Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 31

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - AERO/AUTO/CIVIL/CSE/E&C/
ECE/EEE/ETCE/M&P/MECH/BTE/CHEM
Title of the Paper :Applied Numerical Methods Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code :516501-6C0079-SMTX1011 (2007-08-09-10)
Time : 3 Hours
Date :17/11/2012 Session :FN
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions
1. Give the normal equations to fit a curve of the form y = ax + bx
2

by the method of least square.
2. Prove that
2
o = V A with usual notation.
3. Give the order of the error in Simpsons one third rule.
4. Write down the Newtons forward interpolation formula.
5. Define transcendental equation.
6. Name two indirect methods to solve the system of linear
equations.
7. What are the disadvantages of Taylors series method?
8. Give the modified Eulers method formula to solve the
differential equation.
9. Classify the partial differential equation 0
2
2
2
2
=
c
c
+
c
c
y
u
y
x
u
x ,
x > 0, y > 0.
10. How many conditions are required to solve the Laplace equation?

PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer ALL the Questions
11. (a) Fit a curve of the form y = ax
2
+bx+c to the following data.

x 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
y 157 179 210 252 302 361 400
(b) Prove that
2
1 1
2
2 2
o
o + = + .
(or)
12. (a) Convert the equation
bx a
x
y
+
= with a linear form and hence
determine the values of a and b by the method of moments for
the following data.
X 8 10 15 20 30 40
y 13 14 16 18 19 21
(b) Prove that (i)
hD
e = E (ii)
4
1
2
2
o
+ =
13. (a) Find the polynomial that passes through the points (0, 12)
(1,0) (3, 6) (4, 12) and hence find y at x = 2.
(b) Using Trapezoidal rule, find
}
2
0
sin
t
dx e
x
.
(or)
14. (a) Find the first derivative at x = 17 from the following data
x 15 17 19 21 23 25
Y 3.873 4.123 4.359 4.583 4.796 5.00
(b) Solve
2
2
4 n y y
n n
=
+


15. (a) By Newton Raphson method, find the negative root of the
equation 0 35 21
3
= + x x .
(b) Solve the following system by Crouts method x + y + z = 9,
2x 3y + 4z = 13, 3x + 4y + 5z = 40.
(or)
16. (a) Find all the roots of the equation x
3
2x
2
5x+6 = 0 by
Graeffes root squaring method.
(b) Solve the system of equations by Gauss-Seidel method
10x 5y 2z = 3, 4x 10y + 3z = 3, x + 6y + 10z = 3.
17. (a) Using Taylors series method find y(1.1) given that
3
1
xy
dx
dy
= ,
y(1) = 1.
(b) Given
2
y x
dx
dy
= , y(0) = 0, y(0.2) = 0.02, y(0.4) = 0.0795,
y(0.6) = 0.1762. Find y(0.8) using Milnes predictor-Corrector
method.
(or)
18. (a) Using Runge-Kutta method of fourth order find y when x=1.1
given that
x
y
dx
dy
x
1
= + , y(1) = 1.01.
(b) Given that ) 1 (
2
y x
dx
dy
+ = , y(1) = 1, y(1.1) = 1.233,
y(1.2)=1.5485, y(1.3) = 1.9789. Find y(1.4) by Adams method.

19. (a) Solve the equation
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
=
c
c
subject to the conditions u(0,t) =
u(5,t) = 0 and u(x,0) = x
2
(25x
2
). Take h = 1 and tabulate the
values of u up to t = 3 sec.
(b) Solve
2
2
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
=
c
c
given that u(0,t) =u(4,t)=0.
2
) 4 (
) 0 , (
x x
x u

= and u
t
(x, 0)=0. Take h = 1 and find the solution
up to 5 step in t-direction.
(or)
20. Solve 0
2
= V u in the following square region with the boundary
conditions as shown in the figure.







200 100
100
200
300
400
400
300

Register Number


SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - AERO/AUTO/CSE/CIVIL/CSE/
E&C/ECE/EEE/ETCE/M&P/MECH/AERO/BTE/CHEM
Title of the Paper :Applied Numerical Methods Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code :515501-526501-511505-6C0079 (2006-07-08-09)
Date :23/04/2012 Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions
1. What is the Principle of least square?

