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1.

Introduction According to CIDB (2003), the Industrialised Building Systems (IBS) is a construction process that utilises techniques, products, components, or building systems which involve prefabricated components and on-site installation. From the structural classification, there are five IBS main groups being used in this Malaysia and these are: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Pre-cast Concrete Framing, Panel and Box Systems. Formwork Systems. Steel Framing Systems. Prefabricated Timber Framing Systems. Block Work Systems.

By using the IBS assures valuable advantages such as the reduce the number of unskilled workers, less wastage, less volume of building materials, increased environmental and construction site cleanliness and better quality control, among others. These advantages also promote a safer and more organised construction site, and reduces the completion time of construction. Many world-class Malaysian developers have chosen IBS over the conventional methods for important projects such as the Petronas Twin Towers, Putrajaya, KL Sentral and KLIA.

2.1

IBS Construction Element To construct the 40-storey apartment by using IBS, author choose to use three types of concrete precast elements that are: i. Precast wall panel. ii. Precast hollow core slab. iii. Precast staircase.

2.3

Precast Wall Panel Precast wall panels is an alternative to steel and masonry, providing a durable wall and eliminating the need for perimeter columns. This precast wall panels, which are generally designed as load bearing wall system, and interconnected with cast in-situ joints or columns. The in-situ joints are reinforced in accordance to structural requirement and they provide the stability to the building, at the same time eliminate the possibility of ingress of water. These in-situ joints can also act as columns to support heavily loaded beams and allow a hybrid system of conventional and precast structural system to be achieved. The end result is a quicker installation process, more energy efficiency, lower maintenance, and durability (Hanson, 2013).

Photo 1.1 Precast Wall Panel

2.2.1

Details Connection Below is the diagram shows the details connection of precast wall panel.

Diagram 1.1 Panels and hollow core slab detail

Diagram 1.2 Panel to footing detail

Diagram 1.3 Corner connection detail

Diagram 1.4 Panel connection detail

2.2.1

Method Statement Below is the method statement for the precast wall panel. Method Diagram Plant/ Manpower

No

Operation

1.

Panel Installation

Using mobile crane, place the precast wall panel to the position as shown in the drawing and guided with labour

-1 mobile crane -2 crane operator -2 unskilled worker -1 skillworker

2.

Place the support

Place strut at the wall panel to support the wall panel.

-2 unskilled worker -1 skillworker

3.

Grouting the joint

Grout the joint between the panels.

-2 unskilled worker

2.3

Precast Hollow Core Slab Precast Hollow core is a prestressed concrete slab manufactured with continuous voids to reduce weight and cost. It is primarily used as a floor and roof deck system. Precast hollow core flooring systems provide safe, solid and secure

flooring for your needs. This unique product is both strong and durable allowing for increased floor load capacity (Chudley & Greeno, 2013).

Photo 1.2 Precast Hollow Core Slab

2.3.1

Details Connection Below is the diagram shows the details connection of precast hollow core slab.

Diagram 1.5 Hollow core slab to precast wall detail

Diagram 1.6 Hollow core slab to precast wall detail

2.3.2

Method Statement Below is the method statement for precast hollow core slab.

No

Operation

Method

Diagram

Plant/ Manpower

1.

Bring the Hollow core slab into the position

Using mobile crane, place the precast hollow core slab to the position as shown in the drawing and guided with labour

-1 mobile crane -2 crane operator -2 unskilled worker -1 skillworker

2.

Hollow core slab installation

Place the hollow core slab on the support at the wall panel.

-1 mobile crane -2 crane operator -2 unskilled worker -1 skillworker

3.

Concrete topping

Concrete is pour on the precast hollow core slab as a concrete toping.

-3 unskilled worker

2.4

Precast Staircase Precast stairs offer the economy, strength and durability of concrete construction together with the installation speed of precast concrete. Once installed, construction crews at the job site gain immediate access from level to level without the introduction of an additional construction trade (Chudley & Greeno, 2013).

Photo 1.3 Precast staircase

2.4.1

Details Connection Below is the diagram shows the details connection of precast staircase.

Diagram 1.7 Precast staircase detail

2.4.2 Method Statement Below is the method statement for precast staircase. No Operation Method Diagram Plant/ Manpower

1.

Precast staircase installation

Using mobile crane, place the precast staircase to the position as shown in the drawing and guided with labour.

-1 mobile crane -2 crane operator -2 unskilled worker -1 skillworker

2.

Grouting the connection

Grout the joint between the connections.

-1 unskilled worker

References i. Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB), (2003). IBS Roadmap 2003-2010. Retrieved April 1, 2013, from https://www.cidb.gov.my/cidbweb/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=35&It emid=209&lang=en Hanson Structural Precast (2013). Precast Wall Panel. Retrieved April 1, 2013, from http://www.hansonstructuralprecast.com/english/pdf/HSP_MW_Spancrete_Plank_Details .pdf Chudley, R. & Greeno, R. (2013). Building Construction Handbook. New York. Routledge.

ii.

iii.