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NETAPP TECHNICAL REPORT

NetApp FAS V-Series


Carlos Alvarez
March 2009 | TR-3505-0309


NetApp FAS
V-series, , ,
, ,
.


1 ............................................................................................. 5
1.1 FAS............................................................................................... 5
1.2 ........................................................................................................... 6
1.3 ........................................................................................................ 7
1.4 ..................................................................................... 8
2 .................................................................................................................. 9
2.1 ............................................................................................................................ 9
2.2 ...........................................................................10
2.3 .............................................................................................................................11
2.4 .....................................................................12
2.5 .............................................................12
2.6 .......................................................................15
3 ..........................................................................16
3.1 ....................................................................16
3.2 .............................................................................................17
...............................................................................18
..........................................18
- .................................................19
PERFORMANCE ACCELERATION MODULE (PAM) ...............................................................................20
3.3 ...................................................................20
...........................................21
..............................................................................21
3.4 SPACE SAVINGS ESTIMATION TOOL (SSET) ......................................................................................22
SSET..........................................................................................................................................22
SSET ..............................................................................................................................23
3.5 ..........................................................................................................23
..................................................................................................................23
flexible- ...............................................................................................23
.............................................................................................25
4 NetApp............................................................................................25
4.1 ............................................................................................................25
4.2 SnapRestore.........................................................................................................26
4.3 vol copy ................................................................................................26
4.4 Read Reallocation (realloc) ..................................................................................27
4.5 FlexClone ....................................................................................................27

VOLUME SPLITTING .............................................................................................................................28


4.6 Active-Active ...............................................................................28
4.7 V-series .................................................................................................29
4.8 SnapMirror .....................................................................................29
Volume SnapMirror ......................................................................................29
..............................................................31
qtree SnapMirror ..........................................................................................31
Qtree SnapMirror .............32
Qtree SnapMirror ...........33
Qtree SnapMirror .....................................33
4.9 SnapVault .............................................................................................................34
4.10 SnapVault for NetBackup ..................................................................................35
4.11 Multistore (vFiler) ..............................................................................................35
4.12 SnapLock ............................................................................................................35
4.13 MetroCluster .....................................................................................................36
4.14 ........................................................................................37
4.15 LUN- ................................................................................................................37
......................................................................................................................................38
LUN....................................................................................................38
Configuration A: ...............................................................................38
Configuration B: LUN ........................................39
Configuration C: LUN ..............40
Configuration D: LUN .............40
Configuration E: LUN Aggregate......40
5 VMware ......................................................................................................................41
5.1 VMFS FibreChannel iSCSI: LUN ......................................................................42
5.2 VMware NFS ....................................................................43
5.3 VMware....................................................................................................44
6 Sharepoint ..................................................................................................................45
7 Exchange .....................................................................................................................45
8 Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) ....................................................................................45
9 Symantec Backup Exec ...............................................................................................46
10 Lotus Domino............................................................................................................46
11 ................................................................................................................................46
11.1 ...........................................................................................................................46

11.2 ................................................................................................................................47
11.3 ....................................................................................................47
11.4 ...................................................................47
11.5 flexible- ....................................................................................48
. ............................................................................................48
11.6 sis stat -l ......................................................................49
Block sharing histogram ......................................................................................................................49
Refcount histogram .............................................................................................................................49
12 ..............................................................50

1
, FAS V-Series.
:
1. , FAS,
, V-Series,
.
2. , (volume), flexible,
.
3. NetApp VTL .

1.1 FAS
NetApp, FAS
flexible- NetApp.
Data ONTAP 7.3, V-Series . NetApp V-Series
, , ,
NetApp .
1 , NetApp FAS .

Figure 1) NetApp FAS.


flexible
.
:

; 4KB-.
, flexible-. ,
- Snapshot , ,
.

,
, , , .
,
,
NetApp.
.
,
.

, , .
, 4KB, Data ONTAP.
,
flexible-. , 1, ,
, ,
,
, ,
.
1.2
ATA,
.
(, , MB)
,
.
NetApp, ,
, flexible, . Data ONTAP
,
. , ,
, .2.

Figure 2) .

Fingerprint ( ) -
WAFL. (. .)

