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HYDRAULIC CALCULATION

FOR

CHILLED WATER PUMPS


TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

RE Reynolds number

F Liner loss factor

Loss m per 100 m

dh(1) Liner loss

dh(2) Local loss

DH Total loss

Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

Accumulative Pressure

For CHILLED WATER PUMPS

V Mean Velocity

COLBROOK Formula

GH Static heal

(1)

Total local factors

Head loss calculation using

1/1

m/s

1/1

1/1

0.1

680

42.8

203

22

0.1

1360

85.7

C-D

6"

GI

154

0.1

679

42.8

D-E

8"

GI

203

42

0.1

756.23 47.6

E-F

6"

GI

154

32

0.1

491.41

0.2 gate valve


1

2.0 check valve

154

GI

8.0 Globe valve

GI

8"

l/s

0.2 Flexible

6"

B-C

Q Flow rate

A-B

GPM

31

1.0 discharge outlet

mm

2.0 Strainer

K Pipe roughness

0.5 reducer

L Pipe length

mm

0.9 tee

ID Pipe Inner diameter

DN

0.3 elbow ( 90 leg.)

DN Nominal diameter

no.

0.2 elbow ( 45 leg.)

no. part of pipe

Local factors of fittings

5.4

2.29756 354008.19 0.01882 3.29 0.07

1.45

1.52 1.52 1.519

2.1

2.65406 538084.07 0.01755 3.11 0.68

0.75

1.44 1.44 2.956

1.5

2.29418 353487.59 0.01882 3.28 0.26

0.4

0.66 0.66 3.621

2.1

1.47579 299202.44 0.01817 0.99 0.42

0.23

0.65 0.65 4.272

1.5

1.66036 255828.18 0.01919 1.75 0.56

0.21

0.77 0.77 5.042

F-G

4"

GI

102

20

0.1

293.96 18.5

2.4

230586.1 0.02077 5.26 1.05

0.62

1.67 1.67 6.717

G-H

2 1/2"

GI

62.7

13

0.1

99.22

6.25

3.9

2.02578 126975.78 0.02363 7.88 1.02

0.82

1.84 1.84 8.558

H-I

2"

GI

52.5

20

0.1

77.18

4.86

3.6

2.24785 117967.29 0.0246

12.1 2.41

0.93

3.34 3.34

I-J

1 1/2"

GI

40.9

16

0.1

44.58

2.81

3.6

2.13351 87345.974 0.0255

14.4 2.31

0.84

3.15 3.15 15.05

J-K

1 1/4"

GI

35.1

17

0.1

25.04

1.58

1.8

1.63217 57256.581

0.026

10.1 1.71

0.24

1.96 1.96

K - FCU

3/4"

GI

21

19

0.1

5.5

0.35

12.3

1.00422 21048.545 0.0264

6.47 1.23

0.63

1.86 1.86 16.91

12

TOTAL

211

1
1

25 20 1

2.2549

Pressure drop in chiller

12.00 m

Pressure drop in FCU

1.32 m

two way valve loss

1.00 m

total friction loss

18.86 m

Total dynamic head supply

33.18 m

Total dynamic head return

21.18 m

19

11.9
17

18.86

DN Nominal diameter

ID Pipe Inner diameter


L Pipe length

K Pipe roughness

no.
DN
mm
m
mm
GPM
l/s
Safty factor

total dynamic head

Total local factors


GH Static heal

V Mean Velocity

RE Reynolds number

F Liner loss factor

Loss m per 100 m


dh(1) Liner loss
dh(2) Local loss
DH Total loss
Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe
Accumulative Pressure

1.0 discharge outlet

2.0 Strainer

0.5 reducer

0.9 tee

0.3 elbow ( 90 leg.)

0.2 elbow ( 45 leg.)

