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PacketStar PSAX 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module User Guide

Model 23N62 for the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways Issue 1, December 2004 System Software Release 10.0.0

Doc. No.: 255-700-548

Copyright 2004 by Lucent Technologies. All rights reserved. For trademark, regulatory compliance, and related legal information, see the "Legal Notices, Safety, and Regulatory Information" section.

Legal Notices, Safety, and Regulatory Information


Copyright
Copyright 2004 by Lucent Technologies. All rights reserved. This material is protected by the copyright laws of the United States and other countries. It may not be reproduced, distributed, or altered in any fashion by any entity (either internal or external to Lucent Technologies), except in accordance with applicable agreements, contracts or licensing, without the express written consent of the originating organization and the business management owner of the material.

Trademarks
PacketStar, Lucent, Lucent Technologies, and the Lucent Technologies logo are registered trademarks of Lucent Technologies in the USA. Other product and brand names mentioned in this guide are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Notices
The information in this document is for informational use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Lucent Technologies, Inc. This document is without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Lucent Technologies, Inc. assumes no responsibility for any errors, inaccuracies, or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information or instructions contained herein. Lucent Technologies, Inc. is not responsible for any damage or loss to your data or equipment resulting either directly or indirectly from use of this document.

Warranty Information
Software and Hardware Limited Warranties
Lucent Technologies provides a 90-day limited software warranty, and a oneyear limited hardware warranty on this product. Refer to the Software License and Limited Warranty Agreement and the Lucent Technologies InterNetworking Systems Global Warranty that accompanied your package for more information.

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Legal Notices, Safety, and Regulatory Information


Safety Warnings and Information

Warranty Warnings
! WARNING: When inserting modules into the chassis, slide them gently, not forcefully. Excessive force may cause the modules to be seated improperly in the chassis, and result in possible damage to the module or the chassis. Install or remove modules one at a time. Doing this aids in preventing the PSAX system from indicating any erroneous failure messages, and allows the PSAX system time to reinitialize and display the accurate configuration of the module that is inserted. ! CAUTION: Modifying or tampering with PSAX chassis components may void your warranty. Any modification to this equipment not expressly authorized by Lucent Technologies may void your granted authority to operate such equipment. ! CAUTION: Shipping the chassis with removable I/O, server, or CPU modules installed may cause damage to the chassis and the modules. Damage to any of the components in the system resulting from shipping the chassis with removable modules installed will void your warranty.

Safety Warnings and Information


When installing and operating the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module, follow the safety guidelines provided in the PacketStarPSAX Multiservice Media Gateway Safety Guidelines, which accompanies this product, to help prevent serious personal injury and damage to the module. Please read all warnings and instructions supplied before beginning installation or configuration of this module. In addition to the general safety information provided, you should also refer to the appropriate PSAX installation guide for other important safety information and procedures.

Regulatory Standards Compliance


The following PacketStar PSAX systems are compliant with applicable safety and EMC standards when configured with the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module (model 23N62): PSAX 1000 system PSAX 1250 system PSAX 2300 system PSAX 4500 system Refer to the PacketStar PSAX 1000, PSAX 1250, PSAX 2300, or PSAX 4500 installation guide for details on safety and EMC standards compliance.

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Table of Contents
Legal Notices, Safety, and Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Copyright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii lNotices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Software and Hardware Limited Warranties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Warranty Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Safety Warnings and Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Regulatory Standards Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv

Table of Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1


Purpose of This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1 Audience for This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1 What You Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1 Related Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 Product Information Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 Printed Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 Other Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 About Lucent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 About the PacketStar PSAX Product Family . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2 PSAX 1000 Multiservice Media Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3 PSAX 1250 Multiservice Media Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3 PSAX 2300 Multiservice Media Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3 PSAX 4500 Multiservice Media Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4 Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5 Text Types Used in This Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5 Icons and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5 Use of Command Description Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6

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Use of Field Description Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 General Navigational Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7 Selecting Options, Fields, and Commands Using the Console Interface . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7 Help Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8 Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 Before You Begin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10 Comments on This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10

Module Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1


Overview of This Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 DS1 ANI In-line Codes for Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 Software Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 Hardware Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Hardware Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Performance and Power Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Module Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Loopback Configuration Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5

Configuring Ports and Channels Using the Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


Overview of This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Before You Begin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Obtaining General Module Data and Accessing Ports and Channels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Accessing the Equipment Configuration Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Alarm Status Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6 Setting the Values for Ports and Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 Configuring a Virtual Port with One Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17 Configuring a Virtual Port with Up to 24 Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21 Viewing Port Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25 Viewing Physical Port Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25 Viewing Statistics for the Virtual Port DS1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28 Using DS1 ANI (Access Network Interface) In-Line Codes for Loopbacks. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31 Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32 Provisioning Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34

Reference Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1


Overview of This Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1 Avoiding Common Errors When Configuring Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1 Optimizing SVC Call Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1 DSP Tone Detection Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2 Connection Type by Interface Type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3

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Interface Type by I/O Module Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4 Minimum AAL2 Trunk Size Requirements Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7 Standard AAL2 Calculation Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8 Fax Relay Using AAL2 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8 Module Alarm Status Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-9 ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-10 ATM Service Category Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-10 Priority of ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11 ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11

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List of Figures
1-1 1-2 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15 A-1 Field Description Table Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6 Main Menu Help Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2 Loopback Configuration Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5 Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1000 System (Page 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2 Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1250 System (Page 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3 Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 2300 or PSAX 4500 System (Page 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3 Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1000, PSAX 2300, or PSAX 4500 System (Page 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4 Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1250 System (Page 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4 Equipment Configuration Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8 Channelized STS1 Port Configuration Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9 Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window (Channelization Disabled) . . . . . . . . .3-12 Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window (One Channel per Virtual Port) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-17 Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window (Channelization Enabled) . . . . . . . . . .3-22 Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window (24 Channels per Port) .3-22 Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap Display Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-24 Channelized STS1 Port Statistics Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-26 Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 Port Statistics Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-29 Save Configuration [Modified] (Before Saving) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-33 Combining the UPC Feature and Either the TS or VI Feature on a Connection . . . . . . . . . . . A-12

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1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 2-1 2-2 2-3 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-11 Text Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5 Command Description Table Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6 System Responses to Selecting Options, Fields, or Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7 Shortcut Keys for Navigating Console Interface Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8 Physical Hardware Specifications for the PSAX I/O Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3 Performance and Power Specifications for the PSAX Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4 LED Indicators for the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4 Equipment Configuration Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5 Module Alarm Status Descriptions on the Equipment Configuration Window . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7 Channelized STS1 Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-10 Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13 Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-18 Channelized DS3 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap DisplayWindow Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-25 Channelized STS1 Port Statistics Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-27 Channelized STS1 Virtual Port DS1 Statistics Window Field Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-30 Messages Generated after the Save Configuration Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-33 DSP Tone Detection Modes and Associated Processing Performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2 Connection Type by Interface Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3 Interface Type by I/O Module Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4 Standard (Multiplexed) AAL2 Bandwidth Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8 Non-Multiplexed AAL2 Transmission Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8 Standard AAL2 Bandwidth Calculation for Fax Relay Mode Using DSP AlgoSets 4 or 6 . . . . . A-9 Module Alarm Status Descriptions on the Equipment Configuration Window . . . . . . . . . . . . A-9 PSAX System-Supported Quality of Service Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-10 Mapping ATM Service Categories to PSAX System Priority Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11 ATM Traffic Shaping, UPC Support, and VI Support Configuration Compatibility . . . . . . . . A-12 ATM Traffic Shaping CPS Calculation Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12

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Purpose of This Guide

Getting Started

The PacketStar PSAX 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module User Guide provides a description of the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module. It also provides information on how to configure the module ports and channels. For information on configuring interfaces and provisioning connections through the PSAX console interface, see the PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide. If the Navis EMS-PSAX interface is being used, see the Navis EMS-PSAX Interface and Connection Provisioning Guide. Note: If you are using this module for the first time, you should read through this guide in its entirety before beginning the configuration process. The chapters in this guide are arranged in the logical order of normal configuration and should be performed in that order for the module to operate successfully.

Audience for This Guide


The information in this guide is intended for users who will configure ports and channels for the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module in the PSAX Multiservice Media Gateway system.

What You Should Know


Before you use this document or operate a PSAX system, you should already understand and have experience with the following: ATM Forum, Frame Relay Forum, and other telecommunications specifications Ethernet network capabilities Internet Protocol capabilities Data network design Telephony network design

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Related Reading

Related Reading
Product Information Library
To install, operate, and configure your PSAX system and I/O and server modules, read the PSAX publications provided on your Lucent Technologies PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways Product Information Library CD-ROM.

Printed Documents
For your convenience, many of the documents included on the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways Product Information Library CD-ROM are also available in printed form. You can order these documents through the Lucent Technologies Customer Information Center Web site at: http://www.lucentdocs.com.

Other Publications
Numerous books are currently available on the subject of basic telecommunications technology and specific protocols. In addition to such general reading, you should also be familiar with the industry specifications identified in this guide.

About Lucent Technologies


Lucent Technologies is the communications systems and technology company formed through the restructuring of AT&T. We bring with us a tradition of more than 125 years of experience and a dedication to superior customer service. Lucent Technologies manufactures, sells, and services a complete line of customer premises communications units, and commercial and multimedia communications and messaging systems designed and supported by our research and development unit, Bell Laboratories. Our legacy and our spirit of innovation allow Lucent to provide our customers with the tools needed to communicate effectively, any time and anywhere, and to integrate the latest technologies into real-life solutions that help make business work.

About the PacketStar PSAX Product Family


Lucent Technologies provides a complete range of PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways in the PacketStar PSAX family.

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PSAX 1000 Multiservice Media Gateway


The PacketStar PSAX 1000 Multiservice Media Gateway is designed to provide a full range of central office-based multiservice media gateway functions in a small, competitively-priced package suitable for customer premise deployment. Ideal for central office, large enterprise, or wireless cell site multiservice media gateway applications, the PSAX 1000 system provides highly reliable network access for time-division multiplex voice, frame relay, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and ATM data applications. When it is functioning in a redundant operating mode and after it has experienced a single-point failure, the PSAX 1000 system provides up to 630 Mbps of ATM cell bus capacity. The total ATM cell bus capacity of the system may also be scaled to provide nonblocking, nonredundant chassis bandwidths beyond 630 Mbps. Supporting up to five slots (19inch chassis) for I/O and server moduleswith a full range of interfaces such as DS0A, DS1/E1, DS3/E3, OC-3, OC-3c/STM-1, OC-12c/STM-4c, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and serialthe PSAX 1000 system is a cost-effective access switch solution for connecting to legacy equipment.

PSAX 1250 Multiservice Media Gateway


The PacketStar PSAX 1250 Multiservice Media Gateway is designed to provide a full range of central office-based multiservice ATM access functions. Ideal for the central office or a large enterprises multiservice media gateway, the PSAX 1250 system provides highly reliable network access for time-division multiplex voice, frame relay, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and ATM data applications. When it is functioning in a redundant operating mode and after it has experienced a single-point failure, the PSAX 1250 system provides up to 600 Mbps of ATM cell bus capacity. The total ATM cell bus capacity of the system may also be scaled to provide nonblocking, nonredundant chassis bandwidths beyond 600 Mbps. Supporting 10 slots (19-inch chassis) or 14 slots (23-inch chassis) for I/O and server moduleswith a full range of interfaces such as DS0A, DS1/E1, DS3/E3, OC-3, OC-3c/STM-1, OC-12c/STM-4c, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and serialthe PSAX 1250 system is a cost-effective access switch solution for interworking with legacy equipment.

PSAX 2300 Multiservice Media Gateway


The PacketStar PSAX 2300 Multiservice Media Gateway offers carrier-grade, high-density multiservice ATM access functions. Designed as the multiservice media gateway for the central office or for a large enterprise customer, the PSAX 2300 system provides network access for time-division multiplex voice, frame relay, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and ATM data applications.

