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Technical Acronyms A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A 1 2 a - Annum 3 A - Area 4 AA - Ash Analysis 5 AA - Advanced Analysis 6 A/A - Air to Air 7 AAC - Ammonical Ammonium Carbonate 8 AAC - Autoclaved Aerated Concrete 9 AAC - Acceptable Ambient Concentration 10 AAD - Audibert Arnu Dilatometer 11 AAD - Automatic Air Damper 12 AADT - Average Annual Daily Traffic 13 AAF - Alloy Adjustment Factor 14 AAGR - Average Annual Growth Rate 15 AAL - Acceptable Ambient Limit 16 AAQ - Ambient Air Quality 17 AAQM - Ambient Air Quality Monitoring 18 AAQS - Ambient Air Quality Status 19 AAR - Alkali Aggregate Reaction 20 AAR - After Action Reviews 21 AAR - Against All Risks 22 AAS - Atomic Absorption Spectrometer 23 AAS - Area Access Control 24 AAT - Aerobic Anoxic Tank 25 AAV - Automatic Air Vent 26 AB - As Built 27 ABC - Activity Based Costing 28 ABC - After Burner Chamber 29 ABC Segments - Architecture, Building and Construction Segments 30 ABD - As Built Drawing 31 ABG - Auto Billet Grinder 32 ABM - Activity Based Management 33 ABOM - Approved abstract Bill Of Material

Technical Acronyms - A

INDEX

A 34 ABP - Annual Business Plan 35 ABR - Available Bit Rate 36 ABS - Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 37 ABS - Antilocking Brake System 38 ABS - Automatic Block Signalling 39 abs - Absolute 40 abt - About 41 ABT - Automatic Bus Transfer 42 ABT - Availability Based Tariff 43 AC - Alternating Current 44 AC - Air Conditioner 45 AC - Air Cooled 46 AC - Asbestos Cement 47 AC - Asphalt Concrete 48 AC - Affordable Cost 49 A/C - Across Corner 50 A/C - Account 51 ACA - Allocable Cost Amount method 52 ACB - Air Circuit Breaker 53 ACBB - Angular Contact Ball Bearing 54 ACBFS - Air Cooled Blast Furnace Slag 55 ACC - Automatic Combustion Control 56 ACC - Air Cooled Condenser 57 ACC - Accelerated Cooling 58 ACC - Automatic Coking Control 59 ACC - Area Control Centre 60 ACC - Annual Capital Cost 61 ACC System - Automatic Coking Control System 62 ACD - Anti Collision Device 63 ACDB - Alternating Current Distribution Board 64 ACDR - Axial Closed Die Rolling 65 ACE - Advanced Clean Energy 66 ACE - Advanced Control Expert

A 67 ACEMU - Alternating Current Electrical Multiple Units 68 ACF - Activated Carbon Filter 69 ACF - Actvated Carbon Fiber 70 ACFM - Alternating Current Field Measurement 71 ACGR - Annual Compounded Growth Rate 72 ACH - Air Changes per Hour 73 ACI - Arc Coverage Index 74 ACL - Access Control List 75 ACM - Atmospheric Corrosion Monitoring 76 ACM - Approved Consolidated Methodology 77 ACMFL - Alternating Current Magnetic Flux Leakage 78 ACMV - Air Conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation 79 ACN - Aceto Nitrile 80 ACO - Ant Colony Optimization 81 ACOP - Approved Code Of Practice 82 ACP - Accredited Certificate Providers 83 ACP - Automatic Control Panel 84 ACPD - Alternating Current Potential Drop 85 ACPH - Air Changes Per Hour 86 ACR - Alkali Carbonate Reaction 87 ACR - Automatic Crusher Regulation 88 ACR - Actual Cell Rate 89 ACS - Alloyed Construction Steel 90 ACS - Access Control System 91 ACS - Antislip Control System 92 ACS - Automation and Control Solution 93 ACS - Automatic Control System 94 ACSI - Abstract Communication Service Interface 95 ACSR - Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced 96 ACT - Automatic Coil Transporter 97 ACTE - Accelerated Corrosion Test for Electric appliances 98 ACTS - Advanced Communication Technology Satellite 99 ACU - Air Conditioning Unit

A 100 ACum - Actual Cubic Meter 101 ACV - Air Conditioning and Ventilation 102 ACV - Automatic Control Valve 103 ACV - Advanced Conventional Vehicles 104 ACW - Auxiliary Cooling Water system 105 AD - Air Dried 106 AD - Anti Dumping 107 A&D - Automation and Drives 108 ADB - Adapter Board 109 ADB - Application Data Base 110 ADC - Automatic Dimension Control 111 ADC - Analog to Digital Conversion 112 ADC - Administration charges During Construction 113 ADC - Air Diffusion Control 114 ADCCP - Advanced Dataline Communication Control Protocol 115 ADDM - Automation and Drive Data Management 116 ADE - Acceptable Daily Exposure 117 ADI - Austempered Ductile Iron 118 ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake 119 ADK - Alumina Dissolution Kinetics 120 ADLI - Approach Deployment Learning & Integration 121 ADP - Automatic Data Processing 122 ADR - Auto Device Replacement 123 ADR - Adsorption Desorption and Recovery 124 ADS - Autonomous Decentralized System 125 ADS - Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor 126 ADS - Advanced Drainage System 127 ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line 128 ADST - Advanced Dual Sensor Technology 129 ADT - Articulated Dump Truck 130 ADT - Acid Dew point Temperature 131 AE - Accoustic Emissions 132 AE - Atmospheric Emissions

A 133 A&E - Architecture and Engineering 134 A&E - Alarms and Events 135 A&E - Accident and Emergency 136 AEB - Auto Emergency Brake 137 AEC - Architect Engineer Contractor 138 AED - Adsorption Energy Distribution 139 AEE - Assessment of Environmental Effect 140 AEEI - Autonomous Energy Efficiency Improvement 141 AEL - Accessible (Alternative) Emmission Limits 142 AEL - Airborne Exposure Limit 143 AEM - Analytical Electron Microscope 144 AEM - Acoustic Emission Monitoring 145 AEMD - Automotive Electric Motor Drive 146 AEO - Asset Efficiency Optimization 147 AES - Auger Electron Microscope 148 AES - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy 149 AES - Aquatic Ecological Status 150 AES - Advanced Encryption Standards 151 AESS - Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel 152 AET - Accoustic Emission Technique 153 AEV - All Electric Vehicles 154 AF - Apron Feeder 155 AF - After Firing 156 AF - Acicular Ferrite 157 AF - Anaerobic Filter 158 AF - Audio Frequecy 159 AF - Attributable Fraction 160 A/F - Across Flat 161 AF DAT - Advanced Fine Dust Abatement Technology 162 AFB - Anti Friction Bearing 163 AFBC - Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (Boiler) 164 AFC - Automatic Flatness Control 165 AFC - Alkaline Fuel Cell

A 166 AFC - Approved For Construction 167 AFC - Automatic power Factor Correction 168 AFC - Acid Free Cleaning 169 AFC - Armoured Face Conveyors 170 AFCI - Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter 171 AFE - Active Front End 172 AFF - Above Finished Floor 173 AFFF - Aqueous Film Forming Foam 174 AFM - Atomic Force Microscope 175 AFM - Advanced Funnel Mould 176 AFMS - Air Flow Measuring System 177 AFNOR - Association Francaise De Normalisation 178 AFP - Axial Flow Pump 179 AFT - Ash Fusion Temperature 180 AFT - Adiabatic Flame Temperature 181 AFT - Alternative Fuel Technologies 182 AFUE - Annual Fuel Utilisation Efficiency 183 AFW - Auxiliary Feed Water 184 AG - Associated Gas 185 AG Mill - Autogenous Grinding (Mill) 186 AGC - Automatic Gauge Control 187 AGC - Automatic Generation Control 188 AGC - Automatic Gap Control 189 AGL - Above Ground Level 190 AGM - Annual General Meeting 191 AGR - Adjusted Gross Revenue 192 AGV - Automatic Guided Vehicle 193 AH - Air Hardened 194 AH - Auxiliary Hoist 195 AH - Aspiration Hood 196 AHG - Ad Hoc Group 197 AHH - Additional Health Hazard 198 AHJ - Authority Having Jurisdiction

A 199 AHP - Analytical Hierarchy Process 200 AHP - Air Handling Plant 201 AHP - Ash Handling Plant 202 AHP - Air Horse Power 203 AHS - Ash Handling System 204 AHSS - Advanced High Strength Steels 205 AHU - Air Handling Unit 206 AHWR - Advanced Heavy Water Reactor 207 AI - Artificial Intelligence 208 AI - Abrasion Index 209 AI - Analog Input 210 AI - Alternative Ironmaking 211 AIM - Alternative Investment Market 212 AIM - Analogue Inductive Meter 213 AIP - Arc Iron Plating 214 AIPM - Automotive Integrated Power Module 215 AIS - Air Insulated Switchgear ( Substation ) 216 AIS - Alternative Iron Sources 217 AIS - Automative Industry Standards 218 AIS - Accident Injury Severity 219 AIST - Advance Industrial Science & Technology 220 AIT - Autogenous Ignition 221 AIT - Advanced Inspection Tool 222 AIU - Alternative Iron Units 223 AKA - Also Known As 224 AKDQ - Aluminium Killed Drawing Quality 225 AL - Accepted Level 226 AL - Aerated Lagoons 227 A/L - Air Lock 228 ALARA - As Low As Reasonably Achievable 229 ALARP - As Low As Reasonably Practicable 230 ALC - Automatic Level Control 231 ALDE - Average Lifetime Daily Exposure

A 232 ALE - Application Linkage Enabler 233 ALG - Alumina Graphite 234 ALGOL - Algorithmic Language 235 ALI - Application Layer Interface 236 Alt - Alternative 237 AM - Attrition Mill 238 AM - Annealed Martensite 239 AM - Assets Management 240 AM - Air Movement 241 AM - Amplitude Modulated 242 AMAP - Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan 243 AMC - Annual Maintenance Contract 244 AMC - Alumina Magnesia Carbon 245 AMC - Air Mist Cooling 246 AMC - Application and Motor Controller 247 AMC - Available Moisture Content 248 AMD - Air Moving Devices 249 AMD - Acid Mine Drainage 250 AMD - Advanced Micro Devices 251 AMF - Automatic Mains Failure 252 AMLC - Automatic Mould Level Control 253 Amp - Ampere 254 AMP - Aerated Media Polarization test 255 AMPS - Advanced Mobile Phone System 256 AMR - Additions, Modifications and Replacements 257 AMR - Analytical Measurement and Research 258 AMR - Automatic Meter Reading 259 AMS - Arithmatic Mean Size 260 AMS - Advanced Maintenance System 261 AMS - Automated Measurement System 262 AMS - Assets Management System 263 AMSL - Above Mean Sea Level 264 AMST - Asset Management Support Tool

A 265 AMT - Advance Membrane Technology 266 AMT - Advance Mould Technology 267 AMU - Atomic Mass Unit 268 AN - Air Neutral 269 AN - Acid Number 270 ANFO - Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil 271 ANN - Artificial Neural Network 272 ANOVA - Analysis Of Variance 273 ANS - Adaptive Noise Suppression 274 AO - Absorbed Oxygen 275 AO - Analog Output 276 AOA - Articles of Agreement 277 AOB - Argon Oxygen Blowing 278 AOD - Argon Oxygen Decarburization 279 AOO - Anticipated Opetation Occurances 280 AOPD - Active Optoeletronic Protective Devices 281 AOQ - Average Outgoing Quality 282 AOQL - Average Outgoing Quality Limit 283 AOX - Adsorbable Organic Halogens 284 AP - Ascension Pipe 285 AP - Apparent Porosity 286 AP - Automatic Procurement 287 AP - Acetylene Plant 288 AP - Acidification Potential 289 AP - Ash Pond 290 AP - All Purpose 291 AP - Automation Protocol 292 AP - Additional Power consumption 293 APA - Asphalt Pavement Analyzer 294 APB - Acid Plant Blowdown 295 APBF - Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels 296 APC - Air Pollution Control 297 APC - Alternating Pressure Control

A 298 APC - Angled Physical Contact 299 APC - Advanced Process Control 300 APC - Advanced Position Control 301 APCS - Advanced Process Control Station 302 APD - Alloy Phase Diagram 303 APD - Air Pressure Drop 304 APDP - Alloy Phase Diagram Program 305 APDRP - Accelerated Power Development Reform Programme 306 APEX - All People All Processes All Products Excellence 307 APF - Assigned Protective Factor 308 APFC - Automatic Power Factor Correction 309 APFIM - Atomic Probe Field Ion Microscopy 310 API - Application Programming Interface 311 API - Automatic Procurement Items 312 APL - Annealing and Pickling Line 313 APL - Application Layer 314 APM - Administered Pricing Machanism 315 APM - Axial Piston Motor 316 APM - Argon Purification Module 317 APO - Advance Planning and Optimizer 318 APO - Annual Plan of Operation 319 APP - Approved Production Plan 320 APP - Annual Production Plan 321 APP - Advanced Processing Platform 322 APP - Annual Performance Plan 323 APP - Axial Piston Pump 324 APR - Annual Performance Review 325 APS - Advanced Photon Source 326 APS - Advanced Planning and Scheduling 327 APT - Application Productivity Tool 328 APT - Ammonium Para Tungstate 329 AQ - Air Quality 330 AQC - Air Quality Control

A 331 AQC - Advanced Quality Control 332 AQL - Accepted Quality Level ( Limit ) 333 AQM - Air Quality Model 334 AQRV - Air Quality Related Value 335 ar - As received 336 Ar - Argon 337 AR - Automatic Replenishment (Recoupment) 338 AR - Analytical Reagent 339 AR - As Rolled 340 AR - Agitator Reactor 341 AR - Alumina Rich 342 AR - Abrasion Resistant 343 AR - Air Relief 344 ARB - Accumulative Roll Bonding 345 ARD - Automatic Rescue Device 346 ARD - Acid Rock Drainage 347 ARL - Authority Revocation List 348 ARMA - Auto Regressive Moving Average (analysis) 349 ARP - Acid Recovery (Regeneration) Plant 350 ARP - Abrasion Resistant Plate 351 ARP - Address Resolution Protocol 352 ARR - Automatic Repeat Request 353 ARRP - Automatic Removal and Recovery Process 354 ARS - Argon Rinsing Station 355 ARS - Area Repair Shop 356 ARS - Address Resolution Protocol 357 ART Sectors - Auto, Railways and Transportation Sector 358 ARU - Active Rectifier Unit 359 ARV - Air Relief Valve 360 AS - Activated Sludge 361 AS - Alloy Steel 362 AS - Automation System 363 AS - Australian Standards

A 364 AS - Accounting Standards 365 AS - Ammonium Sulphate 366 AS - Air Separator 367 ASAP - As Soon As Possible 368 ASB - Additive Storage Bin 369 ASBG - Automatic Slab cum Bloom Grinder 370 ASC - Automatic Shape Control 371 ASC - Automatic Size Control 372 ASC - Apparent Steel Consumption 373 ASC - Automatic Setting Control 374 ASCAT - Automated Steel Cleanliness Analysis Tool 375 ASCII - American Standard for Communication and Information Interchange 376 ASCU - Arsenic Copper Chrome Composition treated 377 ASD - Adjustable Speed Drives 378 ASD - Aerobic Sludge Digestion 379 ASD - Allowable Stress Design 380 ASE - Adminstration and Sales Expenditure 381 ASE - Alliance to Save Energy 382 ASFH - Air Suction Filter House 383 ASG - Apparent Specific Gravity 384 ASI - Arc Stability Index 385 ASI - Annual Survey of Industry 386 ASI - Actuator Sensor Interface 387 ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit ( Chip ) 388 ASIS - Automatic Surface Inspection System 389 ASK - Aluminium Silicon Killed 390 ASL - Above Sea Level 391 ASM - Annealed Simplex Method 392 ASM - Argon Secondary Metallurgy ( Melting converter process ) 393 ASM - Abnormal Situation Management 394 ASM - Advanced Servo Manipulator 395 ASMS - Automated Specimen Manufacturing System 396 ASN - Abstract Syntax Notation

A 397 ASP - Air Separation Plant 398 ASP - Ammonium Sulphate Plant 399 ASP - Activated Sludge Process 400 ASP - Anti Syphonage Pipe 401 ASP - Active Server Pages 402 ASR - Activated Sludge Reaction 403 ASR - Alkali Silica Reaction 404 ASR - Automobile Shredder Residue 405 ASR - Annual Statistical Report 406 ASRS - Automated Storage and Retrieval System 407 ASS - Austenitic Stainless Steel 408 ASTC - Automatic Strand Taper / Thickness Control 409 ASU - Air Separation Unit 410 ASU - Air Supply Unit 411 ASV - Adsorptive Stripping Voltametry 412 ASV - Angle Stop Valve 413 AT - Acid Test ratio 414 AT - Auto Transformer starter 415 AT - Ash Trap 416 AT - Advanced Technology 417 A/T - Acceptance of Tender 418 ATA - Atmosphere Absolute 419 ATAD - Auto heated Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion 420 ATC - Annealed Tinned Copper 421 ATC - Aversge Total Cost 422 ATC - Automatic Temperature Compensation 423 ATC - Aggregate Technical and Commercial 424 ATCF - After Tax Cash Flow 425 ATE - Automated Test Equipment 426 ATH - Aluminium Tri Hydrate 427 ATL - Aeration Tank Liquor 428 Atm - Atmospheric 429 ATM - Asynchronous Transfer (Transmission) Mode

A 430 ATM - Annual Technical Meeting 431 ATM - Air Treatment Module 432 ATO - Assets Turn Over 433 ATP - Acceptance Test Procedure 434 ATP - Available To Promise 435 ATR - Action Taken Report 436 ATR - Auto Thermal Reformer 437 ATRS - Automatic Turbine Run-up System 438 ATS - Attrition Scrubber 439 ATS - Automatic Transfer Switch 440 ATT Unit - Automatic Turbine Tester Unit 441 ATU - Aerobic Treatment Unit 442 ATV - All Terrain Vehicle 443 ATWP - Authority To Work Permit 444 AU - Assets Utilization 445 AUE - Accoustic Ultrasonic Echo 446 AUSS - Austinetic Stainless Steel 447 AV - Anti Virus 448 AV - Air Vent 449 AVA - Air Void Analyzer 450 AVA - Activity Vector Analysis 451 AVB - Automatic Vacuum Brake 452 AVC - Average Variable Cost 453 AVCO - Average Cost 454 AVE - Advanced Video Extensometer 455 Avg - Average 456 AVGF - Automatic Valveless Gravity Filter 457 AVL - Approved Vendors List 458 AVP - Automatic Variable Pitch 459 AVR - Automatic Voltage Regulation 460 AVR - Allegheny Vacuum Refining process 461 AVS - Advanced Verification System 462 AVS - American Voluntary Standards

A 463 AVT - All Volatile Treatment 464 AW - As Welded 465 AW - Acid Waste 466 AWB - Air Way Bill 467 AWC - Automatic Width Control ( Changing ) 468 AWG - Auto and White Goods (segment) 469 AWG - American Wire Gauge 470 AWHC - Available Water Holding Capacity 471 AWHO - Anti Wear Hydraulic Oil 472 AWQC - Ambient Water Quality Criteria 473 AZ - Alumina Zirconia 474 AZS - Alumina Zirconia Silica

Technical Acronyms - B
B - Bunker B - Bend B2B - Business To Business B2C - Business To Consumer BA - Basic Automation BA - Batch Annealing BA - Bright Annealing BAC - Biological Activated Carbon BACM - Best Available Control Measure BACT - Best Available Control Technology BAE - Business Action for Energy BAF - Batch Annealing Furnace BAFO - Best And Final Offer BAL - Bright Annealing Line BAP - Benzo A Pyrene BAP - Bath Agitation Process BAR - Biological Activity Reading BAR - Base Acid Ratio BART - Best Available Retrofit Technology BAS - Basic Automation System BAS - Building Automation System BAT - Best Available Technique (Technology) BAU - Business As Usual BB - Blending Bin BB - Beam Blank BB Steel - Bulb Ball Steel BB Steel - Ball Bearing Steel BBC - Brand to Brand Complementation

INDEX

BBC - Basic Building Code BBCC - Beam Blank Continuous Casting BBD - Boiler Blow Down BBM - Blooming and Billet Mill BBOP - Boiler and Balance Of Plant BBQ - Bright Bar Quality BBR - Base Board Radiator BBS - Bar Bending Schedule BBSP - Bedding, Blending and Sinter Plant BBV - Beam Bending Viscometer BC - Boiler Coal BC - Breast Cooler BC - Belt Conveyor BC - Billet Caster BC - Bloom Caster BC - Boundary Conditions BC - Bay Controller BC - Bus Coupler BC - Base Case BC - Bacterial Culture BC - Bar Code BC - Bulk Cargo BC - Bidders Capacity BCA - Benefit Cost Analysis BCC - Body Centred Cubic BCC - Block Check Character BCD - Basic Custom Duty BCD - Binary Code Decimal BCE - Basic Communication Ethernet

BCf - Billion Cubic Feet BCF - Bio Concentration Factor BCF - Bead and Crevice Free BCM - Billion Cubic Meter BCPD - Branch Circuit Protection Device BCOV - Burner Cut Off Valve BCS - Blowing Control System BCT - Body Centred Tetragonal BCT - Best Conventional Technologies BCV - Butterfly Check Valve BCX - Bottom Chord Extension BD - Bulk Density BD - Basic Design BD - Blow Down BD - Blue Dust BD - Basic Data BD - Break Down BDD - Back Draft Damper BDL - Below Detection Level BDM - Break Down Mill BDOC - Bio- degradable Dissolved Organic Carbons BDS - Bid Data Sheet BDS - Bridge Distribution System BDU - Benzol Distillation Unit BDV - Break Down Voltage BDWTT - Battelle Drop Weight Tear Test BE - Basic Engineering BE - Bucket Elevator BE - Barkhausen Emission

B/E - Bill of Exchange BED - Basic Engineering Document BEF - Base line Emission Factor BEI - Biological Exposure Indices BEJ - Best Engineering Judgement BEM - Boundary Element Method BEMS - Building Energy Management System BEP - Break Even Point BEP - Best Efficiency Point BEP - Best Environmental Practice BER - Bit Error Rate BEST - Bulk Equipment System and Technology BF - Blast Furnace BF - Belt Feeder BF - Bag Filter BF - Building Factors for cores BF - Bainitic Ferrite BFA - Brown Fused Alumina BFBC - Bubbling Fludized Bed Combustion BFC - Base facility Charge BFD - Block Flow Diagram BFES - Blast Furnace Expert System BFG - Blast Furnace Gas BFGB - Blast Furnace Gas fired Boiler BFGCI - Blast Furnace Granular Coal Injection BFI - Blast Furnace Iron BFIT - Balanced Firing and Injection Technologies BFMCR - Blast Furnace Main Control Room BFNNS - Blast Furnace Neural Network System

BFNS - Blast Furnace Neural System BFOC - Bayonett Fiber Optic Connector BFP - Boiler Feed Pump BFP - Back Flow Preventer BFR - Bottom Flow Rate BFR - Bankable Feasibility Report BFS - Bankable Feasibility study BFS - Blast Furnace Slag BFS - Blow Fill Seal BFSS - Blast Furnace Supervision System BFU - Bag Filter Unit BFV - Butter Fly Valve BFW - Boiler Feed Water BFWP - Boiler Feed Water Pump BG - Broad Gauge BG - Bank Guarantee BG - Blasting Gallery BGL - Below Ground Level BGP - Border Gateway Protocol BGT - Black Globe Temperature BH - Boiler House BH - Bake Hardening BH - Blower House BH - Blow Hole BH - Bore Holes BHF - Bogie Hearth Furnace BHF - Blank Holder Force BHJ - Banded Hematite Jasper BHN - Brinell Hardness Number

BHP (bhp) - Brake Horse Power BHQ - Banded Hematite Quartzite BHS - Burden Handling System BHS - Bridge High performance Steel BHSS - Blower House Stepdown Substation BI - Benzol Insoluble BI - Ball Indentation BI - Basicity Index BI - Basic Information BICL - Billet Inspection and Conditioning Line BID - Business Initiatives Direction BID - Background Information Document BIF - Banded Iron Formation BIF - Boilers and Industrial Furnaces BIL - Basic Impulse Insulation Level BIM - Batch Induction Melting BIMBO - Buy In Management Buy Out BIOS - Basic Input Output System BIP - Built In Purifier BIS - Blast furnace Inner reaction Simulator BIS - British Imperial System BIT - Ball Indentation Technique BIT - Built In Tests BIW - Body In White BIW - Business Information Warehouse BJT - Bipolar Junction Transistor BkW - Brake Kilo Watt BL - Bath Level BL - Battery Limit

BL - Brush Less (Motors) BL - Breaking Load B/L - Bill of Lading BLA - Basic Level Automation BLAC - Base Load Air Compressor BLDC - Brush Less Direct Current motors BLG - Black Liquor Gasification BLNC - Base Load Nitrogen Compressor BLOC - Base Load Oxygen Compressor BLR - Base Line Restorer BLR - Bolt Load Retention BLRIP - Below Low Rate Initial Production BLT - Bell Less Top BM - Ball Mill BM - Base Mix BM - Bench Marking BM - Branch Manual BM - Bustle Main BMC - Bulk Moulding Compound BMD - Bench Marking Dose BMF - Back Mounting Frame BMG - Bulk Metallic Glasses BMH - Bulk Material Handling BMP - Burner Management Panel BMS - Burner Management System BMS - Building Management System BMS - Bartles Mozely Separator BMS - Bulk Material System BMS - Biomimetic Minelarization Synthesis

BMT - Basic Motion Time BMY - Base Mix Yard BN - Base Number BN - Boron Nitride BNC - Booster Nitrogen Compressor BNR - Biological Nutrient Removal BNWF - Beam on Non linear Winkler Foundation BO - Beneficiable Ore BO - Beehive Ovens BO - Break Outs BO - Branch Office BO - Bridging Oxygen BOD - Biological Oxygen Demand BOD - Biological, Oxydizing and Dephenolisation BOD - Break Over Diode BOE - Barrels of Oil Equivalent BOE - Bill Of Entry BOF - Basic Oxygen Furnace BOFT - Bearing Oil Film Thickness BOI - Bought Out Items BOL - Built Own and Lease BOLT - Build Own Lease and Transfer BOM - Bill of Materials BOO - Build, Own and Operate BOOS - Burner Out Of Service BOOST - Build, Own, Operate, Share and Transfer BOOT - Build, Own, Operate and Transfer BOP - Break Out Prediction BOP - Benzo Pyrene

BOP - Basic Oxygen Process BOP - Balance Of Plant BOP - Basic Operator Panel BOP - Blow Out Preventer BOPF - Basic Oxygen Process Furnace BOQ - Bill of Quantities BOS - Basic Oxygen Steelmaking BOT - Build Operate and Transfer BP - Boiling Point BP - Best Practices BP - Blow Pipe BP - Barometric Pressure BP - By Products BP - Business Processes BP - Brick Plant BP - Bottom Poured BP - Bustle Pipe BP - Blast Pressure BP - Binder Pitch BP - Boiler Plate BP - Back Propagation BP - Bulb Plates BP - Battery Powered BP - By Pass BP Clause - Bonus Penalty Clause BPACT - Best Practicable Available Control Technology BPEP - Best Practice Energy Price BPF - Base Productivity Factor BPHE - Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger

BPL - Broad-band Power Line (Communications) BPM - Business Process Management BPO - Business Process Outsourcing BPR - Business Process Re-engineering BPR - Batch Production Report BPRO - By Product Recovery Oven BPS - Breakout Prediction System BPS - Breakout Prevention System BPS - Bits Per Seconds BPS - By Product Synergy BPSG - Boron Phosphorus Silicate Glass BPT - Back Pressure Turbine BPT - Border line Pumping Temperature BPT - Best Practical Technologies B&PV - Boiler & Pressure Vessel BPVC - Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code BQ - Boiler Quality BQWR - Bearing Quality Wire Rod BR - Balancing Reservoir BR - Burden Ratio BR - Backup Roll BR - Barrel Reclaimer BR - Butadiene Rubber BRC - Blender Reclaimer BRCU - Bell less Charging Unit BRI - Basic Rate Interface BRI - Burden Resistance Index BRM - Bar and Rod Mill BRRU - Benzol Recovery and Rectification Unit

BRRU - Benzol Refining and Rectification Unit BS - Base Station BS - British Standards BS - Buck Stays BS - Belt Scales BS - Bad Surface BS - Balance Sheet BSC - Boiler Steam and Co-generation BSE - Back Scattered Electron BSEP - Bolted Stiffened extended End Plate BSG - Bulk Specific Gravity BSM - Beach Sand Minerals BSO - Benzene Soluble Organics BSO - Branch Sale Office BSP - Black Steel Pipe BSP - British Standard Piping BSPT - British Standard Pipe Thread BSVM - Below Sealed Valve Manifolds BSY - Bloom Storage Yard BT - Billion Tons BT - Burner Tuning BT - Bus Tie BTC - Buttress Threaded and Coupled BTD - Bearing Temperature Detector BTEX - Benzene Toluene Ethylbenzene Xylene BTG - Boiler Turbo Generator BTL - Biomass To Liquid BTM - Bearing Temperature Monitor (In WRM) BTO - Build Transfer Operate

BTOC - Bio-degradable Total Organic Carbons BTP - Burn Through Point BTR - Brittle Temperature Range BTU - British Thermal Unit BTW - By The Way BTX - Benzene Toluene and Xylene BUEP - Bolted Unstiffened extended End Plate BUR - Back Up Roll BUS - Broadcast Unknown Server BV By- pass Valve BV - Bias Voltage BV - Ball Valve BVA - Butterfly Valve for Air BVG - Batterfly Valve for Gas BVMS - Blade Vibration Monitoring System BVT - Block Vibration Test BW - Butt welded BW - Belt weigher BW - Belt wrapper BW - Band Width B/W - Black and White BWD - Basic Work Data BWE - Butt Weld End BWF - Belt Weigh Feeder BWI - Ball mill Work Index BWR - Boiling Water Reactor BWRO - Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis BZ - Breathing Zone

Technical Acronyms - C
C - Centigrade C - Carbon C2G - Cradle To Gate CA - Corrective Action CA - Compressed Air CA - Cable Armouring CA - Current Account CA - Consignment Agent CA - Continuous Annealing CA - Calcium mono Aluminate CA - Cellulose Acetate CA - Certification Authority CA - Compensatory Afforestation CA - Commercial Availability CA - Colloidal Alumina CAA - Computer Aided Automation CAA - Clean Air Act CAA - Coarse Aggregate Angularity CAAA - Clean Air Act Amendment CAB - Combustion Air Blower CAC - Calcium Aluminate Cement CAC - Criteria Air Contaminants CACA - Closed Air circuit Air Cooled (motor) CACQ - Computer Aided Quality Control CACW - Closed Air circuit Water Cooled (motors) CAD - Computer Aided Design CAD - Command Area Development CAD - Cash Against Documents CADA - Computer Aided Design and Analysis CADB - Computerized Applications Data Bank CADCAF - Controlled Atmosphere Dynamic Corrosion Application Furnace CADD - Computer Aided Design and Drawing

INDEX

CAE - Computer Aided Engineering CAES - Compressed Air Energy Storage CAF - Cavitation Air Floatation CAF - Combustion Air Fan CAF - Compensatory Afforestation Fund CAF - Corporate Average Fuel Economy CAGR - Compounded Annual Growth Rate CAI - Computer Aided Instructions CAL - Continuous Annealing Line CAL PHAD - Calculation of Phase Design CAM - Computer Aided Manufacturing CAM - Compliance Assurance Monitoring CAMS - Consolidated Alarm Management System CAN - Calcium Ammonium Nitrate CAN - Computer Aided Nano design CAN - Controller Area Network CAP - Compressed Air Plant CAPA - Corrective and Preventive Action CAPDO - Computer Aided Planning and Design by Optimization CAPEX - Capital Expenditure CAPL - Continuous Annealing and Processing Line CAPM - Capital Asset Pricing Model CAQ - Cable Armour Quality CAQC - Computer Aided Quality Control CAR - Crack Area Ratio CAR - Custom Application Routine CAR - Civil Aviation Rules CARS - Convertible Alternative Reference Securities CARTA - Computer Aided Rolling Technology Application CAS - Compressed Air Station CAS - Calcium Aluminium Silicon (alloy) CAS - Chasis Alignment System CAS - Collaborative Automation System

CAS No. - Chemical Abstract Service Number CASIS - Computer Aided Surface Inspection System CAS-OB - Composition Adjustment by Sealed Argon Bubbling with Oxygen Blowing CASP - Cryogenic Air Separation Plant CASS test - Copper Accelerated Salt Spray Test CASTBP - Continuous Annealed Soft Tempered Black Plate CAV - Constant Air Volume CAV - Cumulative Absolute Velocity CB - Circuit Breaker CB - Coke Breeze CB - Combined Blowing CB - Crude Benzol CB - Cooling Bed CB - Coke Bucket CB - Char Bunker CB - Cold Blast CB - Cable Belt CB - Channel Beam CBA - Cost Benefit Analysis CBA - Component Based Automation CBC - Centre Buffer Coupler CBC - Carbon Bonded Ceramics CBD - Continuous Blow Down CBD - Communication Board DeviceNet CBD - Cash Before Delivery CBDM - Charing and Burden Distribution Model CBED - Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction CBF - Cloth Bag Filter CBF - Continuous Backwash Filter CBI - Composition Balance Index CBI - Cold Briquetted Iron CBM - Condition Based Monitoring CBM - Condition Based Maintenance

CBM - Coal Bed Methane CBM - Cold Box Module CBM - Consolidated Baseline Methodology CBM gas - Coal Bed Methane gas CBN Tools - Cubic Boron Nitride Tools CBP - Compact Beam Production CBP - Cold Bonded Pelletizing CBP - Coal Beneficiation Plant CBR - Constant Bit Rate CBR - California Bearing Ratio CBR - Conduct of Buisness Regulations CBR - Case Based Reasoning CBR - Chancefree Bulge Roll CBT - Central Board of Traffic meeting (Railways) CBT - Computer Based Training CBU - Completely Build Up CBW - Continuous Butt Welded pipe CC - Continuous Casting CC - Cubic Centimeter CC - Cash Credit CC - Cost Centre CC - Coking Coal CC - Control Chart CC - Coal Chemicals CC - Cost Control CC - Contact Cooler CC - Calcined Coke (Petroleum) CC - Core Component CC - Crawler Crane CC - Customer Complaint CC - Counter Current CC - Charging Car CC - Carrying Capacity

CC - Corporate Communications CC - Conventional Castables CC - Core Competency CC - Critical Characteristic CC - Carbon Copy CC - Coke Cutter CC - Cone Crusher CC - Combined Cycle CC - Construction Cost CC - Control Copy CC - Capital Cost CC - Cooling Coil CC - Central Controller CC - Climate Change CC - Constant Current CCA - Critical Control Assembly CCA - Chromium Copper Arsenate CCB - Copper Cooling Boxes CCB - Carbon Composite iron ore Briquettes CCC - Continuous Casting for Cladding CCC - Capacitor Commutated Converter CCCT - Critical Crevice Corrosion Temperature CCD - Continuous Casting Department CCD - Charge Coupled Device CCD - Counter Current Decantation CCD - Constant Current Diode CCD Camera - Charge Coupled Device Camera CCDR - Continuous Casting Direct Rolling CCE - Calcium Carbonate Equivalent CCE - Cost of Conserved Energy CCF - Cyclone Combustion Furnace CCF - Carbon Content Factor CCFL - Cold Cathode Fluorescence Lamp

CCG - Creep Crack Growth CCGT - Combined Cycle Gas Turbine CCHP - Combined Cooling Heating and Power CCL - Coil ( Colour) Coating Line CCM - Continuous Casting Machine CCM - Compact Cold Mill CCM - Caustic Calcined Magnesite CCP - Coal Chemical Plant CCP - Coal Combustion Potential (Products) CCP - Critical Control Point CCP - Change Control Process CCP - Continuous Casting Plant CCP - Cumulative Convertible Preference CCP - Cooling Coil Pump CCP - Commercial Chemical Product CCPP - Combined Cycle Power Plant CCR - Central Control Room CCR - Coal Control Room CCR - Counter Current Regeneration CCR - Critical Cooling Rate CCRD - Control Cable Reeling Drum CCS - Continuous Casting Shop CCS - Cold Crushing Strength CCS - Compact Cartridge Stand CCS - Carbon Construction Steel CCS - Cold Circular Saw CCS - Coal Charging Station CCS - Carbon Capture and Sequestration(Storage) CCS - CO2 Capture and Storage CCS - Central Control System CCSEM - Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy CCSU - Coil Cooling cum Storage Unit CCT - Continuous Cooling Transformation

CCT - Clean Coal Technology CCT - Controlled Cooling Technology CCT - Cyclic Corrosion Test CCT - Common Custom Tariff CCTV - Close Circuit Television CCU - Central Control Unit CCU - Compressors and Condensing Units CCU - Civil Construction Unit CCVM - Closed Circuit Video Monitoring CCW - Counter Clock Wise CCW - Condenser Cooling Water CCWT - Coking Coal Wagon Tippler CCZ alloy - Copper Chromium Zirconium alloy CD - Compact Disc CD - Cold Drawn CD - Critical Dimension CD - Chart Datum CD - Conceptual Design CD - Control Desk CD - Committee Draft CD - Custom Duty CD - Cooler Discharge CD - Carrier Detect CD - Cash Discount CD ROM - Compact Disc Read Only Memory CDA - Clean Dry Air CDC - Critical Diagonal Crack CDCF - Community Development Carbon Fund CDCM - Continuous Descaling and Cold rolling Mill CDCP - Coke Dry Cooling Plant CDCT - Coke Dry Cooling Technology CDD - Chrorinated Dibenzo p Dioxins CDF - Cyclic Duration Factors

CDF - Cumulative Distribution Function CDF - Crack Driving Force CDF - Chlorinated Dibenzo Furan CDI - Coal Dust Injection CDI - Capacitive De Ionization CDL - Coal Derived Liquid CDM - Clean Development Mechanism CDM - Coal based DRI Melter CDM - Continuum Damage Mechanism CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access CDP - Castodur Diamond Plate CDP - Cold Drawn Products CDPD - Cellular Digital Packet Data CDQ - Coke Dry Quenching CDQP - Coke Dry Quenching Plants CDR - Corporate Debt Restructuring CDR - Critical Design Review CDR - Conceptual Design Report CDRI - Cold Direct Reduced Iron CDRR - Carbon Direct Reduction Rate model CDS - Central Despatch Station CDS - Configuration Data Sheet CDS - Commodity Data Summary CDS - Continuous Deflective Separation CDV - Cell Delay Variation CDVC - Cable Dependent Voltage Control CDW - Chilled Drinking Water CE - Carbon Equivalent CE - Carbon Emissions CE - Combustion Efficiency CE - Consulting Engineers CE - Carbon Efficiency CE - Capital Employed

