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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Supplement for CEV Video #786

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Supplement for CEV Video #786

Goal:
The student will understand the basic principle of the refrigeration cycle.

Objectives: 1. to understand the properties and relationships of matter, temperature and heat 2. to identify the four major components in a refrigeration or air conditioning system and explain their purpose 3. to demonstrate an understanding of the pressure/temperature relationship of refrigerant as it flows through the system 4. to understand the effect each component has on the refrigerant during the refrigeration cycle

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle Video Quiz I


Multiple Choice
___ 1. The three states of matter are a. solids, liquids, gases b. atoms, molecules, ions c. protons, neutrons, electrons d. solids, liquids, minerals 2. The point where all molecular motion stops is called a. the freezing point b. below zero temperature c. absolute zero d. a vacuum 3. A form of energy that sets molecules in motion is a. cold b. wind c. pressure d. heat 4. Heat that is readily measured with a thermometer is called a. latent heat b. superheat c. sensible heat d. total heat 5. Which of the following occurs when heat is absorbed by a liquid, changing the liquid to a vapor? a. condensation b. evaporation c. absorption d. vaporization

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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle Video Quiz II


Multiple Choice
___ 1. Refrigeration and air conditioning compressors are designed to compress a. liquid refrigerant b. vapor refrigerant c. both liquid and vapor refrigerant d. none of the above 2. Heat is removed from high temperature, high pressure refrigerant vapor in the a. condenser b. evaporator c. compressor d. metering device 3. A thermostatic expansion valve is a type of a. air valve b. gas valve c. shut-off device d. metering device 4. The component of the refrigeration cycle that absorbs heat is the a. evaporator b. condenser c. metering device d. compressor 5. Refrigerant leaves the condenser as a a. high pressure, high temperature vapor b. high pressure, subcooled liquid c. low pressure, superheated vapor d. low pressure, low temperature liquid

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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle Video Quiz III


Multiple Choice
___ 1. Refrigerant absorbs heat in the evaporator and releases it in the a. compressor b. condenser c. metering device d. refrigeration lines 2. The term CFCs stands for a. chlorine, fluorine, carbon b. chlorofluorochlorines c. chlorofluorocarbons d. chloride, fluoride, carbide 3. Zero ozone depletion potential refrigerants are known as a. HFCs b. CFCs c. HCFCs d. FHCs 4. Refrigerants must be miscible. This means they a. must mix easily with oxygen b. can be used in any system c. are legal for use in the United States d. must mix easily with the required lubricant 5. Refrigerant cylinders are color coded to indicate a. the type of refrigerant they contain b. their chemical makeup c. the weight of the cylinder d. the manufacturer

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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle Video Quiz IV


Multiple Choice
___ 1. Refrigerant entering the compressor is a a. low pressure, low temperature liquid b. low pressure, superheated vapor c. high pressure, subcooled liquid d. high pressure, high temperature vapor 2. Superheated suction gas prevents liquid refrigerant from potentially causing damage to the a. condenser b. evaporator c. compressor d. metering device 3. As refrigerant passes through a metering device, it becomes a mixture of a. 75% liquid, 25% vapor b. 50% liquid, 50% vapor c. 25% liquid, 75% vapor d. 30% liquid, 70% vapor 4. Refrigerant leaving the evaporator will be a a. high pressure, subcooled liquid b. high pressure, high temperature vapor c. low pressure, superheated vapor d. low pressure, low temperature liquid 5. Subcooled liquid from the condenser reaches the metering device through the a. suction line b. liquid line c. discharge line d. evaporator line

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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle Final Video Quiz


Multiple Choice
___ 1. The four major components of the refrigeration cycle are the a. compressor, condenser, fan, evaporator b. compressor, refrigerant, metering device, condenser c. refrigerant, condenser, metering device, evaporator d. compressor, condenser, metering device, evaporator 2. A chemical compound used to absorb heat in the evaporator is known as a. RCFC b. refrigerant c. ozone d. chlorine 3. Compression raises the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant and the result in temperature increase is a. liquid refrigerant b. flash gas c. subcooling d. superheat 4. The changing of vapor to a liquid at a particular pressure and temperature by removing heat is known as a. evaporation b. absorption c. condensation d. vaporization 5. Cold is the absence of a. heat b. temperature c. atmospheric pressure d. both a and b

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6. Which of the following is a commonly used metering device? a. capillary tube b. fixed bore flow rated device c. thermostatic expansion valve d. all of the above 7. Heat will only flow from a substance at a higher temperature to another substance which is at a. a higher temperature b. a lower temperature c. an equal temperature d. room temperature 8. High pressure, high temperature vapor leaving the compressor is known as a. suction gas b. condensed vapor c. discharge gas d. pre-liquid vapor 9. The term HFCs stands for a. hydrofluorocarbons b. hydrochlorofluorocarbons c. hydrogen, fluoride, chlorine d. hydrogen, fluorine, carbon 10. The temperature of liquid refrigerant cooled below its saturated pressure-temperature is called a. superheat b. subcooling c. saturation point d. saturation cooling

