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12/29/2008 FACTBOX - Pakistan, India troop stren…

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FACTBOX - Pakistan, India troop strength,

Mon Dec 29, 2008 6:37pm IST

REUTERS - Tension between nuclear-armed India and Pakistan has risen

sharply after last month's militant attacks on the Indian city of Mumbai that
killed 179 people.

Although most analysts say war is very unlikely, international unease is


Following are estimates of military strength of Pakistan and India, as well as

some information about where troops are believed to be deployed:


Defence budget: Pakistan increased defence spending by nearly 7 percent in

June to 296 billion rupees ($4.4 billion) for the 2008-09 fiscal year that began
on July 1.

Estimated nuclear warheads: 25 to 50

Troops: about 620,000 active; about 515,000 reserves; about 290,9000

paramilitary troops.

Equipment: about 2,460 tanks, about 2,000 artillery pieces; about 1,250
armoured personnel carriers. The air force has about 415 combat aircraft
while the navy has 8 submarines, 7 surface combatants.

Missile types and ranges: Shaheen 1 (600 km/375 miles), Shaheen 2 (up to
2,000 km/1,200 miles), Ghauri 1 (1,500/940 miles) Ghauri 2 (2,300 km/1,440
miles), Hatf 1 (100 km/63 miles), Hatf 2 (180 km/110 miles), Hatf 3 (290
km/180 miles), Babur cruise missile (500 km/310 miles).

Deployment: The military does not publish information about the deployment
of troops but it has said about 100,000 soldiers, from both the army and
paramilitary forces, have been on the western border with Afghanistan.

The remainder are stationed at bases around the country, many of them near
the so-called Line of Control, that divides the Kashmir region, and near the
international border with India that runs south to the Arabian Sea.

Pakistani military officials have said a "limited number" of soldiers have been
moved off the Western border, from snow-bound areas and areas where
operations were not being conducted, "for defensive measures".

Military officials have officially denied any build-up of forces on the Indian
border though a security official said some troops had been moved there.

Residents of areas near the border India have not reported any sign of troop
movements and travellers have not reported seeing large military convoys on
roads leading to the Indian border.


Defence budget: India increased defence spending by 10 percent in February

to $26.5 billion for the 2008-09 fiscal year.

India plans to spend $30 billion over the next four years to modernise its
largely Soviet-era arms. Estimated nuclear warheads: 70-100

Troops: India's military strength stands at 1.3 million, the fourth largest in the
world and growing in strength with thousands recruited every year.… 1/2
12/29/2008 FACTBOX - Pakistan, India troop stren…
Equipment: The army has around 4,000 tanks; 4,500 artillery and 300
armored personnel carriers and a combat aircraft strength of around 700.

The Indian Navy has one aircraft carrier, 16 submarines, eight destroyers and
16 frigates.

Missile types and ranges: Agni 1 (2,500 km/1,560 miles), Agni 2 (3,000
km/1,875 miles; upgraded, up to 3,500 km/2,190 miles), Prithvi SS-150 (150
km/94 miles), Prithvi SS-250 (250 km/156 miles)

Deployment: The Indian military does not give information about deployment
of troops but has said its troops are on standby and presently stationed at
bases around the country. India also has a huge military presence near the
Line of Control.

India says it has made no new deployments since the Mumbai attacks.
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