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CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN
2006 Orange Technologies All Rights Reserved

This publication, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose. Orange Technologies makes no warranty, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, regarding these materials and makes such materials available solely on an as-is basis. In no event shall Orange Technologies be liable to anyone for special, collateral, incidental, or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of purchase or use of these materials. The sole and exclusive liability to Orange Systems, regardless of the form of action, shall not exceed the purchase price of the materials described herein. Orange Technologies reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit. This publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication, and may not reflect the product at all times in the future.

CADPIPE uses AutoCAD as the graphics driver.

CADPIPE is a registered trademark of International Software Systems Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Orange Systems AutoCAD and AutoLISP are registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office by Autodesk, Inc. IBM and PC-DOS are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation

Contents
INTRODUCTION TO 3D DESIGN.........................................8
Menus and Toggles ...................................................................................... 8
Toggles .......................................................................................................................... 9 Toolbars ......................................................................................................................... 9

CADPIPE Specifications ............................................................................. 10 Starting to Draw ........................................................................................... 10

SPECIFICATION OPTIONS ................................................ 11


Specification Options ................................................................................. 11
Line Number ................................................................................................................ 12 Material Spec ............................................................................................................... 12 Process ........................................................................................................................ 12 Database ...................................................................................................................... 12 Spec Check/Spec Override ........................................................................................ 12 Spec Alternates ........................................................................................................... 13 Extended Ends ............................................................................................................ 13 Pipe/Fitting Specifications ......................................................................................... 13 End types ..................................................................................................................... 14 Pipe Size Text .............................................................................................................. 14 Gaskets/Lining/Bolts .................................................................................................. 15 Flange Specifications ................................................................................................. 15 Valve Specifications .................................................................................................... 15 Clamp Specifications .................................................................................................. 15

Customizing the Specifications ................................................................ 15 Customizing the Database ......................................................................... 15

PIPE, FITTINGS, AND EQUIPMENT .................................16


Starting to Draw ........................................................................................... 16
Start a Run ................................................................................................................... 16 Join To ......................................................................................................................... 17

Options ......................................................................................................... 18
Options - Current Run ................................................................................................ 18 Options - Settings ....................................................................................................... 23 Options - Fitting Placement ........................................................................................ 24 Options - Shop/Field/Layer ......................................................................................... 26 Options - Tooltip Query ............................................................................................... 27

Valves............................................................................................................ 29
Placing Valves ............................................................................................................. 29 Valve Stem and Handwheel ....................................................................................... 29

Equipment .................................................................................................... 30

Pumps .......................................................................................................................... 30 Vessels ......................................................................................................................... 33 Exchangers ................................................................................................................. 38

Routing Line ......................................................................42


A Typical Command Sequence .................................................................................. 42 The Pedit Option ......................................................................................................... 44 Offset-45 ....................................................................................................................... 48 The Reference Option ................................................................................................. 49 The Join Option ........................................................................................................... 50 The Designation Option.............................................................................................. 50 Multiple Routing Lines and Fittings ........................................................................... 51 Sloped Lines ............................................................................................................... 51

Auto-Elbow ................................................................................................... 52
Insertion Point ............................................................................................................. 52 Typical Command Sequence ..................................................................................... 53 Error Messages ........................................................................................................... 53 Warning Messages ...................................................................................................... 54 Comments ................................................................................................................... 54

Auto-Pipe ...................................................................................................... 55
Typical Command Sequence ..................................................................................... 55

AUTO-ROUTE.....................................................................56
Horizontal Auto-Route ................................................................................. 56 Vertical Auto-Route ..................................................................................... 57
Horizontal to vertical run ............................................................................................ 57 Vertical run ................................................................................................................... 58 Vertical to horizontal run ............................................................................................ 59

Join................................................................................................................ 60 Snap .............................................................................................................. 61 Close ............................................................................................................. 63 Multiple Auto-Route Pipe Run .................................................................... 63

COLLISION CHECKING .....................................................64


Interactive Collision Checking .................................................................. 64
View Collision .............................................................................................................. 65 Query Pipe ................................................................................................................... 65

Batch Collision Checking .......................................................................... 67


Color ............................................................................................................................ 67 Check ........................................................................................................................... 68 View.............................................................................................................................. 68 Recolor ........................................................................................................................ 69

EDIT TOOLS .......................................................................70


3D DESIGN Move ......................................................................................... 70 3D DESIGN Copy ......................................................................................... 71 3D DESIGN Erase ........................................................................................ 71 3D Design Mirror ......................................................................................... 72 3D Design Rotate ......................................................................................... 73 3D Design Rotate 3D ................................................................................... 74 Move Last Fitting ......................................................................................... 75 3D DESIGN Query........................................................................................ 75
Place Size .................................................................................................................... 76 Place Length ............................................................................................................... 76 Place Slope .................................................................................................................. 76 Place Line Designation ............................................................................................... 77 Place Description ........................................................................................................ 77 Place Elevation ............................................................................................................ 77

Insert Fittings and Valves .......................................................................... 78


Inserting a Valve .......................................................................................................... 80

Fitting Conversion ...................................................................................... 81 Stretch Pipe.................................................................................................. 81


Typical Command Sequence ..................................................................................... 81

ISOLATE ....................................................................................................... 84
Dgitize Run .................................................................................................................. 84 Select Objects ............................................................................................................. 85 Ignore Annotation ....................................................................................................... 85

User Notes .................................................................................................... 85


Digitize Run ................................................................................................................. 86 Select Objects ............................................................................................................. 87

BOM Tag ....................................................................................................... 88

ISO DRAWINGS .................................................................90


Iso Pipe ......................................................................................................... 90
Projection .................................................................................................................... 90 Scale ............................................................................................................................ 91 Spool Sheet Number .................................................................................................. 91 ISO Checkmarks ......................................................................................................... 92

Label Function ............................................................................................. 92


Placing Labels ............................................................................................................. 92 Auto Labeling .............................................................................................................. 94 Move/Erase/Print Label ............................................................................................... 94 Label Options .............................................................................................................. 94 New Session ............................................................................................................... 95 Open Session .............................................................................................................. 95 Save Session ............................................................................................................... 96

Report .......................................................................................................................... 96 Place report on drawing ............................................................................................. 97 Exit ............................................................................................................................... 97

CADPIPE AUTO-ISO Program .................................................................... 98


Creating the Universal Data Exchange (UDE) file .................................................... 98

REPORTS ...........................................................................99
Pipe and Fittings Reports ........................................................................... 99
Pipe Reports ................................................................................................................ 99 Pipe Report ................................................................................................................ 100 Fitting Report ............................................................................................................. 100 Valve Report .............................................................................................................. 101 Place report on drawing ........................................................................................... 102

Section Views/Spooling .................................................103


Sheet Layout ..............................................................................................103
New Layout ............................................................................................................... 103 New Layout with Wizard ........................................................................................... 103 Manual Setup............................................................................................................. 104

Section/Floor Plan Views. . . ....................................................................104


Setup/Generate ......................................................................................................... 105 Section ....................................................................................................................... 105 Floor Plan .................................................................................................................. 107 Generate .................................................................................................................... 108

Clear Clipping Planes ...............................................................................109 Spools .........................................................................................................109


Setup .......................................................................................................................... 109 Generate ..................................................................................................................... 111

Settings ....................................................................................................... 112


Dimension Styles ...................................................................................................... DIMSCALE ................................................................................................................. DIMTXSTY .................................................................................................................. DIMASZ ...................................................................................................................... DIMTXT ...................................................................................................................... North Arrow ............................................................................................................... Revision Cloud .......................................................................................................... Pipe End .................................................................................................................... Flow Arrow, Small ...................................................................................................... Flow Arrow, Large ..................................................................................................... Battery Limit .............................................................................................................. 112 113 113 113 113 114 114 115 115 115 116

Symbols ...................................................................................................... 114

Annotation .................................................................................................. 116


Valve Dim ................................................................................................................... 116 Place Coordinates .................................................................................................... 116 W.P. Elevation ............................................................................................................ 117

STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONS ............................................ 118


Columns ..................................................................................................... 118
Placing Rectangular Columns ................................................................................. 118 Beams as Columns ................................................................................................... 120

Beams .........................................................................................................122
Placing Beams .......................................................................................................... 122 Beam Size .................................................................................................................. 124 ......................................................................................................................................... 125 Edit Beam Database ................................................................................................. 127

Joist.............................................................................................................129
Placing Joists ............................................................................................................ 129 Joist Dimensions ...................................................................................................... 130

Structural Configure .................................................................................131


Configure Structural Layers ..................................................................................... 131 Structural Tooltip Query ........................................................................................... 132

INTRODUCTION TO 3D DESIGN
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN is a full three dimensional software program that uses the conventional AutoCAD environment to allow you to draw piping systems in any direction, without changing user coordinate systems or projection planes, while automatically checking for interference problems. The AutoCAD HIDE, SHADE, and RENDER features can be used to create presentation drawings of your piping system designs. CADPIPE 3D DESIGN remembers every fitting you draw, and can generate a bill of materials catalogued according to fitting type. Other 3D DESIGN features include a Structural function to create your background drawings, an Iso-Pipe function for fabrication drawings, Collision Checking for interference detection, and editing functions to make drawing and editing your pipe design fast and easy.

Menus and Toggles


Built into CADPIPE 3D Design software are pull-down menus and toolbars. These menus contain all the functions needed to do your piping designs and drawings and automatically load when you start a CADPIPE session. They replace the AutoCAD standard pull-down menus with a combination of AutoCAD and CADPIPE pull-down menus. The CADPIPE pull-down menus available are 3D DESIGN, Place, Tools, Struct, Equip, and Drawing Sheets.

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

Toggles There are three important toggles on the 3DDESIGN pull-down menu which affect drawing speed and fitting specification. The Turn Fittings Right toggle sets the CADPIPE 3D turn direction for certain fittings. The Collision Check toggle tells CADPIPE to check for possible collisions every time you place a pipe or fitting. You should leave this toggle off unless you are working in an area where interference is likely so CADPIPE can place the pipe or fitting without spending time searching for collisions. The Auto-Specify toggle controls the specifications for the pipe and fittings you are placing. When the toggle is on, CADPIPE uses the parameters defined in the Specifications Database. Toolbars There are three main CADPIPE 3D Design Toolbars: Design, Utilities, and Edit. All other toolbars can be accessed from the Toolbars sub-menu on the Tools menu. They are: Annotations, Pipe_Break, Pipe_Views, Flow_Arrows, PS_Dim_Variables, Sections, Spools, Symbols, Label Function, Iso Dimensioning, Struct, and Fittings. The proper Fittings toolbar atuomatically loads depending on your pipe specification. Figure Intro-1 lists the CADPIPE commands associated with the main toolbar buttons:
Design Toolbar
Specifications Options Place Routing Line Start a Run Default Pipe Cut Pipe Insert Auto-Route Auto Elbow Auto Pipe Valves

UtilitiesToolbar
Join to Turn Up Turn Down Iso Pipe Pipe Reports Setup Section View UDE In UDE Out

Edit Toolbar
Move Copy Erase Query Undo last

Figure Intro-1
Collision Check

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CADPIPE Specifications
CADPIPE provides a number of pre-defined specifications that determine how your fittings and pipe are drawn. Before you begin to draw, you can include your design information by customizing the CADPIPE Specifications through the CADPIPE Specification Generator program (see the Specifications Generator documentation). Once you have set up your design specifications and turned Spec Check on, the pipe and fittings are drawn based on the settings defined in your Specifications. When you select a fitting, CADPIPE 3D DESIGN automatically draws that fitting according to the design information defined in the Specification (if Spec Check is on) and the Options menu. You can change parameters at any time by selecting Specifications or Options from the 3DDESIGN menu. CADPIPE 3D DESIGN places the pipe or fitting on the current AutoCAD layer and color.

Starting to Draw
To actually begin drawing pipe, select Start a Run from the 3DDESIGN menu. This tells CADPIPE 3D DESIGN to begin a new pipe run. The system will prompt you for the line number, elevation, starting point, and direction (the AutoCAD direction angle) of the run. You can then begin selecting fittings from the menu. CADPIPE 3D DESIGN automatically adds any fitting selected to the last fitting drawn in a run, unless you select Start a Run again. If you wish to add to an existing run or return to a previously placed run, use the Join to command. CADPIPE prompts you to select a fitting and any subsequent fittings will be added from this point. You can use CADPIPE 3D DESIGNs Auto-Route feature to draw long runs of pipe without selecting each and every fitting. Instead of selecting a fitting, choose the Auto-Route option from one of the menus (see the Auto-Route chapter). If Spec Check is on (see the Specification Options chapter), the fittings that you draw are controlled by the parameters defined in the Options menu, as well as the Specifications menu.

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SPECIFICATION OPTIONS
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN gives you the ability to define different parameters (rating, schedule, end type, valve type and flange type) based on the pipe size and specification you are using.

Specification Options
The Specifications menu allows you to change the parameters that define the pipe or fittings you are drawing. When Spec Check is on, CADPIPE uses the settings from the Material Specification listed in the CADPIPE 3D Specifications Options dialog box, but when Spec Check is off, you select the individual pipe and fitting specifications from the dialog box. When you select Specifications from the 3D DESIGN menu, the 3D Design Specification Options dialog box appears (see Figure Spec-1).

Figure Spec-1 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Line Number This field sets the line number that will apply to your piping run and fittings. Click this field and type in the line number you want to use for your first run. This information is listed with the pipe or fitting when you generate a report. Material Spec This field associates a Material Specification with the fitting or pipe you are drawing. The Specification is listed with the pipe or fitting when you generate a report. It does not appear on the drawing unless you place the line designation text with the Query command. To enter a spec select a Specification from the list menu. If you have created your own Material Specifications through the CADPIPE Specification Generator program (see the Specification Generator documentation), they are listed in this dialog box. The spec remains until a new Specification is selected. Process This field associates a Process with the fitting or pipe you are drawing. It is listed with the pipe or fitting when you generate a report. The Process does not appear on the drawing unless you place the line designation text with the Query command. To enter a process select one from the list menu. Database This field allows you to select a fitting database for your drawing session. CADPIPE offers a wide selection of international databases including: ANSI PLUS, DIN, British Standards, AFNOR, JIS, Czecho, Romanian, Russian, Hungarian and Polish. Only those databases that you installed are listed. You can customize the database through the CADPIPE Database Editor program (see the Database Editor documentation). Spec Check/Spec Override If you click on Spec Check, Spec Check is activated and the Specification you choose in the Material Spec field applies to all settings in the dialog box. If you change your pipe size, the other fitting and flange specifications are updated according to the Material Spec, and if you select a setting that is not allowed for in the Specification, you are given a message saying that you must turn Spec Check off before you can place the item. The setting in this dialog box affects the Spec Check toggle in the 3DDESIGN menu. Click on Spec Override to place an out-of-spec item without turning Spec Check off. Once the out-of-spec item is placed, CADPIPE automatically reactivates Spec Check.
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Spec Alternates You can place fittings that are alternates in the spec by activating the Spec Alternate toggle. The toggle is on by default. When placing fittings with Spec Check on, any fittings or valves different from the default but contained in your spec are displayed in the Select Alternate Fitting Type dialog box (see Figure Spec-2). Spec alternates are only placed when Spec Check is on.

