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# MEE/MME 302.

4 Page 1 of 3
Reg.No.

SIXTH SEMESTER B.E. DEGREE END SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS (MAKE-UP)
MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL & PRODUCTION ENGINEERING JULY-2010

SUBJECT: FINITE ELEMENT METHODS

[Elective-I/II] (MEE/MME -302.4)
(Revised Credit System)
Date: 15-07-2010

Time: 3 Hours. MAX.MARKS: 50

Q No. 1[A] Compute the values of the member displacements and member forces of the 2-D
truss system shown in Fig 1 below, using direct stiffness method. Assume
A=1.5E-4 m
2

and E =210 GPa for all members. -07 marks-

Fig. 1
Q No.1[B] Using fundamental laws and neat schematic sketch of the element, derive the
stiffness analogous matrix equations for the following cases:
(a) A heat conducting rod element of thermal conductivity K , cross sectional A and
length L, having a temperature difference of T
(b) An electric resistance element having a potential difference of V= (V
1
-V
2
),
carrying a current, i
(c) A liquid carrying pipe with a viscosity of and length L, with a pressure
difference of, P= (P
1
-P
2
) -03 marks-

MANIPAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
MANIPAL UNIVERSITY
Manipal 576 104

Instructions to Candidates:
Missing data, if any, may be appropriately assumed.

MEE/MME 302.4 Page 2 of 3
Q.No.2[A] For the spring assemblage shown in Fig 2, determine the nodal displacements,
the forces in each element and the reactions, using the direct stiffness method.
-05 Marks-

Fig. 2.

Q. No. 2 [B] Deduce the displacement for a simply supported Beam with one end pin jointed
and the other end supported on a roller and carrying mid point load, P, applying,
(i) Sub Domain Method
(ii) Least Square Method
Assume a suitable displacement field, satisfying the geometric boundary
conditions. -05 marks-

Q. No.3[A] Derive the element stiffness matrix for a three noded triangular isoparametric
area element. -07 marks-

Q. No. 3[B]Generate Shape functions for a 8 noded Hexahedra Element using Lagrangian
Interpolation Method. -03 marks-

Q. No. 4[A] Obtain the deflection by Galerkin Method for a beam which is simply supported
and subjected to concentrated moments, M
0
i
W( )
x
x sin
L
| |
=
|
\ .
at each end. Use a trial weighting
function,
-04 marks-
Q. No. 4[B] Formulate the element stiffness matrix for a 2 noded uni-axial bar element
having constant cross section, using Isoparametric concept. -06 marks-

Q. No. 5[A]Apply Principle of Minimum Total Potential Energy (PMPE) to derive the
element stiffness matrix for a simple 2 D Beam element. -05 marks-

MEE/MME 302.4 Page 3 of 3
Q.No.5[B]The element shown in Fig. 3 is a 2D linear isoparametric quadrilateral element.
Show that the mapping with the help of shape functions in r-s natural coordinate
system correctly maps the side joining nodes 1 and 4. Also find the cartesian
coordinates of P (r,s) =(,).
-05 marks-

Fig. 3

Q. No. 6[A] Prove that for an arbitrarily oriented 2-D truss element, the element stiffness
matrix is given by, -06 marks-

Q. No. 6[B] Show that theThermal Force vector in an uniaxial inclined bar element due
to temperature change T and whose linear thermal coefficient of expansion is
, is given by (with usual notations) - 04 marks-

1
1
2
2
T
x
y
x
y
f
C
f
S
E A T
f
C
f
S

=
` `

)
)

2
1
4
(4, 4)
(3,8)
(8, 10)
(7, 5)
x
r
. P
[ ]
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
C CS C CS
CS S CS S
AE
K
L
C CS C CS
CS S CS S

- -

- -

=

- -

- -

y
s
3