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When it is functioning in a redundant operating mode and after it has experienced a single-point failure, the PSAX 2300 system provides up to 1.9 Gbps of ATM cell bus capacity. The total ATM cell bus capacity of the system may also be scaled to provide nonblocking, nonredundant chassis bandwidths beyond 1.9 Gbps. Supporting 15 slots for I/O and server moduleswith provisions for OC-3, OC-3c/STM-1, and OC-12c/STM-4c interfaces with 1:1 protection, 1:1 DS1 module protection switching, and a full range of interfaces such as DS0A, DS1/E1, DS3/E3, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and serialthe PSAX 2300 system solves demanding and diverse network design challenges with ease.

PSAX 4500 Multiservice Media Gateway


The PacketStar PSAX 4500 Multiservice Media Gateway provides carrier-class reliability, with an unmatched range of service capabilities, end-to-end traffic prioritization, any-service, any-channel flexibility, and breakthrough voice technology. Ideal for the central office or a large enterprise multiservice media gateway, the PSAX 4500 system provides highly reliable network access for time-division multiplex voice, frame relay, 10/100BASE-T Ethernet, and ATM data applications. When it is functioning in a redundant operating mode and after it has experienced a single-point failure, the PSAX 4500 system provides up to 4.2 Gbps of ATM cell bus capacity. The total ATM cell bus capacity of the system may also be scaled to provide nonblocking, nonredundant chassis bandwidths beyond 4.2 Gbps. The high-performance midplane design supports 15 interface slots. Module protection for two groups of four or six multiport DS3, STS-1e, or E3 modules is provided via an N:1 protection scheme using rear access line interface modules. The protection module provides backup so that on the failure of any one of the modules in a group, traffic is maintained. A single PSAX 4500 system at the edge of the carrier network can transition traffic from a large number of network customers over high-speed DS1/E1 IMA, DS3/E3, OC-3, OC-3c/STM-4c, and OC-12c/STM-4c trunks into the ATM core, managing the whole quickly and efficiently, down to the individual permanent virtual circuit. Through the use of the latest DSP voice technology, the PSAX 4500 system supports advanced voice traffic over ATM (VToA) services for up to 6048 DS0 channels. As a multiservice media gatewaywith H.248 call control, CAS, PRI, GR-303, and V5.2 protocols, 3-Port DS3/STS-1e, 1-Port OC-3/STM-1 CES, and Tones and Announcements modulesthe PSAX 4500 system provides packet solutions for voice over xDSL, trunking, tandem, and PRI offload switching.

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Conventions

Conventions
Text Types Used in This Document
This guide uses a different typeface to denote text displayed on console interface windows and equipment, as well as data you enter. Table 1-1 shows how each typographical convention is used.
Table 1-1. Text Conventions Appearance SANS SERIF BOLD, ALL CAPS Fixed-width normal How it is used

Labels on module panels, chassis faceplates, or other hardware Message text displayed on the user interface window Button name (GUI interface) or command name (console interface) on the user interface window Literal text for values that the user types or selects from predefined sets of values for fields Commands or literal argument values System prompts displayed on the user interface window A variable name or string for which you will substitute your own information An argument or parameter on a command line for which you will substitute your own information

Serif bold

Fixed-width bold

Serif italics

Icons and Symbols


Refer to the procedures within this guide for important safety information and proper procedures. Standard icons and symbols to alert you to dangers, warnings, cautions, and notes are described as follows:

! DANGER:
Warnings for a personal injury hazard are identified by this format. ! WARNING: Warnings relating to risk of equipment damage or failure are identified by this format. ! CAUTION: Warnings relating to risk of data loss or other general precautionary notes are identified by this format. Note: Identifies additional information pertinent to the text preceding this note.

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Use of Command Description Tables


All illustrations for configuration windows in this guide for the PSAX system console interface are followed by a command description table describing the command functions displayed on the window (near the bottom of the window). You should read all the information in the command description table, especially when first using a window, because these descriptions may have special instructions or configuration constraints provided in the Function column by use of the Note: text convention (see Table 1-2).
Table 1-2. Command Description Table Example Command Function

Bring All Interfaces Brings the out-of-service configured interfaces to in-service status. Into Service Note: In GR-303 configuration, it is critical to bring into service only those channels actively configured with DS1 ports.

Use of Field Description Tables


For all illustrations for configuration windows in this guide for both the PSAX system console interface and the EMS-PSAX, the field description tables normally follow the command description tables. Field description tables define the editable and the display-only fields, their functions, valid values, and constraints, if applicable. As in the command description tables, the Note: text convention is also used, where appropriate, in the field description tables to alert the user to special instructions or configuration constraints (see Figure 1-1).
Identifies editable fields or display-only fields on screens Identifies initial field value default Describes the function of the field and special instructions for configuring modules

Field Name Interface Type

Field Values Default: 0 Range: 0-22 Format: Numeric

Description Specifies the type of end-to-end connection protocol that governs the transmission parameters for this configured port and channel interface. Note: When certain types of interfaces are selected in this field, other configuration fields are displayed on this window.

Identifies available range for field value when applicable

Identifies field value format as Numeric, Predefined Alphanumeric, Hexadecimal, or Valid Dotted Quad.

Decribes special instructions or configuration constraints

Figure 1-1. Field Description Table Example

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General Navigational Guidelines

General Navigational Guidelines


Selecting Options, Fields, and Commands Using the Console Interface
Follow these guidelines to select an option, field, or command on the PSAX console interface windows and to navigate through the windows: To select an option, field, or command, do one of the following: ~ Press the Up, Down, Left, or Right Arrow to highlight (reverse video image) the option name, field name, or command you want to select and press Enter as many times as necessary until the field choice you want is displayed. ~ Use the alternate keys, K=UP, H=LEFT, L=RIGHT to highlight (reverse video image) the option name, field name, or command you want to select and press Enter. (You can optionally redefine these alternate keys from the User Options window, which is accessible from the Console Interface Main Menu window.) ~ To quickly select a command, you can also simultaneously press Ctrl and the letter underlined in the command. Once an option name, field, or command is selected, the system responds as described in Table 1-3.
Table 1-3. System Responses to Selecting Options, Fields, or Commands

For a selected... option name field

the following occurs: The window corresponding to the option name is displayed. The following variations occur: The field entry area is blank or contains the default or previously entered value. Press Enter to enter or change data in this field. Press Enter again to exit edit mode. The field entry area, like the field name, is displayed in reverse video image and contains a predefined set of values, which you can view or select by pressing Enter to navigate forward through these values. To navigate backward through these field values, press Ctrl+H or the Backspace key. Read-only fields, which you cannot change, are enclosed in square brackets (example: [LineStatus]). The following variations occur: A message in the information line indicating an error or successful completion of the command is displayed. The next higher level or previous window (window name) is displayed. The next lower level or succeeding window (window name) is displayed.

command

To navigate through the Console windows, use the shortcuts listed in Table 1-4.

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Table 1-4. Shortcut Keys for Navigating Console Interface Windows

If you want to... redisplay the previous window redisplay the Console Interface Main Menu window refresh the window

press... Ctrl+B on the window. Ctrl+G on the window. Ctrl+R on the window.

On all the PSAX system windows, each command or menu option has an underlined letter. The control key plus an underlined letter is a shortcut to that command or menu option. You can use the navigation keys and hotkeys with the Caps Lock key on or off. Always observe the status line at the bottom of the window for instructions and information.

Help Information
The Help windows are accessible from any window in the PSAX system console interface. To access the Help windows, press the ? (Question Mark) key on any window. In addition to the Help windows, the Console Interface windows display contextual help in the information line at the bottom of each window. Contextual help provides information about the command or field currently highlighted on that window. The information line also displays error codes and responses to commands. All responses and notifications are recorded in a trap log. See the PacketStar PSAX Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Trap Reference Guide for details on displaying the trap log and obtaining explanations of the trap messages. To view the Help windows from the Console Interface Main Menu window, perform the following procedure.
Begin

1 On the window for which help is desired, press the ? (question mark) key. The Help window for the current console window is displayed (see Figure 1-2).

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Your site name appears here after initial configuration

Information Line
Figure 1-2. Main Menu Help Window

2 To display the remaining Help windows for the current console window, press the Down Arrow key. 3 To scroll backward through the Help windows for the current console window, press the Up Arrow key. 4 To exit Help and return to the current console window, press the Enter key.
End

Technical Support
If you experience a problem with the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module, refer to the Lucent Technologies Product Warranty Registration Information, which accompanied your shipment, for instructions on obtaining support in your area.

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Before You Begin

Before You Begin


Before you start configuring and using your new 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module, be sure you: Record your site-specific specifications such as the IP addresses you will use, and the connections and interfaces you will need. Decide which user names and passwords you will assign. Make sure you have IP connectivity to all PSAX devices to be managed Determine the numbering scheme for any in-band management connections you will be using

Comments on This Guide


To comment on the PacketStar PSAX 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module User Guide, please complete the comment card at the following web address: http://www.lucent-info.com/comments/ You can also email your comments to comments@lucent.com. Include the following information: Title: PacketStar PSAX 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module User Guide Release number: Release 10.0.0 Document number: 255-700-548 Issue number: Issue 1 Publication date: December 2004

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Overview of This Module

Module Description

The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module (see Figure 2-1) provides one physical port with a line rate of 51.84 Mbps. The physical port is divided (channelized) into 28 virtual DS1 ports. Each virtual DS1 port can be configured as a structured port and channelized into 24 individual DS0s, providing a total of 672 channels. Each virtual DS1 port can also be configured as a single structured or unstructured channel. The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module provides the following interfaces: ATM IISP (network/user) ATM PNNI 1.0 ATM UNI 3.0, 3.1, and 4.0 CAS trunkline Circuit emulation The user can configure this module to provide n X 64 Kbps (fractional DS1) structured circuit emulation service. When configured for DS1 circuit emulation service, the module interfaces with TDM channelized DS1 circuits. It converts the channelized digital signals (usually voice data) to ATM virtual channels. Signaling bit transport is also provided, using ATM Forum standards for channel-associated signaling (CAS). This module can connect to a device using 56 Kbps or 64 Kbps for service transport, with 8 Kbps for robbed-bit signaling per DS0. With the 64 Kbps clear channel capability, this module can connect to a device using ISDN primary rate interface (PRI) service. Because this structured circuit-emulation service can be configured to use only a fraction of the time slots, the user can configure several independent emulated circuits to share one service interface. The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module uses ATM Forum specifications UNI 3.0 or UNI 3.1, which allow any DS1 port to act as a user network interface (UNI), or an interim interswitch protocol (IISP) user or IISP network interface to an ATM network. Frame relay (UNI, NNI) GR-303 HDLC pass-through PRI ISDN (network/userP

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DS1 ANI In-line Codes for Loopback

FAIL ACTIVE

CH STS-1e T1

L0S TX

RX

Figure 2-1. 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module

DS1 ANI In-line Codes for Loopback


The channelized DS3 and STS-1e multiservice modules support activating and deactivating DS1 access network interface (ANI) in-line loopback codes embedded in the DS1 signal. These codes test transmissions between customer interface equipment and network interface equipment, for example, between PSAX central office (CO) products and customer premises equipment (CPE) products at the edge of an ATM network. The PSAX system also generates alarm indication signals on all affected DS1 connections whenever a loop is activated.

