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ORIENT DISPLAY

SPECIFICATIONS FOR LCD MODULE

CUSTOMER CUSTOMER PART NO. ORIENT DISPLAY NO. DESCRIPTION APPROVED BY DATE AMC2002C SERIES

PREPARED BY

CHECKED BY

APPROVED BY

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DOCUMENT REVISION DATE 1999.8. 2005.3. PAGE -

HISTORY: DESCRIPTION First release Modify the full specification

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Contents
1.Module Classification Information 2.Precautions in use of LCD Modules 3.General Specification 4.Absolute Maximum Ratings 5.Electrical Characteristics 6.Optical Characteristics 7.Interface Pin Function 8.Power Supply 9.Contour Drawing & Block Diagram 10.Function Description 11.Character Generator ROM Pattern 12.Instruction Table 13.Timing Characteristics 14.Initializing of LCM 15.Quality Assurance 16.Reliability

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1.Module Classification Information

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2. Precautions in use of LCD Modules


(1)Avoid applying excessive shocks to the module or making any alterations or modifications to it. (2)Dont make extra holes on the printed circuit board, modify its shape or change the components of LCD module. (3)Dont disassemble the LCM. (4)Dont operate it above the absolute maximum rating. (5)Dont drop, bend or twist LCM. (6)Soldering: only to the I/O terminals. (7)Storage: please storage in anti-static electricity container and clean environment.

3. General Specification
Item Number of Characters Module dimension(No Backlight ) Module dimension(With LED Backlight ) View area Active area Dot size Dot pitch Character size Character pitch LCD type Duty View direction Backlight Type 1/16 6 oclock or 12 oclock None, Yellow Green, Red or White LED backlight Dimension 20characters x 2 Lines 116.0 x 37.0 x 10.5MAX 116.0 x 37.0 x 14.5MAX 83.0 x 18.6 73.50 x 11.50 0.60 x 0.65 0.65 x 0.70 3.20 x 5.55 3.70 x 5.95 TN, Yellow/Gray/Blue STN/FSTN Unit mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

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4.Absolute Maximum Ratings


Item Input Voltage Supply Voltage For Logic Supply Voltage For LCD Standard Temperature LCM Wide Temperature LCM Operating Temp. Storage Temp. Operating Temp. Storage Temp. Symbol VI VDD-VSS VDD-V0 Top Tstr Top Tstr Min -0.3 -0.3 Vdd-13.5 0 -10 -20 -30 Max VDD+0.3 7.0 0 50 60 70 80 Unit V V V

5. Electrical Characteristics
Item Supply Voltage For Logic Supply Voltage For LCD Input High Volt. Input Low Volt. Supply Current Symbol VDD-VSS VDD-V0 VIH VIL IDD Condition Ta=25 VDD=5V Forward current =210 mA VLED 3.8 Number of LED die 2x21= 42 Forward current =60 mA VLED 3.0 Number of LED die 2x2= 4 3.2 3.5 V 4.1 4.3 V Min 4.5 4.1 0.7 VDD VSS 0.5 Typ 5.0 4.9 1.0 Max 5.5 4.5 VDD 0.3 VDD 2.0 Unit V V V V mA

Supply Voltage of Yellow-green backlight

Supply Voltage of White backlight

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6. Optical Characteristics
Item View Angle Contrast Ratio Response Time Symbol (V) (H) CR T rise T fall Condition CR2 CR2 Min -20 -30 Typ 3 Max 35 30 250 250 Unit deg deg ms ms

Definition of Operation Voltage (Vop)

Definition of Response Time ( Tr , Tf )

Intensity 100

Selected Wave Non-selected Wave

Non-selected Conition Intensity

Selected Conition

Non-selected Conition

10

Cr Max Cr = Lon / Loff


100 90

Vop

Driving Voltage(V)

Tr

Tf

[positive type]

[positive type]

Conditions : Operating Voltage : Vop Frame Frequency : 64 HZ Viewing Angle() : 0 0 Driving Waveform : 1/N duty , 1/a bias
b = 180

Definition of viewing angle(CR2)


f

= 270

= 90

= 0

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7. Interface Pin Function


Pin No. Symbol 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 VSS VDD V0 RS R/W E DB0 DB1 DB2 DB3 DB4 DB5 DB6 DB7 LED(+) LED(-) Level 0V 5.0V H/L H/L H,HL H/L H/L H/L H/L H/L H/L H/L H/L Ground Supply Voltage for logic H: DATA, L: Instruction code H: Read(MPUModule) L: Write(MPUModule) Chip enable signal Data bit 0 Data bit 1 Data bit 2 Data bit 3 Data bit 4 Data bit 5 Data bit 6 Data bit 7 Anode of LED Backlight Cathode of LED Backlight Description

(Variable) Operating voltage for LCD

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8. POWER SUPPLY

SINGLE SUPPLY VOLTAGE TYPE

DUAL SUPPLY VOLTAGE TYPE

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9. Contour Drawing &Block Diagram

P2.54X7=17.78

11.50(A.A.) 18.6(V.A.)