Figure Spec-2

Refer to the Specification Generator documentation for information on creating spec alternates. Extended Ends If the Extended Ends toggle is active, fittings that have extended ends database tables are placed with extended ends. Extended Ends database tables are not supplied with CADPIPE. However, you can create your own Extended Ends tables. Refer to the Database Editor documentation. Pipe/Fitting Specifications This section allows you to change the pipe size, rating, schedule, and end types settings. To select a setting, click on the arrow, scroll through the list of options and select a new setting. If Spec Check is on, CADPIPE adjusts these parameters automatically according to the Material Spec and pipe size chosen.

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If you change the pipe size, these parameters change according to the Specification. If Spec Check is off, you determine the settings for this pipe size. The color and layer are determined by the current AutoCAD LAYER CONTROL SETTINGS. End types If you select butt weld or socket weld for your fitting end type, you can set the weld gap. You can set an inlet end type that is different from the outlet end type by toggling off Same Inlet and Outlet and picking a different outlet end. Pipe Size Text A size tag is included automatically with any default length of pipe you place on your drawing if you click on Show Pipe Size. You select the size and style of text through the Text Size and Style fields. If you want additional text to appear with the size tag, type the text in the Identifier field. You can enter up to nine characters (see Figure Spec-3).

Text is Placed on default length Pipe

Cut To length Pipe has no text

Figure Spec-3

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Gaskets/Lining/Bolts Click on these buttons to set your gasket, bolt, and lining thicknesses. Flange Specifications In this section you set the parameters for flanges. You can set Flange Type, Face Type, End Type and Rating. If Spec Check is on these will be set for you. Valve Specifications Set your Valve Rating and Valve Ends in this section. If Spec Check is on these will be set for you. Clamp Specifications Set your Clamp Type and Manufacturer in this section.

Customizing the Specifications


Customizing the CADPIPE specifications and creating your own specifications is fully explained in the Specification Generator documentation. All modifications to your Specifications are done through the CADPIPE Specification Generator program.

Customizing the Database


Customizing the CADPIPE Database is fully explained in the Database Editor documentation. All modifications to the databases are done through the Database Editor program.

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PIPE, FITTINGS, AND EQUIPMENT


All pipe and fittings drawn with CADPIPE 3D DESIGN get their dimensions either from the Material Specifications, into which you enter your design information, or from the settings you enter in the 3D Specifications Options dialog box. Therefore, you have total control over how each fitting is represented on the drawing.

Starting to Draw
Start a Run The Start a Run command prompts you to define various settings for a pipe run. Select Start a Run from the 3DDESIGN menu or the Design Toolbar, and you will see the following prompts:
Line Number <X>:

If you did not enter a line number in the 3D Specification Options dialog box, you could enter one at this prompt. Otherwise, the number entered in the dialog box would be the default.
Digitize new elevation<KB Option>: Starting Elevation <X-X>:

The default elevation that appears is the elevation set in the CADPIPE 3D Options dialog box. You may change the elevation for the new run by entering a number and pressing <Return>.
Join/<From point>:

Select a point from which to start the new run. If you use the AutoCAD OSNAP options and snap to an item at an elevation other than the one set above, CADPIPE will ask if the new elevation should be used.
Angle/Up/Down <X>::

This prompt refers to the AutoCAD horizontal drawing angle or the direction in which you want the pipe run to be drawn: 0 degrees is to the right, 90 to the top of the screen, 180 to the left and 270 to the bottom of the screen (see Figure Pipe-1). Select Up for a vertical rise or Down for a vertical drop.

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Figure Pipe-1
270

After entering the elevation, location, and direction, the system places any pipe or fitting you pick from the menu. This will be the first pipe or fitting in the run. When you select the next fitting, it joins to the first, and the parameters of the second pipe or fitting match the parameters of the first pipe or fitting. All subsequent fittings are added in the order that you select them. Join To This command allows you to join to an existing pipe or fitting and to continue to draw from there. When you select Join to from the 3DDESIGN menu CADPIPE 3D DESIGN prompts you:
Pipe/Fitting to Join to:

Select the pipe or fitting on the exit end to continue the run (see Figure Pipe-2).

Figure Pipe-2

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After you pick the pipe or fitting, CADPIPE 3D DESIGN automatically sizes and sets all specifications of the next piece to match the fitting to which you joined. In addition, CADPIPE 3D DESIGN sets the elevation, layer, and color.

Options
The Options dialog box allows you to change settings that control placement of the pipe and fittings. When you select Options from the 3DDESIGN menu, the 3D Design Options dialog box appears (see Figure Pipe-3). This dialog has five tabs Current Run, Settings, Fitting Placement, Shop/Field/Layer, and Tooltip Query.

Figure Pipe-3

Options - Current Run Elevation This box displays the elevation for the pipe or fitting that you will draw. The Elevation can be set through this dialog box before you start a run, or you can set it while in the Start a Run command. This elevation value is automatically updated as you draw and change elevations. Elevation From This box sets the point from which the elevation is set. The elevation can be measured from the center, top or bottom of a fitting or pipe run. Slope This box displays the slope of the pipe and fittings to be drawn. Slope can be entered in inches per foot (default), as a percentage (10%) or as a ratio (1:1000).

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Direction The value entered in this box is the direction or Angle at which the pipe or fitting will be drawn. The Direction can be set here before you start to draw, or you can set it when prompted in the Start a Run command. The system default angle is 90. This direction angle is automatically updated as you draw and make turns (see Figure Pipe-2). Default Length The Default Length setting controls the length of default pipe placed on the drawing. You may enter the length in inches, feet, decimal, or architectural. The entry will be converted to the units defined in the UNITS setting in AutoCAD. Riser Modes (Turn Up/Turn Down) The up and down directions in CADPIPE 3D DESIGN are defined relative to the AutoCAD world coordinate system. The world X-Y plane is considered the horizontal plane, so the up and down directions are the world (+) or (-) Z directions respectively. If you are drawing in the plan or horizontal direction and want to turn up or down, simply pick Turn UP or Turn DOWN before you select a fitting from the menu. You may turn up or down with any elbow or any fitting with multiple exits (tee, cross, Y-branch, etc). Once you choose a fitting to turn up, you can continue to draw in the up direction, selecting any fitting, just as you can in the plan view or horizontal mode. It is important to note that with CADPIPE 3D DESIGN you have the option to roll the fitting as you turn up or down.

Turn UP, Turn DOWN, Plan View The Turn UP or Turn DOWN procedure is very straightforward. Select the Turn Up or Turn Down button from the 3D Design Options dialog box. When you select one of these options, the 3D Design Riser Mode dialog box appears (see Figure Pipe-4). Use this dialog box to set the roll angle for the fitting as it turns up or down. This angle can be any angle from 0 to 90 degrees rolling to the Left, or 0 to 90 degrees rolling to the Right. The system will then continue to draw at the roll angle in an up or down direction until you select another fitting that will return to plan or horizontal (see Figure Pipe-5).

Figure Pipe-4

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Figure Pipe-5

You can type the roll angle into the Roll Angle from Horizontal box, or select an angle from the picture in the dialog box. When you select an angle,the Left or Right buttons are activated. After you set the roll angle and select Ok, the Fitting to Turn dialog box appears (see Figure Pipe-6).

Figure Pipe-6

The Fitting to Turn box lists the fittings that are available to turn up or down. The Fitting to Turn list changes according to the Specification you are using. Select the fitting you want to use, and then select Ok, and the system will draw the fitting turning up or down and rolling by the specified angle. You can continue to draw in the up or down direction by selecting pipe or fittings from the menu. If you did not select a roll angle, but only selected the default angle 90 degrees, the fitting will turn straight up or down. If you select an elbow or fitting that can return to horizontal, the system brings up a Select Angle dialog box allowing you to select the horizontal direction for the run. When the Select Angle box appears it has a default angle selected which returns the run of pipe to the direction before Turn UP or Turn DOWN was selected. You can enter any angle, or accept the default angle and select Ok to draw the fitting and return the run to the selected horizontal direction (see Figure Pipe-7 ).
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

Figur

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Figure Pipe-7

When you turn up or down rolling at an angle, the run is now moving vertically and at an angle. When you select another elbow, the system needs to know if you want to return to a horizontal plane with that fitting or turn at another angle and continue in the up or down direction. As soon as you select an elbow, the Return to Horizontal with this Fitting/Branch? box appears (see Figure Pipe-8).

Figure Pipe-8

If you answer Yes, the Horizontal Direction dialog box appears with the angle options that are available to return to horizontal with that fitting or secondary branch (see Figure Pipe-9).

re Pipe-9 Figure Pipe-9

When you select the angle, the fitting is rolled so that the exit opening is turned to the selected horizontal direction. Any subsequent pipe or fittings selected are drawn from that exit in the direction specified. If you answer no, the Select Angle dialog box appears allowing you to select any angle in which to turn the fitting. The system continues accordingly in a new up or down direction.

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It is important to remember that the Select Angle direction corresponds to the AutoCAD plan view angle when you are returning to horizontal. 0 degrees will return to the right, 90 degrees to the top of the screen, 180 degrees to the left, and 270 to the bottom of the screen. Once the system has returned to the plan or horizontal direction, it will continue in that direction until Turn Up or Turn Down is selected again. Note: All Return to Horizontal Angles refer to the AutoCAD drawing direction angles. Using Riser Mode with Single Line Pipe The procedure to draw in the up or down mode with single line pipe is no different than using double line. There is a difference in how the single line pipe and fittings are represented on the drawing when you turn up or down. When you draw in single line, the system places a turn up or turn down symbol on the drawing (see Figure Pipe-10).

Figure Pipe-10

These symbols are placed on a separate layer PIPE_SINGLELINE_SYMBOL. This allows you to turn these up/down symbols off when you choose another view for plotting or display.

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Options - Settings The Settings tab on the CADPIPE Options dialog box allows you to change the parameters that control the pipe or fitting you are drawing (see Figure pipe-11).

Figure Pipe-11

Collision Checking This toggle controls the Interactive Collision Checking feature. It alerts you to collisions between the run you are currently drawing and any 3D object on the drawing. If a piece of pipe or fitting collides with an object, the collision is highlighted in the Collision Color, and you are given several options (see Collision Checking). Collision Color You can select a color to be used when a collision is found. The colliding objects will be highlighted with this color. Press the Collision Color button and the AutoCAD Select Color dialog box appears, allowing you to choose a new color. The default color is red. Unique Labels This toggle controls how pipe and fittings are labelled. If Unique Labels is checked, CADPIPE gives every item on a pipe run a unique label number. If Unique Labels is off, CADPIPE assigns the same label number to similar items on the run. Show Weld Gaps This toggle controls whether or not CADPIPE shows Weld Gaps on your drawing. Allowances for Weld Gaps are set in the Specifications dialog box.

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Group Text with Fittings When this toggle is ON, CADPIPE groups the text with the fitting. Text will move, copy, and erase with the fitting. Show Prompt Dialog When this toggle is ON, CADPIPE displays a Prompts dialog box for each selected command, which shows the current command and offers AutoCAD SNAP options. If the toggle is OFF, the Prompts dialog will not appear. Undo Back Options Two Undo Back Options are available, Classic Undo Last Fitting and AutoCAD UNDO BACK. This toggle controls the behavior of the Undo Back command. When set to Classic Undo Last Fitting, the Undo Back command performs undos fitting by fitting. When set to AutoCAD UNDO BACK, Undo Back uses the same command as the AutoCAD Undo, performing undos command by command. You can toggle between the two at anytime. Pipe Alignment Tolerance This value sets the maximum angle of misalignment that CADPIPE allows for pipe connections. The default is 15 degrees and can be set to anywhere from 0 to 360. If the Prompt for Acceptance box is checked, CADPIPE asks you to confirm the joining of two misaligned pipes that fall inside the tolerance setting. Options - Fitting Placement The Fitting Placement tab on the CADPIPE Options dialog box allows you to change the parameters that control the pipe or fitting you are drawing (see Figure pipe-12).

Figure Pipe-12

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Drawing Mode The three drawing modes availible are: Solid, Mesh, and Single Line. This toggle controls the appearance of the pipe placed on the drawing (see Figure Pipe-13). The default setting is Solid, which draws the pipe as a clean double line. When set to Mesh, the pipe is drawn as a true 3-D object. If the toggle is set to Single Line, the pipe is represented by single lines. Changing the

Figure Pipe-13

Drawing Mode toggle does not affect any previously drawn pipe. At any time you can convert your single line pipe to double line pipe using the Fitting Conversion command found on the Tools pull-down menu. Number of Sides This option allows you to determine the number of 3-D faces that the system will use to create your pipe while in the Mesh Drawing Mode. The number of sides will affect how the pipe is displayed on the drawing. Fitting Insert The Fitting Insert designates the placement point of the fitting when the fitting is placed as the first item in a run. For example, if the fitting origin is set to Center, the point selected to start a run will be the center of the fitting. Tee Entrance These buttons determine how the tee is oriented when it is placed on the drawing. Selecting 0-deg Side places the tee so that the flow is straight through the Tee. The secondary branch will turn right or left depending on the Fitting Turns setting. Selecting 90-deg Side places the tee so that the flow is right and left (see Figure Pipe-14).

Figure Pipe-14

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Lateral Placement This toggle determines how the laterals are placed. The choices are Normal Flow or Reverse Flow. Custom Fittings The Custom Fittings button lets you create and modify custom fittings. Click on the Custom Fittings button and then click on Create in the Custom Fittings dialog box. In the Description field, type in a name or description for the fitting. In the Similar to field, click on the arrow and select a fitting that is graphically similar to your custom fitting. Finally, click on OK. Your new fitting will be listed in the Custom Fitting dialog box. You can change the name and graphical representation of the fitting with the Modify button, and can delete the fitting from the list with the Delete button. Now when you select Custom Fitting from the Fittings menu, your new fitting will be listed. Options - Shop/Field/Layer The Shop/Field/Layer tab on the CADPIPE Options dialog box allows you to change the parameters that control the pipe or fitting you are drawing (see Figure pipe-15).

Figure Pipe-15

Shop/Field Toggle The Shop/Field toggle controls how fittings, etc are sorted on the Bill of Materials.

