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# Objective : To determine operational range of a BJT

## 1. Resistor : 220kΩ, 1kΩ

2. BJT : BC 108

3. Capacitor : 2 x 10µF

4. Function generator

5. Multimeter

6. Oscilloscope

7. Connecting wires
Procedures :

1. The circuit as shown above is assemble. All terminal connections are ensured

## 2. The 20mVp-p IkHz sinusoidal wave is applied at the AC input terminal

3. By using the multimeter, the values of IB, IC, VCE, VB, VC and VBC are measured

Result :

## Schematic symbols for PNP- and NPN-type BJT.

b) Experimental Data
Voltages / Currents Values
IB 0.0367 mA
IC 0.0001 mA
VCE 4.14 V
VB 8.35 V
VC 4.95 V
VBC 3.39 V

c) Theoretical data

1. Example calculation:

IB = VCC - VBE

RB

= 12 – 0.7

270

= 41.85 µA

IC = β IB

= 4.6035 mA

## VCE = 12 – (4.6035 mA) (2.2 k)

= 1.87 V

VC = VCE = 1.87 V
VB = VBE = 0.7 V

Discussion :

## 1. Prepare the electrical and electronic components which in good condition.

2. Do not use red maker while writing on the whiteboard because it is unclear.

Conclusions:

## The operational range of a BJT was determined

References:

1. J. David Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, (7th Edition), John Wiley and

Sons Inc,2002
2. David E. Johnson, John L. Hilburn, Johnny R. Johnson, Peter D. Scott, Basic