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Lloyd’s Register: Marine

DANNY SHORTEN IENG

45, Husband, Father, Bass Guitarist, Cook

Craft Apprenticed, Mechanical Engineer, BTEC HND 1985.

1981 – 1999 Lubricants Company - Field support testing and engineering industrial lubricants, condition monitoring and service products.

1999 – 2010 Lloyd’s Register of Shipping – Marine and offshore systems oil analysis, Condition Based Maintenance, Condition Monitoring large marine engines.

– Marine and offshore systems oil analysis, Condition Based Maintenance, Condition Monitoring large marine engines.

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register Condition Monitoring Guide – Published 2010

Marine Machinery Condition Monitoring – A training standard

for practitioners http://www.bindt.org/COMADIT/CM_Certification.html

Meets ISO 18436 and MNTB requirements

ISO TC108 SC5 Condition Monitoring -

UK Representative Marine

CIMAC – Large Engine Lubrication Group Member

CEC - Large engine lubricant test methods development

Currently responsible for FOBAS Engine delivery and technical support re: CBM for classification group.

development • Currently responsible for FOBAS Engine delivery and technical support re: CBM for classification group.

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

A new approach to engine performance analysis

1.Diagnoses based upon cylinder drain oil analysis – pro’s and cons

2.What can integrated fluid analysis techniques actually tell us?

3.What can the ship manager, superintendent and chief engineer expect

to gain from this approach?

4.The importance of creating a functional enterprise between internal

operations and external consultancy support

4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support
4.The importance of creating a functi onal enterprise between internal operations and external consultancy support

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Consultancy services

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/

http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Consultancy services http://www.lr.org/sectors/marine/Services/Consultancy/FOBAS/

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS Engine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Slow Speed 2st Engines

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Slow Speed 2st Engines • Two lubrication Systems 1 - Cylinder Oil 2

Two lubrication Systems

1 - Cylinder Oil

2 - System or Crankcase

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Slow Speed 2st Engines • Two lubrication Systems 1 - Cylinder Oil 2
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Slow Speed 2st Engines • Two lubrication Systems 1 - Cylinder Oil 2

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS ENGINE

Optimisation of 2 stroke engine performance

Sources of piston ring / liner wear

engine performance Sources of piston ring / liner wear Targeting minor combustion issues is the mo

Targeting minor combustion issues is the most effective way to improve engine reliability

ring / liner wear Targeting minor combustion issues is the mo st effective way to improve

Data Source

ring / liner wear Targeting minor combustion issues is the mo st effective way to improve
ring / liner wear Targeting minor combustion issues is the mo st effective way to improve

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

CLO Feed
CLO Feed

Cylinder Drain Oil contains useful information about:

• Combustion Quality

• Wear Condition

• Adequacy of Feed

• Condition of Stuffing Box

• Water Contamination

Sampling Point CLO Drain
Sampling
Point
CLO Drain
• Wear Condition • Adequacy of Feed • Condition of Stuffing Box • Water Contamination Sampling

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine
Lloyd’s Register: Marine
Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS Engine

Scrape Down Oil
Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS Engine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Scrape Down Oil
Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil
Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Scrape Down Oil

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Increased sensitivity to emerging conditions

PF Curve P = Point where failure indicator can be measured FOBAS Engine F =
PF Curve
P
= Point where failure indicator
can be measured
FOBAS Engine
F
= Point where failure occurs
P
Less machinery
deterioration
Scrape down analysis and
other forms of
monitoring means
Greater time to react
and repair
F
time
Machine condition

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS Engine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine FOBAS Engine We receive some performance m easurements from the engine: • Standard

We receive some performance measurements from the engine:

• Standard engine performance data – Temperatures/Pressures

• Scavenge air temperatures

• Fuel line temperatures and Viscotherm settings

• Shop Test Data

• Fuel – Before Purifier & Engine

• Cylinder Lubricating Oil (New)

• System oil (New) and in service samples

• Cylinder Drain Oil (Scrape down oil) x X Cylinders

And generate a comprehensive report on the condition of the engine

a comprehe nsive report on the condition of the engine • Cylinder Wear and Co mbustion

• Cylinder Wear and Combustion Performance

• CLO Feed Rate

• Fuel Purifier Performance

• Etc.

of the engine • Cylinder Wear and Co mbustion Performance • CLO Feed Rate • Fuel

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS ENGINE - Some of the result areas

Performance

Power Balance - Pmax Power Balance - Ptdc Power Balance - Pmax-Ptdc Power Balance - MIP Power Balance - Exhaust Temperature VIT & Fuel Pump Shop Test - Load Indic. Shop Test - Pmax Shop Test - Ptdc Shop Test - Pmax-Ptdc Shop Test - MIP Shop Test - Texh Shop Test – T/C RPM Shop Test - Pscav Shop Test - Engine RPM

Test – T/C RPM Shop Test - Pscav Shop Test - Engine RPM Combustion Combustion Stability

Combustion

Combustion Stability Late Combustion Early Combustion Acid Condensation Burning Lubricant Check Injectors Inspect Pistons

Fuel

ISO Comparison Representative Cat-fines Water Sea Water Acid Condensation Vanadium Na:V Ratio MCR Temperature Purifiers

Wear

Cylinders Running In Liner Max Wear Liner Wear Rate Combustion - deposits Piston/Liner Abrasion Skirt Abrasion Stuffing Box Cat-fines Overall Ring Groove Blow By Water

System Oil

Drain Contamination Lubrication Dispersant Reserve Unburnt Fuel Water Wear Particles