Software Features
The following services are supported: Circuit emulation service (CES) with unstructured and structured DS1 signal transport N X 64 kbps circuit emulation service (1 = N = 24) Primary ISDN service with optional HDLC pass-through mode for the D-channel Channel-associated signaling (CAS) trunkline Multiservices: ~ ATM: ATM UNI 3.0, 3.1, 4.0; Interim inter-switch signaling protocol (IISP) user, IISP network, ILMI, ATM PNNI 1-0
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Hardware Features

~ CE: Circuit emulation service (CES) with ISDN PRI using 64 Kbps clear channel; 1 X 56 Kbps structured CAS; unstructured CES ~ Frame relay UNI and NNI (FRF.1, FRF.2, FRF.5, and FRF.8) ~ ITU-T I.370 (frame relay policing) ~ Congestion management ~ Traffic policing

Hardware Features
The module has the following hardware features: Number of ports: one port supports 28 virtual DS1 ports Connector type: two BNC connectors, one to receive data and one to transmit data Line rate: 51.84 Mbps Line encoding mode: B3ZS Framing mode for CES: ESF and D4 Loopback capability: local loop, line loop Transmit clock: local timing, loop timing Line buildout: short (0133 feet), long (134266)

Hardware Specifications
Table 2-1 provides the general physical hardware and environmental specifications for the PSAX I/O module.
Table 2-1. Physical Hardware Specifications for the PSAX I/O Module Specification Description

Dimensions Weight

17.3 cm H x 2.41 cm W x 24.1 cm D (6.8 in. H x 0.95 in. W x 9.5 in. D)

0.45 kg (1.0 lb.), approximate Operating temperature range for all the 0 to 50 C (32 to 122 F) PSAX 1250, PSAX 2300, and PSAX 4500 systems For AC-powered PSAX 1000 systems: Operating temperature range for the 0 to 50 C (32 to 122 F) PSAX 1000 systems For DC-powered PSAX 1000 systems: -20 to 60 C (-4 to 140 F) with a cold start minimum of 0 C (32 F) Operating humidity range for all chassis 5% to 85% relative humidity Operating altitude range for all chassis Storage temperature range for all chassis Storage humidity range for all chassis 60 meters (197 feet) below sea level to 4,000 meters (13,123 feet) above sea level -40 to 70 C (-40 to 158 F) 0% to 90% noncondensing
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Performance and Power Specifications


Table 2-2 provides the chassis speed, power consumption, and memory allocation specifications for this PSAX module.
Table 2-2. Performance and Power Specifications for the PSAX Module Module Total Amount of SDRAM Module Maximum Program and Input Data Space Buffer* Output Buffer Chassis Speed Maximum Power Consumption

23N62 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format


*

24 MB

7 MB

4 MB

13 MB (212,992)

Low Speed

13 W

The I/O buffers carry 16,384 cells per megabyte. Indicates the size of the output buffer followed by the maximum number of 64-byte cells in the output buffer.

Module Placement
The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module is installed in any PSAX chassis slot intended to contain an I/O or server module. If you are installing the module in a newly installed PSAX chassis, be sure to follow your facility site plan for placing this module in the correct location in the chassis.

LED Indicators
Table 2-3 describes how the light-emitting diode (LED) indicators on the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module faceplate respond to different module conditions. These LEDs indicate if the module has been installed properly.
Table 2-3. LED Indicators for the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format Module Status LED Initial Power-On No Configured Ports One or More Configured Ports No Cable on Port Cable on Port

FAIL (red)

Lights briefly*

Not lit

Lights only Not Appliwhen the cable module is not functioning Lights only when the module is functioning properly Not Applicable Not Applicable

Not Applicable

ACTIVE

(green)

Lights briefly*

Not lit

Not Applicable

LOS (Loss of Lights

Signal) (yellow)

briefly

Not Applicable

Lights

Does not light if signal is being received. Lights if signal is missing.


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Loopback Configuration Options

After power is initially applied to the system and the system boot is complete, the FAIL and ACTIVE LEDs indicate whether the module has no configured ports (red), or one or more configured ports (green). After power is initially applied to the system and the system boot is complete, the LOS LED indicates whether the port has a cable connected to it.

Loopback Configuration Options


To aid network troubleshooting and testing, loopback capability is provided for the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module. The loopback option on the module port and channel configuration window enables you to verify the integrity of a port by transmitting a received signal back to the source. Selecting a loopback option is described in the module configuration procedure provided in Chapter 3. Figure 2-2 illustrates the line loop and local loop options.
Line Loop
Line Driver

Receiver Port Connector Backplane Connector

Local Loop
Line Driver

Receiver

Backplane Connector

Figure 2-2. Loopback Configuration Options

The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module also supports DS1 ANI (access network interface) in-line codes for loopbacks that enable you to test transmissions between customer interface equipment and network interface equipment.

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Loopback Configuration Options

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Configuring Ports and Channels Using the Console

Overview of This Chapter


This chapter describes how to use the console interface to perform the following tasks on the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module: Obtaining General Module Data and Accessing Ports and Channels Setting the Values for Ports and Channels Viewing Port Statistics Using DS1 ANI (Access Network Interface) In-Line Codes for Loopbacks Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off

Before You Begin


Be sure to complete the following tasks first before configuring the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module: Configure your basic system (see Configuring the System for Your Site in the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateway User Guide). Configure the Stratum 34 module (see Configuring the Stratum 34 Module in the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateway User Guide). When configuring the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module using the console interface, display-only fields are displayed in square brackets ([ ]).

Obtaining General Module Data and Accessing Ports and Channels


This section describes how to obtain product, model, version, and serial number data about a module from the Equipment Configuration window. In addition, the window provides operational status and alarm conditions on each installed module. You also use this window to access the port and channel configuration windows for the PSAX modules.

Accessing the Equipment Configuration Window


Perform the following procedure to access the Equipment Configuration window.
Begin

1 On the Console Interface Main Menu window, select the Equipment Configuration option.

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The Equipment Configuration window is displayed (see Figure 3-1 through Figure 3-5). 2 View the operational and alarm status, software version, PEC, and serial number data of the installed modules. 3 When you are ready to begin configuring the ports and channels of the module, select the line displaying the name of the module you want to configure. 4 Proceed to the section, Configuring the Ports, for module configuration procedures. Note: The sample Equipment Configuration windows in the following figures may not show the actual module you are configuring. These figures illustrate the variations of slot configurations for the different PSAX chassis displayed on the Equipment Configuration window.

End

Figure 3-1. Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1000 System (Page 1)

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Figure 3-2. Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1250 System (Page 1)

Figure 3-3. Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 2300 or PSAX 4500 System (Page 1)

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Figure 3-4. Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1000, PSAX 2300, or PSAX 4500 System (Page 2)

Figure 3-5. Sample Equipment Configuration Window on a PSAX 1250 System (Page 2)

Commands

The commands in this window have the following functions.

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Command

Function

Update Display Page Down Page Up Interface by Name Go Back to Main Menu

Refreshes the current status of the modules in the PSAX chassis. Displays the second page of the Equipment Configuration window. This command toggles with Page Up. Displays the first page of the Equipment Configuration window. This command toggles with Page Down. Displays the Interface Name Table window on which you can view all the interface names in the PSAX system. Redisplays the Console Interface Main Menu window.

Field Description

The display-only fields on this window are described in Table 3-1.

Table 3-1. Equipment Configuration Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

Slot

Default: N/A Displays the slot number in the PSAX chassis. Range: 125, depends on chassis type Format: Numeric Default: N/A Range: N/A Format: Predefined Displays the type of the module in the slot. When a module is inserted into the chassis, its name is displayed in the Module Type field next to the slot number. When the module is removed from the chassis, its name is no longer displayed in the Module Type field and is replaced with None. Displays the operational status of the module.

Module Type

Status

Default: Unknown Range: N/A Format: Predefined Unknown Primary

Indicates that the module has not been configured. Indicates one of the following: at least one port or channel on an I/O module has been configured. a CPU module is functioning as the primary CPU module. Indicates one of the following: a module in redundant systems is operating as the standby (backup) module to the primary (active) module. a CPU module in redundant systems is functioning as the standby (backup) CPU module. Displays the present alarm condition of the module. For the alarm status conditions, see the table Alarm Status Descriptions for Modules following this table.

Standby

Alarm Status

Default: No Alarm Range: N/A Format: Predefined

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Table 3-1. Equipment Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

SW #

Default: N/A Range: N/A Format: Predefined

Displays the version of PSAX system software with which the modules firmware was released. The software version is encoded in the module firmware. Because not all modules require firmware upgrades with every new PSAX system software release, the software version that is displayed in this window may be lower than the CPU system software that is currently running on the PSAX system. See the most recent Release Note document for the latest software and firmware lineup information. Displays the product element code (PEC) used to identify and order this type of module. The PEC is encoded in the module bootloader. Displays the unique serial number of the individual module. The product serial number is encoded in the module firmware. The format of this field is the following: PSAX System Rel. 6.5.0 and later: 12-digit number in the format: YYVVDDnnnnnn, where YY = year of manufacture VV = vendor ID code (manufacturer and location) DD = date code of manufacture (either month or week depending on vendors preference) nnnnnn = sequential number, which in conjunction with YY, VV, and DD, creates a unique number for each hardware component in the PSAX product line For existing products with the 10-digit serial number used in Rel. 6.5.0 or later systems, this number is displayed with two preceding zeros. PSAX Rel. 6.3.0 and earlier: 10-digit number. For products with 12-digit serial numbers used in Rel 6.3.0 or earlier systems, the first two digits (YY) are not displayed.

PEC

Default: N/A Range: N/A Format: Predefined Default: N/A Range: N/A Format: Predefined

Serial #

Alarm Status Values


The Alarm Status field on the Equipment Configuration window is described in Table 3-2.

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Table 3-2. Module Alarm Status Descriptions on the Equipment Configuration Window Alarm Status Module Type Affected Description

NoAlarm WrongCardType

I/O and Server Indicates that no alarms have been detected for the module in this slot. I/O and Server Indicates that one type of module was configured in this slot in the chassis, but a now different module occupies this slot. All Indicates that the module in this slot is no longer receiving or transmitting signals because the line failed.

LineFailed Hexadecimal format, Example: 12345678ABC

I/O and Server Indicates that one or more ports on the module in this slot currently have a loss of signal. The numbers indicate which ports have a loss of signal. For modules that have more than eight ports not receiving signals, the value in this field is in hexadecimal format. All Indicates that one of the following events occurred: The module in this slot was configured and then removed from the slot. Connections on the OC-3, OC-12, STM-1, or STM-4 APS/MSP primary module in this slot were transferred to the standby module. After the transfer occurs, the former primary module then displays CardRemoved in the Alarm Status field; the former standby module then displays Primary in the Status field. Indicates that the timing reference clock on the Stratum module in this slot failed. Indicates that the timing composite clock on the Stratum module in this slot failed. Indicates that the Power Supply module is operating under an overload condition. Indicates that the power has failed. Indicates that the -48 V dc Power Supply module output failed. Indicates that the backplane detected a clock error. Indicates that no power is coming into the PSAX chassis.

CardRemoved

ReferenceClockFailed Stratum 34 CompositeClockFailed Stratum 34 Overload PowerFailed Minus48vFailed UnknownAlarm PowerFailed Power Supply Power Supply Power Supply

I/O and Server Indicates that the reason for failure is not known. Power Supply

CompleteClockFailed Stratum 34

Setting the Values for Ports and Channels


This module has one physical port that is designated as Port 29 on the console interface. This port is divided into 28 virtual ports. Each virtual port can be divided (channelized) into 24 DS0 channels.

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Configuring the Virtual Ports

Begin

1 On the Console Interface Main Menu window, select the Equipment Configuration option and press Enter. The Equipment Configuration window (Figure 3-6) is displayed.

Figure 3-6. Equipment Configuration Window

Commands
Command

The commands on this window have the following functions:


Function

Update Display Page Down Page Up Interface by Name Go Back to Main Menu

Refreshes the current status of the modules in the PSAX chassis. Displays the second page of the Equipment Configuration window. This command toggles with Page Up. Displays the first page of the Equipment Configuration window. This command toggles with Page Down. Displays the Interface Name Table window on which you can view all the interface names in the PSAX system. Redisplays the Console Interface Main Menu window.

