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The circuit on the left side of PIC is its basic circuit, we need this circuit in order to power up the

PIC and to give it a frequency on which it operates. Like in this diagram, I have used crystal oscillator of 10MHz, which is its frequency of operating. You can operate it at different frequencies e.g. 4MHz ,10MHz , 16MHz, 20MHz etc.

But keep this thing in mind that if you change the oscillator then you must change the capacitors as well e.g. for 16MHz the capacitors will be of 22pF.

Vdd for PIC is 5V , if you have a 5V battery then its cool but mostly adapters are of 12V. So if you have 12V adapter then use 7805 which converts the 12V into 5V.

Now come to the circuit on the right side of the PIC, it's a simple LED which I have connected on pin # 19 of PIC which is PORTD.0 (first pin of PortD).


NOTE :

On the other side of this LED is a resistor just for current control and then a GND (ground). Now when we make this pin high then LED will ON and when we make the pin low LED will OFF.

Pin High means its at 5V and LOW means its at ground. If you need this board fully assembled for learning then use the Order Form to place the order

Step 2

Now let's come to the programming part.Open your MPLAB project which we have created yesterday in the last chapter.

Now in its C file paste the below code.

// ======= Code by TheEngineeringProjects.com =========== #pragma #pragma #pragma #pragma config config config config OSC = HS, OSCS = OFF PWRT = OFF, BOR = ON, BORV= 42 WDT = OFF DEBUG = OFF, LVP = OFF,STVR = OFF

#include <p18f452.h> void main (void) { TRISD = 0; PORTD = 0; while(1) { PORTDbits.RB0 = 1; PORTDbits.RB0 = 0; } }

Now I am gonna explain the code, it's a very simple code just five to six lines. The first four lines which are starting with the word #pragma are actually used for the settings of PIC, whenever you make a program for PIC paste these four lines as it is in the beginning of your code. These lines tell the PIC to OFF their few characters which mostly remains OFF. So no need to know about these lines just paste them as it is.

void main (void) This is the main portion of program, the compiler always come straight to this part and leaves the rest it will execute only what is written under its braces.

TRISD = 0 This code tell the compiler to use the pins as output. If we were using a sensor on any pin then we have to make it 1.

while(1) This one runs continuously means pic will execute the code with its braces forever and it never stops.

and in the next two lines we make the pin high and then low which is connected to the LED so now the LED will turn ON and then OFF continuously.

You can also add a delay between these lines if you want to increase the duration of ON OFF.

I have tried my best to explain it in full detail but if still you got any problem or anything left then ask in comments and I will explain it to you.