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UPSR SCIENCE

A. IDENTIFIYING OF SCIENCE UPSR PAPER SECTION TYPE OF QUESTIONS Objective: 1. Multiple choice questions 2. Multiple combination questions Subjective: TOTAL NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TOTAL MARKS
PERCENTAGE (%)

30

30

60 %

45

20 50

40 % 100

The UPSR Science Questions - Analysis (2004 2008) Theme Living things Force and Energy Materials The Earth and The Universe Technology Total 2004 7 9 5 6 3 30 2005 8 5 9 3 5 30 2006 2007 9 6 9 7 6 9 2 4 30 5 3 30 2008 8 6 6 5 5 30

Section a Science Questions - Analysis (2004-2008) Type of Questions Facts Terminology Sequencing Method Classification Principle / Concept Translation Interpretation Prediction Application Total 2004 2 2 2 3 2 4 4 2 5 4 30 2005 2 1 3 2 7 5 4 6 30 2006 4 2 2 2 2 3 2 5 2 6 30 2007 4 2 3 2 1 2 3 5 5 3 30 2008 5 2 2 2 1 1 5 4 8 30

Distribution of Marks for UPSR Science Paper Section B Science Process Skills (2004 2008) Science Process Skills Inferencess 2004 4 2005 5 2006 4 2007 4 2008 2

Variable Hypothesis To Predict Analysis Data Application Total B. EXAMPLES CCTS QUESTIONS Section A 1) Classification (Creative Thinking Skills)

4 1 3 8 20

4 1 4 6 20

2 4 2 8 20

6 3 2 5 20

6 3 3 6 20

Diagram 1 shows three types of animals. Rajah 1 menunjukkan tiga jenis haiwan.

K Diagram 1 Rajah 1

What is the breathing organ for these animals? Apakah organ pernafasan bagi haiwan-haiwan ini? A B Trachea system Sistem trakea C D Trachea system Sistem trakea Lungs Peparu Moist skin Kulit lembap Trachea system Sistem trakea Lungs Peparu Moist skin Kulit lembap Moist skin Kulit lembap Lung books Peparu buku J Moist skin Kulit lembap K Gills Insang L Trachea system Sistem trakea M Gills Insang Lungs and moist skin Peparu dan kulit lembap Lungs Peparu Lungs and moist skin Peparu dan Kulit lembap

2) Make Sequences: (Critical Thinking Skills) The following are a few planets. Berikut adalah beberapa planet. P Mars Marikh Q Mercury Musytari R Saturn Zuhal S Neptune Neptune

Which of the following shows the arrangement in descending order, for the period of revolution of the planets around the Sun? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah susunan mengikut tertib menurun, bagi tempoh pusingan planet mengelilingi Matahari? A B C D PRQS SQRP SRPQ QPRS

3) Prediction: (Creative Thinking Skills) Time / minutes Masa / minit Temperature / C Suhu / C 0 27 Table 1 Jadual 1 Table 1 shows the temperature against time for heating of water. Would the temperature be at 25 minutes? Jadual 1 menunjukkan suhu mengikut masa semasa pemanasan air. Apakah suhu pada minit ke-25? A B C D 92 C 97 C 100 C 102 C 5 42 10 57 15 72 20 87 25 ?

Section B: 1) Making Conclusion (Critical Thinking Skills) When four tissue papers are moisted, their total weight is 200g. The tissue papers are put to dry and their weights are recorded every hour. The result of the investigation is recorded in the Table 2. Apabila empat helai kertas tisu dilembapkan, jumlah beratnya ialah 200g. Kertas tisu itu dibiarkan kering dan beratnya dicatatkan pada setiap jam. Keputusan penyiasatan itu dicatatkan dalam Jadual 2.

Time Masa 1 hour 1 jam 2 hours 2 jam 3 hours 3 jam 4 hours 4 jam

Total weight of eight tissue papers / g Jumlah berat lapan kertas tisu / g 170 150 125 100

Table 2 Jadual 2 Questions: Soalan: State one conclusion from this experiment. Nyatakan satu kesimpulan daripada penyiasatan ini. ___________________________________________________________________ [1mark] [1 markah] 2 Making Inference: (Creative Thinking Skills) Remaining number of animal X Bilangan haiwan X Yang tinggal 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mac Apr May Month Bulan

Diagram 2 Rajah 2 Diagram 2 shows a graph about the remaining number of animal X for five months.