9.6 5.0 2.5

108.0 0.5 90.8 0.3 83.0(V.A.) 73.50(A.A.)

4.0

NO B/L
10.5(MAX.) 2.9 5.7 0.5

Y-G or White LED B/L


14.5(MAX.) 9.7 0.5

16

15

29.0 0.2

37.0 0.5

31.2 0.3

4.0

1.6 0.1
4-? 3.5

1.6 0.1

16-? 1.0

116.0 0.5

0.65

0.40

Vdd V0 Vss

40 4 DRIVER 0.05

S6A0069 OR EQUIVALENT

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0.05

60

5.55

DB0 DB7

CONTROLLER

E R/W RS

16

LCD PANEL 20X2 CHARACTERS

3.20 0.60

0.50

10. Function Description


The LCD display Module is built in a LSI controller, the controller has two 8-bit registers, an instruction register (IR) and a data register (DR). The IR stores instruction codes, such as display clear and cursor shift, and address information for display data RAM (DDRAM) and character generator (CGRAM). The IR can only be written from the MPU. The DR temporarily stores data to be written or read from DDRAM or CGRAM. When address information is written into the IR, then data is stored into the DR from DDRAM or CGRAM. By the register selector (RS) signal, these two registers can be selected. RS 0 0 1 1 R/W 0 1 0 1 Operation IR write as an internal operation (display clear, etc.) Read busy flag (DB7) and address counter (DB0 to DB7) Write data to DDRAM or CGRAM (DR to DDRAM or CGRAM) Read data from DDRAM or CGRAM (DDRAM or CGRAM to DR)

Busy Flag (BF) When the busy flag is 1, the controller LSI is in the internal operation mode, and the next instruction will not be accepted. When RS=0 and R/W=1, the busy flag is output to DB7. The next instruction must be written after ensuring that the busy flag is 0. Address Counter (AC) The address counter (AC) assigns addresses to both DDRAM and CGRAM Display Data RAM (DDRAM) This DDRAM is used to store the display data represented in 8-bit character codes. Its extended capacity is 808 bits or 80 characters. Below figure is the relationships between DDRAM addresses and positions on the liquid crystal display.

AC (hexadecimal)

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Character Generator ROM (CGROM) The CGROM generate 58 dot or 510 dot character patterns from 8-bit character codes. See Table 2. Character Generator RAM (CGRAM) In CGRAM, the user can rewrite character by program. For 58 dots, eight character patterns can be written, and for 510 dots, four character patterns can be written. Write into DDRAM the character code at the addresses shown as the left column of table 1. To show the character patterns stored in CGRAM.

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Relationship between CGRAM Addresses, Character Codes (DDRAM) and Character patterns Table 1.

11. Character Generator ROM Pattern

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Table.2

12. Instruction Table


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Instruction Code Instruction RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Clear Display 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Write 00H to DDRAM and set DDRAM address to 00H from AC Set DDRAM address to 00H from AC and return cursor to its original position if shifted. The contents of DDRAM are not changed. Assign cursor moving direction and enable the shift of entire display. Set display (D), cursor (C), and blinking of cursor (B) on/off control bit. Set cursor moving and display shift

Description

Execution time (fosc=270Khz)

1.53ms

Return Home Entry Mode Set Display ON/OFF Control Cursor or Display Shift

1.53ms

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 1

1 D

I/D C

SH B

39s 39s

S/C R/L

control bit, and the direction, without


changing of DDRAM data. Set interface data length (DL:8-bit/4-bit), numbers of display line (N:2-line/1-line)and, display font type (F:511 dots/58 dots)

39s

Function Set Set CGRAM Address Set DDRAM Address Read Busy Flag and Address Write Data to RAM Read Data from RAM

DL

39s

0 0

0 0

0 1

AC5 AC4 AC3 AC2 AC1 AC0 Set CGRAM address in address counter.

39s 39s

AC6 AC5 AC4 AC3 AC2 AC1 AC0 Set DDRAM address in address counter.
Whether during internal operation or not can be known by reading BF. The AC6 AC5 AC4 AC3 AC2 AC1 AC0 contents of address counter can also be read.

BF

0s

1 1

0 1

D7 D7

D6 D6

D5 D5

D4 D4

D3 D3

D2 D2

D1 D1

D0 D0

Write data into internal RAM (DDRAM/CGRAM). Read data from internal RAM (DDRAM/CGRAM).

