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## 1. What is the dimension of thermal conductivity? A. M L T-3 B. M L-3 -1 C. M L T-3 -1 D. M L-3 T -1

2. A student measured in the length, width and height of a cubical wooden block, using a ruler with accuracy of 0.05 cm. He then calculated the volume of the block, and his calculator registered 108.288. Which of the following alternatives would be the best one to express his results, without losing accuracy and without including meaningless figure? A. 108.29 cm3 B. 108.3 cm3 C. 110 cm3 D. 108 cm3

## 3. A projectile of mass m is fired with velocity v from a point P, as shown below.

Neglecting air resistance, the magnitude of the change in momentum between leaving P and arriving at Q is A. mv B. mv3 C. 2 mv D. mv2

4. A ball hits the ground normally with a speed u. Which of the following is NOT TRUE if the collision is elastic? A. The particle rebounds along its original path with speed u. B. The momentum of the ball is conserved. C. The kinetic energy of the ball is conserved. D. The total momentum of the ball and the floor is conserved.

5. A body is moving with constant speed in the y-direction. For positive values of y, it experiences a uniform acceleration in the x- direction. Which one of the paths A to D does it follow?

6. An 5.0 kg block slides down a rough plane which is inclined at 30 as shown below.

The box starts from rest and then moves a distance of 2.0 m as measured along the incline. After it has moved this distance, its speed equals 2.0 m s-1. What is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the plane? A. 0.46 B. 0.80 C. 1.04 D. 1.15

7. Two forces P and Q of the same magnitude act on a uniform metre rule pivoted at O as shown below.

Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The resultant forces P and Q on the metre rule is zero. B. Both forces P and Q exert an anti- clockwise moment about O. C. The moment of force P about O is greater than that of force Q about O

## D. The system is in static equilibrium.

8.

A force is applied to a regular cubical block of weight 10 N as shown above. What is the least magnitude of F required to overturn the block? A. 2 N B. 5N C. 10 N D. 20 N

9. A planet of mass m moves in a circular orbit of radius R round a sun of mass M with period T. Which one of the following correctly shows how T depends on m, R and M?

10. A body is released from rest at a point P a distance 3R from the centre of an isolated planet with radius R and mass M. What is the speed of the body on hitting the planet?

11. Two steel wires P and Q were suspended from the ceiling with each wire being stretched by a weight W. If the original length of wire P and Q are 2l and l respectively, and both wires have the diameter of wire P same extension, what is the ratio ? diameter of wire Q A
1 2

B 1

D 2

12. The graph below shows the distribution of molecular speed at room temperature.

As the temperature is increased, A the peak position will move to the right and its height will increase B the peak position will move to the right and its height will decrease C the peak position will move to the left and its height will increase D the peak position will move to the left and its height will decrease

13. Which of the following is NOT an assumption in deriving the kinetic theory of gases? A Attractive forces between the molecules are negligible. B The volume of the molecules is negligible compared with the volume of the gas. C The duration of a collision is negligible compared with the time between collisions. D The molecules experience negligible change of momentum on collision with the walls of the container

14. A vessel of volume 1x10-3m contains 0.72 g of an ideal gas of O2 at a pressure of 1x105Pa. The r.m.s. velocity of the gas molecules is A 20 m s-1 B 110 m s-1 C 340 m s-1 D 650 m s-1

15. One end of a properly insulated copper rod of length 60 cm and cross-sectional area 6.0 cm2 is maintained at steam point while the other end is placed in ice at 0 oC. Determine the mass of ice melted in 12 minutes if the rod is in steady condition. ( For copper k = 380 W m- 1 K -1 , specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 333 kJ kg -1 ) A 0.04 kg B 0.08 kg C 2.48 kg D 3.56 kg

[1 mark]

## (ii) State the condition for a point mass to be in equilibrium

[1 mark]

(b) The diagram below shows a 5.0 kg street light suspended by two cables.

[5 marks]

[1 mark]

## (ii) Explain how each of these methods transfer heat.

[3 marks]

(b) Why is it important for a good cooking utensil to have a high thermal conductivity ?