2 On the Equipment Configuration window, select a 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module on the list by selecting CH-STS1 in the Module Type column and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-7) is displayed.

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Figure 3-7. Channelized STS1 Port Configuration Window

Commands
Command

The commands on this window have the following functions:


Function

Apply Port Configuration Reset Display Bring All Interfaces Into Service

Applies the port configuration values you set for the port. Resets the port configuration fields to the last set of saved values. Brings the out-of-service configured interfaces for all virtual DS1 ports to in-service status.

Take All Interfaces Out Of Service Takes the in-service configured interfaces for all virtual DS1 ports to out-of-service status. You must use this command first before using the Delete All Interfaces command. Delete All Interfaces Deletes the configured, out-of-service interfaces for all virtual DS1 ports. You must first take all interfaces out of service, using the Take All Interfaces Out Of Service command, before you can use this command to delete all the interfaces. Displays the H.248 TID Configuration window. Displays the Channelized STS1 Port Statistics window.

Go to H.248 TID Configuration View Port Statistics

Go Back to Equipment Configura- Redisplays the Equipment Configuration window. tion

Field Descriptions

3 Select the values for the fields on this window from the information given in Table 3-3.
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Table 3-3. Channelized STS1 Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

Loopback Config Default: NoLoop Indicates what type of incoming signal testing is used, if applicable. Range: N/A Format: Predefined NoLoop LocalLoop The port is not in loopback state. Data is received from the backplane (another module in the chassis), sent through the module circuitry, including the segmentation and reassembly (SAR) function, and transmitted back to the backplane (to the originating module). Data is received from the physical port, is sent through the receiver and the line driver, and then back out to the physical port.

LineLoop

Transmit Clock

Default: LocalTim- Indicates what type of synchronization is used by the ing interface to maintain proper data flow through the PSAX system and the remote devices connected to the system. Range: N/A Format: Predefined LocalTiming Selects a synchronization source (CompositeClock, T1BITS, E1ETSI, CompositeClockDS0A, Freerun, or LineTiming) that is provided through the Stratum 34 module. For GR-303 configuration, select this default. Selects the recovered clock from the received data and is used as the transmit clock on the selected interface.

LoopTiming Line Build Out

Default: Short Indicates the line length between transmission terminations. Range: N/A Format: Predefined Short Long The DS1 signal is designed to be valid from 0 to 133 feet The DS1 signal is designed to be valid from 134 to 266 feet

[Line Coding]

Default: B3zs Indicates electrical format of the transmission. Range: N/A Format: Predefined B3zs Bipolar with 3 zero substitution. Use of a specified pattern of normal bits and bipolar violations to replace sequence of 3 zero bits.

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Table 3-3. Channelized STS1 Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

[Line Status]

Default: NoAlarm Indicates type of transmission impairment, if applicable. See the bit map tables under the MIB object lineStatus in Range: N/A Format: Predefined the PacketStar PSAX Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Trap Reference Guide. NoAlarm RcvRAIFailure XmitRAIAlarm RcvAIS XmitAIS LOF LOS LoopbackState RcvTestCode OtherFailure RcvRmtAIS RcvRmtOOF RcvRmtLOS RcvRmtIdle RmtLoopback No alarm present. Receiving Yellow/Remote Alarm Indication. Transmitting Yellow/Remote Alarm Indication. Receiving AIS failure state. Transmitting AIS failure state. Receiving LOF failure state. Receiving LOS failure state. Looping the received signal. Receiving a Test Pattern. Any line status that is undefined. Receiving Remote Alarm Indicator Signal Receiving Remote Alarm Out of Frame Signal Receiving Remote LOS Receiving Remote Idle Far end remote loopback.

4 To apply the values for the fields, select the Apply Port Configuration command and press Enter. Note: To view statistics for the physical port (port 29), see Viewing Port Statistics on page 3-25.

5 On the Virtual DS1 Port Configuration panel, select the virtual DS1 port you want to configure and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-8) is displayed.

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Figure 3-8. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window (Channelization Disabled)

Commands
Command

The commands on this window have the following functions:


Function

Show Straps Apply Port Configuration Reset Display View Port Statistics

Displays the Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap Display window. For a specified virtual port number, applies the virtual port configuration values you set. Resets the virtual port configuration fields to the last set of saved values. Displays the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port DS1 Statistics window. Deletes the configured interfaces for all channels on the specified virtual port. You must first take all interfaces out of service (using the Take All Interfaces Out Of Service command) before you can use this command to delete all the interfaces. Brings the out-of-service configured interfaces for all the channels for the specified virtual port to in-service status. Takes the in-service configured interfaces for all the channels for the specified virtual port to out-of-service status. You must use this command first before using the Delete All Interfaces On This Port command. Redisplays the Channelized STS1 Port Configuration window.

Go to H.248 TID Configuration Displays the H.248 TID Configuration window. Delete All Interfaces On This Port

Bring All Interfaces Into Service Take All Interfaces Out Of Service

Go Back to Previous Window

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Field Descriptions

6 Select the values for the fields on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window from the values given in Table 3-4.

Table 3-4. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

Line Type

Default: Esf Range: N/A Format: Predefined Esf D4

Indicates the frame format convention used.

Extended Super Frame DS1 format. D4 format. Indicates which standard is used for incoming signal testing (loopbacks). Use this setting for ANSI in-line codes for loopbacks. Use this setting for ANI (access network interface) inline codes for loopbacks. Indicates what type of loopback testing is being used on the incoming signal, if applicable. The port is not in loopback state. Data is received from the backplane (another module in the chassis), sent through the module circuitry, including the segmentation and reassembly (SAR) function, and transmitted back to the backplane (to the originating module). Data is received from the physical port, is sent through the receiver and the line driver, and then back out to the physical port. Indicates what type of synchronization is used by the interface to maintain proper data flow through the PSAX system and the remote devices connected to the system. Selects a synchronization source (CompositeClock, T1BITS, E1ETSI, CompositeClockDS0A, Freerun, or LineTiming) that is provided through the Stratum 34 module. For GR-303 configuration, select this default. Selects the recovered clock from the received data and is used as the transmit clock on the selected interface. This value is not supported.

In Line Code

Default: ANSI Range: N/A Format: Predefined ANSI Ds1-ANI

Loopback

Default: NoLoop Range: N/A Format: Predefined NoLoop LocalLoop

LineLoop

Transmit Clock

Default: LocalTiming Range: N/A Format: Predefined LocalTiming

LoopTiming SRTS

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Table 3-4. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

Data Tx Type

Default: Structured Range: N/A Format: Predefined Structured Unstructured

Displays whether the channels are structured or unstructured. Use this setting for structured unchannelized and channelized interfaces for this port. Use this setting for unstructured (and unchannelized) interfaces for this port. Specifies whether channelization is disabled or enabled. Channelization is assigning the T1 line to 24 channels. Note: When you select the value Unstructured in the Data Tx Type field, the Channelization field is display only, showing the value Disabled. Disables channelization. Use this setting to set up only one channel for the port. When you apply the port configuration, only channel 1 appears the value Unconfigured. Enables channelization. Use this setting to bundle (or strap together) several DS0s into one channel and then set up one or more channels, each having several strapped DS0s in each channel. When you apply the port configuration, all 24 channels are displayed with the value Unconfigured. You must use this setting if you want to configure this port for dynamic bandwidth circuit emulation.

Channelization

Default: Disabled Range: N/A Format: Predefined

Disabled

Enabled

UpStrmInterworking

Default: TrunkCond Indicates what type of upstream interworking is used. Trunk Conditioning improves the communication of Range: N/A the trunk status for TDM traffic. This field allows you to Range: Predefined select the type of interworking to be done with the circuit emulation end point whenever there is an alarm for the ATM side of any circuit emulation-to-ATM connection on a given port. TrunkCond Unframed1s Trunk Conditioning is done for each channel of this port whose corresponding ATM side is alarmed. A sequence of Unframed All 1s (AIS) will be transmitted to the circuit emulation end point whenever there is an alarm or the ATM side for any circuit emulationto-ATM connection on this port. Specifies whether the interworking signaling gateway feature for the connection gateway feature is enabled or disabled. Disables the connection gateway feature. Enables the connection gateway feature.

SG Feature

Default: Disabled Range: N/A Format: Predefined Disabled Enabled

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Table 3-4. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description H.248 Applications, Continuity Test Mode: The SG Feature field must be set to Enabled to use any setting in

CT Mode

Default: Four-Wire Range: N/A Format: Predefined

this field. The CT Mode specifies the remote continuity test mode, where you can select Four-Wire or TwoWire. This parameter supports the H.248 Basic Continuity Package. In a local- and remote-end PSAX System configuration, either with other PSAX Systems or non-PSAX switches, the PSAX can act as either the tester* or testee. See the PSAX System as Tester/Testee tables in the appropriate PSAX user guide for a summary of signal strengths that are exchanged in the above configurations, and other pertinent information. Indicates that the remote end uses a four-wire termination. As the tester, the PSAX transmits a 2010Hz signal if the other termination is 4-wire. As the testee, the PSAX acts in loopback mode if the other termination is 4-wire. As the tester, the PSAX transmits a 1780Hz signal if the other termination is 2-wire. As the testee, the PSAX acts in transponder mode if the other termination is 2wire. See the bit map tables for the DS1 modules under the MIB object lineStatus in the Reference Appendix. No line impairment has been detected.

Four-Wire

Two-Wire

[Line Status]

Default: NoAlarm Range: N/A Format: Predefined NoAlarm

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Table 3-4. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

OperStatus (display only)

Default: Unconfigured Range: N/A Format: Predefined Unconfigured AtmUni3-0 AtmUni3-1 AtmUni4-0 IispUser IispNetwork CircuitEmulation FrameRelayUni Gr303 HldcPassThrough Pri-isdn-network FrameRelayNni Pri-isdn-user Atm Pnni 1-0

Indicates port operating status. When the channel is configured with one of the interface types, the interface type (shown in the preceding column) is displayed in this field. An asterisk beside the interface type indicates that the interface is not in service. This channel is not configured. ATM UNI 3.0 ATM UNI 3.1 ATM UNI 4.0 IISP User IISP Network Circuit Emulation Frame Relay UNI Telcordia Technologies General Requirement Loop Emulation Services. High Level Data Link Control Passthrough PRI ISDN Network Frame Relay NNI PRI ISDN User ATM PNNI 1.0

The PSAX System side of a local/remote configuration can function as the tester or the testee in configuration with another PSAX, a non-PSAX switch, and a media gateway controller (MGC). Regardless of tester or testee status, the PSAX system side is always 4-wire. When interfacing with a 2-wire device, the PSAX converts its 4-wire signal (2010-Hz) to a 2-wire (1780-Hz) signal when replying to a 2-wire device, thus operating in transponder mode. As the testee, the PSAX system can act in loopback mode if the remote end is 4-wire. The loopback mode is configured on the Media Gateway Controller configured with the PSAX system. The signaling call progress tones (dial, ringing, busy, congestion, special information, caller waiting) are generated from the TAS module in CAS mode in configuration with the MGC. All other signals, such as continuity check and the 10x tests (102, 105, and 108) are generated from the TAS module in TAS mode. See the Tones and Announcements Server Module User Guide for more information.

7 To apply the values for the fields, select the Apply Port Configuration command and press Enter. 8 To configure channels, do one of the following: a To configure a virtual port as one channel, you must have selected the value Disabled in the Channelization field. Continue with instructions in Configuring a Virtual Port with One Channel below.

