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TOPIC : LINEAR LAW

1 The table 1 below shows the values of two variables, x and y. It is known that x and y are related by the equation py + qx 2 = 4x where p constants. x y 1 3.5 2 10 4 32 Table 1 5 47.5 6 66 7 87.5 and q are

(a) Plot

y against x

x , using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit

on the x-axis, and 2 cm to

2 units on the

y axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. x

(b) From your graph, find the values of p and q.

The table 2 below shows the values of two variables, x and y obtained from an experiment. The variables are related by the equation ay = bx + 5 x , where a and b are constants.

x y

1 8

2 12.49 Table 2

3 16.39

5 23.42

7 29.87

(a) Explain how a straight line may be drawn to represent the given equation. (b) Plot the graph from equation (a) and estimate the values of a and b. (c) Find the value of y when x = 25.

LINEAR LAW FORM5

Table 3 shows the values of two variables, v and u, obtained from an experiment. It is known that v and u are related by the equation, u = pk v , where p and k are constants. v u 2 3.16 4 5.50 6 9.12 Table 3 (a) Plot log10 u against v by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the v-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log10 u -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) From the graph, find the values of (i) p (ii) k (c) Find the values of u when v = 7.5 8 16.22 10 28.84 12 46.77

Table 4 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. 4 Variables, x and y, are related by the equation y = 2kx 2 + constants. x y 2 8 3 13.2 4 20 Table 4 (a) Plot 5 27.5 6 36.6 7 45.5

p x , where p and k are k

y against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes. Hence, x

draw the line of best fit. (b) Use your graph in (a) to find the value of (i) (ii) (iii) p k y when x = 1.2

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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LINEAR LAW FORM5

Table 5 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. 5 Variables x and y are related by the equation y = pk x +1 , where p and k are constants. x y 1 4.0 2 5.7 3 8.7 Table 5 (a) Plot log y against ( x +1) by using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the ( x +1) axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log y axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit. (b) Use the graph from (a) to find value of (i) p (ii) k 4 13.2 5 20.0 6 28.8

END OF MODULE

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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LINEAR LAW FORM5

MODULE 12 - ANSWERS TOPIC : LINEAR LAW


PAPER 2

Question no 1.

y x

x y x

1 3.5

2 5

4 8

5 9.5

6 11

7 12.5

14

12

10

( 5 , 9.5 )

( 3 , 6.5 )

2
Y=

3
y x
4 = 2 p

4
X=

6
q p

7
c=
4 p

py + q x 2 = 4x py = - q x 2 + 4x 4x y qx 2 = + px px x qx 4 y = + p p x

m=-

c =

m=-

(9.5 6.5) q = p (5 3)

p = 2

q = - 1.5 (2)= - 3

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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LINEAR LAW FORM5 Question no 2


y x
1 x y x

1 8

0.71 6.25

0.58

0.45 4.68

0.38 4.27

5.46

7 ( 0.8 , 6.8 ) 6

5
( 0.4 , 4.4 )

3
c.) x = 25

1 = x

1 = 0.2, 25

y = 3.2

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1 x

ay = bx + 5 x y 5 b 1 = + x a a x y 1 b Y= X= m= x x a 5 a

c = c=

Question no 3.

5 = 2 a (6.8 4.4) ( 0. 8 0. 4) a = 2.5

m=

b = a

q = 6 (2.5)

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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LINEAR LAW FORM5

lg u 1.7 1.6

v lg u 2 0.5 4 0.74 6 0.96 8 1.21

10 1.46

12 1.67

1.4
( 8 , 1.21 ) c.) From graph v = 7.5, lg u = 1.16 u = 14.45

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

( 2.6 , 0.6 )

0.4

0.2

8
Y = lg u

10
X=v

12
m = lg k

u = pkv lg u = lg p k v = vlg k + lg p

c = lg p = 0.3 p = 2.0

c = lg p (1.21 0.6) m = lg k = (8 2.6) k = 1.3

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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LINEAR LAW FORM5 Question no 4.


x y x 2 4 3 4.4 4 5 5 5.5 6 6.1 7 6.5

y x

(6,6)

( 3 , 4.5 )

iii.) when x = 1.2,

from graph,

y = 3.6 x

y = 3.6(1.2) y = 4.32

1
p x k y p = 2kx + x k y = 2kx 2 +

2
Y=

3
y x

4
X=

6
c= p k

m = 2k

c =

p = 3 0.25 p = 0.75

m = 2k =

(6 4.5) (6 3) 0. 5 k = = 0.25 2

lg y

Question no 5.
Y = lg y X = x +1 m = lg k c = lg p ( 1 . 2 0 .6 lg = p + (x+1)lg k when PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SMK 4 SERI ROMPIN Page 7) 2 3SPM 5 2013 6 7 xy + 1lg c.) x = 1.2, c = lg p = 0.25 m = lg k = y (x+1)lgk lg lg y = + lg p from (5 .5 2) 0.602 0.756 1.120 1.301 1.460 graph, x + 0.940 1 = 2.2 x+1 1.778 = 1.484 1 2 ( 2 , 0.6 3 ) lg y 4= 0.64p =5 ( 5.5 6 , 1.2 k )7

0 0.2 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.4 1.0 0.6

y = 4.37

LINEAR LAW FORM5

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SMK SERI ROMPIN 2013

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