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Functions for subscriber lines. Digital signals are assigned a timeslot. DLU concentrates traffic onto a Line B unit, as well as Primary ISDN and V5.2connections. Supervision and address signalling (dial pulse, DTMF) are alsointegrated in the DLU. For PCM-30 (E-1) connections to other exchanges, Line CUnits are used, which also handle signalling includingSS7, MFCR2 signalling,IKZ (dial pulse), andE&M.he Switching Network consists of 4 space division stages of 16x16 switches,and a time division section with 16 stages of 4x4 switches. Control is provided by the CP Co-ordination Processor. There are the following kinds of Co-ordination Processors:CP103 with max 22,000call attempts in the busy hour CP112 with max 60,000 call attempts in the busy hour CP113D with max one million call attempts in the busy hour CP113C with max six million call attempts in the busy hour CP113E with max ten million call attempts in the busy hour Software The software of EWSD is called APS (Automatic Program System). The APS ison a hard drive and includes the operating system, developed by Siemens incooperation with Bosch. It is predominantly written in theCHILLlanguage.Application software is switch specific and serves among other things traffic. Management, path search, and call charging. Support software serves translatingprograms, binding modules as well as administration of libraries for generatingdata. Operating and data communication software serve for co-operation of maintenance centers and switching centers. Technical data Number of access lines: to 250,000 Number of feeder lines: 240,000 Traffic connection: 25,200 Call attempts in busy hour: 10 million Operating voltages:-48V -60V -90V Rate zones: 127, for each zone of 6 tariffs Tariff change-over at 15 minute intervals Space requirement with 10,000 access lines: 35 square meters 15-25 *C Temperature.

2.INTROCDUCTION OF EWSD:Switching network (SN) performs the switching function for speech as well asfor messages in an EWSD exchange. For this purpose it is connected to LTGs andCCNC for speech/data and to CP (through MB) for exchange of control information.Switching network with ultimate capacity up to 63 LTGs is called SN DE4. For largerexchanges SN DE5.1 is used which can connect up to 126 LTGs. Similarly SN DE5.2can connect up to 252 and SN DE5.4 up to 504 LTGs


EWSD switching system structure chartDLU Digital line unit

SLM (ADX, I) -subscriber linemodules DLUC - Digital lineunit controller LTG (Line trunk group) SN (Switching network) SSNC (Signaling system networkcontrol) CCNC (Common channel networkcontrol) MB (Message buffer) CP (Coordinating processor) BAP baseprocessor CAP - call processor CMY commonmemory IOC- I/O controller AMP - ATM bridgeprocessor B: CMY0 (1) -common memoryaccess bus CCG (Central clock generator) NetManager (Network managementsystem)


Switching network is provided in capacity stages SN: 63LTG to SN: 504LTG,i.e. up to 63 LTGs can be connected or, via other intermediate capacity stages, up to504 LTGs can be connected. The modularly expandable SN has negligibly small internal blocking andcan be used in EWSD exchanges of all types and sizes. The self monitoring switching network uses a uniform through connectionformat. Octets (8 bit speech samples) from the incoming time slots are switched tothe outgoing time slots leading to the desired destination fully transparently. Thism e a n s t h a t e a c h b i t o f a l l o c t e t s i s t r a n s m i t t e d t o t h e

o u t p u t o f t h e s w i t c h i n g network in the way that it appears at the input (bit integrity). For each connectionmade via the switching network, the octets have the same sequence at the outputas at the input (digit sequence integrity). The switching network s full availabilitym a k e s i t p o s s i b l e f o r e a c h i n c o m i n g o c t e t t o b e s w i t c h e d a t a n y t i m e t o a n y outgoing highway at the output of the switching network. The time slots used inswitching network for making through-connections make up a 64 Kbit/s connectionpath.All of the switching networks internal highways have a bit rate of 8192 bits/s(Secondary Digital Carriers, SDCs). 128 time slots with a transmission capacity of 64Kbits/s each (128x64 = 8192 Kbits/s) are available on each 8192 Kbits/s highway.Separate cables each containing several (eight or sixteen) such internal highways,are used for each transmission direction. All externally connected highways also have the same uniform bit rate. The switching network combines the numerous switching network functionsin a few module types. These modules work at very high through -connection bitrates; 8192 Kbits/s and some even at 32768 Kbit/s. For example 1024 connectionsc a n b e s w i t c h e d s i m u l t a n e o u s l y t h r o u g h a s p a c e s t a g e w i t h 1 6 i n p u t s a n d 1 6 outputs. Although these highly integrated switching network modules switch a largen u m b e r o f c o n n e c t i o n s w i t h a h i g h d e g r e e o f r e l i a b i l i t y , t h e E W S D s w i t c h i n g networks are always duplicated. The amount of space needed for the switching network in the EWSD exchange is still very low despite this duplication. Two different switching network versions have been supplied in India. 5. Position and Functional Structure Switching network is connected to LTGs and CCNC for speech/data and to CP(through MB) for exchange of control information. Figure 1 shows the position of switching network in EWSD exchange with reference to other equipments.For security reasons, entire SN is duplicated. The two sides of SN (SN0 and SN1) are called planes. The external highways for both transmission directions i.e. between the switching network and one LTG or between the switching network andone Message Buffer Unit (MBU) are identified as follows as shown in figure 2. SDC: LTG I n t e r f a c e b e t w e e n S N a n d L T G : t i m e s l o t 0 f o r m e s s a g e exchange between the LTG and coordination processor (CP) as well asbetween two LTGs, time slot 1 to 127 for subscriber connections. SDC: CCNC Interface between the SN and the common channel signallingnetwork (CCNC): for common channel signalling.*SDC: TSG interface between SN and a message buffer unit assigned to CP(MBU: LTG) for message exchange between the CP and the LTGs as well asbetween the LTGs. SDC: SGC Between the SN and an MBU: SGC of the CP for setting up andclearing connections.Switching network in EWSD exchanges uses time and space switching andtherefore it is functio