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Prepared by: Ricardo Mediavilla Release 1.0 February 1, 2000


This tutorial will guide you, step by step, to build a simple model of a lossless transmission line, and to simulate its performance. Following the steps in this tutorial you will learn how to apply the Advanced Design System to the solution/analysis/simulation/synthesis of far more complex problems. The first step is to gain access to the ADS application. Figure 1 shows you how to access the application.

Figure 1. Accessing the application

Once the application has been loaded, you will see the screen shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Working screen

Since you are starting a new project, as shown in Figure 3, click left FILE -> New Project.

Figure 3. Open new project

The system will prompt you for the path to the new project. The default is C:\users\default, but so that later on you may be able to access your project files from any workstation in the Department LAN, you should specify a path starting from the P disk. For example, P:\teel_project is a valid path to a valid project. All project names or titles must end in _prj . In our particular example, the project name is teel_prj. Therefore, as shown in Figure 4, the correct path is P:\teel_prj (Note: The next time you enter the system to create a new project you will have to assign a different name to your new project.).

Figure 4: Correct path to new project

As a result, the system will respond creating a schematic window. See Figure 5.

Figure 5. Schematic window We will now build a schematic of our application. In our particular example, we want to model a 50 lossless 4 port transmission line. Its input will be an RF generator with a 50 internal impedance. The load will also be 50 .

n this tutorial we will plot the time domain current waveform at the load, and the time domain voltage waveform at the source. Then we will compare them. Click left the lumped components section to see the wide variety of available components. See Figure 6.

Figure 6. List of available lumped components

Scroll to obtain the ideal T lines components. See Figure 7.

Figure 7. Ideal T line components

As the mouse points to each one of the available options on the components palette, a small balloon indicating the name and characteristics of each component will pop up. Figure 8 shows the small balloon describing the TLIN4 LIBRA ideal 4 terminal transmission line.

Figure 8. Balloon describing 4 port lossless transmission line


Click left the TLIN4 icon and as shown in Figure 9, drag it to the desired location on the schematic. To release it at the desired location, just click left. If you prefer, you may change the orientation by 90 degrees. Figure 10 shows how to change the component orientation by 90 degrees. Keep in mind that you should first change the orientation. Once you have changed the orientation, then you may release the component to the desired location in the schematic. If at any point you make a mistake, just press the Esc key, and the selected component will disappear. Once you are done with this component, press the Esc key to release this component.

Figure 9. Dragging the desired component


Figure 10. Changing the orientation of a component


To edit the properties of the TLIN4 component, click right and choose the desired option. See Figure 11 for details.

Figure 11. Changing component properties


Figure 12 shows how the electrical and/or magnetic properties of the component may be changed by the user. In our particular example of the TLIN4 component, the user may redefine the characteristic impedance (Z O), the electrical length (E), and/or the reference frequency (F).

Figure 12: Changing the electrical and/or magnetic properties of the component


The same above listed procedure can be followed to place on the schematic all the desired components. In our particular case, the RF generator with its internal impedance, the lossless transmission line and the resistor load have been placed on the schmatic. As components are being placed on the schematic, you may find useful dragging around some of the components. To drag a component, click left and hold the component until you have reached the desired new location. To release it, just click left at any point in the schematic free of components. See Figure 13.

Figure 13. All components on the schematic


The next step is to wire together all the components on the schematic. To wire components, point the mouse to the add wire icon. (A small balloon in Figure 13 shows the location of the add wire icon.) Then click left each component terminal or node to be wired. The symmetrically placed holes or indicators in the schematic are quite useful and can guide you for reasonable wiring layouts. If you make a mistake, click left the incorrect wire. To indicate that the wire has been chosen, it will turn green. Press the delete key to eliminate this incorrect wire. For details, see Figure 14.

Figure 14. Eliminating an incorrectly placed interconnection wire


Figure 15 shows the correctly wired schematic. Components are drawn in blue. Interconnection wires are drawn in red. Now we are ready for the simulations.

Figure 15. Correctly wired schematic


We will now define the simulation parameters. All simulations require a simulation controller. In addition, in our particular example, the frequency of the AC voltage source is a variable that must be defined. From the components palette select the AC simulation option. See Figure 16.

Figure 16. Select the AC simulation option


Click right on the AC controller icon, select the Edit component parameters option, and redefine the Stop frequency to 1.0 GHz. Click left Apply and then OK. You should end up with the schematic shown in Figure 17.

Figure 17. AC simulation controller redefined


To actually run the simulation, select and click left the yellow nut from the menu. See Figure 18.

Figure 18. Selecting the simulation option


The system will respond creating the hpeesofsim window with the warnings, if any, the errors, if any, and the time duration of the simulation. See Figure 19 for details.

Figure 19. Hpeesofsim window


To obtain the simulation results, click the new Data Display Window icon. See Figure 20.

Figure 20. New Data Display Window


The Data Display Window allows the user several plotting options. In our case, we will select rectangular plots. If you click left the rectangular plot icon, the system will create the window shown in Figure 21.

Figure 21. Data Display Window options


Clicking Add, select the I_probe1.i for plotting. The system will respond presenting more plotting options. See Figure 22. Select the time domain signal option and click left OK.

Figure 22. More plotting options


Click OK in the plot traces and attributes screen. As shown in Figure 23, a waveform will appear.

Figure 23. Plotted waveform


Select another rectangular plot box from the Data Display Window and repeat the same procedure to generate a time domain plot of the voltage source. You should obtain a screen like the one shown in Figure 24.

Figure 24. Two plots As expected, there is a time delay between the two waveforms. Far more complex operations, simulations, synthesis and analysis can be performed with the ADS. This is just an introductory tutorial.