2. Write down the normal equations to be used for finding a and b,
when fitting a straight line y = ax + b by the method of moments.

3. Write the Newtons forward derivative formula for x = x
0
.

4. What is the order of the error in Simpsons formula?

5. State the order of convergence and convergence condition for
Newtons Rap son method.

6. What is the convergence condition for solving a system of
equations by Gauss-Seidel method?

7. Write Taylors series formula to solve y
/
= f(x, y) with y(x
0
) = y
0
.

8. Explain multi-step method. Give examples.

9. Write down the standard five point formula to solve the equation
. 0
2
2
2
2
=
c
c
+
c
c
y
u
x
u


10. Name the two methods that are used to solve one dimensional
heat equation.
PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer All the Questions

11. By the method of least squares, fit a straight line and a parabola
to the data:
x 1 2 3 4
y 0.30 0.64 1.32 5.40
(or)
12. (a) Prove that
.
2
2
x
x
x
x
e
e
Ee
e
E
=
A
|
|
.
|

\
|
A


(b) Evaluate
| |. ) 3 )( 2 )( 1 ( + + + A x x x x


13. The table below gives the velocity v of a moving particle at time t
seconds. Find the distance covered by the particle in 12 seconds
and also the acceleration at t = 2 seconds
t 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
v 4 6 16 34 60 94 136
(or)
14. (a) Using Simpsons
th
8
3
rule evaluate
}
+
6
0
2
1 x
dx
by dividing the
range into 6 equal parts. (b) Find the value of cos (1.74) from the
following table:
x 1.70 1.74 1.78 1.82 1.86
Sin x 0.9916 0.9857 0.9781 0.9691 0.9584

15. (a) Solve the equation cos x = 3x 1 by Regula Falsi method. (8)

(b) Evaluate 12 to 4 decimal places by Newton Rap sons
method. (4)
(or)
16. Solve the following system of equations by Gauss-Seidel
method 10x 5y 2z = 3
4x 10y + 3z = -3
x + 6y + 10z = -3

17. (a) Solve
1 ) 0 ( ), ( log
10
= + = y y x
dx
dy
by Eulers modified
method and find the value of y(0.2) (4)

(b) Using Runge Kutta method of fourth order, find y(0.8) taking
h = 0.1 correct to 4 decimal places if y
/
= y x
2
, y(0.6) = 1.7379.
(8)
(or)
18. Given
, 2773 . 1 ) 2 . 0 ( , 1169 . 1 ) 1 . 0 ( , 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= = = + = y y y y y x
dx
dy

find y(0.3) by Runge Kutta method of order four and y(0.4)
using Adam Bash forth method.

19. Find the solution
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
+
c
c
, subject to u(x, 0) = sin tx;
0 s x s 1; u(0, t) = u(1, t) = 0 using Schmidt method.
(or)
20. Solve the Poisson equation V
2
u = -10 (x
2
+ y
2
+ 10) over the
square mesh with sides x = 0, y = 0, x = 3, y = 3 with u = 0 on
the boundary and mesh length of 1 unit.



SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech Common to ALL Branches
Title of the Paper :Applied Numerical Methods Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code :6C0079(2006-07-08-09) Time : 3 Hours
Date :01/11/2011 Session :FN
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions
1. Write down Newtons forward and backward difference
formulae.

2. Evaluate A
10
(1 x) (1 2x) (1 10x) by taking h = 1.

3. Form the divided difference table for

x: 1 3 6 11
y: 4 32 224 1344

4. Using Simpsons rule find.

}
= = = = =
4
0
4 3 2 1
6 . 54 09 . 20 , 39 . 7 , 72 . 2 , 1 e and e e e e given dx e
o x


5. Why Gauss Seidel iteration is a method of successive
corrections?

6. State the condition for convergences of Jacobis Iteration method
for solving a System of simultaneous algebraic equations.

