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HWA CHONG INSTITUTION (High School Section) INTEGRATED HUMANITIES CORE SECONDARY THREE TOPIC : ANSWERING SBQ NOTES

Name : ___________________ ( )/3__

Date : ________

Answering the inference question (1) Inference cannot be lifted, paraphrased or quoted. It is the underlying idea in the extract. How to structure the first sentence? Depending on the question for example, Why was this poster designed? It was designed to ______________. 2 Structure of writing out the whole inference answer (1) INFERENCE (2) SUPPORT (3) EXPLANATION (SHORT ONE) (4) SENTENCE TO LINK TO (1)

Although it is difficult to get the message behind a graphic illustration, it is easier to write it out once you have understood it.

It is more difficult to write out the inference for a text source because you may lift the words from the text. When you do this, you will be marked as Level 1. (3) Writing the purpose (1) Verb to indicate the purpose (2) Target Audience (3) Purpose (4) Eventual outcome

Example : The purpose is to persuade Singaporeans to so that ..

Example : This is from the recent exercise we completed on globalisation) The cartoons purpose is to expose to the public the exploitation of the world by the TNCs that they are more concerned with making profits than being concerned with the world. This is indicated by the bidding whereby, even at one trillion there are takers. The intention is to highlight the disadvantages of globalisation and oppose the spread of American-based TNCs.

4. Simple way to structuring the inference answer. The message behind the text / poster / cartoon is _________________ . This is implied by ________________. This means that _______________ The other message behind the text is ________________ . This is implied by _______________. This means that ______________ The cartoon/ text / posters purpose is to _______________

5. Marking Scheme L3 Inference L4 Purpose / Intention Answering the comparison question 1 Structure

Must state whats the difference, that is, content / tone / purpose in the first sentence. Second sentence, infer the similarity or tone. Again you cannot lift / paraphrase / or quote. 3rd Sentence, quote / paraphrase / lift. Short explanation if it is necessary. Follow the steps for the other source.

Example (This is from the previous exercise we completed.) The sources are different in their content. In source B, it paints a glowing picture of globalisation while in Source D, it states that globalisation has a downside to it. (Take note : answer has avoided the use of words from the extract like benefits, negative etc.)

2. Simple way of writing out the answer The sources differ in their __________. In source __, it ______________ while in source ________, it states ____________. It is implied such in Source B when it claims _______________. This means ______________ . In Source D, it is implied by ___________ . This means ______________.

3. Marking Scheme

L3 Similarity / Difference (Content) L4 Similarity / Difference (Content / Tone) L5 Similarity / Difference (Tone / Purpose)

Answering the usefulness question 1. Structure State the aspect the source is useful. Usually, this is related to the question. Again the usefulness needs to be inferred. But unlike the inference question, this can be a word or short phrase. Quote / Lift / Paraphrase the evidence State the not useful aspect. State the inference, then give evidence. But this must be taken from another source. Then use contextual knowledge. Evaluate on reliability based on provenance. Check against tone, audience, purpose and intention.

The above step + evaluating against cross reference to another source and contextual knowledge. If the source is not reliable, it has some usefulness. State in which aspect it is useful. 2. Simple way of writing out the answer L4 - This source is useful in ___________________ . This is implied by ______. This means ____________. However, this source is limited in its usefulness because it does tell ______________. This may be inferred from source __ which states / claims ___________. This means __________. And from what I have learnt ____________ This means ________________

L5 - This source is useful to ____________ because it is reliable. From source __ , this can be verified because the source states that ________ which means that _________. Also from what I have learnt, this can be verified. That is ____________. Thus this source is useful. What if the source is not reliable? L5 This source is limited in its usefulness in telling us about __________because it is not reliable. Judging from the provenance, it is clear it is _____________ It is also contradicted by Source __ which tells us that _____________. This means that _________. Also from what I have learnt, this can be verified. That is, _____________ Thus the source is limited in its usefulness. L6 However, though it is limited in its usefulness, it is useful to show another aspect, that is, it shows ________________.

Answering the Reliability question 1. Structure

State the reliability with regard to the question. Verify with another source or contextual knowledge (usually, another source would help). State the unreliable part. Refer to another source and contextual knowledge. Evaluate the reliability using provenance, cross-reference to sources and contextual knowledge.

2. Simple way of writing out the answer

L4 This sources suggests that _______________. The source states / claims that ___________. This implies that _______________ . This may be verified by Source ___ which states that _____________. This implies that ______________ . Also from what I have learnt, it is true that __________________ However this source is not reliable since Source __ suggests that ____________. This is implied by ___________________. This means _______________. Also from what I have learnt, it is true that ______________ L5 This source is unreliable based on its provenance, __________________. L6 - This can be verified by Source ______ which contradicts it as it states that ___________. This means _______________. This can be verified by what I have learnt too. ___________. Thus this source is limited in its reliability.