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Syllabus
Syllabus

Course Code – FS540 Statistical Analysis and Biostatistics (Online)

Syllabus Course Code – FS540 Statistical Analysis and Biostatistics (Online) Arcadia University Department Name: Forensic Science

Arcadia University Department Name: Forensic Science Semester: Fall 2013

Course Instructor: Rod G. Gullberg

Office:

E-mail: rod.gullberg@gmail.com Work Phone: 360-668-9118 Home Phone: 360-668-9118

Policy regarding feedback: I will return emails within 48 hours and grade your assignments within a week.

Welcome!
Welcome!

Welcome to your Arcadia University online course, FS540 – Statistical Analysis and Biostatistics. The general focus of the course is to provide you with the tools and concepts to be able to develop a research question, design a study, collect the data, perform the statistical analysis and interpret the results. We will emphasize statistical thinking and the critical evaluation of numerical information. You will learn the descriptive and inferential approaches to statistical analysis with an emphasis on graphical presentation.

Numerical information fills the literature of all academic disciplines. You will be confronted with numerical information and argument. Statistics will be the tool enabling you to evaluate sound numerical argument and to present your own work. This course will help you to effectively evaluate numerical argument and to present and interpret your own research results in a scholarly and compelling manner.

Required Materials

The required text for this course is: B. Baldi and D.S. Moore, The Practice of Statistics in the Life Sciences, 2 nd ed., New York: W.H. Freeman and Co., 2009.

ISBN-10: 1-4292-7271-6

Since this course is being delivered online, your computer system will need to meet specific hardware and software requirements. For this course, you will need to have access to Microsoft Office, or software that can author MS Office formats like Google Docs or Open Office. Additionally, we will be using other software packages such as Microsoft Excel

1.

Headset with microphone, or a built-in laptop microphone

Prerequisites

There are no prerequisites for this course

Minimum Technical Skills Expected

  • 1. The ability to use a modern web browser, like Internet Explorer or Firefox, to navigate websites.

  • 2. The ability to use your Arcadia e-mail address to send and receive e-mails.

  • 3. The ability to learn My Arcadia features found in the Tutorials section of the course, as needed.

  • 4. The ability to use word processing software to read, author, edit and save documents.

  • 5. The ability to use a search engine, like Google, to find information on the web.

  • 6. The ability to use Microsoft Excel

Technical Support

If you experience any difficulties with accessing the course or email please contact the IT helpdesk 215.572.2898. If you encounter a problem with an assignment or content in the course please contact me.

Resources available

In compliance with the Arcadia University policy and equal access laws, appropriate academic accommodations can be made for students eligible for such support. Students are encouraged to register with the Disability Services Office (215-968-8463) to verify their eligibility for appropriate accommodations. Please speak to their office about any requests for academic accommodations or other concerns as early in the semester as possible.

Writing Center Information:

The Writing Center is a resource for you. They have an online form to sign up for a time. Here is the form.

Evaluation
Evaluation

A

90% to 100%

B

80% to 89%

C

70% to 79%

D

60% to 69%

F

Failure to complete required work

This course is being presented in an online fashion. It is important that you login on a regular basis and work on a consistent basis to complete your requirements. Since we are not meeting face to face, it will be imperative that you participate in the discussion board, as well as on the phone and in Skype conferences with your instructor. Also, the Cyber Cafe is available for you to develop community outside of the course content.

You will need to be self-motivated and try to stay as organized as possible; developing a schedule would be a good idea. I also suggest that you login in the beginning of the week and copy all assignments to a Word document. This will allow you to construct a quality answer, spell check, grammar check, and copy and paste it into the forum.

Requirements for Discussion Board Sessions

  • 1. The Discussion Board is an opportunity for you to interact with and work with others on statistical issues that we are studying. You can also discuss and work with the homework assignments in this context.

Discussion Etiquette

In this course, I welcome the creation of a dialogue that is open, thoughtful, and constructive. At times, some of you may not agree on the positions that are taken in the forum. This diversity is welcomed. However, each student must exercise respect for the thoughts and comments that are posted by their peers. If any posted comments are inappropriate or of an offensive nature, they will be removed from the forum and I will address the issue with the author of the content. Please follow the following guidelines:

Never post, transmit, promote, or distribute content that is known to be illegal.

