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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 1

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5. a) Explain how an unknown voltage can be measured by using a polar type potentiometer? b) Calculate the inductance of a coil from the following measurement on an a.c. potentiometer. Voltage drop across a 0.1 standard resistor connected in series with the coil = 0.613 120 6. Voltage across the test coil through a 100/1 volt-ratio box = 0.781 500 48.V. Frequency is 50 Hz. [10+6]

6. Explain what do you mean by low, medium and high resistances? Suggest various suitable methods for measuring them giving justification. Explain any one method to measure a low resistance with accuracy using a neat diagram? 

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4. a) Explain the construction and theory of operation of induction Type Single phase Energy meter b) A 50 A, 230 V energy meter in a full load test with unity power factor makes 61 revolutions in 37 seconds. If the normal speed of the disc is 520 revolutions/KWH. Compute the percentage error. [8+8]

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3. a) What are the errors in induction type wattmeter, and how are they compensated? b) The inductive reactance of the pressure coil circuit of a dynamometer wattmeter is 0.35 percent of its resistance at normal frequency and the capacitance is negligible. Calculate the correction factor and percentage error due to reactance for load having 0.5 power factor lagging [8+8]

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2. a) Derive the expressions for actual transformation ratio and phase angle error for the current transformer using a neat phasor diagram b) A 500/5A, 50 Hz current transformer has a one turn primary and an output of 20 VA. The number of secondary turns is 99, and the resistance and leakage reactance of the secondary winding are 0.4 and 0.35 respectively. At rated load with non- inductive burden, the in- phase and quadrature components (referred to the flux) of the exciting mmf are 6 AT and 8 AT respectively. Calculate the current and phase angle errors. [10+6]

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, April/May - 2012 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Derive the torque equation for the DArsonval Galvanometer with necessary assumed constants. b) The coil of a 250 V moving iron voltmeter has a resistance of 500 and inductance of 1 H. The current taken by the instrument when placed on 250 V, Dc supply is 0.05 A. Determine the percentage error when the instrument is placed on 250 V, Ac supply at 100 Hz. [8+8]

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 1

7. a) With the help of circuit diagram explain how capacitance can be measured by the use of a Schering bridge. b) The four arms of an ac bridge network are as follows: arm AB: an Unknown impedance; arm BC: a standard capacitor of 1000 pF; arm CD: a non-inductive resistor of 100 in parallel with a capacitor of 0.01F; arm DA: a non-inductive resistor of 1000. The A.c supply is connected across terminals B, D and the supply frequency is 50 Hz. If the bridge is balanced with the above values, calculate the components of the unknown impedance. [8+8] 8. a) Explain the Lloyd Fisher square method of measuring iron losses in ferromagnetic materials. b) The iron loss in the sample is 300 watts at 50 Hz with the eddy current component 5 times as big as the hysteresis loss component. At what frequency will the iron loss be doubled if the flux density is kept same? [8+8]

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 2

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5. Explain with the help of suitable diagrams, how a d.c potentiometer can be used for: (i) Calibration of a voltmeter. (ii) Calibration of an Ammeter (iii) Calibration of wattmeter (iv) determination of an unknown resistance. 6. a) Why is Kelvins double bridge superior to the wheat-stone bridge for the purpose of low resistance measurement? b) How can the difficulties associated with the measurement of a very high resistance are over come? c) How the effects of contact resistance and resistance of the connecting leads are eliminated in the measurement of resistance by Kelvins double bridge? d) Why is the Voltmeter-Ammeter method unsuitable for the precise measurement of the low resistance? [4x4] 1 of 2

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4. Explain the working of a single-phase induction type energy meter with the help of connection diagram. Give the various sources of errors and their compensation. 

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3. a) Show that the power in a 3-phase system is measured by the use of i. Only one watt meter and ii. Two wattmeters. Indicate how the power is determined. Comment on the accuracy of the measurements when the load is unbalanced and the supply is a four-wire system. b) Two wattmeters used to measure the power input in a 3-phase circuit indicate 1000w and 500w respectively. Find the power factor of the circuit. i. When both wattmeters readings are positive ii. When the latter is obtained by reversing the current coil connections. [10+6]

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2. a) Explain the construction and working of a Dynamometer type single phase power factor meter. b) A current transformer with a bar primary has 250 turns in its secondary winding. The resistance and reactance of the secondary circuit are 1.4 and 1.1 respectively including the transformer winding. When 5A current flows in the secondary winding, the magnetizing mmf is 80 AT and the iron loss is 1.1 W. Determine the ratio error and phase angle error. [8+8]

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, April/May - 2012 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Explain Attraction type moving iron instrument with a neat diagram. b) The coil of a moving coil voltmeter is 40 mm long and 30mm wide and has 100 turns on it. The control spring exerts a torque of 240 10 -6 Nm when the deflection is 100 divisions on full scale. If the flux density of the magnetic field in the air gap is 1.0 Wb/m2, calculate the resistance that must be put in series with the coil to give 1 V/division. The resistance of the voltmeter coil may be neglected. [8+8]

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 2

7. a) Explain with the help of neat diagram the loss of charge method for determining the insulation resistance of a length of a cable b) The value of a high resistance is measured by loss of charge method. A capacitor having a capacitance of 2.5 F is charged to a potential of 500V d.c and is discharged through the high resistance. An electrostatic voltmeter, kept across the high resistance, reads the voltage as 300 V at the end of 60 seconds. Calculate the value of high resistance [8+8] 8. Derive an expression for equation of motion of a ballistic galvanometer with a neat sketch  *****

