs KnoG/os 6eed ord/nan0eL /s 0overed b5
N'S 99=A.$A;D9)Db),De), and 61/.e ?d2e Sferra>>a r.ed t1at t1e 6eeds 6ere not a
1ab/tab/./t5 /sse, Co21./n d/d pt on ev/den0e t1at t1e 'eno ,n/0/pa. Code pro1/b/ts 6eed
2ro6t1 of over e/21t /n01es, Dsee p/0tres of 6eeds 6e.. over t1/rt5 /n01es ta..), and as s01,
nder N'S 99=A.$A;D9)Hs .an2a2e, s01 K-iolate# ro-i#ion# o* hou#ing or health "o!e#
"on"erning the health$ #a*ety$ #anitation or *itne## *or ha0itation o* the !.elling unitL.
It i# intere#ting to note t1e d/fferen0es bet6een N'S 99=A.<9;Db) and De). -1ereas
Db) /s broad, 0over/n2 61ere t1e Ktenant ha# complained in good faith to the landlord...of a
'iolation of this chapter or of a spe0/f/0 statte t1at /!poses a 0r/!/na. pena.t5L N'S
99=A.<9;De) /s !ore narro6, app.5/n2 on.5 61ere t1e Ktenant 1as instituted or defended
against a judicial or administrative proceeding or arb/trat/on /n 61/01 t1e tenant ra/sed an
/sse of 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1e re3/re!ents of t1/s 01apter respe0t/n2 t1e habitability of
d6e../n2 n/tsL. A Kv/o.at/on of t1/s 01apterL as referen0ed /n N'S 99=A.<9;D9)Db) 0o.d
/n0.de a n!ber of t1/n2s be5ond t1e !ore narro6 re3/re!ent /n N'S 99=A.<9;D9)De) t1at
1ab/tab/./t5 be t1e v/o.at/on /nvo8ed 61ere Ktenant ra/sed an /sseL, and frt1er, t1e sett/n2 /n
61/01 t1e K0o!p.a/nD/n2)L to t1e .and.ord referen0ed /n Db) 6o.d see! to be !ore broad, as
6e.., 0o!pared to De)Hs re3/re!ents t1at Ktenant ra/sed and /sseL of 1ab/tab/./t5 nder
0/r0!stan0es /n 61/01 KKtenant 1as instituted or defended against a judicial or
administrative proceedingF0ut the s0ope of e/t1er of t1ose sbse0t/ons /s not rea..5 a.. t1at
0.ear or def/ned....ar2e.5 de to t1e se of t1e p1rase K/nst/tted or defended a2a/nstL,
espe0/a..5 0ons/der/n2 t1e approa01 ta8en nder Nevada .a6 6/t1 respe0t to s!!ar5
ev/0t/ons D/e, 61ere t1e tenant /s a0ta..5 t1e f/rst part5 to f/.e an5t1/n2 6/t1 t1e 0ort...61/01
ar2ab.5 s1o.d be 01ara0ter/>ed as t1e tenant K/nst/tt/n2L an a0t/on s01 as 9CA$ or 9@;=.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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KNRS BB+A.;3) Ha0ita0ility o* !.elling unit.
9. T1e .and.ord s1a.. at a.. t/!es dr/n2 t1e tenan05 !a/nta/n t1e d6e../n2 n/t /n a
1ab/tab.e 0ond/t/on. A d.elling unit i# not ha0ita0le i* it -iolate# ro-i#ion# o* hou#ing or
health "o!e# "on"erning the health$ #a*ety$ #anitation or *itne## *or ha0itation o* the
!.elling unit or if it substantially lacks"
Da) Effe0t/ve 6aterproof/n2 and weather protection of t1e roof and eGter/or 6a..s,
/n0.d/n2 windows and doors.
Db) P.!b/n2 fa0/./t/es 61/01 0onfor!ed to app./0ab.e .a6 61en /nsta..ed and which are
maintained in good working order.
D0) A 6ater spp.5 approved nder app./0ab.e .a6, 61/01 /s".
D%) Conne0ted to a se6a2e d/sposa. s5ste! approved nder app./0ab.e .a6 and
maintained in good working order to t1e eGtent t1at t1e s5ste! 0an be 0ontro..ed b5 t1e
.and.ord...
De) 9lectrical lighting, ot.ets, 6/r/n2 and e.e0tr/0a. e3/p!ent 61/01 0onfor!ed to
app./0ab.e .a6 61en /nsta..ed and are !a/nta/ned /n 2ood 6or8/n2 order....
D2) */.d/n2, 2ronds, apprtenan0es and all other areas under the landlordGs control at
the time of the commencement of the tenancy in every part clean! sanitary and reasonably
free from all accumulations of debris! filth! rubbish! garbage, rodents, /nse0ts and ver!/n.
D1) (.oors, 6a..s, ceilings, stairways and ra/./n2s maintained in good repair
D/) Vent/.at/n2, a/r:0ond/t/on/n2 and ot1er fa0/./t/es and app./an0es, /n0.d/n2 e.evators,
!a/nta/ned /n 2ood repa/r /f spp./ed or re3/red to be spp./ed b5 t1e .and.ord.
$. The lan!lor! an! tenant /ay agree that the tenant i# to er*or/ #e"i*ie! reair#$
/aintenan"e ta#8# an! /inor re/o!eling...L
*a8erHs =F$$F99 KNo:Case Ter!/nat/on Not/0e to Va0ateL Dt/./>/n2 a pre:pr/nted N. S. Ct.
K(or! Q@L D6/t1 7st a 0op.e t1/n2s 01an2ed b5 6a5 of p.a0/n2 K[Ls over Kor ter!/natedL /n
a 0op.e areas) reads"
No:Case Ter!/nat/on Not/0e to Va0ate N'S C;.$<9D9) TO"....&ate of Serv/0e" A2st
$$nd, $;99
PLEASE TA+E NOTICE t1at 5o !st srrender and va0ate t1e renta. n/t .o0ated at"
9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street, 'eno, Nevada =A<;% )o are ent/t.ed to a per/od of"
b[b $. T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s after serv/0e of t1/s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t
Dbe0ase 5o 1ave a per/od/0 tenan05 61/01 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8). N'S C;.$<9D9)Da)D$). ...
b[b <. T1/rt5 D%;) 0a.endar da5s after serv/0e of t1/s not/0e to va0ate and .eave t1e renta. n/t
Dbe0ase 5or tenan05 /s sb7e0t to C1apter 99=A of t1e Nevada 'ev/sed Stattes and 5or
renta. a2ree!ent eGp/red as of (ebrar5 $=, $;99. N'S C;.$<9D9)Db)D9)D99). DApp./es to a..
ot1er per/od/0 tenan0/es.)...
ATTENTION_ If 5o fa.. to va0ate t1e renta. n/t b5 Septe!ber $%, $;99, 5o 6/.. be
2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner Dn.a6f. possess/on), and I 6/.. start ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2s
a2a/nst 5o.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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NOTE" If 5o are #; 5ears of a2e or o.der. or /f 5o 1ave a p15s/0a. or !enta.
d/sab/./t5, and 5or tenan05 /s not 6ee8:to:6ee8, 5o !a5 !a8e a 6r/tten re3est to !e to be
a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s past t1e t/!e
./sted on t1/s not/0e. )o !st prov/de !e 6/t1 proof of 5or a2e or d/sab/./t5 6/t1 5or
6r/tten re3est. If I re7e0t 5or re3est, 5o 1ave t1e r/21t to pet/t/on t1e 0ort to 0ont/ne In
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for an add/t/ona. %; da5s. If t1e 0ort den/es 5or pet/t/on, 5o
6/.. be a..o6ed to 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e renta. n/t for f/ve D<) 0a.endar da5s
fo..o6/n2 t1e date of entr5 of t1e order den5/n2 t1e pet/t/on.
ATTENTION_ THIS NOTICE IS *EING GIVEN PU'SUANT TO NEVA&A
'EVISE& STATUTES. If 5o do not 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1/s not/0e 5o 6/.. be In n.a6f.
possess/on of t1e renta. n/t. and 5o 6/.. be sb7e0t to t1e ev/0t/on pro0edres 0onta/ned /n
N'S C;.$<C or N'S C;.$A; et se3.L
*a8er atte!pts to ar2e Db5 6a5 of t1e .an2a2e 1e /n0.ded /n t1e 9;F$@F99
(O(COLOSE) t1at ,er./ssHs patent, obv/os reta./ator5 0ond0t 6as not v/o.at/ve of N'S
99=A.<9; be0ase KCo21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0e that prior to being served .ith
the re*eren"e! ter/ination and eviction noti"e# $ Coughlin ha! 5instituted or defended
against a judicial or administrative proceeding or ar0itration in .hi"h :he= rai#e! an i##ue
o* ... ha0ita0ilityL. Ho.e-er$ the #tatute !oe# not re7uire Co21./n to s1o6 t1at 1e
5instituted or defended against a judicial or administrative proceedingL Kpr/or to be/n2
KN'S 99=A.<9; 'eta./ator5 0ond0t b5 .and.ord a2a/nst
tenant pro1/b/tedJ re!ed/esJ eG0ept/ons. 9. ... t1e .and.ord
!a5 not, in retaliation, terminate a tenancy! refuse to
renew a tenancy, /n0rease rent or decrease essential
services required by the rental agreement or t1/s
01apter, or bring or threaten to bring an action for
possession /f"...De) T1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or defended
a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or
arb/trat/on in which the tenant raised an issue of
compliance with the requirements of this chapter
respecting the habitability of d6e../n2 n/tsJL
D?d2e Sferra>>a /nd/0ated *a8er !a5 prepare D?d2e Sferra>>a referred to s01 as a
K7d2!entL...61/01 !a8es prob.e!at/0 t1e fa0t t1at Co21./n 6as not prov/ded t1e < da5s to
rev/e6 *a8erHs KproposedL 7d2!ent nder ?C''T 9@...see, a.so, N?C'CP <$) D,er./ssHs
0ond0t /s so obv/os.5 reta./ator5 pon rev/e6/n2 EG1/b/t # to Co2./nHs 9;F99F99 ,ot/on for
Cont/nan0e, and Co2./nHs EG1/b/t # of 9;F$<F99, t1e e!a/.s bet6een ,er./ss and Co21./n)
espe0/a..5 2/ven t1e eGtre!e te!pora. 0onne0t/on bet6een t1e ver5 prote0ted 0o!p.a/nts b5
Co21./n nder N'S 99=A.<9; and t1e =F$$F99 Not/0es, espe0/a..5 61ere Ar/>ona, TeGas,
and ,/nnesota 1ave stattes ./st/n2 t/!e fra!es of # !ont1s as /nd/0at/ve of reta./at/on 61ere
s01 /nterva. bet6een t1e prote0ted 0o!p.a/nt and a0t prported to be done /n reta./at/on /s
t1at or .ess)
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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(rt1er, /f on.5 b5 6a5 of ana.o25 D2/ven ?C''T per '.e $ do not app.5 to K.and.ord
tenant !attersL) ?C''T '.eM9@.MMLPreparat/on of f/nd/n2s, 0on0.s/ons, and 7d2!ent.MMIn
a 0/v/. 0ase, 61ere a 7d2e d/re0ts an attorne5 to prepare f/nd/n2s of fa0t, 0on0.s/ons of .a6,
and 7d2!ent, t1e attorne5 s1a.. serve a 0op5 of t1e proposed do0!ent pon 0onse. for a..
part/es 61o 1ave appeared, or pon t1e part5 /f a part5 1as appeared /n proper person at t1e
tr/a. and are affe0ted b5 t1e 7d2!ent. Five days after service counsel shall submit the same
to the court for signature together with proof of such service.L
-1ere t1e pro0eed>/n2FTr/a. ended on 9;F$<F99, /t 6as s/!p.5 /ne3/tab.e to re3/re
Co2./n to re0e/ve an e!a/. 6/t1 t1e proposed (O(COL fro! *a8er at noon on 9;F$@F99,
61ere ?d2e Sferra>>a s/2ned s01 (O(CO. b5 C"%A p! t1at da5. Indeed, even ?d2e
Sferra>>a, trns ot, 0o.d 1ave sed !ore t/!e to rev/e6 t1e proposed (O(COL 2/ven t1e
fa0t t1at an 99F@F99 1ear/n2 6as ne0ess/tated to va0ate t1e port/on of 1/s r./n2 t1at a6arded
t1e B$,$@< to t1e .and.ord, 61ere ?d2e Sferra>>a a2reed 6/t1 Co2./n at t1at 1ear/n2 pon
Co2./n 0r/t/0/>/n2 *a8er for fa/./n2 to fa/t1f..5 reprod0e ?d2e Sferra>>aHs order as
rendered Ds01 abso.te.5 d/d not /nd/0ate t1at t1e B$,$@< rent es0ro6 6as Kt1e propert5 of t1e
.and.ordL, bt rat1er, /nd/0ated t1at ...L *a8er and H/.. 0ont/ne to atta01 ?d2e Sferra>>aHs
9;F$@F99 (O(COLOSE as t1o21 /t 6as not a!ended sbstant/a..5 b5 ?d2e Sferra>>aHs
Order a!end/n2 t1at (O(COLOSE on 99F@F99 Drendered fro! t1e ben01). C.ear.5, ?d2e
Sferra>>a sbstant/a..5 d/stan0ed 1/s f/na. r./n2 on a var/et5 of !atters fro! t1e 9;F$@F99
(O(COL /n 1/s A!ended Order as rendered on 99F@F99 /n 9@;=.
KN'S 99=A.<9; 'eta./ator5 0ond0t b5 .and.ord a2a/nst
tenant pro1/b/tedJ re!ed/esJ eG0ept/ons. 9. ... t1e .and.ord
!a5 not, in retaliation, terminate a tenancy! refuse to
renew a tenancy, /n0rease rent or decrease essential
services required by the rental agreement or t1/s
01apter, or bring or threaten to bring an action for
possession /f"...De) T1e tenant 1as /nst/tted or defended
a2a/nst a 7d/0/a. or ad!/n/strat/ve pro0eed/n2 or
arb/trat/on in which the tenant raised an issue of
compliance with the requirements of this chapter
respecting the habitability of d6e../n2 n/tsJL
9;.C Co21./n failed to present any evidence t1at 1e 1ad E0o!p.a/ned /n 2ood fa/t1 to
t1e .and.ord, a 2overn!ent a2en05, an attorney, a fa/r 1os/n2 a2en05 or an5 ot1er
appropr/ate bod5 of a v/o.at/on of N'S 99=.;9; to 99=.9$;, /n0.s/ve, or t1e (a/r Hos/n2
A0t of 9A#=, C$ U.S.C. II %#;9 et se3., or 1aNdO ot1er6/se eGer0/sed r/21ts 61/01 are
2aranteed or prote0ted nder t1ose .a6sE as re3/red b5 N'S 99=A.<9;D9)D2).
