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^ 6 0 years of The Ukrainian Weekly: an anniversary review - special


section beginning on page 5.
^ Exhibit of Trypillian culture to open in New York - page 4. ,L ,–

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Published by the Ukrainian National Association inc., a fraternal non-profit association
vol. LXI No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER IO, 1993 50 cents

Wary of "political games," Morozov Clinton signs foreign aid bill


involved in local border and ethnic dis–
requests dismissal from defense post S300 million to be putes. Reports have ranged from the

by Marta Kolomayets
available for Ukraine Russian military supporting separatist
elements in Georgia, to their involvement
Kyyiv Press Bureau WASHINGTON (UNAW) - in combat in Moldova and Tajikistan."
7 President Bill Clinton signed H.R. 2295, He then quoted from a letter he had
KYYFv - President Leonid Kravchuk
the foreign assistance appropriations act received from Georgian President Eduard
relieved Ukraine's defense minister, Gen.
into law as Public Law 103-87, on Shevardnadze who wrote that Georgia's
Kostyantyn Morozov, of his duties on
September 30. Containing almost S13 future is in danger because Russian
Monday morning, October 4.
billion for bilateral and multilateral for– troops are "engineering a disaster."
The dismissal came at Gen. Morozov's eign assistance, the act appropriates S2.5 The Kentucky senator concluded:
own request, who said he does not want billion of assistance for the new indepen– "what we are saying by this amendment
his army to be dragged into any "political dent states (N1S) of the former Soviet is our assistance to Russia is conditioned
games." Although general has been Union. Of this amount, the act mandates upon the respect for the territorial integri–
unavailable for comment, sources in the that "not less than S300 million should ty of the newly independent states." The
Defense Ministry report that his decision be made available for Ukraine." Senate approved the amendment.
comes in light of the polarized situation Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), rank– Sen. Pete Domenici (R-N.M.) pro-
in Ukraine's Parliament and the tense ing minority member of the Senate posed an amendment to stabilize engi–
events in Moscow. Appropriations Committee's Subcommit– neering and scientific institutes in
The Ukrainian defense minister has tee on Foreign Operations, was the author Ukraine and Russia as they strive to con-
been attacked by Ukraine's hard-line of the provision on Ukraine during sub- vert defense industries to civilian appli–
Communists who over the past year have committee consideration of the measure. cations. Called the Ukraine7Rassia
accused him of forming a policy too in his opening remarks to the Senate Stabilization Partnerships, the pre gram
independent from Moscow. Gen. Kostyantyn Morozov on the bill, Sen. McConnell stated: will provide not less that S50 million to
But democrats - 90 members of "in addition to the broad categories of the secretary of energy for a program of
our society," said the letter.
Ukraine's National Council - protested aid for the N1S, the chairman fSen. cooperation between scientific and engi–
"Morozov was one of the first, who
the president's decree dismissing Gen. Patrick Leahy (D-vt.)J has agreed to my neering institutes in the new independent
together with President Kravchuk sup-
Morozov and appealed to him in a letter request that S300 million of the S2.5 bil– states and national laboratories in the
ported Ukraine's independence, and this
dated Oc:ober 6 to reconsider his decision. lion be directed for use in Ukraine. І am United States. The amendment was
is why it was immensely difficult for the
"We feel that this decision will curb convinced that Ukraine will play a cen– approved by the Senate.
president to make this decision," said
the development of Ukraine's armed tral role in assuring the region's transi– On September 23, the Senate approved
Yolodymyr Petrenko, chief of the presi–
forces, and will evoke confusion, not tion to democracy and free markets. the bill with the provision for aid to
only in the Army, but among members of (Continued on page 22) "Until May, U.S.-Ukraine relations Ukraine by a vote of 88 to 10. The act then
were somewhat strained by the single- was referred to a House-Senate Conference
minded focus on nuclear issues. This is a Committee to resolve the differences
Defense Dep't delegation urges crucial priority and everyone, including
the leadership in Ukraine, agrees that
between the House and Senate passed bills.
The Conference Committee met on
Ukraine should ratify and fulfill all obliga– September 27 and the earmark of S300 mil-
Ukraine to give up nuclear arms tions under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation
Treaty and START 1. However, it should
lion for Ukraine immediately became the
major issue. Rep. David Obey (D-Wis.),
by Marta Kolomayets However, he worried that START І not be the only issue addressed in the
(Continued on page 19)
Kyyiv Press Bureau would not be ratified in Ukraine's bilateral and multilateral agenda.
Parliament any time soon. "With 52 million educated people,
KYYiv - The United States believes ports, a strong agricultural and industrial
"There's no doubt that the process of
that Ukraine has a genuine security prob–
lem tha; will be solved once Ukraine
ratification of START 1 has dragged out base, Ukraine is well positioned to play a
major role as a global economic and
Miller confirmed as
for a long time and the process of the
gives up its nuclear arsenal, a U.S. gov–
erhment official said in Kyyiv on
Rada's fi.e., the Supreme Council's! political power. But promising prospects
are complicated by serious problems.
envoy to Ukraine
preparations for elections risks a period
Thursday afternoon, October 7. Chornobyl's radiation has contaminated by Eugene M. iwanciw
of paralysis in the Rada's politics," he
U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense said. Ukraine's Parliament had scheduled water, land and the health of a whole UNA Washington Office
Graham Allison told reporters the U.S. elections for March 27, 1994. generation. Troops returning from the
government feels that "nuclear weapons Baltics need housing. Privatization, cur– WASHINGTON - The Senate
"But, in terms of Ukraine's interests, rency stabilization, defense conversion Foreign Relations Committee on
on Ukraine's territory, in fact enhance its
the period of prolonged uncertainty or and nuclear dismantling — the list of September 14 favorably reported
insecurity, because of risks of accidents,
delay in the fulfillment of international urgent needs is endless. І believe it is in on the nomination of William
unauthorized launches or some incident
obligations which the government of our interests, the interests of long-term Green Miller to be ambassador to
between Russia and Ukraine." This is
Ukraine has taken in ratifying START І regional stability, to help." Ukraine. The following day, in
opposite of the view of some Ukrainian
and NPT will not enhance Ukraine's executive session, the Senate con-
officials, he added, who think that During consideration of the bill, Sen.
security, it will only make Ukraine firmed Mr. Miller.
nuclear weapons buttress Ukraine's secu– McConnell offered from himself and
appear less responsible and therefore His nomination was considered
rity. Sens. Leahy, Bob Dole (R-Kan.), Robert
undermine the strengthening of relations en bloc with a number of other
in view of Sunday's events in Byrd (D-W. va.) and Ted Stevens (R–
with nations like the United States and appointments including those of
Moscow, Mr. Allison said he was hope– Ala.) an amendment to prohibit assistance
major European countries," Mr. Allison new ambassadors to the Federal
ful the continuation of the democratic to the new independent states if there is a
said. Republic of Germany, italy, and
process in Russia would allow Ukraine to violation of territorial integrity of any
He added that Ukraine risks losing other new independent state, or an attempt Spain. The confirmation was by
live in some degree of security, next door
S175 million appropriated under the to enhance their military capability, and voice vote.
to a reformed Russia.
Nunn-Lugar agreement for technical that one-third of the assistance shall be The oath of office will be admin–
"Therefore, these events make more
assistance in nuclear disarmament. He provided to countries other than Russia. istered to Ambassador-designate
likely the fulfillment of Ukraine's com– said that only one obstacle remains to the in his remarks about the amendment, Miller by Secretary of State Warren
mitment to ratify START 1 and accede to release of these funds: Ukraine must sign Sen. McConnell stated that "for several Christopher at the Department of
the NPT," he said during a news confer– an umbrella agreement which outlines months there have been reports of State on October 13.
ence prior to his departure for
Washington. (Continued on page 22) Russian officers and soldiers becoming
2 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

Zlenko addresses United Nations


UNlTED NATlONS - Ukraine's referred to instability in Georgia and
Foreign Minister Anatoliy Zlenko called on the U.N. to help "bring the situ–
appeared before the United Nation's ation back to a course of settlement "Dniester" activists side with Parliament had visited the Ukrainian capital twice in
General Assembly on September 30 in through political dialogue." recent months to ask Ukraine to play the
the opening week of its 48th session, to The foreign minister acknowledged MOSCOW - Russian President Boris role of intermediary. (Reuters)
reassert that Ukraine had begun disman– the dire situation of the economy in Yeltsin, in an interview aired on
tling its nuclear weapons, but reiterating Ukraine, but reaffirmed the nation's goal Ostankino ТУ on October 1 specifically Georgian welcomes Ukrainian presence
that it would need large-scale financial of a market-oriented economy. He sug– warned fighters from the "Dniester
Republic" and other armed supporters of TB1L1S1 - On October 4, Eduard
assistance to complete the process. gested that the Ukrainian diaspora could Shevardnadze, the embattled president of
The first several weeks of each new spur foreign economic investment the Russian Supreme Soviet against
spilling Russian blood in Moscow. That Georgia, offered comments on the large
session of the General Assembly general– through its business and political con- numbers of irregular forces in his coun–
ly sees a parade of heads of government tacts. same day, Russian Deputy Prime
Minister Oleg Soskovets also warned try. Mr. Shevardnadze accused Russian
and state leaders, who propose the agen– Mr. Zlenko also said Ukraine is look– forces present in Abkhazia of intentional–
da for the new session ing at the lightning quick development of that "Dniester" activists and other
extremists may provoke bloodshed. ly destabilizing Georgia, and called their
The foreign minister asked the digni– the countries of the Pacific rim, such as policy of fomenting unrest and supplying
taries, "Where do we get the money to indonesia and Taiwan, and sees them as Another deputy prime minister, viadimir
Shumeiko, told 1TAR-TASS that "crimi– rebels with arms neo-imperialist. On the
dismantle and eliminate the strategic potential trade partners. "The process of other hand, Mr. Shevardnadze welcomed
nuclear weapons located in Ukraine?" He the practical development of relations nal suspects from the Dniester battalion"
are among those who "call the tune in the the presence of the irregular Ukrainian
added, "According to our estimates, with the ASEAN countries has been initi– National Self-Defense (UNSO) forces,
approximately S2.8 billion are needed for ated. We see this grouping as potentially tMoscowJ White House." (RFE7RL
Daily Report) whom he considers helpful. (Respublika)
these purposes." He also expressed his one of the best trade and economic part–
concern for assuring Ukraine's national ners of Ukraine." Sociological poll results are released
security once the missiles are gone. Rally supports pro-democracy forces
Minister Zlenko also emphasized the
Mr. Zlenko also voiced his concern for negative effect Ukraine's support for the KYYiv — independence Square in KYYiv — T h e sociological center
the military servicemen who would no U.N. action in the former Yugoslavia has the Ukrainian capital was the site on "Democratic initiatives" on October 5
longer have positions once the missile had on its economy. He said that in addi– released the results of its latest poll of
October 4 of a public meeting in support
forces are liquidated. tion to the loss of Ukrainian life associat– 400 Kyyiv residents. Sixty-eight feel
of pro-democracy forces in Russia. The
in a far-ranging speech, he went on to ed with Ukraine's deployment of military Ukraine should retain its nuclear arms;
organizers of the rally were the Kyyiv
reassert that the Crimea was and would units to support the peacekeeping effort, 22 percent are categorically opposed.
coordinating center of the Green Party of
continue to be an integral part of "Ukraine will suffer direct losses of more Thirty percent support NATO member-
Ukraine, the New Ukraine coalition, the
Ukrainian lands and expressed his grati– than 4 billion U.S. dollars in the state ship for Ukraine as in independent entity,
Ukrainian Republican Party and the
tude to the U.N. Security Council for sup- sector alone." while a like number believe Ukraine
Liberal-Democratic Party of Ukraine.
porting Ukraine in its controversy with Finally, the foreign minister asked should maintain neutrality. Forty-eight
Speakers told gathering it is time for
Russia over possession of the territory. that the United Nations forego the 58 percent do not support the Massandra
Ukrainian political forces to consolidate agreement entered into by President
He warned the body that imperial percent increase in contributions by in order to avert similar occurrences in
thinking developed over centuries does Ukraine to the U.N. budget adopted last Leonid Kravchuk of Ukraine and Boris
Ukraine. A Green Party spokesman noted Yeltsin of Russia, while 24 percent sup-
not vanish with a change in government, year. He explained that Ukraine could that extremist groups similar to those
alluding to Russia's continued harass– better utilize these monies to solve the port the pact. When asked about their
opposing President Boris Yeltsin in confidence in Ukraine's government, 81
ment of the newly independent states of overwhelming problems associated with
Russia exist also in Ukraine. percent expressed no confidence in
the former Soviet Union. He specifically the Chornobyl nuclear disaster.
(Respublika) Parliament, 55 percent no confidence in
Ukraine 's ex-communists back Rutskoi the president, 69 percent no confidence
in the Cabinet of Ministers. Seven per–
Brzezinski comments on Ukraine KYYiv — Representatives of several
parties picketed the Russian Embassy
cent have confidence in the Supreme
Council, 27 percent have confidence in
Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski, former national security advisor, and currently counselor at
here on October 2, and presented offi– the president, and 8 percent have confi–
the Center for Strategic and international Studies (CS1S) and professor at John Hopkins
Paul Nitze School of Advanced international Studies, recently appeared on two news cials with petitions to both warring sides dence in the Cabinet of Ministers. Sixty
programs, "MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour (September 20) and John McLaughlin 's "One of the neighboring country's govern– percent said they would participate in
on One" (September 24), where he expressed his views on Ukraine in the context of a ment. However, it appears that the pro- elections of a new Supreme Council, and
general discussion of ongoing transformations in Eastern Europe. testers supported the Parliament against 67 percent said they would vote in presi–
The following are excerpts from Dr. Brzezinski's commentary: President Boris Yeltsin, in that the dential elections. Twenty-five percent of
assembled members of the Citizens' the respondents said the situation in
9
On economic reform programs under current political conditions in Russia Congress of Ukraine, the Socialist Party Ukraine would improve after the elec–
and Ukraine: of Ukraine, and the Party of Slavic Unity tions, 40 percent believe there will be no
І think that the advice we have been giving the Russians and the Ukrainians has called for a lifting of the blockade on the change, and 16 percent said they were
created in Russia tremendous chaos, with people switching policies, going in a variety Russian White House, a renunciation of sure things would get worse.
of directions, and the so-called big bang in Russia has produced very limited privati– force, and acceptance of the Russian (Respublika)
zation and a small capitalistic class which is essentially parasitic, it's not a class Supreme Court's rulings. (Respublika)
Former German colonist returns with help
that's investing and making the country grow, it's a class that's exploiting growth for
Kyyiv denounces Abkhaz advance
its own benefit. And in Ukraine, we have essentially contributed to a stalemate by SARATA, Odessa oblast - in order
telling them to reform but by not being willing to help them. K Y Y i v – The Foreign Ministry of to establish a textile workshop here, Prof.
...1 would say to the Russians and Ukrainians, you have to have a reform program, that Ukraine on October 1 denounced the Hans Weisshaar of the Hamburg
reform program has to be from the bottom up, but the government has to be engaged in Abkhaz advance southward after the cap– Polytechnical University brought 10
that reform program, directed economic growth to some extent on the Korean model, for ture of the Black Sea resort of Sukhumi. sewing machines, material, needles and
example, rather than on the Polish example, is what you people need.... Kyyiv said the advance is a violation of other supplies, valued at over 1 million
the a previously concluded ceasefire in DM. Prof. Weisshaar was born in Svitlo–
The Korean model involved essentially a directing role by the government, some the region and said Russia had failed in Dolynske, Sarata district, which was the
generalized goals and targets being set by the government and then the government its role as a mediator of the dispute. site of a sizeable German colony prior to
deliberately using credit policy and subsidies to stimulte certain segments of the econ– World War 11.. (Respublika)
Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze
omy while at the same time creating a free market.
9
On the Clinton administration's lack of policy regarding the new indepen–
dent (non-Russian) states:
...where 1 fault the Clinton administration the most in the case of the former Soviet THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY FOUNDED 1933
Union is that it has neglected by and large the non-Russian states, thereby contribut–
ing to a vacuum around Russia which inherently enhances the imperial aspirations of An English-language newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association inc.,
those in Moscow who would like to have both an empire and a strong economy a non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.
financed by us. Second-class postage paid at Jersey City, N. J. 07302.
— MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, September 20. (lSSN - 0273-9348)
9
On the potential for the recreation of a Russian empire: Yearly subscription rate: $20; for UNA members - S10.
Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
...1 don't think a world war with Russia is very likely at all. І don't think Russia for
many years is going to be a rival to the United States on the world scene. І don't The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
think Russia for a very long time is going to project outward any appealing ideology. (201) 434-0237, -0807, -3036 (201)451-2200
But 1 think what is quite likely is that we are going to see a very intense effort to
rebuild the old Russian empire, to subde the newly independent states, to subvert Postmaster, send address Editor-in-chief: Roma Hadzewycz
Ukraine, and thereby to recreate an empire which inherently will have to be dictatori– changes to: Associate editor: Marta Koiomayets (Kyyiv)
al, probably poor because of the costs of empire, and perceived by its neighbors as The Ukrainian Weekly Assistant editor: Khristina Lew
aggressive. And that is, 1 think, a danger. P.O. Box 346 Staff writers7editors: Roman Woronowycz
9 Jersey City, N.J. 07303 Andrij Kudla Wynnyckyj
On the potential for confrontation between Russia and Ukraine:
Mr. McLaughlin: is Russia going to engage Ukraine in a war? The Ukrainian Weekly, October 10,1993, No. 41, vol. LX
Copyright (g) 1993 The Ukrainian Weekly
(Continued on page 23)
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 з

interview: Respublika's Serhiy Naboka on press and censorship


by Roman Woronowycz Kravchuk's press secretary comes up to our corre– firms, are run by former Communists.
spondent and asks, "Why did you come here? We have a few papers that think they are completely
The Ukrainian independent information Agency Remember that this will be the last interview you will free. They in a sense are not free because they feel com–
Respublika (UN1AR) celebrates its fifth anniversary this ever get with the president," he says. pelled to criticize those things that one might not criti–
year, it has been a driving force in establishing a free cize, or may even praise. There's a search for sensation–
What is this? We have to deal with this. Another
press in Ukraine, and its daily news releases from alism. A search for something bad, for something black.
thing, they openly demand bribes. І am completely fed
Ukraine are utilized by many Western news agencies. As a result there is a perceptive anti-Ukrainian trend in
up with the president's press service. Okay, let's forget
From a three-person operation in 1988, associated with their reporting, regardless of the fact that the atmosphere
about me, FH deal with it. But other well-respected jour–
the Ukrainian Republican Party, it has developed into of the publication is patriotic.
nalists have also suffered this business; if you want an
an independent, multi-media press agency. Today, it
interview with Kravchuk, you must pay us an amount of Some say the government uses its rationing of
consists of four branches: the press agency; videoftele–
money or give the press center a substantial gift. paper as a tool for censorship. What is the current
vision production; an analytical research department;
Corruption even at that level. availability of print and does the government with–
and a press monitoring section.
All the members of the Western mass media have had hold it at times?
Serhiy Naboka, 38-year-old editor-in-chief and
to deal with this. All of them. І do not want to reveal
founder of Respublika, was in the United States recently Paper can be had if a person is a good businessman,
names, but they belong to some of the best and most
through a grant from the United States information with some money, a bit of a brain, and runs a good
respected agencies and firms.
Agency. While here he spent a week as an intern at our newspaper that is bought by people.
Myself, 1 just ignore it. The head (of the press centerJ
sister publication, the Ukrainian-language daily The paper released by the government in May was
is a member of the old cadres from Communist times.
Svoboda. The Weekly took the opportunity to interview strictly for government and Parliament publications,
He worked his whole life in the Soviet press. He was a
him. Last week he discussed the development of the although it was advertised as paper for all newspapers.
speech writer, it's obvious who he was.
news agency Respublika. This week we turn our attention But paper can be found, 1 am convinced of this. Post–
And how does he think? He realizes he has to make
to his thoughts on press censorship in Ukraine today, Postup finds it, Kievskie vedomosti does. Case closed.
as much money as possible. He knows sooner or later he
and Mr. Naboka's earlier arrest for political activities. These are newspapers independent of the government.
will lose his job.
Part И Neither the government nor Parliament supplies them
Freedom House several months ago described the with paper. They get it where they can.
І want to shift gears now and talk about censor- Ukrainian press as partly free, on a par with Kuwait,
The fact that many editors today ask for paper from
ship and the accuracy of the information you receive. Moldova or Oman. What are your thoughts on this?
the government is a result of old habits learned under
Does official government censorship still exist? І agree that it is partly free. But Fve never been in the Soviet system. They request paper from the govern–
in principle, yes. Censorship remains, it is of a differ– Kuwait and cannot read Moldovan, so 1 don't know how ment. The government gives it to them. Now this is no
ent character, but it remains. There is less of it and it is to compare it with these. But the situation in Ukraine — longer a free newspaper. The circle closes. No paper,
softer. That's first. Secondly, the press centers of the let's take as an example Ukrainian government-run televi– you do not put out a newspaper. With paper you have to
Cabinet of Ministers and the Supreme Council are inad– sion. it is absolutely not free. І am absolutely convinced listen to that part of government that supplied it to you.
equate. And the president's press center and his press of this because 1 saw it on my own when 1 did broadcasts
You spent some time in the Soviet prison system as
secretary do not work at all. for Ukrtelefilm, a government studio that broadcasts films
a political dissident. What were the details of your
His press center has brought such a negative image of for television. І was doing some publicity work and did
arrest?
Ukraine to the public that 1 do not know why the presi– interviews with several diaspora Ukrainian representa–
dent keeps those people, instead of explaining certain tives, specifically with Ronya and Askold Lozynskyj and From the time 1 was 14,1 was "anti-Soviet." My par–
things or pointing out news items, instead of calling a with Mary Mycio. Afterward, 1 received feedback that ents were always worried because 1 was constantly writ–
journalist or many, they do the opposite. they were criticizing the government and the president; ing or reading something. After the Army, when І
Many times they simply do not inform the press that certain comments could not run. At the studio, one entered university 1 saw up close what Soviet journalism
about press conferences. Let's say there are 100 corre– producer told me, after the Mary Mycio piece already had was, and this really bothered me. So like-minded friends
spondents who cover the Parliament, foreign and been cut to almost nothing, that yet another sentence was and 1 formed the Kyyiv Democratic Club. At first, we
domestic. Thirty will be told. Forty will not find out. not acceptable. So 1 pulled the whole piece. discussed the political situation in friends' apartments.
And the rest will find out on their own. But on the non-governmental commercial channels, Then we began to put out a magazine, followed by
we can do most anything. We are absolutely free. We leaflets criticizing the Olympic Games in Moscow, the
Whom do they usually call? Afghan War. We were caught in 1981 after some of the
can say what we want, including publicly unknown
in principle, they should call everybody. But some- information, if the assistant director of the Bank of women in the group brought leaflets about the Afghan
times you call asking, let's say about when (President Ukraine calls to stop me from running a story, 1 don't War to a friend's apartment, where we were celebrating
LeonidJ Kravchuk is due to land returning from some listen to him if 1 so choose. a birthday. As some of us left and entered the Metro, we
important meeting. When will his plane arrive? "What, in (government! radio, the situation as a whole is better were arrested.
don't you realize that it's lunch now," replies the press than television, even though it is controlled by the same І think they had been following us for a while. І know
center's director and hangs up. people. Perhaps the people who work there are active to a that my phone had been tapped since 1972. Five were
So 1 call again and tell him that it takes us an hour to greater degree and are younger, more creative. arrested. Four were sentenced to three years apiece. We
get to Boryspil Airport and contacts tell us the plane is The printed press is a mixed bag. The majority of never admitted any guilt. Nor did we appeal.
due in two hours. Could you confirm this? "1 don't papers are either associated with political parties or We sat in prison in Ukraine. The Politburo had made
know," he replies. serve the interests of certain commercial structures that a policy decision to put the new dissidents with the mur–
in this instance, we sent our correspondent anyway buy the paper and pay the editors. The editors are all derers and the drug dealers, with an assortment of ban–
to meet Kravchuk, who had returned from some impor– representatives of the companies, however large or dits. Their new policy was to separate the new dissidents
tant conference, in the Crimea last spring, 1 think it small, and, of course, they support their political inter– from the older ones. They wanted to isolate us from
was. No other correspondents were there. ests. And most of them, especially the largest of the their influence. But they couldn't do it.

