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B-I Design of headwork :

B-I. 1 Intake Structure: (0+000)


SN Calculation:
45 percentile discharge (Q45%)
Q design
approach velocity (Va)

Reference
=
=
=
=

2.25 m3/sec
1.6 Q45%
3.6 m3/sec
1 m/sec

=
=

Q design/Va
3.6 m2

=
=

1m
1.8 m

ITDG guidlines

Area of Orifice :
Area (A)
Assume 2 orifice,
Let, Height of orifice (h)
Breadth (b)

B-I. 2 Weir including Spillway:


SN Calculation:
1.

Dam Height :
Head loss at orifice (He)

clearence
Dam Height

P
X-section at the site,
length of weir (L)

2.

Reference
1 Q design

2g C u A

=
=
=
=
=

=
=

0.142 m
3He
0.426
Free board+ depth of
orifice+ clearance
0.5+1+0.426
1.926
2m

27 m

C=0.6

Energy Dissipater (Spillway):


From Gumbel analysis,
Flood discharge(Q100) =
Head over crest =
Assuming 80% of the flow through weir
Flood over crest =
0.8 Q100 =
? Hd =

82.765 m3/sec
Hd
CLHd3/2
2.2 27 He3/2
1.075 m

Weir height
so, P/Hd

= 2m
= 2 / 1.075
= 1.86 > 1.33
Since the ratio is greater than 1.33 ,velocity Head is negligible

(B-1)

Irrigation
Engineering and
Hydraulic
structures
-S.K Garg

SN Calculation:

Reference

Initial depth before jump,


Eo

=
=
=

2+1.075
3.075 m
0.95

V1

< u 2 u g(Eo - Y1)

Hence,

Or,
Or,

Q100
= < u 2 u g(Eo - Y1)
B u Y1
82.765
= 0.95 u 2 u 9.81(3.075 - Y1)
27 u Y1
? Y1 = 0.448 m

Critical depth
Yc

q2

1/ 3

?Yc = 0.98575 m
Yc should be greater than Y1, hence correct
Velocity (v1 )

Q100
B u Y1

6.842 m/sec

Froude Number,
F

V1
gY1

3.264

Y1
2

Tail water depth in subcritical flow,


Y2

> 1  8F  1@
2

?Y2 = 1.856 m
Downstream water depth,

1 2 / 3 1/ 2
Q100
R S
=
n
B u Yd
?Yd = 0.407 m
Since Y2>Yd Hence elongated jump will occur,
As F is in between 2.5-4.5 hence Type I (USBR) stilling basin is
used
Type I (USBR) stilling basin,
Length of stilling basin (Lw) = 6.1 Y2
= 11.3216 m
Pondage depth (Hd) = Y1(9+F)/9
0.61 m
Iteration due to change in Eo
Changed Eo = 3.075 + 0.61
= 3.685 m

(B-2)

Class Note

SN Calculation:

Reference

Eo
Y1
3.075+0.61
0.402
=3.685
3.075+0.574 0.40442
=3.649
3.650
0.404
3.650
0.404

V1
7.6253

F
3.8398

Y2
1.9912

Hd
0.574

7.5797

3.8054

1.9836

0.575

7.5876
7.5876

3.8113
3.8113

1.9849
1.9849

0.575
0.575

Pondage depth (Hd)


Length of stilling basin (Lw)

= .575 m
= 6.1 Y2
= 12.2 m
Height of the dam from its crest to bed of stilling basin,
= P + Hd
= 2 + 0.575
= 2.575 m
Chute design:
Y1
Width of Chute, W
Height of Chute,

Distance between the Chute

3.

Design of Weir :

i.

Weir Profile :
a. D/S Profile

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.4 m
Y1
0.4 m
2Y1
0.8 m
2.5W
1m

The downstream profile is given by the following equation


Xn = K x Hd (n-1) x Y
1.85

X
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
2.5178

X
2.1268
Y
0
-0.0362
-0.1304
-0.2761
-0.4702
-0.7105
-0.9955
-1.3240
-1.6950
-2.1077
-2.5613
-2.5951

(B-3)

Theory &
Design of
irrigation
Structures
(R.S.Varshney
S.C Gupta)

SN Calculation:
b. U/S Profile:
The Upstream profile is given by the following equation
(X  0.27 * H d )1.85
Y= 0.724
 0.126H d  0.4135H 0d.375 (X  0.27 H d ) 0.625
0.85
Hd

Reference

Y= 0.68083 (X  0.29025)1.85  0.13545 - 0.44336 (X  0.29025) 0.625


X
0
0.2
0.30315

ii.

Y
0.000
-0.034
-0.075

Weir Length and Thickness:


1. Length:
Total head loss (HL)
LT

=
=
=
=
=

3.095-0.407
2.688 m
C HL
9 2.688
24.192 m

L2

2.21 C H L /13

Length of stilling basin


Assume,
L2

=
=
=

12.06 m
12.2 m
12.2 m

L2+L3
12.2+L3
L3

=
=
=

18C [(Hl/13) (q/75)]


18*12[(2.688/13)*(3.0654/75)]
7.66
8m

L4

(L3/2)=4m

Total creep length,

a. Length of D/S

D/S Length L3,

U/S Length L4,

b. Thickness
= 1.35 (q2/f)1/3
= 1.35 (3.06542)1/3
= 2.85m
d/s depth = 1.5R
u/s depth = 1.25R1.5R (assume)
= 4.275
?d/s depth= u/s depth = 4.5 m
u/s depth of pile from bed = 4.5-3.075
= 1.5m
d/s depth of pile from bed = 4.5-(0.407-0.575)
= 3.5 m
From the figure and from river topography assume,
u/s depth of pile = 3.595 m
Depth of Scour,

(B-4)

Irrigation Eng.
& Hydraulic
Strutures
(Santosh
Kumar Garg)

d/s depth pile

3.575 m

(B-5)

SN Calculation:

Reference

From figure,

?Total creep length

?LT

h1

3.595+0.5+2.5495
+0.8031+1.118+.5178
+6.1+0.5+5.1+2.0616
+0.5+3.575
26.92 m > 24.192 m

b. d/s floor thickness,


For t1,

=
=

HL

u L
LT
2.688

u (3.575  .5
26.92
 2.0616  5.1  .5  6.1)
1.781 m

Thickness of D/S floor t1,


t1

=
=

=
Increase the Thickness by 10-33%
t1
for t2,
h2

=
=

h1

s 1
1.781

2.4 1
1.272 m
1.5 m

HL

u L
LT
2.688

u (3.575  .5
26.92
 2.0616  5.1)
1.1212 m

Thickness of D/S floor t2,


t2

=
=

=
Increase the Thickness by 10-33%
t2

h2

s 1
1.1212

2.4 1
0.8014 m
1m

(B-6)