Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Researchers image individual atoms in a living catalytic reaction Sign In Register

Nanotechnology
Home Nanotechnology

Physics
Nanomaterials

Space & Earth


July 12, 2013

Electronics

Technology

Chemistry

Biology

Medicine & Health

Other Sciences

Researchers image individual atoms in a living catalytic reaction


Jul 12, 2013

Ads by Google

Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms, small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in-situ experiments for the first time. The influential work being carried out at York is opening up striking new opportunities for observing and understanding the role of atoms in reactions in many areas of the physical sciences. It also has important implications for new medicines and new energy sources. So far, observing reacting atoms has been difficult. When studying the reactions at the catalyst surface, scientists usually have to look into idealised systems under vacuum conditions rather than examining the reality of an industrial catalytic process in a gas environment. However, in a world first, the Directors of the York JEOL Nanocentre, Professor Ed Boyes and Professor Pratibha Gai, have developed atomic resolution in-situ aberration corrected environmental scanning transmission electron microscopy technology (in-situ AC-ESTEM) for catalyst reaction studies in realistic reaction conditions. With the new technology it is now possible to observe and analyse single atoms, small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in-situ experiments with controlled gas reaction environments at initial operating temperatures of up to 500?C under transient reaction conditions. The seminal research carried out entirely at the York JEOL Nanocentre - a major longterm collaboration between the University's Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Electronics, the European Union, Yorkshire Forward and leading electron optics manufacturer JEOL - is reported inAnnalen der Physik(Berlin). Professor Gai, Co-Director of the York JEOL Nanocentre and Professor of Electron Microscopy with Chairs in York's Departments of Chemistry and Physics, said: "Our research opens up exciting new opportunities for observing and studying reacting atoms, the fundamental basic building blocks of matter, in many reactions and is especially important for the development of new medicines and new energy sources." The team of York scientists, which includes Michael Ward and Dr Leonardi Lari, has successfully imaged individual platinum atoms on carbon supports in a reacting catalyst under controlled atmosphere and temperature conditions. Professor Boyes, Co-Director of York JEOL Nanocentre, with Chairs in York's Departments of Physics and Electronics, said: "Platinum on carbon supports is important in many applications in the chemical industry including in energy sources such as fuel cells and is an informative model system more generally." The work was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).

new techniques TEM (PED) - Nano Crystal Characterization Phase and Orientation Maps EBSD - www.appfive.com Johnson Matthey - Chemical Catalysts Practical catalyst solutions - www.jmcatalysts.com BN Nanoparticles - Boron nitride nanoparticles Nanometer & micron scale - www.nanoamor.com Test & Develop Catalysts - Experts in heterogeneous catalysts and electro-catalyst development - www.phmatter.com/

Featured

Popular

Most shared

Scientists solve a 14,000-year-old ocean mystery Jul 14, 2013 2

Computer smart as a 4-year-old


Jul 15, 2013 15

Hubble finds new Neptune moon


Jul 15, 2013 8

Novel bacterial 'language' discovered Jul 15, 2013

A new form of carbon: Grossly warped 'nanographene' Jul 15,


2013 2

+40,227

Phys.org on facebook
Like 94,576 people like this. Sign Up to see what your friends like.

http://phys.org/news/2013-07-image-individual-atoms-catalytic-reaction.html#nRlv[7/17/2013 1:54:26 AM]

Researchers image individual atoms in a living catalytic reaction

Explore further: Environmental Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy enables more realistic catalyst reaction studies More information: The article "ESTEM imaging of single atoms under controlled temperature and gas environment conditions in catalyst reaction studies" appears in the June edition of Annalen der Physik (Berlin) and is featured on the front cover. Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 525(6), 423-429 (2013); DOI: 10.1002/andp.201300068. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/andp.201300068/abstract Provided by University of York

Relevant PhysicsForums posts

Comparison of HSLA and Tool Steel Bend Lines for Impeller Fabrication Dull / Black Steel or AL
Jul 15, 2013

7 hours ago 21 hours ago

Removing Ti from Ta Crucible

Jul 15, 2013 Jul 12,

5 /5 (2 votes)
27
Like

Microfiltration In The Chemical Industry


2013

5
Submit

reddit

Maximum Vibrations in a material

Jul 08, 2013

More from Physics Forums - Materials & Chemical Engineering

Ads by Google

RAD7 Radon Detector - Precision Radon & Thoron Instrument Professional radon monitor - www.durridge.com Master's Degree Online - Master's programs available online learn when and where you want. - www.aiu.edu/Masters Summer Gymnastics Camp US - Train with Olympians at the Best Gymnastics Camp in the World! - www.internationalgymnastics.com

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Environmental Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy enables more realistic catalyst reaction studies Jun 13, 2013
Heterogeneous gas-solid catalyst reactions occur on the atomic scale and there is increasing evidence single atoms and very small clusters can act as primary active sites in chemical reactions. When studying the reactions ...