Ukrainian independence Day celebrated in US. Congress


Ukrainian National information Service has sought the assistance of our own gov– Following his opening remarks, Mr..
ernment. And while we fthe U.S. govern– Lozynskyj presented the Taras
WASH1NGTON - The Ukrainian ment) welcomed Ukraine's indepen– Shevchenko Freedom Award, the highest
Congress Committee of America dence, Eitt treated independent Ukraine accolade given by the Ukrainian
(UCCA) and the Ukrainian American not as a potential ally but rather as a tem– American community to Sen. Dennis
Coordinating Council (UACC) on porary phenomenon..." DeConcini from Arizona. With the sena–
September 23 co-sponsored an evening
Questioning the United States' posture tor's decision not to run next term, the
reception commemorating Ukraine's sec–
toward Ukraine, Mr. Lozynskyj "Ukrainian American community is losing
ond anniversary of independence.
explained that the U.S. has given a dear friend in Congress," Mr. Lozynskyj
The observance, held in the Rayburn unequivocal moral and financial support said. He added that it was Sen. DeConcini
House Office Building, was sponsored by for Russian President (BorisJ Yeltsin... who initiated legislation on several key
Sens. Alfonse D'Amato (N.Y.), Dennis despite imperialistic pronouncements issues; including the Millennium resolu–
DeConcini (D-Ariz.), Robert Dole (R– from Russia's leadership both fringe and tion in 1988 calling for the legalization of
Kan.), Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.), Mitch mainstream." Ukrainian Churches and the independence
McConnell (R-Ky.), and Donald W. Speaking during the same week in resolution of November 1991 urging the
Riegle (D-Mich.); and Reps. David E. which the Foreign Assistance United States to recognize Ukraine's inde–
Bonior (D. Mich.), Richard A. Gephardt Appropriations Bill passed and mandated pendent statehood.
(D-Mo.), Benjamin Gilman (R-N.Y.), that "not less than S300 million shall be
Robert 11, Michael (R-lll.), and Louise Sen. DeConcini sincerely thanked the
made available for Ukraine," Mr.
Mclntosh Slaughter (D-N.Y.). community for bestowing the
Lozynskyj commended the U.S. Senate and
Shevchenko Freedom Award upon him
Formally opening the reception and in particular Sen. McConnell for attempting
and vowed his continued support for an
addressing the crowd of over 150 guests, to reverse the "Russia only" trend.
Askold S. Lozynskyj, president of the independent and democratic Ukraine, he
Mr. Lozynskyj closed his remarks by
UCCA, stated that "over the past two thanked members of the Ukrainian
thanking all the guests for attending and
years Ukraine has attempted to spread its American community for all of their
assuring those gathered that "with your
wings." He emphasized that much has efforts in assisting Ukraine and their
support, Ukraine will continue to make
been accomplished but much more efforts in Congress, making sure that no
progress and become and cornerstone for
remains undone, "in this regard Ukraine democracy at the crossroads of Europe." (Continued on page 21) Sen. Dennis DeConcini
4 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10.1993 No. 41

Trypillian culture exhibit at The Ukrainian Museum Contemporary art


NEW YORK - An
exhibition "Ukraine —
without the use of a potter's wheel. At
first, three colors of paint were used for
from Ukraine
images from 5,000 to
4,000 B.C.: Treasures of
the designs — white, red and black,
while later, at the end of the middle peri–
exhibited in Poland
the Trypillian Culture" od of the Trypillian culture, black pre– by Oksana Zakydalsky
will open at The Ukrainian dominated. variations in the styles of
Museum on Sunday, ornamentation can be attributed to specif– TORONTO - "My trip to Ukraine
October 24, and will be on ic pottery–making centers. was for me a revelation, it allowed me to
view through Sunday, On some pieces of pottery, the impres– see new tendencies in art about which І
November 28. The exhibi– sions of woven textiles were found. The had not heard and, at the same time, it
tion traveled from Ukraine imprints, sometimes very fine, indicate a provoked me to act." Such was the reac–
and is presented under the very highly developed weaving technolo– tion of Jurij Onuch after his trip to
auspices of the Embassy of gy and ihe availability of linen clothing. Ukraine in 1991. invited to be a member
Ukraine and the Consulate of the jury for the Lviv Biennale, he real–
The ancient people's concept and
General of Ukraine in New ized, after meeting artist Yasyl Bazhay
understanding of life and of the universe
York City, it will feature whose works had been rejected for the
was governed by mythological beliefs,
more than 160 archeologi– Biennale because they were "too big,"
and this was reflected in everything they
cal items of historical and that the Lviv exhibit did not give an ade–
created; nothing was inconsequential,
artistic value from the quate overview of the state of visual arts
random or negligible, everything had a
Trypillian culture — one in Ukraine himself.
meaning and purpose. The designs they
of the most important used on their pottery reflected in symbol– After meeting other innovative artists,
Eurasian cultures in the ic patterns and stylized pictures their con– mostly through referrals by Halyna
ancient agricultural world. cept of life, nature, the spiritual world Sklarenko of the institute of Art in Kyyiv,
A bilingual brochure will and the universe. Mr. Onuch decided to organize an exhibit
accompany the exhibition. Archeological excavations also yield– of contemporary art of Ukraine.
The Trypillian culture ed thousands of anthropomorphic clay Primarily a performance artist, Mr.
received its name from the statuettes which, scholars believe, played Onuch, has lived in Toronto since 1987
village of Trypillia on the an important role in various cult rites and but was, in the early 1980s, an active
Dnipro River in Ukraine, Upper part of female statuette with long hair. Terra rituals, especially those associated with member of the artistic avant garde in
where the first discovery cotta. 10.5 cm. Excavated in the village of the sun, spring and fertility. Most com– Warsaw. Through his connections in
of this ancient civilization Maydanetske, 3750-3500 B.C. From the collection of mon are statuettes of the female form. Warsaw, he was able to interest the
was made 100 years ago. the institute of Archaeology? Academy of Sciences, Other, zoomorphic, statuettes, were of Polish Ministry of Culture in sponsoring
The excavated treasures, in wild or domestic animals, among them such an exhibit.
Ukraine. Why organize, from Toronto, an exhibit
the forms of artifacts and the bear, bull and ram, which were held
remains of settlements, date the civiliza– storage areas and workshops, were two- in high esteem by the Trypillians. of art from Ukraine to be held in Warsaw?
tion to the Neolithic era. Archaeologists storied and built against each other to The Trypillian culture yields the first "Living in a calmer part of the world,
divide the Trypillian culture chronologi– form a fortification wall. tangible record of ancient prehistory on in some comfort, we can take the initia–
cally into three periods — early, middle The excavations also unearthed thou– the territory of contemporary Ukraine. tive in projects which, at this time, do
and late. The Trypillian culture traces its sands of charred dwellings in the center Overall, the Trypillians played an impor– not seem so important in Ukraine where
origin to regions of the Eastern of which were found pottery, clay stat– tant role in the development of European something needs to be done almost in
Mediterranean and the Balkans, from uettes, grain, human and animal bones. civilization, and together with all the every phase of life. Some people say that
where the earliest forms of agriculture Based on current theory, it is believed other peoples who lived on these lands for for art and culture the time will come
and livestock breeding spread throughout that the Trypillians adhered to a unique thousands of years, contributed greatly to later. Probably so, but we should realize
Neolithic Europe. The territory of con- cycle of existence; they would build a the evolvement of Ukrainian culture. that by that time Ukrainian culture may
temporary Ukraine witnessed the synthe– settlement to be used for 60-80 years, The exhibition has been organized by be limited to soap operas with a Kozak
sis of various ancient cultures, both burn it and leave it as an offering to the the institute of Archaeology of the in the main role...or even worse," Mr.
sedentary and nomadic, and from this dead and then move on to create another Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Onuch replied, in order to find new tal–
blend emerged the Trypillian culture. ent, someone has to seize the initiative.
settlement. This practice, known also in Ukrainian Society for the Preservation of
As early as 5,000 B.C. the Trypillians older civilizations, demanded an the Historical and Cultural Heritage and On October 1, the exhibit of new art
lived in the central region west of the extremely well coordinated, centrally the Center for the Study of Historical from Ukraine - called "The Steppes of
Dnister River, as well as around the organized society. Monuments at the Academy of Sciences Europe" - is opening at the Warsaw
southern part of the River Buh. The main occupations of the of Ukraine, its main sponsor in the Center for Contemporary Art for a five-
Gradually, these tribes settled the lands Trypillian people were agriculture and United States is the Christina Czorpita week run. it features 12 artists living and
of the upper Dnister River, volhynia, the cattle breeding. They harvested wheat, Gallery in Philadelphia, with co-sponsor, working in Ukraine, ranging in age from
central region bordering the Dnipro River barley, millet and flax. Although metal the Ukrainian National Credit Union their late 20s to early 40s.
and some areas of the Left Bank region. (copper) was already known, their every– Association of Chicago. According to Mr. Onuch, who is the
More than 2,000 settlements have been day tools were still made of stone. At The Ukrainian Museum the exhibi– curator of the show, the artists chosen
found near rivers and other water Trypillian pottery is the culture's most tion is sponsored by the Ukrainian are ones whose work to date "reveals a
sources, and they consisted of living identifiable trademark. The elegance of National Association. thriving individualism as well as a
areas and burial mounds. the forms and the polychrome designs The Ukrainian Museum is located at dynamism that is yet to flower to its
fullest expression," and are representa–
Trypillians built their villages in a cir– indicate a high level of sophistication in 203 Second Ave., (between 12th and . tive of what is, in his opinion, the most
cle formation, enclosing a large central the process of clay preparation, firing and 13th streets), and is open to the public progressive art in Ukraine. The exhibi–
area which, during the early period of the decoration. Pottery was made by hand Wednesday - Sunday, 1-5 p.m. tion includes about 50 works - mostly
culture, served as a herding pen for painting but also sculpture-installation,
domesticated livestock. Later periods mixed media and video.
saw large community buildings built on
A conference on Polish-Ukrainian
this common ground, which was also
relations is being held at the same time at
used for cult rituals, dances and games.
which art historian Myoslava Mudrak,
This circular arrangement, similar to the
University of Ohio, will speak on con-
African "kraal," also provided for a bet–
temporary Ukrainian art.
ter defense of the settlement. A typical
Writing last year in ARTnews
dwelling in such a settlement was a rec–
(October 1992) on post-perostroika art,
tangular structure supported by stout
Konstantine Akinsha pointed out the
wooden posts and covered with clay, it
emergence of Kyyiv as a center.of con-
had somewhat elongated proportions,
temporary art distinct from Moscow. He
with several living quarters, which
focused on the so-called Paris Commune
housed two to three families, in addition
group in Kyyiv, gathered around critic
to these houses, archaeologists excavated
Alexander Soloviev and the Warsaw
many pit dwellings as well as some clay
exhibit will feature a number of them.
models of two-storied houses which may
Arsen Savadov and Heorhiy Senchenko
have been either domestic structures, cult
are preparing a video piece and
temples or cremation platforms. The clay
Oleksander Roitburd from Odessa will
models are finely detailed, showing the
have several oils at the show.
construction of the buildings as well as
their interiors. Unfortunately, the artist many consid–
ered the most talented and promising in
An average community of the
Kyyiv - Oleh Holosiy - whom Mr.
Trypillian culture was made up of several
Onuch had earmarked to be the star of
hundred people, in the Middle Trypillian
the Warsaw show, died tragically at the
period these communities were much
beginning of this year aged only 26. He
larger, utilizing extensive land areas and Model of a two-story house, village of Rozsochuvatka, 3750-3500 B.C. Excavated
will be represented by only one canvas.
supporting a populations of over 10,000. by O. Cvek. From the collection of the institute of Archaeology, Academy of
Most dwellings, which also contained Sciences, Ukraine. (Continued on page 21)
NO. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1993 5

The story of The Ukrainian Weekly


THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY by Stephen Shumeyko Ukrainian-language daily in this country,
the Svoboda, had been doing for the
The settlement of Ukrainian immi–
Six decades grants in the United States, and their
adaptation to its life, culture, and progress
immigrants themselves all the while. But
its approach and language was that of
Born of the needs of a new generation of Ukrainian Americans and the mis– one immigrant to another. Consequently
during the past half century has been the youth, although possessing some
sion of telling the world about the Great Famine in Ukraine that had already marked by many pioneering efforts by
decimated the populace, The Ukrainian Weekly published its inaugural issue knowledge of Ukrainian, gained privately
them, which have won them acknowledg– or at parochial schools, required for its
60 years ago, on October 6, 1933. ment and laudatory comments from their
it appeared as a four-page tabloid-format supplement to the Friday edition needs a periodical in English.
fellow Americans of stocks other than in May 1933, the 18th regular conven–
of Svoboda, the 40-year-old Ukrainian-language daily newspaper published by Ukrainian. This pioneering spirit also
the Ukrainian National Association. The UNA, it should be noted, was a frater– tion of the Ukrainian National Association,
explains the rapid growth and expansion held in Detroit, passed a resolution provid–
nal organization founded in 1894 to cater to the needs of recently arrived of Ukrainian American life and all that it
Ukrainian immigrants to this country and their progeny. Thus, it was no sur– ing for the publication of an English-lan–
represents, spiritually and materially. guage supplement of the Svoboda.
prise that the UNA, heeding the voice of its membership and the counsel of The Ukrainian Weekly is one of the
Svoboda Editor-in-Chief Dr. Luke Myshuha, took the initiative in providing The thought behind the resolution had
more notable of Ukrainian American pio– been advocated by Dr. Luke Myshuha,
for the needs of a new generation. neering achievements, and, in its particular
in its wisdom, the UNA decided to publish a special newspaper "dedicated editor-in-chief of Svoboda. There were a
field, one of the most successful in com– number of candidates for editorship of the
to the needs and interests of young Americans of Ukrainian descent." And, it parison with those of the other ethnic
saw that this English-language newspaper, prepared by the young Stephen new publication, and Stephen Shumeyko
groups which constitute American society. was selected for that post, which he has
Shumeyko — truly a remarkable staff of one, would serve also as a source of
information for non-Ukrainians on Ukraine and Ukrainians at a turning point in Necessity for it brought about a held to this day.
world history. An artificial famine was raging in Ukraine, the Roosevelt demand for it, and the demand was met by On October 6, 1933, the first number
administration was preparing to grant diplomatic recognition to the Union of the immigrants. For a long time they of The Ukrainian Weekly rolled off the
Soviet Socialist Republics, and Hitler had come to power in Germany. World desired that their growing American– born press, and it has continued rolling off the
cataclysm would soon follow. youth have an organ exclusively their presses without any interruptions for the
For the Ukrainian community in America it was a time of much-needed own, through which they could meet, past 20 years.
reassessment and a time when unity was sorely needed in the face of the exchange their thoughts and ideas;
acquaint themselves with their Ukrainian it must not be assumed, however, that
destruction of the Ukrainian nation and the annihilation of the centuries-old The Weekly was the first English– lan–
Ukrainian heritage, it was time also to "reclaim" American youths of background and heritage; impress them
with their duties and obligations as native guage periodical for Ukrainian American
Ukrainian ancestry who had become alienated from the older generation and youth, it was directly preceded by an
were on the verge of assimilation. Americans; help their kinsmen in enslaved
interesting quarterly, the Ukrainian
Editor Shumeyko saw the new paper's role vis-a-vis Ukrainian American Ukraine to free themselves; come to a bet–
Juvenile Magazine, also published by the
youths as "inculcat(ing) them with the idea that as Americans of Ukrainian ter understanding of one another; and
Ukrainian National Association, from
descent they are duty-bound to help their kinsmen in foreign-occupied and finally, indicate those paths of endeavor
1927 to the middle of 1933. its contents
oppressed Ukraine to win the national freedom for which they have been fight– which would lead them to a better and
dealt with Ukrainian history, literature,
ing and sacrificing for so many years." fuller life.
He saw The Weekly as a newspaper of record. Thus, in the first year of the Essentially that is what the leading (Continued on page 16)
paper's existence he published documentation about the Great Famine of 1932-
1933, and memoranda and protests regarding recognition of the USSR. During
Mr. Shumeyko's tenure, and that of his successors, The Weekly has continued
in that very important role.
its accomplishments since 1933 are many, it told the world the truth about
the famine when that truth was not being told, for one reason or another, by
many a Western journalist, it gave subjugated Ukraine a voice, it defended Supplement to the SYOBODA, Ukrainian Daily
Ukrainian displaced persons and refugees, and discussed the problems of their
adjustment and acceptance by the Ukrainian American community. Like its sis– Published by the Junior Department of the Ukrainian National Association.

ter publication, Svoboda, it became a crusader for the erection of a monument to No 1. Jersey City, N. J., Friday, October 6, 1933.
Taras Shevchenko in Washington and for the establishment of three chairs of
Ukrainian studies and a Ukrainian Research institute at Harvard University, it TO OUR YOUTH, OPPORTUNITY.
was The Weekly that published news of Ukrainian political prisoners in the ' . ' U v supplement to the
publication of a regular
For the past thirty-nine years Ukrainian immigrants in
America have been building up the Ukrainian National Associa–
о lie known as the „Ukra–
Soviet Union and quite often was the first to run English-language translations I.-III W e e k l y . " ..ml to he isively to HIP benefit of tin: tion, together with its organ, "Svoboda"–the first newspaper
edited in the Ukrainian language in America.
From a humble beginning the Ukrainian National Associa–
of their appeals, memoranda and other human and national rights documents. Ліг; 'l' this puhlicalio tion has grown during these years into a nationwide, three million
iitv о aving an exelusi aollar fraternal organization, with thirty-five thousand members;
in 1983, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Great Famine — an mg!ils ;u,d"id.
language; w he
і better understanding of eaeh other,
lmd the "Svoboda," from a weekly issue to the largest Ukrainian
daily in America. . . . „ ,. , .
event in history to which The Weekly, perhaps like no other entity in what used І perhaps point out thus, iaths of endeavor which shall lead to
iewer ;.n.l belter life.
^ Coincident with this growth of the Ukrainian National As–
sociation and its "Svoboda." has been the growtlf of lhe younger
to be called the free world, is so firmly bound — it published a commemora– The -Ukrainian Weekl
shall he .is masler.
Weekly" is for the voulh. The youth alone
its voice alone shall be heeded here. And
generation of American-Ukrainians.
Today, the paths of these tw^i elements, the Association and
all thai we desire from our readers, in order to continue this organ the American-Ukrainian youth, have met. The time has come
tive book and a special issue (tens of thousands of copies of which were distrib– as such, is just a linle n-ooil will and co-operation. it is neees– when this youth must begin to take over the reins of the Associa–
tion from its builders. it must begin to assume the burdens as
s;.ry thai the voulh read il. Ц j s necessary, further, that the
uted throughout the world), it was The Weekly also that pushed most forcefully voulh become interested in it and give it their support, so that it
shall grow: and flourish to the point wherein il will embrace
well as the benefits of its parents.
That is the principal problem before us loday–lhe problem
for establishment of the U.S. Commission on the Ukraine Famine. .very phase „f the life of our American-Ukrainian youth.
The Ukrainian National Association is prepared to cheerfully
of our youth taking over and continuing the tasks of the older
g
For along time we have been calling and .arc slill urging tbe
And, in the 1990s, it was The Weekly that reported first-hand the proclama– make even lurllicr expenditures in order to enlarge this or-an in
scope ami size, provided however, that the voulh desires il. " And youth to take a "reater interest in the association, to become more
active in it. to gradually take over the reins not only of the sup–
in order lo achieve Hus goal, lhc voulh must not only read this
tion of Ukraine's sovereignty, the declaration of its independence, and the weekly, it must also contribute articles to il. Out vouth'niusl si rive reme executive assembly but of all local branches as well.
Our organization is ло constructed that it ie run solely by
'" been embers of the Гкгаііггап National'Association and
affirmation of that independence by an overwhelming 90 percent of voters in as such, endeavor lo make this organization, which with the pas–
s;ii:e ol lime shall pass into its hands, bigger and Ім-ІІег.
its members. in order to take a hand ш the running of this,
organization1,' one must be1 a member of it, in any organization
whatsoever, membership coupled with aclxvitxj can build the
the December 1, 1991, referendum on the issue. This is not the first venture of its kind made by the Ukrainian
National Association to do something for our youth. N During the
organization to greater and better heights. This is what young
Anierican-Ukrainians should rcaltZc before they can take over the
The Ukrainian Weekly now has served three generations. With its readers it forty yeai-s oP its existence the Association has contributed vast
sums of mpney for the upbringing of our youth, both in America
i;cins of our, or for that matter7jiny other organization. '
And yet, despite our callings and urgings. the voulh declares
and in Ukraine. The Association published booklets and'news-
has grown and matured. Today, it is no longer for youth only, but for all genera– papers for our youth in the Ukrainian language, and also in the
Ukrainian and English languages: and during the last seven vears
that it is not given a "chance'' to do its part. t That is wrong,
for the. "chance" is already there, for the taking. it-only.re–
quires some personal iniliativc"and hard work.
tions. it is for anyone, Ukrainian and non-Ukrainian alike, who is interested in published The Ukrainian Juvenile Magazine." in addition, the
Association inaugurated KngJish contributions lo our dailv. the Again a chance or opportunity is not a guarantee ofl suc–
"Svoboda." which proved lo be of great benefit to our youth. ccss. Opportunity plus unstinted work spells success. On у
Ukraine and Ukrainians, be he, or she, a scholar, politician, businessperson or All of ibis indicates that the Ukrainian National Association.' hard work and unceasing efforts lead lo recognition, not only–
among our people, but other peoples as Well. Therefore, ,bc–
in an effort to help our youth, has goiie more than half way to
journalist. Today The Weekly is received at the offices of all members of the U.S. meet. it. if is. І rue. of course, thai perhaps the method of ap–
proaeh by lhe older generation was not the proper one at limes:
forc our youth can take over the reins of our institutions, it must
fir-i show nroof of its ability to do so.
Congress, and among its readers are leading opinion-shapers and policy-makers. but at any rale, it was sincere and inspired by idealism. if any
mistakes wore niade.jjiere isstill 'time..Іо-ш.чгДу-Лкст;.іГ any
ThPrcfлде. Ю give this long sought for "chance" to every younp
Jlkrainian in America the Ukrainian National Association, with
"gains "were made, let vis rciain l!ieni. To studv tins problem, " the cooperation and help of its Junior-Department, is spimsoniuf–
The Ukrainian Weekly continues to be published by the UNA, but it is inde– will be one of lhe tasks of ibis organ. ' the "Ukrainian Weekly," edited in lhc English language.
paper shall serve as a medium lhrouglr-which lite Amencan-t kra–
І his
fn voulh one dreams ami hopes: that is what we need.
pendent of its sister-publication, Svoboda. it has a full-time editorial staff of We want lhe youth that dreams, and then goes to work and makes
lhe dreams come true. We need the fresh ideas of youth, and
inian voulh can build up not only the Ukrainian Nationa Assoc.a–
tion, but also institutions of commercial, industrial and cultural
five, including a correspondent in its Kyyiv Press Bureau located in indepen– thai uurompierablo lighting spirit of our Cossack ancestors.
We are living in a mighty country which was built -upon
І am sincerely convinced that with the highest cooperation
and interest of lhe young American-Ukrainians, the Ukrainian
dent Ukraine (something founding editor Stephen Shumeyko could only dream dreams and ideals: a country where nothing is impossible: where
air caslles are succeeded bv 'concrete achievements: and where the
Weekly" shall grow and flourish. 1. as lhe president оГ the
dreams of yesterday are the realities of today. Such is the spirit Ukrainian National Association, wish the paper lhc best or sue–
of), in six decades it has expanded the number of its pages sixfold: what used that we. lhe American-Ukrainian youth, need. Such is the spirit -ccss.
1У. Mvrashko. President
which shall raise high our Ukrainian name and our culture "here
to be a four-page tabloid is now published in editions as large as 24-pages. in America. of the Ukrainian National Association.