99. Co21./n failed to present any evidence t1at t1e Propert5 6as at an5 t/!e not 1ab/tab.e,
as t1at ter! /s def/ned /n N'S 99=A.$A;, or ot1er6/se, 6/t1 respe0t to an5 of t1e a..e2ed
def/0/en0/es /dent/f/ed b5 1/!. T1ose a..e2ed, bt nproven, def/0/en0/es /n0.ded, bt 6ere
not ./!/ted to, t1e front and ba08 steps, an5 bro8en 6/ndo6, an5 a..e2ed !o.d, $.an5 fa../n2
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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/ns.at/on, t1e 2arba2e d/sposa., and an5 6eeds on t1e Propert5. DNOTE" /t /s prett5 0.ear
fro! t1e trans0r/pt of t1e 99F@F99 1ear/n2 /n 9@;= t1at ?d2e Sferra>>a a!ended t1/s 9;F$@F99
Order as to t1/s E0on0.s/onE as 6e.., espe0/a..5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e /ns.at/on, and frt1er, t1/s
9;F$@F99 Order /s 0.ear.5 at odds 6/t1 t1e Order as rendered on 9;F$<F99 b5 ?d2e Sferra>>a,
so!et1/n2 ?d2e Sferra>>a ad!/tted at t1e 99F@F99 Hear/n2, t1ereafter res.t/n2 /n ?d2e
Sferra>>a render/n2 an ora. a!end!ent to s01 9;F$@F99 Order sff/0/ent to br/n2 s01 /nto
a00ord 6/t1 1/s order as rendered on 9;F$<F99. ?d2e Sferra>>a s1o.d be ent/t.ed, so!e61at,
to re.5 on *a8er to fa/t1f..5 render t1e order as annon0ed, not re!/G /t to s/t *a8erHs
ob7e0t/ves. 'PC %.9, %.%, and %.C re3/re as !01.)
99.9. -/t1 respe0t to any weeds on the Property, t1e 0ort frt1er spe0/f/0a..5 f/nds
t1at t1e !a/ntenan0e of t1e srrond/n2 2ronds, /n0.d/n2 6eed 0ontro., 6as t1e so.e
respons/b/./t5 of Co21./n nder para2rap1 $$ of t1e part/esH renta. a2ree!ent. DNOTE" Here
*a8er artf..5 and frad.ent.5 s/desteps t1e /sses re.at/ve to t1e .easeHs se of t1e ter!
E.a6nE and t1e fa0t t1at t1ere 6as no E.a6nE bt rat1er a d/rtF3as/:de0o!posed 2ran/te
E5ardE, 61ere/n 6eeds 0ont/na..5 2re6 severa. t/!es a 5ear, 61/01 Co21./n addressed, 6/t1
,er./ssHs assent and a00ord to a novat/on of an5 re3/re!ent one !/21t read /nto t1e .ease t1at
Co21./n 6as respons/b.e for s01 Eta8/n2 0are of t1e 6eedsE v/a t1e a2ree!ent of ,a5 9@t1,
$;99, entered /nto t1e re0ord as an eG1/b/t to Co21./nHs 9;F9$F99 ,ot/on for Cont/nan0e,
and at t1e 9;F$<F99 1ear/n2FETr/a.E as EG1/b/t =, a 0o..e0t/on of t1e e!a/.s bet6een ,er./ss
and Co21./n. It /s t1e ver5 a!b/2/t5 attendant to t1e .eases se of t1e ter! E.a6nE, 61/01
?d2e Sferra>>a atte!pted to avo/d b5 !/G/n2 /n t1e ter! E5ard at t1e 99F@F99 1ear/n2, t1at
e01oes t1e f/nd/n2 /n Anv/ as to E0onstr0t/on of a 0ontra0ta. ter!E be/n2 a E3est/on of
.a6E 61/01 E6e rev/e6 de novoE...0aref. to not t1at Et1e part/es /ntent/ons re2ard/n2 a
0ontra0ta. prov/s/on present a 3est/on of fa0tE. Certa/n.5, t1e e!a/. fro! ,er./ss to Co2./n
of <F9@F99 61ere/n ,er./ss a2reed to a rent ded0t/on or off:set of B%<; for Co2./n Eta8/n2
0are of t1e 6eedsE for t1at season, presents 7st s01 a s0enar/o 61ere a E2en/ne /sse of
!ater/a. fa0tE /s apparent fro! s01 !an/festat/on of t1e Epart/es /ntent/onsE. Anv/. (r1ter,
Anv/ 0onta/ns one ver5 /nterest/n2 senten0e" E-e frt1er 0on0.de t1at s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
6as not appropr/ate /n t1/s 0ase be0ase t1ere /s a .e2a. defense based pon nreso.ved /sses
of !ater/a. fa0t. &ra2on !st atte!pt to prse rest/tt/on of t1e pre!/ses, /f at a.., nder
N'S C;.$A; to C;.C$;.E It /s t1at pot1o.e t1at res.ted /n *a8er D/n sb!/tt/n2 t1e proposed
Order t1at ?d2e Sferra>>a or/2/na..5 prett5 !01 rbber sta!ped, nt/. 1e sbstant/a..5
a!ended /t at t1e 99F@F99 1ear/n2 Dto 1/s 0red/t)) 0ont/na..5 /nsert/n2 1/s r/d/0.os fantas/a
t1at t1e so!e # 1ors of presentat/on on t1e re0ord s0attered over t6o 0ort dates 0ons/sted
ent/re.5 of repeated /nstan0es 61ere ECo21./n fa/.ed to present an5 ev/den0eE of t1/s or
t1at...as Co2./n present/n2 prett5 !01 Ean5 ev/den0eE of an5t1/n2 6o.d veer dan2eros.5
0.ose to present/n2 a E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE res.t/n2 /n a f/nd/n2 t1at Et1ere /s a
.e2a. defense based pon nreso.ved /sses of !ater/a. fa0tE. T1e 8e5 /sse 1ere see!s to be
to 61at eGtent /sses of fa0t p.a5 a ro.e /n deter!/n/n2 61et1er t1ere /s Eno .e2a. defenseE
prsant to N'S C;.$<%D#) and /n 0ons/der/n2 of t1e .an2a2e t1ere/n d/re0t/n2 t1at s01
s!!ar5 pro0eed/n2s are to Etest t1e trt1f..ness and sff/0/en05 of t1e aff/dav/tsE. T1e
.e2/s.atre fa/.ed to /!pose on N'S C;.$<%D#) so!e E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE pron2 for
a reason. It s/!p.5 /s nfa/r to /!pose a standard of even t1at /ntens/t5 /n a 0onteGt s01 as a
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s!!ar5 ev/0t/on, 61ere ./tt.e to no d/s0over5 /s poss/b.e. T1/s /s tre, espe0/a..5, 1ere,
61ere ,er./ss fa/.ed to even f/.e an5 En.a6f. deta/ner aff/dav/tE or E.and.ordHs aff/dav/tE
D!01 .ess one t1at sat/sf/es N'S C;.$<CD$), not to !ent/on t1e frad attendant to *a8er and
,er./ssHs 01/0aner5 v/s a v/s t1e def/0/0/en05 /n t1e/r =F$$F99 Not/0e of Ter!/nat/on be/n2
pre!/sed pon an /n0orre0t Dat best) assert/on t1ere/n t1at t1e .ease 1ad EeGp/redE Eb5 /ts
ter!sE on (ebrar5 $=, $;99, 61en, /n a0ta./t5, t1e a0ta. .an2a2e /n t1at .ease asserts t1at
t1e ter! s1a.. be for Eno .ess t1an 9$ !ont1sE fro! ,ar01 9, $;9;, and 61ere para2rap1 $
t1ere/n fa/.s to 0onta/n an5 s01 Edef/ned ter!/nat/on dateE as referen0ed /n para2rap1 $;
t1ereof...0.ear.5 /nd/0at/n2 t1at t1e .ease /n 3est/on 1ad not EeGp/redE and t1e fa/.re of t1e
=F$$F99 Not/0e of Ter!/nat/on to be ne3/vo0a. or, even, a00rate, renders /t /neffe0t/ve for
t1e prpose of ter!/nat/n2 t1e .ease, and t1erefore !a8es Enot trt1f.E an5 0.a/! b5 *a8er or
,er./ss t1at t1e/r E0.a/! /s at1or/>ed b5 .a6E as re3/red b5 N'S C;.$<CD$), to sa5 not1/n2
of t1e eGtent to 61/01 t1e var/os atte!pts to 0obb.e to2et1er an5 s01 aff/dav/t re3/red
t1ere/n 0o.d not poss/b.5 be v/e6ed as !eet/n2 t1e Esff/0/en05E standard re3/red /n N'S
C;.$<%D#), to sa5 not1/n2 of t1e .a08 of de pro0ess attendant to ,er./ss fa/./n2 to !eet t1e
7r/sd/0t/ona. prere3/s/te to f/.e s01 En.a6f. deta/ner aff/dav/tE before t1e 1ear/n2FETr/a..
Carr/a2e Cort Inn v 'a/ns, <$C N)S $d #C@ Enot/0e of ter!/nat/on !st be def/n/te and
ne3/vo0a.E an a..e2ed bas/s 6/t1 sff/0/ent spe0/f/0/t5 and part/0.ar/t5 so as to prov/de
tenant an opportn/t5 to 8no6n 61at /t /s t1e5 !st defend a2a/nst. Anv/ /s 3/te
0.ear...t1ere /s not E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE pron2 to t1e N'S C;.$<%D#) ana.5s/s,
61/01 /s to be sb7e0ted to a Ede novo rev/e6E on appea." EStandard of rev/e6 As a !atter of
f/rst /!press/on, 6e 0on0.de t1at an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S C;.$<%D#)
s1o.d be rev/e6ed on appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order 2rant/n2
s!!ar5 7d2!ent nder N'CP <# be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are ana.o2os. T1/s 0ort
rev/e6s orders 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent de novo...A00ord/n2.5, or rev/e6 of t1e d/str/0t
0ortHs order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on /s de novo. Anv/ ra/sed a .e2a. defense as to t1e
n.a6f. deta/ner N'S C;.$<%D#) states t1at after a 1ear/n2 Eto deter!/ne t1e trt1f.ness and
sff/0/en05 of Nt1e aff/dav/ts and not/0es f/.ed, s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6/.. be 2rantedO N/Of t1e 0ort
deter!/nes t1at t1ere /s no .e2a. defense . . . and t1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an n.a6f. deta/ner.E
On appea., Anv/ 0ontends t1at t1e d/str/0t 0ort erred /n 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on be0ase
/t ra/sed a .e2a. defense to /ts a..e2ed n.a6f. deta/ner and t1at &ra2on /s re3/red to fo..o6
t1e pro0edres set fort1 /n N'S C;.$A; to C;.C$;. -e a2ree and 0on0.de t1at t1e d/str/0t
0ort erroneos.5 fond /n &ra2onHs favor fo..o6/n2 t1e 1ear/n2 on &ra2onHs aff/dav/t of
0o!p.a/nt for s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. EConstr0t/on of a 0ontra0ta. ter! /s a 3est/on of .a6,E$
61/01 6e rev/e6 de novo.% In /nterpret/n2 a 0ontra0t, Edt1e 0ort s1a.. effe0tate t1e /ntent of
t1e part/es, 61/01 !a5 be deter!/ned /n ./21t of t1e srrond/n2 0/r0!stan0es /f not 0.ear
fro! t1e 0ontra0t /tse.f.HEC A 0ontra0t /s a!b/2os 61en /t /s sb7e0t to !ore t1an one
reasonab.e /nterpretat/on.< An5 a!b/2/t5, !oreover, s1o.d be 0onstred a2a/nst t1e
drafter.# T1e part/esH /ntent/ons re2ard/n2 a 0ontra0ta. prov/s/on present a 3est/on of
fa0t.@ .... T1/s a!b/2/t5 0reates a 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0t as to t1e part/esH /ntent, 61/01
/s a .e2a. defense to a re3est for s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. CONCLUSION -e 0on0.de t1at 6e
rev/e6 a d/str/0t 0ort order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on based on t1e standard for rev/e6 of an
order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent. -e frt1er 0on0.de t1at s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 6as not
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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appropr/ate /n t1/s 0ase be0ase t1ere /s a .e2a. defense based pon nreso.ved /sses of
!ater/a. fa0t. &ra2on !st atte!pt to prse rest/tt/on of t1e pre!/ses, /f at a.., nder N'S
C;.$A; to C;.C$;.E So d/s1onest /s *a8erHs approa01 /n 1/s proposed (O(COLOSE and /n 1/s
$F$CF9$ *r/ef as to 3ote to Anv/, t1en /2nore t1e fa0t t1at Anv/ !ere.5 /nd/0ates t1e
Estandard of rev/e6E app./0ab.e to appea.s of s!!ar5 7d2!ent /s t1e sa!e as t1at for
appea.s of s!!ar5 ev/0t/ons D/e, Ede novo rev/e6), t1ereb5 atte!pt/n2 to !/s.ead t1e Cort
/nto be./eve t1at t1e e.e!ents of N'CP <#D0) and N'S C;.$<%D#) are /dent/0a. Dt1e5 are not,
t1ere /s no E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE pron2 to N'S C;.$<%D#), 61ereas t1ere /s /n
N'CP <#D0)). *t, *a8er doesnHt stop t1ere, as after 0/t/n2 to Anv/, 1e 0ont/nes on to
/2nore t1e Ede novo rev/e6E re3/re!ent D0aref. to add t1e E2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE
pron2 fro! N'CP <#D0) 61/.e /2nor/n2 t1e Ede novo rev/e6E Estandard of rev/e6E app./0ab.e
t1ereto, 61/01, 2/ven t1at Et1ese pro0eed/n2s are ana.o2os DAnv/ sa5s of s!!ar5 ev/0t/on
and s!!ar5 7d2!ents) /n t1ereafter ar2/n2 t1at, prsant to N?C'CP @$ or @#, s01
E!atters !st not be tr/ed ane6E Dt1e eGa0t .an2a2e of *a8erHs br/ef ?d2e (.ana2an adopted
/n 1/s %F%;F9$ Order den5/n2 Co21./nHs appea.. T1e best part /s 61ere t1e 9;F$@F99
(O(COLOSE app./es a Epreponderan0e of t1e ev/den0eE standard 61ere assert/n2,
/rre.evant.5, t1at t1ere 6as Eno 2en/ne /sse of !ater/a. fa0tE).