[2 marks]

(c) A steel cooking pot has an effective surface area of 0.125 m2 and a thickness of 1.0 x 103 m. Calculate the rate of heat flow through the bottom of the pot if the temperature difference is 690 oC? [ The thermal conductivity of steel = 66.9 W m-1 K-1]

[2 marks]

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Section C [30 marks] Answer any two questions from this section

(a) An object is projected with initial speed v at angle with the horizontal. [3 marks]

## Derive an equation for the path of the projectile.

(b) The diagram below shows a jeep travelling at constant speed 10 m s-1 towards a security post.

A security guard holding his rifle 15 m above the ground shoots horizontally when the jeep is 0.7 km from the security post. The bullet of the rifle strikes the jeep. Calculate (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) the time taken by the bullet to strike the jeep, the distance of the jeep from the security post when it is struck, the initial speed of the bullet, the speed and direction of the bullet when it strikes the jeep. [2 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [6 marks]

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## 4 (a)(i) State Newtons Law of Universal Gravitation.

[2 marks]

(ii) Hence show that GM = gR2 where G is the universal gravitational constant, g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth , M is the Earths mass and R is the Earths radius. [2 marks]

(b) Show that the speed of satellites orbiting very close to the surface of the Earth has a speed of approximately 8 km s-1. [ g = 9.81 ms-1 and R = 6.4 x 106 m] [3 marks] (c) (i) A geosynchronous satellite is a satellite that appears stationary relative to a point on the Earth. One of the properties is that its period of rotation must equal the period of rotation of the Earth. State two other properties of a geosynchronous satellite. [2 marks]

## (ii) Find the radius of the orbit of the geosynchronous satellite

[3 marks]

(iii) The mass of the satellite is 20 kg. Find its total energy. [ Radius of Earth = 6.4 x 106 m ;] [3 marks]

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(a)

## (i) State two assumptions of an ideal gas.

[2 marks]

(ii) State two physical conditions under which a gas behaves as an ideal gas. [2 marks] ( i i i ) A 0.35 m3 gas tank contains 7.0 kg of butane gas. Assuming that the gas behaves as an ideal gas, calculate its pressure at 27 oC. [3 marks] [Molecular mass of butane is 58 g mol -1 ]. (iv) Butane gas normally behaves as a real gas. The actual pressure of the butane gas is higher than the calculated value in (a)(iii). Give a reason. [1 mark]

(b)

## (i) What is meant by the degrees of freedom of a gas molecule? [1 mark]

(ii) Write an expression relating the total kinetic energy E of a gas molecule to the number of degrees of freedom f. Explain any other symbols used. [2 marks]

( i i i ) The escape velocity of Mars is 5.0 x 1 0 3 m s - 1 , If the temperature of Mars is 300 K. determine whether oxygen gas can exist on the planet. [4 marks] [Molecular mass of oxygen is 32 g mol-1.]

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## Values of Constants ( Nilai Pemalar)

Speed of light in free space (Laju cahaya dalam ruang bebas) Permeability of free space Permittivity of free space (Ketelapan ruang bebas) (Ketelusan ruang bebas)

## 0 = 4 x 10-7 Hm-1 0 = 8.85 x 10-12 Fm-1

(1/(36)) x 10-9 F m-1

Magnitude of electronic charge Planck constant Unified atomic mass unit Rest mass of electron Rest mass of proton Molar gas constant Avogadro constant Boltzmann constant Gravitational constant Acceleration of free fall

## (Magnitud cas electron)

e = 1.60 x 10-19 C

(Pemalar Planck) (Unit jisim atom bersatu) (Jisim rehat electron) (Jisim rehat proton) (Pemalar gas molar) (Pemalar Avogadro) (Pemalar Boltzmann) (Pemalar gravity) (Pecutan jatuh bebas)

h = 6.63 x 10-34 J s u = 1.66 x 10-27 kg me = 9.11 x 10-31 kg mp = 1.67 x 10-27 kg R = 8.31 J K-1 mol-1 L, NA = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 k = 1.38 x 10-23 J K-1 G = 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2kg-2 g = 9.81 m s-2