CE - Chemical Etching CE - Collecting Electrode CE - Control Efficiency CE - Carbon Electrode CEC - Crop End Control CEC - Capillary Electro Chromatography CEC - Concise Euro Codes CEIP - Continuous Energy Improvement Program CEM - Continuous Emission Monitoring CEM - Communication Expansion Module Cemf - Counter Electo Motive Force CEMP - Comprehensive Emergency Management Programme CEMS - Continuous Emission Monitoring System CEN - Comite European De Normalisation (Standardization) CENVAT - Central Value Added Tax CEP - Condensate Extraction Pump CER - Certified Emission Reduction CER - Cell Error Rate CESE - Civil Engineering Support Equipment CET - Columnar to Equiaxed Transition CET - Coke End Temperature CET - Corrected Effective Temperature CET - Common External Tariff CETCO - Coke End Temperature Control CETOP - Comite Europeon Des Transmissions Oleo hydrauliques CETP - Common Effluent Treatment Plant CEV - Carbon Equivalent Value CF - Compact Flash CF - Cold Forged CF - Centrifugal Flow CF - Cold Forming CF - Cross Flow filteration CF - Corrosion Fatigue

CF - Calcium mono Ferrite CF - Classifier Fines CF - Coke Fines CF - Compaction Factor CF - Carbon Fibre CF - Correction Factor C&F - Cost and Freight C&F - Clearing and Forwarding C/F - Carry Forward CFA - Classified Fly Ash CFA - Cement Free Alumina CFB - Circulating Fluidized Bed CFBC - Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion CFBR - Circulating Fluidized Bed Reactor CFC - Chloro Fluoro Carbons CFC - Coil Forming Chamber CFC - Continuous Function Chart CFCC - Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composites CFD - Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD - Creep Fatigue Damage CFE - Consent For Establishment CFF - Ceramic Foam Filter CFI - Coke Fines Index CFI - Cost Freight and Insurance CFL - Compact Fluorescent Lamps CFL - Coke Free Layers CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute CFM - Continuous Flow Manufacturing CFOS - Central Fuel Oil Stores CFR - Cost and Freight CFR - Carbon Fiber Reinforcement CFRM - Coupled Flow Refractory Model CFRP - Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer

CFS - Combination Fuse Switch CFS Cold Formed Steel CFS - Composite Face Seal CFS - Current Feeder System CFS - Container Freight Station CFT - Concrete Filled steel Tube column CFT - Crystal Filter Technology Cg - Centre of Gravity CG - Charging Grid CG - Coarse Grain CG - Cooling Gas CG - Capital Goods CGA - Colour Graphics Adapter CGG - Contact Ground Gear CGI - Common Gateway Interface CGI Corrugated Galvanized Iron CGI - Combustible Gas Indicator CGL - Continuous Galvanizing Line CGO - Conventional Grain Oriented CGP - Central Granulation Plant CGP - Coal Gasification Process CGS - Corrugated Galvanized Sheet CGS - Centimeter Gram Seconds CGT - Coal Gasification Technology CGT Car - Charging Gas Transfer Car CH - Compressor House CH - Case Hardening CH - Cast House CH - Constant Head CHAP - Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol CHC - Critical Hydrogen Concentration CHES - Cast House Exhaust Station CHFE - Cast House Fume Extraction

CHHR - Continuous Head Hardening Rails CHP - Coal Handling Plant CHP - Combined Heat and Power CHPP - Coal Handling and Preparation Plant CHQ - Cold Heading Quality CHS - Coal Handling System CHS - Clathrate Hydrate Slurry CHS - Chemical Heating Station CHS - Circular Hollow Section CHS - Cylinder Head Sector CHSGS - Cast House Slag Granulation System CHSM - Compact Hot Strip Mill CHT - Continuous Heating Transformation CHTR - Compact High Temperature Reactor CHU - Charging Unit CHWP - Chilled Water Plant CHWTSDF - Common Hazardous Waste Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities CHZ - Calcium Hydroxy Zincate CI - Cast Iron CI - Coking Index CI - Caking Index CI - Corrosion Inhibitor CI - Continuous Improvement CI - Cone Index C&I - Control and Instrumentation CIA - Chemical Index of Alteration CIA - Cash In Advance CID - Charge Injection Device CIDR - Classless Inter Domain Routing CIF - Cost Insurance and Freight CIG Process - Coal Iron Gasification Process CIL - Carbon In Leach process CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacturing

CIMS - Crane Information & Management System CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To CIP - Control and Information Protocol CIP - Converter Inert gas Purging system CIP - Cold Isostatic Press CIP - Clean In Place CIP - Cast Iron Pipe CIR - Current Industrial Reports CIR - Configuration In Run CIS - Completely Integrated Solutions CISP - Cast Iron Spun Pipe CISP - Cast Iron Soil Pipe CISS - Coal In a Sustainable Society C&IT - Computer and Information Technologies CITE - Continuous Improvement To Environment CIU - Central Iron Unit CIU - Chemical Induction Unit CIV - Carona Inception Voltage CJB - Central Junction Box CJP - Complete Joint Penetration CJPG - Complete Joint Penetration Groove CKD - Completely Knocked Down CL - Centre Line CL - Concentrated Load CL - Cooling Load CL - Crane Load CL - Control Limit CL - Canti Lever CL - Cathodoluminescence CL - Cementite Length CL - Controllable Loads CLA - Constant Load Amplitude CLA - Centre Line Averages

C&LA - Carbon and Low Alloy steels CLC - Close Loop Control CLC - Char Liquid Coke (process) CLC - Concentrated Load Capacity CLC - Continuous on Line Control CLDC - Centre Load Despatch Centre CLE - Co-efficient of Linear Expansion CLI - Caller Line Identification CLI - Command Line Interface CLID - Caller Line Identification CLM - Cathodoluminescence Microscopy CLPS - Cable Load Prediction System CLO - Caliberated Lump Ore CLR - Cell Loss Ratio CLS - Clean Shot CLS - Close Lamellae with Shear bend CLTE - Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion CLU - Creusot Loire Uddeholm process CLUT - Colour Look Up Table CM - Construction Management CM - Composite Materials CM - Carbon Manganese steels CM - Cash Management CM - Continuous Miners CM - Common Mode CM - Cement Mortar CM - Centre of Mass CMA - Calcium Magnesium Acetate CMA - Customer Misuse Avoidance CMAS - Calcia Magnesia Alumina and Silica CMB - Central Monitoring Basin CMC - Central Machine Complex CMC - Coal Moisture Control

CMC - Ceramic Matrix Composites CMC - Conditional Moment Closure CMCS - Continuous Melting Control System CME - Cyclone Mist Eliminator CMF - Continuous Micro Filteration CMIP - Common Management Information Protocol CMIS - Common Management Information Service CMM - Capability Maturity Model CMM - Coordinate Measuring Machine CMM - Coal Mine Methane CMM - Collaborative Manufacturing Management CMMI - Capability Maturity Model Integration CMMS - Computerized Maintenance Management System CMOR - Cold Modulus Of Rupture CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor CMP - Crisis Management Plan CMP - Chemical Mechanical Polishing ( Planarization ) CMR - Collosal Magneto Resistance CMR - Carcinogenic Mutagenic or toxic to Reproduction CMR - Common Mode Rejection CMR - Cell Misinsertion Rate CMRR - Common Mode Rejection Ratio CMS - Condition Monitoring System CMS - Cast Manganese Steel CMS - Cash Management System CMS - Calcia Magnesia Silica CMS - Clearence Measurement System CMS - Crane Maintenance System CMSI - Coke Mosaic Size Index CMTR - Certified Material Test Report CMVR - Central Motor Vehicles Rules C/N - Credit Note CN - Cyanide

CN - Collector Nozzle CN - Climatic Normals CN - Controllable Nozzle CN - Cetane Number CN - Chevron Notch CNC - Computer Numerical Control CNCC - Credit Note Cum Cheque CNG - Compressed Natural Gas CNP - Controlled Negative Pressure CNT - Carbon Nano Tube CO - Coke Ovens CO - Carbon Mono Oxide CO - Change Order CO - Conveyor CO - Central Office CO - Contracting Officer CO - Clean Out CO - Carry Over COA - Certificate Of Analysis COA - Crack Opening Area COB - Coke Oven Battery COB - Chrome Ore Beneficiation COB - Chromite Over Burden COB - Chance Of Bettering COBOL - Common Business Oriented Language COBP - Coke Oven and By Product COBP - Chrome Ore Beneficiation Plant COC - Cost Of Conformance COC - Cycle Of Concentration COC - Coefficient Of Conformance CoCo - Comparable Companies COCO - Company Owned Company Operated COD - Chemical Oxygen Demand

COD - Crack Opening Displacement COD - Coefficient Of Determinations COD - Cash On Delivery COE - Cube On Edge COE - Co-efficient Of Expansion COE - Centre Of Excellence COF - Carbon Oxidation Factor COG - Coke Oven Gas COGBS - Coke Oven Gas Boosting Station COGS - Cost Of Goods Sold COI - Change Order Instruction COIN - Coal Oxygen Injection Process COINDS - Comprehensive Industry Document Series COL - Certificate Of License COL - Certificate Of Loading COM - Coal Organic Matter COM - Computer Output on Microfilm CONARC - Converter Arc Furnace CONC - Cost Of Non Conformance CONROLL - Continuous Casting and Rolling CONTIFUR - Continuous Induction Furnace COO - Certificate Of Origin COP - Code Of Practice COP - Co-efficient Of Performance COP - (International) Communities Of Practice COP - Critical Operating Parameter COP - Customer Order Processing COP - Communication On Progress COPQ - Cost Of Poor Quality COPS - Cabin Operator Protective Structure COQ - Cost Of Quality COR - Change Order Request COR - Cross Over Roll

CORAL - Computer On line Real time Application Language COREX - Coal Reduction Process COS - Carbonyl Sulphide COS - Central Operating System COS - Cash On Shipment COSY - Covered/Open Scrap Yard COTS - Commercial Off The Shelf COV - Coefficient Of Variations CP - Centi Poise CP - Coke Plant CP - Commercially Pure CP - Contract Price CP - Cleaner Production CP - Chemically Passivated CP - Cathodic Protection CP - Centrifugal Pump CP - Control Pulpit CP - Casting Powder CP - Convector Plate CP - Cooling Pond CP - Collapse Prevention CP - Complex Phase steel CP - Coiled Plate CP - Calcining Plant CP - Creeping Panel CP - Code Of Practice CP - Chemical Precipitation CP - Circular Pitch CP - Certificate Policy CP - Conditional Probability CP - Condensate Pump CP - Communication Processor CP - Carbon Potential

CP - Control of Pollution CP - Commercial Paper CPA - Critical Path Analysis CPAS - Collaborative Process Automation System CPC - Central Position Control CPC - Calcined Petroleum Coke CPC - Circuit Protective Conductors CPC - Continuous Poured Clad CPCC - Cement Polymer Composite Coating CPD - Condensate Pump Discharge CPE - Cross-roll Piercing and Elongating CPFT - Cumulative Per cent Finer Than CPG - Consumer Packaged Goods CPH - Condensate Pump House CPI - Consumer Price Index CPI - Continuous Process Improvement CPI - Cold Pig Iron CPI - Chemical Process Industry CPI - Cost Performance Index CPIOCR - Clean Power from Integrated Coal/Ore reduction CPk - Process Capability Index CPL - Continuous Pickling Line CPL - Coil Packaging Line CPL - Coil Preparation Line CPL - Coil Paint Line CPLT - Cyclic Plate Load Test CPLY - Corresponding Period Last Year cpm Cycles per minute CPM - Critical Path Method CPM - Condensible Particulate Matter CPM - Computer supported Pipeline Management CPM - Collaborative Production Management CPMS - Coke Process Management System

CPP - Coal Preparation Plant CPP - Captive Power Plant CPP - Core Process Plant CPP - Clear Plate Preserve CPP - Critical Path Planning CPQ - Customer Perceived Quality CPR - Concrete Pavement Restoration CPR - Composite Pre Reduced CPR - Cost Performance Report CPRS - Construction Power Receiving Station CPS - Coil Preparation Station CPS - Certificate Practice Statement CPS - Continuous Precipitation System CPS - Critical Product Specification CPS - Cycle Per Second CPSS - Construction Power Stepdown Substation CPT - Carriage Paid To CPT - Cone Penetrometer ( Penetration ) Test CPT - Critical Pitting Temperature CPU - Central Processing Unit CPU - Condensate Polishing Unit CPU - Central Power Utility CPV - Customer Perceived Value CQ - Commercial Quality CQC - Complete Quadratic Combination CQI - Continuous Quality Improvement CR - Cold Rolling CR - Cast Rolls CR - Capital Repair CR - Control Room CR - Cold Repair CR - Crane Rail CR - Cooling Rate

CR - Concentration Ratio CR - Coke Rate CR - Counter Rotation CR - Chloroprene Rubber CR - Control Relay CR - Centre of Rigidity CR - Credit Rating CRAP - Cold Rolled Annealed and Pickled CRC - Cold Rolled Coil CRC - Cyclical Redundancy Check CRC - Casting Rolling Complex CRCA - Cold Rolled Close Anneal CRCP - Continuous Reinforcement Concrete Pavement CRD - Cable Reeling Drum CRDR - Customer Roll Defect Report CRE - Carbon Removal EfficiencyS CRE - Commercial Refrigeration Equipment CREM - Casting Refining Electro Magnetic process CREP - Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection CRFH - Cold Rolled Full Hard CRGO - Cold Rolled Grain Oriented CRH - Critical Relative Humidity CRI - Coke Reactivity Index CRI - Corrosion Resistance Index CRISP - Continuous ( Compact ) Reduced Iron Steelmaking Process CRK - Crack CRL - Crane Rail Level CRL - Certificate Revocation List CRLA - Corrosion Resistence Low Alloy CRM - Cold Rolling Mills CRM - Customer Relationship Management CRM - Cable Routine Module CRM - Certified Reference Material

CRMC - Cold Rolling Mills Complex CRML Electrical ' Steel - Cold Rolled Motor Laminated Electrical Steel

CRMP - Calcining and Refractory Material Plant CRMT Lab - Central Raw Material Testing Laboratory CRNO - Cold Rolled Non grain Oriented CRP - Carbon fibre Reinforced Plastic CRP - Compact Rail Production CRP - Control and Relay Panel CRP - Cold Rolled Products CRP - Condensate Return Pump CRS - Corrosion Resistant Steel CRS - Cold Rolled Sheet CRS - Customer Requirement Specification CRS - Compact Roller Straightener CRSS - Cold Rolled Stainless Steel CRT - Cathode Ray Tube CRT - Character Recognition Terminal CRT - Clean and Re-Touch CRT - Converted Regular Temporary CRU - Cryogenic Recovery Unit CRZ - Coastal Regulation Zone (Rules) CS - Charge Sinter CS - Cast Steel CS - Crude Steel CS - Cyclone Separator CS - Co-efficient of Separation CS - Customer Satisfaction CS - Core Sampler CS - Commercial Steel CS - Compressive Strength CS - Ceramic Shell (Process) CS - Combustion System CS - Cooling Staves

CS - Construction Schedule CS - Centrifugal Sedimentation CS - Cementite Spacing CS - Control Switch CS - Centre of Stiffness CS - Colloidal Silica C&S - Codes and Standards C/S - Coke Side CSA - Carbon Sulphur Analyser CSA - Cross Sectional Area CSA - Consignment Sales Agent CSA - Chemical Safety Assesment CSAM - Control System Actuation Mechanism CSAR - Compressive Strength After Reduction CSB - Customer Satisfaction Barometer CSC - Conventional Slab Casting CSC - Computer Software Component CSCC - Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking CSD - Central Switched Data CSD - Control and Safety Devices CSDRS - Certified Seismic Design Response Spectra CSDS - Collaborative Standards Development System CSE - Counting Statistical Error CSF - Critical Success Factor CSFA - Crack Slit Flow Analysis CSG - Channel Straightening Guide CSH - Calcium Silicate Hydrate CSI - Customer Satisfaction Index CSI - Chemical Segregation Index CSI - Common Sense Initiative CSI - Capital Sum Insured CSK - Counter Sunk (Bolt) CSLM - Confocal Scanning Laser Microscope

CSM - Content Switching Module CSM - Carbon Steel Materials CSM - Corporate Sustainability Management CSMA/CD - Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection CSN - Crucible Swelling Number CSO - Combined Sewer Overflow CSP - Coal Sizing Plant CSP - Coke Sorting Plant CSP - Compact Strip Production CSP - Crushing and Screening Plant CSP - Chloro Sulphorated Polyethylene CSP - Concentrating Solar Power rules 1988 CSP - Crude Steel Production CSQ - Coke Stabilizing Quenching CSQ - Crank Shaft Quality CSR - Clear Standing Room CSR - Coke Strength after Reaction CSR - Crack Sensivity Ratio CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility CSR - Cross Shear Rolling CSR - Controlled Shunt Reactor CSR - Certificate Signature Request CSR - Critical Stress Ratio CSS - Centrifugal Spray Scrubber CST - Central Sale Tax CST - Centi Stokes CST - Controlled Start Transmission CSTR - Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor CSU - Continuous Ship Unloader CSU - Chennel Service Unit CSV - Comma Separated Value CSW - Crushing Screening Washing CSWS - Computer Supported Work System

CSY - Covered Scrap Yard CT - Cable Termination CT - Calandria Tube CT - Coal Tower CT - Current Transformer CT - Cooling Tower CT - Cross Travel CT - Coiling Temperature CT - Crude Tar CT - Coal Tar CT - Coking Time CT - Curing Time CT - Cable Tunnel CT - Cable Trench CT - Constant Torque CT - Computed Tomography CT - Constant Temperature CT - Control Tower CTA - Cellulose Tri Acetate CTBD - Cooling Tower Blow Down CTC - Coke Transfer Car CTC - Carbon Tetra Chloride CTC - Cement Tank Carrier CTC - Central Traffic Control CTC - Centralized Traffic Control CTD - Cold Twisted Deformed rebars CTD - Collection Treatment and Disposal CTD - Cell Transfer Delay CTE - Coal Tar Epoxy CTE - Co-efficient of Thermal Expansion CTF - Coal Tar Fuel CTG - Coal To Gas CTH - Custom Tariff Head

CTI - Computer Telephony Interface CTI - Comparative Tracking Index CTL - Cut To Length line CTL - Coal To Liquid CTMP - Controlled Thermo Mechanical Processing CTO - Coal To Olefin CTOD - Crack Tip Opening Displacement CTP - Cone Type Piercer CTP - Coal Tar Pitch CTP - Capable To Promise CTPV - Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles CTQ - Critical To Quality CTR - Crack Thickness Ratio CTR - Cooling Tower Return CTR - Current Transformer Ratio CTS - Carbon Tool Steel CTS - Circular Trimming Shear CTS - Cast To Shape CTS - Coal To Syn gas CTS - Clear to Send CTS Continuity Test Set CTS - Cross Tension Strength CTS - Cooling Tower Supply CTS - Copper Tube Size CTSDF - Common Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities CTTS - Coil Tracking and Transport System CTU - Central Tramission Utility CU - Condensate Unit CU - Control Unit CUF - Capacity Utilization Factor Cu ft - Cubic feet CUG - Closed User Groups CUI - Corrosion Under Insulation

Cum - Cubic meter CV - Calorific Value CV - Coking Value CV - Cost Variance CV - Crack Velocity CV - Control Volume CV - Control Valve CV - Constant Voltage CVC - Continuous Variable Crown CVCF - Constant Voltage Constant Frequency CVD - Counter Vailing Duty CVD - Chemical Vapour Deposition CVDT - Cell Variation Delay Tolerance CVGL - Continuous Vertical Galvanizing Line CVIM - Configurable Vision Input Model CVJ - Constant Velocity Joint CVL - Civil CVM - Customer Value Management CVM - Contact Voltage Modeler CVM - Contigent Value Method CVN - Charpy V Notch CVNB - Chevron Notched Bend bar CVP - Cost Volume Profit CVT - Control Vertical Temperature CVT - Contonuously Variable Transmission CVT - Capacitor Voltage Transformer CW - Cold Worked CW - Coal Washery CW - Circulating Water CW - Chilled Water CW - Cold Well CW - Cooling Water CW - Continuous Wave

CW - Calcio Wustite CW - Clock Wise CW - Cold Water CW - Continuous Weld CWC - Central Weighing Computer CWCF - Condenser Water Chemical Feed CWDM - Coarse Wave Division Mutiplexing CWE - Cold Worked Embrittlement CWI - Central Working Index CWI - Civil Work Identification CWI - Crushing Work Index CWIP - Capital Work In Progress CWIR - Cold Water Immersion Rinse CWM - Coal Water Mixture CWO - Cash With Order CWP - Chilled Water Plant CWP - Condenser Water Pump CWP - Cold Working Pressure CWQ - Coke Wet Quenching CWQC - Company Wide Quality Control CWR - Continuous Welded Rail CWR - Coal Watery Refuse CWR - Condenser Water Return CWS - Condenser Water Supply CWSR - Cold Water Spray Rinse CWT - Ceramic Welding Technique CWT - Cooling Water Treatment CWT - Cold Water Temperature CWT - Changing World Technologies CWTC - Cooling Water Treatment Chemicals CWTP - Chemical Water Treatment Plant CWTP - Cooling Water Treatment Plant CY - Calender Year

CY Charge Yield CZ - Cohesive Zone CZMP - Coastal Zone Management Plan CZR - Centre Zone Refining

Technical Acronyms - D
d - Day DA - Dissolved Acetylene DA - Despatch Advice DA - Double Absorption DA - De Alkalisation DA - De Aerator DA - Dual Action DA - Dilution Air DAC - Derived Air Concentration DAC - Distance Amplitude Correction DACS - Data Acquisition and Control System DAD - Damage Avoidance Design DADS - Data Acquisition and Display System DAE - Dry Air Equivalent daf - Dry, ash free DAF - Deliver to Frontier DAF - Dissolved Air Floation DAF - Dilution Air Fan DAF - Dry Ash Free DAO - Data Access Object DAP - Di-ammonium Phosphate DAP - Duct Access Panel

INDEX

DAPPER - Distribution Analysis of Power Planning Evaluation and Reporting DAPS - Dry cleaned and Agglomerated Pre compaction System DAS - Data Acquisition System DAS - Dendrite Arm Spacing DAS - Data Access Specification DAT - Distance Amplitude Technique DATT - Direct Attention Thinking Tool dB - Decibel DB - Dead Burnt DB - Die Block

DB - Dry Bulb DB - Dummy Bar DB - Design Build DB - Design Basis DB - Day Bin DB - Dynamic Braking DB - Deburring DB - Data Base DBA - Drive Basic Automation DBA - Design Basis Accidents DBB - Double Bar Ball DBC - Discover and Basic Configuration DBD - Dead Burnt Dolomite DBD - Dielectric Barrier Discharge DBE - Design Basis Earthquake DBE - Distance Between Electrodes DBFO - Design Built Finance and Operate DBI - Dual Bridge Inverters DBM - Dead Burnt Magnesite DBM - Design Build Maintain DBM - Dense graded Bituminous Macadam DBM - Design Basis Memorandum DBMS - Data Base Management System DBR - Design Basis Report DBO - Design Build Operate DBO - De-Benzolised Oil DBT - Dry Bulb Temperature DBTT - Ductile to Brittle Transition Temperature DBU - Dynamic Braking Unit DC - Direct Current DC - Down Coiler DC - Distribution Cabinet DC - Direct Chill (Casting)

DC - Dust Catcher DC - Damage Control DC - Desulphurising Compound DC - Delivery Challan DC - Direct Cooled steels DC - Design Certification DC - Delivery Challan DCC - Dry Coking Coal DCC - Dry Coal Charge DCC - Despatch Clearance Certificate DCC - Drive Control Chart DC-CCP - Direct Chill Continuous Casting Process DCD - Data Carrier Detect DCD - Design Control Document DCDB - Direct Current Distribution Board DCDP - Direct Current Distribution Panel DCDT - Direct Current Differential Transformer DCE - Data Circuit terminating Equipment DCE - Data Communicating Equipment DCEM - Direct Current Electro Magnetic DCEN - Direct Current Electrode Negative DCEP - Direct Current Electrode Positive DCF - Discounted Cash Flow DCG - Digital Colour Graphics DCI - Deadman Cleanliness Index DCI - Duct Covering Insulation DCL - Double Cross Limit DCL - Direct Coal Liquidification DCM - Dry Circuit Materials DCM - Double Cross limit Method DCMC - Dry Cyclone Multi Cell DCP - Dry Chemical Powder DCP - Dynamic Cone Penetrometer

DCP - Dolomite Calcining Plant DCP - Discovery Configuration Protocol DCPD - Direct Current Potential Drop DCR - Double Cold Reduction DCS - Distributed Control System DCS - Dynamic Compensation System DCS - Dolomite Charging Station DCS - Desulphurizing Compound Silos DCS - Decision Support System DCSC - Dry Cyclone Single Cell DCSL - Dual Chamber Single Layered DCSP - Direct Current Straight Polarity DCU - Drive Control Unit DCV - Directional Control Valve DCW - Direct Cooling Water DCZM - Discrete Cohesive Zone Model DD - Deep Drawing DD - Design Drawings DD - Detail Design DD - Delta Delta Connection DD - Device Description DD - Drum Displacer DD - Double Density DDC - Direct Digital Control DDC - Dynamic Disturbance Compensation DDC - Down Draught Calciner DDCMP - Digital Data Communication Message Protocol DDD - Down Draught Drying zone DDE - Dynamic Data Exchange DDI - Distilled De-ionized water DDL - Device Description Language DDL - Data Definition Language DDL - Dynamic Data Link

DDLM - Dynamic Data Link Mapper DDP - Delivered Duty Paid ddpm - Dial Division Per Minute DDQ - Deep Drawing Quality DDR - Detailed Design Review DDR - Double Data Rate DDS - Double Deck Screen DDS - Down Draft Sintering DDS - Deep Drawing Steel DDS - Digital Data Service DDSH - Double Deck Screen Hopper DDT - Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane DDT - Deflagration to Detonation Transition DDU - Delivered Duty Unpaid DDVS - Double Deck Vibrating Screen DE - Dust Extraction DE - Design Engineering DE - Detail Engineering DE - Door Extractor DE - Drive End DE - Differential Evaluation DE - Distributed Energy DE ratio - Debt Equity ratio DEA - Detailed Expert Analysis DEC - Direct Evacuation Control DEC - Decimal Effective Carbon (in coke) DEC - Decarburization DEER - Distributed Energy and Electric Reliability Deg - Degree DEHS - Di Ethyl Hexyl Sebacat DEM - Distinct (Discreet) Element Method ( Modeling ) DEP - Dephosphorization DEPB - Duty Entitlement Pass Book

DEQ - Delivered Ex Quay DER - Debt Equity Ratio DERV - Diesel Engine Road Vehicles DES - Desulphurisation DES - Delivered Ex Ship DES - Dust Extraction System DES - Direct Evacuation System DES - Data Encryption Standard DESi - Desiliconization DET - Divorced Eutectoid Transformation DF - Dry Fogging DF - Door Frame DF - Disc Feeder DF - Dilution Factor DF - Damage Factor DF - Duty Factor DFA - Data Flow Analysis DFA - Drawing For Approval DFA - Draft For Approval DFA - Design For Assembly DFA - Discriminant Function Analysis DFC - Dedicated Freight Corridor DFD - Data Flow Design DFE - Diode Front End DFF - Dry Fibre Filter DFI - Direct Flame Impingement DFIA - Duty Free Import Authorisation scheme DFM - Dust Fume and Mist DFM - Design For Manfacturability DFR - Detailed Feasibility Report DFR - Design For Reliability DFR - Decreasing Failure Rate DFR - Design For Reuse

DFR - Draft Final report DFR - Disk File Reader DFR - Distributed Flow Routing DFR - Digital Fault Recorder DFR - Double Frequency Recorder DFS - Definitive Feasibility Study DFSS - Design For Six Sigma DFSU - Design For Start up DFT - Dynamic Fracture Toughness DFT - Discreet Fourier Transform DFT - Dry Film Thickness DG - Diesel Generator DG - Double Girder DG - Distributed Generation DG - Dual Gap DG - Dangerous Goods DGA - Dissolved Gas Analysis DGC - Digital Graphics Control DGPS - Differential Global Positioning System DGT - Diffusive Gradient in Thin films DH - Data Highway DH - Distribution Hopper DH - Duct Heater DH Degasser - Dortmund Hoerder Degasser DHC - Delayed Hydride Cracking DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCR - Direct Hot Charge Rolling DHS - Downflow Hanging Sponge reactor DHT - Diesel Hydro Treater DHTT - Double Hot Thermocouple Technique DI - Digital Input DI - Ductile Iron DI - Drum Index

DI - Drawn and Ironed (Cans) DI - De-polymerization Index DID - Direct Inward Dialling DID - Discharge Ionization Detector DIFR - Disabling Injury Frequency Rate DIFT - Deformation Induced Ferrite Transformation DIM - Deformation Induced Martensite DIN - Deutsche Industrie Norm DIOS - Direct Iron Ore Smelting DIP - Digital Image Processing DIP - Ductile Iron Pipe DIP Process - Dumkerque (Deep) Injection Process (Profonde) DIPAS - Diagnostic and Parametering System DIS - Draft International Standard DISA - Direct Inward Station Access DISP - Ductile Iron Spun Pipe DISS - Diameter Index Safety System DIW - De Ionized Water DJSI - Dow Jones Sustainability Index DL - Dead Load DL - Design Load DL - Detection Limit DL - Design Limit DL - Deep Lanced DLDB - DC Lighting Distribution Board DLC - Documentation Letter Credit DLCM - Digital Library of Ceramic Microstructure DLE - Data Link Escape DLG - Digital Line Graph DLL - Dynamic Linked Library DLL - data Link Layer DLP - Defect Liability Period DLP - Direct Lead Patenting

DLPI - Data Link Protocol Interface DLS - Digital Level Sensor DLT - Digital Linear Tape DLTU - Dry Long Ton Unit DM - De-Mineralized DM - Department Manual DM - Digital Measurement DM - Disaster Management DM - Dust and Mist DM - Dot Matrix DMA - Digital Metals Automatic DMA - Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer DMA - Direct Memory Access DMAIC - Define Measure Analyse, Improve, Control DMC - Design Mix Concrete DMC - Direct Mud Circulation DMC - Dense Medium Cyclone DMC - Dynamic Matrix Control DMDA - Demineralized De-Aeration DME - Di Methyl Ether DMF - Dual Media Filter DMFC - Direct Methanol Fuel Cell DMG - Di Methyl Glycol DMIS - Disaster Management Information System dmmf - Dry, mineral matter free DMMU - De-Mineralized Make Up (Water) DMP - Dot Matrix Printer DMR - Dual Modular Redundancy DMS - Discontinuous Multi Stage DMS - Dense Medium Separation DMS - Dutch State Mine (Cyclone) DMS - Distribution Management System DMS - Direct Measuring System

DMSP - Distribution Mail System Protocol DMT - Dry Metric Tons DMTU - Dry Metric Ton Unit DMU - Disaster Management Unit DMW - Disimilar Metal Welds DMW - De-Mineralized Water DN - Nominal Diameter DN - Distinguished Name DNA - Designated National Authority DNAD - Dynamic Neywork Application Development DNC - Direct (Distributed) Numerical Control (System) DND - Do Not Disturb DNO - Drained Naphthalene Oil DNP - De Nitrification Plant DNS - Direct Numerical Simulation DNS - Domain Name Server (System) DNW - Distribution Net work DO - Digital Output DO - Dissolved Oxygen DO - Delivery Order DO - Dangerous Occurances DOB - Drop Out Box DOC - Dissolved Organic Carbons (Chemicals) DOC - Dilute Oxygen Combustion DOCT - Digital Optical Current Transformer DOE - Designated Operational Entities DOE - Design Of Experiment DOF - Depth Of Focus DOF - Degrees Of Freedom DOL - Direct On Line DOM - Degree Of Metallisation DOP - De-Oiling Poly electrolyte DOP - Delegation Of Power

DOS - Degree Of Sensitisation DOS - Disk Operating System DOSA - Direct Outward Station Access DOW - Deep Ocean Water DP - Dual Phase DP - Double Pole DP - Dosing Pump DP - Depository Participant DP - Dew Point DP - Differential Pressure DP - Displaced Persons DP - Double Pour DP - Drop Point DP - Discontinuous Precipitation DP - Design Pressure DP - Dynamic Programming DP - Diametral Pitch DP - Demand Planning DP - Data Processing DP - Demonstration Project dpa - Displacement Per Atom DPB - Discounted Pay Back DPC - Damp Proof Course DPC - Di Phenyl Carbazide DPDS - Double Pressed and Double Sintered DPDT - Double Pole Double Throw DPE - Dye Penetrant Examination DPF - Diesel Particulate Filter DPIV - Digital Particle Image Velocimetry DPLA - Dual Phase Low Alloy DPM - Discreet Phase Modelling DPM - Direct Part Marking DPM - Diesel Particulate Matter

DPMCB - Double Pole Miniature Circuit Breaker DPN - Diamond Pyramid Number DPP - Differential Pulse Polarographic test DPR - Detailed Project Report DPRAM - Dual Port Random Access Memory DPS - Disciplined Problem Solving DPS - Dividend Per Share DPS - Differential Pressure Sensor DPS - Direct Pipeline Supply DPS - Distributed Power System DPSM - Distributed Point Source Method DPSSC - Deterministic Process State Space Control DPST - Double Pole Single Throw DPT - Differential Pressure Transimitter DPT - Dye Penetrant Test DPT - Dynamic Pile Testing DPT - Dew Point Temperature DPTS - Dust Pneumatic Transport System DPU - Distributed Process Unit DQ - Drawing Quality DQ - Direct Quenching DQ - Dry Quenching DQ - Design Qualification DQDB - Distributed Queue Dual Bus DQI - Dry Quenching Installations DQS - Direct Quenching System DQS - Drawing Quality Sheet DR - Direct Reduction DR - Damage Ratio DR - Double Reduced DR - Drive Rolls DR - Dimension Ratio D&R - Dismantling and Relocation

DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory DRB - Design Requirement Baseline DRC - Double Roll Crusher DRC - Digital Reference Control DRC - Desulphurization Reagent Control system DRD - Draw Re- Draw DRE - Deferred Revenue Expenditure DRE - Destruction and Removal Efficiency DREF - Direct Reduction Electric Furnace DRI - Direct Reduced Iron DRIFT - Directly Re Inforced Fiber Technology DRL - Double Random Lengths DRP - De Reservation Proposal DRP - Direct Reduction Plant DRS - Dust Recycling System DRS - Desirable Route to Steel DRW - Dynamic Radial Wedge belt press DRX - Dynamic Recrystallisation ds - Days after Sight DS - Directional Solidification DS - Dust Supression DS - Disintegrator Scrubber DS - Direct Smelting DS - Desulphurisation DS - Domestic Sales DS - Drive Side DS - Directly Solidified DS - Detail Scheduling DS - Drawing Steel DS - Dry Solids DS - Disturbed Sample D&S - Drainage and Sewrage DSA - Degree of Self Accomodation

DSA - Dynamic Strain Ageing DSAW - Double Submerged Arc Welding DSC - Dynamic Solidification Control DSC - Dynamic Spray Control DSC - Direct Strip Casting DSC - Dust Settling Chamber DSC - Differential Scanning Colorimetry DSC Water - Dust Scrubbing Water DSCR - Debt Service Coverage Ratio DSD - Detailed System Design DSI - Dry Sorbent Injector DSIMS - Dynamic Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry DSIR - Detailed Soil Investigation Report DSL - Down Shop Lead DSL - Digital Subscriber Lines DSM - Demand Side Management DSMA - Digital Sense Multiple Access DSP - Direct Strip (Sheet) Production (Plant) DSP - Dispute Settlement Procedure DSP - Digital Signal Processor DSR - Dynamic Soft Reduction DSR - Dynamic Shape Roll technologies DSR - Data Set Ready DSR - Diado Special Recycling process DSS - Duplex Stainless Steel DSS - Dust Supression System DSS - Digital Signature Standard DSSS - Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum DSU - Digital Service Unit DSWRM - Double Strand Wire Rod Mill DT - Dual Thickness (Probes) DT - Differential Temperature DT - Discreet Turnkey

DT - Design Temperature DT - Dust Tight DT - Diagonal Tension DT - Detector Tube DT - Disc and Tube DT - Delivery Time DT - Down Time DTA - Domestic Tariff Area DTA - Differential Thermal Analysis DTAA - Double Tax Avoidance Agreement DTAM - Data Table Access Model DTC - Direct Torque Control DTE - Data Terminal Equipment DTG - Differential Thermo Gravimetery DTH - Direct To Home DTH - Down The Hill ( Hole ) drill DTL - Differential Tensiometer Looper DTM - Digital Terrain Modelling DTM - Device Type Manager DTM - Desk Top Monitoring DTMF - Dual Tone Multi Frequency DTN - Data Transmission Network DTR Data Terminal Ready DTR - Draw Thin Redraw D/T Ratio - Diameter to Wall Thickness Ratio DTS - Data Transport System DTS - Distributed Temperature Sensing system DTS - Draft of Technical Specification DU - Downstream Users DV - Dead Volume DVD - Digital Versatile (Video) Disc DVM - Digital Volt Meter DVMRP - Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

DW - Drinking Water DW - Distilled water DW - Dead Weight DWA - Double Web Angle DWB - Design Wet Bulb temperature DWDM - Dense Wave Division Multiplexing DWG - Drawing DWH - Data Ware House DWS - De-Watering System DWT - Dead Weight Tons DWT - Drop Weight Tear DWTT - Drop Weight Tear Test DWV - Drainage Waste and Vent DX - Direct Termination DX - Direct Expansion

