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Wall with Stretcher, English Bond and English Bond



A. OBJECTIVE i. ii. iii. To prepare and measure the material of the project. To plan the lay of the wall and understand the principle of brickwork. To compare between the first and second bricklayer with a cutting bricks.

B. THEORY i. ii. Stretcher bond: The simplest to lay, and therefore the most common, the bricks are laid flat long side to the face of the wall. Header bond: Using only the header (end) of the bricks as the facing wall. This is particularly strong as the width of the wall is whole length of a brick. iii. iv. Flemish bond: Bricks are laid flat one long side face and another to header end face. Also known as Dutch bond. English bond: One course in stretcher bond, and one course in header bond

Mortar joint profiles

As bricks are laid, mortar is squeezed from the bed joint. When the brick is properly set in position excess mortar is skimmed off at the surface. To do this a trowel is held at an angle to the wall surface with the edge under the projecting mortar; it is the run forward along the line of the bed joint to cut off the excess. The trowel should not be scraped up or down the face of the brickwork because that will smear mortar onto it. Any cavities in cross joints (vertical joints) should be made good and excess mortar cut off flush to match the bed joints.

C. MATERIALS: Bricks, Water, Lime, Sand

D. APPARATUS Concrete mixer, Brick Cutter, Gauge rod, Mortar mix, Trowel, Brick, Hammer, Plastic Bucket, Bolster, Spirit Level, Line, Jointer, Brush, Tape Measure, Nails, Wheelbarrow, Shovel, Safety Gear, Gloves.

E. PROCEDURE 1. Bricks are often intended to be laid as a veneer wall. 2. Make sure you have all the tools that you will need. 3. Start by putting a brick down each end of where you want the wall to go. Dont put any mortar down yet. Measure from the outer edge of the brick at the other end to get the length of your wall. Bricks come in a wide variety of sizes: short, long, wide, skinny etc. measure your bricks and see how long they are.

4. Now that you have measured you can start laying bricks at both ends. If you are by yourself, the start at one end and lay a few bricks. Put your level on top of them and make sure the bricks are level. Measure away from the wall on both ends of the bricks that you just laid. Put your level against the face of the bricks to make sure that they are straight.

5. After you have a couple of courses laid on both ends, hook a line up at both ends so it lines up with the very top of the bricks. Now you can go through the middle and lay every brick to the line. Make sure as you go that you stay on those lines that you marked earlier, or else you will end up with a hole that is too big or too small.

6. Keep laying your ends up then fill in the middle of the wall every once in a while to make sure that it is staying level. If one side gets too high, lay the bricks tighter on the end.

Tips: Some bricks are drier than others, so check the joints about 5 courses. If they are getting dry, then strike them with a tool for cleaning joints called a jointer. Its a good idea to thoroughly wet your bricks to ensure minimum soaking of mortar water into the bricks, thus allowing it to cure properly over time. When laying the ends, make sure that they are staying plumb up and down. After every 5 or 6 courses, nail metal ties into the studs of the wall and bend them so they rest on top of the brick. This ties the brick wall to the house or building so your bricks dont fall down. Know how wide your bricks are, in case you are trying to hit a desired height.