2, , 3 ( 5), ,
2 (5 3).
(used) (saved) , .
, .
(indirect blocks,IND 2) ,
,
. - -
, .
NetApp flexible- 4KB , .
255. , ,
, 500 , 2 .
, ,
255 , (
).
1.3
,
( fingerprints). ,
4KB flexible-.
,
,
.
, , , ,
, , ,
. , , ,
, ,
, .
(indirect) inode,
, (block reference count)
, .
,
, (change log file).
, ,
,
.
, ,
,
.
. ( NVRAM
Data ONTAP, , NVRAM,
consistency point WAFL.)

: flexible-,
.
:

, 4KB- ,
.
,
, 20% ,
.
.
Data ONTAP 7.2.X, flexible-.
Data ONTAP 7.3.0, ,
aggregate, . ,
, aggregate,
.
.
, , -
. , .
,
. ,
.
Data ONTAP 7.2 7.3,
flexible- aggregate
. sis status
Fingerprint is being upgraded.
Data ONTAP 7.3 ,
, aggregate. Data ONTAP 7.3 7.3,
.
sis start s,
. ,
; , ,
, ,
, ,
. sis start s
, ,
. sis
start s , ,
.
1% 6% .
,
, : .

1.4
flexible-.
flexible- . :


, 20% .
, -, SnapVault

.

NetApp.
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, ,
, .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, .
, , ,
,
.

2
, ,
. ,
, , NetApp ,
NetApp.

2.1
1 ,
.
1) .
Hardware

Data ONTAP
Software


Data ONTAP

NearStore R200
FAS2000 series
FAS3000 series
FAS3100 series
FAS6000 series
IBM N5000 series
IBM N7000 series
: Data ONTAP 7.3, VSeries, NetApp FAS, IBM
N-Series Gateway systems, .
Data ONTAP 7.2.5.1
nearstore_option (
R200)
a_sis

Data ONTAP 7.3.1 ,


.

,
NetApp Global Services .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1 Data ONTAP,
, , ,
ONTAP. 7.2.5.1,
. flexible-,
vol size,
.
7.3.1 7.3.0,
7.3.0, offline. , NetApp Global
Services online.


NetApp :

NearStore R200 , FAS (


FAS250 FAS270) V-Series, NearStore.
flexible-. traditional (-ONTAP 7.0)
.
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, SnapLock enterprise,
compliance.
LUN- .
SnapMirror qtree SnapMirror, volume SnapMirror.
SnapMirror sync mode .
SnapVault - (source volume) .
Data ONTAP 7.3, SnapVault (destination volume)
.
Data ONTAP 7.3, Open Systems SnapVault .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, stretch MetroCluster .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, fabric MetroCluster .
Data ONTAP 7.3, V-Series .
ONTAP 7.3, MultiStore .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, MutiStore
vFiler.
FlexShare .
NDMP dump .

2.2
Data ONTAP .
:
license add <a_sis license key>
FAS, NearStore:
license add <nearstore_option license key>
, NetApp,
.


, NearStore.
NearStore.
.
2.3
2 , .

sis on <vol>
sis start -s <vol>

sis start -sp <vol>

sis start -d <vol>

sis start <vol>


sis status [-l] <vol>
df s <vol>

sis config [-s sched]\


<vol>

sis stop <vol>


sis off <vol>

sis check <vol>


( Diag mode.)

.
,
.


. (
,
)
,
,
.
-s.
.
,
.
24 .
.
.
-l .

.
, ,
.
.
,
, .
auto, ,
20%
.
7.3.1, 20% ,
auto@num, num ,
.

.
. ,

, ,

.
,
,
, sis start s.
;
.

sis stat <vol>


, .
( Diag mode.)
sis undo <vol>

( Diag Advanced
( ).
mode.)
2) .
2.4
.
3) .

, ,


( )

flexible-
flexible-
sis on <volname>
-

Flexible-
-



sis start s <volname>
, ,
.
sis config [s schedule] <volname>
sis start <volname>
sis status <volname>
df s

2.5
flexible-,
, .
: , ,
.
.
r200-rtp01, , .
1. flexible (
, ).
r200-rtp01*> vol create VolArchive aggr0 200g
Creation of volume 'VolArchive' with size 200g on containing aggregate
'aggr0' has completed.
2. . vol status
, .
, Data ONTAP ,
,
sis start s.
, .

r200-rtp01> sis on /vol/VolArchive


Deduplication for "/vol/VolArchive" is enabled.
Already existing data could be processed by running "sis start -s
/vol/VolArchive."
r200-rtp01> vol status VolArchive
Volume State