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b To configure a virtual port with up to 24 channels, you must have selected the value Enabled in the Channelization field. Continue with instructions in Configuring a Virtual Port with Up to 24 Channels on page 3-21.
End

Configuring a Virtual Port with One Channel


To configure a virtual port on the module with only one DS0 channel, use the following procedure:
Configuring One DS0 Channel

Begin

1 Select Chnl 1 Unconfigured on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-8). Note: You must have selected the value Disabled in the Channelization field on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window.

The Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration window (see Figure 3-9) is displayed.

Figure 3-9. Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window (One Channel per Virtual Port)

Commands
Command

The commands on this window have the following functions:


Function

Apply Configuration Reset Display

Applies the interface configuration you selected for a specified port and channel number value. Resets the fields to the last set of saved values.
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Command

Function

Go To H.248 TID Configuration Bring Interface Into Service

Displays the H.248 TID Configuration window. Brings the out-of-service configured interface to in-service status. The value InService is displayed in the [Operational Status] and the [Administrative Status] fields. Takes the in-service configured interface to out-of-service status. The value OutOfService is displayed in the Operational Status and the Administrative Status fields. Displays an interface configuration window for the selected interface. Redisplays the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window.

Take Interface Out Of Service

Configure Interface Go Back to Port Configuration

Field Descriptions

2 Enter values in the fields on this window according to the information provided in Table 3-5.

Table 3-5. Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

[Slot:]

Default: Variable Range: Variable Format: Numeric Default: Variable Range: 1-28 Format: Numeric Default: Variable Range: 1-24 Format: Numeric

Displays the PSAX chassis slot that the selected module occupies. Indicates the virtual port selected.

Port:

Channel:

Indicates the channel selected. Note: Only channel 001 is available when channelization is disabled.

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Table 3-5. Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

Interface Type

Default: Unconfigured Range: N/A Format: Predefined Unconfigured AtmUni3-0 AtmUni3-1 AtmUni4-0 IispUser IispNetwork CircuitEmulation FrameRelayUni HldcPassThrough Pri-isdn-network DbCirEm

Indicates the end-to-end connection protocol used. This channel is configured with one of the interface types in the preceding column. This interface is not configured. ATM UNI 3.0 ATM UNI 3.1 ATM UNI 4.0 IISP User IISP Network Circuit Emulation Frame Relay UNI High-Level Data Link Control Passthrough PRI ISDN Network DbCirEm (Dynamic Bandwidth Circuit emulation) is only available when channelization and signalling is enabled. Not supported in this release. Frame Relay NNI PRI ISDN User ATM PNNI 1.0 Telcordia Technologies General Requirement Loop Emulation Services. For GR-303 configuration, select this value. Cell scrambling moves the first three bytes of the cell header (GFC, VPI, and VCI fields) into the payload and spreads them out to protect against burst errors. This action increases the burst error tolerance of the header from 5 bits to 54 bits with no cell loss on the ATM interface is disabled for this channel. Note: This field is displayed only when the AtmUni3-0, AtmUni3-1, AtmUni4-0, or AtmPnni1-0 interface is selected. Disables cell scrambling on the ATM interface for this channel. Enables cell scrambling on the ATM interface for this channel. Indicates whether signaling is enabled or disabled. This field is displayed only when the CircuitEmulation, Pri-isdn-network, or Pri-isdn-user interface is selected. Indicates signaling is Disabled. Indicates signaling is Enabled.
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FrameRelayNni Pri-isdn-user Atm Pnni 1-0 Gr303

Cell Scramble

Default: Disabled Range: N/A Format: Predefined

Disabled Enabled Signaling Default: Disabled Range: N/A Format: Predefined Disabled Enabled

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Table 3-5. Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

[Admin Status]

Default: Unconfigured Range: N/A Format: Predefined Unconfigured InService OutOfService

Indicates whether the port is passing traffic or not.

The port is not administratively in service because it is not configured. No conditions exist to prevent the port from being fully operational. A condition is preventing the port from being configured with an interface Indicates whether the port is configured or not.

[Oper Status]

Default: Unconfigured Range: N/A Format: Predefined Unconfigured InService OutOfService

The port is not operational because it is not configured. The configured port is currently operational (that is, capable of receiving and sending signals). The configured port is not currently operational (that is, not capable of receiving and sending signals). Indicates the number of unselected DS0 channels available to be strapped together as a group. DS0 channels are only available when channelization is enabled. When channelization is enabled, indicates the DS0 channels by number strapped together as a group. When channelization is disabled, all 24 DS0 channels are strapped together as channel 001.

[Available DS0s]:

Default: Variable Range: 1-24 Format: Numeric Default: Variable Range: 1-24 Format: Numeric

[DS0s Strapped]

3 To select an interface type in the Interface Type field, press Enter. An additional field is displayed when you make one of the following the following selections:
Interface Type field Displayed

AtmUni3-0 AtmUni3-1 AtmUni4-0 AtmPnni1-0 CircuitEmulation Pri-isdn-network Pri-isdn-user

Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Signaling Signaling Signaling

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4 In the Signaling or Cell Scramble field, press Enter to select either Disabled (default) or Enabled. 5 Select the Apply Configuration command. The selected Interface Type and Signaling field values are applied. For example, a trap message in the status bar reads:
T-InterfaceCreated: interfaceIndex=901001 interfaceType=AtmUni3_0.

6 Select the Bring Interface Into Service command. The selected interface type is brought into service. Note: Use this command only if you want to accept the default field values on the interface configuration window. Otherwise, skip this step. To select and apply field values on the interface configuration window, the interface must be out of service.

7 Select the Configure Interface command. An interface configuration window is displayed for the interface type selected. See the PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide for a description of this window. 8 Repeat steps 1-7 under Configuring a Virtual Port with One Channel for the remainder of the ports, as needed. Note: Be sure to complete the module port and channel configuration and then the interface configuration for each port before beginning the configuration of a new port.

You can save the values permanently to the Multiservice Media Gateway system database now, or before you exit the current session of the Multiservice Media Gateway system console interface. See Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off on page 3-32.
End

Configuring a Virtual Port with Up to 24 Channels


To configure one or more virtual ports on the 1-Port Channelized DS3 Multiservice module with several DS0s strapped together in one channel and several channels for a port, use the following procedure:
Configuring Up to 24 DS0 Channels

Begin

Note:

You must have selected the value Enabled in the Channelization field on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-10).

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Figure 3-10. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration Window (Channelization Enabled)

1 On the Chnl_OperStatus panel, select 1 Unconfigured and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration window (see Figure 3-11) is displayed.

Figure 3-11. Channelized STS1 - Enhanced DS1 Channel Configuration Window (24 Channels per Port)

See Configuring a Virtual Port with One Channel on page 3-17 for a description of the commands and fields in this window.
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2 To select an interface type in the Interface Type field, press Enter. An additional field is displayed when you make one of the following the following selections:
Interface Type field Displayed

AtmUni3-0 AtmUni3-1 AtmUni4-0 AtmPnni1-0 CircuitEmulation CasTrunkLine Pri-isdn-network Pri-isdn-user

Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Cell Scramble Signaling Signaling Signaling Signaling

3 In the Signaling or Cell Scramble field, select either Disabled (default) or Enabled. 4 In the [Available DS0s] field, move the cursor to value 01 (indicates DS0 1) and press Enter to display x below DS0 01. 5 Move the cursor to the next DS0 value and press Enter to display x below the DS0 value. Select as many DS0s as you want to strap together for the selected channel. 6 Select the Apply Configuration command. The selected interface type and Signaling fields values are applied. For example, a trap message in the status bar reads:
T-InterfaceCreated: interfaceIndex=901001 interfaceType=AtmUni3_0.

In the [DS0s Strapped] field (display only), the values for the DS0s you just selected are displayed. 7 To strap together more DS0s for another channel in the selected port, reselect the Channel field , enter the next channel number, for example, 002, and repeat steps 2-6 from the DS0s available. 8 Select the Bring Interface Into Service command. The selected interface type is brought into service. Note: Use this command only if you want to accept the default field values on the interface configuration window. Otherwise, skip this step. To select and apply field values on the interface configuration window, the interface must be out of service.

9 Select the Configure Interface command. An interface configuration window is displayed for the interface type selected. See the PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide for a description of this window. 10 Repeat steps 2-9 for the rest of the available DS0s (or as many as you want to use).

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Note:

Be sure to complete the module port and channel configuration and then the interface configuration for each port before beginning the configuration of a new port.

11 To view the strapped DS0 channels at any time, select the Show Straps command on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-8 on page 3-12) and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap Display window is displayed (see Figure 3-12).

Figure 3-12. Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap Display Window

Note: Commands

The strapped DS0s you set up are displayed next to their associated channels.

The commands on this window have the following functions.


Command Function

Update Display Go Back to DS1 Port Configuration

Resets the fields to the last set of saved values. Redisplays the Port Configuration window.

Field Descriptions

The display-only fields on this window are described in Table 3-6.

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Table 3-6. Channelized DS3 Virtual DS1 DS0s Strap DisplayWindow Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

[Slot: nn]

Default: Range: Chassis dependent Format: Numeric Default: Format: 1-28 Numeric Default: Range: 1-24 Format: Numeric Default: Range: 1-24 Format: Numeric

Indicates the PSAX chassis slot that the selected module occupies.

Port: nn

Indicates the port selected.

Ch

Indicates the channel selected. Note: Only channel 1 is available when channelization is disabled. Indicates DS0s strapped to a particular channel. When channelization is disabled, all 24 DS0s are strapped to channel 1.

DS0s

Viewing Port Statistics


You can view port statistics for the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module for the STS-1e physical port (port 29) or any of the 28 DS1 virtual ports.

Viewing Physical Port Statistics


Viewing Statistics

Begin

To view statistics for the STS-1e physical port (port 29), select the View Port Statistics command on the Channelized STS1 Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-7) and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 Port Statistics window (see Figure 3-13) is displayed.

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Viewing Port Statistics

Figure 3-13. Channelized STS1 Port Statistics Window

Commands

The commands in this window have the following functions:


Command Function

Continuous Update Reset Statistics

Updates the values in the fields every second. Sets all field values to zero.

Go Back to Port Configuration Redisplays the Channelized STS1 Port Configuration window.

Field Descriptions

The fields in this window are described in Table 3-7.

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Viewing Port Statistics

Table 3-7. Channelized STS1 Port Statistics Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Section Statistics Description

Status

Default: 0 A bit map status of the interface represented as a sum displaying multiple defects simultaneously. The various Format: N/A Format: Numeric bit positions are: SONET section no defect = 0001 Loss of signal = 0010 Loss of frame = 1000 Default: 0 The number of errored seconds with at least one of the following: Range: N/A Format: Numeric Path code violations Controlled slip events Detected alarm indication signal (AIS) defects Bipolar violations

Err. Sec.

Severely Err. Sec. Default: 0 The number of severely errored seconds with at least one of the following: Range: N/A Format: Numeric 320 or more path code violation error events Out-of-frame (OOF) defects Detected AIS defect A count of one-second intervals with framing error events, an OOF defect, or a minimum of 1,544 LCVs. Severely Err. Fram. Sec. Default: 0 The number of severely errored framing seconds. A severely errored framing second contains one or more Range: N/A Format: Numeric severely errored frame defects. A severely errored frame defect occurs when four errored frame alignment cells are contiguous. The severely errored frame defect is terminated when two contiguous error-free frame cells are detected.

Coding Violations Default: 0 The number of coding violations. A coding violation is an error event in which either a bipolar violation event Range: N/A Format: Numeric or an excessive zeroes event has occurred.
Line Statistics

Status

Default: 0 A bit map status of the interface represented as a sum displaying multiple defects simultaneously. The various Range: N/A Format: Numeric bit positions are: SONET section no defect = 0001 Alarm indication signal = 0010 Remote defect indicator = 1000 Default: 0 The number of errored seconds with at least one of the following: Range: N/A Format: Numeric Path code violations Controlled slip events Detected alarm indication signal (AIS) defects Bipolar violations

Err. Sec.