7. State the Adams-Bashforth Predictor Corrector formula.

8. Find y(0.1) given y
/
=
1 ) 0 ( ), (
2
1
= + y y x
by modified Eulers method.

9. Write an explicit formula to solve the wave equations.

10. For what points of x and y, the equation x.f
xx
+ y.f
yy
= 0, x > 0,
y > 0 is elliptic.

PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer All the Questions

11. (a) Fit a curve of the form Y = ab
x
to the data.



(b) Find the sixth term of the sequences 8,12,19,29,42.
(or)

12. By the method of moments fit a straight line and a parabola to the
following data.

x: 1 2 3 4
y: 1.7 1.8 2.3 3.2

13. (a) Using Lagranges interpolation formula, find y (10) from the
following table:

x: 5 6 9 11
y: 12 13 14 16
(b) Given


x: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
f(x): 1 8 27 64 125 216 343 512
Estimate f(7.5). Use Newtons formula.
(or)

x: 1 2 3 4 5 6
y: 151 100 61 50 20 8
14. (a) A river is 80 meters wide. The depth d in meters at a
distance x meters from one bank is given by the following
table.
Calculate the area of cross-section of the river using Simpsons
rd
|
.
|

\
|
3
1
rule.
x: 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
d: 0 4 7 9 12 15 14 8 3

(b) Evaluate
}
+
1
0
2
1 x
dx
using Trapezoidal rule with h = 0.2. Hence
determine the value of t.

15. (a) Using Gauss Jordan method, solve the following system of
equations.
2x y + 3z = 8
-x + 2y + z = 4
3x + y 4z = 0
(b) Solve for a positive root of x cos x = 0 by Regula Falsi
method.
(or)

16. (a) Find the root between 1 and 2 of 2x
2
3x 6 = 0 by Newton-
Rapson method correct to five decimal places.
(b) Solve by Gauss-Jacobi method, the following equations.
4x
1
+ x
2
+ x
3
= 6
x
1
+ 4x
2
+ x
3
= 6
x
1
+ x
2
+ 4x
3
= 6

17. Given
0 ) 0 ( , 1 ) 0 ( , 0
/
2
2
= = = + + y y y
dx
dy
x
dx
y d
find the value of
y(0.1) by using Range-Kutta method of fourth order.
(or)
18. Using Milnes method find y (4.4) given 5xy
/
+ y
2
2 = 0. Given
y(4) = 1, y(4.1) = 1.0049, y(4.2) = 1.0097 and y(4.3) = 1.0143.

19. Solve the elliptic equation U
xx
+ U
yy
= 0 for the following square
nesh with boundary values as shown.











(or)

20. Using Bender Schmidt scheme, solve
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
=
c
c
subject to u(0,t) = 0, u(1,t) = 0. and u(x,0) = sin tx,
0 < x < 1.


















1000 1000 1000 1000

2000

2000



u
1
u
2

500

0



u
3
u
4


1000 500 0 0


Register Number


SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - CSE/ECE/EEE/EIE/ETCE/E&C/
MECH/M&P/AERO/CIVIL/AUTO/CHEM/BTE
Title of the Paper :Applied Numerical Methods Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :511505-501-6C0079 Time : 3 Hours
Date :25/04/2011 Session :AN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions
1. State the principle of least squares.

2. What is the relation between E and o?

3. Write the formula for Simpsons one-third rule.

4. Solve y
n+2
y
n+1
+ 8y
n
= 0.

5. Write the iterative formula for calculating
N
by Newton-
Raphson method.

6. What is the other name of Regula-Falsi method?

7. What is the formula for Modified Eulers method of finding the
solution of a first order differential equation?

8. Write the formula for Milnes predicator corrector formula.

9. Classify the equation u
xx
+ 2u
xy
+ 4u
yy
= 0.

10. What is Bender-Schmidt recurrence equation?
PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer ALL the Questions
11. (a) Fit a parabola to the following data using the method of least
squares.
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 2 3 5 8 10
(b) Fit a curve of the form y = ax
b
to the data given below using
the method of least squares
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 1200 900 600 200 110 50
(or)
12. (a) Prove that hD = log(1+A) = -log(1 - V).