Never post harassing, threatening, or embarrassing comments.

If you disagree with someone, respond to the subject, not the person.

Never post content that is harmful, abusive, racially, ethnically, or religiously offensive, vulgar or otherwise potentially offensive.

Unit 1 Objectives

Aug 28, 2013

1.

The student will understand the existence of variation and uncertainty in all

 

numerical data.

2.

The student will learn how statistics is relevant to all steps of the scientific method

3.

The student will understand the relevance of statistics in all academic disciplines

4.

The student will learn the importance of statistics as part of a set of critical thinking

skills

 

5.

The student will see the importance of statistics in all branches of the forensic

sciences

 

6.

The student will learn the importance of understanding the data context

7.

The student will learn the different categories of statistical and data variables

8.

The student will learn several ways in which data can be presented graphically

 

Unit 1 Readings

 

1.

Chapter 1 of Baldi and Moore

 

Unit 1 Assignments

 

1.

Introduce Yourself to the Class

2.

Complete the Unit 1 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 2 Objectives

Sept 4, 2013

1.

The student will learn the most commonly encountered statistical distributions

2.

The student will learn applications of these common distributions in the forensic

sciences

 

3.

The student will learn the concepts and measures of central tendency and variation

4.

The student will learn the importance of interpreting and presenting descriptive

statistics

 

5.

The student will learn the application of scatter plots

6.

The student will learn the valid use of and limitations of scatter plots

7.

The student will learn the form, direction and strength of scatter plots

 

Unit 2 Readings

Chapters 2 and 3 of Baldi and Moore

 

Unit 2 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 2 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 3 Objectives

Sept 11, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn the assumptions necessary for valid linear regression

  • 2. The student will learn the roles of the response and predictor variable

  • 3. The student will learn the meaning and interpretation of regression coefficients

  • 4. The student will learn the information provided in Microsoft Excel for linear

regression

  • 5. The student will learn the importance of graphing regression data

  • 6. The student will learn the limitations of linear regression

  • 7. The student will be introduced to multi variate linear regression and its applications

Unit 3 Readings

Chapter 4 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 3 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 2 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 4 Objectives

Sept 18, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn the nature of categorical or count data used in two-way

tables

  • 2. The student will learn the calculation and meaning of degrees of freedom

  • 3. The student will learn the meaning of observed and expected counts

  • 4. The student will learn how to develop null and alternate hypotheses in inferential

statistics

  • 5. The student will learn the calculation of the chi-square statistic

  • 6. The student will learn the interpretation of the chi-square results and their

inferences

  • 7. The student will learn the use of the chi-square statistical tables

Unit 4 Readings

Chapter 5 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 4 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 4 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 5 Objectives

Sept 25, 2013

1.

The student will learn the nature of observational studies

2.

The student will learn the details of a case-control study as a form of observational

study

 

3.

The student will learn the details of a cohort study as a form of observational study

4.

The student will learn the statistical techniques that are used with observational

studies

 

5.

The student will learn the nature and design of randomized control trials

6.

The student will learn the difference between inferring association and causality

7.

The student will learn the advantages and disadvantages of these different

experimental designs

 

Unit 5 Readings

Chapters 7 and 8 of Baldi and Moore

 

Unit 5 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 5 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 6 Objectives

Oct 2, 2013

1.

The student will learn the basic rules of probability

2.

The student will learn the “long term frequency” estimate of probability

3.

The student will learn the nature of conditional probabilities and their application

4.

