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Tan Lay Yen

Fundamental Movement Skills 2006

FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS

Fundamental Movement Skills are movement patterns that involve different body parts such as the legs, arms, trunk and head, and include such skills as running, hopping, catching, throwing, striking and balancing. They are the foundation movements or precursor patterns to more specialized, complex skills used in play games, sports, dance, gymnastics, outdoor education and physical recreation activities.

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Fundamental Movement Skills 2006

LOCOMOTION Running Leaping Hopping Jumping Sliding Galloping Skipping

MANIPULATION Throwing Catching Kicking Trapping Volleying Striking Ball Rolling

STABILITY bending twisting turning Inverted balance rolling

Tan Lay Yen

Fundamental Movement Skills 2006

WHAT IS JUMPING?
Jumping is a locomotor movement in which the body propels itself off an object, into a brief period of flight, before landing.
Jumping and Landing Patterns. 2 foot takeoff, 1 foot landing 2 foot takeoff, 2 foot landing 1 foot takeoff, land on same foot (hop) 1 foot takeoff, land on opposite foot (leap) 1 foot take off, 2 foot landing Jumping Cues 1. Takeoff Bend knees Crouch body ready to jump Swing arms forward and upward to take off the ground 2. Flight Extend arms into the air as feet leave the floor 3. Landing Land with feet apart Land with knees bent Body over feet Tan Lay Yen Fundamental Movement Skills 2006 5

WHAT IS VERTICAL JUMP ?

Global Check

Preparation 2. Crouch with knees bent and arms behind the body.

Propulsion 3. Forceful forward and upward swing of the arms. 4. Legs straighte n in the air.

Landing 5. Land on balls of the feet and bend knees to absorb landing. 6. Controlled landing with no more than one step in any direction.

Does it look 1. Eyes right? focused forward or upward throughout the jump.

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Fundamental Movement Skills 2006

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WHAT IS CATCHING ?
Global Check Does it look right? 1. Eye s are focuse d on the object throug hout the catch. Preparation 2. Feet move to place the body in line with the object. 3. Hands move to meet the object. 4. Hands and fingers relaxed and slightly cupped to catch the object. Reception 5. Cat ch and control the object with hands only (welltimed closur e). 6. Elbows bend to absorb the force of the object.

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Catching Using Launch Boards

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WHAT IS DODGING ?
Global Check Does it look right? Legs 1. Change direction by bending knee and pushing off the outside foot. 2. Chang e of direction occurs in one step. Head and Trunk 3. Body lowered during change of direction. 4. Ey es focus ed forwa rd. Over all 5. Do dge repea ted equal ly well on both sides .

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WHAT IS HOPPING ?
Global Check Does it look right? 1. Support leg bends on landing then straightens to push off. Legs Head and Trunk 3. Nonsupport leg bent and swings in rhythm with the support leg. 4. Head stable , eyes focus ed forwa rd. Arms

2. Push off and land on ball of the foot.

5. Arms bent and swing forward as support leg pushes off.

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WHAT IS KICKING ?

Global Check Does it look right? 1. Eye s focus ed on the ball throug hout the kick.

Preparation 2. Forward and sideward swing of arm opposite kicking leg. 3. Nonkicki ng foot placed beside the ball. 4. Bend knee of kicking leg at least 90 degrees during the backswing.

Propulsion 5. Contact ball with top of the foot (a "shoelace" kick).

Follow Through 6. Kicki ng leg follows through high towards the target area.

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WHAT IS LEAPING ?

Global Check Does it look right?

Preparation 1. Eyes focused forward throughout the leap. 2. Knee of takeoff leg bends. 3. Legs straight en during flight.

Propulsion 4. Arms held in oppositio n to the legs. 5. Trunk leans slightly forward.

Landing 6. Land on ball of the foot and bend knee to absorb landing.

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Locomotor skills which take us place to place.

Walking Sliding

Running Jogging

Skipping Leaping

Hopping Jumping

Galloping Grapevine

Write the definition for each locomotor skill and hand it in. Which skill is this?

What skill does this frog use?

What skill is the rabbit using?

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WHAT IS SIDE GALLOP

Global Check Does it 1. Smooth look right? rhythmical movement .

Legs 2. Brief period where both feet are off the ground. 3. Weight on the balls of the feet.

Head and Trunk 4. Hips and shoulders point to the front. 5. Head stable, eyes focused forward or in the direction of travel.

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WHAT IS SKIPPING

Global Check Does it look right? 1. Shows a rhythmical step-hop.

Legs

Head and Trunk 3. Knee of support leg bends to prepare for hop. 4. Head and trunk stable, eyes focused forward .

Arms

2. Land on ball of the foot.

5. Arms relaxed and swing in oppositi on to legs.

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WHAT IS SPRING RUN ?

Global Check Does it 1. Land look right? on ball of the foot

Legs

Head and Trunk 3. High knee lift (thigh almost parallel to the ground). 4. Head and trunk stable, eyes focused forward.

Arms

2. Nonsupport knee bent at least 90 degrees during the recovery phase.

5. Elbows bent at 90 degrees.

6. Arms drive forward and back in oppositi on to legs.

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Stages of Kicking Pattern


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Stages Of Trapping pattern


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Stages Of Ball Rolling Pattern

Initial

Elementary

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Stages Of Volleying Pattern Fundamental Movement Skills


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Fundamental Movement Skills - Grade 1 Overall Expectations By the end of grade 1, students will: perform the basic movement skills required to participate in physical activities: locomotion/travelling (e.g., galloping, running), manipulation (e.g., throwing, catching), and stability (e.g., jumping, landing); demonstrate the principles of movement (e.g., in various directions, alone, with others, at various speeds) using locomotion/travelling, manipulation, and stability skills. 1 Achievement Levels 2 3 4

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Specific Expectations Locomotion/Travelling Skills Achievement Levels By the end of grade 1, students will: travel in a variety of ways (e.g., leap, gallop) in different directions in response to signals (e.g., stop or go signals); travel in a variety of ways using different pathways (e.g., straight, curved, or zigzag pathways in creative dance); 1 2 3 4

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Manipulation Skills Achievement Levels By the end of grade 1, students will: throw objects of various sizes and shapes underhand, using one or two hands and large targets (e.g., toss a bean bag through a hoop); catch objects of various sizes, shapes, and textures below the waist and using two hands (e.g., catch a utility or beach ball); bounce, while stationary, a ball with one hand; 1 2 3 4

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Stabiity Skills By the end of grade 1, students will:

Achievement Levels 1 2 3 4

jump forward with control, using a variety of takeoffs and landings; demonstrate basic static balances (e.g., stork balance) without equipment; transfer their weight from one body part to another.

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