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PROJECT: Al-Jaber Watches

DUCT NAME : DFCU-02

SITE : DOHA
SERVING: SHOP SPACE

Date :

9/10/2013

GENERAL DATA
DUCT MATERIAL

G. I. Sheet

ROUGHNESS COEF.

0.93

ALTITUDE

0.1

Meters

ALTITUDE COEF.

:
:

1.000
1.09

Kg/m3

AIR DENSITY

DUCTS PRESSURE LOSSES BOARD


SECTION
FLOW
FLOW
LENGTH
DIAM.
DIAM. EQUIV.
WIDTH
HEIGHT
AREA
VELOCITY
PD per Meter
PD x LENGTH
FITTINGS
ELBOW 30
ELBOW 45
ELBOW 90
TEE 45
TEE 90
END TEE
BRANCH TEE
TRANSITION
CONTRACTION

TOTAL
DUCTS PD
PRESSURE DROP

Unit
cfm
m/h
m
mm

1
222
377.4
2.85
377.7
377.7
400
300
0.11
0.94
0.04
0.11

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.11 Pa

Co
0.07
0.09
0.15
0.3
1
1.5
0.05
0.22
0.05
0.04

10

11

12

13

14

15

TOTAL

Co
Pa
Pa

0.05
0.02
0.13

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.05
0.02 Pa
0.13 Pa

mm
mm
m
m/s
Pa
Pa

10

11

12

13

14

15

TOTAL

2.9 ml

SPECIAL FITTING PRESSURE DROPS


DESIGNATION
FIRE DAMPER
VOLUME DAMPER
SUPPLY GRILLE
RETURN GRILLE
EXHAUST AIR LOUVER
SAND TRAP LOUVER
ALUMINUM FILTER
BAG FILTER
GREASE FILTER
DUCT HEATER
DISC EXHAUST VALVE
FLEXIBLE DUCT CONNECTION
VAV BOX
TOTAL

PD (PA)

QTY

TOTAL

10
12
15
13
20
100
80
150
100
5
70
15
20

0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
12
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
0
42 Pa

STATIC PRESSURE AT 100%


FLOW AT 100%
* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP :
* FITTING PRESSURE DROP :

0.17 W.g
42 Pa
377 m/h
0 Pa
42 Pa

STATIC PRESSURE AT 110%


FLOW AT 110%
* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP :
* FITTING PRESSURE DROP :

0.19 W.g
46 Pa
415 m/h
0 Pa
46 Pa

STATIC PRESSURE AT 120%


FLOW AT 110%

0.20 W.g
51 Pa
457 m/h

* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP :

0 Pa

* FITTING PRESSURE DROP :

50 Pa

Duct Roughness Factors

Duct Material

Roughness Category

Uncoated carbon steel, clean (Moody 1944),


(0.00015 ft) (0.05 mm)
PVC plastic pipe (Swim 1982),
(0.00003 to 0.00015 ft) (0.01 to 0.05 mm)

Smooth

Aluminum (Hutchinson 1953),


(0.000015 to 0.0002 ft) (0.04 to 0.06 mm)
Galvanized steel, longitudinal seams, 4 ft
(1200 mm ) joints (Griggs et al. 1987),
(0.00016 to 0.00032 ft) (0.05 to 0.10 mm)
Galvanized steel, continuously rolled, spiral seams,
10 ft joints (Jones 1979)

Medium - Smooth
(New Duct Friction Loss Chart)

(0.0002 to 0.0004 ft) (0.06 to 0.12 mm)


Galvanized steel, spiral seam with 1, 2, and 3 ribs,
12 ft joints (Griggs et al. 1987),
(0.00029 to 0.00038 ft) (0.09 to 0.12 mm)
Hot-dipped Galvanized steel, longitudinal seams,
2.5 ft (760 mm) joints (Wright 1945),

Average

(0.0005 ft) (0.15)


Galvanized steel, spiral, corrugated, 10 ft (3050 mm) joints
(Kulkarni et al. 2009)
(0.0024 ft) (0.7 mm)
Fibrous glass duct, rigid
Fibrous glass duct liner, air side with facing material
(Swim 1978),
(0.005 ft) (1.5 mm)

Medium - Rough

(Old)

Medium - Rough

Flexible duct, fabric and wire, fully extended


Fibrous glass duct liner, air side spray coated (Swim 1978)
(0.015 ft) (4.5 mm)
Flexible duct, metallic when fully extended
(0.004 to 0.007 ft) (1.2 mm to 2.1 mm)
Concrete (Moody 1944)
(0.001 to 0.01 ft) (0.3 to 3 mm)
References:
SMACNA, HVAC systems duct design 1990 3rd edition
ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals 2009

Rough

Absolute Roughness ,
ft

mm

0.0001

0.03

0.0003

0.09

0.0005

0.15

0.003

0.9

0.003

0.9

0.01

WEIGHT
(lb/sq ft)
0.906
1.156
1.406
1.656
2.156
2.656
3.281
0.75
1.000
1.250
1.500
2.000
2.500
3.125
5.625
0.288

0.355
0.456
0.575
0.724
0.914
1.03
0.66
0.79
1.05
1.31
1.58
2.10
2.63
3.28
1.00
1.25
1.50
2.00
2.25
2.50

