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Knowledge International University

Final Assignment
Course Name: Arabic III
Course Code:

ARB III

Instructor:

Shaykh Ihsaan Hannan

Student Details
Name:

Hassan Basarally

Student ID:

1120020

Batch:
Semester:

3 (Spring 2013)

Assignment Question:
Explain, using the examples given below, the difference between the
object of a verbal sentence and the predicate of a nominal sentence:


Nominal Sentence (



)


The nominal sentence (



) is a


sentence that does not begin with a verb (
). It consists of two parts: the subject (

) and the predicate () .







Muhammad is a man.


(is) a man


Muhammad

( The case of the subject


) and the
( predicate

( ) is nominative
),
( except is the
) is a prepositional
( phrase when it becomes genitive

).




Muhammad is in a
house.


Muhammad


+ +


(is) in a house

Verbal Sentence (




)

The verbal sentence (


)begins

with a verb. It consists of three parts: the
), the doer of the verb or subject
verb (


(
)and the object of the action (
).
The case of the doer of the verb or subject

(

)is nominative (
) and the case

of the object of the action (
) is
accusative (

).



Muhammad
saw a man.


man
Is

the




Muhammad
example


(past tense)
to see

the

terminology is different but the cases


remain the same. The doer of the verb or


subject (
)is now called (

)and

remains nominative (

). The object (


) and remains
) is now called (
accusative (

). This verb is termed an

)which does not
incomplete verb (


have a subject (
), it has a noun (
)

instead. And if it has a noun (
)it must

have an object (
). This is the reason for

the difference in terminology but the


function and case remains the same.


Muhammad
was a man.


man





Muhammad

(past tense)
to be

Differences between the object (








)
) verbal sentence (

and the predicate (


) of the
nominal sentence (



) .


Case: The predicate (
) of the nominal
sentence (



) is nominative (





) e.g.

. The object (
)
verbal sentence (


)is


accusative (


.
), so too is the

)to a nominal
The addition of a verb (
sentence (



) causes the


predicate (
) to become the object (



).
) of a verbal sentence (

it
In the case of the addition of


becomes

. For example, in the


sentence


is

, the word
)is added
nominative (

). If a verb (

to the same sentence e.g.

,



the word
is now accusative (

)


because it is now the object (
) of a
verbal sentence (


)which is

always in the accusative case (

).

Information: The predicate (
) of the
nominal sentence (



) describes



the subject (

) . Likewise the

describes the

. So if a sentence just

says


, it does not give complete
information as one would be asking What

about Muhammad? but if one says



, the complete information that


Muhammad is a man is given. The object (



)
) of the verbal sentence (

gives information as to what action the

subject (
)is doing and it tells what the

object of the action (
) is. So if one

says

then the





or

information is incomplete as it is not


asked, what Muhammad saw?
There are two main differences between

the the object of the (
) verbal
sentence (


)and the predicate (

) of the nominal sentence (





) . The object of the (


)
verbal sentence (


)is

accusative (

) and it clarifies the

subject (
)
) . While the predicate (
of the nominal sentence (



) is


nominative (

) and clarifies the verb (
), the doer of the verb or subject (

).