Technical Acronym - E
E - Armoured E Mail - Electronic Mail EA - Environmental Auditing EA - Energy Audit EA - Executive Association EAA - Effective Atomizing Air EAC - Energy Absorbtion Capability EAC - Environmentally Assisted Cracking EAF - Electric Arc Furnace EAF - Enhanced Air Floatation EAF - Equivalent Availability Factor EAF - Energy Availability Factor EAF - Engineering Application Framework EAF - Engineering Analysis Function EAF - Export Authorization Form EAF - Employer Application Form EAI - Enterprise Application Integration EAM - Embedded Atom Method EAM - Enterprise Asset Management EAP - Environmental Action Plan EAP - Emergency Action Plan EAR - Estimated Additional Resources EAS - Enhanced Air Separator EAT - Earning After Tax EAT - Entering Air Temperature EAW - Environment Assesment Worksheets EAX - Equi Axed Ratio EAZ - Equi-Axed Zone EB - Energy Balance EB - Electron Beam EB - Expansion Board EBD - Economic Batch Determination

INDEX

EBDIT - Earnings Before Depreciation Interest and Taxes EBDITA - Earnings Before Depreciation, Interest, Tax and Amortisation EBF - Experimental Blast Furnace EBIDT - Earnings Before Interest Depriciation and Taxes EBIT - Earnings Before Interest and Tax EBP - Evaluated Bid Price EBR - Emergency Brake Relay EBROS - Endless Bar Rolling System EBSD - Electron Back Scattered Diffraction EBSP - Electron Back Scattering Pattern EBT - Eccentric Bottom Tapping EBT - Electron Beam Technology (Texturing) EBW - Electron Beam Welding EBWA - Electron Beam Wide Area analyser EC - Emergency Condition EC - Electronic Commerce EC - Environmental Clearance EC - Eddy Current EC - Energy Centre EC - Engineering Consultant EC - Eccentric Compression EC - Emergency Circuit EC - Equipment Cost EC - Energy Conservation EC - Eligibility Certificate ( Criteria ) EC - Energy Charge EC - Error Check E&C - Erection and Commissioning E&CI - Environment and Community Interface ECA - Export Credit (Insurance) Agency ECA - Energy Conservation Act 2001 ECA - Electrically Calcined ECAP - Equal Channel Angular Pressing

ECB - External Commercial Borrowings ECB - Excitation Circuit Breaker ECB - Ethylene Cracker Bottoms ECBC - Energy Conservation Building Code ECBM - Enhanced Coal Bed Methane recovery ECC - Excess Consumption Charges ECCN - Export Control Classification Number ECCS - Electrolytic Chromium Coated Sheet ECD - Extent of Chamber wall Damage ECD - Equivalent Circle Diameter ECD - Electron Capture Detector ECE - Electrochemical Chloride Extraction ECF - Extra Coarse Foliate ECG - Electronic Control Gear ECGR - Enhanced Coal seam Gas Recovery ECH - Empty Container Handler ECI - Equipment Code Identification ECI - Embedded Corrosion Instrument ECL - Electrolytic Cleaning Line ECL - Exposure Control Limit ECLP - Equivalent Chord Loss Parameter ECM - Electro Chemical Machining ECM - Enterprise Content Management ECMCS - Environment Compliance Management and Control System ECO - Engineering Change Order ECOR - East Coast Railway ECOs - Energy Conservation Opportunities ECP - Elevator Control Panel ECP - Electric Code of Practice ECPM - Engineering Consultant and Project Management ECPM - Electronically Commutated Permanent Magnet motors ECR - Electrical Control Room ECR - Extra Corrosion Resistant

ECR - Endless Casting Rolling ECR - Epoxy Coated Reinforcement ECR - Electrical Chemical Resistance ECRH - Electron Cyclotron Resonance heating ECS - Evaporative Cooling System ECS - Enterprise Connectivity Solutions ECS - Engineering Consultancy Services ECS - Electrode Cooling System ECT - Environmental Clean Technologies ECTFE - Ethylene Chloro Tri-Fluoro Ethylene ECU - Electrode Control Unit ECU - Evaporative Cooling Unit ECV - Erichsen Cup Value ECV - Electrically Controlled Valve ECWR - Evaporative Cooling Water Return ED - Elastic Deformation ED - Excise Duty ED - Electronic Devices ED - Electro Dialysis EDA - Electronic Design Automation EDAS - Ethernet Data Acquisition System EDBT - Entering Dry Bulb Temperature EDC - Edge Drop Control Cooling EDC - Escalation During Construction EDC - Easy Drawing Conveyor EDC - Ethylene Di Chloride EDC - Error Detection and Correction ED&C - Electrical Distribution and Control EDD - Extra Deep Drawing EDD - Electronic Device Description EDDQ - Extra Deep Drawing Quality E&DC - Explosives and Dangerous Goods EDI - Electronic Data Interchange

EDI - Electro De Ionization EDI - Electron Drift Instrument EDLC - Electrical double Layer Capacitor EDM - Electrical Discharge Machining EDM - Engineering Design Memorandum EDOSS - Event Driven Optimal Scheduling System EDP - Electronic Data Processing EDP - Engineering Demand Parameters EDR - Electro Dialysis Reversal EDR - Equivalent Direct Radiation EDS - Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy EDS - Electronic Data Sheets EDT - Electro Discharge Texturing EDTA - Ethylene Di-amine Tetra Acetic acid EDX - Electronic Data Exchange EDX - Energy Dispersive X-Ray EDXRF analysis - Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence analysis ee - Errors Excepted EE - Energy Efficient EE - Exciter End EECS - External Electronic Communication Service EED - Electro Explosion Device EEI - Energy Efficiency Index EEI - Electronic Equipment Insurance EEL - Environmental Exposure Limit EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EER - Energy Efficiency Ratio EES - Emergency Exhaust System EET - Estimated Elapsed Time EEZ - Exclusive Economic Zone EF - Emission Factor EF - Electrostatic Filter EF - Early Finish

EF End Fittings EF - Energy Factor E/F - Earth Fault EFCD - Electronic Field Control Duplex system EFGR - External Flue Gas Recirculatioin EFM - Electromagnetic Flow Meter EFM - Electro Fused Magnesia EFOR - Equivalent Forced Outage Rate EFP - Extrusion Flow Pressing EFR - End Flue Repair EFSOP - Expert Furnace System Optimization Process EFT - Electronic Fund Transfer EFT - Electrical Fast Transient EFTEM - Energy Filtering Transmission Electron Microscopy EFW - Emergency Feed Water EG - Expanded Graphite EG - Environmental Guidelines EG - Excess gas EGA - Evolved Gas Analysis EGA - Enhanced Graphic Adapter EGC - Evaporative Gas Cooling EGEAF - Engineering Goods Export Assistance Fund EGL - Electro Galvanizing Line EGL - Existing Ground Level EGM - Extra-ordinary General Meeting EGR - Exhaust Gas Recirlculation EGW - Electro Gas Welding EHD - Extra Heavy Duty EHO - Extra Heavy Oil EHP - Electric Heating Panel EHPC - Electro Hydraulic Power Cylinder EHS - Environment Health and Safety EHSS - Environment Health Safety and Socio economic

EHT - Extra High Tension EHV - Extra High Voltage EHV - Electric and Hybrid Vehicles EI - Elongation Index EI - Environment Indicators EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment EIA - Economic Impact Assessment EIED - Electrically Initiated Explosive Device EIF - Electric Induction Furnace EIF - Electric Ironmaking Furnace EIF - Enterprise Instrumentation Framework EIF - Entry In Force EIP - Executive Information Portal EIRP - Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power EIS - Executive Information System EIS - Environmental Impact Statement EIS - Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy EJ - Exa Joules EL - Elongation EL - Elastic Limit EL - Exposure Level ( Limit ) EL - Elevation ELC - Extra Low Carbon ELC - Electronic Load Centre ELCB - Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker ELDB - Emergency Lighting Distribution Board ELF - Extra Low Frequency ELG - Effluent Limitation Guidelines ELL - Electric Level Luffing crane ELRED Process - Electric Reduction Process ELREG - Electrode Regulation ELS - Element Life time Speed ELS - Economic Lot Size

ELTM - Element Life time Model ELV - Emission Limit Values ELV - Extra Low Voltage ELV - End of Life Vehicles EM - Elastic Modulus EM - Electro Magnetic EMA - Enegy Management and Automation EMAS - Eco Management Audit System EMAT - Electro Magnetic Accoustic Transducers EMBR - Electro-Magnetic Brake EMC - Energy Management Centre EMC - Electro-Magnetic Compatibility EMC - Electro-Magnetic Casting (Project of JRCM) EMCC - Emergency Motor Control Centre EMD - Earnest Money Deposit EMD - Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide EMD - Electro Magnetic Display emf - Electro Motive Force EMF - Emission Measurement Facility EMF - Electro Magnetic Forming EMI - Electro Magnetic Interferences ( Interface ) EMI - Electro Magnetic Inspection EMIP - Equivalent Mean Investment Period EMIS - Environment Management Information System EMLA - Electro Magnetic Level Accelerator EMLS - Electro Magnetic Level Stabilizer EMM - Environmental Management Measures EMM - Electrolytic Manganese Metal EMP - Environmental Management Plan EMP - Emergengy Management Plan EMP - Electro Magnetic Pulse EMP - Evaluated Maintenance Planning EMQ - Economic Manufacturing Quantity

EMR - Electro Magnetic Resonant EMS - Electro Magnetic Stirrer EMS - Environmental Management System EMS - Electro Magnetic Suceptibility EMS - Electron Microscope EMS - Expanded Memory Specification EMT - Electrical Metallic Tubing EMTP - Electro Magnetic Transient Programme EMY - East Marshalling Yard EN - European Norme ENM - Environment Noise Model EnMD - Environment Management Department ENT - Electric Notmetallic Tubing EO - Executive Order EO - Ethylene Oxide EOB - End Of Blow EOCR - Electronic Over-Current Relay EOD - Edge Of Deck E&OE - Errors and Omissions Excepted EOF - Energy Optimizing Furnace EOF - End Of Frame EOH - Effective Operating Hour EOHT - Emergency Over-Head Tank EOI - Expression Of Interest EOJ - Edge Of Joist EOL - Engine On Line (Load) EOL - End Of Life EOM - End Of Main EOP - End Of Plasma EOP - Emergency Operations Plan EOP - Edge Of Pavement EOP - Environmental Operating Principals EOP - Emergency Oil Pump

EOQ - Economic Ordered Quantity EOR - Enhanced Oil Recovery EOS - Emission Optimized Sintering EOS - End Of Services EOS - Edge Of Slab EOT - Electric Overhead Travelling EOT - Electrical Overhead Traction EOT - End Of Transition EOT - End Of Transmission EOU - Export Oriented Unit EOV - Electrically Operated Valve EP - Extra (Extreme) Pressure EP - Engineering and Procurement (Supply) EP - Electrostatic Precipitator EP - Extruding Pressure EP - Environmental Performance EP - End Point EP - Eco Press EP - Environmental Protection EP - Elastic Polyamide EP - Extreme Pressure E/P - Voltage to Pressure (Converters) EPA - External Processing Agent EPA - Environment ( Protection ) Act 1986 EPABX - Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange EPAX - Electronic Private Automatic Exchange EPC - Expendable Pattern Casting EPC - Export Packing Credit EPC - Engineering, Procurement and Construction EPC - Electronic Product Code EPCC - Engineering, Procurement, Construction and Commissioning (Project) EPCG - Export Promotion Capital Goods scheme EPD - Environmental Product Declaration

EPDM - Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer EPFM - Elastic Plastic Fracture Mechanics EPGA - Effective Peak Ground Acceleration EPI - Environmental Performance Indicators EPM - Ethylene Propylene Monomer EPMA - Electron Probe Micro Analysis EPO - Examination Procedure Outline EPO - Engineering Process Outsourcing EPOS - Electronic Point Of Sale code EPP - Emergency Preparedness Plan EPR - Electro Paramagnetic Resonance EPR - Ethylene Propylene Rubber (insulation) EPR - Extended Producer Responsibility EPRA - Earnings Prospects and Risk Analysis EPRS - Effective Projected Radient Surface EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EPS - Earnings Per Share EPS - Extruded (Expanded ) Poly-Styrene (sheet) EPS - Electric Power Steering EPS - Enterprise Procurement System EPS - Electric Power Survey EPS - e Procurement System EPSP - Evaluation of Product Safety Practices EPV - Elevated Platform Vehicle EPZ - Export Promotion Zone EQ - Electrode Quality EQ - End Quench EQ - Environmental Quality EQ Zone - Earth Quake Zone EQC - Edge Quality Compensator EQR - Earth Quake Resistant EQR - Electrode Quality Rod EQNR - Electrode Quality Non Rimming

EQRD - Earth Quake Resistant Design EQRS - Earth Quake Resistant Steel EQWR - Electrode Quality Wire Rods ER - Emission Reduction ER - Enrichment Ratio ER - Electrical Room ER - Electrical Resistivity ER Emission Rate ER - Energy Recovery ER - Expansion Rack ER - Effectiveness Ratio ER - Explicit Rate ERAC - Electric Rigid Aluminium Conduit ERC - Elastic Rail Clips ERD - Entity Relationship Diagram ERD - Energy Recovery Devices ERG - Existence Relatedness Growth ERM - Extension Renivation and Modernisation ERM - Exchange Rate Mechanism EROI - Energy Return On energy Invested ERP - Enterprise Resource Planning ERP - Emergency Response Procedure ERP - Effective Refractory Period ERP - Effective Radiated Power ERR - Energy Release Rate ERS - Environment Reference System ERS - Electrical Repair Shop ERSC - Electric Rigid Steel Conduit ERT - Equipment Run Time ERT - Electrical Resistivity Test ERTEC - Enhanced Real Time Ethernet Controller ERU - Emission Reduction Units ERV - Exchange Rate Variation

ERW - Electrical Resistance Welding ERWPP - Electric Resistance Welding Pipe Plant ES - Expert System ES - Early Start ES - Exposed Site ES - Export Sales ES - Engineering Station ES - Environment Statement ES - Exposure Scenario ES - Engineering Systems E/S - Electricity to Steam ratio ESA - Electrical Swing Absorption ESA - Electro kinetic Sonic Amplitude ESA - Energy Saving Assessment ESA - Ecological Sensitive Area ESAL - Equivalent Single Axle Load ESC - Escape ESCA - Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis ESCON - Enterprise Systems Connection ESD - Electrostatic Discharge ESD - Electron Simulated Desorption ESD - Emission Scenario Documentation ESD - Electrostatic Damage ESD - Emergency Shut Down ESDIAD - Electron Simulated Desorption Ion Angular Distribution ESEM Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy ESHT - Electro Slag Hot Topping ESI - Employee Satisfaction Index ESI - Employee's State Insurance ESLI - End of Service Life Indicator ESM - Electrical Switch Module ESOPs - Employee Stock Option Plan scheme ESP - Electrostatic Precipitator

ESP - Endless Strip Production ESP - External Static Pressure ESR - Electro Slag Refining (Remelting) ESR - Effective Supervision for Result ESRR - Electro Slag Rapid Remelting ESS - Effective Specific Surface ESS - Environmental Surveillance Squad EST - Environmentally Sound Technologies ESU - Energy Sustainability Unit ESV - Emergency Shut off ( Stop )Valve ESW - Electro Slag Welding ET - Emission Trading ET - Electrical Tracing ET - Evapo Transportation ET - Expansion Tank ET index - Effective Temperature index ETA - Expected Time of Arrival (Ship) ETAAS - Electro Thermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometer ETB - Electric Turbo Blower ETC - Electro-magnetic Torque Control ETC - Edge Temperature Compensation ETCS - Electrolytic Tin Coated Sheet ETD - Embedded Temperature Detector ETD - Estimated Time of Departure ETFE - Ethylene Tetra Fluoro Ethylene ETIS - Emulsified Tar Injection System ETL - Electrolytic Tining Line ETL - Extraction, Transform and Load ETL - Electrical Testing Laboratory ETMT - Electro Thermal Mechanical Testing system ETO - Engineered To Order ETO - Exploratory Tubewell Organized ETP - Electrolytic Tar Precipitator

ETP - Electrolytic Tin Plate ETP - Effluent Treatment Plant ETS - Emission Trading Schemes ETS - Estimated Time of Sailing ETU - Electronic Trip Unit ETV - Environmental Technology Verification ETW - Energy for Tomorrows World EU - Expansion Unit EUE - External Upset Ends EULA - End User License Agreement EUPT - Energy Used Per Ton EUV - Extreme Ultra Violet EV - Enterprise Value EV - Electrical Vehicle eV - Electron Volt EVA - Economic Value Added EVA - Electric Valve Actuation EVA - Enterprise Virtual Array EW - Emergency Water EW - Electron Winning EW - Electric Weld EWBT - Entering Wet Bulb Temperature EWC - Electric Water Cooler EWH - Electric Water Heater EWMA - Exponential Weighted Moving Averages EWNR - Electrode Wire rod Non Rimming EWR - Endless Welding Rolling EWR - Electrode Wire rod Rimming EWS - Engineering Work Station EWS - Eye Wash Station EWS - Early Warning System EWT - Entering Water Temperature EXAFS - Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure

EXCOV - Exit Crown Optimization Value EXIM - Export Import EXW - Ex Works

Technical Acronyms - F
FA - Failure Analysis FA - Ferro Alloys FA - Final Acceptance FA - Fly Ash FA - Fused Alumina FAA - Fine Aggregate Angularity FAAS - Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometer FAB - Fully Automatic Blowing FAC - Final Acceptance Certificate FAC - Feed Air Compressor FAC - Forced Air Convection FACT - Factor Analysis Chart Technique FACTS - Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems FAD - Failure Assesment Diagram FADE - Focus Analyse Develop Excute cycle FADV - Forced Air Drain Vapourizer FAFA - Ferro Alloys and Flux Additions FAG - Forced Air Gas FAI - Flexible Air Intake FALG - Fly Ash Lime Gypsum (bricks) FAM - Fine Aggregate Material FAME - Fatty Acid Methyl Easter FAP - Fire Alarm control Panel FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions FAS - Forced Air Systems FAS - Free Alongside Ship FAS - Flux Assisted Synthesis FAS - Fieldbus Access Sublayer FAS - Financial Accounts Systems FAS - Flexible Access System FAT - Final Acceptance Test FAT - Factory Acceptance Test

INDEX

FAT - File Allocation Table FATO - Fixed Assets Turn Over ratio FATT - Fracture Appearance Transition Temperature FAX - Facsimile FB - Finishing Block FB - Fines Bunker FB - Fluidized Bed FB - Flat Bars FB - Ferritic Bainitic FB - Function Block FB - Freight Bill F&B Diagram - Fish and Bone Diagram FBC - Fludized Bed Combustion FBC - Full Bow Conversion FBD - Fludized Bed Dryer FBD - Feed Back Data FBD - Function Block Diagram FBDB - Fixed Bed Dry Bottom FBE - Fusion Bonded Epoxy FBEC - Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating FBH - Flat Bottom Hole FBHE - Flat Bottom Hole Equivalent FBP - Field Bus Plug FBR - Fast Breeder Reactor FBT - Fringe Benefit Tax FC - Fixed Carbon FC - Furnace Cooled FC - Fixed Cost FC - Frequency Converter FC - Fault Current FC - Forced Circulation FC - Formed Coke FC - Fluid Coupling

FC - Foreign Component FC - Fibre Cable FC - Ferrule Connector FC - Foreign Currency FC - Fuel Component FC - Function Call FC - Fast Connect FC - Faecal Coliform FC - Field Cut F/C - Furnace FCA - Free Carrier FCA - Forest ( Conservation ) Act 1980 FCAW - Flux Cored Arc Welding FCC - Face Centred Cubic FCC - Fluid Catalytic Cracking FCC - Fire Command Centre FCC - Flux Current Control FCCB - Foreign Currency Convertible Bond FCCU - Fludized bed Catalytic Cracking Unit FCD - Flow Control Device Fce - Furnace FCE - Fuel Cell Energy FCF - Free Cash Flow FCGR - Fatigue Crack Growth Rate FCI - Field bus Communication Interface FCL - Foreign Currency Loan FCL - Fault Current Limiter FCM - Fracture Critical Member FCM - Fuel Conditioning Module FCM - Fiber Cement Mortar FCMA - Flux Compensated Magnetic Amplifier FCN - Foreign Currency Notes FCNR - Foreign Currency Non Resident

FCP - Ferro Chrome Plant FCP - Fixed Crushing Plant FCP - Formed Coke making Process FCPW - Fine Coal Processing Waste FCR - Forest Conservation Rules FCR - Forwarder Certificate of Receipt FCS - Finite Capacity Scheduling FCS - Flow Control System FCS - Field Control Station FCT - Foreign Currency Transmission FCTL - Foreign Currency Term Loan FCU - Fan Coil Unit FCV - Flow Control Valve FCV - Fuel Cell Vehicles FCW - Flux Cored Wire FD - Forced Draft FD - Flow Diagram FD - Flue Dust FD - Flaw Detection FD - Floor Drain FD - Fire Damper F&D - Fire and Drinking FDA - Fire Detection and Alarm FDA - Finite Difference Analyser FDA - Fast Data Analysis FDA - Flurorescein Di Acetate FDAS - Fast Data Acquisition System FDC - Forced Draft Cooler FDC - Frequency Distribution Curve FDD - Frequency Distribution Diagram FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interface FDF - Forced Draft Fan FDI - Foreign Direct Investment

FDIS - Final Draft International Standard FDL - Field bus Data Link FDM - Finite Difference Method FDM - Frequency Division Multiplexing FDM - Fundamental Design Method FDP - Fume Dedusting Plant FDR - Full Depth Repair FDR - Full Depth Reclamation FDS - Functional Design Specification FDS - Floatex Density Separator FDT - Field Device Tool FDX - Full Duplex FE - Fume Extraction FE - Finite Element FE - Fugitive Emissions FE - Fuel Economy FE - Foreign Exchange FE - Fire Extinguisher FE - Frozen Efficiency FE - Feed and Expansion FE - Front End FEA - Finite Element Analysis FEED - Front End Engineering Design FEF - Freight Equalization Fund FEL - Front End Loader FEM - Finite Element Method FEM - Field Emission Microscope FEM - Free Energy Minimizer FEMA - Foreign Exchange Management Act FEMS - Foreign Exchange Management System FEMS - Final Electro Magnetic Stirring F-EMS - Final Solidification Zone - Electro Magnetic Stirring FEO - Front End Orientation

FEP - Front End Purification FEP - Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene FES - Fume Extraction Station FES - Fabric Energy Storage FESEM - Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy Fetl - Fettling FF - Foundation Field (bus) FF - Froth Flotation (process) FF - Free Float FF - Fire Fighting FF - Fabric Filter FF - Flat Face FFA - Force Field Analysis FFA - Fire Fighting Appliances FFB - Flexible Function Blocks FFF - Force Field Forward FFL - Finished Floor Level FFM - Filter/Flow Modifier FFO - Furnace Fuel Oil FFP - Firm Fixed Price FFR - Fatal Frequency Rate FFS - Flame Front Speed FFS - Fitment For Service FFSC - Flip Flow Screen FFT - Fast Fourier Transformation FFW - Fire Fighting Water FG - Flap Gate FG - Flame Guniting FG - Fine Grain FG - Finished Goods FG - Foundry Grade FG - Fuel Gas FGA - Flue Gas Recirculation

FGC - Final Gas Cooler FGD - Flue Gas Desulphurization FGI - Finished Goods Inventory FGL - Finish Ground Level FGM - Functionally Graded Material FGR - Flue Gas Recirculation FH - Fire Hydrant FH - Flame Hardening FH - Feed Hopper FH - Full Hard (Product) FH - Fire Hose FHC - Fire Hose Cabinet FHC - Fire Hazard Category FHD - First Hand Distribution FHF - Fixed Hearth Furnace FHG - Fines High Grade FHL - Five Hole Lance FHP - Falling Head Permeability FHSS - Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum FI - Flow Instruments FI - Flamability Index FI - Flakiness Index FIA - Flow Injection Analysis FIA - Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption method FIB - Focussed Ion Beam FIB - Fire Indicator Board FIC - Flow Indication and Control FID - Flame Ionization Detector FID - Final Investment Decision FIFO - First In First Out Fig - Figure FII - Foreign Institutional Investor FIM - Field Interface Module

FIMPIT - Fiber In Metallic tube for Pig Iron Temperature FIOR - Fluidized Iron Ore Reduction FIP - Female Iron Pipe FIPL - Fully Integrated Processing Line FIRS - Foundation Input Response Spectra FIS - Factory Information System FISCO - Fieldbus Intrinsically Safe Concept FL - Fork Lift FL - Floor Level FL - Flushing Liquor FL - Full Load FL - Fine Lamellae FLC - Full Load Current FLC - Forming Limit Curve FLD - Forming Limit Diagram FLD - Full Length Drift FLG - Fines Low Grade FLP - Flame Proof FLS - Finite Line Source FLS - Full Line Service FLT - Full Load Torque FLT - Fork Lift Truck FM - Frequency Modulation FM - Factory Mutual FM - Funds Management FM - Factory Manual FM - Fouling Mark FM Process - Fretz Moon Process FMA - Failure Mode Analysis FMCG - Fast Moving Consumer Goods FMCR - Fused Magnesia Chrome FM-CW - Frequency Modulation - Continuous Wave FMD - Field Mounted Devices

FMD - Flow Modifying Devices FMEA - Failure Mode and Effect Analysis FMECA - Failure Mode and Effect Critical Analysis FMFT - Flash Mixer and Flocculation Tank FMG - Fines Medium Grade FMLS - Fraunhofer Mie Light Scattering FMR - Fludized Media Reactor FMS - Focus Market Scheme FMS - Fieldbus Message Specification layer FMS - Flexible Manufacturing System FMS - Factory Mutual System FMT - Finishing Mill Train FN - Ferrite Number FO - Fuel Oil FO - Furnace Oil FO - Fibre Optic FOB - Free On Board FOC - Fibre Optic Cables FOG - Falling Object Guard FOG - Finex Off Gas FOG - Fats Oils and Greases FOG - Falling Objects Guard FOOS - First Ore On Ship FOP - Furnace Operation Panel FOP - Fuel Oil Pump FOPS - Falling Object Protective Structure FOR - Free On Rail (Road) FOR - Forced Outage Rate FOREX - Foreign Exchange FORM - First Order Reliability Model FORTRAN - Formula Transportation FOS - Factor Of Safety FOSS - Foreign Object Separation Section

Foss - Fuel Oil Sub Stores FOT - Free On Truck FOV - Field Of View FOV - Fuel Oil Vent FP - Flash Point FP - Filteration Plant FP - Ferrite Potential FP - Flat Product FP - Flash Plate FP - Focal Plane FP - Facility Planning FP - Failure Potential FP - Fault Prone FP - Fine Particulate FP - Fire Protection FP - Fire Plug FP - Fire Proof FP - Fire Prevention FP - Fluid Pressure FP - Fluorescent Penetrant FP - Freezing Point FP - Fuel Pump FP - Fully Pressurized FP - Fully Processed FP - Fundamental Parameters FP - Focal Project FP - Fouling Point FPB - Feeder Pillar Board FPB - Four Point Bend FPC - Flatness and Profile Control FPC - Fixed Price Contract FPC - Flat Products Complex FPCB - Flux Primary Crushing Building

FPCIS - Flat Product Computer Information System FPD - Flame Photometric Detector FPD - Flat Panel Display FPEY - Finish Product Exchange Yard FPGA - Field Programmable Gate Array FPI - Fins Per Inch FPL - Finish Plinth Level FPM - Finger Print Method FPPI - Flat Products Price Index FPS - Fire Protection System FQ - Forging Quality FQP - Field Quality Plan FR - Fire Resistant FR - Feasibility Report FR - Forged Rolls FR - Frequency Rate FR - Filter Regulator FR - Flame Resistant ( Retardant ) FR - Flow Rate FRB - Flat Roof Burner FRB - Floating Rate Bonds FRC - Fibre Reinforced Concrete FRC - Four Roll Crusher FRC - Free Carrier FRF - Frequency Response Function FRG - Furnace Reducing Gas FRL - Filter Regulator Lubricator FRL - Fire Resistance Level FRLH - Flame Retardent Low Halogen FRLS - Flame Retardent Low Smoke FRNC - Flame Retarded Non Corrosive FRP - Fibre Reinforced Plastic FRP - Flat Rolled Products

FRPC - Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites FRR - Fire Resistance Rating FRS - Flexible Reduction Sizing FRS - Fire Resistant Steel FRS - Functional Requirement Specification FRS - Fire and Rescue Service FRS - Flat Rolled Steelmaker FRS - Financial Repoting Standards FRT - Finish Rolling Temperature FS - Feasibility Study FS - Fines Silo FS - Flare Stack FS - Flow Sheet FS - Ferro Silicon FS - Flow Stress FS - Forged Steel FS - Flexure strength FSA - Formal Safety Assessment FSB - Flux Screening Building FSB - Flux Storage Building FSBA - Flexible Shaft Backing Assembly FSC - Fixed Series Compensation FSCB - Flux Secondary Crushing Building FSD - Full Scale Deflection FSD - Fire Smoke Damper FSF - Finger Shaft Furnace FSI - Free Swelling Index FSI - Fluid Structure Interaction FSI - Floor Space Index FSI - Furnace Sorbent Injection FSK - Frequency Shift Keying FSM - Finish Strip Mill FSP - Friction Screw Press

FSP - Fan Static Pressure FSS - Fixed Suspended Solids FSS - Ferritic Stainless Steel FSS - Flow Sensing Switch FSS - Fieldbus Systems & Services FST - Final Softening Temperature FST - Fire, Smoke and Toxicity FST - Free Space Temperature FSTA - Fuel Supply and Transport Agreement FSU - Fuse Switch Unit FSV - Future Steel Vehicle FSW - Friction Stir Welding FSWR - Flexible Steel Wire Rope FT - Fire Tender FT - Fixed Tripper FT - Flue Temperature FT - Fisher Tropach (Reaction) FT - Flow Transmitter FT - Fluid TemperatureS FT - Fracture Toughness FTA - Fault Tree Analysis FTA - Free Trade Agreement FTA - Field Terminal Analysis FTI - Function Test Interval FTIR - Fourier Transform Infra Red spectroscopy FTO - Foil Throughput Optimization FTP - Fume Treatment Plant FTP - File Transfer Protocol (Program) FTP - Fan Total Pressure FTP - Fast Transmission Protocol FTR - Final Test Report FTS - Flue Temperature System FTS - Furnace Thermometer ( Temperature ) System

FTS - Functional Test Specification FTSC - Flexible Thin Slab Casting FTSR - Flxible Thin Slab casting Rolling FTTC - Fibre To The Curb FTTH - Fibre To The Home FTZ - Free Trade Zone FV - Future Value FV - Face Velocity FV - Finite Volume FVC - Frequency to Voltage Converter FVM - Finite Volume Method FVNR - Full Voltage Non Reversing FW - Feed Water FW - Flash Welding FWD - Free Wheel Diodes FWF - Feed Water Flow FWH - Fixed Weigh Hopper FWHM - Full Width of Half Maximum FWPH - Feed Water Pump House FWR - Full Wall Repair FWU - Four Wheeler Unit Fy - Financial year Fy - Fiscal year FYP - Five Year Plan FZ - Free Zone

Technical Acronyms - G
g - Gauge GA - General Arrangement GA - Genetic Algorithm GA - Galvannealing GA - Galvalume G&A - General and Administration GAAP - Generally Accepted Accounting Principles GAC - Granular Activated Carbon GAD - Gross Air Dried GADS - Generating Availability Data System GAMP - Generator Auxiliary Monitoring Panel GAN - Gaseous Nitrogen GANTT Chart - Bar Chart GAPL - Galvanizing Annealing and Processing Line GAR - Gaseous Argon GAR - Gross As Received GARN - Goods Acceptance and Rejection Note GAS - Genetic Adaptive Search GATE - Generating Availability Trend Evaluation GB - Grain Boundry GB - Giga Byte GB - Green Belt GBFS - Granulated Blast Furnace Slag GBM - Grounding Brush Monitor Gbps - Giga byte per seccond GBS - Gas Booster Station GBS - Gravity Based Structures GBSS - Gap Between Sealing Surface GBT - Gravity Belt Thickener GBV - Globe Valve GC - Gas Chromatograph GC - Galvanized Corrugated GCA - General Conditions of Agreement
INDEX

GCA - Gross Cross sectional Area GCA - Gas Calcined Gcal - Giga calories GCB - Generator Circuit Breaker GCC - General Conditions of Contract GCC - Ground Calcium Carbonate GCE - Graphite and Carbon Electrode GCF - Gross Capital Formation GCI - Granular Coal Injection GCI - Grid Convergence Index GCM - Gas Cutting Machine GCM - Gas Collecting Main GCM - Generator Condition Monitor GCMS - Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer GCP - Gas Cleaning Plant GCP - Gas Condensation Plant GCR - Ground Coverage Ratio GCRA - Generic Cell Rate Algorithm GCS - Galvanised Corrugated Steel sheet GCS - Guidance Control System GCT - Gross Coking Time GCT - Gas Conditioning (Cleaning) Tower GCT - Gate Commutated Thyristor GCV - Gross Calorific Value GD - General Duty GD - Groove Design GD - Gearless Drives GDCF - Gross Domestic Capital Formation GDE - Generalized Differential Evaluation GDM - Global Data Memory GDOES - Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometer GDP - Gross Domestic Product GDR - Global Depositary Receipt GDS - Gas Distribution System

GE system - Gas Export system GEA - General Expert Analysis GEIS - Global Energy Information System GENSET - Generator Set GEO - Geostationary Earth Orbit GEP - Global Energy Perspectives GEP - Good Engineering Practices GEPB - Green Electrode Preparation Building GEQ - General Engineering Quality GER - Gross Energy Requirement GET - Ground Engaging Tools GETS - Gas Expansion Turbine Station GF - Geo Frontier coating GFAAS - Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometer GFCI - Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter GFD - Gallons per square Feet per Day GFF - Glass Fibre Filter GFR - Gas Flow Resistance GFR - Gas Flaring Reduction (Project) GFRC - Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete GFRP - Glass Fibre Reinforced Plastic GFS - Gas Flare Stack GGAS - Green house Gas Abatement Scheme GGBFS - Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag GGC - Goliath Gantry Crane GGE - Green house Gas Emissions GGP - Good Guidance Practice GGS - Ground Granulated Slag GH - Ground Hopper GH - Gas Holder GH - General Hardness GHG - Green House Gases GHS - Globally Harmonized System GI - Galvanized Iron

GICC - General Imported Coking Coal GIGO - Garbage In Garbage Out GIMS - Guide Inventory Management System GIO - Grease and Industrial Oils GIP - General Information on Plant site GIS - Gas Insulated Switchgear ( Substation ) GIS - Geographical (Global) Information System GIS - Geological Information Service GJ - Giga Joules GK - Gray King GK - Grate Kiln GL - Gauge Length GL - Ground Level GL - Gas Liquor GL - Grab Lifter GLC - Ground Level Concentration GLC - Gas Liquid Chromatography GLS - Gas Liquor Separation GLS - Gas Locked Siphon GLS - General Lighting Service GLP - Good Laboratory Practice GL&T - General Layout and Transport GLW - Gross Laden Weight gm - Gram GM - Gun Metal GM - Gas Mixing GM - Generally Modified GMAW - Gas Metal Arc Welding GMI - Gravity Map of India GMM - Garbham Manganese Mine GMP - Good Maintenance Practices GMP - Good Manufacturing Practices GMPCS - Global Mobile Personal Communication by Sattelite GMR - Giant Magneto Resistance

GMRS - Ground Motion Response Spectra GMS - Gas Mixing Station GMS - Galvanized Mild Steel (Pipe) GMSP - Generator Metering and Synchronising Panel GMT - Greenwich Mean Time GMT - Glass Mat Thermoplastic GN - Goose Neck GNI - Gross National Income GNP - Gross National Product GO - General Overhaul GOES - Grain Oriented Electrical Steel GOST - Gosudarstvenii Standart GOX - Gaseous Oxygen GP - Galvanized Plain GP - Genetic Programming GP - Galvanized Products GP - General Purpose GPA - Group Personal Accident policy GPA - Grade Point Average GPA - General Power of Attorney GPC - Gel Permeation Chromatography GPC - Generalized Predictive Control GPE - Global Production Excellence GPH - Gallons Per Hour GPI - Granulated Pig Iron GPM - Gallons Per Minute GPM - Global Project Management GPO - General Purpose Oxygen GPR - Green Pellet Reject GPR - Ground Penetrating Radar GPRS - General Packet Radio System GPS - Global Positioning System GR - Geological Reports GR - Gas Recirculation

GRAS - Generally Regarded As Safe GRI - Global Reporting Initiative GRIR - Goods Receipt and Inspection Report GRN - Goods Receipt Note GRNN - General Regression Neural Network GRP - Glass Reinforced Plastic GRP - Gas Recovery Plant GRP - Generator Relay Panel GRP - Gravimetric Rapid Pore sizes GRS - Gas Recovery System GRT - Gross Registered Tonnage GS - Grain Size GS - Gravity Separation GS - General Specification GS - Gas Safety GS - Granulated Slag GS - Garter Spring spacers GS - Galvanized Steel pipes GS - Groove Size GS - Gravitational Sedimentation GS - Gas Shielded GSA - Gas Suspension Absorber GSA - Grain Size Analysis GSB - Generator Swicth Board GSC - Stationary Gas Suspension Calciner GSC - Gland Steam Condenser GSD - General Source Data GSD - General Station Description GSM - Global System for Mobile communication (control) GST - Goods and Service Tax GSU - Grab Ship Unloader GSW - General Service Water GT - Gas Turbine GT - Globe Temperature

GT - Grease Trap GTAW - Gas Tungsten Arc Welding GTD - Greatest Temperature Difference GTF - Gradient Thermal Furnace GTG - Gas Turbine Generator GTKM - Gross Ton Kilo Meter GTL - Gas To Liquid GTO - Gate Turn Off (Thyristor) GTS - General Technical Specification GTU - Gas Transfer Unit GTU - Gravity Take Up GUI - Graphical User Interface GUS - Global User Station GV - Gate Valve GV - Globe Valve GV - Guaranteed Value GVA - Gross Value Added GW - Ground Water GW - Giga Watt GWG - Global Warming Gasses GWL - Ground Water Level GWP - Global Warming Potential GWP - Gross World Product GWT - Ground Water Table