9$. Co21./n failed to present any evidence t1at 1e 0o!p./ed, or t1at ,er./ss fa/.ed to
0o!p.5, 6/t1 an5 re3/re!ent set fort1 /n N'S 99=A.%<< and N'S 99=A.%#;, 61/01 stattes
address t1e 6/t11o.d/n2 of rent for a..e2ed E1ab/tab/./t5E /sses.
9$.9. As s01, t1e 0ort f/nds t1at Co21./n 6as not ent/t.ed to 6/t11o.d an5 rent based
on an5 a..e2ed E1ab/tab/./t5E /sse, or ot1er6/se, and that all sums heretofore deposited by
Coughlin pursuant to the Court$s order dated .ctober (3! 1-((! rightfully belong to
Merliss as and for past due rent.
9%. If an5 f/nd/n2 of fa0t above /s, /n fa0t, a 0on0.s/on of .a6, /t s1o.d be re2arded as s01,
and /ts va./d/t5 s1o.d not be affe0ted b5 61ere /n t1/s de0/s/on /t /s .o0ated.
CONCDUSIONS OF DA?
T1e Cort 0on0.des t1e fo..o6/n2 as t1e 0ontro../n2 .a6 /n t1/s 0ase"
9. T1e Court has jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter of t1/s 0ase. Vene
/s appropr/ate /n t1/s 0ort.
$. T1e ultimate issue before the court at the referenced hearing 6as t1e right o* the
lan!lor!$ Merli##$ to i//e!iate o##e##ion of t1e Propert5. N'S C;.$<C. N'S C;.$<%D#).
%. T1e uro#e o* the hearing 6as to E!eter/ine the truth*ulne## an! #u**i"ien"y
o* the tenant%# an! the lan!lor!%# a**i!a-it#$5 to !eter/ine .hether there i# any 5legal
!e*en#e a# to the allege! unla.*ul !etainer,E and 61et1er Et1e tenant /s 2/.t5 of an
n.a6f. deta/nerE. N'S C;.$<%D#).
C. ,er./ss !et 1/s 0ur!en o* roo*$ 0y a preponderance of the evidence , to estab./s1
t1at Co21./n 6as 2/.t5 of n.a6f. deta/ner of t1e propert5 as of Septe!ber $@, $;99, at t1e
.atest.
<. ENAOn order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 ev/0t/on nder N'S C;.$<%D#) s1o.d be rev/e6ed on
appea. based pon t1e standard for rev/e6 of an order 2rant/n2 s!!ar5 7d2!ent nder
N'CP <# be0ase t1ese pro0eed/n2s are analogou#.E Anv/, LLC v. C.L. &ra2on, LLC) 9$%
Nev. $9$, $9<, 9#% P.%d C;< D$;;@).
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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#. ETo #u""e##*ully !e*en! again#t a summary judgment motion$ the non/o-ing
arty /u#t tran#"en! the lea!ing# an!$ 0y a**i!a-it or other a!/i##i0le e-i!en"e$
intro!u"e #e"i*i" *a"t# that #ho. a genuine i##ue o* /aterial *a"t.5 Torreal0a v.
+es!/./s, 9$C Nev. A<, 9@= P.%d @9# D$;;=).
@. Co21./n fa/.ed to s1o6 t1at any genuine i##ue o* /aterial *a"t re/ain# *or trial.
As s01, Co21./n *aile! to /eet hi# 0ur!en o* roo* to e#ta0li#h any legal !e*en#e to t1e
s!!ar5 ev/0t/on. An-ui. Torrea.ba.
=. As no i##ue# o* *a"t 1ad 5et been presented to t1e 0ort to 6arrant a tr/a., Co21./n
6as not ent/t.ed to 1ave t1e s!!ar5 ev/0t/on 1ear/n2 1eard b5 a 7r5. N?C'CP %=. N?C'CP
%A. N'S C;.%9;. An5 de!and b5 Co21./n for a 7r5 6as nt/!e.5, /n an5 event. N?C'CP
%=.
A. Prsant to N'S C;.$<%D#), ,er./ss /s ent/t.ed to /!!ed/ate possess/on of t1e
propert5.
O'&E' (O' SU,,A') EVICTION
Land.ord, ,ATT ,E'LISS, having applied by :ffidavit for an .rder seeking
summary eviction of t1e above:na!ed Tenant and it appearing from the record on file
herein that the statutory requirements have been met and t1at t1e Tenant, after not/0e,
n.a6f..5 deta/ns and 6/t11o.ds t1e renta. n/t, and t1e Cort be/n2 f..5 adv/sed and
f/nd/n2 2ood 0ase, t1erefore,
IT IS HE'E*) O'&E'E&, A&?U&GE& AN& &EC'EE& AS (OLLO-S"
T1at t1e #heri**1"on#ta0le o* Reno To.n#hi$ or one o* their !uly authoriJe!
agent# 0e$ an! here0y i#$ !ire"te! to re/o-e ea"h an! e-ery er#on *oun! uon the
rental unit at B;B Ri-er Ro"8$ Reno$ ?a#hoe County$ Ne-a!a$ 0y no earlier than
O"to0er KB$ ;)BB at 4 /. Land.ord /s 1ereb5 a6arded t1e r/21t of possess/on of t1e
pre!/ses.
IT IS HE'E*) (U'THE' O'&E'E&, A&?U&GE& AN& &EC'EE& AS
(OLLO-S"
T1e #u/# "urrently on !eo#it .ith the Court$ in the a/ount o* H"!"I9.##$ are t1e
propert5 of t1e .and.ord$ Matt Merli##$ 0ut #hall not 0e i//e!iately relea#e! to hi/.
In#tea!$ those sums shall serve as Coughlin$s security for costs on appeal! pursuant to
"JC<CP )3$ in the e-ent Coughlin ti/ely an! roerly aeal# thi# or!er. In the e-ent
Coughlin *ail# to ti/ely an! roerly aeal thi# or!er$ tho#e #u/# #hall 0e i//e!iately
relea#e! to Merli## or hi# "oun#el o* re"or!. The#e #u/# #hall not$ in any e-ent$ oerate
to #tay en*or"e/ent o* thi# or!er an! the #urren!er o* the right o* Coughlin to o##e##
the Proerty. Nothing in thi# or!er #hall re-ent thi# "ourt or an aellate "ourt *ro/
relea#ing the !eo#ite! *un!# to Merli## or hi# "oun#el rior to or a*ter any aeal i#
er*e"te!$ or *ro/ in"rea#ing the a/ount o* any #e"urity to 0e o#te! 0y Coughlin *or
any rea#on$ or 0oth$ either uon it# o.n /otion or uon /otion 0y Merli##.
IT IS SO O'&E'E&.E
In ;%#$=, *a8erHs 9F$;F9$ f/./n2"
KSECON& ,OTION (O' O'&E' TO SHO- CAUSE
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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P.a/nt/ff, ,ATTHE- ,E'LISS, t1ro21 0onse., 'ICHA'& G. HILL, LT&., and
CASE) &. *A+E', ES4., !oves t1e 0ort prsant to N'S $$.;9;D%) for an order re3/r/n2
appe..ant, ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN DECOUGHLINE), to appear and s1o6 0ase
615 1e s1o.d not be 1e.d /n 0onte!pt of t1/s 0ort for n.a6f..5 res/st/n2 ,er./ssH efforts to
0o!p.5 6/t1 t1/s 0ortHs order of ?anar5 99, $;9$. T1/s /s p.a/nt/ffs se0ond !ot/on for order
to s1o6 0ase, and /s /n add/t/on to t1e !ot/on p.a/nt/ff f/.ed /n t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort on
Nove!ber $9, $;99. T1/s !ot/on /s based on t1e po/nts and at1or/t/es be.o6 and a.. papers
and p.ead/n2s on f/.e 1ere/n.
POINTS AN& AUTHO'ITIES
A&?U&ICATE& (ACTS AN& P'OCE&U'AL HISTO')
9. ,er./ss /s t1e o6ner of t1e rea. propert5 .o0ated at 9$9 '/ver 'o08 Street, 'eno,
Nevada Dt1e EP'OPE'T)E).
$. On or abot ,ar01 9, $;9;, ,erI/ss rented t1e Propert5 to Co21./n and 1/s t1en:
2/r.fr/end.
%. On A2st $$, $;99, ,er./ss proper.5 and .a6f..5 ter!/nated Co21./nHs !ont1:
to:!ont1 tenan05 prsant to N'S C;.$<9, b5 serv/n2 t1e stattor5 No:Case Ter!/nat/on
Not/0e to Va0ate N'S C;.$<9D9) pon 1/!.
C. On Septe!ber $@,$;99, ,erI/ss proper.5 served Co21./n 6/t1 a (/ve:&a5 Not/0e
of Un.a6f. &eta/ner (or (a/.re to Va0ate 'enta. Un/t :N'S C;.$<9 DNo:Case
Ter!/nat/on) and Not/0e of S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on :N'S C;.$<C.
<. On O0tober $@,$;99, after a.. de and proper not/0e and opportn/t5 to be 1eard 1ad
been 2/ven to Co21./n, t1/s 0ort entered /ts (/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of La6 and Order
Grant/n2 S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1e referen0ed order /s atta01ed
1ereto as E[HI*IT 9.
(ACTS SHO-ING CONTE,PT O( COU'T
#. E[HI*IT 9 6as served on Co21./n on Nove!ber 9, $;99 b5 t1e -as1oe Cont5
S1er/ffs &epart!ent /n /ts 0sto!ar5 !anner, b5 post/n2 sa!e on t1e front door of t1e
propert5 /n t1e !anner 0sto!ar5 for ev/0t/ons /n -as1oe Cont5. T1e .o08s to t1e pre!/ses
6ere 01an2ed at t1at t/!e, t1ereb5 e7e0t/n2 and d/spossess/n2 Co21./n of possess/on of t1e
Propert5.
@. T1ereafter, ,r. Co21./n n.a6f..5, and 6/t1ot an5 r/21t to do so, reentered pon,
and too8 possess/on of, t1e Propert5.
=. Spe0/f/0a..5, on Nove!ber 9%, $;99, ,r. Co21./n 6as fond to be ./v/n2 /n t1e
base!ent of t1e Propert5. Co21./n 6as arrested and 01ar2ed 6/t1 trespass/n2 at t1at t/!e. A
!ot/on for order to s1o6 0ase re.at/n2 to Co21./nHs n.a6f. reentr5 on t1e Propert5 /s
0rrent.5 pend/n2 /n t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort. T1at reentr5 /s not t1e sb7e0t of t1/s !ot/on, bt
/s referen0ed 1ere to 2/ve t1e 0ort so!e ba082rond of t1e events .ead/n2 p to t1/s !ot/on.
A. On &e0e!ber $9, $;99, after a 1ear/n2 on Co21./nHs !ot/on to 0ontest ,er./ssH
persona. propert5 ./en, ?d2e Sferra>>a of t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort entered anot1er order. A
tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1at 0ortHs order reso.v/n2 !ot/on to 0ontest persona. propert5 ./en /s
atta01ed 1ereto as E[HI*IT $.
9;. A.so on &e0e!ber $9, $;99, t1/s 0ase 6as sent p to t1/s 0ort on appea. fro! t1e
'eno ?st/0e Cort.
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99. Prsant to E[HI*IT $, Co21./n 6as prov/ded a00ess to t1e Propert5 on
T1rsda5, &e0e!ber $$, $;99. T1at da5, Co21./n sent an e!a/. to t1e nders/2ned and
?d2e Sferra>>a, /n 61/01 1e essent/a..5 annon0ed t1at 1e 6as ent/t.ed to a sta5, and to retrn
to and 0ont/ne /n possess/on of t1e Propert5. ?d2e Sferra>>a 3/08.5 responded b5 e!a/.,
and re!/nded ,r. Co21./n t1at t1e sta5 1ad been den/ed. Co21./n re!oved ver5 ./tt.e of 1/s
propert5 t1at da5, and 0.ear.5 /ntended to s/!p.5 re:ta8e possess/on of t1e 1ose, nt/. ?d2e
Sferra>>a d/sabsed 1/! of t1at not/on.
9$. On (r/da5, &e0e!ber $%, $;99, Co21./n 1ad a 0re6 of 1e.pers, and !ade
pro2ress. Nonet1e.ess, Co21./n fa/.ed to re!ove a.. of 1/s be.on2/n2s fro! t1e Propert5.
Co21./n fa/.ed to re!ove 1/s t1/n2s desp/te 1av/n2 been 2/ven add/t/ona. t/!e to do so after
t1e t/!e set b5 t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort /n /ts order of &e0e!ber 9, $;99 DE[HI*IT $) 1ad
eGp/red.
9%. On &e0e!ber %;, $;99, Co21./n !oved t1/s Cort for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2
order to prevent ,er./ss fro! d/spos/n2 of t1e /te!s 1e DCo21./n) 1ad abandoned on t1e
Propert5. Co21./nHs !ot/on 6as f..5 br/efed, and t1e Cort entered /ts order den5/n2 t1e
!ot/on on ?anar5 99, $;9$. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of t1/s CortHs ?anar5 99,$;9$ order /s
atta01ed 1ereto as E[HI*IT %.
9C. On T1rsda5, ?anar5 9$, $;9$, /n a00ordan0e 6/t1 E[HI*IT $ and E[HI*IT %, a
./0ensed 0ontra0tor 1/red b5 ,er./ss be2an 0.ean/n2 p t1e Propert5 and d/spos/n2 of t1e
abandoned /te!s st/.. re!a/n/n2 t1ere.
9<. Ear.5 t1at afternoon, 61/.e t1e 0ontra0tor 6as 1a./n2 t1e f/rst of severa. .oads of
abandoned propert5 to t1e transfer stat/on Dd!p) for d/sposa., Co21./n stopped t1e
0ontra0tor /n traff/0 and atte!pted to prevent 1/! fro! 0arr5/n2 ot 1/s tas8.
9#. Spe0/f/0a..5, Co21./n stood /n front of t1e 0ontra0torHs ve1/0.e /n an effort to
prevent 1/! fro! pro0eed/n2 to t1e transfer stat/on. Co21./n t1reatened to se t1e 0ontra0tor.
Co21./n 0./!bed p on t1e 0ontra0torHs ve1/0.e. Co21./n t1en 0a..ed t1e po./0e and fa.se.5
to.d t1e! t1at t1e 0ontra0tor 1ad sto.en 1/s possess/ons, and t1at t1e 0ontra0tor 1ad tr/ed to
rn 1/! over. Co21./nHs a0ts 6ere spe0/f/0a..5 0a.0.ated to prevent t1e 0ontra0tor fro!
d/spos/n2 of t1e abandoned propert5, and to
frstrate and /nterfere 6/t1 ,er./ssH 0o!p./an0e 6/t1 t1/s CortHs ?anar5 99,
$;9$ order.