GAGE (THICKNESS)
WEIGHT PER SHEET (lb)
(in)
36 x 96
48 x 96
48 x 112
GALVANIZED STEEL, U.S. GAGE
26 ga.
0.022
21.8
29.0
36.2
24 ga.
0.028
27.7
37.0
46.2
22 ga.
0.034
33.8
45.0
56.2
20 ga.
0.04
39.7
53.0
66.2
18 ga.
0.052
51.6
70.0
86.2
16 ga.
0.064
63.6
85.0
102.2
14 ga.
0.08
78.8
105.0
131.2
HOT ROLLED STEEL, U.S. GAGE
26 ga.
0.0179
18.0
24.0
30.0
24 ga.
0.0239
24.0
32.0
40.0
22 ga.
0.0299
30.0
40.0
50.0
20 ga.
0.0359
36.0
48.0
60.0
18 ga.
0.0478
48.0
64.0
80.0
16 ga.
0.0596
60.0
80.0
100.0
14 ga.
0.0747
78.0
104.0
130.0
10 ga.
0.1345
135.0
180.0
225.0
ALUMINUM, B & S GAGE (3S)
6.9
9.2
11.5
24 ga.
0.02
22 ga.
0.025
8.6
11.3
14.2
20 ga.
0.032
11.0
14.6
18.2
18 ga.
0.04
13.8
18.4
23.0
16 ga.
0.051
17.4
23.2
29.0
14 ga.
0.064
22.0
29.2
36.6
12 ga.
0.071
24.7
33.0
41.3
STAINLESS STEEL, U.S. GAGE (302)
28 ga.
0.016
15.8
21.1
26.4
26 ga.
0.019
18.9
25.2
31.6
24 ga.
0.025
25.2
33.6
42.0
22 ga.
0.031
31.5
42.0
52.5
20 ga.
0.038
37.8
50.4
63.0
18 ga.
0.05
50.4
61.2
84.0
16 ga.
0.063
63.0
84.0
105.0
14 ga.
0.078
78.7
104.9
131.2
COPPER, OZ/SQ FT
16 oz.
0.0216
24.0
32.0
40.0
20 oz.
0.027
30.0
40.0
50.0
24 oz.
0.0323
36.0
48.0
64.0
32 oz.
0.0432
48.0
64.0
80.0
36 oz.
0.0486
54.0
72.0
90.0
40 oz.
0.054
60.0
80.0
100.0

Data obtained from CARRIER (1974), system design manual, part 2: Air Distribution, table 18 page 2-63

Galvanised Sheet Thickness


Thickness, mm
Nominal
Minimum
0.399
0.319
0.475
0.395
0.551
0.471
0.701
0.601
0.853
0.753
1.006
0.906
1.311
1.181
1.613
1.463
1.994
1.784
2.372
2.162
2.753
2.523
3.132
2.902
3.510
3.280

Gauge
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
13
12
11
10

Nominal Mass
2
kg/m
3.20
3.81
4.42
5.64
6.86
8.08
10.52
12.96
16.01
19.07
22.12
25.16
28.21

Notes:
1. Minimum thickness is based on thickness tolerances of hot-dip galvanised sheets in cut length and coils (per
ASTM standard A525-80). Tolerance is valid for 1220 and 1520-mm wide sheets.
2. Galvanised sheet gauge is used for convenience. A metric series would conform to ANSI Standard B32.3, and
the tolerances in ASTM Standard A5225M apply.

Gauge
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
13
12
11
10

Nominal
0.378
0.455
0.667
0.759
0.912
1.214
1.519
1.897
2.278
2.656
3.038
3.416

Uncoated Steel Sheet Thickness


Thickness, mm
Minimum
Hot-Rolled
Cold-Rolled
0.328
0.405
0.587
0.679
0.832
1.084
1.114
1.369
1.389
1.717
1.767
2.101
2.456
2.456
2.506
2.838
2.888
3.216
3.266

Nominal
Mass
kg/m2
3.05
3.66
4.88
6.10
7.32
9.76
12.20
15.25
18.31
21.35
24.40
27.45

Notes:
1. Minimum thickness is based on thickness tolerances of hot-rolled and cold-rolled sheets in cut length and coils
(per ASTM Standards A366, A568, and A569).
2. Table is based on 1220-mm width coil and sheet stock. 1520-mm coil has same tolerance, except that 16 gauge
is +/- 0.18-mm in hot-rolled coils and sheets

3. Manufacturer's standard gauge is used for convenience. A metric series would conform to ANSI Standard
B32.3, and the tolerances in ASTM Standard A568M apply

Stainless Steel Sheet Thickness


Nominal Mass, kg/m2
Gauge
Thickness, mm
Stainless Steel
Nominal Minimum
300 Series
400 Series
0.384
3.09
28
0.334
3.04
0.452
3.65
26
0.372
3.58
0.597
4.82
24
0.517
4.72
0.744
6.01
22
0.644
5.89
0.902
7.28
20
0.802
7.14
1.219
9.84
18
1.089
9.65
1.511
12.20
16
1.361
11.96
1.908
15.39
14
1.728
15.10
2.286
18.45
13
2.056
18.10
2.677
21.60
12
2.447
21.19
3.048
24.60
11
2.798
24.13
3.429
27.67
10
3.129
27.14