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Layer Control The Layer Control toggle controls how pipe, fittings, etc are placed on layers. The Default setting places pipe, fittings, etc on the FITTING layer. The By Spec setting places items on layers according to the Material Spec set in the Specifications dialog. The By Line Number toggle places items on layers according to the Line Number set in the Specifications dialog. The By Proccess setting places items on layers according to the Proccess set in the Specifications dialog. Options - Tooltip Query The Tooltip Query tab on the CADPIPE Options dialog box contains two main sections labeled Available Tip Info and Tip Info to Display along with several buttons and toggles to set up the tooltip query function (see Figure Pipe-16).

Figure Pipe-16

Available Tip Info The Available Tip Info field lists the all of the tooltip information that can be displayed when your cursor hovers over a CADPIPE Item. To add items to the Tip Info to Display field either double click the item, or highlight it and press the arrow button.

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Available Tip Info The Tip Info to Display field lists the tooltip information that will be displayed when your cursor hovers over a CADPIPE Item (see Figure pipe-17).

Figure Pipe-17

Show Dynamic Tooltip The Show Dynamic Tooltip toggle turns the Tip Info Display off and on. With the Show Dynamic Tooltip toggle selected, CADPIPE displays the Tip Info (see Figure pipe-17). With the Show Dynamic Tooltip toggle unchecked, CADPIPE will not display the Tip Info. Label Each Tip The Label Each Tip toggle determines if the Tip Info Names are displayed along with the Tip Info. With the Label Each Tip toggle selected, CADPIPE displays the Tip Info Names and Tip Info (see Figure pipe-17). With the Label Each Tip toggle unchecked, CADPIPE displays just the Tip Info (see Figure pipe-18).

Figure Pipe-18

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Valves
CADPIPE 3D valves are drawn as 3D objects when you are drawing double line pipe. When you are drawing in Single Line Pipe mode, the valves are drawn using the standard symbols for valves (see Figure Pipe-19).

Figure Pipe-19

Placing Valves Before you place a valve, you must set the valve specifications (rating, size and end type) through the Specifications menu. If Spec Check is on, these are set for you automatically. When you select Valves from the Fittings menu, the 3D Design Valves dialog box appears (see Figure Pipe-20).

Valve Stem and Handwheel When you place a valve with a stem you will be prompted for the roll angle of the valve stem. Pick the angle from the Select Angle dialog box by either typing it in or clicking on an angle in the picture.

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Figure Pipe-20

Equipment
The Equip menu enables you to create and place custom Pumps, Vessels, and Exchangers. Pumps To create and place a pump, pick Pump from the Equip menu: The four available pump types are: centrifugal, inline, vertical split case or horizontal split case (see Figure Pipe-21). Centrifugal Pump To create a Centrifugal pump, pick it from the Select Pump Type dialog. An Enter Information for Centrifugal Pump dialog appears enabling you to setup and customize this pump type (see Figure Pipe-22): All dimensions are referenced from the bottom of base plate elevation (BP). The distance from the base plate to the centerline of the suction nozzle is illustrated in the graphic as dimension A. The distance from the base plate to the face of flange of the discharge nozzle is illustrated in the graphic as dimension B.
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Figure Pipe-21

Figure Pipe-22

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Click the End Type button to select an end type, rating and gasket thickness for the suction and discharge nozzles. The Location Information section indicates the location of the nozzles in relation to each other. The Save As button allows you to save the parameters to a file. The Load button allows you to load the settings of previously saved pumps. The Pick button allows you to load the parameters of a pump by selecting one already present in your drawing. The Modify button allows you to select an existing pump from your drawing and modify its information. Inline Pump For inlines you must enter the size, end type and centerline elevation of the suction and discharge. The elevation will be the same for both nozzles (see Figure Pipe-23).

Figure Pipe-23

Split Case Pump Dimensions for split case pumps are referenced from the base plate elevation (BP) (see Figure Pipe-24). Using the diagram in the dialog box, you must indicate which nozzle on the diagram is suction and which is discharge. If you designate the Suction Nozzle as Nozz [1], the discharge nozzle will automatically toggle to Nozz [2] and vice versa.
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Figure Pipe-24

Vessels To place and create a vessel pick Vessel from the Equip menu, which brings up the Enter Vessel Information dialog box (see Figure Pipe-25). Select the vessel orientation (horizontal or vertical). Then enter the elevation, end type for End A and B, diameter and tan-to-tan length. If you click on Boot or Sphere, you must enter dimensional information for these objects. To place nozzles on the vessel, click on the Nozzles button, which brings up the Place Nozzle On dialog box (see Figure Pipe-26). You can place nozzles on the vessel body, End A or End B. You can place nozzles on the boot or sphere if you selected them in the previous dialog box.

Figure Pipe-26

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Figure Pipe-25

Placing Nozzles on the Vessel Body Click the Vessel Body... button and a dialog appears listing the nozzles that are on the vessel body (see Figure Pipe-27). If you are creating the vessel for the first time this window will be empty. To create a nozzle, click the Add button. The Enter Nozzle Information dialog box appears,

Figure Pipe-27

allowing you to enter a tag (limited to five characters), description (limited to 15 characters), size and end type for the nozzle (see Figure Pipe-28). In the Standout field enter the distance the nozzle will standout from the vessel body. Enter the distance from the Tan line of End A (see the illustration in the Vessel Information dialog box) to the centerline of the nozzle. Enter a rotation angle for the nozzle.
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Figure Pipe-28

If you are placing the nozzle tangential to the body of the vessel, you must indicate on which side of the vessel body the nozzle will be placed by clicking on the Up or Down toggle. Once you have entered the nozzle information click on Ok. Placing Nozzles on the Vessel Ends To place a nozzle on the vessel end select Vessel End A from the Place Nozzle dialog box. In the Nozzles on Vessel End A dialog box (see Figure Pipe-29), click the Add button. In the Enter Nozzle Information dialog box (see Figure Pipe-30) enter a tag (limited to five characters), description (limited to 15 characters), size and end type for the nozzle. In the Standout field enter the distance from the tan line of the vessel body to the nozzle face.

Figure Pipe-29

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Figure Pipe-30

You indicate where the nozzle will be placed on the vessel end by entering X,Y coordinates. Figure Pipe-31 shows a side and end view of a nozzle placed at X:0, Y:0:

Figure Pipe-31

If you wanted to place the nozzle in the top left quadrant of the vessel end, you might enter X: -12" and Y: 10". Figure Pipe-32 shows where the nozzle would be placed with these coordinates:

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Figure Pipe-32

You can rotate the nozzle in two ways. The Rotation 1 field in the dialog box rotates the nozzle from 0 to 180 degrees along the X axis. The Rotation 2" field rotates the nozzle from 0 to 180 degrees along the Y axis. In the example below, the nozzles in Figure Pipe-33 were placed with Rotation 1 set to 45, 90 and 135 degrees and Rotation 2 set to 90. The nozzles in Figure Pipe-34 were placed with Rotation 2 set to45,90 and135 degrees and Rotation 1 set to90:

Figure Pipe-33

Figure Pipe-34

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Exchangers To create an Exchanger, first select the Exchanger command from the Equip pull-down menu and then enter information into the series of dialog boxes. The first dialog box to appear is the Select Front End Stationary Head Type selection box (Figure Pipe-35).

Figure Pipe-35

There are five different front end types to choose from and each can have either one or two nozzles. The Load button allows you to load a previously created and saved exchanger, the Pick button allows you to select an exchanger that is already on the drawing and place a new exchanger with the same information, and the Modify button allows you to select an exchanger on the drawing and modify its specifications. After selecting a Front End type, the next step is to choose a shell type. The Select Shell Type dialog box appears (Figure Pipe-36).

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Figure Pipe-36

There six different shell types to choose from. Pick one and press Ok. Next you will be prompted to select an Rear End Head type from the Select Rear End Head Type dialog box (Figure Pipe37).

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Figure Pipe-37

There are eight different Rear End Head Types to choose each with different Nozzle settings. Select a Rear End Head Type and press Ok. Next you will be prompted to further customize your exchanger in the Enter Exchanger Data for Type dialog box (Figure Pipe-38).

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Figure Pipe-38

From here you can set the dimensions for each exchanger component labeled in the Head Data, Shell Data, and Rear Data images. Use the Nozzle buttons to set Nozzle dimensions and enter values into the various text fields to specifiy listed dimensions for each exchanger segment. Click Ok and CADPIPE prompts you for a location to place the exchanger on the drawing.

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Routing Line
The versatile Routing Line command allows you to place horizontal, vertical, rolled and sloped routing lines. Simply place pipe, fittings, valves, etc on the line by either selecting a point or the line itself. Each routing line segment can have a different elevation. The options sub-menu gives you a number of ways to edit and change your routing line. Note that when you choose a letter option, you are choosing the option first. The available Routing line options are: Pedit, Offset-45, Reference, Join, Designation, Slope. Draw separate routing lines if you have mixtures of bottom of pipe and top of steel segments. Then use the Join option to connect these routing line segments into one routing line. Draw one routing line for each pipe run. You can create a complete routing line at one time, but often a routing line must be drawn in stages and parts brought together into one routing line later. You do not need to begin a new routing line if you are changing size with a concentric or eccentric reducing fitting, because with a concentric reducing fitting your centerline is not changing, and with an eccentric reducing fitting the routing line is adjusted automatically. If you have routing lines stacked in the same location at different elevations, and you are placing a fitting or another routing line, CADPIPE gives you a list of all routing lines found at that location, including the current default. Simply enter the number or your choice and the original command continues. A Typical Command Sequence To place a routing line, start by selecting Routing Line from the Place pull-down menu or the Design Toolbar. The proper responses to command prompts for the example Figure Line-1 are in bold.

Command: <<Pipe layout>> Elevation <100'-0"> Line designation: <current default> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First Point>: E <Return>

If you are beginning a routing line, you can digitize your start point immediately. We recommend, however, that you set your elevation first by typing E <Return>.
Digitize new elevation <KB>: <Return> Digitize new elevation <100-0">: 102<Return> Elevation <102'-0">

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Segment #3 Elev 104-6 Segment #4 (Rolled) Elev 104-6 to 108-0

Segment #2 (Vertical) Elev 102-0 to 104-6

Figure Line-1

Segment #1

Elev 102-0

Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference <First Point>: D <Return>

Enter D <Return> to set the line number and material specification of the routing line to be placed (if you would like it to be different than the current default).
Enter new line number <current default>: (Type in the new line number.) Enter new material spec <current default>: (Type in the new material specification.) Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference <First Point>: (Digitize the first point of your routing line.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To Point>: (Digitize the second point of the routing line to create segment #1 at the default elevation. Undo will remove the last placed vertex.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To Point>: E <Return> (Enter E <Return> from the keyboard to change the routing line elevation.) Digitize new elevation <KB>: <Return> Digitize new elevation <102-0>: 1046 <Return> (Enter the top elevation for routing segment #2. The program adds a polyline vertex at the new elevation, creating a vertical segment. This gives the appearance of there being two vertices at the same point; remember that they are at different elevations.) Elevation <104'-6">: Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To Point>: (Digitize the end point of the third segment.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To Point>: R <Return> (Type R <Return> to place a rolled routing line segment.) Digitize new elevation <KB>: <Return> Digitize new elevation <104-6>: 108<Return> (Enter the elevation at the other end of the roll.) Elevation <108'-0">: Roll point: (Digitize the end point of the fourth segment.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To Point>: <Return> (When you are finished, press <Return>. If you do not exit the routine with a <Return> the routing line will not have a designation attached to it. The last elevation entered becomes the default elevation.)

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The Pedit Option The Pedit option is similar to AutoCADs PEDIT command. This capability allows you to edit an existing routing line. A prompt showing the current vertex; the total vertices; X, Y, and Z (elevation) coordinates; and segment type (vertical or rolled when applicable) is displayed on the line above the Pedit sub options menu. To select a sub option, type in the first character of the option name followed by a <Return>. To select the ## option, enter a number and press <Return>. ##. This symbol means that you can enter a number to move to a specific vertex. Next and Last move the marker in the same direction that the routing line was created. Previous and First operate in the opposite direction that the routing line was created. Remove deletes the currently marked routing line vertex. Insert inserts a new vertex in the routing line after the currently marked vertex. The inserted vertex elevation will be the same as the vertex currently marked. Press <Return> at the Digitize prompt to duplicate the current vertex location. Move moves the currently marked vertex to a new location. Elevation sets the elevation of the currently marked vertex. You should only use the Move, Elevation, or Insert sub options of the Pedit options in the [Routing Line] command when you have a routing line without valves, flanges, fittings and pipe. In the example below, the routing line created in Figure Line-2 will be edited with the following alterations: change the elevation of Segment No. 3 to 102' change Segment No. 4 to horizontal at elevation 108' move the right end of Segment No. 4 to a new location Pick Routing Line from the Place menu:
Command: <<Pipe Layout>> Elevation <108'-0"> Line designation <current default> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference<First Point>: P <Return> (Enter P to initiate the Pedit option.) Digitize the routing line: NEAREST to (Digitize a point anywhere along the routing line to be edited.) Editing line <line designation>

Since the elevation of Segment No. 3 is being changed to the same as Segment No. 1, the vertical segment between them must be removed. The third vertex (end of segment 2, beginning of segment 3) would be the best vertex to remove:
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

45 1:5 x=68' y=63' z=102' ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: N <Return> (Enter N to move the marker to the 2nd routing line vertex.) 2:5 X=78' Y=63' Z=102' Vertical ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: N <Return> (Enter N to move the marker to the 3rd routing line vertex.) 3:5 x=78' y=63' z=104'-6" ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: R <Return> (Enter R to remove the currently-marked vertex. The status line will be adjusted and the marker automatically moves to the Previous vertex. As shown in Figure Line-2, a rolled segment is created by this remove.)

Segment #2 (Rolled) Elev 102-0 to 104-6

Segment #3 (Rolled) Elev 104-6 to 108-0

Figure Line-2
Segment #1 Elev 102-0

2:4 x=78' y=63' z=102'-0" Rolled 19.65 degrees ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: N <Return> (Type N to move the marker to the third routing line vertex-the old fourth vertex.) 3:4 x=78' y=70' z=104'-6" Rolled 19.29 degrees ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: E <Return> (Next, change the elevation of the currently marked vertex.) Digitize new elevation <KB>: <Return> Digitize new elevation <104-6>: 102 <Return> (Enter the new elevation for the currently marked vertex. Segment No. 2 becomes horizontal, as Figure Line-3 illustrates.)

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Segment #2 Elev 102-0 Segment #3 Elev 102-0 to 108-0

Figure Line-3
Segment #1 Elev 102-0

3:4 x=78 y=70' z=102' Rolled 30.96 degrees ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/ Elevation/<Exit>: I <Return> (Now, a new vertex is needed to create a vertical segment and make the last segment horizontal. Type I <Return> to select Insert.) Digitize location of new vertex <Current vertex>: <Return> (Press <Return> to create a new vertex. See Figure Line-4 for an illustration.)

