Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

“ GEOMYTHOLOGY “

GREECE
CYPRUS
PAPAGEORGIOU MARINA
LITHUANIA ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
GRUNDTVIG 2 OF STYLIDA
Antigoni Kranioti has
started a program
GRUNDTVIG 2 in 2005
The subject was :
« GEOMYTHOLOGY »

From our visit to


University of
Marburg in Germany
in February 2005 .
In February 2006 we
had a preparatory visit
in Stylida with 4
coordinators from
three countries:
Germany,Estonia and
Turkey.
There were 7 κατατέθηκε
Το πρόγραµµα countries τον
that
asked
Μάρτηto τουbe2006
in the program.
µε αιτήσεις
συµµετοχής από 7 χώρες:
Germany,Estonia,Italy,Cyprus,
Γερµανία, Εσθονία, Ιταλία,
Romania,Lithuania and Turkey
Κύπρο, Λιθουανία, Ρουµανία και
The program is running with
Τουρκία
Lithuania and Cyprus and it is
Εγκρίθηκε µε την συµµετοχή της
for 3 years.
Λιθουανίας και της Κύπρου και
είναι 3ετους διάρκειας.

ANTIGONI
The target group was forecasted for 20 individuals
but there were 40 applications.
The interest was so big, so all the applications have
been acceptable
We have all ready 2 meetings and we are
having a seminar with partners on 1-2-12-06
and a seminar on 8-9-12-06
SUMMARY OF THE PROJECT
The environment does not remain static but was, is and will be
connected to the meaning of “ change”
The environmental changes ( geographical, geological, climatological,
etc) led “ homo sapiens” to the creation of myths
These myths are similar in all European nations.
The sciences today, confirm and interpret , with the use of new
technologies ( ratio-dating, examination of specks of pollen, Oxygen
isotopes, etc) the truth of these sayings.
The knowledge of environmental changes
of the past leads to environmental
realization, resulting in a more rational
usage of energy resources
The Project data :

¾ Climate and geomorphological changes during last


18.000 years before present.
¾ How mythology and history had been influenced of
them.
¾ Their contribution to the now day European
civilisation.
¾ The necessity of all of them, in Environmental
Education.
Τι Geomythology
είναι η Γεωµυθολογία::

Is ηthe
Είναι geological
γεωλογική
ερµηνεία της Μυθολογίας.
explanation of
mythology.
Ποια εποχή όµως είναι η
Μυθολογική περίοδος;
Greek
Είναι Μythology
κυρίως η περίοδοςis
τουthe
Homo Prehistory
sapiens. of
Πολλές φορές οι
Greece.
µυθολογικοί ήρωες
Mythological
µπερδεύονται στοperiod is
προϊστορικό
the periodγίγνεσθαι
of Homo που
αποδεικνύεται όµως ότι
Sapiens.
είναι ένα πραγµατικό
γεγονός. Παράδειγµα ο
Τρωικός πόλεµος και η
Τροία.
Η ιστορία
The storyπώςthatο Θεός
God
θυµώνει και αποφασίζει να
becomes
αφανίσει τηangry
γη είναιand
γνωστή:
decides to punish
•Στην Ελληνική
people is knownµυθολογία
to all µε
τον µύθο του ∆ευκαλίωνα και
the Nations:
της Πύρρας.
••In Greek Mythology is
Στην Βαβυλωνιακή µε το
Deukalion ’s flood.
µύθο του Γκιλγκαµές.
••In Babylonian,
Στην Παλαιά ∆ιαθήκη µε
Gilgames flood.
τον κατακλυσµό του Νώε.

••In Old Testament,


Σε άλλους λαούς…
Noe’s flood.
THE EARTH IS CHANGING….
Europe 18.000 before present.
Only the Mediterranean area was not covered by ices
Shorelines displacement in the Aegean Sea

ABOUT 12.000 YEARS BEFORE PRESENT –


ABOUT 18.000 YEARS BEFORE PRESENT
START OF MESOLITHIC PERIOD.

ABOUT 10.000 YEARS BEFORE PRESENT ABOUT 7.000 YEARS BEFORE PRESENT–
PRESENT–
– MESOLITHIC OR PROCERAMIC (?) – NEOLITHIC PERIOD NEOLITHIC PERIOD
THE GEOMYTHOLOGICAL
INTERPRETATION
•There are several interpretations, mainly for
Titanomachy and Gigantomachy.
•A new approach of the Greek Mythology is proposed.
•The main factor should be the physical-geological regime
and its changes in the Saronic Gulf, the Aegean and
circum-Aegean areas.
•Concerning the competition between God-generations, it
should have happened mainly during the time period
between (about) 18.000 and 6.000 years B.P.
•For the competition between the Gods of the 4th
Generation,the time period between (about) 6.000 and
4.000 years B.P.
Competition between the Olympian Gods
(4th Generation and younger Gods)
• The most
characteristic examples
are the following:
– Zeus against Poseidon
– Poseidon against Apollo Zeus Poseidon
(Delphi and Corithos)
– Poseidon against Athena
(Athens)
– Demeter against Hades.
• This competition:
– different from the Athena-
previous one – it is not a Poseidon
Hades-Demeter

fight
– It has to do with
primacy.
Cronus and Rhea gave birth to the first
six Olympian Gods.
Among them Poseidon and Zeus.
The myth of the name of Athens
Here had been located the town founded by
Ellinas, the son of Deukalion.
It was named ELLADA…
In this place,on the top of mount Iti
Hercules burned himself and …
From the Archeological Museum of Lamia
We will try to find out the similarities of European
myths and what they tried to explain.
…So, using the wings of Pegasus and our imagination we
will travel to every little part of Europe, of world, to
obtain what they call intercultural,keeping our
culture…
Environmental Education Center of
Stylida
Address:
Ergatikes Katikies, 35300 STYLIDA
GREECE
TEL. : 0030 22380 23121
FAX : 0030 22380 23137
E-MAIL : kpestyl@sch.gr