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DESIGN OF ENDPLATE CONNECTION

Date : Aug. 17, 2005 Prepared by : Lyndon Checked by :

Design Calculation

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Part 4 page 4-116

DESIGN OF ENDPLATE - MOMENT

A. DESIGN DATA 1. Input Parameters


Table CPRF-2

CONNECTIONS IS SAFE
Fy = Fy = Fy = 265.00 MPa 275.00 MPa 275.00 MPa required beam section column support section endplate support

beam = column = endplate = PLT30 x 200 x 750

Table B1 Figure 1.0 4-tension bolts

weld = db =
connection =

allowable stress on welds bolts size and specifications connection type for endplate 4 nos. 4 nos. 2 nos. 260.00 kN-m 150.00 kN 10.00 kN 60.00 mm 120.00 mm 150.00 mm minimum four tension flange bolt minimum two compresion flange bolt center bolt between top and bottom flange (OPTIONAL) design beam end moment end shear force axial force edge distance from top of end-plate to center of bolt pitch or vertical distance between bolts bolt gage connected to column flange

n top = n bottom = n center = M= Q= P= Le = pb = g=

pb 3db

2. Derived Parameters for Hot Rolled or Built-up Sections a.) Section properties of required beam
d1 = tw1 = bf1 top = bf1 bot. = tf1 top = tf1 bot. = k1 top = k1 bot. =
r1 top = r1 bot. =

462.00 mm 9.60 mm 154.40 mm 154.40 mm 17.00 mm 17.00 mm 27.20 mm 27.20 mm 10.20 mm 10.20 mm

total depth of beam web thickness top flange width bottom flange width top flange thickness bottom flange thickness distance from outer face of top flange to web toe of fillet distance from outer face of bottom flange to web toe of fillet top fillet bottom fillet

b.) Section properties of column support


d2 = tw2 = bf2 = tf2 = k2 =
r2 =

254.10 mm 8.60 mm 254.60 mm 14.20 mm 26.90 mm 12.70 mm

total depth of column web thickness flange width flange thickness distance from outer face of flange to web toe of fillet fillet

developed by: Lyndon Perez

165689077.xls.ms_office

JOB NO.: CLIENT: PROJECT: ITEM: Reference


(AISC-ASD)

REV.NO.:

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DESIGN OF ENDPLATE CONNECTION

Date : Aug. 17, 2005 Prepared by : Lyndon Checked by :

Design Calculation

Results

B. BOLT DESIGN 1. Actual capacity


Ff = M / (d1 - tf1) + P/2 T = Ff / n flange force actual single bolt force
RATIO =>>

589.27 kN 147.32 kN 0.75

Table I-D Table A1

2. Bolt Tensile Stress Allowable tensile stress for


Ab = pdb2 / 4 Tall. = Ab Ft ft = T / Ab

O.K.
Ft= 560.00 MPa 353.00 mm2 197.68 kN ft= 417.33 MPa

BS 3692 Grade 8.8 bolts


area of single bolt allowable tensile force for single bolt actual tensile stress for single bolt
RATIO =>>

Table I-D Table A1

3. Bolt Shear Stress Allowable shear stress for Av = pdb2 / 4


fv = Q/nAv

0.11

O.K.
Fv= 375.00 MPa 353.00 mm2 fv= 42.49 MPa

BS 3692 Grade 8.8 bolts


area of single bolt actual shear stress
RATIO =>>

Section J3-5 Table J3-3

4. Reduced allowable tension due to shear


fv/Fv + ft/Ft < 1.40

0.86

O.K.
0.859

combine shear and tension for single bolt

C. TOP FLANGE TO END PLATE WELD


Table B1

wreq'd = Ff / (0.30Fv w 0.707[ 2(bf1+tf1) - tw1 ]

fillet welds use: if wreq'd. > 12mm

17.26 mm 12.00 mm full penetration weld

D. END PLATE DESIGN 1. Width of end-plate


bp = bf1 + 25mm minimum width end-plate use: Pf = db+12 + fillet weld size maximum Pf = 92mm use: 179.40 mm 200.00 mm 48.00 mm 50.00 mm

