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Earth

Total eclipse phase Sun is partially Initial phase: obscured by the partial eclipse moon because they are not exactly alligned. Sun gettting smaller, gradually blocked by the moon. Sky becomes darker. Final phase: partial eclipse

Sun

Moon Earth

Moon's path

Moon

Sun

Revolution of moon around the earth


Earth's path

b c

Sun

Moon

Revolution of earth around the sun


Earth

Light travelling in a straight line


Earth's orbit Moon in shadow of earth

Caused by

Reaches total darkness during total eclipse for a few minutes or seconds. Sun becomes bigger, sky becomes brighter, moon is gradually unblocking the sun.
3

2
Sun
Earth
Moon

People at region B and C experience partial eclipse, not total darkness


Bright ring (corona), is the part of sun not The dark circle c obscured by the is the moon moon blocking the sun

Sequence

Sky is dark like nighttime


1

Stars are visible


2 3

OCCURS WHEN THE EARTH, MOON AND SUN ARE POSITIONED IN A STRAIGHT LINE

Eerie atmosphere Temperature falls slightly


4 5

Occurs when earth is between Occurs only the moon and the during the full sun in a straight moon line

Moon's orbit Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon Earth's shadow falls on the moon
Earth blocks sunlight

d e

Scenario On Earth

Animals' activities changes as if it were nighttime Do not look directly at the sun
1

3 4

A
ECLIPSE OF THE MOON 6

Total eclipse and partial eclipse of the sun


b a People in this region (A) experiences total darkness Occurs at the region where the dark umbra falls on the surface of the earth
Total eclipse at A Partial eclipse at B

Seen with naked eye from side of earth experiencing night time Earth has 2 shadow regions: (1) Lighter shadow (Penumbra) (2) Darker shadow (Umbra)

Precautions
3

Sun's bright rays can damage the eye permanently

VOLUME 3

B
6
a

Use special glasses or look at the image of the sun on water

ECLIPSES (1 - 1)

C
c

Total Eclipse and Partial Eclipse Of the moon


Sequence
Position C: Total eclipse b Position B: Partial eclipse Position A: Full moon

Lighter shadow (penumbra) Darker shadow Lighter shadow (penumbra)


rb 's o it

Penumbra Umbra

B A C

ECLIPSE OF 1 THE SUN


3 1 2
Occurs only during the day Occurs when moon is between the earth and the sun in a straight line
Earth D C B

Penumbra

on Mo

Partial eclipse at C

Totally dark shadow (umbra) and a lighter shadow (penumbra) are formed when the moon blocks the sunlight from reaching the earth

Position D: Partial eclipse Position E: Full moon

Penumbra Moon Sun

Umbra