Jadual 2 menunjukkan sebuah graf tentang bilangan haiwan X yang tinggal untuk lima bulan. Question: State one inference about the number of animal X from January to May based on the information in the diagram. Nyatakan satu inferens tentang bilangan haiwan X dari bulan Januari ke Mei berdasarkan maklumat dalam rajah. ___________________________________________________________________ [1mark] [1 markah] 3 Tabulating Data: (Creative Thinking Skills) Diagram 3 shows object P, Q and R are of the same size, shape, and material. P, Q and R were blown with equal strength. It was found R toppled fisrt, followed by Q and P. Rajah 3 menunjukkan object P, Q dan R yang mempunyai saiz, bentuk dan bahan yang sama. P, Q dan R ditiup dengan kuatan yang sama. R didapati tumbang dahulu, diikuti Q dan P.

Q Diagram 3 Rajah 3

What is the relationship between manipulatied variables (the things you changed) and responding variables (to measured)? Apakah hubungan antara perkara permboleh ubah dimanipulasi (yang diubah) dan pemboleh ubah bergerak balas (yang diperhati)? ___________________________________________________________________ [1mark] [1 markah]

C.

SCIENCE LEARNING STRATEGY 1. 3 Phases of Learning Science How do I plan for a systematic and affective way of learning science?

BEFORE 3 PHASES OF LEARNING SCIENCE

Prepare earlier for the next topic Pay attention Take down notes Ask questions Assessment Enrichment Reflection

A WHILE

AFTER

Sequences for Experimentall Activities Observation Inferences Prediction Controlling variables Experimenting Collecting Data Tabulating Data Making Conclusion These skills will assess by the UPSR Science Practikal Work Assessment (UPSR PEKA) UPSR PEKA is to enable the students to Master the Scientific Skills: Science Process Skills (20 marks) Science Manipulative Skills (30 marks) Techniques of Making Notes during Science Revision Guide line and steps in making note: Complete set of stationery Identifiy keywords Write down the topic

Read the specific notes

Detect the main idea and concept

Using symbols / colours to differientiate main points

Simplify the main points Rearrange the key words and their explanation according to your own choice of note

Types of notes 1) Collecting important point

Examples - Energy Sources of energy: - The wind - The sun Basic Needs - Food - Water - Batteries - Fuels Forms of Energy: - Light energy - Solar energy - Heat energy - Sound energy - Potential energy - Kinetic energy - Chemical energy

2) Mind / Concept map

3) Flow chart

Pickling Process Cut the fruit into pieces Mix the fruit with salt Wash and rinse the fruit Put the fruit into concentrated sugar solution Add some vinegar Seal the bottle tightly

4) Diagram The correct way to measure the temperature of boiling water

Water takes the shape of its container

5) Table PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS, LIQUIDS AND GASES Properties Has mass Has a fixed volume Occupies space Has a fixed shape Can be compressed 6) Summary note Solid / / / / X Liquid / / / X X Gas / X / X /

1) Shapes of objects in Structures - Buildings are built on shapes such as cone, sphere, cuboid, cube, cylinder and pyramid - Most buildings are built by combining several shapes 2) The strength of a structure depends on: - the types of materials used - the size of the structure - the shape of the structure The nine planets in the Solar System with the nearest to the Sun Mercury My Venus Very Earth Excellence Mars Mother Jupiter Just Saturn Serve Asid Uranus Us Neptune Nine Pluto Pizza

7) Neumonic

SAMBAL
BIRU

MERAH

Alkali

THE IMPORTANT TOPICS FOR UPSR SCIENCE (YEAR 4, 5 AND 6) A INVESTIGATING LIVING THINGS

Complete the boxes and statements with their details.

Year 4 1 Basic Needs Humans Shelter Food Water Animals Shelter Food Water Plants Sunlight Water Air

Air 2 Life Process Breathing Excreation and Defecation Response Reproduction Bad habits Breathing Excreation and Defecation Reproduction Life cycles Response Reproduction 3 Protection

Air

Humans The lungs The lungs, skin, kidneys The skin, eyes, nose, ears, tongue Giving birth Smoking, taking drugs, drinking alcohol Animals The lungs, moist skin, trachea system, gills The lungs, kidneys, skin, gills Giving birth, laying eggs Mosquito, frog, butterfly Plants To sunlight, water, gravity By seeds, spores, suckers, stem cuttings, leaves

Danger and their enemies

Extreme weather condition (polar region) Extreme weather condition (desert habitat)