(b) From the data given below, find the value of x when y = 13.5
x 93.0 96.2 100.0 104.2 108.7
y 11.38 12.80 14.70 17.07 19.91

13. (a) The following table gives the density of saturated water for
various temperatures of saturated stream.
Temperature C
100 150 200 250 300
Density hg/m3 958 917 865 799 712
Find by interpolation the density when the temperature is 130
degree and when the temperature is 275 degree.
(b) Evaluate
}
+
6
0
2
1 x
dx
by using
(i) Trapezoidal rule
(ii) Simpsons
3
1
rule and
(iii) Simpsons
8
3
rule
(or)
14. (a) A rod is rotating a plane. The following table gives the angle
u(radians) through which the rod has turned for various values of
time t seconds.
t 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
u
0 0.12 0.49 1.12 2.02 3.20
Calculate the angular velocity of the rod when t = 0.6 sec.

(b) Solve y
n+2
4y
n+1
+ 3y
n
= 3
n
.

15. (a) Solve the following system by Gauss Jordan method:
2x
1
+ x
2
+ x
3
= 10,
3x
1
+ 2x
2
+ 3x
3
= 18,
x
1
+ 4x
2
+ 9x
3
= 16

(b) Solve the following Gauss-jocobi method and Gauss seidel
method:
3x
1
x
2
x
3
= 1,
3x
1
+ 6x
2
+ 2x
3
= 0,
3x
1
+ 3x
2
+ 7x
3
= 4
(or)
16. (a) Find the real positive root of 3x cosx 1 = 0 by Newtons
method correct to 4 decimal places.

(b) Find the Regula-Falsi method the root of the equation xlog
10
x
1.2 = 0 correct to three places of decimals.

17. Solve
2 2
x y
dx
dy
+ =
with y(0) = 1
(a) Use Taylor series at x = 0.2 and x = 0.4 and
(b) Use Runge-Kutta method of order 4 at x = 0.6.
(or)
18. Determine the value of y(0.4) using Milnes method given
,
2
y xy
dx
dy
+ =
y(0) = 1 y(0.1) = 1.1167, y (0.2) = 1.2767,
y(0.3) = 1.5023

19. (a) Solve V
2
u = -10(x
2
+ y
2
+ 10) over the square mesh with sides
x = 0, y = 0, x = 3, y = 3 with u = 0 on the boundary and mesh
length 1 unit.

(b) Derive Crank-Nicholson implicit formula for one dimensional
heat equation.
(or)
20. (a) Solve u
t
= u
xx
, u(0, t) = u(5, t) = 0, u(x, 0) = x
2
(25-x
2
) in the
range taking h = 1 and up to 5 seconds using Bender-Schmidt
explicit formula.

(b) Derive the finite difference scheme for the hyperbolic
equation.


























Register Number


SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

Course & Branch: B.E/B.Tech-CSE/ECE/EEE/ETCE/CIVIL/E&C/
MECH/M&P/AERO/AUTO/BTE/CHEM-P-EEE
Title of the Paper: Applied Numerical Methods Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 505-501-6CPT0011-6C0079 Time: 3 Hours
Date: 08/11/2010 Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 X 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions

1. Write down the normal equations to fit a quadratic curve by least
square method.

2. Show that
( )( ) 1 1 1 = V A +
with usual notation.

3. State Lagranges interpolation formula.

4. Form the difference equation by eliminating a and b from the
relation
( )( ) . 2
x
x
bx a y + =


5. Define order of convergence.

6. Differentiate direct and indirect method for solving system of
linear equations.

7. Given y = x + y, y(0) = 1 find y(0.1) by Taylor series.

8. State the Milnes predictor-corrector formula.

9. Classify
. 0 , 0 , 0 > > = + y x yf xf
yy xx

10. State Bender-Schmidt recurrence formula.

PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer All the Questions

11. Fit a second degree parabola to the following
X 1 2 3 4 5
Y 5 12 26 60 97
also estimate y at x = 3.5.
(or)
12. Prove that (a)
.
4
1
2
1
2
2
o
o o + + = A


(b)
( ) ( ) ( ). sinh 1 log 1 log
1
o

= V = A + = hD


13. (a) Solve
. 3 2 4 4
1 2
t + + = +
+ +
n n
n n n
y y y


(b) From the data given below, find the number of students
whose weight is between 60 and 70
Weight in lbs 0-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120
No. of students 250 120 100 70 50
(or)
14. Dividing the range into 10 equal parts, find the approximate
value of
}
2 . 5
4
log xdx
e
by
(a) Trapezoidal rule (b) Simpsons rule.