Status

Options

VolArchive online raid_dp, flex

nosnap=on

sis
Containing aggregate: 'aggr0'
3. , sis
status .
r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive
Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Idle

Idle for 00:00:20

4. .
r200-rtp01> sis config /vol/VolArchive
Path

Schedule

/vol/VolArchive

sun-sat@0

r200-rtp01> sis config -s - /vol/VolArchive


r200-rtp01> sis config /vol/VolArchive
Path

Schedule

/vol/VolArchive

5. NFS /testArchives Solaris sunv240-rtp01,



. :
root@sunv240-rtp01 # pwd
/testPSTs
root@sunv240-rtp01 # df -k.
Filesystem

kbytes

used

avail capacity

r200-rtp01:/vol/VolArchive 167772160 33388384 134383776

Mounted on
20%

/testArchives
6. , .
df s .
, ,
.
.
r200-rtp01> df -s /vol/VolArchive
Filesystem

used

/vol/VolArchive/

33388384

saved

%saved

0%

7. flexible-.
(change log), ,
.
r200-rtp01> sis start /vol/VolArchive
The deduplication operation for "/vol/VolArchive" is started.
8. sis status .
r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive
Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Active

9211 MB Searched

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive


Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Active

11 MB (0%) Done

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive


Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Active

1692 MB (14%) Done

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive


Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Active

10 GB (90%) Done

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive


Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Active

11 GB (99%) Done

Status

Progress

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolArchive


Path

State

/vol/VolArchive

Enabled

Idle

for 00:00:07

9. sis status , Idle,


, .
r200-rtp01> df -s /vol/VolArchive
Filesystem

used

saved

/vol/VolArchive/

24072140

9316052

%saved
28%

, .
2.6
,
.
.
sis config
. :
r200-rtp01> sis help config
sis config [ [ -s schedule ] <path> | <path> ... ]
Sets up, modifies, and retrieves the schedule of deduplication volumes.
sis config , ,
. ,
.
toaster> sis config
Path

Schedule

/vol/dvol_1

/vol/dvol_2

23@sun-fri

/vol/dvol_3

auto

/vol/dvol_4

sat@6

dvol_1, .
dvol_2, , ,
23:00
dvol_3, .
, , 20%
(
20% ).
dvol_4, 6:00 .

s, (setup)
. :
[day_list][@hour_list]
[hour_list][@day_list]
auto
day_list , .

: sun, mon, tue, wed, thu, fri, sat. .
mon-fri . day_list sunsat. ( , (sun))
hour_list ,
. hour_list
0 23. 8-17 . ,
. , 0-23/2 2 ,
( 0 23). hour_list 0;
.
"-" (), , .
auto , 20%
.
.
, sunsat@0, ,
, ::
toaster> sis config -s - /vol/dvol_1
toaster> sis config -s 23@sun-fri /vol/dvol_2
toaster> sis config s auto /vol/dvol3
toaster> sis config s sat@6 /vol/dvol_4

3
.
, , ,
.

3.1
,
.

.
- ,
, .
,
.
NetApp
,
,
.
, NetApp, ,
.

,
, ,
.
, .

.

, :

auto mode, ,

.
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
. , ,
. ,
, .
, Snapshot reserve
0. , LUN-, snap reserve
0 thin provisioning,
.
,
.
aggregate, .

3.2
.
Data ONTAP, WAFL.
.

Data ONTAP ,
, .

- .


(, ,
-)
, ,



CPU,

(ATA/FC/SAS),
, aggregate

, NetApp
, ,
,
.


, ,
.
FAS6080, ,
, 120 MB/sec ( ).
,
.
, ,
25MB/sec. 1TB
,
10 - 12 .
( ,
)

, . ,
, , .
, ,
, (
).
FAS3050:

,
, 15% CPU
, CPU .
,
0% to 15%.
,
, , 15%
50%.

-


, ,

CPU 50%
, , ,
,
. , ,
, 15%
NetApp.
, . FAS6080, 35%.

(random writes). ,
FC drives; ATA,
.

,
, ,
.
.
,
, (sequential read),
dump, qtree SnapMirror SnapVault, SnapVault restore, ,
. ,
, ( ,
, ).
.
SATA, FC. ,
(sequential read),
, .
(random reads) ,
.