The Ukrainian Weekly is what it is today due to decades of dedication and


S!ri'hnn SluDiicy!;o.
tireless efforts by all its editors and contributors. Each laid the groundwork for PROGRESS OF UKRA1N1ANS 1N AMER1CA.
his successors and thus promoted the newspaper's development and improve– near the very close of lhe last
Approximately 85",', оГ all the of gold in 18W; and of the sub- dav Ukrainian emigration to
ment over the years. Thus, it is fitting that on this 60th anniversary we pay Ukrainians in" America come sequent so-called "gold rush."
The real Ukrainian immigra–
America negligible, indeed, in–
sofar as the Soviet Russia is con–
century, and reached its peak
just prior to the War. From
(mm Hasten) ('.j. iicia. more pro- (ialicia the emigration fever
homage to our predecessors and highlight the results of their work in this spe– Western Ukra–
to the World
linn in America however, did not
begin until 1870. and did not
cerned. it is practically impos–
sible Гог anv Ukrainian' to leave travolled swiftly to Bukowma.
Podilye. and УоИіуп districts.
'assume any appreciable propor– that land of unrestrained Bol–
cial section of The Ukrainian Weekly. і that conglom–
'ii nationalities lirns until І8П9. Beginning with shevik tvranny. -
The earliest Ukrainian im–
A comparatively few Ukrainian
immigrants came from the Kiev
known as A.isli a-Hungary. and l!;;:i year Ukrainians began to district, but practically none
lull.iv to its mo! :.rriv-–' in this migranls from Western Ukraine
Ггот the eastern part оГ Ukr-i–

Our new flag in..be hich


ichci the НЮ.ПШГ mark
W.TC l hose Ггот the western
loolhil!s of tl
r Man: . ТЇ..Л
JJiUJ'e
iue. commonly known as the
"left bank."
The cause which promoted ilev
Ukrainian immigrants lo lcaye–
s. і he l,cml tli-ir dear ones and homes in
Today, on the occasion of The Ukrainian Weekly's 60th anniversary, we lUghlai-drr Western Ukraine, arc as follows:
First:–the . terrible economic
eruditions at 'home caused by
unveil a new flag, that is, the nameplate at the top of our front page. May its lhe fact that practically all ol the
v.-:!uablc lands, which rightfully
elegant design reflect the melding of old and new, in recognition of the past on bi-iomred to the Ukrainians, were
in tl'ui bands of the Polish
ake the presold
which the present and the future are built. And may it carry us proudly toward
the 21st century.
The Ukrainian Weekly's first issue, dated October 6? 1933.
6 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

The editors of The Ukrainian Weekly: youth at work


by Khristina Lew Some would argue that when Svoboda Kotsiubynsky and others.
Editor-in-Chief Luke Myshuha proposed in 1957 he was joined by Helen
By the 1930s, the Ukrainian American at the Ukrainian National Association's Perozak, who served as The Ukrainian
community had come to a crossroads: 18th convention in 1933 that the 39-year- Weekly's first associate editor for one
Ukrainian-born activists and community old UNA publish an English-language year. Ms. Smindak hailed from Ontario,
leaders were getting old or dying out newspaper, it was for the purpose of where she worked as a newspaper
without enlisting the American-born gen– bringing the American-born back into the reporter, radio copywriter, film supervi–
eration to replace them, and the youth, community fold. Others would say that sor for a television station and a summer
the first generation to be born in the the readership was already there, and hostess of a television home show in
United States, was struggling to balance clamoring for a vehicle to explore its London. After leaving the staff of The
its Ukrainian heritage with an American Ukrainian heritage. Ukrainian Weekly in 1958, Mrs. Perozak
way of life. Few organizations beyond The first issue of The Ukrainian Smindak continued to submit articles to
the churches and fraternal organizations Weekly appeared on October 6, 1933. the paper and does so from her home in
were strong enough to keep the commu– The goal of the four-page supplement to New York to this day.
nity unified, and many community the Ukrainian daily Svoboda was to pro- in 1959 Mr. Shumeyko retired as edi–
activists feared that the fruits of their vide a news forum written for the youth, tor of The Ukrainian Weekly after 25
labor would shrivel and die. by the youth, in its 60 years of existence, years. During his helm, he served as
The Weekly has always been edited by president of the newly formed Ukrainian
young, community-oriented editors, in Congress Committee of America in 1940,
1976, under the helm of editor Zenon and again in 1943 and 1946. He was also
Snylyk, The Ukrainian Weekly expanded the president of the Ukrainian
to a 16-page tabloid, in 1981, under the Professional Society of North America, a
leadership of editor Roma Hadzewycz, twin organization of the UYL-NA for
The Ukrainian Weekly again became professionals, and was instrumental in
independent of the Svoboda daily. creating the Pan-American Ukrainian
(Originally independent, The Ukrainian Conference in 1947. in the summer of Dr. Walter Dushnyck
Weekly in 1957 was placed under the 1962, he died of a stroke at the age of 54.
supervision of the editor-in-chief of in keeping with The Ukrainian
Svoboda, who also supervised the Weekly's emphasis on youth, Svoboda
veselka magazine for children, the Editor-in-Chief Anthony Dragan hired
Almanacs of the Ukrainian National Walter Prybyla to succeed Mr.
Association and all UNA publications.) Shumeyko in 1959. Mr. Prybyla, like his
in 1991, The Ukrainian Weekly began predecessor, was born in the United
publishing 20- and 24-page editions. States and was active in the youth move–
in the Weekly's inaugural issue, its ment, serving as president of the
first editor, Stephen Shumeyko, wrote in Federation of Ukrainian Student
his editorial that The Weekly was "for Organizations of America (SUSTA) and
the youth. The youth alone shall be its various other student organizations in
matter...in youth one dreams and hopes; Syracuse, N.Y., and Washington. Mr.
that is what we need. We want the youth Prybyla returned to Syracuse in the
that dreams, and then goes to work and spring of 1960 and today serves as the
makes the dreams come true." deputy director of the Environmental
"We are living in a mighty country Review Division for U.S. Housing and
Stephen Shumyeko Urban Development in Washington.
which was built upon dreams and ideals,
a country where nothing is impossible, He was succeeded by R. L. Chomiak,
where air castles are succeeded by con– who became editor of The Ukrainian
crete achievements and where the dreams Weekly on July 5, 1960. The Ukrainian
of yesterday are the realities of today. Weekly continued to be published as a
Such is the spirit that we, the American four-page supplement under the supervi–
Ukrainian youth need. Such is the spirit sion of Svoboda Editor Dragan, although
which shall raise high oar Ukrainian Mr. Chomiak recalls page 4 frequently
name and our culture here in America." being pulled to make room for other
news. Mr. Chomiak left The Ukrainian ihor Dlaboha
Today, 60 years after it first went to
press, The Ukrainian Weekly has captured Weekly in September 1961 to pursue a
the dreams of yesterday — by evolving master's degree in journalism at Carleton
from a four-page supplement to Svoboda University in Ottawa. Today he is the
managing editor of the press service to
— to what it is today — a 24-page inde–
Africa at the United States information
pendent tabloid with a press bureau in
Agency in Washington.
Ukraine's capital. And it is because of the
work of its "youth," its editors, that The in 1962, Zenon Snylyk, 28, a graduate
Ukrainian Weekly grew and matured. of the University of Chicago with a mas–
in 1933, 25-year-old Stephen ter' s degree in political science and three-
Shumeyko faced an enormous task: to time member of the U.S. Olympic soccer
launch a newspaper that would appeal to team, was named editor of The Ukrainian
the American-born youth. A native of Weekly. For the first eight years of his
R. L. Chomiak 18-year tenure, however, Mr. Snylyk
New Jersey, Mr. Shumeyko was active in
the Ukrainian American community, worked almost exclusively on Ukraine A
becoming the first president of the Concise Encyclopedia, which was under-
Ukrainian Youth's League of North written by the UNA.
America (UYL-NA) in August 1933 at its Throughout the period of 1959-1965,
founding congress at the Chicago World's when editor succeeded editor in rapid
Fair, where the Ukrainians had organized succession, The Ukrainian Weekly was
their own pavilion. intermittently edited by Dr. Walter
The head of a powerful new organiza– Dushnyck, who put the paper out work–
tion, Mr. Shumeyko gave up a career in ing three days a week. Dr. Dushnyck was
law, which did not interest him, to take a frequent contributor to Svoboda, send–
on the responsibility of editor of the ing articles as early as the 1930s from
newly born Ukrainian Weekly that fall. Louvain University in Belgium where he
He wrote of the current problems in the studied politics and social studies, in the Roma Hadzewycz
Ukrainian American community as well United States, he worked on staff at
Svoboda in 1941-1942, and after leaving Because the staff of Svoboda comprised
as national and international issues, react– older reporters, Mr. Snylyk covered
ing strongly to U.S. recognition of the The Ukrainian Weekly in 1965, he edited
The Ukrainian Bulletin and The major news events for both papers, writ–
Soviet Union. He wrote of the Great ing in the Ukrainian and English lan–
Famine and the Polonization of western Ukrainian Quarterly. Dr. Dushnyck died
in September of 1985. guages.
Ukraine in the 1930s, encouraged support in 1973 he was joined by i h o r
for the United States war effort in the in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mr. Dlaboha, newly graduated from the City
1940s, and focused on the new immi– Snylyk, juggling the helm of The College of New York with a bachelor's
grants in the 1950s. Ukrainian Weekly and his editorial work degree in political science, who served as
An avid enthusiast of literature, he intro– for the Ukrainian encyclopedia, covered editorial assistant and later as assistant
duced English translations of Ukrainian the first North American visit of editor, in 1974 The Ukrainian Weekly's
works to The Ukrainian Weekly, himself Patriarch Josyf Slipyj and wrote about
Zenon Snylyk translating Shevchenko, Franko, Stefanyk, the Ukrainian dissident movement. (Continued on page 18)
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER IO, 1993 7

by BURMA-CAPEL1N
facts and Places
by Myron B. Kuropas

Reprinted below is one of the ear– have exercised has not been, except–
liest columnsfsocial commentaries by ing some cases, for the benefit of
Burma-Capelin (pseudonym of Dr.
Stephen Mamchur) to appear in The
youth. This is because they do not
understand or appreciate the peculiar
They wrote the columns
Ukrainian Weekly. This one, on problems of the second generation. During the past 60 years The Ukrainian chose to retain a more "traditional" posture
"immigrant Control and Second- The main general consequences of Weekly has had to rely on hundreds of writ– regarding home, family and the perpetuation
Generation Organization," was pub– the immigrant organizations' control ers to keep its readership informed. of Ukrainian culture. Another respondent
lished on September 12, 1936. over youth organizations — whether Some, like Stephen Shumeyko, The "felt a greater sense of independence and
that control has been exercised overt– Weekly's first editor, Gregory Herman, then opportunity in Ukraine years ago as a student
Second generation Ukrainian orga– ly or covertly — is that most of the
nizations, or "Ukrainian Youth" the UNA supreme secretary, Alex Zabrosky than 1 do now in the U.S. ... Arriving from
activities of these organizations have and William Popowich regularly produced Europe 10 years ago, 1 felt a vast difference
organizations as they are sometimes been Ukrainianization rather than
styled, are, despite claims to the con– articles on a variety of topics related to youth there; women didn't limit themselves to
Americanization activities. The issues during the UNA gazette's early years. careers as teachers or secretaries...І think 50
trary, in greater or lesser degree attempt has been, in almost every
under the control of the organizations Others wrote often enough to warrant a years ago Ukrainian women were much more
instance, to inculcate Ukrainian cul– liberated as a group than they are now..."
of the first of the immigrant genera– ture or Ukrainian ideals — whatever regular column. Among the first was
tion. While to some extent this is Stephen Mamchur who wrote under the nom On May 1, 1977, "Uke-Eye" asked seven
the tinge may be, religious, national", young people if it was possible for them to
inevitable, it is enlightening to istic, socialistic or something else — de plume "Burma-Capelin" during the
inquire into the reasons for this con– 1930s. The man was both a superb writer provide their children with the kind of
into the second generation. While in Ukrainian upbringing they had received.
trol, the effect it has on the policies or itself this may be neither good nor and a brilliant analyst who really knew how
programs of the youth organizations to call a spade a spade. He was especially One interviewee believed it was not as easy
bad, it is a luxury, if you please, as it was when most Ukrainians lived in a
and what might possibly be done — which the second generation cannot severe with the "old guard" leadership that
in a general way — to make these or demanded that the younger generation oper– ghetto, "but it's still possible and necessary
afford. The really vital problems of — you've got to have tradition." She added
new organizations effective in allevi– the second generation have always ate as their organizational clones.
ating the problems which are gen– "The attempt has been made," wrote that "99 172 percent of the problem lies with
been interpreted as lying within the the parents, not the children; some parents
uinely those of second generation old world Ukrainian organizational Capelin on September 12, 1936, "to incul–
youth. cate Ukrainian culture or Ukrainian ideals are insecure about passing on their heritage,
structure. The immigrant organiza– others push it down their throats..." Still
Every individual of the second tions cannot reconcile themselves to — whatever the tinge may be, religious,
nationalistic, socialistic or something else — another respondent indicated that she would
generation has problems, and he or the fact that the organizations includ– send her children to Saturday school but
she feels them; these range all the ing the church, which have served the into the second generation...The second gen–
eration simply cannot fit into the scheme of "wouldn't force them to attend parochial
way from satisfactory economic immigrant tolerably well, are as ill- school or belong to youth organizations. As
adjustment of some sort, marriage, adjusted ("out-of-date") to the sec– thinking, the way of behavior, and the orga–
a teenager, 1 found the former too rigid and
education, to ways of utilizing one's ond generation as a horse and buggy nization of the first generation. By virtue of
the latter too jingoistic."
leisure time. They are all accentuated is in our motorized urban life. The having been born in America, its fates and
for the second generation because in fortunes lie within American conditions..." Ms. Sawyckyj continued to write for The
second generation simply cannot fit Weekly during the 1980s as did Mr.
its attempts to solve them it finds into the scheme of thinking, the way Fifty years later, Dr. Mamchur's words are
Ukrainian ways (as represented by still worth repeating. Sawycky, Mrs. Burbella, Mr. Stelmach, and
of behavior, and the organization of Mrs. Smindak. They were joined by Marta
the parents whose Ukrainian views the first generation. By virtue of hav– Regular columns in The Weekly mush-
change very slowly, or by immigrant roomed during the 1950s. Olga Lachowitch Korduba, who penned two columns during
ing been born in America, its fates her term as the first UNA director of frater–
leaders) conflicting with American and fortunes lie within American penned "A Woman's view." Ted victor
ways. What is a fact, however, is that, produced a column devoted to music and nal affairs: "Fraternally Yours" and "Scope
conditions, and it is harmful, not to on the Young Ukrainian." Other new faces
though the second generation may be say silly, to try to fit it into organiza– the arts. The multi-talented William Shust
inarticulate or may be unable to offered "impressions." Walter Danko wrote who appeared on the pages of The Ukrainian
tions which are based on Ukrainian Weekly during the 1980's were Nadia Odette
understand its real problems, it feels culture abroad or that aspect of it about sports and compiled the annual
Ukrainian "All–American" football team, Diakun who wrote "A view from Canada,"
these and at least unconsciously which can yet be conserved even by
composed of players of Ukrainian origin Orysia Pasczak Tracz, who authored "A
knows just what they are. it might those who have emigrated. Ukrainian
who excelled in college football. Ukrainian Canadian Perspective," Andre
organize, then, under intelligent lead– youth organizations, if they are to Worobec whose column "The Fraternal
ership to direct effects to alleviate achieve anything more than volatile The person who perhaps holds the all-time Corner" appeared on the UNA page, Eugene
these problems. But at once it faces speech-making or paper publicity, record as a Weekly contributor is Theodore iwanciw, who offered a column titled "The
two facts: Organization which would must recognize that it is American Lutwiniak who authored a column titled "The Washington Scene" and yours truly who
bring results requires finances and not Ukrainian conditions to which, UNA and Youth" for over 25 years. He began began writing "Faces and Places" in 1984.
competent leadership. The second primarily, the second generation must writing during the late 1950s. No Weekly Ms. Tracz continued into the early '90s with
generation can find these resources adjust. From this point of view, the writer, before or since, was more dedicated to a column titled "A Western Canadian
within itself only in a very meager entire ideology of the immigrant the Ukrainian National Association than Mr. Perspective," while Chris Guly presented
way. Typically, the second genera– organizations as to what is "good" Lutwiniak. He promoted the UNA among "Centennial Sojourn," dedicated to the 100th
tion is composed of individuals who for youth may be scrapped without young Ukrainian Americans as often and as anniversary of Ukrainian Canadians. Mr.
are as yet but "getting a start in any remorse, and the sooner, the bet– vigorously as he could. Sadly, no one has Worobec and 1 also continued to write. We
life," and hence but few are econom– ter. The only solution that seems come along to take his place. were joined by Marta Kolomayets, whose pop–
ically independent. Most of those that practicable at the moment is for the Additions to The Weekly stable of regu– ular column, "A Journalist's Notebook in
are, are also fairly successful in immigrant organizations, if they do lar columnists during the 1960s were Oleh Ukraine," provides readers of The Weekly with
American life, and have become so have the welfare of the second gener– Zwadiuk, who wrote a sports column, and an insider's view of Ukraine and its people.
adjusted to American culture that ation at heart, is to give the youth Helen Perozak Smindak, who produced What did all of The Weekly's many
their associations with Ukrainians are organizations unconditional support, "Panorama of the Ukrainian Social and columnists (and if Fve omitted anyone, 1 ask
sporadic and interests in Ukrainian that is, support with no control. The Cultural Scene." their forgiveness now) have in common?
problems ephemeral. The second youth organizations should be left Columns in The Ukrainian Weekly Regardless of their subject matter, they all
generation, then, cannot draw on this entirely free to frame and prosecute exploded during the 1970s with Mr. Zwadiuk shared a passion for their subject, an eye for
group either for the financial support their own policies, however distaste– writing "Sports Scene," Pat Lutwiniak– a good angle, and a better than average writ–
or for leadership. ful these may be to the parent organi– Engelbrecht penning a column on family life ing style.
it is left at the mercy, as it were, of zations. This is perhaps too much to and health, Helen Perozak Smindak offering They were also committed, it's not easy
those who claim they can help and expect, a sort of a Utopian hope; if it "Ukrainian Events in the Big Apple," to produce a column by a regular deadline,
are willing to do it in their own way. is that, then it logically follows that William Myron Danko producing "The especially when one has other full-time pro–
This group is the first generation in Ukrainian youth would do better with UYLNA Corner," Roman Sawycky enlight– fessional and familial obligations as did
its organizational aspect, the first no organizations at all rather than ening readers with "Sounds and views," a many of the columnists. And yet, there they
generation organizations, it is per– those which are the offspring of the column devoted to music, Roman Lysniak, were. Writing. Week after week. Month
haps unnecessary to stress the fact immigrant world. There has been regaling us with the adventures of John after month. Year after year.
that it is these upon which all much more harm than good done to Subota, a fictitious Ukrainian comedic figure, Why is it, 1 wonder, that The Weekly had
Ukrainian youth organizations are, in Ukrainian youth carrying over the old Marion Kushnir Burbella keeping readers so many columnists during the 1970s and so
varied degrees, dependent. Without world elements of dissension, the old informed with her "Senior Citizens' Corner," few today? Was there more to write about
the resources, of various kinds, which world philosophies, into the youth ihor Stelmach producing sports columns, and during the 1970s? Was the Ukrainian com–
the immigrant organizations put at organizations. The one common basis Anisa Handzia Sawyckyj roving the munity in North America more interesting
the disposal of youth these youth on which Ukrainian youth can meet Ukrainian American countryside with her 20 years ago?
organizations could not exist. This is that of being the second generation "Uke-Eye" column. Or, and there is evidence to suggest this,
support, varying with the specific of Ukrainian descent in America; it is "Uke-Eye" was especially interesting, has our community reached such a state of
organization, means, as a corollary, in this sphere that its problems really because it featured reactions to a variety of anomie that neither its detractors nor its sup-
varied degrees of control of the activ– lie; all else is not of importance to different questions by a cross-section of the porters believe it does much good to openly
ities and policies of the youth organi– youth, even though, for the immi– Ukrainian American community. On express thoughts and feelings?
zations. While the parent organiza– grant organizations, it may mean the February 20, 1977, for example, "Uke-Eye" Think about that. And then write a
tions might be lauded for the support difference between existence and asked if Ukrainian women were "liberated." response. Who knows, it could be the begin–
they give, the corollary control they desuetude. One respondent believed that they were but ning of a regular column.
8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
bidden leading Western correspondents to enter
The Thirties: Ukraine, and that foreign aid to the starving population
was not permitted. Meanwhile, "appeals are being made
The Forties:
A neophyte newspaper to the U.S. government not to recognize this
Communistic dictatorship, as it is founded upon princi– World War 11
ples that are contrary to all rules of humanity and civi–
and the Great Famine lization," noted The Weekly.
And so it went. The Weekly continued to publish any
and its aftermath
n October 6, 1933, the first issue of The information it could obtain about the ravages of the

O Ukrainian Weekly (or more properly the famine, it also continued to insist, albeit unsuccessfully,
Ukrainian Weekly since the "the" was not then that the United States should not extend diplomatic
part of the newspaper's name) rolled off the presses at recognition to the USSR, in addition, there was the mat–
A
t the beginning of the 1940s, The Ukrainian
Weekly focused on internal Ukrainian American
affairs, while keeping an eye on war develop–
ments in Europe.
the Svoboda print shop as a supplement to the 40-year- ter of the continuing Polish reign of terror on Western Much space was devoted to news connected to the
old Ukrainian-language daily newspaper Svoboda. Ukrainian lands, demands for autonomy by Ukrainians first Congress of American Ukrainians, which was
The lead editorial noted that the four-page English- in Czecho-Slovakia and proclamation of a Carpatho– sponsored by 19 national organizations, including the
language tabloid was not the first venture of its kind Ukrainian state, the plight of Ukrainians in Rumania, "Big Four" fraternals: the Ukrainian National
sponsored by the Ukrainian National Association, then, and Hitler's designs on Ukraine. Association, the Ukrainian Workingmen's Association,
as now, the largest Ukrainian fraternal organization. For it was a turbulent time for a neophyte weekly news- the Providence Association and the Ukrainian National
it was the UNA that during the previous seven years had paper with a staff of one. Aid Association. The one-day congress was held
published The Ukrainian Juvenile Magazine; in addi– And yet, The Weekly succeeded also in focusing attention Friday, May 24, 1940, in Washington, with 805 dele-
tion, it had on occasion published English-language sec– on problems here in America: the dearth of young leaders in gates representing 1,425 societies, in 18 states partici–
tions in Svoboda. And therein were the clues to the rea– the Ukrainian community, the need to learn about one's pating. The conclave organized the Congress Council
son The Ukrainian Weekly was initiated. Ukrainian heritage, the role of Ukrainian youth in defending (which evolved into the Ukrainian Congress Committee
Since the mid-1920s, the UNA leadership was Ukraine and giving voice to its repressed aspirations. of America) to continue to coordinate actions in support
becoming increasingly concerned with the younger gen– The Weekly also published numerous translations of of the movement for Ukraine's independence.
eration: how to maintain its interest in the Ukrainian Ukrainian literary works, articles about Ukraine's glori– Throughout the decade, The Weekly continued to
American community and how to prevent this genera– ous historical past, and sketches about Ukrainian culture, focus attention on the work of the UCCA and its second,
tion from becoming completely assimilated into the it provided a digest of articles about Ukraine and third and fourth congresses, all the while urging unity
American milieu. As early as 1925, certain UNA mem– Ukrainians that appeared in the American press and it and political maturity in pursuit of Ukrainians' common
bers had proposed that what was needed was an recommended books of interest to Ukrainian Americans, causes. Another prominent Ukrainian community orga–
English-language publication for the younger genera– it spoke directly to the youth who were unsure of their nization of the time was the Ukrainian Youth League of
tion; in the late 20s some even suggested that Svoboda heritage: those who would Americanize their names, North America; judging by the amount of coverage it
be published 50-50 in Ukrainian and English. those who would identify themselves not as Ukrainians, received on the pages of The Weekly, it was one of the
Then came the influence of current events in the but as Russians, Ruthenians, or Rusyny. it urged them to most active as well.
1930s: the Polish pacification campaign directed at learn about their heritage. The Weekly gave much atten– Major milestones marked by articles in The Weekly
Ukrainians living under its rule and the man-made tion to the most prominent organization of the day, the were the 50th anniversaries of Ukrainian settlement in
famine in Ukraine, the brutal work of Joseph Stalin. newly founded Ukrainian Youth League of North Canada (1941), Svoboda (1943) and the UNA (1944).
Svoboda published articles about both on its pages, but America, and much space was devoted to what was called At the same time, the newspaper wrote about the
it wanted to tell the truth about the sufferings of "the problems of the second generation." There was plen– plight of Ukrainians in the "old country." There were
Ukrainians to the general public. Thus, it began publish– ty of sports coverage, too, along with stories about the news reports on the starvation in western Ukraine as
ing selected articles in the English language, which achievements of young Ukrainian Americans. Russia, then experiencing a food shortage, was taking
would be accessible to fellow Americans. Finally, the in 1939, Weekly editorials issued a warning about foodstuffs out of the recently annexed western
UNA convention in 1933 voted to begin publishing an Russo-American relations, noting how little the two Ukrainian lands, on the persecution and exile into "inner
English-language Ukrainian Weekly. nations actually have in common and pointing to Soviet Russia" of Ukrainian activists, and about anti-Soviet
And thus the Weekly was born with a dual mission. "misrule" in lands under its domination, especially protests in that region.
in its inaugural issue the newspaper wrote about the Ukraine. On August 26, The Weekly spoke loudly about The Weekly exposed the "Russo-American friend-
famine: "A series of mass meetings are being held by the ramifications of the Soviet-German non-aggression ship myth," and in the editorial of November 22, 1940,
the Ukrainians throughout America and Canada, protest– pact. Soon after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was con- called for "realistic talk." "if our government is to
ing against the barbaric attempts of the Bolshevik eluded, the Soviets invaded Western Ukraine, in short remain true to democratic principles, if it is to remain
regime to deliberately starve out and depopulate the order, "elections" were held in Western Ukraine for the hope of all the oppressed and the downtrodden
Ukrainian people in Ukraine. The purpose of this inten– members of a national assembly that was to vote on throughout the world, and if it is to command the
tional starvation by the Bolsheviks is to forever quell the whether Western Ukraine should be incorporated into respect of all men of conscience, then it must ... revise
Ukrainian struggle for freedom." The Weekly contin– the Ukrainian SSR. That vote, of course, turned out to its present policy of condemning one totalitarian power
ued: The Soviets have been deliberately "carrying out of be unanimous for incorporation. and condoning another, by condemning not only Nazi
Ukraine practically all of the grain and other foodstuffs, As World War И began, The Weekly, in an editorial Germany but Soviet Russia..."
with the result that over 5 million Ukrainians have died titled "Allied War Aims Should include a Free As the Nazis began their occupation of Ukraine in
over the past year from starvation." Ukraine," noted the "callous indifference to the plight of June 1941, The Weekly reported: "Retreating Reds
The article went on to note that the Soviets had for– the 45 million enslaved Ukrainian nation." "Why do the Massacre Ukrainians in Western Ukraine," noting that
Allies fail to include thousands (a figure of 14,000 was cited in one story)
DOM T L l S T E N TAKE M Y
Ukraine in their war aims? were reported killed by the Soviets and many others
TO THESE: ADVICE AND The answer is simple. were exiled to Siberia. Soon thereafter, there was news
GUYb , PUT USE MORE First, they would offend of Nazi atrocities: "Nazis execute 200 in Ukraine,"
THIS STUFF Stalin and thus perhaps "52,000 massacred in Kiev." Simultaneously, there was
IN cause him to plunge into more and more information on Ukrainian revolts against
the conflict on Hitler's the Nazis in the western regions of Ukraine. On July 28,
side. Secondly, in admit– 1941, The Weekly outlined "Our Stand." The editorial
ting the justice of noted that Ukrainians were opposed to both Hitler and
Ukraine's claim to free– Stalin and explained why Ukrainians could not cheer for
dom, they would thereby a "Red victory."
admit that the Poland they At about the same time, The Weekly expounded on
want reconstituted is not the need for a Ukrainian information service or press
the chivalrous Poland of bureau in the United States since Ukraine is "one of the
popular conception, but chief battlegrounds in the titanic Nazi-Soviet conflict,"
the imperialistic, oppres– and its history and the aspirations of its people are being
sive and arrogant Poland grossly distorted and misrepresented as pro-Nazi and
that she actually was prior
fascist, indeed, The Weekly expended much effort on
to her downfall."
countering the disinformation campaign aimed against
As the decade came to a Ukrainians — much of it Communist inspired.
close, The Ukrainian
in August, The Weekly reported on historic events in
Weekly commented on the
Western Ukraine where independence had been pro-
lack of unity among
claimed on June 30, 1941. Yaroslav Stetsko became
Ukrainians in the United
head of state, and a Ukrainian National Revolutionary
States at such a crucial
Army was established to continue the fight against for–
time in world history, it
eign domination of Ukraine. Soon afterwards, the lead–
^5obn ,1 expressed hope that unity
ers of this short-lived independent state were arrested by
;Qosolovwtci could be achieved at the
German authorities.
first All-Ukrainian Am–
A cartoon by John Rosolowicz, published August 9, 1935, with the caption: "He After the U.S. entered the war in December 1941,
erican Congress scheduled
who could please everyone hasn't been born yet. (Ukrainian proverb)" At the time The Ukrainian Weekly and the entire Ukrainian
to be held March 16-17,
he was introduced in October 1933 to Weekly readers as "our cartoonist," Mr. American community strongly supported the war effort.
1940.
Rosolowicz had already been published in the Saturday Evening Post, the Country The paper carried numerous promotions for war bonds
Gentleman, Literary Digest, the Philadelphia Public Ledger and other publications.. s–, Иоща Madzewycz 4 anjd reporte,cj extens,iyely op Ukrainians in the .American
: r
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No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER IO, 1993 9