9@. -1en ,r. H/.. of t1e nders/2nedHs off/0e 6as not/f/ed of t1e fore2o/n2, 1e 6ent to
t1e transfer stat/on and presented E[HI*IT $ and E[HI*IT % to t1e po./0e. T1e 0ontra0tor
6as t1en a..o6ed to pro0eed.
9=. Ho6ever, before t1e 0ontra0tor 0o.d retrn to t1e '/ver 'o08 Propert5, Co21./n
6as t1ere. He 1ad 1/s v/deo 0a!era and 6as 6a.8/n2 p and do6n t1e street s0rea!/n2 and
5e../n2 at t1e po./0e, t1e 0ontra0tor, and ,r. H/.., on0e ,r. H/.. arr/ved. At t1e /nstr0t/on of
t1e po./0e, ,r. H/.. t1en obta/ned a te!porar5 prote0t/ve order DETPOE) a2a/nst Co21./n
fro! t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort. Co21./n ended p be/n2 arrested and ta8en to 7a/. t1at da5 as a
res.t of 1/s ant/0s at t1e transfer stat/on and t1e Propert5.
9A. On t1e !orn/n2 of (r/da5, ?anar5 9%,$;9$, Co21./n sent an e!a/. to t1e off/0e of
t1e nders/2ned. Atta01ed to t1at e!a/. 6as a ESpp.e!enta. 'ep.5E prepared and s/2ned b5
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co21./n. A tre and 0orre0t 0op5 oft1e e!a/. and atta01ed Espp.e!enta. rep.5E are atta01ed
1ereto as E[HI*IT C.
$;. T1e 0ort /s as8ed to note t1at on pa2e 9 of 1/s Espp.e!enta. rep.5,E Co21./n
/dent/f/es 1/!se.f as EPro per appe..ant,E 61/01, to2et1er 6/t1 1/s a00o!pan5/n2 e!a/., see!s
to /nd/0ate t1at 1e /ntended to f/.e t1e Espp.e!enta. rep.5E /n t1/s 0ase. Ho6ever, t1e 0apt/on
of t1e do0!ent, as 6e.. as !ost of /ts 0ontent, /nd/0ates t1at 1e per1aps /ntended to f/.e /t /n
t1e Carpent/er v. Aa!es (nd/n2 0ase DCase No. CV;=:;9@;A). On /nfor!at/on and be./ef,
t1e do0!ent ended p be/n2 a0ta..5 f/.ed /n t1e
Carpent/er 0ase.
$9. Of part/0.ar note to t1/s Cort, 1o6ever, /s t1e f/rst s/G pa2es of Co21./nHs
Espp.e!enta. rep.5,E 61ere/n Co21./n des0r/bes, /n so!e deta/., t1e events of ?anar5 9$,
$;9$.
$$. On ?anar5 9@, $;9$, Co21./n f/.ed t6o do0!ents /n t1/s 0ase. Ea01 do0!ent
6as ent/t.ed EOppos/t/on to ,ot/on for Attorne5Hs (ees.E T1ere /s not, and 1as never been, an5
!ot/on for attorne5Hs fees f/.ed /n t1/s 0ase /n t1/s 0ort. Co21./nHs oppos/t/on /s a f2/t/ve
do0!ent, /t v/o.ates '.e 99 and Nevada 'PC %.9 D!er/tor/os 0ontent/on), and s1o.d be
str/08en b5 t1e 0ort. It /s on.5 6ort1 !ent/on/n2 1ere be0ase /t 0onta/ns t1e sa!e #:pa2e
rant abot t1e events of ?anar5 9$, $;9$ as does 1/s ear./erEspp.e!enta. rep.5.E
$%. 'eferen0e /s !ade to t1e de0.arat/on of P1/../p Ste6art, atta01ed 1ereto as
E[HI*IT <.
$C. 'eferen0e /s !ade to t1e &e0.arat/on of '/01ard G. H/.., Es3., atta01ed 1ereto as
E[HI*IT #.
LA-
9. 'eferen0e /s !ade to N'S $$.;9;" ET1e fo..o6/n2 a0ts or o!/ss/ons s1a.. be
dee!ed 0onte!pts" ... %. &/sobed/en0e or res/stan0e to an5 .a6f. 6r/t, order, r.e or pro0ess
/ssed b5 t1e 0ort or 7d2e at 01a!bers.E DE!p1as/s added.)
$. 'eferen0e /s !ade to N'S $$.;%;D$), 61/01 prov/des" E$. If a 0onte!pt /s not
0o!!/tted /n t1e /!!ed/ate v/e6 and presen0e of t1e 0ort or 7d2e at 01a!bers, an aff/dav/t
!st be presented to t1e 0ort or 7d2e of t1e fa0ts 0onst/tt/n2 t1e 0onte!pt, or a state!ent
of t1e fa0ts b5 t1e !asters or arb/trators.E
Ana.5s/s" On &e0e!ber $9,$;99, ?d2e Sferra>>a of t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort entered an order
t1at, a!on2 ot1er t1/n2s, a..o6ed ,er./ss to d/spose of an5t1/n2 .eft at t1e Propert5 after <";;
p.!. on (r/da5, &e0e!ber $%, $;99. See E[HI*IT $. On ?anar5 99, $;9$, t1/s Cort den/ed
Co21./nHs !ot/on for a te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order, and, /n so do/n2, aff/r!ed ?d2e
Sferra>>aHs prev/os order. See E[HI*IT %. -1en ,er./ss atte!pted to 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e
0ortsH orders, Co21./n atte!pted to prevent 1/! fro! do/n2 so. Co21./n even atte!pted to
frad.ent.5 en./st t1e po./0e to a/d 1/! /n 1/s efforts to t16art t1/s CortHs and t1e 'eno
?st/0e CortHs d/re0t/ves. Co21./nHs a0t/ons 0onst/tte 0onte!pt of 0ort nder N'S
$$.;9;D%). T1e aff/dav/ts 0onte!p.ated b5 N'S $$.;%;D$) are atta01ed
1ereto as E[HI*IT < and E[HI*IT #. T1e for! of t1e order ,er./ss as8s t1e 0ort to enter /s
atta01ed 1ereto as E[HI*IT @.
-HE'E(O'E, ,er./ss pra5s for an order of t1/s 0ort re3/r/n2 defendant,
ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN, to appear and s1o6 0ase 615 1e s1o.d not be 1e.d /n
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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0onte!pt of t1/s 0ort nder N'S $$.;9;D%) for 1/s res/stan0e to t1/s 0ortHs .a6f..5 entered
orderJ and for s01 ot1er, frt1er and add/t/ona. re./ef as see!s 7st to t1e 0ort /n t1e
pre!/ses. &ATE& t1/s $;t1 da5 of ?anar5, $;9$. FsF Case5 &. *a8er, Es3.
E[HI*IT IN&E[
&ESC'IPTION PAGES
9. (/nd/n2s of (a0t, Con0.s/ons of La6 and Order Grant/n2 S!!ar5 Ev/0t/on dated
9;F$@F99
$. Order reso.v/n2 !ot/on to 0ontest persona. propert5 ./en dated 9$F$9F99
%. Order dated den5/n2 !ot/on for te!porar5 restra/n/n2 order
C. E!a/. and Espp.e!enta. rep.5E dated 9F9%F9$ $@
<. &e0.arat/on of P1/. Ste6art %
#. &e0.arat/on of '/01ard G. H/..
@. Proposed order
EG1/b/t < to t1at 9F$;F9$ Se0ond ,ot/on for Order to S1o6 Case reads"
K&ECLA'ATION O( PHILLIP STE-A'T PHILLIP STE-A'T, be/n2 f/rst d.5 s6orn,
deposes and nder pena.t5 of per7r5 avers"
9. I a! a res/dent oft1e C/t5 of 'eno, Cont5 of-as1oe, State of Nevada, and over 9=
5ears of a2e. T1/s de0.arat/on /s based on !5 persona. 8no6.ed2e, eG0ept t1ose !atters stated
on /nfor!at/on and be./ef, and as to t1ose /te!s I be./eve t1e! to be tre. T1/s de0.arat/on /s
!ade /n spport of respondentHs ,ot/onFor Order to S1o6 Case, and represents !5
test/!on5 /f 0a..ed on to present sa!e /n 0ort.
$. I a! t1e o6ner of Nevada */.d/n2 Indstr/es, and a ./0ensed 0ontra0tor /n t1e State
of Nevada. ,5 0ontra0torHs ./0ense n!ber /s 9<;$%.
%. Nevada */.d/n2 Indstr/es 6as 1/red b5 t1e .a6 off/0e of '/01ard G. H/.., Ltd. to
0.ean ot t1e propert5 .eft be1/nd at 9$9 '/ver 'o08, 'eno, Nevada after t1e !ostre0ent
tenant 6as ev/0ted.
C. On T1rsda5, ?anar5 9$, $;9$, 6e be2an 6or8.
<. Ear.5 t1at afternoon, as I 6as ta8/n2 t1e f/rst .oad of debr/s to t1e -aste
,ana2e!ent transfer stat/on, I 6as f.a22ed do6n b5 Za01 Co21./n. At f/rst I t1o21t /t 6as
a 0/t/>en tr5/n2 to a.ert !e t1at debr/s 6as fa../n2 ot of t1e tr08, so I stopped. T1e dr/ver
approa01ed !e. I /!!ed/ate.5 re0o2n/>ed ,r. Co21./n fro! a prev/os en0onter 6/t1 1/!
at t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5, and fro! 1av/n2 seen 1/! /n 0ort.
#. ,r. Co21./n 6as ver5 0onfrontat/ona.. He a00sed !e of stea./n2 1/s t1/n2s. He
0./!bed on !5 ve1/0.e. He t1reatened to se !e /f I d/sposed of !5 .oad at t1e transfer
stat/on. He tr/ed to prevent !e fro! do/n2 so b5, a!on2 ot1er t1/n2s, stand/n2 /n t1e street /n
front of !5 tr08.
@. ,r. Co21./n t1reatened to 0a.. t1e po./0e. I to.d 1/! t1at /f 1e d/dnHt 0a.. t1e!, I
6o.d. I t1en 0a..ed ,r. H/... ,r. H/.. to.d !e to 1ave ,r. Co21./n 0a.. 1/! D,r. H/..) to
d/s0ss ter!s to re.ease t1e .oad /n !5 tr08 to ,r. Co21./n. ,r. Co21./n sa/d 1e d/d not
1ave a 0e.. p1one. I t1en pro0eeded to t1e transfer stat/on bt not 6/t1ot be/n2 1arassed
a.on2 t1e 6a5 b5 ,r. Co21./n.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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=. -1en I arr/ved at t1e transfer stat/on, ,r. Co21./n 7!ped /n front of !5 tr08 to
stop !e fro! enter/n2 t1e transfer stat/on b/.d/n2. He prod0ed a 0e.. p1one and 6as ta.8/n2
to so!ebod5, 61o I .ater .earned 6as a fe!a.e Ser2eant 6/t1 t1e 'eno Po./0e &epart!ent.
Co21./n 6as fa.se.5 s0rea!/n2 t1at I 6as rnn/n2 over 1/!. He p15s/0a..5 prevented !e
fro! pro0eed/n2. T1e po./0e arr/ved and I 0a..ed ,r. H/.. to 0o!e to t1e transfer stat/on. ,r.
H/.. arr/ved at t1e transfer stat/on a s1ort t/!e .ater. After ,r. H/.. s1o6ed so!e paper6or8 to
t1e po./0e off/0er, I 6as a..o6ed to pro0eed 6/t1 d!p/n2 !5 .oad at t1e transfer stat/on.
A. -1en I f/n/s1ed at t1e transfer stat/on, I retrned to t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5. ,r.
Co21./n 6as a.read5 t1ere. ,r. Co21./n 6as 6a.8/n2 p and do6n t1e street 6/t1 1/s v/deo
0a!era, 5e../n2 and s0rea!/n2 at !e, !5 0re6, and, .ater, t1e po./0e and ,r. H/.., 61en t1e5
arr/ved. T1e po./0e to.d ,r. H/.. to 2o to t1e 'eno ?st/0e Cort and 2et a TPO, 61/01 1e d/d.
9;. ,r. Co21./n 0ont/ned v/deotap/n2 and 1arass/n2 !e, !5 0re6, and t1e po./0e.
(/na..5, after 1e refsed to 0o!p.5 6/t1 t1e/r re3ests, ,r. Co21./n 6as arrested and ta8en
/nto 0stod5.
99. I de0.are nder pena.t5 of per7r5 t1at t1e fore2o/n2 /s tre and 0orre0t. &ATE&
t1/s Dno date 6as entered t1ere/n) da5 of ?anar5, $;9$ FsF P1/../p Ste6art,L DNevada */.d/n2
Indstr/es).
EG1/b/t # /n ;%#$= to *a8erHs 9F$;F9$ Se0ond ,ot/on for Order to S1o6 Case reads" K
&ECLA'ATION O( 'ICHA'& G. HILL, ES4. 'ICHA'& G. HILL, ES4., be/n2 f/rst d.5
s6orn, deposes and nder pena.t5 of per7r5 avers"
9. I a! a res/dent oft1e C/t5 of 'eno, Cont5 of-as1oe, State of Nevada, and over 9=
5ears ofa2e. T1/s de0.arat/on /s based on !5 persona. 8no6.ed2e, eG0ept t1ose !atters stated
on /nfor!at/on and be./ef, and as to t1ose /te!s I be./eve t1e! to be tre. T1/s de0.arat/on /s
!ade /n spport of respondentHs ,ot/onfor Order to S1o6 Case, and represents !5
test/!on5 /f 0a..ed on to present sa!e /n 0ort.
$. I a! an attorne5 d.5 ./0ensed as s01 b5 t1e State of Nevada to pra0t/0e before a..
0orts of t1/s State and !a/nta/n !5 off/0e at #<$ (orest Street, 'eno, Nevada. I a! a.so
./0ensed to pra0t/0e before t1e Un/ted States &/str/0t Cort for t1e &/str/0t of Nevada, t1e
N/nt1 C/r0/t Cort ofAppea.s and t1e Un/ted States Spre!e Cort.
%. ,5 off/0e represents t1e respondent, &r. ,att1e6 ,er./ss, /n t1/s !atter.
C. In a00ordan0e 6/t1 t1e 'eno ?st/0e CortHs order of &e0e!ber $9, $;99, on
T1rsda5, &e0e!ber $$, $;99, ,r. Co21./n 6as 2/ven f.. rn of t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5,
start/n2 at A";; a.!. At abot noon t1at da5, 1e sent an e!a/. to t1e effe0t t1at be0ase 1e 1ad
appea.ed t1e 7st/0e 0ortHs order, 1e fe.t 1/!se.f ent/t.ed to res!e ./v/n2 /n t1e propert5 and
6o.d not .eave. Later t1at da5, ?d2e Sferra>>a sent ot an e!a/. t1at Co21./nHs sta5 1ad
been den/ed. -1en 6e arr/ved at <";; p.!. to .o08 t1e propert5 p, /t 6as apparent t1at ,r.