PERFORMANCE ACCELERATION MODULE (PAM)


PAM Data ONTAP 7.3 .
, , PAM
, .
PAM
, , .
PAM ,
.
PAM
VMware VDI. , NetApp PAM
NetApp deduplication FlexClone.
PAM, TR-3705 NetApp and VMware VDI Best
Practices.

3.3
,
.
, ,
, .
:
1. NetApp.
2. NetApp
, .
3. , NetApp,
, . 3.4, Space Savings Estimation
Tool, .
Table 4) .


VMware
Hyper-V

Sharepoint
e-mail



95%
70%
60%
35%
30%
30%
25%
25%
10%

, , ,
zip- gz-, ,
.

, 4, , ,
.
, Space Savings Estimation Tool
(SSET), 3.4.
, , ,
, . ,
,
, , ,
20:1 (95%).


. ,
- ( )
. , .
,
. , ,
,
, .
, ,
.
: ,
. :
, ,
; .
, ,
.

,
. ,

. .
, , ,
1% 6% . = +
, df s ( , ,
). , 1TB ,
, , 10GB 60GB. , ,
:

, 4KB- ,
. 2%
.

.
, , (
). 2% .
, , ,
2% .
.

Data ONTAP 7.2.X,


, -
, .
Data ONTAP 7.3, - ,
aggregate, .
, aggregate , ,
.
. , ,
, - .
, . ,
, ,
, , . ,
, ,
, .
, aggregate
, :

Data ONTAP 7.2.X, 6% ,


.
Data ONTAP 7.3 , 2% ,
, 4% aggregate,
, .

3.4 SPACE SAVINGS ESTIMATION TOOL (SSET)



. NetApp ,

.
SSET ,
, .
NetApp SSET,
+/5% .
SSET
SSET NetApp, - NetApp,
,
.
NetApp -, NetApp.

, , ,
NetApp.
Space Savings Estimator Tool Linux Windows,
CIFS/NFS. readme
.
SSET
SSET Linux Windows. 2TB (
). 2TB, SSET 2TB,
, .
SSET , , NFS/CIFS.
SSET, . SSET
NetApp PartnerCenter.

3.5
.
.

( ) .
, , .
, (
-) .
NDMP, ,

, .
, (quota),
. ,
1TB 1TB,
( ) , 1TB.

, .
. ,
, , ,
.
flexible-
(
, , ).
, ,
, .

, , ,
.
.
5 flexible- (
snap reserve) NetApp. Data ONTAP
7.3.1, , , ,
, ,
.
Table 5) .

FAS2020

0,5TB
FAS2020

1TB

Data ONTAP 7.2.X ( 7.2.5.1) Data ONTAP 7.3.0


FAS3050
FAS3040
R200
FAS3070
FAS6030
N5500
FAS3140
N5600
FAS6040
N5300
FAS3160
N7600
FAS3170
1TB
2TB
3TB
4TB
6TB
10TB
Data ONTAP 7.3.1
FAS3020
FAS3050
FAS3040
R200
FAS3070
FAS6030
N5200
N5500
FAS3140
N5600
FAS6040
FAS2050
N5300
FAS3160
N7600
FAS3170
2TB
3TB
4TB
4TB
16TB
16TB
FAS3020
N5200
FAS2050

FAS6070
FAS6080
N7800
16TB
FAS6070
FAS6080
N7800
16TB

(maximum shared data limit)


16TB, . ,
,
, , .
6 ,
( ), .
, .
,
. (, R200,
4TB, 20TB ; 4TB + 16TB = 20 TB.)
Table 6) .

FAS2020

16,5TB
FAS2020

17TB

Data ONTAP 7.2.X ( 7.2.5.1) Data ONTAP 7.3.0


FAS3020
FAS3050
FAS3040
R200
FAS3070
FAS6030
N5200
N5500
FAS3140
N5600
FAS6040
FAS2050
N5300
FAS3160
N7600
FAS3170
17TB
18TB
19TB
20TB
22TB
26TB
Data ONTAP 7.3.1
FAS3020
FAS3050
FAS3040
R200
FAS3070
FAS6030
N5200
N5500
FAS3140
N5600
FAS6040
FAS2050
N5300
FAS3160
N7600
FAS3170
18TB
19TB
20TB
20TB
32TB
32TB

FAS6070
FAS6080
N7800
32TB
FAS6070
FAS6080
N7800
32TB


FAS
.
,
, . , ,
(sun-sat@0) 10 .
, .
, ;
. 10
, ,
.
Data ONTAP 7.2.X, , ,
, , .
, Data ONTAP 7.3,
, ( sis start s ).