15. Using Relaxation method,
solve 10x 2y 2z = -6; -x + 10y z = -7; -x y + 10z = -8
correct to 3 decimal places.
(or)
16. (a) Use Regula Falsi method to find a positive root of the
following equation x-cos x = 0 correct to 3 decimal places. (5)

(b) Solve the system of equations using Gauss-Jordan method
2x y + z = 0.3; -4x + 3y 2z = -1.4; 3x 8y + 3z = 0.1. (7)
17. (a) Find y(0.05) and y(0.1), given that y = x + y, y(0) = 1 by
using Modified Eulers method.

(b) Compute y(0.8) given
0
2
= + x y
dy
dy
, y(0.6) = 1.7379
by using R-K method of 4
th
order.
(or)
18. Solve y = 0.5(x + y) using Milnes predictor-corrector method
for x = 2 given the initial value x = 0, y = 2 the values of y for x
= 0.5, 1 and 1.5 should be computed by Taylor series expansion.

19. Solve u
xx
+ u
yy
= 0 over the square mesh of side 4 units
satisfying the following boundary conditions u(0, y) = 0; u(4, y)
= 8 + 2 y; u(x, 0) = 0.5 x
2
; u(x, 4) = x
2
; for 0 x 4 and 0 y
4.
(or)
20. Solve u
t
= u
xx
subject u(0, t) = 0, u(5, t) = 0 and u(x, 0) = x
2
(25
x
2
), 0 < x < 5 and 0 < t < 5 by taking h = 1 and k = 0.5.












SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - AERO/BTE/CHEM/CIVIL/CSE/
E&C/ECE/EEE/ETCE/M&P/MECH
Title of the Paper :Applied Numerical methods Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :411505/413501/414501/415501/511505/513501/514501
/515501/516505/6C0079 Time : 3 Hours
Date :21/04/2010 Session :AN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions

1. What is the principle of least square?

2. What is the relation between V and E?

3. Write Gregory-Newton forward interpolation formula.

4. Solve y
n+2
5y
n+1
+ 6y
n
= 0.

5. What is the convergence condition for Newton-Raphson method?

6. What is the formula for Regula falsi method?

7. Write Milnes predictor and corrector formula.

8. Write formula for modified Euler method.

9. Classify the equation x
2
f
xx
+(1 y
2
) f
yy
= 0.
10. Write an explicit formula to solve
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
=
c
c
numerically.
PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer ALL the Questions

11. (a) The observations in the following table fit a law y=ax
b
. Using
method of groups average find a and b from the following table:
x 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
y 1.06 1.33 1.52 1.68 1.81 1.91 2.01 2.11

(b) Find a straight line using method of least squares to the
following data:
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 14 27 40 55 68
(or)
12. (a) Fit a straight line to the following data using method of
moments:
x 1 2 3 4
y 16 19 23 26

(b) From the following data, estimate the number of persons
earning weekly wages between 60 and 70 rupees.
Wage(in Rs) Below 40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120
No. of Persons
(in thousands)
250 120 100 70 50

13. (a) Using Lagranges formula find f(x) from the following data:
x 0 1 4 5
f(x) 4 3 24 39

(b) From the following data, find u at x = 43 and x = 84:
x 40 50 60 70 80 90
u
184 204 226 250 276 304
(or)
14. (a) Evaluate
( )
}
+
4 . 1
2 . 0
log sin dx e x x
x
by Simpsons
3
1
rule.

(b) Solve y
n+2
2y
n+1
+ y
n
= 2
n
n
2
.