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HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Answer Key for CEV Video #786
Multiple Choice
a 1. The three states of matter are a. solids, liquids, gases b. atoms, molecules, ions c. protons, neutrons, electrons d. solids, liquids, minerals c 2. The point where all molecular motion stops is called a. the freezing point b. below zero temperature c. absolute zero d. a vacuum d 3. A form of energy that sets molecules in motion is a. cold b. wind c. pressure d. heat c 4. Heat that is readily measured with a thermometer is called a. latent heat b. superheat c. sensible heat d. total heat b 5. Which of the following occurs when heat is absorbed by a liquid, changing the liquid to a vapor? a. condensation b. evaporation c. absorption d. vaporization

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Answer Key for CEV Video #786
Multiple Choice
b 1. Refrigeration and air conditioning compressors are designed to compress a. liquid refrigerant b. vapor refrigerant c. both liquid and vapor refrigerant d. none of the above a 2. Heat is removed from high temperature, high pressure refrigerant vapor in the a. condenser b. evaporator c. compressor d. metering device d 3. A thermostatic expansion valve is a type of a. air valve b. gas valve c. shut-off device d. metering device a 4. The component of the refrigeration cycle that absorbs heat is the a. evaporator b. condenser c. metering device d. compressor b 5. Refrigerant leaves the condenser as a a. high pressure, high temperature vapor b. high pressure, subcooled liquid c. low pressure, superheated vapor d. low pressure, low temperature liquid

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Answer Key for CEV Video #786
Multiple Choice
b 1. Refrigerant absorbs heat in the evaporator and releases it in the a. compressor b. condenser c. metering device d. refrigeration lines c 2. The term CFCs stands for a. chlorine, fluorine, carbon b. chlorofluorochlorines c. chlorofluorocarbons d. chloride, fluoride, carbide a 3. Zero ozone depletion potential refrigerants are known as a. HFCs b. CFCs c. HCFCs d. FHCs d 4. Refrigerants must be miscible. This means they a. must mix easily with oxygen b. can be used in any system c. are legal for use in the United States d. must mix easily with the required lubricant a 5. Refrigerant cylinders are color coded to indicate a. the type of refrigerant they contain b. their chemical makeup c. the weight of the cylinder d. the manufacturer

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Answer Key for CEV Video #786
Multiple Choice
b 1. Refrigerant entering the compressor is a a. low pressure, low temperature liquid b. low pressure, superheated vapor c. high pressure, subcooled liquid d. high pressure, high temperature vapor c 2. Superheated suction gas prevents liquid refrigerant from potentially causing damage to the a. condenser b. evaporator c. compressor d. metering device a 3. As refrigerant passes through a metering device, it becomes a mixture of a. 75% liquid, 25% vapor b. 50% liquid, 50% vapor c. 25% liquid, 75% vapor d. 30% liquid, 70% vapor c 4. Refrigerant leaving the evaporator will be a a. high pressure, subcooled liquid b. high pressure, high temperature vapor c. low pressure, superheated vapor d. low pressure, low temperature liquid b 5. Subcooled liquid from the condenser reaches the metering device through the a. suction line b. liquid line c. discharge line d. evaporator line

HVAC: The Refrigeration Cycle


Answer Key for CEV Video #786
Multiple Choice
d 1. The four major components of the refrigeration cycle are the a. compressor, condenser, fan, evaporator b. compressor, refrigerant, metering device, condenser c. refrigerant, condenser, metering device, evaporator d. compressor, condenser, metering device, evaporator b 2. A chemical compound used to absorb heat in the evaporator is known as a. RCFC b. refrigerant c. ozone d. chlorine d 3. Compression raises the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant and the result in temperature increase is a. liquid refrigerant b. flash gas c. subcooling d. superheat c 4. The changing of vapor to a liquid at a particular pressure and temperature by removing heat is known as a. evaporation b. absorption c. condensation d. vaporization a 5. Cold is the absence of a. heat b. temperature c. atmospheric pressure d. both a and b

d 6. Which of the following is a commonly used metering device? a. capillary tube b. fixed bore flow rated device c. thermostatic expansion valve d. all of the above b 7. Heat will only flow from a substance at a higher temperature to another substance which is at a. a higher temperature b. a lower temperature c. an equal temperature d. room temperature c 8. High pressure, high temperature vapor leaving the compressor is known as a. suction gas b. condensed vapor c. discharge gas d. pre-liquid vapor a 9. The term HFCs stands for a. hydrofluorocarbons b. hydrochlorofluorocarbons c. hydrogen, fluoride, chlorine d. hydrogen, fluorine, carbon b 10. The temperature of liquid refrigerant cooled below its saturated pressure-temperature is called a. superheat b. subcooling c. saturation point d. saturation cooling

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