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 3

2. Derive the expressions for actual voltage transformation ratio and phase angle error in case of a potential transformer with the help of neat phasor diagrams.  3. a) What are electrostatic instruments? Explain the basic principle over which they operate? b) Explain with a neat diagram of a Repulsion type Electrostatic instrument [8+8] 4. a) How will you test the single phase energy meter? Explain the procedure of adjustments of different compensation systems. b) A 230V, 50Hz single phase energy meter has a constant of 200 revolutions per kWh. While supplying a non-inductive load of 4.4 A at normal voltage, the meter takes 3 minutes for 10 revolutions. Calculate the percentage error of the instrument. [8+8] 5. a) Explain the Crompton potentiometer with a neat connection diagram and bring out its salient features. How it is standardized? b) A cromptons potentiometer consists of a resistance dial having 15 steps of 10 each and a series connected slide wire of 10 which is divided in to 100 divisions. If the working current of the potentiometer is 10 mA and each division of slide wire can be read accurately up to of its span, calculate the resolution of the potentiometer in volt. [8+8] 6. a) Name the different methods used for measurement of medium resistances. Explain any one method to measure medium resistance with accuracy using a neat diagram? b) A voltmeter of resistance 500 and a milli-ammeter of 1 resistance are used to measure a resistance by Ammeter-Voltmeter method. If the Voltmeter reads 20V and milli-Ammeter100 mA, calculate the value of measured resistance. i. If the Voltmeter is put across the resistance and the milli-Ammeter connected in series with the unknown resistance. ii. If the voltmeter is put across the resistance with ammeter connected on the supply side. [8+8] 7. a) Explain the common sources of error in a.c bridges. How are they eliminated? b) Explain with the help of neat diagram the measurement of iron loss using Campbell bridge Method. [8+8] 1 of 2

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, April/May - 2012 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Explain the use of a shunt with respect to a PMMC instrument. How it is employed in extending the range of an Ammeter? b) With a neat circuit diagram explain how temperature effect is corrected in the shunts [8+8]

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 3

8. a) Explain the method of reversals for determination of hysteresis loop of a magnetic material specimen b) A moving coil ballistic galvanometer of 150 resistance gives a throw of 75 divisions when the flux through a search coil to which it is connected is reversed. Find the flux density, if the galvanometer constant is 110C per scale division and the search coil has 1400 turns, a mean area of 50 cm2 and a resistance of 20 . [8+8] *****

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 4

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5. a) Explain the principle of operation a rectangular type co-ordinate A.C.Potentiometer with a neat diagram and scheme of connections, and describe how the potentiometer is standardized. b) The following readings were obtained during the measurement of power by a polar potentiometer: Voltage across 0.2 standard resistance in series with the load = 1.52 V with an angle of 350. Voltage across 200:1 potential divider across the line = 1.43 V with an angle of 530 .Find the current, voltage, power factor of the load. [10+6] 6. a) Explain the procedure for measuring low resistance with the help of Kelvin double bridge. Derive the relation for finding unknown resistance. b) The value of a high resistance is measured by loss of charge method. A Capacitor having a capacitance of 2.5 F is charged to a potential of 500 V d.c and is discharged through the high resistance. An electrostatic voltmeter, kept across the high resistance, reads the voltage as 300 V at the end of 60 Seconds. Calculate the value of high resistance. [8+8] 1 of 2

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3. a) Explain how the measurement of power with wattmeter in conjunction with instrument transformers can be used in single- phase ac circuits b) A 3- phase, 440V motor load has a power factor of 0.6. Two wattcmeters connected to measure the power show the input to be 25 KW. Find the reading on each instrument. [8+8] 4. a) Explain the working of a Trivector meter with a neat diagram b) An energy meter is designed to make 100 revolutions of disc for one unit of energy. Calculate the number of revolutions made by it when connected to load carrying 40 amps at 230 volts and 0.4 power factor for an hour. If it actually makes 360 revolutions, find the percentage error. [8+8]

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2. a) Draw and explain the equivalent circuit and phasor diagram of a potential transformer. b) A potential transformer with a nominal ratio of 2000/100V, a RCF of 0.995 and a phase angle (Vs lags Vp) of 25 min is used with a current transformer with a nominal ratio of 100/5A, an RCF of 1.005 and a phase angle error (Is leads Ip) of 10min to measure the power in a single phase inductive load. The meters connected to these transformers give correct readings of 1.02V, 4A and 375watts. Determine the true values of the voltage, current and power supplied to the load. [8+8]

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III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, April/May - 2012 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. a) Explain the principle of working of a repulsion type moving iron instrument with a neat diagram? b) Discuss the various errors in moving iron instruments and suggest methods to compensate these errors. [8+8]

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Code No-: V3109/R07

Set No: 4

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8. a) Why are magnetic measurements more in accurate than other types of measurements? b) Why a ballistic galvanometer is usually light damped? c) How does a flux meter differ from ballistic galvanometer? d) Flux measurement using flux meter. [3+3+5+5] *****

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7. a) What are the limitations of L.V. schering bridge? b) Define dissipation factor? Derive the equation for dissipation factor in case of L.V. Schering Bridge? c) In a Low-voltage Schering bridge designed for the measurement of permittivity, the branch ab consists of two electrodes between which the specimen under test is inserted; arm bc is a non-reactive resistor R3 in parallel with a standard capacitor C3; arm CD is a non-reactive resistor R4 in parallel with a standard capacitor C4; arm da is a standard air capacitor of capacitance C2.Without the specimen between the electrodes, balance is obtained with the following values, C3 = C4 = 120 pF, C2 = 150 PF, R3 = R4 = 5000 . With the specimen inserted, these values become C3 = 200 PF; C4 = 1000 pF; C2 = 900 pF, and R3 = R4 = 5000 . In each test = 5000 rad/sec. Find the relative permittivity of the specimen. [4+4+8]