43s 43s

dont care

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13. Timing Characteristics


13.1 Write Operation
Ta=25, VDD=5.0 0.5V Item Enable cycle time Enable pulse width (high level) Enable rise/fall time Address set-up time (RS, R/W to E) Address hold time Data set-up time Data hold time Symbol tcycE PWEH tEr,tEf tAS tAH tDSW tH Min 1200 140 0 10 40 10 Typ Max 25 Unit ns ns ns ns ns ns ns

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13.2

Read Operation
Ta=25, VDD=5.0 0.5V Item Symbol tcycE PWEH tEr,tEf tAS tAH tDDR tDHR Min 1200 140 0 10 10 Typ Max 25 100 Unit ns ns ns ns ns ns ns

Enable cycle time Enable pulse width (high level) Enable rise/fall time Address set-up time (RS, R/W to E) Address hold time Data delay time Data hold time

13.3
V0.

Timing Diagram of VDD Against V0.

Power on sequence shall meet the requirement of Figure 4, the timing diagram of VDD against

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VDD
95%

LOGIC SUPPLY VOLTAGE 0V 50ms(typical)

V0

0V LCD SUPPLY VOLTAGE

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14.Initializing of LCM

Power on Wait for more than 40 ms after VDD rises to 4.5 V


BF can not be checked before this instruction.

RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Function set 0 0 0 0 1 1 * * * * Wait for more than 39us RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 1 0 * 0 0 0 0 * * * N F * * * 0 0 * * * Wait for more than 39 s RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 1 0 * * * * Function set 0 0 0 0 0 0 N F * * * * * * Wait for more than 37us RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Display ON/OFF control * * * * 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 D C B * * * 0 0 Wait for more than 37 s RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Display Clear * * * * 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * * * * 0 0 0 0 0 Wait for more than 1.53ms RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Entry Mode Set * * * * 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 I/D SH * * * 0 0 0 Initialization ends
BF can not be checked before this instruction. BF can not be checked before this instruction. Function set

4-Bit Ineterface
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Power on W ait for more than 40 ms after VDDrises to 4.5 V


BF can not be checked before this instruction.

RS R/WDB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Function set 0 0 0 0 1 1 N F * * Wait for more than 39us RS R/WDB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Function set 0 0 0 0 1 1 N F * * Wait for more than 37us RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Display ON/OFF control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 B C D Wait for more than 37 s RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Display Clear 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Wait for more than 1.53ms RS R/W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Entry Mode Set 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 I/D S Initialization ends
BF can not be checked before this instruction.

8-Bit Ineterface

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15.Quality Assurance
Screen Cosmetic Criteria
Item Defect Judgment Criterion A)Clear Size: d mm Acceptable Qty in active area d 0.1 Disregard 0.1<d0.2 6 0.2<d0.3 2 0.3<d 0 Note: Including pin holes and defective dots which must be within one pixel size. B)Unclear Size: d mm Acceptable Qty in active area d 0.2 Disregard 0.2<d0.5 6 0.5<d0.7 2 0.7<d 0 Acceptable Qty in active area Size: d mm d0.3 Disregard 0.3<d1.0 3 1.0<d1.5 1 1.5<d 0 In accordance with spots cosmetic criteria. When the light reflects on the panel surface, the scratches are not to be remarkable. Above defects should be separated more than 30mm each other. Not to be noticeable coloration in the viewing area of the LCD panels. Back-light type should be judged with back-light on state only. Partition

Spots

Minor

Bubbles in Polarizer

Minor

3 4 5

Scratch Allowable Density Coloration

Minor Minor Minor

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16.Reliability
Content of Reliability Test
Environmental Test Test Item High Temperature storage Low Temperature storage High Temperature Operation Low Temperature Operation High Temperature/ Humidity Storage High Temperature/ Humidity Operation Temperature Cycle Content of Test Endurance test applying the high storage temperature for a long time. Endurance test applying the high storage temperature for a long time. Endurance test applying the electric stress (Voltage & Current) and the thermal stress to the element for a long time. Endurance test applying the electric stress under low temperature for a long time. Test Condition 60 96hrs -10 96hrs 50 96hrs 0 96hrs Applicable Standard

Endurance test applying the high 60,90%RH temperature and high humidity storage for a 96hrs long time. Endurance test applying the electric stress (Voltage & Current) and temperature / humidity stress to the element for a long time. Endurance test applying the low and high temperature cycle. -10 25 60 30min 5min 1 cycle 30min 50,90%RH 96hrs

-10/60 10 cycles

Mechanical Test Vibration test Endurance test applying the vibration during transportation and using. Constructional and mechanical endurance test applying the shock during transportation. 10~22Hz1.5mmp-p 22~500Hz1.5G Total 0.5hrs 50G Half sign wave 11 msedc 3 times of each direction

Shock test

***Supply voltage for logic system=5V. Supply voltage for LCD system =Operating voltage at 25

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