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
UCCA appealed to President Harry Truman and to the
Council of Foreign Ministers meeting in London to
stop forced repatriations and to grant these refugees
The Fifties:
asylum. The protest action was joined also by the
United Ukrainian American Relief Committee, which Accommodating
had been founded in 1944. Later, the UUARC took its
actions directly to Europe, establishing a warehouse
for relief supplies in Munich and offices in several
the new immigrants
European cities. flood of Ukrainians displaced by the turmoil of
in 1947, a Pan American Ukrainian Conference took
place in New York and established a permanent Pan
American Ukrainian Conference, it assailed the Soviets'
genocidal policies against Ukrainians and appealed to
A World War 11 surged into North America as the
1950s began. The Weekly, which until then had
been most concerned with keeping Ukrainian American
youth tuned into their ethnic heritage, now had to adjust
U.N. to put a stop to such policies. The following year, to accommodate the new arrivals. More news about new
the Secretariat of the Pan American Ukrainian organizations and new talent from Ukraine began to
Conference proposed summoning a worldwide congress appear on The Weekly's pages.
of Ukrainians (which ultimately happened 20 years later). Displaced musicians and artists from Ukraine who
From 1946, The Weekly focused much attention on were becoming successful in the West were chronicled
religious persecution in Ukraine under the Soviet again and again on the paper's pages. The Taras
regime, in particular the liquidation of the Ukrainian Shevchenko Bandurist Choir stole the hearts of North
Catholic Church, and repeatedly refuted Soviet asser– American Ukrainians in 1950 with their first major tour
tions about religious freedom. on this continent. The Weekly wrote on January 9, of
Of course, The Weekly continued its features on the rave reviews given the group by the New York
Ukrainian literature, history and culture through the 40s. Herald Tribune after its Carnegie Hall concert in New
Among the topics covered were: the Zaporozhian Kozaks, York.
"The Scythians of Ukraine," artist George Narbut, "if Much was written about the immigration process
Charles ХІІ Had Won the Battle of Poltava," "Ukraine itself. The work of the Ukrainian American Relief
During the Last World War," 'The Ukrainian Movement Commission, which was aiding Ukrainians arriving in
in Galicia," the centennial of Markian Shashkevych's the U.S., often was mentioned in news stories. A 1951
death, "vinnytsia: Katyn of Ukraine," "Ukrainian article mentioned that to that time the Ukrainian com–
Women and Their Organizations" (a historical overview). munity had donated S917,000 towards the resettlement
The Weekly itself underwent some major changes in of and relief for displaced persons, an effort that contin–
the 1940s, expanding in July of 1941 from a four-page ued until May 1953, when The Weekly announced that
tabloid to six pages, and in 1947 to eight, in 1945 the the last 40 Ukrainian refugees had arrived under the lat–
The Weekly^s August 25,1941, issue which reported
UNA decided that the paper would no longer be distrib– est refugee relief program.
on the proclamation of an independent Ukrainian
uted gratis; a year's subscription was pegged at S2 per The Weekly identified the newcomers as "DPs" (dis–
state in western Ukraine.
year, or Si for UNA members. Then, in 1949, it adopted placed persons), a term that increasingly had a negative
armed forces — their accomplishments, heroic deeds a broadsheet format, and appeared as a three-page sup– connotation as friction increased between those born in
and sacrifices, in 1943, The Weekly reported that the plement to Svoboda on Mondays, its cost 3 cents per the U.S. and the newcomers who maintained organiza–
Congressional Medal of Honor had been awarded to the issue in the U.S. (5 cents elsewhere). tions carried over from Europe and made little percep–
mother of Pvt. Nicholas Minue of Carteret N.J., who As the decade came to a close, The pages of The tive effort to assimilate. One 1950 editorial questioned
had died while on a courageous one-man charge against Weekly reported on the post-war revival of Ukrainian what it would take to get the newly arrived involved in
a German position in Tunisia. As the war went on, community activity, including the founding congresses community work. Another one stated that something
sadly, there were more and more reports of servicemen of the Ukrainian American veterans and the World must be wrong when 98 percent of those in attendance
who had made the ultimate sacrifice. Federation of Ukrainian Women's Organizations in at a memorial for the just-assassinated UPA leader Gen.
On October 9, 1943, the Ukrainian Congress 1948, and the growth of the UNA, whose membership Taras Chuprynka were recent immigrants, it called on
Committee of America sent a memorandum to U.S. passed the 50,000 mark. As well, there was the estab– the younger generation Ukrainian Americans to engage
Secretary of State Cordell Hull, which argued: "The lishment in Europe of the Ukrainian National Council, a the newly arrived in conversation and activities to over-
Ukrainian people desire equality of treatment. They coalition of various Ukrainian political groupings com– come the growing polarization between the groups.
believe that in the post-war settlement their inalienable prising the Ukrainian liberation movement. The editorial was speaking to its largest audience, the
right to an independent free state in a free Europe should in 1949, the community witnessed the mammoth youth. After all, the paper's motto was "dedicated to the
be granted and that the Ukrainian question should be "Echoes of Ukraine" pageant at Carnegie Hall in New ideals and interests of young Americans of Ukrainian
included in any just and permanent settlement of Europe." York. Featuring recreations of Hetman Bohdan descent," which was coined in 1933 by the paper's
After the disastrous Yalta Conference, The Weekly Khmelnytsky's entry in Kyyiv, "The Great ideal of founder and editor Stephen Shumeyko.
noted that "international justice, the right of a democrat– Mazepa" and excerpts from the opera "Kozak Beyond
That dedication was expressed in myriad articles and
ic people to determine their national destinies, played the Danube," the concert was a benefit for the United
columns that appeared throughout the decade. The
but a secondary role at the meeting. The emphasis was Ukrainian American Relief Committee. Also that year,
Ukrainian Youth League of North America, founded by
simply on power politics, and the devil take the hind– the UUARC's efforts to help war refugees bore fruit as
Editor Shumeyko, received particular attention, its year–
most , ' Stalin, it was stated, "now has all of Ukraine, and the first group of Ukrainian displaced persons, 128 per–
sons, arrived from Europe destined for Maryland. Their ly convention was well publicized and then covered
exactly where he always had wanted it — in the palm of under bold headlines. Meetings of its executive board
his hand. ... his hold upon Western Ukraine, formerly appearance on these shores was to change forever the
face of the Ukrainian community. were written up, and articles about its sports programs
under Poland, is now secure, for it has Churchill's and appeared regularly in The Weekly.
Roosevelt's approval... Now, with all of Ukraine under — Roma Hadzewycz Youth as a whole was given special attention. Young
Kremlin rule, the Ukrainian problem is definitely an adults who received schol–
internal Soviet problem, to be dealt with in any manner SVOBODA, UKRAINIAN WEEKLY. SATURDAY, MARCH 2S. 1959 arships or graduated from
that the Kremlin sees fit." college were often given
Then, as the San Francisco conference on internation– front-page play. A special
al organization, at which the United Nations was creat–
ed, approached, The Weekly emphasized that "the agen–
UKRAINIANS DEFY COMMUNISTS WITH column called Ukrainian
Youth News became a
da ... appears to preclude any possibility of even dis–
cussing the inalienable right of the Ukrainian people to
EXPLOSIVES AND POSTERS weekly feature by the mid-
die of the decade. Finally,
Revolt Reported in Carpatho-Ukraine on the Eve of the 20th
national independence." The Weekly editor Stephen Anniversary of the Proclamation of independence the accomplishments of
Shumeyko, who was president of the UCCA, led a bright young stars such as
protest in San Francisco to focus the world's attention A UP 1 dispatch from vicn–!
na. dated March 20th last, rc– actor Jack Palance and
on the fact that the Ukrainian nation of 45 million peo– j)orts the following: child prodigy pianist
ple would have no voice at the United Nations Ukrainian partisans blew up
explosives in the streets of Roman Rudnytsky were
Conference despite the seat voted to the Ukrainian three major cities in South-
western Ukraine last week in a regularly described, as

STRIFE I N RUSSIA?
Soviet Socialist Republic at the insistence of Russia. defiant demonstration of the was a yearly listing of the
struggle for an indej)endent
As World War 11 ended in 1945, The Weekly noted: Ukrainian state. Western in–
tclligonce sources said today.
Ukrainian Ail-American
"The war brought liberation for many peoples. But not The reports said that eever– College Football Team.
al persons were injured in the
for the Ukrainians. And there lies the seed of future
trouble, as the Ukrainians never have been and never
explosions which touched off
н "general turmoil" and Revolt Reported in Three Ukrainian Cities But the paper always
brought unusually strict action kept one ear turned toward
by Soviet security police.
will be passive to foreign rule and oppression." For the The explosives were tossed Khrushchev Ousts Top Planner in Kremlin Ukraine, where the ashes
rest of the decade there were reports of continuing intu streets of Mukachevo.
of World War П were still
Khust. and Uzhorod before
underground activity by the Ukrainian insurgent Army midnight March 14. eve of the smoldering in the form of
20th anniversary of the pro'
(UPA) on Ukrainian lands. ciamation of a free Carpatho– a strong underground
Uknunian slate, according to
The paper reported on the plight of war refugees the пчюгів. The citiea lie in movement in western
the Trana-Carpathian оЬІамІ
and forced laborers who had been brought by the (province) of Ukraine, which Ukraine. The decade
Nazis to work in Germany. And, it stood up in defense began and ended with the
of scores of thousands of displaced persons who were A March 28, 1959, headline that reported one of the last guerrilla acts by the deaths of individuals who
threatened with forced repatriation to the USSR. The Ukrainian underground. defined the movement.
10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER ІО, 1993 No. 41

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
On October 30, 1950, The Weekly reported the death of the residents of Newark. Americans were there to greet the person they called
of Gen. Taras Chuprynka (Roman Shukhevych), com– The son of Ukrainian immigrants became the subject "the hangman of Ukraine." Unfortunately, they could
mander of the Ukrainian insurgent Army (UPA) in of several articles in The Weekly and dozens of fund- not stop his appearance or the shoe-banging fit he had
Ukraine, who dynamited himself in his headquarters raising efforts. Cap'n Snafu (as he was unexplainably in the General Assembly.
near Lviv rather than be captured by KGB agents who called, although probably because the lead in the first The murder of Stepan Bandera was more easily
had surrounded the bunker. Weekly article started: "Snafued by fate...") received resolved when in November 1961 Bogdan Stashynsky
Nine years later almost to the day, on October 15, money from bowling teams, appeared on T.v. game confessed to murdering the Ukrainian underground
1959 Stepan Bandera, leader of the underground move– shows and attended Easter egg hunts, all set up to raise leader. He was subsequently found guilty and sentenced
ment in Ukraine, was assassinated by a person later the S5,000 needed to fit him with a set of artificial limbs. in West Germany to eight years' hard labor
proved to be a KGB agent as he was entering his home One man simply came into the offices of the Newark But Taras Shevchenko most dominated Ukrainian
in Munich, Germany, in between, the paper wrote of the Star-Ledger, another paper spearheading the effort, diaspora life in the U.S. and Canada through the early
December 1955 slaughter of 500 Ukrainian women run plunked down S50 in cash and walked out without giv– part of the decade, in June 1960, the U.S. Congress
over by Soviet tanks in a Siberian concentration camp, ing his name. By the youngster's fourth birthday, May authorized land to be set aside in Washington for a
and the last major action by the UPA in March 1959, in 25, 1952, S6.674.04 had been raised for Cap'n Snafu. Shevchenko monument. Ukrainians eagerly went to
which it detonated explosives in three Carpathian cities, fund-raising, increasingly a favorite task of theirs.
Uzhhorod, Mukachevo and Khust. — Roman Woronowycz in 1961, the diaspora commemorated the 100th
The Weekly received much of that information from anniversary of the death of Shevchenko, and the
newly arrived immigrants who had close ties with the
underground movement, and from Radio Liberty, a gov– The Sixties: Weekly reported on that. While the monument in
Washington moved from vision to reality, Ukrainians in
ernment news service. Canada unveiled their own shrine to the Great Bard in
Another government radio, voice of America, caught
the full wrath of The Weekly in the early 1950s. The news-
of heroes, monuments July in Winnipeg with Prime Minister John
Diefenbacher in attendance.
paper took it to task initially for placing Ukraine under the By February 1962, The Weekly had announced that
direction of the Soviet area desk and later because the
broadcast service's personnel and themes were "dependent
and infrastructures Si90,000 of the S400,000 goal for the statue's construc–
tion had been reached. The coffers steadily grew and on
wholly on the Russian section," as the paper explained, in ew political and cultural organizations contin–

N
September 21, 1963, more than 2,000 turned out to wit–
a May 1953 editorial, The Weekly said, "the Ukrainian ued to multiply in the Ukrainian diaspora in the ness the dedication of the site. Just over nine months
section of the УОА has been so overwhelmingly pro- 1960s, while older ones increased their mem– later, on June 27, 1964, more than 100,000 Ukrainians
Russian... that it has been labeled by the Ukrainian press as berships, including the UNA, which would attempt to gathered between 22 Street and 23 Street and Avenue P
the 'Ukrainian-language voice of Russia." crack the 100,000 membership barrier before decade's in Washington as Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, former
The diaspora showed its support for friends and rela– end. president of the United States, unveiled the Shevchenko
tives stuck behind the iron Curtain and for the existence The Ukrainian Weekly was growing too. it had a new monument in the 150th year since the poet's birth.
of an independent Ukrainian state with manifestations columnist in Clarence Manning, a Columbia University Commemorations were the norm in 1963 as well.
and protests. professor and expert on Soviet affairs who contributed The Weekly celebrated its 30th anniversary by changing
Loyalty Parades and independence Day demonstra– regularly, and Theodore Lutwiniak, who continued its flag from Gothic-style lettering back to the Olde
tions were customary, and it was not unusual that thou– writing a column on UNA affairs. Articles were shorter English typeface of its early years. Svoboda celebrated
sands would participate. Normal also were appearances but more numerous, covering a wide spectrum of local its 70th. The diaspora observed the 30th commemora–
by senators, governors and congressmen at these events. and national events. The paper reported more on how tion the Great Famine of 1933, a genocide of which the
At the 25th commemoration of the Ukrainian Great community organizations were making contact and world still knew very little. Forty-five years had passed
Famine held in New York in 1958, The Ukrainian influencing changes in American government geared to since Ukrainian independence in 1918. in 1968,
Weekly reported that legendary American statesmen make Ukraine's plight better known, in the first part of Ukrainians world-wide would celebrate the 50th. The
Averell Harriman and Nelson Rockefeller both the decade, sources of news from Ukraine seemingly Weekly noted them all.
addressed the thousands that gathered. dried up as less and less was written. Another milestone the Ukrainian diaspora prepared
When 500 Ukrainian women in a Soviet concentra– The tumult of 1959 surrounding the assassination of for in the early part of the decade was the UNA-funded
tion camps were trampled by tanks in 1955, the diaspora OUN leader Stepan Bandera and Soviet Premier Nikita publication of the first English-language encyclopedia
responded by demonstrating at the Soviet Embassy in Khruschev's first visit to the United States, continued titled Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopedia. The first vol–
New York. And when Nikita Khruschev arrived in the into the early part of the 1960s, in early February, the ume was released on November 18, 1963 after a 10-year
U.S. in September 1959, about 3,000 people marched on French government announced it would temporarily effort spearheaded by its editor, Prof, volodymyr
Fifth Avenue decrying his visit. intern specific Ukrainian leaders in order to guarantee Kubijovyc. Unfortunately, the story reached The
Ukrainians expressed their concern also for those less the safety of Khruschev, who was to visit the country in Weekly the same week President John Kennedy was
fortunate living here, in Spring 1952, a young 3 172 March. The Ukrainian world community protested to no murdered and received little space.
year-old Ukrainian boy, Michael Goy, who was born avail. Two giants of the UNA passed away in the early
without hands, captured the love and attention not only in September, the Soviet premier was back in New 1960s. On March 26, 1961 Dmytro Halychyn, supreme
of the Ukrainian community of the tri-state area but also York at the U.N. and more than 3,000 Ukrainian president of the UNA since 1950 and president of
Ukrainian Congress Committee of America (UCCA)
died prematurely after a freak accident. Just over a year
later, on August 25, 1962, Stephen Shumeyko died. He
'To promote opporton!–
Uo for сЬЦ(ігеа and youth
to гояіігв tieir full poten–
Ual for 4 creatve life in
freedom and dignity.''
СВОБОДАХ SVOBODA
УКРАЇНСЬКИЙ ЩОДЕННИК. ^^ЦВІ^ UKRAINIAN D А ІLY
UKRAINIAN W E E K L Y
81-83 Grand S t r e e t
Jersey City 3. N. J.
was the first editor of The Ukrainian Weekly, founder
of the Ukrainian Youth League of North America and
co-founder of UCCA.
D. D. Eisenhower Around mid-decade a couple of changes occurred in
The Ukrainian W e e k b Section the newspaper. The price of a single issue went up a
SECTION TWO UKHAWIAN WKEKLY. : SECTION TWO
whopping nickel, from a dime to 15 cents.; And slowly
information from Ukraine again began to appear on the
WARNING: DICTATOR KHRUSHCHEV, THE GREATEST paper's pages.
PERPETRATOR OF CR1MES AGA1NST HUMAN1TY The biggest single newsmaker of the late 1960s in
The Ukrainian Weekly had to be Archbishop Josyf
AGA1N DESECRATES AMER1CAN SOU! Slipyj, who at the beginning of the decade was still per–
HANGMAN OF UKRA1NE COMES TO THE UN1TED NATlt 4 S TO REviLE secuted in a Soviet slave labor camp and by its end was
AMER9CA AND SELL H1S GENOC1DAL PROPAGANDA traveling the world to visit his flock as Josef Cardinal
CRIMES OF KHRUSHCHEV
Slipyj, leader of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.
THE PEOPLE vs. KHRUSHCHEY HE WANTS TO BURY US!
The following chronological

d from Handbook for "SammH." wmpil.


dates
AGAINST THE U K R A I N I A N
PEOPLE
On February 10, 1963, Archbishop Slipyj arrived in
id by SPX Ki'.eanh Акаої-ІШм. in Wanhir
Women of Lhc United States of Amerii
l,.uxe Committee on Un-American Acllvit
s. n m c i A i . IHK.'1'MKNT KKVK.U-S HIS CRIMI vatican from the Soviet Union after having spent 18
ATTACKS ON l KKM.MANS Г.ККОКК.
1. The Сгііиен of Khru.,hrho AND ArTKK UOK1.D v
years in Soviet detention. He was elevated to the status
of cardinal, a prince of the Church, by Pope Paul v i on
January 25, 1965.
Ukra
crease of resources: Horsei
De-
Much talk then concerned his desire to form a
5.300.000 (192Я). 2.600.000
(1933); Cattle - 8.600.000
(192Я). i.400.000 (1933): -
Ukrainian Patriarchate, and by 1968 a lay organization
Sheep - S.100.000 (1928).

irgtd from Red Army,


2,000.000 (1933); Swine -–
7.000.000 (1928). 2.000.000 had been formed to achieve this goal. The event of that
member of the Ca party, ge (1933).

0 (Nov.) -
1934 - Promoted
Ukrai ,berthip in CPSU Cen
summer was Cardinal Slipyj's arrival in North America
selied by Moscow sad Georgia mlttee. Khm.hchev. c
1921 — Year of the flmt
Stalin я errands to tn, for an extended visit. His plane landed in Toronto on
rganlzed famine in Ukraine. 1935 - He ія л
1923 -– Sent to Rob Fak June 22 where 50,000 worshipers celebrated a pontifical
Purge of 80 perwi t of l

;l– beginning
liturgy with him, reported The Weekly. By August, he
iarkov and Kiev.
had visited New York and Philadelphia.
1036 - Beginning nf "Тік
AMERICAN O P I N I O N 1929 - Beginning of the K
k liquidation Kv goes to Mo
Thirties, which includes liq"i
dation of Chekiat Yagoda. bv
He was not the only prominent political7religious
OF KHRUSHCHEV ,w aa protege of Kaganovic
?comes secretnry of CP о
anization in Promyshelna;
his successor^ ,Xeihov; Btikhn–
r:n. Kamcnev. ltykov and
KHRUSHCHEV S A I D . . .
prisoner to make the pages of The Weekly in the 1960s.
kadrmla. where Stalin's wit
ader.hda Alliluyeva. (who
1937 - Khrushchev in
speeches following the March
April expulsion ofliykov am!
"1F YOU DON'T U K F , US, D O N T ACCEPT
OUR INVITATION A N D D O N T INVITE US TO
Beginning in 1966, more and more stories appeared
COME TO S E E YOU. WHETHER YOU LU4E ІТ
OR NOT, HISTORY 1S ON OUR S1DE. W E W1LL, about the plight of Soviet dissidents in Ukraine. The
BURY YOU."
(To W ceptlon. r i. 18. 195Л) arrest of ivan Svitlychny and ivan Dzyuba in 1966 was
carried on The Weekly's front page, in 1967, "The
This sensationalized front page of September 17,1960, greeted Khruschev on his arrival in the U.S in 1960. Chornovil Papers" were smuggled to the West, and The
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 11

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
Weekly carried a story about their impact on the formal adoption of multiculturalism as government poli–
Western press. Both Mr. Chornovil and valentyn cy, he did so at the 10th national conference of the 1776 Happy ir Birthday it America 1976
Moroz were arrested later that year. And in 1968, the Ukrainian Canadian Committee in Winnipeg, in The Ukrainian Weekly Edition
arrest and death of another Ukrainian religious leader, October, 1971.
Bishop vasyl Welychkowsky shocked the diaspora. By To be sure, Mr. Trudeau was seeking to allay outrage CBOBOAAXSVOBODA
УКРАЇНСЬКИЙ томнНИК U K R A I N I A N О Д Н У
the 1970s, news about political prisoners would occupy he aroused by comparing the dissidents in Ukraine to the THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, JULY 4, im

an overwhelming portion of The Weekly's pages. separatist terrorists of the Front de Liberation du Quebec, Thousands Help Celebrate Bicentennial—
Three events toward the end of the decade expressed and he initially refused to agree to bring up the suffering Centennial in Nation's Capital
the the continuing growth and evolution of the of valentyn Moroz in his talks with Soviet officials. George Washington

Ukrainian diaspora, in November 1967, the World As this anecdote suggests, despite the successes listed
Congress of Free Ukrainians held its first conference in above, in the early 1970s, many of the pages of The
New York City with 1,003 delegates from 17 countries Weekly could hardly have been more bleak. They were
in attendance. The Weekly headline of November 27 dominated by news of interrogations, intimidation, beat–
screamed: "World Congress Turns into inspiring ings, arrests, incarcerations, refused medical treatments,
Demonstration of Unity and Steadfast Dedication to the torture in psychiatric institutions, hunger strikes, lynch– White House Reception Hosts
Cause of Ukraine's Freedom." ings of priests, more beatings, more arrests, extended 80 Ukrainian Youths, Women
On January 1968, the 50th anniversary since terms, exile.
Ukrainian independence, Stephen Chemych, president Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, members of The
of the Ukrainian Studies Chair Fund, along with Weekly's editorial board translated samvydav (samizdat,
Harvard University President Nathan M. Perry self-published) documents. The Weekly provided excerpts
announced the establishment of a Ukrainian Studies from issues of the Chronicle of Current Events and the
institute, which would have three chairs: literature, his– Ukrainian Herald, appeals to Soviet and Western govern–
tory and language. A goal to raise S330,000 by ment leaders, to U.N. officials from individual activists in
September was also announced. the USSR and associations such as the Helsinki
Just over a year later, the UNA celebrated its 75th Monitoring Group, closing statements at trials, and details
year of existence as its membership approached of matters ranging from the murder of Alia Horska and her
100,000. father-in-law (September 1971) to the framing of Mykola
Horbal with a false rape charge (August 1980). The first issue of the 16-page tabloid edition of The
— Roman Woronowycz
The diaspora was drawn into the persecutions when Ukrainian Weekly, dated July 4,1976.
Yaroslav Dobosh, a Ukrainian Youth Association
The Seventies: (SUM) activist from Belgium was arrested by Soviet
border guards in January 1972 and held for five months,
because this would lead to "extended uneasiness of certain
Ukrainian communities and their pastors." This effective–
during which a confession was extracted from him. ly froze the issue until the accession of Pope John Paul П.
Soviet repressions Since he had met with members of the dissident move–
ment and was carrying samvydav, his arrest was used as
in the issue July 4, 1976 issue, The Weekly celebrat–
ed the Bicentennial of the U.S. by expanding to a 16-

and response a pretext to launch what became known as "the 1972


wave" of repressions.
page tabloid format, and the price matched the skyrock–
eting inflation of the times by rising from 20 to 25
cents, in 1980, the newspaper's administrative autono–
Without a doubt, however, the single most dominant
he 1970s opened with The Ukrainian Weekly still my, enjoyed in the 1930s-1940s, was restored. Once