4 NetApp
Data ONTAP
.

4.1
,
, , ,
. ,
:

, .
, .
,
.

Data ONTAP 7.2.X, .


Data ONTAP 7.3.0, ,
aggregate, . ,
, , .
. ,
, , . ,
. ( 3.3.2
) ,
, .
, .

, ,
, :

, .
, .
, (retention) ,
.
,
.
.
100%,
, df s,
,
.
snap reserve 0,
, (
LUN).

4.2 SnapRestore
SnapRestore ,
, . Data ONTAP 7.3, .
Data ONTAP 7.3, (
) , SnapRestore,
, aggregate. , SnapRestore,
.
, . SnapRestore,
, , ,

,
SnapRestore .
, (, ,
), sis start -s.
.
, .
sis start -s, , , aggregate
. ,
, 3.3.2

4.3 vol copy


vol copy,

.
Data ONTAP 7.3,
vol copy, , aggregate.

, - ,
.
,
- , .
,
. ,
(, ,
), sis start -s.
. ,
.

4.4 Read Reallocation (realloc)


,
, read reallocation ,
. read reallocation, Data ONTAP
, .
, Data ONTAP ,
.
.
, read reallocation
, .
. read reallocation,
, read reallocation
FlexVol space_optimized. ,
. ,
, space_optimized.
read reallocation ,
. read reallocation
,
,
read reallocation .
- read reallocation,
.

4.5 FlexClone
FlexClone ( ):

FlexClone .
,
, , .
Data ONTAP 7.3, (
) , ,
aggregate. , FlexClone,
.
, . FlexClone,
, , ,

. ,
,
. , (, ,
), sis start -s.
.
, .
7.3.1, FlexClone, FlexClone
LUN, .

FlexClone LUN,
(qtree SnapMirror, SnapVault, NDMPdump, ).

FlexClone, TR-3742, Using FlexClone to Clone Files and


LUNs.
VOLUME SPLITTING
(split) , ,
, ( ,
, )
volume split. , , ,
.

4.6 Active-Active
active-active
:

active-active, ,
takeover, .

active-active 8.
.
(failover) ,
. , ,
, . (failback)
,
.
, .
, ,
.
Data ONTAP 7.3,
takeover: sis status, sis stat, sis on, sis off.
, Data ONTAP version 7.3, SnapVault with NetBackup,
takeover.

NearStore, NetApp
active-active NearStore deduplication.

active-active
-.
active-active, TR-3450, Active/Active Controller Configuration Overview and
Best Practice Guidelines.

4.7 V-series
Data ONTAP 7.3 , V-Series
NearStore.
NetApp FAS V-Series,
:
, ,
V-Series. V-Series block checksum (BCS). Zoned checksums
,
. Data ONTAP Data Protection Online Backup and Recovery Guide
NearStore.
V-Series, TR-3461, Best Practices Guide for VSeries.

4.8 SnapMirror

,
, , .
SnapMirror volume
SnapMirror qtree SnapMirror. .
, NetApp,
NearStore. ,
, , SnapMirror primary,
NearStore.
NetApp sync SnapMirror.
, sync SnapMirror

.
SnapMirror, TR-3446, SnapMirror Async Best Practices
Guide.
Volume SnapMirror
-
(destination) volume SnapMirror, . 3.

. 3) Volume SnapMirror .
volume SnapMirror:

(source).
NearStore ,
, ( R200 ,
NearStore). Data ONTAP 7.3.1,
NearStore ,
- .
-, , , ,
,
. ,
.
volume SnapMirror, -
, Data ONTAP. ,
. .
, ,

.
volume SnapMirror .

.

volume SnapMirror ,
volume SnapMirror.
volume SnapMirror
( ).
.

- ,
, -, -
Volume SnapMirror .
, .
.

Data ONTAP 7.3,
aggregate . , , volume SnapMirror
.
. ,
, , .
, , volume
SnapMirror , -.
, ,
volume SnapMirror .
, volume SnapMirror,
, - . ,
.
, ,
, volume SnapMirror.
, , ,
.
,
. ,
, , sis start -s.
, .
: sis start -s, , , aggregate
.
, , 3.3.2

qtree SnapMirror
qtree SnapMirror ,
:

-, -
.
, SnapMirror
, .
volume SnapMirror, qtree SnapMirror
, -
-,
-.

qtree SnapMirror
.
qtree SnapMirror.