15. (a) Find the root of the equation sin x = 1 + x
3
between (-2, -1) to
3 decimal places by Newtons Raphson method.

(b) Find the solution of the following system of equations by
crouts method:
x + 3y + 8z = 4;
x + 4y + 3z = -2;
x + 3y + 4z = 1.
(or)
16. (a) Using Gauss-Jordan method solve the following equations:
10x + y + z = 12;
2x + 10y + z = 13;
x + y + 5z = 7.

(b) Solve the equations using relation method:
9x y + 2z = 9;
x + 10y 2z = 15;
2x 2y 13z = -17.

17. By applying the fourth Runge-Kutta method find y(0.2) from
y = y x, y(0) = 2 taking h = 0.1.
(or)
18. Using Adams method find y(0.4) given
( )
,
2
'
xy
y =

y(0.1) = 1.01, y(0.2) = 1.022, y(0.3) = 1.023.

19. (a) Evaluate the function u(x, y) satisfying V
2
u = 0 at the lattice
points given the boundary values as follows:
1000 1000 1000 1000
2000 u
1
u
2
500
2000 u
3
u
4
0

1000 500 0 0

(b) Using Crank Nicholsons Scheme, solve u
xx
= 16u
t
, 0 < x < 1,
t > 0 given u(x, 0) = 0, u(0, t) = 0, u(1, t) = 100t. Compute u for
one step in t direction taking
.
4
1
= h

(or)
20. (a) Solve 4u
xx
= u
tt
with the boundary conditions u(0, t) = 0 and
u(4, t) = 0 and the initial conditions u
t
(x, 0) = 0 and u(x, 0) = x(4
x), taking h = 1. (for 4 time steps).

(b) Solve u
xx
= 32u
t
taking h = 0.25 for t > 0, 0 < x < 1 and u(x, 0)
= 0, u(0, t) = 0, u(1, t) = t.
































Register Number


SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech Common to ALL Branches
Title of the Paper :Numerical Methods
Sub. Code :501-411505-511505-6C0079
Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks :80
Date :04/11/2009 Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions

1. What are the methods used for fitting curve?

2. Write down the normal equations to be used for finding a, b and
c, when fitting a parabola y = a + bx + cx
2
by the method of
Least squares.

3. Define Numerical differentiation.

4. What is the order of the error in Trapezoidal rule?

5. If f(x) is continuous in [a, b], then under what condition the
iteration method x = f(x) has a solution in [a, b].

6. Solve the system of equations x 2y = 0 and 2x + y = 5 by gauss
Jordan method.
7. Using Eulers method, find
. 1 ) 0 ( , ) 2 . 0 (
2
= = y x y
dx
dy
if y


8. Explain single step method. Give example.

9. Write down the diagonal five point formula to solve the equation
. 0
2
2
2
2
=
c
c
+
c
c
y
u
x
u


10. Write down the Crank-Nicolson formula to solve u
t
= u
xx
.

PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer All the Questions

11. By the method of moments, fit a straight line and a parabola to
the data:
x 1 2 3 4
y 1.7 1.8 2.3 3.2
(or)
12. (a) Evaluate A
2
(cos 2x). (4)
(b) Explain the difference between
.
2 2
x
x
x
Eu
u
and u
E
A
|
|
.
|

\
|
A
(8)

13. Following are data from the stream table. Using Newtons
formula, find the pressure of the stream for a temp of 142
Temp c
140 150 160 170 180
Pressure Kfg/cm
2
3.685 4.854 6.302 8.076 10.225
(or)
14. By dividing the range into 10 equal parts, evaluate }
t
0
sin xdx
by
Simpsons
rd
3
1
rule and Trapezoidal rule.

15. Solve the equation x
3
+ 2x
2
+ 10x 20 = 0 by Regula Falsi
method.
(or)
16. Solve 27x + 6y z = 85
6x + 15y + 2z = 72
x + y + 54z = 110
by Gauss seidal method of iteration.