T running as a Saturday four-page supplement, and


it reflected a community whose reach and reserves
were growing, and which was gaining both acceptance
story carried by The Weekly in the 1970s was the inter-
national effort to free valentyn Moroz and Leonid
Plyushch. As the headline to a Weekly-reprinted
Montreal Gazette article put it: "Moroz: Soviet Political
again, subscribers had to sign up for the Ukrainian
daily Svoboda and the English-language Ukrainian
Weekly separately.
in the later 1970s, the Soviet apparat grew tired of
and a feeling of belonging throughout North America. Captive No. 1."
in January 1970, the lead stories concerned the Mr. Plyushch was plunged into hell when incarcerat– valentyn Moroz in its camps, and published a provocation
appointment of the first Ukrainian as a direct representa– ed at the Dnipropetrovske psychiatric institution in early that said "if the foreign bourgeois nationalists still want
tive of the Queen in Canada (Stephen Worobetz was 1973, but his wife Tatiana put him in the headlines and him, they can have him." The flagging movement seeking
made lieutenant governor of Saskatchewan), and UNA made the French Communist Party abandon its Stalinist Mr. Moroz's release was given a boost by The Weekly's
Supreme President John Lesawyer, acting as the vice- line. Mr. Moroz announced a hunger strike on July 1, campaign, driven by the slogan "Yes, we want him."
president of the United Ukrainian American Relief 1974. in the course of the next 145 days, thanks to his On April 27, 1979, UNA Supreme President John
Commission (UUARC), who traveled to Banja Luka, wife, a galvanized global student movement and Flis received a fateful call from the U.S. State
Yugoslavia, to coordinate assistance being sent to an Academician Andrei Sakharov, world attention was riv– Department, valentyn Moroz was to be released, along
earthquake-stricken zone. eted on viadimir Prison, where the historian "refused to with Mark Dimshyts, Aleksandr Ginsburg, Edvard
in a show of flexibility and resourcefulness, the voluntarily accept food." Kuznetsov and Baptist Pastor Georgi vins. As recount–
Secretariat of the WCFU was proving that it truly was Having faced down KGB Director Yuri Andropov ed in a four-part series titled "11 Days with valentyn
an international body by moving, first to New York, and and Dr. Snezhnevsky of the Serbsky institute, respec– Moroz," written by Mr. Flis, in the ensuing controver–
then to Belgium, in the first few years of the decade. tively. Mr. Moroz was moved to a camp in Mordovia, sial weeks, Mr. Moroz made a controversial choice to
in August 1970, the World Congress of Ukrainian and Mr. Pliushch arrived in vienna to meet his wife and join a particular political camp, bringing to the fore
Students (CeSUS) was held, about which The Weekly two sons. Leonid Pliushch had become the first divisions that had been growing in the diaspora.
wrote: "a new type of Ukrainian student was emerging Ukrainian political dissident to be released to the West
— one concerned more with the survival of Ukrainians since Patriarch Josyf Slipyj. — Andrij Wynnyckyj
as ethnic minorities in the countries in which they Things were not much more quiet on the religious
reside, than with the possibility of revolution in the front. The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
Soviet Union." THE 1 CBOFOAA^SVOBODA І І
suffered a great loss with the passing of Metropolitan
Canada was facing fragmentation as a country, and to
counterbalance increasing polarization along
FrenchTEnglish lines, a policy of "multiculturalism" was
John Theodorovych in June 1971. That year, Cardinal
and Archbishop Major Josyf Slipyj was twice passed
over by Pope Paul v i in appointments of Auxiliary
шоіпіоп Weekly
VOL. L X X X V I ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ N O I O O ^ ^ I H E UKRAINIAN WEEKI V SUXDAY. МЛУ t.. B W ^ , , ^ ^ ^ ^ и C E N T S

gradually adopted by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, Bishop John Stock and Bishop Basil Losten to the
with its commitment to provide all ethnic groups in
Canada an opportunity to attain the prominence afforded
Philadelphia diocese. This provoked turbulent protests VALENTYN MOROZ FREED
among the laity. Arrives in U.S. with four other dissidents; U.S.
to the English– and French-speaking "founding nations." in October 1971, Cardinal Slipyj defiantly affirmed arranges exchange for two Soviet spies; Moroz
Among those who crafted the policy was a Ukrainian, the rights of the Ukrainian Catholic Church as a particu– emotionally greeted by Ukrainians in New York,
Sen. Paul Yuzyk of Saskatchewan, whose position lar (Pomisna) Church and held a synod with 19 bishops. Philadelphia, South Bound Brook, Jersey City
papers on the topic appeared as columns and serials in That month, in a still bolder move, the Patriarch-desig–
The Weekly in 1970-1975. nate dramatically denounced the vatican's diplomatic
The Weekly also provided a chronicle of the con– attempts to conciliate with Moscow at the World Synod
struction of the UNA building in Jersey City, which of Bishops in Rome.
president Joseph Lesawyer referred to as "the largest The vatican retaliated by forbidding banning the
Ukrainian edifice in the free world," as it rose on the Cardinal from travel to Canada, claiming that the 1963
western bank of the Hudson River. agreement securing his release included a clause
At least equal in symbolic value as a barometer of requesting that he be restrained from "political activity."
Ukrainian presence in the U.S. and Canada, were the new On a positive note, in October 1975, the three
academic institutions. On January 19, 1973, three chairs Orthodox Churches of the Ukrainian diaspora united on
were officially established at Harvard University: one the eve of the second WCFU congress, and Metropolitan
each in history, literature and language. Prof. Omeljan Mstyslav Skrypnyk became the leader of Ukrainian
Pritsak assumed the Mykhailo Hrushevsky Chair in Orthodox faithful in the diaspora.
Ukrainian History. On June 18, 1976, the Canadian Yet another vatican travel ban was imposed on
institute of Ukrainian Studies was established at the Cardinal Slipyj in the summer of 1976, preventing him
University of Alberta in Edmonton, with Manoly Lupul from attending the World Eucharistic Congress in
serving as the institute's first director into the 1980s. Philadelphia, provoking demonstrations by the laity, in On May 6,1979, The Weekly devoted its entire front
As a measure of growing Ukrainian influence in December 1976, Pope Paul v i bluntly refused to recog– page to news of the release of longtime political pris
Canada, when Prime Minister Trudeau announced the nize the head of the Ukrainian Catholics as a patriarch oner valentyn Moroz.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41
12

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
often alleged that Ukrainian emigres, as well as Poles
The Eighties: and Baits, were "fascists" and "Nazi collaborators."

Ш rainian Weekly
НШ by m Utoiwiw UrtiOMl tootiitioii lac.. 1-falKMl noo-pwrfit t w c a t w f l

in the early 1980s, Soviet authorities contacted or


made themselves available to government prosecutors in
ofdivisions, struggle THE ишммі н а ш
the U.S. and Canada, as well as independent research
organizations, suggesting they could make eyewitnesses
smw. wr 4.

and remembrance NUCLEAR D1SASTER1N UKRA1NE


Up to 15,000 feared dead
available for testimony to actual crimes, and in the case
of certain individuals, documentary evidence that they
had served as guards at concentration camps.
ecause the development of its institutions had

B
One such individual was John Demjanjuk, a retired
continued virtually without interruption, the autoworker living in Cleveland. Among the evidence
Ukrainian diaspora seemed better equipped and the Soviets supplied was an alleged piece of Nazi-
organized to deal with the problems it faced than ever, issued identification which became known as the
and yet it seemed to face an increasing number that "Trawniki card." This document was given to the U.S.
seemed more overwhelming with each passing day. Justice Department's Office of Special investigations
Many delegates gathered in Philadelphia for the 13th (OS1), with the suggestion that this card proved Mr.
Congress of Ukrainians in America, held in October Demjanjuk was the notorious "ivan the Terrible" of
1980, hoping that the recent ideological firefight s S S g S S S SfSSSSS fUmificibcns af Chonwy catwtwpiw Treblinka.
aroused by the tug-of-war over valentyn Moroz could Mr. Demjanjuk was deported to israel to stand trial in
be put aside, it was not. Neutralized by procedural A took at nuclear power in Ukraine February 1986. After initially being convicted and sen–
.U СЮТЙ7І мсіиг p ^ ш^Ш,етЛ,тяхп^
maneuvers and silenced by closure of debate, UNA R^Lt, ,ynSvMHxm
m itei r r e wirt tkt стиюг tenced to death in 1988, Mr. Demjanjuk was acquitted
' " iJ ЧГ—'–
Supreme President John Flis led a walk-out by 20 orga– 'ortmt u Dr. C v M Mirfta.
ptn m SOTWI fedvtfy ""^ " Т " " M .- r–r - д - 1 '".t"".T"M"^ of being "ivan the Terrible" this year, and OS1 conduct
nizations, effectively splitting the Ukrainian Congress in this case is now being scrutinized by the 6th Circuit
Committee of America (UCCA). A parallel umbrella Mllliu.fKxatbtn?Mill'rf

Court of Appeals.
organization, the Ukrainian American Coordinating Some of the most notorious smears however, were
Council, would later be formed. , Weekly. Dr. Mir– printed lie
published in New York City's village voice, its January
Later in the decade, in February 1986, the Ukrainian 12, 1988, contained an article by Jeff Coplon titled "in
Canadian Students' Union (SUSK) voted not to join the Search of a Soviet Holocaust: A 55-Year-Old Famine
World Congress of Ukrainian Students (CeSUS), citing The Weekly's May 4, 1986, issue featured the first Feeds the Right" in it, the documentary "Harvest of
financial reasons, effectively dooming the possibility of reports about the Chornobyl nuclear disaster based Despair," Mr. Conquest's book and the entire research
a workable international body. on information from various sources, which could effort into the famine of 1932-1933 was alleged to have
in March 1980, Pope John Paul 11, called a synod of not be verified due to the Soviet news blackout. been a campaign of falsification waged by Ukrainian
Ukrainian Catholic bishops, something that their leader, Nazi collaborators in concert with influential right-wing
Archbishop Major Josyf Slipyj, had waited for a pontiff tions capability), the Human Rights Commission (HRC) politicians in the U.S.
to do for some time. Only at such a gathering could the of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians (WCFU), led Partly as a result of allegations in the Canadian press
patriarch-designate become universally recognized. by such activists as Christina isajiw and the External
that Dr. Josef Mengele, the notorious Nazi criminal, was
However, instead of agreeing to promote Cardinal Representation of the Ukrainian Helsinki Monitoring in Canada, the Commission of inquiry on War
Slipyj in the eyes of the Universal Church, John Paul Group, including the exiled Petro Grigorenko. The Criminals headed by Justice Jules Deschenes was estab–
П undercut his authority by unilaterally designating effectiveness of agencies such as Radio Liberty, among lished in February 1985. As a result of allegations by
Metropolitan Myroslav Lubachivsky of Philadelphia others, was greatly increased by the arrival of such
Sol Littman, a Canadian researcher for the Simon
as his co-adjutor and successor as archbishop major. activists as Nadia Svitlychna and viktor Borovsky.
Angered, the cardinal initially declared the vatican The regime's wave of repressions in 1979 spilled Wiesenthal Center that a number of "Ukrainian SS" men
move "null and without effect," but then backed over into the 1980s, taking the lives of leading voices of were in Canada, the case of the post-war screening of
down. resistance such as vasyl Stus, Oleksa Tykhy and the Galicia Division was brought up before the commis–
sion and successfully laid to rest, with the unit receiving
intensive lobbying in the 1970s prompted many Anatoliy Marchenko. A rash of suspicious car accidents
a full exoneration of participation in atrocities, it was
non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the 1980s, took the lives of people like film-maker Larysa Shepitko
and activist Olena Krasivska. also determined that Mengele probably made no attempt
such as Amnesty international, and even governments
Perhaps the strangest single event was the attempted to enter the country.
(Canada, in the case of Danylo Shumuk) had taken up
One of the worst disasters to occur on Ukrainian soil
the cause of human rights in the USSR. Because of defection of Myroslav Medvid in New Orleans in
flagrant disregard for the Helsinki Accords of 1975 October 1985. A Ukrainian sailor on the Soviet ship was the explosion at the RBMK nuclear reactor in
and the invasion of Afghanistan of late 1979, the boy– "Marshal Koniev," Medvid was handed back to the Chornobyl, 60 miles north of Kyyiv on Saturday April
cott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics was led by the regime he was fleeing by U.S. officials despite a con– 26, 1986. Contacted by The Weekly, Prof. Bohdan
U.S., and despite vociferous protests from Western certed media campaign. Bociurkiw of the University of Ottawa noted "The
athletes, held. nuclear disaster at Chornobyl has major implications
The most ringing success was the effort to commem–
Particularly effective in keeping Western opinion orate the 50th anniversary of the Great Famine of 1932- and undermines the credibility of the Gorbachev
informed were Smoloskyp (which expanded its publica– 1933. The U.S. Commission on the Ukraine Famine regime." Another source, whose figures The Weekly
was established and its mandate extended beyond its cited but admitted being unable to confirm, suggested
original term, with a staff directed by Harvard Ukrainian that up to 15,000 were feared dead.
Research institute associate Dr. James Mace. Director Taken over the long the long term, both have proven
Slavko Nowytski's film "Harvest of Sorrow," won inter- to be understatements. Projections of possible deaths
national acclaim as an effective documentary, winning 7 related to radiation poisoning from the reactor have far
awards at prestigious festivals in the U.S., Canada and surpassed the number cited, and the calamity added a
Europe, it was also aired on William F. Buckley's T.v. new word to the world's vocabulary.
program, "Firing Line," on PBS. it also came to symbolize everything that was termi–
nally wrong with the USSR, it also forced General
The three-member editorial staff of The Weekly's
Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to open up even more
staff co-edited a book, titled "The Great Famine in
fully than his regime intended in a policy of "glasnost."
Ukraine: The Unknown Holocaust," which contained
it forced the regime to open its doors to those who
a collection of essays, eyewitness testimonies, pho–
sought to help the people of Ukraine, simply because it
tographs and documentary evidence. University of
had no choice.
Stanford historian Robert Conquest published a land-
Dr. David Marples of Canadian institute of Ukrainian
mark work, 'The Harvest of Sorrow." W.W. Norton
and Co. published Miron Dolot's collection of famine Studies and others made significant contributions to the
reminiscences under the title "Execution by Hunger." study of this topic on the pages of The Weekly and in
Famine researcher Marco Carynnyk also worked tire– other published works.
lessly on various projects. in 1988, the year of the country's Millennium of
An effort to posthumously strip Walter Duranty, Christianity, the principal celebrations were held in
The New York Times correspondent in the USSR who Kyyiv and in Rome, attended by hierarchs and faithful
was instrumental in suppressing news about this holo– of all Churches. The celebrations in the Ukrainian capi–
tal, still not entirely free and thus warped by the
caust, of his Pulitzer Prize.
regime's policies, nevertheless served as a rallying point
Noted Canadian jurists Walter Tarnopolsky and John
for the Ukrainian Orthodox and Catholic and other
Sopinka mounted a campaign to have the World Court
Churches, made the people of Ukrainian reflect on their
in Hague examine the possibility of trying Soviet lead–
rich traditions in religion and history.
ers for genocide and crimes against humanity.
in Rome, Pope John Paul П joined Archbishop Major
This general success of the famine effort provoked a
Myroslav Lubachivsky, and the Ukrainian Catholic
vicious backlash on the part of the USSR, which mount–
faithful in marking this event. Pilgrimages by
ed a calculated campaign to discredit researchers on the
Ukrainians were also made to Jerusalem in honor of
famine and the entire Ukrainian diaspora for bringing
volodymyr the Great's baptism of Ukraine, and celebra–
the murderous Soviet regime to account.
tions were conducted in virtually every community
in 1983 The Ukrainian Weekly published a special The effort to locate and prosecute Nazi war criminals
where Ukrainians reside.
commemorative book on the occasion of the 50th had been ongoing since the end of the second world war. — Andrij Wynnyckyj
anniversary of the Great Famine in Ukraine. Soviet publications, such as News From Ukraine, had
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 1 o, 1993 13

AN ANNIVERSARY REVIEW
part of the huge Soviet empire.
Lest we forget The Nineties: The growing pains associated with a newly indepen–
dent state were and are being covered on the pages of
Reprinted below are excerpts of The Ukrainian
Weekly editorial contained in the newspaper's
Ukraine's independence The Weekly. So, there is good news as well as bad from
Ukraine.The good is exemplified by the international
special issue devoted to the 50th anniversary of Olympic Committee's recognition of Ukraine and
the^ Great Famine in Ukraine. The issue was dated
March 20,1983.
and Weekly's expansion Ukraine's independent participation in international ath–
letic events, as well as the emergence of Ukrainian
sports stars known around the globe. The bad includes

D
Twelve pages of this special issue of The Weekly uring the 1990s, The Weekly has become the
principal source of news from Ukraine, thanks Ukraine's inflation run amok and its economic crisis,
are devoted exclusively to the Great Famine in and the long-term stalemate between the president and
Ukraine, unquestionably the least-known man-made to the existence of the UNA Press Bureau
staffed by Weekly editors. The bureau became reality in the Parliament.
Holocaust of modern times, An unbelievable 7 mil-
lion Ukrainians^men, women and children - January 1991 when Marta Kolomayets arrived in the Outside of Ukraine, The Weekly focused on meetings
starved to death in a little over a year.... Ukrainian capital. Her arrival was the culmination of a of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in
in ш effort to break the will of an independent– resolution passed at the 1990 UNA Convention that Europe, various Chornobyl and medical relief efforts,
miaded and nationally conscious Ukrainian peas– urged the Supreme Executive Committee to open a and the myriad types of aid extended by the Ukrainian
antry, secure collectivization and ensure industri– news bureau in Kyyiv and7or Lviv. Later, the Kyyiv diaspora to Ukraine. There was information, a lot of it,
alization, the Soviet regime under Stalin ordered bureau was staffed by Chrystyna Lapychak and on various assistance programs offered by the U.S. and
the expropriation of all foodstuffs in the hands of Khristina Lew. Canada governments to Ukraine.
the rural population. All harvested grain was con– As interest in Ukraine grew, so did the number of sub– The strange case of John Demjanjuk continues to
fiscated by 25,000 non-Ukrainians sent in to over- scribers, and in 1991 The Weekly's circulation topped make headlines. And, the vatican's continued machina–
see the opemifoa „ , Peasants were ordered to turn 10,000. The amount of news increased as well, and get- tions regarding the Ukrainian Catholic Church were
everything over to the state. Failure to do so was ting all the news to fit on the pages of the 16-page touched upon (stay tuned). The centennials of Ukrainian
punishable by death. „. The famine, then, was Weekly proved to be a challenge. Ultimately, in settlement in Canada and Brazil also were marked on
politically motivated genocide. December of 1991, our publisher, the Ukrainian National the pages of The Weekly.
So why, SO years later, is the famine so little Association, purchased an additional unit for the press, Not to be forgotten is the U.S. visit of President
known? How has this horrible atrocity, the murder thus providing The Weekly with the capability of print– Leonid Kravchuk, newly elected as Ukraine's chief
of 7 million people, escaped the attention of ihg 20- and 24-page issues. The number of such expand– executive, and all the subsequent visits by various
mankind^ its conscience and its justice? ed issues increased as events in Ukraine progressed. Ukrainian government officials, including Defense
When Allied troops liberated the Nazi death And, the news from Ukraine was to put it simply, Minister Kostyantyn Morozov and Foreign Minister
camps at Treblinka and Auschwitz, their senses unthinkable. Sovereignty was proclaimed in July 1990, and Anatoliy Zlenko. Next came news of the establishment
verified that an unspeakable crime had been com– independence followed on August 24, 1991. independent of Ukraine's diplomatic representations throughout the
mitted against humanity. The sight of living statehood was resoundingly confirmed by a 90-percent– world.
corpses,, the stench of death, the moans of the tor– plus vote in the plebiscite of December 1,1991. Diaspora activity during the first part of this decade
mented^ the ovens and barbed wire all provided The Weekly covered the activity of the Popular appeared to be focused completely on Ukraine - some-
instant confirmation, „, Movement of Ukraine, or Rukh, the Ukrainian Helsinki times to the detriment of Ukrainian community life here.
Because Nazi Germany was vanquished; it was Union, which soon became the Ukrainian Republican But community news did continue to make headlines in
possible, as was done at Nuremberg, to bring to trial Party, and the many other new parties that arose in The.Ukrainian Weekly.
at least some of those responsible for the Holocaust. Ukraine as democracy was gaining ground. The activi– incidentally, The Weekly conducted a poll of its
in contrast, the Ukrainian tragedy is unknown ties of previously banned Churches, the Ukrainian readers to determine the popularity of its diverse fea–
and unavenged At the time, the Soviet Union was Catholic Church and the Ukrainian Autocephalous tures. The most popular and most widely read were any
not a vanquished enemy, but an ally, ironically, the Orthodox Church, including the arrivals in Ukraine of
United States formally recognized the Soviet Union stories from or about Ukraine, be they from the Kyyiv
their respective primates, Cardinal Myroslav Press Bureau or Newsbriefs compiled from multiple
in 1933, the same year that millions were dying of Lubachivsky and Metropolitan Mstyslav, also were cov–
starvation. Because it was a closed society, most sources.
ered in much detail. Other news reports dealt with the By the time a third of the decade was over, The
Western journalists and government officials were revelation of "blank spots" in history, such as the Great
carefully kept away from the countryside and could Ukrainian Weekly had expanded the number of its
Famine of 1932-1933, and other Stalinist atrocities, pages, increased the size of its full time editorial staff to
not see the scale of the tragedy. ,.. many of whose victims were found to be buried in mass
So why „ dredge up a 50-year-old tragedy? .,. five, and had computerized its production, preparing the
graves throughout the country. And then there was newspaper on the Macintosh computer system pur-
Because, like the Nazi Holocaust, the murder of Chornobyl — the continuing stories of its mammoth
millions is a blot on our collective conscience, it chased by the UNA in early 1993. More and more often
fallout and its effect on the populace of Ukraine. The Weekly was being cited as the primary source for
must be recognized, understood, absorbed —
The infamous visit to Ukraine by President George news from Ukraine and its news reports are now
regardless of political considerations. A failure to
Bush, during which he delivered his notorious "Chicken indexed by Ethnic Newswatch, which is available to
do so would suggest the chilling notion that had
Kiev" speech was the subject of much news and analy– 250,000 subscribers through Nexis7Lexis. its stories
the Nazis won the war, the death of 6 million Jews
would be little more than a footnote in history. As sis on the pages of The Weekly. Of course, The Weekly from Ukraine now appear in the Prague Post and the
we read the next few pages about the famine, we continued to defend the interests of the Ukrainian nation Budapest Sun, among other newspapers.
should ponder long and hard the real conse– as it called on the U.S. to promptly recognize Ukraine's
And what will the rest of the decade bring? We
quences of silence. independence, to stop seeing Ukraine through the prism
couldn't even venture a guess.
of Moscow, and to provide a fair share of foreign aid to
the non-Russian states that exist on the territory once — Roma Hadzewycz

Шrainian Weeklv Шrainian Week v


Ічпк) by tin Utftiimn NUionil Assoculion inc. t ftitniul non-profit moeittion "Publittud by tht Utninitn mttoetl Attociition inc.. 1fritotinlnon-profit inocatkmj И ї М W tlw UbibriM l l r t ^ l taotbtloHR^

THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNOAY. JULY a , 1990


rainian Weekly
No 35 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, SEPIEMBER I. 1991 NO. 49 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNOAY, DECEMBER M W I

Ukraine proclaims sovereignty Ukraine declares independence


INDEPENDENCE
Over Ж vote yes in referendum; Kravchuk elected president of Ukraine

Declaration on Euphoria, trepidation, mixed emotions U.N. Mission stressesA c t o f D e c l a r a t i o n of t h e i n d e p e n d e n c e o f Ukraine


Ukraine, Russia sign
State Sovereignty of Ukraine are reaction to Ukraine's proclamation statehood of Ukraine interim bilateralpact
b, СЬгум,м Up,ctak
lot the

DECLARES
INDEPENDENT UKRAINIAN STATE^

in 1990 and 1991, The Weekly reported on the proclamation of Ukraine's sovereignty, the declaration of Ukraine's independence adopted by the Supreme Council,
and the overwhelming affirmation of Ukraine's independence in a nationwide referendum.
14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

ANNIVERSARY GREETINGS TO THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY


Throughout its existence, The Weekly has informed its readers about events in
Sen. Dennis DeConcini Ukraine as well as about the life of those Ukrainians who were dispersed throughout
Following is the full text of a statement submitted into the Congressional Record. the world, all the while nurturing in its readers the hope that there would come a time
when Ukraine would become an independent, democratic state. That time has now
Mr. President. On October 6, The Ukrainian Weekly, which is published by the come; the task of building a new Ukraine is currently under way under difficult cir–
Ukrainian National Association, will celebrate its 60th anniversary. This English-lan– cumstances.
guage newspaper began publishing in 1933, a year infamous for the devastation of І would like to take this opportunity to extend greetings to our countrymen, fellow
Stalin's forcible famine in Ukraine. The Ukrainian Weekly provided news about the Ukrainians in the U.S., Canada and other countries of the Ukrainian diaspora. І would
Famine — something that was truly necessary, as there was tragically little coverage very much like for them to maintain a close bond to Ukraine, and for them to give of
of the Famine at that time, its important work has continued since then. themselves in contributing to its rebuilding. Ukraine is their native land.
Throughout the last 60 years, The Ukrainian Weekly has provided an extremely With best wishes to the readers of The Ukrainian Weekly,
valuable service in bringing to the attention of the Ukrainian American community Respectfully,
and other interested Americans news concerning Ukraine, as well as about the lvan Pliushch
Ukrainian American community, it has been, and continues to be, an important Chairman of the Supreme Council of Ukraine
resource to the United States Congress. Since its inception, The Ukrainian Weekly has
provided solid information together with insightful commentary on the struggle of the
people of Ukraine for their human rights and national dignity, in so doing, it has
played a vital role in advancing the cause of Ukraine's independence.
Rukh Chairman vyacheslav Chornovil
The Ukrainian Weekly also serves as an important channel for informing the My Dear Colleagues:
Ukrainian American community about Congressional actions affecting Ukraine, thus І am happy that The Ukrainian Weekly is celebrating such a significant event — its
building support for various initiatives in the Congress. This was helpful, for example, 60th anniversary — and that, given the paper's age, its staff is so young and talented.
in the passage of legislation 1 introduced in the Senate on U.S. recognition of You have every reason to be proud of your accomplishments and 1 congratulate you.
Ukrainian independence and on the Millennium of Christianity in Kyyivan Rus'. The Your paper is one of the best Ukrainian publications issued outside of Ukraine, in
Ukrainian Weekly has also been helpful by familiarizing its readership with other making information on Ukraine accessible to the English-speaking world, it has con–
efforts of the Helsinki Commission (CSCE), on which 1 serve as chairman, including tributed to Ukraine's achievement of independence and world recognition.
the commission's work in the past on issues such as the Ukrainian Churches and indi– Today, with your strict objectivity in reporting on the complex period of state-
vidual Ukrainian political prisoners, and on its more recent reports and initiatives building which Ukraine is undergoing, you render far more assistance to Ukraine than
dealing with Ukraine. could any euphoric or one-sided Ukrainian publication in the diaspora.
The Ukrainian Weekly continues to provide breaking news and analysis of devel– On behalf of Rukh and its members, 1 thank you for your objective coverage of the
opments in independent Ukraine, chronicling the ongoing historical efforts to rebuild Popular Movement of Ukraine —Rukh.
Ukraine following the devastating experience of Soviet domination. Under the able With all best wishes, 1 remain,
leadership of Editor-in-Chief Roma Hadzewycz, the entire staff of The Ukrainian Sincerely yours,
Weekly is to be commended for their dedication and commitment in putting out a vyacheslav Chornovil
first-rate newspaper. І congratulate The Ukrainian Weekly on its 60th anniversary and Chairman of Rukh
express my best wishes for its continued success. People's Deputy of Ukraine