Co21./n 1ad done v/rta..5 not1/n2 to re!ove an5 possess/ons. T1/s /s re.evant to t1e order
to s1o6 0ase, be0ase /t s1o6s t1at Co21./n 6as !ore /nterested /n 0onfrontat/on t1at /n
a0ta..5 2ett/n2 1/s possess/ons ot of t1e 1ose.
<. On (r/da5, &e0e!ber $%, $;99, 6e n.o08ed t1e 1ose at A";; a.!. As ordered. -e
over.oo8ed t1e 01a/n on t1e ba08 2ate. T1ere 6as nobod5 at t1e 1ose 61en 6e 6ere t1ere.
At approG/!ate.5 noon, !5 staff /nfor!ed !e t1at an enra2ed ,r. Co21./n 1ad 0a..ed t1e
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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off/0e s0rea!/n2 t1at 1e 0o.d not 2et /n t1e ba08 5ard. -1en I f/n/s1ed t1e !eet/n2 I 6as /n,
I /!!ed/ate.5 6ent over and n.o08ed t1e ba08 2ate. Co21./n 1ad a s!a.. 0re6. He 01ar2ed
at !e and !ade p15s/0a. 0onta0t. He 6as enra2ed. -e .eft. -1en 6e retrned at <";; p.!.,
,r. Co21./n 6as s0rea!/n2 and 5e../n2 obs0en/t/es. He drove off /n a s!a.. U :Ha.. H/s
0re6 re!a/ned. -e 6a.8ed t1e propert5 6/t1 t1e!. T1e /ns/de.2rond f.oor 6as !ost.5
0.eared of a.. bt a b/2 TV. T1e base!ent 1ad been 0.eared so!e61at, btt1ere 6as st/.. a .ot
ofE7n8. E -e 0o.d not a00ess t1e att/0. -e 6ent ots/de. I to.d Co21./nHs 0re6 t1e5 0o.d
re!ove an5t1/n2 and ever5t1/n2 ots/de, /f t1e5 6o.d on.5 tr5 to re1an2 t1e 2ate t1at ,r.
Co21./n 1ad ta8en off t1e 1/n2es before 6e 0o.d 2et over to n.o08 /t. I to.d t1e! I 6o.d
.o08 t1e 2ates /n t1e !orn/n2 over to t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5. -1en I retrned t1e neGt da5,
Co21./nHs 0re6 1ad not ta8en !01 of 61at 1ad been ots/de t1e n/21t before. I se0red t1e
ba085ard, and not1/n2 6as !oved nt/. t1e events deta/.ed 1ere/n.
#. On T1rsda5, ?anar5 9$,$;9$, I !et 6/t1 P1/. Ste6art of Nevada */.d/n2
Indstr/es at t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5 to !a8e arran2e!ents 6/t1 1/! to re!ove and d/spose
of t1e abandoned propert5 .eft t1ere b5 ,r. Co21./n. I t1en retrned to !5 off/0e.
@. ApproG/!ate.5 for to f/ve 1ors after retrn/n2 to !5 off/0e, I re0e/ved a te.ep1one
0a.. fro! ,r. Ste6art. ,r. Ste6art /nfor!ed !e t1at ,r. Co21./n 1ad f.a22ed 1/! do6n
near t1e -aste ,ana2e!ent transfer stat/on, 61ere ,r. Ste6art 6as atte!pt/n2 to d!p 1/s
f/rst .oad of debr/s re!oved fro! t1e 1ose t1at !orn/n2.
=. ,r. Ste6art to.d !e t1at Co21./n 6as a00s/n2 1/! D,r. Ste6art) of stea./n2 1/s
t1/n2s, t1reaten/n2 to se ,r. Ste6art, and 2enera..5 tr5/n2 to prevent ,r. Ste6art fro!
d/spos/n2 of t1ose /te!s b5, a!on2 ot1er t1/n2s, stand/n2 /n t1e street /n front of ,r.
Ste6artHs tr08. I to.d ,r. Ste6art to 1ave ,r. Co21./n 0a.. !e, be0ase I 6anted to tr5 to
ne2ot/ate ter!s to re.ease t1e 0ontents of t1e tr08 to ,r. Co21./n. ,r. Ste6art to.d !e ,r.
Co21./n sa/d 1e d/d not 1ave a 0e.. p1one.
A. S1ort.5 t1ereafter, I re0e/ved anot1er 0a.. fro! ,r. Ste6art. He 6as at t1e transfer
stat/on. ,r. Co21./n 1ad stopped 1/! fro! enter/n2. ,r. Co21./n 1ad 0a..ed t1e po./0e, and
to.d t1e! t1at ,r. Ste6art 1ad sto.en 1/s DCo21./nHs) possess/ons, and t1at t1e5 6ere /n t1e
tr08.
9;. I /!!ed/ate.5 drove to t1e transfer stat/on. -1en I 2ot t1ere, ,r. Co21./n 6as
present, and be/n2 0ordoned a6a5 b5 t6o 'eno Po./0e &epart!ent off/0ers. After I presented
t1e po./0e off/0ers 6/t1 t1e 'eno ?st/0e CortHs &e0e!ber $9,$;99 order, and t1/s 0ortHs
?anar5 99, $;9$ order, ,r. Ste6art 6as a..o6ed to pro0eed. I t1en retrned to !5 off/0e.
99. ApproG/!ate.5 9< !/ntes .ater, I re0e/ved anot1er 0a.. fro! ,r. Ste6art, 61o
/nfor!ed !e t1at ,r. Co21./n 6as at t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5. I /!!ed/ate.5 drove over to
t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5.
9$. -1en I 2ot t1ere, ,r. Co21./n 6as 6a.8/n2 p and do6n t1e street and /n t1e
street 6/t1 1/s v/deo 0a!era, 5e../n2 and s0rea!/n2 at !e, t1e po./0e, and ,r. Ste6art.
9%. On t1e adv/0e of t1e po./0e off/0er on t1e s0ene, I t1en 6ent to t1e 'eno ?st/0e
Cort and obta/ned a te!porar5 prote0t/ve order a2a/nst ,r. Co21./n to prevent 1/! fro!
retrn/n2 to t1e '/ver 'o08 propert5 or frt1er 1arass/n2 ,r. Ste6art and 1/s 0re6. I f/..ed ot
t1e TPO paper6or8 and retrnedto '/ver 'o08. ,r. Co21./n 6as a.read5 /n 0stod5. He 6as
/n t1e ba08 of a s3ad 0ar. -1en 1e sa6 !e, 1e be2an s6ear/n2 and 5e../n2. He 6as
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s0rea!/n2 at t1e po./0e and 6o.d not 0ooperate 6/t1 t1e!. I re0e/ved a 0a.. to retrn to t1e
'eno ?st/0e Cort to retr/eve t1e TPO, 61/01 I sbse3ent.5 2ave to
an 'P& off/0er, 61o sa/d 1e 6o.d serve ,r. Co21./n at t1e 7a/..
9C. I 1ave persona..5 rev/e6ed eG1/b/ts 9:C to t1e /nstant !ot/on, and ea01 eG1/b/t /s a
tre and 0orre0t 0op5 of 61at /t prports to be.
9<. ,r. Co21./nHs be1av/or 6as 0a.0.ated to d/srpt t1e re!ova. of debr/s fro!
t1e1o!e. I 0onted no .ess t1an 9% ato!ob/.e seats /n t1e base!ent, /n0.d/n2 61at I a! to.d
/s t1e front ben01:seat fro! a C1evro.et *.a>er. ,r. Co21./n .eft s/2n/f/0ant 3ant/t/es of
tras1 and 2arba2e at t1e propert5.
9#. I de0.are nder pena.t5 of per7r5 t1at t1e fore2o/n2 /s tre and 0orre0t.
&ATE& t1/s 9At1 da5 of ?anar5, $;9$. FsF '/01ard G. H/.., Es3.L
-1et1er 'P& Off/0er Carter or Sar2ent Lope> d/d an5 Kannon0/n2L prsant to t1e K8no08
and annon0e re3/re!entL /n 0onne0t/on 6/t1 t1e 0r/!/na. trespass arrest be0a!e a d/spted
/sse, 6/t1 Co21./n 0ontend/n2 t1at ne/t1er ,er./ss nor H/.. Dand t1e5 ad!/t t1e5 d/d not anm
non0e t1e!se.ves /n an5 6a5, bt rat1er, 0a..ed t1e po./0e pon f/nd/n2 t1e door to t1e
0ra6.spa0eF3as/ base!ent nder t1e 1ose .o08ed fro! t1e /ns/deJ 61/01 /s odd, 0ons/der/n2
.ater, /n t1e ver5 v/deos of t1e arrest t1at t1e5 f/.!ed H/.. and ,er./ss are 0a21t .5/n2 /n t1ere
assert/on to t1e 'P& t1at t1e5 K6arnedL Co21./n to .eave pr/or to t1e 0stod/a. arrest be/n2
!ade sff/0/ent to !eet t1e re3/re!ents for a 0r/!/na. trespass v/o.at/on nder ',C
=.9;.;9;.
+/n2Hs =F$%F9$ Co!p.a/nt pts /t t1/s 6a5 D.ar2e.5 0op/ed and pasted fro! t1e f/./n2s of
H/..Hs asso0/ate *a8er, !01 ./8e Ss/01Hs <F%9F9$ #;A@< SC' 99@ Pet/t/on a2a/nst Co21./n)"
K9;. 'espondent 6as arrested on Nove!ber 9%, $;99 b5 'eno Po./0e &epart!ent and
01ar2ed 6/t1 trespass/n2, a !/sde!eanor, for 61/01 1e 6as .ater 0onv/0ted.
99. T1e 0/r0!stan0es .ead/n2 to t1e above:!ent/oned arrest are as fo..o6s" at an
1ear/n2 ?st/0e of t1e Pea0e Peter Sferra>>a ordered that <espondent vacate the home he
was renting effective "ovember (! 1-((. After t1e .o08s 6ere 01an2ed and t1e not/0e 6as
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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posted on t1e front door the owner! +r Merliss, d/s0overed t1at #o/eone ha! 0ro8en into
the ho/e an! .a# 0arri"a!e! in the 0a#e/ent. T1e 'eno Police tried to coa% whoever was
in the basement to open the door. &r. Merliss was forced to kick open the door where the
)eno Police found )espondent. 'espondent 1ad broken into the home and living in the
basement. 'espondent 6as arrested for criminal trespass and 6as sbse3ent.5 0onv/0ted of
t1at 01ar2e.
9$. 'espondent, represent/n2 1/!se.f as 0o:0onse., f/.ed a %#:pa2e !ot/on to d/s!/ss
on ,ar01 <, $;9$. T1e !ot/on 6as den/ed b5 ?d2e -/../a! Gardner and 6as deter!/ned to
be 6/t1ot !er/t. T1e !ot/on, on /ts fa0e, de!onstrates t1at 'espondent .a08s 0o!peten0e to
pra0t/0e .a6.
9%. On0e 'espondent 6as ev/0ted, an or!er .a# o0taine! to re/o-e hi# 0elonging#
*ro/ the ho/e. <espondent interfered with the contractor who was hired to remove
<espondent$s personal belongings. T1e po./0e 6ere 0a..ed and after ta.8/n2 6/t1 'espondent
t1e5 re0o!!ended t1at 1e f/nd so!et1/n2 e.se to do. 'espondent refsed to t1e/r adv/0e and
6as sbse3ent.5 arrested b5 t1e 'eno po./0e.L
Co!pare t1at a00ont /n +/n2Hs =F$%F9$ Co!p.a/nt /n NG9$:;$;C to NN&* C1/ar!an
Ss/01Hs /n 1/s <F%9F9$ SC' 99@D$) Pet/t/on /n #;A@<"
K9C. On Nove!ber 9%, $;99, 'espondent 6as arrested b5 'eno Po./0e &epart!ent and
01ar2ed 6/t1 Trespass/n2, a !/sde!eanor. 'espondent re0orded 1/s arrest and 1as posted t1e
arrest v/deo on )o:Tbe. T1e /nternet address of t1e v/deo /s"
1ttp"666.5otbe.0o!F6at01PvassEO(-H(NE)
9<. 'espondentHs trespass arrest arose after an ev/0t/on 1ear/n2 before ?st/0e of t1e Pea0e
Peter Sferra>>a. 'espondent 6as ev/0ted fro! 1/s res/den0e per order of t1e 0ort effe0t/ve
Nove!ber 9, $;99. After be/n2 ev/0ted, 'espondent 6as .ater fond ./v/n2 /n t1e base!ent of
t1e res/den0e. The lo"8# on the re#i!en"e ha! 0een 0ro8en. #he <eno Police tried to
convince <espondent to leave the premisesH but he would not voluntarily leave. #he owner
kicked a door open and <espondent was arrested thereafter.
