Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

RL 20 Trial overview

For internal use 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

General Project Phase


P8
RL20 Demo + Barcelona

C5.1

RL10 + 1800MHz, 15 MHz, MOCN, S1 flex

Sales Trial(s)

QPT (B12/2010)

CP (M01/2011)

Pilot projects

Early Projects

Release Trial(s)

For internal use 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Testing Schedule (Pilot, EP and Trials)


CP
JAN FEB MARCH

C5

APRIL

MAY

JUNE

P8

JULY

Pilot Projects
Telia Sonera SW / DK/ Fi Telia DK / Fi DTAG (800MHz) DTAG (1.8/2.6 GHz) RFP 1st August

Early Projects
LG U+ LG U+ SKT Elisa Fi TEF O2 (800 MHz) Lightsquared


TMO US CUC

RL20 Trials (BL lead, BL supported, Region alone)


Optus Verizon US Cellular / AMX Mexico CUC TMO Croatia VDF Italy MTS Belarus Smartone HK Megafone Indosat
For internal use 3 Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number M1

Physical channels and signals - recap

For internal use 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Overview - Channels
Upper Layers DL UL

RLC
MCCH MTCH CCCH BCCH BCH PBCH
For internal use 5 Nokia Siemens Networks

PCCH PCH

DTCH

DCCH DL-SCH PDSCH

CCCH

DTCH

DCCH

Logical channels

MAC
MCH UL-SCH RACH

Transport channels

PHY
PCFICH PDCCH PHICH PMCH PUCCH PRACH PUSCH

Air interface

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Downlink Physical Signals and Channels


Downlink Physical Signals Reference Signals Synchronisation Signals Downlink Physical Channels Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH) Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH) Physical Hybrid-ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH) Physical Multicast Channel (PMCH)

For internal use 6 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Overview Control Information


CQI, PMI, RI, ACK/NACK CQI, PMI, RI, ACK/NACK SR

eNode B

DL control configuration 1x per cell RNTI DL scheduling UL Grant UL PWRC n x per cell HARQ Info

For internal use 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Resource Block
Physical Resource Block or Resource Block (PRB or RB):
12 subcarriers in frequency domain (180kHz) x 1 slot period in time domain (0.5ms) Capacity allocation is based on Resource Subcarrier 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Blocks
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Note: Although 3GPP definition of RB


refers to 0.5ms, in some cases it is possible to found that RB refers to 12 subcarriers in frequency domain and 1ms in time domain. In particular, since the scheduler in the eNodeB works on TTI basis (1ms) RBs are considered to last 1ms in time domain. They can also be known as scheduling resource blocks

180 KHz

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Subcarrier 12 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 slot 1 slot

1 ms subframe
For internal use 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

Resource Element

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Physical Layer Downlink Summary


DL-Physical Data & Control Channel

DL-Channel DLOverview

Total System Bandwidth e.g. 10MHz (50 RBs)

Central 72 subcarriers (6 RBs)

For internal use 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Frequency

Reference Signals: OFDMA Channel Estimation


Channel estimation in LTE is based on reference signals (like CPICH functionality
in WCDMA) Reference signals position in time domain is fixed (0 and 4 for Type 1 Frame) whereas in frequency domain it depends on the Cell ID In case more than one antenna is used (e.g. MIMO) the Resource elements allocated to reference signals on one antenna are DTX on the other antennas Reference signals are modulated to identify the cell to which they belong.
0 symbols 6 0 symbols 6

subcarriers

subcarriers

Antenna 1
For internal use 10 Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Antenna 2

Synchronization Signals allocation (DL)


Synchronization signals:
Transmitted during the 1st and 11th slots
within a radio frame

Occupy the central 62 Subcarriers (around


the DC subcarrier) to facilitate the cell search

5 Subcarriers above and 5 Subcarriers


below the synch. Signals are reserved and transmitted as DTx

Synchronisation Signal can indicate 504


(168 x 3) CellID different values and from those one can determine the location of cell specific reference symbols
For internal use 11 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