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Viewing Port Statistics

Table 3-7. Channelized STS1 Port Statistics Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

Severely Err. Sec. Default: 0 The number of severely errored seconds with at least one of the following: Range: N/A Format: Numeric 320 or more path code violation error events Out-of-frame (OOF) defects Detected AIS defect A count of 1-second intervals with framing error events, an OOF defect, or a minimum of 1,544 line code violations. Coding Violations Default: 0 The number of coding violations. A coding violation is an error event in which either a bipolar violation event Range: N/A Format: Numeric or an excessive zeroes event has occurred. Unavailable Sec. Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric (seconds)
End

The number of seconds the interface is unavailable at the onset of 10 contiguous severely errored seconds. The interface becomes available at the onset of 10 contiguous seconds with no severely errored seconds.

Viewing Statistics for the Virtual Port DS1


Begin

To view statistics for a virtual port, select the View Port Statistics command on the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window (see Figure 3-8) and press Enter. The Channelized STS1 Virtual Port DS1 Statistics window (Figure 3-14) is displayed.

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Viewing Port Statistics

Figure 3-14. Channelized STS1 Virtual DS1 Port Statistics Window

Commands
Command

The commands in this window have the following functions:


Function

Continuous Update Reset Statistics Go Back to Port Configuration

Updates the values in the fields every second. Sets all field values to the value 0. Redisplays the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window.

Field Descriptions

The fields in this window are described in Table 3-8.

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Viewing Port Statistics

Table 3-8. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port DS1 Statistics Window Field Descriptions Field Name Field Value Description

Errored Seconds

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

The number of errored seconds with at least one of the following characteristics per second: Path code violations Controlled slip events Detected alarm indication signal (AIS) defect Presence of bipolar violations. The number of severely errored seconds with at least one of the following characteristics per second: 320 or more path code violation error events Out-of-frame (OOF) defects Detected AIS defect A count of one-second intervals with framing error events, an OOF defect, or a minimum of 1,544 line code violations. The number of severely errored framing seconds encountered by the virtual DS1 port in one of the previous 96, individual 15-minute intervals. A severely errored framing second has one or more out-of-frame defects or a detected AIS (alarm indication signal) defect. The number of unavailable seconds encountered by the virtual DS1 port in one of the previous 96 individual 15-minute intervals. Unavailable seconds (UAS) are calculated by the number of seconds that the interface is unavailable. A one-second interval containing one or more controlled slips. The number of controlled slip seconds encountered by DS1 in the previous 24hour period. A frame synchronization bit error in the D4 and E1-noCRC formats, or a CRC error in the ESF (Extended Super Frame) and E1-CRC formats. The number of Path Coding Violations encountered by DS1 in the previous 24-hour period.

Severely Errored Seconds

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

Severely Errored Framing Seconds

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

Unavailable Seconds

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

Controlled Slip Sec- Default: 0 onds Range: N/A Format: Numeric Path Coding Violations Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

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Using DS1 ANI (Access Network Interface) In-Line Codes for Loopbacks

Table 3-8. Channelized STS1 Virtual Port DS1 Statistics Window Field Descriptions (Continued) Field Name Field Value Description

Line Errored Seconds

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

A second in which one or more Line Code Violation error events were detected. The number of Line Errored Seconds encountered by DS1 in the previous 24-hour period. A second with fewer than 320 and more than 1 Path Coding Violation error events, no Severely Errored Frame defects, and no detected incoming AIS defects. The number of bursty errored seconds encountered by DS1 in the previous 24hour period. A bipolar violation or excessive zeroes error event has occurred.

Bursty Errored Sec- Default: 0 onds Range: N/A Format: Numeric

Line Coding Violations

Default: 0 Range: N/A Format: Numeric

Using DS1 ANI (Access Network Interface) In-Line Codes for Loopbacks
The 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module supports DS1 ANI in-line loopback codes that allow you to test transmissions between customer interface (CI) equipment and network interface (NI) equipment. For example, you may test the validity of traffic sent from a central office (CO) to the far end (FE) of a network. In addition, AIS (Alarm Indication Signals) will be generated on all affected DS1s when a loop is activated. Using CPE or conventional test equipment connected to the TX and RX ports of the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module, you may generate a 4-in-7 bit (1111000) code to activate a loop and a 3-in-5 bit (11100) code to deactivate the loop. Note: The DS1 ANI in-line loopback codes feature does not work under structured circuit emulation-to-circuit emulation connections.

You can use DS1 ANI in-line loopback codes when making circuit emulationto-ATM connections in the OAM (operations, administration, and maintenance) mode. To use this feature, proceed as follows: 1 From the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window, make the following selections: a. Select the Ds1-ANI value in the In Line Code field. b. Select the Structured value in the Data Tx Type field. c. Select the Unframed1s value in the UpStrmIntrworking field. d. Select the Apply Port Configuration command and press Enter.

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Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off

2 Follow the Configuring a Port with One Channel procedure, selecting CircuitEmulation as the interface type and OAM as the Downstream Interworking mode. 3 Configure the port and channel for the module (e.g, an Enhanced DS1 module) you want to connect to at the far end of your network or chassis. Note: This configuration must also be in the structured mode and support an ATM interface type.

4 Provision a circuit emulation-to-ATM PVC, duplex connection between the modules with the OAM Status field set to End-Pt (see the PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide). 5 Send a cell with the loop activation code 4-in-7 (1111000) to the channel and port configured in step 2. 6 Return to the Channelized STS1 Virtual Port Configuration window. The alarm indicator in the Line Status field displays RMT Loopback and the DS1 channel in loopback goes out of service. (Unless deactivated, a timer will maintain this loop for 120 minutes.) 7 Send a cell with the loop deactivation code 3-in-5 (11100) to the channel and port configured in step 2. The alarm indicator in the Line Status field displays No Alarm and the DS1 channel that was in loopback comes back into service.

Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off


After configuring the module ports and channels, the interface types for each port and channel, and the connections, you must save the values to the PSAX system database. It is recommended that you save your values frequently as you progress through your work, at a minimum, after finishing each stage of work: Configuring each module in your system Configuring the connections in your system Before exiting your current console session Perform the following procedure to permanently save the values for your system. ! CAUTION: If your system loses power or if you reboot the chassis, and you have not yet saved the values permanently, you will lose all unsaved values you have applied on the various windows.

Begin

1 Press Ctrl+G, to return to the Console Interface Main Menu window.

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Saving the Equipment Configuration and Logging Off

On the Console Interface Main Menu window, [Modified] is displayed next to the Save Configuration command, indicating you have made changes to the system that are not yet saved to the PSAX system database (see Figure 3-15).

Figure 3-15. Save Configuration [Modified] (Before Saving)

2 Select the Save Configuration command or press Ctrl+A. Wait a few seconds while the system writes the values to the PSAX system database. The system displays the following message while it is executing this command:
Saving the equipment and connection information

Note:

In PSAX systems with redundant CPUn modules, the standby CPUn module reboots every time you save the configuration on the primary CPUn module. This event is a function of the SVC retention feature and the result of saving the configuration changes you have made.

When the save configuration function is completed, the system displays an appropriate message as described in Table 3-9.
Table 3-9. Messages Generated after the Save Configuration Process When a PSAX system is... the system displays... T-SaveConfiguration: saveConfigurationReasonCode=All-OK T-SaveConfiguration: saveConfigurationReasonCode = Expect2ndCPUCardFailedOrRemoved*

nonredundant redundant

The standby CPUn module is rebooted when the save command is issued. After the standby CPUn module reboots, the system displays the following message: T-SaveConfiguration: saveConfigurationReasonCode=FileTransferCompleted

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Provisioning Connections

This message indicates that while the standby CPUn module reboots after you select the Save Configuration command, the standby CPUn module is temporarily unavailable.

After saving the configuration values, the indicator [Modified] is no longer displayed next to the Save Configuration command.
End

Provisioning Connections
For instructions on configuring interfaces and provisioning connections, see your PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide. In using that guide, keep in mind that the following connection types are supported by the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module: PVC connections: ~ ATM-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) ~ ATM-to-ATM virtual path connection (VPC) ~ Bridge-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) (z) ~ Circuit Emulation-to ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) ~ Circuit Emulation-to Circuit Emulation ~ Frame relay-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) connection ~ In-band management IP PVC connection ~ Variable bit rate (VBR)-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) ~ AAL2 Trunk Connection (w) SVC connections: ~ ATM-to-ATM virtual channel connection VCC (n) ~ ATM IISP CBR connection ~ ATM IISP VBR connection SPVC connections: ~ ATM-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) (z) ~ Circuit Emulation-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) (y) ~ Circuit Emulation-to-ATM Std AAL2 virtual channel connection (VCC) ~ Frame relay-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) SPVC connection ~ Variable bit rate (VBR)-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) (w)

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Reference Information

Overview of This Appendix


This appendix contains reference information that is helpful while configuring your PSAX system. The following types of information are provided: Avoiding Common Errors When Configuring Interfaces Optimizing SVC Call Performance DSP Tone Detection Modes Connection Type by Interface Type Interface Type by I/O Module Type Minimum AAL2 Trunk Size Requirements Tables Module Alarm Status Descriptions ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Avoiding Common Errors When Configuring Interfaces


An error may occur when you apply an interface to a channel. If an error condition occurs, the PSAX system sends an SNMP trap that is usually displayed in the console Trap Log Display window (accessible from the Console Interface Main Menu window). The list below includes the most common interface errors that cause the PSAX system to display a message. (See the PacketStar PSAX Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Trap Reference Guide for more information about the SNMP traps related to interface errors). Entering field values that are outside of the configurable range of values Attempting to configure an interface for a port or channel that has already been configured Attempting to configure an interface that is already in service (must be out of service to be configured or change field values) Entering field values that are not recognized by the PSAX system software

Optimizing SVC Call Performance


The information in this section provides guidance on optimizing call performance when configuring SVCs on the PNNI interface. The service-specific connection-oriented protocol (SSCOP) parameter is set on these interface configuration windows: ATM IISP network or IISP user, ATM UNI 3.0 or UNI 3.1, or ATM PNNI 1.0. Note: These settings are suggested for connecting to a PSAX system from a remote site only. The PSAX system configures these settings internally in its own ATM switch.
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Appendix A Reference Information


DSP Tone Detection Modes

When unacknowledged protocol data units (PDUs), the MaxPD field on the remote end peer (such as the NavisCore CBX 500) shows the maximum number of SSCOP packets transmitted since the last PSAX polling of the peer. To optimize call performance, the SSCOP Rx Window Size field of the local ATM interface should be less than the maximum value displayed in the MaxPD credit window at the remote end of the ATM interface. Otherwise, the rate at which switched calls can be set and released may be degraded. On the ATM IISP Interface Configuration window, the maximum credit window (the SSCOP Rx Window Size field) is configurable with a value up to 32 for all ATM interfaces on the PSAX system. The interfaces of the ATM switches that are connected to the PSAX system should be configured with the same values. This method results in 100 percent call completion at a call setup rate of 60 calls per second using even distribution. If these values are not configured in this way, calls will be set up at a rate of less than 60 calls per second. Note: Various SSCOP parameter settings determine the maximum credit window. As a result, you may not be able to directly use these settings.

For more information on the SSCOP parameter, see the Application Note entitled Connecting a CBX or GX Switch to a PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateway via an ATM Port.