'espondent f/.ed a %#:pa2e ENot/0e of Appearan0e as Co:Conse. and ,ot/on to
&/s!/ssE t1e trespass 01ar2e on ,ar01 <, $;9$, /n t1e Se0ond ?d/0/a. &/str/0t Cort, bear/n2
Case No. 99 C' $#C;<. A 0op5 of t1e E!ot/onE /s atta01ed as EG1/b/t % and /n0orporated b5
t1/s referen0e. T1e do0!ent /s /n0o1erent, 0onfsed and ra!b./n2.L
Co!pare t1ose t6o a00onts to H/..Hs &e0.arat/on and *a8erHs f/./n2s of 99F$9F99 /n t1e
ev/0t/on 0ase /n t1e/r ,ot/on for Order to S1o6 Case, and /n t1e appea. /n ;%#$= of t1e
ev/0t/on /n 9@;=, /n t1e/r 9F$;F9$ f/./n2...a.on2 6/t1 H/.. and *a8erHs s6orn test/!on5 at t1e
0r/!/na. trespass tr/a. on #F9=F9$ /n $#C;<, t1en H/..Hs test/!on5 at t1e for!a. d/s0/p./nar5
1ear/n2 of 99F9CF9$, a.on2 6/t1 H/.. and 'P& Off/0er CarterHs 6r/tten state!ents /n t1e po./0e
report for t1e 99F9%F99 0r/!/na. trespass arrest, and t1e state!ents !ade b5 'P& Carter and
Sar2ent Lope>, a.on2 6/t1 Co21./n, H/.., and .and.ord ,er./ss /n t1e v/deos H/.. and ,er./ss
t1e!se.ves f/.!ed before, dr/n2, and after t1e 0r/!/na. trespass arrest. T1en, 0o!pare t1e
state!ents Co2./n v/deotaped Sar2ent Lope> ad!/tt/n2 to on 9F9%F9$, a.on2 6/t1 Sar2ent
Lope>Hs test/!on5 of %F9AF9% /n ;#<#%;. Co21./nHs 99F9AF9$ f/./n2 /n #9%=% /s part/0.ar.5
/ns/21tf. /n t1at re2ard, as /s 1/s 9;F$CF9$ f/./n2 /n #9A;9, and t1e 9;F%9F9$ f/./n2 /n t1e
d/s0/p./nar5 !atter NG9$:;$;C t1at t1e S*N 1as 0r/os.5 fa/.ed to /n0.de /n e/t1er vers/on
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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of t1e 'OA /s f/.ed, desp/te Co21./n 1av/n2 a f/.e sta!ped 0op5 and (HE9C de!onstrat/n2
s01. Dand as to +/n2 and H/..Hs a..e2at/on of Co2./n s/!p.5 f/./n2 1/s o6n f/./n2s !.t/p.e
t/!es bt !ere.5 01an2/n2 t1e t/t.e, +/n2Hs Co!p.a/nt and Ss/01Hs SC' 99@ Pet/t/on are
!ere.5 re1eated vers/ons of t1e f/./n2s b5 H/..Hs asso0/ate, *a8er, and t1e (O(COL /s 5et
anot1er 0arbon 0op5 t1ereof, 6/t1 a 2eneros 1e.p/n2 of 3otat/ons fro! a fe6 s0attered,
db/os orders.
A.so, t1e dp./0/t5 of a.. /nvo.ved 1ere eG0ept Co2./n /s on d/sp.a5 6/t1 respe0t to t1e
01ara0ter/>at/ons of t1e .o08s at t1e for!er 1o!e .a6 off/0e.
A.so, /t /s /nstr0t/ve to .oo8 at H/.., +/n2, *a8er, 'CA Ha>.ett:Stevens, 'P& Carter,
Sar2ent Lope>, and Ss/01Hs 01ara0ter/>at/on of t1e .o08ot order Da.. t1ree atte!pt to !a8e /t
read as !01 !ore of a trespass 6arn/n2 t1an 61at /t 6as, 61/01 6as an ev/0t/on order t1at
!ere.5 reads as fo..o6s, /n re.evant part"
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es C9"9@ to CC"9#) K*) ,'. +ING" 4 &/d 5o end p 2ett/n2 an
ev/0t/on order re!ov/n2 ,r. Co21./n fro! &r. ,er./ssHs 1o!eP A -e d/d. 4 Sbse3ent
to t1e ev/0t/on order, 6as ,r. Co21./n re!oved fro! t1e 1o!eP A IH! sorr5. T1ere 6as an
order /ssed /n 0ort t1at 2ave ,r. Co21./n a 6ee8 to va0ate. I be./eve /t 6as Nove!ber 9
t1at !5 6/fe, !5 asso0/ate :: and !5 asso0/ate, 6ent to t1e 1o!e 6/t1 t1e s1er/ff and
0ond0ted a .o08ot. T1e front door .o08s 6ere 01an2ed. T1e ba08 door .o08s 6ere 01an2ed.
,'. COUGHLIN" Ob7e0t/on. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG0se !e. Ob7e0t/on 61atP ,'.
COUGHLIN" Hearsa5. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" Hearsa5P Overr.ed. THE -ITNESS" And
t1e 61o.e t1/n2 6as v/deotaped. T1e neGt da5 I 6ent to t1e 1o!e to v/deotape t1e p.a0e to
preserve 61at 6as t1ere to prevent an5 ar2!ents .ater, be0ase b5 t1at po/nt /n t/!e 6e
8ne6 61at 6e 6ere dea./n2 6/t1. I 2et t1ere, and t1e front door /s .o08ed, bt a.!ost a.. t1e
6/ndo6s are 0.osed bt n.o08ed, and t1e ba08 door /s n.o08ed. And I, of 0orse, 2o
t1ro21, .o08 ever5t1/n2, !a8e sre t1e p.a0e /s se0re, v/deotaped /t. And I 6ent ba08 and
read !5 6/fe and !5 asso0/ate t1e r/ot a0t, and t1e5 bot1 sa/d no, t1e doors 6ere .o08ed.
O8a5. I 2o ba08 t1e neGt da5, sa!e t1/n2. *a08 doorHs n.o08ed, 6/ndo6s are n.o08ed. T1/s
0ont/nes for t1e neGt t6o 6ee8s. ,r. Co21./n /s send/n2 ot e:!a/.s to s bt 6/.. not,
apparent.5, read t1e e:!a/.s 6eHre send/n2 to 1/! sa5/n2 6e 1ave to 2et 5or stff ot of 1ere.
No response. T6o 6ee8s after t1e ev/0t/on on a Snda5 &r. ,er./ss 0o!es to to6n and sa5s, I
6ant to see t1e 1ose. I !eet 1/! abot 9;"%;, 99";; oH0.o08 on a Snda5 !orn/n2 at t1e
1ose. -e 2o /n. *a08 door /s open. T1ereHs food 6rappers on t1e 0onter t1atHve been t1ere
t1at 6erenHt t1ere t1e .ast t/!e I 6as /n. -/ndo6s are open a2a/n, and /tHs a ver5 eGa0erbat/n2
s/tat/on. And 1e sa5s, I 6ant to 01e08 t1e base!ent. I d/dnHt 8no6 t1ere 6as a base!ent /n
t1e 1ose. T1ereHs t1/n2s p/.ed /n t1e sta/r6e.. to 2et do6n /nto t1e base!ent, too. 8/ts, and
1eav5 stff. -e 2et /t ot of t1e 6a5. -e 2et do6n t1ere. And I 0an see 61en 1e ps1es on
t1e door, and 1e trns to !e, and 1e sa5s, EItHs barr/0aded,E fro! t1e /ns/de. It 6asnHt .o08ed, /t
6as barr/0aded. -e 8no6 61atHs 2o/n2 on. So 6e 0a.. t1e po./0e. T1e po./0e 0o!e over. T1e5
tr5 to 2et Za01 ot of t1e base!ent, 61oever 6as /n t1ere at t1at po/nt. T1e po./0e ban2 on t1e
door, ECo!e on ot, Za01. Po./0e. )o 1ave to 2o.E No response. T1e5 trned to s and sa5,
6eHre 2o/n2 to .eave. -a/t a !/nte. IH! t1e o6ner. )o 1ave t1e at1or/t5 to brea8 t1e door
do6n. E-e donHt do t1at.E So &r. ,er./ss 2oes do6n to t1e botto! of t1e sta/rs. &r. ,er./ss
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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8/08s t1e door open, and t1e po./0e off/0er st/08s 1/s 1ead arond t1e 0orner and p..s 1/s 2n
ot, and 1ereHs ,r. Co21./n do6n t1ere. ,r. Co21./n vo.ntar/.5 0a!e psta/rs 6/t1 1/s do2
and 6as p.a0ed nder arrest. After 1e .eft, 6e 6ent do6nsta/rs. ,r. Co21./n 1ad a d6e../n2
set p. He 1ad 6ater. He 1ad food. He 1ad a 1ot p.ate, a !/0ro6ave, 1ad 1/s 0o!pter set p
do6n t1ere. He 1ad t1e do2. T1ere 6as do2 food, do2 poop. He 1ad a bed and 1/s 0o!pter
s5ste! set p do6n t1ere. He 6as arrested and 6as sbse3ent.5 0onv/0ted of 0r/!/na.
trespass. ,'. COUGHLIN" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan05. If 1eHs test/f5/n2 abot trespass, t1atHs one
t1/n2. *t 1eHs test/f5/n2 abot a .ot of stff be5ond trespass. ,'. ECHEVE''IA"
Overr.ed.L
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es <<"9 to <#"$;) C'OSS:E[A,INATION *) ,'. COUGHLIN"
K4 ,r. H/.., d/d t1e 'eno po./0e /dent/f5 t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent pr/or to 5or 0./ent
8/08/n2 t1e door do6n on Nove!ber 9%t1P ,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e. ,'.
ECHEVE''IA" Overr.ed. THE -ITNESS" I be./eve t1e5 d/d, s/r. *) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 Is t1at 61at 5o test/f/ed on ?ne 9=t1 /n 5or s6orn test/!on5 /n t1e 0r/!/na. trespass
tr/a.P A I be./eve /t /s. 4 &/d 5o test/f5 to t1at toda5P A I be./eve I 7st d/d. 4 ?st no6,
bt not ear./er 61en 5o 6ere prov/d/n2 an ans6er to ,r. +/n2, and 5o 6ent t1ro21 61at
1appenedP A ,r. Co21./n, .et !e !a8e /t eas5 for 5o. I donHt re0a.. 61at I test/f/ed to on
d/re0t fro! ,r. +/n2. It /s !5 0.ear re0o..e0t/on t1at before &r. ,er./ss 8/08ed t1e door do6n
/n t1e base!ent, t1e po./0e 1ad /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves .od.5 and 0.ear.5. 4 Can 5o des0r/be
t1at /n as !01 deta/. as poss/b.eP ,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e. ,'. ECHEVE''IA"
T1e re.evan0e, ,r. Co21./n, as to 5or 0o!peten05 or 0andor, 61/01 are t1e t6o /sses
ra/sedP ,'. COUGHLIN" It 2oes to 61et1er or not t1ere 6as a 0r/!/na. trespass, 61/01 I
be./eve :: ,'. ECHEVE''IA" )o 6ere 0onv/0ted of 0r/!/na. trespass, treP ,'.
COUGHLIN" I 6as. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" Ssta/ned. ,'. COUGHLIN" *t a 0onv/0t/on
nder C.a/borne /s not so!et1/n2 5oHre ent/t.ed to 7st sa5, a.. r/21t, 0onv/0t/on, and be done
6/t1 /t. (rt1er, IH! not offer/n2 /t to prove 61et1er or not t1ere 6as 0onv/0t/on. IH! offer/n2
/t to /!pea01 ,r. H/..Hs 0red/b/./t5, 61/01 /s severe.5 /!pea01ed b5 t1/s /n t1at 1e ./ed, and 1/s
0./ent ./ed to 2et an arrest !ade. ,'. +ING" ,r. C1a/r!an, /f I 0an respondP ,'.
COUGHLIN" T1atHs been proven /n !5 f/./n2s.L
HEA'ING : Vo.. I, DPa2es <@"9# to #$"C) K,'. COUGHLIN" S/r, IH! not tr5/n2 to retr5 /t.
IH! tr5/n2 to /!pea01 ,r. H/..Hs 0red/b/./t5. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" To t1at eGtent IH.. a..o6
t1at 3est/on. ,'. COUGHLIN" T1an8 5o, s/r. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" *t 5o better 1ave
so!e ev/den0e t1at :: /f 5o are 2o/n2 to as8 3est/ons, t1e5 better be based on fa0t. ,'.
COUGHLIN" T1e5 are. T1e5Hre based on v/deo. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a ::
propose a 6/tness t1at 6/.. test/f5 t1at t1e po./0e d/d not /dent/f5 t1e!se.vesP ,'.
COUGHLIN" I 1ave a v/deo of t1e ser2eant :: ,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a 6/tnessP
,'. COUGHLIN" :: ad!/tt/n2 to t1at. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" &o 5o 1ave a 6/tnessP ,'.
COUGHLIN" So 5oHre te../n2 !e /t 1as to 0o!e /n t1e for! of a 6/tness as ev/den0eP ,'.
ECHEVE''IA" If 5o are /ntend/n2 to /!pea01 1/! on so!e fa0ts, t1en I 6o.d re3/re t1at
5o !a8e an offer of proof as to 61at 6/tness 6/.. /!pea01 ,r. H/... ,'. COUGHLIN" I
6o.d ./8e to s1o6 ,r. H/.. a v/deo of ,ars1a Lope>, t1e ser2eant 6/t1 1/! t1at da5,
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ad!/tt/n2 t1at ,r. H/..Hs a00ont /s 6ron2. ,'. +ING" IH! 2o/n2 to ob7e0t to an5 v/deo or
d/sp.a5 of v/deos. And t1e reason I 6/.. ob7e0t /s, n!ber one, t1e5 are /rre.evant. N!ber
t6o, t1e5Hre a.. ed/ts. And n!ber t1ree, 1eHs tr5/n2 to s1o6 t1at so!et1/n2 d/dnHt o00r b5
s1o6/n2 an eG0erpt of a v/deo. It 6o.d be tota..5 /rre.evant and /!!ater/a.. ,'.
ECHEVE''IA" IH.. address t1e ad!/ss/b/./t5 of t1e v/deo 61en t1at appears. '/21t no6 ,r.
Co21./n 1as as8ed ,r. H/.. 61et1er t1e po./0e /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f. ,r. H/.. sa/d t1at t1e5
1ave. I t1/n8 5oHve .a/d t1e 2rond6or8. If 5o 1ave /!pea01!ent test/!on5 t1atHs
ad!/ss/b.e, 61en 5o offer /t :: ,'. COUGHLIN" IH.. as8 a !ore 0.ar/f5/n2 3est/on. ,'.
ECHEVE''IA" P.ease pro0eed to anot1er sb7e0t. *) ,'. COUGHLIN" 4 So 61en t1e5
/dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves, 1o6 .on2 bet6een /dent/f5/n2 t1e!se.ves and 8/08/n2 t1e door do6nP
A T1ree !/ntes. T6o or t1ree !/ntes. 4 -1/01 one of t1e! /dent/f/ed t1e!se.fP A I
be./eve t1ere 6as a .ad5 ser2eant, and t1ere 6as a !a.e off/0er. And I be./eve 1eHs t1e one
61o ban2ed on t1e door 6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08 and /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as be/n2 6/t1 t1e po./0e.
And I be./eve 1/s 6ords 6ere, 0o!e on ot, Za01. 4 -as t1at /t, 0o!e ot Za01P &oes t1at
/dent/f5 /t as be/n2 t1e po./0eP A He /dent/f/ed 1/!se.f as be/n2 6/t1 t1e 'eno Po./0e
&epart!ent. 4 In 61at 6ordsP A I be./eve t1ose 6ere t1e 6ords 1e sed, s/r. 4 -1at
6ordsP A T1/s /s t1e po./0e, p.ease 0o!e ot Za01. 4 *e0ase prev/os.5 a.. 5o sa/d 6as,
0o!e on ot Za01. A I be./eve 5oHre !/sta8en, s/r. 4 So 5oHre sa5/n2 t1at off/0er C1r/s
Carter, ?n/or, t1ree !/ntes before t1e door 6as 8/08ed /n b5 5or 0./ent, ban2ed on t1e door
6/t1 1/s n/21tst/08, and sa/d, t1/s /s t1e po./0e. Co!e on ot, Za01P A ,r. Co21./n, t1ree
!/ntes /s probab.5 a .on2 est/!ate. T1e pro0ess 6as 6e 1ad 0.eared t1e sta/r6e.. :: 4 &/d
1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP ,'. +ING" Ob7e0t/on. Ar2!entat/ve. THE -ITNESS" I be./eve
1e d/d, s/r. ,'. ECHEVE''IA" EG0se !e. Let !e :: IH! 2o/n2 to 2o a1ead and overr.e.