Pe = Pf - (db/4) - 0.707w Ca = Cb = Af / Aw = Pe / db = Me = 1.11 0.879 0.639 1.480

effective bolt distance 1.13 for Fy<=250; 1.11 for Fy>250 sqrt(bf1 / bp)

35.52 mm

m = 0.926
4.847 kN-m

Ca Cb (Af/Aw)1/3 (Pe/db)1/4

m Ff Pe/4

2. Length of end-plate
Lp = 2Le + 2Pf + d1 height of end-plate use: 682.00 mm 750.00 mm

developed by: Lyndon Perez

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DESIGN OF ENDPLATE CONNECTION

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Design Calculation

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3. Required Plate Thickness


Fb = 0.75Fy tp = sqrt( 6Me/Fb * bp ) allowable bending stress at endplate required thickness of end-plate use: Fb= 206.25 MPa 26.55 mm 30.00 mm

E. BEAM WEB TO END PLATE WELD


Lw =
Table B1

8.00 mm

minimum size fillet weld

8.00 mm 7.45 mm

Dreq'd = 0.60Fy tw1 / ( 2 * 0.30Fv w * 0.707 ) required weld to develop maximum web tension stress (0.60Fy) in web near flanges from inside face to face to centerline of bolts plus two bolt diameter weff. = d1/2 - tf1 effective length of weld

214.00 mm 3.43 mm

Table B1

Dreq'd = Q / ( 2 * 0.30Fv w * 0.707weff.) the applied shear (Q) is to be resisted by the weld between the mid-depth of the beam and the inside face of the compression flange between the inner row of tension bolts and the inside face of the compression flange, whichever is smaller use:

8.00 mm

F. COLUMN STIFFINERS
Pbf = 5/3 * Ff actual plate force 982.12 kN

1. Check column web yielding


Pbf = Fy tw2 (tf1+6k2+2tp+2w) allowable plate force 620.58 kN provide stiffiner

2. Check column web buckling


dc = Pbf = d1 - 2( tf1 + k1 + r ) 10750tw23 sqrt(Fy) /dc beam web depth clear of fillets allowable plate force 353.20 mm 321.03 kN provide stiffiner

3. Check column flange bending opposite tension flange


bp = 2.50( Pf + tf1 + Pf ) Pec = g/2 - k1 - db/4 Cb = Af / Aw = Pec / db = 1.000 1.000 1.742 1.275 7.852 kN-m Ca Cb (Af/Aw)1/3 (Pec/db)1/4 effective horizontal bolt distance 292.50 mm 41.80 mm

m =
Mec =

m Ff Pe/4
allowable bending stress at column required thickness of column flange

4. Required Flange Thickness


Fb = 0.75Fy tfc = sqrt( 6Mec /Fb * bp ) Fb= 206.25 MPa 27.95 mm provide stiffiner tfc > tf2

G. ADOPT: ENDPLATE: ENDPLATE BOLTS: WELD: Beam flange to endplate Beam web to endplate COLUMN STIFFINER:

PLT 30mm x 200mm x 750mm 10 - 24mm dia. - BS 3692 Grade 8.8 full penetration weld 8 mm - fillet weld PLT 10mm x 123mm x 113mm

developed by: Lyndon Perez

165689077.xls.ms_office

FIGURE 1.0
TYPE 1
Le pf d1/2 Lp d1/2 Le d 1/ 2 pf Le

TYPE 2
Le pf d 1/ 2 Lp

TYPE 3
Le pb pf d 1 /2 Lp d 1 /2 Le

TYPE 4
Le pb pf d 1/2 Lp d 1/2 pf Le

TYPE 5
Le pb pf d1/2 Lp d1/2 pf pb Le

TYPE 6
Le pb pf d 1/2 Lp d 1/2 Le

TYPE 7
Le pb pf d1/2 Lp d1/2 pf Le

TYPE 8
Le pb pf d 1 /2 Lp d 1 /2 pf Le

TYPE 9
Le pb pf d 1/2 Lp d 1/2 pf pb Le

ENDPLATE CONNECTION DETAILS

Table A1
AREA OF SINGLE BOLT

bolt size mm 12 16 18 20 22 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 52 56 60 64 68

