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IEC 61850 V Legacy Protocols

Energy Automation Solutions

Warner Priest

Siemens 2009 Energy Sector

Benefits of IEC61850
The benefits of IEC61850 are not in the price of the relay itself, but realised within the systems a number of relays are applied in, these are summarized as follows:IEC61850 is unique in that it is not a recast serial RTU Protocol It is specifically designed for LANs to lower life cycle costs, cheaper to install, configure and maintain It is a real object orientated approach for Substation Automation supporting standardized device models using names instead of numbers and indexes It uses a standard configuration language, (SCL) It is feature rich with support for functions difficult to implement otherwise

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Cost Benefits of IEC61850 over DNP3


When comparing DNP3 and IEC61850 implementations, the real cost benefits are seen in the engineering and repetitive applications of designs through plants or utilities:Real World Example DNP3.0 over TCP and UDP - DNP3.0 relay configured & communicating 8hrs IEC61850 - IEC61850 relay configured & communicating 20min

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Purchase Price is Quickly Recovered

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Example of a TIA application


SICAM PAS CC Power Automation
DNP3 - Ethernet

WIN CC SICAM PAS Station Unit Server S7400 PLC Server Industrial Process

IEC 61850 TCP-IP ETHERNET IEC 61850 Station LAN 100 Mbit/s Managed SwitchCV PROFINET TCP-IP ETHERNET

GOOSE Bay to Bay

Hardwire interface to PLC &/or SIMOCODE


PROFIBUS DP

Use GOOSE to distribute information into the plant very quickly, for instance Load Shedding
Transformer Feeder
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Large High Voltage Motor Feeder


Warner Priest

Small Low Voltage Motor Feeder

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

IEC61850 Applications Extended to the Plant


Main Distribution Substations DNP3 Load Shedd Signal from Western Power SICAM PAS (DNP3 / IEC61850) The logic is processed
DNP3 - Ethernet

in the RTU / SC 5msec

RuggedCom Managed Switch

Firewall / Router

3 Party IEC61850 compliant IED Plant Substations 33/0.525kV Transformer Fdr Board 1

rd

33kV Main Plant Sub Incomer 1

33kV Main Plant Sub Interlocking Incomer 2 Further 25msec Breaker Fail GOOSE Message 33/0.525kV Transformer Fdr Board 2 3rd Party IEC61850 compliant IED 40msec Process in PLC LV Breaker for Motor 1 70msec prior to breaker operation LV Breaker for Motor 3 Siemens 2009
Sector Energy

Busbar Blocking

40msec Process in PLC

LV Breaker 70msec prior LV Breaker to breaker for Motor 3 for Motor 1 operation
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Hardwire time to operate


HARDWIRED PERFORMANCE 8 20 mSec

SIGNAL

TIME
Relay Energises
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Contacts Close
Warner Priest

Input Threshold Reached

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

IEC61850 GOOSE time to operate

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

IEC61850-GOOSE (Bay to Bay) Priority tagging of GOOSE telegrams


Ethernet-Switch
Overtaking lane for IEC GOOSE

the rapid GOOSE

normal telegrams
normal telegram buffer

Only IEC 61850 takes advantage of the features of modern 100 MBIT-Ethernet networks

Not UCA2.0, Not DNP, Not 60870-5-104 !


Page 9 April-2009 Warner Priest

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

Advantages of IEC61850 over DNP3 / Hardwire


Ring structure is very reliable, redundant, fulfils n-1 condition Fibre connections thus no negative influence from EMI / EMC The substation can be controlled without the SMU / data concentrator / RTU Interlocking through substation or plant can be done via GOOSE & ss2ss GOOSE, without the need for a master / slave relationship (inter device communication / peer to peer communication, Generic Object Orientated Substation Event) GOOSE can be used to send several required signals to all the SIPROTEC IEDs and 3rd party IEDs in the network

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Advantages IEC61850 over DNP3 / Hardwire


If one IED fails, interlocking logic of the other IEDs will realise the non topical state and block switching Equipment migrations occur with minimal impact on applications Application changes have minimal effect on devices, network or other applications More flexible programming is independent of wiring Fast communication with a single or redundant 100Mbit/s bus All data from all IEDs are available to all devices in the network, engineering station, Main HMI, Remote HMI, Process Plant, etc Higher performance with more data exchange
Page 11 April-2009 Warner Priest

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

Advantages IEC61850 over DNP3 / Hardwire


Reliability: Link Status know before use (ideal for load-shedding, Interlocking and Protection where use of hardwire interfaces that fail will only be known when the operation fails to operate as intended) Digital Error checking instead of Analogue Filtering Data is transmitted multiple times to avoid missing data Data Concentrator / RTU will automatically download all new fault records from IEDs using RecPro HMI will store all measured and metered values accessible via ValPro software All alarms and events are stored on the HMI where you can set the time and date of archiving

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Comparison of Different Standards/Protocols

IEC 103 Indications Commands Measurements Time Sync Fault Records Inter-operability Processbus Engineering Support Data Transmission Transmission Speed Master / Slave 0.19

Profibus

DNP 3.0

Modbus

UCA 2

IEC 61850

without time stamp

without time stamp without time stamp

Master / Slave 12

Master / Slave 0.12

Master / Slave 0.12

Event 100

Event 100

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest

Disadvantages of legacy protocols


The development of the IEC61850 standard has mainly been driven by users, due to the difficulties in integrating multiple protocol types and the general inherent problems with legacy serial communication protocols: Specialized point to point links to IEDs Applications must deal with numerous protocols, data formats, data addressing, etc Protocols used have limited capabilities Difficult or no access points for other applications Communication paths must be re-configured when new devices or applications are added

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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Comparison of Different Standards/Protocols


IEC 608705-103 Control Centre Level Station Level Bay Level Process Level Engineering Support Profibus DNP Modbus LON

IEC 61850

Yes Yes no no

Yes Yes no partly

Yes Yes Yes no no

Yes Yes no no

Yes Yes no no

Yes (future) Yes Yes Yes Yes

Global Adoption

partly
April-2009

partly

no

no

no

Yes

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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Warner Priest

Main Control Room


PCS 7 ES with SICAM PAS OS Engineering OS Client OS Client OS Client OS Client OS Client OS Client OS Client OS Client PCS 7 OS Engineering with SICAM PAS Full Engineering

Terminal bus

Industrial Ethernet (100 MB/s)

Redundant OS/MSServer
System bus

OS Web Server

Simatic IT Historian

Simatic IT Report Manager


Industrial Ethernet (100 MB/s)

SICAM PAS PCS 7 OS Server

Process Controller 1 S 416-3 A

Process Controller 1 S 416-3 A

Boiler
AS 417-4 H ET 200M

SICAM PAS Station Unit

PCS 7 OS Single Station SICAM PAS CC HMI

DP/AS-I Link

AS Interface

DP/AS-I Link

AS Interface

PROFIBUS-DP (Redundant)

PROFIBUS-DP

PROFIBUS-DP

.. . DP/PAPROFIBUSLink PA
.. .

.. . DP/PAPROFIBUSLink PA
.. .

... DP/PA-Link PROFIBUS-PA

IEC 61850 (Ethernet TCP/IP)

Time Synch Master (GPS)

.. .

Y-Link .. . Relay 1 Relay 2

Relay 26

.. .

.. .

Power Control Room

Simocod e

Micromaster

Simocod e

Micromaster

Simocode Micromaste r

Siemens 2009 Sector Energy

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April-2009

Warner Priest