Segment #3 (Point) Elev 102-0

Segment #4 (Rolled) Elev 102-0 to 108-0

Figure Line-4
Segment #2 Elev 102-0

Segment #1 Elev 102-0

4:5 x=78 y=70' z=102' Rolled 30.96 degrees ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/ Elevation/ <Exit>: E <Return> (The elevation of the newly added vertex must be changed to create the vertical segment. Enter E to select the Elevation sub option.)

Digitize new elevation <KB>: <Return> Digitize new elevation <102>: 108 <Return> (Enter the elevation for the top of the vertical segment, 108'. Now, as shown in Figure Line-5, Segment #4 is horizontal.)

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Segment #3 (Vertical) Elev 102-0 to 108-0

Segment #4 Elev 108-0

Segment #2 Elev 102-0

Figure Line-5
Segment #1 Elev 102-0

4:5 x=78' y=70' z=108' ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: L <Return> (Enter L to move the marker to the last vertex of the routing line.)

5:5 x=88' y=70' z=108' ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move / Elevation/<Exit>: M <Return> (To move the location of the currently marked vertex enter M.) Digitize new location of vertex: (Digitize a point for the new location of the vertex. See Figure Line-6 for the result.) 5:5 X=88' Y=72' Z=108' ##/Next/Previous/First/Last/Insert/Remove/Move/Elevation/<Exit>: <Return> (To exit the program, press <Return>. Exiting the program with a <CTRL C> or <CANCEL>may result in the X marker block remaining at its last location. It can be erased with the AutoCAD ERASE command.) Command:

Segment #4 Elev 108-0 Segment #3 (Vertical) Elev 102-0 to 108-0

Figure Line-6
Segment #2 Elev 102-0

Segment #1 Elev 102-0

If you are using the Pedit option, a ZOOM might occur prior to the edit to ensure that the entire routing line is visible.
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Offset-45 Offset-45 is enabled after a single segment has been placed. The offset itself automatically fits for rolled 45 elbows within the new elevation and offset distance which you specify. The following example is illustrated in Figure Line-7. After completing the offset, the routing line can be AUTOELBOWed and the rolled 45 is placed along with the rolled segment of pipe to complete the offset:

Rolled down at 45 degrees

95-0

Figure Line-7
Pick 1 100-0 Pick 2

Pick 3

Command: <Pipe layout> Elevation <100'-0"> Line designation: <P1072 - AAA1> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First point>: P1 (Pick the point.) Elevation/Roll/Slope/Slope/Undo/<To point>: P2 (Pick a point, which completes one segment.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To point>: O <Return> (Once you have completed a segment the Offset option appears.) Digitize new elevation <KB Option>: NEAREST to <Return> Enter new elevation <100'-0">: -5' <Return> Offset-45 Elevation <95'-0"> offset through point: @2'<90 <Return> (You can pick a point at this prompt.) next point: P3 (Pick a point in the direction prior to offset. This command will not accept a segment that does not require a 45 elbow.) Elevation/Roll/Offset-45/Slope/Undo/<To point>: <Return>

To successfully complete an offset you must know the change in elevation required and the offset distance to the left or right of the current routing line direction.

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103-0

100

Select O for the offset option in the Pipe Layout Command.

Select any point in the direction that you want the offset to go. The system will calculate the distance for the offset.

Figure Line-8

We drop 3 at 45 degrees and continue.

To drop at 45 from the horizontal, simply specify the new elevation and digitize a point in the current routing line direction; the new point will be placed. When using the Undo within the place routing line command, the entire offset will be undone. The Reference Option This option allows you to start a new routing line at a specified distance from a point you select on another routing line. It is useful in initial layouts, allowing you to place your layout lines without constantly typing in coordinates.
Command: <<Pipe layout>> Elevation <8'-0"> Line designation: <1 - AAA1> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First point>: R <Return>

Digitize point to reference from <Exit>: _endp of (Digitize a point on an existing routing line from which you want to reference the start point of your new routing line.) Default elevation <8'-0"> Digitized elevation <10'-0"> does not match Update elevation [Yes/No] <Yes>: (You are prompted if your current elevation is different from the elevation of the point you digitized. You may update to the same elevation.) Elevation <10'-0"> distance from reference point: (Type in or digitize the required distance from the referenced point.) Digitize direction <Exit>: (Pick the direction from the referenced point at which you wish to start your new routing line.) Elevation/Roll/Slope/Undo/<To point>: (CADPIPE now knows the first point of your new layout line and will prompt you for the next point. You may pick a point or type in coordinates.)

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The Join Option The Join option allows you to join routing lines that cross; the routing lines become one while all the segment elevations are retained.
Pick [Routing Line] from the menu:

Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First Point>: J <Return> (Enter J <Return> to select the Join option.) Digitize first routing line: NEAREST to (Digitize the first routing line to be joined.) Digitize second routing line: NEAREST to (Digitize the second routing line to be joined.) Joining routing line ... (The program searches for an intersection of the end segments along the routing lines selected, trims the segments overlap back to the intersect point, and creates a single polyline retaining the elevations of the original routing lines.) Adding vertical segment ... (The program adds a vertical segment at the join point if required.) Removing inline vertex ... (The program removes a vertex at the join point if required.) Editing vertices ... Command:

if the joining segments of the two routing lines are in line, they must end at the same point for the Join option to work. The Designation Option The Designation option allows you to change the default line number and material specification before placing a routing line. You want to change the default line number from 5P14 to 5P14A and change the default material spec from ABB1 to AAA1:
Command: <<Pipe layout>> Elevation <8'-0"> Line designation: <1 - AAA1> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First point>: D <Return> Enter new line number <5P14>: 5P14A <Return> (Type in 5P14A as the new line number.) Enter new material spec <ABB1>: AAA1 <Return> (Type in AAA1 as the new material spec.) Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First Point>: (Continue with the [Routing Line] command.)

The routing line is placed with the new default line designation. The line designation of each routing line you place must be correct so that the [Reset], [Edit Line Designation], and [Interference Check]

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commands work properly; and also so that AUTO-ISO and the stress analysis interface will function correctly. In addition, branch line designations (for tees, olets, etc.) are obtained from the branch routing line if it exists. Therefore, branch routing lines must be placed with the correct line designation before you place any fittings on them. Multiple Routing Lines and Fittings If you have routing lines stacked in the same location, but at different elevations, and you are placing a fitting or another routing line, CADPIPE gives you a listing of all routing lines found at that location, including your current default. You simply enter the number of your choice and the original command will continue. Sloped Lines The Sloped option lets you place a sloped routing line or sloped segments of a routing line. A sloped line is a normal routing line but is drawn with a sloped ratio that you enter. The slope value is not stored with the routing line, but is calculated when an item is placed on the line or the line is processed in some way. To place a sloped line, pick [Routing Line] from the menu:
Command: <<Pipe layout>> Elevation <8'-0"> Line designation: <1 - AAA1> Pedit/Join/Designation/Elevation/Slope/Reference/<First Point>: S <Return> (Enter S <Return> to select the Slope option.)

In the Slope Options dialog box turn Slope on. Click on Change Slope Value. Enter the slope value as a ratio. For example, enter 1:96 for a line that slopes 1/8" to 1 foot. The maximum slope is a ratio of 1:10. Enter the direction of the slope. Click on Up if the routing line will slope up. Down is already active as the default. Click on OK to draw the routing line with these settings:

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Auto-Elbow
This command automatically places vertical (or Up/Down) elbows through a change in elevation and planar (or flatno change in elevation) 90 and 45 short, long and trimmed elbows between start and end points that you pick on a routing line. Planar elbows are placed on the routing line at true 90 and 45, and trimmed elbows are placed where there is no elevation change. Vertical elbows are placed on the routing line where there is an elevation change sufficient to contain both up and down de-fault elbows. (Planar elbows also are only placed if there is room to accommodate both elbows.) Insertion Point Elbows are placed automatically at 90, 45 and at trimmed elbows; they are placed at the elevation of the routing line segment. Elbows are also placed at changes in elevation (for Up/Down elbows). Refer to Figure Line-9 for a variety of examples.

Figure Line-9

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Typical Command Sequence Your routing line may look similar to Figure 9, created by using the [Routing Line] command, maintaining true 90, 45 and trimmed elbows. Let us say you want to place a 6", LR, BW elbows on the routing line.

Pick [Elbow LR] (for long radius elbows) from the AUTO menu:

Command:<<Auto-Elbow LR>> <6"> <Sch STD> <Butt Welded> Digitize start point on routing line: NEAREST to (CADPIPE automatically sets OSNAP NEAR. Digitize the first routing line. This prompt repeats if you have picked something other than a routing line. Try again, picking the routing line in an uncongested area.) Line designation: <5P14-ABB1> (The line number is automatically set to the routing line selected.) Digitize end point on routing line <ALL>: NEAREST to (Again, CADPIPE automatically sets OSNAP NEAR. You can pick another point on the routing line to set a range for the elbows. Or you can press <Return> to place elbows on the entire routing line.) Working . . . <10'-0"> (The program automatically changes the default elevation as the elbows are placed along the routing line and trims the elbows of the excess lines when it finds vertical segments.) Elevation <15'-0"> ** Trimmed elbow** ** trimmed elbow ** Elevation<5'-0"> Elevation<10'-0"> Line designation: <5P14-ABB!> Command:

Error Messages
Invalid endpoints - no included vertices

No vertices or elevation changes were located on the routing line. Respecify the start/end points or add a vertex with the Pedit option of the [Routing Line] command. You need a minimum of three vertices on a routing line to use AUTO-ELBOW.
Invalid selection - not on the same routing line

The second point digitized was not on the same routing line as the first. The two routing lines might need to be combined to make one using the Join option of the [Routing Line] command.

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Warning Messages
Segment too short

Either a horizontal segment of the line was too short to place two elbows without overlapping, or an elevation change was found without enough vertical distance to place the default elbow up and down without interference. Possibly the default size was not set correctly or an incorrect elevation was entered when the routing line was placed. Another possibility is that you picked a point before you entered E <Return>or R <Return> to change elevation or Roll. Use Pedit to check the vertices along the line. Reset the default size or change the elevation with the [Routing Line] command. AUTO-ELBOW might return a segment too short message with 45 elbow, even though the gap is theoretically large enough. In this case, you will place the elbows manually, using the 45 elbow command in the PLACE Fitting menu, or use AUTO-ELBOW picking start and end points on either side of that one vertex. Comments CADPIPE will change your default elevation to that of the routing line segment on which the last elbow was placed. AUTO-ELBOW will place single-line or double-lined elbows, depending on your current default setting (Single/Double). Refer to the Single/Double line toggle. You can AUTO-ELBOW the entire routing line even if elbows already exist on the routing line. CADPIPE will see the existing elbow and skip to the next vertex on the routing line. You can use AUTO-ELBOW for single Up or Down elbows on the end or beginning of a line. Use OSNAP END Point to digitize the last or first vertex of a line. You can also place a single Up or Down elbow along a routing line at a change in elevation. Again, use the OSNAP END Point to select the vertical routing segment. AUTO-ELBOW will only place elbows of the default size, therefore, do not place AUTO-ELBOWS along a routing line which includes a change of size.

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Auto-Pipe
The Auto-Pipe command places pipe along a routing line automatically, through changes in elevation, and between previously placed fittings. Auto-Pipe checks for size compatibility between fittings and will not pipe through incompatible sizes. Auto-Pipe changes the pipe size when it encounters reducing fittings. CADPIPE adjusts the sizes and elevations of pipe as necessary. Typical Command Sequence Once all elbows and fittings have been placed on the Routing Line, placing pipe is a snap. Simply pick Auto-Pipe from the 3D DESIGN menu:
Digitize start point on routing line: NEAREST to (CADPIPE automatically sets OSNAP NEAR. Digitize any point on the routing line.)

CADPIPE will now place all of the pipe along the Routing Line.

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AUTO-ROUTE
The Auto-Route feature allows you to draw a run by placing a number of pipes and fittings without individually placing each piece. Generally, Auto-Route places a straight run, a fitting which makes a turn, and a second pipe run terminating at a specified point. Auto-Route accommodates vertical or horizontal turns. Repeating the Auto-Route command enables you to place many consecutive pieces automatically, including multiple turns. We will demonstrate how to place various combinations of horizontal and vertical runs using Auto-Route.

Horizontal Auto-Route
With horizontal Auto-Route you can automatically place pipe, an elbow, and another length of pipe in a horizontal plane from an existing pipe or fitting, to another point on the drawing. The following example shows you the commands to Auto-Route a pipe run and a fitting from <P1> to <P2> illustrated in Figure Auto-1.

Figure Auto-1

First Join to the exit end of the reducer. Pick Auto-Route from the 3D DESIGN menu: The Available Fittings for Auto-Route dialog box lists the fittings that are available in the Auto-Route function (Figure Auto-2). Auto-Route will use the selected fitting to make the turn needed to route the pipe from the start point to the end point. Select the 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow and click OK.
Command: Pipe/Fitting to Join to:

Figure Auto-2 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

57 Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: <P2> (Select a point where you would like the Auto-Route to end. <P2> is the end point of the Auto-Route. Refer to Figure AUTO-3.)

Figure Auto-3

The end of the last pipe segment is placed short of the point picked in order to make room for the next fitting. The point picked is the center point for that fitting. Auto-Route will place the same type of fitting as previously selected. If the distance of a segment in an Auto-Route is greater than the default length of the pipe selected, the system automatically places as many default lengths of pipe as possible and any necessary cut pipe lengths.
Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: (You could pick the end point for the next Auto-Route, select a suboption or press <Return> to exit the command.)

Note: After an Auto-Route, selecting Undo Last Fitting from the pull-down menu will remove the entire Auto-Route.

Vertical Auto-Route
The Auto-Route function allows you to Auto-Route in the vertical direction with the selected AutoRoute fitting returning to horizontal at a given elevation. We will examine three examples of using the Auto-Route command to place a vertical run. Horizontal to vertical run In the first example, we will place pipe in the horizontal and then turn up to a new elevation. First, Join to a horizontal opening <P1> in figure Auto-4. Pick Auto-Route from the 3D DESIGN menu. Select the 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow, and click OK.
Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: E <Return> (Type E to select the Elev option.) CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Figure Auto-4 Enter new Elevation <Current = 1'-6">: 3' (Enter the ending elevation of the pipe run.) Close/Join/Snap/Use Current/<Elevation Point>:<P2> (Pick the point at which the pipe run turns up. This point is the center of the elbow and establishes the center point of the second straight run. The selection determines the points position in the x,y plane.)

Vertical run In the next example, we will place a fitting and run vertical pipe. First, Join To a horizontal opening. Pick Auto-Route from the 3D DESIGN menu. Select the 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow, and click OK.
Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: E <Return> (Type E to select the Elev option.) Enter new Elevation <Current = 1'-6">: 5'<Return> (Enter the ending elevation of the pipe run.) Close/Join/Snap/Use Current/<Elevation Point>: U <Return> (Type U to select the Use Current option. This selects the current point (the exit end of the horizontal pipe) as the point at which the run turns up in Figure AUTO-5.)