17. (a) Using Taylors series method, find y when x = 1.1 from
). 4 .( 1 ) 1 ( ,
3
1
ces decimalpla y xy
dx
dy
= =
(4)

(b) Using Runge-Kutta method of 4
th
order, solve
2 2
2 2
x y
x y
dx
dy
+

=
given y (0) = 1 at x = 0.2. Take h = 0.2. (8)
(or)
18. Solve
( )
, 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
1
2
/
=
+
= y
y x
y
find y(0.1), y(0.2), y(0.3) by
Eulers method and y(0.4) by Milnes Predictor-Corrector
method.

19. Solve by Crank Nicolson method
,
2
2
x
u
t
u
c
c
=
c
c
0 < x < 1, t > 0,
u(x, 0) = 100 x(1 x), u(0, t) = u(1, t) = 0 for two steps with h =
0.25 and k = 0.0625.
(or)
20. Evaluate the pivotal values of the following equation taking h = 1
upto one half of the period of the oscillation
2
2
2
2
16
t
u
x
u
c
c
=
c
c

given u(0,t) = u(5,t) = 0,
0 ) 0 , ( =
c
c
x
t
u
and u(x, 0) = x
2
(5 x).





SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

Course & Branch: B.E/B.Tech -AERO/BTE/CHEM/CIVIL/CSE/E&C/
ECE/EEE/ETCE/M&P/MECH
Title of the paper: Applied Numerical Methods
Semester: V Max.Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 501-505(2003-2004-2005)- 6C0079 Time: 3 Hours
Date: 22-04-2009 Session: AN

PART A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer All the Questions

1. State the principle of least squares.

2. Express 3x
3
2x
2
+ 7x 6 in factorial polynomial.

3. Write the Newtons back ward interpolation formula.

4. Can we use Lagranges interpolation formula when the intervals
are equal?

5. Write the condition for convergence for Gauss Seidal method
of solving system of simultaneous equation.

6. Write the order of convergence of Newton Raphson method.

7. Write the formula for the Range Kutta method at 2
nd
order.

8. Write the predictor formula for Adams Bash forth method.

9. Classify the equation: U
xx
+ 2U
xy
+ U
yy
= 0.

10. Write down standard five point formula in solving Laplace
equation over a region.
PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer All the Questions

11. (a) Fit the curve y = ax
b
to the following data by method of least
squares.

x 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
y 1.06 1.33 1.52 1.68 1.81 1.91 2.01 2.11

(b) Fit a straight line y = a + bx to the following data by method
of moments.
x 1 3 5 7 9
y 1.5 2.8 4.0 4.7 6.0
(or)
12. (a) Fit a straight line y = ax + b to the data given below by
method of least squares and find the value of y at x = 2.5.

x 0 1 2 3 4
y 1 1.8 3.3 4.5 6.3

(b) Prove that
A =
c
+ c +
c
4
1
2
2 2


13. (a) Using Newtons forward interpolation formula, find the
number of students whose weight is between 60 and 70.

Weight 0-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120
No. of Students 250 120 100 70 50

(b) Find the first derivative (dy)/(dx) of the function tabulated
below at x = 0.6.
x 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
y 1.5836 1.7974 2.0442 2.3275 2.6511

(or)
14. (a) Find y(10), from the data given below by Lagranges
interpolation formula.

x 5 6 9 11
y 12 13 14 16

(b) Evaluate
}
+
6
0
2
1 / x dx
by (i) trapezoidal rule, (ii)
Simpson 1/3 Rule.

15. (a) Find the real positive root of 3x cos x 1 = 0 by Newton
Raphson method.
(b) Solve by Crouts method.
x + y + z = 3
2x y3z = 16
3x + y z = -3
(or)
16. (a) Find all the roots of the equation x
3
9x
2
+ 18x 6 = 0 by
graeffes root square method.
(b) Solve following system of equation by Gauss Seidel
method:
10x 5y 2z = 3
4x 10y + 3z = -3
x + 6y + 10z = -3

17. (a) Find y(0.1) and y(0.2) using Eulers modified formula:
dy/dx = x
2
+ y
2
, y(0) = 1
(b) Find the value of y(0.4) using Milnes Predictor and
corrector
method given,
y' = xy + y
2
, y(0) = 1
y(0.1) = 1.1167
y(0.2) = 1.2767
y(0.3) = 1.5023
(or)
18. (a) Find y (0.2) correct to 4 decimal places if y' =
x y
x y
+

;
y(0)=1 by 4
th
order Range Kutta method.
(b) Using tailor series method find y (0.1), y(0.2) and y(0.3),
given y' = x
2
y; y(0) = 1.