Technical Acronyms - H
H - Height H - Horizontal Ha - Hectare HA - High Alumina HA - Hydratable Alumina HA - Humic Acid HAB - Hot Air Blast HAC - High Angle Conveyor HAC - High Alumina Cement HACC - Heavy Accelerated Cooling HACCP - Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point HAD - Hydraulic equipment Assembly Drawings HAGC - Hydraulic Automatic Gauge Control HAH - Humidifying Air Heater HAL - Harmonic Activity Locator HALT - Heated Advanced Ladle Treatment HAP - Hazardous Air Pollutants HAP - Hazard Analysis Process HAP - Highest Altitude Point HAPL - Hot Annealing and Pickling Line HART - Highway Addressable Remote Transducer HAT - Highest Astronomical Tide HAZ - Heat Affected Zone HAZOP - Hazard and Operability HB - Heavy (Weight) Beam HB - Hardness Brinell HB - Heat Balance HB - Hot Blast HB - Hot Bending HBA - Host Bus Adapter HBD - Heat Balance Diagram HBI - Hot Briquetted Iron

INDEX

HBM - Hot Blast Main HBP - Hot Bituminous Pavement HBS - Hot Blast Stove HBT - Hot Blast Temperature HBV - Hot Blast Valve HC - High Carbon HC - Heat Conservation HC - Hydro Carbon HC - Hydro Cyclone HC - High Conductive H/C - Hydrogen/Carbon ratio HC Cycle - Heating Cooling Cycle HC Fe Cr - High Carbon Ferro Chrome HC Fe Mn - High Carbon Ferro Manganese HCA - Host Country Approval HCAR - Hydraulic Concentrated Acid Routing HCB - Heavy Crude Benzol HCC - Hard Coking Coal HCC - Horizontal Continuous Casting HCC - Horizontal Cross Connects HCC - Hybrid Concrete Construction HCCC - High Carbon Containing Castables HCFC - Hydro (Halogenated) Chloro Fluoro Carbon HCFC - High Carbon Ferro Chrome HCFM - High Carbon Ferro Manganese HCGO - heavy Coke Gas Oil HCI - Hot Compacted Iron HCI - High Carbide Iron HCN - Hydrogen Cyanide HCP - Hexagonal Close Packed HCR - Hot Charge Rolling HCR - High Carbon Rod HCS - Hazard Communication Standards

HCS - Highway Capacity Software HCTB - High Carbon Tyre Bead (Grade) HCV - Heavy Commercial Vehicles HCWR - High Carbon Wire Rod HD - Hearth Diameter HD - Hazard Division HD - Heavy Duty HD - Hard Disc HD - High Density HDB - Hydrostatic Design Basis HDC - Hard Disc Controller HDD - Hard Disc Drive HDE - Heavy Duty Evaporator HDG - Hot Dip Galvanizing HDGPA - Hot Dip Galvanizing Post Anneal HDI - High Density Infrared HDLC - High level Data Link Control HDPE - High Density Poly Ethylene HDR - Hot Direct Rolling HDR - Highly Disintegrated soft Rock HDRI - Hot Direct Reduced Iron HDSL - High bit rate Digital Subscriber Line HDTV - High Definition Television HDV - Heavy Duty Vehicle HDX - Half Duplex HE - Heat Exchanger HE - Hydrogen Embrittlement HE - High Efficiency HEA - Hydraulic Equipment Arrangement (Drawing) HEC - Header Error Control HEL - Hydraulic Equipment Layout HEM - High Efficiency Motors HEMM - Heavy Earth Moving Machinery

HEOG - Head End Off Grade HEP - Hydro Electric Project HEPA - High Efficiency Particulate ( Penetration ) Air HEPR - Hard Ethylene Propylene Rubber HERA - Health and Ecological Risk Assesment HETP - Height Equivalent to Theoritical Plate HEV - Hybrid Electrical Vehicle HF - Hot Finished HF - Horizontal Fillet HF - Hot Formed HF - High Frequency HFA - Oil in water emulsion Hydraulic Fluid HFB - Water in oil emulsion Hydraulic Fluid HFC - Water Glycol Hydraulic Fluid HFC - Hydro (Halogenated) Fluoro Carbons HFC - Hybrid Fibre Coaxial HFD - Synthetic Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluid HFD - High Frequency Detection HFI - High Frequency Induction HFIW - High Frequency Induction Welding HFL - Handling and Finishing Line HFL - Highest Flood Level HFO - Heavy Fuel Oil HFRW - High Frequency Resistance Welding HFS - Hydraulic Flow Sheet HG - High Grog HG - High Grade HGC - Hydraulic Gap Control HGF - High Grade Fines HGG - Hot Gas Generator HGI - Hard grove Grindability Index HGMS - High Gradient Magnetic Separator HGO - Highly Grain Oriented

HGPL - High Grade Pellets HGT - Home Grown Technology HGV - Heavy Goods Vehicle HH - Hot Heel HHC - Higher (Heavy) Hydro Carbon HHE - Health Hazard Evaluation HHL - Hearth Heat Loss HHU - Hand Held Unit HHV - Higher Heat Value HI - Halographic Inferometry HI - Hazard Index HI - Heat Input HIC - Hydrogen Induced Cracking HICC - Hydrogen Induced Cold Cracking HID - High Intensity Discharge lamp HIM - Human Interface Module HIP - Host Identity Protocol HIP - Hot Isostatic Press HIPPI - High Performance Parallel Interface Hi-QIP - High Quality Iron Pebbles HIRA - Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment HIS - Hydraulic Institute Standards HIS - Human System Interface HIS - Human Interface Station HiTT - High Tension and Toughness HK - Knoop Hardness number HLG - High Level Group HLO - Hard Laminated Ore HLT - Hearth Layer Thickness HLW - High Level Waste HM - Hot Metal HM - Hydraulic Main HM - History Module

HM - Hammer Mill HMA - Hot Mix Asphalt HMAC - Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete HMBD - Heat and Mass Balance Diagram HMC - Heavy Media Cyclone HMC - Heavy Mineral Concentrate HMCL - Hot Metal Charging Ladle HMD - Hot Metal Detector HMD - Hot Metal Desulphurization HMDP - Hot Metal Desulphurization Plant HMDP - Hot Metal Deslagging Process HMG - Heavy Mill Galvanized HMI - Human Machine Interface HMM - Hearth Monitoring Model HMO - Hard Massive Ore HMOR - Hot Modulus Of Rupture HMP - Hot Metal Pretreatment HMRP - Hot Metal Reladling Pit HMS - Heavy Media Separation HMS - Heavy Melting Scrap HMS - Hot Metal Substitute HMS - Hadfield Manganese Steel HMT - Hot Metal Temperature HMT - Hybrid Membrane Technology HMWB - Hot Metal Weigh Bridge HNGO - High Non Grain Oriented HNS - High Nitrogen Steels HO - High Output HOC - Hazardous Organic Carbon HOC - Hydraulic Oscillation Control HOM - Hand Operated Marker HOP - Heat treatment On line Process HOS - Heating Optimizing System

HOT - Hand Operated Travelling HOT - Heating Operator Terminal HOT - Heat Optimized Technology HOWAQ - Hot Water Quenched HP - High Pressure HP - Head Piece HP - Horse Power HP - High Power HP - High Productivity HP - Hot Pressed HP - High Performance HPAL - High Pressure Acid Leach HPB - High Pressure Booster HPB - High Pressure Boiler HPB - Hot rolled Plain Bar HPC - High Perfomance Concrete HPC - High Performance Communication bus HPC - High Performance Cutting HPCOG - High Pressure Coke Oven Gas HPD - High Power Density HPDA - High Proctor Density Aggregates HPDC - High Pressure Die Castings HPDD - High Power Direct Diode HPDT - High Pressure Drip Trap HPE - Hexa Phenyl Ether HPG - High Precision Gantry HPGR - High Pressure Grinding Rolls HPH - High Performance Hydrogen HPHT - High Pressure High Temperature HPL - High Pressure decorative Laminate HPLA - High Pressure Liquor Aspiration HPLC - High Performance ( Pressure ) Liquid Chromatograph HPM - Heavy Plate Mill

HPMV - High Pressure Mercury Vapour (Lamp) HPPE - High Performance Poly Ethylene HPR - High Precision Rolling HPRM - High Pressure Roll Mill HPS - High Performance Steel HPS - Hybrid Pelletized Sintering HPS - High Pressure Steam HPS - Heavy Petroleum Stock HPSV - High Pressure Sodium Vapour (Lamp) HPV - High Production Volume HQ - High Quality HQ - Head Quarters HQ - Hazard Quotient HQMA - High Quality Magnesium Alloy hr - Hour HR - Hot Rolled HR - Heat Resistant HR - Heat Recovery HR - Hot Repair HR - Hot Runner H&R - Heating and Regulation HRAP - Hot Rolled Annealed and Pickled HRB - Hardness Rockwell B scale HRB - Hot Rolled Band HRB - High Rise Building HRB - Heat Recovery Boiler HRB - Heavy duty Roll Breaker HRB - Hot rolled Ribbed Bar HRC - Hardness Rockwell C scale HRC - Hot Rolled Coil HRC - High Rupturing Capacity (Fuses) HRC - Heat Resistant Concrete HRCF - Hot Rolled Coil Finishing

HRCO - Heat Recovery Coke Ovens HRD - High Resolution Digital HRDG - Hot Rolled Dynamo Grade HRED - Hydro Refining and Extractive Distillation HREM - High Resolution Electron Microscopy HRG - Hot Reducing Gas HRGO - Hot Rolled Grain Oriented HRICC - High Rank Imported Coking Coal HRNGO - Hot Rolled Non Grain Oriented HRP - Hydraulic Roller Press HRPVC - Heat Resistant Poly Vinyl Chloride HRS - Hazardous Ranking System HRSC - High Resolution Stereo Camera HRSCC - High Rate Solid Contact Clarifier HRSG - Heat Recovery Steam Generator HRSPO - Hot Rolled Strip Pickled and Oiled HRSS - Hot Rolled Stainless Steel HRSSP - Hot Rolled Sheet Steel Piling HRT - Hydraulic Retention Time HS - Home Sales HS - High Sulphur HS - Horizontal Stabilization HS - Harmonised System H&S - Health and Safety HS System - Horizontal work roll Stablization System HSA - Hydraulic Segment Adjustment HSB - High Strength Babbit HSB - Hydrostatic Shoe Bearing HSC - High Strength Concrete HSC - High Speed Cutting HSCB - High Speed Circuit Breaker HSCR - High Strength Corrosion Resistant HSCR - High Strength Cold Rolled

HSD - High Speed Diesel HSD - High Speed Data HSD - High Speed Delivery HSD - High Strength and high Ductility steels HSDPA - High Speed Downlink Packet Access HSE - High Speed Ethernet HSFBM - High Speed Finishing Bar Mill HSFG - High Strength Friction Grip HSI - Heat Stress Index HSI - Human System Interface HSIT - Host System Interoperability Testing HSLA - High Strength Low Alloy HSM - Hot Strip Mill HSMM - Hot Strip Mill Model HSPF - Heating Seasonal Performance Factor HSR - Historical Storage and Retrieval unit HSR - High Speed Rail HSRO - Heat Sanitizable Reverse Osmosis HSS - High Speed Steel HSS - Hollow Structural ( Steel ) Section HSSI - High Speed Serial Interface HSST - Horizontal Secondary Settling Tank HSU-I - Hybrid Secondary Uncluttered Induction motor HSWR - High Strength Weight Reduction materials HSZ - High Security Zone HT - Hardened and Tempered HT - High Tension HT - High Tensile HT - Heat Treatment HT - Hemispherical Temperature HtC - Heat to Coat HTC - Heat Transfer Co-efficient HTC - High Temperature Carbonisation

HTC - Hydraulic (Pressure) Test Certificate HTCRF - High Temperature Coke Reaction Furnace HTCW - High Temperature Conversion of Waste HTE - Heat Transfer Efficiency HTE - Heat Treatment Efficiency HTF - Heat Treatment Furnace HTF - Heat Transfer Fluids HTF - Heat Treatment Finishing HTFT - High Temperature Fischer Tropsch HTHP - High Temperature High Pressure HTHW - High Temperature Hot Water HTI - Holding Time Index HTJ - Hot Taphole Jacker HTL - High Tide Line HTL - High Temperature Limit HTLP - High Temperature Low Pressure HTML - Hyper Text Make-up Language HTMR - High Temperature Metal Recovery HTOM - High Temperature Optical Microscope HTP - High Top Pressure HTP - High Temperature Pitch HTPL - High Temperature Performance Limit HTS - High Temperature Superconductor HTS - Heat Treatable Steel HTS - High Tensile Strength HTS - High Temperature Shift (Reactor) HTSC - High Temperature Semi Conducting HTSM - High Temperature Softening and Melting HTST - High Temperature Short Time HTTI - High Temperature Thermal Insulation HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol HTW - High Temperature Winkler HV - High Voltage

HV - Hardness Vickers HV - High Volatile HV - Hydraulic Valve HVAC - Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning HVAC - Hign Vacuum HVAC - High Voltage Alternating Current HVACR - Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning and Refrigeration HVAS - High Volume Air Sampler HVD - High Velocity Diffuser HVDC - High Voltage Direct Current HVFA - High Volume Fly Ash concrete HVG - High Velocity Gantry HVGO - Heavy Vacuum Gas Oil HVI - High Viscosity Index HVLC - High Voltage Load Centre HVLP - High Volume Low Pressure HVM - High Volatile Matter HVMCC - High Voltage Motor Control Centre HVOF - High Velocity Oxygen Fuel HVS - High Volume Sampler HVSB - High Voltage Switch Board HVWS System - High Velocity Water Spray System HW - Hot Work HW - Hot Well HW - Hazardous Waste HW - Hardware HWAT - Hot Water Adhesive Tape HWBF - High Water Base Fluid HWCF - High Water Content Fluid HWL - High Water Level HWR - Hazardous Waste Rules HWR - Heavy Water Reactor HX - Heat Exchanger

HyICE - Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine HYQST - High Yield Quenched and Self Tempered HYS - High Yield Strength HYSD - High Yield Strength Deformed (Rebars) Hz - Heartz (Cycles/sec)

INDEX

IA - Internal Audit IA - Instrument Air IA - Intercritical Annealing IA - Impact Assessment IAA - Iso Amyl Acetate IAB - Internet Architecture Board IAC - Indian Agency Commission IACS - Internation Annealed Copper Standard (Conductivity) IAF - Intelligent Arc Furnace IAF - Induction Arc Furnace (Route) IAF - Induced Air flotation IAMS - Ion Attachment Mass Spectrometer IAP - Internet Access Protocol IAPP - Inter Access Point Protocol IAQ - Indoor Air Quality IAS - Internet Application Server IAS - Inline Air Separator IB - Intermediate Block IB - Intermediate Bins IB - Inter Burden I&BA - Investigation and Breakdown Analysis IBBM - Iron Body Bronze Mounted IBC - International Building Code IBD - Intermittent Blow Down IBL - Irregularly Bent Lamellae IBP - Independent Background Program IBP - Initial Boiling Point IBR - Inspection Base Risk

IBSR - Intentional Bulging Soft Reduction IBT - Isothermal Bainitic Transformation IC - Integrated Circuits IC - Internal Combustion IC - Inventory Control IC - Inversion Casting IC - Internal Crack IC - Intermediate Crack IC - Investment Casting IC - Inspection Certificate IC - Independent Consultant IC - Ion Chromatograph IC - Ingot Casting IC - Inorganic Chemicals I&C - Instrumentation and Controls ICA - Insruments Controls and Automation ICAL - Intelligent Caliberation Logic ICB - International Competitive Bidding ICC - Imported Coking Coal ICC - Internal Combustion Chamber ICC - Intermediate Cross Connects I/C cycle - Internal Compression cycle ICCB - Insulated Case Circuit Breaker IC&CS - Inventory Control & Costing System ICD - Inland Container Depot ICDR - Ingot Casting Direct Rolling ICE - Internal Combustion Engine ICE - Instrument Control Electronics ICF - Insulating Concrete Forms

ICL - Indirect Coal Liquification ICM - Integrated Compact Mill ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol ICOR - Incremental Capital Output Ratio ICP - Inductively Coupled Plasma ICP - International Comparison Program ICP-AES - Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectrometer ICP-MS - Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry ICP-OES - Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectrometer ICRH - Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating ICS - Integrated Control System ICS - Integrated Cooling System ICT - Information and Communication Technologies ICT - Inter Connecting Transformer ICW - Indirect Cooling Water ICZM - Integrated Coastal Zone Management ID - Induced Draft ID - Internal Diameter IDA Curves - Increment Dynamic Analysis Curves IDC - Interest During Construction IDC - Inter stand Dimension Control IDC - In Direct Cost IDCT - Induced Draught Cooling Tower IDE - Intelligent Design Environment IDE - Integrated Development Environment IDEA - International Data Encryption Algorithm IDF - Induced Draft Fan IDI - In Direct Injection IDL - Instrument Detection Level

IDLH - Immediate Dangerous to Life and Health IDMTL - Inverse Definite Minimum Time Lag IDOV - Identify Design Optimise Verify IDP - Identification Protocol IDP - Integrated Data Processing IDPL - Indoor Pipe Line IDS - Intrusion Deduction Software IDS - Identification System IDT - Initial Deformation Temperature IDU - Internet Data Unit IE - Industrial Engineering IE - Indian Electricity (Rules) IE - Industrial Ethernet IE - Industrial Estates IEBR - Internal and Extra Budgetary Resources IEC - Interactive Engineering Catalogues IEC - Information Education and Communication IED - Intelligent Electronic Devices IEGC - Indian Electricity Grid Code IEGT - Injection Enhanced Gate Transistor IEM - Integrated Energy Management IEM - Integrated Environment Management IEM - Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum IEMR - Ion Exchange Membrane bio Reactor IEO - International Energy Outlook IEP - Iso Elastic Point IEQ - Indoor Environmental Quality IER - Initial Environmental Review IERS - Integrated Emergency Response System

IET - International Emission Trading IET - Integrated Energy Transducers IET - Integrated Environmental Technologies IEV - Imputed Economic Value IF - Interstitial Free IF - Induction Furnace IF - Ignition Furnace IF - Irregular Ferrite I/F - Inter Face IFA - Issued For Approval IFAS - Integrated Fixedfilm Activated Sludge IFB - Invitation For Bid IFB - Interrupt Fold Back IFC - International Fire Code IFC - Integrated electric Furnace Control system IFC - Issued For Construction IFDCS - Integrated Flow Distribution and Control System IFGR - Internal Flue Gas Recirculation IFHS - Interstitial Free High Strength IFO - Intermediate Fuel oil IFR - Inter stand Flatness Roll IFR - Issued For Review IFRS - International Financial Reporting Standards IFT - Inter Facial Tension IFU - Instructions For Use IFU - Input Filter Unit IG - Industrial Grade IGA - Investment Grade Audit IGA - Internal General Arrangement

IGBT - Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGC - Inter Granular Corrosion IGCC - Integrated coal Gasification Combined Cycle IGCT - Integrated Gate Commutate Thyristor IGD - Industrial Gas Division IGF - Inter Granular Ferrite IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol IGPT - Insulated Gate Pin Transistor IGSCC - Inter Granular Stress Corrosion Cracking IGV - Inlet Guide Vane IGV - Inlet Goggle Valve IH - Induction Heater IHP - Indicated Horse Power IHRP - Industrial Heat Recovery Power II - Inclusion Index IIP - Index of Industrial Production IIR - Isobutene Isoprene Rubber IIS - Internet Information Server ( Service ) IIUS - Industrial Infrastructure Upgradation Scheme IL - Invert Level IL - Imposed Load ILC - In Line Calciner ILD - Inter Layer Die-electrics ILDB - Indoor Lighting Distribution Board ILI - In Line Inspection ILM - Infrared Link Module ILP - Industrial Location Policy ILW - Intermediate Level Waste IM - Inherent Moisture

IM - Impact Mill IM - Inspection Memo IM - Induction Motor IM - Intensity Measures IM - Industrial Minerals IM - Integrated Mill IM - Interface Module IM - Injection Moulding IM - Information Management I&M - Inspection and Maintenance IMAP - Internet Message (Mail) Access Protocol IMC - Internal Model Contoller IMC - Intelligent Motor Control IMC - International Mining Consultants IMC - Intermediate Metal Conduit IMC - Industrial Mobile Communication IMD - Integrated Marking Devices IMGS - Intensive Mixing and Granulation System IMIS - Integrated Management Information System IMP - Interface Message Processor IMPOC - Impulse Magnetic Process Online Controller IMPS - Integrated Marketing and Production System IMR - Intermediate Roll IMS - Informaton (Integrated ) Management System IMS - Intelligent Manufacturing System IMS - Integrated Maintenance Solutions IMS - Indirect Measuring System IMT - Intermediate Mill Train IMTS - Improved Mobile Telephone Service

IN - Inspection Note INA - Intel Network Architecture INCOS - Integrated Computer System INDUREF - Induction Ladle Refining Furnace INR - Indian Rupees INR - Inspection Report INRED - Intensive Reduction Process INSP - Inspection INTETS - Integrated Electric Traction System IO - Inspection Opening I/O - Input - Output IOB - Iron Ore Beneficiation IOC - Intermittently Operated Clarifier IOF - Iron Ore Fines IOF - Industries Of Future IOG - Iron Ore Group IOL - Iron Ore Lump IOL - Instantaneous Over Load IOM - Installation Operation and Maintenance manual IP - Ingress Protection IP - Internet Protocol IP - Inspection Plan IP - Inspection Procedure IP - Interfacing Point IP - Inspection Point IP - Intermediate Pressure Ips - Inch Pound I/P - Input Electrical Signal to Pneumatic Output (Current to Pressure Converters) IPBD - Isolated Phase Bus Duct

IPC - International Plumbing Code IPC - In Pit Crusher IPL - Independent Protection Layer IPLV - Integrated Part Load Value IPM - Intelligent Processing of Materials IPM - Integrated Protection Module IPM - Intelligent Power Module IPM - In Process Materials IPO - Initial Public Offering IPP - Independent Power Producers IPPC - Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control IPPL - Inter Plant Pipe Line IPQS - Integrated Product Quality System IPR - Industrial Policy Resolution 1956 IPR - In Process Reviews IPS - Impingement Plate Scrubber IPS - Improved Plow Steel IPS - Inclined Plate Settler IPS - Inter Particle Spacing IPS - Immediate Positioning System IPS - International Pipe Standards IPS - Iron Pipe Size IPS - In Plant Stores IPSA - Infinite Periodic Structure Approach IPSS - Inter Plant Steel Standards IPT - Inter Plant Transfers IPT - Inter Pass Temperature IPT - Improvement Performance Together IPT - Iron Pipe Threaded

IPTS - International Practical Temperature Scale IPVF - Industrial Pipes Valves and Fittings IQ - Intermediate Quenching IQ - Image Quality IQ - Installation Qualification IQD - Inside Quantity Distance IR - Infra Red IR - Inner Race (of Bearing) IR - Investor Relations IR - Isoprene Rubber IR - Inverter Resistance IRAP - Integrated Rolling Annealing and Pickling line IRAS - Impulse Resonance Accoustic Spectroscopy IRC - International Residential Code IRC - Infra Red Coating IRCS - Indian Road Congress Standards IRDS - Intelligent Remote Diagnostic System IRED - Infra Red Emitting Diode IRF - Iron Removal Filter IRHT - Industrial Refrigeration and Heat Transfer IRIS - Internal Rotary Inspection System IRIS - Infra Red Identification System IRLED - Infra Red Light Emitting Diode IRM - Iron Rich Materials IRM - Industrial Raw Materials IRMS - Induction Roll Magnetic Separation IRMS - Integrated Risk Management System IRP - Integrated Resource Planning IRR - Internal Rate of Returns

IRR - Infra Red Radiation IRS - Indian Railways Standards ( Specifications ) IRS - Intelligent Refining System IRS - Instant Result Scanning IRS - In-structure Response Spectra IRT - Infra Red Thermography IRT - Isochronous Real Time IR-UT - Injection Refining - Up Temperature IS - Indian Standards IS - Information System IS - Impregnation Section IS - Isotropic steels IS - Intrinsically Safe IS - Intrinsic Safety IS - Initial Study IS - Interim Status IS - Information Systems ISA - Industry Standard Architecture ISB - Intermediate Surge Bins ISB - Intermediate Stock Bins ISBF - Industrial Scale Burner Facility ISBL - In Side Battery Limit ISC - Intelligent Slab Casting ISC - Inter crystalline Stress Corrosion ISC-Process - Instantaneous Slag Chill Process ISD - Inverse Square of Distance ISD - Isothermal Stability Diagrams ISD - International Subscriber Dialling ISDN - Integrated Service Digital Network

ISDS - Integrated Safeguards Data Sheet ISE - Integrated Software Environment ISG - Integral Starter and Generator ISIN - International Securities Identification Number ISM band - Industrial Scientific and Medical band ISO - Internal Safety Organization ISO - Independent System Operator ISP - Inline Strip Production ISP - Internet Service Provider ISP - Integrated Steel Plant ISP - Iron Smelting Plant (Process) ISP - Indian Standards Procedure ISP - Interoperable Systems Project ISPI - Indian Steel Price Index ISR - Industry Sciences and Resources ISRS - Inside Screw Rising Stem IST - Initial Softening Temperature IST - Indian Standard Time IST - Integrated System Tests ISU - Integrated Service Unit ISV - Iron Solution Value IT - Information Technology IT - Ignition Time IT - Impact Toughness IT - Isothermal Transformation IT - Idle Time IT - International Trade ITAAC - Inspections Tests Analyses and Acceptance Criteria ITB - Intructions To Bidders

ITC - Input Tax Credit ITC - Indian Trade Classification ITES Sector - Information Technology Enabled Services Sector ITG - Independent Test Group ITM - Ion Transport Membrane ITmk 3 - Iron Technology Mark 3 ITP - Industrial Twisted Pair ITS - Inspection and Test Schedule ITS - International Temperature Scale ITS - Intelligent Transportation System ITSH - Intermediate Temperature Super Heater ITT - Invitation To Tender ITT - Impact Transition Temperature ITV - Industrial Television ITW - Inner Tundish Well ITZ - Interfacial Transition Zone IU - Iron Unit IV - Impact Value IV - Interactive Video IVR - Interactive Voice Response IW - Indirect Water IWH - Industrial Waste Heat IWLAN - Industrial Wireless Local Area Network IWPP - Independent Water and Power Project IWRC - Independent Wire Rope Core IWRM - Independent Water Resource Management IWT - Inland Water Transport IWW - Isothermal Warm Working

JB - Jamb Brick

INDEX

JB - Junior Beam JB - Junction Box JBE - Joist Bearing Elevation JC - Junior Channel JCR - Jumbo Coking Reactor JDN - Job Documentation Numbering JEIM - Joda East Iron Mines JH - Junction House JHA - Job Hazard Analysis JI - Joint Implementation JIP - Joint Industry Project JIR - Joint Inspection Report JIS - Japanese Industrial Standards JLM - Jaggayapeta Limestone Mines JMF - Job Mix Formula JP - Jet Process JPCP - Jointed Plain Concrete Pavement JPEG - Joint Photographic Express Group JSA - Job Safety Analysis JTV - Joule Thomson Valve

k - Kilo
INDEX

K - Kelvin kB - Kilo Byte KBE - Knowledge Based Engineering KBOP - Kombiniert bottom Blowing Oxygen Process kCal - Kilo Calories KCB-S - Krupp Combined Blowing- Stainless converter KCC - Key Control Characteristics KDC - Key Distribution Centre KE - Kinetic Energy KEM - Key Engineering Materials KES - Kombiniert (Klockner) Electric Steelmaking process kg - Kilogram KGOE - Kilogram of Oil Equivalent KIM - Khond bond Iron Mines KJ - Kelsey Jig KJ - Key Joint kl - Kilolitres km - Kilo meters KMS - Kombiniert Maxhutte Steel making kN - Kilo Newton KOBM - Kombiniert Oxygen bottom Blowing Maxhutte KOM - Kick Off Meeting KP - Kyoto Protocol KPA - Key Process Area

KPV - Key Process Variables KQC - Key Quality Characteristics KQI - Key Quality Indicators KQM - Kintada Quartzite Mine KR - Kohle Reduction sanlage process KR - Kambe Roller (Guiding system) KRM - Kocks Rotation Mill KSC - Kiln Supervision & Control system KSCA - Kilogram per Square Centimeter Absolute KSCG - Kilogram per Square Centimeter gauge KTB - Kawasaki Top Blowing kV - Kilo Volt KV - Kinematic Viscosity KVA Process - Klockner Voest Alpine Process

l - Litre L - Length LA - Lightning Arrestor LA - Loan Account LA - Land Acquisition Lab - Laboratory LAD - Lubrication equuipment Assembly Drawings LAD - Laminar Air Diffuser LAD - Ladder Diagram LAD - Least Available Depth LADT - Local Area Development Tax LAER - Lowest Achievable Emission Rate LAF - Laminar Air Flow LAL - Lower Alarm Limit LAM Coke - Low Ash Matallurgical Coke LAN - Local Area Network LAP - Low Air Pressure (Atomizing) LAP - Link Access Procedure LAPL - Large Area Prospecting licence

INDEX

LAPT - Lightening Arrestor and Potential Transformer panel LAR - Liquid Argon LAR - Lot Acceptance Rate LAS - Low Alloy Steel LAS - Link Active Scheduler LAS - Loading Automation System LASER - Light Amplification by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation LATA - Local Access and Transport Area LAUS - Low Alloy Ultrahigh Strength (Steels)

LAZ - Laser Alloyed Zone LB - Light (Weight) Beam LB - Low Blast LBA - Local Bus Adapter LBDMD - Laser Based Direct Metal Deposition LBDS - Load Block Distribution Substation LBE - Lance Bubbling Equilibrium LBFS - Lead Blast Furnace Slag LBI - Laminar Barrier Inerting LBMB - Light Burnt Magnesia Briquette LBNR - Lime Borax Neutralizing Rinse LBO - Leveraged Buy Out LBSS - Load Block Stepdown Substation LBTF - Lead Bath Tempering Furnace LBW - Laser Beam Welding LBZ - Local Brittle Zone LC - Low Carbon LC - Light Creosote LC - Load Centre LC - Letter of Credit LC - Light Channel LC - Level Crossing LC - Light Crack LC - Legal Compliance LC - Least Count LC - Local Component LC - Lucent Connector LC - Liquid Chromatography

LC - Load Constant LC - Local Currency LC - Lower Critical LC Fe Cr - Low Carbon Ferro Chrome LC Fe Mn - Low Carbon Ferro Manganese LCA - Life Cycle Assessment LCAK - Low Carbon Aluminium Killed LCB - Local Control Boards LCB - Local Control Box LCC - Ladle Covering Compound LCC - Life Cycle Cost LCC - Low Cement Castable LCC - Limited Combustible Cable LCC - Longitudinal Corner Cracking LCCA - Life Cycle Cost Analysis LCCP - Life Cycle Climate Performance LCD - Liquid Crystal Display LCD - Local Control Desk LCD - Liquid Column Damper LCE - Life Cycle Engineering LCF - Low Cycle Fatigue LCFC - Low Carbon Ferro Chrome LCFCS - Low Carbon Free Cutting Steel LCFM - Low Carbon Ferro Manganese LCH - Load Cell mounted Hopper LCH - Linear Change on Heating LCI - Load Commutated Inverter LCI - Life Cycle Inventory

LCK - Low Carbon Killed LCL - Lower Control Limit LCL - Lower Confidence Level LCM - Lanthanum Calcium Manganate LCMS - Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry LCN - Local Control Network LCNG - Liquid Compress Natural Gas LCO - Least Cost Optimizing model LCO - Limiting Condition of Operation LCP - Lime Calcining Plant LCP - Local Control Panel LCP - Life Cycle Profit LCP - Link Control Protocol LCR - Liquid Core Reduction LCS - Laboratory Control Sample LCS - Local Control Station LCSA - Lateral Critical Speed Analysis LCSS - Load Centre Stepdown Substation LCT - Lower Critical Temperature LCV - Light Commercial Vehicle LD - Linz Donawitz LD - Liquidated Damages LD - Logical Device LD - Linking Device LD - Laser Diode LD - Ladder Diagram LDA - Laser Doppler Anemometry LDAR - Leak Detection And Repair

LDB - Lighting Distribution Board LDC - Load Despatch Centre LDG - LD (Converter) Gas LDH - Lance Digital Height LDL - Lowest Detection Limit LDO - Light Diesel Oil LDP - Low Density Polymer LDP - Lower Delta Plain LDPE - Low Density Poly Ethylene LDR - Limiting Draw Ratio LDT - Light Displacement Tonnage (Ship) LDV - Laser Dopler Velocimetry LDV - Light Duty Vehicle LE - Leading Edge LE - Lighting Efficiency LEA - Lubrication Equipment Arrangement drawing LEA - Low Excess Air LEB - Large End Beveled LEC - Local Exchange Carrier LED - Light Emitting Diode LEDC - Low Energy Detonating Cord LEED - Low Energy Electron Diffraction LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environment Design LEFM - Linear Elastic Fructure Mechanics LEG - Liquid Ethylene Gas LEL - Lower Explosive Limit LEL - Lower Exposure Limit LEL - Lubrication Equipment Layout

LE-MED - Low Temperature - Multi Effect Distillation LEO - Low Earth Orbit LEP - Large End Plain Leq - Equivalent continuous sound level LES - Large Eddy Simulation LES - LAN Emulation Server LEPA - Low Energy Precision Application LET - Lance Equilibrium Tuyeres LET - Large End Threaded LETD - Low Emission Technology Development LEV - Local Exhaust Ventilation LEV - Low Emission Vehicle LF - Ladle Furnace LF - Low Flow LF - Late Finish LF - Load Factor LF - Line Feed LF - Lowest Factor LFC - Longitudinal Facial Cracks LFC - Liquids From Coals LFI - Long Fiber Injection LFL - Lower Flamability Limit LFO - Light Fuel Oil LFR - Light Flat Rolled (Products) LFS - Lubrication Flow Sheet LG - Low Grade LG - Longitudinal Groove L/G - Liquid to Gas ratio

LGS - Light Gauge Structural LH - Laying Head LH - Left Hand LH - Low heat of Hydration LHC - Low Heat portland Cement LHC - Large Hadron Collider LHCD - Lower Hybrid Current Drive LHD - Load Haul Dumper LHF - Ladle Heating Furnace LHG - Lump High Grade LHP - Lignite Handling Plant LHR - Latent Heat Ratio LHS - Left Hand Side LHT - Laying Head Temperature LHV - Lower Heat Value LI - Lubrication Index LIBOR - London Inter Bank Offer Rate LIBS - Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LID - Lance Immersion Depth LIE - Local Instrumentation Enclosures LIFO - Last In First Out LILO - Last In Last Out LIMB - Limestone Injection Multistage Burner LIMS - Low Intensity Magnetic Separation LIMS - Laboratory Information Management System LIN - Liquid Nitrogen LIS - Logical IP Subnet LIU - Line Interface Unit

LIU - Light guide Interconnection Unit LJP - Laser Jet Printer LL - Live Load LL - Liquid Limit LLC - Logical Link Control LLCP - Long Life Concrete Pavement LLD - Load Line Displacements LLD - Lower Limit of Detection LLDPE - Linear Low Density Poly Ethylene LLG - Lump Low Grade LLI - Lower Layer Interface LLMW - Low Level Mixed Waste LLW - Low Level Waste LLW - Level Liquid Waste LM - Laser Marking LM - Load Manager LM - Load Management LMC - Low Moisture Castable LMC - Laminated Metal Composite LMC - Latex Modified Concrete LMD - Lime Mud Drying LMF - Ladle Metallurgy Facilities LMF - Level DC Magnetic Field LMG - Lower Material Gate LMG - Lump Medium Grade LMH - Litre per square Meter per Hour LMI - Lubrication Maintenance Improvement LMO - Living Modified Organisms

LPM - Lines Per Minute LMS - Light Melting Scrap LMSM - Light and Medium Structural Mill LMTD - Least ( Logarithmic ) Mean Temperature Difference LMU - Local Monitoring Unit LN - Logical Node LNB - Low NOx Burner LNG - Liquified Natural Gas LO - Lubricating Oil LO - Lateritic Ore LOA - Lube Oil Additives LOA - Limits Of Authority LOA - Letter Of Acceptance LOA - Letter Of Award LOA - Letter Of Assurance LOA - Letter Of Approval LOA - Length Over All LOAEL - Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level LOBS - Lube Oil Base Stocks LOC - Lab On a Chip LOC - Letter Of Confirmation LOCP - Lump Ore Crushing Plant LOD - Limit Of Detection LOI - Loss On Ignition LOI - Letter Of Intent LOI - Letter Of Invitation LOLP - Loss Of Load Probability LOM - Light Optical Microscope

LOP - Limit Of Proportionality LOPA - Layer Of Protection Analysis LOPT - Length Optimization LORA - Logistical Optimisation and Routine Algorithm LOS - Level Of Service LOSP - Lump Ore Screening Plant LOTIS - Laser Optic Tubing Inspection System LOx - Liquid Oxygen LP - Low Pressure LP - Long Products LP - Ladle Preparation LP - Local Panel LP - Low Power LP - Linear Programming LP - Longitudinally Profiled LPA - Long Period Average LPB - Low Pressure Booster LPB - Low Pressure Boiler LPBS - Local Push Button Station LPC - Lap Top Computer LPC - Liquid Pool Control LPD - Low Pressure Drop LPD - Lighting Power Density LPD - Loose Pack Density LPDME - Liquid Phase Di Methyl Ether LPF - Low Pass Filter LPG - Liquified Petroleum Gas LPH - Litres Per Hour

LPH - Low Pressure (feed water) Heater LPI - Liquid Penetrant Inspection lpm - Litres Per Minute LPP - Long Products Producer LPPI - Long Products Price Index LPPM - Low Pressure Permanent Mould LPR - Linear Polarization Resistance LPR - Liquid Phase Reduction LPS - Lance Pipe Steel LPS - Load Positioning Sensors LPS - Low Pressure Systems LPS - Low Pressure Steam LPS - Low Pressure Sodium LPT - Line Potential Transformer LPU - Liquid Processing Unit LQ - Low Quality LQG - Large Quantity Generator LR - Lorry Receipt LR - Locking Ring LR - Line Return LRA - Lighting Risk Advisor LRC - Liquid Ring Compressor LRC - Longitudinal Redundancy Check LRF - Ladle Refining Furnace LRF - Load and Resistance Factor LRFD - Load and Resistance Factor Design LRK - Long Rotary Kiln LRL - Lower Range Limit