2.0 check valve

8.0 Globe valve

0.2 Flexible

0.2 gate valve

Q Flow rate

no. part of pipe

Local factors of fittings

1/1
m
m/s
1/1
1/1
m
m
m
m
m
m

20% =
10.87 m

=
65.24 m

CHILLED WATER PUMPS

Project : Agriculture Bank - Gizan

Page ( 1 )

Head Loss Calculations:


The total friction loss Hs Consist of:
Hs

Hs1 + Hs2

Where:

Hs1
Hs2

. (1)
: Friction loss Inside pipes
: Friction loss inside fittings

Linear friction loss equation:


Hs =

J . L ... .... (2)

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) .... (3)
Where:

J
L
l
V
g
D

: linear loss factor


: length Of the pipe (m.)
: friction loss factor (COLBROOK-WHITE formula)
: velocity of water (m/s)
: gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

COLBROOK WHITE formula:.. ( 4 )


1
sqr(l)

= - 2 x log [

Where:

K
D
RE

k
3.7 x D

2.51
Re x sqr( l )

: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)


: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: REYNOLDS no. is given as follows: (1/1)

RE = V x D / n . ( 5 )
Where:

V = Q/A

n
V
D

: water viscosity= ( n =
1E-06
: velocity of water (m/s)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)

m2/s)

.... ( 6 )

Where:

Q
A

Data for the first pipe :

: flow rate (m/s)


: cross section are of the pipe (m)
6" GI
168.3 mm
7.11 mm

D =
K =

0.1541 m
0.0001 m

Pipe type & size


6"
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)
: pipe inside diameter (m.)
: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Project : Agriculture Bank - Gizan

Flow :

Page ( 2 )

Q = 680.0 GPM = 42.84 l/s = 0.04284


2
A = px D /4 =

V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

3.14 x 0.154 / 4 = 0.01865 m

2.298 m/s
2.298 x 0.1541 / 0.000001 = 354008.19
0.0001
3.7 x 0.154

= - 2 log [

2.51
x sqr( l )
354008.2

By solving above equation :


l=

0.01882
0.01882 x 2.2976 x 2.298
2 x 9.81 x 0.1541

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.03286 x 100 m = 3.286

= 0.03286 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 2.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.03286 x 2.0 = 0.066 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G ) .... (7)


: Gravity acceleration (9.81 m/s)
: Velocity of water (m/s)
: Sum of local loss factors

Where:

G
V
SUM ZE

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Flexible
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0

5.4 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.2
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.2976 X 2.2976
2 x 9.81

0.2
0
0
2
0
0.3
0.9
0
2
0
5.40

= 1.4529 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.066 + 1.453 = 1.519 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses . ( 8 )


= 0.0 + 1.519 = 1.519 m

Project : Agriculture Bank - Gizan

Page ( 3 )

Data for the second pipe :

D =
K =
Flow :

8" GI
219.1 mm
8.18 mm

Pipe type & size


8"
Out side diameter (mm)
Wall thickness (mm)

0.2027 m
0.0001 m

: pipe inside diameter (m.)


: pipe inside Surface roughness (m.)

Q = 1360.0 GPM = 85.68 l/s = 0.08568


2

3.14 x 0.203 / 4 = 0.03228 m

A = px D /4 =
V = Q/A =
Re = V x D / n =
1
sqr(l)

m/sec

2.654 m/s
2.654 x 0.2027 / 0.000001 = 538084.07
0.0001
3.7 x 0.203

= - 2 log [

By solving above equation :

l=

2.51
x sqr( l )
538084.1

0.01755

0.01755 x 2.6541 x 2.654


2 x 9.81 x 0.2027

J = l . V / ( 2 g D ) =
Loss m per 100 m = J x 100 =

0.03108 x 100 m = 3.108

= 0.03108 m/m
m / 100m

Pipe length L = 22.0 m


dh(1) Liner loss = J x L = 0.03108 x 22.0 = 0.684 m
Local losses equation is given as follows:
HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . G )

SUM ZE =

gate valve
Flexible
Globe valve
check valve
elbow ( 45 leg.)
elbow ( 90 leg.)
tee
reducer
Strainer
discharge outlet
Total local factors

HS2

SUM ZE . V / ( 2 . g )

HS(2) = SUM ZE.x V / ( 2 g ) =

0
0
0
0
0
4
1
0
0
0

2.1 x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.2
0.2
8
2
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.5
2
1
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.6541 X 2.6541
2 x 9.81

0
0
0
0
0
1.2
0.9
0
0
0
2.10

= 0.7539 m

DH Total loss = HS1 + HS2 = 0.684 + 0.754 = 1.438 m


Total heal (DH+GH) / pipe

= Static head + Friction losses


= 0.0 + 1.438 = 1.438 m

Total Head for pipe 1 & 2 = 1.519 + 1.438 = 2.956 m


Other pipes are calculated same as above, All data and results are arranged in the following table :