Animal Protect Themselves by: Hard scales Tortoise, pangolin, crocodile, snail Bad smell Skunk, bed bug Change colour Chameleon, arctic fox Strong thorns Buffaloo, Goat, cow Long legs and strong Horse, mouse deer, muscels Breaking off tail Lizard Move in groups Wild bulls, wolves Produce poison Cobra, bee, scorpion Sharp spines Porcupine, Pretend to be dead Beetle, millipede Curl up body Milipede, pangolin Hide in shell Snail, garden snail Thick fur Bear Thick fat Seal, penguin Migrate Flamongo, swallow, swan Hibernate Bear, mouse Wallowing Hump Buffaloo, hippopotamus Camel

Danger and their enemies

Plants Protect Themselves Thick and hard bark Coconut tree, shorea tree Fine hairs Pumpkin plant, bamboo Produce latex Papaya tree, rubber tree, jackfruit Thorns Cactus, durian, pineapple, mimosa Produce poison Mushroom, yam plant

Extreme weather condition (hot and dry regeion) Extreme weather condition (strong wind)

Drop leaves Hairy leaves Waxy leaves Curls up leaves Divided leaves Can sway Needle-like leaves Buttress roots

Rubber tree, bougainvilla Watermelon plant, pumpkin plant Pandan leaves, banana tree, hibiscus Banana tree, lallang, maize plant Coconut tree, nipah tree Casuarina, pines, conifers Flame of the forest, mangrove plant

Year 5 4 Microorganisms: - Microorganisms are classified as living things because they carry out life processs such as breathing, growth and movement. - 4 main types of microorganisms. Match the microorganisms with their details. Microorganisms Bacteria Viruses Fungi Shape

Protozoa

Useful Microorganisms : Making tapai, bread, tempe, fertilisers Harmful Microorganisms : Cause illnesses, food poisoning, food to turn bad, tooth decay

Survival of Species Survival of Animals By keeping in the mouth Crocodile, guppies By carrying their young Kangaroo, scorpion Protecting By staying in herds Buffaloo, elephants, buffalo the eggs By laying slimy eggs Frog, or young By attacking their enemies Hen, tiger, cat By feeding their young Bird Survival of Plants Dispersal Plants of seeds By the wind Lallang, shorea, angsana, cotton By water Coconut, nipah, lotus, pong-pong By animals Rambutan, mango, durian, cillies, love grass

By explosive mechanism 6 Food Chains and Food Webs Herbivores Carnivores Omnivores

Sword bean, balsam, rubber, chesnut

Class or animals food Goat, cow, butterfly, grasshopper, mouse deer, caterpillar Tiger, lion, mosquito, snake, eagle, frog, shark, wolf, Bear, rat, chicken, duck, pig

Year 6 7 Interaction among Living Things Group animals Solitary animals For safety and food Ex : Lion, champanzie, buffalo, zebra, ants, bees, elephants To avoid competition for food and space Ex : Eagle, pangolin, snake,

Competition: - Among animals for : Space, foods, mate Among plants for: Sunlight, water, space

Protecting Endangered Species: Animals that are extinct Endangered animals Endangered plants Factors Ways to prevent Ex : Dodo, dinasour, Tasmanian tiger, mammoth Ex : Pangolin, tiger, hornbill, rhino, tapir Ex : mangrove, rafflesia, pitcher plan Human activities : Illegal or excessive logging, hunting, development Campaign, educating the public, re-plant, enforcing law

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY

Complete the boxes and statements with their details. Year 4

Measurements: Length Area Volume Mass Tools Units Formula Units Cube, cuboid Liquid Units Tools Units Ruler, measuring tape mm, cm, m, km Length x width mm, cm, km Length x width x height By beakers, measuring mm, cm, ml, l Lever balance, electronic valance mg, g, kg

Time Year 5 2 Energy

Tools Units

Clock, stopwatch Second, minute, hour, day, month

Sources of Energy (7) 1 The wind 2 The sun 3 The water 4 The fuels 5 Batteries 6 Food 7 Coal 3

Forms of Energy (7) 1 Light energy 2 Heat energy 3 Kinetic energy 4 Potencial energy 5 Solar energy 6 Sound energy 7 Chemical energy

Renewable energy: Solar energy, wind energy, water energy, biomass fuel Non-renewable energy: Natural gas, petroleum, coal Electricity Sources of electricity: 1Dry cells__________ 2 Accumulator 3 Solar cells 4 Dynamo

Which are the series circuits and parallel circuits?