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Figure Auto-5

Vertical to horizontal run In our final example, we will place vertical pipe, return to the horizontal and place horizontal pipe. First, Join To a vertical opening. Pick Auto-Route from the 3D DESIGN menu. Select the 90 Degree Long Radius Elbow, and click on Ok.
Enter Ending Elevation <Current = 1'-6">: <Return> Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: E <Return> (Type E to select the Elev option.) Enter new Elevation <Current = 1'-6">: 5'<Return> (Enter the ending elevation of the pipe run.) Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>: (Pick an end point (<P2>) in the x,y plane for the final horizontal run. From the Select Angle dialog box, pick the new horizontal direction, 0 degrees to the right. Refer to Figure Auto-6.)

Figure Auto-6

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Join
The Join option joins the Auto-Route to an existing pipe or fitting. Select Join, by typing J <Return>. You will see the following:
Pick Pipe/Fitting to Join to:

When you select the fitting or pipe to which to join, the pipe and fittings needed for the Auto-Route are drawn automatically (see Figure Auto-7).

Figure Auto-7

The Join function will work in the horizontal and vertical directions. In the horizontal, the pipe or fittings must be at the same elevation. In the vertical, the Join function will work only when AutoRoute is selected while a pipe or fitting is in vertical mode and the connecting pipe or fitting is lined up in such a way that they will connect (see Figure Auto-8).

Figure Auto-8

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Snap
The Snap option is used in conjunction with the Join option to allow you to auto-route and connect fittings at different elevations when more that one 90-degree turn is needed. When you select Snap by typing S, the following system prompt will appear.
Pick Pipe/Fitting to Snap to:

Any of the AutoCAD SNAP modes can be used to snap a fitting. The Snap option will position the end of the first auto-route the correct distance from the fitting so you can then select Join, pick the fitting, and complete a second auto-route that will turn and join to the fitting. The following example will demonstrate how to use the Snap option. In Figure Auto-9, we have a pump with a flange connection on one nozzle. We want to connect the pipe fitting at location <P1>, which has an elevation of 6 with the flange connection at the top of the tank at location <P2>, which has an elevation of 2-11.3100. From the pipe at location <P1>, select Auto-Route. After you select the fitting to use in the Available Fittings for Auto-Route dialogue box (see Figure Auto-2), the following prompt will appear.
Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>:

Figure Auto-9

Type S to select the Snap option. The following system prompt will appear.
Pick Pipe/Fitting to Snap to:

Because we want to connect the flange on the pump, select the center ring on the flange (see Figure 4-9).
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The system will auto-route the pipe to a location above the flange connection. The location that the system selects to end the pipe leaves enough room for another elbow to turn down and join to the flanged fitting (see Figure Auto-10).

Figure Auto-10

The system will remain in the Auto-Route command and repeats the prompt.
Close/Join/Snap/Elev/<Next Point>:

Here you would select Join by typing J. Select the center ring of the flange again (see Figure Auto10). The system will automatically turn an elbow down and connect pipe to the flange on top of the pump (see Figure Auto-11).

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Figure Auto-11

Close
The Close option will end the auto-route at a selected point and quit the Auto-Route function. When you select Close by typing C, the system will prompt you.
Elev <Pick end point of run>:

Any of the AutoCAD SNAP modes can be used to pick the end point. The important difference between the Close option and others is that the pipe will end exactly at the point selected without leaving room for another turning fitting and then quit the Auto-Route command.

Multiple Auto-Route Pipe Run


You can use a combination of Auto-Route techniques to draw a complex pipe run, which will require using several of the Auto-Route suboptions together; however, it is suggested when creating more complicated piping runs to use the Routing Line Command. This command is discussed in Chapter 4.

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COLLISION CHECKING
CADPIPE provides you with two collision checking features that will alert you to possible interference problems on your drawing. The interactive Collision Checking can be activated at any time during the drawing session. When activated, the system alerts you to interference between the object you are placing and any 3D object on the drawing. With Collision Checking on, the system takes an instant longer to place fittings. This delay occurs because the system must search the drawing database to see if there are any interfering objects before it places each piece. For this reason, CADPIPE allows you to toggle collision checking on or off, so that you can use it only when drawing in an area that presents potential interference problems. The Batch Collision Checking feature can be activated after the drawing is completed and searches and highlights any interference problems on the drawing, allowing you to correct the problems before the drawing is issued.

Interactive Collision Checking


To activate collision checking, select Collision Check from the 3DDESIGN menu. When the Collision Checking toggle is on, the system automatically checks for any interference problems with any 3D object on the drawing and alerts you when a fitting is placed which causes a collision. The colliding objects changes color and a Collision Alert box appears (see Figure Check-1).

Figure Check-1 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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View Collision The View Collision option opens a View Entities dialog box, with the collision isolated (see Figure Check-2). Using the View Collision dialog box, you may change views of the collision, zoom in or out, rotate the view up or down or right or left, and do an automatic HIDE. Selecting Ok returns you to the drawing and Collision Alert box.

FIgure Check-2

Query Pipe Selecting Query Fitting.... brings the Collision Query dialog box to the screen. This box contains the dimensional data about the collision. The size, top and bottom elevation of each object in collision is listed. The distance and direction to correct the problem is calculated (see Figure Check-3).

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Figure Check-3

When you are finished viewing the collision information, select Ok. This returns you to the Collision Alert box and allows you to Continue to draw and do nothing about the collision, or to Reject the last piece of pipe or fitting drawn, so that you can avoid the collision. Select Reject to remove the last drawn pipe or fitting that collided. Since you know the amount needed to clear the interference, you can select a fitting to avoid the collision. Collision Checking can be activated at any time and will detect collisions in any view with any object constructed with AutoCAD 3D faces. If you receive coordination drawings from other trades and they are using AutoCAD in 3D, CADPIPE 3D DESIGN will detect interference with any 3D objects provided that they are constructed with 3D faces.

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Batch Collision Checking


The Batch Collision function is in the Tools menu. The Batch Collision Checking feature checks the entire drawing to see if there are any interference problems. The Collision Checking toggle does not need to be activated in order for the Batch Collision Checking function to work. When you select Batch Collision, the Batch Collision dialog box appears (see Figure Check-4).

Figure Check-4

Color The Color button activates the AutoCAD SELECT COLOR dialog box (see Figure Check-5). This allows you to select the color you want the system to use when it alerts you to a collision. The color selected is then displayed on the Batch Collision dialog box (see Figure Check-4).

Figure Check-5

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Check Under the Check box, the commands All and Some are found. The All button tells the system to check the entire drawing (all displayed layers) for interference. The Some button allows you to choose a window to check for interference. When you select Some the following system prompt appears.
Select objects:

You may select any objects you wish by picking individual objects or using any of the AutoCAD WINDOW options. When you finish selecting objects or selecting a window, the system dashes the objects selected and again prompts you.
Select objects:

When <Return> is pressed, the system checks for collisions, while the following appears on the command line.
Checking for collisions among XX items.

You will also see the percentage of the area or drawing that has been checked. This number continues to be updated until it reads 100% done. It also gives you the number of collisions that were found, while changing the color of the items on the screen to the selected Color. The larger the drawing area you are checking, the longer the system will take to process the information. View The View box on the Batch Collision dialog box contains three options. View This option works the same as the View option in the Interactive Collision Checking mode. When selected, it changes the view and brings up the View Collision dialog box (see Figure Check-2). All of the options on this box were explained in the section on Interactive Collision Checking. Note: You may leave the Batch Collision command at any time to correct an interference problem. The system will remember all remaining collisions when you return to the Batch Collision command.

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Query The Query option, like the View option, works in the same manner as explained in the section on Interactive Collision Checking. Next The Next option zooms to the next collision found, and allows you to View or Query it. This process is repeated as long as there are more collisions to check. Recolor The options found under the Recolor box, All and Current, are used to return the items found in collision to their original color. This can be done by selecting All before you exit the Batch Collision function, or Current if you wish to make adjustments to each collision consecutively. This function is useful if there are a large number of collision problems to address. The color change will remain until the All or Current button is activated. Note: The system creates a layer called COLLISION in your drawing whenever CADPIPE 3D DESIGN is initialized. This layer is used with the View option to display the colliding objects. This layer should not be turned off or frozen.

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EDIT TOOLS
The Standard AutoCAD commands can be used to edit CADPIPE items. The CADPIPE Edit functions are useful because they ignore any entity that is not a fitting or object drawn using CADPIPE. These functions are found on the Edit toolbar and in the Editing Tools sub-menu on the Tools pull-down menu.

3D DESIGN Move
This command allows you to move pipe, fittings, CADPIPE items, or any CADPIPE architectural item. The 3D Design Move command only recognizes pipe, fittings, 3D Design items, and CADPIPE architectural items. All other items in the drawing are ignored. When you use 3D Design Move, the following prompt appears.
Select objects:

You may choose to select individual objects or use any of the AutoCAD WINDOW modes to select objects. When you have finished selecting objects and press Enter, the following prompt appears.
Base point of displacement:

Select a base point.


Second point of displacement:

Select a location for the move, and the objects will move. The system displays the number of CADPIPE objects moved on the command line. Note: If you wish to move only text, use the Shift-Ctrl-right click keystroke combination and select Move Grouped Item from the pop-up menu.

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3D DESIGN Copy
This command works in the same manner as 3D DESIGN Move, allowing you to copy pipe, fittings, and CADPIPE Structural items. The CADPIPE Copy command differs from the AutoCAD Copy command in that it copies all of the associated properties and information along with the visible pipe, fitting, or CADPIPE object. In addition, the Copy command only recognizes pipe, fittings, and Structural objects drawn using the CADPIPE commands. Any other objects on the drawing are ignored. The prompts for Copy are the same as those for Move, with the additional copy Multiple option. This option works in the same manner as the AutoCAD Copy command (see AutoCAD manual COPY command). Be sure to Join to the pipe or fitting that has been moved or copied if you want to continue drawing from that pipe or fitting.

3D DESIGN Erase
This command allows you to erase CADPIPE items. The Erase command only recognizes pipe, fittings, and Structural items drawn using CADPIPE commands. Any other objects on the drawing are ignored. The prompts for the Erase command are the same as those for the Move command. Note: If you want to delete only text, use the Shift-Cntrl-right click keystroke combination and select Erase Grouped Item from the pop-up menu. Or type ee at the command prompt. When using 3D DESIGN Erase, and other CADPIPE items aside from pipe and fittings are selected, the Erase CADPIPE 3D Items dialog box appears (see Figure Edit-1). This allows you to erase, move or copy only pipe and fittings rather than all CADPIPE items.

Figure Edit-1

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3D Design Mirror
The 3D Design Mirror command is found on the Editng Tools sub-menu on the Tools pulldown. This command enables you to mirror objects around a mirror line, which you define with two points. Mirroring works in any plane parallel to the XY plane of the current UCS. When you select Mirror Fitting(s) from the menu you are prompted to select the object to be mirrored.
select fittings to mirror:

After choosing an object, you are then prompted to select two points to create the mirror line (see Figure Edit-2).

Figure Edit-2

select objects: specify first point of mirrorline: specify second point of mirrorline:

The next prompt allows you to either delete or retain the original objects.
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:

Type Y to delete the source objects (see FigureEdit-3).

Figure Edit-3

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Or N to retain the source objects (see Figure Edit-4).

Figure Edit-4

3D Design Rotate
The 3D Design Rotate command is found on the Tools pull-down menu. This command enables you to rotate objects by choosing a base point and a relative or absolute rotation angle. When you select 3D Design Rotate from the menu the following prompt appears.
Select fittings to rotate:

After choosing an object, you are then prompted to select the base point for the rotation (see Figure Edit-5).

Figure Edit-5

Select objects: specify base point:

The next prompt allows you to select the rotation angle (see Figure Edit-6).

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Figure Edit-6

Specify rotation angle or [Reference]:

CADPIPE rotates the object (see Figure Edit-7).

Figure Edit-7

3D Design Rotate 3D
The 3D Design Rotate 3D command is found on the Tools pull-down menu. This command enables you to rotate objects in 3D around a specified axis. You specify the axis of rotation using two points; an object; the X, Y, or Z axis; ro the Z direction of the current view. When you select 3D Design Rotate 3D from the menu, the following prompt appears.
Select fittings to rotate:

After selecting an object, you are then prompted to determine the axis for the rotation.
Specify first point on axi or define axis by [Object/Last/View/Xaxis/Yaxis/Zaxis/ 2points]:

The Object option aligns the axis of rotation with an existing object.
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The Last option uses the last axis of rotation. The View option aligns the axis of rotation with the viewing diretion of the current viewport that passes through the selected point. The 2points option uses two points to define the axis of rotation. After choosing an axis for the rotation, CADPIPE will prompt you to select a rotation angle and will rotate the object.
For more information about rotating in 3D please refer to the ROTATE3D section in your AutoCAD manual under Command Reference.

Move Last Fitting


The Move Last Fitting Command is a quick way to move the last pipe or fitting drawn. As soon as you place a fitting or piece of pipe, you can select Move Last and pick a new placement point for the fitting. Note: Be sure to Join to the pipe or fitting that has been moved if you want to continue drawing from that pipe or fitting.

3D DESIGN Query
The 3D DESIGN Query command is in the CADPIPE Tools menu. This command queries any CADPIPE object and lists important information about that object. When you select 3D DESIGN Query from the menu, the system prompts you with the following.
CADPIPE Item to Query:

Select the pipe, fitting or CADPIPE item about which you want information. You can only select one item at a time. The information will be displayed in the 3D DESIGN Query dialog box. The information will include the type, size, material, connection, elevation and weight information about that fitting or item (see Figure Edit-8). In the 3D DESIGN Query box are five options that can be activated to place the text information in the drawing. The Text Options button controls how the text appears on the drawing.

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Figure Edit-8

Place Size When you select this button, the system prompts you for a location for the size text.
Pick Point For Size Text:

Pick a point on the drawing, and the size text is placed. This text becomes part of the fitting or items and will move, copy or erase with it. The text is oriented in the direction of the pipe, fitting or CADPIPE item. Place Length When you select this button, the system prompts you for a location at which to place the length text on thedrawing.
Pick Point For Length Text:

Pick a point on the drawing, and the length text is placed. This text becomes part of the pipe, fitting or items, and will move, copy or erase with it. The text is oriented in the direction of the pipe, fitting or CADPIPE item. Place Slope When you select this button, the system prompts you for a location for the slope text.

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

77 Pick Point For Slope Text:

Pick a point on the drawing, and the slope text is placed. This text becomes part of the fitting or items, and will move, copy or erase with it. The text is oriented in the direction of the pipe. Place Line Designation When you select this button, the system prompts you for a location for the line designation text.
Pick Point For line designation Text:

Pick a point on the drawing, and the line designation text is placed. This text becomes part of the fitting or items and will move, copy or erase with it. The text is oriented in the direction of the pipe. Place Description When you select this button, the system prompts you for a detailed description of the item (see Figure Edit-9).

