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English Grammar in Hindi

When we got an opportunity to compare Hindi and English Grammars, we were actually surprised to note the similarities between the two languages. In fact, most of the building blocks for grammar are the same in both languages. , . This site by Data Spec brings out the similarities in Hindi grammar and English Grammar. We believe this will give an opportunity to Hindi speaking people to learner English Grammar faster. . .


Tenses 1 Present 2 Past

Parts of Speech 1 Noun 2 Adjective 3 Pronoun 4 Verb 5 Adverb 6 Preposition 7 Conjunction

3 Future

Figures of Speech


8 Interjection

Sentence (

We use language to exchange messages with others. Every language provides the usage of a collection of words to communicate. Such collection of words that communicate a complete message is known as a sentences. . . sentence ( ) .

In a sentence we can mention any person or object and provide a description. Sentence

Type of Sentences Based on the way the words are grouped and their meaning the sentences are classified into 4 sub-groups. Sentences .

Declarative ( Assertive (
This is a good book. . My house is in Bilaspur. .

) )

Sentence used to describe something or express acceptance are known as declarative or assertive sentences. Declarative assertive sentences . Sentences of this type are used to describe something or inform about its status. .

Interrogative (
What is your name? ? Have you done your work? ?

Sentence enquire about some or ask a question are known as interrogative sentences. . Interrogative ( ) . ... An interrogative sentence are also called a question. This type of sentences are used to make an enquiry. Interrogative Question ( ) . . While writing questions are ended with a question mark (?). question mark ( )-?

Imperative (
Please come home before sunset. . Complete your work now. .

Sentence used to command or request to do something imperative sentences. Imperative

This type of sentence is used to tell some one to do something - it could be either a request or a command. Like... . ... The first sentence shown above is an example of a request while the second is a command. In both cases the speaker is asking someone to do something. . .

Exclamatory (
Yippie! I have won! ! ! Oops! I fell! !

Sentence that are spontaneous expressions of suddenly experienced emotions of happiness, sorrow etc. are known as exclamatory sentences. Exclamatory . The group of words used to express the sentiments when you suddenly receive a good or a bad news. Such sentences are refered to as Exclamatory sentences and at the time of writing are ended with an exclamation mark (!). Exclamatory (!) .

Parts of Speech ( -

A words are spoken or written together in a specific manner to create meaningful sentences. The interpretation of the message can be changed in how the words are arranged or used. In order to get the proper sequence of words to deliver the correct message we must understand the different categories or parts of speech. Eight different parts of speech have been identified in the english language, on the basis of which one can create and deliver a sentence with the proper content and message. 8 8 . ) English ... . . Parts of Speech . .

Parts of Speech (

1. Noun (


The word used as the name to indicate a person, place or thing is called anoun.

2. Adjective (

Noun , , , , .

The word that describe the noun - that elaborate on the appearance, quality, quantity etc. - is known as an adjective.

3. Pronoun (

Noun .

Pronoun is the word used in place of a noun, generally to avoid repetition of the noun.

4. Verb (



Verb is the word or group of words that says something about the noun or expresses some action by the noun.

5. Adverb (

Verb, Adjective Adverb .

An adverb is the word that improvises or expresses some characteristics of the verb, adjective or some other adverb.

6. Preposition ( Preposition .

Noun Pronoun Noun Pronoun Noun Pronoun

Preposition is a word used with a noun or pronoun. It expresses the relationship of that noun or pronoun with some other noun or pronoun.

7. Conjunction (


Conjunction is the word that joins two words or sentences.

8. Interjection (


Interjection is the word that expresses the strong sudden sentiments sometimes experienced.

Noun (
Types of nouns are... , Noun .


Proper Noun Common Noun

o o o o o

Collective Noun Abstract Noun Gender Noun Number Noun Case Noun

generally, the purpose of a sentence is to provide information about or give instructions to a person, animal, place or thing.

The word or words used in the sentence that refer to the name of the person, animal, place or thing are known as Noun. It is probably the most widely used part of speech. , . , . Noun . . . (Ram), (boy), (gulab), (house)

All words used in a sentence as a name for any person, place, animal, object etc come under the classification of noun. Noun , . Nouns can be further sub-classified into various categories depending on the type of object they refer to. noun .

Types of nouns are... ,


Proper Noun Common Noun

o o o o o

Collective Noun Abstract Noun Gender Noun Number Noun Case Noun

Adjective (


Adjective is a word used to describe, point out or specify the number of the person, animal, place or thing specified in a noun. An adjective is used to incorporate additional meaning to any noun - to describe the object. , , , .



. Adjective


He is a lazy boy. lazy


Here the word lazy describes the boy.

I like that painting.



. In this sentence that points to the painting (thing)

The basket has some brinjals.


noun brinjal

Some is used before brinjal to give an indication of the

number (quantity) of brinjals.


lazy, that some .

Lazy, that and some used in the sentences above are examples of adjectives. Adjective noun (adjective ) .

Depending on the type of description it provides for a noun, the adjective can be classified into different categories. adjective ...

Adjectives can be divided into the following categories, depending on their use...

Adjective of Quality Adjective of Quantity Adjective of Number Adjective of Comparison Demonstrative Adjective Articles (a / an / the) Adjectives from Nouns, Verbs and other Adjectives