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TitIe Specification

Modified ASTM A128 Austenitic Manganese SteeI Castings EXCEL SC MS/1






Approved By: Metallurgical Engineer Date: January 3, 2006


Excel Foundry and Machine, Inc.
Excel Material Specifications Manual

Page: 1 of 4
Section 6: High Manganese SteeIs
1.0 Material: Modified ASTM A128 Austenitic Manganese Steel

2.0 Characteristics: High manganese, austenetic (non-magnetic), work hardening steel. It has very high strength,
ductility, toughness and excellent wear resistance in the most punishing applications. In addition, this steel has a very
low coefficient of friction which is very important to wear resistance - especially in steel to steel applications. This steel
thrives on severe wear conditions. The more impact and hammering it receives, the harder the surface of the steel
becomes. This characteristic is known work-hardening. The fact that the material remains ductile underneath, makes
it a most effective steel in combating impact and abrasion. This steel is weldable with special high manganese
electrodes. Due to this steels work hardening characteristics, it does not lend itself to machining by conventional
methods.

3.0 Scope: Steel for use in pins and bushings. This material is available in bars, castings or plate.

4.0 Specification Numbers: The following table gives a cross reference of specification numbers which describe
equivalent materials.

AISI Number ASTM Number Excel Number

- Modified A128 MS/1


5.0 Chemical Composition:

ASTM A128: For Castings

Fe C Mn Ni Cr Mo P S Si

Max. Balance 1.40 14.0 - - - 0.07 - 1.00
Min. - 1.00 11.0 - - - - - -


6.0 Heat Treat Requirements: 1850 degree water quench. The typical Brinell Hardness as supplied is 200-230 BHN.
Depending on the severity of deformation to the surface, it can work-harden up to more than 550 BHN. If this steel is
processed using heat (i.e. torch cutting, rolling) it should re-heated and rapidly quenched to insure that it remains fully
austenetic.

7.0 Mechanical Properties: The mechanical properties of steel may vary depending on the production process (i.e.
Hot Rolled, Cold Finished, Open Die Forging) and the Heat Treatment (i.e. Normalized, Annealed, Quench and
Tempered) of the steel. The table below lists the typical mechanical properties for the steel types most frequently used
in Excel products. This table is for reference purposes only and is not all inclusive. Any specific questions regarding
mechanical properties should be directed the Engineering Services/Quality Control Department.

Heat Brinell Ultimate Yield Elongation






TitIe Specification

Modified ASTM A128 Austenitic Manganese SteeI Castings EXCEL SC MS/1




Approved By: Metallurgical Engineer Date: January 3, 2006


Excel Foundry and Machine, Inc.
Excel Material Specifications Manual

Page: 2 of 4
Section 6: High Manganese SteeIs
Treatment Hardness Strength (PSI) Strength (PSI) (%)

1850 degree 220-230 150,000 65,000 35
water quench

8.0 Surface Integrity and Roughness: The surface of the casting shall be examined visually and shall be free of
adhering sand, scale, cracks, porosity, blowholes, shrinkage defects, and hot tears. Unacceptable surface
discontinuities shall be removed and their removal verified by visual examination. Unacceptable visual surface
discontinuities are shown in, but not limited to, Visual Method MSS-SP-55.

9.0 Quality/Dimensions: All castings shall be made in a workmanlike manner and shall conform to the dimensions
on the drawings.

10.0 Additional Inspections: When specified by purchase order or drawing, additional inspections (mag particle,
Xray, ultrasonic, dye penatrant, ect) may be required. Additional inspections shall be in accordance with ASTM
A781/A781M and its supplemental requirements.

11.0 Weld Repair: Repair of major defects shall not be made until an approval for the repair has been granted in
accordance with the information listed in the Request to Repair section of this standard.

11.1 Weld repairs shall be inspected to the same quality standards used to inspect the castings. If NDT is specified on
the castings, the same standards shall be used to inspect the weld area.

11.2 Weld repairs are considered major when the cavity prepared for welding exceeds 20% of the wall thickness or 1
inch[25mm], whichever is smaller or the extent of the weld exceeds 10 in
2
[65 cm
2
]. Castings containing a major
weld repair shall receive a post weld heat treatment consisting of a thermal stress relief or complete reheat
treatment. The post weld heat treatment shall be in accordance with the qualified and documented weld procedure
used.

11.3 Any filler metal used in weld repair shall produce a weldment consisting of austenitic manganese steel.

11.4 Welders shall be qualified in accordance with ASTM A488/A488M.


11.5 Request to Repair:

11.5.1 Casting Supplier: The casting Supplier shall submit to Excel Purchasing Department, a written request for
approval to repair including the proposed repair procedure. The proposed procedure for repair by welding shall
include, as a minimum, the type of weld metal, welding process, weld preparation, preheat temperature, minimum
interpass temperature and post weld heat treatment.The request shall state the location and size of the defect(s) to
be repaired and the heat treated condition of the casting.

11.5.2 Excel Purchasing Department: The Purchasing Department shall forward the request and proposed procedure
as received, to the Quality Department for approval or disapproval. The Quality Department will coordinate with the






TitIe Specification

Modified ASTM A128 Austenitic Manganese SteeI Castings EXCEL SC MS/1




Approved By: Metallurgical Engineer Date: January 3, 2006


Excel Foundry and Machine, Inc.
Excel Material Specifications Manual

Page: 3 of 4
Section 6: High Manganese SteeIs
Engineering Department as required in order to determine acceptability. Upon receipt of the approval or
disapproval of the proposed repair and procedure, the Purchasing Department shall notify the casting Supplier
regarding the disposition of the defective casting.


12.0 Certification Requirements:

12.1 Certificate of Conformance: Required for all cast materials purchased.
12.2 Chemical analysis and/or mechanical testing with the appropriate reports may be required by the Quality,
Engineering or Purchasing Departments, or by the customer.
12.2.1 Chemical Analysis Report:: If stated as a requirement on the casting order, the Supplier shall
furnish a chemical analysis report for each heat of castings. If no chemical analysis report is
required, the Supplier is required to maintain a certificate of analysis at the suppliers facility for
a minimum of two years.
12.2.2 Mechanical Properties Report:: If stated as a requirement on the casting order, the Supplier
shall furnish information regarding the mechanical properties for each heat of castings. If no
mechanical analysis report is required, the Supplier is required to maintain a material test
report including mechanical properties for a minimum of two years.

13.0 Casting Identification: When possible, the drawing and/or casting order shall designate the type and location of
the marking by the Supplier. Identification marking, as a minimum, shall include:
-Casting part number
-Heat and/or serial number

14.0 Ordering Information: The following information, as a minimum, should be included on the casting order:
-Part name
-Part number
-Quantity required
-Delivery schedule
-Title, number and date of this standard
-Test and inspection reports which are required for the particular order


REFERENCE SPECIFICATIONS

ASTM A128/A128M Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Austenitic Mangagnese.

ASTM A370 Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

ASTM A488 Standard Practice for Welding Castings

ASTM A781 / 781M Specifications for Castings, Steel & Alloy, Common Requirements for General Use







TitIe Specification

Modified ASTM A128 Austenitic Manganese SteeI Castings EXCEL SC MS/1




Approved By: Metallurgical Engineer Date: January 3, 2006


Excel Foundry and Machine, Inc.
Excel Material Specifications Manual

Page: 4 of 4
Section 6: High Manganese SteeIs

Revision History


Revision
No.
Description of Changes and Pages Affected Date
Original Initial Release 01/03/2005
1