DSP Tone Detection Modes


DSP tone detection modes are selected through the Circuit Emulation-toATM VCC PVC Connection window. These modes are described in Table A-1.
Table A-1. DSP Tone Detection Modes* and Associated Processing Performed Tone Mode Processing Performed

Disabled Bypass Fax Relay

Ignores fax tones and modem tones If a fax tone or modem tone is received, the firmware switches to G.711 mode (64 Kbps) and bypasses echo cancellation, if enough bandwidth is available. If a fax tone is received, the firmware switches to a channel configured for FaxRelayMode and performs fax demodulation / remodulation. If a modem tone is received, the firmware ignores it If a fax tone is received, the firmware switches to a channel configured for FaxRelayMode and performs fax demodulation/remodulation. If a modem tone is received, the firmware switches to G.711 mode (64 Kbps) and bypasses echo cancellation, if enough bandwidth is available.

Fax Relay/Modem Bypass

Modes selected on the Circuit Emulation-to-ATM VCC PVC Connection window.

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Appendix A Reference Information


Connection Type by Interface Type

Connection Type by Interface Type


The PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways provide a number of connection types and interface types to the network as described in Table A-2. Configuring interfaces and connections are described in the PacketStar PSAX Connections Provisioning Guide that can be found on the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways Product Information Library CD-ROM.
Table A-2. Connection Type by Interface Type ATM IISP (Network/User) PRI ISDN (Network/User) Frame Relay (UNI, NNI) ATM Virtual Interface ATM UNI 3.0/3.1/4.0 ATM PNNI over VPC Terminal Emulation HDLC Pass-through

Connection Type

AAL2 PVC Trunk AAL2 Channel PVC VCC Connection


*

X X X X X X X X X X X X

ATM-to-ATM virtual channel connection (VCC) X X X X X X PVC ATM-to-ATM virtual path connection (VPC) PVC Bridge-to-ATM VCC PVC Bridge-to-bridge PVC Circuit emulation-to ATM VCC PVC Circuit emulation-to circuit emulation PVC CPU Ethernet Bridge PVC Frame relay-to-ATM VCC PVC Frame relay-to-frame relay PVC GR-303-to-AAL2 VCC PVC

X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

In-band management ATM PVC Variable bit rate (VBR)-to-ATM VCC PVC VBR-to-VBR PVC In-Band Management SVC ATM-to-ATM VCC SPVC ATM-to-ATM VPC SPVC Circuit emulation-to-ATM VCC SPVC CE-to-ATM Std AAL2 VCC SPVC Enhanced Router Module to ATM VCC SPVC Frame relay-ATM VCC SPVC VBR-to-ATM VCC SPVC VBR-to-ATM Std AAL2 VCC SPVC

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GR-303

Bridge

Interface Type

Circuit Emulation

CAS TrunkLine

ATM PNNI 1.0

ATM IMA

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Interface Type by I/O Module Type

An AAL2 PVC Trunk must be configured before an AAL2 Channel PVC connection can be created. This connection also requires the use of 2-Port OC-3c/STM-1 Enhanced ATM modules for both

ends of the connection.


AAL2 PVCs must be configured before GR-303 connections can be configured. A GR-303 Interface Group (IG) must be configured before GR-303 connections can be configured.

Interface Type by I/O Module Type


Table A-3 shows the available interface types for each PacketStar PSAX I/O module used in the PacketStar PSAX Multiservice Media Gateways. This table does not include other PSAX modules that are not I/O modules, which include: the Alarm module, the DSP2x modules, the Enhanced Router module, the Route Server module, and the Tones and Announcements Server module .
Table A-3. Interface Type by I/O Module Type ATM IISP (Network/User) PRI ISDN (Network/User) Frame Relay (UNI, NNI) ATM Virtual Interface ATM PNNI over VPC Terminal Emulation HDLC Pass-through

Circuit Emulation

ATM UNI 3.0/3.1

CAS Trunkline

ATM PNNI 1.0

ATM UNI 4.0

ATM IMA

Routing

GR-303

Bridge

Interface

Module

DS1/T1 Interface Modules

6-Port DS1 IMA 20N36 6-Port Enhanced DS1/T1 Multiservice

X X

X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

23N64 12-Port Medium- X Density DS1 Multiservice 12-Port Medium-Density DS1 IMA 12-Port Medium-Density DS1/E1/DS0A CES 23N35 24-Port HighDensity DS1 Multiservice 8-Port HDSL-2 23N60 1-Port Channelized DS3 Multiservice 1-Port DS3 IMA X X X X X

X X

X X

X* X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X

X X

DS3, E3, and STS-1e Interface Modules

X X

X X

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Interface Type by I/O Module Type

Table A-3. Interface Type by I/O Module Type (Continued) ATM IISP (Network/User) PRI ISDN (Network/User) Frame Relay (UNI, NNI) ATM Virtual Interface ATM PNNI over VPC Terminal Emulation HDLC Pass-through

Circuit Emulation

ATM UNI 3.0/3.1

CAS Trunkline

ATM PNNI 1.0

ATM UNI 4.0

ATM IMA

Routing

GR-303

Bridge

Interface

Module

1-Port Unchannelized DS3 Frame Relay 23N62 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format 2-Port DS3 ATM 2-Port E3 ATM 3-Port Channelized DS3/STS-1e CES 3-Port Channelized DS3/STS-1e CES Protection 3-Port Channelized DS3/STS-1e Multiservice Protection 3-Port DS3/E3 ATM 3-Port DS3/E3 ATM Protection 3-Port Unstructured DS3/E3 CES 3-Port Unstructured DS3/E3 CES Protection
E1 Interface Modules

X X X X X X X X X X

X X

X X

X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X

X X

X X

X X

X X X X

6-Port E1 IMA 20N56 6-Port Enhanced E1 Multiservice 23N66 21-Port HighDensity E1 Multiservice 21-Port High-Density E1 IMA Ethernet 4-Port Ethernet

X X X X

X X X

X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Ethernet Interface Modules

X X

X X

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Interface Type by I/O Module Type

Table A-3. Interface Type by I/O Module Type (Continued) ATM IISP (Network/User) PRI ISDN (Network/User) Frame Relay (UNI, NNI) ATM Virtual Interface ATM PNNI over VPC Terminal Emulation HDLC Pass-through

Circuit Emulation

ATM UNI 3.0/3.1

CAS Trunkline

ATM PNNI 1.0

ATM UNI 4.0

ATM IMA

Routing

GR-303

Bridge

Interface

Module

Fiber-Optic Interface Modules

1-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 CES Multimode 1-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 CES Singlemode 1-Port Channelized X OC-3/STM-1 Unstructured CES/ATM Single-Mode 1-Port Channelized OC3/STM-1 Unstructured CES/ATM Multimode 2-Port OC-3c/STM-1 ATM Multimode 2-Port OC-3c/STM-1 ATM Single-Mode 4-Port OC-3c/STM-1 Multimode 4-Port OC-3c/STM-1 Single-Mode 1-Port OC-3c 1+1 APS Multimode 1-Port OC-3c 1+1 APS Single-Mode 1-Port STM-1 1+1 MSP Multimode 1-Port STM-1 1+1 MSP Single-Mode 1-Port OC-12c/STM-4c Multimode 1-Port OC-12c/STM-4c Single-Mode 2-Port OC-3c/STM-1 Enhanced ATM Multimode X X X X

X**

X X

X**

X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

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Minimum AAL2 Trunk Size Requirements Tables

Table A-3. Interface Type by I/O Module Type (Continued) ATM IISP (Network/User) PRI ISDN (Network/User) Frame Relay (UNI, NNI) ATM Virtual Interface ATM PNNI over VPC Terminal Emulation HDLC Pass-through

Circuit Emulation

ATM UNI 3.0/3.1

CAS Trunkline

ATM PNNI 1.0

ATM UNI 4.0

ATM IMA

Routing

GR-303

Bridge

Interface

Module

2-Port OC-3c/STM-1 Enhanced ATM SingleMode 23N07 20N07 Quadserial 6-Port Multiserial

Serial Interface Modules

X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X

X X

Voice 2-Wire Interface Modules

4-Port Voice 2-Wire Office 8-Port Voice 2-Wire Station


* **

The module supports CAS Trunkline in DS1 and E1 modes only. The module supports Circuit Emulation in DS1, E1, and DS0A modes. The module supports GR-303 in DS1 mode only. The module supports PRI ISDN in DS1 and E1 modes only. The module supports ATM services in the STM-ATM mode only. The module supports CE in the OC3-UCE mode only. European modules do not support this interface with the 8-Port Voice 2-Wire Station module or the 4-Port Voice 2-Wire Office module.

Minimum AAL2 Trunk Size Requirements Tables


Setting up channels with standard AAL2 multiplexing helps reduce traffic delay, as voice samples from at two channels or more are multiplexed into one VC, decreasing the amount of time necessary to fill one ATM cell before it is transmitted. (Without multiplexing, only one VC is allowed per ATM cell. The cell must wait to fill with samples from one channel before transmission). If a trunk is configured to have at least one active channel, one cell must be sent out every 20 ms; thus, the minimum trunk size is 50 cps. At 8 Kbps, Lucent recommends two multiplexed channels. On the DSP2C module, you can configure up to 64 AAL2 trunk groups, so that if you want to use all 128 channels (or 224 for echo cancel mode), you must use multiplexing. Enabling silence detection further enhances bandwidth savings by a factor of approximately half on the value in the cells/sec column in Table A-4. Table A-4 summarizes bandwidth savings at different compression rates with standard AAL2 multiplexing.

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Minimum AAL2 Trunk Size Requirements Tables

Table A-4. Standard (Multiplexed) AAL2 Bandwidth Calculation* Average Expected cells/sec with silence detection enabled

Compression Rate (in Kbps)

Data Bytes /sec

Data + Overhead Calculation

Data + Overhead /sec

Cells/sec calculation

Cells /sec

64 40 32 24 16 8
*

8000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000

(8000/40)*43 (5000/25)*28 (4000/20)*23 (3000/15)*18 (2000/10)*13 (1000/5/2)*13

8600 5600 4600 3600 2600 1300

8600/47 5600/47 4600/47 3600/47 2600/47 1300/47

183 120 98 77 56 28

92 60 49 39 28 14

If a trunk has at least one active channel, a cell must be sent out every 20 msec; therefore, the minimum AAL2 trunk size is 50 cps.

Standard AAL2 Calculation Example


The following calculation computes the compression rate for 32 Kbps (see Table A-4). This calculation includes the AAL2 header in cells per second (cps): 4,000 samples / 20 samples received from DSP * 23 bytes to be packed into an AAL2 cell, where 23 bytes = 20 bytes of data in the cps packet and 3 bytes for the cps header. With 47 data bytes in the AAL2 cell, the cell rate = 4600/47 =~ 98 The expected cell rate with silence detection is: 98/2 = 49. See Table A-5 for the cell rates for Lucent nonmultiplexed AAL2.
Table A-5. Non-Multiplexed AAL2 Transmission Rates Compression Rate (in Kbps) Cell/sec

64 40 32 24 16 8

200 200 100 100 50 25

Fax Relay Using AAL2 Requirements


Table A-6 shows the cell rate for fax relay modulation/demodulation using Algosets 4 or 6 on the DSP2C or DSP2D Voice Server modules. Changing rates of 8 Kbps to 14.4 Kbps fax requires an additional 14 cells/sec. Changing rates of 8 Kbps to 12.0 Kbps fax requires an additional 8 cells/sec.
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Module Alarm Status Descriptions

Changing rates of 8 Kbps to 9.6 Kbps fax requires an additional 1 cell/sec. Fax relay mode contains 20 msec of data for every cps packet, so the cell rate is more efficient than for voice codec. The change in bandwidth is controlled by the DSP host code. If insufficient bandwidth is available on the AAL2 trunk, the fax will be forced to a lower rate. DSP resources must be available or the fax will fail. In addition, fax modem bypass or fax relay/modem bypass is supported if enough bandwidth is available on the AAL2 trunk.
Table A-6. Standard AAL2 Bandwidth Calculation for Fax Relay Mode Using DSP AlgoSets 4 or 6 Compression Rate (in Kbps) Data Bytes /sec Data + Overhead Calculation Data + Overhead /sec Cells/sec calculation Cells /sec Average Expected cells/sec with silence enabled

14.4 12.0 9.6

1800 1500 1200

1800/(36*39) 1500/(30*33) 1200/(24*27)

1950 1650 1350

1950/47 1850/47 1350

42 36 29

N/A N/A N/A

Module Alarm Status Descriptions


The Alarm Status field on the Equipment Configuration window is described in Table A-7.
Table A-7. Module Alarm Status Descriptions on the Equipment Configuration Window Alarm Status Module Type Affected Description

NoAlarm WrongCardType

I/O and Server Indicates that no alarms have been detected for the module in this slot. I/O and Server Indicates that one type of module was configured in this slot in the chassis, but a now different module occupies this slot. All Indicates that the module in this slot is no longer receiving or transmitting signals because the line failed.