The student will learn the nature and use of subjective probabilities

Unit 6 Readings

Chapters 9 and 10 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 6 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 6 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 7 Objectives

Oct 9, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn the basic properties of the normal distribution

  • 2. The student will learn the use and interpretation of the table of Z statistics that are

based on the normal

  • 3. The student will learn many different applications of the normal distribution in

scientific contexts

  • 4. The student will learn that areas under the curve in the normal distribution

represent probabilities

  • 5. The student will learn how the normal distribution is applied in many areas of

statistical inference

Unit 7 Readings

Chapter 11 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 7 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 7 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 8 Objectives

Oct 16, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn the basic concept of a sampling distribution

  • 2. The student will learn the importance of having a sample size of 30 or more

  • 3. The student will learn the meaning and interpretation of the “central limit theorem”

  • 4. The student will learn how the “central limit theorem” allows the use of the

standard normal

  • 5. The student will learn the nature and importance of the standard deviation of the

sampling distribution

Unit 8 Readings

Chapter 13 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 8 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 8 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 9 Objectives

Oct 23, 2013

1.

The student will learn to develop null and alternate hypotheses

2.

The student will learn to develop one or two tail tests

3.

The student will learn the appropriate distributions to employ in statistical

 

inference

4.

The student will learn how to use the appropriate statistical tables based on their

data

 

5.

The student will learn the appropriate statistical calculation necessary for testing

 

hypotheses

6.

The student will learn to determine whether they can accept or reject the null

 

hypothesis

7.

The student will learn the meaning of the alpha and beta error types

8.

The student will learn the meaning and application of confidence intervals

 

Unit 9 Readings

Chapters 14 and 15 of Baldi and Moore

 

Unit 9 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 9 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 10 Objectives

Oct 30, 2013

1.

The student will learn to apply inferential tests to one sample types of tests

2.

The student will employ both the standard normal and t distributions

  • 3. The student will continue to apply confidence interval calculations

  • 4. The student will learn the advantages of confidence intervals over that of

hypothesis tests

Unit 10 Readings

Chapters 14 and 15 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 10 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 10 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 11 Objectives

Nov 6, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn to perform single sample tests

  • 2. The student will learn when to employ a large sample Z test or a small sample t

test

  • 3. The student will learn to use and interpret the t distribution statistical tables

  • 4. The student will learn when and how to apply two sample inferential statistical

tests

  • 5. The student will learn the interpretation of the p-value in inferential statistics

Unit 11 Readings

Chapter 17 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 11 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 11 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 12 Objectives

Nov 13, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn to test the equality of two population parameters

2.

The student will learn when to employ a large sample Z test or a small sample t

test

 

3.

The student will learn the limitation of the Z and t test to comparing only two

 

parameters

4.

The student will learn the interpretation of confidence intervals and their relation to

p-values

 

Unit 12 Readings

Chapter 18 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 12 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 12 assignment found on Blackboard

 

Unit 13 Objectives

Nov 20, 2013

1.

The student will learn to test the equality of two population proportions

2.

The student will learn the standard errors when comparing proportions and

 

confidence intervals

3.

The student will learn the use of only the Z statistic in testing proportions

4.

The student will review the interpretation of confidence intervals and their relation

 

to p-values

5.

The student will learn the “Plus 4” method for computing confidence intervals of

 

proportions

Unit 13 Readings

Chapters 19 and 20 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 13 Assignments

 

1.

Complete the Unit 13 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 14 Objectives

Nov 27, 2013

  • 1. The student will learn the context in which to employ the Oneway ANOVA test

  • 2. The student will learn the interpretation of the ANOVA table that summarizes the

test results

  • 3. The student will learn the use and interpretation of the table for the F-statistic

  • 4. The student will learn the computation of the F statistic

  • 5. The student will learn the assumptions associated with the oneway ANOVA

  • 6. The student will learn post-hoc tests and their relevance

  • 7. The student will learn the difference between balanced and unbalanced designs

Unit 14 Readings

Chapter 24 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 14 Assignments

  • 1. Complete the Unit 14 assignment found on Blackboard

Unit 15 Objectives

Dec 4, 2013

  • 1. The student will receive a good review of the material covered this semester

  • 2. The student will be well prepared for the final exam

  • 3. The student will be able to ask any final questions

Unit 15 Readings

Chapters 1 to 24 of Baldi and Moore

Unit 15 Assignments

  • 1. Final Exam will be given