Gov. Jim Florio URP Chairman Mykhailo Horyn


Dear Mrs. Hadzewycz: To the Editorial Staff of The Ukrainian Weekly:
І wish to extend my congratulations to you and your staff on the 60th anniversary The leadership of the Ukrainian Republican Party (URP) extends its sincere greet–
of The Ukrainian Weekly. ings to The Ukrainian Weekly on its 60th anniversary, with best wishes for continuing
We are proud of our Ukrainian citizens and the important contributions they have its work of disseminating objective information about Ukraine and the Ukrainian dias–
made to New Jersey. Publications such as The Ukrainian Weekly are crucial to carry pora among citizens of the U.S. and Canada.
on the heritage and traditions of Ukrainian Americans as well as to transmit important Since its founding in 1933 — the tragic year of the Ukrainian holocaust, your
news to the community. You and your staff are to be complimented on your profes– newspaper, countering the tide of disinformation from the Communist press, has
sional attention to accuracy and detail. reported truthfully on the events that transpired in a subjugated Ukraine.
it is a tribute to Ukrainian Americans that the community has recognized the value in recent years, your paper has offered extensive coverage on the activity of the
of and supported such a well-respected publication for 60 years. Please accept my best URP and its leadership.
wishes on the occasion of your 60th anniversary. January 1991 marked the beginning of a new period in the activities of The
very truly yours, Weekly. The permanent press bureau in Kyyiv has expanded the newspaper's poten–
Jim Florio tial to shed light on a difficult period in the complex process of state-building.
Governor The URP hopes that your periodical will play a significant role in promoting mutu–
al understanding between Ukraine and America, and will act as a catalyst for the con–
solidation of efforts made by the Ukrainian communities in the U.S. and Canada in
undertaking the construction of the Ukrainian state.
Deputy Prime Minister Mykola Zhulynsky
Esteemed Friends: Mykhailo Horyn
Chairman, URP
І extend sincere greetings to the worker's collective of The Ukrainian Weekly on
your glorious jubilee — 60 years ago to this day, the first issue of your newspaper
appeared. Ever since, your newspaper has been the bearer of truth about Ukraine.
As an English-language publication, The Weekly has been accessible to millions of information Dep't, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
readers, from members of the U.S. Congress, U.S. presidential administrations or
members of Canada's Parliament, to the average worker, functionary or intellectual in To The Ukrainian Weekly:
America. The Ukrainian Weekly, which was founded thanks to the financial support of the
The Weekly has published and continues to feature articles by scholars, journalists, working class of the first Ukrainian emigration, has become an important source of
politicians and community activists of both Ukrainian as well as non-Ukrainian back- information for the Ukrainian intelligentsia.
grounds. Throughout its history, the publication has maintained its own profile, its outstand–
it is gratifying that for three years now, since the establishment of The Weekly's ing characteristics have been truthful, informative and analytical reporting, a broad
press bureau in Kyyiv, your correspondents have sought to provide highly detailed thematic scope, and a special dedication to Ukrainian history and culture.
reports about the life of our Motherland. We also value The Weekly for its consistent political line. Through difficult times,
І wish the collective of the newspaper the best of health, inspiration, and every suc– the newspaper upheld the ideals of Ukrainian independence and democracy, and
cess in your creative and journalistic endeavors. always fought for human rights and individual liberties.
Respectfully, The Ukrainian Weekly was and continues to be one of the few periodicals which
Mykola Zhulynsky has consistently carried accurate information on Ukraine to English-speaking readers,
Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine and which has bravely stood against those who oppose our statehood, and those who
would besmirch the good name of Ukraine in the world.
The Ukrainian Weekly has carried on its ceaseless and arduous labor for 60 years
Supreme Council Chairman lvan Pliushch now, and has reached the age of maturity and wisdom. Therefore, 1 extend my con–
gratulations to the newspaper, to its editor-in-chief and the editorial staff, and wish
To the Editorial Staff of The Ukrainian Weekly:
you continued development, inspiration and journalistic success, and may you always
On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of The Ukrainian Weekly, 1 would like to have an appreciative readership.
extend sincere greetings to the editorial staff and The Weekly's readership.
The Weekly came into being at a most tragic time for Ukraine, at the time when the Yuriy Sergeyev
Stalinist leadership organized the Great Famine in Ukraine which resulted in the geno– Director
cide of millions of its citizens. І am well aware that the first issues of The Ukrainian information Department
Weekly carried reports of these terrible events. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 15

The genesis of the Kyyiv Bureau


by Marta Kolomayets
Parti
KYYiv - Sometimes it still is difficult
the UNA has served for almost a century,
but also about recent events in Ukraine
and the world of opportunities now avail-
able. This was the first time in more than
ШШМ
SessteKttxg ^ яьrogNKKfcbJ W C W r o ^
fv-,v^i

for me to believe that 1 run around Kyyiv 50 years that the Ukrainian American
and write about historic events as they and Ukrainian Canadian communities
unfold, interview top political, economic could have direct contact with citizens of
and cultural figures, talk to babusias Ukraine.
(grandmothers) at the fruit and vegetable Perhaps most inspiring at the conven–
market on a daily basis, wait in bread tion was a young filmmaker from Kyyiv
я г v– ; . x .
lines and lose my temper with hardline who was intent on making a film for
Ukrainians about the 1933 man-made
Communists who want all Yankees to go
Іfit n Ц fiff it mi nfPi?ifT v
home.
But four years ago, having a press
office in Kyyiv was as much a reality as
famine in Ukraine that killed more than 7
million people. He wanted to base his
film on vasyl Barka's "Yellow Prince,"
Ш ІшШІІІіІШі ЖЬЬІУЛ
beghftft wppbraMtttt Ж SvOfcODA Ufcntttttm; 4
Ki^v ica^tfc^ sbi.

the Statue of Liberty sitting down. The and he wanted to show it in Ukraine. l?^a?afcfci t s tfee sfcfc^fc oarf mteresto^l улийS Asifcru'sras ^ Укяаи^ол ^ - ^и

project, 1 think, began when the editorial if the filmmaker, Oles Yanchuk, was ^'ІІЧКУ . m s
- ' .^i it; v

staff of The Weekly, three, idealistic brave enough to tell Ukrainians about
then-still young women, dreamed of wit– their "blank pages" in history, was the
nessing the transformation of the Soviet UNA ready to make a commitment to a СВОБОДА SVOBODA
Union, with the hope that in the distant news bureau in Ukraine and tell its mem– Український Щитпнпт
future, it might lead to an independent bers and the readers of its publications нк m. я. x
Ukraine. about the true situation in the ^ чмі, аж ^ ь
SECTiOfsi Ц,
All three of us (Roma Hadzewycz, "batkivshchyna" (homeland)? Г fr
UNA delegates seemed to be ready, as
they unanimously passed a resolution
Be тшатшт rf..M^wi-iiiiiini,^wvxiiii,OiHsi,ui(!m^^
tottaMNt ^ HIT Jwaafc І
which stated: "The convention urges the і^^^^м^іші^т^^^ше^
UNA Executive Committee to look into ""'yWiWii"i Umi ЛЦЦЙ^^іЙіЦІЦу^Лмі^ЧПш юуа^У”ду
-'fr-.fr.bw8SiS.X.....4 - ^
WMWWW ЦЦЩЦЦКЇЩІМШЯП
establishing a bureau in Kyyiv and7or
Lviv which would provide direct news
service on a regular basis to our UNA
publications."
СВОБОДА A SVOBODA
But this is just the beginning of a very lmmtam IMHK^PUKRAINIAN DAILY . 5Л X jfc vsss s.r, за ^
long and complicated story. The
Ukrainian National Association, with a
little nudge from The Weekly staff of
three, headed by Editor-in-Chief ЗЮЗДКЯІІ ^yewv Здеьямк A '"gaac featjfct'fegrtitefet otmtsbx

; зашию
SKV з ш ч ; ^ -fcsa^" Sarawak4 ч здюв
Hadzewycz, began pursuing the issue, ,^,„WKWtlllll HI ттииїтщ ШШііШШ
looking into real possibilities. The efforts
began in October of 1990, when a UNA
delegation consisting of Supreme
^жшжшт ж шгш ш і т
ntMiMbKUU Щ0ЛСИИИШ
fsjgfc

UKBAtMtAN hi BAJELY
President Ulana Diachuk and Supreme vx ям ^ ^

Secretary Walter Sochan, as well as


Eugene iwanciw, supreme advisor and
Ще Шхmmm ШеАір ? ^ ^ U ttrt ftl
director of the UNA Washington Office, t ^x J. A^yso–^ i' ^ ^
and Ms. Hadzewycz, who is also a
supreme advisor, paid a visit to officials
at the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry. --зі СТШ SWB!DM .
икжжлюм вліїлг ;
Marta Kolomayets, The Weekly's asso– The UNA delegation was in Kyyiv for ^ І пмЬнишй immmx
ciate editor and Kyyiv correspondent. r
the second congress of Rukh, the Popular ^ ^ -Ще l k n t i i i b i i Wririkl?
Chrystyna Lapychak and 1) had traveled Movement of Ukraine. At the Foreign ^ w n w v . lft^t ^ іи^Ж
to Ukraine in the mid-1980s in the early Ministry they met with Уаіегіу ingulsky,
first secretary, and volodymyr Chorny,
days of Mikhail Gorbachev and glasnost.
These were "get-acquainted trips" and head of the ministry's information CB OL 0ДД 4 , Svn В 0DA
resulted in a few interviews, reports on a Department, which had recently opened a
ТЬе 1 k r a l e U d Wi^kt,T St^ii.m
few conferences and some feature sto– press center to cater to journalists. v s a m ^ ч^
ries. At that time, a letter was submitted ^vc^^^л^чvч^^^^^N^^xNЧчvчv^^x^^c^^л.^^,c^^

Those experiences were enough for us from The Weekly editor in regard to the
to "catch the bug," as we referred to sto–
ries about Ukraine, its dissidents and new
opening of the press bureau and accredi–
tation of The Weekly's correspondent in
SVOBOM
'ntktHtMH Bttiv
political and cultural leaders emerging Ukraine. іМіНШ vitjtou ч tttfc AWK'A
before our very eyes. Three months and buckets of tears
later, 1 arrived in Ukraine to begin the
As early as 1989, through our office
doors came Ukraine's "neophyte democ–
pioneering six-month stint of reporting
from the nation's capital. І say "buckets
The Ukrainian Weekly Edition
rats," a new breed of leader we throught
of tears," because, although all of our
could change the world. By 1990, we
were interviewing Ukraine's cherished
papers had been submitted to the
Ukrainian SSR's Foreign Ministry,
CBOBOAA^SYOBODA
ухттсмин що^инт у ь а А І ft t д к п ьііь
dissidents, who finally, after years of
Moscow still issued visas, and it was ЛШ Я е O^ ^ Hi і Ь кЛ:ЧіА^ i k H k ^
prison and internal exile, were traveling
holding back my entrance to Ukraine.
to the West. With amazement we wit–
nessed their undaunted spirits and their On January 13, 1991, 1 arrived in
invigorating energy. Ukraine during the week of the Persian ТНЕ І СІІЮОА
Gulf crisis and the Soviet Army's attack
We decided the time was ripe for us,

Ukroini
on government buildings in vilnius,

У
The Weekly, to venture into Ukraine on a Lithuania, where more than a dozen peo–
more permanent basis, it so happened ple perished.
that this was 1990, a convention year for
the Ukrainian National Association, our І began working out of an S807night ЙЛЛЙІН-ІА^Л-А^А Wt-ftKi^ вттюм
room in the Hotel Dnipro, centrally locat– ЧХХУ Мл ^н^Т!к^^і^"^шТ ^ЯГ'ТОЛЛ^^ТОЙІ^^. ут.
publisher.
And it just so happened that the con– ed at the foot of the Khreshchatyk. And І
vention began on the same day that І reported out of this box of a single room,
which doubled as my home and my ЦЖШ кжмшШ'^і'^
returned from Ukraine from a trip spon–
sored by the Children of Chornobyl office until late April, when 1 finally

iian Weekly
Relief Fund, to deliver medical supplies found an apartment, which to this day
to the needy in Kyyiv and Lviv. Still serves as the home for The Weekly's
under the influence of all 1 had seen and Kyyiv correspondents and the UNA
heard, 1 arrived in Baltimore as a dele- Press Bureau.
gate to the convention. Although this was all less than three
Нб м т мттт mm
There was a certain excitement in the years ago, it seems light years away. тшттшшшшшвт тшт
air, as delegates talked about not only the When 1 arrived in Kyyiv, there was a The montage of flags above illustrates the changing face of The Ukrainian
Ukrainian diaspora community, which (Continued on page 20) Weekly during its 60-year history.
16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

lems of adjustment.
The story... TO OUR YOUTH Literary heritage
(Continued from page 5)
art, culture, and contained news items of Following is the full text of the first editorial in the premiere issue of the Probably the first contact a Ukrainian
Ukrainian American youth activities, edi– Ukrianian Weekly, it is published below exactly as it appeared in that first tis– immigrant's child here had with
torial comments on problems and issues sue on October 61 1933. Ukrainian literature consisted of the
confronting the young people, and vari– With this number we begin the publication of a regular weekly supplement to adventure stories mother told in
ous contributions by readers themselves. the "Svoboda," to be known as the "Ukrainian Weekly," and to be devoted Ukrainian about the brave Kozaks of
its editor was Emil Revyuk, then associ– exclusively to the benefit of the American-Ukrainian youth. yore, of how they would cross the Black
ate editor of the Svoboda. The Ukrainian National Association has undertaken to bear the extra cost of Sea in their frail craft, raid and plunder
Not all of the young people depended this publication, m order to give our youth the opportunity of having an exclu– the rich Turkish cities and free the
upon the magazine for whatever it was sive organ of its own; written in its own style and language; wherein it can Ukrainian captives. The child's first
able to give them. Beginning in the 1930s meet, exchange its thoughts and ideas, come to a better understanding of each acquaintance with Ukrainian poetry usu–
and up to the appearance of The Weekly, other, and perhaps point out those paths of endeavor which shall lead to a newer ally was his memorization of
a growing number of them availed them– and better life. Shevchenko's "Last Testament" or
selves of the space placed at their dispos– The "Ukrainian Weekly1' is for the youth. The youth alone shall be its master, "Learn, My Brothers." This education
al in the Svoboda. Thus, practically every its voice alone shall be heeded here. And all that we desire from our readers^ in continued through the Ukrainian school,
issue of the daily contained an increasing order to continue this organ as such, is just a little good will and co-operation, it which the children attended in the
number of articles on various subjects as is necessary that the youth read it. it is necessary, further, that the youth become evenings, after regular American school
well as news reports and sport items sub– interested in it and give it their support, so that it shall grow and flourish to the hours, and on Saturdays, when religious
mitted by the younger folk. point wherein it will embrace every phase of the life of our American-Ukrainian instruction was given. Graduation from
Among the contributions of a serious youth, the Ukrainian school, however, usually
nature was the "Short History of The Ukrainian National Association is prepared to cheerfully make even fur– marked the end of learning of the three
Ukraine" by Stephen Shumeyko, which ther expenditures in order to enlarge this organ in scope and size, provided how– Rs in Ukrainian and with it of Ukrainian
ran serially approximately every seven ever, that the youth desires it. And in order to achieve this goaf, the youth must literature. Unless the parents spoke to
days for a period of about a year and one- not only read this weekly, it must also contribute articles to it. Our youth must their children only in Ukrainian, and not,
half. Among the others who wrote in strive to become members of the Ukrainian National Association and as such, as so often was the case, in broken
English for the Svoboda was Waldimir endeavor to make this organization, which with the passage of time shall pass English, the son or daughter soon lost
Semenyna, a fine translator of Ukrainian into its hands, bigger and better. whatever working knowledge of
poetry. Among the other contributors This is not the first venture of its kind made by the Ukrainian National Ukrainian, especially written and printed,
were Alexander Yaremko, Thomas Flora, Association to do something for our youth. During the forty years ої its exis– which they had possessed. And thus the
Katherine E. Shutock, Mary Kusy, Mary tetice the Association has contributed vast sums of money for the upbringing of rich argosy of Ukrainian literature was no
Ann Bodnar, Rosalie Hatala, Betty our youth, both in America and Ukraine, The Association published booklets longer within their reach.
Kinash, Walter Chopyk and Gregory and newspapers for our youth in the Ukrainian language, and also in the Fortunately, to their aid came The
Herman. Ukrainian and English languages; and during the last seven years published Ukrainian Weekly, by offering them
Though comparatively few in number, ^The Ukrainian Juvenile Magazine." in addition, the Association inaugurated good translations of the best of Ukrainian
they in a sense represented hundreds of English contributions to our daily, the "Svoboda," which proved to be of great stories, novelettes, novels, and poetry.
young people throughout the land who benefit to our youth. The first translations were those of sim–
were increasingly interesting themselves All of this indicates that the Ukrainian National Association, in an effort to ple stories for boys and girls, such as the
in Ukrainian American life and all the help our youth, has gone more than half way to meet i t it is true, of course, that popular Chaikovsky's "Za Sestroyu" (in
cultural clubs were springing up among perhaps the method of approach by the older generation was not the proper one Quest of His Sister), which, translated by
them. An awareness of their Ukrainian at times; but at any rate, it was sincere and inspired by idealism, if any mistakes this writer, ran serially for quite a while.
cultural heritage was catching up with were made, there is still time to remedy them; if any gains were made, let us As, together with The Weekly, its
them. The songs they sang in the choirs retain them. To study this problem, will be one of the tasks of this organ. readers grew in maturity, an entire galaxy
and choruses, the folk dances they prac– in youth one dreams and hopes; that is what we need. We want the youth that of some of the finest examples of
ticed and then exhibited before their own dreams^ and then goes to work and makes the dreams come true. We need the Ukrainian literature ran in their translated
and non-Ukrainian gatherings caught fresh ideas of youth, and that unconquerable fighting spirit of our Cossack form on the pages of The Weekly.
their imagination and liking. More and ancestors. Outstanding among them were Kulish's
more they flocked together and became We are living in a mighty country which was built upon dreams and ideals; a full-length novel "Chorna Rada" (Black
quite group conscious as a result; quite country where nothing is impossible; where air castles are succeeded by concrete Council) which ran every week from
more so, even at that early date, than did achievements; and where the dreams of yesterday are the realities of today. Such August 8, 1942, through September 18,
young American-born people of non- is the spirit that we^ the American-Ukrainian youths need. Such is the spirit 1943, Kotsiubinsky's novelette "Tini
Ukrainian descent. which shall raise high our Ukrainian name and our culture here in America, Zabutykh Predkiv" (Shadows of
And thus, when The Ukrainian Forgotten Ancestors), and a number of
Weekly came into being there was a wide short stories by him, Franko, Stefanyk,
reading public among our younger gener– out a fact which has long been recog– greater importance than the one which is Makovey, Martovych, Cheremshyna,
ation waiting and ready for it. nized by impartial observers, including a to be found in practically every family, Lepky, Lesia Ukrainka, Kobylianska,
Yale University study, namely, that no assimilated or not, wherein the parents Pchilka, Samiylenko, Nechuy-Levytsky,
Weekly objectives other younger generation of Americans strive (deliberately or not is beside the Hrinchenko, vynnychenko, and the more
To get started, chart its course and set of Old World background is as group- question) to impose their ways of think– modern writers, such as Khvyliovy and
up its objectives was not particularly conscious as is the Ukrainian American ing and doing things upon their children, Tychyna. Approximately 85 percent of
difficult. Starting from the premise that younger generation, and that no other who in turn are positive that their ways these translations were by this writer, the
The Weekly was to be in the words generation has shown as much interest in are better? Assuredly not. Furthermore, is remainder mainly by Andrusyshen,
inscribed on its masthead, "Dedicated to its old-world cultural heritage and the not this latter conflict larger in scope than Cundy and Wissotsky-Kunz.
the needs and interests of young valuable role it can and does play in the the former, and prevalent just as much in The Weekly also offered its readers
Americans of Ukrainian descent," The development of American life and cul– those families that date their lineage back some of the finest selections of Ukrainian
Weekly set up as its main objectives the ture as have our youth. Much credit for to the Mayflower as in those whose poetry, translated into English, especially
following: (1) to propagate among its this has been given to The Ukrainian minds still contain fresh memories of works by Taras Shevchenko, ivan
readers the inspiring principles of Weekly. Ellis island? The answer is obvious. And Franko, Lesia Ukrainka, Kotliarevsky,
Americanism; (2) to give them at least a Among the first serious problems with so the conclusion is inescapable, that the Shashkevich and Lepky, with the transla–
rudimentary knowledge of their which The Weekly had to contend and solution of the first generation tions by voynich, Semenyna, Manning,
Ukrainian cultural heritage and of the American's problems will affect very lit– Cundy, Livesay, Gambal, Coleman and
take a definite stand on, so that its readers
centuries-old Ukrainian struggle for tle the greater problem of the age-old and Hunter.
could do likewise, were those encoun–
national freedom; (3) to inspire and sup- worldwide conflicts within the family. in addition, The Weekly ran "A Short
tered by children of foreign-born parents
port their organizational efforts; (4) to Neither is it necessary then, to try to History of Ukrainian Literature," by the
in their efforts to adjust themselves to
impress upon them the necessity of their solve them by way of any accelerated Rev. Max Kinash, translated by this
American life, in this class are the con–
becoming members of the Ukrainian assimilation, for such assimilation carries writer, which appeared regularly from
National Association — the chief bul– flicts within the family itself that result with it far worse consequences than those February 9, 1934, through April 18, 1936.
wark of American life; (5) to serve as a from the American ways of the children flowing from the maladjustments it Briefer surveys of Ukrainian literature,
forum for their thoughts and views on and the European ways of the parents. would tend to displace. Such an assimi– which ran serially, were by this writer and
the various important problems Many think this problem will be lated person, for instance, usually knows Arthur P. Coleman of Columbia
and issues confronting them; (6) to keep solved as soon as these first-generation and cares very little about his native University. Clarence A. Manning, also of
them abreast of the latest developments children, Americans, will be completely background, traditions, and heritage, and Columbia, wrote a number of articles for
in Ukrainian American organized life; assimilated, although they doubt whether as a result he lacks that solid basis upon The Weekly on the subject.
(7) to keep them informed on the current such assimilation can take place within which he can gain the poise and confi– Combined, all of the above are suffi–
events in the land from which their par– the span of these children's lives. dence necessary for his struggle with cient for a very thick volume of
ents emigrated; and (8) to generally pro- The Weekly took a stand against rapid daily life. Ukrainian anthology, which the UNA
vide them with a type of inspiration, assimilation. Take this matter of conflict The Weekly believes that not in assim– plans to have published.
information and reading material which within the family, for instance. True, a ilation, cultural or otherwise, but in the By reading these outstanding exam-
they could not obtain elsewhere. part of this conflict arises from the pies of Ukrainian prose and poetry in
preservation of the finer elements of their
How far The Ukrainian Weekly has already mentioned Old and New World native Ukrainian heritage and their adap– their English translation, the young
advanced towards these objectives which conceptions of the parents and children, tation to American life, can the children Ukrainian American strongly strength–
it set up 20 years ago, is not for the editor respectively. Yet, is this aspect of con– of Ukrainian-born immigrant parents ened his attachment to his Ukrainian cul–
to say. However, we would like to point flict within the immigrant family of any look for a solution of their special prob– (Continued on page 17)
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 17
And thus readers of The Weekly are them to the fullest extent, were they club only. Editorially it took a stand, one in
The story ... ever reminded of the glories of what was meetings, rallies or national conventions, consonance with American war interests
(Continued from page 16) and is Ukraine, and their selfless determi– by editorially counselling, urging and and the right to be a free nation, in con–
nation to bring closer the day of exhorting the youth to continue their nection with the succeeding develop–
tural heritage. He perceived in it, too, a
Ukrainian national freedom ever grows progress, The Weekly performed a very ments of the war and the various interna–
mirror of the turbulent and heroic nation–
stronger as a result. substantial service to the Ukrainian tional conferences and decisions.
al life of the Ukrainian people, one which
American youth. For example, the success When, for example, the Russians by
reflected their many trials and tribula– Organizational value
of the annual national youth league con– virtue of the Hitler-Stalin pact overran
tions, as well as their thoughts, strivings
And now let us consider the organiza– ventions, attended by young people from and occupied Western Ukraine, their liq–
and aspirations. At the same time, he
tional value of The Weekly. To put it in a all over the country, featuring interesting uidation of thousands of Ukrainian patri–
gained an insight into the effects that his–
tory left upon the Ukrainians, upon the nutshell, as one reader once wrote: The programs, colorful pageants, sport events, ots and intellectuals evoked from The
masses and the individuals, upon a peo– Ukrainian Weekly and Ukrainian and manifesting the solidarity of Weekly strong protests which reached
ple of over 40 million in number, who American progress are well nigh synony– Ukrainian American youth in pursuit of the sight of such dailies as The New
have not been able within the past several mous. the finest American and Ukrainian ideals York Times, which commented upon
centuries to become a master and director When The Weekly first made its and principles, was considerably due to them.
of their fate, who have been doomed to appearance, it was but a bare month and the publicity and other forms of aid fur– When further on that pact was abro–
undergo every form of humiliation and a half after the formation of the nished by The Weekly. Acknowledgement gated and Ukraine found itself between
enslavement, and yet who have held firm Ukrainian Youth's League of North of the same was publicly made by youth the devil and the deep red sea, The
to their resolve to keep on struggling and America, in August 1933 in Chicago. league officers as well as by the rank and Weekly clearly expressed its stand, it
fighting for that opportunity when they There was brave enthusiasm among file of members. refused to regard the alliance between the
can strike off the shackles that bind them. those founders of the league. After all, British and the Soviets as creating a dilem–
War service
To this it should be added that a note- they were trodding a virgin field, and the ma for Ukrainian Americans, and refused
worthy result of the publication by The rising sun of Ukrainian American youth if ever The Weekly proved its worth it to become less intransigent in its attacks
Weekly of the best in Ukrainian literature activity was warming their ardor and was during the war preparedness period upon "Uncle Joe" and his minions in the
has been that persons of non-Ukrainian desire to strive for accomplishments. One and the years of World War 11 them– Kremlin, it called upon all Americans to
extraction have been attracted to read and formidable obstacle, however, loomed selves. Any compiler of the pre-war and realize once and for all that their enemy
admire them, with the further result that before them, it was the vast distance war record of Ukrainian Americans can was not Nazism but Communism as well.
some of them were encouraged to learn which separated their clubs throughout hardly dispense with the systematic And it prophetically wrote (July 28, 1941)
Ukrainian, read its literature, translate it this great country. Communication by reporting of the same by The Weekly. "...To help Stalin win the war between
and write about it. mail, of course, was of some value, but Practically every number of it features Nazism and Communism, would be to
Ukrainian literature, however, is but a far from enough. And certainly the such reports together with pictures of the strengthen Communism not only in Europe
portion of the Ukrainian cultural heritage league was in no position to have a serviceman who distinguished himself by but even here, if Stalin wins a clearcut vic–
of our younger generation. Consequently, gazette, a bulletin or any kind of a publi– some heroic deed, or who was wounded tory, it will be he, not our Roosvelt or
the pages of The Weekly are replete with cation of its own at all. it was here that or who made the supreme sacrifice for England's Churchill, who will dictate the
studies and descriptive articles dealing The Weekly stepped in, offered its ser– his country. And there certainly were a peace terms; and they will be as bad as
with Ukrainian music, folk dance, the vices and rendered them. great many of them. Hitler's terms."
arts of the Ukrainian home, architecture, By reporting all of the league activities, The Weekly, however, did not limit When, however, Pearl Harbor forced
painting, etchers and illustrators, moral both national and local, by publicizing itself in coverage of the war to reporting America into the war, The Weekly called
and legal heritage and religious life. upon all Ukrainian Americans to "con–
Religious holidays as they were observed centrate all their energies and activities
by the immigrants back in the old coun–
try are fully described, just as are some
OPPORTUNITY upon helping our country win this war.
Make it the main purpose of our present
of the home arts and handicrafts. existence. Let nothing else take prece–
Below is the text of a statement addressed to "young American-Ukrainians7' dence over it; for all else, no matter how
Ukrainian ethnography, including birth,
by President Nicholas Murashko of the Ukrainian National Association, The fine, noble and worthy it may be, is in
marriage and funeral customs, the quaint
statement appeared on the front page of the Ukrainian Weekly fs first issue, these crucial times, secondary to it."
beliefs and superstitions, also are covered
dated October 6,1933. Concluding, The Weekly expressed the
by a large number of descriptive articles.
The writings and researches of Fedir For the past thirty-nine years Ukrainian immigrants in America have been devout wish that, "May our country's
vowk and of the more modern ethnogra– building up the Ukrainian National Association, together with its organ, ultimate victory over totalitarianism and
phers served as source material. "Svoboda"—the first newspaper edited in the Ukrainian language in America. aggression, therefore, be Ukraine's victo–
From a humble beginning the Ukrainian National Association has grown dur– ry as well."
Historical tradition tng these years into a nationwide three million dollar fraternal organization, As the war dragged on and the
The story of Ukraine, too, has been with thirty-five thousand members; and the "Svoboda" from a weekly issue to Ukrainian Americans were doing more
told and retold, with ever new and fresh the largest Ukrainian daily in America. than their bit to help their country win it,
details and approach to it. The pomp and Coincident with this growth of the Ukrainian National Association and its they became victims of unbridled vilifi–
circumstance of the Kyyivan kingdom in "Svoboda," has been the growth of the younger generation of American- cation by the Communists who were then
the Middle Ages, when in civilization Ukrainians. in their heyday. The Weekly did its share
and power Ukraine rivalled the leading Today, the paths of these two elements, the Association and the American- in exposing "What's Behind the Smear
powers of Europe; the heroic and adven– Ukrainian youth, have met The time has come when this youth must begin to Campaign," (October 3, 1942) noting,
turous times of the Kozak republic, take over the reins of the Association from its builders, it must begin to assume among other things, that, "The
whose daring warriors saved Europe the burdens as well as the benefits of its parents. Communists have always had it in for us,
from being overrun by the Asiatic hordes That is the principal problem before us today—the problem of our youth tak– not only because we are supporters of the
and who then wrested their national ing over and continuing the tasks of the older generation^ idea of a free and democratic Ukraine,
independence from the Poles and For a long time we have been calling and are still urging the youth to take a not only because of our churches, frater–
Russians; the period of decline when in greater interest in the Association, to become more active in it, to gradually take nal associations and the various other
Tsarist Russian thralldom the Ukrainian over the reins not only of the supreme executive assembly but of all local resources at our command for which they
people seemed to have reached the end branches as well. lust, but also because we have always
of the trail as a national entity; the Our organization is so constructed that it is run solely by its members, in preferred to look for leadership not to
valiant upsurge of the Ukrainian national order to take a hand in the running of this organization, one must be a member Moscow but to Washington."
spirit culminating in the rise of the of it. in any organization whatsoever, membership coupled with activity can With victory in sight, and Stalin
Ukrainian National Republic; the period build the organization to greater and better heights. This is what young becoming more overbearing in his atti–
of suffering and underground struggle in American-Ukrainians should realize before they can take over the reins of our, tude toward the Allies, the latter
the post–World War 11 years; and the or for that matter, any other organization. became perturbed over the post-war fate
present spirited resistance on all fronts of And yet, despite our callings and urgings, the youth declares that it is not of Western Ukraine, which the Russians
the Ukrainian people, spearheaded by given a "chance" to do its part. That is wrong, for the "chance" is already there once more were occupying on the heels
their underground Ukrainian insurgent for the taking, it only requires some personal initiative and hard work. of the Nazi retreat. At about then a
Army — all these facets of what consti– Again, a chance or opportunity is not a guarantee of success. Opportunity number of American commentators
tutes the Ukrainian historical tradition, plus unstinted work spells success. Only hard work and unceasing efforts lead hotly espoused the Polish claim to
without which no nation can long live, to recognition, not only among our people, but other peoples as well. Therefore, Western Ukraine, invoking all the
have been illuminated in issue after issue before our youth can take over the reins of our institutions, it must first show Atlantic Charter for which the war was
of The Weekly. proof of its ability to do so. presumably being fought, it was then
Therefore, to give this long sought for "chance" to every young Ukrainian in (January 13, 1945), that The Weekly
The Weekly also featured special arti–
America, the Ukrainian National Association, with the cooperation and help of observed that, "it is this specious resort
cles dealing with particular periods or
its Junior Department, is sponsoring the "Ukrainian Weekly," edited in the to high principles that makes any fair-
institutions in Ukrainian history such as the
English language. This paper shall serve as a medium through which the minded person to smile wryly. For if
Zaporozhe, and also of the great Ukrainian
American-Ukrainian youth can build up not only the Ukrainian National they really cared to see the Atlantic
historical figures, leaders, liberators, schol–
Association, but also institutions of commercial, industrial and cultural nature. Charter principles triumph, they would
ars and patriots, in addition, the events in
І am sincerely convinced that with the highest cooperation and interest of champion the cause of the people most
Ukrainian history, like the November 1,
the young American-Ukrainians, the "Ukrainian Weekly" shall grow and flour– vitally concerned in the Soviet-Polish
1918, declaration of independence by
ish. 1, as the president of the Ukrainian National Association, wish the paper the dispute — the Ukrainians. They would
Western Ukraine, or the January 22, 1919
best of success, be the first to say, 'Let there be a
union of all of Ukraine in the Ukrainian
National Republic, are commemorated on N. Murashko, President plebiscite there...' "
their anniversaries by The Weekly by edi– of the Ukrainian National Association Then came the Yalta Conference and
.torialsand^ special articles І .;.V .;- ii.i.b- t і ,fjf„ і г о 4 .,, 4v v v (Continu^jOn:rj^e^lS^ -v и

