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Chapter 14

ARC Flash Exposure Thresholds, Analysis, and Controls

November 2000

Calculated Heat from the arc

Energized

object

Grounded

object

Arc length
Arc length
Calculated Heat from the arc Energized object Grounded object Arc length Distance from the arc MAD
Calculated Heat from the arc Energized object Grounded object Arc length Distance from the arc MAD

Distance from the arc

MAD
MAD
Calculated Heat from the arc Energized object Grounded object Arc length Distance from the arc MAD

Distance from the arc

Grounded object Arc length Distance from the arc MAD Distance from the arc Power System Maintenance
Grounded object Arc length Distance from the arc MAD Distance from the arc Power System Maintenance
Power System Maintenance Manual

Power System Maintenance Manual

Arc Flash Exposure Thresholds, Analysis, and Controls

NOVEMBER 2000

Western Area Power Administration

Power System Maintenance Manual Chapter 14

Working Publication*

John Quintana Team Leader, Maintenance

Date

*Will be revised and re-issued one year after publication date.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this manual regarding commercial products or firms may not be used for advertising or promotional purposes and is not to be construed as an endorsement by Western Area Power Administration (Western) of any product or firm. The information contained in this manual was developed for Western; no warranty as to the accuracy, usefulness, or completeness is expressed or implied when used by other entities.

i

Preface

This guide is issued by the Western Area Power Administration (Western) and is designed to provide specific guidelines, instructions, procedures, and criteria for assessing and mitigating the arc hazard exposure near energized transmission lines and equipment. Procedures and guidelines are in accordance with Western’s Power System Safety Manual (PSSM). Corrections or comments concerning this guide may be addressed to:

Western Area Power Administration Attn: A3900, CSO Maintenance P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, Colorado 80228-8213

ii

PROPOSED REVISION TO PSMM, CHAPTER 14

Type of Suggested Revision: Addition, Deletion, Rewording, Other (Circle one)

PSMM, Chapter 14 Section Number:

SUGGESTED NEW WORDING:

 

REASON FOR REVISION:

 

Revision recommended by:

Mail Code:

 

Name

Date:

If additional space is needed, attach necessary pages.

Please return to:

Western Area Power Administration CSO Maintenance, Attn: A3900 P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228

iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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PAGE

1 GENERAL

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1.1 Purpose

 

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1.2 Definitions

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1.3 Interpretations

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2 REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

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2.1 Background

 

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2.2 Prohibited Material

 

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2.3 Practice

 

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2.4 Procedure

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3 ARC EXPOSURE THRESHOLDS AND PARAMETERS

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3.1 High Voltage Work (69 kV and Above)

 

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3.1.1 Arc Duration

 

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3.1.2 Arc Gap

 

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3.1.3 Distance from the Arc

 

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3.1.4 Calculated Trigger Currents

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3.1.5 Fault Currents

 

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3.2 Low Voltage Work (Below 69 kV)

 

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3.2.1 Arc Duration

 

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3.2.2 Arc Gap

 

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3.2.3 Distance from the Arc

 

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3.2.4 Calculated Trigger Currents

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3.2.5 Fault Currents

 

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.10

4 ARC FLASH EXPOSURE ANALYSIS

 

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4.1 Requirements

 

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4.2 Initial (General) Fault Study

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4.3 Transmission Line Trigger Current Comparison

 

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4.3.1 Initial Comparison

 

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4.3.2 Secondary Comparison

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4.3.3 Actual Exposure Comparison

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.12

4.4 Substation Trigger Current Comparison

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4.5 Low Voltage Trigger Current Comparison

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4.6 Documentation

 

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.12

4.7 Levels of Exposure

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.12

iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)

SECTION

PAGE

5 ARC EXPOSURE CONTROLS

 

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.14

5.1 Operational Controls

 

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