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NAME: Intro to Psych Module 23 Mood Disorders and Schizophrenia A. Mood Disorders 1.

. How is a mood disorder different from just being in a bad mood or being moody? (2 pts.)

2. How would you know whether you are just going through a sad or blue phase or had developed major depressive disorder? (2 pts.)

3. How is depression related to bipolar I disorder ? What is the other component of BID and by what is it characterized? (4 pts.)

4. How is dysthymic disorder different from major depressive disorder? What might someone who suffers from this disorder report about their happiness set point (Chapter 16)? (4 pts.)

5. Answer the subquestions below relating to biological factors underlying depression: (6 pts.) A) How can genes contribute to depression via what they help regulate? B) What neurological components can contribute to depression? C) What part of the brain is related to severe depression and why is this the case?

6. Explain/answer the 3 parts below relating to psychosocial factors of mood disorders: (7 pts.) A) Stressful life events B) Negative cognitive style (way of thinking)

C) What three personality factors can increase ones chances of developing depression? 1) 2) 3) 7. How do antidepressant drugs such as SSRIs ameliorate depression? Why do you think they dont help all patients suffering from major depression? (4 pts.)

8. Explain the effectiveness of antidepressants, psychotherapy, and placebos (alone or in combination) to combat depression. (2 pts.)

9. Why do you think the relapse percentage for depression is so high when using pharmaceutical intervention alone? (2 pts)

10. How does lithium treat mania and if it works, why might people suffering from bipolar disorder stop taking it? (4 pts.)

B. Electroconvulsive Therapy 11. What is ECT, what is it used to treat, and what are some of the potential negative side effects? What is the relapse rate? (6 pts.)

C. Personality Disorders 12. What is a personality disorder? What percentage of the American population do they impact? (3 pts)

13. What are 3 of the indicative characteristics of people with personality disorders? (3 pts)

14. What is antisocial personality disorder and what is the range of behavior within it? (4 pts.)

15. What are two of the psychosocial factors of APD? (2 pts)

16. What area of the brain might be damaged or deficient if someone has APD? (1 pt.)

17. Why hasnt psychotherapy proved effective in people with APD? What treatments have shown some promise? (3 pts.)

D. Schizophrenia 18. What are the possible symptoms associated with schizophrenia? (4 pts.)

19. Explain the difference between positive and negative schizophrenic symptoms. How are they indicators for recovery from schizophrenia? (6 pts)

20. Through what kinds of tests did researchers conclude that people could be genetically predisposed to developing schizophrenia ? (4 pts.)

21. What are two neurological indicators of schizophrenia? (4 pts.)

22. How do researchers know that genetic and neurological factors are not the only factors in developing schizophrenia? What else is at play? (3 pts.)

23. What do atypical neuroleptics do that typical neuroleptics cannot? (2 pts.)

DO NOT WORRY ABOUT READING p. 542 up to Different nervous systems, different drugs Please read that section. 24. Why do certain drugs help some people but not others? (4 pts.)

25. Besides medication, what are important aspects of a schizophrenics treatment? (2 pts.)

E. Dissociative Disorders 26. What is a dissociative disorder? (2 pts.)

27. What is dissociative amnesia, and with what kind of event is it associated? Can any treatment help people with this condition? (5 pts.)

28. What are the characteristics of dissociative fugue? Do/how do people recover from it? (4 pts.)

29. What is dissociative identity disorder? (What was it once called/referred to as?) 2 pts. 30. Why was there such an uptick/surge in the number of reported dissociative identity disorder cases in the 1970s and 80s? (2 pts.)

31. What are the two primary explanations for the onset of dissociative identity disorder? (2 pts.)

32. What is the main goal of dissociative identity disorder treatment? (2 pts.)

F. Cultural Diversity: Interpreting Symptoms 33. Why is it important for psychologists to take clients cultural context into account when diagnosing them? (2 pts.)

34. What is the international version of the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual)? What do the incidence rate statistics quoted tell us about the development of mental disorders across the globe? (3 pts.)

35. In the U.S. , why is there a higher incidence rate of depression/dysthymia in women as opposed to men? (2 pts.)

G. Research Focus: Exercise Versus Drugs 36. What were the results of the exercise experiment conducted by Babyak in 2000? What do the rates of relapse for the 3 treatment groups tell us? Are you surprised by the results? (8 pts.)

H. Application: Dealing with Mild Depression 37. Explain Becks cognitive theory of depression: (2 pts.)

38. How do maladaptive thoughts such as overgeneralizations and selective attention feed into depression? (2 pts.)

39. What are some strategies for overcoming mild depression? In particular, address the areas of (6 pts.) A) social skills

B) self-esteem

C) negative thought patterns

40. How do psychotherapy and taking antidepressants both treat depression in a similar way? (2 pts.)