4-:'r -Ч^ЗД'йс- ^Ш?ііїШмг? -v^v viv.vsv vs.?,-– : ?. MW^V. VM r:wyfi


18 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

and future peace and security of their


The story... country. And closely tied with it all was The editors of The Ukrainian Weekly...
the fight their kinsmen were waging for (Continued from page 6)
(Continued from page 17)
national freedom. A free and indepen–
subsequent concessions made by the dent Ukraine, The Weekly reminded
Western powers to Russia, which dashed them, would help to stabilize the situa–
all hopes even among the naive of any tion in Eastern Europe, would deprive
lasting reign of peace and justice after imperialist Soviet Russia of its war
the war. The Weekly noted this potential, would provide America with a
(February 17, 1945) with the following: true and loyal friend in the form of a
"Now with all of Ukraine under the democratic Ukrainian republic, and
Kremlin rule, the Ukrainian problem is would at the same time help prevent
definitely a Soviet internal problem, to America from being plunged into anoth–
be dealt with in any manner that Kremlin er hot global war.
sees fit... Behind the impenetrable barri– Fortunately for all and everyone con–
ers which the Red rulers have erected cerned, the young people heeded this
between their domains and the outside counsel, and began to take appropriate
world, they will once more, as they did steps in the direction indicated by The
before the war, liquidate, purge, Weekly. At their rallies and conventions
imprison and starve those Ukrainians they deliberated upon the Ukrainian
who aspire to national freedom." cause and its importance to the
Nevertheless, "this time the traditional Ukrainians and Americans. Their interest
anti-Ukrainian policies are likely to caught the attention of their elders and
encounter far greater opposition than secured their support when they ran for
was possible before the war. For, as office in such national organizations as Editorial and productions staffs of The Ukrainian Weekly. Seated (from left)
Edgar Snow recently wrote from Kiev in the Ukrainian National Association, the Assistant Editor Khristina Lew, layout artist Serge Polishchuk, Staff
the Saturday Evening Post, though the Ukrainian Congress Committee of Writei^Editors Andrij Wynnyckyj and Roman Woronowycz; standing: typesetter
whole titanic struggle in Eastern Europe America, and the United Ukrainian Awilda Arzola and Editor-in-Chief Roma Hadzewycz.
is dismissed by some as "the Russian American Relief Committee. Today their
glory," still "in all truth and in many accomplishments within the frameworks staff expanded to include part-time edito– Weekly in 1984, only to return in 1988
costly ways (it) has been first of all a of these organizations is a matter of a rial assistant Roma Sochan, who was as associate editor. She was replaced by
Ukrainian war." The Ukrainians have good record. studying journalism and psychology at Assistant Editor Natalia Dmytrijuk, a
fought too much and sacrificed too much New York University. graduate of the State University of New
not to have emerged from it a tougher The newly arrived in 1976, the year of the bicentennial of York at Buffalo, in 1984.
and more determined people ... And American independence and the centen– in 1985, Carleton University graduate
Glancing through the bound volumes nial of Ukrainian settlement in the United Michael Bociurkiw, who had worked as
when he (Ukrainian) returns home ...he
of The Weekly for the past several years States, Mr. Snylyk convinced the UNA a summer intern at The Ukrainian
is not likely to submit to Moscow dicta–
one cannot help but notice strong reflec– to expand The Ukrainian Weekly to a 16- Weekly since 1983, was reassigned to
tion and liquidation.
tion of another new phase and develop– page tabloid. The first issue of the 16- Canada as a full-time staff member and
The annexation of Carpatho-Ukraine ment in Ukrainian American life. That is page Weekly appeared on July 4. named assistant editor for Canada.
by the Reds on June 29, 1945, was, as the arrival here of close to 100,000 new in 1977 Ms. Sochan joined Mr. Associate Editor Zarycky and Assistant
The Weekly noted, long expected, "in Ukrainian immigrants, formerly dis– Dlaboha as assistant editor of The Editor Dmytrijuk left The Weekly, and
the light of the long evident Soviet placed persons, victims of the war and Ukrainian Weekly. With the retirement were succeeded by Assistant Editor
intention not to allow any sizeable Nazi and Russian persecution. Their of Svoboda Editor Dragan in 1978, Mr. Natalia Feduschak, a graduate of
Ukrainian territory to remain outside arrival here brought in its wake many Snylyk began working for Svoboda George Washington University.
Soviet rule which might serve as a fresh problems and issues of adjustment,
springboard for the establishment of a while supervising the staff of The in 1986, Rutgers University graduate
understanding and general orientation. Ukrainian Weekly, in March of 1980, he Chrystyna Lapychak, a summer intern at
Ukrainian state." The Weekly took them in its stride, it was elected by the UNA Supreme The Ukrainian Weekly in 1984-1985, was
The setting up in San Francisco of the emphasized the importance of their Assembly as editor-in-chief of Svoboda, named assistant editor, in 1987, Marianna
United Nations organization evoked con– coming here and called upon the Liss was named The Ukrainian Weekly's
a post that he still holds today.
siderable editorial comment as well. American-born young Ukrainians to do Midwest correspondent for one year. Mr.
During Mr. Snylyk's transition to
Although The Weekly did not expect that everything to make them feel at home Bociurkiw and Ms. Feduschak left the staff
Svoboda in 1978-1980, ihor Dlaboha
the Ukrainian question would have the here — their new home. The response of the newspaper in the fall.
and Roma Sochan Hadzewycz served as
slightest chance of being placed on the was gratifying, although due to the ini– co-editors of The Weekly, in 1980 Mr. With the return of Ms. Kolomayets
agenda of the deliberations, The Weekly tial difficulties inherent in the process of Dlaboha left the newspaper for Apparel and the promotion of Ms. Lapychak to
hoped that, "the least that could be done adjustment, the progress made thus far World and Knitting Times and complet–
for the Ukrainian people, as well as for associate editor in 1988, the triumvirate
has still far to go before the desired ed a master's degree in media studies at of Hadzewycz, Kolomayets and
other peoples, is to provide measures results are achieved. the New School for Social Research in
whereby the proposed international secu– Lapychak remained in place until 1990,
One, however, has already been New York. Today he is an editor of The when Khristina Lew, a graduate of the
rity organization would be empowered to National Tribune, a weekly Ukrainian-
safeguard their national rights. This achieved. Originally proposed by The College of the Holy Cross, was named
Weekly, it took the form of a resolution English language newspaper, and a assistant editor.
could be done by amending the national executive board member of the
Dumbarton Oaks proposals...so as to passed by the 15th convention of the in January 1991, The Ukrainian
Ukrainian Youth's League of North Ukrainian Congress Committee of Weekly opened its Kyyiv Press Bureau,
include in the proposed charter of the America and the Organization for the
international organization a Bill of America, it empowered the league to with Ms. Kolomayets as bureau chief, in
Defense of Four Freedoms for Ukraine. May Barnard College graduate Tamara
Human Rights or a Bill of National take the initiative to bring about a coor–
dination of activities of national in 1980, the 24-year-old Mrs. Tershakovec joined The Weekly as an
Rights. One with teeth in it."
Ukrainian youth organizations in Hadzewycz, a recent graduate of NYU editorial assistant, in June, Ms. Lapychak
Post-war interest of the young in the America and Canada, and to include with a master's degree in journalism and took over the Kyyiv bureau until January
Ukrainian cause within its orbit organizations composed an active member of Plast Ukrainian of the following year, at which time she
of new immigrants as well. This is what youth organization, became editor of The left The Weekly staff.
As the years went by the post-war Ukrainian Weekly. On January 27, 1981,
the UYL-NA did. Ms. Kolomayets returned to Kyyiv for
way and Ukrainian Americans began to The Ukrainian Weekly again became an
play an increasingly important role in At the present time, on this, its 20th independent newspaper, and under Mrs. her second six-month stint in January
propagating the Ukrainian cause and anniversary, The Weekly is setting its Hadzewycz's tutelage expanded rapidly 1992. in the summer, Ms. Tershakovec
gaining sympathizers for it, The Weekly sights on fast rising new problems. during the ensuing 13 years. left the staff of The Ukrainian Weekly,
kept apace with these developments, Among them, and a very important one which had been supplemented by staff
in August of 1980, Mrs. Hadzewycz
including Ukrainian American represen– it is, is that of increasing the youth writers7editors Roman Woronowycz, a
hired New York University graduate ika
tation at the Paris Peace Conference in membership of the Ukrainian National Koznarska Casanova, who holds a mas– graduate of Wayne State University, and
1946 and at the United Nations meeting Association. Before the war it was ter's degree in comparative literature, and Andrij Wynnyckyj, a graduate of the
in New York. This, in turn, stimulated steadily increasing. The war dammed Carleton University graduate George B. University of Toronto.
the younger generation to take a greater that flow of fresh blood into the associ– Zarycky as assistant editors, in 1981 Mrs. in August, Ms. Lew took over the
interest in the Ukrainian liberation ation, and the post-war years have not Koznarska Casanova left The Ukrainian Kyyiv Press Bureau, where she remained
movement. American isolationism, The seen much improvement in the situa– Weekly, but returned in the fall of 1990 as through October, in February of 1993, Ms.
Weekly told them, is a thing of the past, tion. it is believed, however, that the a part-time editorial assistant. Kolomayets returned to Kyyiv for the third
it recalled to some of them their pre-war lull is of a temporary nature, for it is in 1982 University of illinois graduate time and is expected back in December.
sentiments concerning European affairs. becoming evident that the young people Marta Kolomayets, who holds a mas– sfc X ^

Then they were inclined to ignore them, are beginning to realize that no matter ter's degree in journalism, replaced Mrs. in July 1991, Editor Hadzewycz was
as "being none of my business." Yet, a to what worthy organization they Koznarska Casanova, and Mr. Zarycky named editor-in-chief of The Ukrainian
couple of years later, when they were belong and are active in it, the impor– was named associate editor. Weekly by the UNA Supreme Executive
fighting on the beachheads of Normandy tant thing is to belong and be active in in 1983, on the 50th anniversary of the Committee, in naming her editor-in-
or through the hedgerows of the French the Ukrainian National Association, the Stalin-perpetrated famine in Ukraine, chief, and not editor as everyone dating
countryside, they suddenly found out bulwark of Ukrainian American orga– Editors Hadzewycz, Zarycky and back to Mr. Shumeyko had been called,
that European affairs were very much nized life and activities, and the embod– Kolomayets compiled an 88-page com– the UNA signaled that Svoboda and The
their business. And now that the war was iment of the hopes and ideals of memorative book tided 'The Great Famine Ukrainian Weekly were two distinct
over that "business" was even more Americans of Ukrainian birth or in Ukraine: The Unknown Holocaust." papers, not only independent of one
pressing. Upon it depended the present descent. Ms. Kolomayets left the staff of The another, but equal in stature.
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 19

Clinton signs... mise of changing the word "shall" to


"should" (which subsequently was done).
U.S. assistance to Ukraine, which is not
an insignificant amount. Secondly, and Need a back issue?
(Continued from page 1) Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ.), com– perhaps more importantly, Ukraine is
ing out strongly in support of the treated separately from Russia and the if you'd like to obtain a back issue
chairman of the House Appropriations
Committee's Foreign Opera-tions McConnell amendment, stated: "it is a other newly independent states, it is an of The Ukrainian Weekly, send $2
good strategy to support this earmark acknowledgment that Ukraine is an per copy (first-class postage
Subcommittee, opposed any earmarks in
because we need another player in the important nation in its own right. included) to: Administration, The
the bill. Sen. McConnell responded by
region besides Russia...if it (the amend– Perhaps the United States will stop look– Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery
pointing out that the House had 83 ear-
ment) does not pass, it will show a lack ing at Ukraine through the eyes of St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.
marks last year, while the Senate bill cur–
of resolve on our part (Congress)." Moscow and a new relationship between
rently contains only 10 earmarks.
Rep. Obey then argued that the the United States and Ukraine will be
The Kentucky senator pointed out that
amendment "would be an insult to created."
it was clear the Clinton administration
Yeltsin," at which point Sen. McConnell Mr. iwanciw went on to say: "There is
wants to avoid any commitment to
Ukraine, and he referred a letter opposing
simply stated: "You just made the case
for Ukraine...The U.S. is always looking
no doubt that the hero in this effort is
Sen. Mitch McConnell, who not only ї VESELKA,
the amendment on Ukraine signed by
Wendy Sherman, legislative liaison for
the State Department.
to Russia first." Rep. Obey continued to
oppose any dollar amount but agreed to
took the initiative in providing specific
assistance for Ukraine but who refused
^J ORCHESTRA

"strong report language." to budge from that position despite


During the debate, Sen. Leahy stated Sen. McConnell persisted in upholding
that while he was in Poland, he heard strong pressure from the Clinton admin– Andy Czerny: (514) 678-7010 Music for all
the Senate position and suggested that the Tino Papa: (514) 374-6632 occasions
istration and Rep. Obey, in the end, the
"over and over again that the U.S. has to amendment be taken back to the House in senator simply stared down Rep. Obey,
be willing to work with Ukraine" disagreement which would have forced a who was the first to blink. Also deserv–
because of Ukraine's importance. He House vote on the amendment. Fearful of ing of the gratitude of the Ukrainian
then voiced his support for the a loss on the House floor or, at best, a leg– American community for his strong sup-
McConnell amendment. islative victory that could have adverse UKRAINIAN SINGLES
port for the McConnell amendment is
Rep. Obey, while continuing to policy consequences, the House conferees Sen. Frank Lautenberg. His participation NEWSLETTER
oppose the provision, did state that agreed to the amendment. in the debate during the House-Senate Serving Ukrainian singles of all ages,
"Ukraine should not be undervalued" and On September 29, the House, by a vote conference made it clear that the Senate throughout the United States and Canada.
that "we would be fools if we only con– of 321 to 108, approved the Conference support for aid to Ukraine was a biparti– For information send a self-addressed
centrated on Moscow." While at first he Report, accepting the McConnell amend– san one." stamped envelope to:
argued against the earmark on principle, ment. The following day, the Senate also Single Ukrainians
he later became critical of Ukraine's approved the report by a vote 88 to 11. ! P.O. Box 24733, Phila., Pa. 19111 ,
slowness in privatization and failure to Later that same day, the president signed
ratify nuclear arms treaties. Sen.
McConnell said he understood that
the measure into law. YEVSHAN
nuclear weapons are Ukraine's only bar-
gaining chip.
Bill's ramifications Book 8L Music ;sfik,:
Rep. Bob Livingston (R-La.), ranking Eugene iwanciw, director of the UNA Catalog
minority member of the House Foreign Washington Office, stated that "the pas-
Operations Subcommittee, stated that he sage of this legislation, with the provi– The Source GRAND HOTEL

understood Rep. Obey's concerns but said sion for assistance for Ukraine, is signifi– for Ukrainian LVIVS ONLY LUXURY HOTEL
cant in two respects. First, there is the Books - Music - Compact discs ELEQAMTLY R E S T O R E D
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Sen. McConnell on aid to Ukraine For a free copy call Group Rates
Following is an excerpt from an Was aid to Ukraine conditioned? 1-800-265-9858 Group consists of 12 persons or more