LRM - Long Rolling Mills LRP - Long Range Programme LRP - Long Rolled Products LRPC - Low Relaxation Prestressed Concrete LRQA - Llyods Register of Quality Assurance LRS - Ladle Repair Shop LRS - Limiting Ruling Section LRS - Loco Running Shed LRSB - Long Retractable Soot Blower LRTS - Lifeline Rope Tensioning System LRV - Lower Range Value LS - Ladle Shroud LS - Limit Switch LS - Liquid Steel LS - Low Sulphur LS - Load Sensing LS - Late Start LS - Lump Sum LS - Life Safety LS - Land Station LS - Light Sensor LS - Limited Service LSA - Ladle Sample Analysis LSA - Laser Surface Alloying LSA - Low Specific Activity LSB - Least Significant Bit LSBC - Loud Speaker Broad-Casting LSC - Liquid Steel for Casting

LSD - Limit State Design LSD - Lime Spray Drying LSD - Low Solidity vane Diffusers LSD - Least Significant Digit LSD - Long Spaced Density LSDP - Large Scale Demonstration Plant LSDS - Lime Stone and Dolomite Screening plant LSFO - Low Sulphur Furnace Oil LSFO - Limestone with Forced Oxidation process LSGP - Loading Slip cum Gate Pass LSHS - Low Sulphur Heavy Stock LSI - Langelier Saturation Index LSIS - Loud Speaker Inter-communication System LSL - Lower Specification Limit LSM - Ladle Shroud Manipulator LSM - Laser Straightness Meter LSM - Limit State Method LSR - Liquid Soft Reduction LST - Laboratory Simulated Test LSTK - Lump Sum Turn Key LSV - Lower Sealing Valve LSV - Laser Surface Velocimeyer LT - Low Tension LT - Long Travel LT - Liquidous Temperature LT - Long Transverse LT - Low Temperature LT - Loaded Truck

LT - Lead Time LTA - Long Term Agreement LTA - Low Temperature Ashing LTA - Lost Time Accident LTC - Long Term Contract LTC - Low Temperature Carbonization LTC - Long Thread and Coupling LTCC - Longwall Top Coal Caving LTD - Low Temperature Disintegration ( Degradation ) LTD - Long Term Debt LTD - Least Temperature Difference LTE - Limited Tender Enquiry LTE - Low Temperature Evaporation LTF - Low Temperature Flash LTFT - Low Temperature Fischer Tropsch LTG - Liquid Turbine Generator LTG - Liquid To Gas LTGK - Low Temperature Gray King LTHT - Low Temperature Heat Treatment LTHW - Low Temperature Hot Water LTI - Loss Time Injury LTI - Lost Time Incident LTIFR - Loss Time Injury Frequency Rate LTL - Less than Truck Load LTL - Low Tide Line LTL - Low Temperature Limit LTMC - Low Temperature Mercury Control LTN - Line Termination Network

LTO - Lateritic Ore LTO - Low Temperature Oxidation LTO - Long Term Orientation LTOP - Low Temperature Over Pressure LTP - Long Term Program LTPA - Lakh Tons Per Annum LTPD - Lot Tolerance Percent Defectives LTPL - Low Temperature Performance Limit LTR - Low Temperature Rolling LTS - Light Track Structures LTS - Ladle Treatment Station LTS - Lightly Tin coated Steel LTSA - Long Term Service Agreement LTSC - Low Temperature Semi Conducting LTSH - Low Temperature Super Heater LTTD - Low Temperature Thermal Desalination LUBE - Lubricating LUN - Logical Unit Number LUX - SI Unit of Illuminance LV - Low Voltage LV - Low Volatile LV - Low Volume LVB - Low Voltage Board LVCC - Low Volatile Coking Coal LVD - Low Voltage Directive LVDE - Low Voltage Distribution Equipment LVDT - Linear Variable Differential Transducer (Transformer) LVFO - Low Viscosity Furnace Oil

LVFO - Low Viscosity Fuel Oil LVHR - Low Volatile High Rank LVI - Low Viscosity Index LVM - Low Volatile Matter LVNQ - Low Voltage Network Quality LVRT - Linear Variable Relunctance Transducer LVS - Large Video Screen LW - Long Wave LWA - Light Weight Aggregate LWB - Laser Welded Blanks LWC - Light Weight Coated LWDII - Lost Work Day Injury and Incidence rate LWFES - Light Weight Front End Structure LWI - Load Wear Index LWP - Lost Wax Process LWR - Long Welded Rail LWRS - Loco and Wagon Repair Shop LWS Process - Creusot loire Wendel Fidelor (Sprunk) Process LWTP - Liquid Waste Treatment Plant LYP - Lower Yield Point

m - Metre M - Million mA - Milli ampere MA - Micro Alloyed MA - Mechanical Alloying MA - Movable Armour MA - Magnesia Alumina MA - Master Alloys M&A - Mergers and Acquisitions MAC - Maximum Allowable (Acceptable) Concentration MAC - Medium (Media) Access Control MAC - Master Controller MAC - Model Algorithmic Control MAC - Main Air Compressor MACA - Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance MACS - Multipurpose Accelerated Cooling System MACT - Maximum Achievable Control Technology MAE - Maximum Allowable Emissions MAE - Micro Alloying Elements MAER - Maximum Allowable Emissions Rate MAF - Mechanically Attached Fittings MAF - Micro Aerobic Fermentation MAG - Metal Active Gas Mag-C - Magnesium Carbon (Bricks) MAGS - Metal Arc Gas Shielded (Welding) MAH - Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon MAH - Major Accident Hazard MAMS - Maintenance Management System

INDEX

MAN - Metropolitan Area Network MAOP - Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure MAP - Maximum Allowable Pressure MAP - Mono Ammonium Phosphate MAP - Microwave Assisted Plasma MAP - Manufacturing Automation Protocol MAP - Master Activity Planning MAPS - Mail Abuse Prevention System MAPU - Multi Application Processing Unit MAR - Material At Risk MAST - Multi Axis Shake Table MAT - Minimum Alternate Tax MAT - Moving Annual Total MAT - Microwave Assist Technology MAU - Media Access Unit MAV - Maximum Acceptable Value MAV - Manual Air Vent MAWP - Maximum Allowable Working Pressure MAX - Main Automatic Exchange MB - Medium Flange Beam MB - Material Balance MB - Mega Byte MB - Morgan Block MB - Mono Block MB - Mixed Bed MB - Machinery Breakdown MB - Mass Balance MB - Marshalling Box

MBB - Magnetic Blast type Breaker MBC - Mechanical, Biological, Chemical MBC - Mini Bulk Carrier MBD - Mixed Bed Demineraliser MBE - Magnetic Bark hausen Emission MBF - Mini Blast Furnace MBF - Magnetic Braking Feeder MBI - Modified Basicity Index MBI - Market Based Instruments MBL - Minimum Breaking Load MBN - Magnetic Bark hausen Noise MBO - Most Benefit Optimizing model MBP - Metallic Blast Preheater MBPN - Multi layer Back Propagation Network MBQ - Merchant Bar Quality MBR - Maximum Bio-degradation Rate MBR - Membrane Bio Reactor MBS - Mono Block Stopper MBT - Maximum Belt Tension MBV - Management By Values MBV - Modular Ball Valve MC - Medium Carbon MC - Medium (Weight) Channel MC - Marginal Cost MC - Molten Carbonate MC - Multiple Cyclones M/C - Machine MCA - Motor Circuit Analysis

MCA - Model Concession Agreement Mcal - Mega (Million) Calories MCB - Miniature Circuit Board MCB - Miniature Circuit Breaker MCB - Main Control Board MCB - Main Circuit Breaker MCBDB - Miniature Circuit Breaker Distribution Board MCC - Motor Control Centre MCC - Medium Coking Coal MCC - Medium Cement Castable MCC - Main Cross Connects MCC - Motion Control Chart MCCB - Moulded Case Circuit Breaker MCD - Main Control Desk MCD - Machine ( Mechanical ) Condition Detector MCDR - Mineral Conservation and Development Rules 1988 MCE - Maximum Considered Earthquake MCFC - Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell mcg - Microgram MCHS - Mechanical Coal Handling System MCIS - Motion Control Information System MCL - Maximum Contaminant Level MCL - Metal Coating Line MCL - Motor and Component List MCM - Multi Chip Module MCM - Million Cubic Metre MCMS - Morgan Condition Monitoring System MCP - Medium Parallel flange channel

MCP - Modular Centrifugal Pump MCP - Motor Control Panel MCP - Mobile Crushing Plant MCR - Maximum Continuous Rating MCR - Mother Coil Report MCR - Mineral Concession Rules 1980 MCR - Master Control Relay MCR - Master Control Reset MCS - Micro Computer System MCS - Masses Compound Shop MCS - Monte Carlo Simulation MCS - Mimic Control System MCS - Modular Cooling System MCSP - Mobile Crushing and Screening Plant MCT - Machine Condition Transmitter MCT - Managed Change Technique MCT - Machine Cycle Time MCU - Moisture Control Unit MCU - Micro Computer Unit MCV - Medium Commercial Vehicle MCV - Multi Column Vertical MCV - Mine Concentrate Value MCW - Main Cooling Water system MD - Maximum Demand MD - Mechanical Decanter MD - Metal Detector MD - Multi Domain MD - Medium Duty

MD - Maximum Differential MDA - Material Delivery Advance MDA - Machine Data Acquisition MDA - Monochrome Display Adapter MDB - Material Data Base MDBFP - Motor Driven Boiler Feed Pump MDBT - Miniature Disc Bend Test MDC - Machine Data Collection MDD - Maximum Dry Density MDF - Main Distribution Frame MDF - Medium Density Fibre MDF - Mineral Development Fund MDG - Millennium Development Goals MDI - Manual Data Input MDL - Method Detection Limit MDLS - Main Distribution Lighting Switch board MDM - Madharam Dolomite Mines MDM - Master Data Management MDO - Marine Diesel Oil MDOF - Multiple Degree Of Freedom MDPM - Market Determined Pricing Mechanism MDR - Metal Drip Ratio MDR - Major District Roads MDRX - Meta Dynamic Recrystallisation MDS - Main Distribution Substation MDS - Mobile Data Storage M&E - Monitoring and Evaluation M&E - Mechanical and Electrical

MEC - Mandrel Expansion Control MED - Multi Effect Distillation MEE - Maximum Effect Evaporation systems MEEP - Moving Electrode Electrostatic Precipitator MEFIS - Material and Energy Flow Information System MEK - Methyl Ethyl Ketone MEL - Magnesium Enhanced Lime MEMP - Maximize Expected Maximum Profit M-EMS - Mould - Electro Magnetic Stirrer MEMS - Micro Electrical Mechanical System MEN - Multiple Earth Neutral MEO - Medium Earth Orbit MEP - Modernization and Expansion Plan MER - Medium Evaporation Rate MEPS - Minimum Energy Performance Standards MER - Mechanical Equipment Room MEROS - Maximum Emission Reduction Of Sintering MERV - Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value MES - Manufacturing Execution System MESG - Maximum Experimental Safe Gap MET - Mean Effective Temperature METCS - Morgan Enhanced Temperature Controlled System MEUR - Million Euros MF - Maximum Fluidity MF - Multi Fuel MF - Medium Frequency MF - Micro Filtration MF - Melting Furnace

MF - Massive Ferrite Mf - Martensite finish (Temperature) MFA - Material Flow Accounting MFB - Multi Functional Burner MFC - Matrix Flow Chart MFC - Mass Flow Controller MFDC - Mid Frequency Direct Current MFF - Modular Fabrication Facilities MFL - Magnetic Flux Leakage MFM Mini Flat Mill MFM - Multi Function Meter MFM - Mini Finishing Mill MFN - Most Favoured Nation MFO - Medium Fuel Oil MFP - Mineral Facts and Problems MFP - Membrane Filtration Plant MFP - Mono Fluoro Phosphate MFR - Mechanical Flow Regulator MFR - Mass Flow Rate MFS - Mean Flow Stress MFT - Master File Table MFT - Master Fuel Trip mg - Milligram MG - Motor Generator MG - Mixed Gas MG - Meter Gauge MG - Medium Grain MG - Melter Gasifier

MGD - Million Gallon per Day MGF - Multi Grade Filter MGMY - Mixed Goods Marshalling Yard MGO - Marine Gas Oil MGP - Manfactured Gas Plants MGP - Minimum Guaranteed Power MGP - Material Gate Pass MGPS - Multifunctional Generation Protection System MGR - Merry Go Round MGS - Multi Gravity Separation MGU - Motorized Gear Unit MH - Main Hoist MH - Main Header MH - Mixing Height (Emissions) MH - Medium Hard (Pitch) MH - Moderate heat of Hydration MH - Major Hazard MH - Man Hole MH - Material Handling M&H - Management and Handling MHC - Moisture Holding Capacity MHD - Magneto Hydro Dynamic MHE - Mechanical Handling Equipment MSIHC rules - Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical (Rules) MHL - Multiple Hole Lance MHR - Mould Heat Removal MHS - Material Handling System MHV - Vickers Micro Harness

MHVT - Mutiple shield High Velocity Thermocouple MI - Material Input MI - Maleable Iron MIA - Multi variate Image Analysis MIBC - Methyl Iso Butyl Carbinol (Frother) MIBK - Methyl Iso Butyl Ketone MIC - Micro Inclustion Count MIC - Minimum Ignition Current MIC - Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion MIC - Metal In Concentrate MIC - Master Item Code MIC - Minimum Inhibitory Concentration MICC - Metal Insulated Copper Cover MICR - Magnetic Ink Character Recognition MICS - Mineral Insulated Copper Sheathed MIG - Metal Inert Gas MIL - Minimum Induced Loss MIM - Metal Injection Moulding MIME - Multi purpose Internet Mail Extension MIMO - Multi Input Multi Output min - Minute MINAS - Minimum National Standards MIO - Micaceous Iron Oxide MIS - Management Information System MIT - Market If Touched MJ - Movement Joint MJ - Mega Joule MKS - Metre Kilogram Second

ml - Millilitre ML - Mining Lease ML - Mould Level ML - Multiple Language ML - Magnesium Lime ML - Mega Litre MLBF - Mean Life Before Failure mLC - Meters of Liquid Column MLC - Mould Level Control MLD - Million Litres per Day MLDB - Main Lighting Distribution Board MLE - Most Likely Exposure MLE - Mils of Lateral Expansion MLFL - Magnetic flux Leakage Flux Tester MLLW - Mean Lower Low Water MLP - Multi Layer Perception MLR - Multi Linear Regression MLSS - Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids MLVSC - Multi Level Voltate Source Converters MLVSS - Mixed Liquor Volatile Suspended Solids mm - Millimeter MM - Merchant Mill MM - Material Management MM - Mineral Matter MM - Margin Money MM - Maintenance Manual MMAW - Manual Metal Arc Welding MMC - Metal Matrix Composites

MMC - Modern Method of Construction MMCR - Minor Mineral Concession Rule MMD - Motor Mounted Devices MMD - Measuring and Monitoring Devices MMDR Act - Mines and Mineral Development and Regulation Act MME - Mining and Mobile Equipment MME - Manufacturing Machines and Equipment MMER - Metal Mining Effluent Regulations MMF - Magneto Motive Force MMH - Manual Material Handling MMIPIS - Man Machine Interface and Plant Information System MMM - Metals Mining and Mineral mmmf - Moist, mineral matter free MMO - Maintenance Modification & Operation MMP - Motor Management Program MMQ - Minimum Manufacturing Quantity MMR - Mean Maximum Reflectance MMRD - Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation MMS - Mean Material Size MMS - Mould Monitoring System MMS - Maintenance Management System MMS - Mobile Massaging System MMS - Mill Management System MMS - Manufacturing Message Specification MMSCMD - Million Metric Standard Cubic Metre per Day MMSD - Mines Minerals and Sustainable Development MMTC - Million Metric Tons of Carbon MMU - Mass Measuring Unit

MMU - Memory Management Unit MMWC - Millimeter Water Column MMX - Multi Media Extensions MNC - Multi National Corporations MNCP - Mechanized Naphthalene Crystallization Plant MND - Mixing and Nodulizing Drum MO - Mail Order M&O - Maintenance and Operation MOA - Memorandum of Agreement MOC - Material Of Construction MOC - Memorandum of Cooperation MOC - Mechanism Operated Contact MOCB - Minimum Oil Circuit Breaker MOD - Motor Operated Damper MOD - Magnetic Optical Disc MODBUS - Communication Protocol by MODICON MODEM - Modulate and Demodulate MODVAT - Modified Value Added Tax MOE - Molten Oxide Electrolysis MOE - Margin Of Exposure MOGV - Motor Operated Gate Valve MOLA - Moisture On Line Analyzer MON - Motor Octane Number MOM - Month On Month MOP - Muriate Of Potash MOP - Measure Of Performance MOP - Main Oil Pump MOPS - Millions of Operations Per Seconds

MOQ - Minimum Order Quantity MOR - Modulus Of Rupture MOR - Motor Overload Relay MOS - Metal Oxide Semiconductor MOS - Margin Of Safety MOSFET - Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor MOU - Memorandum of Understanding MOV - Metal Oxide Varistor MOV - Motor Operated Valve MP - Medium Pressure MP - Melting Point MP - Micro Pore MP - Mould Powder MP - Medium Power MP - Main Pier MP - Maximum Power MP - Metal Powder MP - Multi Processor MP - Master Plan MP - Monitoring Plan MPa - Mega Pascal MPC - Matrix of Pair Cluster MPC - Multi Pulse Concept MPC - Model ( Multivariable ) Predictive Control MPCB - Motor Protection Circuit Breaker MPD - Multi Purpose Difractometer MPDS - Main Power Distribution Substation MPE - Maximum Permissible Exposure

MPE - Magnetic Particle Examination MPF - Multi Plate Filter MPG - Multi Purpose Gasifier MPG - Medium Pressure Gas MPI - Magnetic Particle Inspection MPI - Maximum Permissible Irradiance MPI - Multi Point Interface mpm - Metre Per Minute MPM - Multi stand Pipe Mill MPMCD - Mould Powder Measuring and Control Device MPMF - Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund MPN - Most Probable Number MPP - Most Probable Point MPP - Marginal Physical Products MPPS - Most Penetrating Particle Size MPPT - Maximum Power Point Traction MPR - Material Procurement Requisition MPR - Master Plan Report MPR - Monthly Progress Report MPS - Micro Pore Size MPS - Mean Particle Size MPS - Manual Pull Station MPS - Multi Purpose Section MPS - Medium Pressure Steam MPS - Multi Processor System MPSL - Maximum Practical Suction Lift MPSR - Monthly Project Status Review MPT - Magnetic Particle Test

MPT - Metallurgical Plant and Technology MPT - Male Pipe Thread MPV - Multi Purpose Vehicle MPVP - Multi Point Vertical Probe MQ - Middle Quality MQL - Minimal Quantity Lubrication MQL - Method Quantification Limit MQP - Material Quality Plan MR - Moving Range MR - Melting Rate MR - Material Requisition MR - Mineral Resources MR - Magnesia Rich MRA - Machine Reliability Assesment MRA - Mutual Recognition Agreements MRA - Material Receiving Analysis MRA - Multiple Regression Analysis MRA - Mildly Reducing Atmosphere MRC - Modern Record Control MRC - Maximum Recommended Capacity MRF - Moment Resistant Frame MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI - Meter Reading Instrument MRI - Machine tool Reliability Inspection MRI - Mean Recurrence Interval MRK - Metal Refining Konverter MRL - Machine Room Less MRL - Minimum Risk Level

MRL - Maximum Residue Limit MRP - Metal Refining Process MRP - Modular Reciprocating Pump MRP - Materials ( Manufacturing ) Resource (Requirements) Planning system MRP - Maximum Retail Price MRP - Manufacturing Resource Planning MRPD - Machine Readable Product Designation MRO - Maintenance, Repair and Operation MRRP - Maximum Recommended Retail Price MRS - Main Receiving Substation MRS - Machine tool Reliability Survey MRSS - Main Receiving Stepdown Substation MRT - Maximum Residence Time MRT - Mean Residence Time MRT - Magnetic Resonance Tomography MS - Mild Steel MS - Magnetic Separator MS - Mean Size MS - Multi Stage MS - Monazite Silo MS - Master Station MS - Motor Spirit MS - Mass Spectrometery MS - Moderate Sulphate resistance MS - Martensitic Steels MS - Machine Simulator MS - Micro Soft Ms - Martensite Start (Temperature)

MS (Process) - Mechanical Stirring (Process) (for Desulphurisation) MSA - Measurement System Analysis MSA - Modular Smart Arrays MSA - Methane Sulfonic Acid MSB - Mass Size Balance MSB - Most Significant Bit MSC - Medium Slab Casting MSC - Mobile Switching Centre MSD - Most Significant Digit MSD - Master Standard Data MSDOS - Micro Soft Disc Operating System MSDS - Main Step Down Substation MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheet MSF - Multi Stage Flash ( Finish ) MSFS - Molten Slags Fluxes and Salts MSHA - Mine Safety and Health Administration MSI - Medium Scale Industry MSI - Medium Scale Integration MSL - Mean Sea Level MSM - Maximum Safety Margin MSP - Mineral Separation Plant MSP - Minimum Support Price MSP - Motor Starter Protector MSP - Manual Starter Protector MSPC - Multivariate Statistical Process Control MSR - Mechanical Soft Reduction MSR - Magnetically Shielded Room MSRL - Mild Steel Rubber Lined

MSS - Martensitic Stainless Steel MSS - Mobile Satellite System MSS - Magneto Strictive Sensor MSSV - Main Steam Safety Valve MST - Membrane Separation Technology MSTP - Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol MSTS - Making Shaping and Treating of Steel MSTS - Micro Soft Train Simulator MSV - Main Stop Valve MT - Magnetic particle Test MT - Middle Temperature MTA - Movable Throat Armour MTA - Magnesia Titania Alumina MTA - Mid Term Assesment MTB - Motor Tyre Bead MTB - Machine Tool Builder MTBF - Mean Time Between Failures MTC - Material Test Certificate MTC - Minimum Tension Control MTE - Meter Test Equipment MTE - Mechanical Thermal Expression MTG - Methanol To Gasoline MTHW - Medium Temperature Hot Water MTM - Methods Time Measurement MTM - Mould Thermal Mapping MTO - Methanol To Olefins MTOE - Million Tons of Oil Equivalent Mtpa - Million tons per annum

MTR - Mean Time of Repairs MTR - Minimum Tariff Rate MTR - Material Test Report MTS - Maximum Tangential Stress MTS - Material Tacking System MTS - Mechanical Thermal Switch unit MTS - Machine Tool Service MTT - Metal Tube Technology MTTR - Mean Time To Restore MTU - Maximum Transfer Unit MTV - Minimum Transport Velocity MTW - Machine Tool Wire MTZ - Metallization MU - Million Units MU - Make Up MUC - Maximum Use Concentration MULPIC - Muti Purpose Interrupted Cooling MURC - Multi Refining Converter MUV - Multi Utility Vehicle MUW - Make Up Water MV - Medium Volatile MV - Measured Value MV - Measuring Vessel MV - Mixed Volume MV - Magnetic Valve M&V - Monitoring And Verification MVA - Motor Vehicle Act 1988 MVA - Million Volt Ampere

MVA - Market Value Added MVAR - Mega Volt Ampere Reactive MVC - Mechanical Vapour Compression MVFO - Medium Viscosity Fuel Oil MVS - Multi Value System MVSK - Maerz Vertical Shaft Kiln MVWS - Medium Velocity Water Spray system MW - Mega Watt MW - Make-up Water MW - Magnesium Wustite MW - Micro Wave MW - Molecular Weight MW - Mixed Waste mWC - Meters of Water Column MWCO - Molecular Weight Cut Off MWD - Molecular Weight Distribution MWF - Metal Working Fluids MWH - Mega Watt Hour MWLP - Mine Water Leaching Procedure MWMP - Mine site Water Management Plan MWNT - Multi Walled carbon Nano Tube MWP - Maximum Working Pressure MWU - Make-up Water Unit MYT Multi Year Tariff

N - Newton
INDEX

N - Neutral N - Normal N - Normalised N Cum - Normal Cubic Meter NA - Natural Air NA - Not Analyzed NA - Normative Availability NAA - Non Attainment Area NAAQS - National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAB - Nickel Aluminium Bronze NAC - Noise Abatement Criteria NAFC - Naphthalene Anthracene Fraction and Crystallization unit NAP - Network Access Point NAP - National Allocation Plans NAPCC - National Action Plan for Climate Change NAR - Net As Received NAT - Network Address Translation NAV - Net Assets Value NB - Nominal Bore NBC - National Building Code NBE - Narrow Bar Element NBI - Neutral Beam Injection NBO - Non Bridging Oxygen NBR - Nitrile Butadiene Rubber

NBV - Net Book Value NC - Numerical Control NC - Normally Closed NC - Noise Criteria NC - Normal Concrete NC - Network Computer NC - Not Covered NCC - Non Coking Coal NCCW - Non Contact Cooling Water NCD - Non Convertible Debentures NCD - New Cooling Device NCE - New Chemical Entity NCF - Nozzle Clogging Factor NCG - Non Codensible Gases NCI - Nodular Cast Iron NCK - Numerical Control Kernel NCL - Non Controllabble Load NCM - Network and Communication Management NCP - Network Control Programme (Protocol) NCP - Network Core Protocol NCP - Non Core Plant NCR - Non Conformity (Conformance) Report NCR - Nominal Continuous Rating NCS - Nitrogen Control Station

NCS - National CAD Standards NCT - Net Coking Time NCU - Numerical Control Unit NCV - Net Calorific Value NCV - No Commercial Value ND - Nitrification Denitrification ND - Nominal Diameter ND - Not Detected ND - No Data ND - Normal Direction ND - Normal Duty ND - Not Determined ND - Not Drilled NDA - Non Disclosure Agreement NDCT - Natural Draught Cooling Tower NDE - Non Destructive Evaluation ( Examination) NDE - Non Drive End NDI - Non Destructive Inspection NDIR - Non Dispersive Infra Red absorption NDIS - Network Driver Interface Specification NDM - Non Dripping Material NDP - Net Domestic Product NDS - Non Drive Side NDST - Non Destructive Sonic Testing NDT - Nil Ductility Temperature

NDTT - Nil Ductility Transition Temperature NEC - National Electricity Code NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer system NEMA - National Environment Management Act NEP - National Electricity Policy NEP - National Environment Policy NEQ - Non Explosive Quantity NES - Non-conventional Energy Source NES - Not Elsewhere Specified NESC - National Electrical Safety Code, USA NESHAP - National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants NF - Negative Float NF - Nano Filteration NFA - Not Fully Annealed NFE - Net Foreign Exchange NFM - Non Ferrous Metals NFS - Network File System NFU - Not Frequently Used NG - Natural Gas NG - Nitration Grade NG - Neutral Grounding ng - Nano Gram NGCM - National Geo Chemical Mapping NGL - Natural Gas Liquid

NGM - Near Gravity Material NGO - Non Government Organization NGR - Neutral Grounding Resistor NGR - National Grid Reference NGT - Neutral Grounding Transformer NH - National Highway NHDP - National Highway Development Project NHZ - Nominal Hazard Zone NIC - Network Interface Card NIC - Not In Contract NIHL - Noise Induced Hearing Loss NIM - Noamundi Iron Ore NIM - Network Interface Module NIPA - Net Inlet Pressure Available NIPR - Net Inlet Pressure Required NIR - Near Infra Red NIS - Not In Specifications NIT - Notice Inviting Tender NIU - Node Interface Unit NK-AP - NKK Arc Process NL - Non Lubricated NLDC - National Load Despatch Centre NLRA - Non Linear Regression Analysis nm - Nano Meter NMC - Normal Mix Concrete

NMC - Natural Moisture Content NMD - National Metallurgist Day NME - Non Market Economy NMI - Non Metallic Inclusion NMP - National Mineral Policy NMR - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NMRR - Normal Mode Rejection Ratio NMV - Net Market Value NMVOC - Non Methane Volatile Organic Compound NN Belt - Nylon Nylon Belt NNM - Neural Network Model NNP - Net National Product NNSC - Near Net Shape Casting NNTP - Network News Transfer Protocol Nos - Numbers NO - Non Oriented NO - Normally Open NO - Nitric Oxide NOA - Nitrogen Oxygen Analyser NOA - Notice Of Arrival NOAEL - No Observed Adverse Effect Level NOD - Oxygen Demand for Nitrification NOF - Non Oxidising (Direct Fired) Furnace NOI - Notice Of Intent

NOL - Net Operating Loss NOM - Natural Organic Matter NOM - Net Of Modvat NON - Notice Of Non compliance NONEL - Non Electrical (Firing of Explosives) NOP - No Oil or Paint NOPA - Non Performing Assets NOPAT - Net Operating Profit After Tax NOR - Notice Of Readiness NOS - Not Otherwise Specified NOSY - New Open Scrap Yard NOV - Notice Of Violation NOx - Oxides of Nitrogen NP - Neutralising Pit NP - Nominal Pressure NP - Not Permitted NP - Neurtralisation Plant NP - Nitrification Plant NPA - Non Performing Assets NPAT - Net Profit After Tax NPD - New Product Development NPD - Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector NPDES - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPI - National Pollutant Inventory NPL - Non Permorming Loan

NPM - Net Profit Margin NPN - Negative Positive Negative NPO - Non Profit Organization NPP - Nuclear Power Plant NPPA - National Policy on Pollution Abatement NPR - Noise Power Ratio NPS Nominal Pipe Size NPS - National Pipe Straight (Thread) NPS - Non Point Source NPSH - Net Positive Suction Head NPSHA - Net Positive Suction Head Available NPSHR - Net Positive Suction Head Required NPT - National Pipe Tapered (Thread) NPT - Normal Pressure and Temperature NPV - Net Present Value NQM - National Quality Monitoring NR - Noise Rating NR - Natural Rubber NR - Noise Reduction NRC - Noise Reduction Coefficient NRCO - Non Recovery Coke Ovens NREQ - Non Rimming Electrode Quality NRMB - Natural Rubber Modified Bitumen NRP - New Refining Process

NRR - Noise Reduction Rating NRS - Non Rising Stem NRSC - Non Recovery type Stamp Charge NRU - Non Regenerative Unit NRV - Non Return Valve NRWO - Non Routine Work Order NS - Navier Stokes NS - Near Side NSAP - Network Service Access Point NSB - New Steel Body NSB - National Standards Bodies NSC - Normal Strength Concrete NSG - Nuclear Supplier Group NSL - Non Safety Related NSM - Narrow Strip Mill NSOP - Not Shown On Plan NSP - National Steel Policy NSPS - New Source Performance Standards NSR - Net Sales Relisation NSR - New Scrap Recycling process NSS - Non Stainless Steel NSS - Non Slewable Stacker NSSR - Nuclear Safety Standards and Requirements NT - Non Turnkey NT - Not Tested

NT - Not Traceable NT - Net Tons NTA - Nitrilo Tri Acetic acid NTB - Non Tariff Barrier NTE - New To Export NTHM - Net Tons Hot Metal NTM - No Twist Mill NTM - New To Market NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure NTP - Network Time Protocol NTP - Notice To Proceed NTP - National Training Policy NTR - Normal Tariff Rate NTS - Not To Scale NTS - Not To Specication NTU - Nephelometric Turbidity Unit NU - Node Units NUE - Non Upset End NUG - Non Utility Generation Nv - Nusselt number NV - Natural Ventillation NV - Net Value NVA - Net Value Added NVH - Noise Vibration & Harshness

NWB - Natural Wet Bulb temperature NWCL - Non Water Cooled Lancing system NWT - New Wagon Tippler NWT Natural Work Teams

O - Operation
INDEX

OA - Outdoor Air OA - Over All OAIS - Outdoor Air Insulator Switchgear OAL - Over All Length OAM - Operation And Maintenance OAW - Oxy Acetylene Welding OB - Off Blast OB - Over Burden OB - On Bead probes OB - Over Bridge OBC - Oxygen Blown Converter OBE - Operating Basis Earthquake OBI - Open Buying on Internet OBM - Oxygen Bottom Metallurgy (Maxhtte) OBO - Ore Bulk Oil OBT - Optimized Beam blank Temperature OBT - Optimized Block Temperature OC - Open Combustion OC - Orton Cone OC - Over Crossing OC - Open Cast OC - Optical Carrier OC - Own Consumption OC - Operating Characteristics

O/C - Ore to Coke (Ratio) O/C - Over Current (Relays) O/C - Over Charge OCB - Open Competitive Bid OCB - Oil Circuit Breaker OCBF - Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frame OCC - Open Circuit Characteristics OCD - Optical Communication Device OCM - Open Cast Mines OCM - Oil Condition Monitoring OCO - Other Capital Outlay OCP - Operator Control Panel OCP - Open Circuit Potential OCP - Open Cooling Pit OCP - Open Cast Project OCR - Ore Control Room OCR - Optical Character Recognition O&CR - Operation and Cost Research OCS - Ore Charging Station OCS - Open Control System OCT - Oscillating Combustion Technology OCT - Optical Current Transformer OCT - Open Circuit Television OCTC - Off Circuit Tap Changer

OCTG - Oil Country Tubular Goods OCV - Open Circuit Voltage OD - Outer Diameter OD - Out of Dimension OD - Optical Density OD - Object Directory OD - Oven Dry ODB - Outlet Dust Burden ODAF - Oil Direct Air Forced ODBC - Open Data Base Connectivity ODC - Other Direct Cost ODC - Over Dimension Cargo ODF - Orientation Distribution Function ODG - Open Drip proof Guarded ODIS - Operators Display ODP - Ozone Depletion Potential ODP - Open Drip Proof ODPL - Out Door Pipe Line ODR - Operator Driven Reliability ODS - Operational Data Store ODS - Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (Ferritic Steel) ODS - Ozone Depleting Substances ODS - Operating Deflection Shape OE - Original Equipment OEA - Optimum Economic Availability

OEC - Oxygen Enhanced Combustion OEE - Overall Equipment Efficiency ( Effectiveness ) OEE - Operational Equipment Effectiveness OEL - Occupational Exposure Limit OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer OES - Optical Emission Spectrometer OF - Oxy Fuel OF - Ocean Freight O/F - Over Flow O&F - Ore and Flux OFA - Oil Free Air OFA - Over Fire Air OFAF - Oil Forced Air Forced OFC - Otptical Fibre Cable OFC - Otptical Fibre Communication OFC - Oxy Fuel Cutting OFD - Over Flow Drain OFDM - Orthogonal Frquency Division Multiplexing OFDR - Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometery OFI - Oppurtunity For Improvement O&FS - Ore and Flux Storage OFW - Oxy Fuel Welding OFWF - Oil Forced Water Forced OG - Off Gas

OG - Off Grade O&G - Oil and Gas O&G - Oil and Grease OGA - Outline General Arrangement OGDL - Open Graded Drainage Layer OGL - Original Ground Level OGL - Open General Licence OGP - Obvious Geographical Potential OGPR - Open Graded Pit Run OGS - Operator Guidance System OH - Over Head OH - Open Hearth OH - Oil Hardened OHB - Over Head Bunker OHE - Over Head Electrification OHF - Open Hearth Furnace OHL - Over Head Line OHP - Ore Handling Plant OHP - Over Head Projector OHP - Oil Hydraulic Press OHSAS - Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series OHSMS - Occupational Health and Safety Management System OHT - Over Head Tank OHT - Over Head Travelling OHYP - Over Head Yard Pipeworks

OI - Operator Interface OIM - Orientation Image Mapping OIP - Oil Impregnated Paper OIS - Operator Inspection Station OIT - Operator Interface Terminal OL - Over Land O/L - Over Load OLAC - On Line Accelerated Cooling OLAP - On Line Analytical Processing OLC - Oxygen Lance Cutting OLC - Open Limestone Channels OLD - On Line Drier OLE - Object Linking and Embedding OLEDB - Object Linking and Embedding Data Base OLG - Oil, Lubricant and Grease OLH - On Line Heater (Heating) OLIP - Oxygen Lime Injection Process OLM - Optical Link Module OLP - On Line Purging OLP - Oxygen Lime Powder (Process) OLR - Organic Loading Rate OLS - Ordinary Least Squares OLTC - On Line (Load) Tap Changer OLTE - Optical Line Terminal Equipment

OLTP - On Line Transaction Processing OLTS - On Line Tracking System OM - Optical Microscopy OM - Operating Margin OM - Operating Manual OMA - Operation & Maintenance Assistance O&M - Organisation and Methods O&M - Operation and Maintenance OMC - Optimum Moisture Content OM&Q - Ore, Mines and Quarry OMR - Ore Melter Refiner system OMRF - Ordinary RC Moment Resising Frame OMS - Outage Management System OMT - Operation Management Team ON - Octane Number ONAF - Oil Natural Air Forced ONAN - Oil Natural Air Natural ONHA - Oxygen Nitrogen and Hydrogen Analyzer ONU - Optical Network Unit OO - Object Oriented OOO - Out Of Order OOP - Object Oriented Programming OOR - Out Of Roundness OOU - Out Of Use OP - Operating Pressure

OP - Operator Panel OP - Oil Pressure OPBIT - Operating Profit Before Interest and Tax OPBT - Operating Profit Before Tax OPC - Ordinary Portland Cement OPC - Open Process Control ( Communication ) OPC - Operator Console OPC - OLE for Process Control OPE - Opposite Pulley End OPE - Out of Pocket Expenses OPEX - Operating Expenditure OPG - Offset Pivot Guiding (System) OPG - Other Petroleum Gases OPI - Optical Plasma Interphase OPL - Over Pressure Limit OPM - Operating Profit Margin OPM - Oracle Process Manufacturing model OPR - Optical Product Recognition (System) OPS - Operator Protective Structure OPT - Optimized Production Technologies OPX - Operational Excellence OQ - Oil Quenched OQD - Outside Quantity Distance OR - Operational Research

OR - Oil Resistant OR - Outer Race (of Bearings) ORC - Organic Rankine Cycle ORG - On line Rolling Grinder OROS - One Registration One Substance ORP - Optimizing Refining Process ORP - Oxidation Reduction Potential ORR - Oven Roof Repair ORT - Optimal Run Time ORT - Open Radiant Tube ORU - Oil Reclamation Unit ORV - Open Rack Vapourizer ORV - Off Road Vehicle OS - Operating System OS - Oil Skimmer OS - Operator Station OS - Ordering Specification OSB - Oriented Strand Board OSB - Ore Storage Bunkers OSBL - Out Side Battery Limit OSC - Operating Steel Company OSCAR - Outage Service Check up Audit and Review OSDL - Open Source Development Labs OSH - Occupational Safety and Health OSI - Open System Interconnect