Figure Edit-9

Click the Use Fitting Name or Use Pipe Size and Name buttons to begin your description with the items name or size, or you can enter your own text. CADPIPE prompts you to pick a point to place the descriptive text. It is oriented in the direction of the pipe. This text becomes part of the fitting or items and will move, copy, or erase with them.

Place Elevation When you select these buttons, the system prompts you for a location for the elevation text. CADPIPE can place the center, top or bottom elevation of the item.
Pick Point for elevation Text:

Pick a point on the drawing, and the elevation text is placed. This text becomes part of the pipe, fitting or item, and will move, copy or erase with it. The text is oriented in the direction of the pipe or CADPIPE item.

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Insert Fittings and Valves


The Insert Fitting command allows you to insert fittings and valves into an existing run of pipe. If Spec Check is on, the command matches the size, end type and rating with the pipe into which is inserted. The Insert Fitting command is in the 3D DESIGN menu. When you select the Insert Fittings command from the menu, the Insert Justification dialog box appears (see Figure Edit-10).

Figure Edit-10

This box lists the fitting insertion options: Left, Center, Right and Aligned. When you select Left, Center or Right, you will see the following prompt
Pipe to Insert into (at insertion point):

Pick the point on the pipe where the fitting will be inserted. The Left, Center, and Right options insert the fitting or valve, placing the left side, center, or right side of the item, at the point picked. After you select the insertion point for the fitting, the system highlights the pipe and display the Fitting to Insert dialog box (see Figure Edit-11).

Figure Edit-11

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This dialog box contains a list of the available fittings. Select a fitting and click on Ok Next, you will see the Select Angle dialog box (see Figure Edit-12).

Figure Edit-12

Select the rotation angle of the secondary branch. Selecting 0 degrees always places the branch to the right side of the pipe, 90 turns up, 180 turns to the left side and 270 turns down. Remember: these angles are determined by the direction in which the pipe is drawn (see Figure Edit-13). If an item is inserted into pipe, these angles refer to the plan view AutoCAD direction angle.

Figure Edit-13

If you select the Aligned option from the Insertion Justification box, the prompts are slightly different. The Aligned option aligns the fitting with another pipe or fitting in another run of pipe. This option is useful for inserting fittings with a secondary branch such as a Tee. When you select Aligned, the following prompt appears.
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

80 Pipe to Insert into:

Select the pipe in which you want to insert a fitting. The system highlights the pipe and display the Fitting to Insert dialog box (see Figure Edit-11). If you select a Tee, Cross or Reducing tee from the dialog box, you will see the following prompt:
Pick Pipe/Fitting to Align with:

Select the existing fitting on the other run with which you want to align the fitting you are placing. If the fitting being placed must be rolled in order to align with the existing fitting, the Select Angle box appears (see Figure Edit-12). Select a rotation angle for the secondary branch. When the fitting is inserted into the pipe using any justification option, CADPIPE automatically divides the pipe and update the entity data for the two pieces of new pipe. These will have the correct dimensions, taking into account the connection ends of the inserted fitting. Inserting a Valve When you select a valve, the Valve Type dialog box appears (see Figure Edit-14). Select a valve type and valve pattern. If Spec Check is on, your choices are restricted to those in the material specification. If you select an out-of-spec valve type or pattern, the program tells you to turn Spec Check off before you try to place the item.

Figure Edit-14

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Once you have selected the valve, the Select Angle dialog box appears, allowing you to rotate the valve stem before inserting it. The Select Angle dialog box only appears if the selected valve has a valve stem.

Fitting Conversion
The Fitting Conversion function is in the Tools pull-down menu. This function converts any pipe or fittings between the three CADPIPE drawing modes. When you select Fitting Conversion, the following prompt appears.
Select objects:

At this prompt you can use any if the AutoCAD WINDOW commands to select the pipe or run of pipe to convert. After making your selection, press Enter and the Convert Pipe/Fittings To dialog box appears (see Figure Edit-15). Select the drawing mode you wish to convert your pipe or fittings to and click OK. CADPIPE automatically converts those fittings you have selected.

Figure Edit-15

Stretch Pipe
CADPIPE 3D Design has the ability to stretch pipe. This feature utilizes the AutoCAD STRETCH Command. It enables the user to stretch a piece of pipe to any desired length and still maintain its intelligence. Typical Command Sequence An example of using the stretch pipe command is demonstrated below. Type stretch at the command line.
Command: stretch <Return> Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon Select objects: (Draw a window around the piece of pipe. See Figure Edit-16)

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Figure Edit-16

Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 3 found Select objects: <Return> Specify base point or displacement: <P1> (Select the end of the pipe that will be stretched. See <P1> in Figure Edit-17)

Figure Edit-17

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83 Specify second point of displacement: <P2> (Simply stretch the pipe to the desired length. <P2> in Figure Edit-18)

Figure Edit-18

When the second point is picked, CADPIPE redraws the pipe, matching the length it was stretched, as shown in Figure Edit-19.

Figure Edit-19

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EDIT-15

ISOLATE
The ISOLATE command on the Tools Menu allows you to isolate a pipe run or any items you choose from the rest of your drawing. When you select ISOLATE the Isolate Pipe/Fittings dialog appears (see Figure Edit-20).

Figure Edit-20

Dgitize Run The Digitize Run button allows you to pick any pipe run on your drawing. After clicking the button you are prompted to select a run. Simply click on any part of a pipe run and CADPIPE brings up a View Entities Box with an isolated view (see Figure Edit-21).

Figure Edit-21

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Select Objects The Select Objects button allows you to pick any objects on your drawing. After clicking the button you are prompted to select objects. Simply click on any object or group of objects. CADPIPE displays a View Entities Box with an isolated view of your selected objects (see Figure Edit-22).

Figure Edit-22

Ignore Annotation The Ignore Annotation toggle tells CADPIPE to either include or ignore Annotation in the isolated views.

User Notes
The User Notes command on the Tools Menu allows you to attach a note to any items you choose from your drawing. When you select User Notes the User Notes dialog appears (see Figure Edit23).

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Figure Edit-23

Digitize Run The Digitize Run button allows you to pick any pipe run on your drawing. After clicking the button you are prompted to select a run. Simply click on any part of a pipe run and press Enter. The User Notes dialog appears allowing you to enter a note (see Figure Edit-24).

Figure Edit-24

In this example, weve entered the note: User Note test 2 Digitize Run. Press the Add Note button and now this note is attached to the all pipe and fittings on the selected run. Our note now appears in the Query dialog, when any pipe or fitting from the run is queried (see Figure Edit-25).

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Figure Edit-25

Select Objects The Select Objects button allows you to pick any objects on your drawing. After clicking the button you are prompted to select objects. Simply click on any object or group of objects and press Enter. The User Notes dialog appears allowing you to enter a note (see Figure Edit-26).

Figure Edit-26

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In this example, weve entered the note: user note test 1. Press the Add Note button and now this note is attached to the pipe we selected. Our note now appears in the Query dialog, when the pipe is queried (see Figure Edit-27).

Figure Edit-27

BOM Tag
The BOM Tag function is found on the Tools pull-down menu. This function allows you to mark any non-CADPIPE item and enables it to be included in your BOM reports. When you select this command you are prompted to pick the object.
Select objects:

At this prompt select the item to place a BOM Tag, press Enter, and the CADPIPE BOM Tag dialog box pops up (see Figure Edit-28). From here you can set a BOM Name for the object and the Line Number, Material Spec, Database, Size, Rating, Schedule, Manufacturer, End Types, and Weight information for the object. This information appears in the BOM report. You can also press the Same As. . . button and select an existing object on your drawing. CADPIPE matches the BOM tag with your selected object.

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Figure Edit-28

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ISO DRAWINGS
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN automatically produces Isometric drawings from your plan view projections. Using the Iso Pipe and Label functions, you can produce an ISO drawing for fabrication of your piping system. The Iso Pipe command creates an isometric view of any section of pipe without having to change your AutoCAD VIEWPORTS or USER COORDINATE SYSTEM. Once the Iso drawing is created, the CADPIPE Label function automatically labels the drawing and produces a Bill of Materials of all cut lengths of pipe and fittings.

Iso Pipe
The Iso Pipe command allows you to create a quick ISO-view of any section of pipe while in plan view, without having to rotate or change AutoCAD VIEWPORTS. When you select Iso Pipe from the Tools menu, the Isometric CADPIPE 3D dialog box appears (see Figure ISO-1).

Edit ISO-1

This box allows you to define the type of projection you want, Top, Front,or Right View and to select a scale factor for the ISO-view. Projection The image in the dialog box shows an ISO-view of a cube with three labeled projection planes. You can select Top, Front, or Right to tell CADPIPE that your view (the one of which you want to create an ISO-view) is the top, front, or right projection plane. Recall that the AutoCAD world plan view (the X-Y plane) is the true plan view for all CADPIPE piping, since the turning commands (left, right, up, down) are all relative to the AutoCAD world coordinate system. This means the AutoCAD world plan view is the basis for the true Top projection of the ISO-view. This is why CADPIPE defaults to the Top projection in the dialog box.

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Scale This option allows you to scale the ISO-view that will be created. A factor of 1.00 keeps the view the same scale as the plan view. Spool Sheet Number CADPIPE automatically creates a name for the ISO drawing. The name consists of the initials SP and a three digit number. This name is used for the report that is created for the spool sheet. After selecting the view, scale, name, and then Ok, you will see the following prompts:
Entities to Isometrically Project: Select objects:

To select the objects to include in the ISO-view, you can use any AutoCAD WINDOW selection set (see AutoCAD manual Select Set Windows). After selecting the pipe and fittings, the following prompt appears:
Location for Isometric Projection:

Select a location for the ISO-view, and the system will create an ISO-view of the selected pipe and fittings. The ISO-view is a 2D isometric drawing, not a true isometric view of a 3D representation (see Figure ISO-2). The ISO pipe and fittings are drawn on the current layer in the same color as the 3D pipe and fittings. If you do not like the location of the ISO-view, you can select Move Last Fitting(s) from the 3D DESIGN menu (before you do any other commands), and drag the ISO-view to the desired location.

Figure ISO-2

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ISO Checkmarks When you create an ISO, CADPIPE automatically places a check mark and spool number on each piece of pipe or fitting to be included in the ISO. These check marks and spool numbers will appear on the plan view of your drawing. They are placed on layer SPOOL_CHECKMARK so that you can turn them on or off. This ensures that no pipe or fittings are missed when you make your spool drawings for fabrication. It also serves as a reference from the spool sheet back to the plan view drawing.

Label Function
The Label Function commands allow you to label your ISO drawing and generate a summary of the labels. They are located on the Label Function sub-menu on the Tools pull-down menu. Note: The Label Function can be used on either an isometric drawing generated by Iso Pipe or on the original 3D piping design. Placing Labels When you use the Label Function options, the system automatically labels all pipe and fittings with a balloon, leader, arrow and number. As you pick pipe or fittings, the number automatically increments, while all like pipe and fittings receive the same balloon number (see Figure ISO-4). When you select Do Labels from the menu, the following system prompt appears.
Pipe/Fitting to Label:

Select the pipe or fitting at the location to which you want the arrow and leader to attach. It is best to zoom up when you do this. When you select the pipe or fitting, the following prompt appears (see Figure ISO-3).
Abort/Last Delta/New Hinge/<Bubble location>:

You can pick the location for the balloon (see Figure ISO-3), or type the first character of an option to select the other commands in the prompt. The Last Delta option creates a leader line the same length and angle as the last leader line created. This option enables you to easily create a neat, uniform array of balloons and leader lines. The New Hinge option moves the point of connection of the leader line to a new location along the item picked.

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Figure ISO-3

The balloon, arrow and text are sized according to the settings in the Label Function (see Figure ISO-4).

Figure ISO-4

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Auto Labeling A whole run of pipe, or any combination of pipe and fittings, can be selected together for labeling. Instead of placing each balloon separately, you pick all the items to be labeled, and CADPIPE prompts you to label each item in the order drawn. Select the Auto Labeling command from the CADPIPE Tools menu. Then select all the items to be labeled. You can use AutoCADs Window command or pick each item individually. CADPIPE will select the first piece in the set:
(Pipe)Undo/Skip/Quit/Last Delta/New Hinge/<Bubble location>:

A description of the current item selected will appear in parenthesizes at the beginning of the prompt line. This description will change to reflect the current item selected as the system selects the items consecutively. You can pick a balloon location immediately, change the point of the connection of the leader line by using New Hinge, or Skip the selected piece, allowing the system to move automatically to the next piece. The Last Delta option will create a leader line the same length and angle as the last leader line created. You can also Undo the last balloon placed or Quit to exit the Auto Labeling command. Move/Erase/Print Label If you want to move a label, pick Move Label from the Label Function menu, digitize the label and pick its new location. If you want to move the point of connection of the leader line, use the New Hinge option in the prompt line. Abort will exit the command. Select Erase Label from the Label Function menu to erase the leader line and balloon with one pick. You can print the labels for the pipe and fittings shown on your ISO drawings using the Print Label command from the Label Function menu. The labels contain the spool number, the label number, size, end type, rating, schedule and material specification. Label Options Text Size You can set the text size for the label. This setting sets the size of the balloon number, which in turn affects the size of the balloon. Text Style When you select Text Style, the system displays the standard AutoCAD text font box, allowing you to specify a font for the label numbers (see Figure ISO-5).

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Figure ISO-5

Next Label# CADPIPE keeps track of the next label number you place. When you open a session, this number is automatically set for you. When you select Next Label #, the following system prompt appears.
Next Bubble Number <X>:

At this prompt you can enter a new number. Undo Last Label This option will undo the last label placed. The label number is updated when this is done. To resume placing labels, select Do Label from the menu. New Session This option begins a new label session. When you select New Session, you can begin to pick the pipe and fittings to label. Open Session When you select Open Session, the Restore Label Session from a File dialog box appears (see Figure ISO-6). You can select and recall a label session from the list. This sets the parameters for your labels and allows you to continue to label your drawings.

Figure ISO-6

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Save Session This option saves a current label session. When you do this, the system remembers all label option parameters that are set, and the last label number. You can then recall this session using the Open Session command at a later time. When you select Save Session, the Save Label Session to a File dialog box appears, allowing you to enter a save name. Report The Label Report option generates a report of your label session. When you select Label Report from the Label Function menu, the 3D DESIGN Label Report dialog box appears (see Figure ISO-7).

Figure ISO-7

This dialog box allows you to select a Print option (which prints the report), a To File option (save the report to a file), or the To Clipboard option (copies the report text places it onto your computers clipboard, allowing you to paste the text elsewhere). If you select the To File option, the system displays the Save Label Report to a File dialog box (see Figure ISO-8). The report file is a text file which can be imported to word processing and spread sheet programs, or modified for use in other documents.