Parrallel Circuit 4 Light

Series circuit

Light travels in a straight line. The formation of shadow is a phenomenon that shows light travels in a straight line when an opaque object blocks a ray of light.

When light travels in a straight line and strike the surface of an object, it will Reflected Year 6

Force A force can cause: Stationary objects to start moving A change in the shape of an object

Friction Effects

A change in the motion of an object Make the surface warm, makes a moving object slow down and stop Depends on the condition of surfaces and on the weight of an object Ex: Allow us to walk or run without slipping, vehicles to travel on the road safely and enables us to hold things. causes surfaces which are touching each other to wear out. Using rollers, ball bearings and using lubricants

Factors Advantages

DisadvantagesWays to reduce6 Movement -

Speed shows how fast an object moves. Objects that remain stationary do not have speed. Formula: Speed = Distance Time C INVESTIGATING MATERIALS

Complete the boxes and statements with their details. Year 4

Properties of Materials: Conduct electricity Conduct heat Absorb water Float on water Elastic Transparent Translucent Opaque Natural materils: Nail, screw, thumbtack, copper wire Metal spoon, paper clip, nail, needle Towel, cloth, tissue paper, paper Cork, straw, wooden ruler, boat Spring, rubber band Glass, plain water, lens Ice cube, tracing paper, Umbrella, roof wood, Wood, metal, leather, soil, cotton, fur, rubber, silk, coal, clay

Man-made materials: Nylon,plastic, glass, synthetic rubber, synthetic cloth 2 Rusting of Materials: Rusty objects Non-rusty objects Factors which cause rusting Ways to prevent rusting Iron rod, Iron nail, drink can, zinc roof, needle Gold-ring, pencil, clay, glass, sink, plastic Reaction of iron with oxygen and water Painting Coating with oil or grease Electropating Galvanizing

Year 5

3 4

Heat The Sun is our main source of heat. The temperature of an object is a measurement of its degree of hotness or coldness. Matter expands when heated and matter contract when cooled. States of Matter Properties Has mass Has a fixed volume Occupies space Has a fixed shape Can be compressed Examples Solid / / / / X Marble, chalk, wooden block, ice cube Liquid / / / X X Shampoo, glue, tomato sauce, water, oil, milk Gas / X / X / Oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, air

Change of state of water Melting Solid liquid Boiling Liquid gas Evaporation Liquid gas Water vapor liquid Freezing Liquid solid 5 Acids and Alkalis Blue litmus paper Acidic Alkaline Unchanged Neutral Turn to red Red litmus paper Unchanged Turn to blue Taste Sour Bitter Tasteless, sweet, salty Examples Fizzy drink, vinegar, grapes, orange Detergent, shampoo, baking powder, toothpaste Sugar cane, common salt, mineral water, rice

Unchanged Unchanged

Year 6 6 Food Preservation

Food preservation is important because it makes food last longer and its kills bacteria and fungi. Bacteria and fungi can easily grow in damp and warm conditions. We can preserve food by killing the bacteria and fungi. Preservation process Drying Boiling Cooling Vacuum packing Pickling Freezing Canning Pasteuring Examples Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Vegetables, fruits, eggs, cake Nuts, crackers, powdered mik Fruits, vegetables, chillies Chicken, meat, prawns, cuttlefish Meat, curry, red beans Ice cream, juices, milk

Waste management Ways of Disposing Waste Proper Reuse or recycle Bury waste that can decay in soil Dispose of waste in the right place Treat waste before disposing of into the darin Improper Littering Open burning Release of waste into the rivers Release of smoke into waste

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND UNIVERSE

Complete the boxes and statements with their details.

Year 4 1 The Earth and the Universe: Match the objects for their details. The Sun Planets Natural satellites Comets Meteors Asteroids 2 Day and night The Earth rotates on its own axis from west to east. Its cause the day and night to the Earth. The earth also moving around the Sun Rock or metal that orbit around the Sun A star in the centre of the Solar System Rock and metal which lie between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto Ice and dust that orbit around the Sun The moon around the planets

Year 5

Constellations A group of stars which form a certain shapes. Four main types of constellations are:_big dipper, orion, southern cross, scorpio Phases of Moon New Moon New crescent New half-Moon New gibbous Full Moon Old gibbous Old half-Moon Old crescent Year 6

Eclipse

Eclipse of the Sun -

Eclipse of the Moon

Caused by the Moon revolving around the Earth. The Earth and Moon also revolve around the Sun. Also occurs because light travels in straight lines and light cannot pass through an opaque object. E INVESTIGATING TECHNOLOGY