OSIRM - Open System Interconnect Reference Model OSM - Oxygen Steel Making OSM - Optical Switch Module OSP - Operating Steam Pressure OSPF - Open Shortest Path First OSTC - Oven Top Service Car OS&Y - Outside Screw and Yoke OT - Open Tender OT - Operating Temperature OT - Operating Time OTB - Oxygen Top and Bottom blowing OTC - Over The Counter OTCBM - Optimized Thyssen krupp Converter Blowing Model OTDM - Optical Time Division Multiplexing OTDR - Optical Time Domains Reflectometery OTE - Oven Top Equipment OTE - On Target Earnings OTEC - Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion OTI - Oil Temperature Indicator OTL - Open Top Ladle OTM - Oxygen Transport Membrane OTN - Open Transport Network OTP - Open Trading Protocol OUR - Oxygen Uptake Rate

OVA - Organic Vapour Analyzer OVDS - Orthogonal Venturi Dust Scrubber OWP - Oven Wall Pressure OWS Operator Work Station

P - Phosphorus P - Pipe P - Provisional pa - Per Annum Pa - Pascal PA - Primary Air PA - Primary Assessment PA - Proximate Analysis PA - Public Address (System) PA - Preliminary Accepted PA - Power Amplifier PA - Peak Ageing PA - Process Automation PA - Phosphoric Acid PA - Poly Amide PA - Pressure Angle PA - Protected Area PA - Pipe Anchor PA - Preliminary Acceptance PA - Process Automation P&A - Process and Automation P&A - Precision and Accuracy PAB - Project Approval Board PABX - Private Automatic Branch Exchange PAC - Preliminary Acceptance Certificate PAC - Powdered (Pulverized ) Activated Carbon PAC - Plasma Arc Cutting PAC - Provisional Acceptance Certificate

INDEX

PAC - Point of Access Control PAC - Poly Aluminium Chloride PAC - Perimeter Access Control PAC - Programmable Automation Controller PAC - Packaged Air Conditioner PACS - Picture Archiving Communication System PACVD - Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition PAD - Piping Arrangement Drawings PAD - Pulverizing Air Dryer PAD - Packet Assembler Disassembler PADO - plant Performance Analysis Diagnostics and Optimization software PADT - Programming And Dianostic Tool PAFC - Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell PAG - Poly Alkylene Glycols PAGB - Prior Austenite Grain Boundaries PAH - Poly Cyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons PAI - Product Accident Investigation PAL - Plantwide Applicability Limit PAM - Process Area Monitoring PAM - Plant Asset Management PAM - Pole Amplitude Modulation PAN - Poly Acrylo Nitrile PAO - Poly Alpha Olefins PAP - Password Authentication Protocol PAPR - Powered Air Purifying Respirator PAR - Programme Analysis and Review PAR - Prime Assets ratio PAS - Product Accpetance Specification

PAS - Process Automation System PASS - Process Advanced Service System PAT - Profit After Tax PAT - Preliminary Acceptance Test PAT - Process Analytical Technology PATA - Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment PAU - Pre Assembled Unit PAV - Potential Acquisition Valuation method PB - Product Bin PB - Powder Blowing PB - Push Button PB - Production Building PB - Press Button PB - Product Bunker PB - Pure Bending PB - Parallel Bunker PB - Poly Butylene PB - Pay Back PBB - Proportioning Bin Building PBB - Partial Briquette Blending PBB - Poly Brominated By-phenyls PBC - Push Button Control PBCC - Partial Briquetting of Coal Charge PBD - Performance Based Design PBDE - Poly Brominated Di-phenyl Ether PBE - Plain Both End PBFC - Portland Blast Furnace Cement PBH - Poly Bonded Hessain

PBL - Problem Based Learning PBO - Projected Benefit Obligations PBP - Pay Back Period PBQ - Preamble to Bill of Quantity PBR - Principles Based Regulation PBS - Push Button Station PBS - Packed Bed Scrubber PBSD - Performance Based Seismic Design PBT - Profit Before Tax PBT - Persistant Bio accumulative and Toxic PBX - Position Based Crossover PBX - Private Branch Exchange PC - Process Control PC - Product Conveyor PC - Percent Complete PC - Public Consultation PC - Programmable Controller PC - Process Computer PC - Process Chart PC - Personal Computer PC - Plain Carbon PC - Pollution Control PC - Prestressed Concrete PC - Petroleum Coke PC - Pareto Chart PC - Purchase Committee PC - Pure Compression PC - Post Combustion

PC - Principal Component PC - Plant Control PC - Planning Cell PC - Pulverized Coal PC - Portable Computer PC - Pair Cross PC - Production Comparator PC - Product Centre PC - Partially Covered PC Wire - Prestressed Concrete Wire PCA - Principal Component Analysis PCA - Power Conducting-electrode Arm PCA - Process Control Agents PCA - Poly Crystalline Alumina PCA - Policy Certification Authority PCB - Printed Circuit Boards PCB - Partial Coal Blending PCB - Power Circuit Breaker PCB - Prefabricated Counting and Binding PCB - Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls PCC - Prime Coking Coal PCC - Process Control Computer PCC - Power Control Centre PCC - Portland Cement Concrete PCC - Plain Cement Concrete PCC - Point of Common Coupling PCC - Pulverized Coal Combustion PCC - Precipitated Calcium Carbonate

PCC - Pre Cool Coil PCC - Permissible Carrying Capacity PCC - Primary Combustion Chamber PCCC - Programmable Controller Communication Command PCD - Poly Chlorinated Diphenyles PCD - Pitch Circle Diameters PCD - Pulpit Control Desk PCD - Poly Crystalline Diamond cutting PCDD/f - Poly Chlorinated Dibenzo Di-oxins/Furans PCDOS - Personal Computer Disc Operating System PCE - Pyrometric Cone Equivalent PCE - Pollution Control Equipment PCF - Pulverized Coal Fired furnace PCF - Polymer Cladded Fiber PCFBC - Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion PCFC - Profile Contour and Flatness Control PCI - Pulverized Coal Injection PCI - Process Control Interface ( Information ) PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI - Process Control Instrument PCL - Pollution Control Law PCLF - Planned Capability Loss Factor PCLS - Photon Correlation Light Scattering PCM - Pig Casting Machine PCM - Pitch Creosote Mixture PCM - Plant Condition Monitoring PCM - Pushing Charging Machine PCM - Project and Construction Management

PCM - Pulse Code Modulation PCM - Power and Control Model PCM - Predictive Condition Monitoring PCM - Phase Change Materials PCM - Phase Contrast Microscopy PCN - Project Concept Note PCN - Personal Computer Network PCO - Photo Chemical Oxidation PCO - Process Configuration and Operation software PCP - Pitch Cooling Plant PCP - Poly Chloro Prene PCP - Primary Concentration Plant PCP - Process Condensate Plant PCP - Pollution Control Project PCPF - Pre Cast Pre Fired blocks PCP Sheathed - Poly Chloro Prene Sheathed Cables PCR - Principal Component Regression PCR - Pulverized Coal Rate PCR - Post Combustion Ratio PCR - Peak Cell Rate PCRD - Power Cable Reeling Drum PCS - Process Computer System PCS - Product Charging Station PCS - Pneumatic Control System PCS - Pearlitic Colony Size PCS - Process Control System PCS - Pendant Control Station (for cranes) PCS - Persistent Current Switch

PCS - Periclase Crystal Size PCS - Project Concept Study PCS - Primary Crusher and Screening house Pct - Percent PCT - Poly Chlorinated Ter-phenyle PCT - Pearlite Conversion Treatment PCTFE - Poly Chloro Tri Fluoro Ethylene PCV - Pressure Control Valve PCV - Precision Control Valve PD - Potential Difference PD - Partial Discharge PD - Pitch Diameter PD - Partial Discharge PD - Positive Displacement PD - Pressure Drop PD - Pressure Difference PD - Project Developers PDA - Process Data Analysis PDA - Process Data Acquisition PDA - Project Development Agreement PDA - Personal Digital Assistant PDA - Phase Doppler Anemometry PDA - Photo Diode Array PDA - Power Delivery Agreement PDASS - Pressure Difference Across the Sealing Surface PDB - Power Distribution Board PDC - Production Data Collection PDC - Plant Disaster Control (Cell)

PDC - Primary Domain Controller PDC - Power Demand Control PDCA - Plan-Do-Check-Act PDD - Project Design Document PDE - Potential Daily Exposure PDF - Portable Document Format PDF - Process Derived Fuel PDF - Probability Density Function PDF - Project Displaced Families PDI - Primary Data Input PDI - Process Data Input PDI - Pressure Differential Indicator PDI - Pre Despatch Inspection PDIV - Partial Discharge Inception Voltage P&DL - Piping and Duct Load PDM - Product Data Management PDM - Power Delivery and Market sector PDM - Process Device Manager PDM - Physical Distribution Management PDMT - Per Dry Metric Ton PDOS - Planning Design Optimization Scheduling PDP - Pump Discharge Pressure PDP - Positive Displacement Pump PDP - Pressure Dew Point PDP - Production Data Processing PDPC - Process Decision Program Chart PDQ - Product Data Quality PDQ - Pretty Damn Quick

PDS - Power Drive System PDS - Project Design Specification PDS - Power Distribution System PDS - Public Distribution System PDS - Planned Design Software PDS - Production Dispatches and Stocks PDSA - Plan-Do-Study-Act PDT - Project Development Team PDU - Power Distribution Units PDU - Process Demonstration ( Development ) Unit PDU - Protocol Data Unit PDZ - Primary Deformation Zone PE - Project Emissions PE - Poly Ethylene PE - Protective Earth PE - Potential Energy PE - Programmable Electronics PE Preliminary Engineering PE - Processing Elements PE - Project Engineering PE - Practice of Engineering PE - Population Equivalent PE - Power Equipment PE - Pulley End PE - Private Equity PE - Processor Element PE - Plain End P/E Ratio - Price Earning Ratio

PEB - Pre Engineered Buildings PEB - Plain End Beveled PEC - Potential Emergency Condition PEC - Pulsed Eddy Current PEC - Purchased Equipment Cost PEC - Photo Electric Cell PEC - Predicted Environmental Concentration PED - Project Engineering and Design PED - Pressure Equipment Directive PEESP - Plasma Enhanced Electro Static Precipitation PEFC - Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell PEG - Poly Ethylene Glycol PEGA - Poly Ethylene Glycol Adipinate PEGAE - Poly Ethylene Glycol Allyl eather PEL - Permissible Exposure Limit PELV - Protected Extra Low Voltage PEM - Polymer Electrolyte Membrane PEM - Proton Exchange Membrane PEM - Project Execution Model PEM - Privacy Enhance Mail PEMS - Predictive Emission Monitoring System PEP - Project Execution Plan PER - Public Environmental Review PERP - Process Evaluation Research Planning PERT - Programme Evaluation and Review Technique PES - Poly Ester Sulphone PESB - Pre Engineered Steel Buildings PESR - Pressurized Electro Slag Remelting

PET - Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (Plastic) PEW - Percussion Welding PEY - Product Exchange Yard Pf - Power Factor PF - Pressure Filter PF - Positive Float PF - Plow Feeder PF - Protected Forest PF - Polygonal Ferrite PF - Projection Factor PF - Pulverized Fuel PF - Probability of Failure PF - Parting Faulted P&F Conveyor - Power and Free Conveyor PFA - Per Fluoro Alkoxy (Rexin) (Teflon) PFA - Purverised Fuel Ash PFAM - Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials PFAR - Power Fail Auto Restart PFAS - Pre Feasibility Assessment Studies PFB - Pre Finishing Block PFB - Pressurized Fluidized Bed PFBC - Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion PFBR - Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor PFC - Power Factor Correction PFC - Per Fluoro Carbon PFC - Plasma Fired Cupola PFC - Plasma Facing Components PFC - Parallel Flange Channel

PFD - Process Flow Diagram PFHT - Post Forming Heat Treatable PFLT - Paint Filter Liquid Test PFM - Pulse Frequency Modulation PFM - Potential Failure Mode PFPB - Point Feeder Pre Baked PFO - Pyrolysis Fuel Oil PFR - Parallel Flow Regenerative PFR - Plug Flow Reactor PFT - Power Fail Transfer PFT - Power Failure Telephone PG - Pressure Gauge PG - Power Grid PG - Power Ground PG - Power Generation PG - Poly Glycol PGA - Percent Geographical Area PGA - Peak Ground Acceleration PGC - Primary Gas Cooler PGC - Process Gas Compressor PGM - Platinum Group Metals PGP - Performance Guarantee Parameters PGP - Performance of Generating Plant PGT - Performance Guarantee Test pH - Activity of Hydrogen ions PH - Power House PH - Pump House PH - Precipitation Hardening

PH - Pre Heating PH - Primary Hematite PHA - Pulse Height Analysis PHA - Process Hazard Analysis PHA - Peak Horizontal Acceleration PHAST - Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool PHD - Process History Database PHE - Plate Heat Exchanger PHEV - Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle PHF - Pumping Heating and Filtering PHL - Physical Layer PHOC - Plant Hand Over Certificate PHS - Precipitation Hardening Steels PHT - Primary Heat Transport PHWR - Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor PHX - Primary Heat Exchanger PI - Pig Iron PI - Pitting Index PI - Process Innovation PI - Pyramid Integration PI - Program Invocation PI - Public Issue P&I - Piping and Instrumentation P&I - Process and Instrumentation PIA - Project Implementation Agency PIC - Power Integrated Circuit PIC - Pipe Conveyor PIC - Programmable Interrupt Controller

PICS - Protocol Implementation and Conformance Statement PID - Proportional Integrated Derivative (Differential) PID - Photo Ionization Detector PID - Process and Instrumentation Diagram PID - Piping and Instrumentation Diagram PIE - Potential Industry Earning PII - Process Input Interrupt PILCA - Paper Insulated Lead Coated Armoured Cable PIM - Preliminary Information Memorandum PIM - Protocol Independent Multicast PIMS - Profit Impact of Marketing Strategy PIMS - Production Information Management System PIN - Part Identifying Number PIN - Project Idea Note PIO - Programmed Input Output PIP - Pump Intake Pressure PIP - Project Implementation Profile PIPPA - Poly Iso Propenyl Phosphoric Acid PIQD - Process Inside Quantity Distance PIR - Project Implementation Report PIS - Patent Information System PIT - Pile Integrity Test PIT - Powered Industrial Truck PITI - Principal Interest Taxes and Insurance PIV - Particle Image Velocimetery PIV - Positive Infinitely Variable (Gear Box) PIV - Peak Inverse Voltage PIVAC - Pressure Infiltration Vacuum Assisted Casting

PJ - Paint Jet PJB - Primary Junction Box PJB - Power Junction Box PJFF - Pulse Jet Fabric Filter PJPG - Partial Joint Penetration Groove PKI - Public Key Infrastructure PKS - Process Knowledge System PL - Prospecting License PL - Proof Load PL - Pickling Line PL - Plastic Limit PL - Programming Language P/L - Petroleum and Lubricants P/L Account - Profit and Loss Account PLB - Parameter Log Book PLC - Programmable Logic Control PLC - Permanent Linear Change PLC - Power Line Carrier PLD - Percent Leaking Doors PLF - Plant Load Factor PLI - Public Liability Insurance PLL - Percent Leaking Lids PLL - Private Leased Line PLL - Phase Locked Loop PLL - Probable Loss of Life PLM - Product Life cycle Management PLM - Polarized Light Microscope PLO - Percent Leaking Offtakes

PLRF - Plasma Ladle Refining Furnace PLS - Partial Least Square (Regression) PLS - Pregnant Liquor Solution PLS - Projection to Latent Structure PLT - Plastic Layer Thickness PLT - Project Leadership Team PLT - Production Lead Time PLTCM - Pickling Line Tandem Cold rolling Mill PM - Predictive Maintenance PM - Preventive Maintenance PM - Powder Metallurgy PM - Particulate Matter PM - Permanent Magnet PM - Pusher Machine PM - Periodic Monitoring PM - Project Management PM - Pozzolan Modified concrete PM - Power Module P&M - Plant and Machinery PMAI - Plan Measure Analyse and Implement PMC - Project Monitoring (Management) Cell ( Committee ) PMC - Polymer Matrix Composites PMC - Project Management Consultancy PMCC - Power cum Motor Control Centre PMCS - Project Management Control System PMD - Process Management Device PMD - Pre Mixing Drum PMD - Primary Mixing Drum

PME - Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation PMG - Process Monitoring Guide PMG - Permanent Magnet Generator PMI - Positive Material Identification PMMA - Poly Methyl Methacralate PMMC - Permanent Magnet Moving Coil PMP - Phased Manufacturing Plan PMP - Possible Maximum Precipitation PMRTS - Public Mobile Radio Trunk Service PMS - Project Management System PMS - Power Management System PMS - Permanent Magnet Synchronous PMS - Pump Managing System PMT - Photo Multiplier Tube PMT - Peak Metal Temperature PMTS - Predetermined Motion Time Systems PMU - Project Management Unit PN - Nominal Pressure PN - Part Number P/N - Promissory Note PNA - Poly Nuclear Aromatic hydrocarbons PNG - Pressurised Natural Gas PNGV - Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles PNOR - Particulates Not Otherwise Regulated PNOS - Particulates Not Otherwise Specified PO - Purchase Order PO - Placement of Order PO - Project Office

PO - Propylene Oxide P&O - Pickle and Oiled POC - Point Of Contact POC - Positioner Optimizing Controller POC - Point of Operation Control POC - Point Of Connection POC - Point Of Compliance POC - Point Of Contact POE - Panel Of Experts POE - Power Over Ethernet POE - Point Of Exposure POE - Plain One End POE - Point Of Entry POF - Polymer Optic Fiber POHC - Principle Organic and Hazardous Constituents POI - Point Of Interface POL - Petroleum Oil and Lubricants POL - Problem Oriented Language POM - Poly Cyclic Organic Matter POM - Prouction Order Management POM - Particulate Organic Matter POMP - Pessimistic, Optimistic and Most Probable (Analysis) PONC - Price Of Non Conformance POP - Persistant Ogranic Pollutants POP - Point Of Pressure POP - Point Of Presence POP - Post Office Protocol POR - Pay Off Reel

POR - Prime Over Run PORV - Power Operated Relief Valve POS - Process Optimizing System POS - Production Optimizing Scheduling POS - Point Of Sale POST - Power On Self Test POT - Power On Time POTS - Plain Old Telephone Service POU - Point Of Use POV - Peak Operating Voltage POV - Power Operated Valve POW - Plan Of Work PP - Poly Propylene PP - Pipe Plant PP - Personal Protection PP - Power Plant PP - Pilot Plant PP - Pour Point PP - Pellet Plant PP - Partial Productivity PP - Primary Planning PP - Pollution Prevention PP - Pig Pellets PP - Piston Pump PP - Point To Point PP - Power Products P&P - Preliminary and Preoperative PP & BH - Power Plant and Blower House

PPA - Phenyl Propanolamine PPA - Power Purchae Agreement PPA - Power Plant Automation PPAP - Production Part Approval Process PPAR - Project Performance Audit Report PPB - Parts Per Billion PPBS - Performance and Program ( Planning Programming) Budgeting System PPC - Production Planning and Control PPC - Portland Pozzolana Cement PPCC - Presssurized Pulverized Coal Combustion PPD - Permanent Partial Disability PPD - Pour Point Depressant PPE - Personal Protective Equipment P&PE - Product and Process Engineering PPG - Poly Propylene Glycol PPGI - Pre Painted Galvanized Iron PPH - Pounds Per Hour PPHM - Parts Per Hundred Millions PPI - Palmer's Pollution Index PPI - Process Performance Indicator PPI - Producers ( Product ) Price Index PPI - Pixels Per Inch PPIC - Production Planning and Inventory Control PPM - Press Piercing Mill PPM - Parts Per Million PPM - Planned Preventive Maintenance PPM - Project Progress and Monitoring PPM - Project Precedure Manual

PPM - Production Planning and Monitoring PPME - Project Planning Monitoring and Evaluation PPMS - Physical Property Measurement System ppmv - Parts Per Million by Volume ppmvd - Parts Per Million by Volume Dry ppmw - Parts Per Million by Weight PPORD - Product and Process Oriented Research and Development PPP - Purchase Preference Policy PPP - Public Private Partnership PPP - Purchase Power Parity PPP - Point to Point Protocol PPPL - Push Pull Pickling Line PPPP - Product Price Promotion Place PPR - Perspective Plan Report PPR - Principal Project Requirements PPS - Poly Phenylene Sulphide PPS - Production Planning System PPS - Pulses Per Second PPT - Power Point projection PPTP - Point to Point Tunnel Protocol PPU - Pump Protection Unit PPV - Peak Particle Velocity PPV - Plasma Pyrolysis Vitrification PQ - Performance Qualification PQA - Power Quality Analyzer PQC - Pre Qualification Criteria PQF - Premier Quality Finishing PQI - Product Quality Index

PQP - Project Quality Plan PQR - Procedure Qualification Record PR - Pinch Roll PR - Purchase Requisition PR - Pressure Regulator PR - Ply Rating PR - Project Review PR - Procedure PR - Pressure Relief PR - Pressure Reducing PR - Pressure Rated PR - Poor Recovery PrAC - Provisional Acceptance Certificate PRACA - Problem Reporting And Corrective Action PRB - Permeable Reactive Barriers PRC - Permeability Resistance Co-efficient PRC - Project Review Committee PRC - Pinch Roll Control PRD - Pre Reduction Degree PRD - Pressure Relief Device PRD - Percent Refusal Density PRDS - Pressure Reducing and Desuperheating Station PRDSH - Pressure Reducer and De Super Heater PRE - Pitting Resistance Equivalent PRF - Pulse Repetition Frequency PRF - Pre Reduction Furnace PRG - Profile Roller Guide PRI - Pushing Regularity Index

PRI - Primary Rate Interface PRM - Project Review Meeting PRM - Proactive Reliability Maintenance PRM - Plant Resource Manager PRMS - Pressure Reduction and Metering Section PRMS - Pressure Reduction and Monitoring Section Pro DB - Project Data Base PROM - Programmable Read Only Memory PROvens - Pressure Regulated Ovens PRR - Pre Reduction Reactor PRR - Production to Reserve Ratio PRS - Pressure Reducing Station PRS - Pre Reduction System PRS - Precision Rolling System PRT - Power Recover Turbine PRV - Pressure Reducing Valve PRV - Pressure Relief Valve PRV - Pressure Regulating Valve PRV - Pneumatic Relief Valves PS - Proof Stress PS - Pot Strainer PS - Pot Sintering PS - Process Sheet PS - Poly Sulphone PS - Pressure Switch PS - Product Separator PS - Product Silo PS - Process Station

PS - Pre Stress PS - Percentage Sodium PS - Product Safety PS - Production Sequencing PS - Package Size PS - Pressure Sustaining PS - Point Source PS - Painted Steel PS - Power System P/S - Pusher Side PSA - Pressure Swing Adsorption PSA - Particles Size Analysis PSB - Precision Sizing Block PSC - Pre stressed Concrete PSC - Portland Slag Cement PSC - Purchase and Sale Contract PSCP - Pass Schedule Calculation Program PSD - Project Specific Data PSD - Particle Size Distribution PSD - Photon Simulated Desorption PSD - Prevention of Significant Deterioration ( Degradation ) PSD - Primary Standard Data PSES - Pretreatment Standards for Existing Source PSF - Pulverized Solid Fuel PSH - Paired Straight Hearth furnace PSHE - Plate and Shell Heat Exchanger PSI - Pounds per Square Inch PSI - Package Scheme of Industry

PSI - Pollutant Standards Index PSL - Piping Scope Layout PSL - Programmable Scheme Logic PSLW - Power Support Long Wall PSM - Piping System Material PSM - Product Safety Management PSM - Process Safety Management PSN - Particle Simulated Nucleation PSM - Precision Sizing Mill PSNS - Pretreatment Standards for New Source PSP - Profile Sizing Process PSP - Product Support Plans PSP - Power Sector Project PSPD - Predictability Sustainability Profitability Derisking PSR - Periodic Safety Review PSS - Power System Stabilizer PSS - Pump Selection System PST - Problem Solving Teams PST - Phase Shifting Transformer PSTN - Public Switched Telephone Network PSTS - Pneumatic Sample Transport System PSU - Power Supply Unit PSU - Primary Sampling Unit PSV - Polished Stone Value PSV - Platform Supply Vessel PSY - Pig Storage Yard PSY - Product Sorting Yard PSY - Product Storage Yard

PT - Potential Transformer PT - Pressure Transmitter PT - Pressure Tube PT - Test Pressure PT - Liquid Penetrant Test PT - Process Technology PT - Pre Treatment PT - Pressure Tapping PT - Part Thickness P&T - Pipe (Piping) and Tube (Tubing) P/T - Pressure and Temperature PTA - Plasma Transferred Arc PTA - Purified Terephtalic Acid PTAC - Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner PTC - Power Test Code PTC - Power Temperature Cycling PTC - Proof Test Coverage PTC - Potential Transformer Cubicles PTCR - Process Temperature Control Ring PTD - Power Transmission and Distribution PTE - Potential To Emit PTFE - Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene PTHP - Packaged Terminal Heat Pumps PTI - Proof Test Interval PTI - Permit To Instal PTM - Project Team Member PTMC - Phenomenological Theory of Martensitic Crytallography PTP - Pre Treatment Plant

PTO - Power Take Off shaft PTO - Permit To Operate PTR - Potential Transformer Ratio PTR - Performance Test Report PTS - Pneumatic Transport System PTS - Pressurized Thermal Shock PTS - Perpendicular Tensile Strength PTT - Post Telegraph and Telephone PTW - Permit To Work PTW - Precision Tube Welding PTZ - Pan, Tilt, Zoom PU - Ploly Urethane PU - Plant Unit PU - Price Unit PU - Production Unit PUC - Pollution Under Control PUD - Pick Up and Delivery PUR - Pile Up Rejector PV - Price Variance PV - Pressure Vessel PV - Plug Volume PV - Photo Voltaic PV - Present Value PV - Process Variables P/V ratio - Profit Volume Ratio PVB - Pressure Vacuum Breaker PVC - Poly Vinyl Chloride PVC - Permanent Virtual Circuit

PVD - Physical Vacuum Deposition PVD - Physical Vapour Deposition PVDC - Poly Vinyl Dene Chloride PVDF - Poly Vinyldene Di Fluoro ethylene PVF - Poly Vinylidene Fluoride PVF - Pipe Valves and Fittings PVO - Product Value Optimization PVPI - Present Value Profitability Index PVR - Pair Vertical Recirculation PVR - Plan View Rolling PVRR - Present Value of Revenue Required PVS - Pressure Vessel Steel PVST - Per VLAN Spanning Tree PVT - Pressure Volume Temperature PW - Working Pressure PWA - Plant Wide Assesment PWB - Printed Wiring Board PWD - Pass word PWF - Potable Water Filter PWF - Permanent Wood Foundation PWHT - Post Weld Heat Treatment PWI - Permanent Way Inspection PWM - Pulse Width Modulation PWMT - Per Wet Metric Ton PWP - Primary Wet treatment Plant PWS - Process Work Station PWT - Potable Water Treatment PZEV - Partial Zero Emmission Vehicle

PZT Lead Zirconate Titanate

QA - Quality Assurance
INDEX

QA - Quality Audit QAC - Quality Assurance Committee QAM - Quality Assurance Manual QAM - Quadrature Amplitude Modulation QAP - Quality Assurance Plans QAP - Quality Assurance Procedures QAS - Qualtiy Assurance System QAS - Qualtiy Assurance Standards QAT - Quality Assurance Teams QAT - Quality Assurance Tests QBL - Qualified Bidder List QBOP - Quiet Basic Oxygen Process QC - Quality Control QC - Quality Circle QC - Quasi Crystals QC - Quenching Car QC - Quick Change QC - Quenching Column QC - Quick Coupling QCC - Quick Change Concept QCC - Quality Control Coordination QCDDS - Quality Cost Development Delivery and Service QCI - Quality Control Index QCIR - Quality Control Inspection Record

QCM - Quality Control Manual QCMIS - Quality Control Management Information System QCNRV - Quick Closing Non Return Valve QCP - Quality Control Plan QCR - Quote Comparison Report QCS - Quality Control System QCS - Quality Complaint System QCS - Qatar Construction Specifications QD - Quantity Distance QD - Quick Disconnect QDP - Quantitative Depth Profiling QDT - Quick Direct Tapping QE - Quality Evaluations QE - Quick Estimate QED - Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be demonstrated) QF - Qualified Facility QFD - Quality Function Deployment QFD - Quick Fill Device QFV - Quality Focussed Vendor QG - Quality Group QGC - Quay Gantry Crane QHSE policy - Quality Health Safety and Environment Policy QI - Quinoline Insoluble QI - Quality Improvement

QIB - Qualified Institutional Buyer QIO - Quality Improvement Organization QIP - Quality Improvement Projects QIP - Qualified Interested Parties QIP - Qualified Institutional Placement QIT - Quality Improvement Teams QLFT - Qualitative Fit Testing QM - Quality Management QMG Process - Quench Melt Growth Process QML - Qualified Manufacturer List QMM - Quality Management Manual QMS - Quality Managemnet System QMS - Quality Managemnet Structure QMST - Quantative Measurement of Steel phase Transformation QNBS - Qatar National Building Specifications QNFT - Quantitative Fit Testing QOO - Quality Of Operation QOQ - Quarter On Quarter QOS - Quality Of Service QOS - Quality Operation System QP - Quality Policy QP - Quality Procedures QP - Quality Plan Q&P - Quench and Partitioning QPR - Quarterly Progress Reports

QPR - Quality Performance Review QPR - Quality Performance Reputation QR - Quantitative Restrictions QRA - Quantitative (Qualitative) Risk Assessment (Analysis) QRC - Quick Roll Changer QRT - Quick Response Thermocouple QSA - Quality System Audit (Assessment) QSAR - Quality System Assessment Recognition QSIT - Quality System Inspection Technique QSM - Quality System Manual QSP - Quality Strip Production QSP - Quality System Procedure QSPR - Quantitative Structure Property Relationship QSR - Quality System Requirements QST - Quenching and Self Tempering QT - Quenching Tower QT - Quenching Tank Q&T - Quenched and Tempered QTHE - Quenched Tempered and Heavy Embrittled QTM - Quantitative Television Microsope QTR - Quenched and Tempered Rebar QTR - Quenching Treatment on Rods QUART Quality Assessment in Real Time QVT - Quality Verification Test

QWG - Quantity of Waste Gas

RA - Reduction in Area RA - Risk Assessment (Analysis) RA - Risk Analysis RA - Rotor Current RA - Retained Austenite RA - Remote Access RA - Relative Accuracy RA - Resource Allocation RA - Remedial Action RA - Reportable Accident RA Bill - Running Account Bill RAA - Ratio of Arithmatic Averages RABA - Risk Assessment and Benefit Analysis RAC - Rapid Analysis Centre RAC - Roll Alignment Control RAC - Room Air Conditioner RACM - Reasonablt Available Control Measure RACT - Reasonably Available Control Technology rad - Radian RAD - Rapid Application Development (Software) RAD - Return Air Duct

INDEX

RADAR - Rapid Automatic Detection and Alignment of Repeats RADIU - Remote Authentication Dial In User service RAFT - Raceway Adiabatic Flame Temperature RAFTI - Reliability Availability Function Test Interval RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Discs RAL - Rotary Air Lock

RAL - Rapid Analysis Laboratory RAM - Risk Assessment Model RAM - Random Access Memory RAM - Remotely Adjustable Mould RAM - Risk Analysis and Management RAM - Responsibility Assignment Matrix RAM - Reliability Availability Maintainability RAMI - Reliability Availability Maintainability and Inspection RANS - Reynolds Average Naviers Stokes RAP - Rolling Annealing and Pickling RAP - Remedial Action Plan RAP - Reducing Air Preheat RAPH - Regenerative Air Pre Heater RAR - Reducing Agent Rate RAR - Risk Assesment Report RAR - Reasonably Assured Resources RARP - Reverse Address Resolution Protocol RAS - Radio Active Source RAS - Response Action System RAS - Remote Active Server RAS - Risk Assessment Studies RAV - Rotary Airlock Valve RAMW - Radio Active Metal Waste RAW - Radio Active Waste RAX - Rural Automatic Exchange RB - Rotary Blower RB - Resin Bonded

RB - Reducing Block RB - Registration Bodies RBAO - Refined Brown Aluminium Oxide RBAP - Risk based Audit Plan RBB - Round Bolted Bonnet RBC - Reversible Belt Conveyor RBC - Rotating Biological Contactor RBC - Remote Base Controller RBD - Reliability Block Diagram RBDO - Reliability Based Design Optimization RBF - Radial Basis Function RBF - Retractable Belt Feeder RBFNN - Radial Basis Function Neural Network RBL - Roll Bite Lubrication RBM - Rail Bound Manipulator RBM - Results Based Management RBM - Rotating Bending Machine RBM - Re-Bar Mill RBOT - Rotary Bomb Oxidation Test RBR - Rule Based Regulation RBS - Resource Breakdown Structure RBS - Reduced Beam Section RC - Reversible Conveyor RC - Restricted Chemistry RC - Resistor Capacitor (Circuits) RC - Rail Crane RC - Reinforced Concrete

RC - Roll Cooling RC - Reverse Circulation RC - Resonant Column RC - Responsibility Centre RC - Rate Contract RC - Raw Coal R/C - Re Certification RCA - Root Cause Analysis RCA - Rotary Cup Atomizer RCB - Refining Combined Burners RCC - Reinforced Cement Concrete RCC - Roller Compacted Concrete RCC - Remote Control Centre RCC - Rotary Continuous Casting RCC - Residual Catalytic Cracking RCCB - Residual Current operated type earth leakage Circuit Breaker RCD - Residual Circuit (Current) Device RCE - Revised Cost Estimate RCF - Refractory Ceramic Fibre RCF - Rolling Contact Fatigue RCFA - Root Cause Failure Analysis RCL - Re-Coiling Line RCM - Reliability Centred Maintenance RCM - Remote Condition Monitoring RCP - Reinforced Concrete Pipe RCPH - Recirculating Cooling water Pump House RCPT - Rapid Chloride Penetration Test

RCR - Recrystallisation Controlled Rolling RCS - Round Corner Square RCS - Roll Crossing and Shifting RCU - Rotating Chute ( Charging ) Unit RCV - Remote Control Valve RCWPH - Recirculating Cooling Water Pump House RD - Respirable Dust RD - Rear Dumper RD - Relative Density RD - Rolling Direction RD - Resource Depletion RD - Reduction Degree RD - Root Diameter RD - Restricted Data RD - Roof Drain R&D - Research and Development R&D - Reamed and Drifted RDBMS - Relational Data Base Management System RD&D - Research Development and Demonstration RDDE - Research Development Design and Engineering RDE - Rigid Discharge Electrode RDF - Refuse Derive Fuel RDI - Reduction Degradation Index RDL - Reliable Detection Limit RDMP - Roll Defect Management Process RDMS - Roll Defect Management System RDOL - Reversible Direct On Line

RDP - Reconstruction and Devlopment Programme RD&RS - Roll Dressing and Repair Shop RDT - Reverse Dual Thickness (Probes) RE - Renewable Energy RE - Regional Exploration RE - Research in Environment RE - Revised Estimate RE - Re Engineering RE - Residual Error REACH - Registration Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals REB - Rolling Element Bearing REBAR - Reinforcement Bars REBT - Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy REC - Roll Eccentricity Compensation ( Control ) REC - Recycle Compressor RED - Rare Earth Drum REE - Rare Earth Element REER - Real Effective Exchange Rate REF - Rougher Edger Finisher REF - Restricted Earth Fault REIA - Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment REL - Recommended Exposure Limit REM - Rare Earth Metals REO - Rare Earth Oxides RER - Rare Earth Roll RES - Rotary Entry Systems RET - Renewable Energy Technologies

Rev - Revision Rev - Reversing RF - Remaining Float RF - Radio Frequency RF - Reheating Furnace RF - Reserved Forest RF - Raised Face RF - Response Factor RF - Roof Faulted RF - Representative Factor RFB - Return Fines Balance RFC - Request For Comments RFC - Release For Construction RFCS - Research For Coal and Steel RFCT - Radio Frequency Current Transformer RFECT - Remote Field Eddy Current Testing RFI - Radio Frequency Interference RFI - Radio Frequency Interface RFID - Radio Frequency Identification RFO - Restrictive Flow Orifice RFO - Residual Fuel Oil RFP - Request For Participation RFP - Request For Proposal RFPT - Ready For Performance Testing RFQ - Request For Quotation RFQ - Request For Qualification RFQ - Radio Frequency Quadrupale

RFT - Rapid Fire Technology RG - Ring Granulator RG - Roll Grinding RG - Rod Gate RG - Root Gap RG - Rough Grade RGA - Real coded Genetic Algorithm RGGI - Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative RGP - Rapid Growth Project RGS - Roll Grinding Shop RGS - Ring Grinding Shop RH - Relative Humidity RH - Right Hand RH - Rotary Heater RH - Reject Hopper RH - Revolving Head RH - Re Heater RHA - Risk and Hazard Analysis RH-D - Ruhr stahl Heraeus - Degasser RHF - Reheating Furnace RHF - Rotary Hearth Furnace RHF - Roller Hearth Furnace RHPC - Rapid Hardening Portland Cement RHS - Rectangular Hollow Section RHS - Rolled Hollow Section RHS - Right Hand Side RHS - Rotating Hot Saw

RI - Reducibility Index RI - Rust Inhibitor RI - Refractory Index RI - Relay Interlocking RI - Resistivity Imaging RIB - Radioactive Ion Beams RIC - Rapid Industrialized Country RICE - Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine RIL - Reduced Imposed Load RIMP - Robotics and Intelligent Manufacturing Process RIMS - Roll Inventory Management System RIO - Remote Input Output RIP - Routing Information Protocol RIS - Radiographic Inspection Standards RIV - Radio Interference ( Interface ) Voltage RJ - Ring Joint RK - Rotary Kiln RKEF - Rotary Kiln Electric Furnace RKF - Rotary Kiln Furnace RL - Reduced Level RL - Retention Level RL - Reflected Light RL - Reference Level RL - Relative Level RLA - Residual Life Assessment RLD - Reliability Logic Diagram RLDC - Regional Load Despatch Centre

RLF - Revolving Loan Fund RLM - Relative Loss of Mass RLS - Refined Liquid Steel RLTM - Refractory Lining Thermal Modeller RLW - Roof Load Width Rm - Running Meter RM - Reversing Mill RM - Raw Materials RM - Roughing Mill RM - Refractory Materials RM - Reference Methods RM - Reference Material RM - Redundancy Manager RM - Resource Management R&M - Repair and Maintenance R&M - Reliability and Maintainability R&M - Renovation and Modernization RMA - Return Material Authorization RMB - Raw Material Bin RMBBS - Raw Material Bedding and Blending Section (System) RMBBY - Raw Material Bedding and Blending Yard RMBT - Recommended Maximum Belt Tension RMC - Ready Mix Concrete RMC - Rolling Mill Control RMD - Raw Materials Division RME - Reasonable Maximum Exposure RMG - Rail Mounted Gantry crane

