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Working of SMS

A SEMINAR REPORT 0N

Working of SMS
Abstract:In the modern era the mobile phones are covering a major part of worlds communication system. These mobile phones are used between all the levels of community and at the same time they give some inconvenience. If supposed to make an important call by that time the user is busy or he may switched off or out of coverage area we will be in confused state. At that particular situations these short message service helps gratefully. Sending a sending an E-mail to mobile or receiving is quite possible in present years. For all these SMS is playing a key role for transmission

INTRODUCTION:
In the modern era the mobile phones are covering a major part of worlds communication system. These mobile phones are used between all the levels of community and at the same time they give some inconvenience. If supposed to make an important call by that time the user is busy or he may switched off or out of coverage area we will be in
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Working of SMS
confused state. At that particular situations these short message service helps gratefully. Sending a sending an E-mail to mobile or receiving is quite possible in present years. For all these SMS is playing a key role for transmission.

WHAT IS SMS?
Sending a text message from one mobile to another mobile or to any fax machine or to IP address or any other internet provided system is called short message service (SMS).we can also send messages to mobiles phones from E-mails and messangers..The network system which supports this "GLOBAL STANDARD FOR MOBILES"(GSM) can able to send or receive messages. GSM is also called as global system for mobile communication.

WORKING:
If the messages is sent from mobile phone first it reaches to short messages service center (SMSC) the signal transfer point of that message will send a request to Home Location Register. This Home Location Register searches for the destination mobile and gives the status of that mobile to SMSC weather it is switched off or out of coverage area, according to status given by HLR the messages will be send or stored for later transmission. Storing and sending of messages is called Forward system. The difference between paging and short message service is if the destination number is unable to reach or switched off then paging will not retransfer the message were as mobile service stores the messages and retransmits it until it reaches the destination. The band width of SMS is very low it allows small packets of data, i.e. the short message delivery path will change with the arrival of GPRS, increasing the delivery success rate, reducing delivery time, but, because the same SMS is used, there is no effect on the service itself or the possible presentation to the user. The entire service environment remains unaffected by network enhancements and does not need to change because of GPRS. It allows only 160charecters including spaces for each SMS. If it is rather than 160char the other characters will be truncated.

Working of SMS FROM MOBILE PHONES:


Most of the people using mobile phones are not much ignored in usage of mobile phones. They are unable to see the messages sent by the service provider. In mobile phones different kinds of menus will be displayed. For sending a message scroll to message option and press OK button, different options like read, write message etc... Will be displayed. For writing message scroll to write message option then type the required message press ok button then it request for destination mobile number, type required number and ok button, message sent will be displayed on the screen. if delivered a report is received that your message is delivered. Same in reading a new message received.

FROM WEBSITES:
A new era in sending SMS to mobiles is from web sites. Most of the sites are providing free service for all it you have to do is to register your number to access your mail account.

MOBILE TO MOBILE:
Scroll the message menu on your phone and then enter into it then again scroll to the required option after typing the message press OK button then type the destination number, your message will be delivered.

FROM EMAILS:
We can send SMS from email also here the destination phone number acts as mail id to send the message Ex: koti@ideacellular.net

FROM MOBILE TO EMAILS:


Type the mail id and text message and send it to relate service provided number (4333 for idea) it will send your message to the corresponding mail.

Working of SMS

FROM MESSENGERS:
In the present years chatting is easing the intension of the people. Most of them are spending their valuable time in cyber cafes. We can send SMS to mobile from messengers and can able to access messengers on our mobile phones for chatting, just like chatting in internet. For example yahoo and rediff's. We cannot able send SMS from net to mobile phones but we can access yahoo messenger on our mobile phone for it we had to configure the site, just type " in [yahoo id][password]" at the place of yahoo id place your email id belongs to yahoo at the password give your password and the send the message to 8242 for yahoo this command will allow to login into yahoo messenger and displays a list of friends who are on online. If so it displays your status to all online users as "I am on SMS" from here the same process how you will be in chatting. Just type the ID and message and send to 8242. The same as rediff's.

ACCESSING OF MESSANGERS:
We can also access messengers on our mobiles. After accessing we can chat as usually like chanting in messengers. For sending a SMS to mobile phone from E-mail, login to your mail account type the id for example KOTI@ideacellular.net (XXX )stands for mobile number then type message and press send button .The message will be delivered.

SENDING AN EMAIL FROM MOBILE:


We can also send emails from your mobiles for it you had to do is just type ip address, subject and message and send to short message service centre (4333 for idea) it will send the mail to destination after reaching a sent report will be send to sender. We can also send fax message from mobiles by selecting fax option.