Generic - Physical Layer Cell Id


Physical Layer Cell Identity defines a cell, but it is not necessarily unique in the network It consists of the two parts; Physical layer Cell Identity Group and Physical layer Identity Physical Layer Cell Identity = 3 x Physical layer Cell Identity Group + Physical layer Identity Decoded during synchronisation using primary and secondary sync signal PSS/SSS are used for: Initial cell search and neighbor cell search As a result of cell search the UE should acquire: PHY cell ID Strongest Signal DL center frequency 10ms and 5ms timing CP length Duplex mode (TDD/FDD)
Cell ID Group 0 (3 L1 ids) Primary Synchronization Signal

168 Cell ID groups

Cell ID Group i (3 L1 ids)

L1 id, slot (0/10)

Secondary Synchronisation Signal Group 167 Phy L Cell ID Physical Layer Cell ID, Frame Alignment For internal use 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

DL Physical Channels Allocation


PBCH:
Occupies the central 72 subcarriers across 4
symbols Transmitted during second slot of each 10 ms frame on all antennas PCFICH: Transmitted during the first symbol of each TTI Occupies up to 16 RE per TTI PHICH: Tx during 1st symbol of each TTI or alternativ during symbols 1 to 3 of each TTI PhichDur Each PHCIH group occupies 12 RE

RB

PDCCH: Occupies the REs not used by PCFICH and PHICH


and Reference Signals within the first 1, 2 or 3 symbols of each TTI (case 1.4 MHz: within the first 2, 3 or 4 symbols) In RL09/10: configuration static by MaxNbrOfOFDMSymsForPDCCH PDSCH: Is allocated the RE not used by signals or other physical channels
For internal use 13 Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

UL Physical Channels
PUSCH: Physical Uplink Shared Channel Intended for user data (carries traffic for multiple
UEs) and control data If control data is to be sent when traffic data is being transmitted, UE multiplexes both streams together
CCCH DCCH DTCH

Logical RLC

PUCCH: Physical Uplink Control Channel Carries H-ARQ Ack/Nack indications, uplink
scheduling request, CQIs and MIMO feedback Only control information is sent. The UE uses Resources Element at the edges of the channel

RACH UL-SCH

Transport MAC

PHYS.

PRACH: Physical Random Access Channel For Random Access attempts. PDCCH indicates the
resource elements for PRACH use PBCH contains a list of allowed preambles (64 per cell) and the required length of the preamble.

PRACH

PUSCH

PUCCH

For internal use 14 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

UL Channels
The mapping of transport channels and UL control information (UCI) to physical channels is a task of the physical layer (PHY). Furthermore reference signals are provided by the physical layer which do not transfer any higher layer information. Logical channel mapping is provided by the MAC layer. Physical channel for data and signalling from higher layers: Physical Uplink Shared Channel, PUSCH. Physical Random Access Channel, PRACH. Physical channels with UL control - related signalling: Physical Uplink Control Channel, PUCCH. and signals with no information of higher layers: Demodulation Reference Signals (DRS). Sounding Reference Signal (SRS).

For internal use 15 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

UE Channel state information (CSI) feedback types in LTE


The purpose of CSI feedback is to provide
the eNodeB information about DL channel state to help in the scheduling decision. Compared to the WCDMA/HSPA, the main new feature in the channel feedback is the frequency selectivity of the report CSI is measured by the UE and signaled to the eNodeB using PUCCH or PUSCH Channel state information in LTE can be divided into three categories: CQI - Channel Quality Indicator (2) UE CSI measurement RI - Rank Indicator PMI - Precoding Matrix Indicator In general the CSI reported by the UE is just a recommendation The eNodeB does not need to follow it The corresponding procedure for providing information about the UL channel state is called Channel Sounding and it is done using the Sounding Reference Symbols, SRS (not considered in this presentation)
LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number

(1) eNodeB transmission

(3) UE feedback

For internal use 16 Nokia Siemens Networks

PDCCH Uplink Grant


The eNodeB allocates the Uplink resources to the UEs by sending an UL
Grant UL Grant contents
Resource Block assignment
Indicates the PRB the UE may use for transmission Signaling format: index of starting PRB & number of contiguous PRBs Modulation and Coding Scheme and the Redundancy version (5 bits) Power control command (2 bits) Cyclic Shift for the demodulation reference symbols CQI request flag PUSCH Hopping flag New data indicator

TDD specific UL index (indicates which UL subframe the grant refers to) Downlink assignment index

For internal use 17 Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number