RMH - Raw Material Handling RMHS - Raw Material Handling System RMI - Raw Material Index RMI - Radio Magnetic Interface RMO - Raw Mix Optimizer RMP - Refractory Material Plant RMP - Risk Management Plan RMPCT - Robust Multivariable Predictive Control Technolgies RMR - Rock Mass Rating RMS - Root Mean Square RMS - Raw Material Silos RMSEP - Root Mean Square Error of Prediction RMT - Roughing Mill Train RMU - Removal Units RMUY - Raw Material Unloading Yard RMX - Ready Mix Concrete RN - Return Note RO - Reverse Osmosis R&O - Rust and Oxidation ROA - Return On Assets ROAM - Returns On Assets Managed ROB - Road Over Bridge ROC - Reactive Organic Compounds ROC - Running Of Company ROCE - Returns On Capital Employed ROE - Returns On Equity ROEP - Rise Of Earth Potential

ROFE - Returns On Funds Employed ROH - Routine Over Haul ROH - Regular Over Hauling ROHS - Restriction On Hazardous Substances ROI - Returns On Investments ROI - Region Of Interest ROI - Rate Of Interest ROIC - Returns On Invested Capital ROM - Run Of Mine ROM - Read Only Memory RONA - Returns On Net Assets RONW - Returns On Net Worth ROO - Run Of Oven ROP - Rate Of Progress ROPS - Roll Over Protective Structure ROR - Rate Of Return RORO - Roll On Roll Off ROS - Returns On Sales ROS - Representative Of Supplier ROSE - Residue Oil Supercritical Extraction ROT - Run Out Table ROT - Rule Of Thumb ROU - Right Of User land ROV - Remotely Operated Vehicle ROW - Right Of Way RP - Risk Potential RP - Recommended Practices

RP - Repeater Panel RP - Rated Power RP - Reciprocating Pump RP - Reconnaissance Permit RP - Reserves to Production RP - Re Phosphorized RP - Reference Point RP - Respirable Particulate RPB - Rotating Packed Bed reactor RPC - Reactive Power Compensation RPC - Raw Petroleum Coke RPC - Rapper Controller RPD - Rapid Product Development RPE - Respiratory Protective Equipment RPH - River Pump House RPI - Retail Price Index RPM - Respirable Particulate Matter RPM - Realtime Performance (Process ) Management RPM - Reinforced Plastic Mortar RPM - Rotary Piercing Mill rpm - Revolutions Per Minute RPN - Risk Priority Number R/P Ratio - Reserves / Production Ratio RPS - Revolutions Per Seconds RPU - Remote Processing Unit RPV - Residual Pressure Valve RPVOT - Rotating Pressure Vessel Oxidation Test

RPW - Resistance Projection Welding RPZ - Reduced Pressure Zone RQ - Roll Quenching RQ - Reheat Quenching RQ - Reportable Quantity RQD - Rock strength Quality Designation RQL - Reliable Quantitation Limit RQP - Recognized Qualified Person RQT - Roller Quench and Tempered RR - Railway Receipt RR - Reversing Rougher RR - Running Repair RR - Ridge Regression RR - Rail Road RR - Re Rolling RR - Relative Risk Rr - Random Reflectance R&R - Repeatability and Reproducibility R&R - Repair and Replacement RRC - Radio Remote Control RRF - Rotary Reduction Furnace RRI - Route Relay Interlocking RRM - Reversing Roughing Mill RRS - Risk Reduction Strategy RRT - Rotary Reforming Tube RRY - Running Room Yard RS - Rapidly Solidified

RS - Rediation Source RS - Rougher Spiral RS - Remote Sensing RS - Redwood Seconds RS - Roll Shifting RS - Reach Stacker RS - Rolling Stock RS - Rolling Shutter RS - Rising Stem RSA - Roll Set Assembly RSB - Reducing and Sizing Block RSB - Retractable Soot Blower RSBC - Reversible Shuttle Belt Conveyor RSC - Reversible Shuttle Conveyor RSC - Recovery type Stamp Charge RSC - Residual Sodium Carbonate RSC - Rotary Screw Compressor RSCO - Reversible Shuttle Conveyor RSD - Relative Standard Deviation RSE - Ring Slit Element RSEW - Resistance Seam Welding RSFC - Radially Stratified Flame Core RSH - Reserve Shutdown Hours RSI - Ryznar Stability Index RSJ - Rolled Steel Joist RSM - Reducing and Sizing Mill RSM - Roller Straightening Machine

RSM - Rail and Structural Mill RSM - Roller Supported Mills RSM - Roll Set ( Shop ) Management RSM - Response Spectrum Method RSMS - Roll Shop Management System RSOP - Research Scheme on Power RSP - Rapid Solidification Processing RSPM - Respirable Suspended Particle Matter RS&RS - Roll Shop and Repair Shop RSS - Really Simple Syndication RST - Roll Surface Technologies RST - Rapid Solidification Technique ( Technology ) RST - Rings Stators Transformers RSTP - Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol RSW - Ring Slit Washer RSW - Resistance Spot Welding RT - Radiographic Technique RT - Room Temperature RT - Relay Testing RT - Radiographic Test RT - Ring Temperature RT - Residence Time RT - Real Time RT - Rail Track RTC - Rail Transport Clearance RTC - Roll Thermal Crown RTC - Recovery Type Top Charge

RTC - Real Time Clock RTCC - Remote Tap Changing Cubicle RTCC - Real Time Computer Complex RTCPB - Recovery type Top Charge with Partial Briquetting of coal RTD - Residence Time Distribution RTD - Resistance Temperature Detector RTDB - Roller Table Distribution Board RTE - Rear Time Enterprise RTF - Radiant Tube Furnace RTF - Rich Text File RTF - Run To Failure RTG - Rubber Tired Gantry crane RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement RTI - Right To Information RTJ - Ring Type Joint RTL - Rupee Term Loan RTL - Resistor Transistor Logic RTM - Resin Transfer Moulding RTMS - Real Time Multiple Strip RTO - Real Time Optimization RTO - Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer RTPS - Real Time Process Simulator RTR - Real Time Radiography RTRC - Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Conduit RTS - Roll Turning Shop RTS - Request To Send RTS - Retention time Temperature Speed refining

RTS - Resistance Thermometer Sensors RTSC - Read The Sale Code RTU - Remote Terminal Unit RTU - Remote Telemetry Unit RTV - Rotary Tube Valve RUB - Road Under Bridge RUL - Refractoriness Under Load RUS - Resonance Ultrasound Spectroscopy RV - Rotary Valve RV - Rotor Voltage RV - Relief Valve RV - Reactor Vessel RVP - Reid Vapour Pressure RW - Resistance Welding RW - Raw Water RWD - Rear Wheel Drive RWH - Rain Water Harvesting RWI - Rodmill Work Index RWIFR - Restricted Work Injury Frequency Rate RWO - Routine Work Order RWP - Rain Water Pipe RWTP - Raw Water Treatment Plant RXD - Received Data RY Reception Yard

S - Sulphur S - Stand-by s - Second SA - Self Aligning (Idlers) SA - Single Absorption SA - Simulated Annealing SA - Supply Air SA - Source Address SA - Surface Area S&A - Sensors And Automation SAAR - Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate SABME - Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode Extended SABS - South African Bureau of Standards SAC - Side Arm Charger SAC - Strong Acid Cation SAC - Sum Absorption Coefficient SAC - Sulphuric Acid Concentration SAC - Starved Air Combustion SAD - Special Additional Duty SADT - Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature SAE - Sampling and Analytical Errors SAE-SPE - Strong Anion Exchange - Solid Phase Extraction SAF - Submerged Arc Furnace SAF - Submerged Aerated Filter SAF - Supply Air Fan SAF - Spectral Adaptive Filter SAFT - Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique SAFT - Submerged Arc Furnace Technology

INDEX

SAG - Semi Autogenous Grinding (Mill) SAGD - Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage SAI - Strain Ageing Index SAIF - Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facilities SAM - Sustainable Assets Management SAM - Software Application Module SAM - Sequential Access Memory SAMMS - Self Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports SAN - Storage Area Network SANS - Small Angle Neutron Scattering SAP - Systems, Applications and Products in data processing SAP - Sampling and Analysis Plan SAP - Service Access Point SAP - Safety Action Plan SAP - Safety Assurance ( Assessment) Principles SAR - Sodium Absorption Ratio SAR - Supplied Air Respirator SAR - Supply Air Reset SAR - Safety Accident Rate SAR - Start Action Request SAR - Specific Absorption Rate SAR - Safety Analysis Report SARA - Scan Analyze Respond Assess SAS - Substation Automation System SAS - Structural Amorphous Steels SAT - System Accuracy Test SAT - Site Acceptance Test SATA - Serial Advance Technology Attachment

SATP - Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure SATMAGAN - Saturated Magnetic Analyser SAV - Store Adjustment Voucher SAW - Surface Accoustic Wave SAW - Submerged Arc Welding SB - Stock Bin SB - Surge Bin SB - Saving Bank SB - Split Block SB - Safe Berth S/B - Shipping Bill SBA - Strong Base Anion SBC - Safe Bearing Capacity (of soils) SBC - Standard Building Code SBC - Soil Bearing Capacity SBCA - Social Benefit Cost Analysis SBD - Standard Bidding Document SBGP - Sub Burden Gas Probe SBM - Special Bar Mill SBMS - Standards Based Management System SBO - Station Black Out SBQ - Special Bar Quality SBQ - Special Billet Quality SBQ - Ship Building Quality plate SBQ - Standard Batch Quantity SBR - Sequencing Batch Reactor SBR - Styrene Butadiene Rubber SBS - Static By-pass Switch

SBS - Steel Belt Sintering SBSS - Single Blooms Slewing Stacker SBU - Strategic Business Unit SBV - Sub By-pass Valve SC - Stamp Charging SC - Squirrel Cage SC - Stacker Conveyor SC - Subscriber Connection SC - Standard Connector SC - Steam Coal SC - Shuttle Conveyor SC - Slab Caster SC - Suppressed Combustion SC - Standard Column SC Screw Conveyor SC - Stave Cooler SC - Short Circuiting SC - Surface Crack SC - Seger Cone SC - Super Conducting SC - Supply Chain SC - Single Crystal SC - Statistical Compendium SC - Series Compensation SC - System Characteristics SC - Shading Coefficient SC - Super Calendered SC - Surge Capacitance

SC - Square Cut SC - Significant Characteristics SC - Sub Crop S&C - Switches and Crossings S/C - Short Circuit SCA - Servo Controlled Adjustment SCA - Specific Collection Area SCAD - Slag Control And Detection SCADA - Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition SCAPH - Steam Coil Air Pre Heater SCB - Serial Communication Board SCBA - Self Contained Breathing Apparatus SCBA - Social Cost Benefit Analysis SCBP - Suspended Carrier Biofilm Process SCBUR - Self Compensating Back Up Roll SCC - Stressed Corrosion Cracking SCC - Special Conditions of Contract SCC - Short Circuit Current SCC - Substation Control Computer SCC - Self Compacting Concrete SCC - Standard Classification Code SCC - Steam Condensate Cooler SCC - Short Circuit Characteristics SCC - Secondary Combustion Chamber SCC - Source Classification Code SCCL - Short Circuit Current Limiter SCD - Semi Conductor Device SCE - Saturated Calomel Electrode

SCE - Storage Cum Erection SCF - Standard Cubic Foot SCFH - Standard Cubic Feet per Hour SCFM - Standard Cubic Feet per Minute SCFM - Short Circuit Failure Mode SCI - Surface Cracking Index SCIM - Squirrel Cage Induction Motor SCL - Substation Configuration Language SCM - Supply Chain Management SCM Surface Conditioning Mill SCM - Squirrel Cage Motor SCM - Seismic Coefficient Method SCM - Supplementary Cementing Materials SCNM - Slot Communication Network Management SCO - Shuttle Conveyor SCO - Surface Contaminated Objects SCOMET - Special Chemicals Organisms Materials Equipment and Technologies SCOPE - Super Coke Ovens for Productivity and Environment enhancement SCP - Stamp Charging and Pushing SCP - Segmented Controlled Pressure SCPT - Static Cone Penetration Test SCR - Semi-conductor (Silicon) Control Rectifier SCR - Stacker Cum Reclaimer SCR - Semi-conductor Contol shunt Rectifier SCR - Semi-conductor Contol Reactor SCR - Selective Catalytic Reduction SCR - Secondary Control Reaction SCR - Silicon Controlled Rectifier

SCR - Sustained Cell Rate SCR - Special Crown Roll SCS - Single Chamber System SCS - Site Condition Survey SCS - Stand Core Concept SCS - Slow Cooling System SCS - Strip Casting Simulator SCS - Sequence Control System SCS - Safety Control Station SCS - Silicon Controlled Switch SCS - Secondary Crusher and Screening house SCSI - Small Computer System Interface SCSM - Specific Communication Service Mapping SCum - Standard Cubic Metre SCVS - Servo Controlled Voltage Stabilizer SCW - Secondary Cooling Water SD - Standard Deviation SD - Sustainable Development SD - Shape Defects SD - Scatter Diagram SD - Security Deposit SD - Strength Differential SD - Star Delta starter SD - Single Domain SD - Site Dependent SD - Sales and Distribution SD - Secure Digital SD - Spray Dryer

SD - Single Density SD - Storm Drain S/D - Shut Down S/D - Sewerage and Drainage SDA - Spray Dryer Absorber SDA - Send Data with Acknowledgement SDAS - Secondary Dendrite Arm Spacing SDB - Sludge Drying Bed SDC - Scientific Dust Collector SDCM - Standard Dry Cubic Meter SDD - System Display Device SDF - Steel Development Fund SDF - Sustainable Development Framework SDG - Static Delivery Guide SDH - Side Draft Hood SDH - Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SDI - Silt Density Index SDL - Side Dump (Discharge) Loader SDLC - Synchronous Data Level (Link) Control SDLP - Sub Distribution Lighting Panel SDLT - Super Digital Linear Tape SDM - Static Dynamic process control Model SDM - Set up Data Management SDNA - Send Data with No Acknowledgement SDOC - Suppliers Declaration Of Conformance SDOF - Single Degree Of Freedom system SD-PAM - Sustainable Development- Policies And Measures SDR - System Design Review

SDR - Special Drawing Rights SDR - Standard Dimension Ratio SDR - Specific Discharge Rate SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory SDS - Single Deck Screen SDS - Slag Detection System SDS - Safety Data Sheets SDS - Sustainable Development Strategy SDU - Service Data Unit SDU - Standard Density Unit SDW - Sludge De-Watering SDZ - Secondary Deformation Zone SE - Self Extinguishing SE - Specific Energy SEA - Socio Economic Analysis SEA - Special End Area SEAL - Simple Efficient Adaptation Layer SEB - Small End Beveled SEC - Specific Energy Consumption SEC - Size Exclusion Chromatography SEC - Single Edge Contact SECBR - Severely Errored Cell Block Ratio SECOS - Sinter Energy Control System SECS - Secondary Emission Control System SED - Strain Energy Density SED - Safety Engineering Department SEE - Spectral Emitted Energy SEG - Static Entry Guide

SEG - Stake holder Expert Group SEI - Secondary Electron Imaging SEIA - Socio Economic Impact Assesment SEJ - Switch Expansion Joint SEL - Sound Exposure Level SELV - Safety Extra Low Voltage SEM - Scanning Electron Microscope SEM - Standard Error of the Means SEM-WD - Scanning Electron Microscope - Waddle Diameter SEM-MD - Scanning Electron Microscope - Maximum Diameter S-EMS - Secondary cooling zone - Electro Magnetic Stirrer SEN - Submerged Entry Nozzole SENB - Single Edge Notched Bend SEP - Static Emergency Power supply system SEP - Supplemental Environmental Projects SEP - Standard Engineering Practice SEP - Small End Plain SER - South Eastern Railway SER - Sequence of Events Recorder SER - Significant Event Report SES - Socio Economic Survey SES - Submerged Entry Shroud SES - Secondary Emission Standards SET - Secure Electronic Transaction SET - Small End Threaded SEZ - Special Economic Zone SF - Screw Feeder SF - Self Flow

SF - Soaking Furnace SF 6 - Sulphur Hexa Fluoride SF - Synthetic Flux SF - Sinter Fines SF - Surface Finish SF - Stability Factor SF - Silica Fumes SF - Spray Fusion SF - Safety Factor SF - Strip Footing SF - Stowage Factor SFB - System Function Block SFC - Strip Flatness Control SFC - Silico Ferrite of Calcia SFC - Sequential Function Chart SFC - Super critical Fluid Chromatography SFC - System Function Call SFC - Starting Frequency Converters SFCA - Silico Ferrite of Calcia and Alumina SFDC - Shop Floor Data Collection SFEM - Stochastic Finite Element Method SFF - Safe Failure Function SFI - Spread of Flame Index SFR - Schedule Free Rolling SFR - Specific Feeding Rate SFRC - Steel Fibre Reinforced Castable ( Concrete ) SFRCR - Steel Fibre Reinforced Castable Refractories SFRM - Sprayed Fire Resistant Materials

SFRR - Steel Fibre Refractory Reinforcement SFS - Shop Floor Station SFS - Standard Formulation Specification SFSI - Soil Foundation Structure Interaction SFT - Systems Facades Trends SFU - Switch Fuse Units SG - Specific Gravity SG - Single Girder SG - Steam Generator SG - Sector Gate SG - Shielding Gas SG - Spheroidal Graphite SG - Single Gap SG - Straight Grate SG - Seeded Gel SGA - Simple Genetic Algorithm SGB - Singhbum Granite Batholith SGC - Spacer Gauge Control SGC - Strand Gauge Control SGC - Slide Guide Control SGCT - Symetrical Gate Commutated Thyristor SGI - Spheroidal Graphite Iron SGML - Standard Generalized Mark up Language SGP - Slag Granulation Plant SGP - Slide Gate Plate SGP - Strain Gradient Plasticity SGP - Steam Generation Plant SH - State Highway

SH - Specific Heat SH - Super Heated (Steam) SH - Stock House SH - Surge Hopper SH - Secondary Hematite SH - Service Hours SH - Sensible Heat SH - Section Height SH - Super Heater SHA - Share Holders Agreement SHA - Secure Hash Algorithm SHC - Specific Heat Consumption SHDE - Stock House Dust Extraction SHE - Safety, Health and Environment SHGC - Solar Heat Gain Coefficient SHL - Single Hole Lance SHL - Shaft Heat Loss SHL - Seismic Hazard Level SHM - Structural Health Monitoring SHMP - Sodium Hexa Meta Phosphate SHO - Sole Heat Oven test SHP - Superheated High Pressure SHR - Station Heat Rate SHS - Square ( Structural ) Hollow Section SHS - Self propagating High temperature Synthesis SI - Systeme Internationale 'd' Unite SI - Shatter Index SI - Site Inspection

SI - Sponge Iron SI - Safety Index SI - System Identification SI - Steam Injection S&I - Standardization and Interoperability SIA - Structural Integrity Analysis SIA - Sequential Injection Analysis SIAS - Safety Injection Actuation Signal SIB - Sub Indicator Board SIBM - Strain Induced Boundary Migration SIC - Silicon Carbide SIC - Standard Industry Classification code SID - Surface Ionization Detector SIDMS - Speciated Isotope Dilution Mass Spectroscopy SIDR - Standard Inside Dimension Ratio SIF - Stress Intensity Factor SIF - Safety Instrumented Function SIL - Safety Integrity Level SIM - Scanning Ion Microscope SIMA - System Integration and Manufacturing Application SIMO - Single Input Multiple Output SIMPLE - Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations SIMPLE - Stablized Integrated Marine Protective Lifting Environment SIMS - Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy SIMT - Strain Induced Martensite Transformation SIN - Stores Issue Note SINTAP - Structural Integrity Assesment Procedure SIO - Sized Iron Ore

SIO - Serial Input and Output SION - Standard Input Output Norm SIP - Sponge Iron Plant SIP - Spray Impact Pressure SIPA - Stress Induced Preferred Absorption SIPN - Stress Induced Preferred Nucleation SIPO - Serial In Parallel Out SIPP - Simple Internet Protocol Plus SIQD - Storage Inside Quantity Distance SIR - Spray Impingement Rate SIR - Segmented Idler Roll SIR - Standardized Incidence Ratio SIS - Surface Imaging Solutions SIS - Safety Instrumented System SIS - Surface Inspection System SIS - Short Interval Scheduling SIS - Strategic Information System SISO - Single Input Single Output SISW - Single Inlet Single Width SIT - System Integration Test SIT - Structural Integrity Test SIU - Significant Industrial User SJ - Solder Joint SJAE - Steam Jet Air Ejector SJB - Secondary Junction Box SKD - Semi Knocked Down SKFM - Super Kelvin Force Microscope SL - Short Length

SL - Ship Loader SL - Slitting Line SL - Seismic Load SL - Sea Level SL - Shrinkage Limit SL - Structural Level S/L - Stratified Layer S/L - Shunting Limit SLA - Stereo Lithography Apparatus SLAMS - State and Local Air Monitoring Stations SLC - Sequence Logic Contoller SLC - Separate Line Calciner SLC - Sub Liquidus Casting SLC - Solution Loss Carbon SLD - Single Line Diagram SLDB - Sub Lighting Distribution Board SLDC - State (Static) Load Despatch Centre SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol SLM - Sound Level Meter SLM - Straight Line Method SLO - Soft Laminated Ore SLP - Sequential Linear Programming SLP - Special Leave Petition SLR - Static Loaded Ratio SLS - Safe Limited Speed SLS - Serviceability Limit State SLTM - Seamless Tube Mill SLV - Sensor Less Vector

SM - Structural Mill SM - Source Monitoring SM - Synchronous Motor SM - Slag Modified concrete SM - Sintered Magnesite SM - Sizing Mill SM - Sensor Motor integrated SM - Shroud Manipulator SM - Signal Module SM - Surge Margin SMA - Sub Miniature Version A SMA - Stone Matrix ( Mix ) Asphalt SMA - Shielded Metal Arc SMART - Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology SMAT - Safety Management and Audit Technique SMAW - Shielded Metal Arc Welding SMB - Smart Motor Braking SMC - Sheet Moulding Compound SMC - Smart Motor Controller SM-CC - Steel Making Continuous Casting SMCP - Semi Mobile Crushing Plant SMCRA - Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act SMD - Surface Mount Device SMD - Stirred Media Detritor SMDS - Switched Multimegabit Data Service SMES - Super conducting Magnetic Energy Source SMF - Sealed Maintenance Free SMF - Synthetic Mineral Fibres

SMI - Supplier Managed Inventory SMI - Structure of Management Information SMLP - Secondary Metallurgy Ladle Practice SMLS - Seamless SMOU - Safe Method Of Use SMP - Symetric Multi Processor SMP - Slag Minimum Process SMP - Standard Maintenance Practice SMP - Standard Melting Practice SMP - Soluble Microbial Product SMP - Sintered Metal Products SMP - Self-degradable Magnesia Pellets SMPS - Switched Mode Power Supply SMPV(U) - Static and Mobile Pressure Vessel (Unfired ) SMR - Sumitomo Metal Refining process SMRF - Special RC Moment Resisting Frame SMRN - Sustainable Mining Research Network SMS - Steel Melting Shop SMS - Site Mix Slurry SMS - Self Monitoring System SMS - Short Message Service SMS - Synchronized Manufacturing System SMT - Surface Mounting Technology SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SMU - Submerged Membrane Unit S/N - Signal to Noise SNA - System Network Architecture SNCN - Submerged Nozzle Changer Non stop

SNCR - Selective Non Catalytic Reduction SNCR - Secondary NOx Control Reaction SNDN - Simultaneous Nitrification and De Nitrification SNG - Synthetic ( Substitute ) Natural Gas SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol SNP - Supply Network Planning SNR - Soft Natural Rubber SNR - Signal to Noise Ratio SNRME - Set Normal Response Model Extended SNTP - Simple Network Time Protocol SO - Sized Ore SO - Soft Ore SO - Sale Order SO - Solid Oxide SO - Slip On SOA - State Of Art technology SOA - Service Oriented Architecture SOA - Safe Operating Area SOACT - State Of Art Clean Technologies SOBOT - Saving of One Barrel of Oil per Ton SOC - Security Optimized Closing system SOD - Schedule of Dimensions SOE - Sequence of Events SOE - State Owned Enterprises SOF - Soluble Organic Fraction SOFC - Solid Oxide Fuel Cell SOG - Spin On Glass SOM - Self Organizing Maps (Technique)

SOM - Strength Of Materials SOMS - Site Operation Management System SONET - Synchronous Optical Network SOP - Standard Operating Practices (Procedures) SOP - Sweat On Paste SOP - Schedule Of Prices SOP - Srategic Option Process SOP - Sulphate Of Potash SOPC - Sales Operations Planning and Control SOPM - Sulphate Of Potash Magnesia SOQ - Schedule Of Quantity SOQ - Statement Of Qualifications SOR - Strategic Option Report SORM - Second Order Reliability Method SORM - Online Roughness Measurement System SOUR - Specific Oxygen Uptake Rate SOV - Shut Off Valve SOW - Scope Of Work SOW - Statement Of Work SOx - Oxides of Sulphur SP - Sinter Plant SP - Single Phase SP - Standard Practices SP - Scale Pit SP - Softening Point SP - Stand Pipes SP - Slurry Pump SP - Soil Pipe

SP - Static Pressure SP - Semi Processed SP - Special Promotion SP - Single Pole SP - Sump Pit SP - Service Packs SP - Single Pour SP - Small Pieces SP - System Procedure SP - Specific Power consumption SP - Surge Protection SP - Special Publications SP - Safe Port SP - Self Propelled SPAL - Surface Protection Air Liquide SPC - Statistical Process Control SPC - Servo Position Control SPC - Semi Pulse Concept SPC - Stored Programme Control S&PC - Systems and Process Control SPCP - Sump Pump Control Panel SPD - Severe Plastic Deformation SPD - Spacer Pad welding SPD - Silicon Pixel Detector SPD - Slurry Phase Distillates SPD - Surge Protection Device SPDT - Single Pole Double Throw SPE - Sophisticated Paint Endorsement

SPE - Secondary Particulate Emissions SPE - Synchronous Payload Envelope SPEA - Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm SPF - Super Plastic Forming SPF - Seasonal Performance Factor SPh - Stokes Per Hour SPH - Static Pressure of Hood SPI - Single Point sampling Imaging SPI - Smart Plant Instruments SPI - Steel Price Index SPIDS - Spindle monitoring and Diagnostic System SPL - Steel Process Lubricants SPL - Sound Pressure Level SPLC - Smart ( Solid state ) Predictive Line Controller SPLP - Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure SPM - Suspended Particulate Matter SPM - Skin Pass Mill SPM - Statistical Prediction Model SPM - Scanning Probe Microscope SPME - Solid Phase Micro Extraction SPMT - Self Propelled Modular Transporter SPN - Single Point with Neutral SPO - Special Purpose Oxygen SPO - Secondary Public Offering SPOIT - Strategic Planning Organization and Information Technology SPP - Small Power Producer SPQR - Solderer Performance Qualification Record SPR - Sinter and Pallet Ratio

SPS - Sample Preparation Station SPS - Single Point Status SPS - Soldering Procedure Specification SPS - Safety Plan System SPSS - Single Pressed and Single Sintered SPST - Single Pole Single Throw SPSY - Scrap Processing and Salvage Yard SPT - Standard Penetration Tests SPTC - Slag Pot Transfer Car SPU - Sample Preparation Unit SPU - State Power Utility SPURT - Self Propelled Ultra Sonic Rail Testing SPV - Special Purpose Vehicle SPV - Simple Pressure Vessel SPV - Solar Photo Voltaic SPX - Shark Programmable Executive SQ - Step Quenching Sq - Square SQA - Supplier Quality Assurance SQC - Statistical Quality Control Sqcm - Square Centimeter SQG - Small Quantity Generator SQL - Structured (Sequential) Query Language Sqm - Square meter SQM - Surface Quality Monitoring SQP - Sequential Quadratic Programming SR - Synthetic Rutile SR - Subarna Rekha

SR - Smelting Reduction SR - Soft Reduction SR - Speific Resistivity SR - Slag Raking SR - Serverity Rate SR - Safety Related SR - Soil Reports SR - Switched Reluctance (motor) SR - Slip Ring motor SR - Stress Relief SR - Stoichiometric Ratio SR - Specific Resources SR - Study Report SR - State Roads SR - Stress Relieving S/R Devices - Storage/Retrieval Devices SRA - Stress Relief Annealing SRA - Strategic Research Agenda SRAM - Static Random Access Memory SRB - Stretch Reducing Block SRB - Sulphur Reducing Bacteria SRC - Solvent Refining of Coal SRC - Single Roll Crusher SRC - Sulphate Resistant Cement SRC - Steel Reinforced Concrete SRC - Safety Related Conditions SRCC - Strike Riot and Civil Commotion SRCC - Safety Related Control Circuit

SRCC - Steel Reinforced Cylinder Concrete SRD - Self Reading Dosimeter SRF - Smelting Reduction Furnace SRIM - Slip Ring Induction Motor SRIM - Structural Reaction Injection Moulding SRL - Slitting Recoiling Line SRL - Single Random Length SRM - Standard Reference Materials SRM - Stretch Reducing Mill SRM - Switched Reluctance Motor SRM - Steelmaking Raw Materials SRN - Stores Return Note SRO - Short Range Outlook SRP - Special Review Procedure SRPC - Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement SRR - Solid Rubber Rollers SRRM - Steel Re-Rolling Mills SRS - Sofware Requirement Specification SRS - System Requirement Specification SRSS - Square Root Sum of Squares SRT - Solids Retention Time SRT - Static Roll Threshold SRT - Station Reserve Transformer SRU - Sulphur Recovery Unit SRV - Smelting Reduction Vessel SRV - Sampling Rate Variation SRV - Safety Relief Valve SRW - Static Radial Wedge belt press

SRX - Static Recrystallisation SS - Stainless Steels SS - Sub Station SS - Service Station SS - Suspended Solids SS - Special Steels SS - Spring Steels SS - Solid Solution SS - Slag Splashing SS - Site Specific SS - Strong Stirring SS - Structural Steel SS - Safety Standards SS - Soundness by Setting SS - Settleable Solids SS - Spray Saturator SS - Single Sided SS - Site Survey SS - Single Sided S2S - System To System SSAT - Steam System Assessment Tool SSB - Sliding Surface Bearing SSC - Short Stroke Control SSC - Strength Specific Cost SSC - Sulphide Stress Cracking SSC - Supplemental Supply Charges SSC - Selective Steam Corrosion SSCC - Semi Soft Coking Coal

SSCC - Serial Shipping Container Code SSCOP - Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol SSCT - Submerged Split Chill Tensile SSD - Scrap and Salvage Department SSD - Saturated Surface Dry SSD - Solid State hard Drive SSDD - Six Sigma for Design Development SSDI - Super Sonic Direct Injection SSE - Safe Shutdown Earthquake SSF - Special ( Solid ) Smokeless Fuel SSF - Side Stream Filter SSF - Stainless Steel Fasteners SSI - Solid State Interlocking SSI - Soil Structure Interaction SSI - Sewage Sludge Incineration SSI - Small Scale Integration SSL - Structural Slab Level SSLN - Stainless Steel Low Nitrogen SSLN - Stainless Steel Low Nickel SSLT - Steady State Life Test SSM - Strip Sheet and Miscellaneous SSM - Silicon Steel Mill SSMCU - Solid State Microclimate Conditioning Unit SSMS - Spark Source Mass Spectroscopy SSO - Separate Sewer Overflow SSO - Sample Shut Off valve SSP - Secondary Steel Plants SSP - Solid State Proportioning

SSP - Service Switching Point SSP - Spectral Signal Processing SSPA - Shares Subscription and Purchase Agreement SSPD - Scale Severity, Probability and Duration SSPP - Small Scale Pilot Plant SSR - Sub Synchronous Resonance SSR - Successful Start up Rate SSR - Solid State Relay SSR - Standing Seam Roof SSRA - Site Specific Risk Assessment SSRT - Slow Strain Rate Testing SSS - Steel Scrap Substitute SSS - Stream Switching System SST - Salt Spray Test SST - Secondary Steel Technology SST - Single Sheet Testing measuring sensors SST - Super Sonic Transports SSW - Segregation Slit Wire SSY - Slag Storage Yard SSY - Scrap Storage Yard ST - Steel ST - Steam Turbine ST - Steam Traced ST - Steam Traps ST - Straight Tip (Connector) ST - Spark Testing (of Steel) ST - Service Tax ST - Solidus Temperature

ST - Setting Time ST - Settling Time ST - Sales Tax ST - Surge Tank ST - Seamless Tube ST - Softening Temperature ST - Structured Text ( Test ) ST - Special Tooling ST - Station Transformer S&T - Science and Technology STAAD - Structural Analysis And Design software STAR - Systems and Technologies for Advance Recycling STAR - Stop Think Act Review STB - Steam Turbo Blower STB - Sumitomo Top and Bottom process STC - Steel Transfer Car STC - Special Terms and Conditions Std - Standard STD - Subscriber Trunk Dialling STEL - Short Term Exposure Limit STEM - Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy STEM - Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics STEP - Science and Technology Enhancement Project STG - Steam Turbo Generator STI - Scientific and Technical Information STI - Scheme for Testing and Inspection STI - Selectable Time Interrupt STIA - Short Term Improvement Activity

STIG - Steam Injected Gas turbine STL - Steel Teeming Ladle STM - Scanning Tunneling Microscope STM - Short Term Memoty STO - Safe Torque Off STP - Seamless Tube Plant STP - Sewage Treatment Plant STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure STP - Software Technology Park STP - Shielded Twisted Pair STP - Standard Technical Panel STP - Supplier Technical Person STP - Short Term Planning STPD - Standard Temperature and Pressure Dry STPP - Super Thermal Power Plant STPS - Super Thermal Power Station STR - Structural STRA - Short Transverse Reduction in Area STS - Standard Technical Specification STS - Ship To Shore STS - Synchronous Transport Signal STU - State Transmission Utility STU - Shock Transmission Unit STV - Store Transfer Voucher SU - Standing Urinals SUDS - Sustainable Urban Drainage System SUL - Ship Un-Loader SULC - Super Ultra Low Carbon

SUP - Supply SUS - Saybolt Universal Seconds SUV - Saybolt Universal Viscosity SUV - Sports Utility Vehicles SV - Set Value SV - Safety Valve SV - Solenoid Valve SV - Steam Vent SV - Separately Ventillated SV - Safety Vessel SVA - Shareholder Value Analysis SVC - Static Var Compensation SVC - Shunt Var Controller SVC - Specific Volumetric Capacity SVD - Spiral Vibration Dumper SVE - Solvent Vapour Exit SVE - Standard Video Extensometer SVG - Scalable Vector Graphics SVI - Sludge Volume Index SVL - Surge Voltage Limiters SVOC - Semi Volatile Organic Carbons SVS - Submerged Venturi Scrubber SVT - Site Visit Team SW - Soft Water SW - Socket Weld SW - Software SW - Spiral Welded SW - Service Water

SW - Solid Wire SW - Solid Waste SW - Sand Washer SW - Short Wave SW - Sea Water SW - Seam Washed SWA - Single Web Angle SWA - Steel Wire Armoured cable SWAD - Salt Water Arrival Draft SWAS - Steam generator Water Analysis System SWC - Static Watt Compensator SWD - Schematic Wiring Diagram SWD - Storm Water Drain SWE - Secondary Work Embrittlement SWE - Socket Weld End SWG - Standard Wire Gauge SWI - Shannou Wiener diversity Index SWI - Site Wide Investigation SWL - Safe Working Load SWM - Sea Water Magnesia SWM - Solid Waste Management SWMU - Soft Make Up water SWOT - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats SWP - Safe Working Pressure SWPP - Spiral Welded Pipe Plant SWPPP - Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plans SWR - Short Welded Rails SWR - Standing Wave Ratio

SWRO - Sea Water Reverse Osmosis SWTR - Surface Water Treatment Rule SWV - Specific Water Volume SWV - Soil Waste and Vent SX - Solvent Extraction SXEW - Solvent Extraction Electro Winning SY - Stock Yard SYMS - Slab Yard Management System SynRM - Synchronous Reluctance Motor SZ - South Zone SZW Stretch Zone Width

t - Ton T - Temperature TA - Throttle Assembly TA - Transactional Analysis TAB - Testing Adjusting and Balancing TABL - Temperature Above Both Liquid TAD - Through Air Drying TAF - Tube Annealing Furnace TAGS - Tungstan Arc Gas Shielded TAM - TRIP steels with annealed Martensite TAM - Total Available Market TAN - Total Acid Number TAR - Technical Appraisal Report TAT - Turn Around Time TAT - Total Asset Turnover TB - Turbo Blower TB - Terminal Box TB - Thermal Balance TB - Tyre Bead (Grade) TB - Tailored Blank TB - Technical Bulletin TB - Technology Board TB - Transducer Block TB - Tie Beam TBC - Thermal Barrier Coating TBC - Total Bacteria Count TBD - Taphole Breakout Device TBDB - Tar Bonded Dolomite Brick TBE - Threaded Both Ends

INDEX

TBF - TRIP steels with Bainitic Ferrite TBM - Thyssen Bottom Metallurgy TBN - Total Base Number TBN - To Be Nominated (Ship) TBP - Turbine Back Pressure TBS - Twin Boom Stacker TBT - Technical Barrier to Trade TBT - Tributylin TBT - Tank Bottom Tester TBWQ - Tyre Bead Wire Quality TC - Transfer Car TC - Top Charge TC - Turbine Compressor TC - Tungsten Carbide TC - Test Certificate TC - Tuyere Cooler TC - Thermal Coal TC - Total Carbon TC - Tripper Car TC - Thermo Couple TC - Thermal Conductivity TC - Tank Containers TC - Thermal Crown TC - Thermo Couple TC - Total Coliform TC - Tender Committee T&C - Terms and Conditions T&C - Threaded and Coupled TCAT - Timer Counter Access Terminal