19. Using crank Nicholcon method solve U
xx
= 16u
t
, 0 < x < 1,
t > 0.
Given u (x,0) = 0
u (0,t) = 0
u(1,t) = 100t
Find the value of U for one time step, taking h =
(or)
20. Evaluate the pivotal values of the following equation taking h = 1
and upto one half of the period of the oscillation
16 u
xx
= u
tt

given u (0,t) = 0
u (5,t) = 0
u (x,0) = x
2
(5 x)
and u
t
(x,0) = 0.






SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

Course & Branch: B.E/B.Tech Common to ALL Branches
Title of the paper: Applied Numerical Methods
Semester: V Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 11505/501 (2003/2004/2005)/ 6C0079 Time: 3 Hours
Date: 01-11-2008 Session: FN

PART A (10 x 2 = 20)
Answer ALL the Questions

1. Write down the normal equations to be used for finding a, b and c
when fitting a parabola y = ax
2
+ bx + c by the method of least
square.

2. Define the operators E and D.

3. State Newtons backward difference interpolation formula.

4. Solve y
x+3
2y
x+2
y
x+1
+ 2y
x
= 0.

5. Explain briefly Gauss Jordon iteration to solve simultaneous
equation.

6. Write down the different methods for solving simultaneous
equation.

7. State the Milnes predictor-corrector formula.

8. Explain briefly modified Eulers method.

9. Name at least two numerical methods that are used to solve one
dimensional diffusion equation.

10. Write down the standard five-point formula for solving laplace
equation.
PART B (5 x 12 = 60)
Answer ALL the Questions

11. Fit a curve of the form y = ax + c to the following data:
X 2 4 6 8 10
Y 5.0 6.6 13.9 25.3 35.6
(or)
12. (a) Find the missing term in the following
X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Y 2 4 8 - 32 64 128

(b) By the method of moments, fit a straight line to the data:
X 1 2 3 4
Y 1.7 1.8 2.3 3.2

13. Using Lagranges interpolation formula, fit a polynomial to the
data:
X 0 1 3 4
Y -12 0 6 12
Also find y at x = 2.
(or)
14. (a) Evaluate
} }
+
5 . 1
0
5 . 1
1
2
dxdy e
y x
by trapezoidal rule with
h = k = 0.5.

(b) Compute
dx e
x
}
4
0
by Simpsons
3
1
rule with 8 subdivisions.

15. Solve the following system by Gauss-Seidal method:
28x + 4y z = 32, x + 3y + 10z = 24, 2x + 17y + 4z = 35.
(or)
16. (a) Find a root of f(x) = x
3
5x + 3 = 0, using Newton-Raphson
method.

(b) Solve for a positive root of x cos x = 0 by the method of
False position.

17. Compute y(0.2), given
,
2 2
2 2
x y
x y
dx
dy
+

=
y(0) = 1, by Runge-
Kutta method of fourth order, taking h = 0.2.
(or)
18. Given y
/
= y-x
2
, y(0) = 1, y(0.2) = 1.218, y(0.4) = 1.4682,
y(0.6) = 7.7379, estimate y(0.8) by Adam-Bashforth method

19. Use Crank-Nicholson scheme to solve
, 16
2
2
t
u
x
u
c
c
=
c
c
0 < x < 1
and t > 0 given u(x, 0) = 0, u(0, t) = 0 and u(1, t) = 100t. compute
u(x, t) for one time step, taking
.
4
1
= Ax

(or)
20. Solve the Poissons equation
1 | | , 1 | | , 100
2
2
2
2
= s =
c
c
+
c
c
y x
y
u
x
u
given that u = 0 on the
boundary of square. Take
.
2
1
= h