, NetApp qtree SnapMirror


-. qtree SnapMirror
, -,
,
. -,
.
NetApp , -,
-.
-,
.
( SnapVault,
, ), ,
,
. ,
, snap sched.
qtree SnapMirror
qtree SnapMirror (
).
Qtree SnapMirror
- qtree SnapMirror, 4.

4) Qtree SnapMirror .
:

-.

, -.

, qtree SnapMirror ,
.
qtree SnapMirror, ;
.
qtree SnapMirror, qtree SnapMirror
.
, ,
- .

Qtree SnapMirror
- qtree SnapMirror, 5.

. 5) Qtree SnapMirror -
.
:

-.
, -.

.
qtree SnapMirror, ;
.
qtree SnapMirror, qtree SnapMirror
.
, ,
- .

Qtree SnapMirror
qtree SnapMirror, 5.

. 5) Qtree SnapMirror
.
:

-, -.
, , -,
-.

,
.
, qtree
SnapMirror ( volume SnapMirror),
.
- , qtree SnapMirror
-.
qtree SnapMirror, ;
.
, ,
, -, - .

4.9 SnapVault
SnapVault
qtree SnapMirror, (
SnapMirror,
SnapMirror).

- SnapVault.
- SnapVault,
, qtree SnapMirror.
SnapVault (baseline )
-, , .
, ,
-. (
, )

- ,
sis start . -
sis start -s.
SnapVault ;
,
- .
, ,

SnapVault,
.
.
Protection Manager 3.7 SnapVault ,
. , Protection Manager ,
. Protection
Manager ,
. .

SnapVault, TR-3487, SnapVault Design and Implementation


Guide.
Protection Manager, TR-3710, Protection Manager Best
Practice Guide.

4.10 SnapVault for NetBackup


SnapVault for NetBackup.
( ), () .
, SnapVault for NetBackup (, NetBackup
shared flexible disk), .

4.11 Multistore (vFiler)


Data ONTAP 7.3, MultiStore. Data ONTAP 7.3,
vFiler0;
, , vFiler .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1, vFiler ,
vFiler .

4.12 SnapLock
Data ONTAP 7.3.1,
SnapLock, enterprise, compliance. SnapLock
a NetApp FAS, :

SnapLock WORM .
, WORM. ,

SnapLock WORM .
WORM, -WORM () .
SnapLock enterprise.
,

,
, WORM .
File folding WORM
.
LockVault: , ,
(retention period).
,
. ,
, .
, LockVault
.
,
.
Autocommit .
qtree SnapMirror,
(source), (destination).
WORM qtree SnapMirror. WORM
qtree SnapMirror. ,
, ,
.
volume SnapMirror, WORM
volume SnapMirror.
. volume SnapMirror
.
volume
SnapMirror .
Data ONTAP ,
WORM, ( sis undo).
Data ONTAP, 7.3.1,
SnapLock,
sis undo. sis undo
, .

SnapLock, TR-3263, WORM


Storage on Magnetic Disks Using SnapLock Compliance and SnapLock Enterprise.

4.13 MetroCluster
stretch MetroCluster fabric MetroCluster .
MetroCluster :

Stretch MetroCluster Data ONTAP 7.2.5.1 7.3.1


.
Fabric MetroCluster Data ONTAP 7.2.5.1 7.3.1
.
CPU ,
. - plexes.

10%.
low-end (, 30xx) high-end (, 6xxx).
takeover, partner volumes
. partner-,
takeover mode. giveback,
, .
takeover mode, ,
.
takeover, , . -
, .
takeover mode -,
partner volumes, .
,
.
partner volumes takeover mode.
, active-active
.
.

MetroCluster, TR-3548,
MetroCluster Design and Implementation Guide.

4.14
DataFort NetApp
FAS, :

. ,
.
,
0%.
,
, ,
, 0% , ,
, ,
.