Go a1ead. *) ,'. COUGHLIN" 4 &/d 1e sa5, t1/s /s t1e po./0eP A I be./eve 1e d/d, s/r.
,'. ECHEVE''IA" )oHve as8ed t1at t1ree t/!es no6. THE -ITNESS" At .east. *) ,'.
COUGHLIN" 4 &/d Ser2eant Lope>, t1e fe!a.e ser2eantP A S1e !a5 1ave, bt I donHt
re0a... 4 &/d 5o 1ave a v/deo 0a!era 6/t1 5oP A -e 1ad &r. ,er./ssHs p1one. 4 &/d
5o ta8e 9C v/deos t1at 5o proponded to t1e 'eno 0/t5 attorne5 t1at da5P ,'. +ING"
Ob7e0t/on. 'e.evan0e. THE -ITNESS" -e 2ave t1e! 61at 6e 1ad. T1e n!ber I donHt
re0a... *) ,'. COUGHLIN" 4 -as t1ere so!e reason :: 5o see! to 1ave v/deo of ever5
!o!ent of t1at da5, eG0ept for t1/s annon0/n2 t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent. Is t1at 61at
5oHre test/f5/n2 to r/21t no6P A ,r. Co21./n :: ,'. ECHEVE''IA" ,r. Co21./n, t1e
/sse 1ere /s 61et1er or not 5oHre 0o!petent to be an attorne5 and s1o.d 0ont/ne /n t1e
pra0t/0e of .a6. )oHre fo0s/n2 on a rat1er !/nor deta/., and I 6o.d ./8e 5o to fo0s on t1e
broader /sses. ,'. COUGHLIN" ItHs not 7st 0o!peten05, /tHs 0andor. ,'. ECHEVE''IA"
)oHve /nd/0ated 5o 6ant to /!pea01 1/!. T1e /sse /s ,r. H/.. 1as test/f/ed t1at t1e po./0e
/dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves. )o sa5 so!et1/n2 d/fferent. IHve as8ed 5o for an offer of proof.
)oHve .a/d t1e fondat/on. LetHs pro0eed. ,'. COUGHLIN" It a.so 2oes to :: ,'.
ECHEVE''IA" P.ease pro0eed, ,r. Co21./n. )o 6o.d do 5orse.f so!e 2ood /f 5o
6/.. fo0s on t1e /sses, /f 5o 6/...L
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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(ro! t1e trans0r/pt of t1e 0r/!/na. trespass tr/a. on #F9=F9$, H/..Hs test/!on5"
K?anar5 9%t1, $;9$ 'P& Sar2ent ,ar0/a Lope> and Off/0er Trav/s -arren and Off/0er Av/.a
respond to a 0a.. for 1e.p re2ard/n2 a do!est/0 d/strban0e fro! Za01 Co21./n re.at/n2 to t1e
atta08s b5 1/s 1ose!ates, C1r/stop1er EEr/nE A..aba08 and Lara (ores1ee for 61/01
Co21./n .t/!ate.5 re0e/ved t6o Orders of Prote0t/on /n (V9$:;;9=@ and (V9$:;;9==.
Sar2ent Lope> sb7e0ted Co21./n to a 0stod/a. arrest for 0r/!/na. trespass /n 'eno
,n/0/pa. Cort 0ase 99 C' $#C;<, on Nove!ber 9%t1, $;99 D61/01 res.ted /n Co21./n
be/n2 0onv/0ted for 0r/!/na. trespass fo..o6/n2 t1e ?ne 9=t1, $;9$ Tr/a. 61ere/n '/01ard
H/.. test/f/ed as fo..o6s"
*) ,'. COUGHLIN" 4 *5 61o! and 61en 6as e/t1er I, or an5one e.se, .e2a..5 dee!ed to
be t1e tenant, 6arned to .eave t1e pre!/sesP THE COU'T" And t1en to t1e eGtent 5o 0an
ans6er t1at, ,r. *a8er, ans6er /t. If 5o 0anHt, donHt.
THE -ITNESS" I 0an ans6er /t, s/r.
THE COU'T" O8a5, t1an8 5o.
THE -ITNESS" T1e f/rst t6o not/0es 6ere served on 5o on A2st $$nd, $;99. One of
t1ose 6as a <:da5 not/0e t1at 6arned 5o t1at /f 5o d/d not pa5 5or rent 6/t1/n f/ve da5s
5o 6o.d be ev/0ted. ,'. COUGHLIN" Ob7e0t/on, )or Honor, re.evan05. -1en one 1as a
.e2a. r/21t to be so!e61ere THE
COU'T" )o as8ed t1e 3est/on. HeHs 2/v/n2 t1e ans6er. If 5o are 2o/n2 ans6er Ds/0) open
ended 3est/ons on 0ross:eGa!/nat/on, 5oHre st08 6/t1 t1e ans6er.
)o 0an ans6er t1at 3est/on, ,r. *a8er. Go a1ead.
THE -ITNESS" T1an8 5o, s/r.
T1e se0ond of t1ose not/0es 6as a %;:da5 no 0ase t1at 2ave 5o %; da5s. And 61at t1at
not/0e d/d 6as t1at /t to.d 5o t1at 5or tenan05, 5or !ont1:to:!ont1 tenan05, 6as be/n2
ter!/nated as of t1at t/!e.
Pa2e :=@So,
5o 1ad t1ro21 so!et/!e /n t1e !/dd.e to t1e end of
Septe!ber to va0ate nder t1at not/0e.
T1e 6a5 /t 6or8s /s after t1e %; da5s 1as rn, t1en 6e serve 5o, and 6e served 5o 6/t1
anot1er <:da5 Not/0e of Un.a6f. &eta/ner. T1at 6as 5or t1/rd 6arn/n2.
T1en 6e 1ad or 1ear/n2s on O0tober 9%H1 and O0tober $nH1. At t1e end oft1at 1ear/n2, at
approG/!ate.5 <";; on O0tober $<t1, ?d2e Sferra>>a to.d 5o, and to.d !e and ever5one e.se
/n t1e Cort, t1at t1e ev/0t/on 1ad been 2ranted, and t1at 5o 1ad t1ro21 O0tober %9 at <";;
p.!. T1at 6as 5or fort1 6arn/n2.
After t1at, 6e.. :t1at 6as 5or fort1 6arn/n2. *) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 So, 61en 5oHre sa5/n2 E6arn/n2,E are 5o sa5/n2 pon t1e or/2/na. 6arn/n2 /n A2st t1at
fa/./n2 to .eave at t1at t/!e 6o.d 1ave 7st/f/ed a 0r/!/na. trespass prose0t/on at t1at t/!eP
,'. HAZLETT:STEVENS" ?d2e, /t 0a..s for a .e2a. 0on0.s/on. Ob7e0t/on. THE COU'T"
Ssta/ned. T1/s 6/tness 0annot ans6er t1at 3est/on. T1at does 0a.. for a .e2a. 0on0.s/on.
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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THE -ITNESS" )o 6ere a.so 6arned on O0tober $@H1 61en I e!a/.ed 5o t1e proposed
Order. *) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 And 61en 5o sa5 E6arned,E 6arned to do 61at and b5 61enP
Pa2e :==A
)or 3est/on 6as 6ere 5o ever 6arned t1at 5o 6ere 2o/n2 to be ev/0ted, so I t1/n8 t1atHs
615.
4 "o! it wasn$t 2t was! 8were you ever warned to leave the premises*8 2 keep referring to a
criminal trespass statute! and you keep referring to civil eviction statutes
THE COU'T" L/sten, I donHt 6ant to 1ave an en2a2e!ent bet6een t1e 6/tness and t1e
&efendant. I 6ant 5o to ans6er 3est/ons. I 0an f/2re t1/s stff ot p 1ere. I 6asnHt :IHve
been do/n2 t1/s for f/ve 5ears.
)oHve as8ed so!e /!portant 3est/ons, ,r. Co21./n. I donHt 8no6 /f 5oHre 2o/n2 to rea..5
1e.p 5orse.f an5!ore b5 as8/n2 an5 !ore 3est/ons fro! t1/s 6/tness. I t1/n8 ,r. *a8er 1as
test/f/ed to t1e best of 1/s ab/./t5 abot 61at 1e 8no6s, and I t1/n8 t1atHs a.. 1e 0an test/f) to.
,'. COUGHLIN" A.r/21t, t1an8 5o, )or Honor.
THE COU'T" )o !ade so!e 1ead6a5, and /tHs probab.5 a 2ood t/!e to stop n.ess 5o
1ave so!e ot1er d/re0t, re.evant 3est/ons re.ated to 1/s d/re0t eGa!/nat/on. Dat pa2e == of t1e
Cert/f/ed Trans0r/pt of t1e ?ne 9=t1, $;9$ Tr/a. /n 99 C' $#C;<).
...
...*) ,'. HAZLETT:STEVENS" 4 And 61at d/d 1appen 61en 5o 2ot t1ere on t1e 9%t1
after 5o /nspe0ted t1e propert5P A At t1at po/nt /n t/!e, t1e 0./ent sa/d, E-e.., I 6ant to
01e08 t1e base!ent.E I sa/d, E*ase!entPE
And t1e base!ent entran0e 6as ots/de t1e .o08ed ba08 door on t1e por01. And 6e 6ent
arond ot t1e ba08 door to 2o do6n t1e sta/r0ase, and t1ere 6ere too. boGes of :./8e s!a..
s/t0ases, boGes, sta08ed /n t1e sta/r6e.. t1at 6e 1ad to p/08 p and !ove to 2et ot of t1e
6a5 so 6e 0o.d 2et do6n t1e sta/rs to 2o to see 61at 6as /n t1e base!ent.
-e f/na..5 2ot a.. t1at stff ot of t1e 6a5, 1av/n2 to 6a.8 t1ro21 a.. of t1e stff t1at 6as on
t1e por01.
An56a5, t1e 0./ent 2ets do6n to t1e botto! oft1e sta/rs. I 6as % or C feet be1/nd 1/!, and 1e
ps1ed on t1e door, and I 0o.d see t1at t1e door 6as !ov/n2, bt /t 6as barr/0aded. And 1e
trned to !e and sa/d, EItHs barr/0aded fro! t1e /ns/de.E I sa/d, EO8a5, t1atHs /t. LetHs 2o
psta/rs.E
-e 6ent psta/rs. -e 0a..ed t1e po./0e. T1e5 arr/ved abot 9; !/ntes .ater. To.d t1e! 61at
t1e prob.e! 6as. T1e5 6ent do6n. It 6as a .ad5 ser2eant. I be./eve 1er na!e 6as Lope>, and
an off/0er. I donHt re0a.. 1/s ran8. I be./eve /t 6as Carter.
T1e5 6ent do6n, and ban2ed on t1e door 6/t1 t1e/r n/21tst/08s. -e 6ere prett5 sre 61o 6as
/ns/de. &/dnHt 8no6 for sre. And I sa/d, ECo!e on ot, Za01.E Not1/n2. ECo!e on ot,
Za01.E Not1/n2.
And t1at 6ent on for $ or % !/ntes. :nd they specifically identified themselves as the
police T1e5 sa/d, E-e.., t1atHs /t, 6eHre 2o/n2 to .eave.E And bot1 &r. ,er./ss and I sa/d,
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&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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E-1at do 5o !eanP T1/s 25 /s /n 1ere. So!ebod5 /s /n 1ere 0r/!/na..5 trespass/n2. -e
need to 8no6 61o /t /s and 2et 1/! ot of 1ere.E And t1e5 sa/d, E-e.., 6eHre not 2o/n2 to
brea8 do6n t1e door.E
So, &r. ,er./ss 6ent do6n t1e sta/rs, and 1eHs t1e one t1at 8/08ed t1e door open. *ro8e t1e
door /n t1e pro0ess. He t1en 0a!e p. One of t1e po./0e off/0ers 6ent do6n 6/t1 1/s 2n
dra6n, f.as1./21t trned do6n, and t1e f/rst t1/n2 I 1eard 6as, ES1o6 !e 5or 1ands_ S1o6
!e 5or 1ands_ Co!e to6ards !e.E
Pa2e :A%
Pa2e :AC
And I donHt re0a.. at t1at t/!e 61et1er ,r. Co21./n /dent/f/ed
1/!se.f or not. -e t1en pro0eeded psta/rs, and ,r. Co21./n t1en 0a!e psta/rs on 1/s o6n.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN" 4 ,r. H/.., at an5 t/!e on t1at da5, Nove!ber 9%t1, d/d t1e o6ner of
t1e pre!/ses 6arn t1e arrestee to .eave t1e propert5P
A
I t1/n8 t1e !essa2e 6as 0o!!n/0ated.
4
V/a 61at !ed/!P
A
T1e fa0t t1at 5o 6ere 1and0ffed and arrested. &/dnHt
5o 2et t1e p/0treP
4 O8a5, pr/or to t1e 1and0ff/n2 and t1e arrest/n2, d/d an5bod5 sa5, E)o need to .eave t1e
pre!/sesPE A I d/dnHt 1ear t1at. 4 Nobod5 sa/d t1atP A I d/d not 1ear t1at, s/r. 4 &/d 5o sa5
/tP A No. 4 &/d &r. ,er./ssP A Not t1at I 1eard. 4 &/d t1e po./0eP A No, not t1at I 1eard. 4
So, nobod5 t1at 5o 1eard of 6arned t1e person
arrested for trespass/n2P
Pa2e :9 9;
THE COU'T" I t1/n8 /tHs been as8ed and ans6ered. IHve 1eard
t1e 3est/on f/ve t/!es, and 6eHre 2o/n2 no61ere b5 ans6er/n2 t1/s. I t1/n8 5o as8ed t1e
3est/on t1atHs re.evant. ,r. H/.. ans6ered /t. No6, !ove on to 5or neGt re.evant 3est/on /f
5o 1ave an5.
,'. COUGHLIN" A.r/21t, )or Honor. And t1/s !/21t not be re.evant, bt t1e ot1er part of
t1e statte /s so!eone fa/.ed to .eave after be/n2 6arned to do so.