Team uses carbon nanotubes for polarized-light detection 12 hours ago


Using carpets of aligned carbon nanotubes, researchers from Rice University and Sandia National Laboratories have created a solid-state electronic device that is hardwired to detect polarized light across ...

Researchers create 'tornados' inside electron microscopes


Feb 16, 2012 Researchers from the University of York are pioneering the development of electron microscopes which will allow scientists to examine a greater variety of materials in new revolutionary ways.

A new form of carbon: Grossly warped 'nanographene' Jul 15, 2013


Chemists at Boston College and Nagoya University in Japan have synthesized the first example of a new form of carbon, the team reports in the most recent online edition of the journal Nature Chemistry .

Platinum-nickel nano-octahedra catalyst materials for fuel cells save 90 percent platinum Jun 17, 2013
Efficient, robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology. Scientists from Jlich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and ...

Imperfect graphene renders 'electrical highways'


Jul 12, 2013 (Phys.org) Just an atom thick, 200 times stronger than steel and a near-perfect conductor, graphene's future in electronics is all but certain. But to make this carbon supermaterial useful, it needs to ...

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Sign In Sign in

http://phys.org/news/2013-07-image-individual-atoms-catalytic-reaction.html#nRlv[7/17/2013 1:54:26 AM]

Researchers image individual atoms in a living catalytic reaction

Click here to reset your password. Sign in to be notified via email when new comments are made.

More news stories


Steering stem cells with magnets: Proof of concept for clinical applications
Magnets could be a tool for directing stem cells' healing powers to treat conditions such as heart disease or vascular disease.

Cancer survivors have more frequent and severe menopausal hot flashes
Women who survive cancer have more frequent, severe, and troubling hot flashes than other women with menopausal symptoms, according to a study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopa ...

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics


Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterialsthe ...

Recent findings on makeup of universe may spawn new research


(Phys.org) New areas of extragalactic study may emerge from research by University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) astrophysicists using data from the Chandra X-ray Observatory to conclude that baryons ...

Artificial organelles transform free radicals into water and oxygen


Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully developed artificial organelles that are able to support the reduction of toxic oxygen compounds. This opens up new ways in the development of novel ...

Cranial irradiation causes brain degeneration


(Medical Xpress)Cranial irradiation saves the lives of brain cancer patients. It slows cancer progression and increases survival rates. Unfortunately, patients who undergo cranial irradiation often develop ...

Scientists power mobile phone using urine Team uses carbon nanotubes for polarized-light detection
Using carpets of aligned carbon nanotubes, researchers from Rice University and Sandia National Laboratories have created a solid-state electronic device that is hardwired to detect polarized light across ... British scientists on Tuesday reported they had harnessed the power of urine and were able to charge a mobile phone with enough electricity to send texts and surf the internet.

High CO2 spurs wetlands to absorb more carbon Large wave-vector phonon modes in silicon nanomembranes
(Phys.org) Modified large wave-vector phonons in semiconductor membranes via hard X-ray thermal diffuse scattering (TDS) were observed that provide new insight into the fundamental thermal and electronic ... (Phys.org) Under elevated carbon dioxide levels, wetland plants can absorb up to 32 percent more carbon than they do at current levels, according to a 19-year study published in Global Change Biology from t ...

Top Home Medical Xpress Search

Help FAQ About Contact

Phys.org Account Sponsored Account Newsletter RSS feeds

Feature Stories Weblog & Reports Podcasts Archive

iPhone iPad Apps Blackberry App Android App & Widget Amazon Kindle PDA version
Privacy Policy Terms of Use

Phys.org 2003-2013

http://phys.org/news/2013-07-image-individual-atoms-catalytic-reaction.html#nRlv[7/17/2013 1:54:26 AM]