4.15 LUN-
NetApp ( NFS/CIFS),
; ,
, ,
.
( FCP/iSCSI) LUN .
, LUN (space guarantees) fractional
reservations. , , , LUN
500GB 500GB .
LUN ,

LUN 500GB,
.
LUN (space guarantees) fractional reserves
, NetApp
. ,
LUN (LUN overwrite reserve),
, aggregate, .
LUN
, 7.
Table 7) LUN configuration examples (as described below).

LUN Space Guarantee


fractional reserve
Thin Provisioned?

100

Fractional
overwrite
reserve

1-99

Fractional
overwrite
reserve +
Volume
free pool

Volume
free pool

Volume
free pool

Aggregate
free pool

Fractional overwrite reserve: , Data ONTAP


LUN,
space guarantee = Yes. fractional reserve space
, , .
Volume free pool: , LUN.
, .
Aggregate free pool: aggregate
LUN. , .
LUN
Configuration A:
LUN NetApp. (
LUN- , , snap
reserve 0.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

LUN space reservation value = on


Volume fractional reserve Value = 100
Volume guarantee = volume
Snap reserve = 0%
Autodelete = off
Autosize = off
Try_first = volume_grow

Default = on
Default = 100%
Default = volume
Default = 20%
Default = off
Default = off
Default = volume_grow

: LUN- ,
,
LUN space reserved fractional reserve
100% . , ,
fractional reserve. , LUN
- , .
: , ,
.
. ,
aggregate.

, indirect-,
.
: ( ),
, .
Configuration B: LUN

fractional overwrite reserve area ,
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

LUN space reservation value = on


Volume fractional reserve value = 1 99
Volume guarantee = volume
Snap reserve = 0%
Autodelete = off
Autosize = off
Try_first = volume_grow

:
A, , ,
fractional reserve .
fractional overwrite reserve .
, fractional reserve 25, 25% fractional
overwrite reserve, 75% - .
: , overwrite space reserve
.
fractional reserve.
, LUN fractional reserve ,
. ,
,
aggregate.
: ( ),
, fractional reserve,
.

Configuration C: LUN
,
, :
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

LUN space reservation value = on


Volume fractional reserve value = 0
Volume guarantee = volume
Snap reserve = 0%
Autodelete = off
Autosize = off
Try_first = volume_grow

: B ,
fractional reserve . ,
,
fractional reserve.
: ,
. ,
LUN - , A B,
fractional overwrite area.
Configuration D: LUN
,
, :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

LUN space reservation value = off


Volume fractional reserve value = any value from 0100
Volume guarantee = volume
Snap reserve = 0%
Autodelete = off
Autosize = off
Try_first = volume_grow

: C , LUN
. LUN space guarantees off, volume fractional
reserve LUNs .
,
.
: ,
C.
Configuration E: LUN
Aggregate

aggregate. :
1. LUN space reservation value = off
2. Volume fractional reserve value = 0 100

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Volume guarantee = none


Snap reserve = 0%
Autodelete = on
Autosize = on
Try_first = volume_grow

:
, aggregate.
: The advantage of this configuration is that it provides the highest efficiency in aggregate
space provisioning. thin provisioning Data ONTAP, volume
autosize Snapshot autodelete,
.
,
aggregate.
volume autosize Snapshot autodelete, ,
, , , .

5 VMware
VMware . ,
VMDK, :

VMDK ,
,
(VM).
.
VMDK
. ,
, , ; ,


, .
, , ,
.
, -, ,
, , , ,
. NetApp
VMDK .
Data ONTAP 7.3.1 ,
warm cache extension for zero blocks. VM,
, .
,
. warm cache extension enhancement
,
. ,
, NDMP, SnapVault,

, NFS dump.
VDI.
30%.
,
80%. .
,
.
: VMware,
( ). VMware ,
VMDK WAFL 4K.
o ,
TR-3428, NetApp and VMware Best Practices Guide. , ,
, VMware,
VMware.
VMware NFS .
VMware, LUN-, .
4.10 LUN.
VMware.
NetApp VMware, TR3428, NetApp and VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3 Storage Best Practices .

5.1 VMFS FibreChannel iSCSI: LUN


,
VMware . VMDK .

7) VMFS Fibre Channel iSCSI LUN.

5.2 VMware NFS


, , VMware ESX
3.0. , .
, .

Figure 8) VMware NFS.

5.3 VMware

VMware. 9 .

. 9) VMware .
, 9:

VMware NFS.
1800 - OS.
,
.
1800 (~32TB) FAS3070 Houston.
Austin.
FAS3070 R200 SnapMirror.
R200, VMware 80 - 90%.

