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# CONCRETE CUBE TESTING

PROBLEM STATEMENT 1) Concept A prestressed concrete structure is different from a conventional reinforced concrete structure due to the application of an initial compressive stress on the structure prior to its use. The initial compressive stress or prestress is applied to enable the structure to counteract the stresses arising during its service period. Or in other terms the strength determining factor in a prestressed concrete member is the initial prestress applied to the member. The maximum initial prestress that can be applied to the member is limited by the maximum 7 day compressive strength (fci ) it attains (which is about 70-80% of characteristic compressive strength of concrete fck). The more the fci, the more it can be prestressed. So the problem given to you is to make cubes with maximum 7 days cube strength.

2) Problem The problem statement consists of the complete design of a rectangular beam of span 8 m. The design is based on the specifications of IS 456:2000, IS 10262:2009 and IS 1343:1980. Since the member under consideration is a beam, there are two factors which govern its safe performance the initial prestress (restricted by fci) and the dead load (restricted by density of concrete, )

## DRISHTI 2012, COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING TRIVANDRUM

Hence, the objective of the problem is : To design a high strength concrete mix with minimum density () and maximum 7 day compressive strength (fci), greater than 40MPa. 3) Design Calculation We are providing you with the sample calculation for the design of the rectangular beam of span 8m.You can go through the computations and understand them yourself. All you need to focus on are the 7 days compressive stress (fci) and the density (). For your convenience the calculation has been done as an Excel program so that you can substitute different values for f ci and , and see the difference in score by yourself. The score S is a measure of the safety against failure of the beam due to cracking (crushing) under compressive stress at transfer stage (cube strength at 7 days). S is the difference between the maximum permissible compressive stress at transfer (fci,max) and the actual compressive stress induced in the beam (due to the combined action of the initial prestress and the dead load). Only standard notations are used. They are explained below: From design computations, the values of the width (b), overall depth (D), effective depth (d), eccentricity (e) were found. The initial prestress applied (fp) is taken as 500N/mm2. A- cross sectional area of the beam

## DRISHTI 2012, COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING TRIVANDRUM

Ap- cross sectional area of prestressing steel (Assumed as 0.5% of total area A) e- eccentricity of tendons from the centroid L- span of the beam (8 m) - standard deviation in strength of the two cubes MD moment due to dead load Z- section modulus JUDGING CRITERION 1) The cubes will be tested for compressive strength and density and the score is calculated as per IS 1343:1980 (clause 22.8.2) which is governed by the equation S = fcmax fct , fcmax fct
- maximum

## permissible compressive stress at transfer

- the actual compressive stress induced in the beam (due to the combined action of the initial prestress and the dead load).

2) A smaller density will ensure higher safety against failure; hence score varies inversely with density (). 3) A higher fci will ensure higher safety against failure; hence score varies directly with fci.