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Power-Gen India & Central Asia 2012 New Delhi

COAL IN COMBINED CYCLE


A New Frontier for Power Generation

Somnath Kundu April 20, 2012

Content
Power Generation in INDIA - Fuel wise Contribution Power Generation in INDIA Need of the Hour INDIA towards Clean Coal Technology IGCC & Its Benefits IGCC Global Experience IGCC in INDIA

Total installed capacity as on March 31, 2012 : 1,91,992 MW XIIth Plan envisaged addition of 79,690 MW, out of this 83.6% is from coal
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Power Generation in INDIA Need of the Hour


Large available resource Efficiency Efficient Emissions Reliability
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Coal

Driving cost of electricity down

Affordable, reliable & environmentally responsible power

India towards Clean Coal Technology

Focus on Technologies for utilization of Coal with high efficiency and minimal pollutants(Reduced CO2, SOx, NOx, SPM)

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle & Its Benefits

What is IGCC
Proven technology Proven technology

Gasification process

Combined Cycle

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle

Feed Water Steam Oxygen O2 Coal Raw Syngas Steam Gas Cleanup

Gas Cooler

Syngas Clean Syngas

N2 From ASU

Gasifier Raw Syngas

Combustor Generator

ASU Air Steam Ash Gas Turbine

Sulfuric Acid Plant Compressed Air from GT Compressor Steam

Hot Exhaust Gas

Heat Recovery Steam Generator


Steam Condenser

Air Separation Unit (ASU)

Feed Water N2 to GT Combustor BFP

What is Gasification
Gasification is a process in which combustible materials are partially oxidized or partially combusted. Gasification processes operate in an oxygen-lean environment
Gasification Processes
Comparison of the primary products created by the main fuel constituents in combustion and gasification

Typical Syngas composition

LHV of Natural Gas is around 38-45 MJ/Nm3

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Type & Make of Gasifiers

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Syngas Cleaning for Integrating With a Combined Cycle


Clean-up Required for following : Particulate Matter Sulfur species & Chlorides to prevent rapid corrosion of hot section parts and recover more heat from GT exhaust. Nitrogen-containing species to prevent formation of fuelbound NOx in the GT combustor. Mercury vapor & CO2 in the syngas

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Net Plant Efficiency (HHV Basis)


(Source : DOE/NETL, USA 2007/1281)

Efficiency, % (HHV Basis)

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Water Demand
(Source : DOE/NETL, USA 2007/1281)

Water, gpm/MW(net)

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CO2 Emission Normalized By Gross Output


(Source : DOE/NETL, USA 2007/1281)

CO2 Emission, lb/MWh

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SOX, NOX and Particulate Emission Rates


(Source : DOE/NETL, USA 2007/1281)

Emission, lb/MMBtu

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IGCC Global Experience

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Major plants in operation for >10 yrs

As of 2012, 30 plants are in operation around the world Cumulative operating experience is well over one million hours
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Major projects under execution

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IGCC in INDIA

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Govt. Support needed:


Allocate at least 5% of planned addition of 12th Plan through IGCC Provide grant/aid, tax holiday for setting up IGCC Plant Support higher tariff in PPA

Indian Company to bring technology through collaboration, JV & other routes Construct and operate IGCC plants for further development of technology

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