-e 1ave test/!on5 t1at t1ere 6as no 6arn/n2.
THE COU'T" )o 0an as8 a 3est/on r/21t no6. T1/s /s a.. sb7e0t to ar2!ent .ater on. ItHs
sb7e0t to ot1er test/!on5, bt ,r. H/.. 1as ans6ered t1e 3est/ons t1at 5o see! to 1ave
ans6ered Ds/0) t1at are re.evant to 1/s d/re0t test/!on5. *) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 &/d t1e a00sed ever fa/. to .eave t1e propert5 after be/n2 6arned to do soP A )o 6ere
t1ere. THE COU'T" To t1e eGtent 5o 0an ans6er t1at 6o.d be 5es or no, ,r. H/... Ans6er
t1e 3est/on so 6e donHt dra2 t1/s ot.
THE -ITNESS" I donHt 8no6 t1at I 0an ans6er /t 5es or no.
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THE COU'T" If 5o 0anHt ans6er /t, t1atHs f/ne.
,'. COUGHLIN" And t1en 7st 3/08.5, and IH.. 6rap t1/s p, )or Honor. *) ,'.
COUGHLIN"
4 &/d t1e a00sed ever sa5 an5t1/n2 to t1e po./0e to t1e effe0t t1at, E-15 6o.d 5o arrest
!e /nstead of te../n2 !e to .eavePE
Pa2e :9 99A
No.
4
-arn !e to .eaveP
A
No.
4 &o t1e v/deos t1at 5o proponded to t1e C/t5 Attorne5 s1o6ed 7st t1atP
A I donHt re!e!ber.
4 Have 5o rev/e6ed t1e v/deos 5o proponded to t1e C/t5 Attorne5P
A Not rea..5.
4 O8a5, d/d t1e po./0e report t1at 5o f/.ed /nd/0ate 61et1er or not 5o 6arned t1e a00sed to
.eaveP
A IHd 1ave to see /t.
4 O8a5, d/d t1e po./0e ever as8 5o 61et1er or not 5o 1ad /nd/0ated to t1e a00sed t1at 5o
6o.d be 01ar2/n2 1/! t1e f.. renta. va.e of t1e propert5 dr/n2 t1/s per/od of t/!eP
,'. HAZLETT:STEVENS" ?d2e, IH! 2o/n2 to ob7e0t.
THE COU'T" ItHs /rre.evant, ssta/ned.
,'. COUGHLIN" )or Honor, I be./eve /t THE
COU'T" -eHre not :t1at doesnHt 1e.p t1e Cort 6/t1 t1e /sses at a... IH! 7st te../n2 5o r/21t
no6 t1atHs /rre.evant /n !5 op/n/on. ,'. COUGHLIN" If t1e ev/0t/on /s 6/t1dra6nP THE
COU'T" Ob7e0t/on /s ssta/ned. )o 0an as8 5or neGt
3est/on. ,'. COUGHLIN" )es, s/r. I t1/n8 t1/s /s !5 .ast 3est/on, )or Honor.
Pa2e :9 9$*)
,'. COUGHLIN"
4 ,r. H/.., 5o sa5 t1e po./0e :5oHre test/f5/n2 nder oat1 t1at 5oHre sre t1e po./0e
spe0/f/0a..5 /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves as po./0e pr/or to t1e door be/n2 8/08ed do6nP
A I a!. 4 And 0an 5o te.. !e spe0/f/0a..5 1o6 ,'. HAZLETT:STEVENS" ?d2e, IH!
2o/n2 to ob7e0t as to re.evan0e. ItHs not re.evant.
THE COU'T" ItHs /rre.evant to !e, ,r. Co21./n, 61at t1e po./0e /dent/f/ed :1eHs test/f/ed
t1e5Hve /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves. T1e5 6ere off/0ers on t1e pre!/ses. -1at re.evan0e /s /t at t1/s
po/nt to eGp.ore an5 ./ne of 3est/on/n2 re.ated to t1at fa0tP
,'. COUGHLIN" -e.., /f/tHs so!eone 6/t1 at1or/t5 to 6arn so!eone to .eave, t1atHs one
t1/n2. If /tHs a 0ra>5 person ots/de on t1e street, sa5/n2, ECo!e on ot.E
THE COU'T" As8 ,r. H/.. a 0op.e of 3est/ons re.ated to t1e po./0e, 61at t1e5 6ere
dressed ./8e, 61at t1e5 as8ed 61en t1e5 s1o6ed p.
)o 0an as8 t1at.
,'. COUGHLIN"
IH! sorr5, I 0o.dnHt nderstand 61at THE
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COU'T"
Go a1ead and as8 so!e 3est/ons re.ated
to t1at.
*) ,'. COUGHLIN"
4 Can 5o te.. !e eGa0t.5 61at t1e po./0e sa/d 61en t1e5 /dent/f/ed t1e!se.ves as po./0e
pr/or to t1e door be/n2 8/08ed do6nP
Pa2e :9 9%:
A -e to.d t1e! t1at 6e 6ere prett5 sre 5o 6ere t1ere, so !5 best re0o..e0t/on /s t1at t1e5
s1oted, ECo!e on ot, Za01. Co!e on ot, Za01.E -ords to t1at effe0t.
2 recall hearing that! as well as! 8Come on out! this is the
policeE base!ent.
4 A
-1en d/d 5o 1ear, ECo!e on ot, t1/s /s t1e po./0e.E -1en t1e5 6ere do6n ban2/n2 on t1e
door of t1e
4 A
Pr/or to t1e door be/n2 8/08ed do6nP )es.
4 A
)oHre sreP Pos/t/ve.
4 A
-ere 5o v/deotap/n2 dr/n2 t1/s per/od oft/!eP I 6asnHt.
4 A 4
)o 6ere not v/deotap/n2P Nope. At an5 t/!e on t1/s date /n 3est/onP
,'. HAZLETT:STEVENS" ?d2e, t1at !/sstates t1e 3est/on. He sa/d, E-ere 5o tap/n2 at
t1/s t/!ePE
He ans6ered t1at 3est/on. He sa/d, ENo.E THE COU'T" As8 anot1er 3est/on, ,r.
Co21./n. IH! not sre 1o6 re.evant t1/s /s, to te.. 5o t1e trt1.
A2a/n, I t1/n8 IHve !ade !5se.f ver5 0.ear. )o are 2ett/n2 far af/e.d. ItHs not ne0essar/.5
1e.pf. to t1e Cort, and 5oHre !a8/n2 an .t/!ate 0on0.s/on re2ard/n2 t1e trespass
v/o.at/on.
Pa2e :99C
,'. COUGHLIN" Here%# /y o**er o* roo*$ 6our Honor$ i# that i* Mr. Hill .a# taing$
an! he ha# a tae o* e-erything ex"et a erio! .here any0o!y .arn# the a""u#e! to
lea-e$ or a erio! .here the oli"e a"tually i!entity the/#el-e# a# oli"e$ rior to the
!oor 0eing 8i"8e! !o.n$ then that .oul! ten! to in!i"ate that tho#e thing# !i!n%t
haen.
THE COU'T" O8a5, IH.. note for t1e re0ord.L
Ko6 depos/t...not 2/v/n2 t1e $; da5s to respond to a Co!p.a/nt 0a..ed for b5 ?C'CP
9;A....bas/0a..5 2/v/n2 HI.. and ,er./ss a.. t1e benef/ts of t1e 3/08 and eas5 s!!ar5
ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 DCo21./n 6as pre0.ded fro! !a8/n2 0onter0.a/!s or br/n2/n2 /n t1/rd
part5 defendants ./8e &/08son 'ea.t5 or NV Ener25 or Green A0t/on La6n Serv/0e, et0), and
Co21./n none of t1e pro0edra. prote0t/ons of a p.enar5 n.a6f. deta/ner, 61/.e a.so
atte!pt/n2 to affor HI.. and ,er./ss t1e benef/ts of a p.enar5 n.a6f. deta/ner Da6ard/n2
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ba08 rent, attorne5Hs fees, .and.ord 6as ab.e to br/n2 a s!!ar5 ev/0t/on pro0eed/n2 a2a/nst a
0o!!er0/a. tenant based on.5 on a No Case Not/0e, verboten nder N'S C;.$<%...). (rt1er,
and t1/s /s s1o6n on t1e v/deos H/.. and ,er./ss f/.!ed, t1e 'P& at no t/!e 2ave Co21./n a
6arn/n2 to .eave 61ere Co21./n 0o.d 1ave 1eeded /t and .eft, or ot1er6/se been /sse a
0/tat/on /n ./e of a 0stod/a. arrest. T1e 'P& 6anted to !a8e t1e b/2 r/01 .and.ord and
attorne5 1app5 1ere, and ne/t1er t1e 'P& D61/01 6as !ad at Co21./n for f/./n2 a po./0e
!/s0ond0t 0o!p.a/nt /n0/dent to t1e 6ron2f. A2st $;t1, $;99 arrest of Co21./n t1at a/nHt
.oo8/nH 2ood for t1e State no6 t1at Co21./n 2ot -CP& ?/! Les./e booted fro! t1e 0ase /n
'C'$;99:;#%%C9) nor H/.. or ,er./ss 6ere 2o/n2 to be sat/sf/ed 6/t1 7st /ss/n2 Co21./n a
E6arn/n2E to .eave t1e pre!/ses, as t1e5 f/2re Co21./n 6o.d 7st 1eed an5 s01
6arn/n2....T1e 'P& and ,er./ssFHI.. 6ere a.. 7a08ed p on reven2e po6der and 6anted
Co21./n arrested. &r. ,er./ss /s pra0t/0a..5 frot1/n2 at t1e !ot1 Dde!and/n2 E!ore e5e
0onta0t_E fro! Co21./n /n t1e v/deo EZa01Hs arrest ;;9;E 7st before &r. ,er./ss 0o!!/ts a
0r/!e /n .5/n2 to t1e 'P& /n response to Co21./nHs 3er5/n2 t1ose t1ere as to 61o 6arned
1/! a2a/nst trespass/n2 and 61en, 61erepon &r. ,er./ss ./es /n order to 2et Co21./n
arrested, and H/.. 0o:s/2ns /t"
'/01ard G. H/.., Es3. Doppos/n2 0onse. /n t1e 0/v/. ev/0t/on 0ase fro! 61/01 t1/s 0r/!/na.
trespass tr/a. ste!s) test/f/ed, nder oat1, t1at t1e 'eno Po./0e &epart!ent /dent/f/ed
t1e!se.ves as .a6 enfor0e!ent and /ssed a .a6f. order to .eave pr/or to t1e 'P& enter/n2
t1e door t1at H/..Hs 0./ent ,er./ss 8/08ed do6n a*ter s01 /dent/f/0at/on and /ssan0e of a
.a6f. order or 6arn/n2 to .eave t1e pre!/ses 6as /ssed b5 t1e 'P&. K
K9.9 ?anar5 9%t1, $;9$ 'P& Sar2ent ,ar0/a Lope> and Off/0er Trav/s -arren and Off/0er
Av/.a respond to a 0a.. for 1e.p re2ard/n2 a do!est/0 d/strban0e fro! Za01 Co21./n re.at/n2
to t1e atta08s b5 1/s 1ose!ates, C1r/stop1er EEr/nE A..aba08 and Lara (ores1ee for 61/01
Co21./n .t/!ate.5 re0e/ved t6o Orders of Prote0t/on /n (V9$:;;9=@ and (V9$:;;9==.
Sar2ent Lope> sb7e0ted Co21./n to a 0stod/a. arrest for 0r/!/na. trespass /n 'eno
,n/0/pa. Cort 0ase 99 C' $#C;<, on Nove!ber 9%t1, $;99 D61/01 res.ted /n Co21./n
be/n2 0onv/0ted for 0r/!/na. trespass fo..o6/n2 t1e ?ne 9=t1, $;9$ Tr/a. 61ere/n '/01ard
H/.. test/f/ed as fo..o6s"
T1e ad!/ss/on b5 Sar2ent Lope> 6as 0aptred on a 1/21 =!! v/deo 0a!era t1at
Co21./n bo21t fro! a t1r/ft store for f/ve do..ars after 1/s t1en 1ose!ate r/ned 1/s d/2/ta.
s!art p1one v/deo re0order b5 t1ro6/n2 1ot 0offee on /t an Co21./n. Co21./n t1en
transferred t1e tape fro! t1at 1/21 =!! to a d/2/ta. vers/on b5 f/.!/n2 a te.ev/s/on 6/t1 a
d/2/ta. v/deo 0a!era .ater obta/ned, 61/.e /t 6as p.a5/n2 t1at 1/21 =!! tape. T1e f/.e 6as
na!e E;$;9 0ropped Carter Lope> $#C;<.6!v, and t1e fo..o6/n2 represents and a00rate
trans0r/pt/on t1ereof, /n re.evant part"
- $C<F<#9 -
&ECLA'ATION O( ZACHA') *A'+E' COUGHLIN
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Co21./n" Sar2ent Lope> are 5o 2o/n2 to arrest Nevada
0ort serv/0es for trespassP
Lope>" IH! not 2o/n2 to arrest t1e! for trespass.
Co21./n" bt 5o arrested !e for trespass.
Lope>" be0ase 5o 6ere s3att/n2 /n t1e propert5.
Co21./n" 615 do 5o sa5 t1at 5o 1ave an5 ev/den0e of
t1atP D< se0onds of s/.en0e /s Sar2ent Lope>Hs response) d/d
5o annon0e t1at 5o 6ere 'eno P& pr/or to 8/08/n2 t1e
door /nP
Lope>" I d/dnHt 8/08 t1e door /n.
Co21./n" d/d 5o annon0e t1at 5o are 'eno P& pr/or to
an5bod5 8/08/n2 t1e door /nP
Lope>" I d/dnHt 1ave to,
Co21./n" so nobod5 annon0ed t1at t1e5 6ere 'eno P&P
Lope>" be0ase t1e 25 61o 8/08ed /t /n 1ad to 8/08 /n 1/s
o6n door be0ase 5o 6ere s3att/n2 /n 1/s p.a0e.
Co21./n" so 5o are ad!/tt/n2 t1at 5o 25s d/dnHt
annon0e t1at 5o 6ere 'eno P&.
Lope>" 5o are 6ear/n2 !5 pat/en0e t1/n, S/r, o8a5. I a!
tr5/n2 to 0o!e 1ere to 1e.p 5o, and I br/n2 a spe0/a./>ed
off/0er D!ot/on/n2 to 'P& Off/0er Trav/s -arren, 61o! 1as
been des0r/bed as so!e sort of 'P& Off/0er 6/t1 so!e
spe0/a.t5 /n E!enta. 1ea.t1E r