6 Sharepoint
MS SharePoint NetApp FAS,
:

, sis on.
sis on , ,
, .
6%
.
SharePoint.
SharePoint, SharePoint ,
.

7 Exchange
MS Exchange NetApp FAS,
:

Exchange (extents),
.
,
, .
, -
,
.

Exchange, TR-3578 Microsoft Exchange


Server 2007 Best Practices Guide.

8 Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM)


Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) NetApp
FAS, :

TSM ,
TSM , .
,
.
TSM , ,
. .
TSM .

progressive backup, TSM,
, .

9 Symantec Backup Exec


Symantec Backup Exec NetApp FAS,
:

Backup Exec
, BE ,
. ,
.

10 Lotus Domino
Lotus Domino NetApp FAS,
:


Lotus Domino.
,
.

11
,
.

11.1
, , ,
R200, , NearStore :
fas3070-rtp01> license

a_sis <license key>


nearstore_option <license key>

, ,
sis .
,
- .
.

sis off. ,
.
: , ,
, .

11.2
,
(,
, , -
). , , -
, , ,
, ,
.
, (
) :
london-fs3> sis on /vol/projects
Volume or maxfiles exceeded max allowed for SIS: /vol/projects

11.3
:
/etc/log/sis
:
Registry errors:

, vol0 ( Data ONTAP 7.2.X).

Metafile op errors:

, ( Data ONTAP 7.2.X).

Metafile op errors:

, aggregate ( Data ONTAP 7.3.X).

License errors:

, .

Change log full error:

sis start ,

11.4
,
, , ,
, ,

. ,
.
snap list,
snap delete .
, . ( 4.1, ).

11.5 flexible-
, , ,
, , .
online, .
.
: ,
.
,
sis start s.
sis off <flexvol>
2
:
sis undo <flexvol>
,
.
:
r200-rtp01> df s /vol/VolReallyBig2
/vol/VolReallyBig2/

20568276

3768732

15%

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolReallyBig2


Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolReallyBig2

Enabled

Idle

Idle for 11:11:13

r200-rtp01> sis off /vol/VolReallyBig2


SIS for "/vol/VolReallyBig2" is disabled.
r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolReallyBig2
Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolReallyBig2

Disabled

Idle

Idle for 11:11:34

r200-rtp01> sis undo /vol/VolReallyBig2

sis diag mode,


priv set diag

Wed Feb
scan

7 11:13:15 EST [wafl.scan.start:info]: Starting SIS volume

on volume VolReallyBig2.
r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolReallyBig2
Path

State

Status

Progress

/vol/VolReallyBig2

Disabled

Undoing

424 MB Processed

r200-rtp01> sis status /vol/VolReallyBig2


No status entry found.
r200-rtp01> df -s /vol/VolReallyBig2
Filesystem
/vol/VolReallyBig2/

used

saved

%saved

24149560

0%

: sis undo
, , ,
. df s ,
, ,
, .

11.6 sis stat -l


,
diag mode: priv set diag sis stat l
(long), .
sis stat:

,
.
l .
-b ,
.
-v ,
; stat ,
-iv.
-g
.
lv ,
NetApp Global Support.

Block sharing histogram


, .
Refcount histogram
.
, , , ,

12
TR-3446, SnapMirror Async Best Practices Guide
TR-3705, NetApp and VMware VDI Best Practices
TR-3702, NetApp and Microsoft Virtualization Best Practices
TR-3742, Using FlexClone to Clone Files and LUNs
TR-3701, NetApp and Microsoft Virtualization: Making Integrated Server and Storage Virtualization a
Reality
TR-3694, NetApp and Citrix XenServer 4.1: Building a Virtual Infrastructure from Server to Storage
TR-3428, NetApp and VMware Virtual Infrastructure 3 Storage Best Practices
WP-7053, The 50% Virtualization Guarantee Program Technical Guide
TR-3465, SnapVault for NetBackup Deployment and Implementation Guide
TR-3487, SnapVault Design and Implementation Guide
TR-3483, Thin Provisioning in a NetApp SAN or IP SAN Enterprise Environment
TR-3548, MetroCluster Design and implementation
TR-3263, WORM Storage on Magnetic Disks Using SnapLock Compliance and SnapLock Enterprise
NetApp Data Online Backup and Recovery Guide