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Siddharth Rajendran IB Chemistry HL Redox Titration Lab Data Collection and Processing:Raw Data: Data Table 1:Titration of standard

Potassium Permanganate against Iron pill solution Trial Initial reading on burette (/ml) (0.05ml) Final reading on burette (/ml) ( 0.05 ml ) Initial Color Of Iron Pill Solution Final Color Of Iron Pill Solution Original Mass Of Iron Pill (/g) ( 0.01 g) Powdered Mass of Iron Pill (/g) ( 0.01g)

1 2

0.00 0.00

19.52 18.69

Colorless Pinkish white

Colorless Pinkish white

0.39 0.38

0.38 0.37

Processing Data: In this redox titration, KMnO4 acts as a good oxidizing agent and oxidizes Fe2+ to Fe3+ ions. The following is the reaction that occurs: MnO4- + Fe2+ Fe3+ + Mn2+ The n factor (the change in the number of electron per mole) of Fe is 1 and that of MnO4- is 5 which can be clearly seen. According to the equivalent concept, Equivalents of MnO4- = Equivalents of Fe2+ Or Or Molarity x n factor x V (in L) = Given Mass / Equivalent Mass Normality of MnO4- = Given Mass / Equivalent Mass

Note: - The following sample calculations have been done based on values of trial 1 Molarity of KMnO4 (given) = 0.0095 1 % mole dm-3. Final reading on the burette = (19.52 ml 0.05 ml) (0.00 0.05 ml)

= 19.52 0.10 ml = 0.020 L 0.00 % L Equivalent Mass of Fe = Molar Mass / n- factor = 56 /1 = 56 g Let the unknown mass of Iron be x grams Equivalents of Fe Equivalents of KMnO4 = x / (56 / 1) = (0.0095 1 % mole dm-3) x (0.020 L 0.00 % L) x 5 = 0.00095 1.0 % Since, Equivalents of Fe2+ = Equivalents of KMnO4Or Or x / (56 / 1) x = 0.00095 1 % = 0.053 1.0 % g

Thus the mass of Iron in the pill is 0.053 1.0 % g. Percentage of Iron in the Iron pill = [(0.053 1.0 %) / (0.39)] x 100 = 14 % Data Table 2:Trial Original Mass of Iron pill Powdered mass of Iron pill Calculated mass of Iron Percentage of Iron in the Iron Pill

1 2

0.39 0.38

0.38 0.37

0.053 0.049

14 13.7

Conclusion Based on the data obtained in this redox titration, the calculation shows that the Iron pill had an Iron content of approximately 14 % i.e. 0.053 g. Percentage error = (|Experimental Value Theoretical Value|) / (Theoretical Value) * 100 = |0.053 0.065| / (0.065) x 100 = 18. 4%.

Evaluation: Although care had been taken, there were a few problems that produced quite an amount of error and decreased the overall accuracy of the experiment. The observation of the color change during the titration process is perhaps the most significant error since the observation of color change was done by the means of naked eye. This will affect the final result because the volume of KMnO4 required during the equivalence point will vary. This error can be minimized by repeating more trials. Secondly, another cause of error could have been whether all of the grounded Iron tablet was added into the H2SO4 solution as a little fraction could have been left back in the petri dish. This will affect the color change which in turn will change the volume of titrant needed. The third being, the Iron solution did not mix well with the titrant. This occurred due to twirling of the conical flask manually. This problem could have been easily avoided by using a glass rod to stir ensuring the solution disperses and giving it a more distinct change in color. The data of the experiment is reliable since it has relatively a small % error and is close to the average value calculated by others in the class. The average of the all the results comes out to be 13.13 % thus indicating the reliability of the data.

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