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Figure ISO-8

Place report on drawing To place the report on the drawing, save it to a file and select the AutoCAD MTEXT command by typing MTEXT at the command prompt. For details and how to use the MTEXT command, refer to your AutoCAD manual. Exit When you select Exit to leave a labeling session, the Label Session Not Saved dialog box may appear (see Figure ISO-9). This box warns you that your label session is not saved. You do not need to save the session unless you want to come back and generate a report or add more labels.

Figure ISO-9

You can also label the 3D model itself without generating a single-line ISO. Simply, change to an isometric view, set UCS to View and label your design directly.

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CADPIPE AUTO-ISO Program


If you want to generate an even more detailed single-line ISO from your 3D drawing, you can create a Universal Data Exchange (UDE) file in 3D DESIGN, and then use the AUTO-ISO command in the CADPIPE ISO program to create an ISO drawing. You must have the CADPIPE ISO program to use CADPIPE AUTO-ISO. Creating the Universal Data Exchange (UDE) file To create a UDE file (sometimes referred to as a connectivity file), select UDE Out from the 3DDESIGN menu and you will see the following prompt:
Pick Run to Process:

Digitize anywhere along a run. When the run has been selected, the UDE File dialog box appears. Type in a name for the UDE file and then click on Ok. Sections of the run are highlighted as CADPIPE processes all the items on it. The file is automatically saved to a UDE directory (\CTY), which is created off your parent CADPIPE directory. This is where the AUTO-ISO program will look for .UDE files. When you are returned to your drawing, you have the option to pick another run to process or press <Return> to exit the command. You are now ready to run the CADPIPE AUTO-ISO program. Refer to the AUTO-ISO documentation in the CADPIPE ISO manual.

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REPORTS
CADPIPE 3D DESIGN can generate reports or bills of materials of all pipe and fittings included on the drawing. These reports are useful for shipping, estimating, fabrication, and ordering equipment.

Pipe and Fittings Reports


Pipe and fitting reports are automatically generated from the drawing and contain important information for shipping and estimating a job, including the following: pipe size, rating/schedule, material specification, Line Designation, end types, and length.

Pipe Reports Select Pipe Reports from the Tools menu, and a 3D Report Generator dialog box appears. Options for the Report Type (Pipe Report, Fitting Report, and Valve Report) are available (see Figure Report-1).

Figure Report-1

Select the type of report and click on Ok. The system automatically generates a report. You also have the option to specify a Job Description for your report. The Job Description can be a number or title and will appear on the report. Note: Only pipe or fittings on active (turned on) layers will be reported. With this feature you can selectively turn layers on or off to report only selective piping systems. The following are samples of pipe, fitting and valve reports.

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Pipe Report

Figure Report-2

Fitting Report

Figure Report-3 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Valve Report

Figure Report-4

After generating a report, the options Print, To File, and To Clipboard are available. The Print option sends the file to your printer. The To Clipboard option saves the report text to your computers clipboard. The To File option saves the report to a file. When you select To File, the Save Report to a File dialog box appears (see Figure Report-5).

Figure Report-5

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The report file is a text file with the .txt extension. The file name is limited to eight characters. The report file can be imported to word processing and spread sheet programs, and modified for use in other documents. Place report on drawing To place the report on the drawing, save it to a file and select the AutoCAD MTEXT command. Type MTEXT at the command prompt. Create a window large enough to contain the report file. Right-click in the window and select Import Text from the menu. Locate and select the Report file *.txt. Click on Ok. The text file will load into the designated window.

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Section Views/Spooling
The CADPIPE 3D Design Drawing Sheets menu contains commands associated with creating Drawing Sheets, Layouts, Sections, and Spools.

Sheet Layout
CADPIPE provides direct access to some AutoCAD tools to help you set up layout sheets. The Sheet Layout sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down has three options for creating sheet layouts: New Layout, New Layout with Wizard, and Manual Setup. New Layout The New Layout menu creates a new layout tab. The following message appears at the command prompt.
Enter new Layout name <Layout#>:

Press Enter to use the name AutoCAD automatically assigns (inside the brackets on the command line), or type a new name and then press Enter. The new layout sheet is created. New Layout with Wizard The New Layout with Wizard menu option brings up the AutoCAD Create Layout dialog box (see Figure Section-1). This dialog box contains a series of steps, taking you through the process of creating a new layout. You can choose to create a new layout from scratch or use an existing layout template as a base for your new layout. CADPIPE provides several example title block templates listed in the Create Layout dialog box. Depending on which plotting device is currently configured, you can select a paper size from those available. You can select a predefined title block from a list and apply it to the new layout you are creating. The Preview area displays a preview image of the title block you select. When finished using the wizard to specify your layout settings, you can modify any of the settings using the Page Setup dialog box from within the new layout.

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Figure Section-1

Manual Setup The Manual Setup menu option enables you to manually set up drawing sheets. When selected, it runs the AutoCAD MVSETUP command and displays the following prompt on the command line.
Enable paper space? [No/Yes] <Y>:

Selecting yes will create a new layout sheet and display the next prompt containing all the nessecary options for you to create a new layout sheet.
Enter an option [Align/Create/Scale viewports/Options/Title block/Undo]:

Please refer to your AutoCAD manual and/or help files for more information on creating layout sheets with these commands.

Section/Floor Plan Views. . .


The Section/Floor Plan Views. . . sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down contains two options for setting up and generating sections and plan views. They are: Setup/Generate and Generate.

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Setup/Generate The Setup/Generate menu option displays the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Setup dialog box. From this dialog box you can setup and generate multiple section views and floor plan views. Section Selecting the Section toggle in the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Setup dialog box activates the Section View options (see Figure Section-2).

Figure Section-2

Section Number This field allows you to create customized names/numbers for your section views. Type the name/ number you wish to assign to the section. The text in this field appears on the section marks. Text Size This field allows you to set the text size of the section marks that appear in your view. Text Style This option allows you to set the text style of the section marks you are placing.
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Ref. Drawing This field allows you to name a reference drawing for your section view. Section Arrow Style Allows you to choose the arrow style for the section marks that appear on your drawing (see Figure Section-3).

Figure Section-3

Section View From Allows you to pick the direction you want to view the section from. Digitize Area This button allows you to digitize the area of the drawing that makes up your section view. CADPIPE automatically returns to the drawing and prompts you to select a first and second point for the section area. Generate View While setting your section view parameters, this button is greyed out. It becomes active once they are set, and you can use it to instantly generate your Setion View. CADPIPE prompts you to select the viewport in which the view will appear. Creating Multiple Views CADPIPE gives you the ability to set up multiple section views from this dialog box. To do this, set all neccessary parameters for your first section view. Then click the OK button and CADPIPE clears the previous settings, allowing you to create another section view. Once you have created all section views needed, they can be generated and accessed from the Section / Floor Plan Views -Generate View dialog box (see Figure Section-5).

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Floor Plan Selecting the Floor Plan toggle in the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Setup dialog box activates the Floor Plan options (see Figure Section-4).

Figure Section-4

Floor Plan Description This field allows you to set a name for the floor plan. This description is listed in the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Generate View dialog box. Upper Elev This field allows you to enter the upper elevation for the floor plan clipping planes. Lower Elev This field allows you to enter the lower elevation for the floor plan clipping planes. Digitize Elevations. . . This button allows you to digitize points on the drawing to indicate the upper and lower elvations the floor plan clipping planes.

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Generate View While setting your Floor Plan parameters, this button is greyed out. It becomes active once they are set and you can use it to instantly generate your Floor Plan. CADPIPE prompts you to select the viewport in which the view will appear. Creating Multiple Floor Plans CADPIPE gives you the ability to set up multiple plan views using this dialog box. To do this, set all neccessary parameters for your first Floor Plan. Then click the OK button and CADPIPE clears the previous settings allowing you to create another Floor Plan. Once you have created all plan views needed, they can be generated and accessed from the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Generate View dialog box (see Figure Section-5).

Figure Section-5

Generate The Generate menu option brings up the Section / Floor Plan Views -- Generate dialog box (see Figure Section-5). This dialog box displays a list of Section Views and Floor Plan views. If you have not set up any views before selecting this option, the dialog box will be empty. Section The Section toggle activates the Select Section View list allowing you to choose which section view you would like to generate. Simply highlight your chosen view and click the Generate View button. CADPIPE prompts you to select a viewport to place the view.
Digitize the viewport for the section view: note: You should set up all your layout sheets and viewports prior to generating the section views.

Floor Plan The Floor Plan toggle activates the Select Floor Plan View list allowing you to choose which floor plan view you would like to generate. Simply highlight your chosen view and click the Generate View. . . button. CADPIPE prompts you to select a viewport to place the view.
Digitize the viewport for the section view:

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Delete View. . . The Delete View. . . button allows you to select either a section or floor plan view (depending on which list is active) and delete it. Highlight the view you wish to delete, click the Delete View. . . button, and the selected view is removed from the list.

Clear Clipping Planes


The Clear Clipping Planes command is located on the Drawing Sheets pull-down menu. This menu option removes all clipping planes set during the setup of section and/or floor plan views.

Spools
The Spools sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down contains two options for setting up and generating spools. They are: Setup and Generate. Setup The Setup menu option brings up the CADPIPE Auto-Spool -- Setup dialog box (see Figure Section-6). The Setup dialog box is where you will setup and manage your spools.

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Job Number The Job Number field allows you to attach a name to your spools. Spool Prefix The Spool Prefix field allows you to enter a prefix for your spools. Spool Number The Spool Number field allows you to number each spool. Digitize Items to Spool > The Digitize Items to Spool button allows you select the items to included in the spool. When this button is pressed, the Setup dialog box disappears allowing you to select the items. You can use any standard AutoCAD selection set (window, crossing, remove, individual selection, etc) to pick the items. When you have finished your selections, press enter and you will be returned to the Setup dialog box. Display Color The Display Color area shows the color your selected spool items will appear. You can choose a color by pressing the Select Color button and picking a color from the AutoCAD Select Color dialog box. The spooled items will only be this color while the spooling command is active, in order to distinguish them from non-spooled items. You can choose the Spool Setup command at any time and press the Digitize Drawing button to check what items in your drawing have already been spooled. Reserve Current Spool The Reserve Current Spool button saves your spool, allowing you to set up mutlitple spools for generation later. Reserved Spool Numbers The Reserve Spool Numbers field lists all the spools you have created and saved. It also lists the color of each spool under the Display Color heading. The total number of reseverd spools is listed beneath the field. This funtions associated with this list allow you to highlight a spool from the list, select its highlight color, and/or delete reserved spools. Highlight Color The Highlight Color area shows the color your selected spool will be highlighted when you click the Highlight Selected Spool button. You can choose a new color by pressing the Select Color button and picking a color from the AutoCAD Select Color dialog box. The spooled items will only be this color while the Hightlight Selected Spool command is active in order to distinguish them from your other spools on the drawing. Highlight Selected Spool > The Highlight Selected Spool button allows you to view the spool you have selected from the Reserved Spool Numbers field. When pressed, CADPIPE returns to your drawing and highlights the selected spool. The highlight color is controlled in the Highlight Color area of the Auto-Spool - Setup dialog box.
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Delete Selected Spool The Delete Selected Spool button allows you to remove any spool from the Reserved Spool Numbers field. Simply select a spool from the list and click the button. CADPIPE will bring up the Auto-Spool: Delete Spool Confirmation dialog box (see Figure Section-7). Click Yes to delete the selected spool, or click No to return to the Auto-Spool -- Setup box.

Figure Section-7

Generate The Generate menu option brings up the CADPIPE Auto-Spool -- Generate dialog box (see Figure Section-8). All previously reserved spools, that have not been generated will be listed in the Reserverd Spool Drawing field.

Figure Section-8

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Reserved Spool Drawing The Reserve Spool Drawing field lists all the spools you have created and are ready to be generated. Select Template Drawing The Select Template Drawing button brings up a Spool Template dialog box, allow you to find a template drawing on your sistem. The generated spool will be placed on this drawing. CADPIPE provides some examples in the Cpwork/Spools/Templates directory. Prepare Spool(s) The Prepare Spool(s) button creates a spool drawing based on the spool selected in the Reserved Spool Drawing field and your chosen Template Drawing. It is created and placed in the directory specified by the setting in your Windows/commercial.ini file (ie. Spools=C:\Cp81\cpwork\spools). If no directory is specified in this file, the spools will be created in the root of your C drive. Once your Spool drawing has been created, you can now open it and annotate it as required using the annotate commands found on the Drawing Sheets pull-down menu.

Settings
The Settings sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down provides access to several AutoCAD commands to aid in the annotation of your section views and spool drawings. Dimension Styles The Dimension Styles menu option brings up the AutoCAD Dimension Style Manager dialog box (see Figure Section-9). This dialog box enables you to manage and customize the deminsion styles you are placing on your drawings. Please refer to the DIMSTYLE section of your AutoCAD manual or help files for detailed descriptions on the use of this dialog box.

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Figure Section-9

DIMSCALE The DIMSCALE menu option sets the overall scale factor applied to dimensioning variables that specify sizes, distances, or offsets. The following prompt appears on the command line.
Enter new value for DIMSCALE <0-1>:

DIMTXSTY The DIMTXSTY menu option specifies the text style of the dimension. The following prompt appears on the command line.
Enter new value for DIMTXSTY <Standard>:

DIMASZ The DIMASZ menu option controls the size of dimension line and leader line arrowheads. It also controls the size of hook lines.
Enter new value for DIMASZ <0-0 3/16>:

DIMTXT The DIMTXT menu option specifies the height of dimension text, unless the current text style has a fixed height.
Enter new value for DIMTXT <0-4>: CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Symbols
The Symbols sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down provides access to several AutoCAD commands enabling you to add various symbols to your section views and spool drawings. North Arrow The North Arrow menu option allows you to place a north arrow on your drawing. Once selected, the following options appear on the command line.
Specify insertion point or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:

From here you can either select the insertion point or enter an option. Scale Sets the scale factor for the X, Y, and Z axes. The scale for the Z axis is the absolute value of the specified scale factor. X/Y/Z X sets the X scale factor, Y sets the Y scale factor, and Z sets the Z scale factor. Rotate Sets the angle of insertion for the North Arrow. PScale Sets the scale factor for the X, Y, and Z axes to control the display of the block as it is dragged into position. PX/PY/PZ PX sets the scale factor for the X axis to control the display of the north arrow as it is dragged into position. PY sets the scale factor for the Y axis to control the display of the north arrow as it is dragged into position. PZ sets the scale factor for the Z axis to control the display of the north arrow as it is dragged into position. PRotate Sets the rotation angle of the north arrow as it is dragged into position. Revision Cloud The Revision Cloud menu option allows you to place a revision cloud on your drawing. The following appears on the command line.
Digitize Start Point of Revision Cloud [eXit/Options] <eXit>:

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Select a point to start the revision cloud, and guide your cursor to draw the cloud. Type X to exit the command at anytime. Type O for options, which brings up the CADPIPE Revision Cloud Options dialog box (see Figure Section-10).