Working of SMS GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE


General packet radio service (GPRS) is expected to drastically change the mobile telecommunication services landscape when it becomes deployed and widely available. It is generally understood to initially be an overlay network on existing, circuit-switched GSM Network, offering a migration path towards 3rd Generation Networks GPRS seems ideally suited for delivering internet-based, value-added services to mobile Subscribers. Yet it appears, too, that focusing on GPRS, network operators and service providers might overlook an existing, lowcost bearer that offers such a service platform SMS GPRS helps overcome current SMS deficiencies with respect to latency, throughput and radio resource usage efficiency, delivering short message as packets data GPRS together with sophisticated network signaling procedures, permits quick and reliable content delivery, corresponding to a Mobile Web Page, in one single transaction, provide the appropriate Short Message Service Centre support is available. Arrival of GPRS-based services will require appropriate sub scriber notification via SNS. Short Messaging as such is the first, instantly available service for GPRS, with GPRS helping to handle the rapidly growing SMS traffic. SMS is particularly attractive in initial GPRS deployments due to - Limited GPRS network coverage (GPRS islands). - Handset availability and cost, -Initial low GPRS data rates, significantly reducing the theoretical throughput advantage of GPRS

Working of SMS
The ability to quickly and cheaply offer value-added services based on SMS (and SMS over GPRS) to pre-paid subscribers. SMS offers a value-added service platform at a low total cost, reaching an unrivalled subscriber base of practically 100%

THE PERFECT BEARER: GPRS


Information delivery to mobile subscribers should be fast, costeffective, reliable and network resource-efficient. GPRS is commonly attributed with all of these properties. The packet data traffic channel (PDCH) is only occupied when data is being transmitted, the Layer 3 message length extends to 1500 octets, the latency of 20 ms is relatively low and the data rates possible seem to be sufficient. GPRS is regarded as the perfect bearer for Internet access Subscribers using SMS as a bearer in a GPRS network.

Working of SMS

ADVANTAGES OF SMS
Content providers and operators are keen on offering information already available on the internet to mobile users. However, some constraints related to the size and capabilities of mobile stations are likely to impede direct Internet access even using GPRS handsets. The data rates initially offered may also lag behind expectations. Gateway nodes between Internet and GPRS networks or micro browsers for GPRS phones or both are required. Wireless Application Protocol (WAP), widely accepted and endorsed by all major players in the mobile telecommunications arena, allows for delivering web pages to mobile devices. The web pages usually have to be adapted by a WAP gateway. WAP defines a variety of bearers, including SMS and GPRS, or SMS over GPRS. Users may request certain, chargeable information, using SMS-MO, a circuit-switched data call or an Unstructured Supplementary Service Data transaction. Content delivery would be carried out in several mobileterminated short messages, within only one network and air interface transaction. Even if GPRS is the bearer of choice for content delivery, SMS may be used to reliably notify users about certain conditions, prompting them to request a service. Depending on the operator or the service provider choice, the SIM cards may be modified to present the SM contents to the user appropriately, e.g. through a WAP-enabled browser. Even considering the industrys ability to offer technically advanced products at drastically reduced prices, it will take some time before the GPRS target changes from an early-adopter market segment to a massmarket.

SMS ATTRACTIVENESS
While the appropriate GPRS-enabled equipment is currently not available, the market for value-added services is there instantly, as is a popular bearer, SMS. Whilst first GPRS deployments are expected in the
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Working of SMS
second half of 2000, SMS, which is experiencing dramatic growth throughout the world, is available virtually everywhere. Using SMS as a platform for deployment of value-added services offers numerous advantages to network operators, service providers, content providers and users. Immediate service deployment Services deployed now are instantly available to all users and could generate revenues to compensate for the initial investments. These service deployments are future-safe, since SMS can be used in GPRS networks, with an even greater delivery efficiency, success rate and speed. Service continuation and migration Service continuation in GPRS networks is guaranteed: once a gateway node and an SMSC have been installed and services deployed, the contents and the service no longer require any adaptations to the network technology used. In fact, the bearer used may be transparent to a WAPbased application Infrastructure inventory. Investment in SMS infrastructure helps to cope with the currently growing SMS traffic, while also offering the scalability required when value-added service become even more widely accepted. The market for low-cost messaging service is expected to still serve by SMS in GPRS phase 2 networks, providing a continued need for SMS infrastructure. So varying operator requirements can be fulfilled with the SMS infrastructure available. Technology-independent applications Be widely accepted, contributing to further growth of SMS traffic. Content and service providers benefit from the SMS availability in different networks. Contents provision and adaptation is required once, with the service being independent of the underlying network technology. This may be important if due to regulatory issues, coverage aspects, visited network capabilities or further reasons, certain other bearers (circuit-switched data, GPRS, High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data) are not available, and yet common look-and-feel value-added services are to be offered.
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Working of SMS

Store-and-forward capability combined with a choice of delivery mode Throughput and eliminating the latency associated with the store and forward feature, yet providing a certain level of guarantee through its transient storage and short term retry functionality. Therefore, short-term delivery problems are efficiently dealt with in cases where longer term storage is not required due to the nature of the content. Short Messaging and Multimedia Messaging as GPRS Applications The arrival of GPRS greatly helps to handle the increasing traffic load. In initial GPRS deployment SMS may prove to be the most popular application, with operators.

CONCLUSIONS
When defining, creating and deploying value-added services, several bearers have to be considered. Depending on service characteristics and requirements, some may be more or less suited than others. Logics product portfolio reflects the strong belief in multiple bearers for different purposes. Particularly, SMS is seemed to supplement GPRS and viewed as a complement to GPRS. GPRS does not offer a replacement for SMS, nor does it diminish SMS importance in mobile networks. Furthermore, as the SMSCs will generally evolve into Multimedia Message Centers tailored to specific needs of mobile users, the investment in SMS-related infrastructure is protected even better. The short message delivery path will change with the arrival of GPRS, increasing the delivery success rate, reducing delivery time, but, because the same SMS is used, there is no effect on the service itself or the possible presentation to the user. The entire service environment remains

Working of SMS
unaffected by network enhancements and does not need to change because of GPRS.

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