$68.00 per person $83.00 per person


interview conducted by UN AW with (USA 8t Canada - 24 hours)
The House wanted to condition aid double occupancy room single room
Sen. Mitch McConnell Shoping at home is just includes breakfast includes breakfast
but 1 won the argument against any
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І argued strongly that Ukraine Yevshan Corporation fl-j FOR RBBVATIONS CALL
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What did you say when issue?
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І hope this assistance offers
offensive to Yeltsin?
Ukraine the assurance that America Are you planning a visit to Ukraine
l told him he had just made my intends to be a strong, steady partner. or elsewhere abroad?
case about the basic problem in our With confidence in our new bilateral
relationship with Ukraine. For too commitment, there should be little What if you incur medical expenses due to sickness
long we have viewed Ukraine through standing in the way of prompt
Moscow's eyes. This is a vital, inde– progress on these agreements which or injury while you are outside of the U.S.A.?
pendent nation deserving unique serve both Ukraine and U.S. national
recognition. security interests. Will your present medical insurance pay expenses
incured outside of the United States?
if you think it will, be sure. Contact your medical insurance
carrier and find out. if it won't, call the Financial services
Department of the UNA to learn about short term medical
insurance for U.S. citizens visiting abroad. We can be
reached nationally at (800) 253-9862 or in Eastern
Pennsylvania at (215) 821 -5800.
Short term medical insurance plan features include:
Hospital inpatient and out-patient benefits1"
Coverage for cost of prescription drugs1"
Usual and customary fees of a physician, surgeon,
or radiologist covered1"
No medical questions asked to obtain coverage1"1"
Emergency Reunion7Evacuation7Repatriation benefit
Accidental Death and Dismemberment coverage included
Coverage available for 15 days to 12 months
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Foreign Minister Anatoliy Zlenko (left), who was in Washington for meetings Subject to deductable, coinsurance, and maximum policy limits
with Clinton administration officials and members of Congress, thanks ^Pre-existing conditions are not covered.
Sen. Mitch McConnell for his efforts in securing U.S. aid monies for Ukraine.
20 T H E UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, O C T O B E R 10,1993 No. 41

thought 1 had gone crackers, leaving New


The genesis York City to work in a place like Kyyiv.
ROMA PRYMA-BOHACHEVSKY (Continued from page 15) They just couldn't figure out what a nice
girl like me...
School of Ballet and Ukrainian Dance handful of foreigners, let alone
The Weekly had arranged a rotation
REGISTRATION AND BEGINNING Americans in Kyyiv. І arrived the same
month Consul-General Jon Gundersen system so that every member of its team,
OF SCHOOL YEAR 1993-94 arrived in Ukraine. This is when the U.S. who wanted to and who could leave
base here was only a consulate and the responsibilities and family obligations in
New York, N.Y. - Saturday Sept. 25 from 3 - 7 p.m. consulate consisted of Mr. Gundersen the United States, could have the oppor–
303 Park Ave. South u 23 St. Ext. 318 room 318 and John Stepanchuk, who was a real tunity to work in Ukraine for six months.
lrvington, NJ. Tues. Sept 28 from 3-9 p.m. pioneer here, working in Ukraine since My six months up. 1 left Ukraine and was
St. John's The Baptist Auditorium, Sandford and ivy the fall of 1990, but at the time commut– replaced by Chrystyna Lapychak, who
Passalc, NJ. Thursday Sept. 30 from 4:45 - 8 p.m. ing from Moscow to Kyyiv. Today, the now works as a stringer for the Christian
St. Nicholas School Auditorium U.S. Embassy in Kyyiv awaits the arrival Science Monitor in Kyyiv. І returned in
of its second ambassador and has a staff January of 1992 for eight months in
Fairfield, CT. Friday Oct. 1 from 5:30 - 9 p.m. of more than 130 people. Ukraine, and Khristina Lew did a three-
1496 Post Rd.
When 1 arrived in Kyyiv, 1 was regis– month rotation in Kyyiv. When 1 return
Complete range of COURSES FOR BALLET, BEGlNNERS, lNTERMEDlATE and ADvENCED tered as the second foreign journalist to the United States by the end of this
and CHARACTER CLASSES
accredited in Ukraine, and the UNA was year, our co-worker Roman Woronowycz
For information call (212) 677-7187 a pioneer once again, because The will have his turn and so on...
Ukrainian Weekly was the first foreign The Weekly's alumna Natalia
newspaper to establish a bureau in Feduschak is in Kyyiv working for the
Ukraine. Wall Street Journal and my work allows
And when 1 arrived in Ukraine, there me to be a stringer for the Associated
The Ukrainian National Home were no hard currency stores, except for Press in Kyyiv. Other Weekly contribu–
the intourist-run Kashtan, a staple of the tors such as Mary Mycio, who writes for
and glory days of the Soviet empire. That was the Los Angeles Times and Newsday,
Ukrainian Community Center the year 1 ate so much "Chicken Kiev" at Marta Dyczok of Radio Canada, Danylo
the Dnipro Restaurant that one day 1 actu– Yanevsky of Radio Liberty and Borys
of Jersey City, NJ ally checked to see if 1 had grown wings Klymenko of Efe, the Spanish news
cordially invites as well. І also had a goal in life: to make agency, are all friends of The Weekly,
my KGB doorman at the Dnipro Hotel who form the foundation of the foreign
the Ukrainian Community and friends to a smile and say "Good morning" (in press corps in Ukraine.
Commemorative Banquet Ukrainian) when he opened the door. The UNA, and The Weekly in particu–
on the occasion of their An American speaking Ukrainian was lar, have given me the opportunity to report
an anomaly. For that matter, anyone speak– from Ukraine for 24 of the last 34 months,
75TH ANNIVERSARY ing Ukrainian was viewed with suspicion. a most wonderful opportunity that 1 would
And often "foreigners" were viewed as a not trade for anything in the world.
which will be held on Sunday, October 17, 1993 "curiosity piece" to be observed, but not NEXT WEEK: The opening of the
at the touched, and definitely not interacted with. Kyyiv Press Bureau and its political rami–
Ukrainian Community Center Many of my colleagues, local journalists, fications.
90-96 Fleet Street
Jersey City, NJ
Banquet — 3:00 pm
Festivities include keynote speakers, dinner, beverages
and entertainment
FLOWERS
Tickets are $35.00 per person and can be purchased
at the Community Center until October 11, 1993.
Reservations for parties of 10 or more are available on a limited basis.
Delivered in Ukraine
For additional information, contact Mary Furey, Stefan Czujko 1-800-832-1789
or Yolodymyr Bilyk at (201) 656-7755
Landmark, Ltd.

The Supreme Executive Committee The Supreme Executive Committee


of the of the
Ukrainian National Association Ukrainian National Association
announces that an announces that an

ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING


will be held jointly for will be held jointly for
UNA D1STR1CT COMM1TTEES UNA D1STR1CT COMM1TTEES
of of
NEW YORK - JERSEY C1TY - NEWARK ALLENTOWN - BALT1MORE - PH1LADELPH1A - SCRANTON
PASSA1C - PERTH AMBOY SHAMOK1N - W1LKES BARRE - Ununited Branches
on Saturday, October 23, 1993, 12:30 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. in PENNA 1 1 , 1 3 5 , 1 4 5 , 258, 297, 467
UNA, 30 Montgomery Street, 3rd floor, Jersey City, N.J. on Saturday, October 16,1993, at 11:30 A.M.
Ukrainian Homestead, 1230 Beaver Run Dr., Lehighton, Pa.
Obligated to attend the meeting are District Committee Officers,
Branch Officers, Organizers, and 32nd Convention Delegates. Obligated to attend the meeting are District Committee Officers,
Branch Officers, Organizers, and 32nd Convention Delegates.
The Fall District Meetings will be devoted to the 1993 Membership
The Fall District Meetings will be devoted to the 1993 Membership
Drive, UNA's 1994 Convention and the celebration of UNA's Centennial.
Drive, UNA's 1994 Convention and the celebration of UNA's Centennial.
District Chairmen:
DISTRICT COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN: Allentown - Anna Haras (215) 867-4052
New York - Dr. vasyl Luchkiw (914) 634-9353 Baltimore - Bohdan Jasinsky (301) 593-5186
Jersey City - Wolodymyr Bilyk (201) 795-0628 Philadelphia - Stephen Hawrysz (215) 233-2466
Newark - Roman Pyndus (201) 375-0668 Shamokin - Joseph Chabon (717) 874-3084
Passaic - lvan Chomko (201) 472-0989 Wilkes Barre - Tymko Butrey (717) 759-1541
Perth Amboy - Mychajlo Zacharko (908) 725-8062 Scran ton 8t Ununited Branches in PENNA.
Main UNA Office (800) 253-9862

Lunch will be served to all, compliments of the UNA.


Lunch will be served to all, compliments of the UNA.
We request that you notify your District Chairman, before October 15th, of
Kindly advise your District Chairman of your attendance, before October 8th
your attendance.
since a correct count of persons is necessary for meal preparation.
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 21

Contemporary art.,. cific cosmogony - need to be discov–


ered," writes Mr. Onuch. Art in Ukraine independence Day... because he grew up in Chicago and
respects the contributions that Ukrainian
(Continued from page 4) exists not only as a continuation of tradi– (Continued from page 3) Americans have made in the United
tions depending on banal folklorism. He one forgets Ukraine. He also recounted States. Rep. Robert K. Dornan of
Other artists from Kyyiv included in
wanted to show art as risk rather than art impression of his first visit to Ukraine in California said that "if 1 was not irish, І
the show are valentyn Raievsky, Oleh
as decoration. 1978 and the improvements he has seen would want to be Ukrainian."
Tistol, Hlib vysheslavsky, who is doing
The exhibit is being sponsored by the in human rights through his work on the Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, also from
an installation and Serhiy Panych, known
Ministry of Culture of Poland and the Helsinki Commission and his latest trip California, spoke about his continued
for paintings evoking a nostalgia for the
Stepan Batory (Soros) Foundation in in April 1992. support for a free Ukraine, believing that
salon. There is a second artist from
Warsaw. The fact that the budget for the He then spoke about the changes only a free and democratic Ukraine can
Odessa, vasyl Riabchenko, who does
exhibition, including the costs of bring– which Ukraine must still undergo. While be a stabilizing factor in Central7East
painterly installations with stagey back-
ing all the artists to Warsaw for two he supports the S300 million in funding, Europe and beneficial to the United
grounds.
weeks, is being covered by the Polish Sen. DeConcini did voice strong con– States. Rep. Helen Delich Bently com–
The exhibit will also feature the
side, shows the interest that Ukrainian art cerns about how the money would be uti– mented on the large Ukrainian con–
Rousseau-like canvases of Yevhen
has generated in Warsaw. lized, especially in the absence of eco– stituency in her Maryland district and
Leshchenko from Kryvyi Rih, the works
Unfortunately, to date, funds for the nomic and political reforms. He also stated that her door is always open to
of Mykola Matsenko from Cherkasy and
production of a catalogue of the exhibit, warned about the hostile environment in Ukrainians.
of two artists from Lviv - Andriy
Sahaidakowsky and vasyl Bazhay, which is a necessity if it is to go any– Congress to aiding countries which do Guests in attendance were not limited
whose large abstract canvases were,the where else in Europe, have not been not engage in reform. He cited Russia as to those who spoke. Reps. Gerald
first motivation behind this show. secured. But Mr. Onuch hopes that he a nation where the aid is not being used Solomon (R-N.Y.) and Louis Mclntosh
will still be able to produce a catalogue effectively. Slaughter (D-N.Y.), also stopped by to
The title of the exhibit chosen by Mr. show their friendship and commitment to
which will document the visual and theo– in closing, Sen. DeConcini stated that
Onuch, "The Steppes of Europe," reflects an independent Ukraine.
retical richness of the contemporary work with non-governmental organiza–
somewhat his Eurocentric vision of in addition to members of Congress,
Ukrainian art scene. tions in Ukraine and people-to-people
Ukrainian art. He explains that the title Embassy representatives from Germany,
contacts are the best way of helping
should be interpreted in a cultural and Poland, Lithuania and Ukraine; U.S.
Ukraine build a democratic society.
intellectual sense, not merely a physical Ambassador Designate to Ukraine
one. Ukraine, often torn between a Nostra culpa Throughout the evening, Members of
Congress addressed the gathering, con– William Miller; first U.S. ambassador to
European and pan-Slavic identity, is an Ukraine, Roman Popadiuk; members of
gratulating Ukraine on its second
unknown territory for Europeans but an A number of typographical errors the U.S. Depatment of State; officers of
anniversary of independence. Rep.
integral part of their consciousness, occurred in the obituary of Walter international financial institutions, as
Steven Schiff of New Mexico said he
although still on the periphery - steppe. Tarnopolsky (September 26). For the well as other influential policy-makers
came to support Ukraine, not because of
"The revolutionary political changes record, it should be noted that Justice a large constituency in his state, but came to show their support.
in Eastern Europe have uncovered a Tarnopolsky was Canada's representative
series of organisms, part living tissue, to the United Nations Human Rights
part cadaver, growing on the skeletal Committee from 1977 to 1983, and that in
remains of the Soviet empire. The stereo- 1973-1976 he headed the Canadian
types through which this part of the Committee for the Defense of valentyn
world has been perceived are no longer Moroz. As well, the attributions of com–
adequate for describing or understanding ments about Justice Tarnopolsky should
these revived growths...the multi-levelled be corrected. He was called "one of the
entanglements of artist living and work– country's leading civil libertarians" by the
ing in Ukraine - in history and tradition, Toronto Star, and "the father of human
in myths of place and land, in their spe– rights in Canada" by The Globe and Mail.

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22 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 No. 41

army that was too easily influenced by Ukraine's


Wary of "political games11... nationalist forces. Defense Dep't delegation...
(Continued from page 1) Still others in the Supreme Council accused the (Continued from page 1)
Ukrainian minister of being a bad administrator the categories of equipment and activity on which the funds can be
dent's Defense Council. and at times "too soft."
Some democrats have said, however, that Gen. spent. The funds have to be claimed by early 1994.
Morozov was forced to resign his post because he While some of Ukraine's democrats asked the Mr. Allison chaired the first working group on U.S.-Ukrainian
spoke out strongly against decisions reached at the Ukrainian president to reinstate Gen. Morozov as bilateral defense matters, which arrived in Kyyiv on Monday,
Massandra summit in early September, which the minister of defense, Ukraine's hard-liners, October 4. He said this delegation's work, which included an agree–
signed away Ukraine's portion of the Black Sea more than 150 deputies, asked him to nominate ment on 17 defense and military programs between the United
Fleet and its nuclear weapons. Gen. Anatoliy Lopata for the post. States and Ukraine, was part of "the U.S. commitment to create a
Born in 1940, Gen. Lopata served in Baku and defense pillar in its new, multi-faceted relationship with Ukraine."
"For me, this announcement about Morozov's Cuba before assuming command of the Soviet The delegation's arrival coincided with Ukrainian Defense
resignation was bitter news. І associate Morozov Army's North division, based in Poland, in 1990. Minister Konstiantyn Morozov's resignation. Gen. Morozov had
with the development of an independent Since March of this year, he has been head of
signed an agreement of mutual cooperation with Secretary of
Ukrainian Army. Perhaps his resignation was a Joint Chiefs of Staff Ukraine's. President
Defense Les Aspin in Washington in late July.
result of his independent and staunch politics in Kravchuk is expected to nominate Gen. vitaliy
"While Secretary Aspin regards Minister Morozov warmly, on a
Massandra, where he was about the only one who Radetsky, born in 1944, who served as the com–
spoke on behalf of Ukraine's interests," said personal basis, 1 was glad to find that the work of our bilateral work–
mander of the 6th Tank Division of the Soviet ing group was not affected in any way. The Ukrainians were pre–
vyacheslav Chornovil, a people's deputy and
Army, before being named a deputy minister of pared to move ahead on all fronts, and this was confirmed by Acting
chairman of Rukh.
defense in April of 1992. Minister of Defense ivan Bizhan. So, 1 believe the developing rela–
Some members of the Parliament's majority, The candidate for the minister of defense must tionship will not be affected by changes in personalities or minis–
among them Oleksander Kotsiuba, one of the be approved by the Parliament. ters," said Mr. Allison.
leaders of Ukraine's newly registered Communist On the same day he released Gen. Morozov The U.S. official said President Bill Clinton's foreign policy com–
Party, welcomed Gen. Morozov's resignation. from the post of defense minister, President mitment is to promote a policy that is not "Russia only" or "Russia-
"1 am deeply convinced that a civilian should Kravchuk named Gen. ivan Bizhan, as Ukraine's centered" in the O S region. He added that his visit attests to the new
be Ukraine's minister of defense, in two years, acting defense minister. He has served as first U.S. relationship with Ukraine which began with Ambassador
Morozov was not able to build the kind of army deputy defense minister since 1992 and prevsious– Strobe Talbott's visit to Ukraine, followed by Mr. Aspin's trip earli–
we need," he said. ly had worked in the Soviet Army's Moscow er this year.
Afghanistan war veteran Col. volodymyr general staff. He said U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher is scheduled
Sevastinov of the Crimea, a moderate in today's Gen. Morozov has been asked to stay on in the to come to Kyyiv on October 25, to create "a political pillar" in
Parliament, accused Gen. Morozov of building an President's reserve staff. Ukrainian–American relations.

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Ш^ЙЬ
NO. 41 T H E UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10,1993 23

Ukrainian crossword

(
by Tamara Stadnychenko

^ PACKAGE and FOOD Parcel Service ^ Л


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All Former Members of the Artists Union of Ukraine

R You Ready Down October 6-28, 1993


1. Not imaginary.
Across 2. Neoclassicist poet Maksym (d. 1965). Z GALLERY, 70 Greene Street, S0H0
3. Half of the 1939 Hitler-Stalin Pact
5. Textile town near Poltava. that divided Ukrainian land.
New York, N.Y. 10012, (212) 966-8836
6. 1950s New York Group poet Bohdan. 4. Austrian emperor who sought
8. Governs. Hetman Nalyvaiko's help against the Gallery Hours: Tuesday-Saturday 11 AM-7 PM
9. One brother was consort of Russian Turks in 1594.
Empress Elizabeth, one was hetman 5. December 1, 1991, event.
of Ukraine. 7. Dynasty of Kyyivan Princes Oleh
and ihor.
11. Dnipro, Dnister or Desna. 8. Response requested. ATTENTlON NEW JERSEY 1NSUREDS!!!
13.TheRofCCRF. 10. Rusyny. is your auto insurance presently in the JUA or MTF?
15.R2D2. 12. Tree part. Think you're overpaying for your policy?
16. Where Konovalets was assassinated. 14. Pagan god of fertility. Can't get that good service you need A deserve?
18. Decay. 16. Kyyivan prince (1159-1167). Then we are the one you are looking for!!!
19. 19th century painter Elias who spe– 17. ingredient for holubtsi. DON'T WA1T OR HES1TATE
cialized in scenes of Kozak life. 20. Destruction. CALL US TODAY!!!
20. Chornobyl feature. 21. Citizen Kane's last word.
23. Ukraine before it was called Ukraine. 22. What Ukrainian DPs sought in ALEXANDER E. SMAL A CO.
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28. Yaroslav Mudry's Pravda.
24. Popular Movement of Ukraine. 1NSURANCE - REAL ESTATE
29. Purpose of Ems Ukase. 25. Andriy Panchyshyn's "brekhunets"
30. Ukrainian Romanian singer Sophia. (201) 761-7500 FAX: (201) 761-4918
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principalities of volhynia, Halych, 27. Gossip item.
Kyyiv (died 1205). 28. Central or Chorna — .
The ultimate gift for your relatives in UKRA1NE
Brzezinski comments...
(Continued from page 2) Tractors and
Dr. Brzezinski: No.
Mr. McLaughlin: is Russia going to eventually annex Ukraine?
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9
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Dr. Brzezinski: 1 think Ukraine, Ukraine is the most important one.
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24 T H E UKRAINIAN W E E K L Y SUNDAY, O C T O B E R IO, 1993 No. 41

Monday-Saturday, October 11-16


NEW YORK; Famine '33: The American PREVIEW OF EVENTS held at St. John's gymnasium, 762 Sanford
Ave., 3-5 p.m. Admission: S3. There will be
games, prizes, food and surprises. For more
Committee to Commemorate Ukraine's schools, will be held at St. John the Baptist tions by area specialists. Among the speak– information, call Olha Lukiw, (201) 376-4829.
victims has organized an exhibit at the New Ukrainian Catholic School Auditorium, start– ers will be: Dr. Marta Machaj, psychiatrist
York Public Library, Fifth Avenue and 42nd ing 7:30 p.m. Among the schools participat– (obstructive sleep: apnea syndrome); Dr. EAST HANOvER, N.J.: The Dumka
Street, in the Slavic and Baltic Division. ing are: Oak Knoll School of the Holy Child; Joseph Pober, plastic surgeon (aesthetic Ukrainian Chorus is holding auditions and a
Admission is free. Mt. St. Mary's Academy; villa Walsh, St. plastic surgery for face and body); Dr. first rehearsal at the Ramada Hotel, Rt.10
Elizabeth's Academy at Convent Station, Stefan Semchyshyn, gynecologist (pre-and westbound, at 3 p.m. For further information,
Thursday, October 14 call vasyl Hrechynsky at (718) 782-3109, or
Seton Hall Prep, St. Peter's Prep; Oratory post-menopause); Dr. Christine Slywocky,
CAMBR1DGE, Mass.: The Ukrainian Prep, Morristown Beard, Union Catholic, radiologist (mammography in early breast Michael Mochula, at (201) 772-4753.
Research institute at Harvard University is Roselle Catholic, and Delbarton. Moderator cancerdetection; with Dr. ihor Magun, serv– Friday-Sunday, October 29-31
holding, as part of its seminar in Ukrainian for the evening is Chryzanta Hentisz. ing as moderator.
studies series, a lecture by Mark von Hagen, CH1CAGO: An exhibit of arts and crafts —
Associate Professor of History, Columbia Thursday, October 21 CH1CAGO: An early bird Christmas bazaar Traditional and New Creations, is an artistic
University, who will speak on the topic — will be held at St. Joseph's Ukrainian celebration of the 25th anniversary of the
CAMBR1DGE, Mass.: The Ukrainian Catholic Church, 5000 N. Cumberland Ave.,
"Does Ukraine Have a History?" The lec– Ukrainian Catholic parish of Sts. volodymyr
Research institute at Harvard University, as 9 a.m.-6 p.m. There will be 43 exhibitors at
ture will be held at the HUR1 seminar room, and Olha, to be held at the Ukrainian
part of its seminar lecture series, will fea– this great craft and food fair. Free admission.
1538 Massachusetts Ave., 4-6 p.m. Cutlural Center, 2247 West Chicago Ave.
ture Horace G. Lunt, Samuel Hazzard Cross
WARREN, Mich.: The Ukrainian gradu– Exhibit schedule: Friday, October 29: 7:30
Friday-Sunday, October 15-17 Professor of Slavic Languages and p.m.-10 p.m., S5 with refreshments;
Literatures, Emeritus, Harvard University, ates of Detroit and Windsor invite the public
DETROlT: The 67th Original Old World to attend their 54th anniversary and awards Saturday, October 30: 11 a,m,-9 p.m.;
who will wpeak on the topic — "Problems Sunday, October 31: 10 a.m.-4 p.m. For
Market, featuring international entertain– banquet to be held at The Ukrainiain
of the Rus' Primary Chronicle: Where was additional information, call (312) 384-6400.
ment, ethnic art and crafts, will be held at Cultural Center, 26601 Ryan Road. There
9th Century Moravia?" The lecture will be
the Southfield Civic Center Pavilion to ben– will be a reception at 6:30 p.m., followed by
held in the HUR1 seminar room, 1583 Saturday, October 30
efit The international institute of a banquet at 7:30 p.m. featuring dancing and
Massachusetts Ave., 4-6 p.m.
Metropolitan Detroit. The events offers a an open bar. The late Jaroslaw SlLvER SPR1NG, Md.: The Washington
good holiday shopping opportunity and Friday, October 22 Dobrowolskyj will be honored as the Branch of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts
great family fun and educational activity. Ukrainian of the Year. Featured guest speak– and Sciences in the U.S., jointly with the
The Ukrainian community will be represent– YONKERS, N.Y.: The Smeritchka Washington Branch of the Shevchenko
Ensemble from Ukraine will give a concert er is Edward W. Nishnic, president of the
ed at the market by artists demonstrating John Demjanjuk Defense Fund. The Scientific Society and the Ukrainian
their crafts. Admission: S3, adults; S2, at 8 p.m. at the Ukrainian Youth Center, 301 Association of Washington, are holding an
Palisade Ave. Tickets: S10 per person. evening will also include the presentation of
senior citizens and children; a family of up the 1993 scholarship winners. Tickets: S35 evening in honor of Petro Odarchenko, liter–
to five members can attend for S7. Saturday, October 23 (US), S40 (Canadian) per person. ary scholar and linguist, which will be held
Weekend pass: S10, families; S5, adults; S3, Additional donations to the Scholarship at the Church of St. Andrew the First-Called
senior and children. For more information NEW YORK: Pianist Juliana Osinchuk will Apostle Ukrainian Orthodox Church, 15100
appear in the opening concert of the new sea- Fund: patrons, S50-S99; benefactors, Si00
or advance tickets, call (313) 871-8600. plus. For tickets and table reservations of New Hampshire Ave., at 4 p.m. Taking part
son of "Music at the institute" in a program in the program are Mykola Frantzuzhenko,
Saturday, October 16 of works by Mozart, Liatoshynsky, Karabyts, eight, call irene Zdan, (313) 349-8974.
Tickets are also available at the Selfreliance Dmytro Korbutiak, iryna Kohut-llchyshyn
Prokofiev, Munger and Schumann. The con- (violin), Sarah Callahan (piano) and Daria
WOONSOCKET, R.L: The annual harvest and Future Ukrainian credit unions.
cert which is dedicated to the memory of Nebesh (flute). There will be a reception fol–
bazaar conducted by the Ladies Sodality of
Ms. Osinchuk's father, Dr. Roman Osinchuk, Saturday-Sunday, October 23-24 lowing the program. Tickets: S10.
St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church
will be held at the Ukrainian institute of
will be held at 394 Blackstone St., from 10 SASKATOON, Sask.: The Ukrainian
America, 2 E. 79th St., starting at 8 p.m.
a.m.-4 p.m. There will be a special feature Museum of Canada, 910 Spadina Crescent
raffle, Ukrainian arts and crafts, and a vari–
Donation: S20; senior citizens, S10; students,
S5. For further information, call (212) 772- East, announces its first fall bazaar to be Reunion cancelled
ety of household items. Ukrainian hot and held from 1-5 p.m. each day. The Bazaar POLAND, Ohio: Due to a lack of registra–
2884 or (212) 288-8660.
cold dishes and take out orders will be avail- will feature arts and crafts, garage sale items tions, the Cleveland committee sponsoring
able. For more information, call Frances NEW YORK: The New York Regional and a bake sale. Regular Museum admission
Melnyk, (401)769-1898. the 60th reunion of the Ukrainian Youth
Council of the Ukrainian National Women's will apply.
League of America, in conjunction with the League of North America regrettably was
Thursday, October 21 Sunday, October 24 forced to cancel the weekend event. People
New York and New Jersey branches of the
NEWARK, N.J.: A High School Night for Ukrainian Medical Association of North NEWARK, N.J.: A children's masquerade, who did register will receive their checks as
parents of sixth-eight graders, with presenta– America, invite the public to their fifth med– sponsored by the Mothers' Club of St. John soon as possible, said Gene Woloshyn, an
tions by representatives from 10 area high ical advisory meeting, featuring presenta– the Baptist Ukrainian Catholic School, will be organizer of the reunion.

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