LineFailed Hexadecimal format, Example: 12345678ABC

I/O and Server Indicates that one or more ports on the module in this slot currently have a loss of signal. The numbers indicate which ports have a loss of signal. For modules that have more than eight ports not receiving signals, the value in this field is in hexadecimal format. All Indicates that one of the following events occurred: The module in this slot was configured and then removed from the slot. Connections on the OC-3, OC-12, STM-1, or STM-4 APS/MSP primary module in this slot were transferred to the standby module. After the transfer occurs, the former primary module then displays CardRemoved in the Alarm Status field; the former standby module then displays Primary in the Status field.
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ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System

Table A-7. Module Alarm Status Descriptions on the Equipment Configuration Window (Continued) Alarm Status Module Type Affected Description

ReferenceClockFailed Stratum 34 CompositeClockFailed Stratum 34 Overload PowerFailed Minus48vFailed UnknownAlarm PowerFailed Power Supply Power Supply Power Supply

Indicates that the timing reference clock on the Stratum module in this slot failed. Indicates that the timing composite clock on the Stratum module in this slot failed. Indicates that the Power Supply module is operating under an overload condition. Indicates that the power has failed. Indicates that the -48 V dc Power Supply module output failed. Indicates that the backplane detected a clock error. Indicates that no power is coming into the PSAX chassis.

I/O and Server Indicates that the reason for failure is not known. Power Supply

CompleteClockFailed Stratum 34

ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System


ATM Service Category Descriptions
The PSAX system support of defined ATM quality of service (QoS) categories is described in Table A-8.
Table A-8. PSAX System-Supported Quality of Service Categories ATM Service Category Description

Constant Bit Rate (CBR) This service offers consistent delay predictability. CBR is used for applications such as circuit emulation, voice, and video. Real Time Variable Bit Rate (VBR-rt) This service offers low delay variance, but requires access to a variable amount of network bandwidth. VBR-rt is used for applications such as packet video and voice.

Non-Real Time Variable This service allows delay variance between the delivery of cells. VBR-nrt Bit Rate (VBR-nrt) is used for data applications that have potentially bursty traffic characteristics. Guaranteed Frame Rate This service allows delay variance and offers a minimum cell rate guaran(GFR) tee. When used with frame-based data encapsulated in AAL5 PDUs, it provides frame-based cell discard. GFR is used for frame relay or ethernet over ATM. Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR) This service allows for best-effort transport by the network. Cells are transported by the network whenever bandwidth is available and the user presents traffic.

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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Priority of ATM Service Categories in the PSAX System


The attributes of the categories of service supported by the PSAX system software are identified in Table A-9. The service examples in this table are intended simply as illustrations; you should choose your service category based on your network applications supported by the PSAX system. The flexibility of the PSAX system allows you to tailor the system based on the required service applications by selecting the appropriate connection configuration selection field value.
Table A-9. Mapping ATM Service Categories to PSAX System Priority Levels Connection AQueMan Priority Configuration (Legacy Field Value Implementation) ATM Forum Traffic Management 4.1 Priority (Current Implementation)

ATM Service Category

Service Examples

Constant Bit Rate (CBR)

CBR1 CBR2 CBR3 CBR4

Highest Lower than CBR1 Lower than CBR2 Lower than CBR3 Lower than CBR4 Lower than VBR-express Lower than VBR-rt1 Lower than VBR-rt2 Lower than VBR-nrt1 Lowest (shares queue with UBR) Lowest

Highest

911 calls Preferred customers Standard Cellular

Real Time Variable Bit Rate (VBR-rt)

VBR-express VBR-rt1 VBR-rt2

Lower than CBR

Network management Real-time video MPEG 1-2/JPEG

Non-Real Time Variable Bit Rate (VBR-nrt)

VBR-nrt1 VBR-nrt2

Lower than VBR-rt

Data Data

Guaranteed Frame Rate (GFR) Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR)

GFR2 UBR

Lower than VBR-nrt Lowest

Frame relay, Ethernet, TCP UDP

ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities


Configuration compatibility among the ATM Traffic Shaping, UPC Support, and VI Support features is shown in Table A-10. In the table, Yes indicates that the two features coinciding in the matrix can be configured in the same interface, and No indicates that they cannot. See Figure A-1 for an illustration of this concept.

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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Table A-10. ATM Traffic Shaping, UPC Support, and VI Support Configuration Compatibility Fields on ATM UNI, PNNI, and IISP Configuration Windows ATM Traffic VI Support Shaping per VC UPC Support

ATM Traffic Shaping per VC VI Support UPC Support


*

No No Yes
*

Yes* Yes

Yes

UPC support and Traffic Shaping per VC are supported on the same end-to-end connection only when VI is configured on the egress path, and UPC on the ingress path.

I/O Module 1 Rx Tx Ingress Path UPC VI or TS Egress Path Chassis Backplane I/O Module 2 Rx Tx Ingress Path UPC VI or TS Egress Path

Figure A-1. Combining the UPC Feature and Either the TS or VI Feature on a Connection

Use the information in Table A-11 as a guide for calculations to determine ATM traffic shaping for cps on the 1-Port Channelized STS-1e, T1 Format module. Sample calculation: If the ATM traffic-shaped connection is configured with the PCR (Minimum/Actual Target CPS column) value 906 and the maximum target CPS (Maximum Target CPS column) value 909, the ATM Traffic Shaping feature is actually shaping the traffic to the (Actual CPS column) value 906 cps. The divergence is smallest at low PCR.
Table A-11. ATM Traffic Shaping CPS Calculation Table Actual Rate (in bps) Minimum/Actual Maximum Target Target CPS CPS Actual CPS

64,000 128,000

151 302

152 303

151 302
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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Table A-11. ATM Traffic Shaping CPS Calculation Table (Continued) Actual Rate (in bps) Minimum/Actual Maximum Target Target CPS CPS Actual CPS

192,000 256,000 320,000 383,999 448,383 512,876 575,999 639,999 713,142 767,999 831,999 896,765 959,999 1,025,752 1,085,216 1,151,998 1,217,559 1,279,998 1,349,187 1,412,828 1,482,770 1,543,915 1,610,320 1,663,997 1,741,393 1,782,854 1,804,335 1,826,339 1,848,886 1,871,997 1,895,693 1,919,997 1,944,932 1,970,523 1,996,797 2,023,781 2,051,504

453 604 755 906 1,058 1,210 1,358 1,509 1,682 1,811 1,962 2,115 2,264 2,419 2,559 2,717 2,872 3,019 3,182 3,332 3,497 3,641 3,798 3,925 4,107 4,205 4,256 4,307 4,361 4,415 4,471 4,528 4,587 4,647 4,709 4,773 4,838

454 606 757 909 1,062 1,215 1,365 1,517 1,691 1,822 1,974 2,129 2,280 2,437 2,579 2,739 2,896 3,046 3,212 3,365 3,533 3,680 3,840 3,970 4,156 4,257 4,308 4,362 4,416 4,472 4,529 4,588 4,648 4,710 4,774 4,839 4,907

453 604 755 906 1,058 1,210 1,358 1,509 1,682 1,811 1,962 2,115 2,264 2,419 2,559 2,717 2,872 3,019 3,182 3,332 3,497 3,641 3,798 3,925 4,107 4,205 4,256 4,307 4,361 4,415 4,471 4,528 4,587 4,647 4,709 4,773 4,838
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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Table A-11. ATM Traffic Shaping CPS Calculation Table (Continued) Actual Rate (in bps) Minimum/Actual Maximum Target Target CPS CPS Actual CPS

2,079,997 2,109,293 2,139,425 2,170,431 2,202,350 2,235,220 2,269,087 2,303,996 2,339,996 2,377,139 2,415,480 2,455,078 2,495,996 2,538,301 2,582,065 2,627,364 2,674,282 2,722,905 2,773,329 2,825,656 2,879,996 2,936,466 2,995,195 3,056,322 3,119,995 3,186,378 3,255,647 3,327,995 3,403,631 3,482,785 3,565,709 3,652,677 3,743,994 3,839,994 3,941,047 4,047,561 4,159,994

4,906 4,975 5,046 5,119 5,194 5,272 5,352 5,434 5,519 5,606 5,697 5,790 5,887 5,987 6,090 6,197 6,307 6,422 6,541 6,664 6,792 6,926 7,064 7,208 7,358 7,515 7,678 7,849 8,027 8,214 8,410 8,615 8,830 9,057 9,295 9,546 9,811

4,976 5,047 5,120 5,195 5,273 5,353 5,435 5,520 5,607 5,698 5,791 5,888 5,988 6,091 6,198 6,308 6,423 6,542 6,665 6,793 6,927 7,065 7,209 7,359 7,516 7,679 7,850 8,028 8,215 8,411 8,616 8,831 9,058 9,296 9,547 9,812 10,093

4,906 4,975 5,046 5,119 5,194 5,272 5,352 5,434 5,519 5,606 5,697 5,790 5,887 5,987 6,090 6,197 6,307 6,422 6,541 6,664 6,792 6,926 7,064 7,208 7,358 7,515 7,678 7,849 8,027 8,214 8,410 8,615 8,830 9,057 9,295 9,546 9,811
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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

Table A-11. ATM Traffic Shaping CPS Calculation Table (Continued) Actual Rate (in bps) Minimum/Actual Maximum Target Target CPS CPS Actual CPS

4,278,851 4,404,699 4,538,175 4,679,993 4,830,960 4,991,992 5,164,130 5,348,563 5,546,658 5,759,991 5,990,391 6,239,990 6,511,294 6,807,262 7,131,418 7,487,988 7,882,093 8,319,987 8,809,398 9,359,986 9,983,985 10,697,126 11,519,982 12,479,981 13,614,524 14,975,977 16,639,974 18,719,971 21,394,253 24,959,961 29,951,954 37,439,942 49,919,923

10,092 10,388 10,703 11,038 11,394 11,774 12,180 12,615 13,082 13,585 14,128 14,717 15,357 16,055 16,819 17,660 18,590 19,623 20,777 22,075 23,547 25,229 27,170 29,434 32,110 35,321 39,245 44,151 50,458 58,868 70,641 88,302 117,736

10,389 10,704 11,039 11,395 11,775 12,181 12,616 13,083 13,586 14,129 14,718 15,358 16,056 16,820 17,661 18,591 19,624 20,778 22,076 23,548 25,230 27,171 29,435 32,111 35,322 39,246 44,152 50,459 58,869 70,642 88,303 117,737 176,605

10,092 10,388 10,703 11,038 11,394 11,774 12,180 12,615 13,082 13,585 14,128 14,717 15,357 16,055 16,819 17,660 18,590 19,623 20,777 22,075 23,547 25,229 27,170 29,434 32,110 35,321 39,245 44,151 50,458 58,868 70,641 88,302 117,736

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ATM TS, UPC, and VI Configuration Compatibilities

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Part Number: 504M0A10001D1 Copyright 2004 Lucent Technologies All rights reserved.