ASTM bolt area mm2 113.10 201.06 254.47 314.16 380.13 452.39 572.56 706.86 855.30 1017.88 1194.59 1385.44 1590.43 1809.56 2123.72 2463.01 2827.43 3216.99 3631.68

BS Code bolt area mm2 84.30 157.00 200.00 245.00 303.00 353.00 459.00 561.00 694.00 817.00 976.00 1120.00 1300.00 1470.00 1760.00 2030.00 2360.00 2680.00 3060.00

Note: Area for ASTM are based on nominal diameter

TABLE B1
Tensile Strength of Welding Materials
Electrode FEXX ksi MPa 0.30FEXX ksi MPa C1

E60XX E70XX E80XX E90XX E100XX E110XX


Reference:

60 70 80 90 100 110

414 483 552 620 690 758

18 21 24 27 30 33

124.20 144.90 165.60 186.00 207.00 227.40

0.857 1.000 1.140 1.290 1.430 1.570

C 1 = coefficient for electrode Manual of Steel Construction - 9th Edition AISC-ASD, page 4-72

TABLE I-D Bolt Specifications


ASTM DESIGNATION connection type hole type Fv ksi Fv MPa Ft ksi Ft MPa

ASTM A307

STD NSL STD

10 17 15 12 21 30 21 18 15 28 40

70 120 105 85 145 210 145 125 105 195 276

20

140

SC Class A ASTM A325 N X

OVS SSL LSL STD NSL STD NSL STD

44

305

Legend: SC = slip critical connection N = bearing type connection with threads included in shear plane X = bearing type connection with threads excluded in shear plane STD = standard round holes (d + 3mm) NSL = long or short slotted hole normal to load direction (req. in bearing type con.) OVS = oversize round holes SSL = short slotted holes LSL = long slotted holes

SC Class A ASTM A490 N X


Reference:

OVS SSL LSL STD NSL STD NSL

54

375

Manual of Steel Construction - 9th Edition AISC-ASD, page 4-5 BS DESIGNATION grade type hole type Fv ksi Fv MPa Ft ksi Ft MPa

BS 3692 BS 3692 BS 3692


Reference:

GR. 4.6 GR. 8.8 GR. 10.9

23.5 55 58

160 375 400

35 80 102

240 560 700

Steel Designer's Manual - 6th Edition, page 1236 by: Buick Davison & Graham Owens

TABLE J3-3
Allowable Tension Stress in Bearing-type Connections
Description Threads Included in Shear Plane Threads Excluded from Shear Plane

A307 bolts A325 bolts A490 bolts Threaded part over 36mm dia.
Reference:

180 - 1.8fv 140 (305) - 4.39fv (375) - 3.75fv


2 2 2

180 - 1.8fv 140 (305) - 2.15fv (375) - 1.82fv


2 2 2

0.43Fu - 1.8fv 0.33Fu

0.43Fu - 1.4fv 0.33Fu

Manual of Steel Construction - 9th Edition AISC-ASD, page 5-74

BS3692 Gr. 4.6


fs

BS3692 Gr. 8.8 BS3692 Gr. 10.9


Reference:

ps

ft
pt

1.40

Legend: fs = is the applied shear stress ft = is the applied tension stress ps = is the shear stress capacity pt = is the tension stress capacity

Steel Designer's Manual - 6th Edition, Chapter 23, page 681 by: Buick Davison & Graham Owens

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