Figure Section-10

From this dialog box you can select an Arc Style, set the Arc Chord Length, and Polyline Width for your cloud. Pipe End The Pipe End menu option allows you to place a pipe end mark on your drawing. The following appears on the command line.
Pick Pipe End Location:

Select the Pipe End Location on your drawing and CADPIPE places the mark. Flow Arrow, Small The Flow Arrow, Small menu option allows you to place a small flow arrow on your drawing. Once selected, the following options appear on the command line.
Specify insertion point or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:

From here you can either select the insertion point or enter an option. Refer to the option descriptions under the North Arrow heading for more information. Flow Arrow, Large The Flow Arrow, Large menu option allows you to place a large flow arrow on your drawing. Once selected, the following options appear on the command line.
Specify insertion point or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:

From here you can either select the insertion point or enter an option. Refer to the option descriptions under the North Arrow heading for more information.

CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Battery Limit The Battery Limit menu option allows you to place battery limit information on your drawing. Once selected, the following appears on the command line.
Digitize Battery Limit start point <Exit>:

Select the a point on your drawing and CADPIPE prompts you to pick another point.
To point:

Press Esc to end the Battery Limit command.

Annotation
The Annotation sub-menu on the Drawing Sheets pull-down provides access to several AutoCAD commands enabling you to add various annotations to your section views and spool drawings. They are Valve Dim, Place Coordinates, and W.P. Elevation. Valve Dim The Valve Dim menu option allows you to place the valve dim on your drawing. Once selected, the following appears on the command line.
Pick Starting Point of Dimension:

Choose the starting point on a valve (CADPIPE has you select a node).
Pick Ending Point of Dimension:

Select the ending point for the valve and the valve dim information appears on the drawing at any point you select. Place Coordinates The Place Coordinates menu option allows you to place selected coordinates on your drawing. The following appears on the command line.
Digitize Point to Annotate <Exit>:

Pick a point and the CADPIPE-Place Coordinates dialog box appears (see Figure Section-11).

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Figure Section-11

From here you can choose what text will be displayed and whether or not to place a CenterLine Symbol. Make your selections in the dialog box and click OK. You will be prompted to pick a text start point and rotation angle, and CADPIPE places the coordinate text. W.P. Elevation The W.P. Elevation menu option allows you to place work point elevation information on your drawing. The following appears on the command line.
Digitize Work Point <Exit>:

Pick a point and next you will be prompted to pick a text start point.

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STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONS
CADPIPE provides several Structural drawing aids to enable you to quickly draw background information for your drawing. All objects created using these functions are created as 3D objects. The Structural objects that can be created include Columns, Beams, and Joists. These functions are found in the Struct menu. If you are using the side screen menu, you must select next and then Struct.

Columns
The Columns function can create rectangular columns or use a vertical Beam as a column. The columns are drawn as 3D objects and placed on theirown layer COLUMN. The system will automatically create this layer when you select Columns from the menu. Placing Rectangular Columns When you select Columns from the menu, the following prompt appears:
Point for Column:

This point is the center point for the column. If you have a centerline grid on the drawing, use the AutoCAD INTERSECTION SNAP mode and select the intersections for your column placement (see Figure Struc-1).

Figure Struc-1

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When you select the point for your column, the Column dialog box appears allowing you to size the column and select other options (see Figure Struc-2).

Figure Struc-2

Height The Height field is the vertical dimension of the column. It is measured from 0 elevation to the top of the column. If you want to place a column at an elevation other than 0, first place the column, then change the bottom elevation of the column by using the CADPIPE Move command, giving it a new Z dimension (see Edit Tools, and the RELATIVE COORDINATES command in the AutoCAD manual). Width and Depth These are the horizontal dimensions of the rectangular column. Width refers to the X distance while Depth is the Y distance on the screen (see Figure Struc-3).

Figure Struc-3 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Beams as Columns The Column function allows you to turn a beam in the vertical and use it for a column. Click on Use Beam in the Column dialog box and select the type of beam you want to use from the icon menu. You will automatically enter the Beam Database dialog box see Figure Struc-4):

Figure Struc-4

I-Beams and Channel Beams If you select I-Beams or Channel Beams, the database already has names and dimensions listed. You simply scroll through the Beam Names and click on the beam you want. When you click on the beam name, the system updates the Width and Depth dimensions to the dimensions of the selected beam. Click on Ok. The beam name and dimensions are automatically entered in the Column dialog box (see Figure Struc-5).

Figure Struc-5

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If you want to change your selection, click on Look Up Beam in the Column dialog box, and select another beam type or beam name. Other Beams If you select any other beam type (angle, tee, hollow or concrete) from the icon menu, there will be no beams listed the first time you enter the Beam Database. The Beam Database must be customized by you before you can select a beam name and number. To add your beams to the database, click on Add in the Beam Database dialog box, and enter a beam number and beam dimensions into the BeamDB Edit dialog box (see Figure Struc-6).

Figure Struc-6

Click on Ok and the information is entered in the Beam Database. With the beam highlighted, click on Ok again and the beam name and dimensions are automatically listed in the Column dialog box. Once you have selected the beam to be used as a column, click on Ok and the beam is placed in the vertical in the same manner as the rectangular columns (see Figure Struc-7).

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Figure Struc-7

Rotate The Rotate box allows you to enter an angle by which to rotate the column as it is placed. To rotate the column, toggle on the Rotate box and enter an angle in the deg box.

Beams
The Beam function allows you to create 3D structural beams for placement in your drawing. These Beams are placed on the layer BEAM. This layer is created when you select Beams from the menu. Placing Beams When you select Beams, the following icon menu appears. Select the beam you want to place and then click on Ok (see Figure Struc-8).

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Figure Struc-8

Next, you are asked to pick the first point for the beam:
Column/First Point for Beam:

You can digitize a start point or select a column as your start point. Pick Point If you want to pick a point for the start of the beam, digitize the desired location, remembering that all beams use centerline for placement. If you have a centerline column grid layout on your drawing, you can use the AutoCAD INTERSECTION SNAP mode and select the intersections of the centerlines to place your beams (see Figure Struc-9).

Figure Struc-9

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When you select a point, the next prompt is:


Elevation of Beam <X-X>:

Note: Here you must enter the elevation for the top, center or bottom of the beam, or accept the default elevation by pressing <Return>. The default elevation will be the last elevation used in the Beams function. When you select the beam from the beam database, you can determine if you want that beam placed by top, center or bottom (see Beam Database dialog box, Place By this Chapter). When you enter an elevation, the following prompt appears:
Column/Second Point for Beam:

Select a second point for the end of the beam. When you select this point, the next prompt is:
Elevation of Other End <X-X>:

At this prompt you must enter an elevation for this end of the beam, or accept the default by pressing <Return>. The default is the elevation entered with the first point of the beam. The system prompts you for the elevation twice so you can draw a sloping beam. Beam Size When you enter an elevation or select the default, the following prompt appears:
Beam Number or Size/<Enter for Database>:

You have three options: enter a beam number (HEA14x78) and the system sizes the beam from the Beam Database, placing it on the drawing. If you enter a beam number not found in the database, the Beam Database dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-10). You can add the beam number to the database and then place it. enter a beam size (12x14). The system places a beam using the dimensions entered. Our example would result in a beam with 12 and a height of 14. or search the Beam Database for a particular beam. If you press <Return>, the Beam Database dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-10).

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Figure Struc-10

You can scroll through the Beam Names directory and select the correct beam by clicking on it. When you click on the beam name, the system will update the Width and Depth dimensions to the dimensions of the selected beam. To place the beam, select Ok. Pick a Column If you have drawn your columns using the Column function, you can select a column as the starting point for the beam. At the following prompt, type C <Return>:
Column/First Point for Beam:

The following prompt appears:


Pick a Column to Place Beam On:

When you select a column, the system automatically selects a point in the center of the column as the starting point for the beam and sets the correct elevation for the beam so that it is placed on the top of the column. The next prompt is:
Column/Second Point for Beam:

Type C again and select a column. When you select another column, the system automatically sets the elevation for the beam and picks a point so that the beam will be centered on the columns. After selecting the columns, the system prompts:
Beam Number or Size/<Enter for Database>:

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You have three options: Enter a beam number (HEA14x78) and the system sizes the beam from the Beam Database and places it on the drawing. If you enter a beam number not found in the database, the Beam Database dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-10). You can add the beam number to the database and then place it. Enter a beam size (12x14). The system places a beam using the dimensions entered. Our example would result in a beam with 12 and a height of 14. Or search the Beam Database for a particular beam. If you press <Return>, the Beam Database dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-10). You can scroll through the Beam Names directory and select the correct beam by clicking on it. When you click on the beam name, the system will update the Width and Depth dimensions to the dimensions of the selected beam. To place the beam, select Ok. The system places the beam on the selected columns (see Figure Struc-11).

Figure Struc-11

Beam Orientation (channel, angle and tee beams) There is an additional step when placing channel, angle and tee beams. After you have specified the type, location and size of the beam, an orientation dialog box appears, allowing you to specify the direction in which you want the beam to face (see Figure Struc-12).

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Figure Struc-12

Select a direction button, and then click on Ok. Edit Beam Database CADPIPE includes a database of beam sizes and designators for I-Beams and Channel Beams. The databases for the other beam types are created by you. The information for sizes and designators for the beam database is based on the American Institute of Steel Construction for imperial dimensions and DIN Standards for metric dimensions. You can customize the databases for your specific requirements. Edit Beam DB When you select Edit Beam DB, the icon menu of beam types appears. Select the beam type for which you want to change the database and click on Ok. You will then see the Beam Database dialog box for that beam type (see Figure Struc-13). The Beam Databases for angle, tee, hollow, and concrete beams will initially be empty; you will add beam names and dimensions to them.

Figure Struc-13

The Beam Database dialog box contains options to Add, Change, or Remove an item and to Print the database.
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Beam Names This is a list of all beams in the specified beam database. The name consists of alpha designators and numeric values. The alpha characters designate the shape of the beam (see Figure Struc-14), while the numeric values signify Width and Depth dimensions. You can enter up to three alpha characters for a beam name.
Figure Struc-14

Add... The Add feature will allow you to add additional beams to your database. When you select Add, the BeamDB Edit dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-15). Enter the Beam Number and Beam Dimensions in the proper boxes and select Ok to add the beam to the database. Change... The Change feature will allow you to select an existing beam in the database and change any part of the Beam Number or any Beam Dimension. When you select Change, the BeamDB Edit box appears (see Figure Struc-15), allowing you to select the values you want to change.
Figure Struc-15 CADPIPE 3D DESIGN

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Remove This feature will remove a beam from the database. Pick the beam you want to remove from the Beam Names list and select the Remove button. Print The Print function will send the database file to a printer. Be sure your printer is on-line when you select Print. Place By: Top, Center, Bottom The Place By box allows you to designate where the beam is to be placed with regard to the elevation that was entered when the system prompted for a beam elevation. The beam will be placed according to the button selected in this box. Selecting Top will use the elevation as the top of the beam, Center will center the beam Depth at that elevation, and Bottom will place the bottom of the beam at the entered elevation.

Joist
The Joist function allows you to create 3D open web joists for placement in your drawing. These Joists are placed on the JOIST layer. This layer is created when you select Beams or Joist from the menu. Placing Joists When you select Joist from the menu, the following prompt appears:
Beam/First Point for Joist:

After you select a point, you will see the following prompt:
Beam/Second Point for Joist:

After you select the second point, the Open Web Joist dialog box appears (see Figure Struc-16).

Figure Struc-16

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Joist Dimensions Width and Depth The Width and Depth dimensions refer to the size of the joist. The Width dimension is the width of the top and bottom flanges of the joist. The Depth refers to the dimension between the top and bottom flanges (see Figure Struc-17).

Figure Struc-17

Elevation 1 and Elevation 2 The Elevation 1 and Elevation 2 values correspond to the elevation at the first pick point and elevation at the second pick point for the joist. The system will draw a sloping joist if these elevations are different. Number of Webs (on top) This number determines how many webs will be placed in the joist. The system places that number of open webs on the top flange of the joist. Place By: Top, Center, Bottom The Place By box allows you to designate where the joist is to be placed with regard to the elevation that has been entered in the Elevation 1 and Elevation 2 boxes. The joist is placed according to the button that is selected in this box. Selecting Top will use the elevation as the top of the joist, Center will center the joist Depth at that elevation, and Bottom will place the bottom of the joist at the entered elevation. Length, Angle, and Web Length These values are for your information and are determined by the points picked and value entered in Number of Webs box.

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Structural Configure
The CADPIPE Configure Structural dialog allows you to set up your Structural Layers and Tooltip Query information. The Configure Structural Layers tab is the default selection (see Figure Struct-18).

Figure Struct-18

Configure Structural Layers To set up your Structural Layers, select the Configure Structural Layers tab on the Configure Structural dialog. The Layer Control Options field lists the current Structural Layers and their settings. To edit a layer, select it from the list. You can now perform one of three options: toggle Use System Layer, Rename the Layer, and Select a new color. The Use System Layer Toggle tells CADPIPE to use the system defaults (Name and Color) for that layer. The Layer Name: field allows you to edit the layer name. Simply type a new name and click the Save Changes button. The Select Color. . . button allows you to change the layer color. Press the button and choose a new color from the AutoCAD Select Color Dialog.
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Structural Tooltip Query To set up your Tooltip Query, select the Tooltip Query tab on the Configure Structural dialog. The Tooltip Query tab contains two main sections labeled Available Tip Info and Tip Info to Display along with several buttons and toggles to set up the tooltip query function (see Figure Struct-19).

Figure Struct-19

Available Tip Info The Available Tip Info field lists the available information that can be displayed when your cursor hovers over a CADPIPE Item. Use the arrow buttons or double click items to add or remove tip info. Tip Info to Display The Tip Info to Display field lists the information that is displayed when your cursor hovers over a CADPIPE Item. Use the arrow buttons or double click items to add or remove tip info. Show Dynamic Tooltip Query. The Show Dynamic Tool Tip toggle turns the Tip Info Display On and Off. With the Show Dynamic Tool Tip toggle selected, CADPIPE displays the Tip Info. With the Show Dynamic Tool Tip toggle unchecked, CADPIPE will not display the Tip Info. Label Each Tip The Label Each Tip toggle determines if the Tip Info Names are displayed along with the Tip Info. With the Label Each Tip toggle selected, CADPIPE displays the Tip Info Names and Tip Info. With the Label Each Tip toggle unchecked, CADPIPE displays just the Tip Info.
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