TCB - Twin Cross Beam TCD - Thermal Conductivity Detector TCD - Total Cost approach to Distribution TCDD - Tetra Chloro Di-benzo p Di-oxin TCE - Tri Chloro Ethylene TCE - Tons of Coal Equivalent TCE - Transaction Cost Economies approach TCf - Trillion Cubic Feet TCF - Total Cash Flow TCI - Total Capital Investment TCLP - Toxic Characteristics Leaching Procedure (Potential ) TCM - Tandem Cold rolling Mill TCM - Total Cost Management TCM - Trillion Cubic Meters TCO - Total Cost of Operation TCO - Total Cost of Ownership TCP - Transmission Control Protocol TCP - Transformer Control Panel TCP - Tool Centre Point TCP - Technical Certification Program TCR - Thyristor Control Reactor TCR - Temperature Co-efficient of Resistance TCR - Techno Commercial Recommendations TCR - Total Carbon Rate tCS - Tons Crude Steel tCS - Tons Charge Sinter TCS - Technological Control System TCS - Thermal Control System TCS - Tin Coated Sheet

TCS - Tariff Concession Scheme TCS - Turbine Control System TCSC - Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors ( Compensation ) TCU - Transformer Control Unit TCV - Temperature Control Valve TCX - Top Chord Extension TD - Tender Document TD - Technical Data TD - Turn Down TD - Technical Discussions TD - Transverse Direction TD - Thermal Desorption TD - Time Delay TD - Text Display T/D - Tundish T&D - Transmission and Distribution (Losses) T&D - Tested and Drifted TDA - Thermo Dilatometric Analysis TDBFP - Turbine Driven Boiler Feed Pump TDC - Truck Dump Conveyor TDC - Technical Delivery Condition TDC - Technology and Drive Control TDC - Top Dead Centre TDFT - Total Dry Film Thickness TDG - Transportation of Dangerous Goods TDH - Total Discharge (Developed) Head TDH - Total Dynamic Head TDH - Tetra kai Deca Hedron TDI - Thermal Degradation Index

TDI - Tolerable Daily Intake TDIR - Total Dial Indicator Reading TDIS - Technical Document and Information Section TDL - Tunable Diode Laser technology TDLAS - Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy TDM - Time Division Multiplexing TDMA - Time Division Multiplex Access TDP - Tar Distillation Plant TDPAC - Time Dependent Perturbed Angular Correlation TDR - Term Deposit Rates TDR - Tata Direct Reduction process TDR - Tear Down Reengineering TDRI - Transition Direct Reduced Iron TDS - Total Dissolved Solids TDS - Time Dial Setting TDS - Triple Deck Screen TDS - Truck Despatch System TDS - Technical Data Sheet TDS - Time Distance and Shielding TDV - Triple Duty Valve TE - Tender Enquiry TE - Temper Embrittlement TE - Trace Element TE - Technical (Tender) Evaluation TE - Threaded End TE - Turbo Expander TE - Trailing Edge TE - Turbine End TE - Thermo Electric

TE - True Earth TE - Tagged End T&E - Tooling and Equipment TEA - Techno Economic Appraisal TEA - Techno Economic Analysis TEAO - Totally Enclosed Air Over TEBC - Totally Enclosed Blower Cooled TEC - Top End Conversion TEC - Thermoionic Energy Converter TEC - Threshold Effect Concentration TEC - Techno Economic Clearance TEC - Technical Evaluation Committee TE&C - Transport Efficiency and Conservation TEDC - Totally Enclosed Dual Cooled TEF - Techno Economic Factors TEF - Toxic Equivalent Factor TEFC - Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled TEFR - Techno Economic Feasibility Report TEFV - Totally Enclosed Fan Ventillated TEG - Technical Evaluation Group TEL - Total Elongation TEL - Tolerable Exposure Limit TEM - Transmission Electron Microscope TEM - Transverse Electro Magnetic mode TEMS - Total Engineering Management System TENV - Totally Enclosed Non Ventillated TEOS - Tetra Ethyl Ortho Silicate TEQ - Toxic Equivalent TEQ - Total Equivalent Quantity

TES - Thermal Energy Storage TES - Terrestrial Ecological Status TETV - Totally Enclosed Tube Ventillated TEV - Total Economic (Enterprise) Value TEW - Treated Effluent Water TEWAC - Totally Enclosed Water Air Cooled TEWI - Total Equivalent Warming Impact TF - Total Float TF - Tunnel Furnace TF - Time to Failure TF - Trickling Filter TF - Tabular Ferrite TF - Technological Functions TFB - Tube Fired Burners TFC - Total Fixed Cost TFC - Thin Film Composite TFC - Taper Flange Channel TFE - Tetra Fluoro Ethylene TFF - Thread Forming Fasteners TFL - Total Fault Length TFN - Total Fuel Nitrogen TFN - Tax File Number TFOUT - Thin Film Oxidation Uptake Test TFP - Technical and Financial Plan TFPG - Total Factor Productivity Growth TFR - Transient Fault Recorder TFS - Tin Free Steel TFS - Technical Feasibility Report TFS - Tube Feeding System

TFSL - Tin Free Steel processing Line TFT - Thin Film Transistor TFT - Thin Film Thickness TFT - Theoritical Flame Temperature TFTP - Terminal File Transfer Protocol TFUCR - Twin Flue Underjet Compound Regenerative ovens TG - Temperature Gauge TG - Turbo Generator TG - Thermal Gravimetery TG - thickness Gauging TGA - Thermo Gravimetric Analysis TGCA - Technical General Condition of Agreement TGCC - Technical General Condition of Contract TGD - Technical Guidance Document TGHR - Thin Gauge Hot Rolled TGO - Total Gross Output TGP - Texaco Gasification Plant (Process) TGT - Traveling Grate Technology TH - Track Hopper T&HB - Temperature and Humidity Bias THC - Total Hydro Carbon THC - Technical Harmonizing Committee THD - Total Harmonic Distortion THF - Twin Hearth Furnace THF - Telephone Harmonic Factor THL - Three Hole Lance tHM - Tons Hot Metal THM - Tri Halo Methanes THM - Time History Method

THSC - Technical Harmonizing Sub Committee THVD - Total Harmonic Voltage Distortion TI - Tumbler Index TI - Toluene Insoluble TI - Technical Information (Instructions) TI - Test Interval TIA - Total Integrated Automation TIA - Totally Integrated Automation TIC - Temperature Indication Control TICS - Titanium Carbo Sulphide TIF - Tax Increment Financing TIG - Tungsten arc Inert Gas (Welding) TIN - Terminal Identification Number TIP - Totally Integrated Power TIP - Total Ionization Probe TIR - Total Indicator Reading TK - Tempering Kiln TKIP - Temporal Key Integrity Protocol TKN - Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen TL - Truck Load TL - Tension Leveller TL - Term Loan TL - Transmitted Light TL - Target Level TLC - Torpedo Ladle Car TLC - Thin Layer Chromatography TLC - Tube Length Control TLC - Temperature Level Control TLC - Temper Levelled Coil

TLC - Threshold Limit Concentration TLD - Trunk Line Delay TLM - Total Ladle Management TLP - Transmission Line Pulse TLRS - Torpedo Ladle Repair Shop tLS - Tons Liquid Steel TLS - Transactional Layer Security TLS - Target Level of Safety TLT - Transmission Line Tower TLV - Threshold Limit Value TM - Total Moisture TM - Tin Mill TM - Treasury Management TM - Technology Management TM - Tele Meter TM - Traction Motor TM - Technical Manual TMAS - Tempered Martensite Assisted Steels TMB - Twin Module Block TMBI - Top Mixed Bottom Inert process TMBP - Tin Mill Black Plate TMC - Transport Membrane Condenser TMC feet/meter - Thousand Million Cubic feet/Cubic meter TMCP - Thermo Mechanical Control Process TMCR - Thermal Mechanical Control Rolling TMCR - Turbine Maximum Continuous Rating TMDL - Total Maximum Daily Load TME - Tempered Martensite Embrittlement TMF - Thermo Mechanical Fatigue

TMI - Total Metallic Input TMP - Tin Mill Products TMP - Thermo Mechanical Processing TMR - Triple Modular Redundant TMR - Thermo Mechanically Rolled TMS - Training Management System TMT - Thermo Mechanically Treated TMT - Tapping Measuring Technologies TN - Tundish Nozzle TNC - Trusted Network Connect TNC - Trip Neutral Close switch TNP - Trade Name Product TNS - Tin Nickel coated Steel TNT - Tri Nitro Toluene TO - Total Oxygen TO - Target Orbitting thermometer TO - Threads Only T/Out - Turn Out TOC - Table Of Content TOC - Total Organic Carbons TOC - Thin Organic Coating TOC - Truck Operated Contacts TOC - Theory Of Constraints TOC - Theory Of Computing TOC - Top Of Concrete TOCB - Turn Over Cooling Bed TOCL - Total Organic Chlorides TOD - Tender Opening Date TOD - Time Of Day

TOD - Total Oxygen Demand TOE - Tons of Oil Equivalent TOE - Threaded One End TOFD - Time Of Flight Diffraction TOFMS - Time Of Flight Mass Spectrometry TOFSIMS - Time Of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry TOM - Total Organic Matter TOP - Take Over Point TOP - Total Operational Performance TOP - Tuyere Ore Plasma (Process) TOP - Trailer Oil lubricated Pump TOP - Thermal Overload Protector TOP - Top Of Pipe TOR - Terms Of Reference TORR - mm of Mercury - Unit of Vacuum TOS - Tar and Oil Storage TOS - Total Organic Solids TOS - Top Of Steel TP - Tundish Preparation TP - Test Pressure TP - Triple Pole TP - Three Phase TP - Tail Piece TP - Treatment Plant TP - Top Poured TP - Total Pressure TP - Tar and Pitch TP - Thermal Pumps TP - Turning Point

TP - Thermo Plastics TP - Touch Panel TP - Trial Pit TP - Total Particulate TP - Test Procedure TP - Transfer Point T&P - Temperature and Pressure TPA - Test Piece Analysis tpa - Tons Per Annum TPB - Three Point Bend TPC - Total Plant Capital TPC - Three Point Controller TPC - Transmission Power Control tpd - Tons Per Day TPE - Thermal Plastic Elastomer TPER - Total Primary Energy Requirements TPF - TRIP steels with Polygonal Ferrite TPF - Third Party Funding tph - Tons Per Hour TPH - Tempered Preheating TPI - Threads (Turns) Per Inch TPI - Third Party Inspection TPI - Tap Position Indication TPI - Total Plant Investment TPI - Two Pass Integral TPIA - Third Party Inspection Agency TPM - Temperature Prediction Model TPM - Total Predictive Maintenance TPM - Total Power Module

TPM - Total Production Management TPN - Triple Pole with Neutral TPO - Time Place and Occasion TPP - Thermal Power Plant TPP - Tri Poly Phosphate TPP - True Plasma Power spectroscopy TPQ - Threshold Planning Quantity TPS - Thermal Power Station TPS - Target Position Sensor TPS - Total Plant Solutions TPS - Transient Protection System TPS - Turbine Protection System TPSC - Thyristor Protected Series Compensation TPSN - Triple Pole with Switched Neutral tpy - Tons Per Year TQ - Threshold Quantity TQC - Total Quality Control TQM - Total Quality Management TR - Tons Referigeration TR - Tension Reel TR - Tender Recommendation TR - Tie Rod TR - Trial Run TR - Reheat Temperature T/R - Transmitter/Receiver T/R - Transformer/Rectifier TRC - Transformer Rectifier set Controller TRD - Technical Requirements Document TREC - Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates

TRF - Transformer TRF - Tear Resistant Film TRG - Tuyere Reducing Gas TRG - Thermal Reduction Gasification TRI - Toxic Release Inventory TRIFR - Total Recordable Injury Frequency Rate TRIP - Transformation Induced Plasticity TRIP - Tixic Release Inventory Program TRIS - Toxic Release Inventory System TRM - Total Refractory Management TRMC - Total Recovered Material Content TRS - Total Returns to Shareholders TRSG - Temperature Range of Strength Generation TRT - Top gas pressure Recovery Turbine TRV - Transient Recovery Voltage TRV - Thermostatic Radiator Valve TRW - Thermal Runaway TS - Tensile Strength TS - Total Sulphur TS - Technical Specification TS - Tender Specification TS - Tower Scrubber TS - Technical Services TS - Time Schedule TS - Tuyere Stock TS - Tippling Station TS - Toe of Switch TS - Transportation System TS - Toluene Soluble

TS - Tube Shape TS - Torsional Shear TS - Total Solids TS - Tube Steel T&S - Transport and Shipping TSA - Top and Seat Angle TSA - Temperature Swing Adsorption TSA - Technical Systems Audit TSAP - Transport Service Access Point TSC - Thyristor Switched Capacitor TSCR - Thin Slab Casting and Rolling TSCS - Turbine Stress Control System TSD - Treatment Storage and Disposal TSDF - Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities TSDR - Thin Slab casting and Direct Rolling TSF - Twin Shell Furnace TSF - Twin Seal Flap TSI - Thermal System Insulation TSL - Total Suspended Load TSM - Total Suspended Materials TSMS - Temperature Sensitive electro Magnetic Switch TSP - Technological Standard Practice TSP - Total Shell Period TSP - Total Suspended Particulates (Particles) TSP - Tool Steel Process TSP - Tri Sodium Phosphate TSPM - Total Suspended Particulate Matter TSR - Thermal Soft Reduction TSR - Total Shareholder Returns

TSR - Thermal Shock Resistance TSR - Terminal and Stay Resident Program TSR - Tip Speed Ratio TSS - Total Suspended Solids TSS - Terminal Solid Solubility TSS - Technical Support Services TSS - Tensile Shear Strength TSS - Traction Sub Station TSS - Telecommunication Standardization Sector TSS - Turbine Supervisory System TST - Time Space Time TT - Travelling Trippler TT - Tractor Trailor TT - Total Turnkey TT - Temperature Transmitter TT - Truck Tippler TT - Technology Transfer TT - Turn Time TTA - Type Tested Assembly TTD - Temporary Total Disability TTD - Terminal Temperature Difference TTFA - Target Transformation Factor Analysis TTL - Transistor Transistor Logic TTM - Time To Maximum TTN - Technology Transfer Network TTO - Total Toxics Organics TTP - Trusted Third Party TTPP - Trade Tie up Promotion Programme TTS - Time To Start

TTSP - Time Temperature Superposition Principle TTT - Time, Temperature, Transformation TTT - Tap to Tap Time TU - Terminal Unit TUS - Temperature Uniformity Surveys TVC - Thermal Vapour Compression TVM - Tri Vector Meter TVOC - Total Volatile Organic Compounds TVR - Time Voltage Ramp TVS - Total Volatile Solids TVSS - Transient Voltage Surge Suppression TW - Teak Wood TW - Thermit Welding TWA - Time Weighted Average TWB - Tailor Weld Blank TWC - Two Way Chute TWC - Three Way Catalyst TWEIS - Tar Water Emulsion Injection System TWG - Technical Working Group TWIP - Twinning Induced Plasticity TWM - Total Water Management TWP - Temporary Working Permission TWR - Through Wall Repair TWR - Tapered Work Roll TWR - Time Waveform Replication TWR - Treated Water Return TWS - Technological Work Station TWS - Treated Water Supply TXD - Transmitted Data

TXP - Tri Xylenyl Phosphate TXR - Train Examiner TXV - Thermal Expansion Value

UA - Ultimate Analysis
INDEX

UA - Umbrella Agreement UA - Unit of Account UA - Unequal Angle UAF - Unitary Air Filteration UAFB - Upflow Anaerobic Fixed Bed UAI - Uncertainty Avoidance Index UART - Universal Asynchronous Receive and Transmit UAS - Unified Access Services UASB - Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket UAT - Unit Auxiliary Transformer UB - Universal Beam UB - Under Bridge UBC - Uniform Building Code UBC - Unburned Carbon UBC - Upgrading Brown Coals UBM - Universal Beam Mill UBMS - Unbalanced Magentron Sputtering UBP - Under Burden Probe UBR - Unspecified Bit Rate UBS - Utility Battery System UC - Under Crossing UC - Unity Check UC - Universal Column UC - Upper Critical

UC - Utilization Certificate UCB - Unit Control Board UCC - Useful Carbon in Coal UCC - Ultra Clean Coal UCD - Unit Control Desk UCE - Unsolicited Commercial Email UCF - Unit Capability Factor UCG - Underground Coal Gasification UCI - Universal Communication Interface UCI - Ultrasonic Cleanliness Index UCI - Uniform Construction Index UCL - Upper Control Limit UCL - Upper Confidence Limit UCLF - Unit Capability Loss Factor UCM - Universal Crown control Mill UCN - Universal Control Network UCP - Unit Control Panel UCR - Un Course Rubble UCR - Unit Control Room UCS - Ultrathin Cast Strip UCS - Unit of Crack Succeptibility UCS - Unconfined Compression Strength UCT - Upper Critical Temperature UCT - Universal Co ordinated Time

UD - User Department UDC - Universal Decimal Classification UDD - Up Draught Drying zone UDD - Universal Dig Dragline UDF - User Defined Function UDL - Uniformly Distributed Load UDM - Universal Drilling Machine UDP - Upper Delta Plain UDP - User Datagram ( Diagram ) Protocol UDS - Un Disturbed Sample UDT - Unforeseen Down Time UE - Unarmoured UEL - Upper Explosive Limit UF - Ultra Filteration UF - Uncertainty Factor UFAD - Under Floor Air Distribution UFC - Ultra Fast Cooling UFC - Uniform Fire Code UFG - Ultra Fine Grain UFL - Upper Flamability Limit UFLS - Under Frequency Load Shedding UG - Under Ground UG - Utensil Grade (Stainless Steel) UH - Unloading Hopper UH - Ultra High

UHC - Ultra High Carbon (Steel) UHD - Ultra Heavy Duty UHE - Ultra High Energy UHF - Ultra High Frequency UHMW - Ultra High Molecular Weight UHMWPE - Ultra High Molecular Weight Poly Ethylene UHP - Ultra High Power UHP - Ultra High Purity UHPF - Ultra High Power Furnace UHRC - Ultra High Rate Clarifier UHRSCC - Ultra High Rate Solids contact Clarifier UHS - Uniform Hazard Spectra UHS - Ultra High Strength UHS - Ultimate Heat Sink UHSLA - Ultra High Strength Low Alloy (Steels) UHSS - Ultra High Strength Stainless (Steels) UHSS - Ultra High Strength Steel UHTC - Ultra High Temperature Ceramics UHTM - Ultra High Temperature Materials UHV - Upper Heat Value UI - User Interface UI - Unscheduled Interchange UIC - Union Internationale Des Cheminsde Fer UID - User Identification

UL - Underwriter's Laboratories UL - Up Link ULC - Ultra Low Carbon ULC - Ultra Large Casting ULCB Steels - Ultra Low Carbon Bainitic Steels ULCC - Ultra Low Cement Castables ULCC - Ultra Large Crude Carrier ULCOS - Ultra Low CO2 Steel Making ULEV - Ultra Low Emission Vehicles ULO - Used Lubricating Oil ULPA - Ultra Low Penetration Air ULS - Ultimate Limit State ULSAB AVC - Ultra Light Steel Auto Body - Advanced Vehicle Concept ULSAC - Ultra Light Steel Auto Closure ULSAS - Ultra Light Steel Auto Suspensions ULSD Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel ULSI - Ultra Large Scale Integrated circuit ULV - Ultra Low Volume UMG - Upper Material Gate UML - Unified Modelling Language UMPP - Ultra Mega Power Projects UMS - Unified Messaging Service UMT - Ultrasonic wall thickness Measurement Tool UNDC - Ultra Nanocrystalline Diamond Coatings UNEP - United Nations Environment Program

UNFC - United Nations Framework Classification UNI - Ente Nazionale Italiano Di Unificazano UNS - Unified Numbering System UOE - U-ing O-ing Expanding UOM - Unit Of Measurement UP - Urban Pollution UP - Ultra Pure UPC - Universal (Uniform) Product Code UPC - Uniform Plumbing Code UPF - Unity Power Factor UPP - Universal Pyrometer Protocol UPQC - Unified Power Quality Controller UPS - Uninterrupted Power Supply UPVC - Unplasticised Poly Vinyl Chloride UPW - Ultra Pure Water URF - Unit Risk Factor URI - Uniform Resource Identifier URL - Universal (Uniform) Resource Locate URL - Upper Range Limit URS - Ultimate Rupture Strength URV - Upper Range Value URV - Unit Risk Value USA - Unusually Sensitive Areas USB - Universal Serial Bus

USD - Ultimate Strength Design USD - United Slates Dollar USFD - Ultrasonic Flaw Detector USL - Upper Specification Limit USLAM - Ultra High Strength Low Alloy Martensitic USP - Unique Selling Point USP - Underground Steel Pipe UST - Ultra Sonic Testing UST - Underground Storage Tank USTS - Under Strip Temperature System USV - Upper Sealing Valve USW - Ultra Sonic Welding UT - Ultrasonic Testing UT - User Terminal UT - Unit Transformer UTC - Universal Temperature Control UTC - Universal Time Code UTHS - Ultra Thin Hot Strip UTL - Utilities UTL - Upper Tolerance Limit UTM - Universal Testing Machine UTP - Unshielded Twisted Pair (Cable) UTS - Ultimate Tensile Strength UTS - Universal Treatment Standards UV - Useful Volume

UV - Ultra Violet UV - Under Voltage UV -VIS Spectrophotometer - Ultra Violet Visible Spectrophotometer UW - Upset Welding

V - Volts
INDEX

V - Vertical V - Velocity VA - Value Added VA - Volts Ampere VA - Visual Aid VAC - Volts of Alternating Current VAC - Value Added Chain VAD - Vacuum Arc Degassing VADR - Vacuum Arc Degassing and Refining VAI - Vehicle Axle Index VAM - Vapour Absorption Machine VAM - Vinyl Acetate Monomer VAN - Value Added Network VAP - Vapour Absorption VAR - Vacuum Arc Remelting VAR - Volt Ampere Reactive VAR - Value Added Reseller VARI - Vacuum Assisted Resin Injection VAS - Value Added Service VAT - Value Added Tax VAV - Variable Air Volume VB - Valve Box VB - Visual Basic VB - Vertical Bend

VB - Valence Bond VBD - Vibrated Bulk Density VBR - Variable Bit Rate VC - Variable Cost VC - Variable Crown VC - Vacuum Cleaning VC - Vitrified Clay VC - Vapour Compression VC - Volume Control VC - Vinyl Chrolide VC - Variable Charges VCB - Vacuum Circuit Breaker VCC - Vertical Compact Coiler VCCT - Virtual Crack Closure Technique VCD - Vacuum Carbon Deoxidation VCD - Variable Capacitance Diode VCD - Vapour Compression Distillation VCI - Vapour (Volatile) Corrosion Inhibitor VCM - Vinyl Chrolide Monomer VCO - Voltage Controlled Oscillator VCP - Vacuum Circulation Process VCP - Verified Clay Pipe VCP-O - Vacuum Circulation Process- Oxygen blowing VCR - Vacuum Converter Refiner

VCS - Video Conferencing System VCS - Voluntary Carbon Standards VD - Vacuum Degassing VDC - Volts Direct Current VDE - Virtual Distributed Ethernet VDF - Vacuum Dewatered Flooring VD-OB - Vacuum Degassing Oxygen Blowing VDRF - Variable Declining Rate Filter VDS - Value Driven Safety VDT - Visual ( Video ) Display Terminal VDU - Visual Display Unit VDU - Vacuum Degassing Unit VDU - Vacuum Distillation Unit VE - Value Engineering VE - Visible Emissions VE - Visual Examination VED - Vital Essential Desirable VEO - Visible Emission Observation VER - Verified Emmission Reduction VES - Vacuum Extraction System VF - Vibro Feeder VF - Variable Frequency V/F - Voltage to Frequency VFA - Voids Filled with Asphalt VFA - Volatile Fatty Acid

VFB - Voids (in mineral aggregates) Filled by Bitumen VFB - Vibrating Fluidized Bed VFC - Variable Feed Control VFD - Variable Frequency Drive VFD - Virtual Field Devices VFG - Very Fine Grain VFL - Visual Fault Locator VFO - Variable Frequency Oscillator VFP - Variable Factor Planning VFT - Vibrating Tube Feeder VGA - Video Graphics Array VGA - Video Graphics Adapter VGTU - Vertical Gravity Take Up VHAP - Volatile Hazardous Air Pollutants VHF - Very High Frequency VHN - Vickers Hardness Number VHP - Vacuum Hot Pressing VHS - Very High Strength VI - Visual Inspection VI - Viscosity Index VIE - Vacuum Insulated Evaporator VIFT - Vertical Inner Faced Traverse VIGA System - Vacuum Inert Gas Atomization System VIM - Vacuum Induction Melting

VIM - Vacuum Ice Machine VIM - Vision Input Module VIN - Vehicle Identification Number VIP - Variable Induction Power VIP - Vendor Internet Protocol VIU - Value in Use VIU - Virgin Iron Unit VJP - Vacuum Jacketed Pipe VL - Vacuum Lifter VLAN - Virtual Local Area Network VLCC - Very Large Crude Carrier VLCF - Very Low Cycle Fatigue VLDPE - Very Low Density Poly Ethylene VLE - Vapour Liquid Equilibria VLF - Very Low Frequency VLR - Verticle Loop Reactor VLSI - Very Large Scale Integration VLT - Visible Light Transmission VLU - Voltage Limiter Unit VM - Volatile Matter VM - Vibratory Mill VM - Martensite Volume fraction VM - Virtual Memory VMA - Voids in Mineral Aggregates VMC - Vertical Machine Centre

VMD - Virtual Manfacturing Device VMI - Vendors Managed Inventory VMP - Value of Marginal Products VMR - Volume Mixing Ratio VMS - Vehicle Management System VN - Vanadium Nitride VNCK - Virtual Numerical Control Kernel VNS - Virtual Network Service VO - Value of Output VOA - Volatile Organic Analysis VOC - Volatile Organic Carbons (Chemicals) VOC - Voice Of Customers VOD - Vacuum Oxygen Decarburization VOF - Volume Of Fluid VOF - Viscous Oil coated Filter VOIP - Voice Over Internet Protocol Vol % - Volume Percent VP - Vapour Pressure VP - Vacuum Pump VP - Vertical Probe VP - Vertical Pump VP - Velocity Pressure VPD - Vacuum Pump Discharge VPD - Vaccum Phase Decomposition

VPI - Vacuum Pressure Impregnation VPI - Vacuum Pump Isolation valve VPN - Virtual Private Network VPO - Vapour Pressure Osmometry VPP - Voluntary Protection Programs VPSA - Vacuum Pressure Swing Absorption (Plant) VPVB - Very Persistent Very Bio accumulative VR - Virtual Reality VRA - Ventri Rod Absorber VRA - Voluntary Restraints Agreements VRC - Vertical Redundancy Check VRC - Vacuum Reduced Crude VRDR - Vertical Retort Direct Reduction VRLA - Valve Regulated Lead Acid battery VRM - Verticle Roller Mill VRML - Virtual Reality Model Language VRP - Voltage Regulating Panel VRP - Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar VRT - Variable Reluctance Transducers VRT - Voltage Reduction Technology VRU - Vapour Recovery Unit VS - Vibrating Screens VS - Venturi Scrubber VS - Viability Study VS - Volatile Solids

VSA - Vacuum Swing Adsorption VSA - Volumetric Surface Area VSAM - Virtual Storage Access Method VSAT - Very Small Aperture Terminal VSB - Vertical Scale Breaker VSC - Voltage Source Converter VSC - Viability Study Consultant VSC - Variable Speed Controller VSCF - Viscous Self Cleaning Filter VSD - Variable Speed Drive VSD - Virtually Safe Dose VSEP - Vibratory Shear Enhanced Processing VSF - Viscose Staple Fibre VSI - Vertical Shaft Impactor VSI - Voltage Source Inverter VSI - Visual Site Inspection VSK - Vertical Shaft Kiln VSM - Visual Simulation Model VSM - Vibrating Sample Magnetometer VSS - Volatile Suspended Solids VT - Voltage Transformer VT - Variable Torque VT - Visual Test VT - Variable Temperature

VT - Vitrified Tile VTA - Variable Throat Armour VTAM - Virtual Telecommunication Access Method VTD - Vacuum Tank Degasser VTF - Vibratory Tube Feeder VTM - Vibro Tube Mill VTM - Verticle Mill VTR - Vent Through Roof VTR - Vertical Tube Reactor VUV - Vacuum Ultra Violet V&V - Verification and Validation VVAC - Variable Voltage Alternating Current VVI - Variable Voltage Input VVM - Validation and Verification Manual VVVF - Variable Voltage Variable Frequency VWO Valve Wide Open

W - Warranty
INDEX

W - Working W - Width WA - Work Assignment WAC - Weak Acid Cation WACC - Weighted Average Cost of Capital WAE - Work Area Environment WAIS - Wide Area Information Server WAM - Width Adjustment Mould WAMC - Width Adjustment Mould Control WAMS - Wide Area Monitoring ( Measurement ) System WAN - Wide Area Network WAP - Wireless Access Protocol WAP - Wireless Application Protocol WAP - Wheel and Axle Plant WAP - Waste Analysis Plan WASP - Workshop Analysis and Scheduling Programming WAS - Whole Air Sampler WB - Weigh Bridge WB - Wide (flange) Beam WB - Wet Bulb WB - Weigh Belt WB - Water Box WB - Walking Beam WB - Wash Basins

WB - Way Bill WB - Welded Beam WBA - Weak Base Anion WBC - Weighing Belt Conveyor WBF - Walking Beam Furnace WBGT - Wet Bulb Global Temprature index WBM - Water Bound Macadam WBS - Work Breakdown Structure WBT - Wet Bulb Temperature WBT - Web Based Training WC - Water Column WC - Water Cooled WC - Working Capital WC - Wheel Crane WC - Tungsten Carbide WC - Water Closet WC - Work Computer WC - Works Cost WC - Workman Compensation policy WC - Wind Current WC - Welded Column WC - Water Conservation WCA - Windows based Control and Analysis WCC - Weak Coking Coal

WCC - Water Cooled Condenser WCDL - Working Capital Demand Loan WCF - World Commodity Forecast WCM - World Class Manufacturing WCP - Water Cooling Panel WCP - Wet Contact Process WCR - Water Cooled Roof W/C Ratio - Water Cement Ratio WCT - Works Contract Tax WCT - Warm Column Turbine WCU - Water Cooling Unit WD - Working Drawing WD Cycle - Wetting Drying Cycle WDD - Wet Dry Durability WDE - Water Dispersible Epoxy WDG - Windings WDM - Wavelength Division Multiplexing WDMA - Wavelength Division Multiple Access WDS - Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy WDS - Wireless Distribution System WDV - Written Down Value WDXRF - Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence WEBOPAC - Web enabled Online Public Access Catalogue WECA - Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance WED - World Enviroment Day

WEEE - Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEG - Working Edging Guide WEG - Wind Energy Generators WEEL - Workplace Environmental Exposure Limit WEO - World Energy Outlook WEP - Wire Equivalent Privacy WES - Work place Exposure Standard WET - Whole Effluent Toxicity WF - Weigh Feeder WF - Wide Flange WF - Wash Fountain WF - Weak Field Wf - Wire Fault WFA - White Fused Alumina WFB - Wide Flame Burner WFB - Wire rod Finishing Block WFG - Wet Flue Gas WFI - Water For Injection WFM - Work Flow Measurement WFMT - Wet Fluorescent Magnetic particle Test WFS - Wet Flexural Strength WG - Water Gauge WG - Worm Gear WGCS - Waste Gas Cleaning System

WGD - Waste Gas Duct WGF - Waste Gas Fan WH - Work Hardening WH - Weigh Hopper WHA - Tungsten Heavy Alloy WHB - Waste Heat Boiler WHB - Waste Heat Box WHF - Walking Hearth Furnace WHIMS - Wet High Intensity Magnetic Separation WHR - Waste Heat Recovery WHRB - Waste Heat Recovery Boiler WHRS - Waste Heat Recovery System WI - Work Instructions WI - Wear Index WI - Work Index WI - Water Injection WIFI - Wireless Fidelity WIM - Weigh In Motion WIP - Work In Progress WIS - Web Inspection System WL - Work Load WL - Wagon Loader WL - Working Level WL - Wind Load WL - Wire Lance

WL - Water Line WLAN - Wireless Local Areea Network WLL - Wireless Local Loop WLL - Working Load Limit WM - Warehouse Management WM - Water Meter WM - Wear Management WM - Waste Management WM - Waste Minimization WMAN - Wireless Metropolitan Area Network WMI - Windows Management Instrumentation WMM - Wet Mixed Macadam WMP - Waste Management Plan WMS - Warehouse Management System WMS - Work Management System WMT - Wet Metric Tons WMY - West Marshalling Yard WN - Weld Neck WO - Work Order WOB - Waste Oxide Briquettes WOBR - Wheel On Boom Reclaimer WOC - Water Only Cyclones WOG - Water Oil and Gas WORM - Write Once Read Many

WOS - Wholly Owned Subsdiary WP - Work Procedures WP - Working Pressure WP - Wall Pressure WP - Waste Pipe WP - Written Pole motor WP - Welding Position (Procedure) WP - Wear Preventative WP - Weather Protected WP - Word Processor WP - Water Proof WP - Work Point WP - Working point Pressure WPAN - Wireless Personal Area Network WPC - Wireless Planning Commission WPC - Water Pollution Control WPC - Wear Protection and Conveying WPF - Wire Products and Fasteners WPI - Wholesale Price Index WPQT - Welding Procedure Qualification Tests WPS - Welding Procedure Specification WQ - Water Quenched WQ - Water Quality WQ - Wet Quenched WQA - Water Quality Assessment (Analysis)

WQC - Water Quality Criteria WQI - Water Quality Index WQS - Water Quality Standard WR - Wear Resistant WR - Wind Restricted WR - Work Roll WR - Wide Root WRB - Work Roll Bending WRB - Wire Rod Block WRC - Wrapper Roll Control WREN - World Renewable Energy Network WRI - Wear Resistance Index WRM - Wire Rod Mill WRM - Water Resource Management WROXI - Wide Range Oxides WRP - Waste Recycling Plant WRP - Water Reclamation Plant WRS - Work Roll Shifting WRS - Wear Resistant Steel WRSS - Works Receiving and Stepdown Substation WS - Weighing System WS - Water System WS - Work Shop WS - Works Survey

WS - Work Station WS - Wash Sample WS - Wet Scrubber WS - Work Status WS - Water Supply WSAC - Wet Surface Air Cooler WSD - Working Stress Design WSI - Water Stress Index WSP - Wireless Session Protocol WSP - Waste Stabilization Pond WSP - Whole Sale Price WSP - Working Steam Pressure WST - Wedge Splitting Test WSV - Water Stop Valve WT - Wagon Tippler WT - Working Temperature WT - Water Traced WT - Wind Turbine WT - Waiting Time WT - Wall Thickness WT - Water Tight Wt % - Weight percent WTC - Wall Thikness Control WTE - Waste To Electricity ( Energy ) WTG - Wind Turbine Generator

WTH - Wagon Tippler Hopper WTI - Winding Temperature Indicator WTP - Water Treatment Plant WUE - Water Use Efficiency WV - Working Volume WV - Working Voltage W/V - Weight by Volume WVT - Water Vapour Transmission WW - Waste Water WW - Wire Wound WW - Wire Wrap W/W - Weight by Weight WWAN - Wireless Wide Area Network WWD - World Water Day WWD - Weather Working Days WWR - Welded Wire Reinforcement WWS - Water and Waste Solutions WWTP - Waste Water Treatment Plant WWW - World Wide Web WZ - Weathered Zone

X - Xenon XCG - Extra Cut and Gouge XD - Extreme Dispersion XFMR - Transformer XGA - Extended Graphic Adapter (Array) XH - Extra Heavy XHD - Extra Heavy Duty XHY - Extra Heavy XIF - External Inter Face XL - Extra Life XLPE - Cross Linked Poly Ethylene XML - Extended Mark-up Language XMP - Extensible Metadata Platform XMS - Extended Memory Specifications XP - Explosion Proof XP - Extra Power XPD - Exterior Premium Durability XPM - X-ray Photo-electron Microscopy XPM - Cross Phase Modulation XPS - X-ray Photo-electron Spectroscopy XRCT - X-Ray Computer Tomography XRD - X-Ray Diffraction XRF - X-Ray Fluorescence XRMT - X-Ray Micro Tomography XRW - Exterior Roofing and Walling

INDEX

XT - Extra Tough XT - Extended Technology XUV - Extreme Ultra Violet XXH - Double Extra Heavy

YAG - Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Laser) YBCO - Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide (Super Conductor) YGP - Yancy Geer and Price (Abrasion index) YIG - Yttrium Iron Garnet YLT - Yiled Line Theory YOY - Year On Year YP - Yield Point YPE - Yield Point Elongation YR - Yield Ratio (YS/UTS) yr - Year YS - Yield Strength YS - Yield Stress YTD - Year To Date YTM - Yield To Maturity YTR Yield to Tensile strength Ratio Z Mill - Sendzimir Mill ZAAG - Zero Air Aspiration Gate (System) ZAP - Zero Air Pollution ZAP - Zero Accident Potential

ZBB - Zero Base Budget Z-BOP Process - Basic Oxygen Process with High Solid Charge ZBR - Zero Base Review ZCB - Zero Coupon Bond ZCC - Zero Cement Castable ZCC - Zone Control Compartment ZCG - Zirconia Calcia Graphite ZCL - Zero Coupon Loan ZCL - Zone Control Last state instructions ZD - Zero Defect ZD - Zero Drift ZDT - Zero Ductility Temperature ZDT - Zero Defect Tolerance ZDTP - Zinc Di Thio Phosphate ZDV - Zero Dead Volume ZE - Zero Emission ZE Brick - Zero Expansion Brick ZECA - Zero Emission Coal to hydrogen Alliance ZET - Zero Emission Technology ZEV - Zero Emission Vehicles ZF - Zero Float ZFS - Zircon Feed Silo ZG - Zirconia Graphite ZI - Cyclic Interface ZI - Zero Intercept

ZIF - Zero Insertion Force connectors ZLD - Zero Liquid ( Level ) Discharge ZnO - Zinc Oxide ZOC - Zone Operations Control ZP - Zero Potential ZPA - Zero Period Acceleration ZPG - Zero Production Growth ZPWD - Zero Process Water Discharge ZR Process - Self Reforming Process (0f HYL) ZRL - Zero Risk Level ZSP - Zero Slag (Steel making) Process ZST - Zero Strength Temperature ZTA - Zirconia Toughened Alumina ZWSP - Zero Waste Steel Production