Complete the boxes and statements with their details. Year 4

Technology around us Devices and Inventions Communication devices Kitchen appliances Electronic games and toys Building and structures Devices for performing calculations Examples Telephone, satellite, cell phone, internet Rice cooker, oven, electric kettle, Robot, control car, computer game Penang bridge, KLCC tower, condominium Calculator, computer,

Development of technology Field of Communication Land transportation Water transportation Air transportation Agriculture Buildings Example Smoke signal beating drum carrier pigeion telegraph telephone cell phone teleconferencing Walk riding animal bullock steam poer car petrol car Tree trunk canoe raft sailing ship cruise Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplene Sticks & animal bones hoe & rake plough tractor Cave hut wooden house concrete house

Bridges

condominium Tree trunk wooden bridge concrete bridge concrete & steel bridge

Year 5 3 Strength and Stability Shapes of Objects

Pyramid hemisphere cylinder -

cube cuboid

sphere

cone

The strength of an object depends on the types of material, the shape of the object and how the object is placed The srability of an object depends on base area and the height of an object Year 6

Machines Simple Machines Lever Pulley Wedge Screw Gear Incline plane Wheel and axle Examples Bottle opener, claw hammer, see-saw, pliers, scissors Raising or lowering a flag, lifting a heavy object Axe, knife, saw, ice pick, needle, arrow Drill bit, spanner, tap In bicycle, in a watch The staircase, Car spanner, screw driver, pencil sharpener

A tool with more than one simple machine is called a __________________ SCIENCE TERMINOLOGIES Year 4

Excreation

Defecation Reproduction Drugs Alcohol Area Length Volume Mass Time Natural MaterialMan-made Material Conductor Insulator

is the process by which waste materials are dischgarged from the human body(Upsr 2003, 2004) is the process in which faeces is removed from the human body is a process to produce offspring are substances that can affect the functions of humans body is a substance used to make alcoholic drinks is the size of surface (Upsr 2004) is the distance between two points is the amount of space taken up by the object (Upsr 2007) is the amount of matter in an object is the period between two moments object originated from plant, animal and trock (Upsr 2007) object are obtained through chemical processes (Upsr 2001) is a material that conducts electricity or heat is a material that does not conduct electricity or heat

Transparent

Translucent Opaque Reusing Recycling Natural SatellitesAsteroids Comets Meteoroids Meterors Technology -

materials that allow most of the light to pass through them (Upsr 2001, 2005) materials that scatter light and allow some light to pass through them materials that do not allow any light to pass through them use waste materials again for purposes other than its original use process waste materials to produce new ojects are the natural objects which orbit around planets are small pieces of rocks mixed with metals orbiting the Sun are small pieces of ice and dust that orbit round the Sun are small pieces of rock or metal floating in outer space are meteroroids which enter the Earths atmosphere the use of scientific knowledge in practical ways to design devices and machines. Year 5

Bacteria Viruses Protozoa Survival of species Dispersal -

are a major group of living microorganisms are the tiniest of the microorganisms are the biggest microorganisms the ability of a species to survive in this world (Upsr 2000) means scattering or distributing the seeds to other places for Germination Carnivore animal only eat other animals Herbivore animal only eat plants (Upsr 2008) Omnivore the animals eat bothh other animals and plants Food chain a relationship between living things Food Webs a relationship between all the living things in a habitat Renewable energy- energy that can be replenished when used up (Upsr 2008) Non-renewable energy that energy cant be replenished when used up Series Circuits is a circuit in which the bulbs are arranged one after another in the same path Parallel Circuitsis a curcuit in which the bulbs are arranged in two or more branches Melting is the process when a solid changes to a liquid Condensation is the process when a water vapour changes to water Evaporation is the process when a liquid changes to gas Constellations the arrangements of a group of stars with certain shapes or images Phases of the Moon- are the different shapes of the Moon that can be seen from the Earth Year 6 Competition occurs when two or more living things have the same needs that are limited Preservation to maintain the condition of habitats so that living things can live naturally (Upsr 2006) Conservation to care for something by improving it towards its original state to avoid extinction Extinction occurs when all the animals or plants of that species die Endangered animals or plants are facing the threat of becoming extinct Friction is a force that opposes the movement of an object Food preservation- makes food last longer by delaying it from becoming bad Machines are tools that help us to do most of our work Simple machinesis a device that allows us to use less force to make it easier and faster for us Complex machines- is a tool with more than one simple machine to work -