Dispersant Reserve Unburnt Fuel Water Wear Particles Cylinder Drain Oil System Oil Contamination Fuel Oil

Cylinder Drain Oil

System Oil Contamination Fuel Oil Contamination Alkaline Reserve Sludge Water Fuel Ash Unburnt Fuel Dilution Dispersancy Cat-fines Iron Tin Chromium

Turbo Charger

After Cooler In Air Receiver Performance

Fuel Dilution Dispersancy Cat-fines Iron Tin Chromium Turbo Charger After Cooler In Air Receiver Performance

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS ENGINE – 8 Point Analysis Strategy

By individual analysis of the eight key elements

1. Fuel oil quality

2. Air cooler and scavenge air

3. Combustion performance

4. Cylinder oil feed rate

5. Cylinder drain oil condition

6. Liner and ring wear

7. System oil condition

8. Engine performance indicators

feed rate 5. Cylinder drain oil condition 6. Liner and ring wear 7. System oil condition
feed rate 5. Cylinder drain oil condition 6. Liner and ring wear 7. System oil condition

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Reports

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Reports
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Reports

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Achieving World Class Performance

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Achieving World Class Performance With thanks to SKF Reliability - Client Needs Analysis
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Achieving World Class Performance With thanks to SKF Reliability - Client Needs Analysis

With thanks to SKF Reliability - Client Needs Analysis

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Achieving World Class Performance With thanks to SKF Reliability - Client Needs Analysis

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Shortcut to example.pdf.lnk
Shortcut to example.pdf.lnk
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Shortcut to example.pdf.lnk

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Savings Illustration

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Savings Illustration
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Savings Illustration

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

FOBAS Engine

Extended cylinder overhauls

Register: Marine FOBAS Engine Extended cylinder overhauls Scavenge port in spection at 31,000 hours Optimised CLO

Scavenge port inspection at 31,000 hours

Optimised CLO feed rate

g/kWh

Engine Extended cylinder overhauls Scavenge port in spection at 31,000 hours Optimised CLO feed rate g

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Too much Cylinder Oil

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit Calcium deposit causing rings to stick
Calcium deposit
Calcium deposit
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit Calcium deposit causing rings to stick
Calcium deposit causing rings to stick
Calcium deposit
causing rings to stick
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit Calcium deposit causing rings to stick

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Too much Cylinder Oil

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit causing bore polishing Abrasion of piston skirt
Calcium deposit causing bore polishing
Calcium deposit causing
bore polishing
Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit causing bore polishing Abrasion of piston skirt against the
Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit causing bore polishing Abrasion of piston skirt against the
Abrasion of piston skirt against the liner wall.
Abrasion of piston skirt
against the liner wall.

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Too much Cylinder Oil

Calcium deposit causing bore polishing
Calcium deposit causing
bore polishing
Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit causing bore polishing Abrasion of piston skirt against the
Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Calcium deposit causing bore polishing Abrasion of piston skirt against the
Abrasion of piston skirt against the liner wall.
Abrasion of piston skirt
against the liner wall.

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Too much Cylinder Oil - Skirt Abrasion

Deposits on piston top land will not be concentric. More deposits will form in way of flame path

concentric. More de posits will form in way of flame path Deposits on the top land
concentric. More de posits will form in way of flame path Deposits on the top land

Deposits on the top land cause misalignment

Piston Skirt forced against the liner

will form in way of flame path Deposits on the top land cause misalignment Piston Skirt

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Too much Cylinder Oil

Piston Overhauled in Hong Kong
Piston Overhauled
in Hong Kong

MAN B&W 12 K90MC

Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Piston Overhauled in Hong Kong MAN B&W 12 K90MC 66
Register: Marine Too much Cylinder Oil Piston Overhauled in Hong Kong MAN B&W 12 K90MC 66
66 hrs later in Singapore
66 hrs later in
Singapore

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Faulty injection & Combustion

Poor atomisation. Injection and combustion abnormalities identified.

Injector
Injector
injection & Combustion Poor atomisation. Injection and combustion abnormalities identified. Injector Sulzer 10RTA96C

Sulzer 10RTA96C

injection & Combustion Poor atomisation. Injection and combustion abnormalities identified. Injector Sulzer 10RTA96C
injection & Combustion Poor atomisation. Injection and combustion abnormalities identified. Injector Sulzer 10RTA96C

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Fuel Oil Viscosity and Temperature

Cooler engine room (especially during winter) Extent of Temp differential depends on: 1.Engine room Temp
Cooler engine room (especially during winter)
Extent of Temp differential depends on:
1.Engine room Temp
2.Quality of fuel oil line Insulation
Temperature
Drop
Hot Purifier room
some distance from
the Main Engine
Lower temperature fuel at point of injection means poor
atomisation and thus poor combustion.
from the Main Engine Lower temperature fuel at point of injection means poor atomisation and thus

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Poor Combustion Means More Wear

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Poor Combustion Means More Wear Values exclude engines during running-in period and

Values exclude engines during running-in period and catastrophic failures

Register: Marine Poor Combustion Means More Wear Values exclude engines during running-in period and catastrophic failures
Register: Marine Poor Combustion Means More Wear Values exclude engines during running-in period and catastrophic failures

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Better Combustion

Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed
Lloyd’s Register: Marine Better Combustion Pistons become cleaner with good combustion and low feed

Lloyd’s Register: Marine

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Thanks

Thanks

Lloyd’s Register: Marine Thanks